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. "MBEHTY AND UNION, NOW. AND FOREVER, ONE AND INSEl?AItA13tE.'-.Daiiiel Webster. - r ' V '.
VOL. I. RALEIGH, N. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1866. ' ' - 0. 71;';
- i " - " i ., ,1
t i I : : . - : rmTm
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W W. HOLDEN. J. W. HOLDEN.
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Raleigh, June 29, 1868. iJXf. ,.. .e
Petroleum iu North-Carolina.
TVe publish, as a matter of interest
the following letter from W. C. Kerr,
A. M., State Geologist, late Professor
of Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology
at Davidson College.
Messrs. A. G. Brenizer, E. P. Jones
and others of " The JVbrth- Carolina
Petroleum and Mining Company,"
Greensboro, Nl C. :
Sirs : In your letter asking my
opinion of the prospects and probabil
ities of Petroleum operations in North
Carolina, you state that your procedure
will be much influenced by my answer
to your inquiries. Let me say in the
beginning therefore that there is yet
too much doubt and uncertainty envel
oping the geological theory of that sul
ject, to make itprudent to base an opera
tion upon any soieutific opinion, which in
the present state of our knowledge of
the matter, can claim to be little more
than conjecture. The whole subject is
so new and the facts have accumulated
so rapidly and cover so wide a field,
and so many points remain still in ob
scurity, that it would be unsafe to ven
ture a prediction that oil will or will not
be found in any given locality.
The only satisfactory method of set
tling the question of its presence is to
make an experiment by boring. And
this is no very difficult or costly afhur ;
to such a degree of simplicity and per
fection has the manufacture of the im
plements for the purpose been brought
and so much skill has been acquired
in the use of them. And I was glad to
find on visiting last week the ground
where your machinery has been erected
and the preparations nearly completed
for sinking the first well, that a compa
ny of citizens of Xorth-Carolina have
the enterprise and public spirit to make
this exploration, which must inure to
the common benefit as well as that of
the immediate members of the company.
For yon will decide satisfactorily and
finally, and in the only way in which it
can be decided, the question of the ex
istence of petroleum in available quan
tity in Xorth-Carolina.
- And whether you succeed in finding
oil or not, your experiment, besides its
general scientific interest and the light
which it must throw upon several vexed
questions, will probably bring to view
new resburces of coal and iron and im
probably also of lime, salt and gypsum,
whose presence in association with the
coal, there are good reasons for suspec
In reference to the question of the
probability of your finding oil, it is
proper to state, as I shall do briefly and
frankly, in answer to your inquiries,
what 1 consider the fixed and ascertained
facts and principles bearing on that
point, omitting whatever is merely con
Petroleum or mineral oil is of organic
orisrin, beinsc derived from the accumu
lations of the remains of vegetables and
(chiefly of) animals of former ages,
which lie buried deep in the rocks. Oil
mav be expected therefore only where
these fossils abound. It is seldon found
(if at all) in the rocks where it origina
ted, but at a higher level. It is found
chiefly in sandstone which is never the
source of its production It does not
occnr in metamorphic or altered (so call
ed primary) rocks.
lhe rocks of A orth-Uarolma, except
the Deep and Dan River coal measures
(anclthe marl region of the coast) are
of this description and contain no fos
sils ; so that you have selected the only
localities in the State where there is any
probability of success ; because there
only the rocks are not metamorphic and
there sandstones abound, and since
these coal formations are of no great
thickness and the oil lies above the hori
zon of its production, you may expect
to findnt, if at all, at no great depth be
low the surface.
It is important in fixing the location
of your wells in a coal region to seek
indications of bituminous coal, the pres
ence ot anthracite denoting a degree of
metamorphistn (or altyration of the con
stitution of the rocks) which implies
the absence of petroleum ; and the chan
ces of success will be further increased
if you select a point towards which the
rocks incline upwards from opposite di
rections, an anticlinal axis, in geological
Believing that you have the energy i
and perseverance to carry through your j
laudable undertaking and hoping that ;
it may result profitably to yourselves, j
in the complete realization of your hopes, ,
and to the State by the development ot"
her stores of hidden wealth, let me as-
sure you that no one will rejoice more
sincerely in your success than myself.
W. C. KERR,
State Geologist, X. C.
August, 22, I860.
There is a natural curiosity in Georgia
known as the "Blowing Cave." It is
situated on the plantation ot CoL Da
vid Barrow, Decatur County, Ga., twenty-seven
miles from Thbmasville, the
terminug"bf the Savanah and Gulf Rail
road. The cave is at the bottom of a
small, natural basin, (whose diameter
will not at any point exceed thirty ftet,)
in a perfectly smooth plain, and surroun
ded with a dense copse of wood. From
the mouth of this cave issue strong cur
rents of air, with a continuons roar that
is heard seventy yards off. At&rtain
hours of the day a hat or veiJL or other
light objects thrown at it, are blown six
or seven feet into the air ; and at .other
hours of the dav. with a suction relative
ly great, the mouth of the cave draws
in any such article placed near it-
: m m
Mr. Botts' Work. John Minor Botts
has in pres3 a - volume entitled " The Great
Rebellion ; Its Secret History, Rise. Prorres j
and Disastrous Failure. The Political 15& of
the Author Vindicated," . '
Washington, D. C, August 22, 1865.
Governor Wm. W. Holden, Raleigh, N. C. ':
Information comes to me that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to omce, ana in tue recommen
dations for appointments, the true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such repreeentations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of the extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance of
encouraging and strengthening to the fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in their allegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should be made avaliable
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C, August 26, 1865.
To toe President :
. Srn : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in recommending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion; on the con
trary, I have been very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless in many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations ;
but, upon thfi whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
Washington. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in thou allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately and carefully in the work of res
toration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
I know there arc malcontents, radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes; but none of these things move
me in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in me, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble State, I
am, sir, &c, W. W. HOLDEN",
From the Hillsborough Recorder.
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
lion. William, A. Graham Dear Sir:
We intend to vote for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr.. for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligible. Yet Gen
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Convea
tion. Xo other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors ? How does it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or any other debt. If, however, the people
of Xorth-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or any other debt, they will do it, and whose
business is it but theirs?
We ask your opinion only as to the eligi- I
bihty ot Mr. Turner.
Thomas IT. IIcGnES, M. W. Moore,
Daxiel R. Hogan, Jonx Miller,
Levin Carmichael, Benton Rat,
Josei'ii W. McKee, J. C. Hog an,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wish to vote for the
Hon. Josioh Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this District, and ask-
iug my opinion as to his eligibility, the
doub arising from his not having yet re
ceived the pardon of the President, ha3 been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the sole judge
-of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endeavored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure to consider the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from a high official in
Virginia stating that "a special appeal had
been made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, .C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. GRAHAM,
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. m. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21, 1865.
To the President :
Sir : I have decided that as persons who
3elong to the excluded classes cannot vote,
o they cannot sit in convention unless they
3xhibit theirpardons. Ex-Governor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds that unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view. Am I right
or wrong ? The letter to Ex-Governor G ra
il am, to which he replies, taking this view,
does not show a good spirit.
The election here is progressing quietly."
A large vote will be polled in the State. I
will telegraph yon as the return come in.
' . . .; W, W. HOLDEN,''
' ' " . Provisional Governor?
Washington, D. G., September 21, 1865.
Governor W. W. Holden, Raleigh JV. C.. :
' Your-decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot Tote for members,
or sit in convention as members, without first
being pardoned on taking the amnesty oath.
If the party comes within anyone of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a member. All those
who are aspirants to seats in the convention,
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C. Octolter 17, 1865.
His Excellency the President of tlte United
Sir: Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a large majority. Is it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever ? Please answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, D. 0., October 18, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Every dollar of the debt created to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people "should not be taxed to
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
which they in fact, if left to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law, constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
by the people of any State professing them
selves loyal to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I repeat that the
loyal people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of everything that partakes in the slightest
degree of the rebellion, which has been so
recently crushed by the strong arm of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed by the Constitution of the Union.
President of the United States
Department of State,
"Washington, 2fbtemler 21, 1865.
Sir: Thc President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment ot the uonsucuuon oi iu iimeu
States abolishing slavery.
He re'.ies unon vou to exercise all your
functions hereafter with the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyalty and devo
tion to the Union that havemarked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are fully appreciated, and
that the- will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, vour obedient servant,
WILLIAM II. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,.
Provisional Governor of 2T. C. Raleigh.
Washington, D. C, Novetnber 27, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
be sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have erreatly damaged the prospects
of the State inthe restoration of its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State has already placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
Prisident of the United States.
Department of State,
Washington, Decemlicr 28, 18G5.
Sir : The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conduct of the proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace and safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, yon
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in you as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, you will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
your custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day on which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to be
your excellency's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of jV. C.
RALEiGn, N. C, December 28, 1865.
Sra: Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisional gevernor of North Caro
lina, has been received. It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors of the office. I will at once transfer the
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in me
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the. hope that his plan for res
toring the insurgent States to their nat
ural and appropriate place in the Union
may be crowned with entire success,
I have the honor to be, - " ' ; .
With high respect, vour obedient servant.
. : W. W.VHOLDEN. v
Hon.: W. H. Seward, Secretary of State.
The Stamp Act.
ONK OF THE TAX LAWS OF THB UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or leal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
3amc is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, &c., at
Bight, or 011 demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
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intended to be, and which shall be,
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sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
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Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
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On receipt of goods on any f.ireign ports, 10 cts. 1
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500 . 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
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live hundred dollars fractional part
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Of personal property, other than ship or
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money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
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one thousand dollars for every addi
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al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
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mortgage. Of any description, other
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ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iu this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit in bank, sum not
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Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
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Of search of records, - 5 cts.
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any foreign port, costing not more than
- 85 dollars, SO-cta
Costing more than 85, and not exeeding : .-
For 'every additional fifty or fraeiioaat
part thereof; in excess of 50 dollars k 90
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
npon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. If he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
30th of "July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other officci duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed-or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at any time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate ou interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or cither of them. In such a
cose a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp a(iied should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Scale of Depreciation
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
XVueiieas, By au ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws anr
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes,
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of" depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the, depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that thev
were solvable in money of the' said currency'
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract ; therefore,
He. it ciincted by Vie (jcneral Asxenibly of the State
of Sorth-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
tutiority of the same. That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is hcreb3' adopted
and established as the measure of value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of tiie month of
December, 18t"4, from the 1st day of November,
ld61, to the lot day of May, 1805, to-wit :
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure of value,
from Xovember 1st, IStil, to May 1st, 1865 :
Months. 1S61, 1862. 1863. 1864. 1865.
January $1 20 $3 00 $21 00 $50 00
February, 1 30 3 00 21 00 50 00
March, 1 50 4 00 23 00 60 00
April, 1 50 5 00 20 00 100 00
May, .... 1 50 5 50 19 00
June, 1 50 6 50 18 00
July, 1 50 9 00 . 21 00 ....
August, 1 50 1 1 00 23 00
September, 2 00 14 00 25 00
October, 200 14 00 200
November, $1 10 3 50 15 00 30 00
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00
December 1st to 10th inclusive, 35 00
" 10th to 20th, 42 00
" 1st to 81st, 49 00
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators.
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and cestuysqxie trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising from the
depreciation of Confederate currency, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out ot the late war: and that lawsuits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
lie it further enacted, That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
cose shall be committed to the determination of
one of the J udges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the 6ame, according to equity
and good conscience : Provided, however, That no
part ot tins section snail be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding in the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
Clerk of Senate.
Judges of the Supreme Court,
The Judges of the Supreme Court of the
United States are as follows :
Mr. Chief Justice Chase, of Ohio.
Mr. Justice Wayne, Georgia.
"Mr. Justice Nelson, New York.
Mr. Justice Grier, Pennsylvania.
Mr. Justice Clifford, Maine.
Mr. Justice Swayne, Ohio.
Mr. Justice Miller, Iowa.
Mr. Justice Davis, Illinois.
Mr. Justice Field, California.
Mr. Justice Stansbury, Ohio.
Reporter, John W. Wallace, Ohio.
Marshal, D. S. Gooding.
Clerk, D. W. Middleton.
The Judge of the District Court of North
Carolina is G. W. Brooks. District Attorney,
D. H. Starbuck. Marshal, Daniel R. Goodloe.
BECAUSE OF AFFL CTION AND AGE,
which renders me incapable of continuing busi
ness, I now retire from the Book trade, leaving
my entire stock and interest in the hands of
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, except the pnblication
of the " N. C. Almanac," which I trust will be
received with the same favor as heretofore.
In retiring, I return my sincere thanks for the
very liberal patronage which the public has
chosen to bestow upon me during the last half
century the length of time which I bave been
engaged in this State and cheerfully recommend
to mv old friends and patrons, my successors,
Messrs. Branson & Farrar, by whom, I am sure
they will be satisfactorily accommodated.
Mr. H. D. Coley, so well known to the Book
trade and to the public, and so long engaged in
business with me. will be retained as an assistant
in the business of Messrs. Branson & Farrar. He
invites his old friends to call upon him.
HENRY D. TURNER.
BRANSON & FARRAR HAVE CONSUM
MATED arrangements to take charsrc of the en
tire stock of Books owned by Mr. H. D. Turner,
consisting of valuable "English and American
Law Books, and a great variety of Miscellaneous
stock. They will Immediately succeed to the old
Btand on the corner near the State House, occu
pied for thirty-three years past by Mr. Turner,
and known as the North-Carolina Book Store,
This la by far the oldest and moet- popular book
stand in the City. Mr. Coley, bo long Mr. Tur
ner's representative, will Btu be found at the
old Btand, - June 14 tt
Railroads, Steamboats, &c
Raleigh & Gaston Railroad. v.
THROUGH FEEIGHT TAEITT, '
NORTH AND SOUTH, BY THE AIR LINE ROUTE.
WE ARE NOW PREPARED TO SHTP ALL
kinds of freight through to - New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore, on through
bills of lading giving through receipts, at the
Xowest rates. ' . .. ,t ,
This is the Line for Shippers.
Your goods will be handled only once ; through
connections close; no delay; time and expense ;
less than by any other route. Insurance trifling,
compared with other routes. We take goods to.
and from Columbia, S. C, and all intermediate
stations, with more promptness and dispatch than
any Express Company, at. about one fourth the
cost. . :. . : . . ' -
TAKE KOTICE! : . v''
Persons shipping goods South will ship through
the following Agents, and by the following
Steamship Companies, and ifo othub; - -- -From
New York, by the Atlantic Coast Mall
Steamship Company. Livingston, Fox & Co.,
Agents, No. 88, Liberty Street, or Pier 86, Nprta
River, N. Y.
From Baltimore, by Baltimore Steam-Packet .
Company. L. B. Parks, Agent, foot of Union
Dock, and by Brandt's. line of Steamers. --.'.
From Philadelphia, by the Philadelphia and '
Norfolk Steamship Company. W. B. Clyde So
Co., Agents, No. 14, North Delaware Avenue,
Philadelphia. .. . 4
From Boston, by the Boston and Norfolk Steam
ship Company. E. Sampson & Co , Agents,
end of Central Wharf, Boston.
Consign your goods to Railroad Agent, Ports
mouth, Virginia, and City Point.
Goods coming by the way of City Point and
Petersburg must be so marked.
C. B. ALLEN,
Freight Agent R. & G. R. R. Co.
Aug. 15, 1866. 64 1m.
TO AND FROM THE NORTH I
THROUGH FREIGHT AIR LINE, . ' - .
VIA NORTH-CAROLINA RAIL ROAD .
And its Connecting Liues.
BY THROUGH FREIGHT ARRANGEMENTS,
through receipts arc given from Charlotte and.
all points on the North-Carolina. Railroad to
New-York, Boston, Philadelphia, Bal
timore, Portsmouth, Norfolk, Peters- ' -burg,
and City Point, .
at exceedingly low rates.
Lower, with more dispatch, and with less in
surance than any other Line.
See Agents, and ship your goods by the fol
lowing lines and no other, care of Railroad agent,
Portsmouth, Va., or City Point.
From New York Atlantic Coast Mail Steam--' "
ship Compauy, LIVINGSTON, FOX & Co.,
Agents ; Office No. 88, Liberty street, Shipping
Point, Pier No. 36, North River, N. Y.
From Boston Boston and Norfolk Steamship
Company, A. SAMPSON, Agent, end of Central
From Philadelphia Philadelphia and Norfolk
Steamship Company, W. P. CLYDE & CO.,
Agents., No. 14, North Delaware Avenue, Phila
delphia. From Baltimore Baltimore Steam Packet Co.
(Old Bay Line,) L. B. PARKS, Agent, foot of
Union Dock, and by Brandt's Line.
tf This Line gives more Despatch than . .
any Express Company, and at about
one-fourth the Cost.
Eng. & Sdv't.
Aug. 11, 18C6. 62 Im ?
North-Carolina Railroad Company,
Engineer & Superintendent's Office,
Company Shops, June 7th, 1868.
Change of Time..
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, 1866, TRAINS
will run as follows: .
Leave Goldsboro' 12. SO P.M... 12.00 P. M.
" Raleigh, 8.45 4.50 A. M.'
" Hillsboro, 5.28 8.27- "
" Greensboro,... 7.40 LOO P. M.
" Salisbury, 10.10 6.80 "
Arrive Charlotte ." 12.35 A.M... 8.00.P. M.
GOING EAST. " ' 7
Mail Train. Freight and-
11.15 P. M... 4.30 A. M.
1.26 A.M.. 8.55 " '
4.10 L10P.M. "
6.31 5.25 "
8.80 " 9.45 " ,
11.20 " 2.15 A. M.
" Greensboro, .
" Hillsboro, . . . .
Arrive Goldsboro', .
Mail Train connects at Raleierh with Raleigh
& Gaston Trains for the North. At Goldsboro' .
with Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic &
North-Carolina Trains. "" '
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex-
cepfed,) connecting with Wilmington & Weldon ''
trains. ' " "
There is no Sunday Train going North from .
Weldon to Portsmouth; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can go immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
E. WILKES, ;
june 9 S6tf Eng. & Sup't,
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPAJTIfS '
THROUGH IilPTE TO CALIFORNIA, ,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN POBTB, ,.' -
And Carrying the United States ; Hail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
Steamships on tho
Connecting on the Pa
cific tcith the, :
COLORADO. ' "
MONTANA, . ?
One of the above Large and Splendid
Steamships will leave Pier No. 42, North- "
River, foot of Canal Street, at. 12 o'clock, noon,
on the 1st, 11th and 21st of every month, .
(except when those dates fall on Sunday, and '
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
connecting, via Panama Railway, with one of the
Company's Steamships from Panama for San '
Francisco, touching at Acapulco.
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Panama
with Steamers for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. - Those of the 1st touch at
Manzanillo. " ' ? "' ' - -
A discount of one quarter from steamers' rates ;
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of odo quarter .'
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable -
discbarc.es, half-fare. .- -
One hundred pounds baggage allowed to each .
adult. Bageage-masters accompany the baggage
throuffb, and attend to ladies and children wjth-v.
out male protectors. Baergage received on . the
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, and passengers who prefer to end r
dowu early. " - - ."
An experienced Surgeon on hoard. " Medicine
and attendance free. . . .- -
For Passage Tickets, or further Information,
apply at the Company's Tleket office, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal 8treet, North River, N.' Y.
S. K. HOLM AN, Agent
July 7,1866. ' ' 47 Sm.
HWe keep constantly on hand Iron Cauldrons,
75, 120, and 200 gallons. " ...
- MITCHELL & ALLEN,
nov 14 tf 8 -Newbern, C, ,
-s . ;
v . ;
- i St ' '.
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