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rrointhe. New Tork Tribune,
! : . NORTH-OAJBOLINA
" MeasurePayl!!: the EeMV
'The Coming EtettionsT
. Irv. - - : Ralkigit, N. CL, June 10, 18SS. 4
The Convention the past two days has
bean engaged with two ordinances, one to
change the time -fort holding, elections, and
. the basis of Representation, and the other,
amending the gtay Law passed by the Leg
" ialaturq at its session. Neither . of these
has, a yet, been finally settled. They are
the most; important measures before th is As
Bemblv, and consequently produce consider
able d'iscussion. I end you - the following
characteristic and patriotic speech of Thorn-
aa Settle, OtKocKingnara county, uu,
R. P., Dick of Greensboro?, and Dr. E. Gris
sotn, of Granville, are known as the most
promising ' young men of . the State, and.
whose influence -is potent inr favor of .the
Union'causa In the debate of yesterday on
the Stay Law . Bill, a liebel member who,
. "by the way, is in a sad minority indulged
in -many accusations against the Union men
-. " who would tarnish the fair fame of North-
Carolina by repudiation,' and he thanked
: Gpd that at thejast session he had not voted
foir the ordinance prohibiting the payment
of the'war tebt..v..
!:JlhIs language certainly merited a reply,
- and the three Union members above cited
were-. instantly on. their feet. Mr. Settle,
. however, catching the Speaker's eye first,
while every hitherto listless member gave
earnest attention.- ' ' ".-'
JUr.. Settle stated that he, was, the author
" and introducer of ..the ordinance which pro-
hibited the payment of the war debt, and
.that it had secured, the support of a large
' majority of this Convention.. I am tired of
' "hearing insinuations cast upon my honor
' and integrity, and that of those who acted
with me, and it is now high time that some
. things should be said and understood.
Those who insinuate that I was in favor of
repudiating any honest or just debt, public
- or private, simply said or insinuated that
'Which -wasYfalse., .No man in the State
V "would scorn the .repudiation of a just debt
'more.than I, butthis war debt, tainted with
."treason was not to be classed and confound-
, ed'wfta Just and honest debts. I hold that
if the State had this capitol building full of
: money, and nothing else to do with it, not
one dollar ought to be applied to the pay-
' ment of any debt incurred in trying to de
stroy the United States government That
government' owes it. to itself to see that
-; money advanced in seeking its life-blood,
shall never return to the pocket of its owner.
4 That is but a small punishment to trea
1; son. To think of paying it, but invites
x Another .rebellion to-morrow, and offers a
- . premium - and a reward for treason. He
" " said he -would ask a question, by which
every inan who had taken an oath to sup
i: .port the U. S. government since the close
1 of the rebellion, could easily test himself, so
: far as this debt is concerned, and see wheth
f er he was honest, and "in earnest, when he
-took the oath, or whether he was deceiving
'-' himself, or attempting to deceive others.
Are you not all now prepared, said he, to
' '( say that every dollar hereafter advanced in
- ;Vany attempt to destroy . this government,
2 shall be tainted with treason, and should
V ' never return to the pocket of the person who
' ''advanced it J If you hesitate a moment, you
are. not ni to oe re-aanuiieu 10 lue privilege
' and protection of the Union. You say you
loved the Union up to May 1861. I know
'-in, February, 1861, that the people of North
r ; Carolinadid love the Union, and opposed
1; 5 secession by a large majority. Do you think
-'- ' then, that a dollar advanced in aid of any
'-. conspiracy to destroy the Union up to that
f' time, ought to be paid ? I imagine not.
'.: "r Pray tell me why it is, then,' that money
r. advanced between May, 1861 and May. 1865,
to destroy the Union, meets with much fa
' vor? '
V- It is charged, said he, that I am a repudi-'h-ator,
because I will not consent to pay this
'-i.-'v money. -I could with much better reason
' ' say that any man who has taken the oath of
" allegiance to the United States government,
and shouts for President Johnson, but still
"5 -longs for-that flesh plot of secession, the
.war debt, is nursing treason in his breast.
Those who cast insinuations upon the honor
of others for not paying the war debt, are
the most vociferous men amongst us in their
'laudations . of President Johnson, and yet
they know that President Johnson said not
only to North-Carolina, but to every South
em State, that not one dollar of that debt
, .should ever be paid.
"t ' You praise President Johnson for recom
'' mending the very thing that you abuse me
for doing. : Oh, consistency I
: :Mr Ferebee asked Mr. Settle if he had
" not been in the army I ' - v
- ;4.'-7..-.Mr,-Settle replied that' he was coming to
. that. Every body who knew him at all,
V knew that he had exerted to the utmost his
poor powers to save the Union, and that he
t'" had 'plead in its behalf against secession un
til after hostilities had actually commenced.
. He could truthfully say that he clung to the
Union with affections that knew so bounds,
"and he -witnessed its dissolution, with the
r same feelings that moved his bosom, w hen
" he stood by the death bed of his father.
; I had the dreadful alternative left of tak-
-,ing the one side or the other. -1 became a
' traitor and went into the Southern army. I
'fwent in a spirit of desperation more than of
nope. intieoa my only nope was . that by
. appearing to be united we might conipro-
mise the matter. I soon found that it was
X " imposible for such villainy and corruption
, f toucceed, and it ought not to have Sue
's' ' ceeded. I got' out of the army honorably,
and returned home and advocated peice on
T.,L all occasions. I endangered my life by so do
" j. , r ing. In that twelve months of service I contin-
'v'ually felt that I was ; guilty of treason, but
".others made my course my only alternative"
for me. It was a bloody tragedy, and the
" majority who. entered the rebel army were
' duped and .led on by bad, black-hearted
-men. : The difference between me and some
".' ' "other traitors is this: no man, woman or
child.has evef heard me boast of it. I have
always looked upon the whole matter with
v regret, -and instead of grieving after the
sjdead Confederacy, it costs me no effort to
firmly fix my affections upon the object of
,v r' my: first love. . I did all I could to prevent
f ; the rebellion and urged peace after it had
' -commenced. -1 witnessed with admiration
the gallantry of our poor soldiers who were
being led to destruction, and plead for peace
T- - in their behalf; and I repeat now what I
; ' i . have said before, that those who pressed this
J ,.; war, after the ( contest became hopeless, are
, . , simply murderers. They "were butchering
- our men without a single hope of success.
- --j: Those who inaugurated the. war were trvit-
V: . orsi and those who pressed it after it was
hopeless were murderers. The crime is on
-r-fi tbem,- the regret is with me. .
f I am now censured because I will not agree
-ito pay the cost of treason ' and murder. I
3 ?iU neve think of at but to denounce it. .
on. attempted t6 reply,' and when the
;Tul winch but a few moments previous had
almOBt atniajority of opponents, was vtited
,-npon for its second reading, there were 69 af-
.nrmauvea to as negative -
The recent action of Ron U' v
P011flTti0f Comml' WlutiW has
""l7" v -. uo union mfn in fTtia
nght direction, with expressions of enconr!
agement from the loya .North, the comma
Gubernatorial elections in August or Octo-
.';ber will result in overwhelmine Union
.jorities. Already Gov. ' Worth, the present
A' mun-iiHDieu uaiesuure was Klliprl at
A a 1 1 : . . .
Geneva, Georgia, lost week, by two men
H imed McBride. j
IteDresentative irom tuo u mli.
the Cingress of the United States, . and be
lievingthat the true interests of the country
require that the committee over which you
preside should be correctly informed of "the
condition of affair in that State, we take,
this occasion to address you this letter. -After
the surrender of the Confederate ar
mies and the issue of the President's procla
mation of amnesty and his proclamation of
reconstruction', the Tpettple of FTori da belie
ved, and, as they thnk, without good
reasons, that -upcm renewing their allegiance
to the United States, and accepting in good
faith the emancipation of their slaves as one
of the results of the war, they would be re
established in the possession of all the civil
and political rights which belong to the
people of any other State in the Union.
With these conditions they have fully com
plied. ' -A", ' ;f '.
: In proof of this we refer you to the pro
ceedinsrs of the State Convention and the
General Assembly , of Florida at their late
sessions. In the. elections for delegates to
the Convention no person was allowed to
vote who had not previously taken the oath
prescribed in the President's proclamation
of amnesty. Yet the aggregate number of
votes polled exceeded the one-half of the en
tire voting population, notwithstanding in
most of the counties there were no opposing
candidates. The election was as- fully noti
fied and aa fairly conducted as any ever held
in the State. Every county but two was rep
resented in the convention, and in these two
delegates were elected, but failed to attend.
The convention, therefore represented the
opinions and sentiments of the people, and
the constitution adopted by it rests on their
consent regularly expressed by delegates duly
elected. . The convention incorporated into,
the constitution . a clause declaring " that
neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime, whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted, shall
ever thereafter exist in' the State j and that
all the inhabitants, without distinction of
color, are free, and shall enjoy the rights of
person and property without distinction of
color, and that no person shall be incompe
tent to testify as a witness, on account of
color, in any criminal proceeding founded on
an injury to a colored person, nor in any civil
matter wherein a colored person is concern
ed." It repudiated the Statedebt contracted
in support of the war, and annulled the ordi-,
nance of secession. The General Assembly,
elected and convened under the Constitution,
ratified the proposed amendment to the Con
stitution of the United States, and apprecia
ting the important changes wrought in the
social relations of their constituents by eman
cipation, and recognizing the obligations
resting on them to pass the necessary laws
for the protection of the colored race, opened
the courts of justice to them and gave them
the same rights of suing and being sued, of
buying and selling, and holding real and per
sonal property, and all other rights cf person
and property which belong to the white
race. They also established a liberal and ef
ficient system of education for the colored
people, regarding it as the interest of both
races that the colored people should have
provided for them opportunities of educa
tion in order that they might progress in
- rnowledge and civilization, as their capaci-
ies and circumstances would permit. The
i ieneral Assembly authorized the Governor
to appoint a superintendent of common
schools for freedinen, with a salary of $1,000
a year, to be paid out of the State Treasury,
and levied a tax of $1 a year on each adult
male colored person for the support of these
schools. , Many schools have already been
established, which receive the active sym
pathy and support of the people.
. We do not think that hatred exists be
tween the two races. During the war the
colored people remained, to a large extent,
faithful to- their masters. They accompaqied
them as servants in the army, and shared
their feelings. Since the war many of them
have remained continuously employed in
their former avocations. We believe that
impartial justice, tempered with kindness,
will be administered to all persons belonging
to the colored race by the government of
Florida in all matters where either their per
sonal rights or property interests are concern
ed ; and if extraneous influences are with
drawn, in our judgment the two races will
live together in peace and harmony, and the
legal and constitutional rights of each be
respected. ... -. .
There are no animosities of a serious or
disturbing character existing between the
citizens of Florida because of the part taken
by them, respectively in the late contest.
Harassed by the exactions of a long war, and
impoverisned by loss of property, the people
are anxious for quiet and. for the reorganiza
tion of their industrial interests. In this ob
ject all classes are earnestly engaged. They
are tolerant of differences of opinion, either
in the past or the present, ant. desire to cul
tivate friendly relations both among them
selves and with the people of other States.
In proof of this we refer to' the fact that the
candidates chosen in the recent State elec
tions were selected because of the opinion
entertained of their fitness, and not because
of the part taken by them in the war.-
We submit these "statements for the con
sideration of the committee as an act of
justice to the people of Florida and the oth
er Southern States. We are confident of
their correctness, and if there is, or should
. be evidence before the committee of a dif
ferent character, we think we may safely
pledge ourselves, so far as it concerns the
State of Florida, to disprove it.
We hope the committee will give the facts
herein stated proper consideration, inasmuch
as our only desire is to do justice to the peo
'' pie of Florida, and to advance the full res
toration of kind feeling and political rights
, throughout the whole extent of the United
States. .. .
We have the honor to be, very respectfully,
your obedient servants.
, . WILKINSON CALL,
An amusing circumstance occured in a
singing school some time. ago. A Mr. Paine
wa.s the teacher and a Miss Patience one of
the pupils. In the course of the evening the
teacher gave out the tune set to the words
. . " Coine gentle patience smile on pain." ,
The pupils were so excited by laughter
that it was found impossible to sing the line.
Soon the teacher gave another, in which
were th following lines : . . , s
Oh give 'mo tear lor others' woes, . ,
And patience for my own."
The risibilities of the Bchool were so affec
ted that all singing was deferred until an-.'
other occasion.ii i'lj Li ,j' ' y . 2 i
J ' -The new
Roman i Catholic Cathedral in-
New York will reauire ten vears tocomrjlete
At, and' though it is estimated that $2,000,
i AAA -11 . A.1 4.1
uuu will no me witk,. we iiinue iu uiu upiu-
ion that $10,000,000 will, be expended Whenf
this temnle is completed m each and everv.
jUl 1. AAA VUU A vw W W VUHIVl, IIWUKlUg i
i on Madison avenue, . aeventy-iive teet, and
will itself be .fully as large as. an ordinary,
; church. fWe could better appreciate the im
' mense Bize of this cathedral when we entered
i' within the walls, which are- now laid to the
" height of twenty :,feet. The Interior J looks '
. like a large field. At. present only about forty
workmen are employed, on the .building.-
.The Archbishop's house is to be in. the rear,
ton Madison avenue..' " ' : i r f , : '"
Small-pox fa rapidly disappearing from
We learn, that Messrs. Ferebee, Eaton, and"
other Worthites made rather - a marked, ex- '.
hibitldt of 'theit'drositionto" Western"
terests on Monday morning last, a short time
before the Convention adjourned."' f f -
Mr. Caldwell, jof Burke, the pble anjan- ,
defatigable President ofthe North-Carolina
Railroad, '"haaT''prevl6usryi"ifltrduced &n"
ordinance authorizing that corporation to
borrow, fifty thousand dollars, as'fl ; measure i '
indispensable to the prosperity of the work;
He had made various efforts jiQ get this orcji-:,'
nance from the table, and on Monday morn-
ing he made another effort, and failed, owing :
in - part to the opposition of Messrs. Ferebee
and aton.; . " ,' ..';"'" .!:'" V.
Mr. Eaton has uniformly,' we believe, op'
posed propositions, to aid the Western ' peo-,
pie. His eye has but little range beyond his '
own locality. Warren County has a Railroad,
which is doing well, and which is due' to the;
unstinted bounty ofthe State; and that fact"
is satisfactory to Mr. Eaton. When a pro
position is, made t relieve a great State,
work, and that at no risk to the State treas
ury, Mr. Eaton says nay, and Mr. Ferebee
says nay and it so happens that this work
is a Western one. If the proposition had
been in aid . of an Eastern enterprise for the
benefit of the constituents of these gentlemen,,
we cannot doubt they would have' given it
their cordial support. They would at least
have voted to take it from the table, ' . '
We learn that one of the reasons given by
Mr. Eaton why this measure to aid the . Wes
tern Railroad should not be taken from the
table, was that the carriages were in waiting
to convey members to the depot on their way
home. . Mr. Caldwell characterized- this
reason as it deserved. . He told him that he,
(Mr. Eaton.) with the other members, had
already drawn his full pay for the whole of
that day, Monday; and that if he 'was not
disposed to remain and attend to important
business, it was his duty to go to the Public
Treasurer and refund that day's pay. The
disciple of Macon said nothing in reply, but
voted against doing business, and then went
home with the extra six dollars in his
Mr. Ferebee is the candidate for Lieutenant
Governor on the Worth ticket. Let the
Western people remember him on election
day. He belongs to a faction at the centre
which thinks much more of office than of
the interests of the people, East or West.
Board of Internal Improvement.
This Board met to-day. Present : Gover
nor Wortn. rexident ex-cmcto, P. H. Win-,
ston, Esq., and Dr. J. G. Ramsay. The fol-
fowing appontments were made.
is. U. and Atlantic Road.
W. G. Morrissey, of Wayne, State proxy.
State Director; Isaac Ramsay and Wm.
Murdoch, for Carteret; ..A. T. Jerkins, C. C.
Clark and John D. Flanner, Craven; Lewis
C. Desmond and James II. Parrott, for Le
noir; and Council Best, for Wayne. Sen
tinel. The following are the Directors appointed
on the Road by the Provisional Governor,
and now turned out by Gov. Worth :
C. R. Thomas, Dr. M. F. Arendell, E. R.
Stanly, R. W. King, Walter Dunn, J. M.
Parrott, W. P. Grimsley, J. L. Pennington.
Mr. Thomas has made an excellent Presi
dent of this Road. He found it in a very re
duced condition, and the improvement he
has made on it in all respects, since it has
been in his hands, has been most marked
and gratifying. Gov. Worth has not thought
proper to re-appoint Mr. Thomas a State Di
rector. ' The inference is. that he does not
desire him to be continued as President. Mr.
Thomas, though he has made one of the best
Railroad Presidents the State has ever had,
is proscribed because be did not vote for
Jonathan Worth for Governor. The eight '
Directors appointed by the Provisional Govt -ernor
are loyal Union men. This can be
said of but few of those appointed by Gov.
The Jeff Davis traitors, headed by Gov.
Worth, have full sway in this State. How
long is. this to continue? Is this still the
Confederacy " our beloved Confederacy ?"
or is it the United States of America 1
The Washington correspondent of the.
Baltimore Suit says : M Congress will not
terminate the session until the Tennessee'
Legislature shall dispose of the article to
amend the constitution, to be submitted to !
it on the 4th of July. There will be consid
erable, though not probably effective, oppo-,
sition tn it in the Legislature, it is certain.'
Immediately, upon the ratification of the
article by that State, her Senators and Rep
resentatives elect will be admitted to their .
seats, of course taking the prescribed Con
gressional oath. Nothing more is to be donor
towards reconstruction at this session." ',
The Sentinel, the organ of Gov. Worth,
does not like the late Convention. It thinks
it was a " radical" body. It was radically
right on the subject of the Union. The fol
lowing extract from our report of Saturday's '
proceedings will explain the aversion of the ,
Sentinel to the Convention : : . ;,
" Mr. Odom said, as for himself, he in
tended ' hereafter' to defend the stars and
stripes wherever that banner floated. Pro
longed applause." - . :
The Sentinel does not like that noble senti
ment. . 1 v ' '' - '.
It is gall and wormwood to it.
The reader will find in our columns to
day a report of an interesting discussion in
the Convention, on one of the last , days of
the session, in relation to the oath to sup
port the federal Constitution. - The remarks.
of Mr. Dick and Mr. Odom' contain the true
doctrine on the subject. 7. T,,, ,j -". ',. ; '" . ;
JUr., Odom rebuked in an eloquent and
-pointed manner the spirit . manifested by r
some of the members in relation to the oath
His remarks breathe the true Union spirit. ".
A new invention has been introduced to
cut through sand bars. - It is a floating vea--'
. 1 1 . i. . At X 1 , - ' '
sei propeueu ujr oieam, me iurwnm . poraou
acting as a double dam. At the stern are.'
large water-wheels,. ;driven by powerful ma
chinerv. ;The-dams direct a strong current
of water centrally towards the stem-wheels.
t So admirably is the invention apparently
adapted to the purpose OF cutting a channel
through sand-bars that, every oue who has
seen the model thinks it will be a success. "
Proceedings of .the
5 SATtmrAjr? Jiifi.e 23dl6eflL
"' 'MrV-Grissota. a resolaon to re4rict, debate
by allowing a call of the ' previous ouostiort.
The Coavention refused to suspend the fuke
to .consider this resolution.'.' " - '.V '?J
A resolutida from the- finance tjommltteo-j
to pay J. N. Ramsay $73 for the services as
clerk to the Secretarv of State", was passed.
A odnance tp. authorize an exchange of J
Btate ixnas ior certain causes, wuu rancu up.
Mr. McGehee moved an amentlment,- when
3Ir. Bynum moved to lay the whole matter
on thetable. , flo said thafr the motion pro
ceejded fi-onj no spiritbf hostility on his part
tiwards the measure, but in these last hours
of the session,' a proposition involving mill
ions of dollars ought not to be discussed.
He, therefore, deemed his motion an; act of
justice towards the people of the State. The
measure, could more , properly be considered
by the next. Legislature. . . . , . .
. The motion to lay on ..the . table was
adopted. .:. ' ,. ' ' .A ,'.'.'".' ',' '' " " i
. - Mr. Caldwell of Burke moved to take up
an ordinance authorizing' the : President of
the Western N. C. Railroad to borrow mon
ey on the credit of the State. Not concur
red in. , .. J.r.' '
THE CONSTITUTION. -,' . . -
The question being on the amendment of
fered by Mr. Howard to Sec, 1 0 of Art. IV
in relation to magistrates.' , "". ' .
Mr. Melvor offered : substitute for the
whole Bection, which was read and ruled out
of order. ' -'' : ,'.:,: .
' Messrs. Smith of Johnston, McKay of Har
nett and King offered substitutes, which
were read for -information. - ;
Mr. Howard accepted the amendment of
Mr. McKay as a substitute for his own, with
modifications which were agreed to. '.''.';
Mr. Bynum moved to strike out the pro
vision for election of magistrates for a term
of years, and. inserting a provision for elec
tion during good behavior. " Not adopted.1
Mr. Logan preferred the 10th section as
read and amended in the revised Constitu
tion, and opposed the amendment offered
by Mr.McKay. ,:
Mr. Baker also opposed many of the pro
visions of the proposition of Mr. McKay.
Mr. King arose to enter his protest to the
proposition to limiting the number of mag
istrates to ten in a thousand.
The yeas and nays were demanded on the
motion to strike out the 10th section, which
resulted in its being stricken out yeas 82,
The question then recurred on' the inser
tion of Mr. McKay's amendment.
The substitute of Mr. McKay was adop
ted, as follows : t
- "Justices of the Peace shall be elected by
the qualified voters for the members of the
General Assembly, and shall hold their offi
ces for six years. The number shall mt ex
ceed two for every thousand of the popula
tion, according to the census next preceding
the election, but the General Assembly may
allow three additional Justices for each.
County seat and incorporated town : Provi
ded, said incorporated town leing other
than that in which the County seat is loca
ted, shall contain three hundred inhabitants.
The General Assembly shall provide for dis
tricting the several Counties, and the Jus
tices shall reside in their respective districts
and there shall be a separate election for
each district. . The next General Assembly
shall enact the ' necessary laws to carry into
effect the provisions of this clause, and at
the first County Court after the election,
the terms of office of the present Justices
shall expire. The General Assembly may
provide for the election of Justices to fill va
Mr. Moore of Wake, an amendment to sec.
7, art. Ill, that the Lieutenant Governor
shall have same qualification for office as the
Governor and hold office for same term.
Jn art. V. for section 2, Mr. Caldwell, of
Burke, offered the following :
".No member ot the senate or House ot
Commons shall be eligible to any office in
the gift of the General Assembly during his
term of office."
Mr. Caldwell called for the yeas and nays.
Mr. Buxton opposed the section. He
thought it unwise for North-Carolina to re
strict herself in this manner in the choice of
Mr. McCorkle said he hoped the amend
ment would be adopted, its object was to ef
fect wholesome legislation and to keep out
ofthe General Assembly professional office
hunter, whose sole motive in becoming
members of the legislature was to advance
their own personal interests, often times
If, (ha e i at 4- It aa Kfara Thtt aviI
had arisen to such a magnitude, that
whenever a candidate for an office, conferred
by the General Assembly, desired to accom
plish his object, his first step was to procure
bis election to tue JLiesisiature, ana wnen
electedjwhatj tollowed ? To procure his own
election, the candidate would support not
only other members of the General Assembly
who were also applicants for legislative fa
vors, but he would support any measures ot
other members, where it would procure him
a vote, regardless of what effect such a meas
ure might have upon the interests ot the
State. ' '
All such inducements to barter away the
interests of the State for a" mess of potnge "
ought to . be withdrawn, and to accomplish
tins, it was proper to pass tue amendment
offered by the delegate from Burke.
Mr. M. said tuat tne law naa wisely provi
ded that all jurors who were civil suitors
should be stricken from the panel and not
permitted to serve as jurors. Why was this
done f Solely to prevent such suitors from
helping each other along in their verdicts.
It was done to prevent log-rolling, and not
to place a juror in a situation where his own
interests might prompt him to do wrong.
The same principle ought to be applied to
the members ot the (Jeneral Assembly Here
after let no inducements be held out to mem
bers, that a seat in the Legislature, is the
surest road to further promotion. Hold out
no temptations to men to seek the Legislature
to accomplish'personal promotion. Adopt the
amendment, and members would hereafter
be elected whose sole motive would be to ad
vance the best interests ofthe State.
It was adopted' as folio wb :
Ayes Messrs. Alexander, Allen, Baines,
Baker, Barrow, Bingham, Boyden, Bradley,
Brickell, Bryan, Burgin, Caldwell of Burke,
Caldwell of Guilford, Conigland, Dick, Dick
ey, Faulkner, Ferebee, Gahagan, Garland,
Garrett, Godwin, Harris of Rutherford, Har
rison, Haynes, Hodge, Jackson, Johnston,
Jones of Henderson, Jones of Rowan, Joyce,
Kins. Lash, Logan, McCorkle, McKoy of
Sampson, McDonald of- Chatham, Mclvor,
N. A McLean, Nat. McLean, McLaughlin,
McRac, Moore ot Chatham, Murphy, Nor-
fleet, Patterson, PearsaU, Perkins Person,
Phillips, Rush,. Sloan, Smith of Anson,
Smith of Johnston, Smith of Wilkes, Spencer
of Montgomery, Starbuck, Stephenson, Stew
art, Walkup, ward, Williams, Wilson, Win
burne and. Wright 66. ,. S. : ,, .
- ays Messrs. Adams, : Baelev. Berry,
Buxton, Bynum, Eaton, Faircloth, Gilliam,'
Grissom, Harris ot Wuiltord, Henry, Howard,
Jarvis, Jones ot Davidson, Joyner, Love of
Jackson, Lyon, Manly, McCauley, McKay of
Harnett, McDonald of Moore, Moore of
Wake, Odom, Settle; Spencer of Hyde, Swan
Warren, ana w inston rS8. . " ', - '
VvMr. Caldwell of Burke, moved, to amend
sec. 4 so as to render clergymen, preachers of
the gospel mcapaoie ot Holding seats in. the
Mr. Joyner opposed.;.; '- ; . . ; v..
! -I Mr. Stewart 'favored. ''-;' n ; ;-y Jtf. I?
' - The , Amendment . was ;: lost,, yeaa. 20 j
Mr. Caldwell" of Bnrke, mdved to striket
out no clergyman f.and insert every
clenrymen " m 1st. une 4tn, section nvm;
to all clergymen the right to it in Genera
Assembly, c - v-
Mr Dick passed ahighr eulogy upon ke
tniniatry Of the StateiWnd, looked "Upon-ftiis
Section iisihe-result Tthe prejudices of our ;
forefathers; :iXU desired. t4see it abolished.
ilrl . McKov v bf 'Sampsbn ' -f opnosed the
.WnenqmenoiuieHaeiegata.irom iiurite, oe-.,
uuuse no ucsireii io Keep iuu uumsirr oi
this State forever pure and holy, -by exclu-v
ding its members from the dirty pool of par-;j
Jizan pplitics.- He joined Mr. , Dick in his
eulogium upon the virtues of our clergy ; but
he said, it would be a woful. falling off fa
bring them here to the Legislature to dabble
in politics nd then send, them home to their
congregations, i It might improve politics,
but it would prove a lasting injury to the
ministers.. Their purity is now owing ter
their exclusion from politics. . ,
- Besides, said be, to open the door ot the -Legislature
to ministers of the Gospel is to''
give to that denomination in this State, hav- '
ing the ' numerical majority, all political
power the door' of that church would be-:
come the door to office. He trusted that this
barrier might remain in .the Constitution
that it might, not be broken., down and the .
church contaminated. There was one invo- '
cation. yin the Lord's 'prayer, to which he5
would invite attention, " Lead us not into
temptation !" Let not -this Convention there
fore fling the temptation of office into the
paths of our ministry, which ;haa hitherto
Kept itself so very pure.
Mr. Moore or Wake, favored the original -
section.' ; He desired from tbe best of moti
ves to keep the ministers where they are
out of the political arena. He would de
plore the day .when our ministers should be
engaged in writing political addresses to
gether with their holy . sermons. - It would
introduce religious discussion into the Gen-.
eral Assembly, and political discussions into
our pulpits. . A minister, who thought of
politics six days in the week, would think of
it on Sunday. -
' Mr. McDonald of Moore, spoke in favor of
the admission of ministers to the Legislature.
Mr. Bryan of Wilkes, an amendment exclu
ding those ministers only, who have publicly
advocated the doctrines of secession. Read
for information. " ' -
Mr. Caldwell's amendment was lost.
Mr. Bryan's amendment was offered and
In the course of the discussion of this sec
tion, Mr. Jovner held that it discriminated
in favor of one class of preachers and against
another,.. Under it, one class of clergymen
could be admitted to sit in the General As
sembly ; and any member of the excluded
class by resigning his pastoral functions,
could also be admitted. It required that
sacrifice on the part of the latter, to place
himself on an equal footing with the former.
If this be its practical working, and such it
really is, he saw no good reason why the sec
tion should not be repealed.
Mr. Stewart held that all ministers should
be indiscriminately excluded, or indiscrim
inately admitted. -He could see no reason
for such discrimination in the Constitution.
The section stands as it was reported.
The following section was read :
" Sec 9. Every person chosen or appointed
to any office or place of trust or profit in the
State, besides . any oath prescribed for a
faithful discharge of its duties shall before
entering on such duties, take an oath or af
firmation to support, maintain and defend
the Constitution of the States."
Mr. Manly of Craven held that this made
a material alteration in the form of the old
oath required of officers, and he offered an
amendment, which he said,, would simply
proyide for the administration of the oath
as it now stands and has stood since our
Mr. Dick opposed the-amendment; of the
delegate front Craven. He deemed a change
in the old form of the oath of office necessary
and proper. He held that the form of the
old oaths had done much to foster the spirit
of State rights, to educate the people into the
belief that the States were paramount to the
general government. . .. This baleful idea,
educated by such means into the minds, of
our people, bad produced the late horrible
war. Here the issue' was , made up State
sovereignty against the Union. It has been
decided, we all know how. Then it is use
less to kick against the pricks," we must ac
custom ourselves to that decision, and con
form our laws and oar Constitution to it.
The war had decided against State sover
eignty it had decided that North-Carolina
is subordinate to the general government.
How then can any one, who accepts the is
sue of the war fairly, refuse to swear to sup-
Iport the Constitution of this State, not in
consistent with the Constitution of the Uni
ted States, as this section provides ? It is
Sie gist of the whole matter. He expressed
imself decidedly in favor of the adoption
of the section as it stood.
Mr. Manly replied. He denied that North-
Carolina was entirely subordinate to the
general government. He said that she had
certain rights; which belonged to her and
not to the general government. That our
83'stem might be compared to the solar sys
tem, where all the planets moved on harmo
niously, each in its proper sphere.
He deprecated the tendency of the re
marks of the delegate from Guilford. He .
thought they fostered that growing spirit of
centralization which would annihilate State
rights and establish over us a strong, central
government. He said that he would now
warn this convention as an old man and a
close observer of events, that when State
rights are swept away irrevocably, liberty
goes with them. He said the tendency to .
centralization in this country, was in strong
contrast to the feeling among republicans in
Europe. There they labored for the decen
tralization of power.
But, ' said : Mr. Manly, the amendment
which I propose does not make any change
in existing laws. The form of oath, descend-:
ing to us from the days when Carolina -was
an English, colony, hallowed "and venerable
with age, will be preserved. He desired no
change he could perceive no necessity for it. .
Mr. Dick rejoined. He enforced bis former .
position,, holding emphatically that North
Carolina is subordinate to the general gov
ernment. The issue made and decided, it
now becomes us to submit. He still favored
the rejection of Mr. Manly's proposed amend-.
ment. - -
Mr. Ferebee supported the- amendment of
the delegate from Craven. He said that in
the face of present dangers, be could see no
good reason to alter the old oath. He would
illustrate. Said- he the Congress .now at
Washington,' which denies us our right of
representation, has recently passed constitu
tional amendments, buppose those amend
ments are ratified by the Northern States.-?
They will not be submitted to ns. : They de
prive our people of rights guaranteed to
them by the .constitution of' our forefathers.''
These amendments being ratified would be
declared a part ofthe constitution, i He was
opposed, therefore, :to making our State ofTU
cere, swear to support ' them. The constitu
tion amended thus, would not be the Consti
tution . of our fathers.' .President Johnson
has emphatically said so. In view of these
facts, he was in-favor of adhering to the pre
sent form of oath. -i-'V :
1 MrFcrebee argued further In defence of
Mr. Manley's amendment ; and also referred -to
the fact, that he was educated in the school
Of Heny .Clay politics, when- -t
Mr.' Boyden proceeded to answer.' He said'
that gentlemen had . shot wide of the mark.
They had been arguing" that this section re-,
quired an oath, to support -the Constitution
of the United States. It requires no such
thing. Wf only-requires that an oath Tie
taken to support ;the: Constitution of North-
Carolina, not inconsistent with the Consti
tution of the United . States. " la there any-,
thing wrong" in that J ."The old oath requires
the. same i thisg also -J Are not gentlemen
aware ..of that factlThis. aection. merely -
provide' the Constitutional -enactment! -preserve
that important part of the oatiu-- -
. The delecate from Cam Jen, Mr. FerebeeV
had boasted that hft --be!nd to the Henry
Clayjschool of politics.-' He ;would ask him
if Henry Qay,;woul(I have ever' refused to
takean oath to support the; constitution of
his' Statfc not inconsistent -with that of" the
TTr-,.- -CI... - XT ji ....4- f-. ; A nkl
here be would say the difference between the
sentiments of the -gentleman from' Camden
and. hose pf Harry Clay, was as'wide as the
difference between "Heaven and hell 1 ' '" ' !
Mr. Coni&land in renlv said that we had
been informed by Mr. Moore," of" Wake, that
there is a clause in the present Constitution
requiring an oath of this sort Such leing
the case, whence the necessity of incorporating
such a clause at -present 1- Much differoneewf
opinion as to the propriety of this clause is
now entertained ; ' and why 'should it now be
considered so" necessary,5 which ' heretofore
has not been" considered : necessary t The
delegate from Rowan has asked would Hen
ry Clay have hesitated to take au oath like
this ? ' I answer that as regards a' Constitu
tion now proposed to bo made- he would
not only not. have taken an oath to support
it, but his clarion voice, would nave been
beard from Maine to California against it.
To use the words of the delegate, ' the Con
stitution of the days of Clay is as different
from that now proposed, "as Heaven from
hell ! It proposes not only to exclude nine-
tenths ot our people, who are usually elected
to office, not only from federal offices, but
from State offices also. . Can any true son ofthe
South assent to this f Rather than purchase
office at such a price," I would stay forever at
home. If I could, I would ' not attain the
highest elevation by swearing to support a
Constitution, from the formation of which
my voice is excluded and nine-tenths of my
own people disfranchised. ' '
Let our State Constitution, remain as it is
in this particular. - It is good enough for me
as it is, and will be good enough if it re
mains so. . r '.'..,.' ,,
Mr. Odom made an eloquent reply. He
favored the section as reported by -the com
mittee, and was himself prepared to swear to
support the Constitution of this State, not
inconsistent ' with the Constitution of the
United States. . But this seemed unpleasant
to some.:. It aroused them. They talked of
Congress, the proposed amendments to the
Constitution, &c. What are you going to
do, should those amendments be adopted ?
Are you going to submit to them? Then
what is there objectionable in this oath ? -But
you object. - Then, if they are adopted,
are yon going to revolutionize again f Are
you going to resist the authority of the gov
ernment once more ? As for himself, he in
tended hereafter to defend the stars and
stripes wherever that banner floated. Pro
longed applause. He had lost the savings
of fifty years, but he had willingly submitted
and intended to abide the issue. He would
prefer to return to the Union with the con
cessions already made, but- that seemed im
possible now. Who was to blame for it ?
Not President Johnson nor "the Congress,
but those people " here at home, who have
ruined us once before. It now appeared that
further concessions are to be made. Between
the granting of further concessions and the
inauguration of another revolution, he had
but one choice make the concessions. We
had fought once and been whipped. Let us
confess it. He was for peace and harmony
Mr. Howard said he thought the discussion
had given the question an importance which
it did not deserve ; and as he intended to
vote for the amendment of the delegate from
Craven he desired - the Convention to under
stand the two propositions. The amendment
proposed to retain the present oath which
contains the very words proposed to be
stricken out, and in addition an oath of al
legiance to the State. Seeing no reason for
abridging the present oath he preferred the
amendment. This discussion about secession
he thought entirely out of place. That ques
tion had been referred to the sword, the only
arbiter and was settled. No delegate could
entertain the notion that any one could take
office under the State without an oath to
support the Constitution of the United
States ; such a proposition was preposterous
While saying this, he did not wish to be
understood as attempting to conceal his own
sentiments. What gentleman called seces
sion that the general government had no
right to coerce a State, he had always be
lieved, now believed,, and expected tocon
tinue to believe to be the true construction of
the Constitution as intended by the framers
of the Government; but others thought
otherwise ' and they had established their
construction, and he had agreed and expect
ed honestly to abide by it.
The Convention then came to a vote, and
the amendment of Mr. Manly was rejected,
Yeas Messrs. Bagley, Berry, Conigland,
Ferrebee. Howard, Joyner. Love of Jackson,
McKoy of Sampson, McDonald of Chatham,
Person, Smith of Johnston, Spencer of Hyde,
Winburne, and Wright. 16.
Nats. Messrs. Adams, Alexander, Allen,
Baines, Baker, Barrow, - Bingham, Boyden,
Bradley, Brickell, Bryan, Burgin, Buxton,
Caldwell of Burke, Caldwell of Guilford,
Dick, Dickey, Faircloth, Faulkner, Furches,
Gahagan, Garland, Garrett, Gilliam, God
win, Grissom, Harris of Guilford, Harris of
Jackson, Johnston, Jones otHenderson,
Jones of Rowan, Joyce, King, .'Lyon, McKay
of Harnett, McDonald of Mqore, Mclvor, N.
McLean, McLaughlin, Norneet, Odom, Pat
terson, Phillips, . Polk, Rush, Settle, Sloan,
Smith ot Anson, smith ot Wilkes, Starbuck,
Stephenson, Stewart, Walkup, Warren, and
Williams 62. ' ' .' "'
The Constitution then passed its final
: Note. In the report of the. proceedings
on the Stay Law the amendment offered by
Mr. Grissom, and which that gentleman ear
nestly labored to incorporate into the law
every time it came up, was not given in lull.
It is as follows : . -
Be it further ordained. That no sale of real
estate which may be hereafter made un
der executions issuing upon judgments here
tofore or hereafter recovered, on contracts en
tered into before the first day of May, A. D.
1865, shall be valid unless the same shall
bring a price equal to tico-thirds; at least, of
its assessed tax valuation in force at the
time of such sale. 1 " ' . . : .
Thh Nokth-Cahoijna . Raiuroad. The
annual meeting of the stockholders of this
road will be held in Hillsboro', on the 12th
of July. We have on more occasions than
one bad reasons to speak in terms of com
mendation of the management of the affairs
of this road. The Superintendent, Jtfr. Ed.,
Wilkes, is-; a- Very- superior . Railroad man,
and as the State is, a large .stockholder, it
will not be out of- place, for us to express a
desire that one who has done so well should
be retained. Mr. Wilkes has done his duty!,
and we trust will not only be re-appointed
Superintendent, but complimented for the
energy and efficiency displayed in the man
agement of said road. The fact of his beinv
appointed by the, Provisional Board, : is no
ranwu wuj iw ouuuiu une IclUUveil. .. 1I(
deed, he has performed las duty, then it ia a
very small matter how be originally received
the place. That he has done welL all ac
quainted with the facts admit, and we trust
no. partizan . consideration -will cause the
road- to lose his valuable ' services. -CWk
lotto 'Times.' - j r- i '-' -'-;! -;r "
.'A mammoth turtle, weighing seven hun
dred pounds, is oa? exhibition jn Baltimore!
' " Robinson; the "bare-tacked' circus rider,
gets ah annual salary of $24.000v :. For doing
j more, Menken, received considerably less,,
J Washington .PntoH SchoiTT
Having hal occasion to report
t American riUfion; Commisston-ias-resneot' n
tliK tWlihin W PnMii. . ! . . . ''..
by tl em in ihe Baptist Urove? and receutlv
gusta.ned by the New England Branch ofthe
Freamen's ' and Union Commiswiif.n it i..
statement of its work the past year may be
acceptable to your readers, -a - . .
- The school was started last October with
the approbation and at the expressed desire
of not a few. citizens of Raleigh who ire in
terested in public T education and the prosl
penty of the - city. ' It was.thea hoped that
the system of public' schools wotf 11 be' re-
vived in some form Or other St the first ses
si on -of the 3onventimor-o Ue-LegiHlntui
but.it seemed desirablev; that' the children-'
, shouhi be started as soon Hi "possfbVon" the'
roadtb learning' During the yfirr tbere"havei
been over one hundred and eighty pupils in
the school of fhom xnot less than one hun
dred aiiiJ fifty ; -have : been f aught free of
charged There was i .pablic examination ia
March, and there will be another on Fridav
of this week. ' j .- .-;- .- ; . '
The friendly interest in this -undertaking '
shown by several citizens has been gratefuU
ly received..,; Besides other, acts of kindness
we would acknowledge the loan of two
stoves, thirty, .desks and ' benches, philoso
phical apparatus, a map of U. S. and the
gift of some -;' North-Carolina - arithmetics. "
together with $16 in cash, for school-room
'expenses. . .. : ; .". ,'. . ,':" . j
The subscriber as Agent of the combined
Freedmen' and Union Commission requests
a continuance of. the favor- of the enlighten
ed friends of .education." As no State or
County appropriations have been made to
meet the public needs of this character, it is
hoped that with the increased prosperity of
the coming year the citizens Will do yet more
to aid this school.
- ;: - , -r., . FISK P. BREWER,
. Late Agent Am. Union Commission.
: Call for a National Cidoii Convention.'
c :-Washington, June 25.
A. W. Randall, .1st." Assistant Postmaster
General, Senators Doolittle, Cowan, and oth
ers, forming the Executive Committee of the
National Union Club of this city, have issu
ed a call for a National Union Convention of
at least to delegates from each Congressional
District of all the States, two from each of
the Territories, two fiom the District of Col
umbia, and four delegates at large from each
State, to be held at Philadelphia on the 2nd
Tuesday of August next. Such delegates
will be chosen by the electors of the several
States, " who 'sustain the Administration in
maintaining , unbroken the Union ofthe
States under .the Constitution which our
fathers established, and who agree in certain
propositions, including the maintenance in
violate ofthe rights of. the States, .and espe
cially of the right of each State to order and
control its own domestic concerns according
to its own judgment exclusively as essen
tial to the balance of power on which the
perfection and endurance of our political fa
bric depend ; and the overthrow of that sys
tem by the usurpation and centralization of
power in Congress would fbe a, revolution
dangerous to Republican government and
destructive of liberty. V " .-. .
The holding ofthe Convention is endors
ed by Senators Dixon, Hendricks, Norton
andNesmith. ' .. . !' . -'. .; .-. ' .... .
Thh N. G. Railroad. The annual meet
ing ofthe stockholders of this. Road will be
held in Hillsboro' on the 12th of July.- The
State of North-Carolina is a large stockholder
in the Road, and therefore every citizen and
tax-payer is interested in its management.
We think there is a disposition on the part
of some persons to turn out the present Su
perintendent, Mr. Wilkes, merely on political
grounds because he was appointed by the
Provisional Board of Directors and we now
enter our protest t against mixing politics
with the management of .our public works.
No one will dare say thafc;3Ir. -WiIkes has
been deficient in discharging his duties. He
has labored vith all his might to put the
Road in good condition," and relieve it of
the embarrassments .which surrounded it at
the close of the, war, , and it .would .'be a
shame to displace .him., now, simply because
he was appointed under . the Provisional
Governor's administration. , Mr. Wilkea has
not used the Road for speculative purposf
and tc aid his own personal schemes, which
is more than can be said for some of thore
who managed it during the last two years of
the war. We have made it. our business to
inquire into the management of the Road
both during the war and since, and .we know
what we are talking about., , '.If good men
and faithful officers are to be proscribed be
cause they happened to be appointed by cer
tain men, or because they voted in a certain
way, we shall assist in . organizing resistance
and retaliation. - , - . , -. ' J .
It is proper to say that we.have never had
a word of conversation with Mr.-' Wilkes on
this subject, and we know hot what his feel
ings are about the matter, .but we believe
that certain wire-pullers are. at. work to dis
place him ; and. believing, aa we. do, that he
is a faithful officer, we; have alluded! to the
matter in a plain way. Charlotte Democrat,
Supreme Corai. The following: opinions
have been filed : ;.-V ..' ' ''..- . '' -
By Peakson.. Ch.1 J In Kidd w- Morrison
in equity, from Moore ;,bill dismissed with
out prejudice, parties to pay their own costs.
In Reynolds vs. McKenzie,. in j equity, from
Robeson ; decretal order, affirmed. - In Par
ker e. Grammer, ih equity, from Gates : de
cretal order affirmed. In Broughton v. As
kew, in equity, from ' Wake ; order to show
cause is dimissed without prejudice, parties
to pay their own costs. 4. - -
By Battle, J. In Doe exdem. ' Wicker tt.
McDonald, from Moore ; judgment reversed
and venire de novo. In Grandy t. Sawyer, in
equity, from Camden.the only heir and next
of kin of M. G. S. shall have one half the re
mainder, and the testator's heirs at law and
next of kin ; the other half, - to be d i vided
among them, pw . stirpes.; JLa... Whitfield tt.
Cates, in equity, from Person ; bill dismissed
with costs. Ia ams .-' Ijama, in equity
from Davie ; order affirmed. ' '' ."- ..
By Rkadk, J. In Fagan . MusOTOve, from
New Hanover"; judgment affirmed. In Bar
ry vs. Sinclair, from New hanover ; judgment
reversed, in state vs, Marshall, from -McDowell
; no error, . In Davis rt. Shaveirfron
Rowan ; judgment affirmedLv. .
EXECUTIVE DEP T OF W. C.
- . . , . : . , Raleic, imn .23, 1866.
To iko Maimed. Soldier of Jfovth-Carolina .'
UNDER. THE LATE ACT; OF THE GEN
enl Assembly provMiBgLrr supplying jaoi
w ivh rtiflclal limbs, as sees-a an eetablislinent
for tlie Bsannfactnre of socb artiflcial limbs could
be go np here; I Issued a prtmted circular to the
Sberiff wf each County ta State, requesting
him, when called upon by m, to notify the men
ia ki County entitled tae sapplied, when to
come here to nave the Km 6s fried to the stomp.
Uader aprevions correeramdeaee with the aeeral
Kail Road Companies of the State, I bad received
prompt assurance from eacb- Compaay that ach
niaiBMd soldier, furnished with a proper certifi
cate, abould pass frceta-Kaleiglrandbeaia again.
Each sheriff fs furnished with pristed blank cer
tificates to be furnished' tOeeh 8o!lie tcxeDable
him to pass free over the roads and. to-get a.limt
when be arrives here.- I have provided a. boum
herewith barracks, where anysaldiaa aisystay
duriiur bis necessary detention bens, withwot ex
pense, excepting hto provisiODa, w-hlcb be must
bring with htm or otherwise procure for himself.
All the counties eaaoot be supplied at once. I
have had the order of supply dtrmined bylot-
and the sheriff of each eountj-wiU be duly notified
when to summon tbe maimed soldiers te-aome,
and none should come untilisoieiunmoned. -
The- Sheriffs are supplied with alt needful in
formation; but many-soidieraarecoiniB; without
certificates, and before they are sanimonedi from
wbicb much iocoDveufense arises. "v
Each newspaper hi. Uio State- is requeateato
grre one insertion to, tliis notice and to lorward
account to this ofiiaa for paymentf "- - ;