Newspaper Page Text
. . .joint -HOSE-'
As the relations between Russia and the
United States are becoming more friendly
and cordial in their character, a brief account
of a Russian the only one, it is believed
who served on the side of the. Americans in
their struggles for independence, may be not
without interest. "i--v : i t.i. 1
In the spring of 1778, at Valley Forge, the
attention of General William Irvine at that
time Quartermaster General of Pennsylvania
was.attractccl by a young Russian of ex-
ceeedingly genteel appearance and courteous
deportment, who waa- acting as surgeon's
mate in the hospital at that place. General
Irvine,-who had himself served as a surgeon
in the British n.uvy before the war, noticed
his lack of surgica.skUL and thinking that
he would be more efficient if transferred to
other duties, procured a situation for him in
the staff of his brigade, afterward a lieutnn
nntcy in the Pennsylvania Hue; and finally,
in 1781, was so pleased with the man as to
appoint him one of his own aids, with the
rank of major. In this latter capacity he
served In the general s family until after the
close of the Revolution, retaining to the last
the esteem of his commander and his broth
The name by which this Russian officer
went was John Rose. His story, upon be
coming acquainted with General Irvine, was,
that he was a native of Livonia, in Russia ;
that, having a desire to serve the American
cause, he had, in opposition to the wishes of
his friends, made his way to England, and
thence to Baltimore, where he found himself
without money or friends ; that, disappoint
ed in getting a commission in an army, as he
had expected, he had formed the acquaint
ance of a German physician in Baltimore,
whose language he spoke, and after a brief
study of surgery under him, had succeeded
in obtaining the situation as surgeon's mate,
as above mentioned. Major Rose was a very
efficient aid to General Irvine during the
whole war, and was of particular service
while the former con mandedthe western de
partment of Pittsburg a command render
ed the more embarrassing on account of the
disputes arising out of the conflicting claims
of Pennsylvania and Virginia to that region.
Major Rose made himself very popular
with the country people, and at their request
lie accompanied the militia, in 17S2, on their
expedition to the Sandusky plains, and was j
very efficient in securing the retreat of the J
defeated Americans on that occasion. Dr.
W. A. Irvine, a grandson of the general,
speakiug of the conduct of Rose on this oc
casion, says : "I remember to have heard
an officer relate that, having made his own
way into a tree-top, he witnessed the pur
suit of Major Rose by a party of mounted Iu
dians, who were at all times so close to him
as to throw their tomahawks. They were,
however, finally baffled by the superior
horsemanship and the coolness ot Rose."'
Besides his soldierly qualities, however. Rose
was noted for his strict integrity and high
principles of honor, carrying them indeed so
far as at times to be amusing. An instance
of this occurrs in one of his accounts render
ed to the government for his expenses while
on a military journey. Among the items he
charged " one half pint of whiskey 9d,' ad
ding in a no'e: "X. B. The half pint of
whiskey was used to wash the back "of my
portmanteau horse, which was much hurt T'
Judging from the experiences of the iatc war,
our officers and quartermasters have learned
to do better than that !
At the close of the war. in 1784, Major
Rose returned to Russia. V.'hile on board
the vessel in New York, just before it weigh
ed anchor, he wrote a letter to General Irvine,
expressing his warm gratitude for the atten
tion he had ever received from himself and
family expressing however, one only regret
that he had remained so long without his
true history having been made known. He
than stated that his name was not John Rose,
but Gustavus de Rosenthal, of Livonia, in
Russia that he was a baron of the Empire;
that in an encounter with a nobleman of the
court at St. Petersburg he had killed his
antagonist in a duel," brought on by a blow
which the other had inflicted upon an aged
uncle of his in his presence. In consequence
of this he had fled to England, and thence to
America. The intercessions of his familv
had at last procured him permission to re"-
ium, uul lie imenueu 10 come nacK again
and make America his home. The fact, how
ever, that he was made Grand Marshall of
Livonia, soon after his return to his native
country, and other circumstances, which need
not here be mentioned, prevented his fulfill
ing his intention, though he often recurred
to it in the warm correspondence which he
kept up with the Irvine family until his
death, in 1830. The Republicanism, how
ever, which he learned in America, he seems
not to have forgotten in Russia ; and it is
rather an interesting incident that Alexander
should have expressed the wish 6is he did)
that he, Rosenthal should wear the insignia
of the Republican Society of the Cincinnati.
It has been said that tile Emperor himself
was suspected of democratic leanings at a la
ter period, the sincerity of which was doubt
ed, out the reality of which this incident
seems in measure to corroborate. The chil
dren of Baron Rosenthal all died before him,
though two granddaughters still survive in
Russia. The memories of Lafayette, the
Frenchman, Steuben and De Kalb the Ger
mans, Kosciusko and Pulaski the Poles, are
ever fresh in the hearts of America's sons.
There should also be a niche in our Temple
of Liberty for the statue of Rosenthal the
Russian. Neio York Journal Commerce.
The Honey Ant. We have often heard
of the " honey ant" of Texas, but the account
seeming so romantic we have hitherto scarce
ly dared to credit it, but as we now have a
specimen before us. furnished by our friend,
Lee Smith, of this city, we can no longer
have doubts on the subject. These ants are
a medium size, between the large and the
small red ants, and are of a reddish brown
color. Appended to the rear of each one is
a translucent sack, or grobe, filled with pure,
clean honey, of a most delicious flavor. The
sack varies in size on different ants, ranin
between the sizes of a buckshot and a con?
inon navy pistol ball. On this sack, at short
intervals, are attached thin lavers about the
length and width of half a grain of rice, and
of a dark color evidently to strengthen it
and keep it in shape. These interesting ani
mals, when they crawl, draw their delicious
load after them, and if the sack is opened the
honey runs out, and they set themselves to
work to replenish it again. Whether they
deposit this honey in their great general res
ervoir among the rocks, to draw from it as
occasion may require, or hold and use it as
individual property, we are not informed.
Here.ia a curiosity that we believe has hither
to escaped the eye and the pen of ourcelbra
ted naturalists. San Antonio Ledger.
Fernelius calls diseases and affections of
the body, contrary to nature, a purtubation
of its habit : a derangement of its courses.
What diseases are sometimes eludes human
intelligence, but some diseases are known
their origin, action and even their antidotes.
Whoever has -discovered an actual remedy
for one disease, has done something for his
race. Doct. Ayerhas done more, for his med
icines afford ns the means to control and cure
several : dangerous disorders. We rarely
speak on medical subjects, preferring, to leave
them to physicians, who understand them
better. But such effect as are seen in our
midst, on affections - of the lungs by Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral, on scrofulous complaints
by his Sarsaparilla, and on the several com
plaint that they cure by Ayer's Pills, should
not be ignored. Keokuk, (Iowa) Journal.
" Greasers" is the name of the party in
Colorado opposed po making that territory
a State.. ,. . . . ; i.
Ladies were skating on Pittsburg bay two
THURSDAY. DECEMBER 13, 1866.
The Worth-Carolina Standard.
We return our hanks to our friends for
the additions they are making to our sub
The terms of the Standard are as follows:
Tri-Weekly, one year, $6 00
" six months, 8 00
Weekly, one year, 3 00
" six months, 1 50
The Weekly will be clubbed as follows :
Five copies one year twelve dollars. Ten
ofinies one vear twentv-two dollars. Those
c - -
who get clubs of five or more, will be fur
nished with one copy for a year, gratis.
The Legislature and Congress will meet
soon, and matters of grave interest will oc
cupy the columns of the newspapers. Now
is the time to subscribe.
The circulation of the Standard among
Northern capitalists and others, renders it a
good medium for advertising lands and other
property for sale.
News from the Capital.
We see that a bill has been introduced
and is before the reconstruction committee
providing that Chief Justice Chase shall ap
point Provisional Governois for the South
ern States, and generally superintend the
Congressional policy of ieorganization.
Hon. Hamilton Ward of New York was to
introduce a similar bill, disfranchising cer
tain classes, among whom are noted editors
of rebel newspapers.
The telegram sent from Wasington stating
that the test oath had been declared uncon
stitutional by the Supreme Court, has been
There are Southern Loyalists in Washing
ton from almost every State, numbering at
present over sixty. They have also formed
an association ami taken a large suit of rooms
for transaction of business.
Secretary Seward had again called on Mr.
Stevens. The busness was represented to be
The President is said to be displeased with
the tenor of Napoleon's reply to his tele
gram, calling for the fulfilment of the prom
ise of the withdrawal of French troops from
The government will institute a national
cemetary at Salisbury. N. C.
We have encouraging news from Washing
ton from the most reliable sources. There is
scarcely a shadow of hope of the present
unrecognized State governments remaining
much longer in power at the south. It is a
question of time merely. Congress will act
with moderation, but surely and firmly.
" The mills of the gods rriiul slowly
Yet they srrind exceedingly small ;
T'no' impatient we stand w'aitimr
With exactness grind they all."
The Amendment was discussed in the
Virginia Senate on Friday, the 7th inst.,and
The Alabama Legislature, next day after
the second message of Gov. Patton, recom
mending the adoption of the Amendment,
rejected it by a vote of 27 to 2 in the Senate
and CD to 8 in the House.
Whereupon that body adjourned sine die.
The Amendment will be considered by our
General Assemblv to-dav.
A Daniel Come to Jcdgmkxt. The Ed
itor of the Old North SUite, Hon. Lewis
Hanes, who holds a certificate of election to
a seat in Congress, which he is not allowed
to fill, (" cruel, cruel, Polly Rogers,") thus
speaks of the election of Judge Manly :
' But with all that, our opinion that his
" f ! L e 1 r 1
th( liPf intprQr nr trip Stnf-f rmnmna ?m I
1 . : a . i . cv . - i . i
changed. Sooner or later it will be admitted I
by all. We say this with much personal re
spect for Judge Manlv, and with tleep re
gret." Oh, Lewis, Lewis, Lewis. That you should
ever go back upon your secession friends.
Do like your political elder Brother Pell it
is the only safe plan left you. Swallow the
nauseating pill, Lewis, and quit making wry
faces. It won't do. They will build a hell
for you, if you persist. Come now, away
with such sorrowful thoughts. Be merry to
day, Lewis, for to-morrow you die. Cease
to sing your funeral songs, and join in the
merry old melody :
" Oh, wad some power the giftie gie U3
To see ouraels as it hers Bee us," &c.
An exchange states that the Georgia Leg
islature is considering a bill for the educa
tion of maimed soldiers of that State, with
a view to their future employment as teach
etsin common schools.
Wc believe that some similar provision in
relation to widows and daughters of soldiers
are found in our laws, enacted during the
Maimed soldiers, with education, would
make good teachers. As we say this, we
also hold that it is a matter above politics
or political feeling ; for anything that can
be done, without involving the fate of these
unfortunates in the success of either politi
cal party, should be done towards rendering
them useful and self-supporting membei s of
Tickled with Turnips. Was any Edi
tor ever so bedeviled with turnips, potatoes,
radishes, and other vegetables, greens includ
ed, as our cotemporary of the Sentinel.
He announces that Col. Russ has sent him
three turnips, and modestly adds that they
will nearly fill a peck measure.
A peck ? Will that do ? We hope the
Commoner from Surry will have this ques
tion referred to the judiciary committee.
We understood that at the last Session of
the University there were present exactly
100 students fifty being returned soldiers,
and ten beneficiaries. The Session was a
very agreeable one.
Gen. Hindman, of Mexico, has filed an
application for pardon. His letter, it is sta
ted, gives a doleful account of his present
condition and future prospects.
We have seen a notice in a cotemporary
of an article in the Salisbury Banner, more
than unusually scurrilous. The paper has
not yet reached this office.
A government boat has been sent for John
We had never considered this subject se
riously, or even jocosely in fact, not at all,
until the proposition of His Excellency, Gov.
Worth, induced us to cogitate upon the mat
ter, and the conclusion reached waa, some
what as follows : . - , f i . t H
There is much talk of colonization now-a-
In fact, it seems that in order to satisfy
somebody, everybody else must be colonized :
Nobody, however, will go I !
If anybody can get around that, without
going himself, we should like to see it done.
Now we have nothing to .do with it, but
it does appear to us that the above course of
reasoning is at least as good as Gov. Worth's
potatoe. which the Sentinel pronounced " as
sound as a nut and true as a die."
Colonies, like babies, are giving to grow
ing, and usually after they cut their wisdom
teeth become saucy and independent. Vide,
Declaration of Independence. And it may
he remarked as equally true, that Coloniza
tion has always been the last resort of rebels,
for when all else fails, and they have shed
the last drop of blood in the veins of their
wives' relations, they commonly " get up
and dust for parts unknown." In olden times
they came to the United States, but now
they go to Canada, or Mexico, or Brazil.
And thus much for colonists and coloniza
tion generally speaking.
Now there is a land South of us, which is
forever arrayed in a livery of green and pur
ple and gold. The balmy breezes of that fa
vored clime invite the sick and weary of the
world to repose and pleasure. There the
melody of birds is ever heard in orange-
groves ; ana its waters are purer than crys
tal. From their mossy margins the green
turf spreads away in velvet miles, or anon
bursts into a very "foam of flowers." 'Twas
here the last Angel lingered, and Earth
bloomed ere he turned away forever, leaving
behind him a shadow of that Eden of the
East, which was itself a shadow of the eter
nal Paradise of God. Need we name this
beautiful land? Ere 'tis said, you exclaim
Perhaps the prisoner at the fort, if he ever
trod that shore in happier days, longs to
again least his eyes upon its glories. Per
haps the foot-sore exiles in foreign lands are
fain to repose in peace beneath its golden
fruited trees. Perhaps their followers in
times past, (oh bloody days !) would go and
spend their lives with them the unpardon
ed, unrepentant and yet the weary ! Oh,
jlow weary ! can tongue tell, or loval heart
conceive i W no ot us knows then, what
spirit stirs them as this bright picture flits
before their vision ? Who shall say that it
is an L'topian dream ? For there may the ex
iled find a home, and the rebel peace !
But understand us at least. We propose
nothing ; only that the old flag must and shall
wave o'er Florida forever, be her population
white or black, or clad in blue or grey. And
those who dwell there must work as wc do
here, and draw rations from the bureau no
longer than is necessaiy.
But and if these be difficulties insurmounta
ble, then our colonization scheme sleeps well
and after its life's short fitful fever. Though
'twas beautiful, 'twas fragile as 'twas fair. Yet
answer ve whom it in.iv concern, doth the
i scheme seem pleasant or unpleasant ? Will
you colonize ?
j We think that some of our Secession
j friends will go. And such a time they
: would have. When they wished to go to
; sea. they could harness an alligator and
! steam over to Cuba. Or by way of change,
on land they could perambulate on bears.
1 Hey con ll pass a conscription law every
morning, and make themselves Congressmen
and Quartermasters to keep out of the
army. i hey could impress whiskey or what
other necessities ot life were nearest, at hand,
and all get drunk together. Those who
hailed from North-Carolina could all be ti
tled dignitaries in the County ot Jorbrake
crackicruste (Indian for " hard-tack") and
live like lords in a cypress swamp. And he,
oh, wouldn't he be happy. Potatoes and turn
ips by the ton ! Oranges, &c, ad libitum.
Do you see it, gentleman ? Willyoa colon
ize. Minority Report on the Howard Amend
ment. The Commoner from Forsythc entered his
dissent to the majority report on the Consti
tutional Amendment as follows :
The undersigned, a member of the Joint
Select Committee on the " Howard Amend
ment," dissents from the Report of the Com
mittee, believing it would be to the interest
of t he State of North Carolina, consideri ng all
the circumstances, to ratify the Amendment
proposed as the fourteenth Article of the
Constitution of the United States.
P. A. WILSON.
As soon as we can make room for it, we
will publish the majority report as a matter
The Presbyterian General Assembly at
Memphis resolved that it would be highly
inexpedient to have an ecclesiastical separa
tion of the white and colored races.
A letter from Marion says :
" We scarcely know here whether the Leg
islature is in session at Raleigh, or whether
it has removed to Washington City to dis
place Congress. There is a screw loose some
where in the mails. Give my respects to
Brother Jonathan and ask him for " a chaw
of Tony Fulps best to-backer."
Another letter from Aumun's Hill, Mont
gomery, says :
" I have been imposed on by the Seces
sionists so much that I have no respect for
them. I think they have got one wheel in
the cart broken, and it won't be long before
the others will refuse to roll."
From Olin a friend writes us :
" I am still your triend and believe in your
policy. If you had been permitted to carry
out your plan, it would have been better for
us all. May Heaven spare you, and make
you useful to the old North State."
It is such words of cheer, in hours of dark
ness, that call us to a better performance of
duty and bid us hope for the best. Our friend
may rest assured that the old North State
will yet be redeemed and purified.
A man died last week in Shrewsburg, who
had become so advanced in his second child
hood, that for some months he had persist
ed in carrying to bed with him each night a
rag doll which belonged to one of his grand
Tenor of the, Jtepablicaa Press. ,
The Albany Evening Journal of the 7th
inst. says: .' '
"ATOlvintr these principles to the question of
reorganisation, the duty of the Republican party
is plain. - H'hat yeorK must ue inorouguiy aone.
The oppressor must be prevented from exercising,
his tyranny. Those who wonld degrade, must
receive no new powers to enable them to succeed.
Rather, the hands of the weak and of the op
pressed must be strengthened, and lull oppor
tunities given them to rise."
And the following from the last Chronicle,
which paper favors immediate reorganiza
" During the rebellion there was an idea preva
lent that there was some latent Unionism hidden
away in North-Carolina, and people have been
looking anxiously since the close of the war to
ward the old North State lor its development. So
Inr they have looked in vain, and the indications
are that the disappointment will be permanent.
There are a few Unionists in that St'te, under the
lead of such men as Governor Iloldcn, hut the
recent State election, as well as the rction of the
Legislature in electing a noted rebel to the Uni
ted States Senate, shows that they are in a hope
The Herald of the 9th holds the following
" In laying down their arms the insurgent States
submitted to the fortunes of war and the law of
necessity ; but they made no surrender not exact
ed by necessity. From the generous terms of
Southern restoration first proposed by President
Johnson he doubtless expected the best results ;
but in estimating the underlying forces and the
issues of the rebellion too lightly he expected too
much. His well meant diagnosis, too, in which
he treated the reconquered States as provinces
wrested from a foreign power, while holding them
ns States reverting to their status before the war,
created most of the confusion regarding them
which has followed. Thus it has occurred that
only by the intelligent popular verdict of the
Northern States in the recent elections has even
Congress been brought to a broad and consistent
understanding of the case. Hence, however, with
t he re assembling of Congress, not only is a reso
lution reaffirming the ultimatum of the constitu
tional amendment, passed by an overwhelming
majority, but other measures are initiated, look
ing at the excluded States as unorganized ter
rit.ories, in consequence of their rebellion."
The New York Times in a long article on
the South, speaks as follows :
"If the Southern journals reflect correctly the
feelings and convictions of the Southern people,
the chances of a lrieudiv settlement are slim in
With a perversity which is incxolicable thev not
only refuse to accept the terms tendered them by
the North, but they spurn the idea that other and
harsher terms may be forced upon them. Thev
appear to have cheated themselves into the belief
that, despite the war and its results, they are mas
ters of the situation, and may dictate the condi
tions upon which they shall re-enter the Union.
Hence their refusal to ratify the Amendment is
accompanied with declarations indicative of a be
lief that, with the President on their side, they
have only to wait to secure a triumph.
Had we access to the ear of the Southern neo-
ple, we should eutreat them to put strait jackets
upon the fire-eaters that linger among them, and
to give no heed to the journalists who assure them
mat I'resuleiit Johnson will result the authority
of Congress and disobey its laws. The editors
who so write are either blind leaders of the blind,
or reckless makers of mischief, who would mul
tiply indefinitely the sufferings of the people they
prolcss to guide.
e can tell the South something more. L nless
the pending amendment be accepted by the South
ern Legislatures the fate of existing government
al organizations at the South muv he considered
fixed. We indulge in do menace. We affect no
prophetic vision We essav no abstract ariru-
ment, and lay claim to no exclusive information.
But there is a fact which the South cannot too
quickly comprehend, and that is, in the absence
of u settlement based upon the proposed Amend
ment, Congress will atlirrn the turritoiial exist
ence of the South, legislate out ot official being
its preseut f imetiouaries and machinery of gov
ernment, and provide lor the organization of Ter
ritories on a plan suited to the emersrencv. Are
the Southern people prepared for this alterna
We could make further extracts, but deem
the above sufficient. They are necessarily
short, but to the point. The Republican
papers utter no uncertain sound. And j-et
who heeds their warnings?
A stabbing affair occurred in Wilming
ton recently, at a house of ill-fame, whereby
a woman, Francis Walton, was seriously cut
with a knife in the back by one Corporal
The New Berne Journal of Commerce
again complains of the prevalence of crime
in that City and section principally rob
beries. The examining committee, appointed by
the stockholders of the Richmond and Dan
ville Railroad, Company recently made a
tour to Greensboro and back. There was a
smart sprinkling of Richmond Editors along.
The roads was pronouneed good and safe.
Tobacco has been going into the Dan
ville market pretty freely for the last week,
and a good deal comes from this State we
suppose. 1 lie article generallj is interior,
but some fine specimens brought high prices.
which are not stated. Why don't you do
Prof. Kerr, State Geologist, was in Hen
derson ville, N. C, the latter part of Novem
ber. He gave an encouraging account of his
tour through Western Carolina.
The Pioneer says that some of the people
of Western Carolina are looking to the for
mation of a new State, by uniting with East
A man named Dowell has been commit
ted to jail for killing another person, named
St. John in Wilkes County.
The Mecklenburg Bible Soeiety has been
Col. O. P Meares has withdrawn from
the canvass for Mayor of Wilmington. Capt.
Wooster alone keeps the field.
The Newberne Journal of Commerce of
the 11th inst. says :
" About 8 o'clock, P. M., on Sunday night
the passage of meteors was so rapid as to ex
cite general attention leing estimated at
ver a hundred in less than an Hour. At a
later hour, a gentleman counted 18 or 20 of
peculiar brilliancy, while walking home
We understand fhat Ex-Gov. Vance is
to deliver the address at the Tournament at
Newberne. Gov. Worth will also be present
it is said.
We learn that there waa an affray among
colored people in Kinston on Sunday. One
was shot, and others wounded.
Normal Schools in New Yoke. A
commission appointed by the Legislature of
New "i ork, and consisting of the Governor
and other State officers, met at Albany on
Monday to locate four new Normal Schools
for training teachers in various parts of that
State. Eight sites were selected, the towns
being put in pairs of two each, and the first
one of each pair that gives security for the
cost of buildings at $70,000 is to be selected.
Potsdam. Plattsburg, Genessee and Buffalo
are the places that will probably secure the
schools. The commission requested the Leg
islature to make appropriations for six ad
ditional schools, so that the State of New
York will have ten Normal Schools in all.
Gov. Morton, who has bad health, is try
ing the "iron treatment."" His legs are
placed in iron boots and subjected to an os
cillatory motion of twelve hundred a minute,
and the arms, similarly incased, two thou
sand a minute. The object is to vitalize and
increase the action of the muscles and nerves.
The operation causes almost insufferable heat
to the extremities. His Excellency im
prove. - - - -'
Washington, Dec. 10, 1866.
-In the-Hoti8,'?4r.-Elliott introduced resolu
tion directing the Secretary of War, to communi
cate information in reference to the Norfolk riot
on the lBth of April; 186, and to the imprison-1
ment in Georgia, of Kev. A. W. Fiucher, a mis
sionary to the freedmeen.
By illr. Kelly, a resolution declaring that the
proposition that the war debt of the country
should not be extinguished by the generation that
contracted it, is not" sanctioned by sound princi
ples of national economy, and does not meet the
approval of this House. Referred to the Com
mittee on Ways and Means.
. By Mr. Spalding, n resolution directing the re
construction Committee to enquire into the ex
pediency of proposing a joint resolution declara
tory ot the purpose of Congress to admit the re
bellious States on the ratification by them of the
Constitutional Amendment, and the establish
ment of a Republican form of government.
Mr. Hart, a resolution caning on the rresinent
for information as to all the pardons granted by
Air. Ross offered a resolution instructing some
committee to report a bill prohibiting a diminu
tion of National legal currency, and to discour
age the issue of bank bills under the National and
State laws. Laid on the table by a vote of 94 to
Select committees were announced as follows :
On New Orleans riot : Messrs. Elliott, Shelle
burger and Campbell. On murder of United
States troops in South Carolina: Messrs. Pike,
Farnsworth and Cooper. On Southern Railroads :
Messrs. Maynard, McClung, Mercer, Washburne,
of Indiana. On Internal Revenue funds: Messrs.
Darling, Beauman, Eggl. ton, Myers aud Trimble.
In the Senate quite a lengthy discussiou ensued
on the suffrage bill, particularly on the clause dis
franchising those citizens who left here to join
the Confederate cause. This prohibition was
strenously opposed by Mr. Wilson, of Massachu
setts, among others, who said it was too small a
matter to make a difficulty about.
Mr. Cowan said that any citizen of the District
who joined the Confederate army was guilty oi
treason. He did not apply this to people of
Southern States. But here there was no doubt of
the form of government, and no one could doubt
where his allegiance was due. He move-' to ex
tend the privilege of the bill to females, and con
tended that if negroes had a right to vote women
The House adjourned without a vote on the
The committee on reconstruction have belore
them a bill providing that Chief Justice Chase
shall appoint, lor each ol the Southern States a
Provisional Governor aud all other Territorial
machinery, and prescribing regulations for hold
ing Conventions for the adoption of Constitutions
securing to all men their rights irrespective of
Washington, Dec. 11, 1866.
Senate. Mr. Wilson presented a petition of
army officers asking increase of pay.
Mr. Wade reported favorably on "bill to admit
The suffrage bill lor District of Columbia, was
taken up and the question Doing on the amend
ment of Mr. Cowan to strike out the word "
House. Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, from the Judi
ciary Committee reported a bill relative to the
duties of the Clerk of the House, how he should
act in ease of amplication for certificates from-
members from Southern States, passed by a
vote of 135 to 31. Wilson's bill to prevent count
ing illegal electoral votes for President and Vice
President, also passed.
Tennessee Congressional Delegation.
The Tennessee delegation in Congress
stauIs thus, politically :
J. S. Fowlor, (Republican,) for negro suf
frage. D. T. Patterson, (Johnson ite,) against ne
suffrage. S. M.
Stokes, (Republican,) fornegrosnf-
Hawkins, (Republican) for negro
Arnell, (Republican,) for negro suf-
Horace Maynard, (Republican,) for negro
W. B. Campbell, (J ohnsonite,) against ne
John Leftwich, (Johnsonite,) against ne
E. G. Taylor, (Johnsonite,) against nesro
Edward Cooper,(Johnsomte,) against ne
For negro suffrage, 5 ; against negro suf
We have Mr. Arnell's authority for savin?
that he is decidedly opposed to the universal
suffrage and amnesty scheme. Nashville
Press and Times.
Horace Greely and Gov. Perry on Uni
ArousTA, Dec. 6. Horace Greely, in a
letter to Gov. Perry, says the true basis of
settlement of all our troubles is unversal suf
frage. He would have all disability because
of rebellion and of color utterly and abso
lutely abolished, and strongly hopes and
trusts a settlement on this basis will be made
at Washington this winter.
Gov. Perry says impartial suffrage may be
accomplished by permitting all persons
black and white, to vote, who are twenty-"
one years of age, but the Southern people
will never consent to this, as it would degrade
the right of suffrage and demoralize the Gov
ernment and society if proposed. To en
franchise the negroes who could read and
write and hold a property qualification.with
out disfranchising white persons, might with
reason and propriety be acceded to by the
Gov. Perry strongly urges a national con
vention for the adjustment of all difficulties,
and thinks an association of loyal, patriotic
and virtuous men from all parts of the conn
try would have a salutary influence in ad
justing the present difficulties.
Important from Richmond.
Richmond, Dec. 9. Dr. Watson, of Rock
bridge, who was arrested last week under
Civil Rights bill, was before General Scho
field yesterday, and held in twenty thousand
dollars bail to appear when called for.
A colored preacher named William Harris
was arrested last night for alleged abduction
and seduction of the daughter ofLomax D.
A man named John Driscoll, formerly of
Richmond, was killed Friday last, at Tye
River Warehouse, by Z. G. Wood, for gross
ly insulting the latter's wife.
Marine Losses for November. The
marine lossts reported at New York for No
vember include tiftv-nine vessels four
steamers, three ships, fourteen barks, eleven
lings, twenty-six schooners, and one fishing
smack. Six were missing, supposed to be
lost ; and the others were abandoned, found
ered, sunk. &c, or reported to be lost in oth
er ways. The value of the property is esti
mated at $3,000,000. The steamers thought
to be lost were as follows. Fearless, from
Charleston to Boston : Kinri fisher, from Bal
timore for Charleston ; La Orientala, from
Buenos Ayres ; and St. Marys, from Brazos
for New Orleans.
The Union Pacific Railroad, West
from Omaha. The Secretary of the Interior
has received a telelegram from the Vice Pres
ident of the Union Pacific railroad, dated
6th inst., stating that thirty miles more of
the track of said said road were completed
on the 5th inst., making three hundred miles
west trom Omaha. .Nebraska, and requesting
that the commissioners be ordered to exam
ine the same.
. The commissioners will be instructed by
the Secretary to repair to the line of the road
for the purpose of examining the section as
soon as practicable. -Chronicle.
Uncle John Morris was a chronic toper.
One day, while returning from the tavern,
he found locomotion impossible, and brought
up in the corner of a worm fence, where be
remained standing. He had been there rnly
a few minutes when the minister came along.
44 Uncle John," said he, 44 where do you sup
pose you will go to when you die !" 44 If I
can't go any better than I do now, I shan't
go .anywhere," replied Uncle John.
over the exploit of the Maine colonists who
have gone to the Holy5 JtandVl- It Bays : -. '
"The TeJegrapkDotees the carious fact
that the ship Hetty Helen, from New York,
brought over to Jaffa a whole assorted cargo
ot Yankee emigrants, who,; of all places in
the world, had pitched upon the plains of
Sharon for a settlement. There is really
something very odd and striking in this im
portation of the newest people into one ot
the most ancient localities and populations
of history. A greater contrast than that
between New York and Jaffa could not be
found in all the world. Everybody knows
what the American city is; that of Syria is
a gray Arab town perched upon a little hill,
with no harbor, no life, no bustle, nothing
to care about, nothing to take up the ntten
tion save coffee and pipes, and the occasion
al swindling ot Nazarine uog3 who land
there on the way to Jerusalem. Jaffa sits
blinking in the sun atop of its hillock, with
the Mediterranean waves fussing into froth
against its tumble-down quay, just as if it
were dreaming of the antique times, when it
was, in the language ot these new visitors,
'quite a place.' For only to remember what
Jaffa used to be make these Yankees, as
Jaffaists would say, 'sons of yesterday.'
' Let no one, however, doubt that these
4 cute New Englanders' know what they are
doing. Jaffa is of little account for busi
necs, beauty, or anything else except melons
and ancient history; but outside and behind
the city lies a plain unsurpassed for richness.
It is the plain of Sharon, whose rose blossoms
and shed fragrance through the religic us lit
erature of half the world, and which boasts
the very finest orange and lemon gardens in
all the earth. . The soil that can produce
such fruit ought, with Yankee culture, to do
almost anything; and indeed, the plain of
bharon never wanted much more than water,
and a little scratching with the crooked stick
called the Syrian plough, to produce what
ever is wanted. Our Transatlantic friends
always had a sharp e-e for ' water previleges'
and 4almigty fine locations;' but what a
eent tuii must have had ior them to rind
out this fat and likely place from the other
side of the globe ! Doubtless, they will
'prospect' the country, now they are there ;
and should they go north to the plain of Es
Iraelon, under the hills of Nazareth, they
will see a. still more promising site for enter
prising Yankees, if they can only manage the
bedouins and oriie the lurks, llio luttest
and richest corn ground in the world, flat as
a biiliaru table, and close to the sea. is to be
bund by the hundreds of thousands of acres;
mt it is untitled, and yields only the man
Irake, the great Syrian thistle, and the Pal
estine lillies, for the Turks have no power or
will to keep Aruhs trom turning their mares
into the barley of the peasants w hen it comes
up. I lie 1 auk.ee unit the roses ot Sharon or
the lilies of Jezreel comes oddly enough to
gether ; but we should not grudge the con
trast if it could do something for sad and
The French Emperor. The New Or
leans limes gives the following on the au
thority of a gentleman of that citv, who, it
states, was in Paris during the past summer,
and had several opportunities of seeing and
conversing with the Emperor Napoleon.
inis gentleman represents the Emperor
as being frank and gracious in his manners.
and very communicative. He discourses with
nearly equal felicity and fullness of informa
tion on all subjects of history, government.
usuages, laws, customs and institutions. In
respect to his own peculiar plans and policy.
however, lie is thoroughly reticent. He lias
now a million of men under arms, and it is
understood, in Paris circles, that it is his de
termination td""increase the standing armv
by the adition of a million more, to be com
posed of citizen soldiers.
U he Navy-yard at Cherbourg was a scene of
asionisiiing activity- -irom nve to seven
thousand men being engaged in ship buil
ding. Iron is the material of these new ves
sels. The Emperor has issued orders for the
extensive manufacture of the needle gun for
the use of the army. It is not understood
that he contemplates any new contemplica-
tions which have rendered formidable war
like preperations in advance expedient. On
toe contrary, his disposition is reported as
eminently pacific, and that the object he has
in view by such terrific displays, is the main
tenance of the peace of Europe. The Empe
ror is from sixty to sixty-five years of age.
and his health is evidently failing.
Our courteous informant also visited the
Champ de Mars, where the grand structure
for the paris Exhibition is in couse of erec
tion. This is an iron edifice, three thousand
and eighty-four feet in length and twenty-
three hundred feet in width. The colmns
are ninety feet in height. The roof of this im
mense structure is composed entirely ot
plates of glass.
About Lace. Doo Smugglers. Flan
ders, or as we now call it, Belgium, has al
ways been famous for the manufacture of
ice, one fortieth of the whole population, or
about 150,000 women and young girls being
engagea in it. Charles 1, ot Spam, when
the country was. under his dominion, com
manded it to be taught in schools and con
vents, and to learn the art is still a part of
woman's education, A curious story is told
of the way in which Flemish lace used to be
smuggled into France by means of dogs
trained lor the purpose. 44 A dog was caress-
eel and petted at home, fed on the fat of
the land, then, after a season, sent across the
frontier, where he was tied up, haHstarved,
and ill-treated. The skin of a bigger dog
then fitted to his body, the intervening space
filled with lace. The dog was then allowed
to escape and make his way home, where he
was kindly welcomed with his contraband
charge. " This cruel practice was at length
stopped by the French Custom House au
thorities, who detected the unfortunate four
footed smugglers. No fewer than 40,278
dogs engaged in these transactions were de
stroyed between the years of 1820 and 1836,
a reward of three francs being given for each.
Improvements in Refining Gold.
Andrew Mason, melter and refiner in the
New York assay office, has made important
im provemcnts in the mode of parting gold
and silver. These consist in so adjusting
melts for granulation, that the pure gold, in
stead of gold bullion, shall constitute one
third of the mixed metal ; and secondly, in
boiling in strong sulphuric acid after one
treatment in nitric acid. The one charge of
nitric acid is larger than the first in the old
process, but twenty per cent, less than the
amount in both, while the consumption of
fuel is greatly reduced, and much disagreea
ble labor is avoided. These improvements
have been successfully tested, and it is esti
mated that the savings in one year's business
will amount to about $75,000. Washington
Hon. John Bell. The Nashville Banner
44 The many friends of the Hon John
Bell, of Tennessee, will be pleased to learn
that the venerable statesman is in the enjoy
ment of unusual good health. He is at
present ruralizing in the vicinity of Cum
berland Iron Works, and occasionally joins
in a deer hunt with a zest and spirit of the
John Shepherd, the pedestrian, in attemp
ting to walk 110 consecutive hours at Savan
nah, Ga., fell after having walked 108 hoars
and 50 minutes.
The Baltimore Board of Trade has begun
to agitate for a repeal of the cotton tax.
. ,--r HOUSE OF COMMONS.
7. -i: '.'-''J Monday, Dec. 10th, 1866.
The House was ; called to order at
o'clock, a. in.
Mr. Waugh introduced the following reso
lution : "
Whereas, in the discussion of the resolu
tion which passed this House on the 7th
inst., declaring among otherthings, 'that the
charges of disloyalty, of persecution Against
those styling themselves the original Union
men.and of the partial administration of jus.
tice, are false, and known by those who make
them to be without a shadow of foundation '
the member from Henderson, (Mr. Blytlie)
declared that he could not concicntiously
vote for the resolutions, because they were
Besolted, that the committee on the jurlic
iary, be instructed to request said member to
appear before them, and furnish the facts on
which he rested said allegation, and that
said committee, in order that a fair anil ftul
investigation may be made, have power to
send for persons and papers, and that they
report to this House at an early day, by bill
resolution, or otherwise. Adopted. '
Mr. Cowan, from the committee on inter
nal improvements, reported back a bill to
incorporate the Yancey ville and Milton R.
Co., favorably, with amendments.
Also a bill; to re-enact and confirm the
charter of the Willianiston and Tarhom'
railroad Co., as a substitute for a bill referred.
Also resolutions for the relief of the May
or and Commissioners of the City of Kaleigh
in response to their memorial concerning the
City's subscription to the Chatham railroad
By Mr. Boyd, a bill to regulate
ments and protect creditors.
By Mr. Waugh, a bill to amend the second
section of chapter 68 of the revised code.
By Mr. Trull, a bill to pay tales jurors, for
their services in capital felonies.
By Mr. Simpson, a bill to incorporate Cen
tre Hill lodge in the county of Chowan.
By Mr. Perry, of Wake, a bill for the relief
By Mr. Dargan, a bill for the relief of the
estate of the late Lawrence O'B. Branch.
The following engrossed bills had their
first reading, viz :
A bill to incorporate Pasquotank lodge
103 of free and accepted masons.
A bill to incorporate the Ilibernain benev
olent society, of the city of Wilmington.
A bill to incorporate the Mc Lean fire en
gine company No. 1 of the town of Fayette
vi He, and a resolution in favor of W. S.
The resolution for the relief of the City of
Raleigh, passed its several readings under a
suspension of the rules virtually releases
the City from its subscription to the Chat
ham Railroad Company.
A bill to authorize the Connty Court of
Mecklenburg to extend its sessions also pass
ed its several readings.
Mr. Morehead, by leave, introduced a res
olution that the finance committee inquire as
to the exjiediency of issuing treasury notes
for the payment of unfunded interest on the
debt of the State ; also the exchange of
treasury notes for State bonds. Adopted.
Mr. Holderby, by leave, a resolution that
the judiciary committee inquire into the ex
pediency, propriety and constitutionality of
enacting a law suspending the sale ol prop
erty under execution, or venditioni ttponu,
for a limited time. Adopted.
Mr. McClammy, from the joint committee
on adjournment, reported a resolution that
the legislature adjourn on the 24th instant,
and meet again on the 22nd ot January.
This resolution was adopted after some dis,
At. 12 o'clock, M., the House proceeded to
consider the bill to enhance the value of the
bonds to be issued for the completion of the
Western N. C. Railroad, and for other purpo
ses, on its second reading.
Mr. Patton. addressed the House in sup
port of the bill, explaining its provisions
and enumerating the advantages which
would accrue to the people of the West,
and to the State at large, from the comple
tion of the road to the Tennessee line, as
Mr. Hutchison opposed the bill. He was
opposed to increasing the State's indebted
ness directly or indirectly. It was true the
bill did not ask a direct appropriation from
the Treasury, but he feared that indirectly
the credit of the State would be impaired by
changes of those securities now held by the
State for others of doubtful validity.
Messrs. Kenan, Dargan and McKay also
addressed the. House urging the passage f
The .question recurring the bill passed its
2nd reading. Yeas 57 ; nays 25.
A bill to empower the county courts to
levy taxes for repairing public roads, was
laid on the table, on second reading, on mo
tion of Mr. Holderby.
A message was received from the Gover
nor, transmitting a communication from the
President and Directors of the Literary Fund,
and the reports of sundry railroads. Sent to
the Senate with a proposition to print.
On motion of Mr. Richardson, a message
was sent to the Senate proposing that the
two Houses proceed to ballot ior four Coun
cillors of State. The Senate concurred and
the House voted a number of nominations
having been withdrawn.
A message was received from the Senate
announcing the passage in that body of the
resolution, in relation to the adjournment
with an amendment, to the effect that the
adjournment on the 24th inst. shall he
sine die. In this amendment the concurrence
of the House was asked.
Mr. Black moved to lav the message on the
table. Not agreed to. Yeas 30, Nays 61.
The question recurring, the House refused
to concur in the Senate amendment.
The House then adjourned.
Tuesday, Dec. 11th 1868.
Thespeaker announced the ratification of
the act to extend the time for the collection
The act to authorize the Dismal Swamp
canal company to issue 8 per cent bonds.
Also the act incorporating the Washing
ton toll bridge company.
Mr. Richanlson presented a petition of the
citizens of Moore county in regard to certain
Another message was received from the
House transmitting a bill in relation to the
county of Mecklenburg, and a bill relieving
the city of Raleigh from its subscription to
the Chatham railroad company. Passed
their first reading.
Mr. Gash, from the committee on claims,
reported favorably on the claim of Hon. A.
Mr. Avery from the committee on internal
improvements to whom was referred the
House bill allowing the Western railroad to
complete said road to some point on the
North-Carolina railroad, reported favorably
to its passage.
3Ir. Avery from committee on internal im
provements, reported favorably on the bill to
declare valid the charter of the Chatham
railroad company. . .
Mr. Leach from the committee on judicia
ry, to whom was referred the bill protecting
property from execution, reported favorably
to its passage.
Mr. Paschal, a bill for the relief of the
sheriff of Chatham county, allowing G. J.
Williams, until 1st of March 1867 to make
his returns. Passed its first reading. The
rules were suspended and the bill passed its
Mr. Moore, from the committee on judicia
ry, reported unfavorably, on bill to relieve