Newspaper Page Text
Wilson ? Cabinet?A Comparison of Conditions Mow and in Time of Washington
II? JOHN KLFKKTH YVlTHIN?.
Washington. I>. C.
|"-% DBUC interest Hi Mr. Wilson is
wr~ focused now upon his Cabinet i
*? selections. He will have n:ne, i
?tni perhaps ten. official advisers,'
u iioreaa Washington had hut five, and
their. salaries will be SlJ.ooo per an-l
iium?half again as much as the BS*M .
velt Cabinet received when they took]
their oaths Wash:ngton .< Cabinet "re
? eivod only a fourth of this figure. 01
tt.?f'i a year, excepting Jefferson, hi?
."?e-er-tary of .State, who aas allowed
13.??. "But a dollar w-nt farther ir
those days, as Bvarta explained Bate] !
showing the inc redulous I-.rd Cole. I
ridge a Washington threw a call
of that denomination across the i'oio- :
The perquieitee of the Wilson CStbt- j
n?t will be few. The government al? j !
furnishes each Cahinet cdBcer several i
carriages for winter and summer use. ;
and enough spanking horses to keep 1
these going night and day. as needed.
The purchase of these teams comes out
of the department a ?' pproprlation for
tranapr.rta.tion.'' and the men who
drive and rare for them are upon the
roll? as laborera. The late .Secretary
of Agriculture Morton mad- a great
showing of economy by buying one of
t>ls ofnc'al carriages second hand from
a diplomat. W'nen it arrived at the
? department stables it was found to be
adorned on either side by a glaring
coat-of-arms, and the reaour-cful see-I
-etary had this insignia erased and a'
nread'ag gre?n tree added in its stead I
Th.* late Secretary Bayard also made j
.? hit a-illi the "plain people" by forbid- |
ding bis family to uje the department
Move I'ae of Vaval Ve??et.
?M: Wilson'? Secretary of the .N'avy !
w..j hav? it his disposal one of the'
? : .sp.itboats of the navy. which
he oaa make Inspection tours amid the ?
laxarles of a private yacht, the Do!- J
phfn heinfr now generally used for J
this purpose. Ml .if the members of
the Cabinet will have the use of of- !
nces of fine appointment, befitting the i
diznMv of their station, the most lux - '
irtous of all being the official quarters)
of the s. r ;aiy of State, who, in ad- '
dition to his r>-;-. a'* uffie. .T| has
ie?erved for his use a pretentiously,
eppointed apartm nt adjolninc. where I
>e receives fh. representatives of th'
foreign powe.-s. But in.luxurv of ap?
pointment his quarter* hardly excel
? hone of the Attorney-<?enera!. wh >se
?fflee suite occupies the mansion at
Vermont Avenue and K Strsst which
was occupied once hv Cornelius Van
?lerbllt snd wh:ch was the former home
of Archibald I?a-erv, tb wealthy I
'sfher of the Puchesse de Arcos. Thai
? lerlcal force of the \ttorney-Oen- 1
-^1 ? effl-c <><' upi< s .i former hotel ad- !
Joining, which also the governm nt haa'
' *?c?d and whl-h for same years has
*?eea oorneeted with rhe I?wery man-'
?""i by doors reit throurh the walls. '
The other CaMtiet head? have th. 'r
?rlrcea in fre"oed rooms m the r^npee.
t ve department hnid'nra owned be
the coverarnent. save the gecretary of)
Oommerse and iahn;, aha ta situated
?> a rented off--' * 'd re o- r V
v grew*, facing the W-1Hard Hotel. j
An Idea of The burden of official hew-'
rdtaiitr falling upon each member of
the Wilson Cabinet may he gleaned
from the fact that each secretary'",
wif^ tviU be relieved from the neces?
sity of returning official .alls in per
? :i that slif may keep open hnusa
throughout the w-.-k. dttrlng the aoc-al
sea.soii. In fact, our Cabinet homes are
to our capital what our embassies art
t.i foreign ,-apitals. and Cabinet mem?
bers of Wealth expend three or four
tiaaaa their official salaries for ?nter
lataassat. Some. :n ret-nt years, have
?haa their ealiri?s fnr
th- rental of their Washington man-]
Tee Wusneo s < ablaet."
Tn wrsea of US* BeW Cabtiy-t mem
baffl arW form the 'women's cabinet."
presided over by Mrs. Wilson and im-l
ln;r occasionally durinp the social sea?
son to schedule ssVdal hospitalities, so
that ther- a ?1 b- no conflicting dates,
and society matrons will consult thts
cabinet for "onen time" before decid?
ing upon dates for functions. The,
cabinet wive, will also receive with I
Mrs. Wilson at White Hiuse functions ;
So ti>e men whom th- President-elect
?sag choose for hlse counsel board must
expect liter wives to be In .th- full;
Klare 0f the social limelisht ea< h year!
from New Year I??-. till .\sh Wednes- I
The auvial status of th. Ca!<ir,<; wa* '
elevated ?her Congress, not so long
?Ko. put it directly in succession SB
the presidency In csse of the d-ath of'
the Vi< ? -!'r. ,?;dent Before th.lt time
when succession fell t.. tii" president j
l>: .> t-mpore of the Sen.,t. and after,
him to the ?Speaker of the House. th?j
?"ahnet was relegated to th. ?-v-'a:
bafkeround. > -perially by S"nator?.
who claimed precedence because they
confirmed the apointments of Cabinet
members. But under evlst'iu condi?
tions should the President df- and'
there BS BS V.ce-President the Secre?
tary of State weayM btninic acting
President, ard sft*r him the Secretary
of the T-ea*ury. and so on down the
Cabinet. No cabinet member, how
? v< r. . an sue,. ? d to th? presidency un?
less a native-born eltlaen. thirty-five
years old. ami ir?less he has been con?
firmed as a C.hlnet officer by the Sen?
ate. But even since the act of suc?
cession wae pa?sed the wives of Bcna
tors have dema in, d first . ails from the
women of the Cabinet.
I? eocene re at i akiael Mrellit?
Th- Wilson ?! me- t Tues?
days and "rid.c ? in the ilttle one-story ?
white brick onildinc whi. h President
Kooaerelt had built westward of the
Whlt? ilnus". and ah.cn Ml nuivrt d
thereto by a oisrasJ toitata. IB th*
Cabinet room, in th-l northeast e.,rn. r
of this structure, the Secretaries will
mee; shortly fore the hour appointed,
-ach i.earlna i; .1 portfolio 'he nepers
from his department, to be called t < lhr
attention of the President and of the
Cabinet as a whole ,\? |-resid*-i! Wil?
son eaters the s*cretari'? will rise.'
according to ruatnm. and h? will then
seat himself at the head of a loner ma?
hogany cable, running north sod south
The Cabinet offi.wrs w'U then group
them??lvcs about the table in the ai?
der of their so. cession, the S'. retary
Of State an B> Wilson's r fM, the
Becrrfarv o' th- "r- ????-? ?t '? Vf..
aad thence. alt. mat-H fratn risht to
left. ending wit* the Secretary of
fommei < e and l.shor who is the offi
clsl tall rndc- The mi-UOgS Wlil not
' op--.; prayer and there is no fixed
order of business which will govern
The procedure. But if past custom is
adhered t<i M- Wilson will open th
proceedings by calling the attention
I ol tbaj Cabinet as a whole to such im?
portant questions of State as have
a':-- :i sine- the meeting. Having
stated tile case, he will ask for opln
rSSkfl froCS the members in turn. Thtse
expre?s: ,ns ars generally given by
the members m order of rank, bu:
sometimes a President will br,a'.? :hc
riuinotonv by calling firs, upon the
foot of the table and thence up In?
line, rather than down '.t. No record
will be kept and no note laker, of th,
opinions given. Xo one outside uf tr..
Cabinet circle will he present. not
even the President's secretary. Qu?s
tions brought up by the Pr sident hav
tng beer, gone over. the Secretarv s
; then, in turn, will call atteni on to
the matters noted in their portfolios
AfPr t!ie meeting has hrokvn up the
Secretaries will drive off In their of?
ficial carrlagts to their respective of?
fices, and Mr Wilson will not feej ,n!
honor bound to take the advto of Bar] 1
?ttrlrr ?f I reeedenee
I Mr order in wach the Cal-i i?i
ters a room, is seated at table u. !
stands in a receiving line on forma)
occasions Is Known as the "order of
pr.-, edeoce." and is determined by the
order of BBsStSssVakM to the presidential
oirV e and this o'dr: of succ ssion was
fixed according to the respective ages,
of th- departments In the history of
the repuolic The skate i?p.-t 11. nt
havinir k?en the first established, the
- retarj of State .'.inks first, and so
on. their e ives ranking accoidingiy
at th?ir social functions. The full ?-- !
der is: Secretary of Siati. Secretary
of the Treasury. Secretsof Wae.
Attore.. > .r? reral. postmaster-Owners!
Secretary of the Navy. s>< retary ol
the Interior. Secretary of Agriculture.
Secretary of Commerce a-nd Labor
Aa von as Mr Wilson :? ? -lugurat
-d the Senate will meet to < 'nflrm his
? 'abinet. and tneir sppotntmet.t be na
considered roora of a personal affsir
of the President than th* choice ot
?>ther high Federal oftV als. his Scleo> ,
tions w .1! probably be confirmed with- |
out protest or eontest. fVnators will
i.o, feel ;hst ther should have Hees
consult*^ In the mstter of advance
tcartag Jackson s ti ohled ?dm nietra
tion. howver. the Senate refused to
corrflrm Tioey. who had b?-n appoint .
ed as Secretarv of the Treasury dur- I
Ina a receae of Congress and who had!
meanwhile transferred th* deposits of,
the puMir r*venoe? from the national
banks to various "pet banks. ' aa they
were then derislvrle called So jack
son had to withdraw Taney and ap?
point Woodkurr in h a at-vi
'erretan VJ a a tat Re aa Importer.
T*i< Coeetltutlem makea no mem on
of the Cabinet, aad ther.- are no ape
c.al qoallflcatlona for its officers pre?
scribed by statoe. except in the case
of tha Jfetrctax} of the T-easury, who.
according to law. bust not be an im?
porter. There is also an unwritten
law against the heads of great cor?
porations se?Ktng srovernmem <on
traets. as for armor plate, etr. A
general statute also forbids ?"abinei
? ?meers orosecuting claims am.'ist UM
Dl ited States while jr. office or for a
MM aft-r leaving offlt t,
; The portfolio of Secretary of State
s ISM highest h'inor which Mr Wil?
son can eonf r upon a brother Demo?
crat, and if ihis is given pa Mr. Bryan,
the sigiiiiicarir- a ill be that the new
President r-gar,I? himself ss indeht-d
more to the Net>raskan than to any
other party leader. Such an appoint?
ment in the earlv daya of the republi.
would have mea-.t Mr. Wilson had se?
lected Mr. Bryan lor his und-rstudy
and successor. Thus, when the elec?
tion of Monroe's suecesso- was thrown
into tne House, where flay used his
influence to throw It to rjjulnry Adams,
the latter r? w.irded f"!ay by appoint?
ing hnn as Secretary of State, which
;'.:e believed IS jssure h.m immediate
succession SS the highest ofr). - It
was then that John Randolph, bitter'
[partisan of Jackson, the defeat-d can-,
' dldate. call Ml this ^!!cj-ed ?>.-_-?.-i'i j
coalition between Bllfll and iJlack ,
j (leorge. the Puritan and the bla< klee
i?words a hieh led to J duel between I
Clay and Randolph. Jackson s follow?
er* four years iater br..k- th- spell
by electing him over Clay But th
rule work-d again when Van Buren,
.la k?o:- ; Se.-r-tary of State, succeed
? .! -n t . -c- p-esider.ey. Sin. e then ;
however. tio Secretary of State has
beconv- Pres-denf e^cep: .lames Buch?
anan, the Premier of Polk s Cabinet,
and he did not succeed directly?not
until ?ffe- ihre? others i -d been
eKct'd President. Webster and Blain.
Simpson s M. P. S. Pile Salve
It IS one of fr.? gTsatsav reasons ever
effared to man for BU>T? Bl.BEDDeQ.
PBeCmtl'DrNO AND JTTTHING PIUS?,
Tb? n P F Sale* la sold ander a
a?I?i tee ard ar be e tea.: cad M
Morer back If 7?u want tt
Price 25 cts. a Box
On saJa at ail drug shares Osanns a>
Minor Drug CO Id*. B ?daher Drag
I liowev. r cam*, a bat roaUgiaat this pro
Mr. Taft is the only Cabinet officer
; below- the rank of Secretary of tftate
who has lived to be President save
? irant who served a brief term as
asstralar*/ of War in Johnson's Cabinet,
which < x pci << nce. howe ver, was no
1 factor in his choice as chief execu?
Nol Ml Happ> Families.
Two hundred and ninety-six men
ha\* >at is our Cabinets since the gov.
ararassM w.vs established, and the aver
jk. OsaSUael (?nicer has served less
?-?r three v.-arK . x-.eput'g Secretaries
ffj statf. and Agriculture. The only
Cabinet which remained Intact tarou?;h
?'Ut. without any chang- ahatro-v-r.
I was that of franklin Pierce. Jackson
iiad M loos than nineteen adv-ser?
and there were out six seats at hi ?
'?ab: net board hesidV his own. wash
.:i?-ton. it will he remembered, bad but
live, John Adams b< ing the nisi ITesi
dent to have a Secretary of the Navy
Taylor th* first Is base a Secretary <?'?
1 the Interioi (lev land Uta first tr
iav i s-. ?? .:?.-} of Agricnlsnra, and
lloosevelt the lirst ;>? have a S.cretar>
I '???.linere. a.id leabor. Bv far tht
longest record for i'eJMnet tenure ha?
been m nie by .lames Wilson, the pres?
ent Su retarv of Agri' ultur*. who. on
Mini. i. w ll have held his portfolio
for sixteen years
Whether Mr Wilson's Cabin, t Will
?onsist of adv isers, as did t'b-veiand's
lirst. or merelj of administni'ora. as
did Cleveland's jeiond. the public will
be inlsre-t.d to learn as his cdmlnls
Not nil Catiineta iiave been iiappy
families by a long ahot. and even the
ins' a b ois? divided against H
ae|f. H million and Jefferson b'-lng con?
tinually- at loggerheads. Washington
striving all the while to do c'iual Jus?
tice t.. '.ott. and Jefferson t is -1 c
the State portfolio enrlv In h!s sec?
ond term The first Adam* .ifrer i'
ceptlng Washington's Cabinet dis?
missed :t after much wrangling and
nfter finding that Hamilton ontrolled
it. although not a asember Jefferson,
who held I>erter over from U?iti?'
administration, chipped ool * 'th h m
and up>n asking him to resign waa
aatoniahed to find him ref sing to go
out Then bg hsd to remove him.
Madison caused comment 'by ttstrg
fSellatln. She Seer, tary of t e Treas?
ury, as his chief advise- instead of
the Secretary o* Stats.
The "Hitches ? aWnet.
But of all President? j Saor. treat?
ed hi* Cabinet m?gt ahabbily, r aspect
ing more the advice yf ojtslde politl
-aasaa derisivelv dubbed the "hltchen
eoMaot " The chief Cabinet cr^'.s of
his a Iminlatration. however, waa due to
his taking sides wlt.i the mutfti-goe
?Iped-about 'PsgaTT OTtsll* arlfs of
his Secretary of War. againat the
wvee Of hie other adv.sera, who broke
the Cabinet p with a p etty row But
when Tyler came In ho f vind a ("ahmet
that bod corsrplred to nosalnat* blm.
This was Harrison's, which he held
over, and which, Btjaej Harrison's
il-ath. passed a vote of "want of eon
rtdence" in the new President, whom
they tried to persuade to tnke the
?ath merely as "aetinp. President."
And even aftat he jrot rid of them
?Tay tried to dictate, his policies fron)
outside tlie Cabinet. !*reparatlo:is for
n aaaloa also dAatntcaTratsd fjjBcaatnaa'a
Cabinet toward, the cio^e of '.i!s admin
iatration. but Li:u iln's generally work?
ed in harmony, de^pii.- the fact that
at on<> time ,iv. t half af .'ts members
were DsaaOl "ts?thoush Union Demo?
crats, of course. Johnson :?!?.? l ad a
I stormy lime with his nflsaiBl :.i..i.!>
I towaid .he . ios^ oi hia tsraa. sad wa*
hampered by an act of CMtatVCM Uikiiis
I from iirr the rieht of absolute removal
I of his advisers. So. when Stanton re?
fused to h? removed lie c-juid aaSTstl
be ?'suspended." and the Senate refus?
ing to agree to the charges preferred
to It against hi SB ha had to be restored
t.? office. Then came <;rant. inaugurat?
ing a new policy by leaving to the
. mad of each executive department far
. grasUsi treed eta ,t action t'ian had
; been enjoyed before. Since then Cab
. inets have been comparatively hapoy
If Mr. Wilson follows recent prece
j dent ha will frhfi one Cabinet berth to
'? otie of the oopositl >n parties. The)
; present Secretary of Treasury, Mr.
! MarVoitith, s a 1'i ic.o. r.it. as was the
forme] Beeretarj of War. Mr. Djckln
; son. President Cl.-v? land placed a Re
I publican. Mr. Ores ham. at the head of
I Ins CaMaat. A majority of Lincoln's
j Cabinet, at Has time, were Democrats*
? iCopyriK it. 1?!3. by John Klfreth
Wat kins i
BEGINNING ON MONDAY, JANUARY 6
OUR POLICY always has been to place our BEST
IDEAS within the reach of the masses. This Sale gives
PRACTICAL PROOF of the soundness of this policy and
its beneficial Influence upon the public welfare. Never be?
fore has so much goodness been crowded into a $3.00 corset.
Nemo Self-Reducing Corset) ?
322?Extra-lout ?H Low Bust I V
324?Extra-lout Skirl, Median Bud 1
The introduction of the new
Lastikops Cloth, in broad gur-.- at
the back of the corset, alona
makes this new device pcss:b>.
The NON-ELASTIC portion of the
gores cover and extend beton- the
Mek sietif, producing in exfrvme
f skirt which is laced clear
di *n to the end, foiiov.inf; the
natura! incurve of the llg-ire. It is
in.rr s:,-;:-,!e for theedye.-f the-cor?
set to shew through the dress.
The ELASTIC part of each gore
expands when you are e-atcd.
giving ample room for the
"spread" of the hips, and prefix?
ing an absolutely smooth Lack.
This is the vary best corset ever
6uJ regularly at $3.00.
READ THIS, WISE WOMEN!
Wbcn yon buy Nemo Corseta at
FULL PRICE, you get greater val?
ue* tbsn any other maku Would be
?1 HALF PRICE. And this Is WHY:
1. Nearly all our trade is in cor
seta retailing at $3.<0 and more,
while with most other makers
corsets at these prices are a
2. For example: ff?1 manufacture
these two new models in thou?
sands of do:- nf, instead of by
the gross. The resulting econ?
omy in msterial and manufac?
turing enables us to sell these
corsets at only $3.00, th j-jfrh
the actual cost of manufacture
in smaller quantities would
fairly justify'a retail price of
not less than $5.00.
X. By restricting our line to com?
paratively few models ar.rl making these few in
quantities, we are abia to make good ^>ur oft-repeated claim
Ekntry Nemo Corset represents at least twice as mmcft value, in
material and making, as any other corset seid at similar prices
ATTEND THIS SALE?SEE ALL THE NEMOS
This new corset is going to sweep the country. It is
sure to be our most popular $3.00 model this year. Several
hundred thousand pairs have been distributed
practically all the good stores in America, but even that
vast quantity may prove unequal to the demand. So be
early at the Sale: and, while your at it, look through
the entire Nemo line?that's something every woman
OUght to do, KOPS MOS, M-anli enmi. NEW YORK ' r, ?