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jjjfc. W. Holdes. f - ' - Raleigh, N. C.
'. j The Trail of the Serpent.
. ' O i the 8th of August, 18S5, the first copy
:of. the Sentinel -was issued. In an editorial
upon the work of restoration, it said :
L tionV So far as North-Carolina is concerned this
ajvhense responsibility is placed .upon me
, iouldcrs of Gov. Holden. Justice and right
I lelmandtbat be should be ludsed charitably
stfld up." , i - -:
hsc With this announcement of its charitable
ked patriotic intentions the Sentind began
erti career. '' - .' .' ' . . .
'of Q)n the succeeding day, however, it point-
gtalout a certain class of citizens as evil per-
hear T- - And even then it Degan to war insta
te? ' upon Union men. In speaking of the
Contention, it said! '
"-That body will be composed 'of many
cool, wise men, free from the passion, of the
times ; but there are others guided more by
tV; passion of revenge rather Joan the virtue
of charity, who may seek to wreak vengeance
uuc&l or pereuuui mjujjr xii uwiu uajo. -
' Alas 1 alas 1 in the beginning, the Sentinel
; mistook the intentions of leading Union
"' men, and charged them with dark and rfr-
i :-: : n ,
i " "jrangeful feelings. Is it surprising that a pa
:Y Jv which marked certain persons at once as
' ' Vi foes, should not have hesitated to openlv
I f. i n ' ..i l i. n n .
Clare against; lucm a uun wuiic niwri i
It, as we see above, no names were called ;
f a 1m: i -
worseu msiuiouaiy. - . :
However, for the present, it appeared con-
nted-r and urged "absolute harmony in
T . M . .1-1 - I 1
ne.woric oi re-construcuor - wnen ine
flandard casually spoke of tht- Union party
fi this State, it scouted the idea of there be-
ig another party, and took us to task for
ti mating such a thing. . Poor, honest spul,
le very idea of a second party in the State
(uned it exceedingly. Perhaps the sorrows
f that hour still impress this recollection
I iion its memory. '.' . -()n
Saturday after its first issue, in winch
counselled every thing good and generous,
. assumed a different tone. Perhaps its
!k of no party had led it to believe that
( i were hoodwinked. " At any rate, it print
. the following ominous paragraph. ' ' It was
arently itching to say more. . .Bead it :
i" Our quiet submission, however 'is but
imentary. We can well allord to remain
-a chrysalis state, verging nearer and
rer every day to the hour of deliverance.
te day of freedom, such, as we have enjoyed
jl coming to us. -Why delay it why press
t Ifurther from you, by ill-judged, ill-advised
jWestions. which avail nothing ? The
JlJth is in the folds of the Anaconda. Let
Tb.be quiet, be hoperal. and these folds wilk 1
. Wiiai srradually until she is free." : ' N
bef 'Until Bhe is free!" The Sentinel was
norn merely biding its time.; It proffered
Conlv. Holden a fair and honest support, but
rppfoaa only biding its time to break that
i J ' - mi, i. 1 . Si. ' titi
aCCtomuie- 1 uo tiK"' iiuvcu iu tt lieu
jo5 foi8 of the Anaconda were partly loosed,
(Wturned yen gefully upon the Governors
flat lien the folds are entirely loosed, it will
niafira .TgefuWy uP9n tne President, for " sub-
.ii iinn in htt. moWipntrv'" "bn the nurt. of
! i . . j . r
ii eefcfa South; We read ' the ' future by the
is pt.. , . ' . . . - . : -; :' v
' tb' -pi the Sentind did not break at this time
awo'jto- Holden. The conduct of the Gov-
of tV0 extorted praise even from that print.
, stiti said on the 14th of August : ; '
itbq I' was absolutely trecessary, in-order
J success in our restoration to the Union,
lat whatever plan President Johnson might
ueui0pti gaoui(i bo liberally and promptly car
'' nevd out ' '; " .. . : ,.'
: Prof J. We had no man. in North Carolina
vetfi08e Plitical record and sympathies so
11 accorded with those of President John-
. , iaig a3 tnose 0f CroTi Holden's, and none in
;'' Wot l0rn the President had more confidence.
I ano?3. The history of reconstruction so far in
att J; South, proves that none of the Provis
v ' , Jual Governors so thoroughly understand
. P ?e President's programme, and so fully en
vrse it, as Governor Holden." - - '
' GotHfira-the Sentind distinctly endorsed the
estifanncr in which Gov. Holden was carrvinff
3ovjt the President's prograrfime, " Gov. Shar
5 of Iiftsissippi, had taken a- different
- ,-urse, it is true, but at that time the Sentind
I preferred Gov. Holden's plan. : In its eyes, it -
was being liberally and promptly carried'
out. And, strange to say, it was also oppos
ed to secessionists' and unpardoned war men
taking any hand in the' work of reconstruc- -tion.
. So excessive' were its ideas of loyalty
that it seriously remonstrated with them ; and
gave it as one of the best evidences of our
people's loyalty; that secessionists and un
pardoned men were not then seeking office. .
It said on the 15th of August : : : ; ;
" Now, one of the - best evidences of the -'.
genuine character of the loyalty of thepeo- .
pie of North-Carolina, is that in no instance . '
do we hear of a man of that stamp putting .
himself forward for office, nor are the people
anywhere, that we know of, disposed to de- ,
mand their services for public office,n ; -v.'
7 . And trice terta when ' secessionists and un-
pardoned persons did begin to put them- "
selves forward, the Sentinel began also to Be- ;
riously floubt the loyalty of our people.
True it has never said so publicly. ' But as it
always ' swears to 'its hurt and changes -
not," it no doubt adheres to the belief se
cretly that one of the best evidences of our
loyalty is now gone. ; We regret this unfor--tunate
occurrence as much as the Sentinel
can possible ' do ; and heartily agree with .
it in the belief that the election of secessionists ,
and unpardoned men to office has obliterated
one of the beet evidences of our loyalty, but .
im are not responsible for'such selections. Is
the Sentinel t ' ;. . ; ', "
The Sentind at that time also agreed with
us. We hold the same doctrines now, an
earnest support to President Johnson and
Gov. Holden,' and the selection of men for
office whose Union-records recommend them : '
to the sympathies of the Northern people, ;
and the preservation of harmony and good ,
feelings amoi'g our own people. We have j
opposed rivalries for office, for we hold that
such contests in our present condition benefit
no one. On the 15th of August the Sentind
occupied the same ground. It said :
"It will be quite time enough after she
the State has gotten out of the difficulties
with which she in environed, before she
again seeks to embark in political contests
and rivalries. She has at present but one
end to seek, and that -is the safest, smoothest
and most promising road to recognition and
Union." ' . -
This is where the Sentind stood up to the
time of the discussion of the war debt ques
tion. It occupied identically the same
grounds that we did, but the difference was
that we entertained them "honestly, and the
Sentind did not It used them as a garment
to conceal its intentions! We have but feebly
marked out the plot, we know, but enough is
given to sustain us in what we say. " .' -. ' I
In its' first issue the Sentind said that .'
hungry mouths and "the demands of the
times " bade it mount guard, and that at
this behest it did so. The " demands of the
times" what .were they in the opinion of
the Sentind T .Did the times demand the
payment of the war debt t " Did they subse
quently demand the sacrifice of Gov. Hoi-,
den, and the inauguration of an era of dis
cord in this State t In the opinion of the
Sentind it seems so ; fpr verily, it has an
swered such demands fully. ...
In its issue of August the 16th, the Senti
nel said, "it would be a dark and melan
choly day to us, when North-Carolina and
North-Carolinians would repudiate the pay
ment of a just debt, simply because they had
the disposition or the opportunity to do it."
This was the first low. The Sentind now
began its endeavors to saddle the war debt
upon the people. -
In the same issue it had some of its old
twaddle about Mr. Davis. The Sentind at
that time expressed no sympathy with se
cession, and completely backed out of the
whole thing. Althongh it has since said
that ."it swore to its. hurt, but changed
not," at least thii time it 'Staggered in the
way.- Read it: - '.'.. . ':
"We did not sympathize with Mr. Davis' ad
ministration, never believed him, after he was
elected by the people of the South, to be a fit
man for his position, and was decidedly opposed
to his measures; yet his suffering wife and chil
dren touch a cord in oar heart, as we believe it
does the heart of thousands of Northern people
and Southerners too, who have had no sympathy -with
secessijn." -. . - :
And yet the Sentinel wished the war debt 1
to be paid.'' Its sympathy with secession'
amounted to about $15,000,000 the price
of blood and treason. It is absurd to sup- ,
pose that the Sentind wished the war debt
I paid meTelyirpm a high 'sense of abstract .
right. The Tjftestion of right and justice was
Mn great doubt anyway. .It admitted of the
fiost serious questionings. We think the &nii-
nel, at this time, notwithstanding its denial,
was evincing the greatest degree of practical
sympathy for secession somewhere in the
vicinity of $15,000,000. ' ' : , ; ; '..
On the 18th of that month it published
Horace Greeley's account of the Peace Con
ference and in aneditoral comment said, that
if Mr. Lincoln desired peace, Mr. Davis de
sired it more, as much as four exceeds two t
Good gracious, it'made Mr. Davis a lamb
at once. Of course Mr. Davis friends (are
they not numerous ?) at once rallied to the
Sentinel, and voted with it for the payment
of the war debt ami the election of Mr.
Worth. The game was obvious. . ' -4
But on the 24th the Sentinel again thought
it - necessary to re-endorse Gov. Holden's
policy.'. The Standard had taken it up con
cerning the article about Mr. Davis. " In
reply tlje Sentind said ;. . .. . ; .','
; " The Sentind Is the organ of no party. ' If there
be any other party but a Union party, it does not
belong to it Nor does It seek or desire at this
Juncture any division or discord or partyism. It
is opposed to the whole programme of partyism
In our present condition. It is In favor of the ear-'
Hest adjustment of our difficulties with the Na
tional government in good faith. It accepts cor
dially the platform of President Johnson for the
reconstruction of the Southern States, as it does :
the pains-taking policy of Gov. Holden in carry
ing out that platform, and It will sustain tbem in
all legitimate efforts, to accomplish it . What
more u wanting f" : . .. r -
A great deal more was wanting. - Ton
wanted to pay the war debt of about $15,000,-.
000. i That was wanting and the Standard
refused to accede to your demands. ; - -s -
",But observe again, the Sentind was oppos
ed to party, nor sought .nor desired division
or. discord, but -only an early adjustment in
good faith. - The pains-taking policy of Gov.
Holden was especially pleasant " Still the
Sentind desired the war-debt paid. ' And
when parties formed in the Convention on
that basis, it fell into ranks against the pains
taking policy of the Governor." Fifteen
millions was a wonderful sum in the eyes of
the Sentind. -',.- ;
V In its issue on the 25th, the Sentind gave
some capital- advice.' But the trouble with
the Sentind is that it does not practice what
it preaches or has preached.'-; The extract
reads as if the Standard might have written
it Read and be satisfied:
"There Is danger however, that the Chase and
Snmner faction tyive auch influence over the
present Congress, as to present a very stout opt
position to the recognition of the Southern States
next winter. How shall this be prevented by the
Southern States? We take it for granted that
every Southern State aid every Southern citizen
desires an early recognition. If there are those
who do not they are purblind. They doubtless
' prefer recognition under President Johnson's
programme to that of the Chase and Sumner fac
tion. What course, then, shall we pursue to
effect this t Let the Southern press dhd Southern
people counsel quiet submission and a ready ac
quiescence In all that is done by the proper au
thority. If evils are Inflicted, and they cannot be
corrected by a recourse to prudent measures, bear
them for the present, for the sake of obtaining a
greater good in future. Above all, let all hasty,
imprudent Words and acta be avoided. Give a
hearty support to the President and his subordi
nates in carrying out those plans and measun s
which he endorses. Give no room for your ene
mies to charge you with infidelity to the Union,
with disaffection to the government, or with hyp
ocritical demeanor or concealment of your real
designs, to break out afresh after the danger Is
passed. Let ns act in good faith to the govern
ment and its authority, if we expect to receive
from it favor and forbearance for the past".
Did we not counsel the same thing then,
and do we not counsel it now I . But the
Sentind "Oh! how have the mighty fal
len" charges us, for giving just such advice
as the above, with being a radical By pursu
ing the very course which it denounced above,
it has brought about the condition of affairs,
which it predicted would arise is such a
juncture. Need proof be plainer to show,
even by the Sentind itself, how suicidal and
damaging the course of that paper has been
to the prospects of early restoration.
' But amidst all this the Sentind did not
forget the great demand of the times the
payment of the war debt On the 20th of
August, in the fervor of its feelings, it tpole
out again : . ,
"Shall North-Carolina repudiate Ignore a just
debt cootiWtcd by her people or her constituted
authorities t The very thought is humlliatilK.
withering. Nor does It do to say, that the deal
was illegal, that the authorities had no right to
contract' it The question is was the debt con
tracted under her assumed authority f Did her
creditors furnish the quid pro quo, believing she
was sane and capable of acting for herself t The
same question is equally forcible in regard to
County or Individual debts."
Could language be plainer or more poin
ted) In advance the Sentind was denounc
ing the repudiation of the war debt as a
" humiliation." Its anger was being aroused.
Fifteen millions, good gracious, what a big
suuf 1 Of course Gov. Holden, his pains-taking
: policy, an early restoration all all
must step aside for that In other words the
fiat had gone forth. The war-debt must be
paid. Neither Gov. Holden and the Sfan
dard acceded, and the consequence is plain.
.Does the most skeptical doubt ? .
- About this time the Sentind also proposed
to pray for us. What a commentary upon
its present tone. -Then the war-debt was to
be paid. Then the Sentind was in a praying
mood. Now the debt is repudiated, we are
daily " blessed" as libellers, &c, &c It is
But this article is growing long. We
have now reached the point when; the Sen
tinel began to hold Gov. Holden responsible
for the Standard, calling it the Court Jour
nal, and insinuating that certain articles
were, written by him.- We shall treat of
these things next "The trail of the ser--
pent is over it all," and there is no dif
ficulty in pursuing the track.
Captain Benjamin Bobinson. We are
gratified to learn that Captain Robinson, of
the Fayetteville Aetrt, who was earned to
Raleigh under arrest a few days since has
been allowed to give bis parole not to leave
the city, and is now enjoying the freedom of
that wondenul place. We are assured that
he will be released and permitted to return
to his home in afew days. " Wonder if some
'. of the Raleigh presses join us in our congrat
ulations to Captain Itobinson f Wilmington
Dispatch. . j
. Of course the Dispatch is gratified at the
release of Robinson. " A fellow feeling makes
us wondrous kind."1 If the Editor of the
Dispatch had' justice he would himself be
here, giving his bail to answer for seditious
.language. V : - "
Important from Washington
We have seen a dispatch from a reliable
source in Washington, received at 8 o'clock,
Tuesday night the 19th, which states .
. That the President sent a message to Con
gress to-day on the condition of the South-,
era States, which is very conservative in tone.
Gen. Grant's report of his recent tour accom
panies it ; also, reports from Generals How
ard and Schurz. Gen. Grant says thepeo-.
pie are in earnest, and acting in good faith
towards the governme nt The message pro
duced a marked effect in Congress. ;
Also, that the Secretary of State has issued
his proclamation declaring that the Consti
tutional amendment has been adopted by a
sufficient number of States. It is thought
the President will send in a message in a day
or two, . declaring the Provisional govern-.
ments at an end.
: It is said that . A. Pollard affirms, in his
forthcoming history, " The Last Year of the
War," that Gen. Lee's surrender was pre-'
Jicated, and that Custis Lee, when cap
tured, stated that his father would soon sur-ren--.;
. . :- : -y .i'-M ' -'''
- When it came, it was none too ' soon for
the lives and treasure of the country.
The Sentind intimates that Gov. Holden is .
opposed to the restoration of this State to the !
Union, in order that he may remain' in of
fice. We venture to. say that so ignoble a
thought has never found a moment's lodg
ment in the Governor's mind.' The Sentind
knows, and we believe it really feels at heart,
that Gov. Holden's chief wish is for the good
and the glory of North-Carolina. .No man
can say, with truth, that he has been gov
erned in his administration by selfish or un
worthy motives. ' . ., ' : . .V
. Gov. Holden has done all that any - one
man could have done to restore the State to
the Union ; and we repeat what we said not
long ; since, that if Gov. Holden had been
elected without opposition, araj if aH the
members of Congress from this State had
been such as could have taken the. oath,
the State would have been back in the Union
by the first day of January, 1866. If the
State is not restored during the year 1866, no
man can say that Gov. H., is to blame for it
He has passed many weary days and sleep
less nights laboring for the restoration of the
State ; and meanwhile he has done all in his
power to render the condition of our people
agreeable, and to protect them in their rights
and interests. This being so and the Sen
tind will riot deny it why these incessant
attacks on Gov. Holden I Has he ever harm
ed any of these Editors that so bitterly and
unjustly assail him ? Has he refused a hear
ing or denied justice to any man or woman
in North-Carolina ? No one will say that he
has. . Has he not carried out, in letter and
spirit, the wishes' of the President? The
President himself says he has, and has thank
ed him in the warmest terms for his " noble
and efficient services." Strange, therefore,
passing strange, that he should first be de
feated by certain politicians, and afterwards
pursued so systematically and so bitterly by
those who speak for those politicians
But Gov. Holden can speak for himself.
The following extract from his late message
will show his feelings and wishes in relation
to reconstruction : . - t,;
" We can entertain no hope that confidence
and activity in business will be revived, or
that our people can even begin to renew the r
former prosperity until the State shall have
been fully restored to her place in the Union.
The greatest good of the present and of all
coming generations, will be embodied in the
practical fact that we are once more a part of
the freest, proudest and most prosperous gov
ernment in the world. As long as this fact
is unrealized, the State must necessarily lan
guish in all herinterests, and instead of avail
ing herself of her great natural advantiges,
' and springing forward in competition with
other States in the career of wealth and pros
perity, she will become more and more im
poverished. . .' .
Let us, then, omit nothing which may be
deemed necessary, or even expedient, to at
tain the great end we have in view, to wit,
the complete restoration of the State to all
its Constitutional relations to the common
government Let the divisions and differ-'
ences which exist among us, and which are
calculated to obstruct the work of restora
tion, disappear under the influence of a more
intense and a more devoted patriotism. He
who does any thing now, whether by word
or act, calculated or intended to embarrass
the national administration, or to obstruct
the work of restoration, incurs a grave re
sponsibility, and can be no friend either to
the Feleral Union or to North-Carolina."
"In colclusion, permit me to assure yon,
gentlemen, of my readiness and anxiety to
co-operate with you cordially and zealously
in every thing which may be calculated to
relieve our unfortunate and beloved State
from her present depressed and unhappy
condition." . ,. . , .
. Feeling at the North.
. A friend has sent us the following letter
from Philadelphia, written by a gentleman of
high character and ability. . ' '
He speaks very freely and forcibly concern
ing the policy to be pursued by the South,
the condition" and prospects of the negro,
and the probable reconstruction of the
churches.. Read what he says :
" Undoubtedly it is the policy of the South to
follow the President's lead, and to accept his
policy find plans without teeming to heforced to do
so. Therisingoppmitiontothe Pi-esident among
the radicals finds all its aliment in the South.
The discussions touching the admission of
the Southern men will be long and earnest,
and I think that it will be determined very
much by the character of the men presenting
themselves Some will be taken and others
left In this view I think the election of Mr.
Graham from your State, while unpardoned,
was a mistake. -; : . - ' -
' 'As for the future Of the-negro, that is an
immeasurable question' which I do not touch.
I can see very clearly that unless he makes
the white man of the South his friend, his
rose is a bad one. : His position and his re
lations must be fixed very soon, however,, and
certainlv in regard to -what he is to be, and
to receive,' will be of great advantage to him..
I look for an increasing emigration to Libe
ria of the better class of the blacks. , - -.
. As to the church, I think that the Presby
terians North and South must stand apart
for some years. We.must wait in this mat
ter for the influences of time and grace, and
I am afraid that time will do more than grace.
If the churches should remain apart, and the
State be thoroughly .united, I must think it
will be a reproach to the church, and a se
rious responsibility will rest somewhere.
There is a wide feeling of sympathy for" the
distresses of Southern ministers, and a good
many dollars will flow South this winter for
their reiief. ' Perhaps social and benevolent
movements will do more to bind us together
than any other." : ,
Tennessee Legislature. The Legisla
ture of Tennessee, owing to the strenuous op
position of the Union members from East
Tennessee, having refused to allow negro tes
timony to be taken in the Courts of that
State, General Fisk has been directed by the
War Department to try all cases, where ne-1
gro testimony' is involved, 'before a special
court,, under the auspices of the Freedmen's
Bureau. "- - V''"i -.' 'V- "
' Francis A. Fuller has been appointed
Collector of the - port of .New( Berne, arid
hja appointment confirmed- ty tha Senate.
--. The Richmond Sentind appears to be dis
tressed because a disloyal Editor has been
arrested in this State for using seditious lan-.
guage. It says " the Standard demands the
pulling down of the Charlotte Times and
Wilmington iM8pate)l.n'If we'are riot mis
taken,' this is the same paper the Sentinel
edited by the same gentleman R. M. Smith,
that in 1863 instigated Confederate troops to
mob the Standard office. No such tender
mercy as that of an arrest was then bestowed
by the Davis despotism on the Editor of the
Standard, but his office was sacked by orders
from Richmond, approved by Ttfr. Smith, '
who. was the organ of Mr. Davis ; and the
Editor of the Standard was forced to escape :
to save his "life. We Bpoe of the merey of.
an arrest The truth is, there was merey no.
where during the late rebellion for a Southern
Union man.' Many who were arrested were
sent off in different directions by officers, in
charge of certain soldiers the report of
muskets was heard, and the unfortunate vic
tim was never heard of afterwards.
The Richmond Sentind, dripping as it is
with the blood of murdered Union men, has
.the assurance to warn the Federal authorities
against " political informers and blood-hunters."
That paper played the part of an
organ for Mr. Davis for more than a year, duv
ring which time every town and neighbor
hood was visited by detectives, and the hun
ters of blood were known by burning houses,
the waitings of widows and orphans, and
the clanking of handcuffs on conscripts torn
from their families and forced into the ranks.
Mr. Davis and Gov. Vance did this, and the
Richmond Sentind said well done 1 Pious
parsons and crazy fanatics crowded to the.
temples of the All Merciful God to implore
Him to continue the slaughter until the
Southern brother should vanquish the North
ern brother, and thus destroy the govern
ment of Washington, and the Richmond
Sentinel said Amen ! It well becomes that
paper now to denounce " blood-hunters and
political informers." One Harry .Heth, of
Virginia, gave an order under which thir
teen citizens of this State, including two
boys under fifteen, belonging to the " Laurel"
country on the Tennessee line, were shot
without trial and thrown into a ditch, and
women were roped around the neck and
whipped, and the Richmond Sentind said
This same paper takes Gov. Holden to
task because he has not recommended the
pardon of Gov. Vance, he reply to this is,
first, that Gov. Holden, as we learn, has no
, information-that Gov. Vance has asked for a
pardon ; and secondly, though the rebellion
has been suppressed for more than six
months, there is' no evidence of a public char
acter that Gov.'Vance has submitted uncon
ditionally to the national authority. Gov.
Vance owes his present liberty to Gov. Hol
den. Yet the latter gets no thanks for it
from the partizans of Gov. Vance. We have
no disposition to think or to say any thing
unkind against Gov. Vance or his particular
friends, but these constant allusions to him
in certain newspapers, coupled with attacks
' on Gov. Holden, can do him no good, .Be
dsides, we cannot forget the Scriptural in
junction ' . ', '-
, u Neither cast ye your pearls before swine,
lest they trample them under their feet, and
turn again and rend you.? . .
The Jamaica Massacre .'
The tales of horror published in the North
ern papers of the insurrection, and subse
quent massacre of the blacks in Jamaica,
have been extensively copied throughout the
South. It is said that fifty blacks have
been killed for every white man's life Taken
by them. One statement says .the island is
offensive from the dead bodies of the ne
groes.. .: ' ' -. .
- How horrible are such occurrences. It
seems that there was no organized plot and
no organized resistance, and yet four thous
and blacks havo been slain. The English
government expresses the intention to inquire
into the matter. But the deed has now been
done. , We donbt whether Jamaica will ever
recover from the effects of such a horrible
slaughter. Only kindness and forbearance
between the whites and blacks, when they
live in the same country, can preserve tran
quility and peace. This perhaps is the moral
of the lesson sought to be taught us, by the
terrible massacre in Jamaica. We cannot
. shut our eyes to a similar danger, though it
may be remote, and it becomes us all to be
. watchful, kind and forbearing." - During the
war the blacks were docile and uncomplain
ing. Their conduct then has excited re-
., spect , and gratitude towards them. And
should they remain so now, the future will be
one of good to their race, instead of evil and
suffering. ' r;": ' ' . V '! : ;
! Secretary . Stakton. The New York
' correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger
writes j " Secretary Stanton has written to
intimate personal friends here that he will re
sign his place in the' cabinet immediately af-
- ter the 1st of January. , His health, he 6ays,
needs repose, and his private business affairs
require attention. Possibly he may visit Eu
rope in the Spring. Mr. Stanton has left;
'Washington for Ids home in Pennsylvania to
spend the holidays. ;- , ; . ;
- New York has one policeman for' every
400 residents; Boston one for every, 600;
Chicago one for 656 ; Baltimore one for 800 ;
Philadelphia one for 1,050. We should judge
- that Washington has one ; policeihan for
about every 5,000 inhabitants.
'" . '
' In the gallery of the theatre in Crow St
v Dublin, one night, a. coal porter made hin-
self disagreeable ; there was a yell of " throw
,"bim over i" followed by the exquisitely droll
: idea, "Don't waste hint kill a fldcUer;'wid
him." " ''-'. :-'--; : '
-r, :; ; '
The small-pox is raging among the freed-.
man at Cairo; Illinois. . , ' '''
: ; ' The Test Oath.
We learn that the House of Representa
tives, on Monday, 18th, decided by a vote of
125 to 33 to maintain the present test oath
as it is.; This is virtually saying that no
member elect from this State shall be admit
ted to a seat in the House, for only one of
them, Mr.' Jones, can take the oath, and it is
not probable that he alone will be admitted.
Neither of the Senators elect from this State
can take the oath. ' ' ' " -' - - - -
This test oath will be insisted on not only
as to members of Congress, but as to all
other officers of the Government Collectors
of the Revenue, Postmasters, &c. It would
be a great accommodation to our people, and
an act of simple justicatn the Union men of
the insurgent States, if this oath, could be
so modified as to put it in the power of that
portion of the Union men, who are really
truej to take it. '. Cu account of the techni
cal character of a part of this oath, the num
ljer of those in this State who can conscien
tiously take it is small, while there are thou
sands who could cheerfully subscribe it if di
vested of this objection. It is hard, for ex
ample, that such true Union men as Robert
P. Dick, John Pool, William 8. Mason, Ed
win G. Reade, Thomas Settle and many who
might be named, should be excluded from
office by this feature in tho oath. . Besides,
if this test is applied to the Postofficers of
the insurgent States, the people must suffer
greatly for the want of mails, for the reason
that a large majority of those who-would
make suitable Postmasters, and who would
apply for mail contracts, have' been, in one
shape or another, connected oith the rebel
lion. If Congress is fixed in its purpose to
maintain the oath, as it certainly appears to
b?, we trust some modification will be made,
0 far at least as the revenue and postal ser
vice are concerned. .
The people can now see the importance of
the advice we gave them before the late elec
tion, to elect men to Congress who could take
the oath. It is idle to frct-to say the re-
quirement is- a hard one, and that theu7i-
cals are responsible for it The Republican
party, which now governs this, country, and
of which such men' as Andrew Johnson,
William H. Seward, Sehuyler Colfax, Wil
liam Dennison, Horace Greely, John W. For
ney, and Henry J. Raymond are members, re
quires thi? oath. It is deemed essential by
this party to a safe reconstruction of the Fed
eral Union, and we apprehend the policy in
dicated by the vote of Monday last will be
adhered to. There is no danger that the
President and the majority in Congress will
come in collision. . They will 'act8ubstanti-
ally together, as the sequel will show, in con
ducting the great work of reconstruction. '
- From Mexlre.
We have seen a letter from Governor Henry
W. Allen, dated at the City of Mexico on
the 3d instant Generals Price arid Shelby,
Goxernor Harris and Judge Perkins, were
still at Cordova; General Magruder, Captain
Maury and Gtovernor Reynolds, of Missouri,
were in the City of Mexico, in ' the civil ser-vice-of
the Empire. Agents were about be
ing sent to all the large cities in this country
and Europe to invite colonists.
The Governor says :' "The Empire is an ac
complished fact Law and order is being re
stored, and the Juarez party is r. nits last legs.
Robbers and other evil-doers will soon be
cleared out. The climate here is delightful,
the lands rich andmoney plentifuL" JT. T.
Sews, ' '? v k ' .
(Jpv. Jenkins' Address. - - ' ".
.i;'Mru.EiK3EvrLi,E, Ga., 14.
Gov. Jenkins was inaugurated as Governor
of this State to-day.
In. his address to the Legisl ture, he says
. " There is no conflict between the Consti
tution of the United States and the -Constitution
of the State of Georgia. The laws of -the
United States are supreme."-." .
The Governor then pays a handsome tri
bute o the good conductof the negroes u
ing the war. He says that they must be
thoroughly protected in their personal prop
erty an have the right to enter the courts.
They should be encouraged to .work, and
then they would be the best working class
and their late owners the bet employers in
the world. . j '-" ' .r
. The Governor then reviews the condition
of the State institutions,- and says that for a
time even the lightest taxes will prove bur
densome, bi t lie thinks, that in the end the
people will not suffer, j
" He concludes his address with an earnest
prayer that " God will help us all." '."'"' '
. At the close of the address Provisional
Governor Johnson handed the great seal of
the State of Georgia to Gov. Jenkins, who
took the oath of office, and was then declar
ed by the President of the Senate the Gov
ernor of the State. .
The sentiments of the address' are mast
cordially indorsed by tho member eC th
State Legislature, which adjourns to-norrow
'. . t
jMngaratloB of Gov. Jeaklas, of Georgia. -
; "' WASHrsGTocDec. 16."
- The President to-day received the follow
ing dispatch: ;, -: : , ' '
" i 7'-', ' ; MrLtEDOBviLBGa., De& 14V
His Excellency Andrew Jolmson, President i' r"
. The Legislature takes- a recess till the 15th
of January, without electing Senators. Gov.
Jenkins was inaugurated on yesterday. You
will be pleased with his address. I feel, con
fident that there will be entire harmony be
tween tim arid yourself. , '. ' "t ' .
(Signed ' i ; . J. JOHNSON, ?
s , t ' - V Provisional Governor. '
" ' Steps are being taken in New Orleans,
to erect a monument to the memory of Mum-
ford, who was put to death by order of .the
late General Butter.; ' i ,.,'. -:V ' . '
DEATH SENTENCE UPON A WOMAN.. '-"
' Mrs. Mar '.ha Grinder, condemned to death"' '.
tor poismng a woman, u to be. hanged in .
Pittsburg, Pa., on the 19tn of January. The ''
day of execution was announced to her on ,
Tuesday last The Chronicle says : ', '. f
When the sheriff entered, the unfortunate .
woman greeted him, but on seeing the crowd, : .
. evidently divined the object of the visit, and "
'sinking down on the cot, covered her face
with her hands, and sobbed bitterly. Sheriff ." :
Stewart then read the death-warrant, fixing
the 19th of January. 1866. as the dav of her "
execution.. During the time of the reading '.
of this fearful doom, the Druoner cave wav
protested her innocence.. After the reading, '
i nomas m. Mars mm, sq., a counsel tor the
prisoner, spoke to her in a feeling manner,
' informing her tlat there vis no horje of "
pardon or executive interlcrence ; that the
Governor had gone to Vuba, and would not
return until the dread day had passed. He
, urged her to banish all ttioughts of escape or .
pardon, and implored her to make diligent
um of the time allotted to make that Dre- '
para tion for death we all need . "
, jure, wnuuer. replied mat sne xnew tnae .
ahn was a ninner and had rrrpnt novl tf nm.
paration, but she was innocent of the crime
of which she had been convicted. She then -
requested an interview with her husband, and "
urged his discharge from prison, as he, too,
was innocent. On being told that the re-.
quest would be granted, she appeared more
composed, and bade Mr. Marshall. Mavor '
-Lowry, the sheriff, and others good-by, re-T
questing them-to visit her again. After all, '
of the spectators had left the cell, except two
or three, the nervous system of the wretched ;
woman, which had been strained to its '
uiuiosi, gave way, ana sue ieii minting on me
bed. Restoratives were intmcdiately applied,
and through the attentions of her cell mate -and
those around she was soon restored to
- .cuuiKiousuess, iitiu wucn we ieit me ceu was
apparently quite composed. . '' ;
THE WINE CROP" OF. FRANCE. '
Of ,89 French departments, only 11 are not. ,
wine-growing; of the others, 20 consume all -'
they grow, and 58 export In France there ;
are upward of 2,200,000 proprietorsif vines.
The average annual produce of wine during
the four years, 1858-61, is upward of 88,
'000,000 hectolitres, which is equivalent to
more than 836,000,000 imperial gallons. .
wards of 15,000,000 hectolitres are set down - '
as consumed by them. Paris, in 1863, drank
n ani eoo v l . . 1 : . , , r - , I : . i j.
534,000 hectolitres -oCfpirits, beer, cider,.and '
perry. Setting dowrrthe population of Paris v
lit 2 000. 000 inrllldinir Mm tlnatincr nnnnln.. .
i , 1 o f r r .
tion of strangers, the allowance per man is .
handsome, it we consider how little the .
women and children consume. . ' .
jm. juaunai, an enthusiastic J rencn wine ;
merchant has recentlv. printed a book, from
which these facts are taken. -He (rives some .-'
sound 'advice about wine and wine drinking, .
Ilia hnilr-liainf Ai AtrtntnA f 4-liA HwnloM
of all countries," and having for its motto, '
" I pity the water-drinker ; I blame the drun-
kard." The writer holds it one of the vir-
tues of good claret that one may drink a
good deal of it ; he considers eight ditterent '
glasses to be required tor cacn guest at a re- ,
spectable dinter ; and in a chapter on "wine
f iBti'nff" mm Q rra Whtlo tKo a nf ilarnia.
0 . .. Q
tation is accomplishing, the degusta tor should .'.
, reflect, and keep in. his memoryhe-rBeoUeor '
tion oi an me impressions produced on rua
tongue, cheeks, gums, and especially on the .
' back part ot his mouth; he ought, in Bhra ' '
to listen to himself tasting with great atten . '"'
tion. ' - The tasters of "
-Bordeaux are beyond a doubt, the first in
- the world, and one can compare to them, for :
sureness of taste, only certain amateurs :
among persons in the highest society, the -delicacy
of whose senses and the habit of '
drinkinc cn-eat wines constitute them real
The Affair at Lauderdale. An affair - v
in which some colored troops . acted part, ' '!
i T 3 Jl V. I il. . . : . i
of telegraphic communications between the
Governor of Mississippi and the President of
the United States. Here it has attracted .
but little attention. ' It is- probable that the
facts have been over-stated to- tire authon- ,
ties. That there was bad conduct is certain.
but it was probably not so grave a matter .a
to be wonnv oi tne intercommunication re-
tweeir the high officials alluded to. We -
i .t. i .l. r c ... i i -
source, and state them as follows : . .
" On the 14th inst., a freight train bound! '.'
Boutn, conducted ty uoionci v. o. nouano,
stopped at Lauderdale station. A negro
man was ruling on a- cotton car. Seeing -
i ney tnrew stones at nun, and roaae a rusn .
upon him. . He ran around the train, pur-
iprl liv t.him' still tlimwinT atnnPK at him.
ana Bougm reiuge in inevcaDoase oar, wnere ..
were several white norsons and amomr them -
some lames, i ne softeners qiq not enter ina .
. car, but some of the stones they threw struck
it. A hmir. Aiornr. RttJruira. wwv pnmrrfn in itl
The officer interposed, and ordered the sol-- ,
'fliers to, their ouartera. Thev all obevedL '
except . one, who was drunk. The parties.
engaged m we meice are unaer arrest, awa- .
ing . inai ki mat misconduct, jHreai7
(Miss.) Xsssenger ' .. , . 'v.'1
- .. '. - '"
Saes'ahp Craij. The demand for cope
per has. probably saved Chili from a costly
war, and forced Spain to abandon a project
ly no means creditable to her. .
Chili has copper mines. Wheft the new
f Cni!nli nrlmiMVa lnnnluBt nllimotnm "
Beached London the price of copper sudden-
advanced; it was. seen that to blockade the L
Chilian coast would be to, stop that part of
the supply of copperwhich the Chilian mines
furnish. At once the merchants complained ,
tsi Isird Rnsaelt. the British crwemment con
sulted witn tne i rencn, and tne two umiea -
was intended to be effective The Asia, at I
mva mm ojnx ra AMnin rsiviH m
stop preceedings and await further instruc
tions.".. - ..i ": '-.': ','.'
- Copper appears to be king in this case,
'sad the Chilians find their mines of greater '
uvmnt than thpir flApt. and armv. Bncanrs '
their country is of commercial importance to'"
. .. . u " -
them. New York Post - '" I- . ...
,. , ; - - X
The following threat was made use of tfi
other day by an excited pugilist: " Pll twt i :
you around your own throat nntil there is
. 1 t f 1 . i. A
BOUnng len Oi you vut vue Clireuic mua K
your shirt collar sticking out of your eyes.1
Hi ftnnnneni leu. i . - ...
Awagin Appletori, Wis supplied a r-
Mni with fi.ni niMris nf TTnr-inAB -
. seed last sprmg, from which tie f nrer & . .
summerraisedftboutseventoenmiUioncon:. j ..
t -'...- nj.'-. .A'lt. '' aw" .' , r.'j - It".ft-&jV V '
-i -r. "1. e ' -.i
1 v. . ' .-'
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