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RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, AUGUST 21,11866.
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The National School Convention.
Inpianapolis, August 13. The second
meeting of the National School Super
intemlants convened at the house of Representatives-this
Birdsley Grant Northrop presiding.
An address of welcome to t he State was
delivered by Professor Haas, of Indian
na. Among the distinguished dele
gates present were J. W. Buckley, Su
perintendant of Schools of Brooklyn ;
W. Colby, Superintendant of Freed
men's Schools of Illinois. Isaac L.
Goodenon, State Superintendant of
Kansas ; J. B. Wickersham, St ate Super
intendant of Pensylvania, F. J. Sarmi
ento, Minister of the Argentiue Repub
lic, read a paper before the association,
which was received with applause.
Indiaxapolis, August 14. The Na
tional Association of School Superinten
dants closed its session to-night.
Additional delegations reportedto-day
from Michigan, New York, Ohio, Ten
nessee, and Indianna.
A committee appointed to memoral
ize Congress for the establishment of a
JN ational Bureau of Education reported
a resolution, which was adopted, thank
ing the House of Representatives for
the passage of a bill looking to the es
tablishment of such an Institution, and
appointiug a committee to bring the
subject properly before the Senate.
The Hon. E. E. White, of Ohio, was
elected president of the association.
1 he statistical report shows the In
dian school fund to be over $7,000,000,
larger than that of any State.
The American Normal Association
convened here to-day, and delegates
from all sections of the country were
The National Teachers' Association
Convention of Maryland Radicals
Baltimore, August 15. TheUneondi
tional Union Convention met to-day.
George W. Bonds, of Howard County,
was chosen permanent presidnet. lie
made a speech endorsing the action of
Congress as against the President's pol
icy. Resolutions were adopted to appoint
delegates to the convention of Southern
loyalists, which meets at Philadelphia
on the 3d of September.
The committee on resolutions,through
the chairman C. C. Fulton, reported a
series of resolutions endorsing the recon
struction measures of Congress, and
proposed an amendment to the Cousti
tution, urging the necessity of maintain
ing the registry law, and condemning
the course or Gov. fcnvaun in relation to
The convention unanimously nomina
ted Col. Robert Bruce, of Cumberland,
formerly of tlve Second Potomac brig
ade, tor state (Jomptroler.
The following were appointed dele
gates at large to the 3d ot September
Hon. J. A. J. Creswell, Hon. Francis
Thomas, Hon. John L. Thomas, Jr.,
John Lee Chapman, Mayor of Balti
more ; (jren. Denmson, U. C r ulton,
Col. Samuel G. Graham, George H
Sands, Samuel L. Evans, and Alfred
From the Erie Dispatch, August 2.
DRKADFCL DEATH OF A BI KGLAR.
We have now to chronicle another
attempt at robbery quite as bold and
impudent as any that have yet taken
place. Wednesday after noon, while a
young girl, the daughter of one of our
old citizens, was sitting in the drawing
room she heard a slight noise in the
hall. She walked softly to the door
and discovered the door ajar and the
theif walking quickly, though very
stealthily, up stairs. She waited a mo
ment, then following cautiously, ob
served him enter a front chamber; the
door of which being opened exposed to
view a tempting array ot jewelry and
other articles of bijouterie scattered a
bout the toilet bureau. With a pres
ence of mind wonderful in one so young
she hastily closed and fastened the
door, but not before catching a glance
of a most vicious looking pair of eyes.
She descended to the drawing room,
almost overcome with agitation at the
success of her bold experiment, tor she
was alone in the house. She waited in
breathless anxiety until dark, when her
parents returning she communicated
the startlinsr intelligence to them of
the thief she had so dextrously caged.
Mr. Smith seized a mallet and Mrs.
Smith another and both ascended to
the chamber. Upon entering they dis
covered the thief, partially screened
by the bureau. Mr. S. demanded his
business there, received no reply save a
malignant glance, accompanied by a
dash toward the door, which Mrs. Smith
quickly pushed too while Mr. S. gave
him a blow with his mallet. The
wretched creature now rushed from one
side of the room to the other, making
frantic efforts to escape the blows lev
elled at him by Mr. and Mrs. Smith.
Finally a crushing blow on the head
stretched him senseless.
One would suppose humanity should
now have prompted a cessation of hos
tilities, but Mr. Smith was seen to kick
the inanimate form, and then carried
him down stairs and threw him, all
bleeding and senseless, into the street.
In the morning the poor outcast was
found stark and stiff, having probably
nieato death dnrincr the msrht. Ihe
Common Council have taken no steps
to remove the remains, and they are
still to be seen in the vicinity of" the
During the melee a blow from pater
familias aimed at the robber came
near disabling Mrs. Smith instead,
while a fierce lunge from her mallet
(they were croquet mallets) shattered
several valuable panes of glass. It is
to be hoped the fate of this unfortunate
thief may prove a salutary lesson to oth
er evil doers.
Washington, D. C, August 22, 1865.
Governor Wm. W. Hoi-den, Raleigh, 2V. C. :
Information comes to ine that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to office, and in the recommen
dations for appointments, the. true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such representations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of the extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance ot
encouraging and strengthening to the fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in their allegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should be made avaliable
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.J
Raleigh, N. C, August 26, 18G5.
TO THE PjtKSIDENT :
Sm : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in recommending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion; on the con
trary, I have been very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless in many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations;
but, upon th whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
Washington. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in then allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately and carefully in the work of res
toration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
1 know there are malcontents, radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes; bntnoneof these things move
me in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in me, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble State, I
am, sir. &c, W. W. HOLDEN,
From the Ilillsborough Reeorder.
Hillsborough, October 18, 1863.
Hon. William A. Graham Dear Sir:
Wc intend to voto for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr., for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligible. Yet Gen
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Conven
tion. No other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors ' How does it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or any other debt. If, however, the people
of North-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or any other debt, they w ill do it, and whose
business is it but theirs?
We ask your opinion only as to the eligi
bility of-Mr. Turner.
Thomas II. Hdgiies, jM. "W. Moore,
Daniel R. Hoqan, John Miller,
Levin Carmichael, Benton Rat,
JosEPn W. McKee, J. C. Hogan,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wish to vote for the
Hon. Josioh Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this District, and ask
ing my opinion as to his eligibility, the
doubt arising from his not having yet re
ceived the pardon of the President, has been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the solo judge
of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endeavored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure, to consitler the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from a high official in
Virginia stating that u a special appeal had
been made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect.
Your obedient servant.
W. A. GRAHAM.
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. m. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21, 1865.
TO THE PRESIDENT:
Sir : I have decidied that as persons who
belong to the exel cubed classes cannot vote,
so they cannot sit i convention unless they
exhibit their pardoHS. Ex-Governor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds thatc unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view. Am I right
or wrong? The-tetter to Ex-Governor Gra
ham, to which he-replies, taking this view,
does not show good spirit.
The elections here is progressing quietly.
A large vote w?IT be polled in the State. I
will telegraph, you.as the returns come in.
. W. W. HOLDEN,
1 K Provisional Governor.
Washington, D. C, September 21, 1865.
Governor W. W. Holden, Raleigh N. C..:
Your decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot vote for members,
or sit in convention as members', without first
being pardoned on taking the amnesty oath.
If the party comes within any one of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a memoer. jxu mose
who are asDirants to seats in the convention.
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh. N. C. October 17, 1865.
His Excellency the President of tie United
Sir: Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a large majority. Is it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever 'i IPlease answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, D. G., October 18, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Every dollar of the debt created to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people should not be taxed to
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
which they in fact, if left to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law. constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
by the people of any State professing them
selves loyal to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I repeat that the
loyal people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of everything that partakes in the slightest
degree "of the rebellion, which has been'so
recently crushed by the strong arm of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed by the Constitution of the Union.
President of the United States
Department of State,
Washington. jYorember 21, 1865.
Sir: The President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her, legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States abolishing slavery.
He re'ies upon 3-011 to exercise all your
functions hereafter with the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyalty and devo
tion to the Union that have marked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are fully appreciated, and
that they will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, vour obedient servant.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of K. C. Raleigh.
Washington, B. C, Novemlier 27, 1865.
W. W. Hoijen, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
be sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have srreatly damaged the prospects
of the State in the restoration of its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State has already placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
Prisident of tlie United States.
Department of State,
Washington, December 28, 1865.
Sir: The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conductor the proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace and safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, you
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in you as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, you will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
vour custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day on which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to be
your excellency's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,.
Provisional Governor of N. C.
Raleigh, N. C, December 28, 1865.
Sir: Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisioa gevernor of North Caro
lina, has been received. It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors ot the office. . I will at once transier tne
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in nae
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the hope that his plan for res
toring the insurgent States to their nat
ural and appropriate place in the Unjom
may be crowned with entire success,
I have the honor to be,
With high respect, vour obedient ser-rawt.
W. W. HOLDEN.
Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State.
The Stamp Act.
ONS OF THE TAX LAWS OF THIS UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
Bheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, Ac, at
6igbt, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or ou
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated exoept bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reign ports, 10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
Tor indemnifying any person torthe pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, coanty, city and town bonds, rail
rouds and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required iu legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iu this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a J nstice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxet, 6 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less thun ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceedingone thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting us such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on file, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
oron demand, Sets.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Forevery additional five hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding oue
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in vulue,50 cts.
Exceeding five hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For every additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding- twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 cts.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
live hundred dollars iu value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or tractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by wiiich any suit is com
menced in anv court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by acourt
not ot record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon everv confession of judgment or
cognovit "for 100 dollars or over, except
in eases where the tax lor a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, - 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 300 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 cto-
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, , i 50-cts.
Pawner's Checks, 5 ets.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
Rny foreign port, eosting not more than
85 dollars, 50 cts.
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
50, -1 00
For every additional fifty or fractional
part thereof, in excess of 50 doUars, 1 00)
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use bus been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in paymeut ol
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of on instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. II he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
Ktamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
30th of July, 1S04, and used without a stamp, it
cannot altcrwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of on instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c., in which cose these, as the
oriirinal process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other office duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stump duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty'as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time of
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In "conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, 6uch
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such iustruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Wc publish below the Civil Rights
Bill as it recently passed the Congress
over the President's Veto
"iJu it enacted by the Senate and Himee .fjiepre
sentatii'ejs of the Un ited States of America in Congress
assembled, That all persons born in the United
States and not subject to any fo-Vigu Power, ex
cludiug Indians, not taxed, an. hereby declared
to he citizens of the United States ; aud such citi
zens of every race and color, without regard to
any previous condition of slavery or involuntary
servitude, except us a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall ve been duly convicted,
6hall have the same right in every State and Ter
ritory iu the United Slates to make and enforce
contracts, to 6ue, be parties, aud give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and'eonvey
real and personal property, and to full and equal
benefit of all laws and proceedings for the securi
ty ot person and property as is enjoyed by white
citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment,
pains, am' penalties, and to none other, any law,
statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom to the
Sec. 2. And be U further enacted. That any per
son who, under color of any law, statute, ordi
nance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
cause to lie subjected, any inhabitant of any State
or Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this aet, or to different
punishment, pains, or penalties on account of
such jerson having at any time been held in a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescribed for the pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be
punished by fine not exceedingone thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or
both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict courts of the United States, within their re
spective districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
courts of the several States, cognizance of all
crimes and olTeuces committed against the provi
sions of this act, and also, concurrently with the
circuit courts of the United States, of all causes,
civil and'criminul, affecting persons who are de
nied or cannot enforce iu the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be, any of tiie rights secured to them by the first
section of this aet; and if any suit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has been or shall be commenced
in any State court against any such person, for
anv cause whatsoever, or against any officer, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted by viflne or under color of authority derived
from "this act or the act establishing a bureau for
the relief of freedmen and refugees, and all acts
amendatory thereof; or for relusing to do any ac
upon the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this aet, such defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
triet or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the 'Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating
judicial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
JVlarcn turee, eiguiecn nuuureu nuu bixiy-i-uree,
and ull acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil and criminal matters hereby confer
red on tiie district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so far
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect ; but in all cases where such laws are not
adapted to the object, or are deficient in the pro
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, the common law, as
modified and changed by the constitution and
statutes of the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is
held, so far as the same is not inconsistent with
the Constitution and laws of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts in
the t rial and disposition of such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on the party found guilty.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, the commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts 01 the United
States, with powers ol arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against the laws of the United
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmeu's
Bureau, and every other officer who may be spe
cially empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
for trial before such court of the United States or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection t all persons in their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt
discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the
duty of the circuit courts of the United States
and" the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States, from time to time, to increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means tor the arrest ana examina
tion of persons charged with a violation of this
aet. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to offences
create? by this aet, as they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts is
sued under the provisions of this act, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process when tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to ecute the same, ho shall, on
conviction thereof, b" fined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use or the person upon
whom the aecused is alleired to bav committed
th nffimce. And the better to enable the said
nnmraiacinnnni tn o-rf-rTltl thftr dlltleS taithtUllV
and efficiently, in conformity with the Const:tu-1
tion of the United States and, the requirements 01
this act. they are hereby authorized and empow
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap
point, in writing, under their hands, any one or
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe
cute all such warrants and other process as may
be issued by them in the lawful performance of
their respective duties; and the persona soap
pointed to execute any warrant or process a'
aforesaid shall have authority to summon and
call to their aid the bystanders or the pone com
itatus of the proper county, or such portion of
the land and naval forces of the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the pcrfor- .
mance of the duty with which they are charged,
and to insure faithful observance, of the clause
of the Coustltut on which prohibits slavery, in
conformity with the provisions of this act; and
said warrants shall run and be executed by said
officers anywhere In the State or Territory within
which they are issued.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted. That any per
son who shall knowingly and willfully obstruct,
hinder, or prevent an officer, or other person
charged with the execution of any warrant or
process issued under the provisions of this act, '
or any person or persons lawfully assisting him
or them, from arresting any person for whose ap
prehension such warrant or process may have -been
issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue
such person from t ie custody of the officer, oth
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid,
abet, or assist any person ao arrested as aforesaid,
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody
of the officer or other person legally authorized
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall nave ,
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge of the
fact t hat a warrant has been issued for the appre
hension of such person, shall, for either ot said
offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one
thoussnd dollars, and imprisonment not exceed
ing six months, by indictment and conviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proper court of crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territories of the United States.
Sec 7. And be it further enacted. That the dis
tiict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and
the clerks of the said district and Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to them for similrr servi
ces in other cases ; and in all cases where the pro
ceedings are before a commissioner, he shall be
entitled to a fee often dollars in full for his servi
ces in each case, inclusive of all tervices incident
to such arrest and examination. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be
issued by such commissioners for the arrest of
offenders against the provisions of this act shall
be entitled to a fee of five dollars for each person
he or they may arrest and take before any such
commissioner as aforesaid, with such other fees i
as may be deemed reasonable by such com mis-t '
sioncr for such other additional services as may .
be necessarily performed by him orthem, such as
attending at the examination, keeping the prison
er in custody, and providing him with food and
lodging during his detention, and nntil the final
determination of such commissioner, and in gei
eral for performing such other duties as may be
required in the premises ; such fees to be made -up
in conformity with the fees usually charged
by the officers of the courts of justice within the
proper district or county, as near as may be prac
ticable, and paid out of the treasury of the United
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis
trict within which the arrest is made, and to be
recoverable from the defendant as part of the
judgment in case of conviction.
Sec. 8 And be it further enacted. That when
ever the President of the United States shall have
reason to believe that offences have been or are
likely to be committed against the provisions ot
this ac witnin any judicial district, it shall be
lawful for him, in his discretion, to direct thu
juuge, marshal and district attorney of such dis
trict to attend at such place within the district,
and for such time as he may designate, for the
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial of
persons charged with a violation of this act ; and
it shall be the duty of every judge or other officei,
when any such requisition shall be received by
him, to attend at the place and for the time there
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be lawful for the President of the United States,
or such person as he may empower for that pur
pose, to employ such part of the land or naval
forces of the United States, or the militia, as shall
be necessary to prevent the violation and enforce
the due execution ot this act.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That upon
all questions of law arising in any cause under
the provisions of this act a final appeal may be
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
Scale of Depreciation,
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT XO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws anr
ordinances are in f orce, and for other purposes, -ratified
on the 18th day of October, A. J)., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it i further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money of the said currency, '
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,
Be it enacted by the General AssenMy of the State
of North- Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
lulkority of the same. That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure ol value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1864, from the 1st day ot November,
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit:
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being tlie unit and measure of value,
from November 1st, 1861, to May 1st, 1865 :
Months. 1801. 1862. 1863.
January, .... $1 20 $3 00
February, 1 80 8 00
March, .... 1 50 4 00
April, .... 1 50 5 00
May, .... 1 50 5 50
June, 1 50 6 60
July, .... 150 A 00
August, .... 1 50.14 00
September, 2 00 14 00
October, 2 00 14 00
November, $1 10 2 50 15 00
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00
December 1st to 10th inclusive,
10th to 20th,
" 1st to SlsU
$21 00 $50 00
21 00 50 00
23 00 60 00
20 00 100 00
21 00 ....
25 00 ...
26 00 ....
8000 ' ....
49 00 :
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may ' arise between executors, administrators,
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and ctstuytqus trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising from the
depreciation of Confederate currency. State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
Be it further enacted, That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
esse shall be committed to the . determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts,- chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the ssme, according to equity
and good conscience: Provided, hoteevtr; That no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
binder any person from proceeding in: the usual
course of law, if be shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
vmtexvm,..-.! 11 " mi", n.i.mn n , , i '
' 29 POLLOK STREET,
ISTEAVJE3EKI, 1ST- CJ,
July 1770 tf
S K 1