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rultare ! Califtrnl 3
California is destined to become the France
of the(We8tem -Hemisphere pc..
variety of wines, unsurpassed
savor..- YlLttmm'ft , -, .
" ul.ita- nroDer-nsVand-not improper.
n - ji.i,-:nf thn lost enemies ui man
A?oWpondeSt of the New-York. Tribune
' . wincr accoaut of ulautinff, ana
cultivating the prape, and the process of
maoutacturing wine in. the golden btate ot
California. BpeaKtug 01 me secouu iwmw-
tation in the close. ot tne article it "
state that the new wine about the time when
the vine.is in fall bloom, or when the grow
ing season 1s well opened, new casks should
be procured, and after having been thorough
ly cleansed, should be filled with sulphur
smoke, displacing the air within, and the
wine racked by means of a siphon into the
i sulphured cask, leaving all the lees liebind.
This" prevents any danger of the second
acetic fermentation, and the wine is after
wards bottled and sent to market.
The whole process of planting, and taking
care of one of these vineyards until it matu-
s , rff state is one of the simplest
ICS AXlIrt - c
.i..- -, i wnrlrL Nor need the cost ot
' labor deter any one from undertaking the
task. The labor of the very largest vine
yard in Sonoma is carried on enti-ely by
Chinese, who can be hired at cheaper rates
than Almost anv of the laborers of the east.
The only obstinate element in the way of
. raising a vineyard in California is that of
tune, ana. mis, it must m 1,
. against the grain of the people amazingly.
If it took no longer to mature a vineyard
than to level a mountain in sarch of gold, to
drain a river, or build a city, or overcome
any other olwtacle that could be overcome,
the face of the whole country might now be
dotted with vines. But here nature will
have her ewn way, and she has declared in
the most peremptory manner that if you will
have one of her choicest gifts you have got
to learn to labor and to wait at least five or
six years. "With only this drawback, the
production of a perfect vineyard is within
the reach of the most ordinary craft and in
At the proper season, which is any time
from December to March, the "cuttings" are
set out in parallel rows, about eight feet
apart, and the ground between them is
ploughed in the same way, and with the
ame kind of instrument, as corn is ploush-
in Kentucky and Illinois. The art of
" pruning " is attended with no more diffi
culty; and when this is done any one who
wants to set out a new vineyard can obtain
all the "cuttings" of the "ilission grape "
he wishes for the asking. As to " training."
the usual practice is to fasten the vines to
stakes four or five feet high, and many per
sons let these stakes remain for an indefinite
period. But the best plan is to remove
them entirely ' after the vines begin to bear,
and let the grapes hang as near the ground
as possible. , They ripen better in this con
dition, and are said to produce the best
Far more interesting, however, than any of
these methods of culture, to both'the specta
tor and the owner of the vineyard, is the
season of the vintage. This taken place
about the latter part of October. As the
weather is always delightful, old and young
ot both sexes flock together to join in the
gathering. There is no fear of rain or of in
tense heat, and there is scarcely breeze
enough to stir the broad leaves of the vines,
which now begin to put on their russet coat,
to be changed soon for one in which the
. pink and crimson will predominate. Nim
ble fingers are seen everywhere clipping the
ripe bunches and throwing them into clus
tering heaps. The ring ot merry laughter is
heard over all parts of the vineyard. The
luscious loads, heaped into baskets and box
es, are taken in wagons to the wine-press.
Now commences in sober earnest the real
business of making the wine, and this also
consists of the simplest contrivances. The
fruit, thoroughly ripe (none other should be
used) is first subjected to the operation of
" mashing." This is done by one or two
hands, (the feet are never used for this pur
pose in Sonoma "as in most of the countries
in Europe,) sometimes in a wooden tub or
barrel, with a long-handled stamper, but
most usually with two parrallel rollers, be
tween which the " berries " are crushed in
such away as not to break the seeds or ker
nels. Some persons strip the " berries " from
the " combs " or stems before "masliing," be
cause they say the tannin extracted from the
stems impart a harsh taste to the wine ; but
others prefer crushing the grapes on the
' stems; and these claim that the tannin acts
as a preservative of the wine, and rather im
proves than injures its flavor. Whatever the
difference of opinion on this point, they all
agree that the " pressing " should be com
menced as soon as possible after the pressing
or "mashing" is over; for nothing injures
the juice so much as exposure to the atmos
- As soon as the juice, or must, as it is cal
led, comes from the press, it is collected in
large vats or casks to undergo " fermenta
tion," which takes place usually within 24
hours afterward. This sight to a stranger
. for the first time is an interesting one. He
sees the agitated and steaming mass whirl
ing around with much violence, and it re
minds him of nothing so much as the boil
ing and bubbling of the witches' caldron in
Macbeth. But let him not approach too
near, or stand too long over one of these
seething vats; for out of it escapes in great
quantities the deadly carbonic acid, which
disengaged from the heated fluid, takes its
flight in clouds of vapor. The most careful
. wine-makers guard against any evil effects
from this cause by keeping the fermenting
vessels covered, and allowing the gas to be
conducted through tubes or pipes into ba
sins of water. This also obviates tbe evil
tendencies of contact with the air, to which
the young mine is extremely sensitive, and
from which, if too much exposed, it imbibes
the most hurtful properties.
When, the first fermentation, called the
vinous, because it generates " spirits of wine,"
or alcohol, is ended, the wine is placed in
the cellar, in pipes, which are kept full and
tightly bunged, so as to exclude the atmos
phere. Some allow it to remain in these, on
the "lees," until the second or spring fermen
- tation sets in, while others draw it off once
or twice before this period.
It is a curious fact that this second fcr
; ' mentation always takes Dlace about the time
the young buds begin to put forth on the
vines the following spring, which has led
- some to suppose that there is some sort of
sympathy between the new vine and the new
shoot, as if the former wanted to rescue it
self from its unnatural bondage, and be a
bud again;" or, as if it meant to make pro
test, by this internal struggle, against the
harsh decree by which its vegetable life is
extinguished, and it is made to pass, Pro-teus-hke,
into a new form, where, by the
" subtle law of its being, it assists in vitalizing
and renewing tbe energies of man. If it out
lives this second agony, without passing in
to the acetous fermentation, which turns it
into vinegar, it becomes clear, sparkling and
aromatic, and goes on acquiring strength,
. - body, and durability for many years.
The eleventh census of France is in
progress.. 1 he, results are looked for
with much interests. owina to th fat.
that since 1861, ihe date of the last cen
sus, the country has been in an eminent:
, ry prosperous - condition. Of, all the
Huropean nations France t shows the
io west rate of increase in population.
'u.i)UW,wi!(ui uau only in
creased by 9,000,000 in 1861. During
; the same period Great Britian increasel
worn. 10,000,000 to 23,000,000,
The Mississppi River is a tide in tn
of men ; which, taken at its flood, leads on
'f.i;.T t.;. ThA. miunous: ci-
fts nf mental -labor are, in ft great
i measure, wing; to extensive forcing in
Vearly youth ; to. sudden; or . .misdirected
-study : to the cooperation of depress
ansr 'emotions' or passion . to the . neg
nect of th ordinary rules of hygiene;
to the neglect of the hints of the body ;
or to the presence of the seeds of disease,
degeneration, and decay in the system.
The man of healthy phlegmatic or
choleric temperant is less likely to be
injured by application than one of san
guine or melancholic type ; . yet these
Fatter, with allowance for the original
'constitution, may be Capable of vast ef
forts. The extended and deep culture
of the mind exerts a directly 'conserv
ative influence upon the body. Fellow
labourer ! one word to you. Fear not
to do manfully the work for which your
gifts qualify you, but do it as one who
must give an account of both soul and
body. Work, and work hard while it
is day ; the night cometh soon enough
do not hasten it. Use your faculties
use them to the utmost, but do not
abuse them ; make not the mortal to do
the work of the immortal. The body
has it claims it is a good servant ; treat
it well, and it will do your work ; it
knows its own business ; do not attempt
to teach or force it ; attend to its wants
and requirements, listen kindly and
patiently to all its hints, occasionally
forestall its necessities by a-little indul
gence, and your consideration will be
paid with interest. But task it, and
pine it, and suffocate it make it a slave
instead of a servant ; it may not com
plain much, but, like the weary camel
in the desert, it will lie down and die.
Journal of Physiolgy.
Professor Agassiz has got as far as
Rio Janeiro on his way home, and in
tends a halt of some weeks in the Braz
ilian capital. By way ot relaxation he
has prepared a series of lectures, in the
French language, describing the prog
ress and results of his labor on the
Amazon. The first of the course Avas
read at the Imperial College on the
8th of May. He said that 'the preva
lent opinons of the sterility and insalu
brity of the Valley of the Amazon were
unfounded, and he looked forward to
see it the home of twenty millions of
civilized people. He spoke well of the
Emperor, who was there to hear him,
and left everybody who could under
stand the lecture, highly pleased with
Gustave Dore, the wonderfiill illus
trator of classics, is still a frequent sub
ject of conversation in Paris. He was
born in Strasburg in 1832, and so may
be regarded as half German in his origin.
He commenced his marvelous labors
when only 16, on the Journal pour Rire
wherein his caricatures gained him the
first beginnings of fame. This branch
of art seems to be his forte. His works
are already more numerous than any
half-dozen of the oldest artists in the
whole course of their lives.
Salad. The compounding of a salad is
one of the fine arts, the knowledge of which
is vouchsafed only to a few gifted spirits, but
as the salad season has arrived we reproduce,
for the benefit of our lady readers :
SIDNEY SMITH'S SALAD RECIPE.
To make this condiment, your poet begs
The pounded yellow of two hard boiled
Two boiled potatoes, passed through kitchen
Smoothness and softness to the salad give. -Let
onion atoms lurk within the bowl.
And, half suspected, animate the whole,
Of mordaunt mustard add a single spoon,
Distrust tbe condiment that bites so soon ;
But deem it not, thou man of herbs, a fault,
To add a double quantity of salt.
Four times the spoon with oil from Lucca
And twice with vinegar procured from
And lastly, o'er the flavored compound toss
A magic soupcon of anchovy sauce.
Oh, green and glorious! Oh, herbaceous
'Twould tempt the dying anchorite to eat;
Back to the world he'd turn his fleeting
And plunge his fingers in the salad bowl 1
Serenely full, fhe epicure would say.
" Fate cannot harm me, I have dined to-day."
The Italian Generals. A letter from
Florence says : " Since nothing but war is
now talked of, the following sketch of the
principal Italian generals may not be unin
teresting. Gen. La Marmora is in person a
tall thin man; his face displays a very de
cided nose, almost always surmounted by the
fashionable princenez. He has a passion for
the military art, and is inflexible on all points
of discipline. He docs not understand any
favoritism, and Victor Emanual saysjestingly
that he -has not credit enough to name a
drummer in his own army.' After Gen. La
Marmora, the most conspicuous soldier is
General Cialdini. He is a small, well-looking
man, with a quick and intelligent eye, wears
a great moustache and a beard like the Chas
seurs de Vincennes. He is the only indivi
dual of the Italian army to whom General
. La Marmora permits this eccentricity, for he
himself is moustached conformably to the
regulations. General Cialdini is very popu
lar in Italy, and passes for a man of action
and resource, well knowing how to win his
men and give them all confidence. The
Italian army possesses two other superior
generals, Durando and Delia Rocca. The
former is a veteran of Italian independence,
and is esteemed by everybody ; the latter, the
first aid-de-camp to the King, is a man of
about sixty, with white hair and moustaches;
both being very distinguished officers." .
While pulling down houses to clear
the site for the new Hotel Dieu, in Paris,
the workmen discovered an immense
oak beam, from an inscription on which
was gathered the fact that the tree
whence it was cut was planted in the
forest of Roway, somewhere between
the years 845 and 816.
Weshtngton Items. The Washington
Star of Saturday says :
Gov. Swann, of Md., and Ex-Gov. Hol
den, of N. C, visited the President to-day,
and Gen. B. F. Butler and Hon. Wm. E.
Chandler, Assistant Secretary of the Trea
sury, had an interview with Col. Cooper, the
President's Private Secretary, this afternoon.
.. Lieut. Gen. Grant has accepted an invi
taiion to be present at the grand celebration
at Philadelphia on the Fourth of July next.
on which pecasin forty-five Pennsylvania
regiments will present to the State the colors
earned by them during the reDelhon.
; There is a man in Pennsylvania who is so
forgetful of countenances that . his . wife is
obliged to keep a .wafer stuck to the end of
her nose in order that he may distineaish
her from other ladiesr Even then he occasion
ally makes a mistake. '; ' - 1" " j
The Union Candidates have carried Oregon,
' ,: NOTICE.
The people of this State will vote, on
! e 1st Thitrsdar Agrost next to ratW'
. or reject the Constitution, lately adop
- d by the Convention and ordered to be
bmitted to them at thffiiolls. .
, .We have seen no good reason advanced by
ov. Worth's partizans, why he should not
Y opposed in the .next "gubernatorial contest,
at he himself did not violate last Autumn,
-id, when a candidate for such a high
sition presents himself for re-election, it is
ual to enquire whether he has fulfilled the
. edges made to the people,' and whether the
terests of the State, during his administra-"
on, have been advanced or retarded. It
. es not appear that Gov. Worth will escape
. as ordeal.
If Gov. Worth was elected in the expecta- .
on that his abilities would materially aid
ie President in carrying out his plan to the '
scomfiture of the radicals, most wofully '
ive the people been deceived. ; If Gov. ,
"orth was run by political leaders in order, -
prevent restoration, by forcing upon the
orthern people an unacceptable man, thus
eluding North-Carolina from the Union
id Juejing vp the rebellion, most happily
- d they succeed and most wofully were the
ople again deceived. If Gov. Worth was
ected to secure Gov. Graham's pardon, he
is failed. If he has suggested any plan for
.e relief of the people, his organ does not
. em to know it. If he has managed to
cure to North-Carolina the benefits belong-
g to her from the Conservative position of
;r people before and during the war, it is
t apparent by anything said or done at
'ashington. Indeed, it seems that we are to
5 fed from-the same spoon that South-Caro-1a
and Mississippi are fed from. Such
eat merit is repugnant to the feelings of our
ople, and is exceedingly unjust to them.
nd though they have an Executive, who
aims to be a Union man, yet be is without
flueuce at Washington to prevent it.
We do not see, therefore, that Gov. Worth
. is any peculiar claims upon the people.
hey have honored him once, and there are
. hers, who have been better Confederates
id fought harder than Gov. Worth, if the
oplc are disposed- to choose such men. If
cause a man was true to the Confederacy
jm the first to the last, he will now be true
the Union and more true than any other
- n if this test be the true one, and it has
en contended by Gov. Worth's friends that
- is, then Gen. Ransom, or many other
:rsons we might mention, as far surpass
ov. Worth in loyalty as the sun exceeds the
oon in lustre. We say this in all due de-
rence to Gov. Worth.
Political harmony has never been restored
this State since last Autumn. Men are
nstantly being turned out of office for poli
oal opinions, and others, who were removed
r flagrant disloyalty to the government
stored. Mr. Thomas, President of the
tlantic and North-Carolina railroad, has
en removed and Mr. Whitford substituted
Gov. Worth's direction. Hon. B. F.
oore was removed from the Presidency of
e Bank of the State, and Mr. G. W. Mor
! -cai restored. These things do not tend to
lay political excitement, but indicate an
i.iberal, unforgiving spirit on the part of the
We are frequently asked if there will be
-'position. No one desires to see a heated
litical contest, and it has been hoped that
could be avoided. But those " who sow
ie wind reap the whirlwind." The day of
cction is yet a long ways off, and Gov.
"orth is making rapid strides in an illiberal,
rogant policy; every day shows more
lainly to the people his lack of influence at
'ashington ; he seems to be an instrument in
e hands of others ; and perhaps the reason
Ivanced by himself last Auti.mn when he
id, in his circular, that he could see no
ason why Congress or the President should
: ject to his being elected Governor of.
orth-Carolina, may yet be turned against
'm, with fatal effect, by some more able and
We can see no reason why there should not
; opposition to Gov. Worth, nor do we see
hear anything from him or his organ likely
. prevent it. There is nothing of a concil
ting nature but words, and no man of sense
er tacked his faith to empty promises.
esides there are other points. Where do
e now stand ? Is the Freedmen's bureau
moved? Are Gov. Worth and his civil
ibunals yet placed above the military ?
oes the President grant pardons with a
ee hand to North-Carolinians ? Has the
rate taken that high stand at Washington,
Inch it was fondly hoped she would do
otu the Conservative sentiments of her peo
le before and during the war ? ;And then
mes the further question, is there not a
medy t There used to be a remedy for
- rils in former days at the ballot box. Why
ot apply it now ?
We have been handed, by J. H. Harris,
ecording and Cor. Secretary, a copy of the
onstitution of the " N. C. Freedmen's Edu
itional aiid Relief Society," organized at
sleigh, April, 1866.
The object of the Society, as expressed in
.rt. 2nd, "is to foster a "system of Public
chools in this State, which shall be free from
II denominational bias, and from which
one shall be excluded on account of color
; r poverty," &c, " and to relieve, as far as
; ossible, the temporal wants of the aged and
lfirm." This is an important enterprise
' oking to the organization among the
'.freedmen themselves of an association for
the education of their young, and the relief
of the wants of their old people. . We learn
that the Constitution has been submitted to
the inspection of many of our citizens, who
heartily approve it. The names appended
to"it, as officers and Board of Directors, com -prise
some of the ; best among our colored '
citizens. r ' We ! shall watch the operations c '
this Society with interest, and trust that fror: -its
small beginning may grow a system, ths
will serve to aid materially in the improve '
ment and - cultivation" of the minds of tb
colored people. S--? ':'. .
The Constitution will" "bef found on tl
outside of tc-ya issue.
.TVrff finma letter AtfA Lone' Mills.
RaadplphJ JaneT8th-f m v 4K.'
"We heldaUnion "meeting on last 6atur
day, in this County, at Liberty; and ndmina
ted W. W Holden a " our firstf, Choice for
Governor.- .The 'jresolutionawill Je forward
ded for publication." Randolph will vote by1
a good majority for . Holden, Dick, Settle or
Dockery, or any other true Union man." .
Good Jfe Randolph. Mr. iWorth made a
bad show "there before, and we have -no
doubt that he will do worse the second time
in his native Counts among her true Union
citizens. His recent appointments of seces-
sionists and latter-day war saints to officeJ.jy calculated on.-'.The present price will
will not do for the loyal atmpspnere 01 01a
Randolpl'H'5 M-- v
The following is 'an .extract from abetter
dated'a't Hendersonville, Hendersori ifjoBnty,
June 25th : :vk : i':'c,C'f;. ;:
"Many .are anxious $q te your paper here
but are prevented bycarcity of money." I
know fifty that would Jo so, if they could.
The season here has been an unprecedented
one provisions wonderfully high and mon
ey less abundant than I have ever known it.
Many of our people have suffered and are
still suffering, but the Irish potato crop now
coming in will relieve to a some extent the
deficiency of bread.
I have had the infinite pleasure to peruse
some of your editorials of late. The one in
reply to Mr, Pell in defence of " Dr. Deems,"
in reference to his declaring, in some of his
public speeches, that he would not believe in
the Christian religion if the cause of the
Southern Confederacy did not succeed, and
proven by CoL Harris, could have been
proven by several others had it been neces
sary to do so. Ventilate them
well..- '. " " - " 'i . -
Our mountain country is in a . very desti
tute condition. Our people have never ex
perienced such a year."'' I have seen many
men and women, in the last two weeks, that
have told me that they had no bread in two
or three days. Others would tell . me that
they were using their last half-bushel of corn
and could not tell Where they could get the
next bread for their children to eat. We
had hoped that some relief might be affor
ded us by the State in some way. The
County has done all that it could, but we
have not got the money, and therefore can
do little for our suffering people."
The last paragraph corroborates the
statements already made of the destitution
and suffering of the Western people. Where
would these helpless people have been, with
another year of " fight it out" to endure and
struggle against t In the grave, upon whose
brink they now totter I Starved. to death I
Shall a man, who has thus reduced whole
communities to beggary and want, claim our
sympathies and tears in his imaginary suf
ferings, when his poor victims are consuming
" the last half-bushel of meal, and cannot tell
where they will get the next morsel of bread
for their children to eat ?" We tell you that
the moans of these famished' orphans and
widows plead " trumpet -tongued" at the
bar of Heaven, against such flagrant hypoc
risy! The Wilson North- Carolinian of the 80th
ult., says, in an article in relation to supply
ing disabled soldiers with artificial limbs,
that limbs of an inferior quality are being
manufactured, and are likely to prove of no
practical benefit whatever. While it exon
erates Gov. Worth, it nevertheless thinks
that there is some fraud, by which an infe
rior article is palmed off on the State.
We do not know what merit there is in the
Carolinian's assertions; but it is certainly a
serious matter, and ought to be looked into.
Lieut. Gen. Grant has accepted the posi
tion of second Vice-President of the Wash
ington Monumental Society, which was, un
til his recent death, filled by Lieut. Gen.
Rumors of Cabinet changes are again re
vived. The places of Secretaries Harlan and
Speed, it is said, will soon become vacant.
But little importance is attached to the
The New York Tribune, of the 29th inst.,
says that the freight agents of a majority of
the railroad lines in the United States are in
session in that citv. The object of the rail
road Convention is to adopt a uniform freight
tariff for the roads represented.
A recent fire in Virginia City, Nevada
Territory, distroyed property to the amount
of $200,000 and rendered 400 families
The New Hampshire House of Represen
tatives, on the 28th, ratified the Constitu
tional amendment by a vote of 203 to 107.
Gen. Danl. E. Sickles, commanding the
department of North and South-Carolina,
arrived in this City on Friday last. He left
for Morehead City yesterday.
A telegram from Augusta, Geo., of the 28th
inst.. states that, pending the decision of
Judge Bryan, in the U. S. Dist. Court, at
Charleston, S. C, on the constitutionality of
of the test oath, orders have been given for
the reception of writs, and 'permission gran
ted attorneys to practice without taking the
James W. Duncan, of the Andersonville
prison, recently tried by a Military Commis
sion at Savannah, Ga., has been sentenced to
be confined at hard labor for 15 years at
Fort Pulaski, Ga., for murder and violation
of the laws of war.
A Nightingale Colony. One harmon-
. 1 1 -in "i r : l : i
lOUS 8CC tne xjixipci ui iiia.iujiiiuu uua per
formed, for it is reported that he has ordered
one thousand Nightingales to be collected
in Austria, and to be shipped this summer to
Mexico. If this immigration should prove
successful, during next summer, they will
emigrate to the Southern States, bordering
on the Gulf for the purposes of incubation,
and after, abiding thro' the summer will re
turn to Mexico for the winter. So that we
shall be benefited by nocturnal serenades
during the next sunny season. This will(be
certainly an harmonious concert of action on
the part of our imperial ; neighbor. May he
sleep in a Bower f Roses with the Night
ingales, singing around it all the night long
for this attempt to introduce so beautiful a
songster to the American Fauna. ;;.
v; The Unionists of Texas polled about one-;
third of the vote of the State, -v Throckmor
ton, the secession" candidate, is elected.. 't
We invite attention to the communication
jof." Stockholder" in another column". '
County, lying East of Raleigh, the corn crop..
promises a goad yfeidrind Jth.rich-' iow-.t
grounds next to creeks are now.oeginning to
tassel. On tile-larger plantation. foraboU$4
six miles square, where forthepast six years",
ccrft' was" altogether planted, there 19 but
little corn,- and as great breadth has been put
in cotton as ever before. The cotton is not yet
in bloom but many of tlieforinB will bloom
this week. We learn from ? Alabama and
Mississippi, that the prospect for a cotton
crop is, by no means Catering, and that but
one-nfth of the 'cton of. old times, can he
of course be sustained in the fall, and good
margin for increased rates.
Col. J. W. Cameron, of Richmond Coun
ty, formerly the Editor of the -Fayetteville
Argus, and the representative of Richmond
in the House of Commons of the last Legis
lature, died at his residence in that county
on Friday, the 21st - inst., from an affection
of the liver. He was in the 52d year of his
age. The Wadesboro' Argus, in 'closing an
editorial notice of the death of Mr. Cameron
" CoL C. was a caustic, piquant and forci
ble writer and debater, and but few men
cared to come in contact with him, either
with the pen, or at the bar or on the forum."
Fourth op Jcly, being Wednesday next,
(to-morrow,) no paper will be issued from
the Siandard office on Thursday. Satur
day's issue will appear as usual.
A new Magazine called "the Belgravia"is
about to be started in London, Edited by the
English novelist Miss. Braddon.
How the Cholera Dead are Buried at tbe JStw
.York Quarantine. .
The New York World gives the following
graphic, ghastly descrption of the manner of
the burial of the bodies of those who die of
cholera at the New York quarantine :
At nine o'clock every morning the sloop
bearing the cholera corpse departs from the
Falcon ten miles southwestward. to the quar
antine burying ground on Statcn Island.
The black outline of the Falcon, which with
out her masts and freed from cargo, rises ab
ruptly forty feet hih out of depths, presents
a strong contrast to the meagre-sized bowl
shaped, 8lugishly-moveddcad ship that hugs
the water and drinks the waves as if to seek
obscurity and purification for her loathsome
load. They are well mated the gigantic
Falcon is the huge monster that daily belch
es out the victims whom the disease it nur
ses is continually killing,while the small, re
pulsive sloop plays lackey and tender, carry
ing off the nauseating remains of those that
its bigger brother refuses longer to hold.
The two men who now manage the sloop,
and convey as well as inter the bodies are
stalwart Russians, of unusual strength. But
recently serfs in their own country, they un
derstand but enough English, and possess
but sufficient personality, literally to obey
their sad orders and solidly to perform their
disgusting, though necessary work. What
nature gave them in muscle she has with
held in sensibility. The corpses.say six, are
laid in paralled lengths on the deck, partial
ly covered with sail cloth. The unused an
chor weighs down one end of the only shroud
w men tne poor dead but temporarily pos
sess, lo keep the other end from flanoinj?
an unappreciated requiem, Joseph runs be
low, leaving Nicholas whistling at the wheel,
and brings up the bread box to place upon
the cloth, and hinder its wind made mo
tion. But that is not sufficient, thous-h no
other means are resorted to, screen the dis
colored corpses. The breeze is inquisitive,
ana litts the side of the coverinir to show
the sun on whom he is shining. A man of
mittcue age, a woman in Her lourth decade,
between them is an infant whose Drattlin?
on earth is hushed forever, beyond these a
oung wife, near her a gray haired man, and
at a distance a youth, the vigor of early life
visible even in death lie side by side, while
distorted features, the last swamp which ag
ony impressed, and a fetid, indscribableodor
that ottencls the air and sickness, the senses.
tell the dreadful story and show the more
horrid effects of the terrible pestilence.
Flaxen hair, rounded features, comuact frame
the now pallid blue of the staring eyes that
will not shut, suggest their German birth.
Indeed, the fatality is almost universally
among this class. Hundreds have left the
grandeur and the gayety of the Rhine, only
to breathe their death gurgle at the mouth
of the Hudson, on the portals of the land
whither freedom, safety and abundant op
portunity wooed them.
The sloop forces alanguid passage through
the waves, that dashes with a monotonous
thud, against her sides, while the stillnes
of the air and the silence of the dead are
rudely marred by the indifferent jokes of the
dual crew, than which the occasional creak
ing of the restless mainsail is not less grating '
to the scene.
The ground reached,and open grave gapes
ready for the dead yet death-breathing bod
ies. More than five deep and two and a half
feet wide, it seems spacious, but when it is
remembered that six distorted shapes that
once were human beings are to be jammed
in that hole, disgust is felt at its shameful
shallowness. It was dug the night before
by men who never attend the burial, but
their part of preparation done, averse or fear
ful of superintending the conclusion of the
horrid work. The corpses are taken hurri
edly graveward, and thrown in their order
of size, which brings the young wife next to
the top and the infant upon her breast.
Neither coffin, shroud, nor even a box is
there. Strong hands shovel in the waiting
earth on the almost bare bodies. Six so
nearly fill up the cavity that but few spades
ful of earth suffice, and those descend not
with the ringing sound that salutes the con
fined dead, but with dull, heavy echoeless
sound of dirt against flesh. Perhaps nine
final inches of clay cover the upmost corpse,
perhaps less. No prayer, no mourners, no
priest, no shroud, no coffin, no friends, with
one-sixth of one grave, and a meagre morsel
of earth for their cover, the daily augmented
cholera dead sleep on by the side of the
ocean, ana at the door ot a land in wlucn.
coming to seek a home, they were not able
to obtain a decent tomb.
Giving no Credit. When we fail to give
rlup credit to a cotemnornrv for an article
inserted in the Sentinel, it is purely an inad
vertence. We presume our cotemporanes
fail to give credit to the Sentiiel, for the same
reason, and therefore we have not complained.
We observe, however, that no credit has been
given to us or to our reporter for the cap
tions of the .ordinances, &c, of the Conven
tion, which were furnished only for this pa
VraoraiA Politics. It is announced that
there are three political parties in Virginia
the Republicans;' led by John Minor Botts,
Judge Underwood, and Gov. Pierppmt ; the
National Unionists, led by Alexander H.
Rives, L. H. Chandler, Joseph Scgar, and
Robert Ridgeway, and the Democrats, Vwith
Alexander H. H. Stuart and John B. Baldwin
as leaders. ' The latter are the most numer
ous, v It is also Stated that the President's
'policy is openly supported y ther National
Unionists and the Democrats, whilst the Re-,
publicans, as a party, have not yet declared,
either for the President orCangresa, although
the majority of them favor the Constitutional
Amendment. ', - "A. .
" i.e.." Y: ' ' !.,'N"';
On;'motion of J. N. CheekV JT P. Chandler
was, called to the chair" and J.'B. Martin arP
pointed Secretary! ,1 The ehairmanappointed
thefollownig a a cammittce to report .res
olutions for the action of . the meeting,,, viz1?
JvT.NichoIs,-J, N. Cheek. T. J. Driver, Hen-;
derson Morns, D. S.Fletcher, J.'.Wr Wig
gins and J." W. Suit. The. said committee
reported the following resolutions,'viz:" v
We; a portion jof the Union citizens of
Wake county in meeting assembled, for the
purpose of consulting and. choosing candi
dates to represent us in the next Legislature,
do liesohe, That our attachment to the Union
of our forefathers is undiminished ; andihat
nothing would give us more jo3 than its firm
establishment upon the enduring foundations
of pence, justice and liberty., , . . , "
Besotted., That we do not desire to indulge
in crimination or abuse toward, any portion
of our fellow citizens, but we desire to differ, ',
if differ we must, in a dignified and honor
Resolved, Thar our choice for" Senator,
is W. D. Jones ; R. K. Ferrell, G. H. Alford, C.
J. Rogers, our choice for Commons.
Resolved, That strict economy should be
practiced in public affairs, and owing to the
impoverished condition of the people, taxes
should be lightened, and some plan devised,
whereby the sufferings of people will be re
lieved. J. B. MARTIN, Secretary."
Brassfields, N. C, June 16th, 1866.
For the Standard.
Messrs. Holden and Son : I am gratified
to see communications in some of the papers,
eulogizing the Supt. of N. C. R. R. Too
much praise cannot be said in his behalf, for
he has labored assiduously, day and night,
to build the road up. Every body can testify
with what wonderful rapidity it has emerged
from the condition it was left in, after the
wear and tear of four years. A glance at
the Coaches, Engines and all things pertain
ing to the Road will show, that a man of
fifteen or twenty years experience of rail
roading has used his energy and time to a
good purpose. I do hope the board that
will soon assemble at Hillsboro' at the stock
'holders meeting, will" look into the manage
ment of the road, compare, . and estimate
figures, and rally around the man that seeks
their interest. The road is now no longer
used for speculative purposes, for individuals.
Employees and all paying their freights alike,
throwing every dime that is made where it
justly belongs. The road, in regard to speed
and comfort, can not be excelled by any
road in the United States. Travellers testify
to this. E. Wilkes is the man for Superinten
dent. He'll seek your interest. Rally around
him. - STOCKHOLDER.
GoTtrner Worth's Circular to the Disabled Sol
diers requiring Artificial Limbs, aad the Wil
mington and Weldon Railroad.
We present elsewhere the circular of Gov
ernor Worth, to the maimed and disabled
soldiers of North-Carolina, who served in the
By a late act of the General Assembly,
these soldiers are to be furnished with arti
ficial limbs at the expense of the State, and
there breathes not an honest man in North
Carolina who does not applaud this action ot
our State Legislators ; but while we approve
the act, and deem it alike creditable to the
hearts and patriotism of our representatives,
we regret to learn that the limbs that are be
ing manufactured are of an inferior quality,
and unless improved, are likely to prove " of
no practical benefit whatever to those for
whom they are intended.
If, as is stated, the limbs are of a clumsy
character, and from their construction pain
ful to the wearer, then, some one is to blame
for awarding the contract" to incompetent
manufacturers, and if those whose duty it is
to inspect the work, shall suffer an inferior
article to be palmed off on the State, at the
expense of those unfortunate persons requir
ing artificial limbs, we trust they will be
held up to the people in their true light,
We make no charges now, we are merely an
ticipating from what rumor has whispered
to us, and are truly averse to believing that
there is a man in North-Carolina so steeped
in baseness, as to connive and assist at cheat
ing these poor men, who are really the losers
by the war. We are well aware that very
few contracts arc let out by government, in
which there is not a great amount of swind
ling, but this, we had supposed,, was a mat
ter appealing so directly to the better in
stincts of human nature, that no one, save a
robber of graveyards or a resurectionist,
would dream of any pecuniary gain what
ever, in connection with furnishing our un
fortunate heroes with limbs, whereby they
may support, at best, a miserable existence.
We shall, accordingly, as a duty, ventilate
very freely the men having charge of the ar
tificial limb manufactory, if we find that jus
tice damands such at our hands. We know
that Governor Worth entertains for our dis
abled soldiers the kindest feelings of regard,
has shown an interest in their behalf quite
commendable in any one, and if there should
appear any frauds in this matter, we feel sure
he is not responsible therefore, or a party
Having corresponded with tbe managers
of the various railroads in the State, the Gov
ernor informs us in the circular, that be had
received prompt assurance from each compa
ny, that each maimed soldier furnished with
a proper certificate, should pass free to
Raleigh and home again. We regret that
duty compels us to say that this promise has
not been observed by the Wilmington and
Weldon railroad authorities. A gentleman
of this place provided with the proper certi
ficate, had occasion to visit Raleigh for the
purpose of obtaining a limb, and was requir
ed to pay full fare, and was not treated by
the conductor with the courtesy which, at
least, he might have expected, in his unfor
tunate condition. The North-Carolina road
passed the gentleman free, going and re
turning. We do not pretend to say that the mana
gers 01 the W ilmington and Weldon rail-
roaa was responsible lor tbe conduct of its
officer on this occasion, but we do say, that
it was a very small business on the part of
someooay, ana it grows beautuully smaller
in the Superintendent, to retain in the service
01 the company, one who shows so little ap
preciation for an unfortunate fellow man.
The Barracks, which the Governor says he
has proviaect for the soldiers while waiting
for their orders to be filled, are described as
being very poor and uncomfortable. This
should be seen to, and suitable accommoda
tions furnished, and this being the duty of
tne governor, we snail reler to the subject
again; if the proper steps are not soon taken
to render the barracks comfortable. Wilson,
in Cleveland, Ohio, May 12th, by the Rev. A.
Hayden, Gkohgk L. Hxthawat, late of this
city, and Miss Fannie M.
Downs, of Leaven
NORTH STATE IRON AND BRASS
: - . WORKS, . v "' : '
TTAV1NG SECURED THE SERVICES OF
JJL a competent person, we are now t) re oared
to gum Saws In the best style, and on moderate
terms.' ,. -. - .- ;. -. T ( . . .' .,.
We are also prepared to famish all kinds of
asuags, ana repair jam irons,
Order sent to us will meet with, prompt at-
Kiiino. jo. jr. v i i.i.i M M & t;o.
Raleigh, June 80, 1866. 45-tf . ; ( A - - -
' -.:,;:.Jv"n. HORNER'S : .' .
UJJSaCAjV .AXD MATHEMATICAL 1 SCHO0X,
THE NEXT.SESSION OF 3s EL, HORNBWS
Classical and Mathematiml Sohnnl wiUcnen
the 1st day ot August instead t .the d Monday
ui jury, as a: nrsT annonnceoV - - -Oxford,
Jane 18th, 186a.. .... - 41 fidwAA
FOURTH OF JUIV
Come brothers ehoat, let the banners stream out,
' Bound trumpet and beat on the drum
tet our boafl res bright, lettna forth thtp' the night,
For tbe Fodbth OF July has tfotne.- ' - . ; -In
frallant glad tread, all looking ahead, ?
r With a martial manly grace ;
We see as we scan, thro' the suu-stamed tan,
' Fall many a veteran'd face. r '
. - -r- ;r-: n.' n. ; ; -There
are new made graves, s'aeatii the woodland
. By a holy martyrdom sealed; . - ' waves
Aa e'er fringed the front, of the battles brunt, V
. O'er the world's encrimsoned shield.- '
And like f brothers again, tno' eejrs may remain
- We'll fight one another no'more : ;
And the eyes of the Fair, neat h their golden hair
Kindling love as in days of yore.
.... ;. . .
- ;.. -v ilL-r , ... . ;".
The bells we wfll .ring, and our ballads sing,
In harmonious cadence all;
No longer have raids, thro' oar Everglades
And our Southron chaparral.
All hail to the brave, and the Peace they gave,
Thi Star-spangled-banner we'll sing; fthro' '
While withDixio song too, we'll march the land
O'er hill and dale,, re-echoing 1 ,
' - -- IV. - '..
The Sun will grow pale, ere their glory shall fail.
And this Earth dissolve into air;
While the picketed stars, at the outpost bars,
Shall countersign Peace ev'ry where.
Then here's to the Fourth, the glorious old Fourth
Made immortal by Washington ;
Let all whp,bavelove, for the stars above,
Shout aloud for the Land He won !
pVXCHAlfGB OF If. C. BONDS.
STATE OF N. C, TREASURY DEP'T.
Raxeigh, June 27, 18B6. "
Under the authority of an . ordinance of the
Conventiou, ratiiied June 16th, ltftiti, sealed pro
posals will be received by the undersigned until
the first day of November, 1S66, for the exchange
of the principal of any bonds issued by the Slate
prior to the 20th. May, 18(51, for certificates of"
stock and other interests held by the State ia
various corporations." The priucipal of these
Stocks in the following Companies :
North-Ci.rolina Railroad Company, $3,000,000
Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Company, $ 682,500
Atlantic & N. C. Railroad Company, l,06,00t
Western N. C. Railroad Company, - . $1,418,000
Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal Co., . $ 350,000
2nd. Bonds, secured by mortgages on the tu
tire property of the following corporations:
Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford 'J
Railroad Company, $2,000,000
Western Coalfield Railroad Company, ? 600,000
Atlantic & North-Carolina R. R. Co. $181,164 8
The interest acquired by the purchaser of the
stock of any corporation will not be greater than
that of the holders of the like amount of the gen
eral stock of the same corporation. . -
The stocks belonging u the Literary Fund, e.
g. the stock In the Wilmington & Weldon, and
Wilmington St Manchester Railroad Companies,
and in various banks,, arc not included in this
advertisement. . ". ' '
Bids at less than the par value of the stocks or
other interests will not be entertained. Any
premium realized will be applied in payment of
past due coupons of the bonds delivered in ex
change. : , ,-
Copies of tbe law authorizing the exchange and
more aetairca lists ot tbe stocks, tc, will be for
warded by the undersigned to applicants.
It is made my duty to accept those terms
deemed most advantageous to the State, and the
option of rejecting any or all bids is reserved. .
June SO 45-wts Public .Treasurer.
HELMROjLD'S fluid extract
For weakness arising from Indiscretion. The
exhausted powers of Nature, whicii are accompa
nied by so many alarmintr sv-motoms. amour
which will be found, .Indisposition to Exertion..
Loe of Memory. Wakefulness.- Horror of Dis
ease, or Forebodings of Evil ; in fact, Universal
Lassitude, Prostration, and inability to enter into
the enjoyments of society. - -,
me constitution, once anectea wltu Uraantc
Weakness, requires the aid of Medicine to ttrettath-
en and invigorate Hie system, which Helmbold's-'
Extract Bucnc invariably ; docs. It no treat
ment is submitted to, Consumption or insanity
ensues. - 1
Helmbold's Fluid Extract Bncbu.
In affections peculiar to "Femaxes," is une-
qualed by any other preparation, as in Chlorosis
or Retention. Painfulness." or Suppression or
Customary Evacuations. Ulcerated or Schirru
state of the Uterus; and all complaints incident,
to the sex, whether arising from habits of .dissi
pation, imprudence in, or the decliue or change
in life. . r " .
HELMBOLD'S FLUID EXTRACT BUCHU
and -,; .
- Improved Rose-wash, , -;
Will radically exterminate from the- system Dis
eases arwnii from Habits 01 Dissipation of little
expense, little or no change in diet, no iticonveniettee-
or exposure; completely snpersedinir those vn-
picaaant and dangerous remedies, Oapaiva and JUer-
eury in all these diseases.
USE HELMBOLD'S v.
KI,IJII EXTRACT BUCHU.
In all Diseases of these organs, whether . listing
in "jtfiite" or " Female, from whatever euune
originating, and no matter June long standing. It
is pleasant in taste and odor, immediate in action,
and more strengthening than any of the prepara
tions of Mark or Iron. -----
Those suSerioi; from Broken down or Delicate
Constitution, procure the remedy at once.
Tne reader mast be aware that nowever slhrufc
may be the attack of tbe above diseases, it is cen
toin to affect At Bodily Jleaiti, Mental Aiwers and?
Happiness. - ' ''-,' ,5 : .
All tne above diseases require the am or at
diuretic. . . ... . . '4 " ..... . , .. -
Helmbold's Extract Bnchn is the Great
HELMBOLD'S HIGHLY C05CEXTBATED
COMPOUND FLUID EXTRACT OF 8ARSAF-
For purifying the blood, removing all chronic,
constit utional diseases, arising from an impure
state of the blood, and the only reliable and effec
tual known remedy for the eure of Scrofula,.
Scald Head, Salt Rheum, Pains and Swellings or
the Bones, Ulceration of the Throat and Iiegs,.
Blotches, Pimples on the Face," Tetter, Erysipe
las, and all scaly eruptions of the Skin, -
AND BEAUTIFTlNu THE COMPUSilUiN.
Not a few of the . worst disorders that affect.
mankind arise from the corruption that accumu
lates in tbe blood. Of all ' the discoveries that-
have been made to purge it out, none can equal;
in effect " HELMBOLD'S COMrXJU-NfJ -EX
TRACT OF 8ARSAPARILLA. It cleanses audi
renovates the blood, instills the vigor of. healto.
into the system, and purges out the humors
which makes disease. - It stimulates the healthy
functions of the body, and expels the disorders,
that grow and rankle in the blood.." 8uch a rem
edy that could be relied on bas long. been sougnt
for, and now for the first time, the publio have
one on which they can depend. Our. space here
does not admit of certificates to- show its eflects,,
but the trial of a single bottle will show the sick.
tluft it bas virtues surpassing anything they, bavej
Two table-spoonsful of the Extract of? Sanwpa
rilla added to a pint of: water is equal to the Li
bon Diet Drink, and one, bottle is fully equal to
a gallon of the Syrup of Sareaparillo, or the de
coction as usually made. . .
RV-TIIESE EXURAOT8 HAVE BEEN AD:
M1TTED TO US&I31 THE UNITED STATES
ARMY", and are nlso.in Tery general use in all oil
the State HOSPITALS, and PUBLIC SANITA
RY INSTITUTIONS, throughout the laud aa
well as in private practices, and are considered&
invaluable remedies., .--jc-.-.s . - '
See Medical Propertiet t of Suehu, ,
FROM DISEENSATORT- OF THE UNIXBDI,
See Proles aor, Dewee's valuable works ; oa tne .
Practice oh Bhyeie.- - . ' .- , ,.
See remarks made by the late, celebrated im.
Pbyslc.of Philadelphia.. " ...
See remarks made by Dr. Ephraim McDeweii,.
a celebratecLFbysieian and Member of the Kojaii
Collegoof Sijrgeowvr Ireland, end pabliahed tni
the Transaction of the King and Queen a. J ur''
naL . ' '-T.vi"-- '"v.:', ' '" '
sie-JUfcHW? Chirurgieal, Jviete, pnbUsh'hy.
BfenjanUn Travers, - Fellow of JKoyal College 01 1
tl8eemps. of the late Standard Works of Medi-
EXTRACT BUCHU tl SARSAPARILLAi
Principal Depot, THELMBOLD'S- DRUG A1
CHEMICAL WAREHOUSE, ---- -1 .;:
' . ,;."" V 594 BROADWAlr, 1;' T
IY'' :vi ' ; r : - METROPOLITAN HOTEL,-
v tA". ..:'.-r-'. -:S; Nw..Yo.
i " v T Sold by Druggists everywhere.
pjy Beware or jCountbmshtb.
nlj l8&w-wa-an)u. .
. . .... ,-''."'":
J . , '