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THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION OP THE STATES THEY "MUST BE PRESERVED.''
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9, 1850.
THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD
13 PUBLISHED B
WILLIAM W. HOLDEN,
Tax North pA-frwA'
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Letters to the Editor must come free of postage.
THE POWER OF MERCY.
Quiet enough, in general, is the quaint old town of
La'uborough. W hy all this bustle to-day? Along
the hedge-bound roads which lead to it, carts, chais
es, vehicles of every kind are jogging along, filled
wi'h countrymen ; and here and there the scarlet
rloak or straw bonnet of some female occupying a
chair, placed somewhat unsteadily behind them, con
trast gaily with the dark ooats, or gray smock-frocks
of the front row ; from every cottage of the suburb
some individuals join the stream, which rolls on in
creasing through the streets, till it reaches the castle.
The ancient moat teems with idlers, and the hill op
posite, usually the quiet domain of a score or two of
' f t i . I . .
peaceful sneep, panaHes oi me surrounding agitation.
The voice of the multitude which surrounded the
court-house sounds like the murmur of the sea, till
suddenly it is raised to a sort of shout. John West,
the terror of the surrounding country, the sbeep
stealer and burglar, had been found guilty.
" What is the sentence ?" is asked by a hundred
h The answer is Transportation for life."
But there was one standing aloof on the hill, whose
inquiring eye wandered over the crowd with inde
scribable anguish, whose pallid cheek grew more and
more ghastly at every denunciation of the culprit, and
who. when at last the sentence was pronounced, fell
insensible upon the green sward. It was the bur
The father had been a harsh and brutal parent, but
he had not positively ill-used his boy. Of the Great
Merciful Father of the fatherless the child knew no
thing. He deemed himself alone in the world. Yet
grief was not his pervading teeliug, nor the shame of
being known as the son ot a transport. It was re
venge which burned within him. He thought ol
the crowd which had come to feast upon his lather's
agony ; he longed to tear them to pieces, and he
plucked savagely a handful of the grass on which
he leant. Oh, that he were a man ! that he could
punish them all all the spectators first, the consta
bles, the judge, the jury, the witnesses one of them
especially, a clergyman, named Ley ton, who had giv
en his evidence more positively, more clearly than
all the others. Oh, that he could do that man some
injury but for him his father would not have been
identified and convicted.
Suddenly a thought occurred to him ; his eyes
sparkled with fierce delight. "I know where he lives,
said he to himself; the farm and parsonage of Mill
wood. I will go thereat once it is almost dark al
ready. I will do as I have heard my father say he
once did to the Squire. I will set his barns and his
house on fire. Y es, yes, he shall get no more fath
To procure a box of matches was an easy task,
and that was all the preparation the boy made.
The clock was striking nine, but all was quiet as
midnight, not a soul stiring, not a light in the par
sonage windows that he could see. He dared not
open the gate, lest the click of the latch should be
tray him, so he softly climbed over; but scarcely had
he dropped on the other side of the wall before the
loud barking of a dog startled him. He cowered
down behind the haystack, scarcely daring to breathe
expecting each instant that the dog would spring
upon him. It was some time before the boy dared
to stir, and as his courage cooled his thirst for
revenge somewhat subsided also, till be almost deter
mined to return to Lamborough ; but he was too tir
ed, too cold, too hungry ; besides, the woman would
beat him for staying out so late. What could he dot
where should he go ? and as the tense of his lonely
forlorn position returned, so also did the affectionate
remembrance of his lather, his hatred of hisaccus
ers, his desire to satisfy his vengance,and once more
courageous through anger, lie rose, took the box
from his pocket, and boldly drew a match across the
sand paper. It flamed ; he stuck it hastily in the stack
acrainst which he rested it only flickered a littleand
went out. In great trepidation, young west once
more grasped the whole of the remaining matches
in his hand and ignited them, but at that instant the
doir barked. He hears the gate open, a step is close
to him, the matches are extinguished, the lad makes
a desperate effort to escape but a strong hand was
laid on his shoulder, and a deep calm voice inquired
" What can have urged you to such a crime V
Then calling loudly, the gentleman, without relin
quishing his hold, soon obtained the help of some
farmimr men, who commenced a search with their
lanterns about the farm. Of course they found no
accomplices, nothing at all but the hand lull of half
consumed matches the lad had dropped, and he all
that time stood trembling, and occasionally strug
gling, beneath the firm, but not rough grasp of the
master who held him.
At last the men were told to return to the house,
and thither, by a different path, was George led, till
they entered a small, poorly furnished room. The
walls were covered with books, as the bright flame
of the fire revealed to the anxious gaze of the little
culprit. The clergyman lit a lamp, and surveyed
his prisoner attentively. The lad's eyes were fixed
on the ground, whilst Mr. Leyton's wandered from
bis pale, pinched features to his scanty, ragged at
tire, through the tatters of which he could discern
the thin limbs quivered from cold or fear; and when
at last, impelled by curiosity at the long silence,
George looked up, there was something so sadly
compassionate in the stranger's gentle look, that the
boy could scarcely believe that he was really the
man whose evidence had mainly contributed to trans
port his father. At the trial he had been unable to
see his face, and nothing so kind had ever gazed up
on him. His proud, bad feelings were already mel
ting. You look half-starved," said Mr. Ley ton ; "drawr
nearer to the fire, you can sit down on that stool whilst
1 question you ; and mind you answer me the truth.
I am not a magistrate, bat of course can easily band
you over to justiee if you will not allow me to bene
fit you in my own way."
Here the young culprit's heart smote him. Was
this the man whose house he had tried to burn ? On
whom he had wished to bring ruin and perhaps
death T Was it a snare spread for him to lead to
confession 1 But when be looked on that compas
sionate countenance, be felt that it was not.
Come, my lad, tell me all 1"
George had for years heard little but oaths, and
curses, and ribald jests, or the thief's jargon of his
father's associates, and had been constantly cuffed
and punished ; bat the better part of hie nature was
not extinguished ; and at those words from the mouth
of his enemy, he dropped on his knees, and, clasping
his hands, tried to speak ; but he could only sob. He
bad not wept before daring that day of auguiah ; and
now his tears gushed forth so freely, his grief was
so passionate, as he half knelt, half rested on the
floor, that the questioner saw that sorrow must have
its course ere calm could be restored.
The young penitenVjjt.il I wept, when a knock was
heard at the door, an a lady entered. It was the
clergyman's wife ; he kissed her as she asked how
ne nac. succeeded with the wicked man in the jail.
" He told me," replied Mr. Ley ton, " that he had a
son whose fate tormented him more than punishment.
Indeed his mind was so distracted respectinn the
youth, that he was scarcely able to understand my
exhortations. He entreated me with agonizing ener
gy to save his son from such A life as he had led,
and gave me the address of a woman in whose house
he lodged. I was, however, unable to find the boy
in spite of many earnest inquiries.'
" Did you hear his name I" asked the wife.
" George West," was the reply.
At the mention of his name, the boy ceased to sob.
Breathlessly he heard the account of his father's last
request, of the benevolent clergyman's wish to fulfil
it. He started up, ran towards the door, and endea
vored toopenit. Mr. Leyton calmly restrained him.
" Yon must not escape, he said.
" I cannot stop here. I cannot bear to look at yon.
Let me go !" The lad said this wildly, and shook
" Why, I intend you nothing but kindness."
A new flood of tears gushed forth ; arid George
West said between his sobs,
" Whilst you were searching for me to help me, I
was trying to burn you in your house. I cannot bear
it." He sunk on his knees and covered his tace witn
There was a long silence, for Mr. and Mrs. Ley
ton were as much moved as the boy, who was bowed
down with shame and penitence, it which hitherto
he had been a stransrer.
At last the clergyman asked, " What could have
induced you to commit such a crime 1"
Kising suddenly in the excitement ot remorse,
gratitude, and many feelings new to him, he hesitat
ed for a moment, and then told his history ; he relat
ed his trials, his sins, his sorrows, his supposed
wrongs, his burning anger at the terrible fate of his
only parent, and his rage at the exultation of the
crowd, his desolation on recovering from his swoon,
his thirst for vengeance, the attempt to satisfy it. He
spoke with untaught, child-like simplicity, without
attempting to suppress the emotions which succes
sively overcame him.
W hen he ceased, the lady hastened to the crouch
ing boy, and soothed him with gentle words. The
very tones of her voice were new to him. i ney
pierced his heart more acutely than the fiercest of the
unbraidings and denunciation of his old companions.
He looked on his merciful benefactors with bewilder
ed tenderness. He kissed Mrs. Leyton s hand, then
gently laid on his shoulder.
Ho muuwt ahmit IiL-a i
one in a dream who dreaded
to wake. He became
faint and staggered. He was laid gently on a sofa,
and Mr. and Mrs. Leyton left him.
Food was shortly administered to him, and, altera
time, when his senses had become sumcientiy col- i
lected, Mr. Leyton returned to the study, and explain-
ed holy and beautiful things, which were new to the
neglected boy ; of the greai yet loving Father ; of him
who loved the poor, forlorn wretch, equally with the j
richest, and noblest, and happiest; of the foroe and j
efficacy of the sweet beautitude, " Blessed are the
merciful, for they shall obtain mercy."
I heard this story from Mr. Leyton, during a visit
to him in May. George West was then head-plowman
to a neighboring farmer, one of the cleanest,
best behaved, and most respected laborers in the
parish. Household Wordt.
Philo80phv or Faro. In a work recently pub
lished, entitled " Notes on Europe," by S. Reynolds,
we find related the following trick of an accomplish
ed gambler. It might pass for a yankeeism :
" Sitting in the drawing room ot my hotel alter
tea, Count Renobio humorously related to me the fol
lowing incident, which occurred some time ago, and
which produced a profound sensation and effect :
" A short, thin man, whom nobody knew but by
sight, suddenly became a constant attendant at the
gaining tables. This man, during a whole fortnight,
continued, night after night, in the most extraordina
ry manner, to win enormous sums of the faro bank
ers, as well as the surrounding betters. He wore
spectacles, and appeard so short-sighted that be was
always obliged to touch the counter with his nosebe-
. i i . ' i . l i t l
lore ne coma aisunguisn tne cam. oucu waa ms
luck that whatever card he backed was sure to win.
On the last night of his appearance in Spa, one of the
gamesters, a voune. hall-intoxicated irishman, had
lost a very handsome sum. His temper had quite j
gone, and he vituperated his lucky opponent ina style
that might have edified the most abusive fisherwomen
D n you, you old dog," he cried, and most
particularly d n your spectacles.'
" And catching them from him, he put them on his
face. At first he could distinguish nothing, but an- j
preaching the cards, he perceived that the spectacles I
ar S J I
were strong magniners. mis suspicions ana curiosity
were immediately excited, and he tnrned to demand
an explanation ol tbe wearer but he was gone! An
examination then commenced, and the cause of this
wonderful continuity of luck was speedily discovered.
The cards in Spa are not bought of shop-keepers, as in
England, but every autumn the proprietors of gaming
tables repair to the grand fair at Leipzic, and there
purchase their stock for the year. Thither the spec
tacled gentleman had also hied, not as a buyer, but a
seller of cards ; and at such a reduced late, and of
snnh an excellent acalitv. that all the purchasers re-
sorted to him ; Spa and several other towns were lit
prallv stocked with his cards. On the back of each
of these, concealed among the ornaments, and so small
as to be imperceptible to the unassisted eye, was its
number, with a particular variation to aenote its suit.
Then the rogue came to Spain in disguise, with black
ened hair and spectacles, and, as a gentleman gambler,
would have broken all the banks in Spa, but for the
furyof the enraged Irishman. As it was, he decamp
ed with several thousand pounds."
We presume all our readers laughed heartily on
reading the Telegraphic despatch, published some
Hava ago. in which it was announced that old
Ritchie and a Mr. Sengstack had refused to answer
the queries propounded to them by Mr. Stanly as to
whether they, tbe said Ritchie and Sengstack, had in
any manner interfered in elections during the exis
tence of the Polk administration! Now, as this isa
matter of such vast consequence, it is to be hoped that
the American Congress will devise some plan of ope
ning the mouths of these gentlemen possibly a crow
bar inserted between their teeth might have thedesired
effect. But, alas for poor Stanly ! it is he who is to
be pitied. While Clay and Cass and Foote and
Webster and other small fry are bothering theirbrains
about compromises and California bills and such like
insignificant matters, it is really refreshing to turn to
the example of the gigantic Stanly, who soars above
all such little things and devotes his vast intellect to
the discovery of the rascally locofoco officeholders
who, in days of yore, had the temerity to interfere in
lections and write philipice against Gen. Taylor.
Cruel old man is Ritchie ; he deserves punishment
for thus frustrating the benevolent and praiseworthy
designs of Mr. Stanly. He little knows the vast
suffering he is causing that gentleman and the great
disappointment he will occasion to the universal whig
party throughout the country by not opening his mouth.
The California bill, the Texas bill, tbe fugitive slave
bill, are all thrown into the shade by this new cause
of excitement. What will Congress do in order to
open the mouths of Ritchie and Sengstack ! That is
now the question of questions, and we await in breath
lees anxiety the result. Watch closely the telegraph
column. Detroit Free Prat.
Widow or the Late Gen. Gainss. Mrs. Clark
Gaines has applied to the Legislature of Mississippi
for a pension in consideration of tbe military services
of her late husband, Gen. Gaines. What a sad re
verse for the lady, who a year or two ago, wee be
lieved to be the wealthiest woman in America !
A new and inexhaustible quarry of slate has been
discovered in Wales. This is a valuable discovery,
as the Welsh slate is allowed to be the finest in the
DEATH OF BISHOP BASCOM.
The intelligence of this mournful even t, communi
cated by telegraph from Louisville, reaohed us just
after our last week's edition had gone to press. The
Bishop died on the morning of the 9th instant, after
a protracted illness, taken as he was returning to
Kentucky after holding the St. Louis Conference the
first and only Conference session at which he lived
to preside after his elevation to the episcopal office.
Stricken down by death in the ripe maturity of those
great intellectual and oratorical powers which had
made his name familiar to the whole nation, and up
on the threshold of a new field of ecclesiastical re
sponsibilities, wider than he had ever filled before,
with the promise of many years' valuable service to
the Churoh which had honored him with its highest
confidence and affection, the visitation is one of the
utmost solemnity. In view of the fresh grave where
now lies the mighty master of eloquence on whose
lips hundreds of thousands have hung entranced,
whose name could call together a vaster throng ot
listeners than any other man on the continent the
grave where every trophy of genius, and every linea
ment of manly beauty, is laid low, we are reminded
of Massillon's impressive exordium over the plumed
and scutchioned bier of the young French prince
u there it nothing Great but God.11
Born in Western New York, Dr. Bascom was ad-
. mitted into the travelling connection in 1814, if we
mistake not in his sixteenth year. He has been
thirty-six years before the public eye. In 1828 he
was elected President of Madison College, the sec
ond Methodist College established in this country.
In 1830 he was appointed agent for the Colonization
Society. In 1833 he accepted a Chair in Augusta
College, where he remained until elected President
i of Transylvania University in 1842. With this lat
ter institution he was connected until 1849. Thus
for nearly twenty years he has been identified with
I the cause of education in the Methodist E. Church.
Our personal acquaintance with Dr. Bascom began
at the General Conference of 1840. During this
; Conference he presented a masterly report in favor
! of the right and eligibility to orders of local preachers
holding slaves within the Virginia portion of the
Baltimore Conference. This paper was a specimen
of clear and close argumentation. At the same Con
ference he preached in the Light Street Church to as
dense a throng as could crowd into the spacious
building the adjoining street being filled with peo
ple who could not find entrance into the church. His
text was " Behold the Lamb of God who taketh
away he sin of the world." The sermon embraced
an me cardinal elements ol the Christian system, set
forth in a light so vivid, under illustrations so over
poweringly magnificent, and with a vehemence so
rushing and pauseless, as to hold the audience spell
bound. At particular passages, several of which we
distinctly remember, the effect was awful. The sen-
tences came like the sharp zig-zag lightning, the j
tones of the preacher s voice were like articulate
thunder. The hearer cowered under the weight of
thought piled on thought, and was driven almost be
side himself by the rapid whirl of dazzling imagery.
The sermon, artistically considered, had the strange
fault of being too great. It covered too vast a field ;
of thought, it was marred by excess of grandeur. !
you were oewildered by a quick succession oi vivia .
pictures thrown off as by the turn ot some grand
kaleidoscope. The impassioned fervor of the preach
; er seemed too self-consuming. We felt, as some
I one has happily remarked respecting Chalmers, that
' powers and resources such as these, devoted to the
service of the Gospel, were indeed not needed by that
j Gospel, but much needed by Gospel-rejecting man.
The consecration of such a majestic intellect and im
agination to the work of propagating the principles
of Christianity could but make a profound and wide
impression upon society. Thousands of cultivated
minds coming within the reach of such an influence,
have been compelled to respect the system advocated
by so lofty a spirit, and have been prepared to lend
an unprejudiced ear to similar ministrations. Dr.
Bascoin's sermons while Chaplain for Congress, in
the early prime of his colossal strength, are spoken
of to this day for their power and effect upon the high
places of the country. He was once describing the
peril of a sinner hanging on the verge of eternal retri
butions, and so awful was the picture that President!
Jackson, who was one of the congregation, started !
up with the involuntary exclamation ftiy uou, lie j
is lost !
The composition of these magnificent sermons, it j
is reasonable to suppose, and indeed it :s a well
Known tact, cost tne preacner a worm oi pains, ne ,
subscribed heartily to Dr. Johnson's opinion that " no j
aim AiA inn thintr well, tn urhiMi he did not give the !
wv f - m I
i r . . mi . t . : 1
ot his mind." iney were oy no means ;
impromptu affairs, thrown off under tne inspiration
Firoduced by facing three thousand people. Careful-
y arranged, tninntely mapped off in their several de- j
partments, and even hlled up, by loregoing mental
elaboration, they were masterly pulpit orations, to
have heard one of which formed an era in the lite of
those who sat from year to year under the ordinary
ministrations of the pulpit. Many a time has he
paced his chamber half the night, in a state of high
iieivuus BawM-utcut, wiiiiepirjioiiiiK .o
effort. And even during the last year or two, when
by advice of his physician, in the shattered state of
his constitution, he confined himself mainly to his
manuscript, his preparations were scarcely less labo-
rious. The youthful preacher who scorns preparato-
ii i . I . I n L. ...... n I ...ilk
jry labors such as these; and conter.ts himself with
the utterenceof crudities and common places wrapped
in flimsy declamation, need not wonder that what is
remarkably easy preaching to him, soon becomes mat-
j ter of such difficult hearing to his congregation, as to
leave the fewest number ot listeners. 1 here is no
danger of his being run after.
In the disruption of the Methodist Church growing
out of the slavery agitation, Dr. Bascom took no part
in the debates, but watched the drift ol things until
the crisis came. As soon as all hope of honorable
. . .. . . .1 ,
compromise was exhausted, ana it was evment mat
j Southern Conferences were to be degraded in the
of Bishop Andrew, and pnctically denied
in the Confederacy of Annual Conferences
composing the Church, Dr. Bascom indentified him-
I l II j :.l .1.. I . ..A fin'
sen luny ana iorever wun we ouumciu wuwi vm
him was devolved the responsibility of drawing up
the Protest of the minority, and in a few days he pro
duced that paper, of which Dr. Dixon representa
tive of the British Wesleyans to the Northern Meth
odist Church at its last General Conference an Eng
lishman whose sympathies would be all on the North
ern side, has not hesitated to say in his recent work
on Methodism in America, that it is " one of the most
powerful and eloquent state-documents ever put into
the hands of the reader." ln the Convention which
organized the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, he
drew up the report of the Committee on Organization
a paper scarcely inferior to tbe Protest. During
the intervening year he published his masterly work
on Methodism and slavery, which Mr. Calhoun eulo-
f ized as strongly as Dr. Dixon has done the Protest,
n the controversy waged by the Northern against tbe
Southern portion of the Church, with a bittterness
beyond even politioal strifes, he stood up frank and
perpindieular, a champion fearless and fully armed.
The Church leaned on him as her right arm; and he
never faltered. The highest broof of her confidence
was given in bis election to the Episcopal office at
the late General Conference. We know that Zion's
Hmlrl Mt afloat shortly afterwards, the toothless cal-
im-v that this was done contrary to the wishes of
the venerable men who now compose our Episcopacy,
and that they felt themselves disgraced by such an as
sociation. It was a very likely story, indeed.that Zi
on'i Herald should bfe in the confidence ot the South
ern Biahoos ! its statement we know to be without
foundation. Its prompting animus we can seadily
understand. mi tit mM , t I
No mau ever passed through so lengthened a career
of popular applause, with a rate fame more unsullied.
Those who knew Bishop Bascom most intimately,
who were honored with his fall and unreserved con
fidence, felt tbe highest appreciation el his moral and
social worth. To such he was simple as a child, open
to suggestion and counsel, amiable and lovely as a
friend. His history affords one of the most touching
illustrations ever known, of the depth of self-sacrificing,
filial, and fraternal affection. The impulses
of his heart were all generous and noble. His piety
unobtrusive, was best known to those who enjoyed
the opportunity of olosest observation. His aspira
tions were all indentified with the defence and ad
vancement of the common Christianity of Method
ism, in his judgment its most energetic and success
ful modern exponent. Large worldly offers were re
peatedly made him we remember one in particular,
which would have placed him at once in a position
of affluence and high social oircumstance had he
a . sm.b a.
cnosen to abandon the work ot the nletnooist minis-,
try, ana enter upon one ot the nonoraoie wains oi ,
professional lite, liut to these otters he
a second thought, though the stress of straitened cir
cumstances might have been reasonably pleaded in ex
tenuation. His dying hours were fuil of peace and
confidence in Christ's atoning merit.
Like two of his greatest contemporaries, Emory and
Fisk, his life seems to have closed with a strange ab
ruptness ere its full completion. His scholastic la
bors were ended, but he had been called from the halls
of instruction, once more into a sphere of extended
travel and preaching, with the added responsibilities of
government, for all of which his previous training
seemed to have peculiarly qualified him. But no soon
er does he spread his wing of towering strength than
the fatal shaft of disease lays him low. Among the
distinguished dead of 1850, we have to record the
name of Hknrv B. Bascom. When shall the pres
ent generation look upon his like again -" We
sympathize with his bereft widow, with his children
deprived of paternal guidance and fostering oare. We
sorrow with a sorrowing Church, one of whose bright
est lights has been so unexpectedly quenched. We
mark the impressive admonition, so repeated before
the country of late, that neither exalted position nor
mighty influence; neither genius nor virtue, can claim
exemption from the common lot of mortality, or turn
away iheapproaoh of the inevitable hour. Happy
for us in this instance, while we exclaim. " How are
the mighty fallen !" we know that to fall as did the
illustrious man before us, with harness on, girded,
and grasping shield and sword, is to conquer death
in the language of tbe immortal Few' Brother sol
dier, it is sweet, sweet to die on the field of battle."
Southern Christian Jidcocate, Sept. 20, 1850.
Ascent or Mont Blanc. The following is a de
tailed account, from Galignani's Messenger, of the
recent ascent of Mont Blanc : We have received
the following from a correspondent, at Chamounix,
dated the 30th ult : Great excitement was caused in
the town of Chamounix, on the morning of Wednes-
uijf, me sow, in consequence oi me uepanure oi Mr. ;
A .u no. i. .. . ...I
ureuon, late 5th t usileers, and Mr. Itichards of the I
county of Wexford, Ireland, with a party of the brave 1
iiiuuiiHuiK.io ui vsiiiimi'uiiiA, iur uitt purpose oi as
cending to the summit of Mount Blanc. Crowds as
sembled to witness their start, as the hazardous na
ture of the adventure was well known, the guides
having left their watches and little valuables behind,
and the two gentlemen made their wills and nrenared
for the worst. Great anxiety was expressed on many
a tace, as the little band, headed by our two coun-
trymen, disappeared in the forest at the foot of the
mountain. The ascent is always accompanied with
great peril, as steps have to be cnt up the sloping
banks of ice, and one of the largest glaciers has to be
passea, wnere one false step entails certain death, as ;
,,e umorimuiiB man laus into a crevice oi almost un-
known depth, from which no human hand could ex-
A night has to be passed on the cold rock, and
spots have to be passed where no word can be spoken
! lest thousands of tons of snow should be set in mo-:
tion and hurl the party into eternity, as was the case
some years back when a similar attempt was made. !
At 3 o'clock the report of cannon at Chamounix an
nounced that our adventurouscotintrymen had gained
the Grand Mulets, the rock on which they were to
take up their quarters for the night. The next day '
all was excitement; nothing else was thought of in j
the town. The Flegere and Brevan were crowded
with anxiaus observers. About 11 o'clock, the fog
clearing away from the summit of the father of the
Alns. the little band were seen to be slowlv aonroach-
mg the top, and a few minutes after the report of
cannon in (chamounix announced the undertaking
successful. The clouds, however, soon obscured them
fro(n our view, and we saw nothing more of them
untu about halt-past 7 p. in., when, preceded by the
best music Chamounix afforded, and carried on the
k..b t om -lmiiat
uavn? ui uisiv7 mumiokiomu b. i riivuuii'iii inr v nrir ic i
. . ... . i
ceived at the Hotel de Londres with loud cheers,
ling ot cannon, and expressions ot delight at their
safe return. The guides give great praise to both gen-
tlemen for the conlnessand courage they displayed.' "
The Cotton Caor. We recently passed through
some of the largest Cotton growing Counties in this j
State, to wit: Anson, Mecklenburg, and Richmond ; I
and if we mav iudge from aimearances. and from the !
j reports which we received, the crop bids fair to be j
one ol tne largest which nas ever oeen maae in mis
State. WTe were particularly struck with the appear
ance of the Cotton on the Pee Dee, both in Richmond
and Anson. At present prices, which we believe
will be maintained throughout the coming year, the
j panter8 Qf Cotton in this State will receive an ample
1 - . . . . . !
return for their expenditure of time and money, which
will be needed to compensate for the losses sustained
during some of the years immediately preceding. It
is probable that the grain crop will be about one
fourth below an average. In some places the de
struction by the storm of a month since, has been ;
very great, in others comparatively light. Its vio-
lence extended west of the Blue Ridge.
P. S. Since the above was penned, we have re-j
ceived the Vvadeshnrough Argus of the 14th instant,
from which it would appear that the Cotton has sus
tained far more injury than had been supposed. The
I Argus says, " the crops in this county are muoh more i
iniured than was at first supposed. The fodder is i
very much split up, making the task of gathering it
very difficult. The cotton too, is perhaps worse hurt
than the corn, being twisted round and its roots loos
ened, ro that its growth is very much checked. Were
it not for this the cotton crop would perhaps be over
a medium one. As it is, we fear if will tall far short."
We are still inclined to think, that the cotton crops
in this Slate will be a full average. WiL Jour.
Peach Statistics. From the 26th of August to
the 7th of September inclusive twelve days186,-
555 baskets of peaches were brought into New York
from Now Jersey alone, and it is estimated that if
the amount of the contributions from Pennsyvania,
Delaware, and Long Island could be ascertained and
added to the above, the aggregate would be over one
million baskets. A basket contains about three pecks,
and putting down the population of the city at 600,
000, it appears that the average quantity of peaches
eaten by each man, woman, and child in New York,
during the twelve days aforesaid, was about five pecks,
or three and a half pints pei individual, per day. How
wonderful is the capacity of the American stomach !
This i said to be the greatest fruit season that has
been known since Adam and Eve were ejected from
the garden of Eden for eating apples.
A Pretty Casinet Officer. On tbe 1 1th of
February 1847, Mr. Corwin made a speech, on the
Mexican War, ot which the following is an extract :
The Senator from Michigan says, we will be two
hundred millions in a few years, and we want room.
If I were a Mexican I would tell you. Hate you
not roam in your awn country to bury your dead men ?
JF ynu come into mine tne wiH greet you with bloody
hands and welcome you to hospitable grooa!" 4 .
This speech was translated into Spanish and pub
lished in the newspapers of Mexico, and sent to all
parts of that country, to stimulate the people to fight
our brave soldiers. Its author was also voted an hon
orary member qf the literary societies of Mexico on
account of bis efforts in behalf of that country !
THE ANCIENT WORLD.
At one of the recent sessions of the Ethonological
section of the British Association, which has had its
annual meeting for the year at Edinburgh Scotland.
a highly interesting paper was read by the Rev. Dr.
Hincks "On the Language and Mode of Writing of.
tne Assyrians," which led to a still more interesting
discussionor, rather, for he had it all to himself, to
a long speech from Major Rawlinson, the celebrated
Archeaologist and Champollion of the Oriential
world, in explanation of the Persian and Assyrian
hieroglyphics. In winding up his remarks, he gave
an account of the progress of Mr. Layard in his ex
amination of the ruins of Nimrod, as welt as of the
reasearches of Mr, Loftus in the ancient Chaldea
whom and which
we have as yet heard but little in
the United States,) which is so instructive that we
copy it from the condensed report in the London
Mhtnstnum of August 24th. Major Rawlinson said
that we bad every prospect of a most important ac
cession to our ethnological materials, adding thai
"every letter he got from the oountries now being
explored, announced fresh discoveries of the utmost
In Lower Chaldea, Mr. Loftus, the geologist to
the Commission appointed to fix the boundaries be
tween Turkey and Persia, had visited many cities
which no European had ever reached before, and had
I every where found the most extraordinary remains.
At one place, aenkereb, he had come on a pavement,
extending from half an acre to an acre entirely cov-
erea witn writing wmcn was engraved upon baked
tiles, &c. At Wurka, (or Ur of the Chaldees) j
whence Abraham came out, he had found innumera-
ble inscriptions; they were of no great extent, but
they were exceedingly interesting, giving many royal '
names previously unknown, Wurka (Ur, or Orchoe) j
seemed to be a holy city, for the whole country, for j
miles upon miles, was nothing but a huge necropolis. I
In none of tliejsxcavations in Assyria had coffins !
ever been found ; but in this city ot Chaldea there j
were thousands upon thousands. The story of Abra-!
ham's birth at Wurka did not originate with the !
Arabs, as had Sometimes been conjectured, but with !
the Jews, and the Orientals had numberless fables I
about Abraham and Nimrod. Mr. Layard, in exca
vating beneath the great pyramid at Nimrod, had
penetrated a mass of masonry, within which he had
discovered the tomb and statue of Sardanapalus, ac
companied by full annals of the monarch's reign en
graved on the walls. He had also found tablets of
all sorts, all of them being historical ; but the crown
ing discovery he had yet to describe. The palace of
I lMneveti, or Koynupin, had evidently been destroyed
j by fire, but one portion of the building seemed to
i have escaped its influence; and Mr. Layard, in exca-
1 Vatinor this liart of the nalupp. harl fnnnrl a larn-f ronm
I.. r- l i - F." '
hlled with what appeared to be archives of the em
tablets of terra eolta, the
when the tablets were
They were piled in huge heaps from the floor to ,
stating that he had already filled five large cases for
despatch to England, but had only cleared out one
corner of the apartment. From the progress already
made in reading the inscriptions, he believed we
should be able pretty well to understand the contents
of these tablets at all events, we should ascertain
o " V J w.i .
their general purport, and thus gain much valuable
information. A passage might be remembered in the
book of Ezra, where the Jews having been disturb-
ed in building the Temple, proved that search might
be made in the house of records for the edict of Cv
ru9 permitting them to return to Jerusalem. The
chamber recently found might be presumed to be the i
I j r . : ' :.; i .. !
nouse 01 records ol the Assyrian Kings, where co- I
pies of the royal edicts were duly deposited. When
these tablets had been examined and deciphered, Ire
believed that we should have a belter acquaintance
with the history, the religion, the philosophy and
the jurisprudence of Assyria, 1500 years before the
Christian era, than we had of Greece or Rome dur
ing any period of their respective histories.
A Sad Picture. Wednesday, accompanied by
officer Ripley, we paid a visit to house No. 10 Wash
ington square, on Fort Hill. The building like most
of those around the square was evidently built for a
genteel family. It is three stories high, and is occu
pied by families from Cellar to garret. When we
passed into the front entry we had to make our way
through a swarm of dirty little children who block
aded the door. Nine different families occupy the
U aiioa iJiolstrwrinsr tt tliaf ntimkor n rn oKntlf tfiiitv
j children. The entire number of occupants is about
liuiioci S-T i f J hiui iitaiiiuwi uiu auvui nuij
A. I. . II Ml nf . t. A iT. .. . . . . .. n
. , -., ,. .. , .. . .
ba a. t,C W"h '""T l,lUe. rm S one doW
, ln ,U con,a,"d ' r?b,e.' tand a w chaw, and one or
tvan nt hpr mprps fit ftirnitiirp. In th farther pnrnpr.
sat an emaciated looking female holding with a moth
er's care a dying boy three years of age who was ly
ing quietly upon a little temporary mat created upon
chairs. This one, hack, dark lonesome garret is all
the room the woman occupies. She has seen better
days, and is not used to this mode of living. She is
an English lady. Her husband left her some time
since with a little means, and went to California.
That little was, not long since, stolen from her! Be
sides the sick child, she has a little hoy ten years of
age, Tuesday night he went to his little straw cot
without any supper. For a week past the poor wo
man herself has not had the common necessaries of
life. During this time Mr. Ripley, the officer on that
station, was absent. On his return immediately on
learning the condition of the family, he rendered them
assistance from his own pocket.
- But this is not all. One week ago last night, she
lost a beautiful little boy, younger than the one now
sick, by death. It was in the "dead of night" that
the death angel visited that poverty stricken room.
The mother had no light or means to obtain any. In
that dark room she remained with her dead boy, un-
til the morning light permitted her to gaze upon his
lifeless features. Where was she to look for assis
tance in this most trying hour? Finding no one to
assist her. she took the remnant of a once beautiful
wardrobe -a dress .and sold it, and obtained the
sum of m 75, with which she procured a coffin for
thp dead ch d. and with her own hands she dressed
him in his grave clothes, and placed him in the coffin.
During this time this unfortunate woman was taking
care of another sick child. She expects soon to hear
from her husband. Lntil then she is an object of
charity for our Female Benevolent Societies.
To H aroen Steel without Springing. Let the
heat be as uniform as possible, and dip it perpendic
ularly and slowly into the water, so that it may chill
regularly on all sides at the same time, and near the
surface of the water. If dipped oblique, the under
side will chill first, as its contracts will draw the up
per side, which is still soft, When chilled in that
condition it is thrown out of shape. The same thing
often occurs when the steel is plunged suddenly into
the water, by a bubble of steam remaining on one
side-till the other chills ! hence the necessity of let
ting it chill near the surface. The lowest heat at
which steel will harden is always the best, as by
raising th heat above that point you only open the
pores, rendering it more brittle without geting it any
harder. These facts are derived from experience in
making small tools, Ito. by the writer, who is a
To BTreaCT the EWrtial Oil radii any
Flower. Take any ff ewers you chooc, place a stra
tum m a clean earthen2 pot, and over them a stratum
of fine salt. Repeat the process tift the pot is filled;
cover closely, and place in the cellar. Forty days!
a crape by pre-sore. Put the essence thus express
ed in clean bottles, and expose them for six weeks
to the rays of the sun and the evening dews to puri
fy. One drop of this essence will communicate its
peculiar and grateful odor to a whole quart of water.
AN ABOLITIONIST HAND HIM ROUND.
At a meeting of the citizens of Ebernezervflle and
its vicinity held in the Male Academy on Saturday,
the 21st ulc. General J. A. Alston, was called to the
Chair, and Col. W. J. Bowes, requested to act aa
Secretary. It was stated to the meeting that a certain
person of the name of A. J. Avens. otherwise called
Jackson Avens, the overseer of Col. Rawlinson, bad,
on several occasions, used expressions of an abolition
character such as that he was a full blooded Aboli
tionistthat be was in favor of liberating the negroes
so that.be might get a plenty of land for his ohildren;
and that if a. war were to take place between the Free
soilera and the people of the South, he would head u
Company of negroes, and with scythe blades, would cut
ffff the heads of the whites. It was then, on motion,
resolved to bring said Avens before the meeting. He
i appeared and in the course of a pretty thorough ex
' animation, confessed be had used such expressions.
; Two witnesses were also examined, who testified
that they had, on several occasions, heard him so ex
press himself ; one of whom said Avens had told him
he was a full blooded Abolitionist. Whereupon it
! was resolved that aooramittee of fifteen be appointed
to take the case into consideration and report what
! course should be adopted. Tlje following gentlemen
. were appointed by the Chair, viz: Capt. E, Avery,
i A. Fewell, Sr., Philip Sandifer, Esq., Wm. Hanna,
j Samuel Johnston, Laurens Moore, Captain Daniel
Moore, Col, W.J. Bowen, Charles McEl wain, Wm,
T. Hart, Dr. Jno. Withers, John Campbell, and H,
Kinian, and on motion, the Uhairmanot toe meeting
was added to the committee. After a abort oonsuU
taiion they reported to the meeting, that they were
unanimously of the opinion, said Avens should leave
the State within four days, and if he did not volun
tarily do so, he should be put away by foroe, whioh
was adopted. He was then called before the meet
ing, and after a short reprimand by the Chair, for the
impropriety of bis conduct, was informed of the de
termination of all present. It waa then resolved to
publish a summary of the proceedings, to put the
community on their guard and to let auoh cattle know
that they cannot have grazing ground even in the old
fields in this vicinity.
JOHN A. ALSTON, Cniran,
W, J. Bow en, Secretary,
P. S. Said Avens is about six feet high, has black
hair, dark complexion, stout built, but not corpulent,
and has rather a down look when spoken to, dark
grey eyes, and is a man of family. He has left for
the South West. Yorkville (S. C.) Paper,
Barnum. This personage is becoming one of the
most famous characters of the day. He is as fruitful
of prodigies as a heathen temple. He first astonished
the Northern world with Joyce Helh, an ancient ne
gress, whom he exhibited as the nurse of George
Washington. He might as truthfully have pretended
that she was the nurse of Moses. There was enough,
however, who believed the tale to make it a profitable
speculation, and Barnum's purse grew fat to repletion
on human gullibility
Tom Thumb was his next conepicious wonder, and
surely all our citizens recollect that handsome and
welll-proportioned little fairy ; his stylish miniature
equipage drawn by two Tom Thumb ponies, and sur
rounded by a midnight cloud of enraptured Africans i
and. above all. the stout gentleman, with the rosv and
radiant countenance, whose tongue dwelt with such
oily eloquence upon the marvellous accomplishments
and extraordinary adventures of Master Tom. That
was Barnom himself, the Napoleon of Humbugs J
Nevertheless, he sometimes deals in the genuine.
loin I humb was not bad, and in persuading Jenny
Lind to visit this country, Barn u in s faot has proved
more surprising than his fiction.
Jenny Lind gives fame to every one with whom
she comes in contact, and Barnura glows like the
" yellow moon " in the lustre of this superior orb.
Exquisite Jenny ! Amazing Barnum ! Who could
have believed that the same versatile genius could
have introduced to the American public both Joyce
Heth and Jenuy Lind ? Barnum has exhibited a flex
ibility and strength which would do oredit to the trunk
of an elephant, that amazing instrument, which now
picks a rotten apple from the earth, and now embra
cing an oak, lifts it from its deep foundation.
But there ean be no doubt that Barnum deserve
great credit for giving to his countrymen the oppor
tunity of hearing the peerless Queen of the realm of
Song, If he had raised a Joyce from a dungbill, he
has brought a Jenny from the skies. All honor then
to Barnum ! After this achievement, there is but one
wonder which he oan exhibit that will stimulate the
Pa,'ea Pa,aie r PDC curiosity, u is to noos wP tne
Sea Serpent, and show him round the United States
at half a dollar a head. That monster is by some
persons considered fabulous, but he cannot be more
fabulous than Joyce Heth. We commend his briny
majesty to Barnum, as the crowning wreath of his
magnificent career. Richmond Republican,
Rt. Rev. L. S. Ives, D. D. The learned and elo
quent Bishop of this Diocese, after a sojourn of somo
weeks at Nag's Head, where we were pleased to learn
his health has been muoh improved, arrived in the
packet of Saturday last, and preached Sunday morning
in Christ's Church. Much has been said and writ
ten about the tendency of the Bishop's doctrines to
Romanism, and much excitement, on this subject, has
prevailed in his own Diocese, and among the mem
I bers of his own flock ; but he, who attended the Bish-
op's ministrations last Sabbath to listen to the Doc.
trines of Rome, promulgated from a Protestant pul
pit, was assuredly disappointed in his expectations.
The sermon, delivered on this occasion, was a plain,
practical and able exposition of the Christian's race,
containing no sentiment or expression, calculated to
raise the ire, or put the pen of the most bitter oppo.
nent of the learned Divine in motion.
Such has been, we learn, the character of all the
discourses which the Bishop has delivered during his
j 8tay " :aK 8 Head-
One thing we think, is certain, whatever of error of
doctrine has been attributed to the Bishop, if enter'
tained by him, has proceeded from an excess of zeal
and devotion to the Church over which he presides.
It has been an error of the head and not of the heart.
w t a a .' i tm m -
! 2- " y u.mlueauoned-ana w ncereiy
i m" 7" ,p U,,H u-wwiwuw.
We presume the Bishop is on his way to the Gen
eral Convention of the Episcopal Church, to com
mence Wednesday, October 3d, in Cincinnati.
Old North 'State,
Oklv $53,700,000 a Yes. On the 2d instant, so.
cording to the report of Congressional proceedings ,
Mr. Jones ot Tennessee, showed before the House
of Representatives, that the expenditures of the pres
ent year will amount to the enormous sum of fifty-two
millions, seven hundred thousand dollars ! or about two
dollars and fifty cents to each man, woman and child
black and white, bond and free in tbe whole country J
This immense expendtture--.donble what the expen
ses were during any one year of Gen. Jackson's ad
ministration, about tbe extravagance of which the op
position spouted so lustilyis made ina time of pro.
found peace and public tranquility. Had this admin
istration been in power during tbe Mexican war, the
National debt would now be at least two bond red
millions of dollars. Baltimore Argue,
A Novel Passsitoer. While the sloop Hannah
and Mary, Captain Carll, of Bridgetown, New Jer
sey, was lying off our port on W ednesday night, and
the captain and crew were sleeping in the cabin, a
monster sturgeon seven fast in length jumped in
through tbe cabin windows, breaking sash, windows,
tec., and disturbing, most saosettediy, the slumb
ers of the fatigued crew. For a sisstr iill bbbjb won
dermcnt and alarsa among the slumberers, not know-
ing the character of their new
ut in dread
lest soms vessel Had run two thorn. After rfwttU.
however, a light being procured, the sturgeon was
captured, and his passage net being-paid or berth se
cured, he was seized upon as contraband, and after
wards sold by the captain In per danrages.