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" LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, ONE AJSX INSEPARABLE."-Daniel Webster.
I RALEIGH, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 186G.
n r a m - w in n n- a rv n u iC-sv aa h m m "-sv-, r
XV XV. HOLDEN. J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
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Raleigh, N. C.
Important from Mexico.
Cincinnati, December 5. A special des
patch to the Commercial, from Brownsville,
Texas, dated November 30, says :
" General Sedgwick, on the 24th, made a
formal demand on Colonel Canales for the
immediate surrender of Matamoros, which
was acceded to, and Canales occupied the
fbrtitiications, while the American flag floats
over the city. A sutneent number of troops
occupy the city to render the occupation se
cure. " Escobedo attacked Canales on the 27th,
and a desperate battle ensued, lasting three
hours, resulting in the defeat of Escobedo,
with a loss of six hundred men, including
General Espinosa. Colonel Cunales lost seventy-five
" Escoliedo lays his defeat to the interfer
ence of United States troops.
' Another despatch says Escobedo attack
ed Canaies iu Matamoros on Tuesday morning
at halt-past live o'clock, but fell back after
two hours' desperate struggle. One occasion
of his defeat was the occupation of Mutamo
ros, three days before, by a body of American
troops, who relieved Canales of the city and
left him to use his lorce iu defending the
' Escobedo indignantly complains of the
action of General Sedgwick. He expects
reinforcements, when he will resume the at
tack. Meanwhile, the American flag floats
within the besieged defences."
The rumor published a few days ago, to
the effect that Brevet Brigadier-General
Sedgwick, commanding U. S. troops at
Brownsville, Texas, and crossed the Rio
Grande on the 22d ult., and taken possession
of Matamoros, was disproved by later advi
ces. But it seems only to have been a pre
monitition of what was to take place. It
mow appears that on the 26th General Sedg
wick did execute the feat for which he had
credit in advance. He then crossed the fa
mous river upon a pontoon bridge, and his
subordinate, Colonel Perkins, of the colored
troops, was put in command of the heroic
city. Thereby it seems that General Sedg
wick has gotten himself into a nice mess.
The effect of his movement was to strengthen
the position of Canales. who held the city
adversely to the Jcakez Government, and
apparently upon his own account. Es
cobedo, who commanded the liberal troops,
was compelled to storm the fortifications,
and he was repulsed, with an estimated loss
of seven hundred and fifty men, killed, woun
ded and prisoners. The result of General
Sedgwick's intervention, therefore, has been
to strengthen the cause of an officer who was.
opposing the regular Government of Mexico
and to cost the Liberals, who can illy afford
it, a large expenditure of bloo.l. There may
be circumstances connected with the affair
which will relieve Sedgwick of the serious
responsibility which he has assumed, but ac
cording to appearances he has gone very far
beyond his duty and instructions, and he
has placed the country in a false and unnat
Republican Caucus Programme.
The republicans of Congress have re
solved anions other things in caucus to
provide by law :
First That no name shall be placed
on the roll of the next Congress except
from States entitled to representation
Second That no electoral votes shall
he counted for President and Vice Pres
ident (1868) cast by any State ex
cluded from Congress.
Third That the first session of the
Fortieth Congress, instead of meeting
in December, as usual, shall meet on
the 4th of March next, at the close
of the present Congress.
Considering, therefore, that the House
by an overwhelming majority has resol
ved to adhere to the pending constitu
tional amendment as the basis of South
ern restoration, thir programme simply
means that the excluded States shall
have no voice in Congress or in the ap
proaching Presidential election, unless
they abandon meantime their present
declared purpose of holding out against
the amendment. " To this complexion
they must come at last," and the sooner
the better. This is the whole case in a
nutshell. Jr. Y Herald.
A man in San Francisco, with a glass eye,
finding his other eye inflamed, called upon
an oculist, whom he at once discovered to be
a humbug, and consulted him concerning
the glass one, remarking that he had not
seen out of it for ten years. The doctor look -at
it and said he could cure it, whereupon
the gentleman took it from the socket, and
handing it to the doctor, said : ' I have not
time to stop for treatment ; you can keep the
eye here, and as soon as you get it to see. I
will call for it."
T" AWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Passed -it the Third Saution of the Thirty-seventh
Congress, which was beyun and held at the City of
Vasliinglon, in the District of Columbia, on
Monday, the first day of December, A. D. 1862,
and '-nded on Wednesday, the 17th day of July,
A. D. 1863.
Abraham Lincoln, President. Hannibal Ham
lin, Vice President, and President of the Sen
ate. Solomon Foote was elected President
of the Senate, pro tempore, on the eightenth,
day of July, and continued so to act until the
close of the. session. Galusha A. Grow,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
An Act to establish the Office ol Register of Deeds
for the District of Columbia.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That there shall be appoint
ed by the President, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, a register of deeds for the
District of Columbia, who shall perform all the
duties respecting of deeds and other instruments
of writing, aud all other services conuecied there
with, aulnorized to be performed by the elerk of
the Circuit Court of said District by the fifth sec
tion of the act approved March three, eighteen
hundred and one, entitled "An Act supplemen
tary to the act entitled 'An act concerning the
District of Columbia,' " and shall receive the
same fees and emoluments for the same. And
the said register shail receive and have the charge
and custody of all records, papers, and property
which may be in the custody of all the records,
papers, and property which may be in the custo
dy or possession of said clerk of the Circuit Court
properly appartaining to and belonging to the ol
tice ot the register of "deeds; and the said clerk is
hereby required to deliver the same to said regis
ter upon proper application therefor.
Sec. 2. And be it lurther enacted, That the
Secretary of the Interior be directed to appro
priate such rooms in any of the public buildings
under his charge for the use of said register as
may be necessary for his accomodation, unless it
shall appear to said Secretary that such rooms
cannot be so appropriated without interferring
with the business of his Department; and in that
event the said register shall procure, with the ap
probation of said Secretary, such rooms, in the
city of Washington, as may be necessary for the
security of the records and the convenient tran
saction ot the business of said office.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all
acts and parts ot acts inconsistent with the pro
visions of this act be, aud the same are hereby,
Approved, February 14, 1863.
An Act to issue an American Register to the
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the
Treasury is hereby directed to issue an American
rcgisterto the steamship or vessel known as the
Karnak, of the collection district of the port of
New York, the same being a British build vessel,
but now owned by Ameriean citizens.
Appkoved, February 16, 1863.
Au Act for the Relief of Persons for Damages sus
tained by reason of Depredations and Injuries
by certain Bands of Sioux Indians.
Whereas the United States heretofore became
bound by treaty stipulations to the Sisseton,
Waiipato"u, Medawakanton. and Wahpakoota
bands ot the Dakota or Siox Indians to pay
large sums of money and annuities, the greater
portion of which ri mains unpaid according to
the terms of said treaty stipulations: and
whereas during the past year the aforesaid
bands of Indians made an unprovoked, aggres
sive, and most savage war upon the United
States, and massacred a large number of men,
women, and children within the State of Minne
sota, and destroyed and damaged a large amount
of property, and taereby have forfeited all just
claim to the said moneys aud annuities to the
United States; and whereas it is just and equi
table that the persons whose property has been
destroyed or damaged by the said Indians, or
destroyed or damaged by the troops ot the U
tiited States in said war, should be indemnified
in whole or in part out of the indebtedness and
annuities so forfeited as aforesaid : There
fore Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That all treaties heretofore
made and entered Into by the Sisseton, With pa
tou, Mudawakanton, and Wahpakouta bunds of
Sioux or Dakota Indians, or any of them, with
the United States, are hereby declared to be abro
gated aud annulled, so Car as said treaties or any
of them purport to impose any future obligation
on the United States, and ail lands aud rights of
occupancy within the State of Minnesota, and all
annuities and claims heretofore accorded to said
Indians, or any of them, to be forfeited to the U
nited Sta es.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That two
thirds of the balance n-maining unexpended of
annuities due and payable to said Indians for the
present fiscal year, not exceeding one hundred
thousand dollars, and the further sum of one
hundred thousand dollars, being two thirds ol
the annuities becoming due and payable to said
Indians during the next fiscal year, is hereby ap
propriated, and shall be paid lrom the Treasury
of the United States, out ot any moneys not oth
erwise appropriated, to the commissioners here
inafter provided for, to he apportionea by them
among the heads of families, r, iu ease of their
decease, among the surviving numbers of fami
lies of the Statu of Minnesota who suffered dam
age by the depradations of the Sisseton, VV'ahpa
ton, Medawakanion, and Wahpakoota in the
late Indian war in the State of Minnesota, not ex
ceeding the sum of two hundred dollars to any
one family, nor the actual damages aloresaid, and
no moneys shail be paid under this section ex
cept upou those claims which shall be presented
to said commissioners on or before the first day
ofJuuenext, for the paymeut of which the said
cominissione s shall take and return to the Secre
tary of tl j Interior and to the Secretary of the
Treasury duplicate vouchers thercfoi, certified
"Sec. 3. And pc it further enacted, That, for the
purpose of making the proper distribution of the
moneys hereby appropriated for the present relief
of such families, and for the purpose of ascertain
ing the whole amount of said damages and the
persons who have suffered the same, it shall be
lawful for the President, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, to appoint three com
missioners, not more than one of whom shall be
a resident of Minnesota, who shall take an oath
in the manner prescribed by the laws of the
United States to faithfully discharge their duties ;
they shall entertain and hear the complaints (iu
writing, duly verified on oath) of all and every
person aggrieved by the depredations of said In
dians, and by the troops of the United States in
said war; they shall have power to compel the at
tendance of witnesses, and to administer the pro
per oaths to them to testify the truth ; they shall
have power to compel the claimants to be exam
ined and cross-examined on oath, to be adminis
tered by t em, as to their said claim ; they shall
hold their sessions at such times and places as
will give the persons complaining the fairest op
portunity of verifying their claim with the least
expense ; they shall take care that no unjust or
fictitious claim shall be established ; and if they
have any reason to suppose that any such claim
is presented, they shall have power, and it shall
be their duty, to procure any countervailing proof,
to their knowledge, that the same may be finally
rejected. The testimony of the witnesses and the
examination of the complainant shall be reduced
to writing, signed and certified by them, respec
tively, and shall, with the petitii n and all the pi
pers relating to each case, with the finding of the
commission, be transmitted to the Secretary of
the Interior for his approval, rejection, or modi
flci tion, to be by him laid before the next Con
gress. A majority of the commission may select
their presiding officer, and shall be competent to
decide all questions arising before them.
Sec. 4. And be it further enated, That t-aid com
missioners shall hold their first session at Saint
Peter's, in the State of Minnesota, on or before
the first day of April, next, for the hearing of
claimants, and that all claims mnst be presented
to said commissioners on or before the first day of
September next, or the same shall not be heard
by them ; ana tue saw commissioners snail maite
and return their finding, and all the papers relat
ing thereto, on or before the first day of Decem-
See. 5. And be it further enacted. That said
commissioners shall receive for their services aud
expenses the sum of two thousand five hundred
dollars each. And they are authorized to depute
a proper person to summon witnesses, who shall
be entitled to receive his actuaLjexDenses. to be
allowed by said commissioners, and the sum of
inree aotiars per day tor his services. Witnesses
subpoenaed in behalf of the United States shall
receive pay for attendance, not to exceed the fees
allowed by the laws of Minnesota for witnesses
attending justices' courts. And, for paying the
expenses ot said commission, the further sum of
tea thousand dollars is hereby appropriated out
of t he said annuities in the Treasury ol the United
States, or so much thereof as may be necessary to
pay me same.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the
Secretary of the Interior, immediately after the
passage of this act. shall camsc the same to be
published in four of the newspaper of the State of
iuiuuraum wuicu, in nis opinion, win give me
iiiosi puoneiiy to tnc same among tnep opie w ho
have suffered by said depredations, and j. ive notiee
of the first meeting of said commissi, ners, the
expenses to be ) aid out of the sum api ropriated
in the next preceding section.
Sec. 7. Aud be it further enacted, That if the
complainant, or any wituess testifying het'oresaid
commissioners, shall be guilty of perjury, upon
conviction thereof in the proper co; rt of the
United States, he shall suffer the pains and pen
alties prescribed by the laws of the United States
for that offence.
Sec. 8. And be it further cnaatcd. That the said
commissioners may make rules, not inconssitent
with this act, prescribing the order and mode of
presenting, prosecutingand proving said claims
before them, which rules shall be published in one
newspaper iu the city of Saint Paul and oue in
Saint Peter for at least two weeks prior to the
first session of said commission, to be held at
Saint Peter as directed in the fourth section of
this act, and the expenses of such publication
shall be paid out ot the fuud appropriated in the
fifth section of this act.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the
Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to
set apart of the public lands, not otherwise ap
propriated, eighty acres in severalty to each indi
vidual of the before-named bauds who exerted
himself in rescuing the whites from the late mas
sacre of said Indians. The land so set apart shall
not be subject to auy tax, forfeiture, or sale, by
process of law, and shall not be aliened or devised,
except by the consent of the President of the
United States, but shall be an iuheiitauce to said
Indians and their heirs forever.
See. 10. And be it further enacted. That said
commissioners, before entering upon the dis
charge of their duties as such, shall give bonds in
the usual form to the United States, in the sum
of twenty thousand dollars each, with good ad
sufficient security, to be approved by the Secre
tary of the Treasury, faithfully to discharge their
duties as such, and to account for any money
which may come into their hands.
Approved, February 16, 1S68.
From Vanceburg, via Kinney Mills and the
mouth of Laurel, to Olive Hill.
From Omaha City, vii DeWitt, to West Point.
From Omaha City, via Hazleton, to Forest
From Fremont, via Jalapa, to Vest Point.
From Columbus, via Monroe, to Genoa.
From Columbus to Camden.
From Nebraska Centre, via Elm Creek, Buffa
lo Creek, mouth of North Fork of Platte River,
and Lodge Pole Creek, to Boulder City, Colora
From Fort Laramie, via Deer Creek, Platte
Bridge, Green River, and Fort Bridger, to Salt
Lake City, Utah Territory.
From Cottonwood Springs, via Republican
Fork, to Fort Riley, Kansas.
From Plattsmouth, via Plattsford and Forks of
Salt Creek to Camden.
From Brownsville, via St. Frederick, Tecum
sch, Vesta, and Austin, to Camden.
From Beaver, via Greenville and Fort Adams,
From Payson to Goshen.
From Boonville, via East Road, to Port Ley
den, and thence via River Road, to Lyons Falls.
troin nitsneiu, Pennsylvania, via f reehold
aud Lottsville, to Broken Straw.
From New England to Amesville.
From Brace ville to Farmington.
From Greenville, via Clapboard Town, Dill's
Station, Beansville, Nevada, Brock, to North
Star, in Darke county.
From Mapleton, the present terminus of route
number twenty-five hundred aud eighty-ihree, to
From Pittsburg to West Middleton.
From German town to Silver Rock.
From New Germantown to Concord.
From Quakertown, via Richlandtown, Pleasant
Valley, Springtown and Durham, to Kieglesville.
r rom rike, via Wyulusing. to Uusuore.
From Pleasantville, via Tionesta, to Clarion.
From New Germantown, in Perry county, to
Concord, in Frankiin county.
From Milton, Northumberland county, to Lew
istonvillc. in the county of Montour.
From West Naulicoke, via Harvey's Creek, to
From Stroudsburg, in Monroe county, via
Snydersville, Keuuersvillu aud Feunersville, to
From Kelly's Station, on the Alleghany Valley
Railroad, to "Cochran's Mills, in the county of
From Heading, via Adams', Brownville, and
Klop's Store, to Woinelsdorp.
From New Germantown, Perry county, to Con
cord, in the county of Franklin.
From Wausau to Jenny.
From Waupacca, via Amherst, to Plover.
From Kingwood, via Albright, to Portland.
From Denver to Bear Canon, on head-waters
of West Plum Creek.
From Golden City to Ralston Creek.
From Mankato, Minnesota, via Madalia, Aship
man, Randolph Lake, Stevens Lake, north and
south bends of the Dcs Moines River, Lake Gra
ham, Bl,ue Mound, Sioux Falls, Upper James
Crossing, Yancton, Smutty Bear's Camp, Bon
Hoiniue, Wannavi. Tuffsville (or Neshud ,) Phil
brick's Crossing, (or Chotcau,) and Greenwood,
to Fort Randall.
From Elkpoint, via Brnle Creek and Valley of
Big Sioux River, to Sioux Falls City.
From Great Salt Lake City, Utah, via Ogden
City, Cache Valley, Snake River Ferry, and iian
nack City to Fort Benton.
From Chico, California, via Susanville, to
From Fort Laramie, Nebraska, to Hell Gate,
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That the
true intent aud meaning of the eighth section of
the act entitled " An act makiug appropriations
for the service of the Post Office Department du
ring the fiscal year ending the thirtieth day of
June, eighteen hundred and sixty-two," shall be
taken, deemed and construed to" be a directory
to the Postmaster-General to make the mail ser
vice on the route therein mentioned semi-weekly
for the period therein provided.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the
Overland Mail Company now engaged in carry
ing the United States mail from Saint Joseph,
Missouri, to Placerville, California, shall have
the privilege of occupying the public lands where
their stations are fixed at the late of not more
than one for every ten miles of the routs on
which said compauy carry the said mail, and
shall have pre-emption right therein of any land,
not mineral, and not disposed of or reserved, or
to which a pre emption or homestead claim has
not attached when the same shall be brought in
to market to the extent of one hundred and six
ty acres, to be selected contiguous to and to in
clude their improvements ; the said pre-emption
right being In lieu of the same heretofore granted
by the twelfth section of the act approved third
March, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, enti
tled " Au act making appropriations for the ser
vieeof the Post Office Department duingthe fis
cal year ending thirtieth June, eighteen hundred
Approved, February 84, 1863.
An act to provide a temporary Government for
the Territory of Arizona, and for other Pur
poses. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That all that part of the
present Territoiy of New Mexico situate west of
a line running due south from the point where
the southwest corner of the Territory of Colora
do joins the northern boundary of the Territory
of New Mexico to the southern boundary line of
said Territory of New Mexico be, and the same
is hereby erected into a temporary government
by the name of the Territory of Arizona: Provi
ded, That nothing contained in the provisions
of this act shall be construed to prohibit the
Congress of the United Stntes from dividing said
Territory or ciiangiug its boundaries in such
manner and at such tiine as it may deem proper:
Provided, fnrther, That said government shall
be maintained and continued until such time as
the ; ple residing in said Territory shall, with
the Codscnt of Congress, form a State govern
ment, republican iu form, as prescribed in the
Constitution of the United States, and apply for
and obtain admission into the Union as a State,
on an equal footing with the original States.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the gov
ernment hereby authorized shall consist of an
executive, legislative, and judicial power. The
executive power shall be vested in a governor.
The legislative power shall consist of a council
of nine members, and a house of representatives
of eighteen. The judicial power shall be vested
in a supreme court, to consist of three judges,
and such inferior courts as the legislative council
may by law prescribe ; there shall also be a secre
tary, a marshal, a district attorney, and a snr-veyor-general
for said Territory, who, together
with tiie governor and judges of the supreme
court, shall be appointed by the President, by and
with the advice and consent of the Senate, and
the term of office tor each, the manner of their
appointment, and the powers, duties, and the
compensation of the governor, legislative assem
bly, judges of the supreme court, secretary, mar
shal, district attorney, and surveyor-general afore
said, with their clerks, draughtsman, deputies,
and sergeant-at-arms, shall be" such as are confer
red upon the same officers by the act organizing
the Territorial government of New Mexico, which
subordinate officers shall be appointed in the
same manner, and not exceed in number those
created by said act; and acts amendatory thereto,
together with all legislative enactments of the
Territory of New Mexico not inconsistent with
the provisions of this act, arc herebv extended to
and continued in force in the said Territory of
Arizona, until repealed or amended by future leg
islation: Provided, That no salary shall be due
r paid the officers created by this act until they
have entered upon the duties of their respectivu
offices within the said Territory.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there
shall neither be slavery nor involuntary servitude
in the said Territory, otherwise than in the pun
ishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have
been duly convicted ; and all acts and parts of
acts, either of Congress or of the Territory of New
Mexico, establishing, regulating, or in auy way
recognizing the relation of master and slave iu
said Territory, are hereby repealed.
Approved, February 24, 1863.
An Act to provide a national Currency, secured
by a Pledge of UnitedStates Stocks, and to
provide for the Circulation and Redemption
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That there shall be estab
lished in the Treasury Department a separate bu
reau, which shall be charged with the execution
of this and all other laws that may be passed by
Congress respecting the issue and regulation of a
national currency secured by United States bonds.
i lie cmei otneer ot the said bureau shall be de
nominated the comptroller of the currency, and
shall be under the general direction of the Secre
tary oi I ue .treasury. Jlu shall be appointed by
the President, on the nomiratiou of the Secretary
of the Treasury, by and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate and shall hold his office for the
term ot hve years unless sooner removed by the
President, by and with the advice aud consent of
the Senate ; he shall receive an annual salary of
five thousand dollars; he shall have a competent
deputy, appointed by the Secretary, whose salary
shall be two thousand five hundred dollars, and
who shall possess the power and perform the du
ties attached by law to the office of comptroller
during a vacancy in such office, and during his
absence or inability ; he shall employ, from time
to time, the necessary clerks to discharge such
duties as he shall direct, which' clerks shall be
appointed and classified by the Secretary ot the
m.umj 111 luc iii.iiim-1 iiin pruwucu iiv law.
Within liftern days from the time ot notice of his
appointment, the comptroller shall take aud sub
scribe the oath of office prescribed by the Con
stitution aud laws of the United States; and he
shall give to the United States a bond iu the pen
alty of one hundred thousand dollars, with not
less than two responsible freeholders as sureties.
to be approved by the Secretary 'of the Treasury,
conditioned tor the faithful discharge of the du
ties of his office. The deputy comptroller so ap
pointed shall also take the oath of office prescrib
ed by the Constitution and laws of the United
Steles, and shall give a like bond in the penalty
ol fifty thousand dollars. The comptroller aud
deputy comptroller shall not, either directly or
indirectly, be interested in any association issuing
national "cumucy under the provisions of this
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the
comptroller of the currency, with the approval of
the Secretary of the Treasury, shall devise a seal,
wit n suitable inscriptions, for his office, a descrip
tion of which, with a certificate of approval by
the Secretary of the Treasury, shall be tiled in the
office of the Secretary ot State with an impression
thereof, which shall thereupon beaome the seal of
office of the ccmpt roller of the currency, and the
same may be renewed when necessary. Every
certificate, assignment, and conveyance" executed
by the comptroller, in pursuance of any authority
conferred on him by law, and sealed with his seal
of office, shall be received in evidence in all places
aud courts whatsoever; and all copies of papers
in tne office of the comptroller, certified by him
and authenticated by the said seal, shall in all
cases be evidence equally and -in like manner as
the original. An impression of such seal directly
on the paper shall be as valid as if made on wax
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there
shall be assigned to the comptroller of the cur
rency by the Secretary of the Treasury suitable
rooms in the treasury building for conducting the
business of the currency bureau, in which shall
be safe and secure lire-proof vaults, iu which it
shall be the duty of the comptroller to deposit
and safely keep all the plates uud other valuable
things belonging to his department; and the
comptroller shall from time to time furuish the
necessary furniture, stationery, fuel, ligiits, and
other proper conveniences for the transaction of
the said business.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That the
term " United States bonds," as used iu this act,
shall be construed to mean all coupon and regis
tered bonds now issued or that may hereafter be
issued on the faith of the United States by the
Secretary of the Treasury in pursuance of law.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That associa
tions for carrying on the business of banking may
be formed by any number of persons, not less in
any case than five.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That persons
uniting to form such an association shall, under
their hands and seals, make a certificate which
First. The name assumed by such association.
Second. The place where its operations of dis
count and deposite are to be carried on ; desi
gnating the State, Territory, or district, and also
the particular city, town, or village.
Third. The amount of its capital stock, and the
number of shares into which the same shall be
divided ; which capital stock shall not be less
than fifty thousand dollars ; and in cities whose
population is over ten thousand persons, the
capital stock shall not be less than one hundred
Fourth. The n-tmes and places of residence of
the shareholders, and the number of shares held
by each of them.
"Fifth. The time when such association shall
Sixth. A declaration that said certificate is
made to enable such persons to avail themselves
of the advantages of this act.
The said certificate shall be acknowledged be
fore a judge of Borne court of record or a notary
public, and tue acknowledgement thereof certifi
ed under the seal of such court or notary, and
shall be transmitted, together with a copy of the
articles of association which shall have been
adopted, to the comptroller of the currency, who
shall record and carelully preserve the same in
his office. Copies of such certificate, duly certi
fied by the comptroller, and authenticated by his
seal of office, shall be legal and sufficient-evidence
in all courts and places within the United States,
or the jurisdiction of the Government thereof, of
the existence of such association, and of every
other matter or thing which could be provided by
the production of t he original certificate.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That at least
thirty per centum of the capital stock of such as
sociation shall be paid in at the time of the com
mencement of its banking business, and the re
mainder of the capital stock of such association
shall be paid in instalments of at least ten rer
centum each on the whole amount to which the
association shall be limited, as frequently as one
instalment at the end of each succeeding two
months from the time of the commencement of
its b'mking operations, nntil the whole of the
capital stock shall be paid in.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That if any
shareholder, or his assignee, shall fail to pay any
instalment on the stock when the same is required
by the foregoing section to be paid, the directors
of such association may sell the stock held by
such delinqent shareholder, at public auction,
having given three weeks' previous notice there
of in u newspaper published and of general cir
culation in the city where the association is loca
ted, if the same be located in a city, and if not so
located, then in a newspaper printed, or of geu
eral circulation, in the county where the same is
located, to any person who will pay the highest
price therefor, aud not less than the amount due
thereon, with the expenses of advertisement and
sale ; and the excess, if any, shall be paid to the
delinquent shareholder. If no bidder can be
fouud who will pay for such stock the amount
due thereon to the association, and the costs of
advertisement and sale, the amount previously
paid shall be forleited to the association, and such
stock stock may subsequently be sold as the di
rectors may order.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That when
ever a certificate shall have been transmitted to
the comptroller of the currency, as provided in
this act, and the association transmitting the
same shall notify the comptro'ler that at least
thirty per ceutoin of its capital stock has been
paid as aforesaid, and that such association has
complied with all the provisions of this act re
quired to be complied with before such associa
tion shall be authorized to commence the busi
ness of banking, and that such association is de
sirous of commencing such business, the comp
troller shall immediately proceed, in such manner
as he shall by general rules prescribe, to examine
the condition of such association; to ascertain
especially the amount of money paid in on ac
count of its capital stock ; the name and place of
residence of each of the directors of such asso
ciation, and the amount of the capital stock of
wuicu each is the bona nde owner, and generally
whether such association has complied with all
the requirements of this act to entitle it to en
gage in the business of banking; and shall cause
to be made, and attested by the oaths oi a majori
ty of the directors any by the president or cash
ier of such association, a statement of all the
tacts necessary to enable the comptroller to de
termine whether such association is lawfully en
titled to commence the business of banking un
der this act.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That if, up
on a careful examination of the facts so reported,
and of any other facts which may come to the
knowledge of the comptroller, whether by means
of a special commission appoiuied by him lor the
purpose of inquiring into the condition of such
association, or otherwise, it shall appear that such
association is lawfully entiled to commence the
business of banking, the comptroller shall give
to such association a certificate under his hand
and official seal, showing that such association
has complied with all the provisions of this act
required to be complied with before being enti
tled t i commence the business of banking under
it, and that association is authorized to commence
the business of banking under it, and that such
association is authorized to commence said busi
ness accordingly; and it shall be the duty ol such
association to cause said certificate to be pub
lished in some newspaper, published in the city
or county where such association is located, for
at least sixty days next after the issuing thereof;
Provided, That if no newspaper is published in
such city or county, such certificate shall be pub
lished as the comptroller oi the currency shall
See. 11. And be it further enacted, That every
association formed pursuant to the provisions of
this act may make and use a common seat, aud
shall have succession by the name designated in
its articles of association and for the period limi
ted therein, not, however, exceeding twenty years
from the passage of this act: by such name may
make contracts, sue and be sued, complain and
defend in any court of law or equity as fully as
natural persons, and may make by-laws, approv
ed by the comptroller of the currency, not incon
sistent with the laws of the United States or the
provisions of this act, for the election of direc
tors, the management of its property, the regula
tion of its affairs, and for the transfer of its
6tock ; and shall have power to carry on the busi
ness of banking by obtaining and issuing circu
lating notes in accordance with the provisions of
this act ; by discounting bills, notes, and other
evidences of debt ; by receiving deposits ; by buy
ing and selling gold and silver bullion, foreign
coins, and bills of exchange; by loaniug money
on real and personal security, in the manner spec
ified in their articles of association, for the pur
poses authorized by this act, and by exercising
such incidental powers as shall be necessary to
carry on such business; to choose one of their
number as president of such association, and to
appoint a cashier and such other officers and
agents as their business may require ; and to re
move such president, cashier, officers, and agents
at pleasure, and appoiut others in their place;
and their usual business shall be transacted in
banking offices located at the places specified re
spectively iu its certificate of association, and not
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the
shares of associations formed under this act shall
be deemed personal property, and shall be trans
ferrable on the books of the association iu such
manner as may be prescribed in the by-laws or
articles of association ; aud every person becom
ing a shareholder by such transler shall, in pro
portion to his shares, succeed to all the rights and
liabilities of the prior bolder of such shares ; and
no change shall be made in the articles of associa
tion by which the rights, remedies, or security of
the exlstiug creditors of the association shall be
impaired. For all debts, contracted by such as
sociation for circulation, deposits, or otherwise,
each shareholder shall be liable to the amount, at
their par value, of the shares held by him in addi
tion to the amount invested in such shares.
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That it shall
be lawful for any association formed under this
act, by its articles of association, to provide for
an increase of its capital from time to time as
may be deemed expedient, subject to the limita
tions of this act ; but no such Increase shall be
valid until the increased capital shall be paid in,
and uotice thereof shall have been transmitted to
the comptroller of the currency, and his certifi
cate obtained, specifying the amount of such in
crease of capital stock, and that the same has
been duly paid to such association.
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That it shall
be lawful for any such association to purchase,
hold, and conve) real estate as follows :
Fir.t. Such as shall bo necessary for its im
mediat accommodation in the transaction of its
Secoi d. Such as shall be mortgaged to it In
good faith by way of security for loans made by
such association, or for moneys due thereto.
Third. Such as shall bo conveyed to it in satis
faction of debts previously contracted in the
course of its dealings.
Fourth. Such as it shall purchase at sales un
der judgments, decrees, or mortgages held by
Such association shall not purchase or hold real
estate in any other case or for any other purpose
than as specified in this section.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That every
association, after having complied with the pro
visions of this act preliminary to the commence
ment of banking business under its provisions,
shall transfer and deliver to the treasurer of the
United States auy United States bonds bearing
interest to an amount not less than one third of
the capital stock paid in ; which bonds shall be
deposited with the treasurer of the United States,
aud by hi in safely kept in his office nutil the same
shall be otherwise disposed of, in pursuance of
the provisions of this act.
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted. That upon
the making of any such transfer and delivery, the
association making the same shall be entitled to
receive from the comptroller of the currency cir
culating notes of different denominations, in
blank, registered and countersigned as hereinafter
provided, equal in amount to ninety per centum
of the current market value of the United States
bonds so transferred aud delivered, but not ex
ceeding the par value thereof, if bearing interest
at the rate of six per centum, or of equivalent
United States bonds bearing a less rate ot inter
est ; and t no time shall the total amount of such
notes, issued to any such association, exceed the
amount at Bach time actually paid in ot it capi
Sec 17. And be it further enacted, That the
entire amount of circulating notes to be issued
under this act shall not exceed three hundred
millions of dollars. One hundred and fifty mill
ions of which sum shall be apportioned to asso
ciations in the States, in the District of Columbia,
and in the Territories, according to representa
tive population, and the remainder shall be ap
portioned by t he Secretary of the Treasury among
associations, formed in tue sever .1 States, in the
District of Columbia, and in the Territories, hav
ing due regard to the existing banking capital,
resources, and business, of such States, District,
Sec. J8. And be it further enacted, That-, in or
der to furuish suitable notes for circulation, the
comptroller of the currency is hereby authorized
and required, uuder the direction of the Secretary
of the Treasvry, to cause plates to be engraved
in the best manner to guard against counterfeit
ing and fraudulent alterations, and to have prin
ted therefrom, and numbered, such quautity of
circulating notes, iu blank, of the denominations
of five dollars, ten dollars, twenty dollars, fifty
dollars, one hundred dollars, five hundred dol
lars, und one thousand dollars, as may be required
to supply, under this act, the associations entitled
to receive the same; which notes shall express
upou their face that they are secured by Uuited
States bonds, deposited with the treasurer of the
United Sta-es, and issued under the provisions of
this act, which statement shall be attested by the
written or engraved signatures of the treasurer
and register, aud by the imprint of the seal of the
treasury ; aud shall also express upou their lace
the promise of the association receiving the same,
to pay on demand, attested bv the signatures of
the president, or vice-president, and cashier; and
the said notes shall bear such devices and such
other statements, and shail be in such lorin, as
the Secretary of the Treasury shall, by regula
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That the
plates aud special dies to be procured by the
comptroller of the currency lor the printing of
such circulating notes shall remain under his con
trol and direction, and the expenses necessarily
incurred in executing the provisions ol this act
respecting the procuring of such notes, shall be
audited and paid as contingent expenses of the
Treasury Department; and for the purpose of re
imbursing the same, and all other expenses in
curred under this act, and in lieu of all taxes up
on the circulation authorized by this act, or up
on the bonds deposited for the security of the
same, such sssociation organized under this act
shall semi-anuually, on the first days of January
and J uly, alter its orgainzation pay to the comp
troller of the currency, iu lawful money of the
Uuited States, one per centum on the amount of
circulating notes received by such association,
aud iu default thereof, the treasurer of the Uni
ted States is hereby authorized to reserve and re
taiu one per centum on the amount of said bonds
bonds so deposited, at each semi-annual payment
ol interest the.icon; aud all sums so reserved and
retained shall be paid into the treasury under the
direction of the Secretary, aud every bank, bank
ing association, or corporation, not organized
under the provisions of this act, issuing notes
calculated or intended to circulate as money,
shall, on the first day of July next, and regularly
on the first days of January and July thereafter,
make and deliver to the comptroller of the cur
rency a true and accurate return of the gross
amount of notes issued by it, whether in circula
tion, or in its vaults, or on d. posit elsewhere, and
iu default of any such return, the bank, banking
association, or corporation so failing to make re
turn, shall pay to the United States a penalty of
two per centum upon its entire capital stock, to
be recovered, for the use of the United States, iu
any court of competent jurisdiction.
TO BE CONTINUED.
THE UNITED STATES,
Passed at the First Session, which was begun
and Imld at the City of Washington, in the
District of Columbii,on Monday, the fourth
day of December, A. D. 1805, and ended on
Saturday, the ticenty-eighthday of July, A.
Andrew Johnson, President. La Fayette
S. Foster, President of the Senate. La
Fayette S. Foster was elected President
of the Senate pro tempore on the seventh
day of March, and so acted until the end
ol the Session. Schuyler Colfax, Speaker
of the House of Representatives.
An Act making Appropriations for the Support
of the Army for the Year ending thirtieth of
June, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, and
for other Purposes.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That the fol
lowing sums be, and the same arc hereby appro
priated, out of any money in the treasury not
otherwise appropriated, for the support of the
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned
Lauds, for the fiscal year commencing July first,
eighteen hundred and sixty-six, namely :
The salaries of assistant and sub-assistant com
missioners, oue hundred aud forty-seven thousand
live hundred dollars.
For salaries of clerks, eighty-two thousand
eight hundred dollars.
For stationery and printing, sixty-three thou
For quarters and fuel, fifteen thousand nine
For clothing for distribution, one million one
hundred and seventy thousand dollars.
For commissary stores, three million one hnn
dred and six thousand two hundred and fifty dollars.-
For medical department, five hundred thousand
For transportation, one million three hundred
For school superintendents, twenty-one thou
. For repairs and rent of school-houses and asy
lums, five hundred thousand dollars.
For telegraphing, eighteen thousand dollars.
. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the
Qnrtermaster's department 6liall in all cases in
obtaining supplies for the military service, state
in advertisements for bids for contracts, that a
preference shall be given to articles of domestic
production aud manufacture, conditions of price
and quality being equal, and that such preference
shall be given to articles of American production
and manufacture, produced on the Pacific coast,
to the extent of the consumption required by the
public service there; and in advertising for army
supplies the Quartermaster's department shall re
quire all articles which are to be used iu the
States and Territories of the Pacific coast to be
delivered and inspected at points designated in
those States and Territories ; and the advertise
ments for such supplies shall be published in
newspapers of the cities of 8an Francisco, in
California, and Portland, in Oregon.
Sec. 5. Amd be it further enacted. That section
seventeen of an act entitled "An act to define the
pay and emoluments of certain officers of the
army," approved July seventeenth, i ighteen hun
dred and sixty-two, and a resolution entitled "A
resolution to authorize the President to assign the
command of troops in the same field or depart
ment, to officers of the same grade without re
gard to seniority," approved, April fourth, eigh
teen hundred and sixty-two, be and the same are
hereby repealed. And no officer iu the military
or naval service shall in time of peace, be dis
missed from service except upon and in pursu
ance of the sentence of a court-martial to that
effect, or in commutation thereof.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the
superintendent of the United States Military
Academy may hereafter be selected, and the offi
cers on duty at that institution detailed from any
arm of the service; and the supervision and
charge of the Academy shall be in the War De
partment under such officer or officers, as the
Secretary ot War may assign to that duty.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That when it
is necessary to employ soldiers as artificers or la
borers in the construction of permanent military
works, public roads, or other constant labor of
not less than ten days' duration in any case, they
shall receive in addition to their regulsr pay, the
following additional compensation therefor ; ei -listed
men, working as artificers, and non-commissioned
officers employed as overseers of such
work, not exceeding one overseer for every twen
ty men, thirty-five cents per day, and enlisted
men employed as laborers twenty cents per day ;
but such working parties shall only be author
ized on the written order of a commanding Offl
ccr. This allowance of extra pay is not to apply
to the troops of the engineer and ordnance de
partments. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That the al
lowance now made by law to ambers travelling
nnder orders where transportation is not furnish
ed in kind shall be increased to ten ceuto pr
An Act relating to Pilot and Pilot Regulations.
Be it enacted by the 8enate and House of1 Rep.
resentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled. That no regulations or pro
visions shall be adopted by any State of the Uni- .
ted States of America which shall make any dis
crimination in the rate of pilotage or half-pilotage
between vessels sailing between the ports of
one State and vessel sailing between the ports of " '
different States, or auy discrimination against
vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, pp....
against national vessels ot the United States, and
ail existing regulations or provisions making any
such discrimination, as herein mentioned, are
hereby annulled and abrogated.
Approved, July 13, 1866.
Chap. CLXXVH1. :
An Act to amend "An Act making a Grant of
Lauds to the State of Minnesota to aid in the
Construction of the Railroad from fitj Paal to
Lake Superior," approved May fifth, eighteen
hundred and sixty-four.
Be it enacted by the 8ennte and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America In ' '
Congress assembled. That section one of the act
entitled "An act making a grant of lauds to the
State of Minnesota to aid in the construction of
the railroad from Saint Paul to Lake Superior,"
approved May tilth, eighteen hundred and sixty
four, be amended by adding thereto the follow
ing : Provided further. That in case it shall ap
pear, when the line of the Lake Superior and
Mississippi railroad is definitely located, that the
quantity of land intended to be granted by the
said act in aid of the construction of the said
road shall be deficient by reason of the line
thereof running uear the boundary line of the
said State of Minnesota, the said company shall .
be entitled to take from other public lands of the
United States within thirty miles of the west line
ol said road such an amount of lands as shall
make up such deficiency: Provided, That the
same shall be taken in alternate odd sections as
provided for in said act.
Approved, July 13, 1806.
An Act to extend to certain Persons the Privi
lege of Admission, in certain Cases, to the
United States Government Asylum for the In
sane. Be it enacted by the Senate and Honse of Rep
resentatives of the United 8tates of America In
Congress assembled, That civilians employed In '
the service of the United States, in the quarter
master's department and the subsistence depart
ment of the army, who may be, or who may here
atter become, insane while in such employment,
shall be admitted on the order of the Secretary
of War, the same as persons belonging to the ar
my and navy, .o the benefits of the asylum for
the insane in the District of Columbia, as now j
provided by law in reference to soldiers and sail
ors in the army and navy.
Sec 2. And be it further enacted. That the
following classes of persons, under the following
circumstances, shall be entitled to admission to
said asylum on the order of the Secretary of War,
it in the army, or the Secretary of the Navy, Ix
in the navy, to-wit:
First. Men who, while in the service of the
United States, iu the army or navy, have been ad
mitted to said asylum, and have been thereafter
discharged -therelrom on the supposition that
they had recovered their reason, and have, with-
in three years after such discharge, become again
insane from causes existing at t le time of such
discharge, and have no adequate means of sup
port. Second. Indigent insane persons, who have
UCUU 111 lUC BUU1C 1 11. u II u i'vi.u uiuuui w
therefrom on account of disability arising from
Third. Indigent insane persons, who have be- .
come insane within three years after discharge : "
from snch service from causes which arose da
ring and were produced by said service.
Approved, July 13, 1866.
An Act to provide for making the Town ot
Whitehall, New York, a Port of Delivery. .
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America In
Congress assembled, That the town of Whitehall,
in the State of New York, which by existing .
law is a port through which imported merchan
dise may be exported iu bond aud for drawback
to the adjaevnt British North American provin- .
ces, be, and the same is hereby, constituted a
port of delivery within the collection district of
Champlain, and that a deputy collector as now
authorized by law, shall there reside, who shall '
receive the same compensation as is now paid to
the deputy collector now stationed at that port.
Approved, July 13, 1806.
An Act to extend the Benefits of Section four of
an Act making Appropriations for the Support
of the Army for the year ending June thirtieth,
eighteen hundred and sixty-four, approved
March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-five.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House ol Rep
resentatives of the United States of America, in
Congress assembled, That section four of an set
entitled "An act making appropriations lor the -support
of the army for the year ending June '
thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six," be so
construed as to entitle to the three months' pay
proper, provided for therein, all officers of vol-
unteers below the rank of brigadier-general who '
were in service on the third day of March, eigb- '
teen hundred and sixty-five, and whose resign- -tions
were presented and accepted, or who were
mustered out at their own request, or otherwise .
honorably discharged from the service after the .
mntn ot April, ciguieen uunarea ana sixty -ovo.
Approved, July 13, 1806.
An Act granting Aid in the Construction- of a 1
1VS1IIUIU1 Ul -I'-t,' J'" " - " V
Folsom to the Town of Placerville, in the Stat -of
.. : 1 .1 anH TnlAirranh I .1KB ttvtm TTin I flH MT
resentatives ot the United States of America ur"
Congress assembled, That the . right of way
through the public lands be, and the same is .
hereby, granted to the Placerville and Sacramento
Valley Railroad Company, a corporation existhnf31
under the laws of the State of California, and de-- -
signaled by the legislature thereof, to construct :..
the road hereinaf ter named, and to its successor .
and assigns, for the construction of a railroad and ' .,
telegraph Hue lrom the town ot Folsom to the' "'"
a Tit : 1 1 . 1 . 1 J - J A 1 Ll
UJWU UI X lilCUI VlliL, lllNUUOUIVC,IU IHC JlUt "
is hereby given to said corporation to take tron r
t hi' nntilin. tftnHfi fi n i nnrn t tin tht lin nf ftrwl mad
material tor the construction thereof; said right ,
of way is granted to said railroad to the extent of ' n
one hundred feet in width on each side of said ""
1UOU 1TUTIC Jli UIOJT UTW UiC pUUIlV UOW, M -
so, all necessary ground for station buildings,. "
workshops, depots, machine-shops, switches,
1 . .. a . L. 1 .1 I I I '
blue iruene, luru-iuuies, uuu water stasions- ,
Sec 2. And be it further enacted. That there - ,
be, and is hereby, granted to the Placenrille and-" ,:-'
Sacramento Vallev Railroad Company, its saocea
sors and assigus, for tbe purpose of aiding in t,he j,. .
construction of said railroad and telegraph line,
and to secure the safe and speedy transportation
of the mails, troops, munitions of war, and pab-'
lie stores over the route of said line of railwsrr.' . .'
every alternate section of public land, not con '.
taining gold or silver, designated by odd niunC'i . i
hers, to the amount often alternate sections pf"
mile, on each side ot said railroad line, as ' said-'''-;
company may adopt, whenever, on the tta.d:-'
4- . 1 IT-!l.JlSl..lu 1 t 11 iui. A- .
1. 1 1 c i.iii- luk iiiuimnuun nmn 11 1 Liim. mil. th.
served, sold, granted, or otherwise appropriated,.
And free from pre emption or othet claims, or
rights at the time the line of said road is definite"'
ly fixed, and aflat thereof filed in the office of
the Commissioner of tbe General Land..0ffi6ec. .
Provided, That the word "mineral",, when tt-ocr.
curs in this act, shall not be held to Include Jrpn '
or coal.. ........
to be coirrnnrEi. j ' ' ' '
CJEVERAI. VERY . PRODUCTIVE ' COTTON ' j ; ,
and StocK farms for Kent or Lease, si,uw
in Wayne and Johnston Counties, and convenient
to Rail Road. Applv to -
' " T. H. ATKINSON. ;: v
Raleigh, Dec 1, 1866. . - v '