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- AN ORDINANCE
In RELATION TO THBDEPOBU 4SD-PDBUCA
TION OP THK ORDINANCES AND f-
noss oF-iffl Cosrtenwn?. j. i.
Section l! Beit ordained by th people of
North-Carolina . Convent
Zembledttho SecreUrj of this Couvcn
tion, depW in the ofSo of-Secretary of
State, fbi-safe keeping, all the ordinances and
resolutions passed by the Convention having
the force ami effect of laws and the. Secre
tary of State shall cause the following ordi
nances and resolutions to be published : . ,
"An ordinance repealing the provisions of
' section nmth ofan,act-of the General As
Benibly,..euUUed.i An , act.: concerning .-negroes
and persons of color or mixed blood,
and for other purposes." ; -
"Ah ordinance concerning the crime ot
assault with intent to commit a rape."
"An. ordinance concerning widows, who
have qualified as executrix to the last will
and testament of their deceased husbands.
"Ah ordinance for exchanging the stocks
of the State for bonds issued before the year
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one.
" An ordinance to change the time of elec
tions in North-Carolina, and for other pur
poses.1' '. .
" An. ordinance extending the time for the
settlement of the public taxes by the Sher
iffs and Tax-collectors of this State."
" An ordinance to change the jurisdiction
of the Courts and the rules of pleading
therein." ' '
' " The Constitution of North-Carolina as
adoDted bv this Convention" and " the ordi
nance submitting the same for ratification
or roimtinn " in the following named news
papers Standard and Sentinel, Iialeigh, an A
he is hereby authorized to contract; ior sucu
publication at reasonable rates ; the expense
thereof shall he paid as otner puuuc print
in B. and it shall be suliicient for him to fur-
'nish one certified copy only, (for which he
shall be paid the same fee as is now allowed
him for certifvinjr the acts of the General
Assembly) to one of the newspapers, and a
'' unnted cooy to the others.
Sec. 2. Be it further ordained, That the
Secretarv of State be required to contract
for the printing of one thousand copies of
the Constitution as adopted by the Conven
tion, and the ordinance submitting the same
for ratification or rejection, which, he shall
distribute anion; the several Counties of the
State according to their white population.
Sec. 3. Be it further ordained. That all
laws or parts of laws coming in contact with
this ordinance are hereoy repealed.
Ratified in Convention this 25th day' of
June, A. D., one thousand, eight hundred
EDWIJfG. READE, President.
James II. Moore, Secretary,
R. C. Badger, Assistant Secretary.
TO CHANGE THE TIME OP ELECTIONS IS
North-Carolina and fob otheb pcr-
Section 1. Be it ordained by the Delegates
of the people of North- Carolina tn Convention
Assembled, That all elections for Governor of
the State of North-Carolina, members of the
General Assembly, and all other elections,
now required bv law to be held on the first
Thursday in August, shall hereafter be held
on the third Thursday in October, under the
same roles, regulations and restrictions, as
are now prescribed by law.
Sec. 2. That hereafter, until the first ses
sion of the General Assembly after the year
eighteen hundred and seventy-one, the House
of Commons shall be composed of members
elected from the counties in the following
manner, viz: The counties of Alleghany,
isrunswicK, LJamden, Cherokee, Clay. Chow
an, Currituck, Gates, Greene. Hertford, Hyde,
Jackson, Jones, Dnphn, Lenoir, Onslow,
Pasquotank, Perquimans, Polk, Richmond,
iyrreil, Warren, Washington, Watauga,
Yancey, Henderson, Trai-sylvania, Alamance,
Alexander, Anson, Ashe, Beaufort, Bertie.
Bladen, Burke, Cabarrus, Caldwell, Carteret,
Caswell, Columbus, Davie, Edgecombe,
Fianklin, Gaston, Halifax, Harnett, Hay
wood, Lincoln, Macon, Madison. Martin, Mc
Dowell, Montgomery, JNash, Northampton,
Person, Pitt, Stanly, Stokes, Wilson, and
Mitchell, shall elect one member each. The
counties of Buncombe, Catawba, Cleveland,
Craven, Cumberland, Forsyth, Granville,
Iredell, Johnston, Mecklenburg, Moore, Robe
son, New-Hanover, Rockingham, Rowan,
Rutherford, Sampson, Surry, Union, "Wavne,
Yadkin, Chatham, Davidson, Orange and
Wilkes, shall elect two members each. The
counties of Wake, Randolph and Guilford.
-1. .11 -1 A il . . '
shall elect three members each.
Sec. 3. That all laws in contravention of
this ordinance, be and they are hereby re
peated ; Provided nevertheless, that in case
the Constitution be not ratified by the peo
ple, this ordinance shall have no effect, ex
cept that the elections shall be held at the
time designated, and shall be held under the
law as it existed in the year eighteen hun
dred and" sixty-one, save that the County of
Harnett may vote for a member as heretofore
Sec. 4. Be it further ordained. That noth
ing in this ordinance contained shall be so
construed as to restrict the General Assembly
hereafter from regulating the time of holding
Ratified in Convention the 20th
June, A. "D., 1866.,
E. G. READE, President.
James H. Moore, Secretary.
R. C. Badger, Assistant Secretarv.
Concerning widows, who have qualified
as executrix to the last will and
testament op their deceased hus
Sec. 1: Be it ordained by the Delegates of
the people of North-Carolina, in Convention
assembled, and it is hereby ordained by the au
thority of the same. That the widow of any
testator whose last will and testament has
been admitted to probate in this State, since
the first day of January, one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-two, and before the first
day of May, one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-five, notwithstanding such widow may
have qualified to such last will and testa
ment as Executrix, be, and she is hereby al
lowed to enter her dissent to the same, ac
cording to the same forms as are now provi
ded by law for dissent of widows.
Sec. 2. Beit further ordained, That in all
cases r here a widow shall dissent irom the
last will and testament of her husband as
provided for in the foregoing section, she
shall be entitled to the same rights of dower
as if her husband had died intestate : Provi
ded, however. That no widow shall be enti
tled to the benefit of this ordinance, unless
such dissent shall be entered within six
months from, and after the passage of this
ordinance, nor in any case where the real es
tate of the deceased husband has been sold
subsequent to his death, or has been divided
between his devisees or heirs at law.
Sec. 3.. Be it further ordained, That this
ordinance shall be tn force from and after
its adopti&n.- . . . . . . .
Ratified Convention; this the 16th day
of June, A. D., one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-six. . - . . , ....... .
" I; .'E. ?G.;REaDE, President.
J. H. Moore, Secretary." v V
R. (X3adger, AssUtant" Secretary.,
IS BKLATXONXC; THE ACT OP THB Genebal
Assembly, entitled Revenue." v -
" Sectiow iXB it ordained ly the - deleaatt
uj wo ywpui uj jMtfrtr- wroc uvi, convention
assembled, "nd it id hereby ordained by the au
thority of the satne That thenet of the Gen.
eral Assembiy, entitled" RevtIlle,', imposing
taxes on purchases, Bales and receiDts. shall
Bofc be construed o extend to those purch- '
... ior oaloa nr TVfrint.H On wllich. tUXCS haVC
- ntnallv been tmid.v under "the ordinance of
- fn Convention., entitled " An ordinance to
'I J roviile Revenue for.thc'year eighteen hun
t - red and sixty-Jive."1,.
Sec. 2. Be it further Ordained, That where
ecific. taxes have keen -imposed; fot license
i na a.nv nrtiflH or: carry on -any business
..irthe vear nrecedinsr the first day of July,
; ne thousand eight hundred and - sixty-six
, no.hdlf thpraof shall on!vbe payableyin
' hose cases, where taxes.-were actually paid
inder said ordinance for the same license,
fiisn 3. Tie it further ordained. That re
.Hlere of spirituous liquors, who paid the
av nrpsrrihpd in section eleven ot said or-
- linflnfp shall lip pn titled to retail for the
-;.nr for" winch "their license was granted,
without further tax to the State for such re
tailing. -; -- '
Sro A! Tin it further ordained; That the
nro visions of section thirty-two of Schedule
B.of said act of Assembly, shallonly extend
to-the license for distilling spirituous liquors
'from gram. ...
."5. Tin it farther ordained-. That in all
cases where taxes are payable to the Sheriff
or Collector, "without the subject irom wnicn
they are derived being listed, snch Sheriff or
Collector, for the purpose oi ascertaining mo
amount of such taxes, shall have power, and
it shall be his duty, to administer an oath to
the person liable to pay the same.
Sec. 5. Be it further ordained, That this
ordinance shall be in force from its ratifica
tion. Ratified the 12th day June, A. D.
EDWIN G. READE, President.
James H. Moore, Secretary.
R. C. Badges, Assistant Secretary.
Concerning the crime op assault, wrrn
INTENT TO COMMIT RAPE.
Section 1. Be it ordained- by the Convention
of the State of North-Carolina, and it is here
by ordained by the authority of the same, That
any person convicted by due course of law
of an assault, with an intent to commit a
rape on the body of any female, shall be
punished by fineimprisonment not exceed
ing two years, standing in the pillory for one
hour, one or more public whippings, not ex
ceeding thirty-nine lashes, at any one time,
on his bare back, all or any of them, at the
discretion of the Court, due regard being had
to the nature and circumstances of the of
fence. Sec. 2. Be it further ordained. That all
laws and clauses of laws, which conflict Avith
this ordinance, be and the same are hereby
Sec 6, Jse it jurtner oraamea, mat rnis
ordinance shall not effect the Legislative
power over the subject.
Sec. 4. Be it further ordained, That this
ordinance shall be in force from and after the
first day of July next-
Ratified the 12th day of June, A. D.,
Extending the time for the settlement
op the Public Taxes by the sheriffs
and tax collectors of this state.
Section. 1. Be it ordained by the delegates
of the people of the State of North- Carolina,
in Convention Assembled, and it is hereby or
dained by the authority of the same. That the
sheriffs and tax collectors of the several
Counties of this State be allowed time until
the first of January, one thousand, eight
hundred and sixty-seven, to settle their ac
counts with the public treasurer, under the
same rules, regulations and restrictions ; and
under the same pains and penalties as are
now provided by the Revenue Laws of this
Ratified in Convention this 22nd day of
June, A. I)., one thousand eight Hundred and
EDWIN G. READE. President.
James H. Moore, Secretary.
R. C. Badges, Assistant Secretary.
Repealing the provisions of section nine
of an act op the General Assembly,
entitled " an act concerning negroes
and persons of color or of mixed
blood," and for other purposes.
Section 1. Be it ordained by the people of
JXorth-Carolina, in Convent ion assembled-, I hat
the two provisos of the section and act above
recited, be and tliey are hereby repealed :
ProcUled, hoicever, That nothing herein con
tained shall effect the provisions of the aot of
the General Assembly, entitled " An Act to
improve the law of evidence," or prevent the
General Assembly from repealing or modify
ing this ordinance.
Sec. 2. Bs it further ordained. That sec
tions fifty-four, fifty-five, fifty-six, fifty-seven,
fifty-eight, and sixty-six of chapter one hun
dred and seven of the Revised Code, be, and
the same are hereby repealed.
Ratified the 10th day of June, A. D.,
The superiority and availability of white
labor over that of the freedmen is apparent
to every observer. Good and clean crops are
found on every plantation cultivated by
white labor in this county, while in but few
instances can we say as much for black la
borer. The German settlements everywhere
present beautiful fields of thrifty growing
crops, clear of weeds and grass, despite the
long and continued wet season. In this the
Germans are not alone. The Americans, who
have been denounced by the Northern fac
tion as a dependent thriftless populace
preferring want and degradation to labor
seeking to obtain their daily bread from the
sweat of another's brow, has been fairly refu
ted and the often repeated assertion proved
false to the letter. The dignity of labor is
being fully manifested in Texas. The young
the middle aged and the old of both sexes
of the white race are seemingly vieing with
each other, although unaccustomed as they
are and have" been to labor, in presenting a
respectable progress in which they have not
been found wanting. Brenham Inquirer.
A Suggestion. One of our most benevo
lent and patriotic citizens suggests the ap
pointment of a committee for the collection
of contributions to erect a monument to the
memory of the gallant spirits of this city,
who fell during the late revolution, nobly
struggling for Southern independence. Wil
Would it not be better to first devote
whatever funds we can now raise towards
relieving the distresses of the widows and
other destitute persons around us, and edu
cating the orphan children of our noble sol
diers? After that is done, then let us erect
monuments and cemeteries for the gallant
dead. If both objects can be accomplished
at present, let it be done ; but first let us re
lievo the wants of the poor women and
children and disabled soldiers in our midst.
In making this suggestion, we do not mean
the slightest censure for those who are col
lecting funds for cemeteries ; on the contrary,
we think they deserve praise for their noble
and-patriotic efforts ; but probably, on reflec
tion, they will conclude with us. that it would
be best to first supply the pressing wants of
i the living. Char. Democrat. . . .
r -i .Prcf. Greene, of the Maine Medical School
recently performed a rare but effective oper
ation for the cure -of that distressing - com
. plaint neuralgia. A lady fifty-three years of
age, who tried every form of .medical treats
: meat .without relief, applied to Prof. Greene,
- when he etherized the patient, trephined the
jaw, and cut out a piece of the dental nerve,
when the lady tva at once 'relieved from the
most excruciating pain, which she had suffer
ed continually for years,
SPEECH OF Hon. B. F.MOORE,
"To the Colored People ofJRaleigh ancCxicinity,
ueuvereafuiy 0v . j.j -
"-" My Colobed ' Countrymen :tJ vnave- re
ceived Tour invitation to address you oa,thi3
day the Fourth day, of ,J nly, JSOe. J- v
' ,m i his nay is tuo- second xounu oi ouij
which ever Shone on your emancipation.
;And though It was effected through a most
tembleshock.ot arms,, aji aye you jiiwyr.
Wh jt sudden'! take pleasure in bearing Wit
ness to your general good behavior both du
ring the war and on the greas eveni oi your
emancipation. I, say, good behavior vjth
reference to the extraordinary jcircunfetancesj
under which your emancipation was pro
claimed." And-I am glad also-tcr beni"thatr
many of you are engaged in industrious pur
suits throWhout thO'SoUth. 1 :
j Although you have assembled to celebrate
the Fourth day ot July, i snail nor entertain
you with a recital ot the causes which led to
the grand event which, has, made that day
immortal. The revolution, however, was
undertaken to separate nations and not' to
emancipate slavery. Besides, it would be
very inappropriate, on this day and before
you, to deal harshly with Great Britain ; for
that great country freely emancipated all her
slaves thirty years ago l suau aaaress you
on matters which more practically concern
The change in the condition of yourselves
and your former masters both, is radical
and thedangcr is, that, : like all radical
changes, it may be injurious if not destruc
tive to both. Let us both, then, be warned
by the examples of the past. Let us survey
our respective conditions; the white man
now is the owner of the land and other pro
perty of the country, and must still continue
the owner till he may consent to dispose of it.
It is admitted that now the war has closed
no power can change the rights of property.
The proprietor whether white or black
must be protected in his acquisitions, and
every laborer must be allowed to acquire
and hold, under one common safe guard
the law of the land. This privilege belongs
to every class of men within the State, and
embraces you as fully as myself. Industry,
therefore, among the citizens of this State,
is the only known road to the acquisition of
property. And to every man among you the
road is open and inviting. When the early
settlers of the country came here they had
no property, except their industry and will
ingness to" work. The resolute heart and
wHhng hand have built up their mighty
cities, and they can do as much for you in
the course of time. Despair not, but do not
think that you can rise from obscurity and
poverty, and overtake at once the consolida
ted wealth of hard industry, which has been
accumulating and concentrating for ages.
Your position, as was that of our white
.fathers, is to rise by degrees and by the
sweat of your brow. There was, for our
forefathers, and there is for you, uo other
path to respectibility and inde2endence than
that of labor.
If you have ever been blinded by the op
pression of servitude, you are not so now.
Any one of you may see whether there is any
thriving white man in your midst, who
prospers without labor.
Labor is the foundation of all wealth and
honesty. A laboring man lives on the fruits
of his industry, and is very rarely known to
steal ; therefore a laboring man becomes an
honest man. The idle alone become thieves.
Now, it is the first duty of the white man
to encourage you to industry by employing
and giving you fair wages, and paying you
according to contract. And it is equally
your duty to perform your contract. One
bad example, on cither side, will create dis
trust and idleness in a multitude. Let each,
therefore, beware that he be not the offender.
Do not, for a moment, suppose, that you
can live without labor. Every man has been
doomed by Heaven to get bis bread by the
sweat of his brow. It is the fate of man.
Do not aspire to political privileges before
you are versed in the Constitution and laws
of your Government. Those even can hardly
maintain them, who are both educated and
conversant with them.
Labor is a primary necessity ; education
is its best friend and assistant. I am pleas
ed to see that many of you duly appreciate
the advantages of education, and from what
I have observed, your race, appears to be
delighted at the opportunity afforded for
In a few years I hope to see you duly esti
mating the great advantages of the culture
of the mind, as well as that of the earth.
The Courts of justice are now as open to
you as to the whites. Remember to cultivate
the virtue of truth. The vice of falsehood does
not belong peculiarly to any race. It is not
a native vice, but a vice of habit. Races,
white and black, have occasionally been ad
dicted to it. It springs peculiarly ofit of
slavery, and should be crushed with that.
No people can become truthful, who are ac
customed to do unlawful acts, or will avoid
their bargains. It should be the duty of
those around you, who have good characters,
to use their best influence over all others. Set
the example yourselves, and in time its effects
will be visible over all your race. And now,
in conclusion, let me remind you that a new
era has opened on both races.
Each must be kind and honest towards the
other, else both must suffer, and one or the
other eventually pass awny.
Providence, in its wisdom, in ages past,
transplanted you as slaves from a land of
heathen barbarism, into a land of civilization
and Christianity. After centuries of servi
tude, it has tendered you liberty. I pray
Heaven to teach you how to secure the bles
sings of its priceless gift.
Mr. Clarence A. Seward, nephew of the
Secretary of State, and at one time Assis
tant Secretary of State, left this city to day
for New York, where he will take the next
steamer for Europe as bearer of dispatches
from the United States to the Emperor of
It is repored that our Minister at Madrid,
John P. Hale, has asked to be recalled, and
that General Sickles, lately appointed to the
Hague, will probably be his successor.
General Gordon Granger will be a candi
date for a mission to the Hague when it be
THE TEST OATH SOUTH.
The Secretary of the Treasury to-day sent
to the Senate a reply to a resolution of that
body requesting a duly certified copy of an
ofiicial oath taken by Albert Elmore as col
lector of customs at Mobile, Ala. He enclo
ses a copy of Mr. Elmore's official oath,
from which it appears he swore that he has
never voluntarily borne arms against the
United States, and that he had never volun
tarily given aid and comfort to persons en
gaged in armed rebellion, etc. '
In reference to the recital in the preamable
of the resolution that Mr. Elmore is alleged
to have held office under the late Confeder
ate Government, and also to have otherwise
given aid and support to the same, so that he :
therefore could not honestly and truthfully
take the oath prescribed by law, the Secre- .
tary " deems it his duty to say that the De
partment was informed before the appoint
ment that Mr.( Elmore had never held ofliice .
under the late Confederate Government, nor
given the same aid - and support ; that al
though a resident of Alabama during the war' .
and at one time a -sub-officer of the A'abama
Legislature, yet that he 'never took the oath ':
of allegiance to the . Confederacy, and was '
uniformly and always opposed to the rebell-,
'ion. ' --- . -; - : "'-..S
o The. American sculptor, W. W. Story, has
written, a yery fine poem, entitled iGirievra
da Siena. , It is said to be creating quite an
i.iuiwuieut id literary circles t
NOTICE. ' .
"The people of ths State. will 'rote
Jkhe 1st Thursday in August ex$ Jo ratij
fy or reject the Constitution? lately adop
ted by the Convention and ordored to be
submitted to them at the polls. ' "
i -.' -' - 3' i -t ' i f 'o '
The- Sentinel declares for tlic Constitution
4 of the-Uaited States, as iUa,-and.-J.he JUiii
as it' was no further amendments," Is there
any issue upon. tnk; Constitution ? ''Does the
Sentinel, or any other secessionist, suppose
that the noble ; " atraitesV seet mea" of tlie
South have ever objected to' "the Constitu
tion as it is and the Union as it wasfThey
never desired to. leave the Union yor to join
the attempt to 'destroy the Constitution.
They were . always for the Union in prefer
ence to the Confederacy, and ' they are for it
now. Can the Sentinel say as much- for its
friends ? , Evidently it is stealing " straitest
sect" thunder. -
The Sentinel also declares against further
amendments. Is there any issue on this
point ? Have the amendments been submit-
fted to the people of this State, or are they
likejy to be? ; Can there be any issue,
where there is no question as to the adoption
or rejection of the 'amendments? -
' But suppose these amendments are adop
ted, what will you and your friends do, Mr.
Sentinel Submit or resist ? How far does
your opposition to " further amendments
extend ? If they are adopted, are you pre
pared to revolution he again ? Define your
opposition to "further amendments." We
desire to know how far you are prepared to
go. And state also in your reply, how far
Gov. Worth is prepared to go with you.
Docs he favor revolution in the event of the
adoption of further amendments," or will
he submit? Let the people know. There
is no issue in the South upon the adoption
or rejection of the amendments, because thev
have not been submitted to us. But issue or
no issue, you oppose them. How far does
your opposition extend, and how far does
Gov. Worth's opposition extend ? To the
point of actual resistance t Do you intend
to force that issue upon us ? Let the Sentinel
Cotton Blooms. Mr. N. V. Denton has
shown the Editor of the Progress a bloom,
wheih he found in his fields on the 1st inst,
Mr. N. S. Harp has also exhibited us a bloom,
which most probably appeared on the
1st. Mr. Howell of Wake was but a few
hours behind, and we have seen others
ndicating the condition of the cotton crop
in this County.
We were shown on the 3d, a good sized
boll, not a form, taken from the cotton fields
on the farm of Mr. Bledsoe near Raleigh.
This goes a bowshot beyond any of the
blooms. The cotton-boll referred to was on
exhibition at Cowper & Jones in this City.
Carolina House. Attention is invited to
the advertisement of the Carolina House in
another column, by Mrs. Rosa Jeffreys. We
are assured that the Carolina House is con
ducted in a manner satisfactory to all the
table being supplied always with the best
the market affords.
The attention of travellers is invited to
the claims of the Carolina House.
Peaches of this season have been sold in
Columbus, 6s., Tillotson and York varieties,
at 25 cents per dozen. Peaches transported
from Georgia to New York City were sold
at $1 apiece on July 2nd.
The more important ordinances ordered to
be published by the late Convention, will be
found in to-day's issue.
The New Post Office. Our worthy and
efficient Post-Master has fitted np the new
office in a most convenient manner, and has
entered his new quarters.
From a casual inspection of the conven
iences and arrangements introduced, the con
clusion was reached that Raleigh has never
had a better Post Office. Really the thanks
of the public are due Mr. Miller, and webaJjH
no doubt but that his efforts are
Wishes to Return. A telegram from
Washington says that a letter had been re
ceived there from Maj. Gen. J. B. Magruder,
late of the Confederate army, asking a friend
to intercede with the United States Govern
ment in his behalf.
Writing from the city of Mexico, General
Magruder says : " I want permission to re
turn to the United States. The : Imperial
Government has gone to h 11, and has no
money, and we have to get away from here.
Many have already left. Price, myself and a
few others remain, but we must look out for
a place to go to. There is no hope for any
thing more here."
Shell Fish and their History.
Oysters are now the favorite food of the
whole human race, savage or civilized, if
they can be procured. ' They are not at this
season fit for food. It is their spawning
time, and they become flaccid and tasteless.
Each oyster is ascertained to be a perfect
animal, both sexes in one, and in itself capa
ple of producing what is called " spat," that
is the germ of the young oyster, and at least
1,000,000 spat are thrown out by every full
grown fish of two to four years of age. Af
ter four years, the shell thickens, and the
cartilage known as the heart hardens, and
the fish contracts, becoming less palatable
and nutritious for food until it dies, to make
a bed for ita own descendants to grow on "
Sergeant Smith Prentiss of Mississippi
some years since speaking oflRELAND, said :
" Therejies upon the other side of the Atlantic
a beautiful island, famous in song and in
story. It has given to the world more than
its share of genius. Its brave and generous
sons have ought all battles successfully but
their own, and its history, like -its harp,
moves to tears by the melancholy story of its j
pathos.' ' ' I;'? ::.
SsThe address of Bon. B. F.;Moore, deliy-ered
by ..request ' before the", colored ..'people f .of
Raleigh ancl vicinity, July 4tV 1886 wiiLb&
found in, another column,.. - .2',- .' i -
SATURDAV, -' -
M - Jbo President ordered, the Provisional-
Governor to reorganize the government o
the "State of North -Carolina.' and 'established .
ft upon a loyal basi.i I It was done, so far as ,
the,: ProvisionaV; Governor was able 'to ac
complish it ;for which the President tender
ed his public thanks. ' But the. whole of the
work of the Provisional Governor, which the
President., heartily .endqrsed,f is being
rapidly undone hy tiov. worm, ana men,
who were ousted for disloyalty are being re-
stored to their former position to the injury
nnrj dejrimeptj! of the teljaracter of the
State. ' Last week Mr. Thomas was decapi
tated as President of the Atlantic and N. C.
railroad; this week the efficient; President of
the Raleigh and Gaston railroad, Mr. Las
siter. shared a similar fate: Others will fol
low, in due course of time.
By the j appointment of State Directors
hostile to these gentlemen, Gov. Worth ac
complished his ijurpose: But why did he
see fit to restore Messrs. Wbitford and Haw
kins, and oust Messrs. Thomas and Lassiter ?
Because the former voted for him, and the
latter against Iiim. Such a line of policy
in public affairs, so selfish and illiberal, has
never before been adopted in this State.
Messrs. Whitford and Hawkins may make
good officers, but they cannot excel .Messrs.
Thomas and Lassiter. No fault has been
found with the latter geatlemen, and Gov.
Worth, himself, must commend their energy
and industry, although the victims of his
personal revenge." Indeed, we challenge
comparison. . There have never been bettir
railroad officers in the State of North Caro
lina than Messrs. Thomas and Lassiter.
What motive of public policy then dic
tated the removal of these gentlemen ? Are
hey not as loyal as Messrs. Whitford and Haw
kins ever were or ever will be ? Have- they
not labored incessantly for the public good ?
And what reason or apology can be rendered
by Gov. Worth to the people, for this de
parture from the liberal policy of his pre
decessors, in flinging out of office efficient and
trustworthy public servants merely because
they voted against him 1 The public will
not suffer such unwarranted and unprece
dented persecution to be visited upon good
and true men.
Did President Johnson order the removal
of Messrs. Thomas and Lassiter ? No. Did he
not commend their appointment and endorse
the removal of Messrs. Whitford and Haw
kins last year ? What change has come over
the spirit of our dream ? Are secessionists,
who were ordered out of office, because
their presence prevented restoration, now
deemed essential instruments for the proper
completion of the work of restoration?
It seems that the Governor thinks so. Ver
ily, he has gone over to the secession camp,
horse, foot and dragoons ! He has 6old
himself for a price the Governorship.
And all who have opposed him, or oppose
him now, are to be politically guillotined.
Do the people endorse such an illiberal and
selfish policy ?
The Sentinel, of the 5th, contains a column
of characteristic misrepresentation of Gov.
Holden, basing its article upon an extract
from the Washington despatches to the N.
Y. Herald, prepared by an unknown, irre
sponsible party in that City.
The principal recommendation of such an
infamous article is its falsity. It is a kind
of fanciful blackguardism, generated in
small brain-pans, whose oigans of truth and
decency are poorly developed. The Sentinel
rivals the State Journal, of posthumous fame,
in this species of literature.
From a letter, written to the Tarborc
Southerner of the 30th ult., dated at " Rebel
Retreat," we make the following extract :
u But to make a long matter short Ply
mouth of old no longer exists, but charred
ruins and a few scattering houses mark
where once she stood, and when the eyes of
her children rest upon these dark and gloomy
remains of their once bright and joyous
homes, tho' they endeavor to suppress it, a
prayer will go up to that God, who has ever
been true to those that proved true to them
selvesnto send down everlasting punishment
upon lier destroyers. As one of her children,
I can say with truthfulness, that I hope the
day will come before I die. when every city,
town and village in New England will pre
sent the same appearance, that Plymouth
It is not necessary to make any extended
uomiiicuia. -x svuitiutriib bo atinjitiua nt luub
conveyed in the closing sentence, carries its
condemnation with it. A spirit of dark and
bloody revenge, though embodied in the form
of prayer, will never bring' down "everlas
ting punishment" upon the head of. an
enemy. The punishment will fall elsewhere.
It is time such expressions were dismissed
from the public prints. They cannot be de
fended or justified in any manner. If the
public men in Edgecombe discountenanced
things of this kind, we would see nothing of
it in the Tarboro' press.
Extract of a letter from Rutherfordton,
July 1st, 1866:
" The Destructives and Worth men are
badly scared up here, and some acknowledge
that Worth will be beaten in October.
The change of the basis of representation in
the Commons is one of the best things that
has been done for Western Carolina ; and I
think will go further to secure the triumph
of the Conservative Union party, than any
thing else that could have been done."
Gov. Hamilton of Texas proposes a Con
vention of the Southern Unionists, in order
to take measures for their protection and
The following directors were elected at the
meeting of the Stockholder of the Raleigh
and Gaston railroad, in this' City on the 5th :
Messrs. G. W. Mordecai, W. J. Hawkins,
S. S. Royster and J. Batchelor.
Mr. W. J. Hawkins, was elected President.
The only Conservative in the Board is Mr.
Lassiter, of Granville. The rest are seces
sionists and destructives of the worst type.
Silk Culture. The San Francisco (Cal.)
Bulletin remarks : .
. Our readers scarcely , need be told that
recent attempts at silk culture in California
have been uniformly successful. The climate
is all that could be desired for the purpose ;
the soil is admirably adapted to the growth -of
the mulberry tree;;. Chinese labor, which
is exactly adapted to that business, is abun-;
dant and cheap, 'and it via by no means im
probable .that our State may bec)me the.
Itlay or; Francetofrthe'ITnitetl States,-in "
point of silk . culture . as well as the- cnldv a- f
tion of "the ine, .r'ahd '-'the" manufacture of
some of the best winea in the world. -
r ; - - tienaior Lane. , , ... -7
, The suicide of Senator Lane, of Kansas, is
a veryTnetenchraylndfcntIf f eft the act
of suicide can be traced t6' organization and
organic condition it certainly . can be so
traced in this casc - Lane was(a, man of the
most impulsive and, reckless type Cwe do not.
in this" case use the word reckless in its moral
applications) that the West produces man
wuo nad no niguer law than his own person
ality and, could tolerate no bridle upon his
Will. Lately his health suddenly . became
prostrated, and lie bad to leave Ins seat in
the Senate threatened, if not actually struck,
with paralysis. It was while in this condi
tion, with a deranged brain and a shattered
system, that he was guilty of the act of self-
. It was in connection with the. heroic
history of the1 yodng State' 'of -Kansas
that Lane figured most conspicuously; and
the part he bore in rescuing --her from the
clutches of Slavery, not only secured him the
Senatorship for two successive elections, but
will cause him to be remembered , with crati
tude in her history as long as she has a citi
zen to enjoy the freedom he did so much to
win. Ot his advent into ' the Territory in
1854, after his long and adventurous march
from Iowa; of the numerous fights-he fought
with the" Border Ruffians" at the head of
small bodies of Free-State men ; of the man
ner in which he roused the people by his in
tensely impassioned appeals ; of his ceaseless
1 i I-. , . , f , ' .
pgjrsuuui ami political struggles ; 01 cue great
triumph achieved by the Free-State party,
of whom he was the acknowledged leader,
in so far at least as such men as settled Kan
sas could acknowledge any leader ; of any of
the extraordinary incidents that marked the
career ot this singular Western politician and
fighter, we do not propose to speak in detail
But there is no danger of their being forgot
ten in tne west. At tue beginning ot the
great war of Secession, he left his seat in the
benate to take part in the national defence.
and both in the raising of troops and in ac
tual duty in the field, he did as much service
as was possible even to a man of his capaci
ties. But though a fighter, fitted in the
highest degree for irregular operations on the
Border, and against such enemies as he met
on the plains of Kansas in 1856 or in Mis
souri in the early operations of the late war,
he was no soldier in a scientific sense, and
soon discovered that his mission was not to
plan campaigns or command armies. He
returned to his Senatorial duties, and during
the war and until some time after its close.
his politics were of the most radical anti-
slavery type, but latterly he has been in the
main supporter ot the President and his poli
cy. His course in this latter respect has se
cured for him the most violent denunciations
in the State which he represented the poli
tics of which are of the Wendell-Phillips or
der ; and he became so unpopular among his
old friends that, bold and defiant though he
was, he hardly dair.d to set face among them.
This trouble unquestionably intensified the
ot hers, and because of the others seemed of a
more formidable character than it would
have done to Lane had been sane in body
and brain. In the Senate Lane made no
especial mark, as an orator he found him
self out of place there, as he had previously j
found himself out of place in this city. It
was on the stump in the West and in times
of trouble and confusion that Lane's native
oratorical powers and intensity f character
told with effect ; and their effect under such
circumstances was very great.
Lane was a very ambitious man. He was
accused of using means of any kind to attain
his end, and unquestionably he was not very
scrupulous, though there were doubtless as
many false charges against him as there are
against most of our public men. He cared
nothing for money only to scatter it, and
while he had many enemies, had alsonumer-
ous devoted friends. Were we to point a
moral from his untimely end, it would be a
caution against giving way to the passons
on the part of those whom God has gifted
with reason. JVew lork l imes..
Fate op Desperate Men. Bob Johnson,
or Bob McNeil, as bis real name is, met the
almost invariable fate of men of his class in
this city. He fell in a gambling saloon, rid
dled with balls and hacked with bowie
knives. Each wound he received represen
ted some like wound he had inflicted on
others, and the number of his mortal injuries
hardly exceeded the number of homicides
which be had perpetrated in his violent and
turbulent life. He was, we trust, the last of
class of men who, some years ago, made
the name of our city infamous by their deeds
of unparalleled turbulence and violence,
which were too long and too patiently borne
by the peaceful citizens.
Ot these men, the names of nve occur to
us, who were victims ot the system ot assas
sination which they inaugurated, and which
gained for them the well merited title of
Thugs. Jim Logan fell in an attempt to
murder a respectable citizen.
Abe Phillips was surrounded at night by
his own recent allies, and stabbed and shot
until he fell into the gutter a gory corpse ;
Horton was one of Bob Johnson's many vic
tims ; Forbes was overmatched in a mur
derous affray ; and the soul of Bob Johnson,
escaping through a dozen murderous wonnds,
has gone to join the congenial society of his
We know nothing of the circumstances of
the killing of this man. It may have been
murder. It may have been justifiable homi
cide. Murderer and bad man as Johnson
was, the law does not sanction the taking of
his life by any individual or individuals.
But it is certainly a cause of general gratifi
cation, and gives a sense of relief, strength
ens our belief in retributive justice, when
such men are thus removed from a commu
nity which they have so long disturbed and
disgraced by their infamous deeds. N. O.
Child Poisoned by Swallowing " Phar
oam Serpent eggs ". On Thursday a wo
man named Kearney, came near to putting
an end to the existence of her child, a boy
eleven years of age, by administering to him
th ree t4 Pharoah serpent eggs " for worms,
with which the child was afflicted. Mrs.
Kearney, it appears, on the day mentioned,
was engaged in cleaning a house for a lady
in Centre Park. In rummaging the house
she discovered a box of the eggs and reading
" serpents " on the cover, 8he at once conclu
ded thattheywere pills medicine for worms
she pocketed three of them. These she
gave to the child, who soon commenced vom
iting, throwing up blood, and was made
.very sick. The alarmed mother ran to the
house where she had been working, and asked
if there was poison in those " pills." She was
told they contained deadly poison,and with
out another word she ran" for Dr. Shipman,
who repaired to her house, and promply ad
ministering antidotes, it is believed has saved
the child's life. It was very low last evening.
It will be a great wonder if the child lives.
Mrs Kearney says she intended to tell the la
dy for whom she worked that she had taken
three pills Irom a box in her bureau, bnt did
not iuinj to Qf so. JSoenester Union.
Salkratus. Wood is burned to ashes.
and from these lye is made. By boiling, lye
is evaporated and black ashes is the residu
um, which, when purified by fire, is changed
into potash. By another- process potash is
converted into pearlash, and this alkali
placed in sacks over a brewer's vat, or in any
pther place where carbonic acid gas is' pro
duced, absorbs the gaa and becomes a solid,
heavier, whiter and more dry than pearlash.
This is salaratus, which is put into our food ;
and how . much of the products -of" wood
ashes and carbonic acid gas the human body
can bear is.a question for a salaratus eater.
- The New York, times says that Mr. Davis
has expressed his regrets at the publication
.TRIBUTE, OF' RESPECT.
Messrs. Editors: You will pte88e Insert.
In yoOT eorniunS the '.following resolutions!
regard) tor our worthy brother vWvK. Haves
a member of New-Light lidge.'No 2ts
who.' died MayJ5d, 1665.. The followW
preamble and resolutions were passed :
- DcTcicu. inc. iie.wuicn UOUnri nnr
deceased brother W. K. Haves to our Order
and by this to us inscrutable Providence of
the Supreme ruler of the nniyerse, this Lodge
has been bereft of a worthy brother; there
fore, .. . ( ; ;' . . -. .
1st Resolved-, STfot we haveVst a brother
who was ever faithful and true, and that th'
Order has lost a useful member ' .
-2rThat while we bow with submission to
the afflicting dispensation of Providence ar
knowledgirig that ; the Lord of all the ekrtK'
doeth all things rfght,-We sincreblaS
kug iwso ui uur wormy orotner and
ieeungiy sympathise, with his
a. mai apage ot our record be inscribed
to the memory of our deceased brother
4. That as a token of respect we wear the
usual badge of monrning for the space of
thirty days. , . r 1
5. "That, a py ,'of these, resolutions be
communicated to the family of the deceased '
and that the Editors of the Raleigh Stan
dard be requested to publish the same
. ALLEN BAILEY, ) '
A. L. DAVIS, C com
: DAVIS D. BAILEY, , "
S. S. Abkrnathy, Secy. . .. v
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
At a regular-communication of Grain's
Creek Lodge, No. 213, held at their Hill
May 19th, A. L. 5866, A, D.. 1866. The foil
lowing preamble and resolutions
the death of Brother, Enoch Cole were read
and adopted: - ...
Whereas, In the death of thi o:-i.i
brother the Church has lost, nn T0mi
member, the cause of Masonry a zealous ad
vocate, and the community a nspfni a
spectable citizen ; for three rears or mnr
Brother Cole has been a faithful nwnn.
the rules of the order of Masonry, a steady
helper in the Church to which he
and an exceedingly useful member in "the
neighborhood where he resided ; and hence
we call upon all, both relatives and neidii
lors, friends of the order
the Christian Church to unit with r ;
most sadly deploring the loss of
friend and brother : therefore, he it
1. Besolved, That in the death
Cole the order has lost a kind anA
member, 1 he Chmch a faithful servent and the
community an honorable and worthy citizen.
2. That we have, in our frntemnt
course with Brother Cole, since his associa
tion with us, found him fully showing forth
the three great principles which sh
exemplify the life and character of a tmlt ,
devoted member of our order. -:; . : " '
8. That while we are RpnsihTv imnr. "
with the sad chastisement inflicted nnOn n '
in this bereavement, we will wear the usual
badge of mourning for thirty days.v - v.
4. That a copy of the above resolutions
be sent to the widow and orphans of the de
ceased, and the same be spreadiiipon the
minutes of this Lodge, and a copy sent to
the North-Carolina Standard for publication.
n. w. snv x 1
JAS. M. COLE, y Com.
W. P. CAMERON, ) .
H. J. McNeill, Sec'y. ;.
The Board of Internal Improvements have
made the following appointments :
n. c. railroad. .
J. M. Coffin, Esq., State Proxy.
Hon. Nat. Boyden, Hon. John A. Gilmer,
Hon. Josiah Turner, Jr., Robert Strange,
Esq., John Berry, B. B. Roberts, Wm. C.
Means, and Dr. John A. Moore, Directors.
RALEIGH AND GASTON KA1LKOAD.
Joseph J. Davis, Esq., State Proxy. '
R. W. Lassiter, J. B. Littlejohn, George
Little, Directors. - -----!-.
Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal
Company. . v. ,
Charles Latham, Esq., State Proxy.' -..
Thomas J, Jarvis, Esq., Lewis Thompson. .
Esq., and D. D. Ferebee, Esq., Directors.
WESTERN N. C. RAILROAD. ; .. .
O. G. Foard, Esq.. State Proxy. :
G. F. Davidson, A. M. Powell. S. McD .
Tate A. M. Erwin. Hon. A. 8. Merrimon: F.
E. Shober, Esq., William Murphy, Col" A. C.
Cowles, Directors. Sentinel. . - ;- ' .
The Sea Islands' Property.
The Washington correspondent of the N.
Y. Times states the question of the Sea
Islands' property thus : . . . .
The only essential point of difference be
tween the two Houses of Congress with re
spect to the Freed men's Bureau Bill was
upon the bea Island question. The report
agreed upon by the Conference Committee
adopts, in the main, the view upon this ques
tion of the Senate. It provides that restora
tion of lands occupied by treedmeu ' under
Gen. Sherman's order shall not be made until
the crops' of this year have been gathered, '
nor till the former owners of the lands or
their legal representatives have paid the
freedmen a fair compensation for all improve
ments, x-ro vision ior tne ireeamen dispos
sessed of lands held under this order is mado
in the parishes of St. Helena and St. Lake,
where Government holds thirty-eight thous
and acres bought in at tax sales made in
pursuance of the President's order cf Sept.
16, 1863. These lands are to be surveyed,
under direction of the South-Carolina Tax
Commissioners, and divided nn into twentv-
acre lots, which are to b6 sold at $1.50 per
acre to the freedmen, first to those "now oc
cupying plantations under Sherman's order,
and second to those who have' been turned
off such plantations ,- No person can have
more than one tract, and payment may be
made any time within six . years. The As
sistant Bureau Commissioners of Georgia and
South-Carolina are authorized' to determine
the validity of claims under Sherman's order.
ana issue non-assignable warrants on the
South-Carolina Tax-Commissioners in favor
of all persons having valid claims. ' "
PK OCLAM ATION. "
TO, THE PEOPLE OF NORTH-CAROLINA
In obedience to an Ordinance "of thu State
Convention, ratified the 25th, day of June, lSti6,
entitled "An Ordinance snbaiiUinsr to the qual
ified voters of the State the ratification or re
jection of the Constitution adopted by the Con
vention," L JONATHAN WOBTH, Governor ,
of North Carolina hereby jive notice that on
Thursday, the second day ol Aogiist next,
polls will be opened by the Sheriffs of the re
spective Counties, and kept open for three suc
cessive days, at tne several .election prccincU in
each and every ' County in the State, under the .
same roles and resrulations as now exist for the
election of members of the General Assembly;
at which election all persons qualified to vote lor
members o the General Assembly, may vote for
or against the ratification of the same ; those who
wfoli -a miw;., e ... si . : :
with a written or printed s ticket - " Ratifica
tion, " those of a contrary ODinion. votiner. with.
-written or printed ticket, "Rejection:"
Sheriffs-will observe the provisions of the Or
dinance as to the duties thereby imposed. -
In witness whereof, his Excellency,
-i Jonathan Wooth. Governor of said .
State, has hereto set his hand -and caused to
great Seal of the Siaie to be affixed. '7-. :
Done at the City of Raleigh, this the 1st day ot
July, A.-' D., 1866. ' JONATHAN -WORTH. .
" . By the Governor:-;- V '''S"' V? :.vr
Wm. E Baglm Private Secretary. '
FLOUR :tZ FLOUR I ;
50 BBL8. CHOICE N.-O. FAMILY FLOUB .
100 bnls. Superfine and Extra Suoeriin Flour, . . y
25. bbts. very best .Baltimore -J" amiiy and . Extra.
- Dupernue ciour.
X7 Tt - TX7TT T T M lOAT jt. i"trt