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"LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOBXlVEK, ONE AND INSEPARABIiE."-Daniel Websterl " K
RALEIGH, N. C, SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1866.
iMMZS. J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
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Dumbarton Castle Glasgow Among
the Lochs Edinburg The Cattle
A.n Old Cannon- Stirling Castle.
Edikburg, June 19, 1866.
My first sight of Scotland was early
on the morning of the . 8th, when I was
called up to view the frowning walls of
Dumbarton Castle, under which we
were passing on our way up the Clyde
to Glasgow. Since then scarcely a
foot of ground over which we have
traveled but what has inscribed upon it
some stirring event of the past. How,
then, shall I do justice to what we have
seen aud heard since we came into this,
the most interesting portion of the
Kingdom ? Soon after reaching Glas
gow we were within the wralls of the
Mungo Cathedral, an immense pile,
some three hundred feet in length, a
bout eighty five in extreme width, and
sixty-five feet in the height of the nave.
It was commenced in 1181, but not en
tirely finished until 1857. Notwith
standing the early period in which por
tions of it were built, the architecture
of the whole of the interior is the most
perfect, and the painting of the win
dows the finest of anything that we
have seen. Glasgow is a very thrifty
city, made so principally by the immense
amount of ship building which is done
upon the Clyde below the city. From
Glasgow we went by rail to the foot of
Loch Lomond, where we took steamer
through the lake to Tarbet, opposite to
Ben Lomond, passing on our way the
many beautiful islands that here and
there dot the surface. On the Sunday
morning after our arrival we walked
over to the little kirk in Anochar, situ
ated on Loch Long, and for the first
time realized, what we have so often
seen in pictures, grand parents with
their children walking together to
church, bibles and hymn books in hand.
Ever3-body walks to church in Scot
land. They either have not the means
of riding, or if they have they do not
feel the necessity of bringing out their
fine earriacres on Sunday morning.
From Tarbet we crossed the lake to In
versnaid and took stage from there to
the head of Loch Katrine, passing on
our way Loch Arklet, near which are
the ruins of the house in which Ilelen
Macgregor, the wife of Rob Roy, is
said to have been born. Arriving at
the head of Loch Katrine we took the
little steamer Rob Roy for the Tro
sachs. Passing down the lake we saw
where the water is taken out to supply
the city of Glasgow, distant thirty-four
miles, through seventy tunnels, the ag
gregate length of which is thirteen miles.
This will give you an idea of the
mountainous character of the country.
The western extremity of the lake is
very narrow, with winding shores and
towering high above it on the north is
Hen venue, on the south the riven sides
of Ben A"an and the surrounding
peaks,between them the dark, rocky
aixl deeply wooded ravines, and from
its surface "rises Ellen's Isle, all of which
have taken their iart in the imagery of j
Scotland s greatest bard. One cannot
see this beautiful lake ami the surround
ing seenerv without becoming an admi
rer of the " Lady of the Lake." AVc-
took a boat to the Isle and moored it to
the rock under the very "aged oak
from beneath which
" A damsel iruidcr of it way
A litlleskiflVhot to i'uv bay."
We walked up the same steep, rooky
cliff that Ellen had ascended and de
scended, and hioked upon the spot
where once stood the bower that had
sheltered Douglass ami his daughter.
The Loch was so smooth that every
crag, tree and flower that .we could see,
and even their color, were mirrored
from its surface. From the Trosachs
we took stage to Callender, passing on
our way Loch Vennaehcr and Lanrick
-Mead, where Rhoderiek Dhu mustered
From Callendcr we took the cars to
this city (Edinburg) which is pictu
resquely situated on the south bank of
Frith of Forth. A most beautiful view
of the entire city and surrounding coun
try, can be obtained from either Salis
bury Crags or the Castle, and of the
city from"Calton Hill. Edinburg might
be styled the city of monuments, as one
meets the eye at almost every turn of
the street. The most interesting place
to visit is the Holy rood Palace and
Chapel. The palace was first built by
James IV., in 1501, but it was entirely
rebuilt by Charles II., in 1070. It was
the principal residence of Mary Queen
of Seotts, and in it the visitor is shown
her apartments, consisting of an audi
ence chamber, bed chamber, dressing
room, in the latter of which it is said
her Secretary, Rizzio, was murdered.
We were shown the place where his
body laid over night, after receiving
fifty six wounds, and the old keeper
tried to draw on my imagination to see
the blood stains that were left on the
floor. In the Picture Gallery are the
portraits of one hundred sovereigns of
Scotland from Fergus I. down, and
miserable affairs they are, excepting the
one of Robert Bruce. The palace
is kept in good repair, and a portion of
it is frequently occupied by the present
Queen and her suite as she passes
through op. her way to and from Balmo
ral. Only the walls of the Chapel are
standing. Edinburg Castle is the next
object of interest, the erection of which
dates back beyond the memory of tra
dition. Like Stirling and Dumbarton,
it is situated upon a high rock, and is
one of the four castles Vhich by treaty
with England is required to be garri
soned; the others are Stirling, Blackness
and Dumbarton. In it is preserved
with great care the"Scotch Crown,-icep-tre
.and Sword of State. We were
shown Queen Mary's room, in which
James VL was born, and upon the wall
is a one portrait ot. this most beautiful,
misguided and shamefully treated Queen
We Americans have supposed that the
credit of the invention of the twenty
inch gun belonged to the United States,
but mounted on one of the batteries of
the Castle is a wrought-iron gun which
was supposed to have been forged in a
bout 1450. It is thirteen feet in length,
formed of longitudinal bars, banded to
gether. It burst in 1682, on the occa
sion of the visit of the Duke of York to
Edinburg. Beside it lie some of the
large stone balls which were made for
Edinburg is a most delightful city in
every respect, filled with objects of in
terest that would please the curiosity
of a stranger for a great while.
Onr next visit was to Stirling, its
Castle and Palace. The latter was
bnilt by Queen Mary, and is curiously
ornamented with recessed panels, cor
bels and grotesque statues. James IV.
was born in the Castle. Queen Mary,
her father and her son were crowned in
it. We were shown the room in which
James II. slew the Earl of Douglass
and the window from which he was
thrown. From the walls we saw the
field of Bannockburn, where Robert
Rruce with 40?000 men whipped Ed
ward II. witli 100,000 men.
A Cosxurial Sekiion. A connubial
little sermon, from the text, " Be hap
py as you are," is thus preached by a
cotemporary print :
" Wife and Mother, are you tired,
and out of patience with your husband's
and your children's demands upon your
time and attention ? Are you temp
ted to speak out feelings to that faith
ful, but, perhaps, sometimes heedless
or exacting husband of yours ? or to
scold and fret at these sweet and beau
tiful ones? Do you groan and say,
" What a fool I was to ma-ry and leave
my father's house, where I lived in ease
and quiet ?" Are you, by reason of the
care and weariness of the body which
wifehood and motherhood must bring,
forgetful of, and unmindful for, their
joys? O, wife and mother! what if a
stroke should smite your husband and.
lay him low? What if your children
should be snatched from your arms,
ami from jour bosom? What if there
were no true, strong heart for you to
leap upon ? What if there were no
soft, little innocents to nestle in your
arms, and to love you, r receive your
love ? How would it be with you then ?
Be patient and kind, dear wife : be
unwearying and long suffering, dear
mother, for you know not how long you
may have with you your best and dear
est treasures you know not how long
you may tarry with them. Let there
be nothing lor you to remember which
will wring your heart with remorse if
they leave you alone ; let there be noth
ing for them to remember but sweet
ness and love unutterable, if you are
called to leave them by the way. Be
pat rent, be pitiful, be tender of them
all; for death will step sooner or later
between them and you. And O ! what
would you do, if you should be doomed
to sit "solitary and forsaken through
years and years !"
An Ancient Dinner. The excava
tions at Pompeii are going on with an
activity stimulated by the important
discoveries made at almost every step,
and the quantities of gold and silver
found, which more than suffice to cover
the cost ot the Avork. Near the Tem
ple of Juno, of which an account was re
cently given, has been brought to light
a house belonging to a millionare of
that time, as the furniture is of ivory,
bronze and marble. The couches of the
trinclinium or dining room, are of es
pecially extreme richness.
The "llooring consists of immense mo
saics, well preserved in parts, of which
the centre represents a table laid out
tor a grand dinner. In the middle on a
large 'dish, may be seen a splendid pea
cock, with his tail spread out, and placed
hack to back with another bird, also of
beantiful plumi:ge. Around them are
arranged lobsters, one of which holds
a blue egg in its claw, a second, an oys
ter, which appears to be fi icassed, as it
is opened and covered with herbs ; a
rat farci, and a fourth, a small vase
with fried grasshoppers. Next comes
a circle of dishes with fish, interspersed
with others of partridges, hares, and
squirrels, which all have their heads
placed between their forefeet. Then
comes a row of sausages of all forms,
supported by one of eggs, oysters and
olives, which in its turn is surrounded
by a double circle of peaches, cherries,
melons and other fruits and vegetables.
The walls of the trinclinium are covered
with fresco paintings of birds, fruits,
flowers, game and fish of all kinds, the
whole interspersed with drawings
which lend a charm to the whole not
easy to describe. On a table of rare
wood, carved and iulaid with gold,
marble, agate and laapizlazuil, were
amphorse "still containing wine, and
some goblets onyx.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Superior Court of Law and Equity, Spring Term,
On motion, it is ordi'rod by the Court, that the
Clerk give notice through the Standard, Sentinel
and l'rogress, newspapers published in the City
of Raleigh, mid also t lour or more public plaees
in tiie County of .Wake, to all parties of Record
who have suits pending in the Superior Court of
said County, and their witnesses, to appear at the
next Fall T-jrin of the Court , to be held at the
Court House, in Raleigh, ou the
First Monday after the fourth Monday
of September 186C,
prepared to try their eases.
. Parties having no counsel are. notified to em
ploy on or before the day aforesaid, or their suits
will be tried without counsel.
J. N. BUNTING, Clerk.
Ralaigh, July 10, 1866. 48 3taw-td
LEMONS I LEMONS ! I LEMONS I ! t
orv BOXES MESSINA LEMONS, FRESH -J
and in good . order. Just received, and
wiU be sold low to close consignment. '
'. . B. V. WILLIAMSON & CO.
.Baleigh,.Jnne 9, Vmr-46tL--.::j. -j:u f K
Railroads, Steamboats, &c.
North-Carolina Railroad Company,
Engineer & Superintendent's Office,
Company Shops, June 7th, 1866.
Change of Time.
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, 1866, TRAINS
will run as follows :
Mail Train. Freight and
Leave Goldsboro', . . . . 12.30 P. M... 12.00 P. M
Raleiirh 8.45 " 4.50 A. M
Greensboro. ... 7.40
.... 1.00 P. M.
" H.iliahnrv 10.10
Arrive Charlotte, 12.35 A. M. . . 9.00 P. M.
Mail Train. Freight and
Leave Charlotte 11.15 P. M... 4.30 A. M.
" Salisbury, 1.26 A.M.. 8.55 "
Greensboro,... 4.10 1.10 P.M.
" Hillsboro,.... . 6.81 " 5.25 "
" Raleigh,.! 8.30 9.45
Arrive Goldsboro',.... 11.30 2.15 A.M.
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
& Gaston Trains lor the North. At Goldsboro'
with Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic &
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington & Weldon
There is no Sunday Train going North from
Weldon to Portsmouth ; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that dav can go immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
& E. WILKES,
june 9 36tf Eng. & Sup't,
PACIFIC M1IL STEAMSHIP COMPANY'S
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN PORTS,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DATS.
Steamtthipg on the
Connecting on the Pa
cific with the
&c, &c, &c.
One of the above Large and Splendid
Steamships will leave Pier No. 42. North
River, foot of Canai Street, at 12 o'elock, noon,
ou the 1st, 11th and 21st of every mouth,
(except when those dates fall on Sunday, and
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
connecting, via Panama Railway, with one of the
Company's Steamships from Panama for San
Francisco, touching at Acapulco.
Departures of 1st and 21et connect at Ponaroa
with Steamers for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
A discount of one q uarter from steamers' rates
allowed to second cabin and stecrasrc passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of one quarter
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soidiers having honorable
One hundred pontids baggajre allowed to each
adult. Ba-rsragc-masters accompany the baggage
lhrourh, and attend to ladies and children with
out nialu protectors. Baijsraj;e received on the
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, aiid passengers who prefer to send
An experienced Surgeon on board. Medieine
and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets, or further information,
apply at tlie Company's Ticket office, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal Street, North River, N. Y.
8. K. IIOLMAN", Asent.
July 7, 1800. 47 3m.
rpiIE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
1 carrying the It R E AT HARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT,"leave Norfolk at o o'clock, p. m.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE LEAKY, Capt. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. I. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steainereof this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables are equal to first class hotel fare.
Travellers g linij North via Seaboard and Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be m waiting to convey them
and their baggage frek of chakge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, aud the fare under any circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
and Norfolk and-Pel ersburg Rail roads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
cheeked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Ticketssold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth aud New Line Steamers
free of charge.
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot of
Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. m.
II. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep 22134 ly8 At Norfolk.
I AM CONSTANTLY NEGOTIATING
sales ot aud Mortgages upon Southern
A large amount of
Is now seeking opportunity for
I AM EMPOWERED TO PURCHASE
40,000 ACRES OF COTTON
LANDS IN THE GULF
PLANTERS AND OTHERS,
wishing to sell, mortgage, or take partners in
working their lands, are invited. to apply to
me at ouee. "
D. J. M. A. JEWETT,
46 Washington, Street,
A. F. Deyereux & Co.,
Edmund Rice, Esq.,
William L. Palmer, Esq.,
Capt. J. B. Gregory,
Gen. William A. Olmstead,
Troy, N. Y.
Dudley C. Channell, Esq.,
Charles C. Filley,
. New-Orleans, La.
t3F CHARGES MODERATE. ISrl
All Letters mast enclose a Stamp.
July 14, 1866. 50 tw-6m
-piNE OLD WINE I
40 GALLONS OLDAND DELICIOUS 8CUP
PERNONG Wine by the gallon.
jttne2t B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OF THB TAX LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(iu suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
-patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Draft or Orders, Ac., at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a lime
designated except bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be. and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
- sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional 100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British Nort h America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reign ports,10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part here
of, when the considerrtiou does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding SSOOand not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceediug one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal .property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any 6um of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi-
tional one thousaud dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stampduty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iu this schedule, 25 cts.
Certilieates ot deposit iu bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock iu an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxes, 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on tile, 5 cts.
Cheek Draft or Order for the payment of
aU3- sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, bank er or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or otUer
reality bold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500, aud not exceeding $1,000, $100
Forevery additional five hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
hundred dollars in value, " 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceediug five hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Gnager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will .or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For every additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are e-ieh subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, cheek or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the j-ayuient of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of "any pro
perty. 2 cts.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceediug
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, iu excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded lor'jStored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal proeess,.b3T wliich any suit is'com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or origiual process issued by a court
not of record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of Judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax lor a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lauds or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 800 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a v
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 cts
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
. exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, 50 cts.
Pawner's Checks , ' . Sets.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than - '
35 dollars, .. : -. 50 cts.
Costing more than 85. and not exceeding
r-.so, : - - iod -
For every additional fifty or fractional
- part thereof, in excess of 50 dollars, ; 1 00k
GENERAL REMARKS. N
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
siamps, lor wnien a special use lias neen proviuea.
Postage stamps cannot be used in ' payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel thestamp thereon. It he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it Is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
80th of July, 1804, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part, of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz: summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Pnblic, or other office, duly
authorized to take affidavits, is field to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any f ractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time of
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate 011 interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on -any warrant of attor
nej' accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
sucii instruments, or either ot tliem. in sucn a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
The Civil Rights Bill.
We publish below the Civil Rights
JJill as it recently passed the Congress
over the President's Veto
".Be it enacted bv the Senate and House f Repre
sentative of the United Slates of America in Congress
assembled, That all persons born in the United
States and not subject to any foigii Power, ex
cluding Indians, not taxed, arc hereby declared
to be citizens of the United States; and such citi
zens ot every race and color, without regard to
any previous condition of slavery or involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall Ave been duly convicted,
shall have the same right in every State aud Ter
ritory 111 the United states to make ana cntorce
contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, aud convey
real and personal property, and to full aud equal
benefit of all laws and proceedings for the securi
ty of person and property as is enjoyed by white
citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment,
naius. ami penalties, and to none other, any law.
statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom to the
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That any per
son who. under color of any law, .statute, ordi
nance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
cause to be subjected, any lnuaouani 01 any ouiie
or Territory to the deprivtion of any right se
cured or protected by this act', or to ditferent
punishment, pains, or penalties on account of
such person having at any time been held iu a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescnoea lor tue pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, ou conviction, shall be
nunished bv tine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or
both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict courts of the United States, within their re
spective districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
eonrts of the several States, cognizanee of all
crimes and offeuces committed against the provi
sions ol this act, and also, concurrently with the
circuit courts of the United States, ol all causes,
civil and criminal, affecting persons who are de
nied or. cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be, any of the rights secured to them by the first
section of this act ; and if any snit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has been or shall be commenced
in any State court against any such person, for
anv canse whatsoever, or against any officer, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted by virtue or under color of authority derived
from "this act or the act establishing a bureau for
the relief of freedmen and refugees, and all acts
amendatory thereof; orfor refusing to do any ae
upon the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this act, sueh defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the ' Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating
judicial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
March three, eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil aud criminal matters hereby confer
red on the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so far
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect ; but in all cases where such laws are not
adapted to the object, or arc deficient in the pro
visTOns necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, the common law, as
modified and ehauged by the constitution and
statutes of the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is
held, so tar as the same is not inconsistent with
the Constitution and laws of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts iu
the trial and disposition ot such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on theparty found guilty.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, the commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts of the United
States, with powers ol arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against the laws of the United
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmen's
Bureau, and every other officer who may be spe
cially empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
for trial before such court of the United Stales or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection t all persons in their consti
tutional rights 01 equauxy oeioreine law, wiinoni.
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
shall have Dcen amy conviciea, ana 10 tne prompt
discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the
duty of the circuit courts of the United States
aud the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States, from time to time, to increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion ol persons charged with a violation of this
act. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to ofleneee
created by this act, us they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws of the United States. -
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts is
sued under the provisions of this set, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process when tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to er-H-wte the same, he shall, on
conviction thereof, V fined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use of the person uon
whom the aeeosed is alleged to' bavr committed
the affhnoA-, And the better to enar.tr . r-'d
coauntestoBers to execute thp'-. T- ' faithful" r
and effieie&tty. in conformity with do Cons tit
ion 01 the. united states and o rq,uuo
this act, they are hereby authorised and empow
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap-?
point, in writing, under their hands, any one orlvj
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe- . .
cute all such warrants and other process as may '
be issued by them In the lawful performance of -
their respective duties ; and the persons so ap
pointed to execute any warrant or process as
aforesaid shall have authority to snmroon and
call -to their aid the bystanders or the posse com '
itatue of the proper county, or such portion of
the land and naval forces of- the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the pcrfor-.
mance of the duty with which they are charged,
and to insure a faithful observance of the clause ' '
of the Constitut on which prohibits slavery, hi
conformity with the provisions of this act; and
said warrants shall run aud be executed by said j"'
officers anywhere in the State or Territory within
which they are issued.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That ny per- '
son it ho shall knowingly and willfully obstruct
hinder, or prevent an officer, or other person ,
charged with the execution of any warrant , or
process issued under the provisions of this act, ' "
or any person or persons lawfully assisting . him :
or them, from arresting anv person for whose ap- J
prehension such warrant or process may have ,
been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue 1
such person from t le custody of the officer, oth- .
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid, .'
abet, or assist any person 00 arrested as aforesaid,
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody
of the officer or other person legally authorised ;
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any ivereon .',
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall have
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge of the -'
fact that a warrant has been issued for the apprer. .
hension of such person, shall, for either ot said
offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one "
thoussnd dollars, and imprisonment not exceed- -ing
six months, by indietment and couviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proptr court of crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territories of the United States. . ''
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That the dis
ti ict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and
the clerks of the said district and Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to them for simih r servi
ces in other cases; and in all cases Where the pro-. .
ceedings are before a commissioner, he sl.all toe
entitled to a fee often dollars In full for bis scrvi- .
ces in each case, inclusive of all services incident
to such arrest and examination. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be
Issued by Buch commissioners for the arrest of .
offenders against the provisions of this act shall
be entitled to a fee of five dollars for each person
he or they may arrest and take before any sueh
commissioner as foresaid, with such oth-r fees
as may be deemed reasonable by such commis
sioner for such other additional services as may
be necessarily performed by him orthem, such as
attending: at the examination, keeping the prison
er in eustody, and providing him with food aud
lodging during his detention, and until the final
determination of such commissioner, and in ge. - .
cral for performing such other duties as maybe
required in the premises ; such fees to be made
np in conformity with the fees usually charged
by the officers of the courts of justice within the
proper district or county, as near as may be prae-..
tieable, and paid on of the treasury of the United .
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis
trict within which the arrest is made, and to be ...
recoverable from the defendant as part of the i
judgment in case of conviction. , -
Sec. 8 And be it further enacted, That when- '
ever the President of the Unlted8tates shall have '
reasou to believe that offences have been or are '
likely to be committed against the provisions ot
this ac -witnin any judicial district, it el;ull be
lawfui for him, in his discretion, to direct the
juuge, marshal and district attorney of such dis
trict to attend at such place -within the district,
nnd for such time as he may designate, for the :'
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial of
persons charged with a violation of this act ; anc
it shall be the duty of every judge or other offlcei,
when any such requisition shall be received by
him, to attend at the place and for the time there- '
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That it shall k
be lawful for the President of the United States,
or such person as he may empower for that pur
pose, to employ fuch part of the land or naval ' '
f orces of the United States, or the militia, as shall
be necessary to prevent the violation and enforce
the due cxecutii u ot this act.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That upon- '
all questions of law arising in any cause under
the provisions of this act a final appeal may be
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
Scale of Depreciation, s
The following Act, in relation to the scaling ol. .
Confederate Currency, from the time of Its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION -OF
CONFEDERATE CURRENCY. ; y
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws and
ordinances are in lorce, and for other purposes,"
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; und it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
ciation of said urrency before the 1st of May.'
1805, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the Stute) shall be deemed to'
have been made with the understanding that thev
were solvable in money of the said currency
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in- .
tent of the parties to the contract ; therefore, '
lie it enacted by the General Assembly of the State
of A'ortfi-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted- by the -lulhority
of the same. That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure of value of one.
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, nnd the fractional parts of the' month of
December, 184, from the 1st day ot November,
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit; -.,
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure cf value,
from November 1st, 1861, to May lit, 1865 : ' : .
Months. 1801. 1862. 1868. 1864. 1, 1665.
January, $1 20 $3 00 $21 00 . $50 00
February 1 SO 8 00 21 00 -6O00
March, 150 400 23 00 60 00
April, .... 150 500 20 00 100 00
May, 1 50 5 50 -19 00
June, 1 50 6 60 18 00 " J.i
July, 1 50 9 00 21 00
August, .... 1 50 14 00 23 00 ....
September, 2 00 14 0Q 1 25 00
October, .... 2 00 14 00 : " 26 00 .vV.
iNovcmDcr, 11 iv s w u w . iU) iAj
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00
December 1st to 10th inclusive, 85 00
" 10th to 20th, 4 00 .'
" 1st to 31st. 48 00 ,
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, - administrators,
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and caUvyyque trust. In the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising 1roml be
depreciation of Confederate currtrpey, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that law suits end
expensive litigation may be obviated.' ,iv . -
Me it further enacted. That in all such esses, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full ar.d
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who Is hereby authorized toxon
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience: JJrofided, Aownwrv'That to
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
binder any person from proceeding In the usual
eourseof law, if be shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. .A. -ENGELHARD, ,
; - ; 'jslerk of Senate.
- 28 FOLLOK STREET,
julj 17-36 tj ; ;
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