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LIBERTY 3VI UNION, NOW TSTO FOREVER, OJVE AJST IKSEPARABLE."-Daniel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. C, SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1866.?
W W. HOLDEN. J- W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
EDITOUS OF THE STANDARD,
And authorized pitbiixhers of the Lam of the United
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Si'eciai. Notices charged 50 per cent higher
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For advertisements inserted irregularly, 25 per
cent higher than usual rates will be charged.
No paper in the South has advertising facilities
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Letters must be addressed to
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Raleigh, N. C.
ONLY AT THE
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Horace Greely. Horace Greely is
thus sketched by the New York Citi
" Greely's tastes are singularly al
most pathetically simple. No man
of equal, or even approximating powers,
is so little self conscious, so little self
asserting in his personal relations. He
has a large and fertile farm &c Chippa
qua, on the Harlem railroad, and there
he takes his few and dearly-earned hol
idays ' drinks water like a camel '
from a pure spring which lies in a hol
low near the bottom, of a tumbling cas
cade upon his grounds; or taking exer
cise with a hatchet in thinning out the
trees of his plantation where they grow
too thickly for mutual development.
His farm is an aggregation of many
farms, bought up with patient economy
of years, and contains, inconsequence,
nearly a dozen orchards, marking as
many separate purchases of small es
tates. Of these orchards and their
thriftiness he is more praud than of all
the power of the Tribune. To keep
them tree of apple worms is with him a
labor of affection. How many barrels
they produced last year, and how ma
ny he has hones thev will produce this
season, are themes which he discusses
and dwells upon witli no less apparent
interest, and far more vivacity, than
iiis pen displays in dissecting Secretary
'"His present house is not ilie one lie
means to occupy, being the one he
found upon the central farm at the time
of its original purchase. It is a very
simple frame structure, of only some
half dozen rooms ; but to its left there
is a oeatiful cascade, tumbling down
through thickly wooded slopes, and
brawling o.er mossy rocks ; and close
to its margin, or at least within view of
its descent, and within hearing of its
contiiiiial murmur, he is clearing a plat
eau on which his future homestead is
to rise. Only a few choice pictures in '
the parlor, and some sculpture bought
during his visit to Italy, mark out the
interior of the house as different from
that of similar houses of its class be
longing to the uncultivated farmers of
" On this land it is Greely's delimit !
to trv costlv experiments of sab-soilinj;
and new manures ; new agricultural
implements, afid new crosses in the va
rious breeds of choice cattle. When he
'has seen justice done his poor friend,
the negro,' and made sufficient money
to secure the future of his children, our
philosopher believes that he will have 1
philosophy enough to abjure both liter
ature and politics, and go off" some
" Of domestic history the subject of
our sketch has little, owing to the con
tinued delicacy of his wife's health.
His greatest sorrow was the loss of an
only son ; his gaeatest joys, next, to the
decree .of universal emancipation, two
promising daughters, the elder ot whom
is now being educated at the convent
of the Sacred Heart, in the upper part
of this island."
The Ci p of Teaks. We find the fol
lowing legend told in Thorpe's Yule
tice Tales. It is too beautiful to remain
known only to Antiquarians :
"There was a mother who loved Tier
first child with her whole heart, and
thought she could not live without it ;
but the Almighty sent a great sickness
among children which seized this little
one, who lay on a sick bed even to death.
Three days and three nights the mother
watched and wept, and prayed by the
side of her darling child, but it died !
The mother, now alone in the wide
world, gave way to the most violent
and unspeakable greif ; she ate nothing
and drank nothing, and wept, wept,
wept three long days and three long
nights. This the mother did withoct
ceasing, calling constantly her child.
The third night, as she thus sat over
come with suffering, in the place hens
her child had died, her eves bathed in
tears, and faint from grief, the door
softly opened, and the mother start?,
for before her stood her departed child.
It had become a heavenly angel, awd
smiled sweetly as innocence, and was
beautiful like the blessed. It had in its.
hand a small cup that was almost mu
lling over, so full it was. And the dtald
" 'Oli ! dearest mother, ween no more
for me ; the angel of mourning has col
lected in this little cup the tears which
you have shed for me. If for me you
shed but one tear more it will overflow.
I shall have no more rest in the grave
and no joy in heaven. Therefore, O,
dearest mrther ! weep no more for your
child ; for it is well and happy, and an
gels are its companions.'
" It then vanished. The mother shed
no more tears, that she might not dis
turb her child's joy in Heaven."
Salt Lake must be a remarkable
place, according to the correspondent
of a Texas paper. The waters not only
cure all manner of diseases, but emit a
gas with which it is contemplated to
light the neighborhood. A stove fun
nel, into the end of which a tube had
ben inserted, having been placed over
the water where the gas escaped, and a
lighted match applied, a jet flame was
emitted which burned as a kerosene
The public debt statement will show
a further reduction during the last two
months of about twenty-seven millions
of dollars. Twenty-three millions of
the remaining twenty-six millions of
certificates of indebtedness have been
redeemed during the last month. The
statement also shows that seven-thirties
are rapidly being converted into five
The ctntement that negroes have been kidnap !
pud on the coasts of Florida ami sold to the West j
Indies, is denied by the War Department i
From the Pittsburg Commercial, July 24.
A MOASTEIi GIA.
An interesting event at the Government Faun.
dry tlus progress of Casting.
On Saturday, at 12 o'clock, a number of
ladies aud gentlemen were assembled at Fort
Pitt Foundry to witness the casting of a 20
inch navy gun for the monitor Puritan, now
building in New York. This is the fi st gun
of the size now cast for the navj. Two other
guns of this size were, some time ago, cast
for the army. As far as we are able to judge
from the successful manner in which the
mould was tilled with hot metal, the present
gun 13 a perfect success, the result of unre
mitting attention, by Col. Joseph Kaye, who
has been .connected with these works for
twenty-seven years, and his assistants. Very
few of the guns cast at these works ever fail
of being perfect. The one just cast will un
doubtedly be taken from the moulds as com
plete. Some ten days will be required be
fore it will be sufficiently cooled to be taken
out. It whs cast on the Rodman principle
that is with a stream of cold water passing
constantly through the core.
Among the spectators was Capt. Kliolo
statf, of the Russian royal miuing engineers
who has been sent by" that government to
inspect our manufacturing establishments,
our s-icail and political system, in their every
detail, with a view of reporting elaborately
to his government on the practicability of
that government adopting thein. He will
strongly recommend the Fort Pitt mode or
gun-casting, lie says they have our moni
tors now. and to complete them, they need
our guns and they may need some of our
The metal used in the casting of the pres
ent gun amounted to 14.000 lbs. It was
heated in three furnaces, ."o. 4 contained
8.000 lbs.; No. 5 30.000 lbs., and No. 0 35,
203 ibs. Of this amount of metal, 101,000
tts. was Juniata second fusion, and 39,000
lbs. Juniata pig from the Rodman and Bioom
(ield furnace. This is considered the best
material in the country for cast iron eruns.
The tires to heat this tmmenst; amount of
metal were kindled at 4.2.'i A. M., on Satur
dav. No. 4 was down and the melting com
pleted at ll:4.r. No. 5 at 10:45. and No. 6 at
10:15 A. M. At ten minutes past 12 furnaces
Nos. 4 and 5 were tapped, and No. 6 a few
minutes after. The time consumed in run
ning the metal from the furnance into the
mould was verv short. No. 4 stopped at
12:2 1. No. 5 at "l2:2:J and No. (5 at 12:24.
The metal was very perfect. At. the com
mencement of casting the temperature inside
the foundry was 82 degrees, and outside 77
When the water commenced to run from
the hydrant into the core, the temperature
was 81 degrees. When the core barrel was
full, the temperature was !9 degress. Ten
minutes fro'u the time of commencing the
easting the water was 1 14 degrees, anil 20
minutes after 148 degrees, at which tempera
ture it stood as long as we remained. The
density of this gun is supposed to be some
what lower lower than those previously cast,
being from 7.23 to 7.24.
The length of the rough casting is 230
inches. The maximun diamtcr is G5J- inches,
and the minimum 48 inches. When finished
the breech of the gun will measure 04 inches
in diameter, and the mozzle 354; inches. The
length of the cylinder bore is 117 inches,
depth of chamber 1ft inches. The thickness
of metal outside the bore at the nreecu is 22
?i:ches, and at the nozzle 7 9-10 inches. The
er-treme length of the gun is 1S3 inches.
Diameter of triini.m. 18 inches. At 0:20
Sunday morning the water was turned oiF,
at which the temperature was 97 deg. At
10:45 yesterday the core barrel was hoisted
when it came out perfectly e'ean, there being
every indication of perfect success in the
casting. After the barrel was hoisted out.
a very small stream of water was allowed to
flow into the bore, when it immediately be
came steam. This will ho continued until
this morning at 8 o'clock, when a column of
cold air will be forced in, and the cooling
process completed in this way.
HOWELL & BROTHERS,
MANUKACTCUEES ifc IMl'OKTEliS OF
Pap i i IX ;i it g i n g-.s,
WINDOW SHADES. HOLLANDS, &c.
No. 2SO Baltimore Street,
march 27 1 Oin.
- OLD I GOLD ! IS DECLINING,
But all kinds of the bct Writing Paper and
Envelopes, illutruled papers, Fa-hion liookf,
Kuney Artieles, and Newspapers, tir'o Iroin New
York in t. liny &ix hours, cud always be found at
West's Stationery Store,
Next door to the National Bank. "Smull profits
and quick sales," is oar motto.
February 10. llMi tf
MSU t FISH ! FISH !
J'M BARRELS CUT HERRINGS,
100 " Itou "
20 half barrels Koe "
10 barrels prime mess Shad,
20 barrels Nos. 1 and 2 Mackerel all new
eateli and in line order,
juae 2 tf. B. 1 WILLIAMSON & CO.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Superior Court of Law and Equity, Spring Term,
On motion, it is ordered by the Court, that the
Clerk give noliee through the SUiHdarit, .Sentinel
and l'-iKi-exx, newspapers puhlished in the City
ol'Kaieigii,and also t lour or more public plat es
in tne County of Wake, to all parties of Keeord
who have Miits pending in the Superior Court of
said County, and tueir witnesses, to apptr.ir at the
next Fail T-irm of the Court, to be belli at the
Court House, in Raleigh, on the
First Monday after the fourth Monday
of September, 183G,
prepared to try their cases.
Parties having n counsel are notified to em
ploy on or before the day aforesaid, or their suite
will be tried without counsel.
J. N. BUNTING, Clerk.
Raloigh, July 10, 13H15. 4 Staw-td
LEJHOKS ! LEMONS I ! LEMONS I I I
dC BOXES MESSINA LEMONS, FRESH
JLJ aud in good order. Just received, and
will be sold low to close consignment.
B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
Raleigh, June 29, 1SG6. 15tf.
NORTH STATE IRON AND BRASS
HAVING SECURED THE SERVICES OF
a competent person, we are now prepared
to gum Saws in the best style, and on moderate
We arc also prepared to furnish all kinds, of
Castings, and repair Mill Irons,
Orders sent to us will meet with prompt at
tention. B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
Raleigh, June 30, 186C.45-tf
An excellent Burn and Stable, In Raleigh.
Applvnt STAKDAkD OH1CL
February 28, 1806. tf
Railroads, Steamboats, &c.
North-Carolina Railroad Company,
Enqineek & Scpeiunteijdent's Office,
Company Shops, June 7th, 181)6.
Ohaiiffe of Time.
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, I860, TRAINS
will run u follows: .
12.00 P. M.
4.50 A. M.
1.00 P. M.
Leave Goldsboro' 12.30 F.
4 Raleigh, 3.45
" Hillsboro, 5.28
" Greenbboro, ... 7.40
" Salisbury, 10.10
Arrive Charlotte, 13.35 A. M...
. 4.30 A. M.
. 1.10 P. M.
" Salisbury, . . .
11.15 P. M
1.20 A. M
2.15 A. M.
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Kaleigh
& Gaston Trains tor the North. At Uoldauoro'
with Wilmington and Weldon, and JUlantic &
Aceotntnodation train runs daily. (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington & Weldon
tr:,'"s- . ,
There is no Sundav Train going North from
Weldon to Portsmouth ; passengers arriving at
Weldon 011 that day can go immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
E. A IL EES,
june 9 36tf EiiLf. & Sup't.
PACIFIC STSlttIIP C1IVV'S
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN PORTS,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
SteamJiips on tiie Connecting on the Pa-
Atbuttic: cific with the
HENRY CnAUNCEY, CONSTITUTION,
NEW YORK, GOLDEN CITY,
OCEAN QUEEN, SACRAMENTO,
NORTHERN LIGOT, GOLDEN AGE,
COSTA RICA, MONTANA,
&.c, &c, &c.
One of the above Large and Splendid
Steamships will leave Pier No. 4J. North
Kiver, foot of Canai Street, at 12 o'clock, noon,
on the 1st, 11th and 21st of every month,
(except when tii(c dates fall on Sunday, and
then on tiie preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
connecting, via Panama RaiLvuy. with one of the
Company's Steamships from Panama for San
Francisco, touching at Aeapuleo.
D.-purtures of lt and 21st connect at P-nama
with Steamers for South Paeilic and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
A discount of one rpiarter from steamers' rates
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of one quarter
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable
dischar: es. half-fare.
One I'undred ponnds baggage allowed to each
adult. Baggage-masters accompany the baggage
through, and attend 10 ladies and children with
out male protectors. Baggage received on the
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, and passeng-rs who prefer to send
dowu ea ly.
An experienced Surgeon on board. Medicine
and attendance tree.
For Passage Tickets, or farther information.
apply at the Company's Ticket otllee, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal Street. North River. N. Y.
S. K. 1IOLMAN, Agent.
July 7, I860.
rpiIE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
1 carrying the UilEAT 1IARN DKN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. m.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE LEARY, Capt. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers" of this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
aud the tables are equal to tirst chiss hotel fare.
Travellers g ling North via Seaboard and Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be in wailing to convey them
and their baggage free of ciiAKon to the New
Line Steamers! Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, and the fare under any circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
and Norfolk and Petersburg Railroadscan procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
cheeked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Kail
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Tieketssohl on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred troni Boat to Cars Free
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
free of charge. '
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot ol
Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. in.
II. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
scp 22134 lyS At Norfolk.
I AM CONSTANTLY NEGOTIATING
sales ot and Mortgages upon Southern
A large amount of
Is now seeking opportunity for
I AM EMPOWERED TO PURCHASE
40,000 ACRES OF COTTON
LANDS IN TIIE GULF
PLANTERS AND OTHERS,
wishing to sell, mortgage, or take partners in
working their lauds, are invited to apply to
me at once.
D. J. M. A. JEWETT,
4G Washington, Street,
A. F. Deverecx & Co.,
Edmitnd Rice, Esq.,
1 WIlliam L. Palmer, Esq.,
Capt. J. B. Gkegokt,
Gejt. William A. Olmstead,
Troy, N. Y.
Dudley C. Channell, , Esq.,
Charles C. Fillet,
tW CHARGES MODERATE.
All Letters must enclose a Stamp.
July 14, I860. 50 tw-6m
PINE OLD WINE I .
40 GALLONS OLDAND DELICIOUS SCUP
PERNONG Wine by the gallon.
June 2 tf. B. F. WILLIAMSON & CO.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OF TUB TAX LAWS OF TUB UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Allidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisemeut, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the origiual instrument of
viatent right, 5 cts.
Batik Cheeks, Drafts or Orders, &c, at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, und any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated except bank uotes issued
for circulation, and checks made aud
intended to be, aud which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, " 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels forthe ports of the
U nited States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reigu ports.10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the eousiderrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for paymeut of
money see mortgage. Otlieial, $1 00
For indemnifying any person lor the pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or les6, 00 cts.
Wiiere the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, oriractiou-
ul part thereof.
Bonds, county, eity and town bonds, rail
roads una other corporation bonds and
script, are subject tostampduty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such us are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iu this schedule, 25 cts.
Certilieates ot deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, bum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, "5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That cek tain papers arc on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Ol redemption of land sold for taxo, 5 cts.
Ot birtii, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding tilty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Excecdingone thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fmctional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certilieates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction of judgments and of all papers
ri corded oroii tile, 5 cts.
Cheek Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 ets.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed 6500. 50 cts.
Exeeeding?.VX,aiidnotexeeedingl,()00, $1 00
For every "additional tlve hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
hundred doll-irs in value, 25 els.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding tive hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding tive hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, " 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election it au incorpom ted
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 els.
To sell, or convenor rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cle.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, wiiere the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed 2,000. 51 00
For every additional $2,000 or fmctional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar-,
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of SI 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note
Receipt for the v'ment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 cts.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt lor any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
fire hundred dollars iu value, 10 cts.
Exceeding tive hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, U3' w lich any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or origiual process issued by a court
not of record, wiiere the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where tiie tax lor a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 800 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 300 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, hve cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 cts
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal hond for the payment of money
exceeding 100 and not exceeding OOO
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al BOO, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, 60 cts.
Pawner's Checks, 5 cts.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than
35 "dollars, 50 s-
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
50, . 1 00
For every additional fifty or fractional
part thereof, in excess of 50 dollars, 1 00
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment ol
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. It he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
30th of July, 1804, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollar?.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz: summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The" jurat of an allidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other olUcei duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stump duty of tive
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there 6hall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount ol
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stump duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument : that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time of
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stumps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate 0:1 interest conveyed.
No stump is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a hond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum ot the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
The Civil Fights Bill.
"We publish below tLe Civil Rights
15111 as it recently passed the Congrf s
over the President's Veto
'i'e it enacted by Vie Senate and JIousc f ltcpre
xentatives oft tie United States uf America in L'itnrex
axeinbleit, That all persons born in the United
States and not subject to au3- fo-;ign Power, ex
eluding Indians, not taxed, ar. hereby declared
to be citizens of the United Slates; and such citi
zens of every race and color, without regard to
any previous condition of slavey or involuntary
servitude, except us a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall jve been duly convicted,
shall have the same right in every State and Ter
ritory in the United Slates to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be v-lrl"'a. ll'id give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, aud convey
real and personal property, aud to full aud equal
benefit ot all laws and proceedings for the securi
ty ol person and property as is enjoyed by white
citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment,
pains, an. penalties, and to none other, any law,
statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom to the
f?EC. 2. And be it farther enacted. That any per
son who, under color of any law, statute, ordi
r.anee, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State
or Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this 'act, or to different
piuiihuiei!, pains, or penalties on account of
sucii person having at any time been held iu a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescribed for the pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
ot a misdemeanor, and, on couvietion, shall be
punislied by line not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not excieding one year, or
both, in the discretion ot the court."
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That tLe dis
trict courts of the United States, within U;cir re
spective districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
courts ot tne several ciaics, cognizance 01 au
crimes and offences committed against the provi
sions ol this act, and also, concurrently witu tne
circuit courts ol the United states, ot all causes,
civil and criminal, atlceting persons who are de
nied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
t ribunals of the State or locality where they may
be. any of the rights secured to them by the first
section 01 this act ; anu 11 any suit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has been orshall be commenced
in any State court against any such person, for
anv canse whatsoever, or against any officer, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted by virtue or under color of authority derived
from this act or the act establishing a bureau lor
the relic! ot lreedmen ana refugees, ana all acts
amendatory thereof; or for relusiug to do any ac-
u;iou the ground that it wouia De inconsistent
w'ith this act, such defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court iu the manner prescribed by
the 'Act relating to habeait coi pus and reguiating
judicial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
.March Inree, eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil and criminal matters hereby confer
red 011 the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity vith the laws ol the United States, so far
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect ; but in all cases where such laws are not
adapted to the object, or are deficient in the pro
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, the common law, as
modified and changed by the constitution and
statutes ol the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is
held, so far as the same is not inconsistent, with
the Constitution and laws of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts in
the trial and disposition of such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on the party found guilty.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, the commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts ol the United
States, with powers ot arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against the laws of the United
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmeu's
Bureau, and every other officer who may be spe
cially empowered by the President ol the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate tiie provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
tor trial before such court of the United States or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection to all persons in their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt
discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the
duty of the circuit courts of the United States
and the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States,.from time to time, to increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion ol persons charged with a violation of this
act. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to offences
ereatet? by this act, as they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws ot the United States.
Sr.c. 5. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be tiie duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and p'reeepts is
sued under the provisions of this act, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other procefs hen tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to e-icute the same, he shall, on
conviction thereof, b- fined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use of the person upon
whom the accused is alleged to havr committed
the offence. And the better to enable the said
commissioners to execute their duties faithfully
and efficiently, in conformity with the Constitu
tion of the United States and the requirements of
this act, they are hereby authorized and empow
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap
point, in writing, under their hands, any one or
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe
cute all such warrants and other process as may
be issued by them in the lawful performance of
their respective duties; and the persons soap
pointed to execute any warrant or process as
aforesaid shall have authority to summou and
call to their aid the bystanders or the pune corn
itatvs of the proper county, or such portion of
the land and naval forces ot the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the perfor
mance of the duty with which they are charged,
and to insure a faithful observance of the clause
of the Constitut on which prohibits slavery, la
conformity with the provisions of thi act and
said warrants shall run and be executed by said
officers anywhere in the State or Territory within
which they are issued.
Sec. . And be it further enacted, That any per
son w ho shall knowingly and willfully obstruct,
binder, or prevent au. officer, or other person
charged wii the execution of any warrant or
process issued under the provisions of this act,
or any person or persons lawfully assisting him
or them, from arresting any person tor whose ap
prehension such warrant or process may have
been issued, or shall 'escue or attempt to rescue
such person from t le custody of the officer, oth
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aloresaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given und .Iceland, or shall aid,
iibet, or assist any person o arrested as aforesaid,
directly r indirectly, to escape from the custody
of the officer or other person legally authorized
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall have
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge ol the
fact that a warrant has been issued for the appre-
hensiou of such person, shall, for either ot said
offences, be subject to a fine not cxceiding one
thoussud dollars, and imprisonment not exceed
ing six months, by indie! men t and conviction be
fore the district court oft he United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proper court ol crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territories of the United Stales.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, the marshals, 1 heir deputies, and
the clerks of the said district and Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to them for simili r servi
ces iu other cases; and in all cases where the pro
ceedings are bef ore a commissioner, lie shall bo
entitled to a fee often dollars in full for his servi
ces in each case, inclusive of all rervict-s incident
to such arrest and examination. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be
issued by such commissioners for the arrest ol
offenders against the provisions of this act shall
be entitled to a fee of Jive dollars for each person
he or they may arrest und lake Ix-forc any such
commissioner as (.foresaid, with such other lees
as may be deemed reasonable by such commis
sioner for such oilier additional services as may
be necessarily performed by him ortht m, such as
attending at the examination, keeping the prison
er iu custody, and providing him with food aud
lodging during his detention, and until the linul
determination of such commissioner, and in ge- -eral
for performing such other duties cs may be
required in the premises ; such fees to be made
up in conformity with the fees usually charged
by the otlioers of the courts of justice within the
proper district or county, as near as may be prac
ticable, and paid c-u of the treasury of the United
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis
trict within which the arrest is made, und to be
recoverable from the defindunt as part of the
judgment in case of conviction.
Sec. 8 And be it further enacted, That when
ever the President of the United States shall have
reason to believe that offences have been or are
likely to be committed against the provisions ot
this ac nWnin any judicial district, it shall b
lawfui for him, in his discretion, to direct tho
juuge, marshal and district attorney of such dis
trict to attend at such place -nitl.in the district,
and for such time as he may designate, for th
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial ot
persons charged with a violation of this act ; anc
it shall be the duty of every judge or other officei,
when any sueh requisition shall be receiv d by
him, to attend at the place and forthe time there
Sf.c. S. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be lawful forthe President of the United Stales,
or such person as he. may unpower tor that pur
pose, to employ such port of the land or naval
forces of the Unitid Slates, or the militia, as shall
be necessary to prcrt-pt the violation and enforce
the dueexeeuth n ot this act.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That upon
all questions of law arising in any caor under
the provisions of this act a final appeal may be
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
Scale of Dep ricinihn.
The following Act, in relation to the scttlirg ol
Confederate Cirrency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
1STABL1SI1 A SCALE VY DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
cntititd "An ordinance declaring what laws and
ordinances are in lorce, and lor other purposes,"
ratified on the IStu day of October, A. D., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
ciation ol said lurrency before the 1st ol May,
lsb5, aud unfilled (except official bonds and penul
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money of the said currency,
subject, nevertheless, to" evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,
lie it enaeied by the General Atmembly of the Stat
of A'orth-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
luthority of the name. That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted,
and established as the measure of value of B
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each '
month, and the fractional parts of the month ol
December, lb04, from the 1st day ol November,
1801. to the 1st day of May, 1SC5, to-wit:
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and n.easure of value,
from November 1st, lfcCl, to Hay 1st, 16(36 :
Months. 1861. 1862. 18b3. 1864. 1865.
January $1 -0 3 00 $21 00 $60 00
Febrnary, .... 1 30 300 21 00 5000
March, 160 400 28 00 000
April, 160 500 2000 100 00
May, 1 60 6 60 19 00 ....
June, 1 50 6 50 18 00 ....
July, 150 9 00' 2100 ....
August 1 50 14 00 23 00 ....
September, 2 00 14 00 25 00 ....
October, 2 00 14 00 2tt 00 ....
November, $1 10 2 60 15 00 80 00 ....
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00 .... ....
December 1st to 10th inclusive, 85 00
10th to 20th, 42 00 '
" 1st to 31st. 49 00
And, whereas. Many grave and difficult dirpnte
may arise between executors, administrators,
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and cettuysqve trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising Irom the
depreciation of Confederate ctirrtncy, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
JJe if furthir enacted. That in all such case, the
parties are hereby inipowered to form a fall and
perfect statement ot the case on both side, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience: Pi ovided, however, Tbut no
part of this section shall be construed teestop or
hinder anv person from proceeding to the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same neoensary.
A true copy. J. .A. 'ENGELHARD,
, Cleric of Senate.
28 rOLLOK STREET,
'July 17 76 tf
'" I II.
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