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LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVEE, ONE AND INSEPAKABLE." Daniel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1866.
W. W. HOLDEN. J. W. HOLDEN.
"W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
EDITORS OP THE STANDARD,
J.nd authorised publishers of tlie Lam of the United
BATES OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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To those who get up clubs of five or more sub
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plratiou of the subscription.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Ten lines or one inch space to constitute a
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Each subsequent insertion, 50
Liberal deduction made, by special eontract, to
Court advertisements will be charged 25 per
cent, higher than the regular rates.
Special Notices charged 50 per cent higher
than ordinary advertisements.
For advertisements inserted irregularly, 25 per
cent higher than usual rates will be charged.
JZo paper in the South has advertising fatuities
superior to the Standard.
Letters must be addressed to
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
Raleigh, N. C.
ONLY AT T1IK
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WE HAVE JUST HAT) PRINTED VARIOUS
Blank forms fur eases-hit Ik; Superior courts as fol
Ixdictmennt for Larceny,
Bo Misdemeanor Altering Marks
Do do Unlawful Fences.
To lo Fornication ai d Adu.tery
"Do do Assault and ISattery.
"Do 8o Uisorderly House.
T)o lo Unlawful" Retailing.
Do fdo Forcible Entry.
.Uo -tlo Afiray.
yfice of the -above Vlanks $1 per quire.
These, with various otiier Blanks, such as Land
Deeds, Marriage Lioe"ise Bonds, and Indentures,
re gotten up in superior style, with appropri
ate blank endorsements on back, and printed on
Rood paper. They will be sold on reasonable
terras for cash.
Any Blanks, not ok hand, will be printed to or
er at the shortest cetice, at the
OA BOXES MESSINA Lia'CKF. TTTf U
y and in good order. Just received, and
will be sold low to -e.ose consignment.
iQi t ?C - WILLIAMSON & CO.
Raleigh, June 28, aSOC. 15
Question and Answer
To tlie Editors of the Eceniag Post :
The Evening Post continues to press upon
the Republican party the importance of
holding a convention in tlie South ; aid of
sending Republican speakers through the
Does not the Evening Post know that the
life of every such. " invader" would probably
be sacrified S L.
Boston, Aug. 21, 1800.
Tlie Eeening Post knows nothing of the
kind. We are amazed to rind that so sensi
ble a person r.s our correspondent believes
any such nonsense. "We urge that the Re
publican party shall hold as soon as possible
a national convention in some Southern city.
Does our correspondent believe that such a
convention would be molested or unlawfully
interfered with ? We urge that a Repub
lican party shall be organized in every
Southern State, and that the best speakers
from the North should lie sent down to help
lay the Republican doctrine before tlie
Southern people. Does our correspondent
pretend to believe such men would " proba
bly be sacrificed." So long as the Republi
can party of the North gives the cold shoul
der to Southern loyalists, it is probable these
will be treated with bitterness and contempt
hy ex-rebels, who now taunt then with the
desertion of their Republican friends. X.
The Post is right in saying that discussion
should be free, and we believe with it that
free discussion is the only way to break
down the seotionarprejudices of our country,
and our uniform course lias been to publish
the amuments of both sides,and what is the
result ? We have been denounced as a'Radi
cal for so doing from one end of the State to
the other by such papers as the Raleigh Sen
tinel ; and should Republican, speakers come
down among us to addn-ss the people,the mas
ses would not have independence enough to
go to hear them for feav of being denounced
in the same way by these same time servers.
Their aud'miiees would be very small this
is our opinion. XcirU ,-u Times.
Thkee Cheeks axd a Soi-ii Sri.VEii Cup
fok old Wayne. The first bale of cotton
raised in this county, was received in this
pbice yesterday afternoon, by Mr. A. Day,
from the cotton farm uow operated by J. M.
Mill'.Ttt Co. and at oiioe lorwarded to Mes
srs. Andrews fe Birdin. Wilmington, by
Southern Express, free of charge. It weighs
Yesterday morning much of this bale of
cotton was standing in the field, unpicked,
and before this paper i-; served to our own
town readers, it is baled rnd in the ware
house of Messrs. Andrews & Bardin, in Wil-
We understand the above mentioned bale
was made on the farm of Q. W. Collier, lsq.,
of Wavce count v. -rht.-n l"unes.
Diamonds. M. Cham-or.rtois has present
ed an interesting memoir to the French Acad
emy of Sciences on the production of dia
monds in nature. M. Chuneomtois thicks
that diamond-; have re- ihed tioni a;i incom
plete oxidation of carbides of hydrogen, just
as the sulphur ot the Solftara results fro in an
incomplete oxidation of sulphuretted hydro
gen, all of whose hydrogen is converted into
the water, while only a part of the sulphur
ss changed into suSphuroiis acid. It is by a
Mini liar process that ptlro'eumJias given rise
to bitumen, and this :ig.;::i to graphite. "Jf,
tlitfn," said the author, "a mixture of hydro
carbon gases an I vapor of water be submit
ted to slow oxidation, diamonds may possi
bly be obtained."' It is evil possible, he ob
serves, that " tile tube--; which convey com
mon coal gas along tin- streets may contain
such artificial diamonds in abundance.'' Let
us tv.ke another view of the matter. Dia
monds as we have before s.'.id, could readily
be produced if we Lad a solvent of carbon.
Might not tint very iutere.'tiug uud curious
fmid from two solids sulphide of carbon
under galvanic, poivrr dissolve a certain add
itional fpiantity of c.s.rbon.which.on the grad
ual withdrawal of the galvanic action, might
be deposited from the sulphide ina ehrystal
ized or diamond state ? Chemists and electri
cians are welcome to this idea for what it
may be worth. All we ask in return is a good
good thumping big diamond before they be
come as cheap as black diamonds." Buil
der. Resists of the War on tbc Tobacco
Maxcfactotues ofViiigixia. The follow
ing statement shows something of the e fleet
the war had uijonthe tobacco manufacturing
interests in two of the largest manufacturing
towns in the South. In Lynoyhburg. previous
to the war, there were 00 factories in opera
tion ; now there are only 9. In this -city
there were, previous to the war, GS farteries
in operation, andnow there are only 20. Al
though we arc- not prepared to give the exact
result, jet we are certain that the effect has
been in the same, if not a larger proportion,
in other towns of the State. IlieJunond
Matiif.matjcal. Our mathematical cor
respondent has sent ust he following formula,
which may prove useful to those entering in
To find the shortest wav to a female heart
under any given circumstances
lstclass If she is married, but not a moth
er, praise her husband.
If she is married and also a mother, praises
2nd class If she is xinmarried and etgag
ed praise, her lover.
If she is unmarried and disengaged, praise
The Aj-sikk Clovei:. The Alsike clover
seed, recently introduced into this country
through the medimuiiip of the Agricultu
ral Bureau, lias been found to be of very su
perior quality and perfectly adapted to our
soil. Many communications have been re
ceived by Commissioner Newton, uniting in
the belief that this clover is superior to all
othervaricties both for ha'ing and pasturing.
The society of Shakers at Mount Lebanon,
N. Y., have written to the Commissioner at
testing its good quaii! ics, and desire-to ob
tain a considerable quantity.
George Sala, it is said, is so near sighted
that when engaged in writing, he places the
paper on a chair, and kneels down, a.j if
about to perform an act of devotion. Miss
ijiantlon, when similarly engaged, seats her
self on a low chair; puts a quire of paper on
a music book ; holds her ink bottle in her
left hand, and writes away by the hour.
The Beet Sugar Manufacturing Company
at Catswoi th, 111., have six hundred acres of
beets growing this year. Tliey estimate the
crop at ten tons to the acre, which would
yield fully one million nounds of suo-nr. The
machinery of the Company was air-brought I
"lit W U4MUU JT .
A man recently wrote to a shoemaker :
" Cend ine a pair of esq. Toad Shooxe."
Washington, D. C, August 22, 1865.
Governor Wm. W. Holdkn, Raleigh, N. C. :
Information comes to me that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to office, and in the recommen
dations' for appointments, the true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such repreeentations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of the extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance of
encouraging and strengthening to the fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in their allegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should be made avaliable
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C, August 26, 1865.
To toe President :
Sir : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in recommending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion; on the con
trary, I have been very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless in many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations ;
but. upon the whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
AVashington. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in theii allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately nnd carefully in the work ofTes
t oration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
I know there are malcontents, radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes: but none of these things move
rae in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in nie, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble State. I
am, sir. &c, W. W. HOLDEN,
From the Hillsborough Recorder.
lIii.LSBOHocon, October 18, 1805.
Hon. Williit.il A. Graham Dear Sir:
We intend to vote for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr., for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligilA Yet Gen
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Conven
tion. No other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors? How docs it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or any other debt. If, however, the people
of North-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or an' other debt, they will do it, and whose
business is it but theirs?
We ak your opinion only as to the eligi
bility of Mr. Turner.
Thomas II. HfoiiES, M. W. Moons,
Daniel R. IIo;an John Miller,
Levis Carmichael, Benton Ray,
Joseph W. McKee, J. C. Hog ax,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wish to vote for the
Hon. Josioh Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this District, and ask
ing my opinion as to his eligibility, the
doubt arising from his not having yet re
ceived the pardon of the President, has been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the sole judge
of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endeavored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure to consider the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from a high official in
Virginia stating that "a special appeal had
been made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. GRAHAM.
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. m. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21, 1865.
To the President :
Sir: I have decided that as persons who
belong to the excluded classes cannot vote,
so they cannot sit in convention unless tbey
exhibit theirpardons. Ex-Governor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds that unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view. Am I right
or wrong ? The letter to Ex-Governor Gra
ham, to which he replies, taking this view,
does not show a good spirit.
The election here is progressing quietly.
A large vote will be polled in the State. I
will telegraph vou as the returns come in.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, D. C, September 21, 1865.
Governor W. W. Holden, Raleigh 2V. ft. :
Your decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot vote for members,
or sit in convention as members, without first
being pardoned on taking the amnesty oath.
If the party comes within any one of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a member. All those
who are aspirants to seats in the convention,
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C. October 17, 1805.
His Excellency the President of the United
Sir; Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a large majority. Is. it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever ? Please answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington., D. ft, October 18, 18C5.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Every dollar of the debt created to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people should not be taxed to
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
which they in fact, if left to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law, constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
bv the people of any State professing them
selves loyal to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I-repeat that the
loval people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of evervthing that partakes in the slightest
degree "of the rebellion, which has been so
recently crushed by the strong arm of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed by the Constitution of the Union.
Preaidtnt of the United States
Department of State,
Washington, Xoreniber 21, 1S65.
Srn: The President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States abolishing slavery.
He rc'ies upon yon to exercise all your
functions hereafter with the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyalty and devo
tion to the Union that have marked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are tully appreciated, and
that they will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, vour obedient servant,
WILLIAM II. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisioned Governor of jV. ft Raleigh.
Washington, D. ft, Xoreiubcr 27, 1805.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
X. ft: ,
Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
be sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have irrcatly damaged the prospects
of the State in 'the restoration of its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State has already placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
PrisiJcnt of the United States.
Department of State,
Washington, Deeemlxr 28, 1865.
Sir: The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conduct of the proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace ami safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, j-ou
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in you as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, yon will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
vour custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day oa which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to le-
your excellency's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of X. ft
RALEian, N. C, Dcetniber 28, 1865.
Sir: Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisional gevemor of North Caro
lina, has been received. It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors of the offiee. I will at once transfer the
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in me
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the hope that his plan for res
toring the insurgent States to their nat
ural and appropriate place in the Union,
may be crowned with entire success,
I have the honor to be.
With high respect, vour obedient servant.
W. W. HOLDEN.
Hon. W. EL Seward, Secretary of State.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OP THE TAX LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
3anie is written, - 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, &c., at
sight, or on demand, - 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated except bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding ?100, 5 eta.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f reign ports, 10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding SSOOand not exceeding 51,000, 1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal propertyother than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
nioneyr ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bonds, county, eity and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Ofanj' description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged in this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock iu an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxes, 5 cts.
Of birth, innrriuge and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an Incorporated company,
for a sum not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts..
Exceeding lifty "dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding onethousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on tile, 5 cts.
Cheek Dr.sft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding S10,
drawn upon any person or other thau a
bank, banker of trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lauds, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding i50i), and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
For every additional live hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, ill excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 ets.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceedingoue
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding live hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding "live hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return it" for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect "dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 ets.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed 82,000, SI 00
For everv additional $'J,000 or fractional
part t hereof, in excess of SM.OOO, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Beceipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt diie, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any property-.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one" thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of 1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by which any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued byacourt
not of record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax for a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
"Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 Cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition
al 200dollars, orfraetional part thereof,
in excess of 300 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause of guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 ct3.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 ct
ilortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
ovpp.limr 100 and not exceeding 500
dollars, - 50 ct.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, 50 cts.
Pawner's Checks, 5 cts.
Passaic Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than
35 dollars, 50 cts.
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
50, 1 00
For every additional fifty or fractionavs
part thereof, in excess of 50 dollars, 1 00
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
npon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. If he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
30th of July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
lunure upon tlie part ot the maker ot an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
. Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c., in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a JuRtice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other officei duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a morteasre is subiect to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
v nen two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp oi
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Scale of Depreciation.
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, froia the time of its first
issue to the eud of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly:
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entiiled " Ail ordinance declaring what laws ant7
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes,
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1S65,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end ot the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made alter the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1805, and unlilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money ol the said currency,
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent ol the parties to tne contract ; therefore.
lit it enacted by Vie General Assembly of the. State
of 2fvrth-Carolina, and it is hweby enacted by the
iuthvi-tt! J tne same, 1 hat tne following scale ol
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure ot value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, aiid the fractional parts of tlie month of
December, 1SG1, from the lt day of November,
lsul, to tne 1st day of -uay, lbbo, to-wit:
Scale vf dipivchition of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar onng tic unit ana measure oj value,
J root Aoecmnrr 1st, lHUl, to May 1st, lfeoa:
Months. lSdl. 1802. 18ti3. 1864. 1865.
January 1 0 S3 00 $21 00 $00 00
Februai v, 1 30 3 00 21 00 50 00
March, 1 50 4 00 23 00 00 00
April, 1 50 5 00 20 00 100 00
Mav, 1 50 5 50 19 00
June, 1 0 C 50 18 00
Juiv, 1 50 9 00 21 00
August 1 50 14 00 23 00
September, 2 00 14 'H) 25 00
October, 2 00 14 O0 26 00
November, $1 10 2 50 15 00 30 00 - ..
December, 1 15 2 50 20 00
December 1st to 10th inclusive, 35 00
10th to 20th, 42 00
" 1st to :;iet, 49 00
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise betweeu executors, administrators,
guardians and trustees, nnd their legatees, distri
butees, wards and eextuysquc trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising iroin the
depreciation of Confederate currency, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
iug out of the late war; and that lawsuits and
expensive litigation may be obviated.
lie it further enacted, That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties," who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience : Provided, hmcever. That no
part 'of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding in the usual
courseof law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
Clerk of Senate.
Judges of the Supreme Court,
The Judges of the Supreme Court of the
United States are as follows :
Mr. Chief Justice Chase, of Ohio.
Sir. Justice Wayne, Georgia.
air. Justice JNelson, JSew iork.
Mr. Justice Grier, Pennsylvania.
Mr. Justice Clifford, Maine.
Mr. Justice Swayne, Ohio.
Mr. Justice Miller, Iowa.
Mr. Justice Davis, Illinois.
Mr. Justice Field, California.
Mr. Justice Stansbury, Ohio.
Reporter, Joliu W. Wallace, Ohio.
Marshal, D. S. Gooding.
Clerk, D. W. Middleton.
The Jtutee of t he District Court of North-
Carolina is G. AV". Erooks. District Attorney,
D. II. Starlmck. Marshal, Daniel R. Goodloc.
A R I) .
BECAUSE OF AFFL CTION AND AGE.
which renders me incauable of continuing busi
ness. I now retire from t'.ie Book trade, leaving
my entire siock ana interest in me nanas oi
.Messrs. umnson sc narrar, except tne puDiication
of the "N. C. Almanac," which I trust will be
received with the same favor as heretofore.
In retiring, I return my sincere thanks for the
very liberal patronage which the public has
chosen to bestow upon me during the last half
ceutury the length of time which I have been
engaged in this State and cheerfully recommend
to'inv old friends and patrons, my successors,
.Messrs. Branson tarrar, by whom, 1 am sure
thev will be satisfactorilv accommodated.
Mr. II. D. Coley, so well known to the Book
trade and to the public, and so long eiujagred in
business with me, wi'.l be retained as an assistant
in i he business of Messrs. Branson fc Farrar. He
invites his old friends to rail upon him.
HENRY D. TURNER.
BRANSON & FAREAR HAVE CONSUM
MATED arrangements to take charsrc of the en-
tire stock of Books owned bv Mr. H. J). Turner.
consisting of valuable English and American
Law Books, and a great variety of Miscellaneous
stoek. They will immediately succeed to the old
stand on the corner near the State House, occu
pied for thirtv-three years nast by Mr. Turner,
and known as the North-Carolina Book 8tore.
This is by far the oldest and most popular nook
stand in the City. Mr. Joley, so long Mr. Tur
ner's representative, will still be found at the
old stand. une 11 u
Railroads, Steamboats, &c
Raleigh & Gaston Railroad.
THROUGH FBEIGHT TAELPF,
NORTH AXD SOUTH, BY THE AIR LINE ROUTE.
WE ARE NOW PREPARED TO SHIP ALL
kinds of freight through to New. York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore,, on through
bills of lading giving through receipts, at the
This is the Line for Shippers.
Tour goods will be handled only once ; through
connections close; no delay; time and-expense
less than by any other route. Insurance trifling, -compared
with other routes. - We take goods to
and from Columbia, S. C. and all intermedials
stations, with more promptness and dispatch than
any Express Company, at about one fourth the
Persons shipping goods South will ship through
the following Agents, and by the following
Steamship Companies, and ho otheb :
From New York, by the Atlantic Coast Mall
Steamship Company. Livingston, Fox fe Co.,
Agents, No. 88, Liberty Street, or Pier 86, North
River, N. Y.
From Baltimore, by Baltimore Steam'Packet
Company. L. B. Parks, Agent, foot of Union
Dock, and by Brandt's line of Steamers.
From Philadelphia, by the Philadelphia and
Norfolk Steamship Company. W. B. Clyde A
Co., Agents, No. 14, North Delaware Avenue,
From Boston, by the Boston and Norfolk Steam
ship Company. E. Sampson & Co , Agents,
end of Centraf Wharf, BoBton.
Consign your goods to Railroad Agent, Ports
mouth, Virginia, and City Point.
Goods coming by the way of City Point and
Petersburg must be so marked.
s C. B. ALLEN,
Freight Agent R. & O. JS. R. Co.
Aug. 15, 1866. 64 lm.
TO AND FROM THE NORTH !
THROUGH FREIGHT AIR LINE, :
VIA NORTH-CAROLINA KAIL ROAD
And its Connecting Lines.
BY THROUGH FREIGHT ARRANGEMENTS,
through receipts are given from Charlotte and
all points on the North-Carolina. Railroad to
New-York, Boston, Philadelphia, Bal
tiuiore, Portsmouth, Norfolk, Peters
Imig, and City Point,
at exceedingly low rates.
Lower, with more dispatch, and with less In
surance than any other Line.
See Agents, and 6hip your goods by the fol
lowing lines and no other, care of Railroad agent,
Portsmouth, Va., or City Point.
From New York Atlantic Coast Mail Steam
ship Company, LIVINGSTON, FOX & Co.,
Agents ; Office No. 88, Liberty street, Shipping
Point, Pier No. 30, North River, N. T.
From Boston Boston and Norfolk Steamship
Company, A. SAMPSON, Agent, end of Central
From Philadelphia Philadelphia and Norfolk
Steamship Company, W. P. CLYDE & CO.,
Agents., No. 14, North Delaware Avenue, Phila
delphia. -. . v
From Baltimore Ba'timore Steam Packet Co.
(Old Bay Line,) L. B. PARKS, Agent, foot of
Union Dock, and by Brandt's Line.
E3f This Line gives more Despatch than
any Express Company, and at about
one-fourth the Cost.
Ene. & Suv'T.
Aug. 11, 1866.
North-Carolina Railroad Company,
Engineer & Supekintehdest's Oinci,
Company Shops, June 7th, 1866.
Change of Time.
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, 1866, TRAINS
will run as touows:
Mail Train. Freight and
Leave Goldsboro', . . . . 12.30 P. M... 12.00 P. M.
" Raleigh, 3.45 " 4.60 A. M.
Hillsboro, 5.28 .... 8.27 U
' Greensboro, ... 7.40 1.00P.M.
Salisbury, 10.10 5.80 "
Arrive Charlotte, 12.35 A.M... fl.OOP. M.
" GOING EAST.
Mail Train. Freight and
Leave Charlotte 11-15 P. M 4.30 A. M.
" Salisbury, 1-26 A. M.. 8.55 "
Greensboro,... 4.10 "....1.10 P.M.
Hillsboro 6.31 5.25
Raleigh 8.30 9.45 "
Arrive Goldsboro', .. . . 11.20 "... . 2.1 A. M.
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
c r .... t t h. 'NYipth At. Roldsboro
with Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic
North-Carolina Trains. ?
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington & Weldon
trains. . . . J.
There is no Sunday Train going North from
Weldon to Portsmouth; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can go Immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
jnne 9 S6tf Eng. & Sup't.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPAHT'S
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN FOB.TB,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
Steamships on the
Connecting on the Pa
cific with the
&c, &c, &c
One of the above Large and Splendisl
Steamships will leave Pier No. -North-River,
foot of Canal Street, at 12 o'clock, toon,
on the 1st, 11th and 21st of every .month,
(except when those dates fall on 8nnday, and
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
connecting, via Panama Railway, with one of th
Company's Steamships from Panama for Baa
Francisco, touching at Acapulco.
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Panama
with Stcamera for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
Manzanillo. - - ' - ' "
A discount of one quarter from steamers' rate
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of one quarter
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable
discharges, half-fare. ,:
One hundred ponnds baggage allowed ito each
adult. Baggage-masters accompany thj baggaga
through, and attend to ladies and children with
out mule protectors. Baggage received on taa
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, and passengers who prefer to send
dowx. earlv. ' -
An experienced Surgeon on board. Mediema
and attendance free. . "
For Passage Tickets, or further lnformattoa,
apply at the Company's Ticket office, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal Street," North River, N. T.
S. K. HOLM AN, Agent.
July 7, 1866. , 47-3m.
JOSINBOILERS. . ,,
RWe keep constantly on hand Iron Cauldrons,
75, 120, and 200 gallons. .
b MITCHELL ALLEN,
novl4 tf8 Newbern,C. .
? M 1
! - f