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: ' "LIBERTY .amp;:. Union; now f Aivn TfOREVER, oifE u ani TTvnT An AnT,v-"-D,juti Wgbtr' -; "';.;-;";-A-v .-- :" :. i-.,.::
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REMARKS OF MR. HOWARD,
Or KDGKCOMBK, - '
In Convention, June 16tA, 18C0,'wt the pro
. posed dta'nge in the Batis of He-presentation.
Mr. President : A few. days ago, when
we had what delegates were pleased to call a
'love feast" over what they considered a
just and fair compromise of this question,
feeling that it would be useless to attempt
to stem the coiumiugled tide of Eastern and
Western influence, and thinking that in a
few moments' a vote would place the terms of
the adjustment on record. I arose simply to
enter my protest against it either as a com
promise or as embodying the true principles
of sound conservative government. I should
have been content with this simple express
ion of my dissent, had the matter proceeded
to its consummation. But it did not, and as
I find the Convention disengaged, while the
delegates from Lincoln and Orange are set
tling the details of this treaty of amity and
peace," I hope I shall be pardoned for set
ting forth the considerations which shall in
fluence my vote.
Before doing so, however, I will candidly
admit that when I first came to this city, and
before I had fully investigated and well con
sidered this question, I did express to Eas
tern delegates a probable willingness to ac
cept the provision about to be adopted. And
I will also state, that I still believe, that the
West, under the nev apportionment of pow
er, will be incapable of inflicting wrong upon
the East, except by the desertion of her own
representatives induced by the honors or
emoluments of olfice.
Were this then, a simple matter of State
policy, I would add nothing more ; but in
my opinion, it is not only no compromise,
but the unjust disturbance of a compromise;
not only a desertion of the great, conserva
tive principles of government, but a rejec
tion of every principle upon which a just, a
fair, a successful resistance can be made to
Before the Convention of 1835, there was
much agitation in this State upon this sub
ject, and justly so. The Convention met,
and after mature consideration, by mutual
concession effected a compromise. Consid
ered as a mere distribution of power between
sections, a compromise wise and just, for it
gave to each section a branch of the General
Assembly. Either was powerless for ag
gression on the rights of the other; both
must evince kindness and good will to effect
the many objects of legislation a majority
of numbers and a majority of interest must
concur. This was a compromise indeed, in
substance as well as name; but it was much
more than a compromise. It was a perfect
embodiment of the highest, conservative
principles of representative republican gov
ernment. Let us examine its principles. The
Senate was based on taxation, the Commons
on population. Adopting the well consider
ed and established division of the political
character of the slaves a class combining
the rights of persons and property: they
were allowed representaion a population,
three-fifths, as property two-fifths while
every freeman or freedman was fully repre
sented. The rights of person and the rights of
property are the two great interests of so
ciety. The government whicn affords the
surest protection to both is that which is
most entitiod to the admiration, the love,
and adoption of mankind. Disregard the
right of persons and the popular heart
swells with discontent until physical power
upheaves the foundations of the social and
poetical fabric. Disregard the rierhrs of
property and that 'juaJity'n which the
delegate from Lincoln s-.eins approvingly to
evoke, shakes its red cap in the face of au
thority and tramples beneath its desecrating
tread every material interest which man has
enshrined in his heart and consecrated by
his affections. The distribution of constitu
tional power should harmonize and protect
all. This is true conservation, and most
happily is it adjusted in our present Consti
tution. Yet founded in justice, approved by
experience, bindiug as a compact of compro
mise, it is proposed now, when every South
ern voice should be railed for the sacredness
of constitutions, to abrogate and anuull it ;
and for what ?
Mr. President, let us examine the proposi
tion of the delegate from Lincoln. Analyse
and view it. It is monstrous. Insert it in
the constitution and it amounts to this the
negroes shall have no power, either primary
or delegated the whites shail constitute a
Democracy and the will of the numerical ma
jority shall be the law of the land. Not a
heck with which to defend the ' rights of a
minority or the rights of property an ab
solute negation of the essential purpose of
constitutions. Well might the delegate from
Halifax say, they dare not adopt it if they
Constitutions are not, except ia a delega
ted government, to confer power but to re
strain it. Without constitutions the ma
jority rule. Such are the purely Democratic
governments of history, I hoped that such
governments at this day found no advocates,
save among the reckless, the bankrupt or
the evolutionary. The delegate, from Lin
coln is far from either, and yet he utters such
sentiments as these " why should property
he iess secure or justice worse administered
when confided to the majority of the people
of the whole State ?" Our government is
based upon fiA in nlajortiea.,' The context
shows that he speaks of n??nrrictfZ majorities,
lie can find no such sentences among the
writings of the recognized statesmen of
modem times; and I am sure they accord
not with the settled convictions of the dele
gate himself. The able manner in which he
has discussed this question show too clear
ly that he is too wise and I know he is too
conservative to desire the adoption of such
principles. What is it but the rejection of
all constitutions ? Yet the pride and itoast
of our land hare been that those embodi
ments of checks and balances in the exercise
of power have wielded an influence 1 more
conservative of the rights of minorities and j
property, more powerful to prevent the wrongs i
which passion, or prejudice, or mistausht
philanthropy orunehecked fanaticism could
inflict, 'than all the "pomp and circum
stance "and authority of loyalty. And to
day we stand powerless, unprotected, beneath
the impending wrath nt a numerical ma
jority, if this shield held by a powerful hand
neryeu by indomitable will, is stricken-Ironi
above us. Our only help now is iu God and
the broad, fundamental, constitutional prin
ciples of justice and right established by our
fathers. . i
But Mr. President, I did not arise to reply
to the delegate from Lincoln. This has been
most happily done by my friend from Hali
fax, with the marked ability which he always
displays and with that thoroughness mad
close adherence to principle whick , dispense
with the necessity of aj ally, - j. -
I will now consider this compromise; but
before doing so, I would call the attention of
the Convention to one taet which ham Imn
overlooked the effect of tho abolition of
slavery &jatfemen ay the Wet ia dissatis
fied. Little has been heard of this dissatis
tion. With full control of one branch of the
Assembly, she could only be dissatisfied
about the Senate. If so, has not the aboli
tion of slavery already effected a most hap
py compromise.. The east will loose much of
her preponderance. , It is true she will wea
ken somewhat the preponderance of the West
in the Commons, but will not this tend to
equalize power ? Will it not also have the
effect of . giving to the middle Counties a
controlling iufluence! Will it not create
three powers as it were, adding thus to the
conservatism and increasing the chances of
a sound and stable government? If this is
a mere distribution of power, the '.march of
event3 has already 'effected a just compro
mise. And with what show of justice can
you disturb it ? If the East has lost her
power in the Senate, secured in 1835, as a
final adjustment, by accident, . how can you
fairly deprive-her of that which she gains by
the same event? - How without shame can
you take from her not only what she has
gained but also deprive her of much of the
little she formerly bad ? A compromise in
deed I The East loses much, by abolition,
in. the Senate in her weakened condition
she is required to give all she gains in the
Commons by that event, and one-third of
what she had before. The West gams macQ
in the Senate in her new position of strength,
in the mere accidental exercise of power, re
gardless ot former constitutional compro
mise, she takes from the Enst what she gains
in the Commons and much of what power
she had before. One gives all the other
takes all. Strange compromise ! ! But it is
said the West has the power here and enn take
all, and therefore she is magnanimous in this
arrangement. Were this so, would it release
her from her plighted faith of 1835 1 But it
is not. Facts are stubborn things. The
West demanded the white basis entire, the
proposition so ably argued by the delegate
from Lincoln, and fought for it so long as
there was hope. She demanded the proposi
tion of the delegate from Jackson, white
basis in the Commons and mixed basis in the
Senate, and fought for it until defeated by a
decisive vote. This wa9 all that was left.
She proposed to call it a compromise ! ! ! and
took it without a struggle it was tost in
her lap by Eastern members. I blame not
the Western delegates, viewing it as a mere
matter of State policy. He who stands firm
ly by his own people always commands my
Ifcit Mr. President, this is not a question
of i-iere State policy. It is not even a mere
question of policy. It is a matter of princi
ple. In one particular I concede to it cor
rect principle. It gives to property proper
representation. But, Sir, it contains two fa
tr.l errors unjust in principle and perfectly
a-uicidal to us. That representation is de
pendant on suffrage, and that taxation is not
lependant on representation. Is not this so ?
The delegate from Lincoln says " the right
of suffrage being denied the negro, he cannot
j'ntbj be" represented." Here the first princi
ple 5s announced and with a conclusion that
once admitted, shuts the mouth of every
Uouthern man. No one would exempt the
negro from taxation. Is he represented ? It
may be said he is in the Senate, but this is
not true. A poll tax is paid for the protec
tion of personal rights, and always exercises
its power and claims its representation in the
body representing persons. It must be in
proportion to population, and therefore di
minishes rather than increases the power ot
the body representing taxation as contradis
tinguished from persons.
The true principles of good government
are exactly the reverse of these two princi
. pies, thus embodied in this settlement. Rep
resentation is not dependant on suffrage. The
rights and the interests of a community are
t-o blended, so dependant each on the other
jbr mutual prosperity, that the interests of
:acli may well be represented without uni-'--irsHl
suffrage, and the fair adjustment of
t lie right of suffrage is a matter of conven
ti n ; and in an agricultural community like
urs, where land is so plentiful and labor so
scarce, the interests of the employer and em
ployee, of capital and labor, are harmonious,
and the rights of the one class will be as faith
fully maintained as the rights of the other. I
cannot foresee what time may develop, but I
doubt not that interest will accede to, aye,
that interest will demand whatever is just,
whatever is right according to the fundamen
tal principles of sound; republican, represen
And of these fundamental principles there
:is one that the American people will surely
return to and abide by. Taxation without rep
Tcsentation is tyranny. Where, I ask, do the
.friends of this settlement propose to take
-their stand ? They cannot forego taxation
-the white population" will not submit to
tthat. Taxation witbout representation ? -they
cannot face that. Representation de
mands suffrage. Thi y propose to vote that.
How, I ask, will they defend us ? How can
they attain us in any contest with radical
ism ? How can they ask our proper repre
sentation in Congress without granting uni
versal suffrage ? I appeal to the delegates
from the Eastern, the .Uiddle, and the Wes
tern Coi mties to pause before they consum
mate tt i deed to pause before they deprive
us of ;very plank of reason, or justice, or
princip ie on which wo now stand.
But .be delegate fron Guilford says the
rejectiou of this will t use a mighty agita
tion. I am sure he ia mistaken. On the
other ha ad adopt it, and you will inaugurate
an agiti .tion much moro powerful, much
more un jontrolhible. Sir, the negroes are in
Eastern Carolina and mint remain for years.
The peace, the prosperity of our section de
pends on. the cultivation on our part, of the
liest and., kindest relations. . Their interests
are oiir interests, their welfare pur prosperity,
and w,ienever permitted we will show to
tbam and the world th -it whatever justice,
right, or a common interest demands, they
I IV SE.1SON
At 44 Fajettcville Street.
n ATENT ICE CREAM FREEZERS,
L Water Coolers, "
Oval and Round Wire Dish Covers,
Weeding Hoes and Trace Chains, .
1 Ton Castings.
1 ' J. BROWN, with
' Raleigh, JuneJJ tf Hart & Lewis.
PETER AND PEGOTVINSON, (COLORED,)
- of Halifax Coauty, wish o obtain Information of
their child, . named Kir ma, commonly called
7t." She formerly nelonired to Mr. Chas.
' Tleudcrson, of Mississippi, and was brought and
Muft by him in Lincolntoii, N. C.
She is dark complect sd. and about fourteen
; years of age.. Any information will be gladly re
ceived by her parents at Brinkleyville, Halifax
County, N. C, or ny Caroline Hays, Exchange
'. Hotel, Raleigh. -. ; ; -. may .11 tt .
i-josiw ; BonteRS. 4 : -, . -c
We keep constantly on hand Iron Cauldrons,
"ys, 130, and 200 gallons. -- . .w,;.' iZ: ' ; -
. ; , . MITCB ULL A ALLEN,; -
' v a ' ? v Ha rdware Merchants,
;' JBv 14 tf 8;..'.; Newbem, N.C.
The N. C. Banking; Law
AN ACT TO ENABLE THE BANKS OF THE
STATE TO CLOSE THEIR BUSHtESS. - '
Whereas, The financial policy of the Federal
Government adopted to maintain the national
credit, with the heavy taxes imposed by that Gov
ernment ou the B..uks of the State, makes it ab
solutely necessary that said Banks should close
their business, and renders ft farther contiuu mce
of their corporate existence idle and useless to the
people of the State, ... .
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General AtxciuUy
of tlie State of Worth-Carolina, and it U hereby
enacted by the authrity of the tame. That ir the
Stockholders of any of the Banks chartered by the
General Assembly ot this State shJl be unwilling
to close the business of their Bunks by an assign
ment, and are desirous to appropriate all the estate
and effects of such Bank tor the benefit of its
creditors, and to close its business and surrender
their chartered rights and franchises in conformi
ty with the subsequent . provisions of. this act,
such Stockholders may by their bill in equity in
the name of such Bank tiled in the Court of Equity
of the county in which the principal Bank or any
of its branches may be located, require the credi
tors of such Bank to prefer and establish their
demands within such time (not less than twelve
months after decree therefor) as shall be allowed
by the Court. The Court shall upon filing such
bill appoint as commissioner a suitable person
acquainted with the business of such. Bank, who
shall be paid for his services such sum as may be
allowed by the court. Such commissioner shall
give bond with ample security, payable to tho
State for the faitt.ful discharge of his duties in
such sum as sliali be approved by the court,
which bond shall be tiled in court and may be
sued on for the use of such persons as the court
Sec. 2. Jk it farther enacted, That the commis
sioner appointed as aforesaid, upon tiling the bond
required of him, shall forthwith become, and so
long as he shall contiue such commissioner and
no longer, shall he vested with ail the estate, ef
fects aud rights of action which such Bauk posses
sed, had or held or was vested with, at the time
of nlii.g such bill, and which such Bank could ot
that time have lawfally sold,, assigned or trans
ferred, luclndlng all debts due to such Bank or to
any person for its use and all liens and securities
therefor. The court may require such Bank by
its Cashier or other proper officer to endorse
without recourse, all such bills or notes, draw all
such checks or orders for money and execute such
other paper writings as the court shall deem ne
cessary or useful to enable the commissioner to
demand or recover and receive the estate and e
fects of such Bank for the benefit of Its creditors.
The commissioner shall have the like remedy to
recover and receive ail the estate, debts and effects
belonging to such Bank at the time of tiling it
bill, as such Bank miglit have had if no prueecd
ings hnd been had under this aet ; and should uny
such Bank have made any sale or transfer of its
property or effects, fraudulent as to its creditors
but valid as between the parties, in such cases
such commissioner shall stand in the place of the
creditors, and may recover aud receive snch pro
perty or etlects so fraudulently sold or transferred,
although such Bank could not have done so. Iu
tdl suits prosecuted by snch Commissioner at
law or in Equity the plaintitfsball be styled "The
Commissioner," (adding thereto the name of the
particular Bank for which he hns been appointed
the Commissioner,) aud if at the time of tiling
such bill by any Bank any action at law or pro
ceeding or suit in Equity shall be pending in the
name of such Bank for the recover)' of any estate,
debt or demand which might or ought to be vested
iu such Commissioner as aforesaid, such Commis
sioner shall be admitted to prosecute the same in
like manner and to like effect; and no suit peud
ing at anytime for the recovery of auy estate,
debtor demand in the name of such Commission
er shall be abated by the death or removal of such
Commissioner, but a Commissioner to be appoint
ed iu such cases (as is hereinafter provided) shall
be admitted to prosecute the same in like manner
and to like effect as if the same had been origin
ally commenced by him.
Sec. 3. Be it farther enactc-I, That the Commis
sioner aforesaid shall in all things connected with
the discharge.of his duties as Commissioner, aet
under the direction and orders of the court ; and
if any such Commissioner shall refuse or unrca
souabh' delay or neglect to obey any rule, order
or decree of "the court, it shall be the duty of the
court to remove such Commissioner; aiid npon
such removal or upon any vacancy by death or
otherwise, the court shall appoint some other
person Commissioner, who shall enter into bond
in such sum as the court shall direct in like man
ner and for the like uses aud purposes as provided
iu cases of the Commissioner first appointed;
and thereupon all the estate, property, effects
debts and rights of action vested in such Bank
after the time ot tiling its bill, not before lawfully
disposed ot by any former Commissioner, shall be
forthwith vested iu such new commissioner as
legally and effectually as if ho had been the com
missioner first appointed; and the court shall have
the powerto require any former commissioner or
the representative of any deceased commissioner,
to surrender to snch new commissioner any such
estate, effects, money or evidence ot debt which
of right should be in the hands or possession of
such "new commissioner.
Sec. 4. Be it furttier enacted, That all demands
of creditors may be preferred and proved before
such commissioner, and for all purposes connect
ed with the investigation of the demands of any
person claiming to be a creditor as aforesaid, the
commissioner shall have power to administer all
oaths required iu the course of such proceedings.
Any supposed creditor wiiosc claims shall be
wholly or in part disallowed by any commission
er, may appeal to the Court, where the same shall
be determined according to the coarse of the
Court, or decided at law, as the court may direct ;
and in all snch appeals the case shall be docketed
in the name of the creditor against " Tiie Com
missioner of " (adding the name of the Bauk
of which he is commissioner,) and shall be tried
and determined as like suits bet ween oilier parties.
Iu all cases in which any such commissioner shall
be a party, whether plaintiff or defendant, and it
shall appear that there has been mutual credit
given by the Bank, and any .other corporation or
any person who is the opposite party, or there are
mutual debts between them, whether such debts
be due and payable or not, tbe account between
the parties shall : be stated, and one debt shall be
set off against, the other, and the balance of snch
acconnt only shall be allowed or paid on elthcir
side respectively. ; and the costs in all cases shall
be paid by cither party as the court shall direct.
The commissioner shall from time to time pre-
Eare statements in writing of all claims allowed
y him; showing the character of snch claims and
the evidence on which their validity is based ;
aud there shall be no application of any iunds in
the hands of such commissioner to the satisfac
tion in whole or in part of any claim whatever,
except under a rule or order of the court there
for. See. 5. Be it further enacted. That the court shall
make all proper orders aud decrees for the collec
tion of the assets of such Bank, of every nature
and description, and for the payment of the costs
and expenses incident to the proceedings. The
creditors whose claims and demands have been
proved . and established as aforesaid against the
estate aud effects ot such Bank in the hands of the
commissioner, shall be entitled to payment in
satisfaction of the same out of the assets in hands
of such commissioner, as the conrt shall order
and direct; and all such claims and demands not
prosecuted, proved and established iieeoidingjto
the provisions of this act within the time allowed
by the decree of the court therefor, shall be barred
of recovery by any action at law or other proceed
ing in equity ; and any snit brought for their re
covery otherwise than is herein provided shall on
the piea of the commissioner of such Bank be
abated, or on his motion be dismissed.
Sec. 6. Be it furtlur enacted. That it shall not be
necessary in any bill tiled under this act, to make
any particular persons or corporations parties by
name, but It shall be sufficient if the defendants
be denominated creditors of the particular Bank
in behalf of which suit may be instituted; and
notice of the bill sh: 11 be published for the epafee
of thirty days sosoo.t ns it may be filed In at least
fifteen newspapers, ?no of which shall be pub
lished in the City ot Raleigh; one in the city of
Charleston, S. C.; o ie In the city of Richmond,
Va.; one in the city of Baltimore, Md.; one in the
city of Philadelphia ; one In the city ot New York ;
one in the city of Avgusta, Ga.; one in the city of
Montgomery, Ala.; oie in the city of N. Orleans;
and one in the city of Nashville, Tenn. -
Sec. 7. Beit further enacted. That anyone Of the
the Judges of the Supreme Court, or of the Su
perior Courts of law and equity, shall-have power
at his ehambors, from time io time, to make any
snch rales, orders or I'screes as may be necessary
or required for expeedting the settlement pf all
conti o verslcs between any com mlssioner appoint
ed under this act, and other parties, forthe guid
ance and instruction of any commissioner in any
matter connected itU the discharge of his duties,
for the removal or appointment of a commission
er, or. for the speedy execution of any ' of the
powers by this act conferred ou a court of equity.
Sec. 8. Bj it further enacted. That the filing by
or on behalf of any Bank; of a bill in the conrt ot
equity, under .the .provisions of this act, shall,
npon the appointmeut and qualification of a com
missioner thereunder, be deemed and taken to all
intents and purposes to be a surrender by such
Bank of all the corporate rights and franchises
granted to such Bank; and all laws by virtue of
which any such Bank -then exists as a corporation
are hereby repealed, and. snch corporation shall
be thereupon dissolved, and all the effects and
consequences following or incident to the disso
lution of a corporation at commou law shall ensue
thereon; and any statute law of this State to the
contrary notwithstanding. Provided, however,
That the estate, properly, and rights of action
vested in the commissioner, as provided by this
act, shall not be iu any way diverted or impaired
thereby, nor shall the rights of any creditor of
such Bank against such commissioner or against
the estate or effects so vested, in him, be thereby
impaired or in any way affected, and such com
missioner shall thereupon be considered ns the
plaintiff in the' pending proceedings; and, pro
vided, further, that should there . be any baltu.ee
remaining in the hands of auy such commissioner
after the satisfactiou of the claims of such credit
ors, the commissioner under the direction of the
court shall distribute and pay the same to and
among those who shall be justly entitled thereto
as having been stockholders or members of such
corporation at the time of its dissolution as afore
said, or their legal representatives.
Sec. 9. Be it Jarther enacted. That all suits on
debts due the Banks contracted with a branch
Bank shall be brought in the connty where the
branch was established, and if brought in any
other connty may be dismissed on motion.
Sec. 10. Be it further etiacted. That this act
shall lie In force from and after its ratification.
Ratified the 12th day of March, 18K6.
Railroads, Steamboats, &e.
RALEIGH & GASTON R. R. CO.,)
General Superintendent's Office, V
Jialeigh, JV. ?., Jatu (MA, 1800. J
Change of Time.
On and after Thursday, June 7th, 18CC, Trains
will run as follows on the Raleigh and Gaston
Mall Trains going North leave Raleigh 8.15 A.M.
" " " " arrive at Weldon 1.00 P. M.
" " " South leave Wcldou 11.00 A. M.
" " " " arrive at Raleigh 4.00 P. M.
Freight " North leave Rnleigh 0.00 A. M.
" " " " arrive at Weldon 5.01 P.M.
" " " South leave Weldon 400 A. M.
" " " " arrive at Raleigh 3.15 P. M.
June 7 tf Oeti'l. Supt.
Nortb-Carollaa Railroad Company,
Engineer & Superintendent's Office,
Company Shop, June 7th, 18ft6.
Change of Time.
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, 1866, TRAINS
will run as follows
M... 12.00 P. M.
4.50 Ai M.
' 8 27 44
4V..". i!oo p. m.
' 5. 30
" Raleigh, . . . .
" Hillsboro, ..
13.35 A. M..
9.00 P. M.
4.30 A. M.
1.10 P. M.
3.15 A. M.
1.26 A. M.
" Greensboro, ...
' " Hillsboro,
Arrive ttoldsooro ,
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
& Gastou Trains for the North. At Goldsboro1
with Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic &
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmlngtou & Weldon
There is no Sunday Train going North from
Weldon to Portsmouth; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can go immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
June 9 3Ctf Eng. & Sup't.
CHANGE OF RAILROAD SCIIEOrLE.
Office Atxaxtio & N. C. R. R. Co.,
Nexbern, N. C, June 5, 1366.
N AND AFTER MONDAY NEXT MAIL
Train will run dany as follows :
Leave Morebead City ,
7 15 A M.
Arrive at Newport. . . ,
.... 7 42 44
.... 7 45 44
.... 9 00 44
.... 9 15 44
....10 58 44
....11 00 44
11 35 44
....11 42 44
....12 15 P. M.
.... 3 30P.M.
.... 4 10 44
.... 4 53 44
.... 6 40 44
.... 8 09 44
.... 8 30 44 .
Arrive at Newbern
Arrive at Kinston
Leave Kinston .'. ...
Arrive at Mosely Hall
Leave Mosely Hall
Arrive at Goldsboro'
Leave Golds' oro'
Leave Mosely Hall
Arrive at Morehcad City
Passenger train connects with
Railroad train going West at 12 45 P. M., aud re
turning leaves after arrival of Wilmington and
Weldon Railroad train going South.
Passengers from West wait from 11 20 A. M.
to 3 SO P. M.
The accommodation train will leave Morebead
City on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, re
turning every alternate day as follows : j
Leave Morehcad City (Station).... 9 00 A. M.
Leave Newborn 12 15 44
Leave Kinston 3 10 44
Arrive at Goldsboro' 5 15 44
.. 8 45 A. M.
..11 02 44
2 15 P. M.
Arrive at Morebead City (Station). . '5 00
This train leaves Goldsboro' Tuesdays, Thurs
days and Saturdays after arrival of Wilmington
and Weldon Railroad train going North and ar
riv.s every alternate day in Goldsboro at 5 15
P. M. a later train than mall train for passengers
going North. '
Through tickets will be sold at principal Sta
tions on North-Carolina Railroad, Baltimore,
New York, &c. C. R. THOMAS,
June 12th, 1866 tf President.
THE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
carrying the GREAT HARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. m.
. The new and elegant steamers . . . .
. GEORGE LEABY, Capt, S. Blakeman,
.. Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday..
jLAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
. commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables arc cqnal to first class hotel fare. '.
Travellers g ling North via Seaboard and Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
. where coaches will be in wailing, to convey them
and their baggage FitEK of charge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
' sure connection, and the fare under any circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
(Travellers going via Weldon and Petershnrg
. and Norfolk and Peters6nrg Railroads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia' and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Principal Cities North and. West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
Of Charge.- - j - ' - ' . '
. Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New. Line Steamers
. free of charge. ; v -
; . Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf; foot of
'-Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. m. ": : ' - ;
- . H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent ?
i v aep 23H-134 ly8 . -At Norfolk.
J-gRAWDY ! -BRANDY I BilANBY t
10 CASES PURE FRENCH BRANDY, . ;
' 1 80 gallons Southampton Brnsdy.
Juneatf. B. P. WILLIAMSON A CO.
Artificial ; Limbs. ;
ARTIFICIAL LEGS AND ARMS.;
. IJf RICHMOND, VA.
Dr. DOUGLAS BLY. the Anatomist and Sar
geon who invented the Anatomical Ball and Socket
Jointed Leg, with lateral or side motion at the
anicie, nice tne natural one, uas just openea an
Office in Richmond, Va., near the postofflce, for
the manufacture and sale of his celebrated Artifi
cial Legs and Arms. : The superiority of these
Limbs has caused them to besought for, through
out almost the entire world, as will be seen by tne
following list of offices where they are manufac
tured and sold :
London, England, 29, Leicester Square.
New York, 658, Broadway.
Richmond, Va., Near the Post Office.
Augusta, Ga... ...2d door from Post Ottlce.
New Orleans, La., 77 Carondelet St.
Memphis, Tenn., 892 Main St.
Nashville, Tenn., ...In City Hall.
St. Louis, Mo., i... 73 Pine street.
Cincinnati, Ohio, .148 West Fourth 8t.
Chicago, 111 Opposite Post Office.
Rochester, N. Y., Over Post Office.
For further information, address Dr. BLY, at
the nearest office. march 14-3md
1609 CHES1NUT Sr.
ASTOB PlACt. 1 19 ST.
NEW YORK. I BOSTON
ACCRCSS THE INVENT0
B.FRANK.PALMER.LL.D.PRES A.A-LtMB C?.
These Inventions 6tand approved as the 44 best"
by the most eminent Scientific and Surgical Socie
ties of the world, the inventor having been hon
ored with the award of FIFTY GOLD AND SIL
VER MEDALS (or "First Prizes") including the
Great Medals of the World's Exhibitions iu Lon
dou aud New York ; also the most Honorary Re
port of the great Society of Surgeons of Paris,
giving his Patents place above the English and
Dr. Palm br gives personal attention to the bu
siness of his profession, aided by men of the best
qualifieationsand greatest experience. He is spec
ially commissioned by tbe Government, attd has
the patronage of the prominent O Ulcers of the
Army and Navy. Six Major-Gencrals and more
than a thousand less distinguished officers aud sol
diers have worn the Palmer Limbs on active duty,
while still greater numbers of eminent civilians
are, by their aid, filling important positions, and
effectually conceal their misfortune. .
Advice and Pamphlets Gratis.
To avoid the imposition of piratical copyists,
apply only to Ds. PALMER, as above directed,
or to his Agent, GEO. H. TAYLOR,
dec 5 tf . New Berne, N. C.
HO WANTS A PIANO I
SEVERAL PATRONS OF CONCORD FE
MALE College have requested my aid in securing
Cwood , Pianos
lor their nsc
This has induced me to make arrangements with
some of the best manufacturers, which enable me
to furnish instruments of the First Class, at
reduced prices. I can save each purchaser from
forty to one hundred dollars. Price lists of tbe
manufacturers will be sent to those who desire
them, to aid them in making seli-ctions.
When selections shall have been made, the
money can be sent to me, at my expense, by the
Southern Express, and a Piano will be shipped
to the Depot the purchaser may designate. Each
Piano sold will be fully warranted.
Address me at States ville, N. C.
J. M. M. CALDWELL.
April 27, 1866. ' 18 wly.
Wines aund Liquorts,
No. 25 Market Square,
I have constantly on hand, and offer for sale :
POltl, SHERRY AND
MADEIRA WINES, -
ALE, LAGER, &C,
Russ St. Domingo Bitters.
St, Domingo Punch.
do Wine. :
Ginger Cordial. ' .' V j- -
Leinon Syrup, Sc
These Goods can be furnished by the case or in
bulk, at New York prices, with the additional
cost ot freights.
K Country Trade is invited.
oct 13151 ly 10 Norfolk, Va
JATHROP, LUDINGTON & Co.,
330 Broadway, New York, '
Offer to Southern and Western Jobbers and Re
tailers, at the lowest market prices,
FOR CASH .
A VERT LA.ROE ADD ATTKACTIVI STOCK OF
CLOTHS, KOTIONS, HOSIERY, WHITE GOODS, C.
jan. 16-ly. . . - .
THE RALEIGH MTIO.tAL BAXK
GEO. W. SWEPSON, President; JOS. S. CAN
NON, Vice President ; W. B. GTJL1CK, Cashier.
GOLD AND SILVER COIN, EXCHANGE,
T United States, State and Railroad securities,
bomrhtand sold. Also, nncurrent money.
Agent for the sale ot Revenue Stamps. 21-
J. L CDND1CT & Co.,
Condict, Jemiiiigs & Co.,
SADDLERY, HARNESS, LEATHER,
J . -. .... ..r
, ': ; ; , fec, .. . &V ' .
Nos. 54 At 57, White S. New York,
JENNINGS, THOMtiNSON CO.,
april 21 15-6ib. . Caaaussroic, 8. C. r
BOWEIA r BROTHERS,
: ' it4!nTFrfwa wrwrana or r v .
.iTrtNDOW SHADES, HOLLANDS, r&ev'-'f
V ; ; Ifsw aftdTBtUtlmore Street, : : ' "
- - , ,' (0obri 'Rtsorn,) : . - A
;',';'""'-' .- . ' , BALTIMORE
Se&ie of Depreciation. '
. The following Act, in relation to the scaling ot 1
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issne to the end of the war, passed at the recent'-?
session of the General Assembly : ; , '" ,; ''
A. BILL TO BE ENTITLED ' AN- ACT TO' " j,
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF. DEPRECIATION -'
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY '. .
Wukkbas, By an ordinance or;thi Convention f
entitled " An ordinance declaring what laws and
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes, '
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D,, 1805,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to -'
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of iu first issue to the .
cud of the war; and it Is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after :the depre
ciation of said currency -before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed, to '
have been made with the understanding that they' -were
solvable in money of the said currency,
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in-'
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,-
Be it enacted by the General Assembly 9f the State-,
of Worth-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the , . .
luthorily of the same. That the following scale 6t ' ;
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted:
and established as the measure Of value of one
gold dollar In Confederate currency,! for each
month, and tbe fractional parts of the month of
December, 1804, from the 1st day of November, V
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wlt:. r
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
.. gold dollar being Vie unit and. measure of valuc
' froni Woventber 1st, 1861, to May 1st, 1305 : r '
14 00 .
i 19 00
; 60 00
. ' eo oo
March, .... '
AprlL ' ....
November, $ l 10
December, 1 15
December 1st to 10th inclusive,
85 00 -
43 OO ? .
iota to swtn,
" 1st to 31st.
. And. Mjhcreas, Muu v grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators, ;
guardlnus and trustees, and their legatees, distri- - '
butees, wards and ctxtiryque trust, in the settle- '
ment of their accounts and trust, arising irom the V
depreciation of Confederate currency; State trca
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
iug'out of the lute war; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may be obviated. - ' - " J"
Be it further enacted, That in all such cases, the ,
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
ease shall be committed to the determination of '.
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, "chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con--sider
and determine the same, according to canity
and good conscience: Provided, however, 'ifcat no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person fro-m proceeding in the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. - J. A. ENGELHARD, -.
RATIONAL MILITARY ASYLUM.
THE MANAGERS OF : THE NATIONAL
Asylum lor discharged volunteer soldiers, author
ized by act of Congress, approved March VI, 1866,
ask proposnls ior sites for Asylums -by donation
or sale. The premises mnst te situated in one of
the loyal States, contain at least two hundred
acres of laud, and be in a healthy location Hnd
easy of access by railroad or otherwise: It is tbe
purpose of the managers to erect, without delay,
extensive Rnd Hjrmnnent buildings for said. Acy
lnms, aud its establishment will be largely, advan
tageous to any section or railroad in the vicinity '
of its location. .
Plans, specifications and estimates fofAsyram
bnildin rs, including detached cottages, are also :
asked for the approval of the Board, : Liberal
compensation will be given . for the successful
plan. . . .. . .. . ' : " '
Proposals, plans, specifications and estimates
the first named to be in writing, eontlning plot
and descriptU-n of grounds and terms and condi
tions of transfer mnst he sent to Major General
B. F. Butler, at Lowell, Mass., on or before the
20th day of June, 1806. - V - a .
. - BENJ. F. BUTLER, .
President Board of Managers.
' Lbwis B. GuucKEt, Secretary. , .. -. :-
Publishers of papers authorized to pub
lish the laws - of the United Stntcs will insert for
three weeks, and send bill, with copy Of public-
tion, prior to June 20. '-.- jnneo 8w
jgLANES FOR' SALE. r - -
WE HAVE JUST HAD PRINTED VARIOUS
Blank f rms for cases in tbe Superior eonrta as fol
lows: ., - . - i ; . '
Indictmennt for Larceny, . . . v: '- -'
Do , Misdemeanor Altering Mark -Do
do Unlawful Fences.
Do do Fornication a d Adiutery
Do - ' dot ' Assault and Battery.
- '..;.BO' ' . do Disorderly Bouse. -
j Do do Unlawful ReUUlag.
Do ... do Forcible Entry. - - . r . r
.", Do do Affray, . t . - .'' . ''
Price of tlie abo blanks ?1 per qulrcA
- These; with various other Blanks; such Land
Deeds, Marriage License Boed$, and Indentures, .:
are gottcu np In superior, style, with at'propri
ate blank eadorseraetits 6b hack, and printed on
goodpapv. TUey will be sold on, reasonable
terms ftr vasb. ' '. ' '
Aav Blanks, not on band, will "be printed t o or
der ai the shortest notice, at the .
'-. 8TANDAKD .OFFICE.
Kaleigk Md Gaston Railroed, .
; , . Supkkixtexdekt's Otficb,
; AprS ,-. 186.
V ED THAT THE
f r'HE- PUBLIC ARE INFORM
- J.' Speed on this Koad has been increased, and
close connections are Bade With ;.U trains going
North and Sooth. v Passengers: do not change
cars from Charlotte to "Weldon,; .To Baltimore
"and other cities North, the fere as'low as: by any
other mate, and time as quick.' - Tbrongh'-tickete
' to all places North by both Petersborp, Richmond '(
and Washington City, and by Norlolk and Bay
Steamers, and to tbe principal Cities in tbe North
'West via Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.. Baggage
: checked throngh. - i : ., , .
To Shippers very great inducement art offered.
It is tbe quickest, safest,-and as cheras hv dj
other root. Freight ia shipped through wJthaat
breaking balk from Charlotte to Norfolk. .
The connections at - Norfolk, rwttb. superior .
Ocean Steamers, commend this rente to all later
estcdi n shipping. -: ' : A. JOHNSON, -?
10-tf. - ,'1 :-' -; " '-.: , . . Superimtmient.
' A LARGE T ' fOUSE, 8UTTAB1E FOR , A
large Boarding Rquscl ? If desired be Far&itar
can also be rented w boagbt - .
There Is a good well of Water, and an excellent
, - - '. - -