Newspaper Page Text
Brick Machine The National unch. ma
chine, a Cl.vy Tempering Machine, and makes,
with only two horse power, 80,000 Splekdto
Bricks per day, -with well defined edges, and nni-:
form lengths. If the Machine does not perforin
what we claim for it, we will U&e it back and
refund tlio money. Address
ABRAM KEQUA, Gen. Agent,
april 5 S lm. 130 Broadway, X. Y.
32O0) Saved. Kev. John W. Potter, tonow
Hill, N. C, January C, 1SGJ, says: "For twelve
years I was a great sufferer. My liver was dis
eased. I lost my flesh and strength, and my skin
seemed changed in its color by the bile with
which my system was overcharged. I became
subject to frequent and violent attacks of billions
cholic, every attack leaving me weaker than its
predecessor. The physiciaus had been able to
patch me up a little, but my he:dth was in a de
plorable state. I had taken patent medicines un
til I was tired ef them. W"lUjout energy or com
fort, I was barely able ,to go about a little. At
length I yielded to the earnest persuasion of a
friend and commenced taking the HEPATIC
PILLS, with no confidence in them. .They acted
like a charm on me. From, that how I inqirobed.
I have persevered in their use, until now, by
God's blessing, lam well and hearty. I had a ne
gro man, who, as I believe, was saved from death
by a dose of these Pills. My Doctor's bill was
annually Iroiu $ 100 to S200, but I have had no use
for a physician since. I can confidently recom
mend them as a superior family medicine."
3- For sale by the Druggists. Directions
accompanying each box. Sent to any part of the
United States for $3 a dozen. Address,
GEO. W. DEEMS,
April 1 lm Baltimore,
Itch ! Itch J Scratch 1 ! Scratch ! !
Wheaton's Ointment will cure the Itch in forty
eight hours. Also, cures Salt Kheum, Ulcers,
Chilblains, and all eruptions of the Skin. Price
50 cts. For sale by all Druggists.
By sending CO cents to WEEK3 & POTTER,
Sole Agents, 170 Washington street, Boston,
Mass., it will be forwarded by mail, free of post
age, to any part of the United States.
- P. F. PESCUD, Agent,
sept 21 ly Raleigh, X. C.
Batchelor's Hair Dye I The Original and
Best in the World! The only true and perfect
tlair Dye. Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous.
Produces immediately a splendid Black or natu
ral Brown, witnout injuring me nair or skiu.
Remedies the ill effects of bad dyes. Sold by all
Druggists. The genuine is r-igned William A.
Regenerating Extract of 3Ii!lefieurs,
for Restoring and beautifying t::e Hair.
aug 15 ly Xt"r York-
Hill's Hair Dye 50 Ccu is. Black or
Brown. Instantaneous, beautiful, durable, re
liable. The best and cheapest in use. Depot
No. CO John Street, New York. Sold by all Drug,
Patent Medicine, Porlumcry aud Fancy Goods
March 13, 180G. ly.
Agna de Magnolia. A toilet delight ! Th
ladies' treasure and gentlemen's boon! The
"sweetest thing" and largest quantity. Manu
factured from the rich Southern Magnolia. Used
for bathing the face and person, to render the ?kin
soft and fresh, to prevent eruptions, to perfume
It overcomes the unpleasant odor of perspi
ration, It removes redness, tan, blotches. Sec.
It cures nervous headache and allays inilamation,
It cools, softens and Mid-, delicacy to the skin,
It yields a subdued and l;tiug perfume,
It cures musquito bites and stings of insects.
It contains no material injurious to the skin.
Patronized by Actresses and Opera Singers. It
is what every lady should have, boid everywhere.
Try the Magnolia Water once and you will use no
other Cologne, Perfumery, or Toilet Water af
DEMAS BARNES fc CO.,
Prom. Exclusive Afents, X. Y.
nov 22 'Jul
S T 18GO X. Brake's Plantation
Bitters. They purify, strengthen aud invig
orate, They create a healthy appetite,
They are an antitode to change of water and
They overcome effects of dissipation and late
They strengthen the system and enliven the
They prevent miasmatic and intermittent fevers,
They purify the breath :iud acidity of the
They cure Dyspepsia and Conciliation,
They cure Diarrhea, Cholera and Cholera
They cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Head
ache. They are the best Bitters in the world. They
make the weak strong, and are exhausted nature's
great restorer. They are made of pure St. Croix
Rum, the -.celebrated Calisaya Bark, roots and
herbs, and are taken with the pleasure of a bever
age, without regard to age or time of da-. Par
ticularly recommended to delicate persons rcquir
ng a gentle stimulant. Sold by all Grocers,
Druggists, Hotels and Saloons. Only genuine
when Cork is covered by our private U. S. Stamp.
Beware of counterfeits aud refilled bottles.
P. H. DRAKE Sc CO.,
nov 22 Cm 21 Park Row, Xew York.
Dry Goods, Insurance, &c.
The Greatest Cariosity of the Age !
A LITE BXASf AT HILLSPORO' !
ON THE FIRST APRIL WE WILL OPEX,
at Hillsboro', N. C, the 1 est and finest
Ladies' and Mens' Wear
evenoffered to the country trade.
naving the best custom in the State, we can
afford to sell at prices below City retail trade.
Give us a call.
Write for samples, enclosing stamp.
To Students and School Girls at a distance we
will sell at the sa prices as to our homo cus
tomers. JROWN, PARKS cc CO.
March 22, 1806 S tf.
L!FF AND FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY,
XtALEIGII, JT. c. '
"P.'F. PESCUD, Agent,
' 13 PREPARED TO ISSUE
POLICIES OF INSURANCE
IN the following Companies, whose combined
' Capital and Assets amounts to $2,000,000,
Phoenix Fire Ins. Co., Hartford, Conn.
Atlantic Fire Ins. Co., Brooklyn, JT. Y.
Valley of Virginia, Winchester, Virginia.
The above Companies are well known as first
class Companies, and pay their" losses promptly.
He also represents the
BROOKLYN LIFE IJTS. COMPANY,
of Brooklyn, Xew York, which is one of the most
Sopular and reliable Companies in the United
tates, and on their business for the past year
have declared a cash dividend of Forty per cent,
to be divided among all whose policies were issu
ed -vithin the past 12 months, on the Participa
Persons insuring in this Company can pay half
cash, and half note, payable and renewable every
year, semi-annually, or quarterly as preferred.
They insure on the non-forfeiture plan, so that
the insured loose nothing if they are unable to
renew their policies lifter three or more years.
For particulars apply to
P. F. PESCUD.
Raleigh, N. C March 9, 1SG6.
OTORAGE, STORAGE, STORAGE. .
WE "ARE NOW PREPARED TO STORE IN
our large brick Warehouse, Cotton, , Tobacco,
Hay, Corn, Flour, aud all kinds of Merchandize
. - & ; B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
march 20 1tf.
JF'arriss &, Lack's
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, SILK, CASSIMERE,
Every Description of Hats, &.?., fee.
Which the public are envited to examine, at
No. 48 Fayetteville Street, .
jan24 tf East side.
C OLD ! GOLD ! IS DECLINING,
But all kinds
of the best Writing Paper and
Ulustrafed minors. Fashion Books,
Fancy Articles, and Newspapers, thr'o from New
a ork in tnirtj'-six nours, can always De iouna ai win lew cau auuiu iu jiwumaviuiv
West's Stationery store, . article. The tax is forty cents to the
Next door to the National Bank. "Small profits r,oun)j This tax can be paid by a man
and quick sales," is our motto. 1 . i i
February 16, 1800 tf
Grocer and Commission Merchant, for all kinds
nf "Proflnpi nnil ntliiT (tiuxk
Special attention given to the sale of Flonr,
Bacon and Lard.
Consignments solicited, at Old stand 4th door
jNortn side liargett street, ituleiijii, iN. u.
ang 11 tf S
53 Main Street, Under Johnson's Hall,
WHOLESALE AXJ RETAIL DEALER ilV
Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods,
Wltolemle Rooms vp Stairs.
Also Agent for G rover & Baker's Sewing Ma
oct 12 OmlO
rpO OUR FRIENDS.
Wc still continue to sell books and stationery
and ail other j;oods in our line. We cannot sell
at cost. If we do so, we shall be unable to buy
ot: er goods. We have been trading in our line
lor several years. Our friends have always pat
ronized us largely, for which we are thankful. We
have always tried to make a living jffflt on our
roods, ad at the same time to give general satis
taetion to our customers. We intend filll to fol
low the same rule, which we think fair and hon
orable. Such books as we do not have on hand,
we will order for our friends. Among our late
a: rivaU. we have Methodist Hymn Books, Epis
copal Prayer Books, Children's llllustratcd Books
in great variety. Photographs of Southern Gen
erals, Jnd Photograph Albums. We have also a
great variety of common and tine Bibles and Tes
taments: also a large variety of Sheet Music. We
try to keep all School Books wanted by teachers,
u wiiom we sell at a liberal discount. lau anil
ee our stock before buying elsewhere. We are
prepared to do the best Book-Binding in the neat
est style at short notice. We want to trade with
our friends. for year to come ; hence we will sell as
cheap as we can well under the circumstances.
No. 40, I'avctteville St.
jan 5 tf. "Raleigh, X. C.
CAROLINA FAMILY FLOUR.
150 Barrels Xorth-Carolina Flour, in store and
for sale bv
B. P. WILLIAM SOX & CO.
Merch 9, 1SGC.. tf.
A T II R O P , Ll'DI NGTON & Co.,
330 Broadway, New York,
Offer to Sonthern and Western Jobbers and Re
tailers, at the lowest market prices,
A VEltr LARGE AND ATTRACTIVE STOCK OP
CLOTHS, NOTIONS, IIOSIEUT, WHITE GOODS, &C.
SECOND HAND COTTON
jIACHIESKY FOR SALE.
4 FLYER FILLING FRAMES, with Bobbins
to suit, each 112 Spindles.
23 oli-incli LOOMS, all in good fine order.
Will be sold verv low for cash.
XOKCIS & BALDWIX,
april 5 lin. IS Hanover St., Baltimore, Md.
MAYOR'S OFFICE, )
Raleigh, April 2, l.'tfiG. f
Xotice is hereby given that polls will be opened
at the Court House in the City of I!al--igh oi
Monday the :ld inst., at which time will be sub
mitted "to the (iiali lied voters of the City, for their
acceptance or rejection, the new charter passed at
the last session of the Legislature.
Those in favor ol the new charter will vote a
ballot with the word "accepted" printed on it,
those opposed with the word "rejected."
Bv order ol the board oi Commissioners.
april 5 S td. W. II. HARRISON, Mayor.
Metropolitan Insurance Company,
108 & 110 Broadway, IT. Y.
A FIRST CLASS COMPANY.
Cash Capital 81,000,000,
SURPLUS OYER 8 100,000.
Office in Bank of Cape Fear, Raleigh.
R. II. BATTLE,
march 31 C s4w.
-yymps i whips ! whips :
50 Dozen Wagon Whips, for sale by
B. P. W1LLIAMSOX & CO.
March 9, 18GG. tf.
E. A. WKLTAKEE,, Agent.
tGAX AXD JItHOWELL STREETS.
TAKE NOTICE! HAVING FITTED UP
tiie hirge and commodious shop, formerly
occupied by James Basiiford, Esq., as a coach
shop, for a Grocery store, and having received a
large and well selected stock of Groceries, Wines,
Liquors, Confectioneries, &c, I can sell as rea
sonable as any parties in the city. Why? Be
cause I do not pay the high rents some arc pay
ing. Thnnfciulfor the liberal patronage bestowed on
me for the last eight years, I solicit a continu
ance. I will eudeavor4o please all in price and
Having a clerk to attend market regularly, I
will attend to the purchase of Fresh Meats,
Poultry, &e., for any ojie wishing it.
Give me a call, if you please, as time.-, are dull
and money scarce.
E. A. WHITAKER, Agent.
Raleigh, Feb. 15, 18GC tf.
OYS AND MISSES'
Hats and Shoes, a large assortment. Call and
examine our Stock. It will pay you, as we have
bought goods very low and will sell them cheap.
W. H. & R. S. TUCKER.
march 29 5 tf.
We keep constantly on hand Iron Cauldrons,
75, 120, and 200 gallons.
MITCHELL & ALLEN,
nov 14 tf 8 Newbern, N. C.
(FORMERLY OP ROWLAND & BROS,)
CONSTANTLY on hand a good supply of Cof
fee, Sugar, Molasses and other goods usuaUykept
in a Wholesale Grocery.
Agent for the sale of Peruvian Guano, warrant
ed pure as imported.
Price, S 100 per ton. Cash before delivery.
. : BAXrlJIGH, pv c; ' -! -TUESDAY,
- - - APRIL 24 1866.
We said in our last . issue that the
! great object of the-people of this State
r ought to be to get back to the Union,
. and that every thing should be sacrific
. cd to this. As long as we remain out
of the Union for practically we are
out we shall be subjected to injustice
; and many hardships, without being
; heard in Congress by way of either ex
' plahation or remonstrance. .. TVe are
enduring many hardships now, which
must be continued until we can get a
; hearing in Congress. For example, the
I tax on manufactured tobacco, which
1 Avas intended for the Northern States,
(for the law was passed before the re-
lll?-,,, -n-oa oiiiiiirnmnil is sn liirrh that
' , ... -, . . ,
uiacturer wno is engageu m wie manu
facture of cigars, and all the finer as
well as the coarser grades of the article ;
but when it is applied to persons who
j manufacture the common article on a
j . . , ., . .
; small scale, it is so heavy that it cannot
be paid, and the planter is obliged to
sell the article as it is, to be manufac
tured elsewhere. This is a great incon
venience to many of our people. It
cripples trade and keeps down enterprise
j and industry.
If we had members of
! Congress who could explain this thinj?,
I the law would he so altered that our
j manufacturers could go on as before.
Again, after the armies of Generals
Sherman and fStoneman had taken out
of the State nearly all the fine horses,
there were left behind some thousands
of inferior mules and horses, which were
loaned to the farmers. These animals
had been captured, and belonged to the
United States. The Quartermasters
were bound to order them in and sell
them, or pay their value to the govern
ment out of their own pockets. This
could not be expected. The conse
quence was they were ordered in and
8Hld, :v.d many were greatly distressed
thereby. Xow, what was the remedy
for this? If we had had members in
their places in the two houses of Con
gress, and if the facts had been stated,
as they would have been, Congress
would have passed an act giving these
horses to the people. That this would
have been done there is no doubt.
We have stated these things simply
as examples. For the want of repre
sentation in Congress, and for the want
also of a State administration possessing
the entire confidence of the government,
we are suffering, and are likely to suffer
in many ways. 15ut our members of
Congress must be the right sort of men.
They must be men who possess the re
spect and confidence of the majority of
tiiat body. It will not do to send
members who have made themselves
o lions to the majority. If we want
members in that body to renew and
continue sectional strife to engage in
altercations with Union members from
the Northern States to re-assert the
right of secession, or to declare that
ifr. Davis and his followers were right
in lighting to the last, and that the fed
eral government was wrong in sup
pressing the rebellion to assail and
abuse the Union men of the country,
and to foment bitter feeling, no matter
from what motive, we say if we want
such members, we must not expect fa
vors or kindnesses from Congress. We
must not re-enter Congress to dispute
and cpaarrel, but we must go there with
pacific intentions, and with the hope
a id determination to obtain every ad
a antage and benefit we can for our
State. We are not disposed to pro-s-
ribe any one, hut ice want those men
tut to Congress irho can do most for
That is our judgment. Those who
can do most for us are such as had as
little as possible to do with the rebel
lion such as opposed the attempted
secession of the cotton States such as
abandoned the Union only when they
were forced to do it- -such as opposed
Mr. Davis, and labored to arrest the
war and make peace such as submitted
cheerfully and promptly to the national
authority, and are anxious now for the
return of that harmony and good feel
ing between the North and the South
which prevailed in the early days of
the Republic. Are we wrong in this ?
We think not. And if we be right in
this view, what remains for us but to
act accordingly ? Do our people really
desire to be restored to the Union ? If
they do they must show that desire by
their acts. They have followed uncer
tain sounds and blind guides long
enough. Let them think and act for
themselves, or drift, drift, drift, as they
certainly will under present auspices,
to still deeper impoverishment and ruin.
The Sentinel of this City professes to
publish the late speech of the President
to the soldiers and sailors in Washing
ton City, but suppresses or omits that
part of it which relates to " traitors "
applying for admission to Congress.
The speech in full will be found in the
Standard to-day. The omission by the
Sentinel is from the word " Oh," imme
diately after the words "determine
these questions," to the words "two
hundred men cannot."
We invite attention to the admirable
speeches of President Johnson, in the
' . THE. PRESIBilADBESS."
- The following is- ufeport of the ad
,.ress delivered by PreclVnJohnson in front
f the White House, VVVoisday night, in
jsnonse to a seranadei folwiVcd by an ad-
teas in behalf of the soldierUand sailors in
Washington: ' -
'oldiers, Sailors and Fellow- Citizens :
It is not afl'ectation in me to say that lan
uage is inadequate to convey the heartfelt
elings produced on this occasion by your
resence here, and by the presentation of
our sentiments, as expressed by your repre
jntativein his address, and in the resolu
:ons which you have thought proper to
dopt. I confess that in the peculiar posture
f public affairs, your presence and address
ive encouragement and confidence to me, in
ly efforts to discharge the duties incumbent
pon me as Chief Magistrate of the Kepub-
;c. And in what I have to sny, I shall ad
reso you in the character of citizens, sailors
nd soldiers. I shall speak to you in those
erms and on none others.
I repeat my taanks for the manifestation
f your approbation, and of your encourage-
nent. Applause. We are to-day involved
n one of the most critical and trying strug
les that have occurred since this govem-
uent was spoken into existence. Nations,
ike individuals, must have a beginning,
mist have a birth. In struggling into exis
ence a nation passes through its first trying
ordeal. It is not necessary for me now to
carry your minds back to tne struggle when
this nation was born. It is not necessary for
nie to allude to the privations and hardships
of those who were eng iged in that struggle
to achieve the national birth. It is not ne
cessary to point to the blood shed and the
lives lost in accomplishing mat result, i ue
next ordeal through which a nation has to
pass, is when it is called upon to give evi
dence that ithas'streiurth, capacity and pow
er to maintain itself among the nations ofthe
earth. In giving such evidence we passed
the war of 1813 and through the war with
Mexico ; and passed through all the strug
gles that have since occurred up to the be
ginning of the rebellion.
This' was our second ordeal. But a nation
has another tct still to undergo, and that is
to give evidence to the nations of the earth
and to its own citizens, that it has power to
resist internal foes. That it has strength
enough to put down treachery at home and
treason within its own orders. Cheers.
We have commenced that ordeal, and I trust
in God we will pass through it successfully.
Cheers. I feel complimented by the allu
sion of your representative to the fact that I
stood iii the Senate in 1S00 and 1SG1, when
the nation was entering on this third ordeal,
:;nd raised mv voice and band against trea
son, treachery and traitors at home. Cheers,
and cries of Good. I stand here to-day
hol'Iing to ami maintaining the same princi
ples which I then enunciated. Cheers, j I
stand here to-day opposing traitors and trea
son, whether they be in the South or in the
North. Loud cheers. ) I stand here to-day
as I then stood, using till my powers, mental
and physical, to preserve this nation in pass
ing through the third phase of its existence.
The organized forces and combined pow
ers that recently stood arrayed against us are
disbanded and driven from the field, but it
does not follow that there are still no ene
mies against oi'r present form of government
and our free institutions. Applause
I then stood in the Senate of the United
States denying the doctrine of separation
and secession. I denied then, as I deny row,
that any State has the ririit , of its own w ill,
to separate itself from the other States, and
thereby to destroy the Union ami break up
the government ; and I think I have given
some evidence that I have been sincere and
incarnot. An i now I want to know why
it is that the whole train of slanderers, cal
umniators and tradacers have been barking i
and snapping at my heels I Cheers. J
Why is it that they array themselves :
against me ? Is it because I stand on the
fide of the people :nd when I say the peo
ple I include the sailors and soldiers.
Cheers. Why is ir that they are arraved
in traducing and villifying and calumniating
me i Where were they tiering the rebellion.'
A voice "Home in bed" laughter. In
the Senate I raised my voice against it, and
when it was believed that it would be to the
interest of the nation, and would assist in
putting down the rebellion, did I not leave
my place in the Senate a place of emolu
ment, ease and distinction and take my posi
tion where the enemy could be reached and
where men's lives were in danger i Cheers
and cries of " that's so.'"
While I was thus exposed personally and
publicly, and in every way, some of my pres
ent traditccrs and calumniators were far re
moved from the war ami were enjoying ease
aud comfort. I Cheers and laughter. But
I care not for them I care not that slander,
the foul whelp of sin, has been turned loose
against me. I care not ' r all that, and let
me teli you here to-day that altiini'-jh pretty
well advanced in life. I feel that I shall live
long enough to live down the whole pack of
traduccrsund slanderers. Applause. 1 ney
have turned the whole pack loose to lower
me in your estimation. Voices "They
can't do it." Try, Blanche, and Sweetheart,
little dogs and all. come along snapping and
snarling at my heels, but I heed them not.
The American people, citizens, soldiers,
and sailors, know that from my advent into
public-life to the present moment, I have al
ways stood unyielding and unwavering bi
lbo advocates and defenders of their rights
and interests. Cheers.
We are now in the nation's third ordeal.
Vt'e are not j'ct through it. We said that
States could not go out of the Union. We
denied the doctrine of secession and we have
demonstrated that we were rigi:t. We de
monstrated it by the strong arm. Yes, the
soldiers and the sailors, God bless them,
have demonstrated by their patriotic hearts
and strong arms, that States have not the
power to leave the Union. Applause.
What followed? The Confederate armies
were overpowered and disbanded, and there
was a willingness on the part of the people
of those Slates to come back, be obedient to
the laws, and acknowledge the supremacy of
the Constitution of our fathers. For what
have we passed through this third ordeal ?
It was to establish the principle that no State
had the power to break up this government.
It was to put down the rebellion. The re
bellion has been put down ami for what ?
Was it to destroy the States ? Voices "nev
er." For what have all these lives been
sacrificed and all this treasure expended?
Was it tor the purpose of destroying the
States ? No ; it was for the purpose of pre
serving the States in the Union of our fath
ers. Cheers. It was for that you fought.
It was for that I toiled not to break the
government but to put down the rebellion
and preserve the Union of the States.
This is what we have been contending for,
and to establish the fact that the nation can
lift itself above and beyond intestine foes,
and traitors at home. When the rebellion
in Massachusetts was put down, did that put
Massachusetts out of the Union and destroy
the State ? And when the rebellion in Penn
sylvania was put down, did that destroy the
State and put it out of the Union ? So
when the p-esent great rebellion was put
down, and the Constitution and laws of the
country restored, the States engaged in it
sto"od as part of the Union. The rebellion
being crushed, the law being restored, the
Constitution being acknowledged, these
States stand in the Union, constituting a
part of the glorious and bright galaxy of
States. Loud cheers.
In passing through this ordeal, what has
been done ? In Tennessee, under the direc
tion of my lamented predecessor, he com
menced the woTk of restoration ; he had suc
ceeded before I came here; in restoring the
relations which had existed between Tennes
see and the rest of the Union, with one ex
ception, and that was the relation ot repre
sentatioh.; . I came to .Washington, and un
der extraordinary circumstances, succeeded
to the Presidential chair. What then ? the
Congress of the United States had ajourned
without prescribing ariy' plan. I then pro-f
ceeded, as I had done in my own State, un
der the direction of the government to re
store the other States, and how did we be
gin f We found that the people had no
courts, and we said to the judges, the district
attorneys and the marshals : " Go down and
hold your courts. The people need the tri
bunals of justice to be opened." Was there
anything wrong in that ? The courts were
opened. What else ? We looked out and
saw that the people down there had no mails
They had been interrupted and cut off by
the operations ot the reoeiuon.
Wc said to the Postmaster General, " let
the people have facilities for mail communi
cation, and let them begin again to under
stand what we all feel and think that we
are one people." He looked out again and saw
that there was a blockade that the custom
houses were all closed he said : " Open the
doors of the custom-house, and remove the
blockade. Let trade, commerce, and the
pursuits of peace be restored," and it was
done. We thu3 traveled on, step by step,
opening up custom-houses, appointing col
lectors, establishing mail laciuties, ana re
storing all the relations that had been inter
rupted by the rebellion. Was there anything
undertaken to be done here, that was not au
thorized by the constitution 1
What was justified by the great necessities
of the case, that has not been already conso
nant with the Constitution and with the ge
nius aud theory of our government ?
Cheers. What remained to be done ? One
other thing remaine?. to demonstrate to the
civilized and pagan world that we had pass
ed successfully through the third ordeal of
our national existence, and proved that our
government was perpectual. A great prin
ciple was to be restored which was establish
ed in our revolution when our fathers weie
contending against the power of Great Bri
tain, what was one of the principal causes
of their complaint 1 It was that they were
denied representation. They complained of
taxation without representation. Cheers.
One of the great principles laid down by
our fathers, and which iired their hearts, was
that there should be no taxation without
How then does the matter stand ? Who
has been usurping power? Who has been
defeating the operation of the Constitution,
and what now remains to be done to com
plete the restoration of these States to all
their former relations under the federal gov
ernment, and' to iinish the great ordeal
through which we have been passing ? It is
to admit representation. Cheers. And
when we say admit representation, what do
we mean i V,"u mean representation in the
Constitutional antl law abiding sense, as was
intended at the beginning of the Govern
ment. Antl where does that power lie ? The
Constitution declares in express terms that
each House, the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives, each acting for itself, shall be the
judge ofthe returns of election aud qualifica
tions ofits own members.
It is for each House to settle the question
under the Constitution, and under the solemn
sanction of an oath ; antl can we believe that
either House would admit any member into
its body to participate in. the legislation of
the country who was not qualified and fit to
sit iu that body and participate in its pro
ceedings ? They have the power not the
two houses, but each house for itself. The
Constitution further declares that no State
shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the
Senate of the United States without its con
sent. Then, where do we stand ? All that
is needed to finish this great work of resto
ration, is for the two Houses respectively to
determine these questions. "Oh,"' but some
will say, a traitor might come in." The
answer to that is each Utilise must be the
judge, and if a traitor presents himself can
not either House know that he is a traitor,
applause and if he is a traitor can they not
kick him oat of the door, antl send him
back, saying to the people who sent him,
" you must send us a loyal man ?" ( Cheers,
and a voice "that's the logic." Is there
any difficulty about that? Cries of "no,
no." If a traitor presents himself to either
House, cannot that House say to him " no,
vou cannot be admitted into this body gt
back, we will not deny your people the right
ot representation, but they must send a loyal
representative V Cheers.
And when the States do send loyal repre
sentatives, can you have any better evidence
of their fidelity to the Constitution and laws f
There is no one learned In Constitutional
law who will say, that if a traitor happens4
to get into Congress, the body cannot expel
him after lie gets in. That makes assurance
doubly sure, and confirms the action of the
government to the Constitution of our fath
ers. Hence, I say, let us stand by that Con
stitution, and in standing by it, the covenant
will be preserved.
While I have been contending against
traitors, and treason, and secession, and the
dissolution of the Union, I liave been con
tending at the same time ag;.inst the con
solidation of power here, d ies of good.
I think the consolidation of power hese is
equally dangerous with the separation of the
States. Cheers. The one would weaken
us, and might run into anarchy, while the
ot her would concentrate and run into mon
archy. Cheers, antl cries of " Can't do it."
Oh, but there is an idea abroad that one man
can be a despot that one man can be a
usurper ; but that a hundred or ;wo hundred
men cannot. Mr. Jefferson, the: Apostle of
Liberty, tells us, so tloes common sense, that
tyranny and despotism can be exercised by
many more vigorously antl more tyrannical
ly than by one.
What power has your President to be a
tvrant i What can he do ? What can he
originate ? AY'hy, they say he exercises the
veto power. Laughter. What is the veto
power ? A voice, " To put down the nig
Who's j-our President? (several voices
" Andy Johnson.") Is he not elected by the
people through the electoral college ? The
President is nothing more than the tribute
of the people. His ofiice is tribunitial in its
character. In olden times when tribunes
were first elected in the Roman republic,
they stood at the door ofthe Roman Senate,
which was then encroaching on the popular
rights and putting the heel of power on the
necks of the people. The people chose a
tribune and placed him at the tloor of the
Senate, so that when that body ventured on
oppressive acts, he was clothed with power
to say " veto " I forbid.
Your President is now the tribune of the
people, and thank God I am, and I intend
to assert the power which the people have
placed in me. Cheers.
Your President standing here day after
day and discharging his duty is like a horse
on the treadwheel, and because he dare differ
in opinion in regard to public measures, he
must be denounced as a usurper and tyrant.
Can he originate anything-nnder the veto
power ? I think the veto power is conserva
tive in its character. All that can be done
by the veto power is to say when legislation
is improper, hasty, unwise, unconstitutional.
" Stay, stop action. Wait till this can be
submitted to the people, and let them con
sider whether it; is right or wrong." (Ap
plause.) That is all there is in it. Hence, I
say that tyranny and power can be exercised
some where else than by the Executive. He
is powerless. All that he can do is to check
legislation to hold it in a stf ite of abeyance
till the people can consider and understand
what is being done. Then what has been
done? I have done what I believed the
Constitution required me to do. (Applause.)
I have done what I believed, duty and con
science required me to do. (Cheers.) So
believing, I intend to stick to my position,
relying on the' judgment, the integrity and
the intelligence of the masse of the Ameri
can people ; the soldiers andsailors ex
pressly. (Cheers.) - '-, .
Then, for my life, I cannot see where there
is ; any tyranny. It is very easy to impugn
motives and suspect the purity of the best
acts of a man's life. If. you come forward
and propose a certain thing your motives
are suspected and condemned, and if you
withhold your opinion, you are regarded as
beiDg opposed to the matter, so that it is
hard to move one way or the other, so far as
certain persons are concerned, on all ques
tions pertaining to the interest of the jreat
masses of the America people, for in them
is my hope and the salvation of the country.
I am with you citizens, soldiers and sail
ors. Who has sacrificed or periled more than
the humble individual who addresses you ?
Has not my all been put upon it ? My life,
my property? Everything sacred and dear
to man have been staked upon it, and could
I now be suspected of faltering at the close
of this third ordeal of the nation ?
Who is he, in public or private life, who
has sacrificed more, or who has devoted
more of his time and energies to the accom
plishment of the great end than I ? And I
have done it from the promptings of my
own heart and conscience. I believe I was
right, and, with your help and your counte
nance and your judgment, I shall go through
on that line ! (Cheers and laughter.) And
when I come to talk about sailors and sol
diers, about this to be done and that to be
done, all I want is for you to wait and see,
so far as the future is concerned. Wait and
see if I do not stand by you althongh every
other may falter and fail. (Cheers.) I want
to see measures of policy brought forward
that will advance the interests ot the people
-7-of that portion of the people who have
constituted the gallant and brave men who,
in both branches of the service have upheld
the national flag and sustained the country
in tne recent struggle,
I thank you, gentlemen, for this encourage
ment. I thank you for your countenance on
this occasion. It cheers me on and gives me
strength to perform the work before me. If
we are true to ourselves it we are true to
the Constitution, the day is not far distant
when this government will be restored. Le
us go on and restore the government. Let
us enlarge the area of our commerce and
trade. Let us not only inspire confidence at
home but respect abroad, by letting the na
tion resume its career ot prosperity and
1 know that some will find lault with me.
and say I am too lenient, too kind, and all
that. If we were all to be put to death or
punished, or thrown away for one offence,
or lor the second on nce. and were to be
lost and excluded troin society and com
munion with our fellow men, how many of
us would be lett ?
I have felt when I have done wrongr and
repented of it, that I was as sincere and
honest as he who had done no wrong at all
Then we must reason with each other and
understand our nature, and what is necessary
to restore peace and harmony and concord
to a distracted and divided people. In time
of war it is right to burn villages, sack cities,
and devastate fields to lay waste a country
tnd cripple and reduce the enemy but in
time of peace, the converse of this course is
precisely the right one.
lue true policy ot a nation is to rebuild
its cities, restore its villages, renew its hekls
of agriculture, and let all the avocations of
peace and prosperity be restored. I know
there are some who have been at home cal
culating during the war, and who hung on
to the consideration of questions of peace
and harmony, aud the avocations of civil
hie, all the feelings ot resentment, which an
imated us, when the excitement was up aud
running high. But, take the brave men who
sustained the flag on the field, and on the
wave, and you will find better feeiings, and
better judgment on these questions, than you
will find with those who have been sitting
up in the closet, and never smelled gun
powder. (Cheers.) Yes, from the private
up to the Commanding General, they know
better how to treat the present circumstances
than any of these closet patriots and human
Then, my countrvmen, fellow-citizens, sol
diers and sailors, let us rejoice that jieace
has come. Let us lejoicc that the relations
of the States are about being restored. Let
s make every effort we can on proper prin
ciples to restore the relations which existed
between the federal government and the
States. I thank God that peace is restored.
I thank Gotl that our brave men can return
to their homes and resume their peaceful
avocations. I thank God that the baleful
planet of fire, of blood, which a short time
ago was in the ascendant, has been chased
away by the benignant star of peace."
Now, that the star of peace is suspended
in tne Heavens, let us cultivate the arts and
relations of peace and all these associations
which appertain to men in peace. The time
is not distant when we can have a political
luiienium a political jubilee and when
we can proclaim to all nations of the earth
that we are again a united people, and that
we have triumphantly passed through our
third ordeal, having peace at home and
power to bid defiance to all the world.
Remember one thing, gentlemen, that in
my past life, though slauder may misrepre
sent, no man can say that I ever deserted or
betrayed him. It will be for you to see in
the future who will redeem all his promises,
and will be most faithful.
I thank you, gentlemen, for the compli
ment you have paid me.
As the President closed his speech, he was
loudly and continuously cheered. The band
performed patriotic airs, and the immense
Speech of the President to the Colored People.
The colored people of the District of Col
umbia celebrated on Monday the 16th the
fourth annual return of the anniversary of
the passage of the act abolishing slavery in
the District of Columbia. Speeches were
made by Rev. II. II. Garnett, (colored,) Sen
ators Trumbull and Wilson, Gen. Howard
and others. The proccession filed by the
White House, where they were addressed by
the President as follows :
I have nothing more to say to you on this
occasion than to thank you for this compli
ment you have paid me in presenting your
selves before me on this your day of celebra
tion. I come forward for the purpose of in
dicating my approbation, and manifesting
the appreciation of the respect thus offered
I thank you for the compliment, and I
mean what I say. And I will remark in this
connection to this vast concourse that the
time will come, and that, too, before a great
while, when the colored population of the
United States will find out who have selected
them as a hobby and pretence by which they
can be successful in obtaining and maintain
ing power, and who have been their true
friends, and wanted them to participate in
and enjoy the blessings of freedmen.
The time will come when it will be made
known who contributed as much as any oth
er man, and who, without being considered
egotistic, I may say, ' contributed more, in
procuring the great national guarantee ofthe
abolition of slavery in all the States, by the
ratification of the amendment to the Consti
tution of the United States giving a nation
al guarrantee that slavery shall ho longer be
permitted to exist or be re-established in any
State or j urisdiction of the United States.
I know how easy it istocatertoprejudice,
antl how easy it is to excite feelings of pre
judice and unkiadness. I care not for that.
I have been engaged in. tliis work in which
my all has been periled. I was not en;r ed
in it as a' hobby, nor did I ride tht
pnsn for the sake of gaining power. AVirt
1 cud was tor trie purpose ot establishing ti1(.
great principles of freedom. And, thanlc
God, Ifeel and know it to be so, that nivef
forts have contributed is much, if not more"
in accomplishing this great national guaren
tee, than those of any other living u)iln' ; "
the United States. .Applause.
It is very easy for colored men to liilV(.
pretended friends, enscon: ed in high nhn
and far removed from danger whose et '
have only abstractly gazed on freedom ; w",
have never exposed their limbs or propeit'
and who never contributed a sixpence in rjL
therance of the great cause ; while another
periled his all, and put up everything saeri',1
and dear to man, and those whom lie raisi
aud who lived with now enjoy his proper! y
with his consent, and receive his aid and ..
6istance : yet some vho assume, and others
who have done nothing, tire considered tl.u
great defenders and protectors of the color
I repeat, my colored friends, here to-dav
the time will come, and that not far tiit;1;iV
when it will be proved who is praetieailv
3rour best friend.
My friendship, as far as it has gone, lias
not been for place or power, for I had these
already. It has been a principle with me,
and I thank God the great principle hr-s
been established that whatever any individ
ual, in the language of a distinguished ora
tor and statesman, treads American soil,
soul swells within him beyond the power .f
chains to bind him in appreciation of the
great truth that he stands forth redeemed,
regenerated and disenthralled by the genius
of universal emancipation ! Applause.
Then let me mingle with you in the cele
bration of the day which commenced your
freedom. I do it in sincerity and ti uth. iind
trust in God, the blessings which have been
conferred may be enjo3'ed and appreciated
by you, and that you may give them a pro
There is something for all to do. Yon
have high and solemn duties to perform, and
you ougiit to remember -that freedom is nut
a mere idea. It must be reduced to practi
cal reality. Men iu being free have to d- ;n
tlieniselves many things which seem to ! o
embraced in the idea of universal freedom.
It is with you to give evidence to tii,!
world, and the people of the United Stale
whether you are going to appreciate t!ii.;
great boon as it should be, and that you are
worthy of being freemen. Then let nie thank
you with sincerity for the compliment you
have paid me by passing through here to
day and paying your respects to me. I re
peat again, the time will come when you will
know who has been your best friend, and
who has not been your friend from mercena
ry considerations. Accept my thanks.
The President, after concluding his re
marks, waited some time outside while the
procession passed, and during this time large
numbers or the colored people advanced to
pay their respects to him, and take him by
The President, was repeatedly and enthu
siastically cheered during the delivery ofthe
above address and the passage ot the proces
sion, which proceeded to move as soon as he
On the 20th February, 18G0, in Eutlierfordton,
N. C, by the Rev. Mr. May, Cajit. John B. Eaves
to Miss Jons A. Logan, all of Kutherfcrd county.
jrIST OF LETTliltS,
lieinainitig uncalled for at the Pu:.t Office in Eahigh
X. C, April 24, 1S00.
Anderson, J H II
Angc, E A 12
Bailv, Miss Mary A
Barry, 11 M
Bradley, P F
Barker, Ji J
Curacy, Thomas W
Campbell, "V W
Cat lett, li B
Davis, G W F
Edwards, J M 3
Gorman, Miss Mary
Guidin, Miss Nancy
Ilaro, J E O
Hall, Mrs Surah
Jones, Miss Francis
Jones, VV' II
Miiyuard, Miss Martlia F
Mayuard, Miss R C
Ohine, Miss Ibiniiali
Ouaniei, Miss J ulia
Phillips, Capt S F
Bryan, Miss Auni
Bryan, jur d "
BirobUeld, E JJ
Blinson, G V
BeddingticUl, Mrs P S
B:ines, Mrs Betty
Crocker, Mies li P
Carney, John B
Crane, J 11
Camp, Maj Ilenry 2
CuDtwell, Joiiu L
Dicken, Miss Bcttie
Disbrow, Sirs Mary K 2
Etucridge, Miss Bcttie
ite, .diss .Martha
Gotel, Mrs S
Holmes, J F
Harton, Mrs Sarah
Johnson, Miss Saruli V
Moses, A F
McAlister, John II v
Neusoni, Mrs Matilda
Otia, Miss Marv C
Owen, Miss li E
O'Neal, S F
Feirce, Mrs F A
Powers, Wm D
Pcrrv, Mrs Cutliariue
Stouking, Miss Kachacl Smith, James E
is i. John, B
Smith, Miss Sui-.Ui J
Williams, Mrs Betsy
Wilder, Miss Martha
Williams, Mrs Maria
Sawyer, A T
Skirks, Miss A
Persons calling for the above letters will plcsse
sav they are advertised,
april 24 lo It. A. MILLER, P. M.
ADAM KEIM HOLDS MY NOTES FOli
five hundred and. twenty-eight dollars. The said
notes have been paidofl', except twenty-ci.nht dol
lars. Persons are warned not to trade lor them,
april 2lT-l(M3tpQ. , y HENRY KEIM.
KAI-EIGII & GASTON II. li. CO., 1
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, f
V--" Raleigh, Ni C., April 19, 1S00. )
TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS:
Passenger Trains Leave Rnleigh 4.30 A. M.
" . , - " Arrive nt Weldon ..11.00 "
.' " . V.'' Leave Weldon ..... 1.550 P. M.
,.,;..;; --'. AniyeittBaleigu .. 8.5SO "
Freight and Accommodation Trains Leave Raleigh
on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, at
Arrive at Weldonr. 5.00 P." m!
Leave Weldon on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur
days at ; 5.00 A. M
Arrive at Raleigh 4.C0 P. M.
16 U. GenH. Supt.
of Government Property !
WILL BE SOLD, AT NEWBERN, NORTH
Carolina, a large amount ot" Ordnance and Ord
nance Stores. Sale to commence on the 15tli day
of May, 1SK50, at 10 o'clock, a. m., and continue
daily until all the property, the principal classes
of which are given below, is sold :
Iron and Brass Guns, Gun Carriages, Harness,
Saddles, Halters, Bridles, Blankets," Wheels, Old
Iron, Lead, Smith', Armorer'sand Saddlers' Tools,
Old Leather, Sling Carters, Gins complete, Infan
try Equipments, Implements lor Field and Siege
Giiris, and other articles too numerous to men
tion. . ' ' -
Correct lists of articles to be sold will be furn
ished upon application to this Office.
By order ot Brevt-Major-Gcneral A. B. Dyer,
Chief of Ordnance,Wasliington, D. C.
Brov't Capt. Ord. Dept. U. S. A.
Ordnance Office, Newbern, april 15 14-tml4.
' Gaiters, Shoes, Hosiery and Gloves. Ac., &c.
' W. IL & R. S. TUCKER,
march 20 5 tf.
Fine Sort French Hats and Dress Hats, fine
Shoes. Gaiters, &c, Ac.
' W. H. & R S. TUCKER,
march 29 5 tf.?
Basques, Saques, Parasols, Fans, tc, &c.
Beautiful stock. W, H. & R. S. TUCKER,
march 20 5tf.