Newspaper Page Text
stic I :
DS.I . V
I. h III i
; Itch ! Itch I Scratch ! ! Scratch t !
Wheatou's Ointment will cure the Itch in forty
eight hours. Also cures Suit Rheum, Ulcers,
Chilblains, and all eruptions of the Skin. Price
50 eta. For sale by all Druggists.
By sending 00 cents to VEEK8 & POTTER,
Sole Agents, 170 Washington street, Boston,
Mass., it will bo forwarded by mail, free of post
age, to any part of the United States.
P. F. PESCUD, Agent,
sept 21 ly Raleigh, N. C.
Batchelor's Hair DyeX The Original aud
Best in the World ! : The only true and perfect
Hair Dye. Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous.
Produces immediately a splendid Black or natu
ral Brown, without injuring the hair or skin.
Remedies the ill effects of bad dyes. Sold by all
Druggists. The genuine is signed William A.
. Batchelor. Also,
Regenerating Extract of Millefleurs,
for Restoring and beautifying the Hair.
aug 15 ly New York.
Hill's Hair Dye 50 Cents. Black or
Brown. Instantaneous, beautiful, durable, re
liable. The best and cheapest in use. Depot
No. 66 John Street, New York. Sold by all Drug,
Patent Medicine, Perluniery and Fancy Goods
March 13, 1806. ly.
If other Remedies Fail for Bronchial and
Liver Diseases, read the following :
Thomas H. Itaiucy, Esq., Granville Counly, N.
C, says :
I find your pills to be the best family medicine
I haye ever used. Ttoey have proved very bene
ficial in my own case. I have been very much af
flicted for fifteen years, and have tried every kind
ot medicine that I could get, but have found uiore
relief from your pills than all others. My disease
is bronchial alHietion, and complete prostration
of the nervous system. I have used ttientiu ten
or lilteen cases in my family, and find them to be
the very medicine for nearly all family diseases."
3"For sale by the Druggists. Directions
accompanying each box. Sent to any part ot the
United States for S3 a dozen. Address,
GEO. W. DEEMS,
March 1 lm Baltimore, ltd.
S T 1800 X. Drake's Plantation
Bitters. They purify, strengthen and invig
orate, They create a health' appetite,
They are an autitode to change of water and
They overcome effects of dissipation and late
They strengthen the system and enliven the
TUey prevent miasmatic and intermittent fevers,
They purify the breath and acidity of the
They cure Dyspepsia aud Constipation,
They cure Diarrhea, Cholera aud Cholera
They cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Head
ache. They are the best Bitters in the world. They
make the weak strong, and are exhausted nature's
great restorer. They are made of pure St. Croix
Rum, the celebrated Calisaya Bark, roots and
herbs, and are taken with the pleasure of a bever
age, without regard fb age or time of day. Par
ticularly recommended to delicate persons requir
ing a gentle stimulant. Sold by all Grocers,
Druggists, Hotels and Saloons. Only genuine
when Cork is covered by our private U. S. Stamp.
Beware of counterfeits and refilled bottles.
P. if. DRAKE & CO.,
nov 2 2 uni
21 Park Row, New York.
Agua de Magnolia. A toilet delight! Tli
ladles' treasure and gentlemen's boon! The
"sweetest thing" and largest quantity. Manu
factured from the rich Southern Magnolia. Used
for bathing the face and ierson, to render the skin
soft and fresh, to prevent eruptions, to perfume
It overcomes the unpleasant odor of perspi
ration, It removes redness, tan, blotches, &c.
It cures nervous headache and allays inflamation,
It cools, softens and adds delicacy to the skin,
It yields a subdued and lasting perfume,
It cures musquito bites and stings of insects,
It contains no material injurious to the skin.
Patronized by Actresses aud Opera Singers. It
is what every lady should have. Sold everywhere.
Try the Mag"Olla. Water once aud you will use no
other Cologne, Perfumery, or Toilet Water af
terwards. DEMAS BARNES & CO.,
nov 22 6m Props. Exclusive Aleuts, N. Y.
J J. LITCIirORI),
AlCTI0 AX'S) C3I3IJSSiO. IKRCHAXT,
South Sile East Hargett St.,
THREE DOORS FROM FAYETTEYILLE ST.,
RALIEfiH, N. C.
HAVING RESUMED BUSINESS AT THE
above named Store, I will be plca.-cd to receive
consignments of any description of Merchandise
and Country Produce, promising my best efforts
to promote'the interest of my patrons. j
Reference is made to the en i ire resident busi-
ness eommunitv of this city and to the many cor- i
respondents of" the old firm of Creech iV: bitch- i
ford. J. J- LITCIIFORD. j
march 27 1 3t. ;
PROPOSALS WILL UK RECEIVED
by the uudcn-igr.cd for furnishing the Insane
Asvi.um, 700 (seven hundred) light-wood Posts,
seven (7) feet 'long, 5 inches thick. Also 7,000
.v.ti tlKiiisfiml i i', t-t of'uood heart plank. 16 ft.
long aud 6 inches wide, and one inch thick, all to
h rTcli veri-d at the Asvluiu.
" E. C
March 2', 1SW5. 2 .v.
JRIVATE BOARDING HOUSE.
SEVERAL MORE BOARDERS CAN OBTAIN
good accommodations at my private residence,
about one hundred yards east of the N. C. Depot.
Transient custom also solicited.
J. T. HIGH.
ALL HOLDERS OF THE BONDS
of the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad
Company, North-Carolina, are respectfully re
quested to make themselves known as soon as
possible, to the undersigned, or M. K. Jessupifc
Co, Agents for the Company, New York, giving
Class and Numbers of Bonds held by ihcin respec
tively, that the Company may confer with them
on matters relating to their interest.
President AV. & M. Railroad Co.,
Feb. 21, 18011 eodlm Wilmington, N. C.
ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED Tl IAT UNLESS
they pay their gas bills within ten days from
presentation, their gas will be shut oil', as we
arc not receiving money enough to pay running
WATERIIOUSE & BOWES.
J. C. King, Sup't. Lessees.
March 7 lot.
-JARTNER WANTED I
A GENTLEMAN OF EXPERIENCE IN THE
Lumber business desires a Partner, owning a
No. 1 Circular Saw Mill, or with a capital of from
$:j,000 to 3,000, to engage in saw milling. Fine
localities offered, convenient to river aud railroad.
Can furnish sufficient teams.
Apply to W. E. PEIP.CE, Agent,
Raleigh, N. C.
W.U. II. THOMPSON,
JEWELLER AND WATCHMAKER,
At Mrs. Thompson's store, opposite the Ex
press Oiliee, Fayetteville Street, is prepared to re
pair Watches, Jewelry, Ac, and execute in a
neat, satisfactory manner in short time, all kinds
of work in his line.
He has on hand a select assortment of the best
His former friends are respectfully solicited to
renew their patronages. oov 22-186 tf 10.
For the Standard.
Messrs. Editors : The history of govern-
-. it teach that, upon whatever theory
founded, the people's interests are effected
for good or evil, results through its adminis
trative workings. This being apparent, it
is not unwise to conclude that its functional
and legislative bodies are the sources from
which springs that influence which most di
rectly operates to advance or retard the well
being of its entire body politic. This impres
sion seem to have marked, in no small degree,
the deliberations of our fathers when consum
mating the great work of forming a more
perfect Union of the American States, as
may be seen in the words "Eternal vigi
lence is the price of liberfy.n We learn
from the honest statesman that the true
policy of republican government, is never
to institute a policy of discriminate legisla
tion, but that the interests of all as well as
conditions of it3 constituency should be de
liberately and wisely consulted, and that a
sameness of interest and feeling should per
vade every act of its legislation fiat the
contrary course creates distrust and leads to
a clamor for reform. The late revolution was
provoked under an assumption of principle,
based as I conceive, upon the position above
taken, and was waged with the avowed pur
pose of securing what its friends conceived
was agrieved rights, not actual hut 2respec
tice. The doctrine of states-rights as solved
by the Calhoun school, constituted the
grounds of dispute.
This solution of the subject had, however,
remained as a mere theme in contradistinc
tion to the views of all the great .statesmen
of the country something over a quarter of
a century. The shape it finally took to dis
solve the Union of States had no precedent
or constitutional grounds in this or any other
country, although Mr. Calhoun found, as he
in his enthusiasm conceived, precedents un
der the tribunition and Isrealiish govern
ments. Both of which were dissimilar to the
grounds assumed in this country, and could
not at any period of our country's history
afford any cause of justification to those who
broke asunder the ties of our glorious union
of confederated States. So far from it, Mr.
Madison had in the early days of the repub
lic set his seal upon such a doctrine, and
was followed in confirmation by all of his
compatriots, and since by AVebstcr, Everett,
Olay, Jackson, Wright and others equally as
illustrious for their statesmenship in their
interpretation of the Virginia and Kentucky
Sufficient was such an array of testimony
to satisfy the minds of all lovers of the
Union, that no individual State: had any
rights founded in the Con-itution to with
draw or secede from the general compact at
The late struggle has, however, settled
that form of she question to the full satis
faction it might seem to the friends of Mr.
Calhoun's "doctrine and put a quietus to it
for al! time to come on the American conti- i
net. But yet there seems to be restless
spirits, and while it is not be supposed
that a perfect calm could be so soon made,
it is well that the government should be
vigilant and hold them in a state of abey
ance on probation, at least until the country
is fully restored, and all the terms they ac
cepted are fully acquiesced in. The gov
ernment should continue its restorative op
erations only through the truly and known
to be loyal men of the several lately insur
gent States. While this is an imperative
necessity, it does not argue that the Slates
have no rights. This none will deny, nor
that such rights are guaranteed to them by
the Constitution, nor that they will not
roeeive those rights just so soon as they
show an unmistakable character for loyalty,
Andrew Johnson stands up before the coun
try as the advocate of such rights as guar
anteed by the Constitution, and is laboring
with all the powers of his great mind to
convince his ooooscra of this sivmln .ninri.
can democratic truth, so that the insurgent
States may, when the- shIl present a sound
loyalty towards the government, they
may take their places again as of old and
become co-workers in the irround scheme of
cementing anil strengthening the bonds of
American UViion. The losses sustained then
1' the people of thowe States must be
considered as contingent abatements, under
the comprehensive idea that in war consti
tutions become flexible as well as principles
and bend as expediency demands, but in
peace both become inflexible, and that law
and ritrht take tho place of expediency.
Taking this "view of the great questions
of change, necessarily growing out of the
res::Us of our altered condition, the peo
ple, and especially those who helped most to
effect this state of things, should become
satisfied v. i!i the condition :s having been
a-'cepted, and as they gradually merge into
frntern-il relations with alacrity meet those
they opposed. The .-posers to the Presi
dent's plan of restoring harmony should lay
down tho weapons of warfare upon the
Constitution it is abandon the policy of
consolidation ami let an influence spread
from this functional and legislative branches !
of a purely national democratic kind, for I
lite healmcr or the people tor the covering
of sears and wounds, and of effacing
mutilated and waste places of the whole i
. . . . . . ,
continent. With such a whol-omc balm
of equal l ights, equal burdens, equal legis
lation by the loyal, leaving the States to
dispose of the elective franchise, the re
sults would, perhaps, tend to beget a better
feelim with such as invariably hate the
frovernnieiit. but outward! v practice it. But I
too many are bolstering up with the spirit
of defiance. These restless spirits, who I
cant throucrh the Sonthern press who
swell to the dimensions of rhodomontade, I
iiiid boast that thev haye only been ove
powered. and live in hopes of a rapture sooner
or- later between the United States and
some other power. All such is well calcu
lated to excite suspicion in the government
that all is not loyal who declare it even
through many of the Southern journals.
The government ought to have been restored,
and would long since, but lor such restless
Let the loyal put their mark upon them
in and out of josition; hurl them from po
sition, and a perfect Union of the States
will very soon take place. The truly loyal
must complete the work of restoration, or
else fears will be constantly felt. It is for the
masses of loyal men in North-Carolina to
dispose of these restless spirits, in order to
this speedy return to this national relation,
and the earlier the work begins the earlier
will it be completed.
Area of the United States. Hon.
Mr. Harlan, Secretary of the Interior, in a
recent letter to the Rev. J. C. Fletcher, replied
to a question concerning the territorial ex
tent of this country, in order to afford the
latter certain data for comparing the area of
Brazil with that of the United States. The
following is the result first in acres:
Total area of the public lands of Acres.
the States and Territories, 1,400,549,033
Total area of those States where
there are no public lands, 470,540,560
Area of Indian Territory, 44,154,240
Area of District of Columbia, 38,400
Grand total of the area of the
United States in acres, 1,921,288,233
Or, three Millions tiro thousand and thirteen
This does not include the area of the great
lakes just within and forming a portion ot
our Northern boundary ; neither does it in
clude the marine league on the coast.
Brazil, in 1845, had an area of 3,004,450
square miles ; but it 13 estimated that since
the settlement of her boundary lines with
several of the adjacent countries, her area has
increased to 3,100,000 square miles. Euro
p n 'iussia has an area of 2,142 504 square
miies, and all the other countries of Europe
have :t total of 1,687,626 square miles.
- to ' 1 . - nj -i -
Messrs. Editors : My attention has been
called to- an editorial in the Daily Sentinel,
of the 14th inst., in which I have been most
grossly misrepresented, and I ask a place in
your excellent paper for this communication."
, It is charged that I have " been writing let-j
ters to the damage and inconvenience of my
District." ' 4 It is affirmed that iliis'
same Mr. Jones has recently addressed letters to
the Attorney Generol of the United States"
" representing that the mail contractors are too
disloyal to be trusted that the whole State is
disloyal, and that tho best thing that can be
done is to break up tlie civil government of the
State, and throw us back under a Provisional
Gocernor declare xoid the elections, and of
course the oaths of every man, and begin afresh
to reconstruct the State."
Every one of these charges are base fals
hoods, and the affirmant, who ever he may
be, (and I think I have a very good idea of
the gentleman.) has willfully and knowingly
misrepresented me. I have - never in all my
life written or addressed a letter directly or
indirectly to the Attorney General of the
United States. I have never written or ut
tered a single sentence or sentiment in favor
of placing the State under a Provisional
Governor, or against the progress of civil
government in the State. All my acts, wri
tings, words, and deeds stamp with infamy
the base and false charge, that I represented
the whole State as disloyal.
I addressed a letter to the Postmaster Gen
ei al, through another gentleman at Washing
ton city, which was carefully sealed and
stamped in the presence of witnesses, and
was sent to Asheville to be mailed, but was
broken open without my consent or that of
the person to whom it was addressed. What
think you of such acts as this ? I deem it
proper to state that the gentleman who ha 5.
charge of the Post-office at Asheville, is not
by any means implicated in this letter-breaking.
It was heralded all over this section
of country that I had written in this same
letter, to the authorities at Washington to
remove Governor Worth, and appoint a Pro
visional Governor a thing that I had never
thought of indeed, I have never uttered a
word derogatory of Governor Worth in any
form, shaps or manner whatever.
I nov,- appeal to the parties who are mak
ino: themselves so busy in regard to this vio
lated letter to produce the same with my
signature, and let it be published, verbatim,
so that the community may judge for them
selves whether I have been writing letters to
their damage or inconvenience or not. When
the real contents of this letter become known,
as it will be, I will submit to the judgment
of the people.
Whilst in Washington city I used my best
endeavors to get the ''test oath" so modified as
to admit the loyal people of this State to the
revenue and post offices, and so as to become
mail contractors, &c, but my honest efforts
met with opposition from quarters where I
least expected it. I am still in favor of mod
ifying the oath. There are thousands of men
in the SNite who have always been loyal, and
cannot take the oath from the fact that they
were compelled from circumstances to do acts
that bar them as it now stands, but I am not
willing to do without mails simply because
we cannot get the " test oath " removed, es
pecially when the regulations can be complied
with. 'lain doing all that I can to promote
the interests of my constituents, and as to
my ability, it is for the people of this District
to judgcva large majority of whom are loyal
ami will judge and act for themselves. " Ao
portion of the State is realhj more loyal than the
Mountain District:'' The people of this
Mountain District proved the fact of their
loyalty by electing A. H. Jones to Congress,
who has been loyal all the time, before the
war, during the war, and since the war, and
will work for the best interests of the people
with the same devotion and firmness that he
has shown for the interest and maintenance
of the Union. Talk about ability ; the peo
ple of the Mountain District hae not yet
forgotten that the leaders who brought them
to ruin claimed to bo men of Rreat ability,
and they will not forget soon, that common,
sense, honesty of purpose, and fidelity to the
Union ot their fathers is the best ability with
which their public servants can be supplied.
They don't want such as violate the law '
of the land by pillaging sealed letters. They
don't want such as copy them, knowing such
to be the fact. They don't want such as will
misrepn-sent the writers of such violated let
ters, nor they will not have them.
We will close by admonishing all such
that they should remember that they are not
now living in the days ot the so-called Con
federacy, when such things could be done by
certain parties with impunity.
We believe that breaking a sealed and
stamped letter is a penitentiary crime in the
The public shall have more at tho proper
time. ALEXANDER II. JOIsES.
March 23d, 18CG.
The condition of tlisccession leaders and
politicians of the South is pitable to behold.
The "saddest feature of their condition is,
that they arc self-condemned. They have
watered the country with its own best blood,
and that priceless blood rests heavily upon
their consciences. They have sapped the
. C i 1 i 1 1 "1
vital resources of their country, and while
suffering the poverty wrought by their own
hands, they have slunk away into the priva
cy of their homes, ashamed aud afraid to
encounter the inaudible but crushing re
proaches of neighbors whom thev have
ruined. I hey are inextricably transfixed in
this excruciating dilemma: Either the South
was overcome by physical superiority, or
else by the imbecility and folly of its leaders,
In either case, they equally deserve the fierce
reprobation and undying untorgtveness ot
their countrvmenl -For, it the South was too
weak to maintain its own construction of the
Constitution, the war for the establishment
of a theory was a foolish and selfish scheme
of gambling, political adventurers, ending
with the identical concession by which it
might have been avoided. And if the South
which was the fact was overcome by the
puerile and melancholy imbecility of its own
leaders, then these miscreant leaders are re
sponsible for the discomfiture, and humilia
tion, and losses, in life and property, suffered
by a people who might have achieved suc
cess but for them. The curse of the South
was, that all statesmanship and statesmen
were banished from the direction of affairs
by charlatan politicians. From Davis, who
had not sense enough to get out of the coun
try with a hundred thousand dollars of spe
cie in hand, and both friend and foe wishing
him safely off, down to the humblest little
country quartermaster, who was fool enough
to continue " impressing " farmers' mules
after Lee's surrender, the whole Confederate
retinue of bomb-proof officials were the most
miserable set of charlatan; imbeciles that
ever undertook to manage the affairs of a
people. And they have found their destiny.
They have reached the lowest deep of politi
cal perdition from which no power can ever
lift them again ; in which, nor the long arm
of resurrection, nor the all penetrating sound
of Gabriel's last trumpet, will reach them.
A moral rinderpest has thoroughly searched
the land, and swept these secession cattle
from the face of God's earth. Richmond Re
public. The work on the Union Pacific railroad
is pushed with vigour. Sixty miles are now
completed west from Omaha, the eastern ter
minus. At a late picture sale in. New York,
Church's "Twilight in the Wilderness"
brought $4,300; "'The Duel," by Tussot,
$1,275 : and a water color by Gustave Dore,
"The Angels Watching," $300.
Magnetic iron ore has been discovered in
Hampshire county, Va. The ore yields 72 per
cent, of pure metal.
A hogshead of tobacco, raised in Rock
ingham county, North-Carolina was sold in
Richmond, Thursday, for $90 per cvrt.
,r - x or uie oumuuru.
THURSDAY, - - -'MARCH 29, .186S,
fr 'r Important from tho President." - ?
. The Nashville Press ,bt the 20thlMarch
says:-. w . J- r-
' V A citizen of this Stoto has spent - some time
in Washington,- and conversed1 -at length -With
President Johnson. The .President: is not at all
pleased with the conduct of the (Southern politi
cians, newspapers, conventions, 'and Legislatures.
On the contrary, ; he is highly.' displeased r uritli
theui. ' He went to the" Btmost-sVerge-of generos
ity in order to encourage the; rcbel -leaders to re
pent and act as national men. He eaya the South
ern States have not done their dutVv Be" had lard
down his requirements ta'the Virginia' delegation,
and requested them to elect lb vol men to Conmsa
who could take the test oath, and would support
lawn, xuis iney naa BtciODorniy rciusea to
do ; and if the rebels persisted In this-foolish and
wicked course, they would: have tatake the con
sequences, and he would not interfere in their be
hall again. A reaction on the, -part of the Presi
dent is close at hand, and--he-will, if.-trifled with
much longer by the rebels, deal lista a terrible
blow."-. -.- "."'-. -V-
We have felt surelIBipng ithat thia-was
the position of the President; k-We'-i knew
that in no event would edesert ' the Union5
men of the insurgent States.' He. -Aas been
" trifled with," and inthiajrespect there' no
improvement, or prospectof . improvement
with the secession leaders. .The Will go on
from bad to worse. ' Intnis' 8f atej Sfor exam
ple, three ndidatjwpr,fagtw;wiere;4ef'
foated because they' could take- the "-.oath -j
and some of those whio .were elected "declar
ed they could not take the oath if tBey :' would'
and would not if lhey" jrouT3;v.: :Thia declara
tion materially increadi'their yoi ; Gov.
Worth, during the -last! sessiqapfhe Legis
lature, having been requested by 'the Secre
tary of the Treasury to designate' persons for
the offices of Assessor end 'Collector of the
internal revenue who 11 could. take the oath,
instead of shouldering 'tW-- responsibility
himself, referred the matter to the members
of the Legislature, secessionists included ;
and the secessionists of the first Congressional
district refused to recommend -any one who
could take the oath. D. JX-iFerebee, Esq.,
since appointed by Gov. Worth to ; an impor
tant State office, was conspicuous, as we
learn, in refusing to recommend any one who
could take the oath. We learn also that the
Legislature removed at least "one-half of the
loyal Justices of the Peace appointed by the
Provisional Governor, and filled their places
with rampant secessionists. ; yhe Provisional
Governor appointed Mayors and Commit
isioners, loyal men, for some twenty or thirtv
towns; and as fast as elections for these of
fices have taken place, unler the administra
tion of Gov. Worth, these loyal men are being
ousted and secessionists hd latter-day war
men put in their places. iThus it is that tJie
entire work of the President in reorganizing
this State, is being rapidly' stccpt away.
We rejoice at the above declaration of the
President. We trust he will 'act, and act
promptly. Let the blow'! fall. It cannot
come too soon. -"
The secession leaders very readily yielded
slavery, aud agreed to declare the acts of se
cession null and void. . They knew that
slavery was hopelessly gone, and that noth
ing which they could do would save it ; and
so far as secession was concerned, they had
told the people up to the last moment, in
1860, that they were opposed to it, and so,
after it had foiled, and when it. became pop
nlarto repadlatelt.nicy did so.vjjj-y promptly.
Many of them now deny that they ever were
secessionists, but charge that the real seces
sionists are the old Union Democrats like
President Johnson and the Senior Editor of
this journal. No, every-thing went on
smoothly until the President's plan of re-organization
touched their pockets by the re
quirement that the rebel debt should be ig
nored, and stimulated their ambition by the
necessity which arose for filling the offices.
This debt, which had been wrung from the
tears and blood of a suffering -people, was
for the most part in the hands of these lead
t , and they wanted to tax the. people for
many generations to pay it. '.The President
said no. They could not wreak, their ven
geance directly on him, because they feared
him ; but they turned on his representatives
and peculiar friends, and struck at him
through them. He told them-he wanted his
friends the peculiar friends pt the Union,
to perform the work of reorganization.
They could abolish slavery and repudiate se
cession, but this was too mucn for them.
They would as soon be dead as tiy be out of
office. The result is before thue country.
The cause of restoration has been .suddenly
arrested the State has been set. back to the
point it occupied when the 'work, was com
menced, and no one can foresee 7 when tho
work will be completed. The; gejierosity of
the President has been trifled Witli,' and the
good he desired to do this people .has. been
neutralized by these leaders, whohave been
actuated, solely by the love (f 'tnpney.and office:
How long will it be before they are Rebuked,
as they should be, and made tojjbflrtheir
places ? ; '5V;:'::
The Sentinel, with its usual utter disrejard
of truth, states that only 'yoneactnt Jiaa
been required to close the case against North
Carolina and shut the doors of representa
tion against a million of people, and that the
affidavit of a sojourner from one f . the" Eas
tern States." Now the truth is, four" mem
bers of the reconstruction .committee ber
sides Mr. Fcssenden, have declared ia; their
places, that every witness tendered SjGpt,
Graham and other Claimants has been exam
ined ; and Mr. Fessenden has statecTtliat.the
testimony as to this State has not beejf 'closed.
The Sentinel knows this to b;e-8o;;yefc coq,
ceals the fact, and makes a stal ement dif ectly
to the contrary. The object of this 1 appa
rent. It is to inflame the people against the
Congress, and to have them ready for any
convulsion that may follow. ffitf0
If the door is closed against- North.Tpai'o
lina, it has been done by the Sentinel and its
faction. Congress is more radical thhtf the
President, and how can the Sentinel expert
the State to be admitted when it has not weri
complied with the President's plait'-..-.
It- is to be regretted that Oov. Graham
selected as his spokesman in the Senate, Mr.
Davis, of Kentucky, Who is the authoir of
the proposition to established a n&a i-Senate,
composed of the Democratic, and the. South-'
em Senators. This, of itself would have
been sufficient to have prejudiced Got. Gra
ham's Ciaim to such an extent as to exclude
him from his seat. It was a violent, revolu ¬
tionary proposition, which, strictly spea.kingj
subjected1 Mti,. Davis to awest."It is also tp.
be regretted that Gov. Graham has put for-,)
warded the testimony of Maj. Lawrence, as
a part of his case: 'Maj. Lawrence says that,
on a certain occasion; I felt ashamed for my- y
self as an American, and for my government." ;
thisi strikes ua as strong' and strange' lan-r
guagej to be used by an ' official. ' Burhere
are a few federal officers in the South who s
have mixed themselves up with secessionists,
and who defer to them as' the oligarchic,"
governing power of the country. They do
not like Union men, because, to' use the ele-
gant language of the Tribune's correspondent,
some of them are said "to be" " poor white
trash.'?" Manyof them.are poor,we admit,"
but they have been made so by secession,
and they haye" honest and patriotic hearts.,
beatjng under their rough apparel. It may
be that Maj. Lawrence belongs to this small
squad of officers. - At any rate, Gov. Graham
has not strengthened his case by the testi
mony of an official who says he is ' ashamed
for'? his "government."
V." ..-T- t,
s ;".-r Advices from North-Carolina.
Major General Howard yesterday received ad
vices from North-Carolina, affecting the bureau.
It appears from the report that, the situation,
condition, and deportment ot both planter and
freeduien remains unatianged. But few cases of
violent outrages 'are reported, but instances of ,
petty annoyance and interference with the indus
try and energy of the freed people are numerous
The chivalry, bo the report represents, take ereat
delight in stealing the horses and mules ot" the
coiorea people, ana in Tearing ineir iences aown
and killing their stock. The perpetrators of ;
these mean acts can rarely be detected, 'and,,
when apprehended, it is next to an impossibility -to
bring them to justice. The assistant commis
sioner expresses the opinion that could the freed
men be sure of: full protection everywhere, they
would exert themselves more earnestly to acquire
property and improve their condition. Washing
We fear that with the best intentions, the
Bureau at Washington does not receive en
tirely correct information in relation to the
colored people. There are so many of them,
scattered over so large an area, that it is next
to impossible to gather the facts concerning
them, or to learn correctly and truly what
their real condition is. The colored people
of the South, suddenly set free, are nearly all
emphatically "children of a larger growth."
The practical test of going forth into the
world and taking care of themselves, is alto
gether new to them. While in a state of
slavery they were provided for by the white
race, and it was a rare thing in this State for
any of them to want for food or clothing.
Their masters and mistresses had to think
and provide for them. They were a useful,
docile, faithful, thoughtless race, without
forecaste, and seldom providing against fu
ture want. Suddenly emancipated, with
these traits of character, without education,
with a life-long depeudance on the white
race to think and provide for them, how is
it to be expected that these people will at
once commence a career of prosperity ? The
idea is preposterous. They must stand alone
before they can walk, and they must walk
before they can run.
We deeply regret the allusion in the above
to the " chivalry," coupled with the charge
that the white people are stealing the horses
and mules of the colored people. There is
no foundation for this charge, so far as we
know. Horses and mules are stolen, but
more are stolen by colored than by white
people. There are rogues of both colors,
and they do not stop to ascertain either the
color of the horse or of the owner. There
are associations of thieves of both colore, but
this is the result of demoralization caused bv
the war, and cannot be traced to any dispo
sition on the part of the so-called" chivalry"
to steal the property of c - lored people. There
was but little thieving in the State before
the war, and there will be as, little a year or
so hence, if the civil Courts should continue,
as they have begun, to ferret out and punish
We are gratified to hear from various parts
of the State, that the colored people as a
general rule are going to work, and are
much more faithful and industrious as la
borers than many supposed they would be.
In some localities they are as industrious as
they were formerly. But the road before
them is steep and rugged. Human nature
is selfish, and those, whether from the North
or the South, who have capital and educa
tion, of which the great mass of the colored
people are destitute, will take advantage of
them, and will keep them down for a long
time to come. They have as much to appre
hend in this respect from the shrewd, calcu
lating Northern man who may settle among
us, as from the so-called "chivalry." In
deed, we believe that the great body of their
former masters are as much disposed as
others are to give them fair bargains, and
to settle with them promptly for their labor.
There are mean, grasping, selfish, unfeeling
meh in all countries. We have such here,
but they are exceptions to the rule. Our
people, whether of the North or of the South,
are not generally of this character.
Let the colored people resolve to improve
their condition by industry and economy.
Let them estimate industry or labor as one
of the chief virtues, for without that they
can do nothing. With it they can " acquire
propertyv-and gradually educate their chil
dren. Let them bear in mind that the help
now extended to them by the government,
will be withdrawn after a while, and that
much depends on the use they make of that
help. Let them also cultivate the good will
of the white people, and do nothing to of
fend or injure those among whom their lot
has been cast. And let them especially set
their faces against those of their own color
who are lazy, dissipated, and thievish ; and
if they cannot reform and save them, let
them disown them and cut them off from
The Sentinel says, " though we were op
posed on principle to the repudiation of the
State war debt, because of our anxiety to
preserve the fair fame of the State's integrity,
and her pledge to parties, widows and or
phans and others, not at all involved in the
revolution, we readily yielded the question
when we ascertained the President demanded
it," The Sentinel then impliedly asserts that
the President violated principle, cast re
proach on the fair fame of the State, and in
flicted a wrong on widows and orphans.
The Sentinel did not want to do this, but
when .- the President made the demand it
yielded. If the Sentinel feels and believes all
this, how is it possible for that paper to be a
friend of the President ?
The Charleston South Carolina papers
record active industry and enterprise in the
1 The Sentinel, in its notice of the correspon
dence between Jbe President pd Provisional
jQvenioT of this State, ,'says;' 41 The dispatch
from ,the Governor, which contained the
rebuke'bontained in the President's letter of
Novemher 27th, is not given." The corres
pondence was published by order of the Pres
ident, under his own eye If any part of it
has been suppressed, he suppressed it. He
is charged with having suppressed, a part of
itvby the Sentinel. The charge ia untrue.
There was no dispatch from the Provisional
Governor which called forth the "rebuke"
referred to. ;.-The "rebuke" was voluntary
on the part of the President.
The Hon. Joshua Hill publishes in the
journals of Georgia an elaborate answer to
the charge of having faltered, during the
war, in his devotion to the Union. It is addressed-:
to the sixty-nine special legislative
friends of the Hon. A. H. Stephens. We
copy a few passages which are of general in
" Some of you are aware that I am a mem
ber of the still existing late Convention.
committed a erave error in that body in con-
sentins to abandon m v anrtnounced intention
to insist on a reconsideration of the vote
adopting the ordinance of secession, for the
purpose of declaring said ordinance 4 abso-
lutely null and void.' I gave at the tune
my reasons, abating nothing ot my princi
ples and and of opinions, but. reluctantly
yielding to the solicitations of friends of the
-Union, and being anxious to avoid discus
sion calculated to produce discord and bit- v
tern ess. ."-' - , ' ,. .
" Hfid I reflected properly on the sustain
ing effect of the word 4 repeal' upon the '
doctrine of secession the right of a State -to
secede from the Union and as a conse- .'
quence the legality of all indebtedness in
curred by such State for the prosecution of a
war in defence of the right of secession, I '
could not have been induced to forego my
purposes. I could not have obtained a ma- !
jority for the support of my views. It was ;
manifest that a majority were opposed to :
repudiating the war debt, and that it was
only earned by some yielding to the require- . presented for payment, are not lawfully enti
ments of the President, and a greater num- tied to liquidation. He thinks that the laws
ber remaining silent. : of nations, and of Congress and the decisions
" I first saw and heard read celebrated
Crittenden compromise resolutions in Decem
ber, 1860. I was invited to a room in Brown's
Hotel, Washington, and there met soon half
dozen moderate, but
prominent members of .
the Republican party,
q . . 1 " - T . . . - ,
ii until 1 1 st triir iiimr h iiisiin-
guished statesman and accomplished lawyer
ot Indiana, then in attendance on the Su
preme Court, produced the famous 'peace
offering,' in his own elegant hand, and sub
mitted it to the gentlemen present for their
consideration and criticism. This noble man
still lives, pledged never to accept a political
office. Should this chance to meet his eye
j he will not fail to recall the scene. I nien-
lion this to show the esteem in which I was
; held by these national men. and the interest
, I felt for the preservation of the Union.
"I recall, with melancholy interest, my
! last interview with niy Indiana friend. It
j was by his own fireside in Washington.
i Georgia had seceded, and I, against the ad-
vice of true and sagacious friends, was pre
I paring to return to my home. Both of us
were mourning the folly and madness that
menaced the peace of the country. He drew
: vivid picture of the inevitable conflict he
I saw approaching, and feelinslv sua-trested
! that his son and mine might meet in dead- '
Iv strife, strangers to each other, and one of
them might fall by the other's hand. It
.nay have been prophetic. Few can ever
known what I have lost, and fewer still will
care. Many think I was but too fortunate
in preserving my own far spent life. I ap
peal not to man for sympathy, and yet I
have met it when it fell upon my crushed
heart as the gentle dew on withering flowers.
It came not from the hearts of unfeeling
politicians. Oh, secession ; secession ! 'Thy
bruise is incurable, and thy wound is griev
ious,' and yet thou livest unrebuked in
" You are all satisfied that I am powerless
in Georgia, but you are not so well assured
that your condemnation of me is destructive
of my influence at Washington. It becomes
necessary, now, to insure that. You may
succeed in convincing those who control the
Government that the organization of a stup
endous rebellion to overthrow the constitu
tional Government of your country, the
sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of valu
able lives lost in ti jdng to maintain the su
preme authority, together with the slaught
ered thousands cruelly seduced or driven to
take arms as insurgents, is a light affair.
You may, by ingenious argumentation, prove
that the men most to be trusted by the Gov
ernment arc those most prominently and con
spicuously identified with the rebel Govern
ment; the men whose names must live in
history, more on account of the high places
they occupied in the rebel Government than
for anything they ever did in the service of
their lawful Government. But when you
succeed in all this, then cover over with a
thick veil the niches in 3our capitol that may
contain the statues or Washington, Jackson,
Webster, and Clay, and forbid your country
men to look upon them again. Then wfll
the revolution prove a triumph, and tue
Union become a phantom."
In these few sentences are facts and truths
which may be pondered with profit by lovers
of their country everewhere.
A recent London letter relates the follow
inggossip concerning the Zoological gardens
and their occupants, showing the danger to
which the least carelessness may expose :
" Not long ago a young man too tipsey to
be cautious was poking up with a stick the
cobra di eapelo in one of the cages in the ser
pent room at the Zoological gardens ; the ser
pent darted and touched the man, who died
in exactly ten minutes. The wound was on
the nose, and was such as might have been
with the touch of a needle. The snake was
killed why I know not and Mr. Frank Buck
land, the naturalist, who had charge of the
gardens, was dissecting its body. While
doing so he felt a strange sensation coming
over him and he went out of doors and talked
to a workman near by, asking him to drag
him to a chemist shop, and beat him to death
rather than let him fall to sleep. They did
pummel hi in most mercilessly, and dragged
him to an apothecary shop, where he gasped
out "Ammonia !" They plied him with am
monia and water and he recovered. He does
not know how the poison was communicated,
but thinks he might have cleaned a finger
nail with a knife he had used in dissection.
It is a curious problem for optimists to con
sider why such a magazine of destruction as
the cobra exists. Is it a sewer to drain off the
poison of a whole tribe of other animals, who
are thereby rendered harmless ? It is the
favorite snake with the eastern snakecharmers.
In the Missouri Legislature, the bill pro
hibiting returned rebels from wearing arms
was defeated for want of a constitutional
majority. One more vote was needed.
The Gainsville (Florida) Era makes men
tion of the fast filling up of that State with
emigrants from all parts of the world. It
bids them welcome, and assures them of the
kind reception they will receive from the
The Charleston Courier chronicles the
arrival there of one hundred and sixty-five
German emigrants, men, women, and chil
dren. They will form a settlement on the
plantation in Christ Church parish, and raise
cotton and vegetables.
' Wtshtagtoa Jfewg Md B.mor8. ? t 5
PresidenthaS, Sf9?" conceded that the '
BilL W' the Civil Right's -r.i-
e'ean what th kt-i. x
veto will be uecieKhRt.th anticipated"
m Congress. MaT$y V,olent bursts
feel that they urf Mtrcm Radicals
want to gt home tow.Wed bere. ad they
stump speeches. Th the People by
cure a reconsideration ofU Pbably pre
Stockton's case, (which i,e,Vote ipon Mr
thirds of the Senate:) ",tl them two!
been quite active since -pv; i 8sende has
Baltimore Sun. nday. Aipfuf
We feel warranted, bv v
under , our observation, in Iz .has come
readers an early relief from twmi8lIlg our
though we may add that 1?
been laid before the President on Fri
he may, if he oCject to it, retain it until th'
second Wednesday following. National In
telligencer official.) . .
The veto of the Freedmen's Bureau bill
was sustained by a vote of thirty to eigh-teen-
two members, Messrs. .Wright and
One of the eighteen will be
Mr. Dixon. But if the seventeen
r stand firm, the second veto will be sustained.
It ; is supposed . that the President will treat
"the constitutional question of the power of
; Congress over the civil and penal codes of
- States in his message. Mr. Garret Davis, of
Kentucky, when the bill was on its passage
as amended, protested against it as- uncon
stitutional. Treasurer Spinner, on Saturday, receiv
ed $20 from the assistant treasurer at Phila
delphia, which had been received at the lat
ter's office a day or two ago, accompanied by
a note, ' stating . that it was "supposed the
money was due the United States Treasury."
Five dollars was also received from the Rev.
G. A. Watson, through the pastor of the St.
Aloysius' Church, and $1 75 received through
the mail from an unknown person, who sayu
that it is " due to the United States."
The Second Comptroller of the Treasury
has decided that the claims against the gov
ernment of persons domiciled in the South
era States before and during the war, now
ot the supreme Court justify this opinion.
New Oklean8, March 24. The Presi
dent's message to Governor Hamilton, of
ri- c .- l, -,. . i. i l. a.
the ' . re esentatives from the Som-h will
tie UCI IU1LICU LU I
i their seats in Congress,
is published. It bears dale February 13.
The Secretary of the Treasury has on file
; very strong testimony as to the title of the
': 550 bales of cotton captured in Geeensboro,
Ga., of which we made mention last week.
; This testimony establishes the fact that the
cotton really belonged to the late Southern
The Department of State has received
authentic information that he three colored
children of Rose Elyrea, of New Orleans,
who were taken-to Havana without the con
' sent of their parents, have been sent back to
her by the United States Consul at the latter
city. Gen. Canby gave the information con
cerning the abduction or removal of the
children, when the State Department insti
tuted the measure which led to their re
covery. ' It is reported that the Navy Department
is about to send a monitor and a fast side-
. . .
wheel steamer to the Newfoundland fishing
uanKs, to iook out ior tne interests ot our
citizens in that locality, and prevent any
breach of the peace between them and the
subjects of Great Britain.
Washington, March 25. The great
double-turreted monitor Miantonomah is or
dered North from tins station. She carries'
fifteen-inch guns, and is the best war vessel
in our navy, or probably afloat.
But very few pardons are being granted
at the present time, and nearly, if nt all of
them under the twenty-thousand doHar class.
Senator Howard having returned to
Washington, it is expected that the report of
the Committee on Reconstruction embracing
the testimony of General Lee will be made
early this week.
A dispatch from Washington reports
that the Ways and Means Committee have
agreed.to continue the exemption of tax on
income at six hundred dollars, adding fifty
dollars to the exemption for every child in a
family, up to fifteen in number.
The President yesterday expressed his
disapproval of Mr. Stewart's proposition for
a universal amnesty on condition of the
establishment of free suffrage.
A very startling double-leaded editorial
appears in the Reconstructionist of this week,
which is edited by Mrs. Swisshelm, directly
charging President Johnson with complicity
in the assassination of Mr. Lincoln. The
ravings of this strong-minded disciple of
radicalism will not hurt the President very
much, it is thought.
Washington, March 26. Senate. Mr.
Sumner rose to a question of privilege, and
moved to amend the journal by striking out
the vote of Mr. Stockton on the question of
his seat. As the motion was of some impor
tance, he said, he had reduced it to writing.
Mr. Salisbury made a point of order that
the resolution cannot be entertained, as the
journal was correct.
The Chair. The resolution must first be
read before the point or order can. be de
cided. The Secretary then read the motion of
Mr. Sumner, as follows :
" Resolved., That the journal of Friday be
amended by striking out the vote of Mr.
Stockton on the question of his seat in the
The chair decided that the resolution was
in order, whereupon Mr. Sumner made &
speech in advocacy of the proposition, and
quoted from ancient and modern authorities
to sustain bis position that Mr. Stockton
could not act as judge and party in his own
Mr. Johnson replied, contending that Mr.
Stockton, in voting, represented the State of
New Jersey and not himself, and that being
a member of the Senate there was nothing to
prevent him from voting.
Mr. Trumbull, Chairman of the Judiciary
Committee, said that in the consideration of
a right to a seat of the Senator from New
Jersey he had regarded it, and the committee
to which it was referred, had regarded it as
a judicial jncstion. It was a question of law
whether the Senator from New Jersey was
entitled to his scat or not. In the opinion of
the Committee he was entitled to it : and that
he was and still is, in his opinion.
The Senate refused by a vote of 18 to 22 to
refer the matter again to the Judiciary Com
mittee. The question is still pending.
House. The House took up the resolu
tions offered by Mr. Rogers, of New Jersey,
last Monday, declaring against the repudia
tion of the Federal debt and declaring in fa
vor of equal taxation. Mr. Rogers advocat
ed his resolutions in a speech which consum
ed the morning hour.
Washington, March 26. The Supreme
Court has decided that shares in the Na
tional Banks are taxable by State authority.
There is a large crowd present at the Sen
ate to-day expecting a veto of the Civil
Rights Bill, but it will not be sent in until
to-morrow, or perhaps Wednesday.
- Senator Foot still lies in a very critical