Newspaper Page Text
: . i - .: r- : : .
UBERTY, , -AJVI ' ' XTIVIOIV, NOW !ajN1 - FOREVER, ONE 1? AND JNSEP411ABUE.',-D8iiiel' Webrter.
VOL; I. fl
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1866.
WT. W. HOLDEN. , - J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
EDITOR8 OF THE 8TAKDARD, .
J.nd authorized publisher of the law of the United
State. '. ,
BATES OF SUBSCRIPTION.
TEBMS 3ash in Abvancb.
Tri-Weekly paper, 1 year.....
" " " 8 months. .
c -.''' 3
Weekly paper, 1 year.........
" - f 6 months
tc ' " 3 "
" 5 copies 1 year
. c , . ti 1( t l " .
T, tiiiiui who iret nn clnbs of five or more sub
scribers one copy, gratis, will be furnished.
A cross M mark on the paper indicates the ex
piration of the subscription.
BATES OF ADVEBTISING.
Ten lines or one inch space to constitute ft
One square, one insertion, , $1 00
Each subsequent insertion, 50
Liberal deduction made, by special contract, to
large advertisers. . . .
Court advertisements will be charged 25 per
cent higher than the regular rates.
Spbciax- No-ticks charged 50 per cent higher
than ordinary advertisements.
For advertisements inserted irregularly, 25 per
cent higher than usual rates will be charged.
No paper in the South has advertising facilities
superior to the Standard.
Letters must be addressed to
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
. .; , . ' , . Kaleigh, N. C.
ONLY AT THE
-. m liXyl EVERY KISD OF
JOB PRINTING IS EXEQUTED
. ; -.c 'IN A
GOLD AND SILVER BRONZES,
A Select SUek t tke Best Material for Printing
At the STANDARD OFFICE.
The Best Irinting,
-jr -r ----- - ;
EXECUTED ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE,
-. . AT THE
CALL AND SEE SAMPLES OF WORK,
. ' AND
, v LEARN OUR PRICES.
Is AH K8 FOR SALE.
WE HAVE JUST HAD PRINTED VARIOUS
Blank forms for cases in the Superior courts as fol
toys: ", ' .' .
Iudictmennt for Larceny,
Do ' Misdemeanor Altering Markb
: -j Do ', - , , do Unlawful Fences.
'.- , Do - .-.', do ! Fornication and Adu-tery
ix tD it - 4o Assault and Battery.
V Do" .do Disorderly House.
Do",; d Unlawful Retailing.
Do .r . - do" Forcible Entry.
- Do v r.;1 , do Affray. .
Price of tne above blanks 1 per quire.
These, with various other Blanks, such as Land
Deeds, Marriage License Bonds, and Indentures,
are gotten up In snierior style, . with appropri
ate blank endorsements on baek, and printed on
good paper. They will ;"be oid . on reasonable
terms for cash. ; '. - '
r Any Blanks, not on hand, will be printed to or
der at the shortest notice, at the ... '., ' : ? .
- V V STANDARD OFFICE.
" ' ... ' ,- . , :
FINE OLD 1VINE 1 ' ." -V3W .':
40 GALLONS OLD AND DELICIOUS SCUP
PERNONG Wine by the Ration.--" ; - ; '
iaett B. P. WILLIAMSON CO. 1 : '
STAND A ED
Scale of Depreciation,
The following Act, in relation to the scaling ol
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A 8CALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws ant
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes,
ratitied on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Coniederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war ; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made alter the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money of the said currency,"
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract ; therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Stttte
of North-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
lutiority of the tame. That the following scale ol
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure of value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of the month ol
December, 1864, from the 1st day ot November,
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit:
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure of value,
from. November 1st, 1861, to May 1st, 18o5 :
Months. 1861. 1862. 1863.
January, .... 1 20 $3 00
February 1 30 8 00
March, .... 1 50 4 00
April, .... 1 50 5 00
May, .... 1 50 5 50
June, .... 1 50 6 50
July, .... 150 9 00
August, .... 1 50 14 00
September, .... 2 00 100
October, .... 2 00 14 00
November, $1 10 2 50 15 00
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00
December 1st to 10th inclusive,
" 10th to 20th,
" 1st to 31st.
$21 00 $50 00
21 00 50 00
23 00 60 00
20 00 100 00
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators,
fuardians and trustees, nnd their legatees, distri
ntees, wards and cestuysque trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising froni the
depreciation of Confederate currency. State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
Be it f urther enacted. That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience : Provided, hoitever, That no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding in the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
Clerk of Senate.
Judges of the Supreme Court,
The Judges of the Supreme Court of the
United States are as follows :
Mr. Chief Justice Chase, of Ohio.
Mr. Justice Wayne, Georgia.
Mr. Justice Nelson, New York.
Mr. Justice Grier, Pennsylvania.
Mr. Justice Clifford, Maine.
Mr. Justice Swayne, Ohio.
Mr. Justice Miller, Iowa.
Mr. Justice Davis, Illinois.
Mr. Justice Field, California.
Mr. Justice Stansbury, Ohio.
Reporter, John V. Wallace, Ohio.
Marshal, D. S. Gooding.
Clerk, D; W. Middleton.
The Judge of the District Court of North
Carolina is G. W. Brooks. D?trict Attorney,
D. H. Starbuck. Marshal, Daniel R. Goodloe.
A R 0
BECAUSE OF AFFL.CTION AND AGE,
which renders me incapable of continuing busi
ness, I now retire from t'ae Book trade, leaving
my entire stock and interest in the hands of
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, except the publication
of the " N. C. Almanac," which I trust will be
received with the same favor as heretofore.
In retiring, I return my sincere thanks for the
very liberal patronage which the public has
chosen to bestow upon me during the last half
century the length of time which I have been
engaged in this State and cheerfully recommend
to mv old friends and patrons, my successors,
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, by whom, I am sure
they will be satisfactorily accommodated.
Mr. H. D. Coley, so well known to the Book
trade and to the public, and 6o long engaged in
business with me, will be retained as an assistant
in the business of Messrs. Branson & Farrar. He
invites his old friends to call upon him.
HENRY D. TURNER.
BRANSON & FARRAR HAVE CONSUM
MATED arrangements to take charge of the en
tire stock of Books owned by Mr. H. D. Turner,
consisting of valuable English and American
Law Books, and a great variety of Miscellaneous
stock. They will immediately succeed to the old
6tand on the corner near the State House, occu
pied for thirty-three years past by Mr. Turner,
and known as the North-Carolina Book Store.
This is by far the oldest and most popular book
stand in the City. Mr. Coley, so long Mr. Tur
ner's representative, will still be found at the
old stand. June 14 tl
rpHE NEW I.INE FOR BALTIMORE,
L carrying the GREAT HARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5f o'clock, p. m.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE LEARY, Capt. 8. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables are eqnal to first class hotel fare.
Travellers g ing North via Seaboard and Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be in waiting to convey them
and their baggage free of charge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, and the fare under aaf circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
and Norfolk and Pet ersburg Railroads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
free of charge.
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot of
Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. m.
H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep22 134 ly8 At Norfolk.
HOWELL &. BROTHERS
MANUFA.CTUREES & IMPORTERS OF
WINDOW SHADES, HOLLANDS, fcc.
No. 260 Baltimore Street, '. :.
. , BALTIMORE,
march 27 4 6m.
YTTTHISKEY I WHISKEY t
V V . WHISKEY .
10 BARRELS CORN WHISKEY, OF GOOD
duality, which we will sell low. '
June 8 t - B. P, WILLIAMSON tfs CO'
Washington, D. C, August 22, 1865.
Governor Wm. W. Hoi.dbn, Raleigh, N. C. :
Information comes to me that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to office, and in the recommen
dations for appointments, the true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided' preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such repreeentations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of the extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance of
encouraging and strengthening to tle fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in theirallegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should be made available
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram."
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C, August 26, 1865.
To the President :
Sir : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in recommending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion ; on the con
trary, I have been very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless in many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations;
but, upon the whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
Wasbinton. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage -and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in theii allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately and carefully in the work of res
toration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
I know there are malcontents, radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes; but none of these things move
me in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in me, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble State, I
am, sir, &c, W. "Ny. HOLDEN,
From the Hillsborough Reeorder.
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Hon. William A. Graham Dear Sir :
We intend to vote for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr., for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligible. Yet Gen
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Conven
tion. No other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors ? How does it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or any other debt. If, however, the people
of North-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or any other debt, they will do it, and whose
business is it but theirs ?
We ask your opinion only as to the eligi
bility of Mr. Turner.
Thomas II. Hcghes, M. W". Moore,
Daxiei. R. Hog an, John Miller,
Levin Cakmichaei, Benton Rat,
Joseph W. ScKee, J. C Hogan,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wish to vote for the
Hon. Josioh . Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this District, and ask
ing my opinion as to his eligibility, the
doubt arising from his not having yet re
ceived the pardon of the President, has been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the sole judge
of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endeavored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure to consider the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from u high official in
Virginia stating that " a special appeal had
been, made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, . C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect.
Your obedient servant,
W. A. GRAHAM.
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. in. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21, 1865.
To the President:
Sir : I have decided that as persons who
belong to the excluded classes cannot vote,
so they cannot sit in convention unless they
exhibit theirpardons. Ex-Goyernor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds that unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view ; Am I right
or wrong ? The letter to Ex-Governor G ra
ham, to which he replies, taking this view,
does hot show a good spirit. , ( ' .
; V The 'election here. is progressing quietly.'
A large vote .will, be polled.in , the SJaterI
r trill telegraph-you as the returns come in.
: .: '. - W.W. HOLDEN,
',;"..' ,!'sProviimal GotwnorJ
Washington, D. C, September 21, 1805.
Governor W. W. Holden, Baleigh IT. C..i
Your decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot vote for members,
or sit in convention as members, without first
being pardoned on taking the amnesty oath.
If the party cornea within any one of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a member. All those
who are aspirants to seats in the convention,
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C. October 17, 1865.
His Excellency the President of the United
Sir: Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a large majority. Is it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever ? Please answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, JD. C, October 18, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Every dollar of the debt created to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people should not be taxed to
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
which they in fact, if left to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law, constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
by the people of any State professing them
selves loval to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I repeat that the
loyal people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of everything that partakes in the slightest
degree of the rebellion, which has been so
recently crushed by the strong arm of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed by the Constitution of the Union.
President of the United States
Department of State,
Washington, November 21, 1865.
Sir: The President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States abolishing slavery.
He relics upon you to exercise all your
functions hereafter with the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyalty and devo
tion to the Union that have marked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are fully appreciated, and
that they will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, your obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of 2f. C. Raleigh.
Washington, D. C, November 27, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
le sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have greatly damaged the prospects
of the State in the restoration ot its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State has already placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
Prisident of the United States.
Department of State,
Washington, December 28, 1865.
Sir : The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conduct ol tne proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace and safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, you
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in yon as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, you will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
your custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day on which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to be
your excellency's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of N. C.
Raleigh, N. C, December 28, 1865.
Sir : Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisional gevernor of North Caro
lina, has been received. - It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors -of the office. I will at once transfer the
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan .Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to. convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in me
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the hope that his plan fpr res
toring the, insurgent .States to their' nat
ural and appropriate' place in the Union
may be crowned with entire success, ?
I have the honor to be, V. -.
c With high respect, your' obedient servant.
-'.. -.y, r - g W W.; HOLDEN V" i
vy; .Honi WC h'SewArd, Secntary of State
The Stamp let.
ONI OF TUB TAX LAWS OF THIS UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds,
(in suit or legal proceedings.) Exempt
ogiccuicut ur &(mnu8craeDi, ior eacn
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, fec., at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand . or at a time
designated exoept bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, . 6 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f.weign ports,10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi-
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged in this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated company, 25 cts.
Genera, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Or search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxet-, 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less tliau ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, . 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Trauscript of judgments, satis
faction oi judgments and of all papers
recorded or on file, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts. .
Exceeding $500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
For every additional five hundrea dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
huudred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding five hundred dollare in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
- company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For everv additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft' 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to some
duty as an original note.
Keceipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty. 2 els.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by which any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by a court
not of record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax for a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, . 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollare, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 800 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of S00 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, -subject to stamp duty as a
Clause of guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceedinj; 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, - 25 cts-
- Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or -personal
bond for the payment of money
.- exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
dollars, 50 ct.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
: al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
: eessof 500, .. W.- 50ts. :
Pawner's Checks, " 6 cta .
passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing hot more than
U 85 dollar-'"-...- .SOcta.;
Costing more' than 85, and not exceeding r :
-50, --. 6: !.: -r - . 1 00 - :.- :
For every additional- fifty or -fractional
part thereof, In excess of 50. dollars, : 1 00
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage 6tamps cannot be used in payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. If he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
30th of July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an-affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other officei duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp dnty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of live
huudred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
Wheu two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate 011 interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompauying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Address of the Philadelphia Convention
. to the People of the United States.
In the National Union Convention at
Philadelphia, yesterday, Hon. Henry J.
Raymond, of New York, on behalf of
the Committe of Two from Each State
and Territory of the United States, ap
pointed on the previous day, reported
the following address, which had been
approved and recommended by the
unanimous vote of the Committee:
TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES. .
Having met in Convention, at the City
of Philadelphia, in the State of Penn
sylvania, this 16th day of August, 1866,
as the representatives of the People in
all sections, and from all the States and
Territories of the Union, to consult up
on the condition and the wants of our
common country, we address you this
declaration of our principles, and of the
political purpo ses we seek to promote.
Since the meeting of the last Nation
al Convention, in the year-1860, events
have occurred which have changed the
character of our internal politics, and
given the United States a new place
among the nations of the earth. Our
Government has passed through the vi
cissitudes and the perils of civil war a
war which, though mainly sectional in
its character, has, nevertheless, decided
political differences that from the very
beginning of the Government had
threatened the unity of our national ex
istence, and has left its impress deep
and ineffaceable upon all the interests,
the sentiments, and the destiny of the
republic. While it has inflicted upon
the whole country severe losses in life
and in property, and has imposed bur
dens which must weigh on its-resources
for generations to come, it has devel
oped a degree of national courage in
the presence of national dangers a ca
pacity for military organization and
achievement, and a devotion on the
part of the people to the form of govern
ment which they have ordained, and to
the principles of liberty which that gov
ernment was designed to promote, which
must confirm the confidence of the per
petuity of its republican institutions,
and command the respect of the civil
Like all great contests which rouse
the passions and test the endurance of
nations, this war has given new scope
to the ambition of political parties, and
fresh impulse to plans of innovation and
reform. Amidst the chaos of conflict
ing sentiments inseparable from such
arTera, while the public heart is keenly
alive to all the passions that can sway
the public judgement and effect the
public action ; while the wounds of war
are still fresh and bleeding on either
side, and fears for the future take unjust
proportions ior the memories and re
sentments of the past, it is a difficult
but an imperative duty which, on your
behalf, we, who are here assembled,
have undertaken to perform.
For the first time after six long years
of alienation and of conflict, we have
come together from every State and ev
ery section of our land, as citizens of a
common country, under that flag, the
symbol again of a common glory, to
consult together how best to cement
and perpetuate that Union which is
again the object of our common love,
and thus secure the blessings of liberty
to ourselves and our posterity. .
I. In the first place, we invoke you
to remember always and everywhere,
that the war is ended and the nation is
again at peace. The shock of contend
ing arm's no longer assails the shudder
ing heart of the Republic. The insur
rection against the supreme authority
of the nation has been suppressed, and
that authority has been again acknowl
edged, by word and act, in every State
and by every citizen within its jurisdic
tion. We are no .longer-required or
permitted to regard or treat- each other
as enemiesl V Not lonly have the - facts
of war been . discontinued, arid - the
weapons of war laid asidey but the state
pf war no longer exists, - and' -the senti
ments, and bassions.the relations of war
have no longer.lawful or ' rightfuLpJacQ.
anywhere throughout; ' or:iroaa;jQj
main. We are again people of the Uni-
ted States, fellow-citizens of on conrW
tay, bound by .theduties andobliga- "
tions of a common patriotism, ahd hav- "
ing neither rights nor interests' apart.
from a common destiny, "The duties
that devolve upon us now are again the '
duties or peace, and no longer the da-;
ties of war. ' We have assembled here
to take counsel concerning the interests
of peace to decide howTwe may most '
wisely and effectually heal "the wounds .
the war has made, and perfect and per- .,
petuate the benefits it has secured, andv
the blessings which," under a wise and 1
benign Providence, have sprung up in
its fiery track. This is the work, not -of ;
passion, but of calm and sober judge
ment, not of resentment for. the past of- '
fences prolonged beyond - the limits
which justice and- reason prescribe, but
of a liberal statesmanship-which , tole
rates what it cannot prevent, and builds
its plans and its hopes for ' the future
rather upon a community of interest
and ambition than upon-distrust and the'
weapons of force. - ' , !
H. In the next place, , we will call up.'
on you to recognize in their full signif
icance, and to accept with all their le-' :
gitimate consequenees, the political re
sults of the war just closed.': In two
, most important particulars the victory
achieved by the National Government :
has been final and decisive. First, it is '
established beyond all further contro-
versy, and by the highest of all human
sanctions, the absolute supremacy of the
National Government, as defined - and
limited by the Constitution of the Uni
ted States, and the permanent integrity
and indissolubility of the Federal Union
as a necessary consequence ; and, second,
itbas put an end finally and forever to
the existence of slavery upon the soil or.,
within the jurisdiction of. the United
States. Both these points became di
rectly involved in ; the contest, and con
troversy upon both was ended abac- .
lutely and finally by the result. -. ,
IIL In the third pace, we deem it
of the utmost importance that the'Jrear
character of the war and the victory by. -which
it was closed should be accurate
ly understood. The war was - carried
on by the Government of the United ;
State in maintenance of its own author
ity and in defence of its own existence,'
both of which were menaced "by the in
surrection which it sought to suppress.
The suppression, of that, insurrection
accomplished the result. The Govern
ment of the United States maintained
by force of arms the supreme authority
over all the territory, and over all the
States and peojle within its jurisdic
tion, which the Constitution confers up
on it ; but it acquired thereby no new
power, no enlarged jurisdiction, - no
rights either of territorial -possession or
of civil authority which it did not pos-" ;
sess before the rebellion broke out. All :
therightful power.it can eyer poBsess
is that which is conferred upon it, either
in express terms or by fair and necessa
ry implication, by the : Constitution of'.
the United States. It was that power ,
and that authority which the rebellion.; -
sought to overthrow, and the victory
of the Federal arms was simply the de- 1
feat of that attempt. The Government . 1 ; ; .
of the United States acted,- throughout :' ;
the war on the defensive. - It sought
only to hold possession of what was al. :
ready its own. Neither the war, . nor -the
victory by which it was : closed,--1: -j
changed in any way tho Constitution " '.t-.-.;"
of the United States. The war "was : ' 1
carried on by virtue of . its provissons, v
and under the limitations 'which they ,
prescribe; and the result of. the' war
did not either enlarge, abridge, or in-' -
any way change or effect the powers . .
it confers upon the Federal Government
or release that Government from" the " '
restrictions, which it has imposed. ; W
The Constitution of the United States ' . ." '
is to-day precisely as it was before the
war, the " supreme . law . of - the land, .
anything in the Constitvtkm or- laws of -any
State to the contrary not withstand-,
ing ;" and to-day, also, precisely as be
fore the war, all the powers not confered -by
the Constitution upon the General' r
Government, norprohibited by it to' the ,;
States, are . reserved to the several;. '
States, or to the people thereof." 'J' " "
This position is vindicate -not only. V 4
by the essential nature of our,Govern - .
ment, and the language and spirit . of .
the Constitution, but by all the acta and. -the
language of our Government, in all -". '
its departments, and at air times from. '
the outbreak of the rebeUion toits.finar' ; ;'
overthrow. In every message and prdc- -,'.'
lamation of the Executive it. was. expljc-. ,.
itly declared that the solje ..object and
purpose of the war was to maintain the..,"'.,
authority of the Constitution and to pre-' V , ' '
serve the integrity ofrhe ; Uiiori $ and" '
Congress ; more ' tnan, 7 oritfe;; reiterated'f " : ;;
this solemn . . dechiratiori; '.and added
the asurance that - whenever the ohject ".r;
should be attained the war shonld-ceasej '-
and all the States should retain their.- ,
e qual rights and dignity unimparecL i , ". -
It is only since the war : was ' closed that f - f
other rights have been asserted on ; behalf of- -..
one department of the General Government V
It has been proclaimed by Congress that, - in: -
addition to the oowp.ra conferred nnnn - it Jb-r y.
may now claim over the States, the territory r r.
and the people involved in the insnrrection."'.
the rights of war the right Vf conquest audi v,
of confiscation, the right to abrogate .'ill,
governments, institutions and - laws, 'v" '
' subject the territory conquered;; anoV Ha. inyy;;
habitants to such laws, refutations . 'and de-V
- privations as the-' legislative department of ;
the Government. "may see fit to impose, f -
Under this broad and sweeping claim,: that
: clause of the i Constitution.: ; which provides
that "na State shall without its' consent be
deprived.of its equal suffrage in the Senate of v -.the
United States.1 has been atinulld aha.
ten 8Utes ha ve been refused, and are still re '.-;
fli8eti, representation ; altogether in- totn
branches of the Federal Congress. . And the
Congress, in which only s part of tha States
and of. the peopl of the: Union are wpresent
ed has. asserted the right thus to exclude the
rest front representation, and from j aH share
in makinof their own laws or choosing theix-, .'
I t . '