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- Scientific. A Boston journal describes
nn extraordinary "frost flower f Uivssia,
which has been produced, it is said, in ijs
ton, in ft temperature ot artifi.wl cold, in the
following words : .
This wonderful plant, or rather flower, is
found onlv in Hie Northern -boundaries of
Siberia, where the snow is eternal. It was
discovered in ISOi by Count Swinoshot?, the
eminent botanist, who was cnobled by the
Czar for his dioovrry. Jlarsting from the
frozen snow on the first day of the year, :t
grows to the height of three'feet. a:; ! 'lowers
on the third day, remains in (lower for twenty-four
hours and then dissolves itself into
ts orijfhl il clo.n-.Mt .stem, le tves an 1 flow
ers being of th- finest sno.v. The t:ilk U
about one i;iii in diameter; the leaves, three ;
iu number, in the broil. lest part are an inch
nnd a half iu width, and are covered wit.i ;
infinitesimal cones of snow : they grow only ;
on one sid. of the staik, to the north, enrv- ;
in"- ertfeeiiiilv in the s-ino dircetion. 1 tie !
dower when fidly expanded is in shape a per
feet star; the petals are three inches su length. .
haifan inch wide in the broadest parts, and
tapering sharply to n point. Tiiese are also
interlaced one with another, in a !. -autitui
manner, forming the most delicate basket ot
frost work that "the eye ever beheld: for tnily
this is frost work the most wonderful. The
withers are five in number, and o:i the thiril
day after the birth of the " flower of snow,"
are to be seen on the extremities hereof. :
trembling and glittering like diamonds, the
seeds of this wonderful flower, about as large
lis a pin's head ! The old botanist, says
when first he beheld this (lower. " I was
dumb with astonishment; filled with won
derment, which gave way to joy the r.io.M
static on beholding this wouderid wnrk of :
nature, this remarkable phenomenon ot
snow. To sec this (lower springing from tji j
snowy desert born of its own composite ;
atoms ; I touched the stem of one lightly, but
it fell at my touch, ami a morsel of snow only ;
remained ill my hand.' Gathering some of ,
the flowers in snow in order to preserve the
little diamond like seed, he bird to Sr. IV-
tersburg with to him the greatest prize of j
his life time.
All through the year they were kept in
snow, and on the first day of the year follow- '
ing tlie Court of St. Petersburg were delight- j
ed with the bursting forth of the wonderful '
'frost flower: Our friends in Boston sue- j
eeeded in obtaining several of the seeds, and
nil through the summer and autumn they ;
have been imbedded in sno.v brought :it
great expense from the White M ::ita;:i ;
and the coast of Labrador, and they now :
have the most unbounded sati-f.;c:o!i nnd :
pleasure in anuouiu i.ig that ad signs aw fa- :
vorable to the realization of their fondest
hopes, the production of the "(lower of.
fnuiv." The snow and ice are in a hug--
glass refrigerator, with the thermometer
forty-five degrees below zero, and the solid
bed of snow has already begun to show Ii t r i
fissures and a slight bulging in the centre;
unmistakable evidences of the furthcoming
of the phenomenon.
Presidential Temptations. A Wash
ington Utter says :
A good, and what is better, r.n unpub
lished ami authentic story a"out Mr. I.in
colu came to me the other day from a " reli
nble" friend, which may a well lie set up
in your types now as at any other time.
Conversing with Hon. James A. Briggs, for
merly State agent of Ohio in New York, one
day at the White House, the late President
said, in reference to the rush of ofliee-seekers,
and their ingenious devices to secure his at
tention ; " Why, Briggs, I believe there is
even a system of female brokerage in offices,
here in SVashiugton. for I am constantly be
sst by women of all sorts, high and iow.
pretty and ugly, modest, and the other sort.
Here, yesterday, a very handsome young
woman called; she would not take a denial,
was admitted, and went straight to work :
soliciting a certain office for somebody sup
posed to be her husband. She plead his
cause dexterously, eloquently, and at times
was almost successful by her importunate
ntreaties. By degrees she came closer and
closer to me, as I sat in my chair, until real-
ly her face came so near my own that I
thought she wanted me to kiss her. When
lay indignation came to my relief, and
drawing myself back and straightening my
self up, I gave her the proper sort of a look.
and said: "Mrs. , you are very pretty.
and it's very tempting, ui:t I won't." "
If that isn't as good a Lincoln reminis
cence as any of Carpenter's. I am much mis
taken, and those who knew and loved Old
Abe can easily fill in all the gaps in its tell- ,
ing with those peculiar tones and gesture
which his friends all well remember. When :
I heard the story told, I could not help re- ;
marking: "I don't believe James Buchanan
would have withstood that temptation so
well." Do you, Mr. Editor ; And it is
only humane to hope that Mr. Lincoln's sue- '
cessor is not compelled to undergo the tor
ture of such temptations.
Great Invention JV M.,ore Scmn?".t j
Explosion The Spray ComUuxcr. Mr. John !
F. Fergu.so:i, a practical steamboat engineer ;
of 30 years' experience, iias perfected a model '
of an improved spray condenser, applicable !
to any high pressure engine on the Western j
One of the greatest merits of the condenser j
consists in the fact that it at once turns our
high-pressure engines into low-pressure, and
that, at one blow, as it were, deprives our i
Western boats of their terrible fame of being j
as dangerous as a powder magazine, or more j
explosive than the most dangerous gases. i
The high-pressure engines, by using the Spray i
condenser, become low-pressure at once, at- ;
taininj the same power with sixty pounds I
pressure as i3 now required with one hun- j
dred and twenty or one hundred and eighty. '
Mr. Ferguson has exhibited his mo.iel to !
the best practical mechanics and engineers, I
both in this city and Albany ; also"to the '
scientific engine builders and mechanics of
both cities, wdio indorse it with unqualified
The merits of the improved condenser are
manifold, being able to condense one hun
dred and twenty pounds of steam, and from
a vacum of thirteen pounds, a fact to all who
are conversant with the application of steam,
that establishes its utility and certain suc
cess. It cannot weigh over half as much as
the condensers now in use, and being quite
6imple in torm and application anv engineer
can use it.
Mr. Ferguson has been a life-long citizen
of Louisville; first served an apprenticeship
to the trade, and has been an engineer on the
"Western steamers nearly all his life, and is
fully conversant with all the wants, defects
and requirements and uses of steam on the
"Western rivers. He has been in constant
service, and was engineer many years ago of
ourse, of the far-famed, peerless Peytona,
the fastest steamer that ever turned a w heel
on the Western waters.
On one occasion she made the trip from
New Orleans to Owensdoro in four days,
when some portion of her machinery cave
way; an on another occasion she made the
run from Evansville to Portland, 260 miles,
in thirteen hours.
Mr. Ferguson is still engaged as engineer
on the river, and has been on all kinds of
boats, all sizes, little and big. and was the
engineer of the famous low-pressure, J. A.
Cotten, built there just on the outbreak of
the war. She was in the lower trade.
Thespray condenser is a great desideratum
on our Western rivers, and we hope to hear
that has been brought into general use
especially on passenger steamers.
"When Nineveh ban departed and Pal
. niyra is in ruins ; when Imperial Rome has
alien, and the Pyramids themselves are
sinking to decay, it is io wonder, that my
old coat shoiild he Retring seedy at ths ei
, "TV. -"".
JUNE 7. 18G6.
THURSDAY, - -
Mr. Dick ''is willing to submit, in al
events, to the Constitution of the Unitei
States." 1'rav, who is not as it now stands
But we are not willing to submit to such :
one as Tiad. Stevens may frame, if Mr. Die!
is. Mr. Pick, Mr.lloldcn, ami Thad. Steven
are ail on the same platform. They an
mortal enemies to the South and arc schem
ing for her ruin and disgrace. Beware o.
X hem. Sfili!.ur; J&t finer.
Mr. Dick is the same man he was in Ma
1S0.", when he pleaded with the President ii
such eloquent terms for mercy for secession
ists and ir.iitors. From the moment the re
bellion was suppressed up to the prcsen
time, Mr. Dick's voice has been heard on th
side of clemency for the conquered. Wt
honor him for his magnanimity andgoodness-
But how has he been requited for
l?e is a "mortal enemy of the
South,'" and is "scheming for her ruin and
disgrace!" Such a lie rtight to have blistered
the tongue of the person who uttered it.
The Editor of the Dinner only announces in I fleeted this pc-ixm Coleman, a bitter rebel,
rough, terms that which is the feeling of j n j,;s place.
nearly all the seccssioni-fs and Worthites in j Such are some of the fruits of Governor
this Slate. These people hold, not only tkat j Worth's administration. Xh wonder Presi
t he majority in Congress are usurpers and dt.nr Johnson declared in November, that
revolutionists, and as such ought to lie ex- election was most damaging to the cause
peiied from their seals, it such a thing were j of res'.orr.tion. The practical result of his
possible: but they have united in the lixed i t hcium has been that Union men are perse-
purpose to make treason respectable and
honorable, and devotion to the Union odious
and infamous. This is v-alpabk' in all they
wty and do. Now, we meet them more than
halfway on this issue. For the Confederate
soldiers who were forced into the war, and
who fought, as they all fought heroically, we j
entertain respect and esteem. Nearly all of I
tiiem have submitted in good faith to the
national authority, and are at work, striving
to make an honest living. But it is different
with many of the secessionists and latter-day
war men. They, (the originals. l involved
the country in war because they were about
to lose the offices; and now. they and their
latter-day allies are keeping the country
divide.!, and a:e fomenting strife and ill
feeling, because (hey know that the restora
tion of the Union on a loyal bais will again
deprive them of office. They know that be
fore the State can go back they must go out.
Hence their refusal to carry out Prexident
Johnson's plan, and hence their opposition
to any and every plan that promises restora
tion. This is the whole secret of their course.
Thev would ratla
eruain out of the Union :
indelinitcly in oiliee. than to go out of office
to have the Union restored.
The true friends of the South are those
who, like Mr. Dick, warned the people that
t-ccession would involve thc country in war
would result in the loss ot hundreds of thou
sands of lives, in the destruction of vat
amounts of property, in the total loss of slave
Property, and in general demoralization and
ruin ; who labored to make peace from the
i arliest practicable moment, through the in
tervention of the State governments, and
.ho were anxious to restore the Union, and
ihus ensure a permanent, respectable, and
: table government for the p'esent and future
enerations. These were and are the true
sends of the South. Tho.se who pursued an
pposite course were and are our enemies.
; vll the " ruin and disgrace " that have come
' pon us can be clearly traced to those who
1 iffered with Mr. Dick, with the writer of
ds, and with the Union and peace men of
le State generally. We charge upon these
, ten, ashi-tory will fix upon them, the odium
i.nd the disgrace, first, of having ruined
I heir country ; and secondly, of having io
iated the oath they have taken to sutuuit in
good faith to the federal government. We
charge upon them further, as history will lix
upon them, that after the Union men of the
State have generously interposed to save
their property from confiscation an'd their
necks from the halter, they have nieanly
t timed upon them, and with a spirit of in
gratitude and selfishness that would disgrace
an American savage, have endeavored to de
stroy their good name and hand them down
to posterity as odious and infamous. Hut
the Union men defy them. They laugh at
their efforts to work themselves into respect
ability, or to shake from their shirts the
iitainsof treason. Thev are murke.l. Even
now. after all the;r baseness, if they will re- .in infamous doctrine. I stand up for North
pent and submit thev may be soared ; but 1 'nroiina upon all occasions, and treat eon
i .. ,i i i -ii i i ' tcmptuonslv anv such insinuation. She will
unless tuev do this thev will be -pursued. 1 . , , r,.- .
- - 1 '; i,i rer tarnish her name. I ;ie honest masses
exposed, and held up to the country in their : vvifi,;,, .or borders would never place in
true colors until all good people will shun power, or keep in power any man, who
them, and until history shall record them, j would in any way sanction such an idea."
first, as the authors of their country's ruin, i I'1'3 following is from a letter dated at
and then as fomenters of strife and sedition Wiliiamsboro,' Granville County, N. C,
after they had professed to repent, and had ' 114J' 25th:
solemnly sworn to walk humbly and meeklv, ' "One thing is certain that, to require of
as it was their duty to do. as the only expia- ! ?hc, Southern people payment in full of their
, , , Z. , . . J f, I indebtedness, up to the time of the suiren-
tion they could offer for their crimes. The ; ,k.r ,vilI bankrupt niueteen-twentiethsof our
Union men are backed and sustained not people. Rest assured that something must
only bv a consciousness of right, but bv thc be done. What or how are the absorbing
whole prestige and power of the government, questions, and how must be solved by m.r
. ,i. i. .., , . . , members ot Convention or Legislature ! To
The result ot the contest now going ou be- sav tbilt we OI)fllt 1o repudiate uncondition-
tween true men and traitors cannot le aliy is perhaps going too far, but some relief
doubtful. Treason will be made odious, and must be given. I see from tiie Standard that
"conscious traitors" icill be punished. Se- t,ic friends of Gov. Worth favor an early ad
v , ,. e . iournment of thc Convention, without any
cession radicals may exult for a season m .hing hclng ac(;nlplished. I hope our del
the midst of the rum they have wrought, but nation will not consent to this. In Mecklen
in the end they will be covered with confu- i burg County, Va., thc state of affairs at
sion, and consigned, with their latter-day i PliSt nt is much worse tl,an 5t here, for the
,,. . . ., , , - , ... I reason that sueing to an unprecedented ex-
all.es, not only to the shades ot private hfe, ,,nj, . " Thnt is ,. ...
butt) merited obloquy and contempt.
" Y Y" of the Sentinel in i-noicn. He is
a poor creature who has hung around the
precincts of power for many years past, sub
sisting on those little leavings which are
scorned by honorable men.
He is as grovelling and cowardly as he is
mean and traitorous at heart.
" How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester !
Make less thy body hence, and more thy grace ;
Leave gormandizing; know, the grave doth gape
For thee thrice wider than for other men."
And other yices.
We learn that an attempt was made, on
Monday night last, by some burglar or bur
glars, to enter the clothing store of Messrs.
Harding, Andrews & Co., on Fayetteville
street. They endeavored to effect an en
trance into the back door, by the use of an
auger, and, while in the act, Mr. Andrews
opened upon them with grape and canister ;
whereupon they laid down their tools and
retired, not being so successful as they anticipated,
"eraeeutiou of UBion-Meu iu Western .
We alluded recently to the persecution of
,nion men in the Western part of this State,
nd we have since learned that at the late
crm of the Superior Court for Clay County.
Ir. Soliciter Coleman caused one hnwlreil
nd ser-nty tire e indictments to be found
gainst Union men, and only three against
We have learned this from W. II. Ilogshed,
f Clay County, who has travelled three Inju
red and seventy-five miles to appeal to Gen.
higer for justice in the name of the persecu
ed Union men of Western Carolina.
It is reported that President Johnson has
'so been appealed to on this subject, and
iat he has ca'led the attention of Gov.
orth to these things. There is no ground
;r hoping that Gov. Worth will do justice
i the persecuted I'nion men of this State,
so is in full sympathy with such men as Mr.
Solicitor Coleman, and his organ, theS7.'"',
s constantly engaged in assailing and ridi-
i (Vilin" the true L'nion men of this State.
The Provisional Governor appointed Ii.
M. Henry Fsq., a loyal man, Solicitor of the
mountain Circuit, but the last Legislature
cuted and oppressis!. while traitors are
;:!aecd in office to lord it over the friends oi
the national government It these tilings are
to continue, our Union people will become
indifferent anil lose ail heart. It is hard that
the incoming of the Union forces, and tiie
.m fur! lug ,, the oid Hag, should bring no
jvlief to those who were oppress:?-.! and per-
ser-uted by the rebel governments at Rich
mond and Raleigh on account of their Union
The Trial oOIr. Davis.
The last Richmond :.".! .says:
"The present condition of the cise of Mr'
Davis is this : It was e.r.noun'-ed (hat t he
i-ourt to try him would open its session :.t
Richmond yesterday. A certain portion ot
his counsel arrived here on Sunday, at 4 A.
M.. ready to proceed with his trial at once.
"Ir. O'Cor.or ;s;id Ex-Governor Pratt, of
Maryland, did not come through to Rich
mond, bet remained :it Washington-to insure
such action then- as might be-appropriate in
the event of a trial not being had here.
Hide is every reason to believe that no e.c
th.il affecting Mr. Davis wiii be had here.
I so. lucre ii re good grounds for believing
that lie wiil either be admitted to hail or pa-
oletl. He is prepared to furnish bail in the
;.-:nouut of half a mi'Mou of dollars. It is
most pro! aUc. howe- cr. that he v. ill be pa-
ro!e:l. and Unit liei.iil never he tne.l. As
. :i--re lias !e. :i some iiii.-underMandhig about
'. he names of his counsel, we will state that
in- !cniors are Messrs. O'Conor. Wiiiiain R.
Read, i Philadelphia. G. W. Urown. of
:ilihnere. Kx-t Governor Pratt, of Marvland,
:U.ii!i -s T. Rrady, of New York." The
!i'er counsel are Messrs. George Shea,
i.-iries Gross, of Philadelphia. Thomas II.
i.-a:! and IMwin A. Van Sickle."
It would be a terrible blow to the loyal
ntiment of thc country to allow Mr. Davis
. escape without trial. No one that we
lowofthursts for his blood, and but for
e seditious and treasonable conduct of his
llowers the government would have been
stified ere thi i insetting him loose. Hiss
llowers and partisans are forcing the gov
nment to ileal with him severely. On their
ad be the odium, if any, of trial, convie-
n. tin. I punishment. They might yet save
m. if ihey would. We doubt if they really
Nli to save him. If they could make poli
al capital by his death, and thus obtain
!ce. they would not care how soon he was
jcd, Convicted, anil executed.
We make the following extracts from let
rs received by the Editors. The extracts
plain themselves. Roth are taken from
.ters written by gentlemen of intelligence 1 qualification of five years citizenship, inr.nr
id ability. The following is from a gen- ! 'Uiitely i-wllii'i the chty of tU.ti.,,,, which
man in New York City, under date of
'-I notice, in the N. Y. JLri'IJ, of yes
rday. the word "repudiation," in a dis
itch referring to the doings ot the Conven
or. 1 was amav.ed that any one should
.-er have thought of such a word in such a
c ninectiou. If there is any man f ufficiently
- U'liioraiizcd in North-Carolina to think of
ueh a thing, he can now, I venture to say,
iave the boldness to give utterance to such
may be kept off from our people by proper
legislation. At tirst 1 was opposeit to repu-
diation or a twenty-five years' stay law, but
now I am convinced that something must be
done for the relief of the debtor class of our
Kittkei.is. It will be seen by the notice
iu our paper to-day, that Dr. Blacknall can
accommodate a few boarders, at his residence
near Kittrell's. We speak from experience
when we say that the Kittrell waters are very
fine, and that Dr. Blacknall is excelled by
none in his attention to his guests. If you
wish to pass your time pleasantly and to
have the benefit of these excellent waters,
call on Dr. Blacknall.
We are glad to hear that Mr. Riddick's
Female School, at the Springs, is in a highly
More Cases of Cholera In New York.
"New"York, June 3. Twelve new cases of
cholera occurred to-day in this city, and five
deaths on hospital ships. Several sad cases
occurred on the steamer Peruvian, and thirty
cases of diarrhoea on the steamer Portsmouth.
A southeast storm prevailed in this city
The -Sentinel- the organ of Gov. Worth
issues its orders to the State Convention, a
follows: . . ; v .."I .
"The Convention' is already kindling the
fires of dissatisfaction and discontent in the
State,' by its persistence in ordinary legisla
tion. Let it not raise to a flame that dis
content by any action that stultifies and de
grades the people of the State."
What does this mean ? The Convention
j wus elected for (he express purpose of re
j storing tiie State to the Union. That work
i is not yet accomplished. Tiie Convention
j is still a loyal body by a decided majority.
I We trust it will remain in session until some
i final action is had in Washington- on the
subject of restoration ; nnd that it will not
dissolve itself finally until the State is re-
i stored. Loyal men, patriots do not fear
! (his Convention ; and the fact that traitors
j and malcontents do fear it. should endear it
i still more to our people. If any " flame " of
' resistance to its authority should break out,
; it would be speedily smothered by the strong
; hard of power, and those who are fanning
j that (lame would be consumed in it. Does
j Gov. Worth endorse this language of his or-
! pin I-
t uis defiant and insolent hingtiag(
i ,vi,iC" u towr-U tbc (-"nventuw I!
lie noes :ie ougiii ro oe uau siei ny me
! President. We have daliied with treason
an 1 traitors long enough.
Proceedings of 1 tie Convention.
! Titk.iav. Jane 5th, ISGfi.
Mr. Ferehee, a. resolution in relation to ud
' jou: e.me'.t.
Mr. Jones of Rowan, a resolution in rela
; lion to usury laws.
Mr. Waikt'.p an ordinance to extend the
time for perfecting titles to land sold for
Mr. G l issom nn ordinance concerning wills
and tesf.inii :.ts.
On ni-.'.iou of Mr. Phillips the ordinance
' was recommitted.
Mr. i'hiiiips a resolution raising a com
; iiiit'ce of live to enquire into the expedien
cy of lighting tin- Capitol withgas. Adopted.
Mr. Moore of Wake, a report from the
committee on the Constitution, recommend
ing thc passage oi'the substitute for Art. IV,
ecuons and 4 ot the reported Con-
., , . ' ", ,, , i , "1
that no new eolintv snail liercatter lie lormeu
:: :,. i .i !. ion,- .......
II I. O'lit.llll i tn. .11 lilt: l.'tl. p. Ill u:t-
population ot the State, or it in its lorui-i-tiosi
any other county or counties be reduced
bciow I he said 120th part of said popula
tion. The report of thc Committee on thc Con
stitution establishing the cilice of Lt. Gov
ernor was read.
In order to obtain the opinion of theCon-
i ventioii upon this ordinance, Mr. Moore
i moved to strike out the words " Lieutenant
Governor" in the 1st section.
Mr. Moon- said he would vote against his
own amen bnent. for he favored the estab
lishment of the office of Lt. Governor. lie
was sustained ill this by the Constitutions of
tiiree-fourths ot" the States of the Union.
Mr. Iiuxton said he hoped the amendment
to strikeout the words " .. Governor" would
rtor prevail. Tiie necessity of this office was
apparent. The Senate of North Carolina
. would have a presiding officer ready to call
it. to order on thc very first day. and the ex-
! peiise and political excitement oftlre membi rs
remaining here, balloting day after day for
the eie-tion of a Speaker, would be done
awav with forever. Resides the Constitu
tions of thrce-tonrths of the States of the
. UiMoii provided for Lt. Governors.
Mr. Conigland opposed th' innovation.
He thought one of the chief glories of Xorth
Ciroiina was the simplicity of her Const i-
. tu'ion. He was opposed to marring it.
The necessity of the office of Lt. Governor
was already provided for i;i tiie person of
the Speaker of the Senate. It would only
be preparing another ic-st for some politi
cian. i Mr. lioydcn also favored the cstablish
j mcr.t of the office of Lt. Governor.
Mr. Moore withdrew his amendment to
strike out, and moved the adoption of the
; 1st sec tion.
i The reus and nays were called which re
sulted in its adoption yeas, !)f; nays. 11.
j Mr. Moore, of Wake, moved an amendment
requiring ot the Governor nnd Lt. Governor a
Mr. Grissom moved to strike out that part
: of the section requiring oi th.; Governor and
I Lt. Governor a landed qualil'tea! ion of ;i..i0i"l.
Mr. Grissom said that this motion required
I some ! Mildness on his part, lie did not see
I the necessity of such a qualification for the
i Governors. Of the President of the United
j States and members of Congress no such
quaiitication was required, lie was opposed
j to such landed qualifications anyway,
j Mr. Moire looked upon this as an entcr-
ing wedge towards doing awav with landed
i qualifications. He favored such qualiliea
' tions. Jlepresentatioii and taxation went to
gether. How could the Lt. Governor or
Governor lie the representatives of the State,
wirhout being interested, in the taxable prop
erty of the State. Ho desired the Gov-
' ernor to have all the qiiaiilications, which
j distinguish the better citizens ot the State.
I He iii t not wish to enter the chair as a
j representative of the will of the majority
i merely, but also as the representative of the
; landed property. He was not prepared to
cast away tins anchor, with which our lore
fathers brought to the old Ship of State,
when sailing too fast, under Executive colors.
Mr. Grissom contended that this landed
interest would al ways protect itself. Tnat
when the people elected a Governor all the
property was represented by the people
themselves in that election. Let the qualifi
cation for Governor be a sufficient length of
residence iu the State. Among the most
ignoble politicians in the State were some of
the landed proprietors. Does a property
qualification guarantee patriotism (
If the gentleman from Wake was willing
to trust the people in a choice for Governor
between white and black, believing that
they would choose a white man, why not
trust them in regard to property ? Is any
property owned outside tiie people ? Do
they not represent, and will they not regard
the interests of the property of the State in
elections for Governor.
As regards the question of taxation and
representation, Mr. Grissom asked, cannot;
the county magistrates tax us, cannot Con
gress tax us, anil are property qualifications
requireil of cither Congressmen or magis
At the conclusion of Mr. Grissom's re
marks, Mr. McCorkle said that this provision
for property qualification was engrafted into
our Constitution from the laws of England.
In forming the Articles of Confederation for
the General Government, after long con
sideration, our forefathers rejected property
qualifications, either for the Legislative, ju
diciary or Exeeutiye departments. Only
one State then voted for landed qualifica
tions, and only three for property qualifica
tion other than land.
Up to 1800, out of , the 86 States in the
Union, only 5 now retained a property qual
ification among them North-Carolina. But
it is contended that such qualifications fos
ter a spirit of conservatism. What State
had 'so large a property qualification as
South-Carolina ? - None. - Yet this property
qualification, by placing the. government of
that State in the hands of the few, bad real-
ly liecome a f5?untain-iiead for Southern rad
icalism. As a type for those Northern States
possessing projjerty qualification, he quoted
Massachusetts, from wiience similar .evils had
Such qualifications were against the genius
and spirit of republican institutions. These
qualifications exclude much of the merit ami
worth of the State frcm our Legislative
Mr. McKay, of Harnett, said that the peo
ple were not demanding these innovations.
He was opposed to making them. The
reason why such qualifications were not re
quired in Congress, was that different States
had different qualifications, and the difficul
ty of framing a general statute upon that
subject was apparent.
Is twenty-five hundred dollars too great a
qualification for the Governor of the State i
Is that too great an interest in the soil of
your State to be possessed by a Governor ?
The servants of the people should have an
interest in common with them. The people,
who owned the property of the State, de
sired this safe-guard. It was a barrier against
adventurous demagogues, who might come
among us. and in an hour of brief authority,
impose onerous burden. upon the people.
If we desire dignity and respectability, let
us retain these qualifications.
Mr. Winston moved to amend the section
by striking out 2,500 and inserting $3,000,
! , ...... V;,... A . 1
:ir.,Kn lavol.L.a thc 'proposition of
Mr. Logan argued that property qualifica
tions had become a farce, and were so regar
ded. One of the limbs of property qualifi
cation had been lopped off by free suffrage,
so that it had actually come to be of no prac
tical benefit. One of the best representatives
from i.ss county lie ever knew owned only
tiie top of a mountain, valued at about $50,
and remained a qualified member for years,
and a good member too.
Property qualification docs not make an
identity of interest with the people. Resi
dence does. A man may own a 1.000 dol
lars woith of land in North-Carolina and yet
reside in New York. His interests are not
with us. Did ho make his residence here
for life, his interests would become our in
terests. Therefore he gave notice that he
intended to move an amendment mnkingthe
qualification of resilience for Governor as
long as oo.;s:ii!e.
; Mr. Cahhvel! of Guilford, said he was in
j favor of keeping there checks in (he Con
i stitutioa. He would favor if necessary a
j property quaiitication for the lowest as well
j as the highest officers. Tiiey did not debar
! merit or worth from the Legislative Halls,
j they stimulated industry and honesty and
! offered them a r-. .ar.. Besides tiiose quali
fications would jiar.mtee to the people of
i the State, that their Governor was interested
! . . ., .i, .
I m the soil o: toe Ma. e.
Tiie experience of other States, that had
retained those -.lualiii.avions to the protec
tion of t!u ir best interests in times of trouble,
admonished us to retain them t-ow.
Mr. .Moore, of Wake, said t hat reference
; had been made t- the fact that no property
i qualification was require-1 of. the Presi lent
i of the Un't- 1 States. Tiie Presidents have
I come from the people, and are elevated to
j that high office for their eminent anil con
: spiciou.; qualifications. They always pass
I through intermediate grades of ofiiee, and for
j the President there is perhaps no r.eeessity
at all for such a qualification. Judges had
i been referred to in the same c:".use( tion. he
! said. He had never heard that any such
I qaalilicatioa was any where required of
i judges. But he had hear 1 of uations, pros
1 perous and happy, that, after abolishing pro
I pcrty qualifications indiscriminately, were
; hurried lo ruin.
j In relation to the qualification of Con
! gressmen. at the time ot the adoption ot the
i t'onstitiftion he said, al! the electors for Con
! gressmen voted under property qualifications.
' These electors were the same for the lower
House of the Legislature in every State and
, for Congressmen, and a freehold qualification
! we.-- then a universal thi.-g. We can see
: therefore tiiat there was no necessity for
l Congressmen, to lie so qualified, because
the voters would have been qualified in
I the first instance. Therefore, if you desire
j a property qualification for members of Con-
gress. in the spirit of the Constitution, qnal
j iry the electors. They were so qualified at
one time, but Time, which sweeps away the
! muniments of civil liberty, had been busy
i witii those bequeathed to us. One by one,
; they had been falling away.
Was this qualification an odious thing,
i that if should be contemptuously wiped out
: of our organic law '. lie venerated the Con
; stitutioa. Whenever it became necessary to
i touch that instrument, he would do so, but
! oniy for the very best of reasons.
lie held that the Governor was the repre
sentative of the people the State; that in
order to be a true icprcsent.-itive lie must
. combine the will of the people and the lan
i ded interests, must be himself a composition
,! or" those principles blended in the formation
j of the Senate and House of Commons.
) In regard to the quaii'ieaiion of magis
j trate-;. lie apprehended that had ourforc lath
ers loreseen tue abuse oi toe present system
they would have required qualifications for
After some further remarks by Mr. Moore,
Messrs Grissom, McCorkle and Purches ad
dressed the Convention.
Tiie question being called on the motion
to strike out, the yeas and nays were deman
ded yeas Si", nays 7."i. The Convention re
fused to strike out. Adjourned.
Wedxksday, June Cth. 188G.
Petition from A. E. Jacobs praying to be
relieved from tax on billiard table.
By Mr. Buxton, a petition from Henry In
gold praying to be settled on a farm. .
By Mr. Adams, a petition from citizens of
Davidson county praying that this Conven
tion give to the people the right of electing
Judges, Solicitors, etc. Referred to constitu
Mr. Ward, a report from thc committee in
corporations recommending the passage of
an ordinance incorporating a Mining and
Mr. Settle stated that the company had re
ceived their apparatus to commence, boring
for petroleum, that this ordinance was merely
an act incorporating of a company, looking to
the development of the resources of the State,
and he, therefore, moved that it be put upon
it several readings, which was agreed to.
The ordinance .being amended to comply
with provisions of revenue law, it passed its
Mr. Jor.es of Davidson, moved to take up
a resolution, raising a special committee to
report what debts of the State were made in
aid of rebellion, and w'hat were not. "Which
was agreed to, nnd the resolution adopted.
On motion of Mr. Foy an ordinance intro
dvted by himself " for the relief of the people"
was ordered to be printed. .
Mr. Allen, an ordinance in relation to the
contracts made between railroads and ex
press companies. Referred.
"Mr. "Walkup, an ordinance for thc speedy
trial of minor offence by three justices of
Mr. Grissom, from the committee reported
recommending the pass.-tge of "an ordinance
to authorize exchange or State bonds for cer
tain causes," with an amendment protecting
the State from additional expense.
Mr. "Wright made enquiry as to whether
railroad bonds issued during the war, with
" Confederate States " upon them, authori
zed, however, by acts of Legislature prior to
the war, could be also exchanged under this
Mr. Moore moved the recommittal of the .
ordinance. '" . -
Mr. Buxton offered an amendment, which,
with ordinance, was sent to the committee.
Mr. McDonald of Moore moved : to take
up the substitute for his resolutions reported
from the special committee, on federal rela-
tions; dispatching. icommissioner8 to Wash
ington, which was not agreed to.
Being the consideration f the substitute for
article III of revised Constitution, except the
t 'tree last sections, which substitute provides
of the State, not a native, heretofore quail
tied under the Constitution to act as Gover
. I...H i. ,..-i.,.i..o i. .o i... !,.-., i.......
I , aiiiiu i uai.iui.itvi, iiuriutii Alt; una mxil
! a citizen for live years past.
) Mr. Logan, an amendment requiring the
Governor and Lieutenant Governor to take
oath of their eligibility to the respective offi
ces to which they may be chosen.
Tiie second section, with amendments,
was passed over temporarily.
On motion ot Mr. Winston, the returns of
election for Governor and Lieutenant Gov-
j ernor were made returnable to the Speaker
j oi tho House of Commons.
On motion of Mr. Logan, the amendment
offered by himself above to the second sec
tion, was transferred to the Cth section, and
j adopted. It was subsequently made a sepe
I rate section, no. 7.
On motion of Mr. Caldwell, of Burke, all
j of section 1 1 after the word " law " in the 3d
! line, was stricken oitt.
j THE .iriWI.Wi DEPAItT.WE.Vr
j of the Constitution was next considered.
j The substitute reported by the committee
i was read.
j la section 2d, Mr. Thompson moved to
j strike out the words in 2nd line 44 or four,"
limiting the number of justices of Supreme
Court to three.
Mr. Thompson said he desired to fix the
number of the Justices of the Supreme Court
by constitutional enactment. He desired to
place the Supreme Court beyond the pow-er
of the Legislature to render it an indepen
dent dejiartment in the State government.
If the number be left open, the Legislature
by appointing associate Justices to fill the
two vacancies, could over-ride the decisions
j of the Court. It is well known, he said, that
; when unpopular decisions are rendered or
; v. c incii , filled, a disaffected party in this
-State in. .iriabiy attempts to subvert the
i Supreme Court. This department of the
! government, so necessary to the a.lininistra
; tion of justice, was powerless to protect itself,
j Let us render it independent, and by limit
: ing the number of Justices place it beyond
i the power of the Legislature to pack the
j Supreme Court, and overturn a decision,
! which might be unpopular but undoubtedly
i correct. It should be protected against tiie
' Legislature especially, for in that body,
: which is almost the supreme power in this
j State, tiiese eiTorts for the injury of the Su
' preme Court are originated,
i Mr. lioyiien said it was the opinion of
Judges liadger and Knflin that the Supreme
. Court of this State should consist of four
i Justices. England now had live. That was
j the number which he favored. lie was up- j
j posed lo limiting the number to three by i
Constitutional enactment. j
Mr. Eaton agreed with Mr. Thompson, and .
i thought that three Justices were amply suf- j
' -icent. He referred to the high character of ;
: the Supreme Court of this State, and urged j
; that it be riadeailogetht-r independent of the
j power of the Legislature. j
: Mr. Uovtlen rejoined enforcing his former ;
! position, when !
' The question being called, the yeas and !
' nujs wen- demanded, resulting in the fulop- j
tion of the amen.'lmitit, yeas 73 ; nays !
j Leave of ii'im-ikv was granted for Mr. !
! Johnston of Washington.
I Mr. Gris.-om moved lotake up l:is resold- J
tion providing for itfternoon sessions. A 1
i motion to lay on table was lost, yeas 40; j
: nays i.
: The resolution was adopted, and the Cor.
; ventioii adjourned.
If any one believes that the course of such
! a paper :.s the Richmond L'j:n:iner is benefi-
rial to Southern interests, he is much mista
; ken. Its bitter and virulent denunciations
! of the L'nio-.i Governor of Virginia i; not on-
I ly uncalled for. but is a positive injury.
tenant Governor, the qualifications, duties, had been using threats for several da- ,' lf''
&c, of the Executive was taken up. had leen to-day put under arrest, m;;i .I'i'f'
Mr. Winston mover! to insert white " was about to be lUt into thi- ., .. i." "
! before native," in section 2nd, requiring j in company witn another colored Mar i
i th.: Governors to be white men. Adopted, j accompanied hi-.u for the puri;oo i, ! i"
I Mr. McCorkle moved to amend tiie same attack upon the police, cut tin" nn. .'e
I oif ivi-t nrn'il-Tiif -Hi-it ri Hiflir t-i I 111 tVO l)lllOlS. riMt tmlioo . .
I nen t.ov. rifqmnt urst assumed ti:e oince j may 1, UjOiV. l'J 3ui.
I of Governor, and when affairs were greatly ; -
unsettled and the prospect seemed rather S Hill's 15air Tye SO Cents. Black ur
i dangerous, every Virginian was loud in his j Brown. Instantaneous, lcaul5t'nl, nnratilr, re
i praise. Eve:! if he has not done exactly i liatle. Tj U-t and cheapest i: use. r. j.t
right since then, or acted in a way to plea.: j No. (Si John StnrctcwT.H-k. l! t.v a)i Dnta,
j everybody, he deserM.- credit for doing as p;,tc,-.t .Mod'u-iw. IVrtmnerj and Faiiey ili
i well as he has. Let us be consistent ; and ' stores evi-vi Lcre.
while frankly acknowledging that our sym- S Mart-li V-i, IStlK. ly.
j pathics were with the Confederacy, let us j , - , , , " , , , ,
i tr. kj,R'lI'I t!iuse U"i,,n 'Vf Ui"-u'1 TA7iTVnTOTVKCHASE7
jus kindly when we all considered ourselves j
i in imminent peril. The Richmond Jhrnmiiur, ( A uoL'SE LOT IX KATLEIGH. THU size
j by its uu;ust aAsstults rqion President Davis' i kay le fc-naU. iriee vuivsi be moilenite, ti-nns . t
! a-l ninistration. did much to break down thc layitinn, C'asii. The toatii-wcst iart i f tf.
Confederacv, while professing great friend-
siiip for the cause. It is now doing injury
to the boutli hv linneci-ssaril v altusim' cer-
tain citizens of Virginia who are looked ui-
on by the government as original Union
men. Charlotte Uenuterat.
The New Pahtv. It is
a little amusing
how quietly the
to see how speedily and
iriovement for organizing a new part v lias
"gone to the bad" The few Republicans
of prominence who were engaged' in it, are
becoming ashamed of their blunder, and
busy themselves in endeavors to prove, that
after all, they did not intend to do anything,
or lend their countenance to anything that
would cause a break in the Union lines.
j The democrats, who hoped to capture the
uaoinet secretaries no maive a general com
bination under their lead upon a new plat
form, are disgusted to find that those gen
tlemen unitedly stand by the principles of
the party which called them into power, and
repudiate with decided emphasis the dama
ging association sought, to be forced upon
them. They therefore demstnd a re-organization
of the Cabinet ; but to their mortili
calion anil chagrin, the President manifests
no disposition to take their advice, and even
the blunt and outspoken Harlan retains his
portfolio. The Chicago platform democra
cy the disloyalists of the war may as well
accept the doom of destiny. It is ordained
that they and their belongings shall be at
tainted for all time. It is epiite as impossi
ble that they shall return to power now, as
&, would have been for the Tories to assume
control of the Government after thc Revolu
tion. Albany Evening Journal.
Mr. Doolittle read from the amnesty pro
clamation, and maintained that full amnesty
for the past ami full restoration to citizen
ship were granted under it. He knew that
it was said that a constitutional amendment
was superior to nil laws, but was it riiiht.
was it just, in violation of their pledgei:4.!
laitli, to pass an amendment abrogating then
own laws ? He never could acknowledge
that the law of might was the law of right ;
and as to the matter of these pardons, from a
paper in his hand, which he believed to he
correct, it appeared that of the prominent
rebels yet unpardoned, there were 130 major
anil i r'.giM ier generals. 88 members of Can
gress, 158 ex-United States army officers, 123
ex-United States navy officers, 37 prominent
rebel officers, including cabinet ministers,
&c. There were plenty enough of these to
punish, excluding even those army ' officers
who had surrendered on the field, and who
might be supposed to be excluded from pun
ishment by the terms of the surrender.
" Sam," said a mother to one of her " wciry
obedient" sons, one day, ' how many log's
have you sawed, ch "Why, marm whim
I gets this 'un and three others sawed, I'll
have four." ' . -
. Time ia said to be money certainly, not
a few use it freely in paying their debts.. ,
- ; ' '. v- For the Standard
- A Homicide. The cheerinn- of ti e I o
troops as they started on tiir ho.Veu ;
trip, had scarcely, died upon the ear i
our town was startled by reiterated
of fire arms. A frecdman who, i'lnn tin'!'
defense used pistols.
or t!,.. .
was shot dead and thn tW ? ... '""-i.-s
i.. - ii....: . , "i e'.iii
i mi-, i i-maps we mav Ii
ear more pm-t;,-,j.
Goldshoro,' June 4th, lS(ifi.
'Raleigh -'Mobcj- Markit,
r It t-tj.ii ...... . . . .......
Silver, huiic ill"!
North (Jaroliuu liuiuis
North Carolina Kailroud Co'iqu'aYs
North Carolina Coupons
New York Ki-iiauc, (seiliujj)
NO.lTII-CAltOl.INA 11AXK NOT':
Dank of Cape Pear."...
" laycttuville !!!!!"!!
" Tiiomusviile .
44 Wade.sbor.' .!.'"
Commercial Hank of Wiiiniiiirton"
Farmers' Uat.k of Greensboro"..
Merchant' Bank of Newborn
Miners' anil Planters' Bank..."
JISX G. WILLI 13IS & CO., Brokers
RALEIGH, N. c. ' '
I-RICES OP KOKTU-CAHOLIXA BANK Mvrr
ilauk ol'Nortl.-Carolina, goiil iciirrJiie
44 Cape Fear '
41 Caarlfsttc. !"".""'
44 Graham ."."."..".
44 Koxborough V.V.'.V.V
44 Tr.omasville I !"""'
44 Fayetteville '.
44 Yancey viile ;
.Miners' .nut Planters' Bank
Furuiers B.ciU. Grecnsborom,-,!
Com.iK-reial ihmk, Wilniiagti.n. ......
Merchants' Bank. Newborn
. . . Lit
-. - i:i
roinscctin wkeki.t jy
WM. C. UfCIXUKCH, GROCEIi, KALF.Hill,
APPLES per bushel
COFFEE per pound,
CoTi'vN' ;v-r pound,
KGviS jx.r "d,)Ze1 jx...
i'bOLit . .
ItiJl'ci none in market
M 1LASSKS r.. r gallon "
' Sweet, none
CTORX i-r bnsiiel
ROJilX per barrel, jn sales
TtTJlPEXTIXE per uMloa, noi e.
lltci II 75
MARRIAGE AND CKI.IIIACY, u Ks
Siiy ot Warning anil lust met ion lor Young Mm
Also, Uisi-itses and AIiusl-s w!,jt-h prostmle tlie
vilal powers, with smv Jiiiaes of niief. Scut
free of charge iu c-i-aietl letter enrelope. '
Aildres-s Ir. J. SKILIJN IHVUHTON,
ilovrunl AasiK-iutiou, i'Uilatlv- pUia, J'a.
j City pnfcirttL Anyone Laving suc-ii a I...t
i bP-e ol" wiil address li, at il,e Stu,ml
i i...... e
Ai II (id
j irATSOX'S PIIOTOGKAPJJ
i PHOTOGrtAPRS l.AKGE AN'D
i plain an. coiored, Vrrioty-esi, Am
Carte tie viites ; lso, that new ami l-antili:l
; f' "f r"'u" ',1,'1 Alkatjes. !1 i-x--hi J
at ehort notice.
A call is cdlieiti-tl.
-2A-lv. J. V WATSOS.
t'CTIOS SALES OF
ir- GOV12RKJHENT PROPERTY
AT NEBEHN, N. C, ON FRIDAY, Jl'NE
15th, 18i. 'U he sold at public anction, lion-is,
Mule. Steam Engine. &H-mu Boilers, Vi-rpr.
Tools, Horse and Mnle, Shoes and Nails, S:t!-:a'.il
a larjje (pi.mlity of oilier property. Teums
Cash, U. S. Currc cy.
Bv order of Col. II. C. Gakbeii,
Chief Q. M. Dept. of N. C.
J. D. STUBB3.
BreM. Lieut. Col. & A. Q. M.
may 29, HUM. SI t J
STRAYED OR STOLEN FROM MY RFSI
DKN'CE, oil Satunltev, Mnv TJtli inst,, a DAHK
GREY MAKE MULE, f apposed to he five or six
years old, about four feet, five or six inches tiiirli,
drooped rumps, tnd havinju wLite 6n)ts on either
side ot her back, caused by the working f
saddle. I pnrchascd SHid mule last Vari-li at
Croodnp Mitchell's sale, below Ilcttrtsiielirs nut's.
I will reasonably reward any pt-rscn wl.o win
arrest said mule and return herto mi', or give me
any information so that I tret her turaiii.
may 20 Stpd. JOSE I'll KELLY..
An eveellont Ikwn and Stables, in Rnlrnrh.
Apolyat STANDARD OFFICE.
February 28, lStai. tf
10,000 lbs. OLD STEEL, IN LOTS TO
suit Fanners for Plantation work, as elieap, or
eucaper, than Iron, snd much better.
Apply to J. C. K. LITTLE,
npril 10 tl. Sttperintcntlent IL & O. Jt K.
rjTMIE SUBSCRIBER MAY BE FOUND WITH
HART & LEWIS
No. 44, Fayetteville Street.
Ilfs msTM-etuillv invites his old fnstoiui'VS,
the public, to the extensive assottuveat of
Uardward, Cntlery and Hoiise-FBriibain Coods
now in Store. ,rT
april 10 10-tf. . J. BSOWX
JUST RECEIVED I , .
At No. 44, FapPttevillc Street.
Plain and Fluted Castor.
Painted and Ornamented Toilet Sets.
Fire Proof Tea Pots.
Handsome Tea Trays.
.-- J. BROWN, wi.h
Raleigli, pril 2S tt . - HART & LEtt.IS
' 1 .-.