Newspaper Page Text
muKj. at .i.u f lu..r-.P. rtr-tf-
DdivZ&inihe Convention rf&rtMrolin
on the 'SO A Jiw. ISOC, tf
ifih Stat Constitution proposed tJ, M$.
1" That no law shall be passed to raise a
loan of money on the credit of the State, or
to pledge its faith or guaranty for the pay
ment of any debt : Jiereafter directed to be
"contracted, or to levy.any tax upon the peo
i. oitrttt- the o.nnnties to do so. unless
the bill for such purpose shall bavetieen
read three several times in each House of the
General Assembly, and passed three several
readings, which readings shall, hayebeea.on
three different days, and agreed to by a ma
jority of the whole number of the members
of each House respectively, and lew the
yeas and nays on both the second 4
readings shall have been entered on the
MrfKve offered the following proviso, to
be added after the word "journals :
"Provided, That nothing in tm section
shall be so construed as releasing the btate
from obligations incurred by the Acts ot
1854-VS5, and 1358-'59, and 1800-01, and
as preventing the Legislature from carrying
into effect the provisions of said Acts in
building the Western North-Carolina Rail
Road." ' . . , . t,
Mr. Love said, that, having resisted the
passage of an ordinance on the same subject
on itssecond reading, and having then mov
ed an amendment applying generally to
-works "of internal improvement already be
gun in the State, it might appear to gentle
men of the Convention that he was too per-
J sistent in his opposition in moving this sec
ond amendment to the1 amendment, as pro
posed by the distinguished delegate Irouj.
Wake, (Mr. Moore.) His only motive was
to promote, in bis judgment, the interest of
"! the State, and secure the completion ot a
great State enterprise. The acts of the
Legislature referred to in. his amendment,
' pledged the State to build the road, and the
effect of the amendment, without his proviso,
virtually set aside all that had been done.
Bonds had been issued under said acts for
the Western North-Carolina Railroad, and
the credit of these bonds was being sustain
' ed, like other bonds that had been issued for
other Railroads in the State, by an act of the
recent Legislature. He agreed in principle
with the restriction as required in the pro
posed amendment of the distinguished dele7
gate, when applied to new works of internal
improvements, but to works already begun,
and to the completion of which the State
has pledged, it was wrong to apply the re
strictions. It was an indirect attack upon
the Western North-Carolina Railroad, and
other Railroads of the State, and an indi
rect way of reaching repudiation. He was
gjad to hear gentlemen come out boldly
against repudiation and for sustaining the
. honor and credit of the State. No man in
the State would go farther than himself to
sustain that honor and that credit. He had
sustained the unsullied name of his State
' noon the battlefield, and if God knew his
heart, he desired that the escutcheon of his
State should be kept as pure and bright as
the " thrice driven snow." He could not
well see how the honor and credit of the
State could be sustained without the adopj
tion of his proviso to the amendment as pro
posed. Gentlemen should remember that
bonds are in existence for building of Rail
roads in the east and middle portions of the
State, and the interest accruing thereon was
being paid by an act of the recent Legislature.
Future Legislatures would be called upon to
provide payment for these bonds, and unless
a majority of the whole number of membeis
of each House, respectively, should favor the
payment, the bonds would be virtually re
pudiated. He was for earn ing out, in good
faith, the pledges that had" been given, and
could not comprehend why additional tests
should now be required upon the Western
' North-Carolina Railroad, when they had
not been required upon other roads of the
State.- His amendment prevented this dis
crimination. It only continued what had
4 already been done by the State. Gentlemen
may deny repudiation, but in effect it is the
At this stand-point in the history of the
State, it would be hard to ascertain what
combination of parties may be formed, grow
ing out of the legislation of the State. It
-would be well for gentlemen of the Conven
tion to remember that the great bulk of
bonds now in existence, and which the peo
ple are being taxed to sustain, were created
to build works of internal improvements on
this side of the Western division of the
State. All sections of the State are now
' sustaining them in good faith. j
' Continue a hope to the people of the west,
that the Acts of 1854-55, and 1858-"59, and
1860-'61, will be carried out to good faith,
that additional tests will not be required,
and you interest them to sustain the bonds in
existence and make them anti-repudiators,
but destroy the hope : pass this amendment j
: without his proviso, and give them to under
stand that the faith of the State is to be dis
regarded a to them, and they lose all in
terest in sustaining the bonds, now in exis
tence. ' In that event, it may be' that the
honor and patriotism of the west might be
called for in vain, and yet there is not to be
found in the. broad limits of this common
, wealth, a more honorable, a more patriotic
people, than the hardy, industrious sons of
Gentlemen seem to think that he was
moved in this matter because it was a local
measure. Such was not the case. It was a
great State enterprise, designed to secure the
trade and travel of the Mississippi valley.
This road was the great trunk road in the
f StateV and, when completed, would give new
lite and energy to other roads in toe State.
He, therefore, felt unwilling to place restric
tions in the Constitution, which would pre
sent future Legislatures from carrying out
laws already in existence. The Railroads of
the' State had been made and sustanied by
. votes of a majority of a qnorum of each House,
and had the restrictions then existed in the
Constitution, which are now proposed, lie
doubted very much if any Railroads would
ever have been built in this State. Why not,
then, continue the old mode of making ap
propriations, or at least let no additional
tests be applied to carrying out laws already
in existence 1 Has not the best iutercst of
the State been promoted by building these
roads t -. Have they not done mere to develop
the mineral and other resources of the State,
to build up villages and increase the taxable
. property of the State on the lines of the
-'several roads, than any other cause 1 Let us
, look at this for a moment. He would only
use such examples as had a direct bearing
M upon the road in question.- From official j
. returns taken from the Comptroller's report,
the-landed property along the N. C. R. R., from
- Goldsboro' to Charlotte, was valued in 1853
at $11,166,689; in 1860, was valued at $20,
, 823,976, an increase in valuation by this Hoe
. Railroad of. $9,656,287, or about 90 per cen-
turn as the increased value of lands returned
" to the people of the State, and this line of
railway costing the State for building it only
; $3,000,000. v .
. From Goldaboro to Morganton, the valu
ation of land, alone, in the counties through
. which. this road passes, in 1853, was $10,
.763,352; in 1860, was $19,581,238. Increase
' 'in seven years of $8,817,886, or about 140
per centum as increase value of lands re
turned to the people of the State, . .
From Weldon to Morganton valuation of
the lands in 1853 was $9,460,233 ; to 1860
was $27,044,175 making an increase, of
$17,638,942, or about 200 per centum return
d to the people of the State. . f .
" " From Salisbury to Morganton, , valuation
in 1853 was $3,252,678 ; in 1860 was $6,083,
Mamaking an increase of $2,831,024, or
100 per centum returned to the people of the
State. Cost of building this road to the
Stat, a distant of seventy-nine miles, $t.
value of .lands, from building J1"
far exceeded the costto thei-Btate for build
ing them.- he whole cost, of all these lanes
. mentioned t the State being about fire mjlr
a These iiaeyacts, indisputable factvbasedl
upon the official reports or mo w
of the State. And what do they teach us f
They demonstrate beyond a doubt, that ai-thou-di
these roads were built by,ppropna
tionsT secured, perhaps, in many instances
onlv by a majority vote-of a quorum, and not
J . .. j, a, I. .7.. ,.l1inhof nt ni P1TI-
bv a maioritv or tub uu.h-.
bers of oaehHouse respectively, as now pro
posed, that the State bus suffered no loss, but
nas been greatly the gainer by such a policy.
Ho was willing to trust the future as he had
the past. For ninety years the State had
trusted the representatives of the people
without these Constitutional restrictions, and
he so far as his reading and observation bad
extended, had learned of no despotic acts
growing out of it.
But as gentlemen of the Convention seem
ed to w ish these restric tions imposed as to
future loans and appropriations, he trusted
they would only confine it to netc works of
internal improvements to be hereafter com
menced, and not apply it to laws already in
existence, especially the act referred to in Uu
amendment. He had remarked that this
road was a State enterprise. Such it was,
and its charter and appropriations had been
secured bv the liberal votes of the internal
improvement men of the State. They had
seen the necessity for building this great
trunk road through the State, in order to se
cure the trade and riavel of the Mississippi
Valley, and thereby impart new life to other
roads of the State. And it seemed strange
to him, after this road had been started for
the object indicated; when the Eastern and
Middle portions of the State had almost a
net-work of Railroads secured by loans of the
State under the old Constitution ; when the
people of the West are looking ubout them
with a view to its completion, if not now, at
some future period, they are met with the
proposed amendment of the distinguished
delegate from Wake, (Mr. Moore.) sustained
by the report of the very able gentlemen who
constitute the committee on the revision of
the Constitution, and are informed that they
cannot proceed under the " old land mark,"
but must proceed under new restrictions.
They are informed that the acts of former
Legislatures, which pledged the faith and
credit of the State to the building of this
road, must be virtually set aside, because,
perhaps, you people of the West may have
power under the new order ot things that is
about to be inaugurated ; may build t his road
and thus do the State a great benefit; and to
prevent you from it, w hile in Convention,
we will provide against such a contingency.
He asked, in all candor, if this was right ?
Was it in accordance with that liberal spirit
.which had commenced this great work ?
He had remarked that this road, when
completed, would secure the trade and travel
of the Mississippi valley, going North and
South. Other States had entered the race
for this goal, and if we hesitate stop our
railroads at the base of the Blue Ridge, we
may expect to be outdone in the race. To
secure such advantages, the Georgia railroad
between Savannah and the wist, cost the
State five millions of dollars, and before the
war, was paying into the State Treasury
every month" twenty -five thousand dollars ;
Virginia, St a cost of upwards of fifteen mil
lions, and Tennessee about ten millions, and
he was unable to state the millions and tens
of millions paid by the States of New York,
Pennsylvania, Maryland and Massachusetts,
to secure a connection by railway with the
trade and travel of the west. These road.-,
before and since the war, as far as he had
been able to learn, were paying roads.
The distinguished delegate from Rich"
niond (Mr. Dockery,) when addressing the
Convention, a fiew days since, made the
statement that something must be done to
revive the Rail Roads of the State ; that the
Western North-Carolina -Rail Road was sink
ing to the State about a thousand dollars
per month. He endorsed all that had been
said by the distinguished delegate, and fa
vored "the plan submitted by that gentleman,
with proper safe-guards protecting the in
terest of the State. But we must not sit
idlly by and wait for other State to secure
what we would gain by the completion of
the Western North-Carolina Rail Road. The
State of Tennessee, since the late civil war,
by an act of her Legislature, had renewed
the charters and made liberal appropriation
to meet the Western North Carolina Rail
Road, at or near Ducktown Copper mine s
and at Paint Rock. Instead of placing con
stitutional restrictions to prevent future
loans and appropriations, the State would
gain by extending her credit to complete her
Rail Road system. The increased value of
her landed interest along the unfinished lines
would more than balance the amount she
would be required to appropriate.- But the
friends of internal improvement do not now
ask for State aid all they desire is. that
these questions may stand open for future
consideration by the Legislature, without
imposing restrictions in the Constitution.
Gentlemen of the Convention had voted,
perhaps, when this matter was before ns a
few days since, against his then proposed
amendment, tliinkine to favor the plan of
the delegate frcm Richmond. Gentlemen
could be perfectly consistent and vote for his
amendment, and an ordinance which had
been introduced by that distinguished dele
gate for selling out the road to private com
panies or corporations. Should these com
panies or corporations fail to build the road,
then it is the wish of the friends of this great
State enterprise to avail themselves of the
provisions of the acts referred to in his
amendment. He, therefore, hoped that his
amendment would be adojited by the Con
Brocades. Originally, this term was ap
plied only to those silks into which gold or
silver threads, or a mixture of these, were
interwoven. They were highly esteemed by
our ancestors, but now their use has been
discontinued. The richest brocades appear
to have been made in Italy, where an exten
sive manufactory of them was earned on du
ring the thirteenth century. In the manu
facture of gold brocade, a silver wire is gilt,
drawn out to a great fineness, and flattened.
This is twisted around a silk thread, dyed
of a color as near as possible to the metal,
and interwoven in the fabric. Latterly, the
term brocade is applied to rich stuffs ndorn
d with raised flowers, foliage, or other or
' amcnts. The plan of introducing metals
' lto the composition of fabrics was a taste
riginally oriental, where a love of rich and
ilendid stuffs prevails so extremely. In
hina and India, it has long been the fash
n to ornament silk and muslin with threads
f gold and silver.
Arrival tF a Gorilla at Havrk. The
aris correspondent of the London Globe
iya : " Captain Rachon, of the good ship
. vntoinl, which sailed on Friday into Havre,
rings good news for M. du Chaillu, and ut
jr confusion to .his "enemies. He- arrives
irect from Lagos, and declares that during
is stay in Gabon he took part in the cap-
. ire and destruction of a huge gorilla. The
igimtic brute measured two metres seventy
-sntimetres from the crown of the head to
le heel.. He had been pursued by the na
; -ves for carrying off a native, woman from
plantation. ' Therefore the tavani them-
t elves are defeated, for it- was only at the
-! tmca lately held at the Academie, to Ie-
- srmine.tbe fact of the animal's existence,
lat the story related by, Buffon and other
: naturalists of its fondness for the refined
.ociety of the. black ladies was pronounced
;4 be utterly untrue and incompatible with
very reasonable supposition admitted' in
a i o aaa Hv flint" thi mere increas1".
r'-y ' JT For thsBtandard.
IrTonr riSa: June 16, 1806. :
r Messbs. Emtobs lyouliave oar promise
to write sometimes to your jouraw, yu.iuw?
. ..... s . nf, Vrpnorat inter.
is so .nine tranupmug
est. we shall risk being caiiecr cominon-pmce
in our comnjuiucauouB , , 1
We arenow.enjcying idb umu
..a ,ii;i.tYii uA.J-reezea for. which Beau-
fort -is so .justly celebrated at; this season of
th vear :aad we doubt-not thaVniany w hw A
read this will indulge
i ti.fe -will indulge in pleasincr reminis-
cences of ? fishing . excursions
hntliinor. which " once was
arid would be
again, but for. the wantpf the indispensable
greenbacks.'.'' - ' .- .. 1 t -
Yesterday we read in your journal a cor
rected report of the speech of R. P. Dick; in
the Convention of North-Carolina, on the
motion to send a delegation to the President
of the United States upon the subject of re-'
construction. We are wanting in language
to convey an adequate idea of our apprecia
tion of his sentiments, and his happy man
ner of conveying them. We shall ever re
member with pleasure his great speech just
anterior to the close of the lato war; his
words fell like peaceful oil upon a sea of
strife : " Motes may float on a sunbeam ; but
it takes the wild tornado to move the im
The writer advocated the views of Mr.
Dick, as now expressed, in the last fall elec
tions, arid for our pains we were quietly laid
on the shelf by the machinations of latter
day secessionists anil unscrupulous dema
gogues. Other counsels prevailed, particu
larly those of Ex-Gov. Graham. We think
this gentleman has done the State of North
Carolina more harm since the war ended
than he will ever be able to repair, though
he should liv a thousand years.
We hope the rule of mad ambition will
give way to the milder sway of reason, that
the opinions of such men as Mr. Dick, Mr.
Reade, Mr. Moore, and others, will be con
sidered by the people, before all hope of fu
ture prosperity is dissipated by the mis
chievous, sullen and stubborn opposition ot
manifest destiny exhibited by the latter-day
secessionists, and the star of our existence
go down in the darkness of night, gloom
The feelings of the General Government
towards North-Carolina, at the close of the
war, were such as to justify the opinion that
no, serious obstacle would be presented in
resuming our former place and position in
the great family of the nation. It was be
lieved by the people of the North, that a
majority of our people were not secession
ists er tie, notwithstanding nine-tenths,
through inexorable necessity, had committed
themselves to the relellion. Whether this
was true or false it matters not now to in
quire, but posterity and the future will not
hold guiltless those who wantonly provoked
the wrath of the radicals, and invoked the
vengeance of the government upon our de
At the close of the war the policy of the
government was magnanimous towards us
who had been trying to subvert it, and the
sentiment of generosity conquered many a
strong arm and brave heart which had never
quailed in the storm of battle. The en
lightenment of the age, the geaius of our
republican institutions, and the general dif
fusion of the principles of Christianity, ar
rested the stroke of the headsman's axe and
the guillotine, and prevented the re-enacting
of the horrible scenes depicted in the closing
drama of the French revolution. But these
things cannot be appreciated by men who
lust for power, and like their prototype,
" would rather reign in hell than serve in
We. like Mr. Dick, love North-Carolina
better than any spot of earth upon which
the sun-light of heaven ever fell, and conse
quently we cannot remain silent. We must
be allowed to enter our protest against am
bitious men, clamoring to govern, who never
knew how to govern themselves. Who led
us into ruin, anarchy, and to the verge of
political annihilation ? and who still would
rule the State, the nation, the world though
the last expiring hopes of liberty should die.
and they, like sceptred hermits, sat upon the
thrones of power, amidst the scenes of uni
versal and eternal desolation ?
We are yet hopeful of the future, in con
sideration of the fact that there are a few
public me", who have not Ijowed the knee to
the Basi '.' political power, and pr.ndered to
the prejudices and endeavored to inflame the
passions of the multitude, in order that
they might be borne into office on the whirl
winds of popular excitement. We are firm
ly of the opinion now, as ever before, that
the interests of the politicians ami dema
gogues, as contra-distinguished from the in
terests of the people nnd the State, is the
direful spring from which unnumbered evils
have flown upon us, and we almost despair
of the probabilities that the errors of the
past, in this respect, will be corrected by the
lights of experience and wisdom.-
MAINTIEN LE DROIT.
Mr. L. G. Estes. We arc glad to learn
from merchants of the city who have daily
business transactions with this gentleman,
that he hns in every way proved himself a
faithful, efficient and accommodating offi
cial ; and we congratulate them that the af
fairs of the Internal Revenue Department are
presided over by one so acceptable to them.
In this connection, it is but just that wc
should remark that in a local paragraph
which appeared in our paper a few days
since, warning or rather suggesting the pro
priety of caution in dealing with Federal
officials who were strangers in our midst, is
in no way applicable to the present head of
the Revenue office.
If there has been any erroneous impres
sion in regard to said article, we gladly cor
rect it. Wilmington Ditpatch.
Great Fires. Constantinople has been
the most unfortunate of all European cities ;
since 1729 the intervals between the great
fires have never exceeded a few years, and in
1782 there were six hundred houses burnt in
February, 6even thousand in June, and ten
thousand in August, besides corn-mills and
mosques. These calamities may be partly
attributed to the inefficiency of the fire en
gines in Constantinople and to the defective
supply of water. London has suffered se
verely, especially in its theatres ; the Italian
Opera House, the Lyceum, and the Olympic,
have each been burnt down once, Drury
Lane. Convent Garden and the Surrey twice,
and Astley's three times.
Taxes In the Southern States.
Washixqton, June 20. 1 o'clock, p. in
The Secretary of he Treasury, in a communi
cation to the ILruse, expresses an opinion
based upon his observation of the operation
of the law of 1861, that an additional enact
ment, authorizing assumption by the South
ern States, respectively, of the remainder of
the direct tax due from each, would, in view
of the present impoverished condition of their
people, prevent much hardship in individual
cases, and save from confiscation the proper
tv of manv Dersoiis asainst whom the gov
ernment has no grounds of complaint, while
ha nuhlic interest would be iniuriouBly af
fected by the change. In snch States, should
this policy be adopted for the collection of
taxes undtr the present system, it might and
ought to be discontinued, until an opportu
nity for assumption be offered. Whether the
amount realized from - re-sales of property,
bid in for the government, should.be allowed
to the States respectively, in computing the
taxes still due, is a question well deserving of
consideration, and which" is submitted with-,
out comment ' : . .. '. '
The Senate refused to take up the, resolu
tion of the house fixing the day for final ad
journment.' It was engaged all day- in the
consideration of the tax bill, and adopted the
amendment ' taxing cotton two cents per
pound. ' '. .'-'?5-..v. ';'. v. -. -r
-. ..; '--- i i s Tl - "' r; -" ' ''" .'V' '- i;
SATURDAY-.' -- - ' 'JUNE '23.. 1866;
; Tie President's PolWyv
The representatives of the States should
be lqtaj. n, "wiUin to abide by and pe
j dbvotbd to. toe Ukioj
KION AHDTHE CONSTITU'
tion of the States. -
All responsible positions and places ought
to be confined distinctly and clearly to men
who are unmistakably xsv unquestiona
bly loyal.-- President's Reply to the Virginia
Committee. ' ' ' " ' ' ' "r" "'
; I hold, it: my duty to recommend the '"ad
mission of every State to its shure in public
legislation when it.presents itself in the per
sons of representatives whose loyalty can
not be questioned under any existing con
stitutional or legal test.- President's Veto
The ' Constitution declares that no State
shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the
Senate of the United States without its con
sent. Then, where do we stand ? All that
is needed to finish this great work of resto
ration is for the two Houses respectively to
determine the question. Oh ! but some one
will say, "A traitor might come in I" The
answer to that is that each House must be
tthe judge, and if a traitor presents himself,
cannot either House know that he is a traitor;
And if he is a traitor, can they not kick him
out of the door, and send him back, saying
to the people who sent him, "You- must
send us a loyal man i" Is there any diffi
culty in that ? If a traitor presents himself
to either House, cannot that House say to
him, " No, you cannot be admitted into this
body. Go back. VYe will not deny yonr
people the right of representation, but they
MUST SEND A LOYAL REPRESENTATIVE."
President's Address to the Soldiers and Sailors.
I will put an end to the Freedmen's Bu
reau just as soon as the South, by proper
action for the protection of the freed-
men, make it unnecessary. President's In
terview teith Ooeernor Cot.
We olserve that a good deal of sickly
sentimentality is being indulged over the
fact that Mr. Jefferson Davis was tempora
rily placed in irons, when he was imprison
ed last May at Fortress Monroe. It is charg
ed that Mr. Secretary Stanton had this done,
and he is denounced by the secession press
as having committed a great outrage on the
Southern people and against humanity. This
is an indirect blow at the President, for Mr.
Stanton represented the President in that, as
in all other matters. '
It was hard for Mr. Davis to be ironed, but
how many thousands of poor conscripts did
he cause to be put in irons ? to lc shot ?
to be tortured? to be hunted like partridges
in the gorges of the mountains? to be torn
from their weeping wives and children, who
were left to starve, while they were forced
into a war which they abhorred, and in which
success was known to le impossible 1 God
is just. Sin is punished even in this world.
Many of these conscripts were better men
morally than Mr. Davis, and their families,
poor though they were, were as dear to them
as the family of Mr. Davis was to him. We
never shall forget the feelings of our Union
people in this City, when, for twelve long
months before the war closed, the daily spec
tacle on our main street was that of march
ing conscripts, with heads bowed, with irons
and ropes on their limbs, on their way to
Camp Holmes, and thence to death in battle
or in the hospital. Onr Union people were
obliged to look on in silence. One word
even of condemnation would have brought
the rope or the mob on them. But they are
now free, and though under the ban of the
State administration, (which is really no
more loyal than the Vance administration
that aided in these things,) they can at least
say what they please.
If we vycre anxious to see Mr. Davis exe
cuted, or if wc desired to add to his punish
ment, we should rather encourage than dep
recate these manifestations of sympathy in
his behalf. But every effort to bring the
government into disgrace on his account will
only make his doom more sure and terrible.
Those who indulge this sentimentality, and
who are branding the government with odium
on his account, are therefore really his worst
We publish to-day the speech of Mr. Love,
of Jackson, against the proposition to amend
the Constitution so as to prevent the appro
priation of public money, except by a ma
jority of the whole number of members of
We shall also publish soon the speeches of
Messrs. Bynum and Conigland on the basis
We think the Convention acted wisely in
directing the Constitution to be submitted
to the people in August, and in postponing
the State elections to October. The original
proposition to postpone the elections came
from Mr. Forkner, the intelligent and pa
triotic delegate from Surry.
We leara that the Worth faction, which
appears to stand midway between the orig
inal secessionists and the Union men, is
trembling in its boots on account of the
postponement of the elections. Well it may.
All the people want is a thorough canvass.
We trust they may have it. There can be
no hope for the State until loyal men are
placed at the head of her affairs, and elected
to Congress. The President's plan of resto
ration must be carried out in good faith.
Those who refuse to do this are his cnem ies,
no matter what their professions may be.
Our cotemporary of the Old North State,
edited by Hon. Lewis Ilanes, calls our atten
tion to the fact that in the list of members of
Congress elect published in the Standard,
the name of Hon. Bedford Brown appears
for the 5th District, instead of that of Mr.
Hanes. We very cheerfully make the correc
tion, though we apprehend the publication
of the election of our cotemporary . in the
newspapers will be the beginning and ending
of his Congressional career. He is " very
good looking, but he cannot come in."
First Cotton Bloom. Mr. W. P. Cana
dy,'of Carteret, exhibited in-Newborn a few
days since the. first cotton bloom of the' sea
son, grown on Bogue Sound. -We learn from
farmers in different localities n Wake, that
they look for blooms between the 1st and 4th
f juiy., -" rj;;
-The North-Carolina Convention - has ad
journed sine diei Their first - commendable
act. jsorjoue Virginian, -K - b-1 - -
. What has a Virginia, traitor, to do with
loyal North-Carolina Convention"! -""-
- - The toaveatloa
sThe Convention twill - most probably ad
jonrnr 'ont Monday nt.-vaXtt'r. session, f.
fOn Yesterday', the State Constitution. liavfTf"
iak-been .'ckrefullf revisedariJ re-printed.
was" considered rbn ti third' reading; ; This
document, when completed, will no doubt
be published in the newspapers by order of
the Convention; so as io. give all the people j,
an opportunity of perusing it. It will be
submitted to the people for ratification or
rejection onthe first Thursday in August
next.- J- -
..-..Among, the. useful acts, of .legislation, by.
the Convention . is a stay law, which was
passed a day or two since.
In addition to the publication of the Con
stitution, we shall lay before our readers as
we can find room for them, all the impor- .
tant Ordinances passed . by the Convention.
Interesting Extracts from Letters.
A friend writing from. Surry County, says :
"I am glad you see, as I do, that it is use- -less
to attempt to compromise with the seces
sion war spirit any longer. There was a
disposition among some of the leading Union
men of the State to ignore the past, and for
get and forgive, but what haslecn the re
sult ? . Secession still rules in a dead Con
federacy with whip and spur. They forced
us into war with lies, and they have no faith
in any thing else. They have no respect for
the rights of Union men, but bate and perse
cute them. Why, therefore, parley with
them any longer? The militia has
been organized, and the rebels are again
armed with the sword and musket to murder
Union men. ,The war spirit is on the in
crease. - The rebels are determined to make
it honorable to have served in the army
against the Union, nnd to disgrace and ruin
the Union men. Last May these same rebels
begged for their property and lives, but now
they are as bitter and overbearing as ever.
We must take a bold stand, and put these
men under our feet. We can do it, and I
hope we will."
We agree with our friend. The Union
men of the State owe it to themselves and to
their principles to maintain their rights at
all hazards. Mr. Settle has led the way in
the Convention by his bold and pointed de
nunciations of traitors. If the leading
Unionists of the State will only sustain him,
it will not be long before it will le considered
respectable to be an outspoken, uncondi
' tional Union man.
A friend writing us from Ashe County,
"At the request of Union men in this
County I address you to let you know the
state of public opinion in this mountain
country. The rebels are in full power here.
The spirit of rebellion is more defiant than
ever. During this week at Court, I heard
men boast that they were stronger- rebels
than before. Not a Union man lives at our
Court-house, and it is not safe for a Union
man to acknowledge his principles. Mur
derers who boast of their deeds in slaying
Union men during the rebellion, walk about
unmolested. I have been told by one who
knows, that the rebels have secret meetings,
for what purpose I know not. One thing I
do know, there has not been a murderer in
dicted in this or any of the adjoining Coun
ties, when there were at least twenty men
put to death in this County by the mob du
ring the rebellion. We fear there is no
chance for loyal Union men as long as the
ballot-box and jury-box are open to traitors.
If the guilty could be punished and Union
men protected, we might get along."
The state of things above described is
much to be deplored. We see no present
remedy for these evils. They are the results
of the election and administration of Governor
We make the following extract from a
letter from a friend at Hendersonville, show
ing the extreme scarcity of food in the West
ern part of the State :
' Our people are positively suffering for
bread. We have almost no money, and the
corn is not in the country, if we had the
money. Will you please call Gen. Ruger's
attention to our destitute condition ? The
coloured people West of the mountains have
never had one dollar, one rag, nor one peck
of grain nor a pound of meat from the bureau'
since its inauguration, and they are now suf
fering with the whites. " All are suffering for
bread. There is, perhaps, more suffering in
this, Henderson and Transylvania counties,
than any others in the State. -Buncombe and
Madison were overrun in the same way we
were, but they are nearer the Rail Road in
Tennessee than we are, and have succeeded
in getting some grain from there. But there
is considerable suffering there. Our coloured
people arc demeaning themselves as well,
perhaps, as those of any section of the whole
South. 0 course they steal, many of them
from necessity and some from habit, but
most of them work quite as well as we ex
pected, and are generally peaceable and
quiet; but they need bread, and must have
it, if we can get it for them. Our wheat
Tops are about a failure. The rye crop
looks well, and will be ripe in about three
weeks. That will afford us some relief."
A friend writing us from Wilkes County,
" We are passing through a terrible bread
crisis up here in the mountains. Many poor
families have neither meat nor bread, but
live scantily on vegetables salted, but not
otherwise seasoned. Our farmers were panic-stricken
at the appearance of rust in the
wheat a couple of weeks ago, but in spite of
appearances wheat and rye will be pretty
good. Oats never looked better, and corn is
promising. Harvest will give some relief,
but there are many too poor to share in it.
The government ought to extend help, as it
has done in Georgia and elsewhere. There
has never been a government ration issued to
any one in the loyal and oppressed County of
Wilkes not as much as a peck of meal or
pound of bacon to a single one of her sons and
daughters. How have disloyal Counties
fared? Will not the authorities send us
some grain to Statesville, exclusively for the
very poor and helpless?"
If the rebellion had never been set on foot
all these sufferings,' with thousands of hor
rors, would have been averted from our peo
ple; and if the leaders iu this State, with
Gov. Vance at their head, had united with ns
in 1863 to arrest the war and make peace,
our condition would have been a paradise
compared with what it is now. , And yet
these men of blood, who have beggared,
starved, and ruined 'orir people, are still to
be our rulers and masters 1 If our people
tamely submit to such rule they will deserve
the fate of slaves.
' Cattle Disease in Iredell. Many
milch cows and other cattle have died in this
place1 and vicinity, recently, of a disease
hitherto unknown: (Net one has been known
to recover. - ? We have, lost two cows of, the
disease witliin" a few .davs-.- How far it ex
tends, we i'tfo:Vnetr. know. H-Thei animal first
haB an ', enlargement . of the, stomach as . if
much swollen, then perhaps scours, followed
with loss . of appetite,-foaming at the mouth,
and ah inclination to pitch" at and fight eve
ry passing1 object symptoms much like by-3-
tbe-redentials of Wm. McKensie, claiming
to be a member elect Jfrom the Fj.ua District
- We find the above in the ; reports of . the
i Can. any oi ur cotemporanes inrow .any
light on the matter ( We.Jia ve never heard
a Mr. Wnu McKensie, jaorta-autif. .'.-
We have never heard of -Mr.! McKensie.-r-
It isnotjikely he will get the seat. Pur
cotemporary of the North-State need not be
alarmed. .- . .
Basis of Representation
That our readers may see how the adoption of
the new basis f representation would affect the
Southern States, we present them wltii tlie lol
lowlng tables, carefully' prepared from official
data, by the New York Comniercial Journal : . .
. - Number of Colored
. Population voters in males
Alabama, whites 529,121 - 56,357
blacks 435,081 .. 46,046
Arkansas, whites ' 824,X5 54.054
blacks .111,115 18,535
Delaware, whites 110,418 16,539
blacks 1,798 203
Florida, whites 78,679 ......
blacks 61,475 11,183
Georgia, whites 595,088 166,365
" .blacks 462,198 ...... 82,306
Louisiana, whites 376,270 50,510 ......
" blacks 831,726 .. 44,016
Maryland whites 599,860 . 92,503
blacks . 87,189 13,839
Mississippi whites 354,674 69,120
blacks 436,631 84,983
Missouri,' whites 1,097,081 165,518
" blacks 114,931 17,783
N.Carolina, whites 661,563 96,230
" blacks 331,059 48,072
S. Carolina, whites 301,302 44,000
" blacks 402,406 58,764
Tennessee whites 834,083 145,333
" blacks 275,719 47,810
Texas, whites 421,649 68,934
" blacks 183,566 26,802
Virginia, whites 739,479 167,723 ......
blucKS 473,364 100,662
Here we have, at a glance, the relative propor
tion of the white and black adult males; and in
the following table we have the loss which the
Southern States would be subjected to under the
amendmcut, if tney declined to confer the right of
suffrage upon colored men, taking the present
apportionment law as the basis:
Actual number Constitutional
of mhmbcrs. Amendment
South Carolina, .
.. 1 1
. . 2
The Supreme Court of Alabama, on June
7, decided two cases involving the validity
and constitutionality of the act of the late
Legislature, commonly called the Stay Law.
Able opinions were delivered by each one of
the Judges. The effect of the decision is to
sustain the first and eighth sections of the
act, which postpones the rendition of judg
ment for at least twelve months; while the
second, third and fourth sections, which re
late to proceeding for the collection of pay
ments by execution, are pronounced uncon
stitutional and void. Chief-Justice Walk
er dissents from the opinion of the Court on
the fiist point, and holds the entire law void.
m m m
The late Lewis Cass.
Official announcement from tlie President
Appropriate honors to be rendered.
Department of State,
Washikgton, June 16, 1866.
The President directs the undersigned to
perform the painful duty of announcing to
the people of the United States that Lewis
Cass, distinguished not more by faithful ser
vices in varied public trusts than by exalted
patriotism at a recent period of political dis
order, departed this life at i o'clock yester
The several Executive Departments of the
Government will cause appropriate honors
to be rendered to the memory of the decease
ed at home and abroad, wherever the national
name and authority are acknowledged.
WM. H. SEWARD.
Released. Acher Baynes, of Caswell, N.
C, who was tried by a military court for
killing a negro, found guilty and sentenced
to a term of service in the N. Y. Penitentia
ry, has been set at liberty. We understand
the credit of engineering Mr. Baynes' libert-,
bclonrrs to Dr. J. A. btannelil, ot Leasimrg,
N. C. Danville Times.
Raleigh Money Markets.
RALEIGH XATIOXAL BAXK OF K. CAK0LLYA.
BUYING RATES. '
Uilver, large 123
iorth Carolina Bonds bO
North Carolina Railroad Coupons 90
North Carolina Coupons ....52X
New York Kxfhunge, (selling) yi
NORTH-CAROLINA BAXK KOTKS I
Bank: of CaiKs Fear 25
" Graham ...
" North-Carolina (Gold) 25 currency
11 Wades bo ro'
" . Washington .
Commercial Bank of Wilmington
Farmers' Bank of Greensboro'..............
Merchants' Bans of Newbern .............. 35
Miners' and Planters Bonk 15
JOH.Y C. WILLIAMS Jl CO., Brakerg,
RALEIGH, N. C. ;
PRICES OF NOBTE-CAROU1CA BAXK KOTXS.
Gold.... ... 145
Old Coupons 53
Old Sixes : 81
Bank of North-Carolina, gold (currency.. 25 orS5
Wades bo rough
Washington.... ............ 5
Clarendon.... . 5
Miners' and Planters Bank'...:........'..-: 15
Farmers' Bank. Grceusborouzfa 15
Commercial Bank, Wilmington 12
Aiercuants' rsans, jxewDern s
Greensboro ugh Mutual.... ................ 5
HAKKET REPORT! .
' CODBICTIO WUKLT1T "'.
WM.rc' UPCHURCH,. GROCER, RALEIGH.
' APPLES-per bushel..:.'....:.'.. $2 00 '
COFFEIS per pouud,. .........; - 30S5 '
-.COTTON per pound, 83 ., .
COTTON (yam) ....... 3 25 ..
EGGS per dozen:.. 20
ELOUR... ................... 1111 75
. HOPS none in market . ...........' '
: meal...;..;.; !i so ;
. MOLASSES oererallon 75,
POTATOES Irish . . . ... 2 00 , ,
CORN-)erbashel...,...... 1 40
CHICKfiNS-apieee ;H.l'.? ; 2035T ,
V CHEESEper ponud . .; ; $ 50
t PEAS per bushel . . . . . . .. . . ..v i 25 v '
:' nroru t . - ' m a. : V-
, J TDRPENTINJnjraUo
V J"01 i.- per uaxrei, no sales. . . . o w i vi
AD JOTTHNED SESSION.,
iv r 4-J -: 1 1 " - -i. '
lTdtnRsrAT. June 21. ififtn
Mr.'fitrrgin a; memorial fiom' citizens wUt
iof 4&e ridg in relation t the W; N. C. R, U.
J)ir. diubu nu oiuiunucc in relation to safe
keeping and ' publication of ordinances of
Convention.' Keterred to a select committer
. THE STAY LAW, '
Being the special order, it was taken up and
pui upon ii luiru reading. .
Mr. iiowarfl ottered some amendments
which were adopted. - ,
Mr. Unssom an amendment as an add!
tional section.- Lost.--- '
Mr.; Baker,, a substitute - which was
jected. ' ' ' ' . " - ;
Mr. O'alciweu oi liuiitord, an amendment
" that it shall ..not be lawful, so long s this
ordinance remains in effect, for any one to
confess judgment, nor to make a mortgage
or deed in trust, favoring one creditor "over
another." ' Lost. - - . '
Mr. Conigland, an amendment. Lost.
Mr. Boyden, an amendment. Lost.
On motion, -Sec. 18 was stricken out.
Further amendments were made and the
ordinance passed its third reading, by a vote
of 65 to 25, and five copies were ordered to
be printed for each member.
An ordinance extending the time for the
collection of public taxes by sheriffs and col
lectors to Jan. 1st, 18G7, was passed.
An ordinance to divorce Mrs. Jane P. Ila
vens passed its third reading, yeas 45
nays 40. "
An ordinance to authorize the exchange
of State bonds and for other purposes was
taken up and read, and was made special or
der for to-morrow o'clock. Adjourned.
Friday, June 22nd, 18C6.
A resolution from committee on finance
empowering the Public Treasurer to employ
an additional clerk, when necessary.
Ordinance authorizing Wml B. Campbell,
sheriff of Beaufort County, to collect arrears
of taxes, was taken up on motion "of Mr.
Warren, and it was amended by insertin"
the names of A. C. Latham, ' sheriff of Cra
ven, the name of the sheriff of Carteret and
Washington, and the ordinance passed its
Mr. Harris of Rutherford, from the com
mittee to which was referred ah ordinance
for the relief of the people in certain Western
counties (authorizing tlie County Comts to
borrow money) reported back the same re
commending its passage. ' ,'
On moron of Mr. Logan the Convention
took up the ordinance empowering justices
of the peace to issue bonds for county pur
poses. Pending the discussion, the hour tor
the special order,
On its third reading, it was taken up, when
A motion was made by Mr. '. Clarke to Iy
the whole subject on the table. The yeas
and nays were demanded, as fol'ows :
Ferebee, Foy, Gilliam. Howard, Jarvis, Man
ly. N. A. McLean, Perkins,-Person, Warren,
Willcy and Winbnrne, 19. :" '
Nays Messrv. Adams, Alexander, Allen,
Baines, Baker. Bingham, Boyden, Bradley,
Bryan, Burgin, Buxton, Bynum, Caldwell, of
Burke, Caldwell, of Guiltorcl. Clark, tam
per, Dick, Dickey, Eaton, Ellis, Faircloth,
Faulkner, Furcnes, Uahagan, ttarlanu. Gar
ret, Godwin, Grissom, - Harris, of Gtiilford,
Harris, of Rutherford. Haynes, Henry, Hodge.
Jackson, Johnson, Jones, of Davidson, Jones,
ot Henderson. Joyce, Jvmg, Lash, Logan,
Love, of Chatham, Love, of Jackson. Lyon,
McCauley, McCorkle, McKay; of Harnett,
McDonald, of Chathim, McDonald, of M(ore,
McGehee, Mclvor, Kat. McLean, Mi-Laugh-lin,
McRae, Moore, of Chatham, Moore, of
Wake, Murphy, Norfleet, Odom," Patterson,
Pearsall, Phillips. Polk, Rum ley. Rush, Set
tle, Sloan, Smith, of Anson, Smith, of John
son. Smith, f Wilkes, .Spencer, of Hyde,
Spencer, of Montgomery, Starbuck. Stephen
son, Stewart, bwan. Thompson, VtalKup,
Williams, Wilson and Wright.- 77."
Mr. Joyce moved to strike out the proper
tv qualification for House of Commons.
Lost, yeas 48, nays 54.
On motion members of Senate and liottse
of Commons were required to have residence
five years in this State before election, as a
Section 3. art. Ill, was Hntlcr considera
tion, when the Convention took a recess to
4 o'clock. -
A wealtliv Baltimorean. writinsr to a
friend here, says that bail to the amount of
$2,000,000, can be procured, tor Jeff. Davis in
that city on five hours' notice ; already $25,
000, have been ouietlv . subscribed there to
wards defraving the expenses of hia trial,
and that a $100,000, more can be raised if
necessary There are many rebels in Balti
more. '" - " 'J ' "
Mb. Benjamin to Losdos. Mr. Benjamin
has recently been vailed to tike English bar.
and already has considerable business.'. He
is consulted extensively on questions rela
ting to American commerce, and especially
on knotty points growing out of blockade
ventures. -' " . '-. .
Cotton in Georgia has commenced to blos
som. The recet rains have overwhelmed tuo
crops in many places with grass.. - Wheat
throughout the fctate is harvested, and al
though the crop 'turns out better than was
feared some time ago, St is by ' no means ex
cellent. . -.
Gov. Hamilton, of Texas, . is at Washiag-
ton. He reports that the people of that
State are less loyal than they ' were one year
ago. ' . -
I WILL GIVE TEN DOLLARS FOR THE
apprehension of John Basa, (alias John Evans,) a
free negro, brown complexion, long hair nearly
straight, about five leet ten inches high. Bears u
his right unuu ana arukand onlus neck, caused by
being blown up with powder, slim built, weighs
about 150 pounds, wuo stole from the stable of
Catharine Welch on Saturday night, 2Mb last., a
bay mare, medium size, with a white spot in
her forehead, one of her bind feet white, and right
hio rather lower. than, the left. : I will idve the
above reward for his delivery ta- us or hia con
finement in any jail so that I can get him. My
Post Office is New Hill, Wake County, X. C
jane 3 wStpd ' W. Bv WOMKLE
NORTH - CAROLIIfA, v -
Wilson Coosty-.'N, f A '
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. April Tern,
- A. 1. laoa, ....
G. W. Stanton. Adm'r ol John V K jw
IT Minshew. deceased. I
! Petitio for set-
Jesse Minshew and others, heirs f. Ueiaeat.
and distributees or J. 11.
Minshew. .. . ,
It appcarine to the satisfaction of the Coart
that Joel Minshew, John' Minshew. Elizabeth
Minshew and Mary Minshew,- tour of the defen
dants in this cause, reside beyond the Hants
this State r It is therefore,' on motion, ordered by
the Court that publication be made for six weeks
successively in the Raleigh Standard, notifying
the said Joel Minabv.w, John Minshew, Elizabeth
Minshew and Mury Minshew of the filing of thi
petition, and that unless they appear at the next
term of this Court and answer petition,, tlie
same will be taken proeonfefo and heard a part
a 10 loem. , - - ' . .. .
Witness, B. F. Briges, Clerk of said Court,
office in Wilson,- the fourth Monday teApni.
A. D. 1866. B. Jr BiUUUS,
- JunelS.-,---; :: v..'.
TOTICE I -;p ;;"'V''; . '. ''
-PETER AND PEGGY VINSON, (COLORED,)
of Halifax County, wish to obtain iformatan-ef
their child, named. Emma, commonly ealk
She formerly, belonged, to. Mr. Cua.
Henderson, of Mississippi-aiid waa brought and
left by him in Lineolnton, It. C: ."- '
" Slie 'Is dark complectedv and about, fourteen
years of age. ..Any information will be gladix re-
- . . . . . till i ft Lit
ceivea oy ner narenis at .onuiucj T"rs "
County, N. Cor.by Caroline Hays, Exdiis