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The Norfolk post. (Norfolk, Va.) 1865-1866, July 03, 1865, Image 2

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MONDAY, JULY 3, 1865.
All conimuniantiiin* relating to business matters cot>.
nccted with this paper should be addressed to K. M
Brown, Norfolk font. All communication, pertaiulng to
Mi-rial matters, nud all correspondence intended for the
paper should bo ...,.lr.—. .1 to John Clark, Editor. ■
Advertisers am re.pienteil to hand iv their advertise
ments before nix o'clock iv the evening, previous to publi
cation.
Newsnieu aud newsboys Mt_t pup™" win P kMl '
have their order, at the conuling-rooui the evening pre
vious, before six o'clock.
M.yhew A Brothers, Booksellers and Stationers, .reau
thorized agents to sell the Norfolk «"'. ■_ »» order.
I«lt with them will be attended to tbe same »» if left at
in* ollioe of publication.
R M. Pettcrglll * Co. nre anthori__ Advertising
Agent, for the IW in N«"» v " rk aml B°»t«n
CIVIL VS. MILITABY LAW.
The question regarding tlie collection
of the licenses forthe last year, when the
city was under martial law, is now being
tried before Judge Snead, and bids fair
to give rise to some very vexatious antl
unjust litigation. The history of the
matter is this:—When Norfolk was
evacuated by the military power of the
Confederacy, it was of course taken pos
session of by the military authorities of
the United States, and martial law be
came de facto, and we might also say de
jure, tho law of the land, supercedlngthe
Confederate civil as well as military au
thorities. But, notwithstanding the
right of the government to withdraw all
power from the civil authorities, the
policy of the commanding officer in
charge of the forces—permitted by the au
thorities at Wishington, too—allowed
those authorities to exercise certain
powers aud perform certain duties not
incompatible with, nor in conflict with,
the duties and powers of the military.—
Now, a civil government with only these
conceded powers, could be looked upon
only in the light of a farce—a very ex
pensive luxury andgrievous burden tobe
borne by the tax-payers—who were of
course called upon to pay the salaries of
the civil officers—Sheriffs, Mayors, Mag
istrates, aud all their petty subordinates, i
At first these civilians did exercise
tome authority—held courts, tried causes,
and performed oilier functions which
the nature of their several appointments
demanded at their hands ;—but in course
of time, their duties were so abridged and
powers so circumscribed by the general
orders issued from time to time, that uo
functions were left them to perform, and
the people having voted to suspend all
civil authority, finally, in June last
Gea. Butler, assuming that the military
necessity existed, proclaimed martial
law, and at oßflt put an end to civil au
thority. In August last, an attempt was
made to collect the licenses by the civil
authorities, but was resisted on the
ground that where there was no adequat I
protection from Government, taxation
could not l>e enforced, ln other words,
that as civil government was a farce,
and those claiming to be clothed with
authority did not possess the power to
guarantee them in their rights, they
were not bound to pay the licenses
claimed. As Judge Snead attempted to
try these cases, and enforce his edicts,
General Butler suspended him from of
fice, and ordered that all licenses should
be paid to military officers appointed
for the purpose of collecting the same ;
and these taxes thus collected were ap
propriated for the use and benefit of the
city of Norfolk. This is substantially
the state of the case. The people refused
to pay to the civil authorities, but were
willing to pay to the military, because
they knew the latter would and could
afford them ample protection in their
rights. We may allude to such instances
as the following in which the citizens I
were deprived of rights after having I
paid for their licenses. General orders
were issued prohibiting the sale of li
quors, or intoxicating drinks, and those i
who had taken out licenses for such i
purposes became heavy sufferers; but i
civil authority could afford them no re- t
lief. They were consequently justified in I
refusing—when the civil collector call- 1
ed on them the next year—to pay, and
in appealing to the military for relief.— |
This relief was granted them, and now |
it is sought to make them pay again
these taxes which they paid to the mili
tary, and in the expenditure of which
the city has been benefited.
The civil authorities had hardly been
re-instated by the withdrawal of the
military Provost Marshals, when pro
ceedings were commenced against these
recusing tax-payers. On Thursday, a
case was tried before a jury, claiming
the repayment of taxes ; but the jurors
failed to agree, and of course it will be
submitted to another trial.
-.This an open and bold attempt on the
part of the courts ,in the late rebellious
States to denounce all the acta of the
military during the rebellion, pronounce
them illegal and wrong, and demand re
paration from all parties acting under
military orders that can be reached by
their courts. The duty of the Govern
ment ie plain, we think, in this case—and
we call upon the President to interpose
his authority and save the people from
these acts of oppression and usurpation.
The Government owes it to its own honor
and dignity that it should sustain its
own authority and the act 9of its mili
tary agents during the rebellion, add not
permit them to be discredited or nulli
fied by these doubtful tribunals. If such
things are permitted there will not be a
dollar that has been collected for any
purpose, a piece of property that lias
been used, a house that lias been des
troyed—but payment will be demanded
for it and tlie demand enforced by some
Southern courts. Let a stop be put to
all such proceedings at once, by those
who possess the right and powerof doing
so, and the people will applaud the act.
—.-.. ♦ . — ■
EVERTS IR CHIRA.
Though Americans seem to have little
concern with events occurring at the an
tipodes, they cannot be wholly Indiffer
ent to anything that affects the welfare
of about one-half the human race, em
braced wltWn «be limits °f » ne Chinese
Empire. Tlie political convulsions tak
ing place there, says the New York
Journal of Commerce, are the throes of
an empire of great antiquity, now in
process of dissolution, as the direct con
sequence of the advance of Western civ
ilization and commercial enterprise. The
reigning dynasty congratulated itself a
few months ago, when the rebel strong
hold at Honkong was evacuated (the
English General Gordon co-operating
with the imperialists and breaching the
walls with artillery), but they attached
too much importance to that event. In
stead of being dispersed, the Taipings
are now as threatening as ever, antl per
haps even more formidable. They seem
to have lost nothing by tbe retreat to
Changehow, in the province of Fuhkien,
where some of the most productive tea
districts are located. Though we hear
little of active hostilities, there is reason
to believe that within the last three
months the insiirgents haye gai ned large
ly iv numerical strength and in re
sources. Intelligence lately received of
the capture of a city called Chauan,
tends to corroborate the impression
that a confederation of marauding chiefs
has been formed, tYf'.'whom the oc
cupant of Chanchow is only oue,
antl, perhaps, not first In impor
tance. Furthermore, evidence is con
clusive that the Taipings once more en
joy the favor of a considerable number
of foreign adventurers acting in the ca
pacity of officers, engineers, or manu
facturers of arms and munitions. The
latter are mainly disaffected mercenaries
formerly in the Mandarin service, but
are now animated by much warmth of
hostility on account of old grievances
still unredressed. Burgevine, for exam
ple, who succeeded the late American
General Ward, as commander of the
disciplined Chinese contingent of the
Imperial army, lately arrived from his
seclusion in Japan, and immediately re
paired U> Changehow. Having once
before joined the rebel cause, and after
wards forsaken it, his course is some
what vermicular, to say the least. Still
more noticeable is the fact that General
Rhode, who served w.li much distinc
tion as Gordon's adji taut-general, and
was also under Ward, is the leading
mercenary at Changehow. Another de
tachment of foreign co-operators from
Amoyare sending forward supplies of
arms. One of the latter, named Butler,
owner of the American schooner Gar
land, recently met with a serious mis
hap. Having successful ly landed a car
go of arms at tlie Taipingstronghold, he
was intercepted on his return by the Ba
ron de Meritens (a French Imperialist,
commissioner of customs and self-ap
pointed military commander-in-chief)
and put in irons, with directions that he
should be sent to the American Consul
General at Shanghai; but,whilecnront
on an English steamer, was treache
rously shot by the guard. The offender
was taken into custody by the British
Consul at -N'ingpo, and kept in prison re
gardless of the demands of the French
authorities that he should be delivered
up. A reason for this renewed manifes
tation of sympathy for the rebel cause,
and co-operation of English and Ameri
can adventurers in their behalf, may be
the extraordinary zeal displayed by the
French in regulating tlie affairs of the
Chinese government. Another, beyond
any question, is the stubborn refusal of
the imperialists to recognize the valueof
their services and of the European sys
tem of warfare, compared with gingalls,
stink-pots, and match-locks. An exam
ple of this folly is afforded by the present
rebel invasion of Fuhkien. Tlie factwas
generally understood that the insurgents
at Hangchow could not be dislodged ex
cept by tlie use of artillery, beingstrong
ly intrenched Within threelines ofstock
ades, besides the walls and minor tie
fences. Notwithstanding this, a force
was recently sent from Shanghai tocom
mence the siege, supported by nothing
except three or four guns, though two
excellent corps of native artillery were
available at Soochow. As an inevitable
consequence, no material advantage has
been sained thus far, and the insurgents
have TOrived fresh confidence.
In the Hong Kong Trade Report, of
29th April we find a letter from Amoy,
signed "Taiping," professing to give a
full and impartial account of what the
insurgents are doihg. The following is
an.extract:
The insurgents are strengthening
themselves in every way they can at
Changehow by raising stockades around
tlie city and at the most important points.
They drain the ground as much as they
can, by opening canals, and small chan
nels which are always closed at this sea
son of the year to dam the water back
for the paddy fields ; so that as the rain
falls, ft will now be carried off Into the
main river, and the ground generally a
swamp will be much firmer, and belter
adapted for the movement of their artil
lery, principally mortars of large calibre
the handiest ordnance they could adopt
for campaigning in such a country ; the
most easily manufactured, and most des
tructive in service. These they are
having cast of both copper andiron;
and from 6 inches to 10 inches calibre,
by Eurepean _____• in their employ ;
and shells both coi ii>al and round-are
being cast in great number* : some say
they can turn out lot; o{ these destructive
missiles daflry at their works. Gunpowder
is also being manufactured under Euro
pean superintendence, many excellent
samples of which I have seen, and if not
so good in appearance, it is at least a good
strong serviceable article for cannon,
Small arms they are getting large sup
pliesof from various quarters, and so long
as they can raise the dollars to pay for
such articles people will always be found
to run all risks in supplying them.
Some of the best of Gordon's old officers
have joined them, and they now num
ber sofne eighty odd foreigners at
"Changehow." General Rhody, Gor
don's late adjutant .general, is in com
mand: and they have zealous men daily
instructing them in European tactics
and mode of warfare; so that when the
clash does come they will doubtless be
found to acquit themselves as soldiers,
and to give a good account of them
selves; and will be found not to have
Idled away their time in dissipation dur
ing the long truce they have had of
late; and M. Ie Baron, with all the force
he may be able to raise against them,
both naval and military, and the Man
darins, with the 10,000 rabble they ex
pect from the north, 5 000 of which only
arrived hitherto to reinforce the impe
rial army, may some day find them
selves in a position they may wish them
i *
-»ss--s»***********M*»^***»**»**»M
selves well out of again, if they are fool
ish enough to venture within gunshot of
the city.
This writer proceeds to speak of an in
stance of summary punishment for
treachery, Inflicted some time in March
last, upon five villagers in the neighbor
hood of Hangchow. While an insur
gent thief was reconnoitering with a
few followers, he was attacked by an
ambuscade of several thousand men,
driven into a river, and most of them
drowned or cut to pieces. In a few
hours. 5,000 rebels returned, giving no
i quarter. Fearful was the slaughter.
After enriching themselves with loot,
the carnage was completed by lopping
, off .500 heads. While on the one hand
we read of rebel boastings and triumphs,
on the part of the government all n_>
pears to be disorder and recrimination.
Prince Kung, the prime minister, for
some reason unknown, is deposed from
all his offices. The charges laid against
him, in the edict containing his dismis
! sal, are "favoritism, cupidity, inordinate,
pretensions, and undue arrogation of au
thority." He is succeeded by Wens
siang, chief of the pro-foreign party.
Bearing in mind that before this a bit
ter controversy existed between the im
perial cabinet and Tseng-Kwo-fan, chief
of the anti-foreign party, also that the
Governor of Canton (his near relative)
1 has been recalled, and we have ample
material for conjecture iv regard to the
situation at Pekin. The inference Clear
ly is, that either the old exclusive policy
ofthe empire must yield to more en
lightened statesmanship, or that the an
archy now witnessed will at no distant
day be fearfully aggravated. Some of
the signs just now are more propitious.
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE.
Firth** Rows and Disiubb.nc** or in* Puci.—On
Saturday night, we regret to say, th. disposition to ills
ordsrly conduct in our city was r.new*d aud quits * num
ber of colored men were roughly handled or badly beaten
in different portion, of the city. On Church struct there
waaa great deal of pistol tiring, and Corporal Decker of
00. C, 104 th Pennsylvania Volunteers, was badly wouadod
in the right arm and side, and is reported to 1-e lv * pre
carious condition. He wus shot by * colorsd man. One
negro was terribly beaten near St. Paul's Church, and the
blood from his wounds, on hi* way to th* police station,
stained the eidcvtalk with a purple stream of gore the en'
tire length of Core street. Bive negroe* were arrested
during Ihe night by Capt. McMahon, In charge of n
patrol. Wo hum heard that In several instsnes* the
.oldters attacked and knocksd dowu colored per
sons lv the streets, boating them most unmercifully, with"
out pi evocation ; and iv alintat .very cas. the object of
their wrath was a peacefully disposed and quiet pernor. •
These stones nre fast becoming a uulsuncs, snd nr. depre
cated by all of our cltizeas, who ure anxious that tho
peace of the city should be maintained. We .tat. but tho
truth whon we. Ny, that tlie attacks made upon the col
ored people are not countenanced or dsiired hy the citi
zen* of Norfolk; and the soldiers who commit tli.m could
not confer a greater favor upon th* citizens tlnui by ah.
staining altogether from such nets.
The people here hpv.no animosity against the coloreil
r»ce,snil are ready to protect them.ss they havealwsys dove,
against outrage. They know the simple-mindedness of
the race, and the ease with which they can be govern.d
and kept in order, and if th* eoltller. would but let thsin
alons, and cense to agitate and excite them by act* of un
provoked violence, all would be well. Tho c Itlzeus have
no fettrn or apprehensions so far aa they themselves are
* concerned of any colilllct; for they know the colored man,
t if left to himself, will remain uubordfnate to authority,
i and peacefully and quietly pursue the even tonor of his
way. We, theu, beg the soldier, to restrain their angry
passions, and to cease to think that they are doing our
, people a great favor by the rutin, they are pursuing. If
- anything were wanting to show the peaceful disposition
_ of the colored race, the fact that they are equal in num
ber to the whites in the city, and yet aro not disposed to
take advantage of their numbers, and seldom defend
' themselves when attacked, proves their orderly charoc
l ter. We relterato, what we kuow to be the fact, from
,- conversing indiscriminately with th* whits population,
.. that thi-y nre satisfied with th* present ttatut And dispo
sition of the colored population, and desire that they
* should be lea alouo, ami allowed to solve ths problem of
labor and equality In tholr own way—which will be in *
. spirit of justice and kindliness towards a race against
the grsat body of whonY they have no vindictiv* feelings—
no wrongH to avenge.
* We learned last evening that Corporal Pecker had his
i arm urnputated, and was not expected to surviv*.
Tin Mi3*lt*3 of in- Misxbableb.—The report book st
the police station, showed some dozen arrests during Sat
urday night, principally of negro women, Uie dlsreputa
- ble Inhabitants of Talbot street, and klndrsd delectable
I by-ways, for disorderly conduct and drunken disturb.
unces of the peace. They await the action of Mayor
Tabb. There was ono white female among the crewd.
We would like somo of the Fejee Island tribe of phllau
throplsts—the Mrs. Jelliby's—to visit Norfolk, and make
sn inspection- of a few of our lane, and alleys, where ths
idle, the vicious, and the disorderly most do congregate,
and judge for themselvss of th* amount of misery, tilth,
sloth and disease, that must be bred, created snd engen
dered in these places. We think they would bo willing
to confess that charity should begin at home, and that
there existed a real necessity of doing something, even
by legal enactment, to put an end to such an "inhuman"
condition of affairs. Ths misery of tin miserable* is
truly sickening, and if some better police regulations
with regard to cleanliness, and a prompt improvement of
ths condition of those people, be not adopted, it is difficult
to predict what evils Norfolk may not bo forced to ;n*.t
and suffer. Th. tenement houses in New York aro noth
ing to compare in the matters of vice and misery with
those of Norfolk. We want a remedy, and a prompt one.
—I »♦»
A Timxi.y lMr_oviM*„T.—Our town clock, In the cu
pola of Christ Church, has resumed its duties, which had
been suspended during the war, urged thereto by the
skill and handicraft of Mr. Geo. A. R-we, tbe entcrpris
ing jeweller, who has opened hi. new store in ths building
recently erected on Main street by tho Kimberly's. Singu
larly enough this clock has appeared to be in a rebellious
mood ever since the " Great Rebellion" was inaugurated.
The *' hands " could not " strike," but they persisted in
refusing to move round the dial plats, and were aided and
abetted in their treason by the clapper and the weight*,
which for weighty reasons failed in the performance of
their " works." But the times are changed now— iempora
mutantur el nos miUamur in illis —and so has the town
clock. We trust the repairs mad* by Mr. Rowe will not
prove merely temporary ; and think the city authorities,
by * timely appropriation for that purpose, should instir*
the works of the clock from again becoming sadly out of
joint. The clock Is now regularly striking the hour, and
goes so far as to rsgulate the sua. Our psople can r.ly upon
its correctness, and set their repeators nnd patent levers
accordingly. Mr. Rowe has our unrsserved and undivid
ed thanks, and should receive soma substantial acknowl
edgement from tli* City Fathers for repairing and keeping
in repair this clock, which is no small task.
P. S.—The clock ho* stoppod agsln, Uow ar* you,
•town clock I"
A Storm.—When It rains ln thee* port* It doe* *o In
earnest snd to some purpos*. W* hsva seldom ...n a
heavlsr falling of th* water* than that with which w*
wer* vlelted on Saturday last. The wind wo* very high
too, and the torrents of water wer* ih-Iv*n through th*
•treeu.nd against the houses in blinding drifts, drench,
ing all who were unfoitunate enough to be abroad and
without a shelter. An iniiuens* quantity of water fell
within one short half hour, and th* cisterns, which hod
become very low, wore pretty well filled, thus affording
great relief to the people, who had begun to f**l *om*
anxiety ln regard to a failure ofthe eupply of water, for w*
have to depend entirely upon the clouds for that necessa
ry beverag* *nd agont of cleanliness. Tho lightning,
during the storm, was very vivid, flash •.cceedlog flash
with continuing rapidity, and the thunder crashed with
a force that fairly shook the earth. It Is seldom w* wit
n*M an .lectrlc display of ths element* so fertility
grand. We heard of no damage being done, but tbe city
wo* wash«l pretty clean of its accumulat*- tilth and th* J
atmosphere was cool and pl****nt during ths remainder ,
or the evening and night, and y**t*rday It „Bti-„_ at «
comfortable temperature. j
.mm» ~~
Me Hum « O-iiut, of th* Atlantic bar, give* It _
hi. opinion that th* best thing to do thi* warm WMttbtr, *
It* to take • uuid mint Julep*,a_d to take It coolly.
I.i dii KiiLs.m t IHniip.p.l.i's.—Tli. steamship t'r—de cam.
to our wharf yesterday, loaded down with veterans bonis
ward liound. Th.y covered herdeck* from stem to stern
thickly as blackberries in Juus, meaning nothing invid
ious by the comparison, for they were all whits. As tbs
vessel was leaving the wharf, a fat citicen, about tbe six.
of three barrels of lager beer, made a desperate effort to
jump aboard, but missed and went uuder. Be soon
emerged, and appeared on the surface spouting and
floundering like a young wlmle calf. A rope was throwu
him, and after being dragged for seme time, he was Dually
brought forth dripping with brino, even as a mackerel.—
He felt better when ou deck, but was decidedly wet.
This incident had scarcely been got through with so
happily, when overboard went a soldier—a tru* repre
sentative of the "Oreen I»lo-* —• caught very
n,uickly and fortunately to the fender, and held on
crying out lustily, "Arrah, be after throwing me a wipe,
and bo d dto jez." A rope with a noose attach*! wa. .
thrown to him, which he ut once proceeded to adjust
around his neck. Some gentlemen ashore called out to
him to put it under his arms or he would be strangled.
"Be the Lord," said lie, "I'd istlier be hung than drowned
snillfyezcaii only save my life by hanging, I'll forgive
ye*." He was dually Induced to put the rope under his
arms, but as he wn« being pulled up a bottle of whiskey,
which he had all the while kept a tight hold on, got
away from him and wa* Hosting off. "Save the flshkey!
save the flshkey I and never mind me; If that bottle's gons
I might as well be a dead man." Th. spectators laugheC, i
and Pat and the whiskey wore both saved. After he got
safely on board ho shook himself, and, taking the bottl*,
looked lovingly at It, saying: "B. garrah, but ye had a
narrow escape, me dsrlin."
m mm. —
Ci.iiMvn m* City.—On Saturday the city reeoived a
general cleansing, so far as the streets required It, in more
ways than ono. After market hours tho garbage around
tho market and the tilth which had accumulated in the gut
ters, was carefully swept intopllus.ud thon carted away.
But this is not all that is necessary if the health and
cleanliness of Norfolk would be preserved during the sum
mer. Cleaning in thin manner Is something after tho
fishimi of a man drossiug iv line, cloan outer-garments,
while his underclothing Is left In ipiiot and undisturbed
possession of tilth aud uncleauliuess. Tho backyards and
lanes generally, are In a very uncleau condition, and need
tho special attention of our now authorities. They are
reeking nnd festering breeder* of mnluriu, deadly wbeu
inhaled iuto tlie lungs, and breeder, of all the ills that
flesh is heir to. What we requi re is good police regulation,
in this respect, and a system of inspection of hidden place,
that will be perfect aud inexorable. The police of a town
or city should be a. perfect lo regard tv cleanliness as that
of a military camp, and should be enforced by heavy pen
alties. In sell-defence the people should be forced Into
cleanliness.
«.-*_*,
Risuction IK Paris.—The of the Post will see,
by referring to our advertising column., that a reduction
lv fare hoi be*n made to City Point and Richmond on the
"Now Line." There are no finer steamers ln this trade
than the City Point, Capt. Talbot, and Dictator, Capt.
Deering. Their officers are clever and obliging gentlemen,
the servant, attentive, and tho boats swift, safe and relia
ble in every respect. Mr. 11. V. Tompkins, the courteous
agent at the wharf, will furnish all information in regard
to th* line., A similar reduction will he made ln regard
t >jthe Baltinorc boats—the George tear,, Capt. Hl.iknmore
and Jauie. T. Brady, Capt. Land!.. The.c aro also line
lioats, and not surp.isstid, in any respect, by others arriv
ing at this port. The route by way of Baltimore Is con
sidered the Bafest and most expeditious to the North.
mmm —
TitH Kiiu-w "F JaK-Ki-1.-The parties who were ar
retted and have been in confinement uu the charge of
being engaged In the killing of young Robert .lakeman,
at Chcuowsth's Kestauraiit, election night, had a hearing
on Saturday before the Court and wore bound over in thu
sum of taOO each for their appearance at Court for trial.
The fact of their being admit ted to bail in so small a sum,
would seom to indicato that either the evidonc. against
tliem is vsry slight or the act was not without sum. justfi
cation. The names ofthe accused areThouia* F/Edwsrds,
snd O. M. Dearborn. At we have no dwlr* to either defeat
the end* of Justice or pr.j miii. th. Cos. of ths prisoners, w.
r.frain from giving th. rumor of svidence on the pre
liminary .iiiiuniuti'iii which kind of svldano* is ever _r
ptirfr and unreliable.
i mm*
j Th* Bt*a_e„ Taioo, Ca*t. O. W. Couch, arrived at her
1 wharf at i. t P. M., yesterday, with paiuengers, and freight
to J. M. Rcnsliaw A Co. Con.lguees_Sherman Brother.,
C. A. Smith, K. P. Tal.b A Co., Sargent A Wheelock, O. W.
Hodden,George«'augster, B. W. Conant, W. Heine, V.
CUman, J.— Thompson, N. A. Thompson A Co., R. R.
Pui ki r, J. P. Ostrom, American Soap Company, J. Welsel,
Huyck A Veugry, Rice Brothers, M. A, A C. A. Santos,
. 0. N.Cromby, W. R. lludglns, Maiston A Meek, S. B. A
r Co., B. k 11., M. _ L.,Adain.' Kxpreis Company, L. Ham-
I berger, K. Plato, S. 0. Turtle, Seldner A Co., R. R. Smith
. il'u, E. E. Staples, E. Campe, L. E. Wise, R. R. Cobb A
, Co, C N. Gregory, A. L. Seehury, Broughton A Co,
( Dickenson A Elvsrs, William Mehrgan, Captain Bloodgood,
B. P. Bockover, A. Legrain, E. 11. Bi-uwu, J. J. W. N A
T, A. 0. N, M. G. A Co, B. A Co, M. A W.
♦ —.»
Strut Waliees.—We do not see ths philosophy of
yielding up Main street to colored strumpets. Perhaps
the "oldest Inhabitants" can explain. From sundown
uutil midnight, crowds of saucy, vulgar, profane and
horrid monstrosities crowd ths walk, (wearing and
shouting as they go, and accosting sailors and soldiers
and citlzen I and urging them to go with them to their
dons. Clear them out, Mr. Policeman, clear them out.—
These women will not work—"the bird that can sing, and
won't slug, ought to bs made to .Ing—lf they can help
it; but they should be forced to do no. They hsve had
four year, uf liberty ; a littl- restraint will do them no
liiirm now.
• m»
ExcußSiosisT*.—Tho old Ma_achusel_, formerly well
known in these waters as n reliable government trans
port, paid ns a flying visit yesterday «t route from Balti
more to Rich-iond, with an excursion party of some fifty
on board. She had been newly painted and thoroughly
repaired, and looked altogether lovely. We trust tbe ex
cursionists will have A pleasant time of It, and not gut
ruined amid the ruins of the Confederate Capital. Aside
from the burnt distriot there is considcraqle' 'blue ruin"
in those parts.
*m»
Hiunwav Riiiiii-rv.—Two colored sen ants of the At
lantic Hotel—Jefferson Davis (formerly the body servant
of Gen. Joseph K. Johnston) and Thomas Glover, a ere
robbed on Saturday night about 11 o'clock, corner of
Queen and Monroe streets, by soldiers who commanded
the men to halt, aad theu examined their pockets. Davi.
was robbed of $-.50, and Olovor of a pistol. The Boldiers
riii-scl their victims heartily and theu ordered them to
-rack."
-♦♦ . 1
Will GBARMn.—The city was well guardsd ln all
quarters lost night, and thoroughly patroled by the
military authorities, and there was no re
newal of tlie disturbancu of the prevlon* night. Col.
Mann is apparently determined to lee that we have peace
and quiotne**, and our citizens will thank him for the
course he is adopting to secure such a resutfc
_—i . m .
Caiifo—iia Wises.—The Imbibers of these wine. re.
present them to bo superior in quality and flavor to most
other wines now extant. We take their word for it, and
suppose they arc. Henry P. Wooster, No. 12 Campbell'
Wharf, I. the agont in this city for these wines, rcpr*
genting Perkins, Stern A Co, of New York and Boston.
.» m ♦
"A Permct Bricx"—By reference to tbs advertisement
of Bradford A Renick, it would appear that the force of
thi. familiar saying has been rsalized. Great result, are
promised by this new invention for th. manufacture of
brick. It may be well for our brick-making readers to
give it a trial.
Robbed on A St*___at.—T. Jones, on his passage down
from Richmond, in the steamor Thomas Colyer, yester
day, was robbed of his watch, took out for thieve*,
gentlemen.
+mm —
All That's Bright Mlst Fade, Is not applicable to a Hue
set nf teeth brushed with Fragrant Sozodant. Its protec
tive preservative and beautifying properties will preserve
the whiteness, soundness and natural polish of good
teeth throughout life. And when unsound, it will arrest
decay, and remove from the breath the taint which de
eoinpoiltiou generates.
The Russian Epidemic—Copies of
the following letter addressed to the De
partment of State have been forwarded
to the collectors of several ports:—
••Uotth) States Consulate, 1
Poet Mauosi, May 31,1_*. I
"//on. W. Hunter, Acting Secretary of
State to the United States.—
"Sir: I have the honor to inform the
department that, from various sources,
information has been received here that
the Russian plague is extending west
ward more rapidly than is generally sup
posed. Some of the faculty call it con
tagious, others do not.
•'I would respectfully suggest that all
cargoes arriving in the United States
from Russian or Turkish ports be sub
jected to a rigid scrutiny before landing,
especially bedding, clothing, rags, <fee.
The disease is s_id to be the same as that
which visited London oyer a century
ago.
"I have the honor to be your obedient
servant,
"H. B, Robinson, Consul.
Official Circular of Secretary of the
Treasury McCulloch.
DEPARTMENT REGULATIONS FOB THE
HKN'EWA-OF TRADE THHOUOH
OVJTTHE COUNTRY.
TnilSl RT DBPARTMr.NT, 1
Wahhijiiito.v, 1). C, June -7, 1*65. /
The various rules and regulationshere
tofore prescribed by the Secretary of the
Treasury in regard to the above named
subjects'having been rendered nugatory
in whole or in part by the changed con
dition of affairs in the Southern States,
and Executive ordersand proclamations,
and the War Department having assum
ed charge of freedmen, abandoned lands
&c, under the provisions of the act of
Congress approved March ;t, 18(i, r >, the
following instructions as to tlie duties of
officers ofthe Treasury Department in
the premises are prescribed, and will be
regarded as in full force and effect iinme*_,
diately on receipt thereof by any officer
whose action is in any wise affected
thereby :—
Firxt— All restrictions on commercial
intercourse in andfwith States antl parts
of States heretofore declared in insurrec
tion, and on the purchase, transporta
tion and sale of the product thereof, are
removed, except as to the transportation
thereto or therein of arms, ammunition,
articles from whichammunition is made,
gray uniforms and gray cloth, and ex
cept also those relating to property here
tofore purchased by the agents or captur
ed hy or surrendered to the military
forces ofthe United States; nor will any
fees or taxes be charged or collected ex
cept those imposed by the customs and
internal revenue laws; and the super
vision necessary topreventthe shipment
of tlie prohibited articles will be exer
cised only by the regular and ordinary
officers ofthe customs, acting under the
revenue laws of the United States.
Second. —-Subordinate officers dis
charging duties in regard to commercial
intercourse under the regulations re
ferred to, will consider their official con
nection with this department terminat
ing with the 30th inst. without further
notice.
Third.— Agents for the purchase of
products of the insurrectionary States,
on government account, will close their
official business east of the Mississippi
river with the transactions of the 13th
inst., and west of it with the transac
tions of the 24th inst., returning to sel
lers all property or money received or
collected since those dates respectively,
and using such despatch in the premises
that their connection with the depart
ment may, if possible, terminate with
the 30th inst.
Fourth. —Officers of this department
charged with the duty of receiving and
collecting, or having in their possession
or under their control, captured, aban
doned or confiscable property, will dis
pose ot the same in accordance with reg
ulations on the subject, heretofore pre
scribed, at the earliest time consistent
withthe public interests, and will refrain
from receivingsuc.h from military or na
val authorities after the 30th inst. This
will not be considered, however, as in
terfering with the operations of the
agents now engaged in receiving or col
lecting the property recently captured
by or surrendered to the forces of the
United States, whether or not covered
by or ineliidi'd in thp records, _c, deliv
ered to the United Slates military or
Treasury authorities by rebel military
officers or cotton agents. Those so acting
will continue to discharge the duties
thus imposed until such property is all
received or satisfactorily accounted for,
and until the amount so secured is ship
ped or otherwise disposed of under the
regulations on the subject heretofore pre
, scribed ; and they will use all the means
, at their command with the utmost vigor
i to the end t hat_4» tlu " property so col
. lected, captured or turned over shall be
, secured to the United States with the
; least possible cost and delay. After the
30th inst., the duty of receiving captured
and abandoned property, not embraced
, in the above exception, will be dis
charged by the usual and regular officers
of tyie customs at the several places
'■ they may be located ln accordance with
1 the'regulations relating to the subject;
and officers heretofore performing that
duty will give them all the aid and in
formation In their power to enable them
to carry out the same.
Fifth.— Officers of this department
charged with the care or supervision of,
or having in their possession or under
their control, any abandoned or confis
cable lands, houses or tenements, will
turn them over to a duly authorized of
ficer of the Bureau of Refugees, Freed
men and Abandoned Lands, so far as
they may be required or demanded by
the same, together with all moneys,
books, records and papers arising from
or relating to the property so turned
over, taking proper vouchers or receipts
therefor. This rule will also govern the
actions of all agents of this department
connected in any way with the care of
freedmen, Ac, so far as it may be appli
cable ; and all persons asking for any
information in regard to the property so
turned over, or for the release of the
same, or for the release of any moneys
or proceeds arising therefrom, will be
referred to the Commissioner of Refu
gees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands,
at Washington, to whom communica
tions on the subject should be ad
clrysscd.
iSi-f/.—Officers of this department hav
ing in their possession, or under their
control, any moneys whatever arising
from fees collected nnder the commer
cial Intercourse regulations, except those
collected for the benefit of freedmen
(which will be disposed of under sect ion
five) or from the sales of captured, aban
doned or confiscated property, will forth
with deposit the same With the nearest
assistant treasurer, designated depository
or deposit bank, keeping the amounts
from the differentsources separate, to tlie
credit of H. A. Risly, Esq., Supervising
Special Agent, &c, taking therefor re
ceipts quadruplicate, which receipts
must show whence the sums were re
ceived, one of which will be retained by
the officer so depositiug, one forthwith
sent to the Secretary of the Treasury,
one to the Commissioner of Customs,
and one to Mr. Risly, at Washington.
Seventh— All officers above referred
to, except-proper officers of the customs
acting exclusively under the revenue
laws, will, after they have closed their
official business, as above directed, and
sold at auction to the highest bidder the
furniture and property remaining on
hand, and accounted for by the proceeds
of the same, forthwith systematically
arrange the books, records, jiapers, Ac,
of their late offices, that they may easi
ly be referred to and examined, pack
tnem in secure and waterproof boxes
and forward the same, so marked as to
indicate their contents, together with
their respective resignations, addressed
to the Secretary ofthe Treasury, Wash
ington City. Hugh McCulloch,
Secretary of the Treasury.
Imi | ■
The Amherst (Mass.) Express has an
advertisement-of a pew for sale In the
Congregational church in that town.
The present owner says: "Tlie man
that owns the pew owns the right of a
space just as long as the pew is from the
bottom of the meeting-house to the top
or roof, and he can go as much higher
as he can get. If a man Will buy my
pew and sit in it on Sundays, and repent
and be a good man, he will go to nea- >
yen, and my pew is as good a place to J
start from as any pew in the meeting- ,
house."
i THE NEWS.
Judge Miller, ofthe United States Su
preme Court has rendered a very impor
tant decision. He discharged a man who
had aitled in securing fraudulentexemp
tions, and who was indicted therefor, on
tlie ground that that provision of tlie
draft law was void,as it did not flxacer
tain term of punishment. The penalty
provided was imprisonment during the
existence ofthe rebellion, and the Court
held thai it was impossible to ascertain
any definite length of time of imprison
ment under such a law. There were
twenty-five or thirty cases to be tried for
the sunie offence, and this decision re
leases them all.
John Connell and Nicholas Bradley
on Tuesday last entered (lie banking es
tablishment of Conklin Brothers & Co.,
Cincinnati, at noon, and while Mr. J.
B.Conklin was there alone, assaulted
him with a slung shot, intending to
commit a robbery. They were defeated
by Mr. Conklin, andwere subsequently
caught, though one of them discharged
a revolver while he tried to escape,
wounding an officer, Emanuel Auchey,
in the wrist.
Two hundred and fifty freedmen's
teachers are vow employed in Virginia
alone.
Major General Saxton lias arrived in
Washington from South Carolina.
Mosby, the guerrilla chief has received
the same terms of parole accorded to
General Lee's army, and has settled
down at Culpeper, where he has opened
m lawyer's office.
The colored people ofWashington will
have a celebration on the Fourth, on the
grounds adjoining the White House.
Major General Hunter is to deliver the
oration, and the Rer. John Pierpont the
poem.
The Government expenses during the
past year amounted to three and a half
millions, per day.
The Treasury Department lias now
cash enough on hand to pay all the coin
interest on Government securities falling
due prior to next February.
Judge Campbell of Alabama, Alfred
Rhett of South Carolina, and 8. R.
Mallory of Florida, are among the recent
applicants for pardons.
The Government is making arrange
ments to send to Atlanta a sufficient
quantity of supplies to relieve the neces
sities of the people in that section, who,
for some time past, have been reduced to
the last extremities by famine.
J. B. McFerrin, D.D., the well-known
book agent ofthe Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, and one of the most
prominent Methodist Episcopal preach
ers in the Southwest, has receiveda full
pardon and amnesty.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, be
tween Baltimore, Washington and the
West, which has been under military
control during the war, lias been restor
jed to the management ofthe Company.
The Commissary General reports yet
iin Federal hands about ten thousand
. prisoners, exclusive of the officers above
1 the rank of captain. He thinks they
. will all be released within ten days,
though they are not likely to be all sent
South in that time.
Governor Bramlete of Kentucky has
addressed the citizens of Louisville in
! favor of tho constitutional amendment
t prohiWtins! slavery.
' A land slida on the Redwood River
' has brought to light a coal bed which is
" three feet thick, three hundred and fifty
J feet wide, and nobody knows how long.
It makes quite an excitement in that
* region, but will probably prove to be
r drift coal. 1 his coal mine is about ono
hundred and ten miles west of St. Paul,
•' and is within a mile of the Minnesota
River.
j The State Department sent circu
j lars to all the cities, giving the'substance
. of information recently received from
, our Minister in Russia, respecting the
i plague, which is spreading Westward
, with great rapidity. Precautionary
. measures are suggested, and tlie atten
[ tion of the authoritit sis urgently invlt
. Ed for the immediate adoption of saui
-1 tary improvements.
The first train on the repaired Orange
. and Alexandriaß. R., was started'onFri
, day. The entire road to Richmond, via
• Gordonsville, will be in in
- ten days.
I The romantic attachment between
■ Tiord Hood and the Princess Mary, was
■ the subject of considerable gossip some
i months ago. The dream of an alliance
' between royalty and an inferior nobility
, has now vanished, the fashionable pa-
J pers havingannounced that his lordship
t is to be married to Miss Edith Ward, a
I daughter of a gentleman of fortune.
J A fair is now in progress in Milwau
: kee for the purpose of raising a fund to
secure for invalid aud impoverished
' Wisconsin soldiers a comfortable home.
, A Grand Jury in East Tennesse has
, unanimously declined Judge Trigg's
j order to indict Governor Brownlow for
i executing some law of the United States
, while he was Treasury Agent. Judge
Trigg held it to be unconstitutional. '
_ •-—.»— i
Farewell Order ok Gen. Meade
to the Army of the Potomac—The
following order of General Meade to the
' Army of the Potomac was published
. yesterday in Washington:
n*AH«IiAHT*»S A«_T OT TBI ,
Potomac, Juno JB,IBBS. /
Soldiers : This day, two years ago I
assumed command, under the orders of
the President of the United States. To
day, by virtue of the same authority
the army ceasing to exist, I have
to announce my transfer to other duties
and my separation from you.
It is unnecessary to enumerate all that
has occurred in these two eventtil years •
from tin* great and decisive battle of
Gettysburg, the turning point of the
war, to the surrender of the Army of
Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court
House.
Suffice it to say that history will do
you justice; a grateful country will hon
or the living, cherish and support the
disabled, and sincerely mourn the dead
In parting from you, your command
ing general will ever bear in meniorv
your noble devotion to your country :
your patience and cheerfulness under all i
the privations and sacrifices you have
been called upon to endure
Soldiers: Having accomplished the
work set before us, baying vindicate,l '
the honor and Integrity of our '
ment and flag, let usi return thanks to
Almighty God for Hisblessing in grant
ing victory and peace, and let us earn
estly pray for strength and light to dis
charge our duties as citizens as we have
endeavored to discharge them as soldiers
Geo. G. Meade.
Major-General U. 8. A.
Arrivals at the Atlantic Hotel, July 1.
J B White, VC; Lieut Leonoril, ISth N V Arty- T c
Wootten, Portsmouth: A M Wlllett, P A Co, Va; jno A
Segor, fort Monroe; Oeo Welsh; Jno A Branch,' D 8 A •
Mr Rogers; A Mrliaffey, Baltimore; Jno C Tateni NC-
Thos Bri.cn, Baltimore; Jo. V Nash, Baltimore- Jno
Lenzberg, Baltimore ; Willis B Coclar, 103 th Pa Vol • 8
M Evans, 103 th Pa Vol |L 8 Dockey, 103 th Pa Vol • Lo
gan Hurst, N X Co, V*; 0 D Huyck, City; Henry Smith
Mil; A B*t«; S D Adorns, 13th N V Arty; Jno Pret-w
North Carolina; A P Ch.rry, North Carolina- R A
Thompson Petersburg, Va; W W Madison, 8 Carolina
J.II. White, T. T. Cropper, Richmond, Vs.; John'll i
Nudd, Portsmouth: Miss Dunull. P. Marine New York-
B. V. Billlpe, city; D. 11. Sullivan, Troy; Major Kalt! i
Dr. D. Larkey, New York; A. h. Pallett,' R. g. Bn,--,
Georgia; William T. Joynes Petersburg. Va.; N C '
Robertson, Baltimore; 11 L. Deckel, New York; Myers i
Newman, Wort- Baltimore; John B. Langley city- i
Charle. F. Pretlow, P N. Murphey, North Carollß- ;i„ <
W«re, 0. W. Harrison ana wife, V_|i_i«,
I i.
Mexico.
THE ALLEGED FIRING UPON FRENCH
OFFICERS AT MATAMORAS BY AMERI
CAN TROOPS—" DIPLOMATIC" CORRES
PONDENCE.
[From the Matamoros oo~mereo,Junel3.]
On Sunday evening, the 11th instant,
at hahVpasts o'clock, two officers of the
Foreign Legion, coming from Santa
Cruz, dismounted from their horses,and
at the moment of remounting they were
tired on from the Texas bank by a man
placed there as sentinel. On being In
formed of this affair, the commander of
the French troops addressed the follow
ing letter to General Brown, command
ing the troops at Brownsville:
Matajioaa*, Juno II
General:—One of your soldiers, sta
tioned above Brownsville, fired on two
of my officers when coming from Santa
Cruz.
You have no diplomatic character, no
letter of credentials—nor I.
I therefore write to you simply as a
private individual, in order to express
my utter contemptfor the wanton offense
committed by one of the men for whom
you are responsible.
Baron de Brian
Commander of the Detachment of the
Legion.
[General Brown paid no attention to
this delicate note.it seems, whereupon
the belligerent lie Brian favored him
with another letter.]
Mati-oea,, Jan* 16, lido.
Mr. Brown : The epaulets of a gene
ral are sacred in his sight. They repre
sent a career full of durnity, and honor
ed by arduous service. They are the
crowning reward of forty years of self
denial and devotion. All the European
generals, and many iv the New World,
have these glorious claims; thus the
commandant has felt happy and honor
ed by being placed at the service of his
excellency General Mejia. If these of
ficers who reckon on many years of ser
vice, and can point to such brilliant re
cords, should receive from any subaltern
a letter, in more or less violent terms,
they would treat it as so much waste pa
per. The cowardice or rascality of him
who would have had the impudence
to write it, would deserve nothing more.
But, if a man, taken out of some shop,
one knows not which, is improvised a
general from one day to another, and
without even tbe most trilling military
exploit in bis history, pretends to claim
a superiority over persons who have
seen twenty years ot service and cam
paigns, why theu, in truth, but
little notice should be taken of him,
unless one might cause himself to be
aroused once or twice at night to
have a hearty laugh over him. In fact;
to feel vexed at him would be disgrace
ful to so many officers, who, the world
over, respect the military hierarchy -and
who form n kind of brotherhood among
themselves. The levelling method of
proceeding must be used, a method
which those persons abuse, when they
endeavor to place themselves on a foot
ing with those who have grown grey
under the harness, after nobly devoting
[ their whole life. This is the reason
; why the commandant who reverences
military services, and will never permit
I them to be prostituted, has written
1 somewhat cavalierly to Mr. Brown, as
an individual,
i Baron de Brian,
> Commander of the Detachment of tho
- Legion.
. AN IMPERIALIST PAVER'S COMMENTS ON
"MR." BROWN'S COURSE—A "LIVRET"
) SUGGESTED.
In order to let the readers ofthe Com
■ merce know what would be the punish
', ment of a French soldier, if one of them
i should be convicted of having wantonly
tired at any foreign soldier, we translate
' the following article of war, inserted in
four languages in tlie livret of each sol
dier :
' Attack without order or provocation
against the troops of an allied or neutral
power—death.
This little book, the livret, Is a pre
cious reference in which every soldier
tempted into the perpetration of a crime,
may find immediately what will be his
reward. Are the Yankee soldiers fur
nished with a livret f
QUARTERLY STATEMENT OF
TBI CONDITION OF TUB HHST NATIONAL
BANK OF NORFOLK, ON THE MORMNO OFTUk
i'IRST MONDAY OF JULY, 1806.
Notes and Bills Discounted 87*,771 07
Overdrafts 8.7 68
Current Expenses 2,808 74
Bemittance. andotheritems _,63a _y
Due from Banks and lluu - ■
„•"•■ «0,8„ 1-
V. 8. Bonds dep'd with U. 8.
Treasurer to securo circu
lation and deposit. I_,ooo 00
U. 8. Bonds on baud 1 850 00
Other U. S. Securities ÜBA93 _
Cash on hand In U. S. legal
tonder Note. 700,476 84
Cash on hand ln Stato Bunk
r N , ot "-, •■ 8,008 00
lasti on hnuilin Spcrlo 1922 01
Cash on hand in other law- '
fill money 3028 88
Capital stock pui. __...„,„„ ' inn noo _■
Surplus Fund.!. X "i
Circulatlug Notes received "'
from Comptroller n& mn oa
Due to other Bank. "MX §
Balance due Depositors .0?25 „}
United States Deposit, , gi
Dividend unpaid...... l,~t\«u ».
Profit and Los. 17,078 88
_1,~«,_X V 4 1,8„,„1 M
Stati of Vi.oraiA, County of Norfolk •
of _-__"_ }*J^\ Caßbier of ">• •*»• K»U°«»I B»"k
______ _____$_ " wo ? r " ,aI th « »•"»'« »t*t«-.nt I*
true to the best of my knowledge and belief
Sworn to before me this 8d £'f&m °" UW -
jy3-_w WO. DONN,
A LBe r T ~l~y ON S ,
*•£___-_"__£ Whi,e * __* »•»». "in IP*
I____?» * rf ' U at ,, nt t0 "'">"<•'> staining to affair.
S3-_^_____sffis£ggi|W
}JEW LINE STEAMERS!
EXCURSION TICKKT3 TO BALTIMORH
ISSUED BY
NKW LINE STEAMERS
•«* «•-—" ■»«•
GEORGE LEABY.CAPTAm'BuU-Air,
AND
JAMES T. BRADY, Camaui LahM*.
«t„li ng /',' rfolk from Wharf . foot aoonoke and Market
Sousre, daily »t ..14 o'clock, P. M.
„00° R ° Un ' l T ' ip ' nc " lncludl "K Me » u »"« Stat* Rooms,
F o o^?__ L S; : _;.E e S iR 1 i a n i! r °u al ,_ Zl
ACTUMI Am? m.[ r , o rS_i, ,c,t - f o''t*ming -IOHTY
i £^_i_f^
»wi^S____ss ?^lS
A era. made to accommodate the purchaser.
._ SHAW A HOBIRTB,
Comer R_!. . v " 1 Commission M*rch*nU,
j i 3" r Roa, " >k, ' S « UW(I ■*« Wld. Water Street,
" Norfolk, Vlrg_U
JOHN MAYHER,
~,-, _ AGRaCULTUIU
IMPLEMENT WAREHOUSE
AND SEED STORE,
«0.146 WEST PRATT STREET, BALTIMOM, MD.
#v_. 4M " 4C, °". *«*-« SHOF ASP MDH
Jy 3-3ni °" PLOWM »N AND FRONT ST___l_.
QHAMPION BRICK MACHINE.
„.?w ,ton of ,hi * TK »<* P»t*nt lor tha mannf*.
r shu tn ... .J" P r, »« r «l to di.poM of machlii** and
_____ -I?! ,™ l, _. Th " -_~_i*-_»pl* of con
SSr^_l__ , ____l u > «"* ° nl of repair, hi. I_m*n..
«__ i ___. | b _i" ck "I 0"' »»« »o'W. «" »• "o*" 1
«_n.. .ii_l_J'T'' 1 c,lu " ; • »"'• delay for ronoTln*
_r__K_P_T to r____*"_**»<° thim ... -__»_
--0. annficltii .n o^"1 *" with ft '» partlcul.rs ibnr»rd„
i- B~lm BRADFORD A REtIOK.

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