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"LIBERTY AND XJTVIOIST, NOW-. -AJNX FOREVER, ' ONE,;' ,1ND INSEPAHAKLHw-.Daniel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1866.
TO the Soldiers and Sailors "Who Served
in theArmy and Navy of the United
States Daring the Late Rebellion.
In pursuance of a resolution of a
ineetim; of soldiers now, or lately in the
Union array, held in this iity last even
ing, we invite those of you who ap
prove the restoration policy of the
President and the principles announced
by the National Union .Convention at
Philadelphia, to assemble at Cleveland
on the 1 7th day of September next, for
consultation on the momentous issues
now convulsing our country.
We need not argue to you at length
the importance of these issues, nor
your duty to take pai-t in their settle
ment. After five years of fierce and de
structive war, in which our arms were
gloriously triumphant, the Union for
which we fought is still practically un
restored. Why is this ? We struggled
to maintain the rightful supremacy of
the General Government to conquer
all who, in arms, disputed its authority
and to make every rebellious citizen
yield to its laws. W-. held through
out the war that the Union is indissolu
ble, and its powers, as expounded by
its courts, supreme ; that no State can,
of its own motion, withdraw, or, at the
will of its 6ister States, be excluded :
and that the duty of each State to main
tain the Union, and its right to take
part in the Government, are alike ab
solute. Every object of the war ever
recognized by or known to the army
and navy has been thoroughly achieved.
The Southern people, decimated, impov
erished, and subdued, have, for more
than a year past, abandoned the rebel
lion, and now only ask that the Union
for which we fought may be recoguized
as existing, and that they may be dealt
with as the Constitution and laws pre
scribe. In their anxiety to restore the Union
and bring harmony to its councils, they
have gone beyond a mere silent submis
ion to its laws. Through their dele
gates at the National Union Convention,
they solemnly renounced the doctrines
of nullification and secession, from
which the war arose repudiated the
rebel debt, aud declared of sacred obli
gation the national debt proclaimed
the faith of the nation pledged to the
continuance of boimties and pensions
to loyal soldiers and sailors and their
families declared slavery forever abol
ished, and freedmen entitled to equal
protection of law, in person and proper
ty, with their former masters. Their
platform is not only one of emphatic
loyalty, but it is moreover most liberal
in spirit on all the great issues growing
out of the war.
The character of the men who repre
sented the Southern States in that Con
vention preclude us from believing this
enunciation of principles to be insincere.
They sent to it their foremost states
men men who, like Rives, Graham,
Orr, Parsons, Sharkey, Houston, Brock
enborongh, Hunt, Manning, and Ste
phens, were known throughout the land
before the war as men of the highest
character and influence. Among the
five hundred delegates from the South,
there was not a voice or vote dissenting
from the resolutions adopted by the
Convention. If the best of the South
ern people are ever to be belie ved, we
must accept' these solemn declarations
as sincere. . We do accept them as con
clusive evidence that a great majority
of the Southern people sick of war
and anarchy, and longing for a restora
tion of free government are ready to
bear true allegiance to the Constitution
aud laws of the Union.
We are, therefore, unwilling to see
the Southern people held longer in vas
salage. - They are our countrymen cit
izens of the United States who have
incurred penalties, but who have rights.
Those who wilfully participated in the
rebellion and are unpardoned are sub
ject to the penalties prescribed for trea
son. But, though individuals may be
tried, convicted, and punished, commu
nities cannot; nor can the btates and
their people, without a plain violation
of the Constitution, be denied the right
of representation, through men person
ally qualified, in the councils of the na
tion. The intention of Cougress seems to
be to deprive them of ' representation
just so long as it suits the Radical par
ty. Many assert that it will concede
the right whenever the constitutional
amendment shall have been adopted
and each proscribed State shall have
ratified it. But it is quite certain that
the amendment will not be ratified by
three-fourths of the States, and there
fore that it will not be adopted. Some
perhaps many of the Northern States
will reject it, and we cannot expect its
legal ratification by any of the lately
insurrectionary States. If there were
no other reason why the Southern
States will reject it, it is enough that it
proposes to disfranchise nearly all the
men in the South, who have influence
over the masses of the people. If none
were to be disfranchised except officers
of the rebel army, we still could not ex
pect the South to adopt it, for a large
majority of the men in the late in
surrectionary States, through compul
sion or choice, served . in the ' rebel ar
mies, and their votes alone would over
whelmingly defeat it. Would Union
soldiers, to recover political privileges,
disfranchise their leaders, ; whom they,
love and revere for their heroic virtues ?
How, then, can we expect " Southern
soldiers to degrade their - old comman
ders?. .;'.. . -. . ;. ,
As there ia no probability that the
amendment will .be ratified bv three-
fourths of the States, the plan of restora f
tion which Congress appears to have
determined on is at best impracticable.
That proposed by the President, and
approved by the National Union Con
vention, is feasible, and we believe safe.
We have no fear that the South can ev
er overthrow the Federal Government,
or ever disturb its career of power and
glory. They will be the last of the
States to rebel ; and if they shall again
rise in insurrection, the loyal people
can and will subdue, and, if need be, de
stroy them. The Government has as
serted its power of self-preservation ;
and the devastation and misery of the
South proclaim, to this generation at
least, the crime and the terrible penal
ties of treason. Beholding their woes,
and contrasting their weakness and our
strength, we could afford to show the
confidence and courage of magnanimity.
We might well let our vanquished op
ponents arise, and, liks James Fitz
James at Coilantogle Ford, staunch
their wounds and forgive their treason.
But we are not asked to be magnani
mous, but only consistent and just.
This we cannot refse to be, without
a violation of the Constitution of our
country and a risk of its overthrow.
We seek, and will have, no association
in political action with men, North or
South, who are not avowedly, and. m
our opinion, sincerely faithful to the con
stitutional principles for which we
fought. Bnt if men who have taught
or practised treason now openly re
nounce their errors, and maintain with
us the true principles of our Govern
ment, we shall not reject their coopera
tion. When the restoration of the
Union and the preservation of our form
of government are in issue however
much we regret to sever cherished polit
ical associations and to cooperate with
former enemies we must prefer to act
with those who have been wrong and are
now right, rather than those who were
right and now are wrong.
Believing that our government is
again in peril, we appeal to yon who
have fought to save it, and who hold it
dearer and more sacred than all party
ties, to come to the rescne. Let the
soldiers and sailors agreeing with us in
sentiment,but who cannot in person at
tend, send delegates through the action
of their societies, or of local conventions.
Let us meet in force at Cleveland on
the 17th of September the anniversa
ry of the day when the Constitution
was proclaimed by our forefathers and
let us aid in restoring the Union it cre
ated, aud the liberties it was ordained
G. A. Custer, Major Gen. U. S. A.
A. McD. McCook, Major Gen. U. S.A.
L. II Rousseau, Major General,
George Crook, Major General,
S. Meredith, Bvt. Major General,
Thomas Ewisg, Bvt. Major General,
Committee on Address.
IVashington, August 19, lt?6G.
We cordially approve the call for the
Convention, and recoincnd the holding
of local Conventions to cooperate in the
Major Generals John A. Dix, James
B. Steedman, Frank P. Blair, II. W.
Slocum, Daniel E. Sickles, Gordon GTan-
ger, John A McClernand, L). JS. (Jonch,
W. W. Averell, H. E. Davies, Jr., Or
lando B. Wilcox, Alpheus S. Williams,
Fitz Henry Warren, John S. Clark,
Hugh Ewinir, lheodore lvunyon, 1 hos.
Kilby Smith, Wm. B. Franklin, Thos.
L. Crittenden, Marsena R. Patrick, Al
vin C. Gillem, J. J. Bartlett, G. K.
Warren, Jeff. C. Davis, Joseph F.
Kuipe, John Lane, C. C. Walcott.
A. II. Markland, Sunt. U. S. A.
Bvt. Mai. Generals M. T. McMahon,
II. II. Heath, John M. O'.iver, Win. T.
V aid, Henry A. Morrow.
Briir. Generals Georue P. Easte, C.
C. Maxwell, Anson G McCook, Geo.
Spalding, J. B. Sweitzer, W. W. II Da-
vies, Walter C VV hitaker, John L. LJrox
ton, E. B. Browu, J. G. Paikhurst,
Geo, H. Hall, li. A. Vaughn, James
Craig, Morgan L. Smith, James C
McFerran, Joseph W. .Frizell, Wm.
McCandless, A. B. McCalmont, Samuel
Beatty, Wm. Hartzhorn, J. S. Fullerton,
Thos. IL Benton, Ferd. Van Derveer,
Lewis C. Hunt, James H. rord, 1 nom
as Curie', E. S. Bragg, Charles Ewing.
Bvt. Br. Generals Chas. G. Halpine,
Henry S. Commager, H. C. Hobart,
H. C. Dunlap, C. "O. Loomis, Cassius
Fairchild, Henry Bertran, Chas. W.
Blair, James K. Mills, Chas. Black,
Colonels John Leverance, Quinn Mor
ton, David Murphy, John M. Richard
son, Marcus Boyd, J. O. Broadhead, W.
B. Rogers, James Peckham, Thomas T.
Crittenden, Samuel R. Mott, H. F. Ba
ker, P. H. Allback, James Munn, Henry
Barnes, Richard McAllister, Seth B.
Moe, D. W. Bliss, Surg. U. S. V., John
Atkinson, Col. Graham, M. H. Fitch, A.
M. Wood, Wm. B. Sipes, L. D. Camp
bell, J. Patrick, Henry Starr, Wm. D.
Oscar F. Moore, Levi A. Harris, Geo.
Gray, W. H. Ent, John II. Linton, Jas.
George, John Hancock, John H. Ward,
W. B. McCreery, II. M. Bulkley, C. D.
Pennifcaker, Jos. C. McKibben, John F.
Phillips, Miles K. Green, John M. Glo
ver, Jonn E. Phelps, M. Flesh, Colonel
Byrne, Geo. A. Wood, P. B. Fouke, E.
McCurdy, J. M. Connell.
Lieut. Cols. J. G. Lane, Walter Bar
rett, J. R. O'Beirne, Farnham Lyon, J.
L. Trainor, Jas. Ketner, Hugh Camer
on, Wm. IL Ross.
Majors H. J. Sleeper, W. Jones, J. II.
Steiger, Saml. - Montgomery, Henry
Weil, R. H. Newton, H. Tompkins, Au
gustus Ward, O. E. Davis, W. Tomp
kins, B. F, Dale, Wm. Lusk, L. Pritch
ard, M. A, Talby, Frank J. Porter, E.
A. Clark, Saml. Smith, S. M. Curran, J.
Ely, J, C, Green. '
Also signed by, 23 Captains and 5
Lientenants, , . " i
Washington, D. C. August 22. 1865.
i Governor Wm. W. Holden, Kulcigh, N, C. :
lntormation comes to me that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to office, and in the recommen
dations for appointments, the true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such rcpreeentations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of t he extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance of
encouraging and strengthening to the fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in theirallegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should he made available
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.
RALEion, N. C, August 26, 1865.
To the President :
Sir : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in n-commending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion; on the con
trary, I have heen very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless iu many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations ;
but, upon th whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
Washington. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in theii allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately and carefully in the work of res
toration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
I know there are malcontents, radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes; butnoneof these things move
me in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in me, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble State, I
am, sir, &c, W. W. 1IOLDEX,
From the Hillsborough Recorder.
IIn.i.siKRoiTGn, October 18, 18G5.
lion. WiVuim A. Graham Dear Sir :
We intend to vote for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr., for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligible. Yet Gpii
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Conven
tion. No other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors? How does it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or an3' other debt. If, however, the people
of North-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or any other debt, they will do it, and whose
business is it but theirs?
We ask your opinion only as to the eligi
bility of Mr. Turner.
Thomas H. Hugiiks, M. W. MoonE,
Dasiei, It. Hog an, John Miller,
Levin CAUMicnAEL, Benton Ray,
Joseph W. McKee, J. C. Hogan,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wish to vote for the
Hon. Josioh Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this Districtand ask
ing mv opinion as to his eligibility, the
doubt arising from his not having yet re-1
ceived the pardon of the President, has been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the sole judge
of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endea vored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure to consider the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from a high official in
Virginia stating that " a special appeal had
been made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. GRAHAM.
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. m. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21, 1865.
To the President :
Sir : I have decided that as persons who
belong to the excluded classes cannot vote,
so they cannot sit in convention unless they
exhibit theirpardons. Ex-Governor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds that unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view. Am I right
or wrong k The letter to Ex-Governor Gra
ham, to which be replies, taking this view,
does not show a good spirit. ! -
The election here is progressing quietly.
A large vote will be polled in the State. . I
will telegraph you as the returns comein. - - ,
; : ' " W.W. HOLDEN,
. ' '' " , Provisional Governor.
Washington, D. C, September 21, 1865.
Governor W. W. Holden, Raleigh N. C:
Your decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot vote for members,
or sit in convention as members, without first
being pardoned on taking the amnesty oath.
If the party comes within any one of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a member. All those
who are aspirants to seats in the convention,
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C. Oetdier 17, 1865.
nis Excellency the President of tlve United
Sir: Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a 1-irge majority. Is it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever ? Please answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, D. C, October 18, 1865.
W.W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
N. C. :
Evcrv dollar of the debt crea-ted to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people "should not be taxed fo
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
wliich they in fact, if left "to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law. constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
by the people of any State professing them
selves loyal to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I repeat that the
loyal people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of everything that partakes in the slightest
degree of the rebellion, which has been so
recently crushed by the strong arm of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed bv the Constitution of the Union.
President of the United States
Department of State,
Washington, ybtember 21, 1865.
Sir: The President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States abolishing slavery.
He relies upon you to exercise all your
functions hereafter with the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyalty and devo
tion to the Union that have marked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are fully appreciated, and
that they will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, vour obedient servant,
WILLIAM II. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of ' 2T. C. Raleigh.
Washington, D. C, Novemlier 27, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
be sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have irreatly damaged the prospects
of the State in the restoration of its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State has alreadv placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
Prisid-ent of the United States.
Department of State,
Washington, December 28, 1S65.
Sir: The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conduct of the proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace and safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, you
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in yon as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, you will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
vour custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day on which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to be -
your exeellencv's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of N. C.
Raleigh, N. C, December 28, 1865.
Sir: Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisional gevernor of North Caro
lina, has been received. It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors of the office. I will at once transfer the
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in me
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the hope that his plan for res
toring the insurgent States to their nat
ural and appropriate place in the Union
may he crowned with entire success, -
I have the honor to be, :
' With high respect, vour obedient servant."
W. W. HOLDEN.
Hon. W. H. Sewabd, Secretary of Statu
The Stamp Act.
ONS OF THE TAX, LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 eta.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of '
patent right, 5 cte.
Bunk Checks, Drafts or Orders, &c, at
sight, or on demand, . a cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated except bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $ 100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reign ports,10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed SoOO, 50 cte.
Exceeding $300 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person tortbe pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon Is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iivthis schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ol deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bauk, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock iu an incorporated company, 25 cte.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of laud sold for taxet-, 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a snm not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding (illy dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one moiisunu, or iractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on file, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
orou demand, 2 cts.
Contract Sec Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which docs not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Forevery additional five bundreddollars,
or fractional part thereof, iu excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding oue
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in vatue,50 cte.
Exceeding five hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 23 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, ' $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For every additional $2,000 or Iractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) -Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the j-ayment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 cts.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding live hundred aiid not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or traet tonal part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by wiiich any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by a court
not ol record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax tor a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
W 'jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
arrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, , 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lauds or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, -50 cts.
Exceeding 800 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 300 dollars, 50 cte.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, live cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, If for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cte.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 cte-
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
dollars, 50 cte.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, iu ex-
.. cess of 500, 50 cte.
Pawner's Checks, ' 5 cts.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than
35 dollars, - . , 50 cte.
Costing more than 85, and not exceeding
50, ..j . . , : 1 00
For every additional "fifty or fractional
part thereof, In excess of 50 dollars, . r 1 00
' GENERAL BUM IRKS.
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stumps cannot be used in payment ol
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp tbereon. - Ii he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used; and if used after the
30th of July, ISM, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upou the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits arc commenced in many 8tates by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other office duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of live
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount ol
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time of
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
6 tumps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp oi
stamps denoting the dut3' required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required ou such "papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Scale of Cepreciat
The following Act, in relation to the scaling oi
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws anr
ordinances are in loree, aud lor other purposes,
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 18tt5,
it is made the duty of the Geueral Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under sea! or not, made after the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of Alay,
ISoo, aud unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that thev
were solvable in money of the said currency, f'
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,
lie it enacted by the General Assembly of the State
of Nvrth- Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
lulhority of Vie same. That the following scale ol
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure ot value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1804, from the 1st day of November,
loCl, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit:
Scale of ilrpreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar lieiug the itnt and measure of value,
from November 1st, 1801, to May 1st, 1805 :
Moxnis. 1S01. 1802. 1863. 1864. 1865.
Januarv, $1 20 $3 00 $21 00 $50 00
February, 1 30 3 00 21 00 50 00
March, ....1 50 4 00 23 00 60 00
April. .... 1 50 5 00 20 00 100 00
May, 1 50 5 50 19 00
June, 1 50 6 50 18 00 ....
July, .... 1 50 9 00 21 00
August, .... 1 50 14 00 23 00 .;.
September, 2 00 14 00 25 00
October, 2 00 14 00 26 00
iNovenioer, SI IU 55 oO lo ou SO W ....
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00 ....
December 1st to 10th inclusive, 35 00
10th to 20th, 42 00
" 1st to 31st, 49 00
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators,
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and cextuyxque trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising from the
depreciation of Confederate currency, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war ; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
Ik it further enacted. That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience: Provided, however, That no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding in the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
Clerk of Senate.
Judges of the Supreme Court,
The Judges of the Supreme Court of the
United States are as follows :
Mr. Chief Justice Chase, of Ohio.
Mr. Justice Wayne, Georgia.
Air. Justice Nelson, New York.
Mr. Justice Grier, Pennsylvania.
Mr. Justice Clifford, Maine.
Mr. Justice Swayne, Ohio.
Mr. Justice Miller, Iowa.
Mr. Justice Davis, Illinois.
Mr. Justice Field, California.
Mr. Justice Stansbury, Ohio.
Reporter, John W. W allace, Ohio.
Marshal, D. S. Gooding.
Clerk. D. W. Middleton.
The Judge of t he District Court of North
Carolina is G. W. Brooks. District Attorney,
D. II. Starlmck. Marshal, Daniel R Goodloe.
A R D .
"BECAUSE OF AFFL CTION AND AGE,
which renders me incapable of continuing busi
ness, I now retire from t.ie Book trade, leaving
my entire stock and interest in the hands of
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, except the publication
of the " N. C. Almanac," which I trust will be
received with the same favor as heretofore.
In retiring, I return my sincere thanks for the
very liberal patronage which the public has
chosen to bestow upon me during the last half
century the length of time which I have been
engaged in this State and cheerfully recommend
to inv old friends and patrons, my successors,
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, by whom, I am sure
they will be satisfactorily accommodated.
Mr. H. D. Coley, so well known to the Book
trade and to the public, and so long engaged in
business with me, will be retained as an assistant
in the business of Messrs. Branson & Farrar. He
invites his old friends to call upon him.
HENRY D. TURNER.
BRANSON & JFARRAR HAVE CONSUM
MATED arrangements to take charge of the en
tire stock of Books owned by Mr. H. D. Turner,
consisting xf valuable English and . American
Law Books, and a great variety of Miscellaneous
stock. They will inimediate.y succeed to the old
stand on the corner near the State Hoase, occu
pied for thirty-three years past by Mr. Turner,
and known- as the North-Caroliua Book 8tore.
This is by far the oldest and most popular book
stand in the City. Mr. Coley, so long Mr. Tur
ner's representative, will stUl be found at the
old stand. June 14 tl
Railroads, Steamboats, &e . v
Raleigh & Gaston Rafei ;
THB0UGH FBUIGHT tfABIFF, ;
NORTH AND SOUTH, BY THE UK USE KOFIE.'
WE ARE NOW PREPARED TO SHIP ALL
kinds of freight through to New York, "
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore, ou through
bills of lading giving through receipts, at the ' I .
lowest rates. - ' - ... i
This ia the I4ae for Shippers.' '
Your goods will be handled only once j through "
connections close ; no delay ; time and expense
less than by any other route. Insurance trifling,'
compared with other routes. We take goods io-T
and from Columbia, 8. C, and all intermediate""
stations, with more promptness and dispatch than , ,
any Express Company, at about One fourth the4
cost. . ..
TAKE IfOTICE!-' 5
Persons shipping goods 8outh will ship through '.' .
the following Agents, and by" the following ." "
Steamship Companies, and mo other: ..
From New York, by the Atlantic Coast Mall ...
.. Steamship Company. Livingston, Fox A Co.,
Agents, No. S8, Liberty Street, or Pier 88, North
River, N. Y. , .. - -.-.i .
From Baltimore, by Baltimore Steam-Packet 1
Company. L. B. Parks, Agent, foot ol Umbo: :
Dock, and by Brandt's line of Steamers. . '-. ..
From Philadelphia, by the Philadelphia.: aa4 ;
Norfolk Steamship Company. - W. B. Clyde ;. ...
Co., Agents, No. 14, North Delaware Avenus,' .. i
Philadelphia. . . .......
From Boston, by the Boston and Norfolk Btoaav-
ship Company. E. Sampson 6t Co , Agents,
end of Central Wharf, Boston. ... - .,
Consign your goods to Railroad Agent, Ports!': t ,.
month, Virginia, and City Point. .
Goods coming - by the way of City Point and .
Petersburg must be so marked.
C. B. ALLEN,
Freight Agent R. dtO.Ji.Jt. Co.
Aug. 15, 1866. 64 lm.
TO AND FROM THE NORTlT I :
THROUGH FREIGHT AIR LINE, -
VIA xVORTH-CABOLLYA RAIL' R01D .
And its Connecting Liues. .- 1
BY THROUGH FREIGHT ARRANGEMENTS .
through receipts are given from Charlotte and
all points on the North-Carolina Railboad to
New-York, Boston, Philadelphia Bal-
timore, Portsmouth, Norfolk, Peters
buig, and City Point, 1- '
at exceedingly low rates.
Lower, with more dispatch, and with less In- .'.
surance than any other Line. -
See Agents, and ship your goods by the fol
lowing lines and no other, care of Railroad agent, : -"
Portsmouth, Vs., or City Point.
From New York Atlantic Coast Mail Steam
ship Company, LIVINGSTON, FOX & Co., '
Agents ; Office No. 88, Liberty street, Shipping- '
Point, Pier No. 30, North River, N. Y. y. -
From Boston Boston and Norfolk Steamship
r"""i'v. A. SAMPSON, Agent, end of Central.
From Philadelphia Philadelphia and Norfolk -Steamship
Company, W. P. CLYDE & CO., f
Agents., No. 14, North Delaware Avenue, Phila
delphia. From Baltimore Baltimore Steam Packet Co.
Old Bay Line,) L. B. PARKS, Agent,; fot of . .
Union Dock,-and by Brandt's Line. ;
This Line gives more Despatch than .
any Express Company, and at aboot - v
Eng. & Sot't.
Aug. 11, 1866.
North-CarollHa Railroad tpmy, -
Engineer & Supebintendest's Ofticb,
Company Shops, June 7th, 1866.
Change of Time. -
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, 1866, TRAINS
will run as luiiows;'-
A rrom mud alloa.
, 12.00 P. M.
. 4.50 A. M.
V 8.27 - .
1.00 P. M.
9.00 P. M
Leave Goldsboro',.... 12.80 P: M..
" Raleigh, 8.45
" HUlsboro, 5.28
" Greensboro,... 7.40
" Salisbury, f 10.10 ....
Arrive Charlotte 12.35 A.M...
GOING EAST. :. '
Mail Train. Freight and . . . ,
Leave Charlotte 11.15 P. M... 4.80 A. M. .
" Salisbury, 1.26 A.M.. 8.55
" Greensboro,... 4.10. " 1.10 P.M.
" HUlsboro, 6.81 : " 6.25 "
Raleigh, 8.80 9.45 " '
Arrive Goldsboro',.... 11.30 2.15 A. M. -
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
& Gaston Trains lor the North. At Goldsboro' - ;
with Wilmington and Weldon, and 'Atlantic & J,
North-Carolina Trains. -
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex-
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington & Weldon"
trains. . - :,
There is no Sunday Train going North from . - '
Weldon to Portsmouth; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can. go immediately through -
via Petersburg and Richmond. .. . . ,
E. WILKES, .
June 9 S6tf Eng. & Sup't. ,:
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP- COMPACT'S -
THROUGH I.INE TO CAiLlTOltNlA
TOUCHING AT itKXTCATf POKTB, : . Vr ..
And Carrying the United States Mail
THROUGH" IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS;': 'V
Steamships on the .
Connecting on the . 'Pa .
cific Kith the ;. :
GOLDEN CITY, , ..
. &c, ftc., &c.
One of the above Large ; and Splendid:.'
Steamships will leave Pier No. 42, North- .--River,
foot of Canal Street, t 12 o'clock noon,'-.'. i
on the 1st, 11th and 21st of every .month,
(except when those .dates fall on 8iuiGly, and '
then on the preceding Saturday,) for ' Aspin wall, .
connecting, via Panama Rallwny.Vftli one of the . t.--Company's
Steamships' from Panama for San "1
Francisco, touching-. at. Acapulce.-;wr-: :v'. . ,.
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Pr'nama
with Steamers for South -Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
Matizanillo. ; : . . .-. ..
A discount of one quarter from steamers' rate
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers- --
with families. Also, an allowsnce Of one.qusrter
ou through rates to clergymen tnd their families, :
ana scnool-teacners. eoiaiers MTing aonorwm
dischargee, half-fare.' '- -" ' '
One hundred pounds eaggage allowed to each
adult. Baggage-masters accompany the baggage
throntrh. and attend to ladies and children witb-
out male protectors. Bpjsw;avu jm j-. $ .
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats. -railroads,
sod passengerr who prefer-, to ; send---dowi.
early. , -'w. ; - . ; '.-...i-j
An experienced- Snrgoon on hoard. Medicine . m j
and attendance free. - -: . r . :
.. For Passage Tickets,; or further Information-; .
apply at the Company's Ticket offlev on the - ''
Wharf, foot of Canal Street. North River, N V-- i
' V a K. HOLMAN, Agent. -
July 7, 1866. v , ... ivZ&n.
RANDY ! v BRANDY BRANDY I
It' CASES PURE TRENCH BRANDT,
, wj gauons Bomnaropton prauav.- , , . , ,
t.-'. :.. . .. :-;. ' . - v..
....-..r . i V:.