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jJaws of the united states,
Passed at the First Session, which was begun
and held at the City of Washington, in the
District of Columbia,on Monday, the fourth
day of December, A. D. 1865, and ended on
Saturday, the twenty-eighth day of July, A.
Johnson. President. La Fayette
S. Foster, President ' of the Senate. La
Fayette S. Foster was elected President
of the Senate pro tempore on the seventh
lav of Mareh. and so acted until the end
of the Session. Schuyler Colfax, Speaker
of the House of Representatives.
An Act authorizing an Increase of the cleri
cal Force in the Post Office Department.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the Umtea otai.es uiaui
ica in Congress assembled, That, in addition
' to the clerical force now authorized by law in
th Post Office Department, the Postmaster
General be, and he is hereby, authorized to
nnn;n nri ftmnlnv four clerks of class one,
seven of class two, fourteen of class three, and
four of class four ; and said clerks shall be
paid until the thirtieth of June, eighteen
hundred and sixty-six, out of any money in
the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Approved, Feb. 16, 18G6.
An Act to amend an Act entitled " An Act
to prevent the Spread of foreign Diseases
among the Cattle of the United States,"
approved eighteenth, eighteen hundred
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Amer
ica in Congress assembled, That an act en
titled " An act to prevent the spread of for
eign diseases among the cattle of the United
States," approved December eighteen th.eigh
teen hundred and sixty-five.is hereby amend
ed so as to read as follows :
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Amer
ica in Congress assembled, mat me impor
tation of neat cattle and the hides of neat cat
tle from any foreign country into the United
State is hereby prohibited : Provided, how
ever, That the operation of this act, or any
part thereof, shall be suspended as to any
foreign country or countries, or any parts of
such country or countries, whenever the Sec
retary of the Treasury shall officially deter
mine, and give public notice thereof, that
such importation will not tend to the intro
duction or spread of contagious or infectious
diseases among the cattle of the United
States ; and the Secretary of the Treasury is
hereby authorized and empowered, and it
shall be his duty, to make all necessary or
ders and regulations to carry this law into ef
fect, or to suspend the same as therein provi
ded, and to send copies thereof to the proper
officers in the United States, and to such of
ficers or agents of the United States in for
eign countries as he shall judge necessary.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted That
the President of the United States, whenever
in his judgment the importation of neat cat
tle and the hides of neat catt!e may be made
without danger of the introduction or spread
of contagious or infectious diseases among
the cattle of the United States, may, by proc
lamation, declare the provisions of this act
to be inoperative, and the same shall be af
terwards inoperative and of no effect from
and after thirty days from the date of said
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That
any person convicted of a wilful violation of
any of the this act shall be punished by a
fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or
imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by
both such fine and imprisonment, in the dis
cretion of the court. .-
Approved, March 6, 1866.
An Act to quiet the title to certain Lands
within the corporate Limits of the City of
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Amer
ica in Congress assembled, That all the right
and title of the United States to the land
situated within the corporate limits )f the
city of Francisco, in the State of California,
confirmed to the city of San Francisco by
the decree of the circuit court of the United
States for the northern district of California,
entered on the eighteenth day -if May, one
thousand eight hundred and "sixty-five, be,
and the same are hereby, relinquished and
granted to the said city of San Francisco
and its successsors, and the claim of the said
city to said land is hereby confirmed, sub
ject, however, ,to the reservations and excep
tions designated in said decree, and upon
the following trusts, namely, that all the said
land, not heretofore granted to said city,
shall be disposed of and conveyed by
said xity to parties in the bona fide
actual possession thereof, by themselves
or tenants, on the passage of this act, in such
quantities and upon such terms and condi
tions as the legislature of the State of Cali-
lornia may prescribe, except such parcels
thereof as may be reserved and set apart by
ordinance of said city for public uses : Pro
vided, howevej, That the relinquishment
and grant by this act shall not interfere with
or prejudice any valid adverse right or claim,
if such exist, to said land or any part there
of, whether derived from Spain, Mexico, or
the United States, or preclude a judicial ex
amination and adjustment thereof.
Approved, March 8, 1866.
Chap. XV. '
An Act to declare the-Meaning of certain
Parts of the Internal Revenue Act, approv-J
ci June thirty, eighteen hundred and sixty-four,
and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That in
section one hundred and twenty of the act
entitled " An act to provide internal revenue
to support the Government, to pay interest
on the pnblic debt, and for other purposes,"
approved June thirty, eighteen hundred and
sixty-fous, the words : " all dividends in
scrip, or money thereafter declared due, and
whenever the same shall be payable, to
stockholders, policy-holders or depositors,"
are hereby declared to mean all dividends
in scrip or money wherever payable, and all
stockholders, policy-holders, depositors, or
parties whatsoever, including non-residents,
whether citizens or aliens.
' . Sbc 2- Ana be it; further enacted, That
in section one hundred and twenty-two of
aaid act" the word " stockholders" is hereby
declared to mean all persons or parties what
soever that are or may be stockholders, in
cluding non-residents, whether citizens or
Aliens ; and the words " such interest or cou
pons, dividends or profits, whenever the
same shall be payable," are hereby declared
to apply to all such interest or coupons, di
vidends or profits wherever the same are or
may be payable, and to whatsoever party or
person the same are or may be payable, in
cluding non-residents, whether citizens or
-v88, And be it further enacted, That it
fv the duty of a11 Persons required to
I!.Un or 11818 of income and articles
t "W with anv dut7 or tax, as
i ?ct afofesaidforanyact
wIL"1?? to deWin such re
turns whether the several rates and amounts
therein contained are stated according to
their values in legal tender currency ; aid in
ease of neglect or refusal to state, to the
satisfaction of the assistant assessorreceivine
such returns or lists, such assistant assessor
is hereby required to make returns or lists
for such persons so neglecting or refusine
as in case of persons neglecting or refusing
r to rn'ake the lists or returns required by the
acts aforesaid, and to assess the duty there
on, and to add thereto the. amount of pen
alties imposed by laws in case of such neg
lect of refusal. ,
- Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That
whenever the rates and amounts contained
in the lists or returns as aforesaid shall be
stated in coined money, it shall be the duty
of each assessor receiving the same to reduce
such rates and amounts to their equivalent
in legal tender currency, according to the
value of such coined money in said currency
at the time when and place where said lists
or returns are receivable, and which value
the said assessor shall determine. And the
lists required by law to be furnished to col
lectors bv assessors shall in all cases contain
the several amounts of taxes or duties asses
sed, estimates, or valued in legal tender cur
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That
the provisions of this act shall, so far as nec
essary, apply to all returns, list, assessments
and collections required by the acts aforesaid
in addition to those above mentioned, by
whomsoever made, returned, assessed, or col
lected, in any mode or for any purpose what
otrnr Anflt.lift Commissioner of Internal Rev
enue, under the direction of the Secretary of J
1 . . . . 1 - 1 A. I- 1
the Treasury, is hereby autnonzeu kj ma.o
all necessary rules and regulations for carry
ing this act into enect.
Approved, March 10, 1866.
An Act to establish certain Post Roads.
Be it enacted bv the Senate and House of
Hwa nf the United States of
America, in Congress assembled, That the
following be established as post roads :
"RVrm T?io Vista, via Maine Praire and
Binghampton, to Silveyville.
From Red Bluff, via the Upper Sacramen
to river, Soda Springs, and Shasta Valley, to
From Red Bluff, via Payne's Creek, Mill
Creek, and Bisr Meadows, to Susanville.
From Chico. via Stonv Creek and Coast
Range, to Nome Cult.
From Cloverdale, via the Lakeport and
Cloverdale "Wagon Road, to Lakeport.
From Central City, via Georgetown, to
From Gold Dirt to South Boulder.
From Denever, via Mount Vernon and
Idaho, to Empire City.
From Fort Wadsworth to Devils Dake.
From Momence, Illinois, via Beaver Lake
Ditch, Stringham's Point, and Pilot Grove,
all in Newton county, Indiana, to Adriance,
From Boonsboro' to Panora.
From Winterset, via Quincy, Clarinda,
and Marysville, to Savannah, in Missouri.
From Indianola, via Larenceburg and Lib
erty Centre, to Chariton.
From Chariton, Cucas county, via Garden
Grove, to Leon.
From Marshalltown, via Vienna, Wolf
Grove, Fifteen mile Grove, and Grundy Cen
tre, to New Hartford.
From Decorah to Ilesper, in Winnesheik
From West Mitchell, in Mitchell county,
by Plymouth and Mason City, to Clear Kake,
in Cerro Gordo county.
From Potsville, viaLybrand and Ludlow,
to Waukon in Alamakee county.
From Humboldt. Lansas, via Osage. Cath
olic Mission, and Chetona, to Fort Gibson.
From Pleasant Hill, Missouri, via Bloom
ing Grove, to Mound City, Kansas.
From Neosha Falls, Kansas, via Belmont,
to Syracuse, in Wilson countv.
From Fort Scott, via Mill Creek, Dayton,
Mapleton, and Blue mounds, to Garnet t, tri
weekly. From Verdigris Falls, via Virgil, to Pleas
From Xenia to Walnut Hills.
From Council Grove to Albiline.
From Neosha Falls, via 3Iount Airy, to
Liberty, in Woodson county.
From Emporia, via Madison, Shell Rock,
Pleasant Grove, and Post Oak, to Fort Roe.
From Ottumwa, via Madison, Janesville,
Eureka, and Darley's Mills, to Salt Spring.
From Enterprise, via Ottumwa, Sac and
Fox Agency, Greenwood, Ottawa, and Paola,
to liamsonville, Jlissoun.
From Council Grove to Marion Centre.
From Ottawa, via James Carroll's, Jack
son Mark's, and Mineral Point to Burling
From Medina, via Oskaloosa, Oinchester,
and Eeaston, to Leavenworth.
From Lawrence, via Oskaloosa, to Grass
From Perryville, (located on the route of
the Union Pacific railroad,) via Oskaloosa
and Easton, to Leavenworth.
Henry J. Hesselbacli,1
(opposite the market house,)
TTAS RE-OPENED HIS STOVE BTJSI
1 1 NESS, und keeps constantly on hand a line
ana large assortment ot
Cooking, Parlor and Box Stoves,
Stove Pipes and other sheet iron work will be
done at low rates and the shortest notice.
He also has on hand a large assortment of self
manuiacturea copper ana lin Ware, such us
Turpentine and Brandy Stills, &c., &c.
He is also prepared for Roofing and Clutter
ing ot all descriptions. All kind of repairing- in
his line promptly attended to.
Raleigh, Oct. 16, 1866. 91 3mtw.
Grand Secretary's Office, )
Raleigh, Oct. 16th, 1866.
THE OFFICERS, MEMBERS AND REPRE
SENTATIVES of the Grand Lodge of Free
and Accepted Masons of North-Carolina will
meet in this Citv, on Monday evening, I he third
of December next, at 7 o'clock, tor the transac
tion of snch business as may be su bint ted to their
The Officers of subordinate Lodges are reques
ted to attend in person or cause proper delegates
to be appointed, in obedience to the constitution
and general regulations of the Grand Lodge.
WILLIAM T. BAIN,
Oct. 18, 1866. 91 twtd
SALE OF VALUABLE LAND.
State of North-Carolina,
BY VIRTUE OF A DEED IN TRUST EXE
CUTED to me by John R. Harrison, of the
County of Wake, bearing date the 9th day of
Juue, 1866, I will expose to public sale, at the
Court House in Raleigh, on
Saturday, the 20th day of October, I860,
a tract of land containing one hundred and
thirty-three acres, in the County aforesaid, lying
in St. Matthews' District, adjoining the lauds of
Jere. Buffalo, Gray Strickland, dee'd., and others,
and formerly known as the "Jack Harp tract."
I will convey snch title only as is vested in me
as Trustee by the said John K. Harrison, by the
Deed in Trust aforementioned, bearing date the
9th day of June, 1866, and duly recorded in the
Clerk's office of the County of Wake.
W. W. HOLDEN, Trustee.
Sept 25, 1866. 81 tds
MATTRASS MAKING AND!
THE SUBSCRIBER IS PREPARED TO CAR
RY on the above work in the best style, and
with dispatch. Mattrasses will be made out of
raw materials, or old ones will be taken apart
and done up bo as to make them as good as new.
Now is the time to have your mattrasses over
hauled, repaired, and renovated. Also, cushions
and sofas of all kinds repaired and renovated.
The subscriber is working at low rates for
cash. He may be found on the premises former
ly occupied by Mr. Shepard, just above the Rail
road bridge, on Hillaboro' street, nearly opposite
" r Orders from persons at a distance, living on or
near Railroads, are solicited. Work for such
customers, as well as all others, will be promptly
done and forwarded.
Raleigh, July 31, 1866.
SATURDAY. OCTOBER 20, 1866.
The people, of this State voted on Thurs
day last for Governor and members of the
The present incumbent, Jonathan Worth,
was the only candidate for Governor. ." Gen.
Alfred Dockery, of Richmond County, had
been nominated, but declined to be a candi
date. Many Union men, however, in various
parts of the State have voted for Gen. Dock
ery, with no hope that he would be elected,
but simply as a matter of principle.
"We have heard but little thus far from the
elections for the Legislature, but we take it
for granted that a large majority of Southern
men have been elected, in contradistinction
from national Union men. Or, in other
words, that the national Union men of the
State have elected not more, probably, than
one-fourth of the entire number of the two
houses of the General Assembly. The entire
number is 170. Of these it may be that
40 will vote to accept the Howard amend
ment, as the best terms that can be obtained
on which to restore the Union.
It is not to be assumed, however, that this
large majority thus elected to the Legisla
ture, is in favor of the President's plan of
restoration.. The gist of that plan is that
the States should' be reorganized and gov
erned by unmistakably loyal men, and that
members of Congress should be sent who can
take the test-oath. This majority does not
tolerate for one moment any such view as
this. Those who compose it are simply
friends to the President as against the Radi
cals. They accept and approve all that he
does which is favorable to the South, and re
ject all that does not favor the South, or that
savors of strict loyalty or staunch nationali
ty. They regard every Republican as a Rad
ical ; and they are exceedingly hostile to
every proposition which does not favor the
return of the States to the Union just as they
are. If they can not return to the Union on
the President's terms, as they understand
them, they are prepared to remain as they
are. They say they will make no more con
cessions. "We regard this as a fair and just statement
of the views and opinions of those who have
carried the State at the recent elections. If
we have done injustice to this dominant par
ty, let some of its organs point it out, and
we will make the correction.
The vote polled is no doubt small. Many
of our people are out of heart. They have
at length reached a point where every thing
is so confused, contradictory, and uncertain
that they take but little interest in elections.
Many thousands of them, from the want of
mail facilities and means to pay for newspa
pers, are uninformed as to the state of the
country and of the issues before it. They
have thought it best not to vote at all, as
they could not vote as they used to do, with
full knowledge of what they were doing.
"We may dwell more at length hereafter
upon the recent elections, and show the re
sponsibility incurred by those Unionists who
have advised the acceptance of the Howard
amendment as the best means of restoring
the Union. The Northern people have
formed no just estimate of this responsibili
ty. It was assumed from the most patriotic
motives, as we shall show hereafter.
"We give below all the returns received up
to the time of going to press.
The vote of "Wake County is as follows :
For Governor Jonathan Worth 718, Al
fred Dockev 341.
Senate Willie D. Jones 503, Moses A.
One precinct, W. Linn's, to be heard lrom.
Maj. Jones no doubt re-elected.
Commons J. P. H. Russ 832, R. S. Perry
731, Calvin J. Rogers 637, J. J. Overby 566,
Dr. T. L. Banks 214. Dr. Banks came out
but a few days before the election, and did
The vote polled is small. The vote polled
last November was 2,100. The County could
no doubt poll 2,800 to 3,000 votes. The vote
cast at this election is but little more than
one-third of the strength of the County.
We shall give the vote by precincts in our
Election. The election yesterday for
Governor and members of the Legislature
came off. Owing to the want of mail facili
ities, and as there was no canvassing, we
suppose it was not generally known, hence
the very small vote. We saw no more per
sons in town than generally come in when
the cotton market is as lively as it was ves-
terday. We give the resut at the town Box,
no other precinct heard from.
Town Box Worth, 174
For the Senate Wilson. 164
For the Commons Hutchinson, 159
Guilford Election. At the time of go
ing to Press, (Thursday, 3 o'clock P. M.) but
little can be known in regard to the election
in this County. At the Greensboro' box at
12 o'clock, 129 votes had been pojled for
Governor all for Worth. At 2 o'clock P.
M., the Senate Stood Adams, (Conservative,)
174 : uams, (uacucai,) d. The votes in the
Commons box had not been counted. Greens.
The South. The following appeal from
a Salisbury paper, will show the feeling that
controlled in the recent elections in this
"O. G. Foard and Capt. W. H. Crawford.
men who have stood by the South and the South
em people through peace and war, who are true
to the State and the interests of her citizens,
are before the people of Rowan to-dav for
seats in the House of Commons thev are
worthy of support, let us see to it that thev
are elected. Let their friends be wide awake.
Do not split your vote. Remember that
Foard and Crawford form a ticket, and it is
expecird that the friends of the one will vote
for the other.""
We take it for granted these gentlemen are
Neither the national administration nor
the Republican party has done any thing to
sustain the Unionists of North-Carolina.
They stand alone, in the .midst of a wild sea
of sectionalismThey can not always main
tain this unequal contest. ,
tCbrrespondeneV ?of 4 the " SfewTork Herald,!
' NORf BC-CAROLINA.
Interesting letter from Partis Gold MineHis
:tory of its discovery Supjtosed to be "the
richest surface mine in the world A new
washing process Hospitality to Northern
men The Constitutional amendment Lack
of labor and capital. . T
Portis, Franklin Co., Oct. 8, 1866.
Knowing the interest your readers take in
the existence and development of the miner
al resources of this country, I have thought
an account of this remarkable mine would
possess to you and them sufficient interest to
justify the space to be aevotea to 11.
Hearing of the Portis gold mine while in
Petersburg, Va., I resolved to visit it and
see for myself if the statements made to me
concerning it were not. exaggerated, and
taking the cars of the Petersburg and Wel
don Railroad, I came to Enfield, N. C, where
I took a carriage" for the " mine," which is
situated in the angle between the Raleigh
and Gaston Railroad, and the Wilmington
and Weldon Railroad, and about twenty
miles from Enfield, N. C, on the latter, and
the same distance from Littleton on the
I had providd myself with letters to the
Superintendent, with whom I had enjoyed an
acquaintance in the army, and who will be
recollected by many of the officers of the
Army of the Potomac as the Chief Quarter
master of the Sixth Army corps, and was
warmly welcomed by him.
I have spent three days profitably and
pleasantly in exploring the nine hundred
acres which the company own, and which
is the basis of the Portis Mining Company.
The existence of gold here was first discov
ered some thirty years ago, the land being
owned by a poor shoemaker - named John
Portis. He had purchased the land on credit
and was unable to pay for it, and the Sheriff
had gone to his house to levy an execution.
He had taken with Dim a miner lrom tne
gold mines near Charlotte, in this State, who,
while the Sheritt was attending to nis duty,
was looking about outside, and became at
tracted by some shining particles in the mud
with which the cabin of old Portis was
chinked. He made a careful examination of
them and found them to be gold, and, pur
suing his investigation, found the crevices of
the cabin almost literally chinked with gold.
He at once communicated his discovery to
" Old John," and steps were immediately
taken to work the mine. Portis found him
self raised to sudden wealth and stopped
Even with the primitive and simple im
plements then used the mine gave surprising
returns. Portis leased it to different parties,
permitting them to work it, and taking one
fourth of the proceeds as rent, and this gave
the old man all the money and more than he
could spend. His sudden and unexpected
wealth had the effect usual in such cases, and
he and his family were ignorant, simple-minded
people, who lacked the strength of mind
to enable them to bear their sudden prosper
ity. They rushed into all kinds of extrava
They built a house which at that time in
this section was a palace, and gathered
around them an indiscriminate set of para
sites. The house became noted for its hos
pitality and for the lavishness with which
choice wines and liquors were bestowed upon
all comers. It was called a paradise for ped
lers, who were sure of an invitation to stay
for weeks and of disposing of their loads to
the inmates. At every session of the court
the old man, it was said, was regularly fined
for harboring disorderly characters. I copy
one bill paid by him to apedler, now in pos
session of Thomas K. Thomas, the President
of the company, and who administered the
state of old Portis. It is as follows :
Franklin County, N. C, Oct. 12, 1843.
John Portis to Jacob Klaushavimer. Dr.
To Miss Mary Portis' bill, $322 62
To Miss Nancy Portis' bill, 274 25
To Miss Beisey Portis' bill, 354 42
To Mrs. Nancy Tuckers bill. 417 75
To Miss Mary Ann Tucker's bill, 320 50
To Miss Eliza Tucker's bill, 285 00
To bill of self and servants, 562 38
Received pay in gold.
Jacob having sold his stock out proposed
to leave his horse and cart with the old man
while he went to Philadelphia for more goods,
and old John thinking it a good opportuni
tv sent by him three thousand penny weights
of gold to have coined at the mint and bring
back when he came with his goods. But
the old man never saw Jacob again, though
for a long time would not believe he would
not return, " for he would not have left his
horse and cart if he was not coming back,"
the old man would say.
Portis died in 18o0, and he and liis wife
lie buried in the garden without even a stone
to mark the last resting place of the owner
of so much wealth. At his death his
numerous children could make no amica
ble settlement, and the mine was sold, Mr.
Thomas K. Thomas, of Louisburg, N. C, be
coming the purchaser. Mr. Thomas has
worked it more or less for the past fifteen
years and always profitably, notwithstand
ing the fact that the only appliances used
have been the old fashioned pan, the rocker
and the sluice. One cannot help wondering
at any result but failure having attended
such shiftless and inefficient working, but the
records show that during the lifetime of Por
tis more than a million and a half of dollars
was taken from the mine.
The soil in which the gold exists is a red
alluvial, and quartz as pure as any I ever saw
is also very abundant. Clay, mica and tal
cose slate exist in large quantities. Many
analyses of the quartz have been uade, and
never have failed to show gold. The rocks
have assayed from $38, the lowest, to $1,460,
the highest, per ton. But the great wealth
of the mine is in the soil. For three days I
have been exploring the property with a pan
and shovel, and have been unable to find a
single shovel lull on the whole nine hundred
acres that did not show gold. I used a com
mon iron saucepan holding: about two quarts.
and every pan full washed showed from two
to ten cents worth of gold, the purest I have
ever seen. JN o other mineral has ever been
found on the mine, and I honestly believe it
to be the richest surface mine in the world.
By the process used here only about two
inches of the surface top could be washed.
and then they were obliged to wait until the
surface exposed by this scraping became
slacked by the action of air, frost, &c, when
th.e process was repeated. The lack of wa
ter has also been severely felt here, requiring
the material to be washed to be hauled a
considerable distance. The present compa
ny will, however, obtain a plentiful supply by
a very simple and economical process. A
large quantity of fine gold is shown in every
panful of the soil, and by the old process
this has all been lost.
The present company was organized this
season unner a cnarter from the State ot
North-Carolina, with a capital stock of
$500,000, which is all taken. The officers of
the company, who are also the principal
owners, are Thomas K. Thomas, President ;
S. G. Sturges, of Newark, N. J.. Treasurer.
and James H. Piatt, Jr., of Petersburg, Va.,
uenerai Agent ana superintendent.
Operations were commenced here on the
1st of August, and Mr. Piatt had a steam
saw mill in full operation in iust three weeks
from the day machinery left New York.
which, taking into consideration the distance
from the railroad and the nature of the roads
over which the machinery had to be hauled,
is a remarkable feat. They have also com
pleted a two story building, seventy by thir
ty, built from material sawed at their own
mill since it was erected some six weeks ago.
The machinery to be used in mining is a
new invention recently patented by a New
ark manufacturer, which, if as successful as
the experiments promise, is destined to work
ant'entirerevolutiotf la the" process oxVaurfSoe
fold mining. It is a combination ot the iron
arrel used in Russia and Germany and an
amalgamating " process. .The -barrels are
made of boiler iron,- and are sixty by forty
inches inside. They- have two openings,
twelve by twelve, through which the mate
rial to be washed is introduced, and out of
which the tailings are forced after washing.
On the side of the barrel, extending its en
tire length, is a pocket holding seventy
pounds of quicksilver, and in the centre of
the pocket a hole one inch in diameter, in,
which is fitted a faucet through which the
quicksilver can be drawn off. The barrels
filled something more than half full of soil
and rock, and water enough introduced to
make the masses about the consistency of
" mush." They are then closed and revolved
by machinery at the rate of twenty-five rev
olutions to the minute for thirty minutes,
when the quicksilver is thrown in. Every rev
olution of the barrel then throws the quick
silver through the entire mass, and after re
volving for another thirty minutes the bar
rels are stopped, with the pocket down, and
the openings at the side. A stream of wa
ter is then introduced through a hose from
the reservoir, and the tailings washed off,
leaving the quicksilver in the pocket with
all the gold previously contained in the ma
terial adhering to the mercury. It is a sim
ple, complete and beautiful process, and
promises to be a remarkable success.
I have not the time, and I fear you would
not spare the space, to give a minute account
of all I have seen here. The work is being
driven forward with energy and rapidity I
have never seen surpassed, and with an econ
omy really astonishing. As there is none of
the stock of the company for sale I cannot be
accused of writing in their interest, and I
can hardly trust myself to write all I hon
estly believe in regard to this mine. Gold
has been found all about this section in pay
ing quantities, but it is a remarkable fact, in
every instance, that the veins struck have
all run into the " Poitis" mine. 'and I confi
dently believe that sooner or later the main
vein from which all this wealth has flowed
will be found on this property. Wonderful
as the statement may seem, it is yet a fact
that the deepest excavation ever made by
any of those who have worked the mine -
hardly reaches twenty feet, if I except an at
tempt to sink an Artesian well made many
years ago and abandoned on striking trap
rock at a depth of eighty feet.
Unmistakable evidences of volcanic action
and former submersion exist all over the
property, and in some great convulsion of
nature the gold was deposited where it is
now so plentifully found.
North-Carolina is unquestionably one of
the richest States in the Union in minerals.
The cost of mining here hears no proportion
to the great cost in more distant localities,
where wood and labor are scarce and held
at enormous prices. The only things neces
sary to develop her immenee wealth are in
telligent labor and available capital, and I
do not believe the world can show a more
promising field for the profitable emyloyment
of these great agencies. The success of the
Portis Gold Mining Company will doubtless
stimulate inquiry in this direction, and
should any person who may read this letter
be induced bv it to visit North-Carolina for
the purpose of investigating the mining ad
vantages of the State he may call on me for
his expenses it the trip does more than re
pay him. The climate among these moun
tains is temperate and "rarely subject to ex
tremes. The air and water are pure and
healthful, and the people hospitable andwil-
lig to welcome Northern men who come here
to invest capital or assist in developing their
Mr. Piatt assures me he has met only kind
ness from all classes, though well known to
have been in the Northern army. He also
says the great error of Northern men com
ing South to settle is, in many instances, a
sveophantic adhesion or pretended conver
sion to extreme Southern views, instead of
an honest acknowledgment of their real feel
ings. He has found nearly every gentleman
he has met tolerant of a temperate expres
sion of Northern sentiment, and believes they
respect an honest opponent more than they
do an apostate. He urges the acceptance of
the constitutional amendment as the best
thing the South can now do, and as a fair
compromise between the two extremes, and
believes the people could easily be induced
to accept it as a settlement if they could be
convinced that no farther terms would be
demanded, and the States admitted at once
on their adoption. Politicians who are af
fected by one clause, and fear that its adop
tion will remove them from public life and
prevent them from holding office, of course,
oppose it bitterly, and their influence will
probably prevent its acceptance. Mr. Piatt
was originally from Vermont, settling in
Virginia immediately after Lee's surrender,
and is well qualified to judge intelligently of
public feeling in the South.
I shall extend my trip to other mines in
this State, and will write you again should
this meet your acceptance.
The Ete and Ear. Those who are .suffering
from deafness or diseases of the Eye should avail
themselves of the opportunity now offered for
obtaining relief by consulting Dr. Gardner, (form
erly of Loudon, Eng.,) now of New Tork, who
will visit Raleigh on Saturday, Nov. 24th, and re
main until Thursday, the 29th. The Doctor comes
highly recommended by the press of the different
cities he has visited. Read his advertisement in
another part of the paper. 89 tnov23.
Meteoric Explosion. A meteoric ex
plosion occurred last Saturday evening the
report of which was distinctly heard in this
vicinity and as far a3 twenty miles south of
town. One of our printers, who was gun
ning four miles west of this place, while
watching for a squirjel, saw the meteor in
its flight, which was in an easterly direction,
about one minute before the explosion oc
curred. At the speed which sound is sup
posed to travel, it must have been about
thirteen miles (in a direct line) from the lo
cality at which our informant was standing.
A great shower of meteors is prognosticated
by the savan3 to occur during the coming
month. Greensboro Patriot.
Iredell Superior Court. The Superior
Court for Iredell is in session this week.
We learn from a friend that the whole time
of the court is and will be occupied with
criminal cases. He also informs us that
Judge Buxton is giving universal satisfac
tion by all those qualities of the head and
heart which form the basis of a high judicial
character. Our informant says that he is a
model Judge. Those like ourself, who knew
the Judge before hi3 elevation, are prepared
to hear such high praise, for the christian gen
tleman must make the uptight Judge. He
does not as charged of some, sesk popularity
"by doctrines fashioned to the varying
breeze." We also learn that his course
around the circuit has been such as to allay,
in a great measure, the feeling mutually en
gendered during the war and to restore har
mony among the people. Old North State.
The Raleigh Sentinel regards W. H. Will
ard, Esq., as a public benefactor, for his ef
forts in inaugurating a factory in that city
for the manufacture of colored cotton goods.
And so he is. Such men deserve great praise
and ought to be highly valued by a commu
nity. Danville Times.
It i3 estimated that the crop of dried ap
ples, blackberries, and other fruit, which will
be shipped from North Carolina the present
season, will amount to more than 1.000.000
pounds, worth at the north over $3,000,000.
At High Point depot alone $75,000 worth of
dried blackberries have already been ship
lature of South Carolina, at its recent
short extra session, took an important
and laudablestep toward the true res
toration of the Union in superseding 6r
softening all acts which' degrade and
oppress the majority of her people be
cause of their race and color. We have
already chronicled the fact, but the act
is one that deserves to be placed on re
cord. Here are its exact terms :
An Act to Declare the Rights of Per
sons lately known as Slaves and as
Free Persons of color.
Be it enacted, dbc, That all persons
hitherto known in law in this State as
slaves, or as free persons of color, shall
have the right to enforce contracts, to
sue, be sued, to hold, convey and as
sign real and personal property, make
wills and testaments, and to have full
and equal benefit of the rights of per
sonal security, personal liberty and pri
vate property, and ot all remedies ana
proceedings for the enforcement and
protection of the same, as white per
sons now have, and shall not be sub
jected to any other punishment, pain
or penalty, for the commission of any
act or offense, than such as are pre
scribed for white persons committing
like acts orofleuces.
Sec. 2. That all acts and parts of
acts specially relating to persons lately
slaves and free persons of color, contra
ry to the provisions 01 this act, or in
consistent with any ot its provisions,
be and the same are hereby repealed :
Provided, That nothing herein contain
ed shall be construed to repeal so much
of the eighth section of an act entitled
An ot. Aut.afilian a nr? iAfrnlnf-.A t.llA
domestic relates of persons oF color, and
to amend the law in relation to paupers
and vagrancy, ratified the twenty-hrst
day December, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-
nve, as enacts that marriages between
a white person and a person of color
shall be illegal and void."
This is a most comprehensive and
admirable act ; and it is cheering to
note how few words of righteous leg
islation -will dispose 01 whole volumes
of the other sort. Here is a whole law
library of acts, decisions, digests, opin
ions, and rulings, blotted out by two
of justice. New York Tri-
Why Jefferson Davis's Children are at a Cath
A letter-writer who visited JefE Da
vis narrates the following incident :
" Ihe coming of the little child into
the inner casemate, and climbinsr into
his father's arms who had just risen
from the sofa, gave occasion to Mrs.
Davis to make some remarks about her
other children, particularly those in
Canada. Bishop Green (an Episcopal
bishop) then remarked that he would
not have ventured to introduce the sub
ject, but, as Mrs. Davis had done so
herself, he felt bound to say, as a bishop
of her own chosen church, he did not
think she acted entirely wise in sending'
her children to a convent to be taught.
Mrs. Davis replied :
" I was in Georgia, and had no money.
No institution of my own church offered
to teach my poor children. One day
three Sisters of Charity came to see me
and brought me five gold dollars, all
the money they had in the world.
They almost forced toe to take the
moeny, but I did not. They then of
fered to take my children to their
school in the neighborhood of Savannah,
where the air was cool, and they conld
be comfortably cared for during the
summer mouths. Then came an offer
from a convent school in Canada, whlth
er, when I got permission from the
government, which was not without
great trouble and difficulty, I took
them. It is true I do not wish them to
be Roman Catholic, but then, persons
as good as they can possibly be and be
come are, ana nave been, and doubtless
will continue to be Romon Catholics.
lhese good people were the hrst to
offer me their help. I will never cease
to be grateful to them for it."
Civilization Weakens as well as
Strengthens. Society never advan
ces ; ic receaes on one siae as it (rains
on the other. It undergoes consider
able changes ; it is barberous, it is chris
tianized, it is rich, it is scientific, but
this change is ameliorated, t or every-
inmg inai is given, sometnmg is taken
- .i . , . ..."
.society acquires new arts, and losses
old instincts. What a contrast be
tween the well-clad, reading, writing,
.... . . ' . or oj
thinking American, with a watch, a
pencil, and a bill of exchange in his
pocket, and the naked New Zealander.
whose property is a club, a spear, a mat,
and an undivided twentieth of a shed
to sleep under ! But compare the health
of the two men, and you will see that
the white man has lost his aboriginal
strength. If the traveler tells us truth
fully, strike the savage with a brpad
axe, in a day or two the flesh hall unite
and heal as it yon had struck the blow
into soft pitch, and the same blow shall
shall send the white man to his jrrave.
Ihe civilized man has built a coach.
but has lost the use of his feet. He is
supported on crutches,but lacks the sup-
poii oi muscie. tie nas a hne Wal
tham watch, but he fails of the skill to
tell the hour bv the sun. A srreei
wich nautical almanac lie has. but be-
ing as siiure ot the information when
he wants it, the man in the street does
not know a star in the sky. The sol
stice he does not observe; the equinox
he knows as little, and the whole bright
calendar of the year is without a dial
in his mind. His note books impair
his memory ; his libraries overlead his
wit ; the insurance office increases the
number of accidents : and mav be a
question whether machinery does not
encumber; whether we have not lost
by refinement some energy, by a Chris
tianity entrenched in forms and estab
lishments some vigor of wild virtue.
Fox Hunting. The Lynchburg News
says that the neigh bon-ag country is alive
with foxes and- the hunters are enjoying the
sport ot ceasing them. We may repeat the
same in regard to our locality. There is a
large red fox now in the cellar under the
PostofBce-, where he was put for safe keeping
until the hunters fix upon a day to torn him
out for a run. The hounds ran him into a
noie in toe ground and he was thus taken.
auve. jjonvwie jcegtster.
An Irishman beinsr in a church wlum the
collection apparatus resembled an election
box, on its being banded to him. whinnered
in the carrier's ear that he was. not natural
ized and could not vote.
-yijfi C v .CHKlSTIA3ff CONTEKENCE
This eclesiastical body, as stated on
yesterday, ; assembled at O'Kelley'g
Chapel, Chatham County, on Wedens
day the 10th, inst.', and continued in ses
sion four days, transacting much im
portant business. The plan for an m.
S roved form of government, a fullt.r
eclarations of principles and directions
for worship, adopted by the General
Convention held last May, was presen
ted by Rev. W. B. Wei Ions, President
of the Convention, and unanimously
adopted. The reports from the Clutches
were very encouraging. Interesting
reports of Sabbath Schools, Temperance5
and other subjects, were presented and
discussed. The Conference was di
vided, the body with its present ratio
of representation being too large to
meet with most of the Country Church
es. The following are the Districts and
Tar River, J W Wellons ; Dan Rh
ea, J N Manning ; Midway, A Apple
Pleorin's Spring, W II Franks ; Bethel
ham and Salem, A Isley ; Graham, E
W Beale and Win. S Long ; Shallow
Well, Ro. G Tinnen ; Pleorin's Union
C A Boon ; O' Kelley's, Thos. J Fowler
and J no. W Watch ; Concord, A 6
Anderson ; Antioch, J N Farrell; Mt
Bethel, Wm. D Moffit ; Newbern, H B
Hayes ; Union and Lebanon Districts
The Conference adjourned late on
Saturday night. On the Sabbath, a
large congregation was in attendance
and interesting discourses
The President and the Constitutional
Amendmen. The New York Herald contra
dicts it own story as follows :
The rumor that the President had written
to southern Governors advising them to con
vene their Legislatures and recommend the
adoption of the constitutional amendment is
undoubtedly incorrect, as no positive indi
cations have yet been exhibited tending to
show that the President will swerve from liis
purpose not to be a party to the granting of
universal negro suffrage in any shape. It
may be, however, that the result of the New
York elections, if unfavorable to the Conser
vatives, may tend to ameliorate his views,
and a compromise between himself and Con
gress be effected at the next session If he
remains inflexible, the Radicals will assured
ly makes an effort to impeach him ; at least,
that is the sentiment of the Radical leaders
at this time.
The timber of the President's message is
already being prepared and some of its pro
portions shaped. The superstructure will
not, however, be completed until the Nov
ember election shall have decisively express
ed the tone of the people of New York.
The Richmond Whig hails, as a cheering
indication, the large number of Jews which
are coming South. They always go where
money can be made, ana a soberer, steadier,
or more industrious and law-abiding class of
podulation does not exist. They interfere
with no one, mind their own business, ob
serve their religious ceremonies, and pursue
their own peculiar enjoyments and indnlgen-
cies. When they leave a country, it is given
over to ruin. No industry can prosper there.
The Crop of Tobacco is ViRorsTA and
North Carolina. The crop of tobacco for
this year of Virginia and North-Carolina, is
estimated at 40,000 hogsheads. We have
not seen the data upon which this approxi
mation was made, and we cannot vouch for
its accuracy. Richmond Examiner.
Unhorsed. On Wednesday morning last
as a freed man was winding his way to Kin
ston on horseback, he was attacked by three
white men about two and a half miles from
the village, ordered to dismount, which he
did, and his horse was taken to parts un
known by three men, to the great discomfit
ure of the negro. We sincerely hope the vil
lains may be arrested, and made to suffer the
extreme penalty of the law, in such cases pro
vided. Gohlsboro News.
Remarkable Hail Storm. The following
is an account of a hail storm that.occured in
this county on Thursday last, which is- not
only remarkable for being out of season, but
for quantity and appearance. The state
ments of of our correspondent may be relied
on as strictly correct ;
Davidson College, N. C, Oct. 11, 1866.
W. J. Yates, Esq. Dear Sir : The follow
ing is a description of a very novel and de
structive hail storm which occurcd at half
past 2 o' clock yesterday evening. The pie
ces (not stones) were of every concei veal vie
shape, with horns, legs, arms. &c, resem
bling bugs, fowls, grasshoppers, craw-fish-
aligators, crabs, fish, lizzards, chestnut burs,
monkeys, sea-shells, doll-babies, &c, &c.
They came down so rapidly and in such size
and quantity that many of them lost an arm,
leg, or wing in the fall. The little (not very)
creatures came down with legs and arms
spread out so that they hitched upon tin
cotton and other things stripping them pretty
clean of leaves and limbs. Some cotton
fields are ruined. The heaviest part of the
storm was between here and Mount Mourne,
covering the ground from three to four indi
es in some places, and to-day it still lie in
piles two inches deep, the pieces averaging
two and-a-half to three ounces in weight.
Respectfully, &c, H. P. HELPER.
Georgia Affairs Murder of a Freed-
Augusta. Ga., Oct. 16. A freed man was
shot and killed in Columbia countv hist
night. The affair originated from a difficul
ty with a white- man, which the treedmani
reported to General TiHsoo, who advised
him to seek redress from the civil authorities.
Last night a party of white men surrounded
his house and murdered him whilst attemp
ting to escape. The citizens are indignant
at the outrage. A military force has been
sent to arrest the perpetrators.
Several iayliawkers have beert arrested in
Newton county by the military.
A slight trost lias, been experienced in this-
vicinity. The weather is favorable for the
cotton crop, which is looking better.
message of the Governor of Mississipyt.
New Orleans, Oct. 16. The Mississippi
Legislature met yesterday in extra session.
The Governor's messafre savs that the neces
sities of the State constrained him to call
the Legislature. It was not a special emer
gency, but a general exigency, resulting from,
the altered and deranged condition of our
Federal relations and domestic affairs.
He states that the removal of nesro troop
from the State, and the transfer of the Freedt-
men's Bureau to officers of the regular arnnyv
are subjects of eoBsrratulation. He de
plores the state of the country, and enclose
the constitutional amendment, but presumes.
that the mere reading of it will insure its re
jection. He recommends the admission oc
negro testimony in all courts, ana request
that provision be made for the education of
the indignent children of Confederate sol--diers,
ana for the relief of destitute disabfedi
Confederate and State soldiers. -
The President's Policy.
Washington, Oct. 16. There is no prob
ability whatever of the President changing'
his present position as to his restorationi
policy, as has. been intimated in some of that