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LIBERTY -AL3VX UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, ONE AND riVSEIAIfciSJBlL.E.--l)aniel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1866.
W. W. HOLDEN. J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
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IRaleigh, June 29, 186&. 45tf
A recent paper in the New York Tribune
relating to the Mormons, thus discourses :
" Is it not queer that there should have
been carved out of our Republic a hierarchy,
better organized than the Jewish and more
tyrannous than thatof the Arabian Prophet?
A commonwealth of priestcraft and chican
ery, in which the passions and ignorance of
one mountebank preacher assume the form
of divine oracles ; now thunders-bolt of Jove
striking down rivals in Mormon love ; now
mountains are hurled witli Titan arm against
the Gentile Olympus, and anon benignant
smiles and gracious deeds radiant with his
High Mightiness, the Eloihim of the Holy
Zion. Can the readers of the Tribune be
lieve it? Twenty-two hundred years after
the failure of the most powerful hero of an
tiquity to rank" himself among the gods as
Zeus Ammon, Brigham Young, a redheaded
glazier from the hills of Vermont, is actually
deified by his more zealous disciples at Salt
Lake City in these days of science and doubt!
On the crest of our continent, where the world
clasps her girdle, there lives a little Napole
on, who has made the desert to blossom as the
rose,who holds in his hand the lives and for
tunes of a host of devoted followers, who
boasts that from his underground treasury
he can drop dollar for dollar with any sover
eign in Europe, who appoints himself Gov
ernor of Utah, dictates terms to the Govern
or of the United States, delivers verbose
proclamations from the throne of omnipo
tence, puts his sacred thmb to his nose during
service in the Tabernacle, and gyrates his
apostolic fingers at the poor Morrisites,
swears at the officers of the General Govern
ment in the peroration of his " Thus saith
the Lord ;" he is the hero of more love in
trigues than Charles II or Aaron Burr ; he
has the best assorted harem this side of Tur
key ; his wives are more numerous, more
beautiful, more youthful, and sooner cast
away than those of any other civilized polyg
amist ; his boys are the best tobacco-chew-ers,
and whiskey-drinkers and wife-whippers
in Utah ; betakes other men's homes to make
room for his concubines ; "President of the
Church, Prophet, Seer. Revelator," " Lord of
the Harem," " Eloihim, or Head God," Grand
Archee of the Order of the Gods ; and in the
name of history the greatest of the earthly
gods. Seducer, Imposter, Swindler, Eaves
dropper, Spy, Oppressor, Brigham Young.
But whence the book of Mormon ? It
was stolen from Solomon Spaulding, a son
of Connecticut, who was graduated at Am
herst entered the ministry, settled at New
Salem, Ohio, fell into decline, amused him
self in studying the mounds and other relics
of historic man which abounded in his neigh
borhood, dreamed out the identy of the lost
tribes of Israel and the American Indians,
wrote a historic romance, another Odyssey,
in which he set fort h in solemn style the
wanderings and doings, the traditions and
religions of our aborigines, told a mysterious
tale about the discovery of his book, and
called it the ''Manuscript Found." The
strange work was loaned to one Patterson, a
publisher of Pittsburg, in whose office Rig
don, a printer, copied the story, and the orig
inal found its way back to the author. By
secret process this book became the Mormon
bible, and little-minded preachers shouted it
divine with an enthusiasm worthy of Peter
or Mahommed, or the more recent Bab of
Persia. Mr. bpaulding's widow, his partner,
Mr. Henry Luke, and his servant, together
with several other persons, who had often
read or heard the author read the"3Ianu
script Found," testified, some of them under
oath, that the miraculous Book of Mormon
was the same book from which they had de
rived so much amusement. The original
was produced and publicly compared to the
pretended translation of Smith's tablets,
when, Io ! most of the passages were identical
verbatim. The romance was written about
the year 1813 . The book of Mormon was
published in 1860. The Rigdon, just named
is the same man, who sat behind the blanket
with Smith, and translated the " golden tab
lets," while the pedagogue amanuensis was
not permitted to see the holy things.
The Salt Lake City Viderte tells us how
Brigham Young's financial matters are car
ried on, and how the faithful are regularly
shorn of the fruits of their labor. Accor
ding to its laws, when a man joins his
church one-tenth of all his property has to
go to the support of it, and one-tenth of all
the annual promts of the remainder. If a
man has no property, one-tenth of his labor
has to go to the church ; one-teuth of every
trade or occupation has to be represented ;
and if a man should be idle thirty days the
tithing man claims the profits of three days la
bor, on the ground that no one has a right to
idle away three days belonging to the Lord.
In addition to this there are the Federal,
Territorial, county and town taxes, which
are sufficient of themselves to reduce one to
poverty. What becomes of all his money
no one knows, for no public statement of the
finances has ever been made, while it is a cu
rious fact the tithing officers have the largest
farms, the best stock, and the most wives of
any of the inhabitants in the Territory.
The Treatment of Fkeedmen in Louisi
ana and Texas. The Houston Telegraph,
in noticing the mobbing of Mr. Ruby, a
teacher of a colored school at Jackson,
"The attack, beating, kicking and dragg
ing of Mr. Ruby seems, to be entirely with
out excuse. He had but newly arrived, and
his only offense was that of instructing
his fellow people of color. Yet his treat
ment was most cruel. A great rany of these
outrages have occurred in Louisiana. We
are glad to know that the people of Texas
have been much kinder to the colored school
teachers, and while we could wish that there
was less prejudice toward them, skill we con
gratulate ourselves that Texans have not dis
graced themselves as have the people of
Louisiana. We are beginning to recognize
the fact that our comfort and perhaps our
safety demand that the negro be educated
and raised above his present abject condi
tion. We believe that no personal violence
has been offered to any teacher under the
Bureau, either white or black. This argues
for us a higher state of civilization than our
neighbors enjoy. We believe that the colored
schools of Texas are the most prosperous of
those established in the Southern States
They are conducted without expense to the
Government, being entirely supported by the
C Ti. THOMAS,
NEWBERN, N. C
13?" Office : Corner of Middle and New
Jtuly 1 I860. .
Washington, D. C, August 22, 1865.
Governor Wm. W. Holden, RtiUign, N. C. :
Information comes to me that reports are
freely circulating in influential quarters, and
where, without contradiction, they are calcu
lated to do harm, to the effect that in ap
pointments to office, and in the recommen
dations for appointments, the true Union
men are totally ignored, and the provisional
governors are giving a decided preference to
those who have participated in the rebellion.
The object of such repreeentations is to em
barrass the government in its reconstruction
policy ; and while I place no reliance in such
statements, I feel it due to you to advise you
of the extended circulation they have gained,
and to impress upon you the importance of
encouraging and strengthening to the fullest
extent the men of your State who have never
faltered in their allegiance to the government.
Every opportunity should be made available
to have this known and understood as your
policy and determination. Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
President of the United States.
Telegram Received 3.10 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C, August 26, 1865.
To the President :
Sir : In reply to your despatch of Au
gust 22d, I have the honor to state, in no in
stance in making appointments to office, or
in recommending for appointment, have I
shown any preference for persons who have
participated in the rebellion ; on the con
trary, I have been very careful to prefer and
to appoint persons who were original Union
men, and persons who were in favor of re
storing the authority of the federal govern
ment. Doubtless in many appointments
(some four thousand) some have been ap
pointed who ought not to have been, and in
some cases even friends have misled, to some
slight extent, by their recommendations ;
but, upon the whole, only loyal Union men
have been appointed and recommended at
Washimton. It is my purpose and wish to
encourage and strengthen those who have
never at heart faltered in theii allegiance to
the federal government. I have proceeded
deliberately and carefully in the work of res
toration, and thus far I am sure there are
no grounds for apprehending that North
Carolina will not present an acceptable con
stitution. The great body of her people are
loyal and submissive to national authority.
I know there are malcontents," radicals, and
not good men, who are engaged in misrepre
senting facts, and fomenting strife for cer
tain purposes: but none of these things move
me in the performance of duty.
Thanking you heartily for the confidence
you have heretofore reposed in me, and for
the honor you have done me in making me
provisional governor of this noble- State, I
am, sir, &c, W. W. HOLDEN,
From the Hillsborough Reeorder.
Hillsborough, October 18, 18G5.
lion. William A. Graham Dear Sir :
We intend to vote for our neighbor, Josiah
Turner, jr., for Congress. We were preven
ted from voting for the person of our choice
for Convention by the interference of Gov
ernor Holden, who had, or pretended to
have, instructions from the President that no
unpardoned person was eligible. Yet Gen
eral Hampton, unpardoned, was elected to
the South Carolina Convention. Judge Man
ly, unpardoned, was elected to our Conven
tion. No other Governor received orders
that unpardoned persons were ineligible.
How does it happen that our Governor re
ceived instructions not given to other Gov
ernors ? How does it happen that no other
Governor or Convention received instructions
that we must repudiate the war debt ? We
are not advocating the payment of the war
or any other debt. If, however, the people
of North-Carolina wish to pay the war debt,
or any other debt, they will do it, and whose
business is it but theirs?
We ask your opinion only as to the eligi
bility of Mr. Turner.
Thomas H. Hughes, M. W. Moore,
Daniel R. Hogan, John Miller,
Levin Cakmichael, Benton Ray,
Joseph W. McKee, J. C. Hogan,
Hillsborough, October 18, 1865.
Yours expressing your wisirto vote for the
Hon. Josioh Turner, jr., as the representa
tive in Congress from this District, and ask
ing my opinion as to his eligibility, the
doubt arising from his not having yet re
ceived the pardon of the President, has been
I doubt not, that the President has as little
disposition as he has power to interfere in
the case. Memberships in Congress can pre
sent no question for the President. Each
House is by the Constitution the sole judge
of the elections, returns and qualifications
of its members, and if a representative be
twenty-five years of age, has been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and be at the
time of his election an inhabitant of the
State, he has all the qualifications prescribed
by the Constitution, and there is no power
or authority that can require any others. I
have recently endeavored to demonstrate this
in a paper published in the Raleigh Sentinel
of this date. As to a pardon, I presume it
is only necessary that the President shall
have leisure to consider the case of Mr. Turn
er to obtain that. Certainly no citizen of
this State has shown more vigorous opposi
tion to the whole secession movement, or
conducted himself in a more manly and pa
triotic manner throughout the war. I have
recently seen a letter from a high official in
"Virginia stating that " a special appeal had
been made to the President" by Governor
Pierpont, Freaman Smith, C. H. Lewis,
Treasurer of the Commonwealth, and several
other influential citizens of that State, who
formed the acquaintance of Mr. Turner, and
witnessed his course in the Confederate Con
gress, praying an immediate grant of his
I am, with high respect,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. GRAHAM.
Telegram. Received 1.30 p. m. Sept. 21.
Raleigh, N. C, September 21 1865.
To the President :
Sir : I have decided that as persons who
belong to the excluded classes cannot vote,
so tbey cannot sit in convention unless they
exhibit theirpardons. Ex-Governor Graham,
of Orange, in a letter published in the news
papers, holds that unpardoned persons can
sit in the convention. He declines being a
candidate, but urges this view. Am I right
or wrong ? The letter to Ex-Governor Gra
ham, to which he replies, taking this view,
does not show a good spirit.
The election here is progressing ; quietly.
A large vote will be polled in the State. I
will telegraph you as the returns come in.
Washington, J). 0., September 21, 1865.
Governor W. W. Holden, Raleigh N. C..:
Your decision is correct that under the
proclamation they cannot vote for members,
or sit in convention as members, without first
being pardoned on. taking the amnesty oath.
If the party comes within any one of the ex
ceptions, they must obtain a pardon before
voting or sitting as a member. All those
who are aspirants to seats in the convention,
and are elected, will be pardoned upon your
recommendation and a submission of their
names by telegraph.
President United States.
Telegram. Received 9.35 p. m.
Raleigh, N. C. October 17, 1865.
His Excellency the President of the United
Sir: Contrary to my expectations, the
convention has involved itself in a bitter dis
cussion of the State debt made in aid of the
rebellion. A continuance of this discussion
will greatly excite the people and retard the
work of reconstruction. Our people are be
lieved to be against assuming the debt
by a large majority. Is it not advisable
that our convention, like that of Alabama,
should positively ignore this debt now and
forever ? Please answer at once.
W. W. HOLDEN,
Washington, D. C, October 18, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
Every dollar of the debt created to aid the
rebellion against the United States should
be repudiated finally and forever. The great
mass of the people should not be taxed to
pay a debt to aid in carrying on a rebellion
wliich thev in fact, if left to themselves, were
opposed to. Let those who have given their
means for the obligations of the State look
to that power they tried to establish in vio
lation of law, constitution, and will of the
people. They must meet their fate. It is
their misfortune, and cannot be recognized
by the people of any State professing them
selves loyal to the government of the United
States and in the Union. I repeat that the
loyal people of North-Carolina should be ex
onerated from the payment of every dollar
of indebtedness created to aid in carrying on
the rebellion. I trust and hope that the peo
ple of North Carolina will wash their hands
of everything that partakes in the slightest
degree of the rebellion, which has, been so
recently crushed by the strong ami of the
government in carrying out the obligations
imposed by the Constitution of the Union.
President of the United States
Department of State,
Wasldngton, November 21, 18C5.
Sir: The President sincerely trusts that
North Carolina will, by her legislature,
promptly accept the congressional amend
ment of the Constitution of the United
States abolishing slavery.
He relies upon you to exercise all your
functions hereafter with' the same wisdom
and in the same spirit of loyaltv and devo
tion to the Union that havemarked your ad
The President desires you to feel entirely
assured that your efforts to sustain the ad
ministration of the government and give ef
fect to its policy are fully appreciated,- and
that they will in no case be forgotten.
I am, sir, vour obedient servant,
WILLIAM II. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of N. C. Raleigh.
Washi)igton, D. C, November 27, 1865.
W. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, Raleigh,
, Accept my thanks for the noble and effi
cient manner in which you have discharged
your duty as provisional governor. You will
be sustained by the government.
The result of the recent elections in North
Carolina have ercatly damaged the prospects
of the State in'the restoration of its govern
mental relations. Should the action and the
spirit of the legislature be in the same direc
tion it will greatly increase the mischief al
ready done, and might be fatal.
It is hoped the action and spirit manifes
ted by the legislature will be so directed as
rather to repair than to increase the difficul
ties under which the State ha3 already placed
itself. ANDREW JOHNSON,
Prisident of the United States.
Department of State,
Washington, December 28, 1865.
Sir: The time has arrived when, in the
judgment of the President of the United
States, the care and conduct of the proper
affairs of the State of North Carolina may be
remitted to the constitutional authorities
chosen by the people thereof, without danger
to the peace and safety of the United States.
By direction of the President, therefore, you
are relieved from the trust which was here
tofore reposed in you as provisional gover
nor of the State of North Carolina. When
ever the governor elect shall have accepted
and become qualified to discharge the duties
of the executive office, you will transfer the
papers and property of the State now in
your custody to his excellency Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to
you the President's acknowledgment of the
fidelity, loyalty, and discretion which have
marked your administration.
You will please give me a reply, specifying
the day on which this communication is re
ceived. I have the honor to be
your excellency's most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
His Excellency W. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor of N. C.
Raleigh, N. O, December 29, 1865.
Sir : Your dispatch relieving me of my
duty as provisional gevernor of North Caro
lina, has been received. It gives me pleasure
to be relieved of the responsibilities and la
bors of the office. I will at once transfer the
great seal, the papers, and property of the
State now in my possession to the Hon.
Jonathan Worth, the governor elect. Be
pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the honor he has
done me, and the confidence reposed in me
in calling me to this position. With the ex
pression of the hope that his plan for res
toring the insurgent States to their nat
ural and appropriate place in the Union
may be crowned with entire success,
I have the honor to be,
With high respect, vour obedient servant.
Hon. W. H. Seward, Secretary of State.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OF THE TAX LAWS OF THE UNITED 8TA.TK8.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, Ac., at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable ou demand or at a time
designated exoept bank notes issued
for circulation, aud checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional "$100 or fractional
part thereof, " " 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any foreign ports,10 eta.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars Tor each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cU.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged in this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit iu bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated company, 25 cts.
General, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a J ustice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
public, 5 cts.
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 5 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 eta.
Of redemption of land sold for taxes, 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ol profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine survej-or, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis-
. faction ot judgments and" of all papers
recorded or on tile, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding S10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which dow not exceed $500, 50 cts.
.Exceeding $500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
For every additional five hundred dollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding five hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gaL gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For every additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject tojrsame
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 els.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not ot herwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc, not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by wliich any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by a court
not of record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax for a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts. .
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lauds or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 800 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 2o cts..
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
dollars, 50 ct.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, u- 50 cts.
Pawner's Checks, 5 cts.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than
35 dollars, 50 cts.
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
. For every additional fifty or fractional .
part thereof, in excess of 50 dollare,, .- 1 09
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. If he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and if used after the
80th of July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &&, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other ofiicei duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp "duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at any time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a dnty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which thiB instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest 'rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
Scale of Depreciation:
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention,
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws anr
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes,
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1865,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money of the said currency,"
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract ; therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State
of Jforth-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the
minority of the same. That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted
and established as the measure of value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1864, from the 1st day of November,
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit :
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure of value,
$ 21 00 ?50 00
21 00 50 00
23 00 60 00
20 00 100 00
Septem ber, ....
November, $1 10
December, 1 15
December 1st to 10th inclusive,
iut.ii to zutu,
" 1st to 31st.
And, whereas, Many grave" and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators,
guardians and trustees, and their legatees, distri
butees, wards and cestuysque trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising from the
depreciation of Confederate currency, State trea
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow
ing out of the late war ; aud that law suits and
expensive litigatiou may be obviated.
Be it further enacted, That in all such cases, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and
perfect statement of the case on both sides, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
by the parties, who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience : Provided, however, That no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding in the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. J. A. ENGELHARD,
Clerk of Senate.
The Civil Rights Bill.
We publish below the Civil Rights
Bill as it recently passed the Congress
over the President's Veto
"2?e it enacted by the Senate and Souse f Repre
sentatives of the UnitedStates of America in Congress
assembled. That all persons born in the United
States and not subject to any fo-eign Power, ex
cluding Indians, not taxed, arc hereby declared
to be citizens of the United States ; and such citi
zens of every race and color, without regard to
any previous condition of slavery or involuntary
servitude, except as a puuishmeut for crime
whereof the party shall .Ave been duly convicted,
shall have the same right in every State aud Ter
ritory in the United States to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence,
to inherit, purchase,,lease, sell, hold, and convey
real and personal troDCrtv.and to full and equal
benefit of all laws and proce edingsfor the securi
ty ot person and property as is enjo yed by white
citizens, and shall be subject to like puuishmeut,
pains, and penalties, and to none other, any law,
statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom io me
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any per
son who, under color of any law, statute, ordi
nance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State
or Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this act, or to different
punishment, pains, or penalties on account of
such person having at any time been held in
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as u punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescribed for the pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be
punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or
both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the dis
trict courts of the United States, within their re
spective districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
courts of the several States, cognizance of all
crimes and offences committed against the provi
sions of this act, and also, concurrently with the
circuit courts of the United States, ot all causes,
civil and criminal, affecting persons who are de
nied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be, any of the rights secured to them by the first
section of this act; and if any suit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has ben or shall be commenced
in any State court against any such person, for
any canse whatsoever, or against any officer, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted by virtue or under color of authority derived
from this act or the act establishing a bureau for
the relief of freedmen and refugees, and all acts
amendatory thereof; or for refusing to do any ac
upon the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this act, such defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the 'Act relating to habeas eerpu and regulating
judicial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
March three, eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil and criminal matters hereby confer
red on the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so far
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect; but In all cases where such laws are not
adapted to the object, or are deficient In the pro
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, the common law, as
modified and changed by the constitution and
statutes ot the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the causer civil or .criminal, is
held, so far as the same Is not inconsistent with
the Constitution and lawa of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts in
the trial and disposition of such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on the party found guilty.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, the commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts ot the United
States, with powers of arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against the laws of the United
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmen's
Bureau, and every other officer who may be spe
cially empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, ' or bailed as the' case may be,
for trial before such court of the- United States or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection tn all persons in their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt
-discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the
duty of the circuit courts of the United States
and the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States, from time to time, to increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
aud convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion of persons charged with a violation of this
act. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to offences
createtf by this act, as they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be itfurtlier enacted. That it shall
be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts is
sued under the provisions of this act, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process when tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on
conviction thereof, bs fined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use of the person npon
whom the accused is alleged to haw, committed
the offence. And the better to enable the said
commissioners to execute their duties faithfully
aud efficiently, in conformity with the Constitu
tion of the United States and the requirements of
this act, they are hereby authorized and empow
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap
point, in writing, under their hands, any one or
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe
cute all such warrants and other process as may
be issued by them in the lawful performance of
their respective duties ; and the persons so ap
pointed to execute any warrant or process as
aforesaid shall have authority to summon and
call to their aid the bystanders or the posse com
itatus of the proper county, or such portion of
the land and naval forces of the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the perfor
mance of the duty with which they are charged,
and to insure a faithful observance of the clauso
of the Constitution which prohibits slavery, in
conformity with the provisions of this act; and
said warrants shall run and be executed by said
officers anywhere in the State or Territory within
which they arc issued.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any per
son who shall knowingly and willfully obstruct,
binder, or prevent an officer, or other person
charged with the execution of any warrant or
process issued under the provisions of this act,
or any person or persons lawfully assisting him
or them, from arresting anv person for whose ap
prehension such warrant or process may have
been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue
such person from t ie custody of the officer, oth
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid,
abet, or assist any person o arrested as aforesaid,
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody
of the officer or other person legally authorized
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall have
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge of the
fact t hat a warrant has been issued for the appre
hension of such person, shall, for either of said
offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one
thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceed
ing six months, by indictment and conviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proper court of crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territories of the United States.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. That the dis
ti ict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and
the clerks of the said district and Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to them for similar servi
ces in other cases; and in all cases where the pro
ceedings are before a commissioner, he shall be
entitled to a fee often dollars in full for his servi
ces in eaclf case, inclusive of all services incident
to such arrest and examination. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be
issued by such commissioners for the arrest of
offenders against the provisions of this act shall
be entitled to a fee of five dollars for each person
he or they may arrest and take before any such
commissioner as aforesaid, with such other fees
as may be deemed reasonable by such commis
sioner for such other additional services as may
be necessarily performed by him or them, such as
attending at the examination, keeping the prison
er in custody, and providing him with food and
lodging during his detention, and until the final
determination of such commissioner, and in gen
eral for performing such other duties as may be
required in the premises; such fees, to be- made
up iu conformity with the fees usually charged
by the officers of the courts of justice within the
proper district or county, as near as may be prac
ticable, and paid out of the treasury of the United
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis
trict within which the arrest is made, and to be
recoverable from the defendant as part of the
judgment in case of conviction.
Sec. 8 And be it further enacted, That when
ever the President of the United States shall have
reason to believe that offences have been or are
likely to be committed against the provisions ot
this act witnin any judicial district, it shall bo
lawful for him, in his discretion, to direct the
juuge, marshal and district attorney of Buch dis
trict to attend at such place within the district,
and for such time as be may designate, for the
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial of
persons charged with a violation of this act ; and
it shall be the duty of every judge or other ofiicei,
when any Such requisition shall be received by
him, to attend at the place and for the time there
in designated. '
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That It shall
be lawful for the President of the United States,
or such person as he may empower for that pur
pose, to employ such part of the land or naval
. forces of the United States, or the militia, as shall
be necessary, to prevent the violation and enforce
the due execu tit -n ot this act.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That upon
all questions of law arising In any cause under
the provisions . of this act a final appeal may be
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
States." f' -
JOSIN BOILERS. .
JWe keep constantly on band Iron Cauldrons,
75, 120, and 200 gallons. '
, . MITCHELL & ALLEN,
noTl4 tf8 Newbern, C. N.
. Grocer and Commission Merchant, for all kinds
of Produce and other Goods. '
Special, attention given to the sale of Flar,
Bacon and Lard. "
- Consignments solicited at Old Stand 1 doof
N orth side Hargett street. Raleigh, N, C.
- U, t
S i .
: . - - - j '