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"IJCBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND , X'OH-EVISIti .''vONE ' AND i?IN SIi-A-TCuAJ3i-E.- laniel Webster. ' : " . 'V:;-' , .. "
EALEIGH;:N. r Gp
HVpV: .15 1866.
II H.Sil 1 A V
W. W. IIOLDEN. J. AV. IIOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDE1T & SON,
EDITORS OF THE STANDARD,
Ami authorized publisher of the Laws of Ike United
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JAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Biased at the First Session of the Thirty-semnth
Congress, which was begun and held at the City of
Wasiington, in the District of Columbia, on
Thursday, the tnrih day of July, A. I). 1861,
and nultd on Tuesday, the sixth day of August,
A. J). IS61.
Abkabam Lincolk, President. Hansibal, Ham
lin, Vice President, and President of the Sen
ate. Solomon Foote was eleeted President
of the Senate, pro tempore, on the eighteenth
day of July, aud coutiuued so to act until the
close of the session. (Jalcsha A. Ukow,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
CHAPTER LSI I. (Concluded.)
See. 21. And be it further enacted, That it
shall be u misdemeanor, punishable by imprison
ment in the county jail or penitentiary not es-
ceediug two years, or by aline not exceeding live
hundred dollars, for any persou without justi
liable or excusable cause, to use personal violence
upon any elector in said dist rict, or upon any
member of the police force thereof when in the
discharge of his duty, or lor any sui li member to
neglect makiug any arrest for an offence against
the law of the United States committed in his
presence, or for any person, uot a member of the
police force, to falsely represent himself as being
such member, with a fraudulent design.
Sec. '33. And be it further enacted. That the
treasurer of the board of police shall receive a
stated salary of six hundred dollars per annum,
and each conimis&ioiiershull receive au allowance
of five dollars per day for each day ot actual at
tendance upon the "meetings or busincsfiLf the
board, not to exceed, however, to each commis
sioner (the treasurer excepted) two hundred and
lilty dollars per iiiiuum ; and no other compen
sation shall be paid or allowed to the members of
the board. The superintendent of police shall re
ceive asalaryoffitt.cn hundred dollars per an
num, and each police patrolman forty dollars
per month, as compensation for their services,
Sec. '&. And be it further enacted," That from
and after the first meeting of the board of police,
under the provisions of this act, it shall possess
Jill the power aud authority heretotore conferred
bylaw upon the auxiliary guard of the city of
Washington,- eslablisbed by an act entitled "An
Act to establish an auxiliary watch for the protec
tion of public and private property in the city of
Washington," appioved August twenty-three,
eighteen hundred and forty-two, and all acts in
amendment thereto, and said auxiliary guard or
watch is hereby abolished; and said board of po
lice shall also possess all the power and authority
heretofore conferred by law upon the mayor or
any other officer or ofilcers of the cities of Wash
ington and Georgetown respectively, as the heads
therein of the respective police departments or
organizations of those cities, which power or
authority shall relate to or in any way be connec
ted with the police government or'police disci
pline within either ot said cities ; and from and
after the said first meeting and due organization
of said board of police, the duty and authority
and power of each and a 1 of the aforementioned
officers in I elation to the police government, ap
pointment, and discipline, shall wholly cease and
vest as aforesaid in the said board of .police con
stituted by this act, except that the mayors of
Washington and Georgetown shall be, with the
commissioners, members ex-ofBcio of the board
of police, and entitled to one vote each at every
session thereof when prcscut at this meetings.
Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That the
superintendent of police shall make to the board
of police quaterly reports in ritiug of the state
of the police district, with such statistics and
suggestions as he may deem advisable for the improvement-of
the police government and disci
pline ot said district ; and the board of police
shall annually, on or before the first Monday in
November, report in writing the condition of the
police withiu said district to the Secretary of the
8ec. 25. And be it further enacted. That no
member of the board of police, o&.of the police
1'orce, shall receive or share in, for his own bene
fit, under any present, fee, or molumcut, for po
lice services, other than the regnlar salary aud
pay provided by this act, except by consent of the
board of police.
See. 30. And be it further enacted, 'That all
rewards, fees, proceeds of gifts, and emoluments
that may be allowed by the board of police to be
paid and given for extraordinary services of any
member of the police force, and all moneys aris
ing from the sale of unclaimed goods, shall con
stitute the "-policemen's fund" of which the
board of police shall be tluj trustee, and may in
vest as they shall see tit. And whenever any
member of the police force, in the actual dis
charge of his duty, shall become bodily disabled,
his necessary expenses, on the certificate of a
competent surgeon, stating the manner, cause,
and condition of the injury, and approved by the
board of police, during the time of his disabling,
as aforesaid, continues, may become a charge up
on the said fund. But the board of police may
discontinue said allowance for any satisfactory
Sec. 28. And be it further enacted, That
there be, and is hereby, appropriated, out of any
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriat
ed, for the purpose ot carrying this act into effect,
including the payment of salaries and all other
necessary charges and expenses of the Metro
politan Police," for the year ending Jane "thirty,
eighteen hundred and sixty-two, in addition to
-the balance of the appropriation made by the act
approved February twenty, eighteen hundred and
uxty, "for the compensation of flue auxiliary
puurd, and one lieutenant, and for fuel, oil, and
lamps, and for twenty policemen," which balance
3s hereby directed to be. applied to the pur
poses of this act, the sum of sixty thousand dql
lars. 8ec. 29. And be it further enacted. That all sta
tutes, parts of statutes, and provisions of law in
consistent with the, provisions of thi.s act, are
Ajaproyed, August 6, 18CL -
Can beat Anything except the
Mule, the Jackass and the Nigger.
During the races at , a swagger
ing " down easier" entered a saloon in
the enclosure and boasted that he had a
Government cavalry horse which had
been through the war, that could beat
anything entered for the races during
the meeting. One of our representa-;
tives of the turf disputed it and said"
that he had an old Confederate mule
that could beat his horse.
" A mule ?" said the boaster" I'll
bet you $100 to that."
" Done !" said thtther.
" Done !" said the boaster.
" Now cover that," said he owner of
the mule, lying down a $H)0. ?- -
' Tho boaster began- tobe frightened
at this. He - thought there . must be
something more about the ajjule than tie
was " aware of, "otherwise . the owner
wouldn't plank a $100 to run him
against a horse. He began to pitch
about uneasily. He put his hand in his
pocket ; he pulled it out again ; and
at last said : " I don't know, I swow,
about that tarnal mule : he may be the
devil and all to run, for what I know."
" Do you back out then ?"
" Yes, I back out, and treat." So say
ing he called in the liquor; but declar
ed that his horse could beat anything
which went upon four legs, except the
" Why," said the other, "I've got a
jackass that will beat him."
"I'll bet a $100 on that," said the
" Done !" said the other.
And " done !" said the boaster.
" Cover that," said the man, again
putting down the $100.
" Cover that !" exclaimed the boaster,
" so I will, plaguy quick," taking out
" Well, cover it if you dare and I'll
put another hundred atop of it. Why
do you hesitate? Down with your dust,
" I don't know, faith. I never saw
that jackass of yours run," said the
boaster, beginning to hesitate " lie may
be the devil and all upon a race, for
what I know."
" Do you flunk out, then ?"
"Yes, flunimux this time; but by
jingo, there's nothing else you can bring,
except the jackass and the mule, but
what my horse can beat." .
"Are you certain of that, ; my good
"I think so."
" Why if you're quite certain, I'll bet
you something I've got a negro that
will outrun him."
" A nigger !"
" Yes, my nigger Tom will beat him."
"Pll bet a $100 of that there ain't
no nigger that ever breathed that can
beat my horse."
" Very well cover that." As he
said this, the man once more put down
the $100. " But," said he, if you back
out this time, you shall forfeit $10, and
if I bac k I'll do the same."
" Agreed," said ' the boaster " I'm
sure my horse can beat a nigger, if he
can't a mule or a jackass."
" Well, plank the money, if you
" Plank it ? so I will don't you fear
that." Saying this, he once more took
out his pocket book, and began to rum
ble for the money.
" Come, man, down with your dust
said the other, taking out more money,
" for I'm ready to back my bet with an
other $100 or $200, if you like it.
Come ! why do you hesitate ? Here's
$300 I'm ready to stake."
" Three hundred dollars !" exclaimed
the boaster, starting like a stuck pig
$300 upon a nigger ! I don't know, I
" What, man I you are not going to
get frightened again?"
" Frightened ?" Oh no oh no
it's no easy matter to frighten me but
" You mean to back out ?"
" I declare, neighbor, I don't know
what to think about it. It's a kind o' a
"You forfeit the $10 then?"
" Why, yes, I 'spose I must," said the
boaster, handing over the money, with
an air of great mortification " better
to lose this than more, for there's no
knowing how fast these blamed niggers
will run. But anything else you can
bring, except the mule, the jackass and
the nigger, I'm ready to run against."
Very interesting excavations are go
ing on in Egypt, under the directions
of the Prussian Archaeologist, JMr.
Brusch. He has come in possession of
rolls of papyrus,which gives much infor
mation as to the construction of the
cities of Pithon and Ramses, and upon
the manufacture of bricks made by the
Jews employed upon these works.- In
the valley ofHamanat, inscriptions upon
the rocks bear witness to the presence
of the quarries of 800 Jewish stone cut
An Irish Judge had a habit of beg
ging pardon on every occasion. At the
close of the assize, as he .was about to
leave the bench, the officer of the court
reminded him that he had not passed
sentence of death on one of the crimi
nals, as he intended. " Dear me," said
his lordship, " I really beg his pardon."
It is not generally known that the
Catholic missions commenced in China
about three hundred years ago, have
made constant progress in spite of fre
quent and cruel persecutions, in which
there have been hundreds of martyrs.
There are now not far from 3,000,000
of Roman Catholics in China.
-An exchange says : "Lovers, like
armies, generally get along 'quietly
eupugh until they are engaged."
The Civil Rightsjmi
We publish." below the Civil Rights
Bill as it recently passed the Xongress;
over the President s Veto:
"i?e it enacted by the Senate and Souse J'Sepre
sentatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled. That all persons born in' tho United
States and not subject to any fo-iign Power, ex-
eluding Indians, not taxed, air. hereby declared
to be citizens of the United States ; and such citi
r zens of every race and, color, without regard to
? any previous condition tf slavery or involuntary
i servitude, except as a punishment for crime
; whereof the party shall r Ave been duly convicted,,
shall have the same right in every State and Xer- ,
ritory in tho United States to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and .convey
real and personal property, and to full and equal
benefit of all "laws and proceedings for the securi
ty of person and property as 1s .enjoyed by white-;X-itizens,
and shall be subject to like punishment
' pains,-iind penalties, "and to .none other, any law,
statute, ordinance, regulatiou, or custom to the
contrary notwithstanding, v- - -". " v -. "
"8EC.-5. liui be it further enacted; That any per
on who, under icolor.'of any iu". statute; ordi
nance, .."regulation;. r -custotrii",-- shall subject, or
cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State
or. Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this act, or to different
pnnishineut, pains, or penalties on account of
such person having at any time been held In a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescribed for the pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeauor, and, on conviction, shall be
punished by tine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or
both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the dis
trict courts of the U nited States, within their re
spective districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
courts of the several States, cognizance of all
crimes and offences committed against the provi
sions of this act, and also, concurrently with the
circuit courts of the United States, of all causes,
civil and criminal, aflccting persons who are de
nied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be, any of the rights secured to them by the first
section of this act; and if any suit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has been of shall be commenced
in any State court agaiust auy such person, for
anv cause whatsoever, or against any otliccr, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, "trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted bv virtue or under color of authority derived
from ibis act or the act establishing a bureau for
the relief of freedmen and refugees, and all acts
amendatory thereof; or for relusing to do any ac
upou the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this act, such defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the ' Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating
judicial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
March three, eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil aud criminal matters hereby confer
red on the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so far
as such taws are suitable to carry the same into
effect : hut in all cases where such laws are not
adapted to the object, or are deficient in the pro-J
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish fffenecs against law, the common law, as
" modified and' changed by the constitution and
statutes ! the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the cause, . civil or criminal, is
held, so far as the same is not inconsistent with
the Contitutiou and laws of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts in
the trial and disposition of such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on the party found guilty.
Spo. 4. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, the commissioners appointed
by the circuit aud territorial courts of the United
States, with powers bt arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against the "laws of the United
States,. the officers and agents of the Freedmeu's
Bureau, and every other otliccr wiio may be spe
cially empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, aud they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
for trial before such court of the United States or
territorial court as bv the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with tite view to affording rea
sonable protection t all persons in their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of nice or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt
discharge of the duties of this act, it shull be the
duty of the circuit courts of the United States
and the superior courts of the Territories of the
Ur.'ued States, from time to time, to increase the
nurilier of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion ol persons charged with a violation of this
net. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to offences
created by this act, as they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall
be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts is
sued under the provisions of this act, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process when tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on
conviction thereof, be lined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use of the person upon
whom the accused is alleged to have committed
the offence. And the better to enable the said
commissioners to execute their duties faithfully
and efficiently, in conformity with the Constitu
tion of the United States and the requirements of
this act, they are hereby authorized and empow
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap
point, in writing, under their hands, any one or
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe
cute all such warrants aud other process as may
be issued by them in the lawful performance of
their respective duties; and the persons soap
pointed to execute any warrant or process as
aforesaid shall have authority to summon and
call to their aid the bystanders or the posse com
itates of the proper county, or snch portion of
the land and naval forces of the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the perfor
mance of the duty with -which they arc charged,
and toinsure a faithful observance of the clause
of the'Constifnt on which prohibits slavery, in
conformity with the provisions of this act ; and
said warrants shall run aud bo executed by said
officers anywhere in the State or Territory within
which they are issued.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted. That any per
son w ho shall knowingly and willfully obstruct,
hinder, or prevent anv officer, or other person
charged with the execution of any warrant or
process issued under the provisions of this act,
or any person or persons lawfully assisting him
or them, "from arresting anv person for whose ap
prehension such warrant or process may have
been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue
such person from t le custody of tho officer, oth
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid,
abet, or assist any person so arrested as aforesaid,
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody
of the officer or other person legally authorized
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall have
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent, his dis
covery and arrest alter notice or knowledge of t he
fact that a warrant has been issued for the appre
hension of such person, shall, for either of said
offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one
thoussnd dollars, and imprisonment not exceed
ing sX months, by indictment andconviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proper court of crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territories of the United States.
Sec7 7. And be it further enacted. That the dls
tiict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and
the clerks ef the said district aud Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to tbcm for similur servi
ces in other cases; and in all cases where the pro
ceedings are before a commissioner, he shall be
entitled to a fee of ten dollars In full for his servi
ces in each case, inclusive of all services incident
to such arrest and exanriuatton. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be'
issued by such commissioners for the arrest of
offenders:; -against the provisions Of. jthiS act shall
be -entitled to a fee of fivn dollars for each person
he or they - may arrest and take before -any such
commissioner as nioresaio, wnu sueo otuT lees,
as may be deemed reasonable by snchcommlsr
sioner for such other additional -servioes as may
ue necessarily penorinea qy mm ortuem, ucn as
attending at the examination, keeping -the prison -er
in custody, and providing; bim with, food -aud "
lodging during his detention, and until the final
determination of such commissioner abd in sre- .
era! for -performing such other duties as may be
required -in tno, premises ;eucu jees no.- do maae
anJn eonformitVJwith the' lees' nillv- charired
-by thfrotneers o the courts of justice within the
proper district or count-, as near as max oe prac
ticable, and paid on: of the treasury f thC United
SfjiU'.ti on eertificatc of the ludire of the aiaf
trie within which the" arfert is made,- and to be-1
recoverable from the-actenuunt . as part of the
judgment In case of eonviction;. . ;2--fSly
ever the President of the United States shall have
reason o believe ihat -offences bavebcen or are
likely to be committed against the provisions of
tliis ac -mtuli any judicial .distrwtj . It shall, bo
lawful for him, jn his discretionld 'direct the
juuge, marshal and district oitorncjf of such dis
trict to attend, at suctr place, wttUthcJdistrie.t,
and for such, time as bp aia'y dealirnatef for-tbe
purpose; of the .more -HUytTt!t and trial of
pereons'euargMl with a ybrtnliohfaf flits actvaud
it shall be the duty of every Judge or other officer,;
when any such requisition .shall be received by
him, to attend at the place and for the time there
in designated. . " , ' - - '
Sec. . .Aiid be it farther tnacled; ?That it shall
be lawful for the Presidents the United States,
or such person as he may- empower, for that pur
pose, to employ such part of .the land or naval
forces of the U nited States, or the raititia, as shall
be necessary to prevent the violation and enforce
the due exeeutU-u ot this act.- ; :!. - -.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That upon
all questions of law arising in any cause under
the provisions of this act a .final appeal may be
taken to the Supreme ' Court of the United
States." , .!:.; :
The State Convention. '
The State Convention of NcrthCarolhia
will assemble in this City t o the fourth
Thursday of the present month; pursuant to
adjournment. ' r
The officers of this bbdyvari as follows :
President, Hon. Edwin GReade, of Per
son County. . t ' !
Principal Secretary, James Ht Moore, Esq.
Assistant Secretary, R. O. Baiger, Esq.
Principal Doorkeer, Mr.. H..I& Kingsbury.
Assistant Doorkeeper, Mr. Jnja. H. Hill.
Enrolling Clerk, Mr. Theo. H. Hill.
MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION.
Alamance Giles Mebane, Dr. John "W.
McCauley. - ' i
Anson William G. Smith, L. L. Polk.
Ashe and Allegha ny-r-William Baker.
.Alexander E. M. Stephenson.-
Bladen Duncan Kellv. !
Burke Tod R. Caldwell. )
Bertie John Pool, Lewis Thompson.
Brunstcich Daniel L. RusseU, Ben.
Jjw(oAe Ij. li Stewart. I . "'
Beaufort .R. S. Donnell, E. ff. Warren.
Currituck Thomas J. JarviiJ.
Camden D. D. Ferebee.- j
Chowan R. H. Winburne, ' ,
CUatelawl D. Beam, R. Swan.
Cataiclta J. R. Ellis. . " " i -Cumlterland
and Harnett Neill McKay, R.
P. Buxton, D. G. McRae. y . ,
Chatham G.. P. Moort, Robt. iiove, John
A. McDonald. -y.
Carteret James Rumleyv '
Craven C. C. Clark, M. E. .Manly. ,
Calmrrus Dr. L. S.' Binghani.4 ; ;
Colandnit. Andrew Jack sag, Jonos.'- ".Via
. Caldirell Rufus'I Patterson. r '
Casircll Bedford Brown, M. McGehee.v
CAerokeeQ. W. Dickev. 'V
Duplin Win. A. Allen, (yacancy.)
Davidson Henderson Adaitjs, S. S. Jones.
Daiie D. M. Furclies. ;
Edgecombe aud Wilson Johti Norfleet,Gco.
Howard. - I
Franklin Patrick n.'Winston.
Forsythe D. II. StarbHck, L G. Lash.
Gates Henry Willey.
Gaston Dr. William Sloan.,;
Greene R, J. Williams.
Granville R. B. Gilliam, Eugene Grissom,
E. B. Ifvon.
Gu ilford Robt. P. Dick, David F. Cald
well, Jonathan Harris. -
IIayeoodV. G. B. Garrett :
Hertford R. G.' Cow per.
Halifax Edward Conigland, Wm. W.
Brickell. . , - '
Ifeujarxoii and Transylvania A. H. Jones.
Hyd Jones Spencer.
Iredell 3. II. McLaughlin. S. B. Bell.
Jackson J. R. Love.
Johnston Wm. A. Smith, Simon Godwin.
Jones F. G. Simmons. . i .
Lincoln Vf. P. -By num. '.
Jnoii R. W. King. '
Macon R. M. Henry.
MiulisonG. W. GahagaiL '
McDwcell Alney Burgin. Z
Martin Jesse R. Stubbs.': V "
MecllenlmrgT. NJ" Alexander, 'A. Mclver.
Montgomery J, S. Spencer. .... ", ?
Moore A. R. McDonald, ; x
Nash -AB. Raines;
Ifew Hanover William' A. Wright, Dr. H.
F. Murphv. " . :" "
Noj-tJutmpton John B. Odom, W. Barrow.
Orange John Berry, S. F. Phillips.
Onslote Jasper Etherklge.
Perquimans Thomas .Wilson.
Pasquotank; G. W.Brooks. c ;
Person Edwin- G. Rcade. -Pitt
C. Perkins. (Vacancy.)
Richmond Alfred Dockery.
Rockingham Thomas Settle, R. H. Ward.
Rowan N. Boyden, L ,W- Jones.
Randolph S. S. ? Jackson, Zebedee Rush.
Rutherford' an Polk-Os W. Logan, C. LT
Harris; - -' - '-'' ' .j."' .
Robeson N. A. McLean, McLean. -
Sampson. A. A. McKoj., (Vacancy.) '
Stanly 3. M. McCUirkle,' ' ... -Stokes
A. H. Joyce. ..' .';.r;i';; - " - , i.
Surry Samuel Forkher, ,
Tyrrell Charles McCleese.
Union S. II. Walkupis. "
Warren W. Eaton,' Jr;, P, H. Joyner.
Wake B. F. Moore, W.-H. Harrison, II. A.
Hodge.- ' - -
Wayne T. Faircloth. J; T Kenedy.
Washington J. C. Johnston. . .
WalauffaQ. W.: Bradley.
TFS.P.'Smitli, Jj..Q..A. Bryan.
Yadkin Thomas Haynes." ' "'. ,.;
Taney and MitckelZQ- Garland.
Judges of thef Sopreme' Court,
. The Judges of the" Supreme Court 4f the
United States are as follows .
Mr. Chief Justice Chase of Ohio.
. Mr. Justice Wayne,, Georgia.
Mr. Justice IJelson, New York,
Mr. Justice Grier,Pennsylvania.
Mr. Justice Clifford, Maine. - '
Mr. Justice Swayne,: Ohio. " . -.
Mr. Justice Miller, Iowa. ; - , "
Mr. Justice Davis, Illinois. '- -
Mr. -Justice Eield, California.'
Mr. Justice Stansbury, Ohio. ' " n
. Reporter, John W. Wallace Ohio."
Marshal, D. S. Gooding.
Clerk, D. W Middleton v ; "'
' The Judge of the District Court of North
Carolina is G. W. Brooks. District Attorney;
D. H. Starbuck. Marehat Daniel R.; Goodloe.
V ' ". ' V.;'
. " ". .," -.: - .''.." " '' -
. V ..; ..-i. " .." - -
;;XN ACT TO, ENABLE THE BANKS OP.THE
; r STATE TO CLOSE THEIR BUSINESS." i.
f ' Whereas The financial - policy of the Federal
Government adopted - to maintain the national
credit, with the heavy taxes imposed by that Gov-
. eminent "on the B..nks of the State, makes it ab
solutely necessary that" said Banks should close
their business, and renders a further continu ince
of their corporate existence idle and useless to the
people of the State, i - - v -.
Section l.-lte enacted by the General Assembly
of: the Staieof North-Carolina, and it is hereby
', enacted by .the avtiiritil of the same. That if the
h Stockholders of any ol the Bauks chartered by the
uenerat Assemoty ol Tins estate sm.11 ne unwilling
to elose the business of their Bunks by an assign-
ment, and ape desirous to appropriate all the estate
una enccts ot such isank. tor the uenent ox us
creditors, and to close its business and surrender
their chartered rights and franchises in eonformfc
ty with the subsequent provisions of this act,'
. such Stockholders may by their bill in eqnity in
tic name 01 sucti Bank liieu in uieL.ourt.oi n-quity
- of the county in which tho principal Bank or any
of its branches. ninye located, require the Credi--tors
of such,' Bunk to prefer and establish: their
. demands within, such time not less-lhait twelve
. months alter decree therefor as hU ba llowtd-i-
. Dy tne uourt. . , j ue uourt suait upon nung sucu
bill appoint as commissioner a, suitable person
' acquainted with the business of such Bank, who
shall be paid for his sen-ices such sum as may be
allowed by the court. Such commissioner shall
give bond with ample security, payable to the
. State for the faithful discharge of his duties iu
" such sum as shall be approved by the court,
which bond shall be tiled in court and may be
sued on for the use of such persons as the court
Sec. 'Z. He it further enacted, That the commis
sioner appointed as aforesaid, upon tiling the bond
required of him, shall forthwith become, and so
long as he shall contiue such commissioner and
110 longer, shall be vested with all the estate, ef
fects aud rights of action which such Bank posses
sed, had or held or was vested with, at the time
of tiling such bill, and which such Bank could at
that time have lawfully sold, assigned or trans
ferred, including all debts, due to such Bunk or to
any erson for its use and all liens und securities
therefor. The court may require such Bank by
its Cashier or other proper officer to endorse
without recourse, all such bills or notes, draw all
such checks or orders for money aud execute such
other paper writings as the court shall deem ne
cessary or useful to enable the commissioner to
demand or recover aud receive the estate and ef
fects of such Bank for the benefit of its creditors.
The commissioner shall have the like remedy to
recover and receive,all the estate, debts and effects
belonging to such Bank at the time of filing its
bill, us such Bank might have had if no proceed
ings had been had under this act ; and should any
such Bank have made any sale or transfer of its
property or effects, fraudulent as to its creditors
but valid as between the parties, in such cases
such commissioner shall stand in the place of the
creditors, and may recover and receive such pro-pertj-or
effects so fraudulently sold or transferred,
although such Bank could not have done so. Iu
nil suits prosecuted by such Commissioner at
law or in Equity the plaititin' shall be styled " The
Commissioner, ""Xaddiujr thereto the name of the
particular Bank for which he has been appointed
the Commissioner,) aud if at the time of tiling
such bill by any Bank any action at law or pro-
' ceeding or suit in Equity shall be pending in the
name ofueh Bank for the recovery of any estate,
debt or demand which might or ought to be vested
in such Commissioner as aforesaid, such Commis
sioner shall be admitted to prosecute the same in
like manner and to like effect;, and no suit pend
ing at any time for the recovery of any estate,
debtor demand in the name of such Commission
er shall be abated by the death or removal of such
Commissioner, buta Commissioner to be appoint
ed iu sucu cases (as is hcrciuatter provided.) snail
be admitted to prosecute the same iu like manner
and to lik effect as if the same had been origin
ally commenced bv him.
Sec S. Be it further -enact'-d. That the Commis-
sioner aforefttid shall iu all things connected with
the discharge of his duties as Commissioner, act
. jauder tint direction and orders of the court; and
it jiny such Commissioner shall refuse or unrea
sonably delay or ncirlcct to obey any rnle, order
or decree of "the court, it shall be the duty of the
court to remove such Commissioner; and upon
such removal or upon any vacancy by death or
otherwise, the court shall appoint some other
person Commissioner, who shall enter into bond
in such sum as the court shall direct iu like man
ner and for the like uses and purposes as provided
in cases of the Commissioner first appointed;
and thereupon all the estate, property, effects
debts and rights of action vested iu such Bank
after tho time ot tiling its bill, not before lawfully
disposed of by any former Commissioner, shull be
forthwith vested in such new commissioner as
. legally and effectually as if he had been the coin
missioncr first appoiuted; and the court shall have
the power to require auy former commissioner or
the representative of auy deceased commissioner,
to surrender to such new commissioner any such
estate, effects, money or evidence ot debt which
of right should be in t he hands or possession of
such ucw commissioner.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted. That all demands
of creditors may be preferred aud proved before
6uch commissioner, and for all purposes connect
ed with the investigation of the demauds of any
person claiming to be a creditor as aforesaid, the
commissioner shall have power to administer all
oaths required in the course of such proceedings.
Any supposed creditor whose claims shall le
wholly or in part disallowed by any commission
er, may appeal to the Court, where the same shall
be determined according lo the course of the
Court, or decided at law, as the court may direct ;
and in all such appeals the case shall be docketed
in the name of the creditor against " The Com
missioner of " (adding the name of the Bank
of which he is commissioner,) and shall be tried
nnd determined as like suits bet ween other parties.
In all cases In which any such commissioner shall
be a partv, whether plaintiff or defendant, and it
shall appear that there has been mutual credit
given by the Bank, and any other corporation or
any person who is the opposite party, or there an
mutual debts between them, whether such debb
be due and payable or not, the account between
the parties shall be stated, and one debt shall bi
set off against the other, and the balance of such
account only shall be allowed or paid on eitheii
side respectively ; and the costs in all cases shall
be paid by either party as the court shall direct.
The commissioner shall from time to time pre
pare statements in writing of all claims allowed
by him; showing the character of such claims and
the evidence oii "which their validity is based ;
and there shall be no application of any funds in
the hands of such commissioner to the satisfac
tion in whole or in part of any claim whatever,
except under a rule or order of the court there
for. Sec. 5. Be it further enacted. That the court shall
make all proper orders and decrees for the collec
tion of the assets of such Bank, of every natur
and description, and for the payment of the eostt
and expenses incident to this proceedings. Thi
creditors whose claims and demauds have been
proved and established as aforesaid against thi
estate and effects ot such Bank in the hands of the
commissioner,, shall be entitled to payment ii
satisfaction of the same out of the assets in hand:
of such commissioner, as the court shall ordei
and direct; and all such claims and demands not
prosecuted, proved and established according U.
the provisions of this act within the time allowec".
by the decree of the court therefor, shall be barret
of recovery by any action at law or other proceed
inr in equity ; and any suit brought for their re
covery otherwise than is herein provided shall or
the plea of the commissioner of such Bank bi
abated, or on his motion be dismissed.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted. That it shall not be
necessary in any bill filed under this lict, to make
any particular persons or corporations parties bj
name, but it shall ba sufficient if the defendants
be denominated creditors of the particular Bank
. in behalf of which suit may be instituted ; and
notice of the bill shall be published for the space
of thirty days so soon as it may be filed in at least
fifteen newspapers, one of which 6hall be pub
lished in the City of Raleigh ; one in the city of
Charleston, S. C; one in the city of Richmond,
"Va.; one in the city of Baltimore, Md.; one in the
city of Philadelphia ; one in the city ot New York ;
" one in the city of Augusta, Ga.; one in the city of
' Montgomery, Ala.; one in tho city of N. Orleans ;
' and one in the city of Nashviiic, Tenn.
Sec. 7. Beit further enacted. That anyone of the
the Judges of the Supreme Court, or of the Su
perior Courts -of law and eqnity; shall have power
at his chambers, from time to time, to make any
such rules, orders or decrees as may be necessary
or required for expediting the settlement of all
contioversies between any commissioner appoint
ed under this act, and other parties, for the guid
ance and instruction of any commissioner iu auy
. matter connected with the discharge of his duties,
,.for the removal or appointment of a commission
er, or for the sneeav execution oi auy in iuo
powers by this act conferred on a, court Of equity,
The N. C.
; Sec. 8. Bi it further enacted. That the filing by
or on behalf of any Bank, of a bill in the court of
equity, -under the provisions of this act, shall,
upon the appointment and qualification of a com
missioner thereunder, be deemed aud taken to all
intents and purposes to be a surrender by such
Bank of all the corporate rights and fran.-hises
granted to such Bank; and all laws by virtue of
which any such Bank then exists as a corporation
are hereby repealed, add such corporation shall
be thereupon dissolved, and all the effects and
consequences following or incident to the disso
lution of a corporation at common law shall ensue
thereon; and any statute law of this State to the
contrary notwithstanding. 1 Provided -however.
That the estate, property, and rights of action
vested in the commissioner, as provided by this
act, shall not be tn any way diverted or impaired
thereby, nor shall the rights of any creditor of
such Bank against 6uch commissioner or against
the estate or effects so vested in him, be thereby
impaired or in any way affected, and such .com
missioner snail thereupon be considered as tne
plaintiff in the pending proceediu rs ; and, pro-
vided, fa1Aeri that should there be any balance
remaining in the hands of any such commissioner
after the satisfaction of the claims of such credit
ors, the Commissioner nndcr. the direction of the
court -shall distribute and nay the same to and
Among those who shall be justly entitled thereto
as having-been stockholders -or members, of such
corporation at me time or its snsotttuon as aior
said, or their legal' representatives." " ". : .- v
: Sec 9. Beit furtusr enacted, That all suits on
debts duo the Banks contracted with a branch
Bank shall be brought in the county where the
branch was established, and if brought in any
other county may be dismissed on motion.
: Sec 10. Be it further enacted. That this act
shall be in force from and after its ratification.
Ratified the lath day of March, 18M.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OP THE TAX LAWS OP THE UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, -,.r 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each .. .
sheet or piece of paper, on which the -
. same is written, ' 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Cheeks, Drafts or Orders, &c, at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated except bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reign ports, 10 cts.-
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed S500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
live hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of money, -where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. -:- See
mortgage Of any description, 'other
vthan such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged in this schedule, 25 cts.
Certiflcates ot deposit In banlt, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit iu bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, "- 5 cts.
Of a quali iication of a Justice of the Peace,
- Commissioner of deeds or Notary . .
public, - 5 cts.
Of search of records, -: 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found. 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxes. 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death.
Of qualifications of school teachers.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less thau ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 ts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on tile, Sets.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of' money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand. 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual valne which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Sxceeding $500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
i?or every additional live hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
.Sntry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not. exceeding oue
hundred dollars In value, 25 cts.
" Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
: exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding five hundred dollars in value, $1 00
-jfor the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, : 50 cts.
Onager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, . 10 cts.
3xceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to . sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, - 25 cts.
To vote at an election if au incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
Co sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, . $1 00
"or any other purpose, , ' 60 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra- . .
tlotl, where the -value of both real and
personal estate-does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
Tor every additional $3,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
ionds of executor,' administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
-to a Btamp duty of $1 00
i'rotcst upon bill noteycheck or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty sb an original note. ' ,J -.
tcceipt for the payment of any sum of :
i - money, or debt due, exceeding twenty -
v dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
r: perty.- - 2 cfs.
Crust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be Btamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited.or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing oue thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by which any suit is com
menced in anv court of record, either -of
law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by a court
not of record, where the amount claim--ed
i3 100 dollars or over, . 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or -cognovit
for 100 dollars or over, except
In cases -where the tax for a writ has
' been paid, - - 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from Jus
tices courts, or other eonrts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, ' . 50 cts.
j Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed, does not eiceed 100 dol-- -s
lars - '- ? 's
When the amount exceeds 100'dollars, .60 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.r y-
. Where the consideration paid forth -
insurance, in cash, premium. Botes, or .
; both, does not exceed 10 dollars, . - 1 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceding
nay. - . :- . octs.
Insurance, Lire, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, i; cU
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding' 5,000 --.:
dollars, , . - - v.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars,;- .. : i w
. Lease or lease of lands or" tenements " .
i where the rents does not exceed 800 per .
. - annum, ;. ? i. - .50 cts.
Exceeding SOU dollars, for each addition-;
al 2UU dot lars, or f ractional pan, laexvoi,
in excess of 800 dollars, ' y 50
ferpctual, subject to stamp auty.as a . s
"conveyance." . V r;. - --
Clause of guaranty of payment of rent - i
incorporated or indoitedVnve cents ad- -. ' -
ditioiial. -.. "-. "t : ' ' .',
Measurers' Return If for quantity not ex- -. "
ceediug 1,000 bushels, . y -10 cts. v
Exceeding 1.000 bushels. ' - 25 cts.
Mortgage, trust deed, . bilk of sales, or, . -:
- personal bond tor tne payment ot money . -
rmaliiw.Jlinuii nut miri1nir KO? - 1
Exceeding 500 dollars Tor every addition' ;
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex- ;..
cess of 500, . 1 "SO cts.
Pawner's Checks, ' 84cts..
Passage Ticket from the United States to -
any foreign port, costing uot more than
So dollars. - 50 cts.
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
For every additional fifty or fractional
part thereof, in excess of 50 dollars,
GENERAL. REMARKS. :y l
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the mutters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing-card
stamps, for wtiich a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment ol
the duty chargcuble on instruments. .
It is the duty of the.maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. 11 he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; aud if used after the ;
30th of July, ISfil, and used without a stamp, if
cannot alterwaids be effectually stamped. Any.
failure upon the port of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollnrr.
Suits are commenced in muny States by other
process than writ, viz: summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, ifcc, in which case these, as tho
oriirinal process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The' jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other office, duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of ilvn
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. - --
Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount ot
money to be paid on demand or at auy time de
signate d, art subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to th .
same duty as that imposed upon the original In- -strutnent;
that is to say for every sum of five '
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, ot
the amount secured by the mortsnge, at time ot "
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents, ,
When two or more persons join in the execution
of ah instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and .
cancelled by one of the parties. .
In conveyances of real estate, the. law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed. . - -
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor-
ney accompanying a "bond or note, wheu such",
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp oi
stamps denoting the duty required, nnd whenever,
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is rennired. on such papers." such "
stamp duty being the highest'" rates required for.
such instruments, o Kif.hurof them. Iisuol a
case a note or memorandum of the vnlue or dc-.. -" .
nomination of the stamp affixed., should, be m4iiw
upon the margin or in the ack'n6wiedeuient of , ,
the instrument which is not stamped
Scale of Depreciation, ;
The following Act, in relation to the scaling ol
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent .
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION.
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whekeas, By an ordinance of the Convention, .
entitled "Au ordinance declaring what laws and
ordinances arc in force, and for other purposes'
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1B65,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to V
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate "'
Currency from the time of its first issue to the .
end of the war; and it is further therein declared .
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money, .
whether under seal or not, made after the depre-
ciatiou of said c urrency before the 1st of .Way,!
1SG5, and unfilled (except official bonds undjKTiiil .
bonds payable to the State) shall be dc(h'ied to
have been made with the understanding lhat t'u v
were solvable in money of the said currency,''
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the. State
'; of North- Carolina, and it is hereljy enacted by the
tulhority of the same. That the following scule ot
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
-and established as the measure of value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for, each
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1864, from the 1st day ot November,.-
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1805, to-wit: J ..
Scale of depreciation of Confederate- currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure of value,'
from November 1st, 1861, to May 1st, 1865 : '
. 1 50
December 1st to 10th Inclusive, 35 00
lotn to zutn, w
. 1st to 81st, . . 49 00 ' . . .
' Anwhcreas, Many grave and difficult disputes,
may arise between executors,: adinhrfirtirntor,., -'
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and eestuysque trust, in the settle- -mentof
their accounts and trust, arising irom the -depreciation
of Confederate currency, State tiea-- .'
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that lawsuits and t. r
expetisive litigation may be obviated. - " -v
Be it further enacted. That in all snch easee,'-th "
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and '
perfect statement of the case on botb sides, which s
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen "f-
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con- "V
sider and determine the same, according to eqnity
and good conscience: Provided, however. That no ?
Mirt of this section shall be construed to estop or,
hinder any person from proceeding in the usuul
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy.
niiv -T a VKripininn . i
Post Office, Raleigh, N..C.,'
f,.; Februarys, I860. i
; ' Tho mails will close as follows, on and after
this date : - ,: . - . ' . - .
v. 'Western, daily at I". ........
; Eastern, " "
.-- Northern, " "'" ....
; Fayetteville " -' " . ".. ......
Carthage every Tuesaay at ... .
. Roxboro " Wednesday at. .
.Leachburg" " at..
Office hours from 8 A. M., to 6 P. M., dartng;
the week, and from 8 to 9.30 A. M., on Sundays. ,
All letters to be delivered in the United States,
"ncluding drop letters,) except those addressed to
iads of Executive departments of the govern'
lent, or heads of Bureaus therein or to. chief -
. erks of departments, or one authorized by the.
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