Newspaper Page Text
.".:Temwrfofcfc8i,;Md .shoeing : tool
horses' and mule shoes and nans, iron uuu ate.
uu ' ... ,f vrinarv snrireons. modi
K for h1l .ud mules, picket ropes and for
shoein" the horses of the corps named; alo,
ireneisfiv. the proper and authorized expenses for
the movement and operation of an. army not
expressly assigned to any other department, one
million dollars. - ? ?
For thepurchase of cavalry and artillery horses,
seven hundred and thirteen thousand one hundred
d0ForS'transportation of officers' baggage, fifty
thousand dollars. .
For tnuiMiortation of the army, including the
ba"-"TJge oi'thc troops when moving, cither by
land or water; of clothing, camp, and garrison
equipage, IVm the depot at Philadelphia, C m-
ciunati, and New 1 ork to tue several
army depot, and iroin those depots to the troops
in the field ; and of subsistence Mures from tue
places of purchase, ana iroui u.e I""1-" "V
erv under contract, to saeh places as the c ora
stinces ol the service may require th 111 to be
sent; of ordnance, ordnance -t,,""dhc
r on1 iirir.oi'leS to me aire
arms, iromiouuu.." - - - - . du.
?ta puiSJfce a-.d hire ot horses, mu e oxen and
ad the pnrclinsc auu rcpaii
drays, and of ships and other sea-going
,...... ...r,ir..il for the transportation
carts, and d
vessels and boats
VM4 S UUU . ,
of suoulies and lor garrison purposes ; ior ura
age iifd cartage ate several posts; hire , ot
.:amitPN- transDortation of funds lor trie pay
ind othe'r'disbursins departments; the expense
id other disbursing departments ; the expense
sailing public transports on the various rivers,
ic Gnlf of Mexico, and the Atlautic and the Pa
ne - and for orocuriuil wrter at such posts as,
from' their situation, require it to be brought from
a distance; and for clearing roads, and removing
obstructions troiu roaus, uaiuui!,
to the extent which may be required or the actu
al operations of the troops in the held, live mil
lion dollars. , r
For hire of commutation quarters for otneera
on military duty; hire of quarters for tro.s . ; of
storehouses for the sale Keeping ot unhun
stores; of grounds lor ?'TJ&d
t Wennstruclionoi ieuiii..
... j r ,...irin.r nn'lilic tiuikliiiirs at es-
tabUshed posts, six hundred and twenty-four
thousand and thirty-eighh: dollars. ,,.m(,.d
For contingencies ol tiie army, one hundred
thousand dollars. . . . .
For the medical and hospital department, hve
hundred thousand dollars. ,i,inp
For repairs, improvements, and new machine
ry, at the national armory, one. hundred thousand
dFor repairs and improvements at arsenals, in
cluding new, and additions to present, buildings
and macninrly, tools, and fixtures, filty thousand
"purchase of site and erection of marine
for storing guhpowder, two hundred thousand
dFor3the purchase ot land for enlarging the Wa
tervleit arsenal, thirty thousand dollars.
I liac. 2. And be it lurther enacted, That the
iJm of one hundred and forty-six thousand dol
lars be, and the same is hereby appropriated out
of any moneys in the treasure not otherwise ap
propriated, to be disbursed by the Secretary ot
War iutiie erection of fireproof buildings at or
near Schuylkill arseuat in the State ot Pennsyl
vania, to be used as storehouses for government
property at that post.
THE BEPl'BUCAX C.WCVS.
Jmportant measures agreed ujxiit Mr. Maynunt&x
relations irith the Republican party to U allouxd
to return by unvote of oS to 30.
Washington-, Dec 5. The Republican caucus
to night was attended by nearly every member of
the llouse and Senate. It remained in session for
about two hours, the proceedings being of a high
ly interesting character. Several members took
Mi. Kaviuond to task for his temporary desertion
from the part v, and quite a lively discussion on
the matter was indulged in. The first business m
order was the report of the Committee ot Nine
appointed at the last caucus to determine upon a
course ot proceedings foi Congress during its
present session. The Committee recommended,
first, the appointment of a special committee of
three to go to New Orleans to investigate the
facts connected with the riot of last Summer.
This was unanimously adopted with great ap
plause. Next came a recommendation for a com
mittee of three to investigate the circumstances
attending the ninrder of three citizens of Maine,
serving iu the L nited States army in feouui caro- i
lina. A full history of this murder and all the I
parties and circumstances connected with it ap-
peared in the 'T'ibune" of last Monday, This j
step is intended particularly by the members of i
the caucus to ferret out the abuses of the pardon
ing power as exercised by the President, and to
ascertain the connection of a certain Cabinet of
ficer ill procuring the release of the murderers,
through his influence at the White House, it hav
ing been stated publicly that he received 10,000
tor his services in that "matter. It was. next re
commended that the Committee on Military Af
fairs inquire into the truth of the allegations tiiat
men who were on the pension roll ot the army
and navv iu 13W). and who went into the Itebcl
army and fought through the war, have been re- '
instated by order of the' President or of his agents I
or subordinates on the pension rolls of the United !
States since the close ot the rebellion. This was
greeted with great applause. It was recommen
ded and agreed to pass a hill excluding from the
Electoral College in 1HW all States at that time
not represented in Congress. The enthuiasm
with which this resolution was received was in
tense, the approval of the members being shown (
by applause which lasted several minutes. The j
next recommendation was for a committee of i
three to investigate what truth there was iu the j
report that the President had restored lands for- J
felted by acts of Congress, and lastly, it was I
agreed to pass a bill that no names should be j
placed on the rolls of the Fortieth Congress from j
States not represented in the preceding Congress j
or declared entitled to representation ; and pro- !
Tiding that no electoral votes shall be counted j
from any State not represented at the time iu i
Congress. This was received with tremeudous j
applause. This in reality ended the business
of the caucus. j
Mr. Ahley then rose in his seat and said he saw
among those present a gentleman who had figured
conspicuously in the Philadelphia Convention.
This referred to Mr. iiaymond. Mr Raymond i
then got up in a n rvous manner and demanded
an explanation. ie saia ue was now a L mou
man. Applause, mingled with laughter. He
had always been a Union man. Laugnter. And
desired to continue in the Union party, and he
would remain in the Union party, God being his
helper. Renewed laughter. Mr. Schorteld of
Pa., moved that the question of Mr. Raymond's
belonging to the Union party be left for" him to
determine. If he honestly believed himself to be
a member of that party he could remain ; if not,
he could withdraw. Thad. Stevens then arose and
eaid be could not consent to let Johnson men
rnto a Republican caucus. The idea of Johnson
.Republicans was exploded long ago. As for him
self, he had never believed in such a thing, and he
believed it now less than ever. Applause.J
" But," said he, " if I had good, reliable evidence
of the heartfelt repentance of Mr. Kaj-niorid. I
would take him in on probation." Mr. Darling
of New York came to the relief of his colleague,
and testified that Mr. Raymond had supported
Mr. Fenton for Governor. " He thought they had
better retain him in the party. Mr. Morris of
New York, after adverting in severe terms to Mr.
Raymond, said he was still willing to take him iu,
if he was sure of his repentance. Mr. Hale of N.
Y., said he was in the same boat with Ravmond,
and had a fellow-feeling for him, and he hoped
they would not be too hard on him. Mr. Cook
of Illinois said the National Executive Committee
had declared Raymond's place vacant, and had
put a new man in it. He did not see now Ray.
mond eonld be retained in the party. Mr. Ray
mond again took the floor, and with mingled re
pentance and anger, said the caucus could do as
It pleased but it could not drive him. " I went
into the Philadelphia movement, it is true ; when
X found out my mistake I quit." The previous
question was called on Mr. Schofield's motion,
and sustained. Mr. Raymond rose to another ex
planation. Mr. Stevens interrupted him to ask
It he still adhered to that Philadelphia address.
Mr. Raymond" I do, according to my inter
pretation of it."
Mr. Stevens " Do you, according to the usual
Interpretation of language, adhere to it."
k Mr. Raymond "I do."
Cries of " Put him out."
A vote was then taken, and Mr. Schofield's mo
tion was carried by a small majority. Mr. Schenck
Offered a resolution that no gentleman can honor
ably retain his position in the Union party who
still adheres to the address put forth at Philadel
phia. This gave rise to a good deal of excitement,
and a copy of the address was called for, but could
not be obtained. Mr. Bingham moved to lay
Schenck's resolution on the table. The yeas and
nays were demanded, and Scuenck's resolution
was laid on the table by a vote of 38 yeas to 30
nays. The caucus then adjourned.
Dead Body Found. On Monday evening
last, Augustus Pogle, Coroner of this county,
fonrfol atadead body had been
th vnv- JPh Scales' plantation on
case cKmlinon i lace aid examined the
WST&to law Jt proved to be the
Z ' 7 .ln, so much decom-
ST" T "VEi to bury it on
..' The Pacific DkIi.j , -
-Special Dispatch to the New- York Tinwfc
A Special Mextaae from Gov. JhtUmITe Secom-
; meiuU the Adoption of the Constitutional Amend-X
" Washington-, Thursday, Dec. 6.; .
5 The following special dispatch has b en re
ceived from your correspondent dated Montgom
"erv, Ala., Dec. : In a special message to-day
Gov. Patton recommends the passage ol the Con
stitutional Amendment by the Legislature.
llesavsthat events now transpiring bear with
peculiar force upon Alabama and its relations to
the Union. To these events we cannot bff indif
ferent. Thev are of so vital a character that we
should give tin m culm and deliberate considera
tion. As the Chief Executive of the State, lie
deems it his dutv to express his apprehension
le-t the siabilitv ! affairs be suddenly broken up.
There is an sifuiisUkable purpose among those
who controtCougres to enforce, at all hazards,
their own terms of restoration. The measures
thev propose will reverse the present progress
toward the establishment of permanent tran
quility, and augment tue distress which now
exists aud inaugurate a confusiou, the end of
which no human prescience can foresee.
To-uav the cardinal principle ot restoration
seems to be the favorable action of the Constitu
tional Amendment. L'ion the merits of the
Amendment his views are already known, and
are fouuded on principle. The necessities of the
ease. I am now constrained to think, are differ
ent. We should look our condition full in the
face. I therefore recommend anew to your con
sideration this measure in the light in which it
now presents itself, orsuch otnermeasureas your
wisdom mav suggest. Should you see proper to
ratify the same, and full restoration follow, we
may trust to time and the iufluence of our rep
resentatives to mitigate its harshness. If, on the
other hand, admission is delayed, the warniug to
our sister Sttttes may be relied upon to prevent
that concurrence on" their part which alone can
give the measure practical elfect. Having done
all. we mav then commit our cause to a just God.
The message was referred in both Houses to the
Committee on Federal Relations.
Annual Report ot the Postmaster-General.
The annual eport of Hon. Alexander W.
Randall shows a satisfactory condition of af
fairs in the postal department. The revenues
of this department for the year ending June
30th, 1800, were .14.3St!.98'J. 21, and the ex
penditures 15.352.079.30. showing an excess
of the latter of $J(i4,093.09. The decrease of
revenue compared with the previous year
was 1 1-5 per cent., and the increase of ex
penditures 12 per cent. Including the stan
ding appropriation for free mail matter,
($700,000.) the actual deficiency for the past
year is only $265,093.09.
ESTIMATE FOK lSGfi.
The estimated expenditures for the year
ending June 30th, ltfGS. are $1G.5S3.000 ; the
revenues estimated at if 15.1 0(5.335, and ap
propriation for free matter $700.000 total,
$15,806,225 ; excess of expenditures, $1,776.
065. For this deficiency no special appro
priation will be required.
There will be required, however, $1,550,
000 for mail transportation between Atchi
son and Folsom, New York and California,
San Francisco, Japan and China, and be
tween the United States and Brazil.
POSTAGE STAMPS AXD STAMPED ENVELOPES.
Postage and stamped envelopes produced
in all. $11.988.608.25 a decrease ol $858,
709.25 as compared with the previous year.
The aggregate of stamped envelopes and
stamped wrappers issued during the year
ended June 30. 1S00, was $39,094,725 an
increase of nearly 50 per cent. The increas
ed demand since 1st of July for envelopes
with printed cards and requests for return
ing direct to the sender, if not promptly de
livered to the address, i-; very notable, beinsr
about GO; per cent. The general use of such
envelope will tend largely to reduce the
number of dead letters. During the year fifty-seven
claims, amounting to $3,852.04, on
account of robberies by armed forces, have
been allowed, and nine, amounting to $374.
02, have been rejected.
MAIL SERVICE IX OPERATION.
Of mail routes in operation, there
6,930 : aggregate length. 180.021 miles ; ag
gregate annua! transportation. 71.837.914
miles : aggregate annual cost, $8.410,184.
The lengtli of routes was increased over the
preceding year 38.581 tilth's ; the annual
transportation. 13.724.420 miles; and the
cost. $1.3113.590 the increase arising princi
pally from the restoration of service in the j
ooutnern states. i ue amntint lue tor ser
vice in the late surgent States for the year
ending June 30. 1850, w:is $709,218 ; the net
postal receipts for the same period, $093,
835 ; liabilities exceeding receipts bv $75,
383. The whole service now in operation in
these States of all grades number 1.523 routes,
with an aggregate lengtli of 60.170$ miles,
at a cost of $1,845,623 51 per annum.
The number of Southern railroad routes
not in operation September 30,1800, was
fourteen ; aggregate length. GOG 12-100 miles.
All the routes in these States wre duly ad-
vertised to be let to contract, but on a large
number no proposals were received, and on :
many others the
were extravagantly i
The overland mail route to California has
now two points of departure one from June- ;
tion City Kansas, and the other from Fort j
jvearney, eorasKa. l ue lines irom these
points meet at Denver City. Colorado Territory-.
The Junction City road connects at
Wyandotte with the Pacific railway from St.
Louis, Mo., making a continuous railway
connection with the eastern cities.
The preparation of post -route maps for
publication has been continued by the topo
grapher, and is well advanced.
The next amount of fines and deductions
during the year was $50,302.09. The kinds
was $53,627.50. a curtailment over the pre
vious year of $38,088.36.
FOREIGN MAIL SERVICE.
The aggregate amount of postage sea, in
land, and foreign upon the correspondence
exchanged with foreign countries, was $2,
289,219.39, being an increase of $509,290.70
as compared with the previous year. The
number of letters exchanged in the'mails with
foreign countries was 9,430,546. The unm
ber of newspapers sent to foreign countries
was 2,804,442, and the unniber received from
foreign countries, 1,381,724, making a total
of 4,186,106. The cost of trans-Atlantic mail
service performed by steamships employed
by this department was $525,307. 46. The
cost of ocean transportation of mails to and
from the West Indies was $57,871.69. The
amount paid for sea and isthmus transporta
tion of the mails exchanged with Central and
South America, via Panama, was $17,377 .45.
Balances against the United States on the
settlement of the international postage ac
counts amount in the Aggregate to $278,714
19. POSTAL CONVENTIONS.
A liberal postal convention has been con
cluded with Italy. A preliminary basis for
a new postal convention with Great Britan
has been agreed upon, which will result in a
considerable reduction in the amount of
Total number of officers in operation, 23.
828. Number of officers subject to appoint
ment by the President, 709; number by the
Postmaster-Geueral, 23,119. Total appoint
ments made, 10,074.
The whole number of dead letters received
was about 4,500,000. About 000,000 other
letters were received, Weing unmailible for
want of prepayment of postage, or on ac
count of misdirection or illegible address.
POSTAL MONEY-ORDER SYSTEM.
The number of money-order offices now in
operation is 766. The value of the orders is
sued during the year amounted to $3,977 -229.28.
The proceeds of the system from its
commencement up to the close of the last fis
cal year amount to $90.82.
The report concludes with an allusion to
the bettering conditio of nosta! affairs, and
recommends several change in existing laws
na PQlni.lt...i A ? . . - .. . .
t Pkipiiinfori : , - " f .r
dei& to prove the-iency of the
p AAXjBIGIT. '$f. C
TUESDAY. DECEMBER 12, 1866.
' - The North-Carolina Standard.
"We return our thanks to our friends for
the additions they are making to our sub
The terms of the Standard are as follows :
Tri-Weekly, one year, $6 00
" six months, " 3 00
Weekly, one year, 3 00 :
" six months,. 1 5ft
The Weekly will be clubbed as follows :
Five copies one year twelve dollars. Ten
copies one year twenty-two dollars. Those
who get clubs of five or more, will be fur
nished with one copy for a year, gratis.
The Legislature and Congress will meet
soon, and matters of grave interest will oc
cupy the columns of the newspapers. Now
is the time to subscribe.
The circulation of the Standard among
Northern capitalists and others, renders it a
good medium for advertising lands and other
property for sale.
The Senior has been absent and will be
for several days. Meantime we get along as
best we can.
Congress adjourned over from Friday to
Monday. On Friday the Republican Sen
ators held a caucus, at which they agreed to
urge the passage of the bills for the admis
sion of Nebraska and Colorado into the Un
ion. The Congressional delegations from
both territories are present at Washington.
The firmness of the Kpttblican party in
Congress cannot be doubted. And the ma
jority which returned them to their seats,
they know, is greater than the entire voting
population of the lately rebellious States.
Those members, who were disposed to break
away, have returned to their allegiance ; and
there will be no more disaffection hereafter.
The first week has passed. No new issue
has been raised with the President, but ac
tion has been taken towards reorganizing the
governments of the Southern States, which
is far more important.
We observe in a special despatch to the
New York Times that Gov. Patton, of Ala
bama, seeing the determination of Congress
in this particular, has sent in a special mes
sage to the Legislature, recommending the
adoption of the Howard Amendment, lie
says that his views on the merits' of the
Amendment are known he is opposed to it,
but there is an unmistakable purpose among
those, who control Congn ss, to enforce their
own terms, and he recommends its ratifica
tion. You are right, Governor, but you are
Three months asro had all the Southern
Governors taken that position, the difficulty
would have been surmounted. But they have
refused, aud their Legislatures sustained
j them : therefore, as one measure will not ac
; coniplish the work of restoration, another
must. The States will be reorganized. We
deem it inevitable.
One by one the leading papers of the North
; take this position. They do not blame the
i L'nion men of the South for the failure of the
i Howard Amendment. But they blame the
i Secessionists and latter-day saints. Congress
likewise places the burden of guilt upon the
I proper shoulders. Therefore it will not per
I mit Secessionists or the colleagues to aid in
j the work ot reorganization.
The malcontents brought the Howard
J Amendment upon us. Their impudence and
i treasonable language, and lust of office, ac
! tually forced Congress to adopt it, so as to
j exclude them and put them down. Being
! in power in the South, they rejected it. They
j were unwilling to succumb to a Constitu
tional amendment, having defied the whole
power of the North and escaped compar.v
tivelv uniiurt. And so they are about to
, . . x. ,,
bring reorganization upon us. They may
rest assured that a disabling clause similar
to the one in the Howard amendment will
jje retained. We trust it will be made more
State Dental Association.
We are requested to state that the bill to
incorporate the N. C. Dental Association
does not propose to interfere with the rights
of any one now practising dentistry in this
State, but on the contrary protects all den
tists, who are now engaged in that profess
ion. The object ot the bill is to elevate the
standard of the profession and to secure the
public against quacks and malpractice, which
has heretofore prevailed extensively and
caused the profession to be held in low esti
mation. It is a good movement for the public and
profession, and we join with its members in
the hope that the Legislature will speedily
pass the bill to incorporate the Association.
Gastronomically speaking, the Sentinel
says the Standtird has iteven cardinal princi
ples, 'the five loaves and two fishes." On
the other hand our cotemporary is blest with
one principle and three feelings, to wit, a
peck of biscuit, a gallon of coffe and 10 lbs
of beef-steak. Gov. Worth being well aware
of the weakness of the Sentinel, by way of
variety sends it an occasional potatoe or rad
ish. In such cases, we regret to say, the Jun
ior gets the peelings.
Attention is invited to the resolutions of
Senator Sumner in to-day's paper.
Also to the proceedings of the Republi
Gen. Whittlesey, late of the Freedmen's
Bureau of this State, has been reprimanded
by Gen. Howard in obedience to the find
ings of the Court Martial, restored to rank,
and ordered to report for duty once more,
The Washington correspondent of the N.
Y. Tribune says :
" It is stated here that last evening Secre
tary Seward called on Mr. Tbaddeus Stev
ens, at his rooms, and had a long private in
terview with him. The statement causes a
good deal of comment here, and much spec
ulation is rife to know what it all meant.
The above gentleman have not been on friend
ly relations with each other for several years.
It is rumored that Seward is repentant, like
Raymond, and wants to come back into the
v " 1,10 ""Ulral pitny. miners trunk
that Seward was sent by President John-
"on to maka ovrtun of compromise."
oosom ot the Kaclical party.
urday, Messrs. Blair and Ashworth, of Ran
dolph, put jux lister gentlemen -for-v their,
Cquniy in eveVj way acceptable. It was -tornedjrom
the Senate,with all the nanies
removed except one, and a lot of obnoxious
Secessionist substitnted Thia waa the wort
of Mr. Robins, who received only a third of
the votes in Randolph, and was elected in re
ality by .another County. The Secessionists
in the House sustained him, and overslaugh
ed the representatives from Randolph.
Go on, gentlemen, ripping up the remain
ing ioyal planks in the President's policy.
Put in your rotten wood. Take out the
stones of the foundation and pour in sand.
Then call a feast and be merry. At that
time shall the winds rise and the rain fall,
and the flood descend.
The Sentinel says that we often take a ze
phyr for a whirlwind.
We are as liable to mistakes as any one.
But we think that we know the difference
between a zephyr and a whirlwind. It is
about as great, and no greater perhaps, than
the; difference between Brother Pell, preacher,
and Brother Pell, editor.
" Here is a question upon which may hang
a tale." Sentinel.
To hang, or not to hang a tale, that is the
question then. Before it is decided, we trust
the Legislature will interpose and not allow
Brother Pell to hang any thing. We call
upon that magnanimous body to grant a
general amnesty to his unfortunate tale.
Gentlemen, do give it the privilege to wag
itself with impunity, like other disloyal
things wag aud wiggle. Unless you do,
your State Printer will execute his unhappy
tale in cold blood, suspend, it upon pot
hooks deliberately. It is too cruel.
If the Legislature does not act, we trust
that Gov. Worth at least will grant a re
prieve. Governor, we appeal to you. Do
send a reprieve or a potatoe.
The report of Mr. Leach, of Davidson, from
the committee, adversely to the adoption of
the Howard Amendment, is published in the
Sentinel. The report throws no new light on
A bill has passed the lower House of Con
gress which provides that in all cases where
a citizen of the United States, who always
remained loyal thereto, and did not volun
tarily give any aid or comfort to any per
son engaged in the rebellion, shall bring an
action to recover damages for an injury to
person or property or for the value thereof,
no such action shall be defeated nor any de
fence allowed on the ground that the act
complained of was done by virtue of the au
thority of the so-called Confederate States,
or under or by virtue of the authority of any
department, officer or agent of said Confed
Two bills giving State aid to railroads
have passed the Georgia Legislature.
J. B. Campbell was elected on the 5th in
stant United States Senator, by the Legisla
ture of South-Carolina.
Gov. Wells and other leading Unionists of
Louisiana have petitioned Congresss to es
tablish a Provisional Government in that
There are two hundred and thirty students
at the University of Mississippi, and from
numerous letters received, it is expected this
number will be largely increased after the
The trial of Henry Bird Lewis, one of the
nearest relations of General Washington, is
progressing in King George count-, Virginia.
He is charged with the murder of Dr. Rose
during the late war. Eminent counsel are
engaged in the defence.
Ex-Gov. Perry of South-Carolina and Mr.
Greely have been in correspondence on the
subject of reconstruction. Mr. Perry has also
written a letter to Mr. Woodard, of Philadel
phia, favoring a National Convention. The
N. Y. Herald says that he is about six years
too late. We think so.
Items op Revenue. The revenue of the
United States government, for 1866, ap
proaches $311,000,000. Of this the income
tax amounted to over sixty millions, the tax
on liquors to over thirty-five millions, the
tax on tobacco to twelve millions, on petro
leum to five millions, on iron to nearly four
teen millions, revenue stamps over fifteen and
licenses over eighteen millions.
If our taxes are now to be lightened, let
the tax on clothing, shoes, woolen fabrics,
and articles of necessity, and the tax on raw
cotton be taken off.
The N. C. University. We regret to
learn that the prospects of the College at
Chapel Hill are not very good but few stu
dents in attendance, and some of them talk
of leaving, so we are informed. The man
agement of the Institution does not give sat
isfaction. We have no unkind feelings for
the President, Gov. Swain personally we
esteem him highly but the opinion prevails
that there ought to be a change in the head
of the Institution. We are sorry to say this,
but we feel it our duty to do so. Cluirlotte
The Democrat also makes the following
just and sensible observations in relation to
the publie lands donated to this State for an
Agricultural College :
" By an act of Congress a large quantity
of public land was donated to each State to
erect and put in operation an Agricultural
College. The Governor suggests that North
Carolina's share ot this fund be used to en
graft such a Department in the College at
Chapel Hill. We do not think such a dispo
sition of the fund would be prudent or bene
ficial, unless the management at Chapel Hill
is materially changed. At present, scores of
our young men are going to Colleges outside
the limits of this State Chapel Hill does not
sustain the reputation it formerly did and
the addition of an Agricultural Department
will not much help its standing. We are op
posed to partial donations of public proper
ty or money. If it is thought best not to es
tablish a separate College for promoting Ag
riculture, let the fund be fairly divided
among all our Colleges, and let an Agricul
tural Chair be supported in each. Let Chap
el Hill take its chance among other institu
tions, and let the institution be conducted
in a more energetic and economical manner.
It might be better, for the present, to leave
the fund in the hands of the State authori
7th, 1866. r
' f!nti&:fro'f:&io''S&T. Russ, of1
WakS, bf leave,troduceci the .following
resolutions: 7 l" . I;?
f " Whereas, This General Assembly has
'unmistakable evidence that there are persons
in the State, who consider themselves inter
ested in misrepresenting the condition of
things and the state of public sentiment here
with reference to the Federal government ;
and whereas, it is understood that these mis
representations are used in Washington city,
where the voice of the people of North Caro
lina cannot be heard ; and whereas, th si
lence of this Assembly, representing the
whole people of the State, and familiar with
their views, may be used to the disparage
ment of the community, therefore
Be it Jtesolced, That the charges of disloy
alty, of persecution towards those styling
themselves the original Union men and of
the partial administration of justice are false,
and known by those in our midst, who make
them, to be without the shadow of founda
tion. Resolved, That no better evidence of the
law-abiding character of our people can be
afforded than their honorable forbearance to
wards native citizens who utter, publicly, the
grossest slanders on the land of their birth,
and for their own selfish ends, would invoke
upon a people struggling with adversity, and
assiduously devoting themselves to the arts
of peace, the stringent measures justified on
ly in cases of actual treason.
Jtesolced, That this Assembly deems it due
to itself and to the people whom it repre
sents to record, in this solemn form, its sense
of the injustice attempted to be done by un
scrupulous partizans, to a community as de
voted to peace and to the cause of law and
order, and to all their Constitutional obliga
tions. State and Federal, as any in the Uni
The foregoing prolessions of loyalty are
worth about ten dollars in Confederate cur
rency, and will not circulate at par even
among the faithful. Coupled with denun
ciations of Union men, they are very similar
to the utterance of the liar who says, " I love
God, but hate my brother!" And the voice
of this General Assembly, heard through
them is far more damaging to " the State
and whole people," so-called, than silence
on its part could possibly have been.
The resolutions appeal as an evidence of
loyalty to the " honorable forbearance " of
certain people towards native citizens, who
dare tell the truth, ' or as it puts it, " utter,
publicly, the grossest slanders on the land of
their birth," which is ridiculously false. For
those who have never repeated of their
treason, bu$ still glory in secession and curse
the Union and the old flag in their hearts,
wc reiterate, are traitors still ; and dare tell
them so, without reding for protection upon
that " honorable forbearance " of theirs,
to which they refer with so much gusto.
When did your " honorable forbearance
begin ? When General Sherman came ; and,
whea the troops of the United States depart,
your " honoruble forbearance " will go with
It is understood (we do not know it to be a
fact) that Mr. Davis, of Franklin, drew these
resolutions, which were read in caucus and
approved ; and he used the Commoner from
Wake as a catspaw to pull his chestnuts
from the fire.
Upon their introduction, Mr. Davis said :
" That he was gratified at the introduction
of these resolutions. The condition of North
Carolina was an unhappy one. She had
emerged from the late struggle poor in all
else but honor, an honor hitherto maintain
ed untarnished. He adverted to slanders
upon the State accusations of disloyalty
among her people, based in a measure upon
their tender reverential memory of fathers,
sons and brothers who had perished in the
war. These accusations as well as those of
harsh treatment to Union men were being
used to the prejudice of our people by those
who wished to see the Southern States re
manded to the condition of Territories. It
was time that these calumniators should be
rebuked and the character of our citizens
vindicated from the aspersions."
" The condition of North-Carolina was an
unhappy one," said Mr. Davis. Who brought
her to this pass ? Had he no word of de
nunciation for Jefferson Davis and the mad
Congress at Richmond, who rode to herpover
ty stripped her of the flower of her youth
and draped her daughters in the garments of
woe ? No, not one word ; but against those,
who opposed him and his bloody minions in
their work of destruction, against the rem
nant of patriots, left among us, he breathed
out his fiercest anathemas. He said that he
was unaware of persecutions of loyal men in
his County. They are silent in Franklin
are they, Mr. Davis f Silent, still, voiceless
as the tomb!
"Mr. Crawford of Rowan.said (substantially) i
that W. W. Holdcn and his coadjutors were
the only traitors in the State If there were
no hell already, be for one, would be willing
that he should be taxed to build a hell for
those who were unwilling to subscribe and
endorse the resolutions pending."
" Willing to be taxed to build a hell," he
will be taxed, to his utmost to keep out of
hell. His Satanic Majesty could spit a mil
lion such, souls on a cambric needle. The in
terest, on a cent would support a hell large
enough to hold them through eternity.
" Build u hell for those who were unwil
ling to subscribe and endorse the resolutions
pending !" What manner of man is this ?
Surely he is a descendant of those, who burn
ed witches, bored holes in Quakers' tongues,
and did divers naughty deeds in Massachu
sets in years long gone by. Can he be a scion
of the chivalrous Huguenots or rollicking
Cavaliers ? Can the soul of a Roundhead
ye holy haters of Cromwell and the Puritans,
dwell in the body of a Secessionist ? Put
him out of your Synagogue, he is a traitor!
Fourteen members voted against the reso
lutions, and others refused to vote ! Now
pass around the hat, gentlemen, and build
your hell. You do not propose to " perse
cute" anybody, you have never done so, you
voted solemnly that those who even charged
the intention of persecution upon you, were
slanderers but pass around the hat, and
build a hell, says the Commoner from Rowan.
We've put them in the bull-pen, squeezed
their fingers between fence-rails, shot them,
robbed them, hanged them, villified them, and
shut them out from office, society or friends,
but that is not enough, let us now build a
hell and put them in it ! We nominate the
Commoner from Rowan -for coal-heaver.
' What say'st thou, bully Bottom ?"
" Mr. Lyon rose to a point of order. Such
language he said was unbecoming any mem
ber of the House.
Mr. Crawford here observed, that he had
said all he wished to say. Mr. Blair moved
to lay the resolutions on the table, which was
not agreed to.
Nays. Messrs. Allen, Autry, Baker, Boyd,
Bowe, Bradaber, Bright, Brown, Bryson.Bar-
1 ' t . f r
an, Crawford, of Macon, orawiora, oi xvowan,
Dargan, Davis, Davidson Durham, Everett,
Farrow, Freemanf Galloway, Ganibril, Gar
ris, Gorhain, HGranberry; Guess, 'Harding
Harper,' Henderson; Hodnett, Holderhy, Hor
ton, of Watauga, Horton, of Wilkes, TJouston,
Hutchinson, Jones, Judkins, Kelsejj Kenan,
KendalLTLatbanCof Washington, Leo, Long,
Lo we,Lutterloh, Mav, McArthur, Mc Clammy,
McGougan, McKay, McNair.McRae, Moore, of
Hertford, Morehead, Morrissett, Murrill, Neal,
Patton, Perry, of Carteret, Perry, of Wake,
Reinhard, Richardson, Rogers, Rosebro.
Russ, Scott, Shelton, Simpson, Smith, of
Duplin, Smith, of Guilford, Stevenson, Stone,
Sudderth, Trull, Turnbull. Umstewd, Walker,
Waugh, Westmoreland, Whitley. Williams,
of Harnett, Willliams, of Pitt, Womble, and
Yeas. Messsrs. Ashworth, Beasley, Black,
Blair, BIythe, Garrett, Hinnant, Jenkins, of
Gaston, Jenkins, of Granville, Jordan, Lyon,
Moore, of Chatham, Morton, Rountrec, Scog
gin, Teague, Vestal, Williams, of Yancy 18.
Mr. Blair offered the following amend
ment. Resolved, furtJier, That it is the opinion of
this General Assembly that the persons who
instigated the late war, the men who fired
the Southern heart, are unworthy of the con
fidence of the people ot North-Carolina, and
should never be allowed to vote or bold
(The reading of the amendment was re
ceived with hisses. The disorder was prompt
ly checked by the Speaker.)
Mr. Blair asked for the yeas and nays on
the amendment, but the call was not sus
tained. The amendment was rejected.
Mr. Russ addressed the House in support
of the resolutions. He had reason to be
lieve that an effort was being made to secure
at the hands of Congress, the overthrow of
existing State governments and the estab
lishment of Territorial governments in their
stead. He believed that there existed no
people more loyal than those of this State,
and thought her maligners should be silenc
ed and the fair fame of the State authorita
tively vindicated by its Representatives.
Mr. BIythe, regretted the introduction of
the resolutions. He could not conscientious
ly support them because they were untrue,
in that they asserted that the Union men of
the State had not been persecuted. People
in other sections of the State might be loyal.
He did not undertake to question their loy
alty. The reverse of this was true to a con
siderable extent in his section of the State.
Mr. Davis, suggested that gentlemen rep
resenting disloyal constituencies, if there
were any such, might support the resolutions
with a proviso specially excluding their
counties from its purview.
Mr. Freeman, was for peace and barroooy
and deprecated the re-opening of old wounds
and the agitation ot old differences.
Mr. Lyon expressed similar sentiments.
lie regarded the resolutions as a fire-brand, a
sensation" movement merely, calculated to
injure rather than benefit the'people, and the
State. He moved an indefinite postpone
ment. Not agreed toi,
Mr. Lowe moved to adjourn. Not agreed
The resolutions were amended, on motion
of Mr. Lyon, by inserting, in the last of the
series, alter the words " law and order," the
words, an'l union,"
The resolutions as amended, were then
adopted as follows :
Yeas Messrs. Allen, Autry, Baker, Boyd,
Barden, Bowe, Bradsher, Bright, Brown, Bry
son,Carson, Cbadwick, Clark. Clements, Cow
an, Crawford of Macon, Crawford of Rowan,
Dargan, Davis, Davidson, Durliaux, Everett,
Freeman, Galloway, Ganibril, Garris, Gor
hain, Granberrv,Guess,Harding. Harper, Hen
derson, Hinnauit, Hodnett, Holderby, Horton
of Watauga. Horton of Wilkes. Houston,
Hutchison, Jones, Judkins, Kelsev, Kenan,
Kendall, Latham of Washington, Lee, Long,
Lowe, Lutterloh, May, McArthur, McClam
my, McGcugan. McKay, McNair, McRae,
Moore ol Hertford, Morehead, Morton, Mor
rissett, Mumll, Neal, Patton, Perry of Car
teret, Perry of Wake, Reinhardt, Richard
son, Rosebro, Russ, Scott, Shelton, Simpson,
Smith of Duplin, Smith of Guilford, Stone,
Sudderth, Trull, Turnbull. Umstead, Walker,
Waugh, Westmoreland, Wbitlev, Williams
of Hatnett, Williams of Pitt, Womble and
Nays Messrs. Ashworth, Beaslev, Blair,
BIythe, Garrett. Jenkins of Granville, Jor
dan, Lyon, Moore ot Chatham. Scoggin,
Stevenson, Teague, Vestal and Williams 14.
Mr. Stevenson said he voted in the nega
tive not because he believed the people of
the State disloyal, but because he thought
the resolutions should not have been intro
duced. The Honse then adjourned."
Mr. Jenkins of Gaston requests us to say
that he was absent when the last vote was
taken on the resolutions, being on business
in the committee room. He would certainly
have voted against the resolutions.
We extracted above from the report in
the Sentinel, it being much fuller and doubt
less more correct than ours.
The SeUi.tel says that it prefers the Union
; to any other form of government for us at
present." We prefer the ITnion not only for
the present but jorecer, and so does every loy
Arrested. The Mayor arrested on Sun
day last John Egan and Richard Putney for
stealing two mules out of the corral at the
Baptist Grove, Saturday night last. The
mules were recovered. Putney and Egan
were committed to jail, failing to give bail
for the sum of $500. We learn that the
proof against them is positive.
Correspondence of the Philadelphia Press.
Letter From Occasional. '
Washington, D. C, December 4, 1866.
All the Union men of the South are in fa
vor of dismantling the rebel State organiza
tions and establishing republican govern
ments under the authority of Congress. In
making this declaratiou, I do so with a good
knowledge of the entire situation. The in
telligence has just been received that Gov
ernor Holden, of North-Carolina, boldly ac
cepts and approves the remedy as the only
one left for the protection of the friends of
the Union in the South. The Louisiana men
now on. the ground advocate this course, and
the unanimous appeal, in the same direction,
of the Convention of Southern Loyalists,
which met in Philadelphia on the 3d, 4th,
and 5th of September last, is every day pro
ved to have been founded on the strictest
justice. So imperative is the duty of Con
gress, that if they would save the deluded
followers of the still impenitent traitors
themselves they must act quickly. Alike
the outrages perpetrated upon the loyal mil
lions of the South and the sufferings of the
ignorant populace who persecute them de
mand prompt and stringent remedies. Nev
er before have the Southern people been so
accursed with reckless and revengeful lead
ers, who, while proclaiming the starvation
and the poverty of the multitudes they led
into the rebellion, defy the people who alone
can relieve and rescue these multitudes, and
allow the innocent and unoffending friends
of the Government to be hunted down like
so many wild beasts. The disfranchisement
of these leaders must not only be insisted up
on, according to the third section of the con
stitutional amendment, but the government
of the seceded States must be placed in the
hands of loyal men, and no representation
allowed in the National Legislature until re
publican institutions have been fashioned
for the permanent protection of the interests
OUIA AAKUbO Ui Oil. IlliCU LUiD 19 UUUC
not till then, -will we insure prosperity and
ana ngnts or all. When this is done, ana
peace in tna South. CHXJASiUriAXt.
Hesolntlok of Senator - Sun...
Resolutions declaring the principles of re
construction ; the ; jurisdiction of Conrc8s
over the whole subject ; the illegality of e
isting governments in the rebel States,,!
the exclusion of such illegal governme,!
from representation in Congress and fro
voting on constitutional amendments
1. That in the work of reconstruction it
important that no false step should he tak 'S
interposing obstacle or delay : bt that I
caretul provisions we should make Last
complete the work, so that the unity ,i tiieR,
public shall be secured on permanent loan?"
ations and fraternal relations shall be at .
established among all the people there "f6
2. That this end can le accmipiu-hJ
jy by following the guiding principles of Z
institutions as declared by our fathers u l
the Republic was formed, and that anv n
lect or forget fulness of these guidinw Dn
pies must postpone tlie establishment of?"
ion, justice, domestic tranquility, the tren
al welfare and the blessings of liberty u L i
are the declared objects of the Constituti
and, therefore, must be the essential ohi
of reconstruction itself. J 018
$. luattnis work ot reconstrnr-r; .... .
be conducted by Congress and
, i uj.
constant snoervision th:it nni,... ,i. ,. '
tution Congress is solemnly bound to ass. 1
this responsibility, and that in the perforn
ance of this duty it must see that everyWi,
throughout the rebel communities loyaltv
protected and advanced, while the new um
ernments are fashioned according to the r
quirements of a Christian commonwealth
that order, tranquility, education, ana hu
roan rights shall prevail within their hor
4. That, in determining- what.
is a rppub-
- v. . . ...... .. t. vscure!s umif
follow implicity the definition supplied lV
the Declaration of Independence ; and in the
practical application of this definition it
must, after excluding all disloyal persons
take care that new governments are founded'
on the fundamental truths tlerem contain
ed : first, that all men are equal in rid,ts -and,
secondly, that all just government
stands only oa the consent of the govern
5. That all proceedings with a view to re
constructioa originating in Execotive power
are io the nature of usurpation ; that tin
usurpation becomes especially offensive whi n
it sets aside the fundamental truths of our
institutions ; that it is shockinsr to common
sense when it undertakes to derive new gov-
ciuuicuis inxn iiiai uosuie population which
has just engaged in earnest rebellion, and
that all governments having such origin are
necessarily illegal and" void.
7. That it is the duty of Congress to pro
ceed with the work of reconstruction, and to
this end it must assome jnrisdietioo of the
States lately in rebellion, except so far as
that jurisdiction may have been already re
nounced ; and it must recognize only the
loyal States, or those State having' legal and
valid Legislatures, as entitled to representa
tion in Congress or to a voice in tlie adop
tion of the constitutional amendment.
There was a severe storm of wind and
rain accompanied with, heavy thunder in the
section of country around Saiem last veek.
A Wge buck, killed in Cumberland
county weigbisg 151 tba. was carried to Wil
Harry McCarthy has bees giving con
certs in Wilmington. He left for New Tork.
An association cf Southern soldiers.
sound in body, the survivors of the late war.
is proposed in the City of Wilmington.
There is to be- a toom merit at Newbera
on the 27th inst. Knights and ladies from
other parts of the State are invited to attend.
The Tarbonr Southerner, of Thursday
chronicles the arrived at that port of the
steamer " Cotton Plant," which will hereaf
ter make tri-weekly trips between that point
The same paper announces that a Hne of
steam propellers has been established be
tween Washington and Norfolk, thus plac
ing; Tarborr in communication with Norfolk,
both by land and water.
Mr. W. J. Vestal, publisher, has issued
a ltandsome directory of the City of New
bem. CKir thanks for a copy. They are
priced, $8.00 per hundred, 10 cents single
Our Eastern exchanges freqnently speak
of robberies and attempts at robbery in their
section. It is understood that there js an
organized band of ruffians, styling them
selves " regulators," in Eastern North-Carolina.
The exceeding warmth of the Fall and
Winter seasons thus far has been often re
marked. The ice-king tarries on his war,
and the bare trees look strangely in theligl.t
of the warm sun. Fires have not been ne
cessary to comfort for some days past.
The following arc the exports of Wil
mington, for the week ending December 7th,
NEW YORK. 9153 bbls. rosin, 732 do
spirits, 866 do tar, 83? bales of cotton,
316 bbls. turpentine, 4091 bushels pea
nuts, 5S90 juniper staves, 11.560 shin
gles, 249 bbls soapstone, 15 bales sheet
ing; 75 tons iron, 41 bbls. old metal, 23
do potatoes, 58 do flour, 48 coils rope,
10 bushels flaxseed. 24 pkgs. mdze.
BUCKSPORT, ME. 98,817 ft. lumber.
AUX CAYES, HAYTL 85,757 ft. lumber,
261,000 shingles, 50 bbls. tar, 10 do ro
sin. CUBA. 100,000 ft. lumber, 6 bbls. tar.
TURKS ISLAND. 96,500 ft. lumber, 49,-
CUR ACOA. 140,000 ft. lumber.
While Governor Worth of North-Caroliaa
was writing his message, in which he saga
ciously recommends the deportation of the
bulk of the laboring population of the State,
a large number of his fellow-citizens, Mr.
John Pool among them, who is one of the
most respectable and ablest of North-Carolinians,
were holding an agricultural meeting
in Bertie Countv. Bertie is one of tbi finest
counties in the State, productive of corn and
cotton, washed on three sides by navigable
waters, penetrated by a river deep enough to
float any craft which can navigate any North
Carolina river, and the "county town is with
in a day's journey by steamboat of tie city
of Norfolk. But two-thirds of all the Uwvf
in Bertie is covered with a forest, and of the
cleared land more than half is not under cul
tivation. So, while the Governor is either
clumsily sneering or is seriously reeouuneiKl
ing th Legislature to take steps that would
reduce still more of the State to a wilder
ness, the farmers of Bertie naturally enoctfja
are passing resolutions pledging themselves
to treat with civility and kindness Northern,
farmers who will come among them and set
tle, and help to develop the resoarees of the
country. It is not men Eke these wlio de
liberately write or speak sach folly
Governor has been guilty of. Indeed, suet
men as he, we are petsuaded, are so few
number that it is not neceasarv to wish tnst
they might be inadto try for a year or tw
life on the plantation with no negroes ana
irith thfir u nnsrtsEa" full nf Germans, SaV,
or two factions of Irish, or Englishmen no-
I iona oi maian corn. j. m jxammr