Newspaper Page Text
; Miscellaneous Advertisements
Of Hnntsville, Ala.,'
rpREATS WITH PERFECT SUCCESS, . -,
' Piles, Fistula, Fissures, Strictures, Pol
ypus, Tumors, Scrofulous Ulcers,
Syphilis, Venereal, Diarrhoea,
Dysentery, Dropsical Af
fections, &c, &c.
Special attention given to Diseases peculiar to
Females Ulcerations of the Uterus, Folypus of
the Uterus, prolapsus of the Uterus, Lacerations
of the Barinaeatn, &c., &c.
He removed a polvpus from the uterus as large
as as infant's head, and the patient was perfectly
well In fifteen days
Dr. C. has never lost a patient, nor had an
accident to happen. . .
Testimonials will be forwarded from tlie lirst
gentlemen of all the States South. .,,
SS Office in Hnntsville, Ala., immedi
ately on the Memphis aud vKallroa!l,
All letters must contain a three cent stamp.
Sept. 15, 1S0O. ' ' twaw-ly
Fall and Winter Importation,
Ribbons, Millinery, and Straw Goods.
ARMSTRONG, CATOR & CO.,
IMPORTERS ASB JOBBERS OF
Ribbons, Bonnets, Silks and Satins,
Velvets, Ruches, Flowers, Feathers, Straw Bon
nets, Ladies' Hats, trimmed and untnmmed.
No. 237 and tofts of 239, Baltimore St.,
OFFER A STOCK UNSURPASSED IN THE
United States in variety and cheapness.
Orders solicited, and prompt attention given,
ggp- Teems CASH.
Sept. 13, 18G6. 76 4m-pd
THE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
"rrying the GREAT HARNDEN EXFRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. m.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE IjEARY, Capt. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables are equal to first class hotel fare.
Travellers gaing North via Seaboard aud Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be in waiting to convey them
and their baggage free of charge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, and the fare under any cirenm
. stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
miH Norfolk and Petersburg Railroads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
Y TMs line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
t Unirmiop nnfl "Prpipht transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
free of charge. ,
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot of
Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. m.
y H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep 23134 ly8 At Norfolk.
Sale of Salisbury Prison Lot.
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and
Hbadqrs. Ass't Comm'b., State of N. C. 1
Raleigh, N. C, Sept. 15, 1S66. f
IN COMPLIANCE WITH ORDERS FROM
the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees,
Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, dated War De
partment, Bureau of Refugees, Freedicen and
Abandoned Lands, "Washington, D. C, August
17th, 1866, and by virtue of authority given in
section 12 of the act of Congress, passed July 16,
1866, entitled "An Act to continue in force and
to amend 'An Act to establish a Bureau for the
Relief of Freedmen and Refugees, and for other
purposes,' " I will sell at the Boyden House, in
the city of Salisbury, N. C, at public auction, to
the highest bidder, on Thursday, the first day
of November, 1866, between the hours of 10
o'clock, A. M., and 2 o'clock, P. M., all that cer
tain tract of land known as the
" PRISON LOT,"
situated in the city of Salisbury, N. C, and con
veyed by the Trustees of Davidson College to the
so-called Confederate States, by deed dated the
2d day of November, A. D. 1861, containing about
fifteen (15) or sixteen (16) acres, more or less.
Said tract of land was used during the late war
by the so-called Conlederate States Government,
for the confinement of prisoners-of-war. It was
formerly the site of a large manufacturing estab
lishment. It has a Railroad front of about three
hundred (300) yards on the North-Carolina Rail
road, making it a very desirable location for a
manufacturing site, or the establishment of a
Store-house for the storage and shipment of the
agricultural products of the country.
Terms: Cash, in Government funds, on the
delivery of a warranty deed therefor, in the name
of the United States.
THOS. P. JOHN3TON,
Capt. & A. Q. M., Bu. R. F. fc A. L.
Brevet Major U. S. V.
Sept 15, 1866. 79 till nov. 1, '66.
J ATHROP, LUDINGTON & Co.,
330 Broadway, New York,
Offer to Southern and Western Jobbers and Re
tailers, at the lowest market prices,
A VERT LARGE AND ATTRACTIVE STOCK OF
fiT-fvnTR. wnxiftNfl. nniTvpv wwttw iuumfl An
LATHROP, LUDINGTON & CO.,
326, 328 and 330, Broadway, New York,
INVITE THE ATTENTION OF ALL FIRST
class buyers to their stock of Dry Goods. It
will be found unsurpassed for all Southern Mer
chants. All departments of our business have
hftRtl tnnnh pnnrvpH oenfwiiill V f H it t for TlrfifiR
Goods, where we are constantly opening all the
novelties of the season, to which we now ask the
particular attention of both Jobbers and Retailers.
Our stock consists of
Shawls and Cloaks,
Flannels and Blanket
' Yankee Notions,
. .White Goods,
. , ' Embroideries,
Gents Furnishing Goods,
All of which they offer at the lowest market
priees' by the package or piece.
Aug. 25, 1866. 68 2m
QOTTON PLANTATION FOR SALE.
IT 18 SITUATED IN THE RICHLANDS OF
Onslow County ; contains
Three Thousand Acres
In the tract, of which abont one thousand are
cleared, and in good condition for cultivation.
The whole of it is good Cotton land. One-half
of the farm has a crop on it. Three hundred acres
in cotton and two hundred in corn. The resi
dence is a very good one, and all the other build
ings, including Gin house, &c, very good. About
eight miles from a shipping point. Will sell on
liberal terms, and, it the purchaser desires, will
"eU 0x6 croP stock, mules, &c, with it.
For particulars apply to
, L. W. HUMPHREY",
fr1 S?E?,EI?. TTW STORE, IN
hts City, on the Market Square, I shall keep
constantly on hand, groceries, and all the neces
saries of life for famflv nsn ttv. :....
" My many friends are solicited to call on me."
In Store and for sale now,
- BOO bushels
MEAL by the wholesale and retail.
A- JOHNSON. '
Aug. 11, 186. 62 tf-pd
rinitr. niai-rhT- And Dysentery I
A cure is warranted by Db. Tobias' celebrated
VmntTiAK Liuiment, if used when first taken by
persons of temperate habits. This medicine has
been known in the United States over 20 years.
Thousands have used it, and found it never tailed
to cure any complaint for which it was recom
mended, and all those who first tried it, are now
never without it In the cholera of 1848, Dr.
Tobias attended 40 cases and lost 4, being called
in too late to do any good.
DIRECTIONS. Take a teaspoonful in a wii e
glass of water every half hour for two hours, and
rub the abdomen and extremities well with the
Liniment. To allay the thirst, take a lump of ice
In the mouth abut the size of a marble every ten
minutes. It is warranted perfectly innocent to
take internally. Sold by all druggists price, 40
and 80 cents. Depot, 56 Conrtlandt street, New
Sept. 22, 1866. 80 lm
Reduction in Price of the American
Made at Waltham, Massachusetts.
In consequence of the recent great improve
ments in our facilities for manufacturing we have
reduced our prices to as low a point as they can
WITH GOLD AT PAR,
so that no one need hesitate to buy a watch now
from the expectation that it will be cheaper at
some future time. The test often jeais aud the
manufacture and sale of
More than 200,000 Watches
have-given our productions the very highest rauk
among time-keepers. Commencing with the de
termination to make only thoroughly excellent
watches, our business has steadily increased as
the public became acquainted with their value,
until for months together, we have been unable
to supply the demand. We have repeatedly en
larged our factory buildings until they now cover
over three acres of ground, and give accommoda
tion to more than eight hundred workmen.
"We arc fully justified in saying that we now
make more than one-half of all the watches sol.l in
the United States. The different grades are dis
tinguished by the following trade-marks on the
1. "American Watch Co." "Waltham, Mass.
2. " Appletou, Tracy & Co." Waltham, Mass.
3. " P. S. Bartlett," Waltham, Mass.
4. "William Ellery."
5. Our Ladies' Watch, of first quality, is
named "Appleton, Tracy & Co.," Wal
6. Our next quality of Ladies' Watch is named
" P. S. Bartlett," Waltham, Mass. These
watches are furnished in a great variety
of bizes at d styles of cases.
The American Watch Co., of Waltham, Mass.
authorize us to state that without distinction of
trade-marks or price,
AT. THE PRODUCTS OF THEIR FACTORY
ARE FULLY WARRANTED
to be the best time-keepers of their class ever
made in this or any other country. Buyers
should remember that unlike the guarantee of a
foreign maker who can never be reached, this
guarantee is good at all times against the Com
pavy or their agents, and that if alter the most
thorough trial, any watch should prove defective
in any particular, it may be al .vays exchanged for
another. As the American Watches, made at
"Waltham, Mass., are for sale by dealers generally
throughout the country, we do not solicit orders
for single watches.
Caution. The public are cautioned to buy
only of respectable dealers. All persons selling
counterfeits will be prosecuted.
ROBBINS A APPLETON,
Ag'ts for the American Watch Co.,
182 Broadway, N. T.
Sept. 22, 1S66. 80 4m
Itch! Itch ! Scratch ! I Scratch I I
Wheaton's Ointment will cure the Itch in forty
eight hours. Also cures Salt Rheum, Ulcers,
Chilblains, and all eruptions of the Skin. Price
50 cts. For sale by all Druggists.
By sending 60 eents to WEEKS & POTTER,
Sole Agents, 170 Washington street, Boston,
Mass., it will be forwarded by mail, free of post
ge, to any part of the United States.
P. F. PESCUD, Agent,
sept 21 ly Raleigh, N. C.
Hill's Hair Dye 50 Cents. Black or
Brown. Instantaneous, beautiful, durable, re
liable. The best and cheapest in use. Depot
No. 66 John Street, New York. Sold by all Drug,
Patent Medicine, Perfumery and Fancy Goods
March 13, 1866. ly.
XSi Marriage and Celibacy, an Essay
of Warning and Instruction for Young Men.
Also, Diseases and Abuses which prostrate the
vital powers, with sure means of relief. Sent
free of charge in sealed letter envelopes.
Address Dr. J. SKILL1N HOUGHTON,
Howard Association, Philadelphia, Pa.
Aug. 14, 1866. 63 3m
JgANKING HOUSE OF
JASY COOKE Sc CO.
Corner of Wall and Nassau Sts., Xew York.
In connection with onr houses in Philadelphia
and Washington, we have opened a NEW YORK
HOUSE at above location, and offer our services
to Banks, Bankers, and Investors for the transac
tion of their business in this city, including pur
chases and sales of Government Securities,
Stocks, Bonds, and Gold. We are constantly
represented at the Stock Exchange and Gold
Board, where orders sent us are promptly filled.
We keep on hand a full supply of
GOVERSMEXT SECrRITIES OF ILL ISSCES,
buying and selling at current prices, and allowing
correspondents the most liberal rates the niarket
affords. JAY COOKE & CO.
may 12. 23 tw&wly.
Permanent and wide-spread Success is the
Best Evidence of the Goodness of Brand
keth's Pills. They should be in every family,
ready for use on the first symptoms of disease
occurring. This method will often save life.
Cholera must be treated as a Poison,
and your safety demands that it should be got
rid of without delay. Colds, rheumatism, asth
ma, pleurisy, diarrhoea, colics, in fact, all sick
ness is the conseqnence of active impurities in
the blood. These being removed, the health is
restored at once.
Observe my name in the Government stamp in
white letters. Sold by Druggists.
Sept. 15. 77 lm
Brick Machine. The National Brick Ma
chine, a Clay Tempering Machine, and makes
with only two horse power, 30,000 Splendid
Bricks per day, with well defined edges and uni
form lengths. If the Machine does not perform
what we claim for it, we will take it back and
refund the money. Unusual inducements offered
to purchasers of territorial rights. Address
ABRAM REQUA, Gen. Agent,
Aug. 14 lm. 141 Broadway, N. Y.
4 B. 8TENHOUSB. AALAN MACAULEY
gTENHOUSE & MACAULAY,
Wholesale and Retail Grocers and Commission
Merchants, at our Old Stand, Trade 8treet, Char
lotte, N. C. .
Purchase and sell Cotton and all other Produce
on order. '
, Business entrusted to us shall command our
prompt personal attention.
References. Jordan "Womble, Sr., Eso.
Raleigh. v' '
Dunlop, Moncure & Co., Richmond, Va.
Kent, Paine & Co.. " "
Martin fe Tannahill. Pptemhtiro- Va.
To Moses Ai Bledsoe, Candidate for the
jg : in defining your position upon the
Howard amendment Monday evening last,
you were understood to say that it, per se,
established negro suffrage. Your argument
was that the 1st section, properly construed,
iha oumo nri vi 1 prs to a neero from
Massachusetts when he came to North-Caro
lina, that hepossessed in nis own taie ; ana,
l,0fXro if ATnasnr.hnsetts erave him the
- - - O
risht to vote in her elections, he could vote
Vni-rli-nnmlinft if Massachusetts exemp
ted him from taxation, North-Carolina could
r.f- tov liJm hut. he rould vote in violation
of our laws and ride over our public roads
. . ,. r i,.
without paying taxes, oy vin.uc ui uu jpn,
ileges as a citizen of Massachusetts.
I appeal to the intelligent audience pres
ent to say whether your position has been
truly stated or not.
Sir to refer vou to the second
section of the proposed amendment. It
" Sun. 2. Reoresentatives shall be apportioned
oTOnn.r thi. nv-i-ral Stages accordinsr to their re
spective numbers, counting the whole number of
persons in each State, excluding Indians not tax
ed. But when the right to vote at any election for
the choice of electors for President and Vice-President
of the United States, representatives in
noiiu-ress. the executive and iudicial officers of a
State, or the members of the legislature thereof,
is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State,
being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the
Unitea ataies, or in any way uunuguu, cAtcjii
for participation in rebellion or other crime, the
basis of representation therein shall be reduced
in the proportion which the number of such male
citizens shall bear to the whole number of male
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State."
The meaning of this section is that if
North-Carolina chooses to allow negroes to
vote, they shall be counted in the apportion
ment of her members to Congress; and if
she does not choose to allow them to vote,
they shall not be counted. It, therefore, plain
ly recognizes the right of North-Carolina,
should she choose to do so, to deny her ne
gro citizens the right of suffrage. In other
words, should the black male population of
this State be allowed by the laws thereof to
vote " at any election for electors for Presi
dent," &c, at the next apportionment under
this amendment in 1873, we would Jbe enti
tled to eight members to Congress ; and if
that privilege were denied them, we would
be entitled to only five. Sir, could any thing
be more conclusive and is not the right of
the people of this State to regulate the mat
ter of suffrage for themselves emphatically
recognised ? If you are an honest man you
will confess it, and cease to falsify the facts.
Therefore, if a negro vote in Massachu
setts, he cannot vote in North-Carolina un
der this amendment, unless the laws of this
State permit him. Even then he must be
come a citizen and a qualified voter, or his
ballot would be considered illegal.
But, Mr. Bledsoe, you say that it is by vir
tue of the 1st section, that a negro who has
a vote in Massachusetts, will also be allowed
a vote in North-CaroliDa even in violation of
the laws of this State.
It has already been made apparent that the
second section gives a Massachusetts negro
no such right nay, it even denies him of it,
for it emphatically leaves the matter of suf
frage to the States themselves. They can say
who shall vote and who shall not. and they
alone. How then, sir, can you arrive at your
conclusion? You construe the 1st section to
mean one thing, and the second section is
left to mean another and a contrary thing.
Were the members of the last Congress a
herd of asses in your estimation, to propose
such a nonsensical, contradictory amend
ment to the Constitution ? Certah.ly, sir, a
great glory were reserved to you, could you
prove such to be the case. You would make
the Congress the laughing stock of the
world it would become contemptible in the
eyes of all men. But, alas, for human glory,
your wreath of laurel is only a chaplet of
" odorous gimson and fragrant fennel." So
that, it amounts to this, that either inca
pacitated by nature to comprehend the true
meaning of this amendment, you are igno
rantly engaged in deluding the people ; or
you are doing it wilfully. In either event,
you are not a tit person to be chosen to the
Senate of North-Carolina.
The 1st section reads as follows :
" Section 1. All persons born or naturalized
in the United States, und subject to the jurisdic
tion thereof, are citizens of the United States and
of the State wherein they reside. No State shall
make or enforce an law which shall abridge the
privileges or immunities of citizens of the United
States ; nor shall any State deprive any person of
life, liberty, or property without due process of
law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdic
tion the equal protection of the laws."
The first clause says that " all persons bora
or naturalized in the United States, and sub
ject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of
the United States and of the State icherein
they reile." That is, for a citizen ot the
United States to b considered a citizen of
any particular State, it is necessary for him
to become a resident of that State. Read it
over, sir, and see if I am not correct. This
clause does not say that every Italian image
maker, circus-man or Massachusetts colored
barber, who happens to be passing through
North-Carolina, is a citizen of this State.
In order to be a citizen he must become a
resident. Does this amendment define what
it is that shall constitute residence ? That
matter is left to the State as it has always
I hope, sir, that you now perceive the force
of my argument. For a Massachusetts ne
gro to become a citizen of North-Carolina
he must become a permanent resident of this
State. When he becomes a resident of
North-Carolina, under the provisions of this
very amendment, he ceases to be a citizen of
Massachusetts. In becoming a resident, he
must also conform to our laws on that sub
ject. He has given up his citizenship of
Massachusetts and is now a citizen of North
Carolina. He did it voluntarily. He wil
lingly yielded all his privileges there, and
accepted what we were willing to give him
here. Who forced him to do it ? It was his
own act. How then is it, sir, that you affirm
that a Massachusetts negro can come to
North-Carolina and vote by virtue of Massa
chusetts laws ? In order to vote in any State
he must be a resident a citizen of that
State, or his ballot will be considered illegal.
Hecannot vote in two places-- he cannot be
a citizen of two States at one and the same
time. Sir, upon what do you base your as
sertion ? Do you think that all men are so
ignorant as you are learned ?
But the second clause says that " no State
shall make or entorce any law which shall
abridge the privileges or immunities of cit
izens of the United States." Suppose we take
this with reference especially to the negro.
What does it say ? that none of the privil
eges or immunities which he possesses shall
be abridged. It does not say that privileges
or immunities shall he extended, but such as
he now possesses shall not be abridged. Does
the negro possess the privilege of suffrage in
North-Carolina or even Connecticut ? How
then can you abridge a privilege which he
does not possess ? He can vote in Massachu
setts under certain qualifications; and per
haps, if this amendment be adopted by three
fourths of the States, his privilege in that re
spect in that State could never be abridged.
But as he has never been granted such a
privilege in this State, how can you pass or
enforce a law to abridge him in it ? Will
you answer can you do so ?
But what privileges or immunities does
the negro now possess ? In times of slavery
he had none his life, liberty and property
belonged to a master. Now he has the priv
ilege to bear arms, to speak his sentiments
freely, to assemble and petition for a redress
of grievances, to give testimony, to sue and
be sued and to hold property, and to make
wills ; ad no man can deprive him of life,
liberty or property without due process of
law. These -are, the privileges which he
now possesses in this' State, and which this
amendment says slyill not be abridged. But
who will dressa that "he possesses the priv
ilege of suffrage? Will you, mr. niecisoe f
Should the privilege of suffrage be eo-ten-ded
the negro by North-Carolina that would
alter -the rase. -Perhaps she could never
after' abridge it. But so long aa she does.
a. - , - i i hoi-'o
not give n io nun, wunt reguoni .
would ever waste -valuable time and public
money, unless he never intended to pay the
debt, in passing laws to aonage a privilege
which the negro, within her borders, does
not possess? . ' i - .. . . ;
Sir, it is plain to every man that this first
section does not confer a single privilege on
the negro ; it only says that such as he now
has, shall never be taken from him. That
is all ; and I hold that they are necessary to
the life, liberty and property of the negro.
Notwithstanding your assertion, therefore,
the lirst section has no reference, in our case,
to negro suffrage ; the second section only
refers to it. It (the second section) says in
substance, that should North-Carolina per
mit her black male population to vote, they
may be counted in the apportionment of her
members to Congress giving her eight;
and if she denies that privilege, they shall
not be counted leaving her only five mem
bers. Thus, the question of suffrage is left
entirely to the State3, as it lias ever been.
Now, Sir, what foundation have you for
your position, that under this amendment a
negro from Massachusetts can vote in North
Carolina, by virtue of his citizenship of Mas
sachusetts ? Like " the baseless fabric of a
vision," it fades before the searching eye of
For your consideration, I append the fol
lowing law recently passed by the Legisla
ture of South-Carolina. It does not confer
the right of suffrage, but only secures the
negro in those same immunities and privi
leges, that the first section of this proposed
amendment (to which you so strenuously
object,) says shall not be abridged.
It reads as follows :
"An Act to declare the rights of persons lately
known as slaves and as free persons of color.
lie it enacted, &c. That all persons hitherto
known in law in this State as slaves or as free
persons of color shall have the right to make
and enforce contracts, to sue, be sued, to be affi
ants and give evidence, to inherit, to purchase,
lease, sell, hold, convey and assign real and per
sonal property, make wills and testaments, and
t have tull and equal benefit of the rights ot
personal security, personal liberty, and private
property, and dt all remedies and proceedings
for the enforcement and protection of the same
as white persons now have, and shall not be
subject to any other or .different punishment,
pain or penalty for the commission of any act or
offence than such as are prescribed for white per
sons committing like acts or offences.
Sec. 2. That all acts aud parts of acts specially
relating to persons lately slaves and free per
sons of color, contrary to the provisions of this
act, or inconsistent with any of its provisions,
be, and the same are hereby, repealed : Provided,
That nothing herein contained shall be construed
to repeal so much of the 8th section of an act
entitled "An act to establish and regulate the
domestic relations of persons of color, and to
amend the law in relation to paupers and va
grancy," ratified the twenty-first day of Decem
ber, in the year ot our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and 6ixty-five, as enacts that marriages
between a white person and a person of color
shall be illegal and void."
So much has South-Carolina done; and
let me ask, do you, the disciple of Calhoun
and the follower of his Chief Apostle, Jeffer
son Davis, think that the "Mother of Se
cession " has degraded herself ?
In conclusion, Mr. Bledsoe, I trust that
j'ou will not consider me impertinent when
I remind you, that however wise you may be
in your own conceit, there are others who
know the measure of your " half-bushel."
You are known as an imprudent, unscrupu
lous politician imprudent in your advocacy
of such extreme measures as Martial law,
and unscrupulous as to the means employed
in obtaining votes. You have to some ex
tent the "gift of gab" given j'ou to in
struct, and not to mislead the people. This
dangerous gift to small men, in other cir
cumstances, might have led you into the
pulpit, as it once threatened to make you a
lawyer. In either instance you might have
perverted it to wicked ends, as others of
your calibre have done ; and this is said
with more confidence because of the bad use
to which you apply it at present. But you
will talk you cannot help it. Yet do not
deem your harangues effective in proportion
as you are intemperate in speech and violent
in action. cJDn the other hand, you should
cultivate tmvards your opponent those amen
ities and courtesies of political life, which ele
vate the hustings and refine the sentiments
of the people. Cease your appeals to their
prejudices against the ignorant, defenceless
negro, your words of honeyed flattery to
the uninformed, which lure them to destruc
tion. But I have little confidence, Sir, that
any thing here written will move you, for the
Wisest of Mankind hath said : ' Seost thou
a man that is hasty in his words? there is
rnore hope of a fool than of him."
Such are your foot-prints, made in the sands
of time to be avoided, as much as thev are
to be regretted. MOSCOW.
Raleigh, Oct. 2, 1866.
Internal Revenue Receipts.
The causes which control the increase
in the daily amount of receipts at the
office of internal revenue will he of in
terest to financial men. For several days
together, generally at the beginning of a
month, the receipts of the bureau range
from one to two and two and a half mil
lions, after which they undergo a grad
ual diminution to about half a milliou
or less, making an average during the
year of about five hundred thousand
dollars a day. The general revenue
tax is received by collectors of internal
revenue every day ; but from the incli
nation that many persons have to delay
the payment of the monthly tax until
toward the close of the month, the a
mounts received by collectors are usu
ally greater in the last ten days of the
Collectors are required to deposit in
authorized Government depositories at
the close of each day the amount collec
ted during the day, on the receipt of
which the bank in which the deposit is
made transmits a certificate of deposit
for the amount to the Treasurer of the
United States, and gives the collector a
duplicate certificate, which he at once
forwards to the Commisioner of Inter
nal Revenue. As the amounts received
by collectors are greater at the close of
month, their certificates of deposit for
these receipts will reach the bureau at
the commencement of the following
month. Collectors of districts near
to Washington have their certificates of
deposit on file at the bureau on the
same day the deposit was made ; but
the certihcates ol collectors in the more
remote districts of course reach the
bureau by mail from one to ten days la
ter. Thus the receipts at the office here
are always greatest during the first ten
days of each month. In the first quar
ter of the fiscal year the annual income
tax falls due. Generally the month of
J uly is consumed by assessors in pre
paring the list, on receipt of which the
collector gives public notice in his dis
trict that he is ready to receive pay
ment, and designates certain days
on which he will be in attendance at
the different points to collect. About
the first weelc in August the receipts
from incomes begin to reach the bureau,
and from that time till towards the close
of September the - daily receipts of the
bureau are much greater than in any
other portion of the year. Wash.
Chronicle. ... .
COLORED EDUCATIONAL COSTEXTIOS.
.Pursuant to , adjournment, the convention
met at Two o'clock and was called to order,
Jaa. H. Harris in the chair.-; v.
Committee on credentials made their re
port through their chairman, J. T. Schenck.
Report received aud adopted.
On motion, a business committee was ap
pointed, consisting of Messrs. H. J. Brown, G.
A. Rue, H. Locket, J T. Schneck, John Smith
T. A. Sykes and VinsinMickernl.
On motion, Mr. Cawthorn, ot Warren, was
confirmed as recording secretary of the con
vention. On motion, Mr. Newsom, of Hertford, was
elected to take the names and post office ad
dresses. On motion, a committee on invitations was
appointed consisting of Messrs. J. R. Caswell,
Harry Pope, John Hyman, J. E O'Hara, John
Porter, and instructed to extend invitations
to Hon. Gov. J. Worth. ex-Gov. W. W- Hol
den, Col. J. V. Bumford, commanding mili
tary district of N. C, Brevt. Maj. Gen. E. A.
Carr, commandant of the post of Raleigh,
John D. Whitford, Presdt. of the A. &. N.
C. R. R., Hon. Thos. Bragg, Hon. W. A. Gra
ham and Col. Harrison, Mayor of the City of
The business committee reported through
their chairman, Dr. H. J. Brown. Their re
port was received, but not adopted, and laid
over for the next session.
On motion, J. H. Harris was solicited to
address the convention.
On motion, a collection was taken up to de
fray the expenses of the convention, amount
ing to $1 5 9.
Convention met at 7 o'clock, when the
meeting was opened with religious exercises
by the Chaplain, Geo. A. Rue.
The President, James H. Harris, was then
introduced by -J. R. Good, Vice President.
Mr Harris' discourse was lengthy and in
structive, and founded principally on the ob
ject of the League. He was often applau
ded. Mr. Leary, of Fayeteville, was next intro
duced, but declined on the grounds of inca
Dr. J. II. Brown was next introduced, but
declined, as he intends to give a lecture on
Phrenology and Phisyology on Wednesday
Rev. G. A. Rue was then called upon, who
made a few pointed and humorous remarks.
After which a collection was taken up to the
amount of $3.18.
Meeting then adiourned, after the singing
"Sound the Loud Timbrel."
SECOND DAY MORNING SESSION.
Wednesday, Oct. 3d, 1866.
Convention assembled pursusant to ad
journment. President in the chair. Con
vention opened by the Chaplain, C. A. Kue
conducting the religious exercises. After
calling of the roll and approving the min
utes "of the previous meeting, the greater
part of the morninsr session was expended in
correcting the roll of delegates and receiving
the assessments, which was laid on delegates
by the Convention to defray its expenses.
Letters trom the Honorable Gov. Worth
and others were then read to the Convention
amid great applause.
There was a little discussion on the mo
tion pertaining to punctuality, which motion
was carried. The motion, that no person
should be recognized as a member of this
Convention unless they pay their assessments,
brought about a very warm discussion, sever
al gentlemen participating.
James H. Hams offered a resolution for an
Educational Association, which was referred
to tho business committee.
On motion, the meeting adjourned to meet
at 2 o'clock, P. M.
AFTERNOON SESSION 2 o'clock , P. M.
Convention met pursuant to adjournment.
J. H. Harris in the chair.
The unfinished business of the Convention
was then taken up, which was the receiving
of assessments from delegates.
A letter from ex-Gov. Brags was then read
to the Convention. Shortly after the read
ing of the letter; the announcement was made
that the Governor was present, upon which,
the Seargeant at Arms escorted him in the
house, he was then introduced to the Presi
dent by James E. O'Hara. The President
then introduced him to the Convention. The
Governor then proceeded to address the Con
vention. His discourse was on morality, ed
ucation and religion. He urges the people
to industry, sobriety and honesty. Hi also
spoke touchingly on the late war, of the
present position and feelings of the most in
telligent classes of both races, and in con
clusion strongly urged upon them the impor
tance of acquiring knowledge and wealth.
He was cordially greeted by John R. Goode,
as a personal friend.
A vote of thanks was then tendered to the
Governor by the Convention; upon which
the President expressed the feelings and
gratitude of the Convention. After the
singing of the song,
"Sound the loud Timbrel,"
the Governor retired amid cheers.
The motion to receive certain gentlemen
as honorary members of the Convention,
created quite a debate by various persons,
which lasted some considerable length of
time, but was finally carried.
By order of the President, the committee
on business reported through their chair
man, the following preamble and resolu
tions, which had been received but not adop
ted, at the previous meeting :
Whereas, In the counties of Jones, Dup
lin, Craven, Hyde, Halifax, and many others
in the State, outrages are committed, such
as killing, shooting and robbing the unpro
tected people for the most trifling offences,
and, in frequent instances, tor no offence at
all ; and whereas, in most cases, criminals
who wantonly commit these deeds are per
mitted to roam freely at large, without ar
rest for their crimes, even in places where
thess crimes are perpetrated. Therefore,
Hesolved, That the colored people in every
county, district and village throughout the
State form themselves into auxiliary leagues,
which leagues shall be connected with the
State organization, its Bureau being located
in Raleigh, N. C, and whose duty it shall
be to receive reports from the auxiliarv
leagues, or from the people, and corrrnuni-
cate them to headquarters, and such news
papers throughout the country as it may
deem fit, so that the government and world
may know of the cruelties inflicted on us,
and of the disadvantages under which we
2. Hesolved, That we, the representatives
of the colored people of North-Carolina, ap
preciate with profound gratitude, and en
dorse tne action ot the 39th Congress, in the
passage of the Frecdmen's Bureau Bill, Civil
Rights Bill, and Constitutional Amendment,
hopihg that a like spirit of justice and hu
manity may guide the acts of the 40th ses
sion, until legislation shall protect equally
the rights of all American citizens, without
regard to race or color, for which we shall
3. Whereas, That the unreconstructed
States regard taxation without representa
tion as unjust, and not in conformity with a
republican form of government ; therefore
Resolved, That we, native born, colored
citizens of North-Carolina, regard the same
principle as applicable to us in every rela
tion, unjust and in direct violation of the
sacred rights of American citizens.
4. Whebeas, In the different counties in
this State, our children, the dearest ties of
which bind us- to domestic life, and which
makes the ties of home endearing, are ruth
lessly taken from us, and bound out without
our consent ; therefore .
f J3:That we earnestly protest "against"
such violations, and will do all in our power
to prevent its further conti nuance.
After , the adoption of these resolutions;
tne Convention adjourned, to meet according
to rule. - 5 - JAS. E. O'HARA,
:' ' Convention Reporter.
- flALEIGIl. Tr. J.
SATURDAY. OCTOBER O. 1866.
NATIONAL UNION TICKET.
Of Richmond County.
Election on Thursday 18th of October.
The Howard Amendment.
We publish to day, (without endorsing
any reflections he makes on the President,)
the speech of Hon. John Sherman, recently
delivered in Cincinnati, on the Howard
amendment. Let our readers ponder what
Mr. Sherman says.
The last Sentinel contains the following :
"A Word to the People. There is great
danger that there may be cadidates for the
Legislature in some of the Counties, who
profess to be personally opposed to the (How
ard) Constitutional amendment, but who
might be induced, " under certain circum
stances,'" to vote .for it in the Legislature.
This is a vital question. The Legislature will
be called upon to vote for or against it at the
next session. Should the Northern elections
be favorable to it, some men, who now seem
to be sound on the Bubject, but who are
known to be timid, tender men, could be
persuaded to vote for it. Such men will not
do to be trusted at a time like this. No man
should be voted for who will vote for it under
any circumstances.unless upon the positive in
structions of his constituents fairly obtain
ed, and, even then, not unless his own judg
ment fully endorses those instructions com
ing from the great portion of an intelligent
constituency. It is not an ordinary matter.
It proposes a vital and dangerous change ofthe
Constitution, which should be well pondered
before voting for it, and then not because a
majority of the Nortleern people vote for it,
but because the people ofthe South believe
it to be right, or just, or best for the South
and for the Union."
We take it for granted from the above,
that the Howard amendment will not, in
any event, be accepted by the people of
North-Carolina. The Sentinel speaks for
Gov. Worth and for a powerful faction in
this State. There is no hope, then, for
the proposed amendment, unless it should be
adopted by South-Carolina. This may be
probable, as South-Carolina is more subdued
to-day, and better fitted to return to the
Union than those who now control the des
tinies of this State.
Very well, gentlemen. We have done our
duty. We call on all men to bear witness that
toe are true to the Union of our fathers,
and that our skirts are clear of the awful
fate which hangs over this people.
Wake Snperior Conrt.
On Thursday the case of the State vs.
Charles Johnson and Richard Putney was
tried. The charge was highway roblicry,
committed on Sol. Greason, of Alamance
County, in February last. Mr. Attorney
General Rogers for the State, and Messrs.
E. G. Haywood and R. C. Badger for John
son, and Messrs. Badhain and Busbee for
Putney. The Attorney General entered a
not pros, as to Putney, and Johnson only was
tried. The Jury, after being out a short
time, returned a verdict of guilty.
The speech of Mr. Haywood in defence of
the prisoner was characterized by much
learning and ability. We understand an
appeal has been taken in this case to the
The Court was engaged on Friday in try
ing Rufus and James Hodge for the alleged
murder of John Sturdivant. The Attorney
General, on account of relationship to the
prisoners, did not appear, and W. S. Ma
son, Esq., assisted by Hon. Thos. Bragg
and E. G. Haywood, Esq., appeared for the
State. Messrs. B. F. Moore, S. F. Phil
lips, and R. H. Battle, Jr., for the pris
Judge Merrimon is acquitting himself in
the best manner. With such Judges on our
bench it will not be long before crime will
be greatly diminished, and society restored
to the healthy tone which existed previously
to the war.
Green IX. Alford, Esq.
We take pleasure in stating that Green
H. Alford, Esq., is a candidate for the Com
mons in Wake County.
Mr. Alford has heretofore faithfully served
our people in the Legislature. He isnot dis
posed to tie his hands, so as to prevent him
self from doing the best he can. under the
circumstances, for his constituents. We en
tertain no doubt of his election.
The Colored Educational Convention.
The Convention of colored men in this
City, composed of about one hundred dele
gates, will probably adjourn to-day.
lhe object of this body is to promote the
cause of education among the colored peo
ple of the State. James H. Harris, of this
City, presides. The proceedings are con
ducted with decorum and propriety, and we
trust the best results to both races will fol
low. On Wednesday the Convention was ad
dressed, by invitation, by His Eccellency
Gov. Worth ; on Thursday, by the Rev. W.
E. Pell, of the Sentinel; and on Friday, by
W. W. Holden, of the Standard. Letters
were read from the Hon. B. F. Moore, and
See proceedings in our paper to-day.
The Editors of the Sentinel speak of onr
" personal and vindictive assaults upon
them." We have made so such assaults
upon them. We reciprocate what they say
of us " We would not harm n hair of his
head." Our differences are purely political.
A little badinage 41 now and then, is relished
by the best of men."
Lenoir and Greene. John IT
Esq., and James P. Speight, Esq., are candi
dates for the Senate in Lenoir and Greene.
b M. Rountree, Esq., is a candidate for the
A. CorrestvmrlATi fhA xwrti a tv.- '
patch says that John Gilchrist. Esq.. of
Kobeson county, is the oldest lawyer in
North-Carolina. He graduated at the Uni
versity in 1807. .
fMii Raymond : JCegTo Saffrage-
It is well known that Mr. Raymond, the
Editor of the New ork Timesia the author
of. the address and resolutions of the Phila
delphia Convention. It is also well known
that Mr. Raymond voted in Congress for the
Howard amendment. Mr. Raymond is the
acknowledged leader of the Worth party in
this State. And yet this same Mr. Raymond
is vehemently urging the Southern States to
accept the Howard amendment, and in his
last issue he takes ground as follows for ne
gro suffrage. He admits that there is noth
ing in the Howard amendment which oblig
es the States to adopt negro suffrage, but he
thinks the day is not distant when the South
ern States will adopt it of their own accord.
What will those papers that have been
charging us with " complicity" on this ques
tion with Mr. Stevens, say to this advocacy
of negro suffrage by their file-leader, Mr.
" We hold, in common with -the Journal
that the suffrage question belongs exclusive
ly to the States, and that Congress has no
right to compel any State to allow negroes
aliens, or any other class of its inhabitants'
to vote. This is among the powers express
ly reserved to the States by the Constitution
and if that instrument is still the supreme
law of the land, Congress has no right to
override or overrule this provision. The suf
frage question must be left to State regu
lation. Our own opinion is that the Southern
States, if left to the free operation of the in
fluences which always control political re
sults, will themselves extend the suffrage to
their colored population. It will become
their interest to do so -indeed it will very
speedily become necessary to their peace and
to the preservation of those friendly relations
between the two races upon which the wel
fare of both must hereafter depend. While
slavery existed, peace was maintained by
force. The negroes had no rights, no place
in Southern society, no consideration or in
fluence whatever. This is all changed. They
are no longer chattels they are persons.
They have rights, and those rights must and
will be recognized and protected. Thev
have ail the rights of free men the right to
sue and be sued the right to earn and re
ceive wages, to make contracts, to hold
real estate, to hold meetings, to discuss pub
lic questions, to bear arms, to petition for a
redress of grievances. The enjoyment and
exercise of these rights gives them power
makes them important elements of civil and
political society ; and just as fast as they
become qualified for the exercise of political
power, they will find or force their admission
The extirpation of slavery has struck a
death-blow at the mere prejudice, based on
race or color, which has hitherto excluded
the negro from political and civil rights. It
may not die instantly, but it will very spee
dily lose its commanding power, and vield.
like all other mere prejudices, to the force of
reason and the enlightened and liberal spirit
of the age. The colored race may not be at
once admitted to the right of suffrage, but it
will not be, as it has been hitherto, solely or
mainiy on account oi its race c r color, but
because slavery, and the prejudices which
had their root in slavery, have deprived that
race or tne means and opportunities of be
coming qualified for the exercise of political
power. When that obstacle is removed, its
admission will be prompt and easy."
Tax Notice for Johnston County. Si
mon Godwin, Esq., deputy collector, gives
notice through the Sentinel, as follows :
" The Assessor's List for June, July and
August has been placed in - my hands for
collection. All persons on whom assessments
have been made during that period in John
ston county, will meet me or my deputy at
Smithfield on the 11th, 12th, 13th of Octo
tober prepared to pay their taxes.
At Boon Hill, on the 15th and 16th Oc
tober. At Clayton, on the 17th.
All Distillers, Tobacco, Snuff and Cigar
Manufacturers, must come prepared to give
bond and security, and all who have mado
application for license must come forward
and take out their license. Those who fail
to comply with these requirements will be
subject to a heavy penalty.
According- to the provision of the law
those who do not pay at the required time
will be liable to ten per cent addition upon
their taxes, The special attention of those
who have not paid on the back lists is called
to this fact."
As sure as the sun rises aud sets, the time
is rapidly approaching when these Southern
States, should they choose to do so, can
leave this Union and set up a Confederacy
without let or hindrance. If a united North
and an unlimited means were barely able to
compel of them in the late war a return to
their allegiance to the government, could
there be a shadow of a doubt of success in a
revolt when those who battled together for
the Union are now as irreconcilably disu
nited as were the houses of York and Lan
caster, and when the almighty greenback,
in consequence of it, shall become as worth
less as was a Confederate bill just previous
to the surrender of Johnson! Williamston
The above is from a newspaper published
in Martin County, in this State. The Ed
itor of this paper, Abner S. Williams, is a
candidate for the House of Commons in
Martin. If the people of that County should
elect him, it will then be known that they
approve of the above. If they do approve
it, they are not fit to be restored to the
Union. Persons who hold such opinions
should not only be excluded from office, but
they ought not to be allowed to vote.
Good Advioe to the Sooth.
The Hon. John Forsyth, writing from New
York to the Mobile Register,, says of Pensyl
vania, over which he has recentiy been trav
elling " You ride over a country dotted with
farms, groaning nnder crops, and are sur
prised at the lack of laborers, and wonder
who does all this work ? Capital and sci
ence have supplied the places of our large
gangs of negroes, and the work goes on as if
by magic Thus Pennsylvania, with her three
millions of population, enjoys productions
equal to the labor six millions. The same
processes would make the South a garden of
fruitfulaess, the abode of a great population,
and the seat of power. ' We have all that
Pensylvania has, in coal, iron and water-power,
without her harsh winter climate. We
have products impossible to her soil. The
war has hewn a pathway for Southern ener
gies in a new direction. Let us follow it,
encourage men of labor and skill to settle
among us, capital to export our latent re
sources, and train and elevate the negro, to
be able to do his part of .the grand work of
closing the gap of civilization, which our
hearty Northern neighbors have for so long
kept wide open between n. By this path,
too, men ofthe South, we are to recover the
political power to make our rights respected
and sure.'" - - -,
Our thanks to the Southern Express Com
pany for copies of late Southern papers.
m ' ;
Estimates of the Cotton Crop. The
Agricultural Bureau at Washington estimates
the cotton crop, of this year at 1,500,000
bales. A correspondent of the National Jn
teUigencerxovive writing froin Mississippi,
thinks that it will be less than 800,000