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"LIBERTY AND UNION, NOWf AND FOREVER, ONE AND INSEIAXlAJBX-E.''Dailiel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. 0., . TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1866.
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W. W. HOLDEN. J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
EDITORS OF THE STANDARD,
Aid authorized publishers of the Laioi of the United
From the Newberu Times.
Mr. Bates' Card.
We call attention, this morning, to the
card of Mr. I! F. Bates, superintendent of
the Southern Express Company in this State.
We never published the letter of Col. Alston,
referred to in the card, but we publish that
of Mr. Bates, because we think he has been
ungenerously dealt with by that class of our
Southern people who go for ostracising and
"putting down" all who refuse to be con
trolled by them. - WeJiaveome"to a pretty
pass, when a gentleman cannot give evidence
under oath, when so , compelled to do, with
out being pursued and persecuted continu
ally by the press of the country. Why should
Mr. Bates be thus set upon by the pretended
admirers of Mr. Johnson ? It was the Presi
dent who. had Mr. Davis arrested, and it is
he who still keeps him confined. Why not
direct their shafts of calumny and abuse at
Mr. Johnson, instead of at Mr. Bates 1 Such
a system of warfare is not only puerile, but
it is cowardly, and serves to show that their
professions of friendship for and admiration
of President Johnson are deceitful and hyp
ocritical. - r
A CARD TO THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
As the letter of Col. Alston has been pub
lished in nearly all the journals of the South
the publication of the following, by such pa
pers as have given space to that letter, is re
I have disregarded every anonymous pub
lication which has been made, reflecting un
favorably upon my ' connection with this
matter, and even now, did I believe the re
lease of President Davis would be hastened
one moment by villifyiug me, I would, re
main silent But as CoL Alston's charges
are so direct and positive it is deemed due to
him and to my friends that this statement
of the facts should be published.
Respectfully, L. F. BATES,
Charlotte, N. C,
Charlotte, N. C, Sept. 1, 18G6.
To the Editor of the Metropolitan Record :
Dear Sir : I have this moment read an
article published in your paper, and copied
in the Augusta, Oa., Chronicle and Sentinel,
of the 25th Aug., over the signature of Col.
R. A. Alston, dated Meadow Nook, De Ealb
county, Ga., July 81, 1866.
Knowing that Col. Alston is a gentleman
and one who would not intentionally indulge
in misrepresentations, I hasten to make, and
ask that you will publish an explanation of
my connection with evidence obtained by the
federal government for the purpose of impli
cating President Davis in the assassination
On Sunday, May 21, 1865, the following
order was exhibited to me by Lieut. Binney,
U. S. A-:
Headquarters First Drv. 23d A. C, )
Charlotte, N. C, May 21, 1805. (
Pursuant to orders from Secretary of War,
(received through Department and Corps
Headquarters,) Mr. L. F. Bates, of this place,
Superintendent of .the Southern Express
Company, will at once proceed from this
place to Washington, D. C, and report in
person to the Secretary of War.
Lieutenant George L. Binney, aid-de-camp
will accompany Mr. Bates, and see that the
passage is made as speedily as possible, after
the performance of which duty Lieut. Bin
ney will return to these headquarters.
The Quartermaster's Department will fur
nish transportation for Mr. Bates and Lieut.
(Signed) THOMAS H. RUGER,
Brevet Major Gen. Volunteers, commanding
1st Division, 23d Army Corps.
In accordance therewith I proceeded to
Washington, and was then informed that the
government had been advised of a conversa
tion and remarks by President Davis, in my
house, and that I was present when these re
marks were made.
I was placed on the witness stand, sworn,
and in reply to direct questions repeated the
remarks as heard by. me.
These remarks were made to Gen. Breck
inridge, and were also heard, and the conver
sation was participated in, by Col. Johnston,
aide-de-camp to the President, and son of
the lamented General Albert Sidney John
ston. Ex-Governor Lubbock, of Texas, and
Col. Taylor Wood were also in the room.
This was one or two days after the Presi
dent's speech, and on the day that General
Breckinridge arrived here.
The doors connecting this room with my
dining-room and pantry were open.
These remarks were never repeated by me
to any officer, employee or agent of the Uni
ted States Government, until I stood before
the court, '.as above stated. Neither did I
testify that the remarks were made by Pres
ident Davis in his speech outside my house.
Therefore, as CoL Alston was not present
when and where the remarks were made, he
will see the impropriety of his denying the
truth of my testimony.
The evidence, as published in the Wash
ington and New York papers, made me say
that President Davis used the remarks testi
fied to in his address to the citizens and sol
diers, outside ot my house. After the re
ceipt of the dispatch from Gen. Breckin
ridge announcing the assassination of Mr.
Lincoln, and after my return home, I had
the mistake soon corrected, upon its being
brought to my notice by our newspaper
here, the Western Democoat.
The foregoing, it i3 hoped, will relieve
me of tne charge of having volunteered
I have never given . it as my opinion,
nor do I now, that the remarks made by
President Davis in my house indicated that
he had any connection with, or former
knowledge of the atrocity that had been
It is also charged by CoL Alston that I
solicited the privilege of entertaining the
President with an improper motive, and
for a base purpose.
The facts are, that I did not even sug
gest it. Major Echols, then quartermaster
of this post, called upon me, and requested
permission to quarter the presidential party
at my house. My reply was, that 'l the
latch-string was always out," and when the
party arrived, they were brought to, my
door, and was admitted during my absence
from the house.
While I was quite ready and willing to
give my best efforts to entertain the Pres
ident and suite, it would have been pre
sumptuous to have offered my humble tenr.
ement, when so many larger mansion!' of
other citizens were ready to receive the il
Very respectfully, ' L. & BATES,' ' ',
jQAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Russed tt the Second Session of the Thirty-seventh
Congress, which was begun and held at the City of
Washington, in the District of Columbia, on
Monday, Vie second day of December, A. D. 1861,
and inded on Thursday, the 17th day of July,
A. D. 1862.
Abraham Lincoln, President. Hannibal Ham
lin, Vice President, and Presideut of the Sen
ate. Solomon Foote was eleeted President
of the Senate, pro tempore, on the eighteuth,
day of July, and contmued. so to act until the
close of the session. Galusha A. Grow,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
An Act making Appropriations to reimburse the
contingent Fnnd of the Office of the Secretary
of the Treasury, including Compensation of ad
ditional Clerks who may be employed accord
ing to the Exigencies of the Public Service,
and for temporary Clerks, for the current fiscal
Year and for the year ending June thirtieth.
Eighteen Hundred and Sixty Three, and to
provide for the Employment of additional
Clerks in the Office of the Assistant Treasurer
at St. Louis.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That the following sums be,
and the same are hereby appropriated, out of any
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriat
ed, for the purposes hereafter expressed, viz :
To reimburse the contingent fund of the office
of the Secretary of the Treasury, for additional
clerks authorized by the act of July twenty-seventh,
eighteen hundred and sixty-oue, and for
t emporary clerks in the Treasury Department for
the year ending thirtieth of June, eighteen hun.
dred and sixty-two, fifty thousand six hundred
and fifty dollars.
For temporary clerks in the Treasury Depart
ment for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen
hundred and sixty-three, one hundred and three
thousand dollars : Provided, That the Secretary
ot the Treasury be, and he is hereby authorized
in his discretion to classify the temporary clerks
so authorized according to the character of their
services, or assign to such of them as he shall see
fit any compensation not exceeding tnat oi cierKS
of the first class.
For the necessary furniture, stationer-, and
labor consequent upon the increased clerical force
seven thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That from
and after the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hun
dred and sixty-two, there shall be employed in
the office of the Assistant Treasurer at St. Louis
a chief clerk and teller with an annual salary of
eighteen hundred dollars, and one assistant clerk
with an annual salary of twelve hundred dollars ;
and the sum of three thousand aollnrs is hereby
appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury
not otUerwise appropriated, to pay the salaries of
said chief clerk and assistant clerk for the fiscal
year ending Jane thirty, eighteen hundred and
sixty-three: Provided, That the clerks hereby
authorized are to be in the place of all other
clerical force now authorized by law for said
Approved, Alay 20, 1862.
An Act to provide for the Public Instruction of
Youth in Primary Schools throughout the
County of Washington, in the District of Colum
bia, without the Limits of the Cities of Wash
ington and Georgetown.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America ,in
Congress assembled, That the Levy Court of the
county ot Washington, in the District ol Colum
bia, at their first meeting after the passage of this
act, shall appoiut seven intelligent inhabitants of
the said county, who shall reside w ithout the
limits of the cities of Washington and Georgetown,
two of whom shall be residents of that portion of
the said county lying and being west of Rock
Creek, three between Rock Creek and the Eastern
Branch, and two east and south of the Eastern
Branch, to be Commissioners of Primary Schools
for said county, which said commissioners shall
hold their offices until the second Monday in
May, in the year one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-three, and until others are appointed in their
places ; and in case any of the said commissioners
thus appointed or to be appointed as aforesaid
shall refuse to serve, or die, or remove from the
county, or become iucapable of serving, the va
cancy or vacancies shall be filled by the Levy
Court as soon as practicable.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each of
the said commissioners, before he enters upon the
execution of bis office, and within fifteen days
after notification of bis appointment by the said
Levy Court, shall take and subscribe an oath be
fore some Justice of the Peace of the said county,
in form following, that is to say : " I, , do
solemnly and sincerely promise and swear, (or
affirm, as the case may be,) that I will in all things,
to the best of my knowledge and ability, well
and truly execute the trust reposed in me as com
missioner of primajy schools for the county,
without favor or partiality :" and every justice of
the peace before whom such oath shall be taken
shall, without fee or reward, certify the same in
writing, and, within eight days thereafter, trans
rait or deliver said certificate to the clerk of the
Levy Court for record.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of the commissioners of primary
schools, or a majority of them, to divid the coun
ty into seven suitable and convenient school dis
tricts, two of which shall be located west of Rock
Creek, three between Rock Creek and the East
ern Branch, and two east and south of the Eastern
Branch, and to alter and regulate the same as
hereinafter provided. And it shall be the further
duty of the commissioners of primary schools
aforesaid, immediately after the formation or al
teration of any such school districts in said coun
ty, t describe and number the same, and deliver
the description and number thereof, in writing,
to the Clerk of the Levy Court, who is hereby
required to receive and record the same in the re
cords of that court without fee or reward : And
provided, That in laying off said school districts,
or in altering the same, no tracts, or parts of
tracts, of land lying contiguous and forming one
farm, shall be divided so that portions of the same
properey shall be included in two separate dis
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the
said commissioners may alter and change the
school districts with a view to their better ar
rangement and the more general convenience of
the people : Provided, however, That, unless the
trustees of the districts so to be altered or chang
ed shall assent thereto, no such alteration or
change shall be made.
Sec 5. Aud be it further enacted., That it shall
be the duty of the county collector to notify the
different officers to be appointed, in virtue of the
provisions of this act, of their appointments with
in ten.days after his having received notice of
such appointments from the appointing power,
whose duty it shall be to give such notice to the
county collector aforesaid.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the
said commissioners shall hold two stated meet
ings in, each year, which meetings shall be held at
such place and at such times as shall be determin
ed on by said commissioners, and of which they
shall give public notice in each of ssid school dis
tricts, and such other meetings as circumstances
may from time to time require; but if less thau
three members attend any meeting no business
shall be transacted thereat, except that of adjourn
ing to some time and place to be agreed on by
the commissioners present, and at all meetings
of eaid commissioners the treasurer of the school
fund of the county hereinafter to be appointed,
shall attend and lay before them his books and
accounts for their inspection and examination. .
Sec. 7. And be lt further enacted, That the said
commissioners shall cause to be kept a r. gular
record of all their acts and proceedings in a book
to be kept for that purpose, and said record, or a
copy thereof, certified to be correct under the
haiftls and seals of a majority of eaid board of
commissioners shall be considered evidence of
their acts and proceedings in ull judicial proceed
ings. And the board of commissioners aforesaid
shall have power to appoint a clerk, prescribe his
duties, and pay him a salary, and also to allow the
treasurer of the school fund, hereinafter to be ap
pointed, an annual compensation Cor his services
out of the general - school fund, hereinafter to be
provided: Provided, That, apitbec the said clerk
nor treasurer shall be paid more than one hundred
dollars per annum. ., . ,
. Sec. a.1 And be ft further enacted,' That on the
second Monday in May, In the year eighteen hun
4rd and fljxty-three, and annually thereafter,, the
siad Levy Court shall appoint one of said board
of commissioners from each primary school dis
trict ; and the said commissioners appointed as
aforesaid shall, each acting in his respective dis
trict, examine all persons who shall offer them
selves as candidates for teaching in such district;
and in such examination It shall be the duty of
the commissioners aforesaid to inquire, and, so
for as he shall be enabled thereto, t ascertain and
inform himself as to all the qualifications men
tioned and contained in the certificate hereinafter
specified and given in form . and if he shall be
satisfied as to the sufficiency of such qualifications
he shall certify in writing, nuder his hand, and
deliver such certificate to the person so examined
by him as aforesaid in form and substance follow
ing, viz: "I, the undergigned, resident commis
sioner of primary schools of district No. , do
certify that I have examined , and do believe
he (or she, as the case may be,) is of a good moral
character, and of sufficient learning and ability,
and in all other respects well qualified to teach a
primary school. Given under my hand the
day of , in the year ot our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and . , Cimmis-
eioner of primary school district No. " ; and
dismiss any intemperate, cruel, negligent, or im
moral teachers, and cause to be put up in every
school house such general system of rules and
regulations as may be adopted by the board of
commissioners, which board shall also direct
what books shall be used, and what branches shall
be taught ; and the resident commissioners afore
said shall visit the schools in each of their respec
tive districts at least twice a year, exercise a gen
ercise a general supervision, and endeavor to pro
mote a full, equal, and useful instruction of the
youth of said county.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That whenever
any school district shall be formed by the com
missioners of primary schools as aforesaid it shall
be the duty ol the said commissioners, within
twenty days thereafter, to make a notice in writ
ing describing the metes and b.n'.nds of such dis
trict, and appoint a time and place for the first
district meeting, and notify the taxable white in
habitants residing in such district as aforesaid, by
public advertisements to be put up at the most
public places of the said district, at least six days
before the time of such meeting; and in case such
notice shall not be given as aforesaid, or the in
habitants of such district when so notified shall
negleet or refuse to assemble or form a district
meeting in pursuance of such notice, or in case
any district, having been formed or organized in
pursuance of such notice, shall, In the opinion of
the commissioners aforesaid, be dissol ed by ad
journment without day, or from any other cause
whatever, it shall and may be lawful for the com
missioners aforesaid, or any one of them, at any
time thereafter, to renew such notice, and the
white inhabitants of such district liable to pay
taxes as aforesaid shall assemble together, in pur
suance of such notice, and when so assembled in
district meeting it shall and may be lawful for
them, or a majority of such of them as shall be
present at such district meeting, to adjourn to
any other time or place ; and at such first or any
future legal district meeting it shall and may be
lawful for them, or a majority of them as shall be
present as aforesaid, to adjourn from time to time
as occasion may require, to fix on a time and
place for holding their future annual meetings,
which annual meetings they are hereby authoriz
ed and required to hold ; to choose by ballot three
trustees to manage the concerns of such school
district, and one district collector; also to desig
nate a suitable and central site fora school house;
to vote a tax on the property in such school dis
trict owned by white persons, sufficient, in addi
tion to the proportion of the school fund (here
inafter to be provided for) allotted to such school
district, to purchase, lease, or rent a site for a
school-house ; to build, lease, or rent and keep in
repair said house; to supply fuel, books, station
ery, and furniture ; to pay the salary of a teacher,
aud all other necessary expenses : Provided, how
ever, That no location of a school shall be fixed
upou unless the same be approved by a majority
of the commissioners, ana no' change shall be
made after such school' house shall have been
built but by consent of a majority of said com
missioners ; all the expenres incurred by making
such change shall be defrayed by donation or by
lev ics authorized to be made by a majority ot the
white citizens of such school district upon the
assessable property therein owned by white per
sons. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the clerk
of the Levy Court shall annually, without fee or
reward, make out for the trustees of primary
school districts, oj such of them as shall apply
for the same, copies from the assessment books
of said county of all the assessable property in
said district or districts.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That all
meetings of the school districts, held, for the pur
pose aforesaid shall be organized by appointing
a president and clerk pro tempore, who shall take
minutes of the proceedings, specifying particular
ly the amount of tax voted by said meetings, and
deliver the same, certified under their hands and
seals, within ten days after such meeting, to the
commissioners of primary schools, or auy one of
them, to be delivered by them or him to the clerk
of the commissionees, and by him to be recorded
in a book kept for that purpose.
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted. That all
tax to be voted by the citizens of any and every
school district in said county, under and by vir
tue of this act, shall be levied on all the assessable
property in said district owned by white persons,
agree&biy to the assessments of the last preceding
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of the Levy Court of thecounty afore
said, at their first meeting after the passage of
this act, and in each succeeding year thereafter,
when the annual county levy is made, to impose
and levy a school tax of one eighth of one per
cent, on all the assessable property of said coun
ty, without the limits of the cities of Washington
and Georgetown, owned by white persons, for the
support of primary schools hereby authorized in
said county, which tax shall be due at the same
time, and shall be collected b the county collec
tor iu the same manner and nndcr the same regu
lations and restrictions as ere prescribed by law
in relation to the collection of other county taxes,
and which are hereby made applicable to the col
lection of the school tat imposed by this net, and
when collected shall be paid to the treasurer of
the Levy Court, who is hereby constituted and
appointed treasurer of the primary school fund
for said county, and who shall qualify by making
oath or affirmation that he will well and faithfully
discharge the duties required of him by law as
treasurer ot the school fund for said county, and
not use the same to bis own use or advantage,
and he shall also give bond to the United States,
with two good and sufficient sureties, condition
ed for the faithful discharge of the duties required
of him by this act, which bond, being approved
by the commissioners of primary schools afore
said, shall be filed with the Clerk of the Circuit
Court of the Disiricl of Columbia, who is hereby
required to file the same without fee or reward ;
and a copy of the said bond, under seal of said
court, shall be sufficient evidence of the making
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, Thatitshall
be the duty of the trustees of each school district,
whenever a district meeting shall have voted a
sufficient tux for that purpose, to purthase a suit
able site for their school house, and to build, keep
in repair, and furnish such school house with
necessary fuel, books, stationery, and appendages;
and it shall be the further duty of the trustees
aforesaid to agree with and employ all teachers to
be employed in such district: Provided, That no
teachers shall be employed by them who shall not
have received the certificate of approbation from
the commissioners of primary schools aforesaid,
as hereinbefore provided; and it shall be the
further duty of the trustees to pay the salaries ot
teachers out of the apportionment ot the school
fund tor their respective districts which shall
come into their hands through the commissioners
aforesaid, so far as the same shall be sufficient for
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That before
the trustees of any school district shall enter up
on the duties of their office, they shall each take
an oath or make affirmation before a justice of the
peace of said county, or one of the commission
ers of primary schools, who is hereby authorized
to administer the same, that he will well and
truly discharge the duties pertaining to his said
office of trustee, without prejudice or partiality,
and according to law ; and it shall be the duty of
the said trustees of each of said school districts,
or a majority of t hem, to furnish, at the expiration
of their term of service, to the commissioners
aforesaid, a correct statement of all money trans
actions done by them in virtue of their office as
trustees of said primary school district.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, Thatitshall
be the duty of the commissioners ot primary
schools aforesaid to apportion all moneys which
: shall come intojthe hands of the treasurer of the
school fund aforesaid, under and by virtue of the
provisions of this act,,atter paying the salaries of
r the clerk of the commissioners and the treasurer
of the school fnnd, for the use of primary schools
aforesaid, as soon as may , be after such moneys
- shall be received by the said treasurer, equally
among the several school districts in said county
which shall have complied with the provisions of
this act; and all moneys so to be apportioned by
the commissioners, as aforesaid, shall be caused
to be paid by them, according to such apportion
ment, to the trustees of the district to which such
moneys shall be apportioned as aforesaid, whose
receipts therefor 6hall be good and sufficient evi
dence of such payment, which moneys, so to be
received by the trustees, as aforesaid, shall be
applied and expended by them, after the appor
tionment for the first year, in paying the salaries
of the teachers to be employed by them, and for
no other purpose: Provided, That no moneys
portioned, as aforesaid, except the appointment
made for the first year, shall be paid by the com
missioners aforesaid, until the white taxable in
habitants, and the trustees of the district to which
such moneys shall be apportioned, as aforesaid,
shall have substantially complied with the provi
sions of this act: And provided, further, That it
6ball not be lawful for the commissioners afore
said to draw any moneys from the hands of the
treasurer of the school fund aforesaid, after pay
ing the salaries of the clerk of the commissioners
aud the treasurer of the school fund aforesaid,
except by draft in favor ot the trustees of the
school district to which such moneys shall be ap
portioned as aforesaid; and all moneys which
shall be apportioned by the commissioners as
aforesaid, and which shall remain unpaid tor the
space of two years thereafter, either from the
omission or neglect of the trustees oi the primary
school district entitled to receive the same to ap
ply therefor and to make the necessary certificates
to entitle them to the same, or from any detect
in such certificates, said moneys shall, after the
expiration ot said term, be added to the moneys
next thereafter to be apportioned by the said com
missioners, and shall be apportioned and paid
together with such moneys as aforesaid.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That the
trustees of each school district shali hold their
office till their successors shall be elected and
qualified, and in case of vacancy such vacancy shall
be filled by the remaining trustees within one
month ; and in case the said trustees shall fail to
fill such vacancy within tiiat time, then it shall be
the duty of the commissioners of primary schools
as soon as may be thereafter.
Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That if any
trustee of any primary school district shall make
a false certificate or report, by means whereof
any moneys shall be fraudulently obtained from
the commissioners aforesaid, such trustee signing
such certificate or report shall forfeit and, pay
double the amount so fraudulently obtained to
Me commissioners of primary schools, to , be re
covered, with costs of suit, by action of debt be
fore any court of justice, or any justice of the
peace having cognizance thereof, in the name of
said commissioners ; and such sum, exclusive of
the cost of the suit, shall be applied, when recov
ered, to the use of the primary school in such
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted. That the i
sai' trustees shall keep an account of their pro-. !
cecdings in a book kept for that purpose, and
shall also keep an account against the district col
lector for the sums authorized to be collected,
and for other sums paid into his hands, and shall
give him credit for the sums legally paid by him,
also for his legal commissions, and for such taxes
as cannot be collected by legal steps and proper
diligence ; and that said collector shall have the
keeping of all moneys collected by him, and other
sums paid into his hands, subject to the written
order of a majority of the trustees, drawn in favor
of such persons having claims against said school
district, and he shall report to the trustees when
ever required the amount of funds in his hands
and a full statement of his accounts.
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted. That the
trustees of any primary school district iu said
county shall be and they are hereby authorized,
in their discretion, to require from any child at
tending school the payment of any sum of money
not exceeding one dollar per month, to be applied
to the payment of the expenses of said district
school ; and in the exercise of this power the trus
tees aforesaid may, from time to time, discontinue
the payment thereof altogether, or may graduate
the payments according to the ability of the chil
dren and the exigencies of the school.
Sec 21. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of the trustees of each school district,
whenever a district meeting shall have voted a
district tax, as soon as may be, to make a rate
bill or tax list, which shall raise the sum voted
for, in due proportion on all the taxable property
iu such district, agreably to the assessment of the
last preceding county tax, and to annex to such
tax list or rate bill a warrant, and to deliver the
same to the collector of such district, which war
rant shall be substantially as follows :
" County op Washington, D. C, ss.
To , collector of the district In
the county aforesaid, greeting : You are hereby
required and commanded to collect from each of
the inhabitauts of said district the several sums
of money written opposite to the name of eax-h
of said inhabitants in the annexed tax list, and
within sixty days after receiving this warrant to
pay the amount of the moneys by you collected
to the order of the trustees ot eaid district or a
majority ol them ; and if any one or more of said
inhabitants shall neglect or refuse to pay the
same, you are hereby further commanded to levy
on the goods and chattels of each delinquent, and
make sale thereof according to law. Given under
our hands and seals this day of , A
D., . P, 1
Q, y Trustee."
And if the sum or sums payable by any person
named in such tax list or rate bill shall not be paid
by him or collected by virtue of said warrant
within the time therein limited, it shall be lawful
for the trustees aforesaid to renew such warrant
in respect to such delinquent person or persons.
Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, Thatitshall
bo the duty of the trustees of each district to make
a report to the commissioners of primary schools
on or before the thirty-first day of December in
each year, in which report shall be stated the
sums received from different sources, the amount
expended, and in what manner, the number of
children taught in said school, aud the whole
number of white children in said district between
the ages of five and sixteen years.
Sec. 23. And be it further enacted,- That the
collector of each school district shall give bond
with security, to the satisfaction of the trustees,
for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office
and shall have the same power and authority, and
have the same fee for collecting, and be subject to
the same rules, regulations, and duties, with
respect to the collection of the district tax ns
by law appertain to the office of collector of the
county tax ; and the said county collector may
be elligible as the school district collector.
Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That eacn
organized school district shall e a corporation
by the name of " Primary School District No.
( the blank to be filled with an appropriate num
ber,) with power to take and hold bv devise, be
quest, and donation, real and persoual estate for
the use of the primary school in said district, and
may alien and sell the same, when, in the opinion
of the trustees and resident commissioner of said
district, it will be for the interest and advantage
of the primary school in said district, and invest
the money arising from the sale in some safe and
profitable stock, and the dividends received from
the same apply to the use of such primary school,
and in their corporate name prosecute and matn
trin actions for injury done to the grounds, houses,
property, school houses, appurtenances, and furn
iture, aud may sue for and receive all moneys due
them, or for real and personal property to which,
they may be entitled.
Sac. 25. And be it further enacted. That when
any land in any school district in said county may
become charged for the payment of any school
tax, and the colltocer of the tax can find no per
sonal property in said district liable for or charge
able with the payment of the same, the said col
lector shall be and is hereby directed and required
to return to tlhe trustees of the said district, at
such time or times as the said trustee shall direct
or require, a ist of such lands and the amount of
taxes thereon respectively due, and the names ot
the persons respectively chargeable with the pay
ment of the same, and the 6aid trustees shall
thereupon have and exercise, in relation to said
lands, all the powers which might or conld be
exercised bv the lew conrt of said county in like
cases, and the collector of said school district
shall nave the same powers and authority, ana De
subject to the same rules, regulations, and duties
in the premises as by law appertain to the office
of the collector of conntv taxes in like cases.
Sec 26. And be it further enacted, That in case
the trustees of any school district should not be
able to purchase or lease a suitable site for the
erection of their school house, they shall have
nower to value and- assess & convenient lot. with
the improvements theseon, if any, not exceeding
one acre oi iana lor that purpose, ana ine aecnuuu
of the said trustees as to tha worth of . the said
land and improvements; if any, shall be finsl and
conclusive, unless an appeal shall .be prosecuted
as hereinafter provided, and the amount of dam
age for the land. andTlmnrovements. if any, SO
valued -and assessed as aforesaid, being paid or
offered to . Be paid to the person or persons entit
led to receive the same, of which payment or offer
to pay a certificate,' signed by majority of the
said trustees, and recorded among the land re
cords of Washington county, or a copy of such
record duly certified and sealed, shallfbe sufficient
evidence; the said trustees, in their corporate
character, shall be thenceforward considered the
lawful owners of the said land and improvements,
if any, and all right, title, estate, and interest
therein, at law or in equity, shall be vested in
them for the purpose aforesaid : Provided, how
ever, That if the owner or owners of the said land
and improvements, if any, his, her, or their guar
dian or guardians, trustee or trustees, shall con
ceive him, her, or themselves aggrieved by such
valuation and assessment, and shall, within thirty
days after the payment of the valuation so offered
as aforesaid, notify to the said trustees the same
in writing, it shall and may be lawful, and it shall
be the duty of the said trustees, or a majority of
them, to issue their warrant to the marshal of the
District of Columbia, commanding him to sum
mon a jury of six freeholders of the school dis
trict, not interested in the matter, to appear, on
a day by the said trustees to be appointed, on the
premises; and any one of the said trustees, or any
justice of the peace of the said county, is author
ized to administer an oath or affirmation, as the
the case may be, to each and every person so
summoned as aforesaid, that he will, without
fivor, affection, partiality, or prejudice, assess
the damages sustained by the person or persons
at whose request the said inqu sition shall be
taken, by reason of his, her, or their land and
improvements, if any, about to be made as afore
said, and the persons so summoned and qualified
as aforesaid shall thereupon proceed to value and
assess the damages accordingly : Provided, That
if such appeal from the aseesament and valnation
of the said trustees be confirmed by the jury hern
in directed to be summoned and qualified as
aforesaid, or should the same be reduced to a
lower rate of valuation and assessment by the
said jury, the party appealing in that case Bball
pay the whole expense incurred thereby, other
wise the trustees, in their corporate character as
such, shall pay the expense incurred by reason of
to be continued.
An Act to establish a Department of Agricul
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re-
Bresentatives of the United Slates of America in
ongress assembled, That there is hereby es
tablished at the seat of Government of the Unit
ed States a Department of Agriculture, the ge
neral designs and duties of which shall be to ac
quire and to diffuse among the people of the Unit
ed States useful information on subjects connec
ted with agriculture in the most general and
comprehensive sense of that word, and to pro
cure, propagate, and distribute among the peo
ple new and valuable seeds and plants. -.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there
shall be appointed by the President, by and with
the advice and consent of the Senate, a "Com
missioner ot Agriculture," who shall be the chief
executive officer of the Department of Agricul
ture, who shall hold his office by a tenure simi
lar to that of other civil officers appointed by the
President, and who shall receive for bis compen
sation a salary of three thousand dollars per an
num. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it
shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Agricul
ture to acquire and preserve in his Department
all information concerning agricutture which he
can obtain by means of books and correspon
dence, and by practical and scientific experim
ents, ( accurate records of which experiments
shall be kept in his office,) by the collection of
statistics, and by any other appropriate means
within his power; to collect, as he may be able,
new and valuable seeds and plants ; to test, by
cultivation, the value of such of them as may re
quire such test; to propagate such as maybe
worthy of propagation, and to distribute them
among agriculturists. He shall annually make a
general report in writing of his acts to the Presi
cnt and to Congress, in which he may recom
mend the publication of papers forming parts of
or accompanying his report, which report shall
also contain an account of all moneys received
and expended by him. He shall also make spe
cial reports on particular subjects whenever re
quired to do so by the President or either House
of Congress, or when he shall think the subject
iu his charge requires it. He shall receive and
have charge of all the property of the agricultural
division of the Patent Office in the Department
of the Interior, including the fixtures and proper
ty of the propasrating garden. He shall direct
and superintend the expenditure of all money ap-Di-ODriated
bv Coneress to the Department, and
render accounts thereof, and aiso of all money
heretofore appropriated for agi iculture and re
maining unexDended. And said Commissioner
may send and receive through the mails, free of
cuarge, all communications ana uiuer muicr
pertaining to the business of his Department, not
exceeding in weigm imny-iwo ounces.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the
Commissioner of Agriculture shall appoint a
chlel clerk, with a salary of two thousand dollars,
who in all cases during the necessary absence of
the Commissioner, or when the said principal of
fice shall become vacant, shall perform the du
ties of Commissioner, and he shall appoint such
other employes as Congress may from time to
time provide, with salanes corresponding to the
salaries of similar officers in other Departments
of the Government; and he shall, as Congress
may from time to time provide, employ other
persons, for such time as their services may be
needed, including chemists, botanists, entomo
logists, and other persons skilled in the natural
sciences pertaining to agriculture. And the said
Commissioner, and every other person to be ap
pointed in the said Department, shall, before he
enters upon the duties of his office or appoint
ment, make oath or affirmation truly and faith
fully to execute the trust committed to him. And
the said Commissioner and the chief clerk shall
also, before entering upon their duties, severally
give bonds to the Treasurer of the United States,
the former in the sum of ten thousand dollars,
and the latter in the sum of five thousand dollars,
conditional to render a true and faithful account
to him or his successor in office, quarter yearly
accounts of all moneys which shall be by them re
ceived by virtue of the said office, with sureties
to be approved as sufficient by the Solicitor of
the Treasury; which bonds shall be filed in the
office of the Frst Comptroller of the Treasury, to
be by him put in suit upon any breach of the con
Approved, April 15, 1863.
JEWETT & NOERIS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
46, Washington Street,
BOSTON, MASS., and LONDON, ENG.,
CONTINUE TO COLLECT AND RECOVER
unclaimed property, money, debts, etc, in
EKGIiAND, WALES, IRELAND,
SCOTLAND, CANADA, EAST
OR WEST-INDIES, AUS
TRALIA, Or any other British Colony,
FRANCE, HOLLAND, BELGIUM, OR
Copies of "Wills and all other Records obtained.
Cases prosecuted in favor of Heirs, Legatees,
and next of kin, upon favorable terms.
W CHARGES MODERATE.
500,000,000 of unclaimed Money,
are Invested in the NATIONAL DEBT of Great
Britain alone, in trust for the
Unknown Heirs, Legatees, etc.
a large portion of this is known to belong to
parties in America.
Mr. Jewett is an Attorney at Law in Eng
land, and lepresenta the firm in London.
AU letters must be addressed to the Bos
ton office, and enclose stamp.
, --' v ! References s
Isaac Taylok, Esq., Merchant, Boston, Mass
Capt. J. B. Gbegory, U. S. N Hamilton, "
Chas. C. Fillby, Esq., New Orleans, La.
Aug. 2,1866. 58 tw6m.
WHOLESALE, s. GROCERS,
61 aad 3, Broa
. - ;TTrNj;w'BERiTN. q.
Sept. 23,866. - ' ' 8Q-;if'
Railroads, Steamboats, &c.
QHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Co., 1
Superintendent s Office, V
Sept 24th, 1866. )
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER
23rd, 1866, Trains on the Raleigh and fas ton Rail
road will run as follows :
Mail train leaves Raleigh, 7.45 a. m.
Arrives at Wei don, 1.00 p. m.
Mail train leaves Weldon at 11.00 a. m.
Arrives at Raleigh, 4.45 p. m.
Freight train leaves Raleigh at 5.00 a, m.
Arrives at Weldon, 4.30 p. m.
Freight train leaves Weldon at 4.00 a, m.
Arrives at Raleigh 4.00 p. m.
Mail trains connect, North and South, with N.
C. Railroad, P. & W. Railroad, and 8. & R. Rail
82 tt W. G. LEWIS, Gen. Snp't.
Change of Time.
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER
23d, 1866, trains will run as follows :
Mail. Accom. Tr.
Leave Charlotte 9.40 P. M... 4.80 A. M.
44 Salisbury, 12.01P.M.. 8.40 44
44 Greensboro,... 2.50 AM. 1.00 44
44 Raleigh, 8.00 44.... 9.00 P.M.
Arrive Goldsboro', .. . . 10.45 44 LOO A M.
Mail. Accom. Tr.
Leave Goldsboro', 1.50 P. M... 1.30 A M.
44 Raleigh, 5.00 44 .... 6.20 44
44 Greensboro, ... 9.55 44 .... 2.20 P.M.
Salisbury, lZ.o A. Jtt. . . o.oo
Arrive Charlotte, 3.10 44 10.50 P. M.
Mail train runs dailv. Accommodation train
does not run on Snnday. Mail connects with C.
& 8. C. Railroad for thi- South, and with R. & D.
Railroad and with R. & G. R. R. for the North.
Also with the W. & W. and the A & N. C. Rail
roads. E. WILKES, Eng. B Sup't.
Sept 25, 1866. 81 tf
RALEIGH & GASTON RAIL ROAD
" Raleigh, N. C, Aug. 23rd. 1366. J
THE attention of shippers is called to the
Great Through Freight Air Line,
which is now in full and successful opertion from
New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Baltiinore.to
Columbia, S. C.; via S. & R. R. R., R. &G. R. R.,
N. C. H. K., and U. & a. U. li. a., carrying ireignis
North and South with greater dispatch and lower
rates than any other route.
Attention is particularly called to advertisement
of C. B. Allen, freight agent of this road.
VV. U. LJiVYia, uen. bupl.
R. & G. R. R. CO.
Aug. 25th 1866. 68 tf.
PACIFIC HAIL STEAMSHIP COMPACT'S
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN PORTS,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
Steamships on the
Connecting on the Pa
cific with the
&c, &c, &c
One of the above Large and Splendid
Steamships will leave Pier No. 42, North
River, foot of Canal Street, at 12 o'clock, noon,
on the 1st, 11th and 2 Ist of every month,
(except when those dates fall on Sunday, and
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
connecting, via Panama Railway, with one of the
Company's Steamships from Panama for San
Francisco, touching at Acapnlco.
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Panama
with Steamers for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
A discount of one quarter from steamers' rates
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of one quarter
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable
One hundred pounds baggage allowed to each
adnlt. Bair?aee-ma6ters accompany the baggage
throush. and attend to ladies and children with-
" . T- .1 . .
out male protectors. rasgage receiver uu tun
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, and passengers who prefer to send
dowL early. .
An experienced Surgeon on board. Medicine
and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets, or further information,
apply at the Company's Ticket office, on the
W hart, iooi onjanai Direei., awuionw,.
S. K. HOLM AN, Agent.
July 7, 1866. 4Y am.
I AM CONSTANTLY NEGOTIATING
sales of and Mortgages upon Southern
A large amount of
Is now seeking opportunity for
I AM EMPOWERED TO PURCHASE
0,000 ACRES OF COTTON
LANDS IN THE GULF
PLANTERS AND OTHERS,
wishing' to sell, mortgage, or take partners in
woraing ineir lanos, wo iuyiku w
me at once.
D. J. M. A. JEWETT,
46 Washington, Street,
A. F. Devbreux & Co.,
Edmund Rice, Esq.,
William L. Palmer, Esq.,
Capt. J. B. Gregory,
Gen. William A Olmbtead,
Troy, N. Y.
Dudley C. Channkll, Esq.,
J '. Cincinnati, Ohio.
Charles C. Fillet,
CHARGES MODERATE. t'
All Letter must - enclose a Stamp.
July 14, 1866. .f . 5f) tw-m
nAAA PUS. OF SHOES. FOR MEN,
tlUUU Women and Children will be in Store
thi wppt ' IHiMTiAi' than fiTflr.4 " -
' W.H.&R. 8.TUCKER COW
Aug. 25th 1866. ' oo o-
i RANDY I BRANDY I BRANDY 1
TO CASTES PURE FRENCH" BRANDY,
80 gallons Southampton Brandy.
June atf. j B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
-T7XCHANGE OF N. C. BONDS.
STATE OF N. oTtREASURY DEP'T.,
Ralbioh, June 27, 1866.
' Under the authority of an ordinance of the
Convention, ratified June 16th, 1866, sealed pro
posals will be received by the undersigned until
the first day of November, 1866, for the exchange
of the principal of any bonds issued by the State,
prior to the 20th May, 1861, for certificates ol
stock and other interests held by the State in
various corporations. The principal of these
in the following Companies : -
North-Carolina Railroad Company, $3,000,000
Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Company, f 682,500
Atlantic & N. C. Railroad Company, 11,066,000
Western N. C Railroad Company, $1,418,000
Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal Co., . 350,000
2nd. Bonds, secured by mortgages on the en
tire property of the following corporations t
Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford -
Railroad Company, v $2,000,000
Western Coalfield Railroad Company, 600,000
Atlantic & North-Carolina R. R. Co., $181464 88
The interest acquired by the purchaser of the
stock of any corporation will not be greater than
that of the holders of the like amount of the gen - .
eral stock of the same corporation.
The stocks belonging to the Literary Fund, e.
g. the stock in the wumington & Weldon, and
Wilmington & Manchester Railroad Companies,
and in various banks, are not included In this
Bids at less than the par value of the stocks or
other interests will not be entertained. Any
premium realized will be applied in payment of
past due coupons of the bonds delivered in ex
Copies of the law authorizing the exchange and
more detailed lists of the stocks, &c., will be for
warded by the undersigned to applicants
It is made my duty to accept those' terms
deemed most advantageous to the State, ad th
option of rejecting any or all bids is reserved
KEMP P. BATTLE,
June SO 45-wts Public Treasurer. ..
MR. L. H. KELLOGG HAVING RETIRED
from our firm, tl e business will hereafter be con
ducted in the name of EDWARD WHEELER
& CO. We hereby tender our thanks to the citi
zens of Ralefgh and vicinity forpast patronage,
TtELLOGG, WHEELER & CO.
RESS GOODS, CALICOES, &C.
tot? TTkn? .TTTST lYPUTTFTY AS ENTIRE
new stock, embracing Grenadines, Muslins, Ging
hams, &c Also, 3,000 yards Calicoes, of the la
test styles, all of which we will sell cheap. ' Call
early and secure Bargains.
may 22 28 tt EDWARD WHEELER & CO
gRANSON & FARRAR .
HAVE REMOVED TO THE NORTH-CAR-'
OL1NA Book Store, the old and popular Book
stand so long kept by Mr. H. D. Turner, No. I.
Fayetteville Street, Raleigh, on the Corner near
the State House. --' -
Mr. H. D. Turner, who, for thirty-three years
past, has been a large publisher and bookseller,
now retires from active business, leaving hi
entire stock in our hands. .
The stock consists of an extensive selection of -English
and American Law Books, besides a great
variety of School and Miscellaneous Books. Mr.
H. D. Coley, so long Mr. Tamer's representative,
will still be found at the old stand.
With this valuable addition to our former ex
tensive stock, we hope very greatly to enlarge
our usefulness to the trade. We will use our
best efforts to secure the continued good will of
onr old customers, and those of the North-Carolina
Book Store. . .
June 14 tf " BRANSON & FARRAB.
W. W. WEST,
dealer In - .
MUSIC, BOOKS, STATIONERY,
Raleigh. N. C.
July 24, 1866. 54 tf
INSURANCE AGAINST FIRE, .
AND THE PERILS OF INLAND TRANS
portation. UNDERWRITER'S AGENCY,
Composed of the Germania, Hanover, Jfagia
and Sepublic Fire Insurance Companies, New
York. Csoital over $3,000,000.
JOHN G. WILLIAMS, & CO..
oct 6 tf 10 Agents.
Watson's Photograph Gallery, .
RALEIGH, N. C. . . ,
PRICES LOWER THAN EVER. ? .
The Sunbeam Art Improving.
aREAT REDUCTION IN THE PRICES OF
Ambrotypes, Ferreotypes and the larger
size Photographs. Porcelian pictures made with
all the beauty of an ivory painting. Photographs
of all sizes and styles, plain or colored to nature.
Persons wishing work iu my line are invited to
call and examine specimens and be convinced
that there is no use going beyond Raleigh on ac
count of prices or quality of wort
Aug. 28, 1866 28 ly. J. W.. WATSON.
OR SALE OR RENT.
I DESIRE TO. SELL , THE TOLLOWTNO
valuable city property:
The John Hntchlns' house in the Eastern
Ward, and lot upon which it is situate; and eight
other smaller houses and lots, being admirable
residences for mechanics, or others.- '.
I propose to -sell, and will give from one to
. three years' time. - . '.Tj " ,
Or I will rent any ot the above-mentioned
property- Three of the houses are vacant the
Hntcbins' house and two others. :
JOHN P. H. SUSS, '
. - I .-- Raleigh.- N. C.
- Sept, 18, 1866. , . . 78 tf
EDWARD WHEELlS&CO., HAVE RE
TURNED to their old store, (formerly oeenpied
by 8. XL Young) which has been refitted and mod
ernised, and solicit a call from their friends and
thepablie.'- - - ' -
T . -We shall soon be able to eau your
J new and desirable stock of all and Winter
J-Koods. - ' EDWARD WHEELER A CO.
Raleigh, N. C.,Aug. 80,1866.. ,
"I I '
i . ,