Newspaper Page Text
The Kebel Report. , . . ,
The New Orleans Ttme, a notorious
Rebel sheet, describes tlio scene of the
riot after the Convention had moved a
tp-Ss. This, it isworthy ot remark-,
was done in order to await the gather
f . (iiion-.m. onlv one-
third (70) of which had up to the tune
nf rpf-ats assembled.
Simultaneously with the adoption of
the motion to take a recess, a nana ne.iu
ing (we understand) a procession ot ne
groes, come from Canal-st., and was re
ceived by the black crowd outside with
the wildest and most excited cheering.
The excitement was communicated to
those assembled inside the lobbies, and
the cheers from the street were rcspoud-
6 In'a moment afterward the band
marched into the Representative Hall,
where the Convention members met, and
it was stated a difficulty had occurred
While this event was being discussed,
a tumultuous shout arose from the
street, and rushing to the windows on
the Canal-st. side of the building, we
saw about a dozen negroes standing at
a brick pile throwing" these missiles in
the direction of Canal-st., wherettwo
(apparently leaders) were tiring new,
glistening, long-barreled revolvers.
ther shots were being fired from the
front of Mechanics' Institute, but the
crowd here was out ot range of our vis
In probably a minute and a halt the
negroes fell back, and the police and
citizens came in sight, having up to this
time been hidden from view by a new
building that is going up next the Hall.
A rush was made up to the assembly
room by both colored ami white men
from the street, and asking what had
occurred, were answered by colored men
A light-colored mulatto was stand
ing in front of the hall, harrancuing a
party of mixed colors. He called the
police Rebel sons of .and said any
black who permitted himself to be ar
rested by them was a coward.
After continuing in this strain for
some time, a policeman, who had been
behind him all the while, unobserved,
arrested him for attempting to incite a
disturbance of the peace. lie resisted.
and at this moment a boy (of about 1
vears) began swearing at the negroes.
The boy was knocked down, and as
the policeman endeavored to run away
he was struck with a brick. Almost
simultaneously the policeman turned
and fired, and a black man fired at him
across the street.
The shooting then became rapid from
While listening to this statement
there had been a lull. Dr. Dostie en
couraged the party by repeating a re
mark he had previously made, viz :
"There is not a negro in New-Orleans
who is not organized and prepared."
This was received with marked satis
fation. A rush was made from in front of
the hall, and the firing from both sides
became rapid. The negroes as a body
soon again fell back, but two or three,
with revolvers, stood their ground. Fi
nally, one black man fell apparently
dead on the banquet nearly opposite the
hall, and in sight from the window
where we stood.
Mr. Cutler was asked what he
thought of that, meaning the body.
He replied : " That fixes us, and ends
the power of the d-d Rebels," or words
to that effect.
Mr. John Henderson thought the
best plan would be to rush out en mas
se, and all who were not armed procure
weapons and return to " fight it out."
Both Messrs. Cutler and Dostie were
at this time upon the platform, order
ing the doors to be shut and fastened.
This was done, but we could not gath
er what else they said, for the confus
ion, which had now become intense.
One poor frightened darkey attempt
ed to pray, but being stopped" in this, lie
endeavored unsuccessfully to get a
We got away, and what followed no
pen can tell. The blood splashed walls,
the masses of clotted gore, the wrecked
furniture, and other evidences of mob
passions tell a fearful story which is
sickening now to think of.
THE RIOT AS IT OCCURRED 1ST TOE STREET.
Meantime the crowd of citizens on
the comer of Canal and Dryades in
creased until citizens and policemen in
dense mass filled the whole corner.
The procession gathered in strong force
in front of the building, and Were ap
pealed to in words which could scarce
ly be distinguished from the rapid man
ner of their utterance.
At this moment the attention of our
reporter was attracted by loud cries
rapidly repeated, and, in looking out of
the window, he saw a' police officer, in
the uniform of the force, dragging off
a prisoner. Loud cries aroselroin the
crowd ot negroes.
" No he's a police officer."
" Kill the d n Rebel."
"Take him off."
" Let him go !"
Such were some of the cries which at
first attracted the attention of our re
porter. At first there seemed to be no dispo
sition on the part of the negro throiv
to interfere with the policeman in the
arrest of the prisoners ; the negroes, af
frighted, packing themselves "close' to
gether, much as a flock of scared sheep
But one or two, followed by three aiid
four, parted from the outskirts of the
mass, and advanced steadily toward the
policeman, who, with his prisoner, had
approached the old fence that closes in
the Mechanic's Institute. The excite
ment becomes contagions. The negroes
scatter and divide, looking for missiles
The disposition to attack the officer
appears manifest. The cries of hostility
are repeated and redoubled until a Ba
bel of tongues are fceard. At this time
a negro pulled a revolver, a large navy
and fired" on the officer, or in thf direZ
tion where he was movimr a "Zl
and another negro fired. .Mother
The negro crowd, scattering wide
ran back toward the building and dis
appear, some down the side alleys
others in the porticos and door-fronts
of the opposite row of dwellings, while
the great body take refuge in the en
trance to the Institute, out of which
they fire on the police, who fire
in return, and many f the negroes fall,
while the floor is soon spotted with the
blood of )the wounded, and resembles a
slaughter-pen. '. ' .
From the police officers in the street
arose cries of "Do yon surrender ?"
"Do you surrender?" to which there
was no answer whatever. The street,
about 2 o'clock, was cleared of all ne
groes, who were fast escaping from the
windows, letting themselves down from
the rear part and running to the rear
A lull occurs in the firing and the
front is now in comparative quiet. The
police do not enter, notwithstanding a
lull in the fire, and the negroes who
come out of the front door, as well as
those who are dropping from the win
dows, one by one, are attacked and kill
ed many of them notwithstanding
the efforts of the police.
To see the n (roes mutilated and lite
rally beaten to death ait they souyht to
escape iras one o f the most horrid pic
tures it has ever been oar ill fortune to
Onlv when a prisoner attempted to
escape" was he tired at, though there is
testimony of some firing at prisoners by
policemen that was both wanton and,
as it appeared, unnecessary.
The particulars of those wounded, as
the riot, progressed and continued, are
found elsewhere, and we give only inci
dents such as ocenred to a looker-on.
One negro fell cut and beaten, covered
with blood, near the fence. Another
and another fell killed while the police
were bearing them off At '2.1 o'clock a
white handkerchief tlaunted out of an
upper window. Before that time there
had been repeated cries of "We surren
der!" "We surrender !" but as soon as
the police attempt Oil to enter, they were
Crowds hurried to the corner of Com
mon ami Dryades-sts. and as member
after member of t lie Convention appear
ed, they were greeted with hooting yel
ling and hisses.
There were many among the crowd
who were drunk and infuriated, and
who attacked een policemen who were
escort ins; a way .prisoners, besides, in
several instances, killing the prisoners.
Over I'O dead men lay in the street
about :? o'clock, when we left the scene
of this calamity.
(From ibi' Henderson (X. C.) Pioneer.
THE SHJXS OF THE TI.TIES.
" T1IF.KF. SHALL BE SIGNS AND WONDERS."'
We are warned by the rising dark
and boisterous cloud that is fraught
with rage, and sending forth its peals
of thunder and shafts of fire, that the
pending storm is soon to burst upon
our heads. Sir aid troidrs
have crone before all
in every age ot the world. I he de
struction of the ar.tideluvian world by
water the confusion of the languages
at the Tower of Babel the capture and
ruin of Jerusalem, and the destruction
of Sodom and Gomorrah together with
the destruction of the more modern in
stitution, American tfava-y, have all
had their forewarning signs.
And now, while the great American
Republic is passing through the squally
and last ordeal of a ruinous and wicked
rebellion, phenomena of ominous inijort
are ever and anon appearing and disap
pearing in our political horizon; and the
" prophets" and their "sons " through
out the land, are beholding these chan
ging scenes with mysterious curiosity,
and sending forth their flaming prophe
cies. Here are their predictions ; listen
to them :
" Uhion men cannot stay in this coun
try." " We will now accomplish in
the Legislative halls, and at the Bar,
what we tailed to accomplish by arms."
" The courts will soon drive the Un
ion men from the country." "LTnion
inch do not or cannot represent this
country." " If we fail to drive them
by law, we will put them out Jy force."
" The United States will soon fall and
be ruined forever." "The North will
soon take up arms and fight the North."
"President Johnson will disperse Con
gress by force of arms." " The South
ern people will not endure this North
ern radical rule much longer." "There
will soon be another war." "The South
will not submit to negro equality, and
if the North forces it upon us, the old
stars and stripes will tall to rise no
more." " The South will yet have her
And we recollect distinctly, that this
same class of prophets, and t heir sons,
opened their mouths and prophesied to
us a few years ago, saying moreover,
"Secession will be peaceable, and there
shall be no war." "All the blood
that will be spilled by secession, will
not stain one white handkerchief."
" The war will not last one month."
" The Union men who tied this couutry
and joined the Federal army will nev
er come back again." " The Yankees
will never see Western North Carolina."
" The brightest day has now come, for
eign nations are coming to our aid ; the
North has divided against itself, and in
twenty days we will have the indepen
dence of our Confederacy."
But just at this critical time, the
months and books of these prophts were
closed by the sudden smash and crash
of the rebellion., and the capture of their
beloved leader, Jeff. Davis. Geu Grant
pounced down upon them rather unex
pectedly ; but they are recovering from
the shock, and as above stated, have
commenced prophesying again, and try
ing to engender a deeper hatred in the
public mind of the South against the
Federal Government, and against the
Union men in their own sections, by the
most disgusting and shameful false
hoods. But where is there a man in
all the land so base and so beastly stu
pid and ignorant, that he can be deceiv
ed again by rebels and traitors ? We
cannot think there is any such man
amongst us, if there is, he should at
once be sentenced to the lunatic asylum
for safe keeping.
Lo! we hear a voice in the distance.
Hark!" we can distinctly bear the words:
" Great National Convention?" "Phil
adelphia National Union Club!"
There is to be a Convention held in the
City of Philadelphia in August next.
Let us stop and examine the animal.
It has a large and elegaut head and
ears, all covered over with " Union "
but when we look down, we see that
. cioveu-toot " States Rights," and there
fore unhesitatingly brand it with " I C,"
and turn it over to the proper authori
ties. The ball is in motion again an.-
othergreat Convention is called ; but
they liaye commenced a little 00 soon.
We have not yet forgotten the rebel
Conventions winch were held in Charles
ton and Baltimore in 1860. There, can
bo no objections to the Copperheads
North, and the traitors in tne oouin
assembling together in general Conven
tion, or otherwise, to "weep" over the
misfortunes of Avar, and their utterly
ruined condition. We think such things
might lead to their repentance, and a
turning away from their nefarious de
signs and base wickedness. But we be
lieve that Congress will have some ob
jections to such men assembling togeth
er 111 Convention to not treason against
the Government. The United States is
still competent to take care of them
selves and reconstruct the rebellions
States, in defiance of all their internal
Union men of Western North Caro
lina wake up to your duty ! The. last
reat death struggle of the rebellion
will soon be made the crisis is upon
wtT- . 1 1 ...A. 4. 1.
us. c near it wiuspereu amongst uic
rebels, that when they fight again they
will fight under the old stars andstnpes
and thereby get the Union strength
of the Smith ; meanwhile, they will
make the impresion that they are fight
ing for the old Constitution and the Un
ion. Look well to it that some of you
ire not again deceived by the swindling,
lvinr intrigues of traitors. AY e cannot
think that tbcv have so far lost their
senses as to contemplate the horrid re
sults of another rebellion, and their pur
poses to go into it. 1 et we cannot tell
reckless men win auopt recKiess meas
ures. Thev know that their own con
dition cannot be worsted by war, and
they have no regard for the loyal peo
ple'of the country, or for the Govern
ment to which they belong; therefore,
there can be no harm in watching them.
But we counsel von. as we have done
before, to be peaceable, and strictly
law-abiding, and observe closely, the
moving, turbid and " troubled waters."
.Meantime, you can put your marks up
on the high treason babblers in your va
rious sections, and patiently await the
coming of the Federal Courts ; then
take your position at the proper place
and do your duty. Remember that
these guilty culprits are the same men
who have so basely slandered your char
acter, robbed your houses, destroyed
your property, brutally insulted your
mothers, wives and sisters ; drove you
from your homes ; sought your lives by
day aiid by night, and deliberately mur
dered your kindred and friends all be
cause von were honest and loyal to yojir
We do not refer to these things to
widen the breach that already exists in
this country ; but th time has come
when these disloyal -miscreants, who are
still heralding forth their foul-mouthed
slanders against the Union men of the
country, must and shall be known.
We are not a prophet nor the son of
prophet ; neither does it take a prophet
to loretell what is emerging the dark
future into the plain view of every sen
sible man. Forthcoming events will
soon forever seal the doom of Ameri
can rebels and traitors. No one can
mistake the present signs of the times.
The " Howard Amendment," or some
thing better,will soon disfranchise them,
and blot them out of political exis
tence. Their sins have found them out,
and justice will yet overtake them.
Their brethren in Mexico, who fled this
country to escape punishment, have
been conscribed by the Mexicans, and
are now serving as private soldier in
filthy Mexican camps, dragging oirt a
life 111 ore intolerable than death itself!
Like forsaken aliens, exiled Irish, :ta
wandering Jews without home en
friends, they will uveuiially sink down
into the vortexofinfamy,and become the
scorn and byword of the world. Con
gress says, the South shall yet be sub
jugated," and the people must be made
loyal. President Johnson says, " they
must meet their late." The die is cast
and their destiny is fixed. Their de
termination was to " rule or ruin," and
they have got the ruin.
() ! ve vile generation of Rebels and
Copperheads ; verily verily I say unto
you, " the way otthe transgressor is
Your Union neighbors warned you
of the dangers of secession, and be
sought you to be loyal to your own
Government, and you grossly insulted
them. The Government begged you to
stay at home and be at peace, and you
mocked it. President Lincoln proposed
to protect your persons and property
and pardon you of all your crimes,
when your garments were all over
stained with innocent Union blood
and he icas murdered !
Great God ! what a savage, degener
ate race ! No wonder it they have been
turned over to work out their " own
damnation with greediness," while the
Government they sought to destroy,
goes on in triumph.
This Government will not fail. Though
our flag may have trailed in the dust
though our banner may have been snl
tied and torn yet it has been re-unfurled
and planted on the four corners of our
glorious Republic, where it will wave
and flit in the breeze of freedom and
play with the gentle zephyrs of Liberty-,
untarnished, down through gener
ations yet unborn. And whether trai
tors be many or few, as we have hither
to waged war against traitors and trea
son, ami in behalf of the Government
which was constructed by our fathers,
we intend still to oppose them, and
stand by the Government to the end.
Buncombe Co. N. C, July 16, 1866.
In the present critical state of Eu
ropean affairs the town of Bremen trem
bles for its celebrated Rosenwein, of
which one single bottle is worth 2,750,
000 rix thalers, or 10,000,000 fr., which
makes the price of a glass 1,400,000 fr.,
or 1400 fr. per drop. Do not imagine
(says the German Journal which tells
the story) that this calculation has ema
nated from the brain of a lunatic ; it is
founded on the following fact : A cask
of this German wine, containing 204 bot
tles, was valued in 1624 apenod at which
this wine was made, at 1300 fr. (48).
If you reckon the expence of keeping
the cask, the taxes paid thereon, and
the interest of the original sum, the
price of -one of these casks now amounts
to 600,000,000 rix thalers, therefore a
single bottle is worth 2,750,000 rix tha
TOE MASSACRE. '
In nil vcreat.-t public calamities., thp very
criminals try, to accuse their victims, and
charge then With the very atrocities- they
themselves committed. We care little for
the hypocrisy and unfaithfulness of the rebel
press of theiity. " These: journals, will,. not
blind anybody. The rebels know that tncy
concocted these massacres, and the Union
men know that they have been attacked and
slauerhtered in cold blood. -'' : -
The Bee made a strange mistake, which
sliows how much wc may rely on such pa
pers. That paper Btntcd that Mr. Adolpl:
Biirclarin was wounded, winch wns true.
Then the Bee adduced that he had been set
011 and beaten bv black men. Now it turns
out by the very declaration of the Barbarin
family (white) that none of the white persons
ot that name were wounded, liut tne party
alluded to, Mr. Adolph.Barbarin, ia a colored
man that has been wounded by police offi
cers. How is it that the Bee, believing him
to be a white man, stated that the blacks had
set on him ? It was evidently a mistatement
an invention, a lie, jiurposely made for effect.
From that particular our readers may infer
the untruthfulness ot rebel reports.
On Sunday evening the 2olice received
their revolvers. . I hey were, it is said, new
pistols, in perfect order. A part of the force,
and perhaps all, received two revolvers each,
for when they came charging along Baronne
street they had revolvers in botn hands.
Orders were given to the night watchman
to go to rest on Sunday at twelve o'clock,
and to be on hand on Monday at 6 o'clock
A. M. They were to form small squads and
remain in readiness at distant parts of the
At noon the various bells of the city struck
one stroke, which was a preconcerted signal
to mass and to attack. Apart at least of this
plan is made to appear very clearly by the
following extract from the French part of the
Ike of August 1 : " All the squads had been
posted in the vicinity of the objective point,
where they marched on as fast as needed."
I he term "objective point " is pretty clear.
It refers to an offensive action.
An appeal was also made by the Mayor,
through a public proclamation to the cm
zens, for what was called "special consta
bles.' Several hundred Confederates respon
ded to that call, and were only disbanded in
the evening, when General Kautz had taken
charge of the government of the city. Most
of these men joined in the fray. They were
as determined a set of reCels as ever met to
gether in New Orleans
The preparations of the Mayor were com
pleted by ordering the day watchmen to
keep m readiness, not at their respective sta
tions, but at the First and the Second sta
tions onlv. The noon bell was the signal for
the night watchmen to concentrate. The
twelve bells that they were to strike at any
time during the fray was the signal for the
charge of the reserve police. This charge was
desperate anil tremendous. They knocked
down or shot on the way the black men they
met on the street. We will, another time, give
a few sketches of the horrid scenes perpetrated
on Dryades, Common, and Baronne streets.
Men who surrendered themselves were
shot dead. S. S. Fish, a member of the bar
of this city, now wounded at the Hotel Dieu,
gave himself up to a policeman, who shot
him. Badly hurt and covered with blood he
surrendered to another and begged to be
taken into custoily. He was not a member
of the convention, and had simply been
among the audience. He was still pushed
away among the bullets of the assassins. He
went to a tall man in citizen's dress, who
seemed to excrcisfT a kind of authority, and
told him he wished to be his prisoner. For
the third time lie was refused and thrown
amid a shower of bullets. He fell then on
the ground with several more wounds.
Dr. Dostie was shot first in the hall. He
fell. .Another policeman came up and shot
ait him four or five times after he was down.
He was then dragged, alternately by the
hair and feet, and thrown on a pile of dead !
bodies. His body, in appearance lifeless, was
afterward carried to the police station-house,
and thrown away as a corpse. Some ladies
who came there to bring assistance to the
sufferers found, however, that he was still
alive. They had him removed from among
the dead and cared for. lie is to-day in the
Hotel Dieu, with full intellectual powers,
but in a very critical condition.
On Baronne street a number of horrible
murders were committed. Several black
men were shot when taken into custody by
the poiiee officers. A black man who ran
through the street was killed by a bullet
from behind ; and so were a number of oth
ers. A colored man who escaped through a
window was riddled with bullets, and then
horribly beaten. One who had taken refuge
under a pile of lumber was shot at through
the boards till he was killed. A black man
who had probably escaped from the main
building through the adjoining yards was
shot dead by a policeman ; after awhile a
white woman came and threw a stone on the
jhead of the dead man.
AH this time the white boys were shouting
and crying hurrah! Boys, however, were
silso murdered in cold blood, but they were
black boys. Two of them were dragged out
of a street car by two police officers, and
shot. Two colored men, who were in the
same car, were also murdered by these police
men. Eye witnesses to these facts will pre
sent themselves before the commission of in
vestigation, if not ihurdcrcd before.
We have still numerous facts to recount.
The particulars will be made public in time.
The atrocities committed on that occasion
will never be known in full ; but we hope
that the military commission will be able to
unveil a part nt least of these Confederate
horrors. Humanity must be vindicated, or
the community will only be a community of
barbarians. New Orleans 1'ribune.
An Oil Company in North-Carolina.
Greensboro', X. C. July 24, I860.
To the Editors of the Whig: Knowing
the warm interest you take in the resuscita
tion of the South and the development of
our valuable resources. I submit for your in
formation, and that of your readers, the fol
lowing intelligence :
A company has been organized in Greens
boro', North-Carolina, for the purpose of
boring for coal oil or petroleum.
This company has been incorporated by
an ordinance of the late Convention under
the name and style of "The North-Carolina
Petroleum and Mining Company." Capital
stock, $500,000; shares, $5 each 20,000
shares appropriated for a working capital.
This company has secured by warrantee title
130.000 acres of valuable lands lying in the
ooal regions of Deep river and Dan river.
These lands are valuable, not only on ac
count of surface indications of petroleum,
but also for large basins of rich bituminous
coal, besides fine veins of copper and iron.
During the late war, and at the present
time, a source of great profit has been the
distillation of oil troin this coal, and manu
facturers obtain 56 gallons of oil from a ton
of coal. ,
" The North-Carolina Petroleum and Mi
ning Company" have already commenced
boring in the Dan river section with very
flattering prospects of success. The opera
tions are conauctea Dy two experienced
Pennsylvania oil borers, who have passed the
last five years in the business. They express
no hesitation in asserting their belief in the
presence of petroleum at no great depth and
in good quantities.
The officers of the company are Cyrus P.
Mendenhall, President; E. P. Jones, Vice
President ; Henry G. Kellog, Treasurer. ; B.
Good Salaries. The salary of the newly
appointed Chief Baron of the Exchequer in
England is $35,000 a year. The other judges
have $25,000 each, with the exception of the
.Lord (Juiet justice, who has 40,000 a year.
The Chief Justice of the Common Pleas has,
$35,000 a year.
HOW PETUOLErJI WIS DISCOVERED.
oil' BEOioir1 ht 1857.
The Titusville (Pa.) IleraU of the 27th in
stant gives the following account of the dis
covery of petroleum oil: '
" Colonel E. L. Drake, has, for the few past
days, been visiting our city, the scene of his
former labors as the original pioneer of the
petroleum business. We have collected from
him some reminicenccs of that great discov
ery, which may be of some interest to our
readers. His first visit to Titusville was m
the year 1857. This was before the build
ing of the Atlantic and Great Western and
Philadelphia and Erie railroads. At that
time there was a population of about one
hundred and twenty-nve in Titusville, no
churches and two hotels. Among the fami
lies here at that time were those of J. L. and
E. H. Chase, the Tituses. and Brewer &
W atson the latter were engaged in the lum
nering business. Tne stages ran twice a
week from this point to Erie. At that time
the oil was collected from the springs on the
Flats by means ot blankets or cloths, and
bottled for medical use. It was also used for
lighting the mills.
While sitting in the store Colonel Drake's
attention was called to the bottles of oil. and
he expressed incredulity when told it oozed
from the ground, and the next day accom
panied Vr. .Brewer down the Jf lats to exam
ine the phenomenon. He says, when he
found their statement verified, the idea flash
ed upon him that there was a basin or spring
ot oil in the earth or rocks below, and that
he then formed a resolution of sinking a
well. On his return to the East he told his
friends of the experiment he wished to make,
and expressed the belief that oil would yet
be lound in immense quantities in this region,
and become used extensively in commerce
and the arts. The popular idea in this sec
tion, and even the scientific opinions ot .Fro-
fessers Silliman and Park, whom Mr. Drake
consulted on his return to the East, were that
the oil was the drippings of the coal 1111
bedded in the continuous hills that it was
idle to bore for it. and that the only method
of" accumulating it was by digging ditches
Ieauimr to a vat.
There were no books in the country which
treated of the subject, and Mr. Drake had
never had anv practical experience in bor
ing; but he was unable to divest himself of
the idea that this was the true method, an
idea which hunted him by day and night.
He induced some men ot capital to embark
with him in the enterprise, and entered upon
113 experiments in the spring or 1808. His
first step was to visit the salt wells of the
Alleghany an d observe the niotlvs operandi.
Fmallj' he selected a spot near Aden s iuills.
below Watson's Flats, and was delayed till
the spring 18"50 before he had secured a
competent driller and the necessary tools.
His supposition was that he would nave to
sink his well to the depth of one thousand
feet. The same kind of tools were used then
as now. The driller charged one dollar and
a half per foot for 'boring. The enterprise
wss the subject of a good deal of ridicule on
those parts, and many persons made them
selves "merry at the expense of the pioneer.
Mr. Drake s assistant proposed to crib to
the rock, which was the invariable practice
in those days. Mr. Drake advocated the
driving of iron tube to the rock an idei
which the miner scouted, but having failed
to crib, owing to the water, the tubing was
tried and proved a success. This was an en-
lrelv new feature then, lut is now the uni
versal practice. Indeed, it is now applied to
putting down tresii water wells. Had .air-
Drake procured a patent to which he was
justly entitled for the invention, he would
have realized a fortune from it.
The pipe was driven thirty-two feet to the
rock, and then the well bored thirty-seven
feet and six inches in the first sand rock.
Not having any pipe, Mr. Drake commenced
pumping before he had tubed the well, using
a common iron water pump lor the purpose,
fastening the handle of the pipe to the walking-beam.
Satisfied by this process of the
presence of oil in considerable quantities in
this well he went to Erie and Cleveland for
tubing; could find none there nor at Buffalo,
and finally ordered it from Philadelphia.
After tubing the well it turned out a com
plete success, pumping twenty-five barrels a
day, and continuing when in operation to
yield about this quantity for the 2criod of
Mr. Drake was then in the position of the
man who drew the elephant at the ratfie, and
did not know what to do with it after he
got it oil being comparatively good for
nothing. Then there was no home or foreign
demand for it, no refineries in existence, and
its illuminating and lubricating properties
were not then discovered. The parties en
gaged in the manufacture of coal oil were
slow to acknowledge or discover that petro-
lcume possessed equal illuminating qualities.
The first refiners who commenced refining
petroleum were James MeKeown and Samuel
Kier, of Pittsburg.
Erom this period it came rapidly into com
mercial use, stimulated development, and
rose in value in a corresponding degree."
The Portland Press says that last week
some men fishing for porgies off Scguin with
nets, captured a huge turtle of the African
species whose flippers had become entangled
in the net. He was take.i on board the vessel
and brought to Portland. It is judged that
he weighs more than twelve hundred pounds.
Some twelve or fifteen years since a vessel
was wrecked in that vicinity, with an Afri
can turtle on board that weighed three hun
dred pounds. There is no doubt but the
captured one is the same fellow, as he has
been seen occasionally ever since she was
wrecked. He has improved his time by
growing so that when in the water it took
four men to manage him, with a cord tied to
We have heard of a case of wholesale pois
oning in Sampson County, recently, but as
the reports which have reached us arc con
flicting we forbear to publish any part iculars
at present. Some forty or fifty persons are
reported violently ill, while two children
have died, and the condition of two others
are regarded as hopeless, from the effects of
We hope to obtain full particulars in a
day or two. Wilmington dispatch.
Wilmington Market, Aug. 8. Turpen
tine Sales to-day of 657 bbls. at $3 50 for
virgin. $3 for yellow dip, and $1 50 for hard,
3? 280 lbs.
Spirits Turpentine Market dull. Sale of
only 31 bbls. at 47 cents ? gallon for white.
Iiosin Sales of 135 bbls. Common at $2 ;
122 do. No. 2 at $2 25 ; and 120 do. No. 1 at
Bacon Sale of 1,500 R3. N. C. at 2223
cents lb. for hog round.
Cotton A smali lot changed hands at 32
cents g?R. for middling.
Corn A Carero of 1300 bushels, from Pas-
rauotank County, sold at $1 11 J bushel for
Timber Two rafts sold at $7 M. for
inferior. Wil. Journal.
A new style of crinoline has been de
cided upon in Paris, and although its
cut, shape and make up were not gene
rally known, at last date the article
was being manufactured on a large
scale, and would soon appear. The
news ia interesting, not only to the la
dies, but to the great number of persons
engaged in the production of crinoline
in the United States. :
Cyrun West Field, the author and finisher of
ttlA niflrVAllmlH work- wlliMl hna niw linnn nnn
Ssummated in t he laying of the Atlantic Telegraph, J
is a native of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and is
in the fort v-n in th rear of hl npw. '
BAt,33IOH, 3V. O. .i
SATURDAY, ' - - AUGUST 11. I860.
" Beware of false prophets," " Beware of
wolves in sheep's clothing." The secession
leaders told the people six years ago, that if
they would consent to break up the Union
there would beno war. They next told them,
after the war had commenced, that it would
not last more than six months that England
and France would soon take our part that
the Democracy of the North would divide
the Northern States and help us out that
slavery would not only be saved, but that it
would be stronger, and spread wider and
further than ever before that the South
would, in the end, dictate tenns to the North,
and establish a government on the basis of
State rights that would last always. These
were the predictions and promises. They
have turned out to be miserable, wicked lies.
The whole country see and feels that they
And now these same leaders, instead of
shrinking into some obscure corner to hide
themselves from the curses of an indignant
and ruined people, are again before the pub
lic with their predictions and promises, and
have the assurance to claim that tliey arc
specially entitled to be heard and respected.
They now say that North Carolina is better
oft" out of the Union than she would be in
it that every step thus far taken to restore
her to the Union is ntill and void that all
she has to do is to wait until the Northern
Democracy shall divide the Northern people
and involve them in a fight among them
selves, or until the President disperses the
present Congress and recognizes the South
ern members and the Northern Democratic
members as the true Congress; and then,
they say, the South will get her rights !
As foolish and as wicked as their first pre
dictions were, these are still more foolish and
wicked. We pit- any honest man who puts
the slightest confidence in them.
In the first place, we can no more stay out
of the Union than we could go out. We
complain now of" hardships and oppressions,
but we tell the people that these things will
increase more and more as long as we resort
to measures to keep out of the Union. We
are adding to our troubles every day by the
delusive idea that we can safely remain as
In the second place, if every thing we
have thus far done is null and void, as held by
J udge Ruflin and other malcontents, then the
President is a usurper then the radicals are
right, and he is wrong; and if he is in error,
and if we repudiate him by repudiating his
work, then, according to the secessionists
themselves, we have no friends any where to
care for or protect us.
In the third place, if we wait till the North
ern people fight among themselves, or until
the President, sword in hand, disperses the
present Congress and sets up another, we
will wait until the crack of doom. No such
thing will happen. The next Congress will
be more strongly "radical" than the present
one. it will do its work, and that work will
stand. If Lee, and Johnston, and Beauregard,
and their gallant followers could not van
quish the Northern armies, what hope can
there be that the great people who raised
and sent out those armies, who mourn so
many of their slain, and who have incurred
such an enormous debt to suppress the re
bellion, will ever consent to restore the Union
on our terms ? The idea that they will do so
The President offered us his plan of resto.
ration, and we refused it. If we had accep
ted it in good faith, it would have forced its
way over all impediments, and we should
have been, this day, aj full member of the
Union"in good standing. Then Congress
offered its plan, which, we undertake to say,
though not so advantageous to us as the
President's, is, upon the whole, mild, reason
able, and just. The secession leaders, headed
by Gov. Worth, will not permit the people of
the State to accept it ; and why ? Because it
deprives them of office, unless two-thirds of
the Congress, after a full hearing and for
good cause, shall think proper to remove the
disability. This is the whole secret. They
love office better than they do the peace
and prosperity of the country. They are
destitute of patriotism. They are ' intensely
selfish. They do not care who sinks so they
If we were back in the Union, we should
not only be heard and respected in the coun
cils of the country, but the thousands of our
citizens who have just claims against the
government for property taken or destroyed
by the Union armies, would be paid ; and
in addition to this, emigration and capital
would at once pour into our State industry
would revive, the rich and the poor would
be benefitted, aud our people would start
anew with bright prospects in the career of
enterprise and prosperity. Those, therefore,
who are keeping the State out of the Union
by false predictions and false promises, are
not only disunionists, but they are enemies
to the State.
We told the people the truth in 1860 as to
the result of secession. We told them the
truth in 1863, when we implored them, at
the risk of our life, to stop the war and re
store the Union. We told them in 1865 that
if they did not accept the President's plan
in good faith, worse terms would be impo
sed upon them. And we tell them now, if
they do not accept the proposed constitu
tional amendment, they will be overtaken,
within less than twelve months, by greater
evils than any they have yet had to endure.
Our opponents may scoff at this prediction,
but they will live to rue their conduct.
" Beware of false prophets."
The full vote ot Wake County is for Rati
fication 707, Rejection 347 majority 360.
This is not quite half the vote of the
County, but we are gratified to record so
handsome a majority for the new Consti
tution. Those old and well-tried Union precincts,
Barney Jones's, Lashley's Cross Roads, and
Laws's, have given an almost unanimous vote
for Ratification, while the seeession feeling
shows its venom by the large majority for
Rejection at the Nat. Jones precinct. Though
the vote at Raleigh is small, it nevertheless
shows that the Union feeling i3- still in the
asc endant at the seat of government.
TWom the New Conatitntin.
We give below the vote on the new Con
etitution of .this State as far as received -
Kobeson, . ...... ; T,
Warren, ' ' ' :
Rutherford in part,
Halifax in part,
Majority thus fajr to reject,
A friend writing from Carteret
"The vote upon the New Constitution in
Carteret County is as follows for Ratifies
tion, 327. for Rejection 40 inajoritv for Ii.it;
We fear the Constitution has been defeat
ed. If so, it will be a calamity to the State
The people are out of patience with lenslaT
tive bodies in North-Carolina a fact ivlncli
is obvious from the growing in(lifr,..
The Seaboard County of Carttrpt
gratulates the Capital City and Wake uuon
tlieir love ot law, order, and constitnti. .v
government, ascontra-distimruisbed fm,
olution and anarchy." p.
Delegates to Philadelphia.
Sc me of the delegates appointed to repre
sent the Districts, met in Raleigh yesterday
and appointed the following rleleates at
large to the Philadelphia Convention :
liam A. Graham, George Howard, R. C
Puryear, and George Davis.
Mr. Graham is an " unpardoned rebel" and
an ex-member of the Confederate Congress
so-called; Mr. Howard boasted at the late
session of the Convention that he was a se
cessionist; Mr. Puryear was atone time an
Unionist, but got to be a hot war man, and
is an ex-member of the Confederate Con
gress, so-called ; and Mr. Davis is an ex-Attorney
General of the Confederate States, so
called, and an ex-member of the Confederate
With the Editors of tfiei&wW the end""
emphatically "justifies the means." They
would resort to any thing to destroy a politi
cal opponent. For example, when they wish
to injure us in North-Carolina they assail us
as an Unionist, and charge that we acted
"dishonorably" in trying to makepeace in
1863. And when they wish to injure us with
the Northern people-, they denounce ns as a
secessionist. This is one specimen of their
consistency. But it is all the same to them
Like the higT-way robber who wants money,
they do not stickle as to the means. But
their career will be cut short. The day is-
coming when they will again crouch and beg
like whipped spaniels.
North-Carolina Railroad. Attention
is called to the advertisement of Mr. Wilkes,
in our paper to-day, of the " Through Freight
Air Line, tia North-Carolina Railroad and
its connecting links." Shippers would do
well to patronize this line, as it gives " more
despatch than an Express Company, and at
about one-fourth the cost."
The Address to the colored people of the
State, which we publish to-day, is in good
taste, and we trust the proposed Convention
will result beneficially to this portion of our
population. We are glad to see the interest
taken by the colored people on the subject
of education. Both races will be benefitted
in proportion as the colored people are edu
cated and enlightened.
The gold fields in Georgia are beginning
to attract considerable attention. Parties ia
New York and Boston have taken in hand
the Lewis Gold Mining Company, near Dah
In Petersburg on Wednesday night last, a
burglar was shot, and captured in conse
quence, hy a string gnn placed in a ware
house, where their depredations had been
A mass meeting of thieves wa3 recently
held in London, for the purpose of reforming-
some of them. Addresses were made by a
reformed thief, and two returned convicts.
No police in uniform were present, and only
one or two detectives in disguise. The meet
ing was largely attended.
Some of the New York papers think that
the Atlantic cable is about to play out.
The Militia in Canada are still drilling, m
anticipation of another Fenian invasion.
Over half a million more acres of land this
year have been sown in wheat in France,
than was the case fifteen years ago.
It is said to be against the laws of the
State of Connecticut to jump on the cars
while in motion.
One hundred and twelve thousand dollars
were realized at Savannah, Ga., recently on.
a lot of shot and shell, broken cannons &c,
collected from the Georgia battle-fields.
It is said that a warped pane of glaBS in
Baltimore shop, acting a convex lens, con
centrated the sun's rays upon a pile of com
bustible material and set it on fire.
The Petersburg Escpros understand that
evidences of petroleum have' been discover
ed, on a farm seven miles- above Petersburg
bn the Appomattox.
Maximillian is sai to be organizing
native army of fifty thousand strong, to be
officered by Europeans.. . '
Attention is called to the advertisement of
Albert Johnson, Esqin. to-day's paper, an
nouncing the opening of a new ' Store on'
Market square. Mr. Johnson will keep con
stantly on hanjcLthe best articles in his lin