Newspaper Page Text
Jaws of THE-tKirmsxass,
Passed at Hue First Session which wis begun
and held at the City of Washington, the
District of Columbvi.on Mowlay, tliejourt
day of December, A. D. 1865, and ended on
Saturday, the ticenty-eighthday of July, A.
D. I860." r .
Asdrew Johnson, President. La Faykttb
S. Foster, President of tbe Senate. La
Fayette S.JToster was elected President
of tbe Senate pro ternrc on the seventh
dav of March, and so acted until the end
ot the Session. Scuuvi.er Colfax, Speaker
i of the House oi Uipresenlames.
An Act concerning certain Lands granted to the
State of Nevada.
.. ii.. 9r.iuti and House Ot Kep-
resentatl v ot tue United State, of America in
SeDtemOer louriu, cigm"-"
one, lor purposes of internal improvement, is
hereby approved and conlirined.
Sec 3. And be it further enacted, Tht land
equal in amount to seventy-two entire sections,
for tbe establishment and maintenance ot a uni
versity in said State, is hereby granted to the
State of Nevada.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the
grant made bv law of the second day ot July,
ehrhteen hundred and sixty two, to each State, ot
land equal to thirty thousand acres lor each of its
senators and representatives in Congress, is ex
tended to the Slate of Nevada ; and the diversion
of the proceeds of these lands in Nevada from the
teaching of agriculture and mechanic arts to that
of the theory and practice of mining is allowed
and authorized withoul causing a lorfeiture ol
said errant. . . mt . ,
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the
President of the United States, by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate, shall be, and he
is herebv, authorized to appoint a surveyor-general
for Nevada, who shall locate bis office at such
place as the Secretarv of the Interior shall from
time to time direct, whose compensation shall be
three thousand dollars per annum, aud w hose du
ties, powers, obligations, responsibilities, and al
lowances lor clerk hire, ouiee rent, luel aud inci
dental expenses shall be tne same as those ot the
surveyor-general of Oregon, under the direction
ot the Secretary of the Interior may, in his dis
cretion, vary the lines of the subdivisions lrom a
rectangular from, to suit the circumstances ot the
countrv ; but in all cases lands valuable for mines
of sold", silver, quicksilver, or copper shall be re
served from sale.
Sec. 6. Aud be it further enacted, That until
the State of Nevada shall have received her full
quota of lauds named in the lirst, second, and
third sections of this act, the public lands in that
state suan noi oe suuhti iu i-nj, lo
tion under anv law ofthe I'n.ted States, or any
6crip or warrants issued in pursuance oi any sucn
law except the homestead act ot -May twentieth,
eighteen huudred and sixty-iwo, aud acts amen
datory thereto, and the acts granting aud regula
ting pre-emptions, but shall be reserved exclu
sively for entry by the said State for tile period of
two years after siich survey shall have been made :
Provided, That said State shall select said lauds
in her own name aud right, in tracts of not less
than forty acres, aud dispose of the same iu tracts
not exceeding three hundred and twenty acres,
only to actual settlers aud bona tide occupants:
Aud provided further. That city aud towu prop
ertv shall not be subject to selection uuder luis
act": And provided further. That this section
shall not be construed to interfere with or impair
righU lieretoioie acquired under any law of Con
gress. Approved, July 4. 1SC6.
An Act granting Lands to the State of Oregon, to
aid in the Construction of a Military Road from
Corvallis to the Acqninna Bay.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep"
resentatives of the United States of America iu
Congress assembled, That there be, and is here
by, granted to the State ot Oregon, to aia iu the
construction of a military wagon road from the
town of Corvallis to the Acquiuua Bay, three al
ternate sections per miie from the unoccupied
public land, designated by odd numbers, and not
more than six miles from said road: Provided,
That the lands hereby grautedsball be exclusively
applied in the construction of said road, and sha;l
be disposed of only as the work progresses ; aud
the same shall be "applied to no other purposes
whatever: And provided further, That any aud
all lands heretofore reserved to the United Ssates
by act of Congress, or other competent authority,
be, and the sahie are, reserved from the operation
of this act, except so far as it may be necessary to
locate the route of said road through the same, in
which case the right of way is granted.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the said
lands.hereby granted to said St ate shall be disposed
of by the legislature thereof lor the purpose afore
said, and for no other; aud the said road shall be
and remain a public highway for the use of the
government of the United States, Iree from tolls
or other charges upon the transportation of any
property, troops, or mails of the United States.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That said
road shall be constructed with such graduation
and bridges as to permit of its regular use as a
wagon road, ana in sucn otner special manner as
the state ot Oregon may prescribe.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the
lands hereby granted to snid State shall be dis
posed of only'in the following manner, that is to
6ay: when the goveruor of said State shall certi,
fy'to the Secretary ot the Interior thatany ten con
tinuous miles of said road are completed, then a
quanty of laud hereby granted coterminous to
said completed portion of said road, not to exceed
thirty sections may be sold, and so from time to
time until said road is completed; and if said
road is not completed within five years, no furth
er sales shall be made, and the land remaining un
sold shall revert to the United States.
Approved, July 4, 1866.
An Act making an additional Grant of Lands to
the State of Minnesota, in alternate Sections,
to aid in the Construction of Railroads in said
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That there be, and is here
by, granted to the State of Minnesota, tor the pur
pose of aiding in the construction of a railroad
from Houton, in the county of Houston, through
the counties of Fillmore, Mower, Freeborn, and
Faribault, to the western, boundary of the State;
and also for a railroad from Hostings, through
the eonuties of Dakota, Soott, Carver, and Mc
Leod, to such point on the western boundary of
the State as the legislature of the State may de
termine, every alternate section of land designa
ted by odd numbers to the amonnt of live alter
nate sections per mile on each side of said road
but in case it shall appear that the United States
have, when the lines or route, of said roads are de
finitely located, sold any section, or part thereof,
granted as aforesaid, or that the right of preemp
tion or homestead settlement has attaceed to the
same, or that the same has been reserved by the
United States for any purpose whatever, then it
shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior
to cause to be selected, for the pnrposes afore
said, from the public lands of the United States
nearest to the tiers of sections above : specifid, so
much land in alternate sections or parts o sec
tions, designated by odd numbers, as shall be
equal to such lands as the United States have
sold, reserved, or otherwise appropriated, or to
which the right ot homestead settlement or pre
emption has attached as aforesaid, which lands,
thus indicated by odd numbers and sections, by
the direction of the Secretary of the Interior,
shall be held by said State of Minnesota for the
purpose and uses aforesaid : Provided, That the
land so selected shall in no case be located more
than twenty miles from the lines of said road :
And provided further, That no land shall be gran
ted or transferred by the provisions of this act not
included within the jurisdiction of the State of
Minnesota : And provided fnrthcr, That any and
all lands heretofore reserved to the United States
by any act of Congress, or in any other manner
toy competent authority, for the purpose of aiding
In any object of internal improvement, or other
purpose whatever, be, and the same are hereby,
reserved and excepted from the operation ot this
act, except so far as it may be found necessary to
locate the route of said road through such reser
ved lands, in which case the right ot way shall be
granted, provided the United States has vet in
possession the title thereto. J
Sec. 2. And be it fnrther enacted, That the sec
tions and parts of sections of land which bv such
grant shall remain to the United States within ten
miles on each.side of said road shall not be sold
for less than double the minimum price of public
. lands when sold, nor shall any of said lands be
come subject to sale at private entrv until th
same shall have been first offered at nubUe saletS
the highest bidder at or above the mffim nri
as aforesaid: Provided, That actuXSfset?
tlexs under the pre-emption laws of th t.
States may, after due proof of settlement im
provement, and occupatloa as now provided bv
law, purchase the same at the increesed minimum
firice: And provided also, That settlers under
he provisions of the homestead law who shall
make entries after the passage of this act. noon
the sections numbered by even numbers, and wh
commonly -with the terms ana requirement nf
said act shall be entitled to patents for an amount
not exceeding eighty acres each, anything in thia
Act to the contrary notwithstanding.
Sic. 8. And be it further enacted, That the
lands hereby granted shall be subject to the dis-
..posaLoi ths-ieghdaUwof MiMiesoire
poses aforesaid and no other; and the said rail-
road shall be and remain public mgnways ioriue
use of the government of the United 8tates, free
of alt toU or other charges upon the transport
tion of any property or troops of the United
States, anil the same shall at all times be transpor
ted at the cost, charge, and expense in all respects
of the company or corporation, or then sueces
sors or assigns, having or receiving the benefit of
the land grants herein made.
Sec 4.And be it lurtiicr enacted, That the
lands herebv gi anted shall be disposed of by said
State for the purpose aforesaid ouly, and in man
ner following, namely : When the governor ot
snid State shall certify to the Secretary ot the In
terior that any section often consecutive miles (if
snidro::d is completed, in a good, substantial,
and workmanlike luauuer, as a lirst-class railroad,
then the Secretary of the Interior shall issue to
the State paicuts for all the lands iu alternate sec
tt.,,,. nr .irts of sections, designated by odd
numbers, situated within twenty miles of the road
so completed and lying coterminous to said com
pleted section of ten miles, and not exceeding one
hundred sections, lor the benefit of the road bavin"-
comoleted the ten consecutive miles as afore
said : Provided, however, That the coterminous
ni im-iiiie herebv aonlicd shall not extend to such
lauds as are taken bv the said railroad companies
to nuiku ld dchciences. provided that no land to
make up such deficiencies shall be taken at any
point within ten miles rpon each side of the line
UI BUU IU1IUB. ulii tut. w.iv.
shall certify that another sectiou of ten consecu
tive miles shall have been completed as aforesaid,
then the Secretary of the Interior shall issue pa
i.ni tn stute in like manner for a like num
ber; and when certificates of the completion of
ndditional sections of ten consecutive miles of
!iiri rojirts nr trom time to time made as afore
said, additional sections of lauds shall be patented
as aloresaid, until said roads are completed, when
the whofe of the lands hereby granted shall be
patented to the State for the uses aforesaid, and
none other: Provided. That it said roads are not
l kill Tlll'tlM 1 within ten vears from the acceptance
of this irraut, the said "lands hereby granted and
not patented siiau reveri 10 mc unm-u oiumc.
KEfi. 5. And be it further enacted. That as soon
as the governor of said State shall lile or cause to
oe nlea witu tue eecreiary oi iuc luiunui uwjra
designating the routes of said roads, then it shall
be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior to
withdraw from market the lands embraced within
the provisions of this act.
Sec. 6. Aud be it further enacted. That the
United States mail shall be transported on snid
road, uuder the direction of the Post Office De
partment, at such price as Congress may by law
provide : Provided, That until such priee is fixed
bv law, the Postmaster-General shall have power
to lis the rate of compensation.
Approved, July 4, 1S66.
An Act to provide lor the Disposal of certain
Lands therein named.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
nsent:ilives ol the United State ot America in
Conirrcss assembled. That the Commissioner of
the General Laud Oilice be, and he is hereby, au
thorized to cause to be offered at public auction
all the unsold lots of that portion ot the public
domain kxown as the Fort Howard Military Re
serve, which is situated in the county of Brown,
and State of Wisconsin, giving not less than two
mouths' notice of the time and place of such sale,
by advertising the same iu such newspapers and
for such period of time as he may deem best.
Everv such lot shall be sold separately to the
highest bidder for cash, and when not paid lor
within twenty-four hours from the time ot pur
chase, it shall be liable to be resold under the
order of the Commissioner of the General Land
Omee aloresaid, at such reasonable miniiuum as
mav be fixed by the Secretary of the lutcrior, and
no sale shall be binding until approved by that
Sec. 2. Aud be it further enacted, That it shall
be the duty of the President to cause patents to
be issued in due lorm of law for each and every
such lot, as soon as may be after the purchase of
and payment for the same.
Approved, July 4, liSoo.
i BEAUTIFUL ASSORTMENT
jt. ceived and for sale low at
Watson's Photograph Gallery.
Members of the Legislature, visitors and citi
zens are invited to call at haisua o ruyiu
URAFH GALLERY and hear of something to
their interest. J. W. WATSON.
Raleigh, Nov. 22, 1S66. 100 tf.
SEVERAL VERY" PRODUCTIVE COTTON
and Stock farms for Rent or Lease, situated
in Wayne and Johnston Counties, aud convenient
to Rail Road. Apply to
T. II. ATKINSON, or
W. F. ATKINSON,
Boon Hill, N. C.
Raleigh, Dec. 1, 1S66. 110 12t.
FOR RENT OR LEASE JTHAT SPLENDID
cotton plantation known as the Gaston place,
live miles from Newbern,j contaiuiug5,UU0 acres,
1,200 acres cleared and ditched, the whole place
has been marled and there are inexhaustible marl
beds on it. The plantation is admirably adapted
to Cottou and Corn, and has been in cultivation
successively for the last four years.
J. L. MOKEHEAD,
Charlotte, N. C.
or to W. H. SMITH,
Halifax, N. C.
Executors of P. G. Evans, dee'd.
December, 4, 1S66. Ill 2w.
Henry I. Hesselbach,
(OPPOSITE THE- MARKET HOUSE,)
HAS RE-OPENED HIS STOVE BUSI
NESS, and keeps constantly on hand a tine
aud large assortment of
Cooking, Parlor and Box Stoves.
Stove Pipes and other sheet iron work will be
done at low rates and the shortest notice.
He also has on hand a large assortment of self
manufactured Copper and Tin Ware, such as
Turpentine and Brandy Stills, &c, &c.
He is also prepared for Roofing and Gutter
ing of all descriptions. All kind of repairing in
his line promptly attended to.
Raleigh, Oct. 16, I860. 1 3mtw.
Fall and Winter Importation
Ribbons, Millinery, and Straw Goods.
ARMSTRONG, CATOR & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS Or
Ribbons, Bonnets, Silks and Satins,
Velvets, Ruches, Flowers, Feathers, Straw Bon
nets, Ladies' Hats, trimmed and untrinimed,
No. 237 and Lofts of 239, Baltimore St.,
OFFER A STOCK UNSURPASSED IN THE
United States in variety and cheapness.
Orders solicited, and prompt attention given.
J3f Terms CASH.
Sept. 13, 1866. 76 4m pd
NORTH STATE IRON AND BRASS
THESE WELL KNOWN IRON WORKS ARE
turning out all kinds of Mill Castings and
wrought Mill Irons, also, every variety of one and
two horse plows, and plow castings. The Stock
of Farming implements now on hand and ready
for delivery is very large, and consists in part of
the following viz:
500 No. 0 Plows, (Richmond Patent.)
300 Self Sharpner do do
200 No. 11 do (William's Patent.)
100 No. 60 do " "
50 No. 50 do Allen's ")
30 No. 1 One Horse Kivingston Plows.
20 No. 2 Two Horse " "
10,000 lbs., all kinds ol Plow Castings, together
with Sinclair & Co's. Propelles Straw Cutter,
Corn Shelters, of various patterns, O'Ames' Shov
els and Spades, Sam'l. W. Collins & Co's., Axes,
and Cast Steel plows, Nova Scotia Grindstones,
We are also Agents for the Sale of every descrip
tion of Agricultural Implements manufactured in
the United States.
All kinds of Castings, Forgings, and repairing
done neatly and upon short notice.
N. B. Wanted at once 100,000 lbs., old cast
scrap Iron, for which we will pay liberally in cash,
or exchange Plows or Plow castings.
B. P. WILLIAMSON, & CO.
Nov. 84, 1866. 107 t .
ON THE NIGHT OF THE 18TH INSTANT.
from the lot ot C. W. Rose, near Snow Hill, Greene
County, one Sorrell Horse, about 13 hands high,
and very little mane, about 8 years old. Also one
small dark bay Mare, about 13 hands high, and
about 8 years old. Also one mouse colored Mule
with stripe down his back ; mane and tail closely
sheared. Also one Sorrell Mule, about 10 years
old; mane and tail closely sheared. I will give
the sum of twenty-five dollars reward each, de
livered to me at Snow Hill, Greene Co. . N. C.
8. R. HARPER,
Nov. 27, 1866. 108 tw3w.
- RALEIGH. If. C.
SATURDAY DECEMBER 8, 1866.'
Scene in the Hoase of Commons.
We refer to the proceedings for a sketch
of the scene in the House of Commons of
this State, yesterday.
Mr. Russ offered resolutions affirming the
loyalty of this State under its present organ
ization, which passed by a large majority.
j Much excitement revailed during the con
sideration of the- resolutions. Violent and
inflammatory speeches were made by Mr.
Crawford, of Rowan, and Mr. Russ, of W ake,
against the Unionists of this State, and
against any attempt that may be made to
supersede the present government of North-
Mr. Blair, of Randolph, offered an amend
ment to the effect that those Southern lead
ers" who " fired the Southern heart," and in
volved the country in war, ought not to be
allowed to vote or hold office. The majori
ty dodged this by refusing to order the yeas
and nays upon it.
Unionists were hissed in the Hall when
Mr. Blair offered his amendment, and when
the House refused to order the yeas and
Mr. Blair, Mr. Lyon, Mr. Blythe, Mr. Free
man, and indeed all those Unionists who vo
ted against the resolution, deserve the thanks
of every patriot for the firmness they dis
played on the occasion.
If any thing had been wanting to make
such action necessary, the scene in the House
on yesterday would have rendered it the im
perative duty of the Congress of the United
States at once to sweep the existing State
organization, with its disloj'al Legislature,
from existence. We declare, in the most
emphatic terms, that the Legislature of this
State in 1864, (during the rebellion,) was a
much more loyal body in sentiment than the
The Sentinel regrets that action has been
so long deferred by our Legislature on the
Howard amendment. We concur with that
paper in tins regret, ihere was no good
reason why the Legislature should not have
adopted it at once, unanimously.
The Sentinel adds, " We are ready to sur
render any personal or political feeling to
effect the great object of national tranquility
and Union." That is a very pretty expres
sion, hut unfortunately the facts do not sus.
tain the Editors in making it. The Sentinel
But we never can vote for the enlarge
ment of the powers of the Federal Govern
ment, or the Congress and Executive, which
look to the destruction of the old government
as the Howard amendment proposes to do,
or the humiliation and degradation of our
own people. If they are to be disfranchised,
let others do it."
To nil which we have no particular objec
tion. It is very refreshing, however, to hear
the Sentinel and its triends praising " the old
government." Every one knows how they
love " the old government," and how they
hate the present one. They went out from
the old mansion five years ago, and labored
to the last moment to fire and destroy it.
Since they left, many changes have occurred.
They will condescend to return to it, if the
occupants will beg their pardon for having
left it and sought to destroy it, and if, in
addition, they will put every thing in the
mansion in the same condition it was
when they left. This is so kind and reason
able that any thing else would be "humili
ating and degrading ;" and "true Confede
rates," who scorned to "cowardly abandon
the cause of the South," will suffer any thing,
no matter how terrible or awful, before they
will obey any will but their own. Never
theless, they are as submissive as lambs, and
much more loyal than any other class in the
country. All other classes are common,
when compared with them. They are " the
Important Rumor. A report prevailed
on the streets and about the capitol, yester
day, that Hon. George W. Logan, a member
of the House of Commons, is now in Wash
ington City on business connected with tbe
reconstruction of this State. Progress.
This rumor is unfounded. Gen. Logan
is on a visit to his home in Rutherfordton,
on business which he felt obliged to attend
to. He will no doubt be in his scat again
in a few days.
Col. Forney, in a recent letter over the
signature of " Occasional," in his paper, the
Washington Chronicle, says :
" Congress is called upon to provide re
publican governments for all the States of
the Uuion ; and now that the recent rebels
have again defied the laws of the land, and
in the name of an aristocracy worse than
any on the face of the earth an aristocracy
that was supposed to have gonedown in the
field of battle insist upon ruling a country
they sought to ruin, there is but one course
left to those in whose hands the public lib
erties have been placed by the people. The
course was plainly indicated in the reply of
Speaker Colfax ; and he is an idiot, and
worse, who supposes that there is any human
power on this continent that will prevent the
completion of the work it imposes upon the
representatives of the people."
Mr. Wentworth offered a resolution in the
House of Representatives of the United
States, a day or two since, to the effect that
the many recent acts of disloyalty in the
Rebel States are additional reasons why they
should pass the Constitutional Amendment
before Congress can consider the propriety
of admitting them. It was passed by 119
One of these recent acts of disloyalty in
North-Carolina was the election of Judge
Manly to the Senate. Another, was the dec
laration by Gov. Worth in his message that
Congress is an unconstitutional body.
Dental Association. We learn that the
N. C. Dental Association, Dr. B. F. Arring
ton presiding, has just closed a harmonious
and useful session in this Citv.
Mr. Crawford, of Rowan, very kindly pro
poses to "prepare a hell for W. W. Holden
and his friends." There is no necessity
for preparing such a place for the Commoner
from Rowan. It is already prepared, and
will give him, in due time, a warm recep
tion. It is thought the Legislature of thia State
will adjourn about the 20th of thi month.
The. following is the resolution of Mr.
BroomaU, of Pennsylvania, which passed the
House by a vote onuiwa. ?
lisxoUfA. That the Committee on Territo
ries be instructed tolnquire into the expedi
ency of reporting a bill providing Territorial
Governments for the several districts of coun
trv formerlv occupied by the once existing
States of Virginia. North Carolina, South
Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Ala
bama, Louisiana, ArKansas anct lexas, anu
crivinir to all adult male inhabitants born
within the limits of the United Suites, or
duly naturalized and not participants in the
late Rebellion, full equal political rights in
such Territorial Governments."
The " above is a test vote, which shows
that the House is not disposed to favor the
proposition for universal amnesty and uni
The Washinsrton correspondent of the N.
Y. Tribune says :
" It is the opinion of a prominent Senator,
who has had unusual opportunities ot ooser
vation, that at the present session of Con
gress an enabling act will be passed, reject
ing the present governmentsof the rebellious
States as nullities, and that the loyal people
ot those States, without respect to color, will
be authorized to choose delegates to consti
tutional conventions, and that the conven
tions will be required to submit the const!
tutous thus formed to a vote of the people
for approval or rejection. The Senator
makes these statements with so much earn
estness that little doubt can be entertained
of his source of informatian. He predicts
that the bill will very shortly be presented
We predicted that the President's message
would disappoint the tire-eaters of the South.
Their organs bestow doubtful compliments
upon it, and some of them receive it with an
" unmistakable" sneer.
The Wilmington Dispatch says :
" As far as he goes he is very conservative, and
is disposed to do the South what he roirards as a
service secure for her the admission of repre
sentation, cut ne aoes not go iar enough by hall.
Indeed, we are forced to believe that he is either
insincere, or of weak intellect. He ouch) to tell
Congress that the test oath which it lias passed
ior i ue exclusion oi soumern men irotn omce is not
only unconstitutional, but an outrage on the couu
try. lie eituer Knows tnat this is so, or he is no
statesman ; and his opinion on any point of Con
stitutioual aw, in the last case, is utterly worth
less. If be knows that the test oath is uncousti
tutional, then he should say so like a man. and
not in all his public utterances avoid committing
nimsuii, line some miserable county cross road s
politician. He occupies a position in which he
may auoru to despise the arts ol demagotrism,
and should do so. If it is his purpose to be frank,
aud he does not believe that the test oath is un
constitutional, he should employ the services of
some one ot sumcicnt capacity to enlighten him
on that point. The letter of Gov. Graham, pub-
isiicu uuniij me last, iweive montns, might serve
to assist him in his research after the truth in re
gard to thi.-. question. Taking the message all in
mi, ii is a uisappoinimeni.
It is a little remarkable that the President
does not recommend in his late message, i
ne aid in ins message ot JJecemoer, leoo, a
modification of the test oath. Indeed, when
ue says, as lie uoes, tnat only " loyal mem
bers" of Congress should be admitted, and
ioruears at tne same time to repeat his re
f . . i . . ...
commendation that the oath be modified, he
impliedly endorses it. This is what vexes the
Dinpatch and others of that ilk.
The real feeling of the " Southern leaders"
towards the President, is shown in the cool
and conteinptous manner in which the Dis-
jtntch advises him to employ the services of
Mr. Graham. This is nearly as good in its
way as the opinion of Gov. Swain, that if
Mr. Graham and Mr. Perry had been admit
ted to scats in the Senate they would have
induced that body to adopt " a wiser scheme
ol adjustment" than any yet presented.
Grand Lodge of North-Carolina.
At the Annual Communication of the
Grand Lodge of this State, held in this City
during the present week, the following offi
cers were elected lor the ensuing year :
Hon. Edwin G.Reade, Roxborough, Grand
Wm. Lander, Lincolnton, Senior Grand
Jno. Nichols, Raleigh, Jun. Grand War
C. W. D. Hutchings, Raleigh, Giand
Wm. T. Bain, Raleigh, Grand Secretary.
The Grand Master made the following ap
R. W. Best, Raleigh, Dep. Grand Master.
Rev. P. G. Bowman, Morganton, Grand
W. W. Dunn, Kinston, Sen. Grand Dea
con. Henry L. Lee, Kinston, Junior Grand
F. G. Foster, Raleigh, Grand Marshal.
M. Fetter, Chapel Hill, Grand Sword
W. H. Smith, Roxborough, Grand Pursui
J. M. Betts, Raleigh, Grand Tyler.
Post Office Routes of the South.
The net postal receipts from the late insur
gent States for the year ended 30th June last,
were only $75,383 less than the liabilities for
the mail service in that section. This is a
small deficit. Previously to the war the pos
tal service in many of the Southern States
was an expense to the government. The
postal service in the South ought to be in
creased. Dr. Ketser is a physician ot over thirty
years' experience, and a graduate of the Jef
ferson Medical College and of the University
of Medicine and Surgery of Philadelphia.
Mr. H. T. Helmbold :
Dear Sir. In regard to the question ask
ed me as to my opinion about Buchu, I
would say that I have used and sold the ar
ticle in various forms for the past thirty
years. I do not think there is any form or
preparation of it I have not used or known
to be used, in the various diseases where such
medicate agent would be indicated. You
are aware, as well as myself, that it has been
extensively employed in the various diseases
of the bladder and kidneys, and the reputa
tion it has acquired, in my judgment, is war
ranted by the facts.
I have seen and used, as before stated, ev
ery form of Buchu the powdered leaves, the
simple decoction, tincture, fluid extracts,
and I am not cognizant of any preparation
of that plant at all equal to yours. Twelve
years' experience ought, I think, to give me
the right to judge of its merits, and without
prejudice or partiality I give yours prece
dence over all others. I do not value a thing
according to its bulk, if I did other Buchus
would out-do yours, but I hold to the doc
trine that bulk and quantity do not make up
value if they did a copper cent would be
worth more than a gold dollar.
I value your Buchu for its effect on pa
tients. I have cured with it, and seen cured
with it, more diseases of the bladder and
kidneys than I have ever seen cured with any
other Buchu, or any other proprietory com
pound of whatever name.
Respectfully yours, &c.
GEO. H. KEYSER, MD.
140 Wood Street, Pittsburg, Pa.
August 11, 1865.
Ask fob Helmbold'b Fluid Dxtbact
PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.
In tbe Senate, on the 6th, the list of stand
ing committf es agreed upon by the Repub
licans in caucus, was adopted.
Mr. Sumner remains as chairman of the
Committee on Foreign Affairs ; Wilson chair-;
man of the Committee on Military Affairs,
Grimes chairman of the Committee on Naval
Affairs, and Wade chairman of the Commit
tee on Territories. The three friends of the
President Doolittle, Dixion, and Cowan
have been deprived of the chairmanship of
the committees respectively of Indian Affairs,
Post-office, and Patents. There are no com
mittees now that are headed by friends of
Mr. Wade introduced a bill for admission
of Nebraska into the Union. It was ordered
to lie upon the table for the present.
The committees for the session were an
nounced. Mr. Williams offered a resolution directing
the joint Committee on Retrenchment to in
quire into the power of the President to re
store confiscated property, and if such power
exists, under what laws ; and also the right
of the Secretary of the Treasury to restore
lands without payment of taxes and costs
incurred under authority of the United Sl ates
laws. The resolution was adopted
The house bill repealing the pardoning
power of the President was taken up.
Mr. Turnbull moved to refer to the com
mittee on the judiciary ; which motion Chan-
earnestiy opposed, and called for the
ayes and noes some discussion ensued ;
during which Chandler made assertions and
charges respecting the use of the pardoning
power ; which called forth an emphatic de
nial from Mr. Dixon, who said that if the
charges which Chandler had made against
the president were true, they would render
him liable to impeachment. He then repea
ted his denial of any and al the charges laid
against him. After some further discussion
the bill was referred to the Judiciary Com
mittee. Mr. Summer offered a series of resolutions
declaring for reconstruction, the jurisdiction
ot Congiess over the whol - subject, the ille
gality of the existing governments in the
South, and the exclusion of those States with
such illegal governments from congressional
representation, and from voting on the con
stitutional anendments. They also declare
that it is the duty of Cong-ess to proceed
with the work ot reconstrution, and to this
end it niut assume jurisdiction over the
States lately in rebellion, except so far as
that jurisdiction may have been renounced,
and must recognize only the loyal States as
entitled to representation, and to vote on the
constitutional amendment. He said he
would not discuss the resolutions, but would
read a letter from a friend in Texas, showing
the importance of the matter, which he did,
and after finishing, made some characteris
tic remarks. The resolutions were ordered
to be printed. Mr. Morrill gave notice that
he woultl call up on Monday next the dis
trict of Columbia Negro Suffrage bill.
Iu the House, on the same day. Mr. Wil
liams read a lengthy written argument on
the bill reguiating appointments to, and re
movals from, office. He was very severe
upon the President, who he said had be
trayed his party and country. Several a
mendments to the bill were offered, and it
was made the special order for to-morrow.
A bill to protect the rights of action of
loyal citizens was passed. It provides tbat
where a citizen who has always been loyal
shall bring action to recover damages, it shall
not be defeated or any defence allowed by
virtue of the authority of the lute Confederate
In the Senate, on the 6th, Mr. Trumbull
reported favorably from the Judiciary Com
mittee tbe bill ot the House, to repeal tha
amnesty power of the President, and asked
its immediate consideration. Objected to,
and lies over till next day.
3Ir. Wade called up a bill of last session
to regulate the selection of grand and petit
tines in the territory ot L tali, winch was
ordered to be printed with amendments.
Mr. Poland gave notice that on Monday
he would call up the bankrupt bill.
It was ordered, on motion ot Mr. Sumner,
when the Senate adjourn to-day, it be to
meet on Monday next.
Mr. Wilson gave notice that he would
call up next week a joint resolution to dis
band and prohibit militia organizations in
the rebel States.
Upon motion, the Senate adjourned.
In the House, on motion of Mr. Wash-
liume, of Illinois, the post office committee
was instructed to inquire into the expedien
cy of conferring on the post office depart
ment the same jurisdiction and control over
the various telegraph lines that are now in
operation or are to be constructed, that are
now exercised over the post offices and post
roads, and to report by bill or otherwise.
The bill for the regulation of appointments
and removals from offices came up and was
postponed until Monday next.
On motion of Mr. Pike, a select commit
tee of three war ordered to inquire into the
circumstances of the murder of three U. S.
soldiers in South Carolina, in October 1865,
and of the reprieve and subsequent pardons
of those convicted thereof
Mr. Dawson introduced a bill to fix the
election of members for the Tuesday after
the first Monday in Noxember 1868, and the
same day each alternate year thereafter. Re
ferred to the committee on electioes.
The House then adjourned.
Farther from Washington.
The House select committee to inquire in
to the New Orleans riots and the murder of
three Uunion soldiers in South Carolina, will
leave here next week forservice on these
Congress will undoubtedly pass a bill pro
viding that every Congress ahall commence
on the 1st of December. The object is open
ly declared by the radicals to have in effect
a permanent Congress. There is to be no re
cess, but an adjournment : in such a case, ac
cording to this programme, there would be
no recess during which the president could
make appointments requiring the confirma
tion of the senate. According to the present
law no removals can be made during a ses
sion, until the successor of an incumbent
shall be confirmed.
After an extended discussion on an amend
ment ordering an election in all the States
on the 22d February next, and after provi
ding in the first section that Congress shall
meet on the 4th of March, the House at three
adjourned till Monday, when the bill again
Washington, Dec. 6. House. On mo
tion of Mr. Elliott, a select committee of
three was appointed to proceed to New Or
leans and institute inquiry into the riots
there in July and August last.
On motion of Mr. Wilson of Iowa, the ju
diciary committee was instructed to inquire
into the necessity ot further legislationin re
gard to the organization of the House.
On motion of Mr Kasson, the same commit
tee was instructed to inquire into the pro
priety of directing martial law to be pro
claimed in communities, in the Rebel States,
where Union men have been murdered and
the laws not enforced against the murder
ers. On motion of Mr. Banks, the committee
on foreign affairs was instructed to inquire
as to tne measures necessary to secure the re
cognition by other nationalities of our natu
ralization laws. , . .
Mr. Schenck'a bill to fix the time for the
regular meeting of Congress came up as spe
cial order. Mr. Schenck explained and ad
vocated it. - ' - '
The Welcome to Congress
On Monday last Congress was welcomed
by a large concourse of citizens to the City
of Washington, U t: r:
The Southern Loyalists with representa
tives from every State except South-Carolina
were also present.
Judge Carter on behalf of the people de
livered the address of welcome.
Speaker Colfax replied. He said :
"But four months since we left this Capi
tol, and yet how crowded with events I The
bloody and wicked massacre at New Orleans,
the very- week after our adjournment, and
the extraordinary speech of the President at
St. Louis, palliating the guilt of the mur
derers, and charging its grave responsibility
on the Congress of the United States ; the
two great Philadelphia Conventions, one
memorable for the frank acknowledgement
that those who denounced Congress were
really arm-in-arm with the men who, tramp
ling on broken oaths, had sought to destroy
the nation's life ; and the other honored by
the presence of the faithful Loyalists, who,
when the storm of treason swept over their
States, refused to bow the knee to Baal ; the
expulsion from office of thousands, trusted
and commissioned by our martyred President,
to whom, more than any other equal number
of men, the present Administration was in
debted for the power it wielded their crime
being inflexible fidelity to the principles pro
fessed by the successful candidate for Vice
President in the canvass of 1864 the hun
dreds of speeches of the Presidential tour
throughout the land, and their republication
in millions of copies of all our prominent
presses, bringing the issues to the hearth
stone of every voter the magnificent re
sponse of the people, from ocean to ocean,
condemning the policy of which they had
heard so much, and attesting their unshaken
confidence in the Congress which had stood
so faithfully, so fearlessly, and so immova
bly, in the pathway of duty and of right
how rapidly have we been making history in
these past few months ! Thank God, in this
this land the people are the only rulers.
Every two years they resume their sovereign
ty, and at the ballot-box given to them by
the dead of the Revolution they make and
unmake Congress; they approve or condemn
Administrations; they speak their will;
they command, and Congresses and Presi
dents must obey.
We return, then, to these halls to carry
out and enforce this decision of the rulers of
the nation the people. No man can mis
understand their will. Four points have
been settled, by them beyond all controversy.
1. That the work of reconstruction must
be in the hands of those who have been the
friends, not the enemies of the nation ; that
it must be based on the granite of loyalty,
and not the quicksands of disloyalty ; and
that those whose wicked leadership and
guilty repudiation of solemn oaths plunged
a peaceful country into the bloody conflict of
civil war shall not be clothed with the power
io ieyisitie ior tue widows ana orpnans
the kith and kin of the men they have slain
in their attempt to slav the nation itself.
. That the promises of Abraham Lincoln.
in his immortal proclamation, tbat the tree
dom of our emancipated millions should be
maintained, must be fulfilled both in letter
and spirit, and guaranteed beyond any pow
er of abridgment in our supreme law : for
bidding interference by any unfriendly State
with the privileges and immunities of the
liberty granted bv the whole nation to all its
3. That no persons snail be disfranchised
in this Republic on account of their race,
and vet have their numbers counted to con
fer increased political power on those dis
4. That the national debt, the cost of our
national existence, shall be forever sacred :
and that all debts or claims growing out of
the rebellion, or the breaking or fetters that
ended it, shall be forever held illegal or void.
And the people also declared as their de
sire and will that Congress should enforce
this decision of theirs by appropriate legisla
tion. But, on the contrary, these terms are
spurned and scornfully rejected by those who
control public opinion and wield political
power in the South ; and the recent election
of most conspicuous secessionists in North-
Carolina, Alabama, Arkansas, &c., with the
hostile messages of their Governor's is their
Rejecting the Constitutional amendment,
they show that they insist on representation
in Congress and the Electoral College, for all
the four millions ot their former slaves, thus
ascending to enlarged and increased law-making
power in consequence of the rebellion ;
while, at the same time, they not only dis
franchise them and refuse them the rights
and protection of citizenship, but by dis
graceful and oppressive laws, pretending to
regulate labor contracts, and to punish va
grancy, reduce those whom the nation made
free, to a subserviency and serfdom, but little,
if any better, than slavery itself.
Yet, while we cannot compel them to ap
prove the constitutional amendment, our du
ty to the nation, to justice, to liberty, and to
humanity is none the less. And, exponents
of the people's will as we are, we cannot
avoid that duty. Indeed, we may see in it
the finger of Providence. Like our fathers,
we have, in the past few years, buikled bet
ter than we knew. In the earlier stage of
the war, how willingly would an overwhelm
ing majority of the people have consented to
perpetual slavery in the Republic if South
ern traitors had taken from our lips the
bloody chalice of civil war, which they com
pelled us to drain to its very dregs ! But
God willed otherwise ; and at last, when ev
ery family altar had been crimsoned with
blood, and every cemetery and churchyard
crowded with patriot graves, the nation rose
to a higher plane of duty, and resolved in
these halls that slavery must die.
The question naturally arises, how can
this be done ? Surrounded by these able ju
rists and patriotic statesmen, returning here,
as they do, crowned with an unparalleled
popular endorsement, it might not be fitting
to anticipate their arguments on these vital
themes in the session just opening. But
when the Constitution declares in its open
ing sentence, that "all legislative powers
herein granted shall be vested in a Congress
of the United States" when it solemnly en
joins that " the United States shall guaranty
to every State in this Union a republican
form of government" and when it gives to
Congress full authority "to make all laws
which shall be necessary and proper for car
rying into execution all powers vested by
this Constitution in the Government of the
United States, or in any department or officer
thereof the duty and its exercise both
seem to have been specifically anticipated by
the framers of our supreme law."
Senator Yates of Illinois spoke as follows :
Mr. Yates, in continuation, said some allu
sion had been made to the question of the
admission of the Southern States. He had
been asked his views of this matter in Illi
nois, and when asked when he was willing
that the South should come in, he said he
was in no hurry. He would not be willing
until the right of free speech was recognized
on every foot of American soil from the At
lantic to the Pacific ; not until every man
can go into all portions of our country and
enjoy all its privileges ; not until constntion
al guarantees confer a lasting peace ; not so
long as skeletons of Northern men hang
dangling from limbs of trees in the South ;
until these things are changed, they shall
never come in until Gabriel blows his last
trump. Applause. He thought he par
tially understood his Democratic friends.and
in his State they were all for negro suffrage.
Ho believed in universal suffrage, and he
would say to his. Democratic friends that all
he wanted was a fair race. - He wanted the
same law for all men, and he thanked God
for this country and this government, which
paiieu mm on tne oacK and said he ha l
good a chance to rise in honor and din-
as anv one else in the country u , n"y
a fair race for honor in this
all are citizens, whether thpu n Si P1
American, Chinese or African. It's fair 0r
and a fair fight ; and he would say toTe
Democratic friends that no doubt
of them could beat some of these ne!?rame
Laughter. They can't all be Fred
lasses ; but if they (tbe Democrats) woi I i
read the Scriptures and join the Rcpul r
party they had a chance of beating nianf f
the negroes. He sometimes thought i
his heart was glad at the pnwpcct, that en
and human wrong is drawing to a close H
was for man, everywhere, whether his v
was browned by an American, an African
an Asiatic sun. The color of the skin
nothing to him. He was for all men r a8
plause. " LAP-
Hon. W. D. Kelly of Pennsylvania said .
The majority alone of those who said w.ii
done to Congress, is more than the ent
white voting population of the ten late i"
surgent States ; and with this endorsement"
he took the question of the admission of ti
Southern States to himself. He would s.
when he would admit them. He was
ing, when Congress shall have disavow
those bastard organizations which now ml
over the territory of the ten late insurren.
States ; when having disavowed the product,
of usurpation, it shall pass enabling acts U
which the whole people of each State shall
elect a convention to form new constitutions
which shall be submitted to the whole peo!
of the State for their ratification ; and if
when that constitution is thus submitted it
shall be discovered that any citizen of anv
township, though he be black as the the dev.
il, is excluded from voting by reason of hij
color, it shall be the cause for the rejec tion
of such constitution. Applause. Whcn
the States come with constitutions republi
can in form, he (Mr. Kelley) will agree to
their admission. But until then he never
wbuld agree to the admission of a single oue
At night the banquet was held. In reply
to a toast, complimentary to Congress, Hon.
Thaddeus Stevens said :
I pray you, gentlemen, to strengthen our
nerves to do all these things, and more. Aid
us to make " treason odious : to seize the
largest estates of traitors and sell them in
small plantations to industrious men, aud
apply the proceeds to pay pensions to sol
diers and the debt of the nation. Do not
permit us to allow these great criminals to
escape with but ample fines as a warning to
future malefactors, as well as indemnity for in
juries inflicted." Can you not so brace our
nerves as to induce us to give impartial suff
rage to all men within the States now in our
power ? Less than this with my consent
shall never suffice for reconstruction. I have
been mortified to see Republicans profess
that the new Amendment of the Constitu
tion already proposed would satisfy them.
It was never so intended. It is oue step, a
very mincing step, in the line of reform.
But it might be adopted and leave this Gov
ernment a despotism. Teach us to do thor
ough work ; not harsh but just work ; and
may disgrace follow those who are satisfied
with less. We give various excuses for our
shallow work. Some of us have too much
conscience ; some have too much heart ; some
have friends who own Southern plantations ;
I have no personal allusions, as I am not
speaking of what has happened but what
I know not what there is in the proposi
tion that captivates sensible men. There is
the music of alliteration, " universal amnes
ty for universal suffrage." But that could
only gratify those who are " pleased with a
rattle," " tickled with a straw." Let us not
be content with such puerile work. We are
laying the foundation of a new empire, us
ing all the materials of tbe old that are fit
for service. This empire is to embrace a
continent, and during the lives of some men
living it will contain one hundred millions
To le enduring, her institutions and laws
must be homogeneous; to be just, they must
be impartial. No man, or sect, or race must
be singled out for special legislation. Let
the same laws apply with strict impartiality
to every human being in the Republic, wheth
er it be in Church or State, in civil or mili
tary life. Then we shall have realized the
glorious dream of " liberty and equality."
We shall nave created an empire wtiose chro
nology shall put China to shame a republic
more perfect and more practical than we im
agined bv flato or More.
Speaker Colfax spoke in reply to a toast
requesting speedy action by Congress, as fol
He knew right well that no indemnity for
the past could be secured ; we could not go
down to those cannon-furrowed battle-fields
and bring to life the mouldering bones of our
dead soldiers there; we could not restore
again to the widow her dead husband, to
the father his dead son ; but, thank God, we
could have security for the future, and, so
help us God, we would have it. We inten
ded to reconstruct this great nation saved by
the heroism ot our brave men, upon such a
corner-stone of loyalty, liberty, justice, and
humanity, as shall stand, enduring as tbe
eternal ages, until, from ocean to ocean, from
the Lakes to the Gulf, every man, rich or
poor, learned or unlearned, black or white,
shall have that equal justice which was his
birthright, and until a government was es
tablished to which every man, however hum
ble, might look for protection against tyran
ny at home. Applause. On that platform
this Congress stood and the Fortieth Con
gress would stand, and they would be sus
tained by the people, and, sustained by jus
tice and right, would go forward to a glori
In reply to a toast, " The Loyal Press," Col.
Forney of the Chronicle said :
The few Union newspapers that bravely
defend the doctrines of the Radical Congress
and still stand true to the original pledges
now so basely broken by Andrew Johnson,
are published in the midst ot hostile com
munities, and, without exception, at the im
minent hazards of the lives of their proprie
tors and editors. There is, 1 believe, but one
such newspaper in Eastern Virginia, but one
in North-Carolina, (that of the gallant Hol
den,) none in South-Carolina, two in Geor
gia the Savannah Republican, which is now
simply a newspaper without opinions, and the
Loyal Georgian at Augusta, in the same State,
chiefly supported by colored men. In Ten
nessee there are four the Memphis Post, the
Nashville Press and Times, the Knoxville
Whig, and the Colored Tennesseean. In Ala
bama one, and that conducted by a colored
man ; in Louisiana two, one conducted by
colored men ; in Mississippi none ; in Texas
none; and in Florida one. Even in such
border States as Maryland and Delaware a
Union paper is only published under incon
ceivable difficulties. In Kentucky, after sev
eral efforts to establish a paper of this kind,
and after a promising enterprise had been
commenced in Louisville, the effort was aban
doned in despair and the field surrendered to
the rebels and Copperheads.
In reply to another toast Senator King of
Louisana said :
It is the desire of all truly loyal men in
the rebellious States, and particularly of tbe
loyal people of Louisiana, that Congress pro
vide for them enabling acts, provisional gov-
ernments, with loyal men, possessing
proper nerve, as provisional governors, and
n : l ? i - , .i .
ignore an previous political goveruuicu" i
plainly speaking, rubbing out and beginning
The loyal people of Louisiana desire and
pray for universal suffrage, with one except
ion, and that is, that rebels shall be disfran
chised. They are, further, in the necessitous con-