Newspaper Page Text
She ihln f tan tod;
J08. 8. CANHOll. JOS. WM. HOLDER.
CANNON & HOLD EN,
Editon of the Standard, Printer to the Contention,
' and authorized putHubert of .the Laws of the
United State.' " " - ' ,
LABGE3T CIBOUIATIOtI lit TUB CITY, LAEGEST
Wednesday, January .3, 1866.
Got. Holdem Relieved!
It will be seen from the following corres
pondence that Gov. Holden has been relieved
of his duties as Provisional Governor of
North-Carolina, : We believe all the Provis
ional Governors have been relieved, with the
exception of Gov. Hamilton, of Texas, who
has not yet quite completed his work. This
is but another stco. and a very important
one, in the work of restoration. The Presi
dent now presents his plan to Congress in as
fair and as perfect a shape as practicable.
He has done his duty as far as he could, with
the elements he had to deal with in the in
surgent States ; the Congress must now do
its duty,' and will hinder, or advance and
complete the work of restoration as to the
majority in that body may seem expedient
and proper. .
One of the chief impediments in the way
of restoration is the " test-oath." The in
surgent States went out from the family in
1861. bv withdrawing their members of Con-
'gress and attempting to set up for them
selves ; and they would have no right to
complain, if in their efforts to return, they
encountered no unreasonable opposition.
But the " test-oatu" is unreasonaoie, anu
. presents an extraordinary obstacle. It is not
onlv unreasonable but "it is unjust, because
it puts under ban the great body of the loyal
"Union men of the insurgent States. It was
much easier and far more profitable in all re
spects, to-be an Union man in the Northern
" than it was in the Southern States during
thefute rebellion. Southern Union men in
curred reproach and obloquy, and carried
thtiir lives in their hands; and even now
they are more or less under the ban ; but a
.Union man North was honored and promo
ted, and the suppression of the rebellion has
placed him and his children on the most for-
modified so as to admit into Congress true
representatives of the Union sentiment of
the insurgent States ; arid untirthis is done
the Union men in this portion of the coun
try will have good cause to complain of their
Northern brethren. Why, even Andrew
Johnson himself, with all his heartfelt ardor
for the Union, and with the fixed determina-
tion never to abandon it in any event, would
have been compelled, if he had remained in
Tennessee, to have spoken some word or per
formed some act which might have been con
strued as in aid of the rebellion ; and if he
hnrl not done so. his life would have been ta
ken, or his existence would have been mis
erable. Such was the condition hundreds
of thousands of citizens of the insurgent
States during the rebellion, who were at
heart Union men, and who longed for the re
storation of the common government on the
basis of the Constitution. And not only
this, but there are many who " went with
their State" into the vortex of the rebellion,
when their judgments told them they were
WTong ; but at the time they had neither the
will nor the power to resist And not only
this, but there are those among us who are
now loyal and true, who at one time were
honestly in favor of secession, or who, if not
.. lrtiwiMliT in fiivnr nf if: pncnnmcrpA it. find
took part in it under various impulses orfrom
. .. . n 11 , . ' .1 ' '
various motives, ouperauueu u mis, our
'-- Northern friends should bear in , mind the
fact that the political education of the South
ern people has materially differed from that
of the Northern people, in respect to the
powers of the common government All are
satisfied now as to those powers ; but it is a
fact that many good Union men in the South
Leld in 18C1, that the common government
hnd no more right to coerce a State than a
State had to secede. We enter . no plea for
those leading men in the insurgent States
who conceived and planned the rebellion,
and who " fired the Southern mind," and
thus plunged the people into the horrors of
civil war. These men, with those of their
followers who knew better, and who refused
at the commencement and during the contin
uance of the rebellion to listen to the voice
of reason, are- guilty of " conscious treason,"
and should not only be excluded from office
for the balance of their lives, but severely
punished. But the " test-oath" ought not to
.be continued as it is, excluding as it does
from office, and placing under the ban so
many true men in the South. We sincerely
trust it may be so modified as to protect the
government against " conscious traitors," and
at the same time do justice to the loyal Union
men of the insurgent States.
The difference between the powers of Gov.
Worth and Gov. Holden we understand to
be as follows : Gov. Holden was a Gover
nor provided by the President, under the
Constitution, tor the people ot the State, to
.CORCiuci tue civil auministrauon tnereol in
accordance witn tne will ol tue president.
Gov. Holden was not bound by either the
Constitution or the laws of the State, for no
oath of any sort was required of him. In
many respects his power was absolute, and
there could be no appeal from his action ex
ept to the President himself. Gov. .Worth
is limited and restrained in his powers by
the Constitution of the State, which he has
sworn to support. He must execute the laws
of the State as they exist, under that Con
stitution, so far as they are compatible with
the federal Constition. His power is de
rived from the people of the State, and is
hedged about by Constitutions and laws;
nevertheless, in some respects he is also a
', Provisional Governor, for the State is not
i yet fully restored to its Constitutional rela-
lations to the common government, and Gov.
and Gov. Holden himself, is only a means to
attain the great end in view, to wit, a com
plete restoration of the Union. So far as the
civil law is concerned, the installation of
Gov..Worth is only a step in the way to re
i establish it He can open the Courts, as
tJov. Holden has done, and, in conjunction
"with the Legislature, he can order regular
circuits and jury trials f but the Freedman'a
Bureau- will remain, fotbeas corpus will be .
suspended, and martial law will continue to
exist The installation of Gov. Worth is not,
therefore, as many hpped it would be, the re
establishment of civil law. But we are climb
ing the mountain, and will reach the top
after a while. Every step tells. When our
members shall have been admitted to their
seats in Congress, when the Freednian's
Bureau is withdrawn, when habeas corpus is
restored, when martial law ceases, and when
the President proclaims that the State is
once more a full member of the Union, then, .
and not before, will the civil law be fully re
established. We shall make no factious opposition to
the administration of Gov. Worth. Though
we object most decidedly to the " fortuitous
concourse of atoms" (to use the felicitous ex
pression of Lord Palmerston on an important
occasion,) by which he was elected; yet if
he should prefer true Union men in his ap
pointments to office, and give a cordial and
unwavering support to the administration-of
Andrew Johnson, he will find no enemy
in this journal We want no division
among the good and true men of the State.
We. shall have time and occasion enough for
strife after the State is restored. Let all pur
people for the present, at least, be at peace
among themselves :
Dkpabtment of State,
. - Washington, December 23, 1865.
To hi Excellency, W. W. Holden, Provisional Gov
ernor of the State of North- Carolina, Hakigh:
Sin : The time has arrived, when, in the Judg
ment of the President of the United States, the
care and conduct of the proper affairs of the 8tate
of North-Carolina may be remitted to the consti
tutional authorities chosen by the people thereof
without danger to the peace and safety of the
By direction of the President, therefore, you
are relieved from the trust which was heretofore
reposed in you as Provisional Governor of North
Carolina. Whenever the Governor elect shall
have accepted and become qualified to discharge
the duties of the executive office, you will traua
fer the papers and property of the State now in
your custody to his Excellency, the Governor
It gives me especial pleasure to convey to you
the President's acknowledgment of the fidelity,
the loyalty and the discretion which have marked
You will please give me a reply, specifying the
day aa which this communication is received.
I have the honor to be, your Excellency's most
obedient servant, .
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
Raleigh, Dee. 83, 1865.
To Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State,
Siu : Tour dispatch of this date, relieving me
of my duties as IJrovisional Governor of North
Carolina, has been received.
It gives me pleasure to be relieved of the re
sponsibilities and labors orthe office. I will at
ouce transfer the Great Seal, the papers, and
property of the State, now in my possession, to
the Hon. Jonathan Worth, Governor elect -
Be pleased to convey to the President my sin
cere acknowledgments for the hotor he has done
me, aud the confidence reposed in me, in calling
me to this position ; with the expression of the
hope that his plan for restoring the insurgent
States to their natural and appropriate places in
the Union, may be crowned with entire success.
I have the honor to be, with high respect, your
obedient servant, -
W. W. HOLDEN.
" Holden and g In, and Worth and stay out"
" Since the announcement of the President's tel
egram to Gov. Holden intimating his wish for him
to continue in office, several of our cotctnporarics
in the State have twitted us about our unfortu
nate course, and the delay we had occasioned in
the restoration of the Union by the advocacy of
Mr. Worth's claims. We were not disposed tore
ply then, nor will we now twit thein in return.
We knew then that the election of Mr. Worth
could do neither the State nor any one else any
harm, and we think so still. We only place at the
head of this article, the text- upon which they
preached so much nonsense, as a simple reminder
and as a warning to them iu future." Sentinel.
We thought we were to have peace when
Gov. Wortb came into office, but the above
from the Sentinel oi the 29th, Gov. Worth's
organ, shows a determination to continue
Gov. Worth comes in with a taunt His
organ assumes what is not true, that it was
"iwitted" into uttering the above, and it
then ''improves the occasion" by endeavor
ing to show what extraordinary wisdom has
marked its course as a partizan journal. We
should offer no objection to the self-satisfied
air of our cotemporary, or the laudation with
which it lathers itself, if the impression it
thereby seeks io produce as to the present
status of the State were correct It is not
true, as the Sentinel would have its readers
believe, that the State has been restored to
the Union. The State is no more restored
than it was under Gov. Holden. There are
various sorts of fibs; the fib selfish, the fib
direct, the fib malicious, the fib by insinua
tion, the fib by concealment, and the fib in
direct Our cotemporary has perpetrated
The Sentinel says the election pf Mr. Worth
as Governor has not delayed the return of the
State to the Union. But President Johnson
says it has. The Sentinel makes no reply to
this declaration by the President, but like
the Irishman's owl, it "kapes up a divil of a
thinking." It would denounce the President,
if it dared. But the time has not yet come
for that. It will come.
The Sentinel says it knew the election of
Mr. Worth could do the State no harm. The
answer is, has it done the State any good ?
We have had feuds, and strife, and ill feeling
in the State, ever since the Editor of the
Sentinel and a few other leaders brought out
Mr. Worth for Governor; and the tone of
the Sentinel indicates that we are to have no
peace hereafter. Who is to blame for this ?
If Gov. Holden had been elected without
opposition, and if nine members of Congress
had been chosen like Mr. Pool, the State of
North-Carolina would have been restored to
her full privileges as a member of the Union
by the first of February next There is no
doubt of it Who, then, is to blame for
keeping the State from the enjoyment of
these privileges ? The answer is, the Editor
of the Sentinel and other politicians of his
stamp, who preferred their .own ambitious
and selfish ends to the good of their country.
Death of Thos. I. Faiso, Esq.
We regret to announce the death of Thos.
L Faison, Esq., of the County of Sampson,
which took place suddenly a few, days since,
at his residence. -
Mr. Faison had represented the people of
Sampson for many years in the General As
sembly of the State. ' He was also a mem
ber of the Convention of 1835, and a mem
ber of the present Convention and of the
State Senate.' He retained his popularity
under all .circumstances, and was always a
strong man before the people of his County.
His death will be deplored by many friends.
, Let it be Remembered.
" The- P.-ogres and Standard we believe, stand
now alone in this State in calling those who differ
with them traitors, or guilty of treason. We,
therefore, .desire to give them warning, unless
they regard themselves above law or below law.
In the Supreme Court of the. United States on
last Friday, Mr. Carpenter asserted, and the At-
wruvj ucuviiu auuiiLLeu iu curreemew, uiui u)
charge a man with being a traitor and of course
the applying to him epithets which mean the
same thiug who has been pardoned by the Presi
dent, was acuonaoie. sucn a charge subjects tne
maker of it to suit and damages. Those papers
have made this charge very flippantly against per
sons at different times, so direct as to make them
liable. The charge is defamatory and insulting,
and should not be borne in silence."
This extract from the Raleigh Sentinel is exactly
the thing. It is time the true Union supporters
of President Johnson were turning upon these
defamcrg. This thing has gone far enough, and,
in the language of a distinguished Senator, "must
stop." We neither desire personal or legal diffi
culties, but will not tamely submit to such out
rageous abuse. We have not assailed the char
acter or motive of any one have endeavored to
be courteous to all ind whenever we have in
dulged in personalities it has only been to repel
an unjustifiable and wanton attack. We desire
harmony and peace, and if it does not prevail it
is oo fault of ours. Charlotte Time.
Going to sue, are you, gentlemen ? And
you are quite sure that to call a man a traitor
is actionable! What lawyers I Blackstone
lays it down that you may call a person a
thief, but unless you specify that he stole a
certain thing it is not actionable. To charge
a person with an overt act of treason may be
actionable, for the charge implies an indict
able offence; but one may call another a
traitor or a thief all day, and not be liable
And so these worthies who have been
traitors, and who boast ' that they were
traitors, are not to be " insulted " by being
told of it, and that too when their present
conduct proves that they are still more or
less rebellious; " This is a free country for
loyal men, but not for traitors. We are not
to be deterred from doing our duty to the
government by threats of any kind or from
any quarter. What was the conduct oi" these
same worthies, when, under the rule of Da
vis, Union men were called traitors, and im
mured in dungeons, and hunted down as
conscripts, and hand-cuffed- and forced to
fight against their will? When the true
men of this State called for peace in 1863,
and labored to secure it, they were not only
called traitors, but they were persecuted, im
prisoned, mobbed, their property destroyed,
and their helpless families insulted, nave a
care, gentlemen. The Union men have no
fear of the Courts, but when the Courts are
again in operation, there are certain tyrants
and oppressors of the people in Confederate
days, who, will be lucky if they escape the
The Trail of the Serpent.
At the time the Sentinel opened upon the
Standard in earnest to use its own expressive
phrase, it "felt restive and uneasy." It
charged upon the Standard that it was mis
representing and damaging the Governor.
Somehow or other in the eyes of the Sentinel,
the Standard and the Governor become one
and the same thing. It was his "Court
Journal," his " organ," and he was held re
sponsible for it. On- the 6th of September it
" In all our intercourse with Gov. Holden since
he has beeu iu office, he has been uniformly dig
nified, affable, kind and courteous in his deport
ment to every one. We have not heard ojf an
exception. lie puts on no lordly majesty to make
people tremble in their shoes. Nothing like it.
It is for this reason, we counsel the Standard to
change its course, and imitate the temper and
spirit of the Governor, unlet it would misrepresent
him before the public aud seriously damage his ad
ministration." The italics are ours. Gov. Holden was
then to be held responsible by the public for
the tone and conduct of the Standard. If it
did or said certain things, Gov. Holden
would suffer. Why did not Jhe Sentinel come
out boldly and manfully and say that the
Standard was as much responsible to the
public for what it said, as the Sentinel was or
ever will be ? But while praising the Gov
ernor it sought to stab him.
A few days afterwards a communication
signed by one " Milo," was published in the
Sentinel. It was a mere bill of indictment
against the Governor. The Sentinel sustain
ed "Milo," especially where he, "Milo,"
made Gov. Holden responsible for the Stan
dard. To support "3Iilo" and itself it
even dragged in a third party. It said on
"A gentleman who has large observation and
means of knowning the sentiments of the people
of the State, after reading " Milo " remarked,
that the sentiment was becoming common among
our people, that President Johnson is for more
liberal in his feelings and purposes towards North
Carolina, than Gov. Holden is. We have antici
pated nothiug else from the course of the Stan
dard." Here was a direct charge that Gov. Hol
den was illiberal and that the feeling was
growing in the State against him. . The Sen
tinel was pledged to Gov. Holden's policy, it
had declared it to be the true policy, and yet
when it .began to face popular opinion, bred
from old prejudices and disaffection, it turn
ed upon the Standard as the cause of the
growing evil, and held Gov. Holden repon
sible for the Standard. The truth was, its
own subscribers and readers were the persons
who entertained such feelings, and instead of
enlightening them and promoting harmony,
it fostered their prejudices. To the extent
of its circulation it leaned against the Gov
ernor, although its printed pledge of support
and words of praise were scarcely dry upon the
paper. We could not reach such persons ;
and if perhaps we did, the Sentinel had warp
ed their judgement and aroused their feelings
The seed was sown and the crop was to be
gathered in the Convention, if possible. The
crop amounted to $15,000,000 war debt, the
displacement of Gov. Holden, and a-general
scramble for office by the "true men, who
swear to their hurt, yet change not"
- But again, on the 20th of September, it
deemed it necessary to re-endorse the Gov
ernor's policy. This was done in the most
unequivocal manner, to be broken ere another
moon waxed and waned.
About this time an article appeared in the
Standard headed " Come and let us reason
together." The Sentinel charged Gov. Hol
den, by insinuation, with writing it This
insinuation, mark you, was meant to trap the
Governor and clinch its former charges that
he was responsible for the editorials in
the Standard.- Having called the atten
tion of the Sentinel to the insinuation,
however, it publicly corrected its state
ment on the 22nd of September. Thus,
by insinuation, it was assailing the Governor
covertly. Observe how insidiously it labor
ed to destroy confidence in Gov. Holden
praises fell from its lips one day, insinuations
and misrepresentations the next -- Other
anonymous communications were published
about the same time, all tending in the same
direction, " . ' ; '.' '.-.' 'I ''.
, v We think that enough has now been said
to prove this point that the Sentinel, while
it pretended to be friendly to the Governor,
was really opposing him, as far as , it -was
prudent to do so." The name of such politi
cal friends is "legion." The pity is that
any honest citizen should have been deluded
by this "wolf in sheep's clothing." ;
Gov. Worth returned to the City on Wed
nesday night last, and Thursday, the 28th,
Gov. Holden turned over to him the Great
Seal, the State papers and property, and Gov.
W. entered on his- duties. . , .
, W. H. Bagley, Esq., is Private Secretary.
We have heard of no other appointments.
We learn that Gov. Worth has summoned
the Council of State to meet in Raleigh early
in January, with a view to convening the
Legislature. That body adjourned till the
5th of February, but under this call for the
Council of State it will most probably assem
ble by thq 20th of January. . .
The following despatch was" sent to Secre
tary Seward: ' ,
State of Nokth-Cabolina,
Executive Department, Raleigh, Dec. 28, latS5.
Hon. Wm. H. Sewabd, Secretary of State,
Washington City, J). C.
Sib : In pursuance of your dispateh of the 23d
inst, communicating to me a copy of a commu
nication addressed, by order of the President to
W.. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, whereby
he is relieved of the trust heretofore reposed in
him, I have this day entered upon my duties aa
civil Governor of the State, having been, hereto
tore duly qualified before .both branches of the
I desire, through you, to assure the President of
my earnest desire to co-operate with him in all
measures tending to the complete restoration of
harmonious relations between North-Carolina
and the United States.
I have the honor to be,
With great respect your obt sevt
" In all candor and sincerity we would, ask,
what man in North Carolina contributed more to
bring about the late war than William W. Hol
den ? He wos'Wie original secessionist of the
State; aud he is responsible, more than any one
else, for the " awful consequences" of which his
journal now speaks. H'ii. Dispatch.
. The whole paragraph bears the falsehood
on its face. . , ., . .'., t
The obscurity of the editors of the Dispatch
in the political conttsts of 186061 protect
their records. Gov.' Holden then labored as
no one else labored in this State for the pre
servation of the American Union.' Where
were the Editors of the Dispatch then ? Did
they agree with him, or were they opposed to
him ! Were they among the noble Union
men of that day, who forgetting party, ral
lied like heroes around the star spangled
banner ? Or were they then wearing seces'
sion cockades ! Let them answer.
We could point out those who labored to"
bring on war when Gov. Holden lalwred to
avert it, if it were necessary to do so; and
Who labored to keep it up, when he was ven
turing his life and property in advocating
peace and reconstruction. But all these
events are too recent in the public mind.-
The people well know that the same persons
who denounce Gov. Holden as a Secession
ist, once clamored for his arrest and execu
tion as a Union tory and traitor to the South
P. S. There is a peculiarity about the
Wilmington Dispatch. The Sentinel in
Raleigh assaults Gov. Holden, the Dispatch
follows suit; a "record" is published in
Raleigh, the Dispatch publishes also; the
Sentinel calls us a " radical," the Dispatch
bawls " radical !" (wonder if it knew what
it meant ?) the Sentinel gets mad, the Dis
patch saises its bristles. . Verily, who edits
the Dispateh f Is it edited in Raleigh or
Wilmington I In both places we presume
as the Sentinel and Dispatch appear to be
Fence or No Fence t
We have seen it stated that in certain
parts of New England there are no fences
around the growing fields only fences
around the pastures, wherein all the stock is
kept. The plan is said to work well, the
expense of fencing being avoided in a great
degree, and each man's cattle kept at home,
where they ought to be. Of course there is
a general concurrence in the plan throughout
We see that this question has been raised
in Virginia whether there shall be fences or
not ? Many of the farmers, whose fences
were destroyed by the, armies, are unable to
rebuild them in time for another crop. They
art now willing to do away with fencing, as
far as it can be avoided, and propose a gen
eral system for that purpose. We suppose
their influence is not small in the State of
It looks to us like a- practicable plan in a
thickly settled district, where the timber is
much cleared away; but where the people
are sparsely settled and timber plentiful, it
could not save much expense to the farmers
to have no fences, but on the other hand it
seems to us they would still prove invaluable
protections. Nevertheless wd may look for
ward to the- day perhaps, when fences will
not be seen around our farms, while some
general system will be adopted for the pro
tection of alL But this can only occur
when we are a more thickly settled and bet
ter organized community.
Contraction of the Currency.
Secretary McCullough strongly urged upr
on Congress the immediate contraction of
the currency. Congress has passed a reso
lution expressing its determination to carry
out the Secretary's recommendation. We do
not know whether his plan will be adopted
or not; but it is simple, and if adopted,
would no doubt be found efficient He first
proposes that the compound interest notes
shall cease to be ft legal tender from the day
of their maturity. His second proposition
is'to sell bonds of the United States, bearing
interest at a rate not exceeding six per cent
and redeemable and payable at such periods
as shall be conducive to the interests of the
government. This would give him an op
portunity to retire, not only compound in
terest notes, but the United States notes.
By this plan, it will be observed, no vio
lence would be done to any interest what
ever, and with the exercise of a fair amount
of discretion, the work might go on almost
We have seen the statement in print that
Gov. Graham has been pardoned. We learn
from Hillaboro' that this is a mistake. .
The New Year comes with the healing of
blessed Peace upon its wings. : That for
which so many good men and women prayed
and hoped, has been accomplished. We have
peace.. The integrity of the Uuion has been
maintained. It is not yet it is true, out of
danger. It has not been fully restored, and
it may not be for months to come ; and even
after it is restored it will require vigilance
and a strong hand now and then to repress
faction, and to establish justice between dif
ferent races. But the fury of the storm is
spent, and a clear sky is beginning to show
itself. . We shall have no more civil war.
The Republic will grow and expand, " and
liberty will be secured to all. Seeing the
sufferings and perils from which w have
been delivered, and looking to the future,
with Paul we may thank God and take
Let us begin the New Tear with a firm
purpose to make the most of our1 condition.
As a people we are poor, but our condition
is by no means hopeless. . On the contrary,
,we have much to encourage us. Let us
learn that Labor, which is the great law of
nature, is not only profitable but a. source of
real pleasure. Let all learn this. Hereto
fore, manual labor has not been respected in
this region as it should have been. . Let it
be made respectable ; and let the idler or
ctrone, whether white or black, be marked
and shunned. The law may do something
in this respect, but society can do more. An
idle,' thriftless, aimless human being is a
nuisance. It is not alone that idleness be
gets poverty for poverty in itself is not to
be esteemed a fault but no one can evade
the law of Labor and be honest or upright'
It is simply impossible. - Nature has decreed
that idleness and crime should go together.
They never have been, and they never will
be separated. Young man, do something for
a living. Plough, hoe, grub, maul, ditch
tany thing that will give you a start in life.
If you have a trade or a profession, stick to
it The foundations of society among us are
being laid anew. Now is your time. Re
solve to grow up with this society, and, by
your industry, your sobriety, and your intol
' ligence to become one of its heads. You can,
if you will. Ten years hence, if you will
take this advice, you may " sit among the
elders of the land." But if you should have
to wait twenty or thirty years before yoar
hopes of a fortune, or of a competency and
of influence are realized, even that period of
time will seem to you short when it has pas
sed away. We tell you that unless you go
to work, and cultivate habits of industry,
economy, and sobriety, you will not succeed
in life, whatever your prospects or fortune
To all we wish a. prosperous New Year.
We wish this to all, as the kind-hearted
preacher prays for all ; but mere wishes are of
no avail. Good fortune, or luck, as it is
sometimes called, comes not by chance. The
law of cause aud effect is unchangeable. If
there be nothing to cause prosperity, it will
not be seen either in individuals or in States.
Rather let us wish, therefore, that every one
of us may be actuated during the ensuing
year, by a sense of duty to the country, to so
ciety, to our families, and to ourselves ; and
if this be the case, ill fortune, if it should
visit us, will be borne with a good conscience,
and we shall hope that a better day awaits
us. " A sense of duty," says D.vsiel Web
ster for he "still lives" "pursues us ever.
It is omnipresent, like the Dicty. If we take
to ourselves the wings of the morning, and
dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, duty
performed, or duty violated, is still with us,
for our happiness or our misery. If we say
the darkness shall cover us, in the darkness
as in the light our obligations are yet with
us. We cannot escape their power, nor fly
from their presence. They are with us in
this life, will be with us at its close ; and in
that scene of inconceivable solemnity, which
lies yet further onward, we shall still .find
ourselves surrounded by the consciousness of
duty, ta pain ua wherever it has been viola
ted, and to console us so far as God may
have given us grace to perform it." Let
every one, cherishing this " sense of duty,"
enter cheerfully and without misgiving on
the labors and trials of the New Year.
We publish below, by authority, the charge
and specification against R. P. Waring, now
under arrest by the military :
CHARGES AGAINST ROBERT P. WAR
Charge "For publishing and circulating
disloyal and seditious writings within a Dis
trict vnder Martial Law."
Specification In this, that Hubert P. War
ing, citizen of Mecklenburg county, State of
North-Carouna, and Editor ot a newspaper
named and known as the Daily Carolina
Times, published at Charlotte, in the county
and State aforesaid, did publish in said news
paper, and circulate an article in words as
" We are still without Washington
news, and look forward to the report of the Com
mittee on Credentials with some interest, though
without hope of receiving justice. The South is
now under a more grinding despotism than has
heretofore louua a place on tue tace oi tne eartii.
Raised under a form of government as expoun
ded bv the early fathers of the republic, when to
say, " I am an American citizen," was equal to a
king, we feel our serfdom more painfully by re
flecting upon what we hare lost. We have fallen
from our high estate, and now there is " none so
poor as to do us reverence." Other nations, while
suffering under the iron heel of lawless tyranny.
con console themselves with the reflection that
their condition is no worse than that of their pre
decessors. The Russian serf, as he cats his bread
o" dependence, knows tuat such was the inheri
tance left him by his fathers. Not bo with the
Eroud, high-sonled southron. He once roamed
is fields a free man. and sat " under his own vine
and fig tree, and none dared make him afraid."
HO was equltl, 11 uuh luv Dupviiur, ui iuc lut-iuiu-
ary race which now dominates over him.'"
And that the said article was calculated,
and intended, to produce hostility to the
Government of the United States, to excite
discontent and to cause resistance to the
constituted authorities. All this at Char
lotte, N. C, on or about the 13th day of De
, FRANCIS E. WOLCOTT,
, Major and Judge Advocate,
, Department North- Carolina.
It is said the President is preparing an
answer to the resolution of Congress, inqui
ring why Jeff. Davis has not been tried for
treason. .'.-.- .:"" '
Gen. Male, at Petersburg, issued orders on
the 19th ult, quashing a tournament to be
held on the 20th, because there was an agree
ment that yankees were to be excluded.
The general administered a sharp rebuke to
the parties. -. ' '
Address of Gov. Worth to the People of j '
" Bforth-Caroiina. ..'"'
STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA,
- Executive Department.
" Raleigh N. C, Dec. 30th, 18G5. .
To tlie People of North Carolina : :
. I congratulate you on the discontinuance
of the Provisional Government iu this State,
by order of the President of the United
States, and the restoration of Civil Govern
ment. This announcement has diffused joy
throughout the State. We are now under
laws of our own enactment
In the transition from military to civil
government, happily for our country, our
past history has furnished us with no prece
dents to guide us, and hence you will not ex
pect that the whole machinery of the newly
organized government will be in perfect or
der at the start ; but. in your joy at the re
turn of the form 'of government to which
you have been accustomed, I hope and be
lieve all classes will strive to preserve order,
the more lecause all officers necessary to en
force the laws have not been appointed.
The General Assembly will soon convene
and finish up the work of reorganization.
Under existing laws, it is believed, that the
powers of all officers appointed nnder the
authority of the, Provisional Government,
ceased with the discontinuance of that Gov
ernment Where clerks and sheriffs, elected in No
vember last under the ordinance of the Con
vention, have been qualified, they have pow
er to execute the duties of their "offices.
As no Justices of the Peace were appoint
ed by the General Assembly, it may happen
in some of the counties, that the net term
of the County Courts cannot be legally held;
but where such Courts shall be held or other,
acts shall be done by such Provisional offi
cers, their acts will probably bo validated by
an act of the General Assembly.
The Judges of the Supreme and Superior
Courts will be qualified without delay, and
will hold the Courts at the times prescribed '
by law ; and in the event of the commission
of any high crime, upon proper information
thereot, they will provide tor the apprehen
sion or detention ot the onenders.
In the incorporated town3, where the Mayor
and 'other officers, were appointed by the
Provisional Governor, these corporations
can proceed, under their charter and corpor
ate laws, to appoint others. In cases where"
these elections cannot be promptly luld in
strict conformity with such charters or
laws, the election must be deferred for pro
per legislation ; or irregular elections may
be held in the expectation that such elections
will be legalized.
The ordinance ratified lSlh October last,
provides that in nil cases of appointments
made lv tlie-I'i-ovisionnl Governor, oi direc
tors in any coqiomtion, they shall ccntinue
until the regular election ot its officers.
The ordinance of the Convention providing
for the collection of Revenue, authorizes the
Provisional Sheriffs to carry out the same.
They derive their powere to collect these
taxes from thi3 ordinance, and their office, as
to this duty, is not determined by the termi
nation of the Provisional Government
In a short time all these irregularities will
be remedied by the General Assembly; and
in the meantime, I am sure, you w ill main
tain the enviable reputation of our people as
to tire observance of law and order, and
prove how groundless is the calumny, that
there are still among us persons who are
disloyal to the Government of the Uuitcd
We did not go voluntarily into the late
calamitous rebellion. The action of co
terminous States forced us to take sides in
the strne. W e elected to go with, our sec
tion; and having taken our position, we
acted with good taith to our associates and
bore ourselves gallantly in the tight. Being
vanquished we submit as becomes a brave
people. The President as commander-in-
chief of the -military powers of the nation,
magnanimously trusts us.- I lo not believe
there is a citizen of the State, who is un
worthy of this confidence.
I confidently rely on j our cordial co-opcra-
tion in remedying the irregularities which
embarrass the bcrmnui! ot nrv administra
tion. JONATHAN WORTH,
Governor of North Carolina.
GST" All Editors throughout the State will
please insert one tunc.
The Mails. The washing away of Neuse
bridge, on the N. C. Kailroad, has temporarily
deranged the running of the mails, and, conse
quently, the arrival and departure of the mails,
east of us. For the present, we understand, the
accommodation trains, only, will run further east
than Raleigh, aud will meet trains from Goldsboro'
at the river, where a boat has been provided to
set passengers and ba'rgugc over. Persons going
cost from Raleigh will have to leave at 7 o'clock,
p. m. We have no doubt the Company will re
pairthc damages and resume the regular schedules
of the trains, at the earliest practicable day.
Our Sister City of Wilmington appears to be
overrun as much as Raleigh has ever been by dis
orderly persons. The Journal of the 28th ult,
contains the following :
"About half-past eleven o'clock lost nights
party of the colored crew of the revenue cutter
lying in the stream opposite the city, who had
been on liberty during tne day, in possing a crowd
ot police and citizens near tne Market, commenc
ed tiring upon them, wounding t'apt. Hannon of
the police, iu the hip. The rapid pistol reports
brought several policemen to the spot, wheu the
sailors ran to the toot of Market street and seized
a boat from the ferryman, and pushed into the
stream. J list as they were iu this act, they were
fired upon by one of the police, but it is not
known whether any injury was intiicted upon
them or not They, however, made their escape
to the Cutter, leaving one of their number in the
river near the dock, who was cither wounded in
the melee, or accidentally fell overboard from tho
A subsequent number of the Journal says the
crew did not belong to the revanue cutter, but
it is supposed belonged to another vessel in
the service of the Coast Survey.
Death of W. G. Sharpe, Esq. We learn
with regret of the death of an esteemed friend,
W. G. Sharpe, of Wilson, which took place sud
denly on Thursday last, of inflammation of the
liver. Mr. Sharpe was an honest and upright man,
and a very useful citizen. His death is much de
plored by a large circle of acquaintances.
Job Work. We have our Job Office arrang
ed complete, with new type and materials of all
kinds, operated by skilful and accomplished
printers, and are prepared to do, in the very
neatest manner, and at fair prices, all manner of
Book and Job Work, from a book as big as the
Family Bible down to a simple hund-bilL In
short, all manner of Job printing, plain or in
colors, can now be performed at the Standard
otflce, in a style unsurpassed, and we csk those
wishing to get any kind of printing done, to come
round and examine samples of our work, uud we
Jiave no doubt we can give saticfaetiou in every
The Masonic Fraternity of Wilmington turned
out in considerable numbers on the 27th ult, the
anniversary of St John, making a remarkably
handsome appearance. The procession passed
through several of the principal streets of the
city to the City Hall, where tasy listened to a
highly interesting address by Mr. York.
Collision. A collision occurred in Wilming
ton on the night before Christmas, between the
police and some negro soldiers, which, however,
resulted In nothing more serious than a knock
down or two. The Herald complains of an ap
parent disposition' on' the part of the colored
troops, at that point to 6(Jt atdefiance the power
of the municipal authorities, and suggests ' that
the military authorities should be called upon to
assist iu the preservation of law and order.
ENTRIES OF VACANT LANDS. ;
", - Secretary's Officr, : -
Raleigh, Dec 23, 1865.
Governor : Will you please inform "mo
whether or not I have the right, to iss-ia
grants for entries' of vacant lands, and alio
for Cherokee lands under the Provisional -.
I have several on hand, and I desire to net
i am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant ' .
R. W. BEST,
Secretary of State.'
Wis Excellency, W. W. Houen, ' ..
, Provisional Qotcrnrr.
Raleigh, Dec. 22, 1803.
To His Excellency, W. W. Hoiden, Proii-
sional Governor :
Sir : The letter of R. W. Best, Secretary
of State has been received, and in rep'V ..
I have to say that he has "the right to issnit -grants
for entries' of vacant lands and al .
for Cherokee lands under the Provision-1
Government." . - ' , .
The Ordinance of the Convention ratitfr.l .
the 18th day of October, 1865, confirms m ;.'
the acts and doings of the civil officers . t
the State, since the 20th day of May 18C.I,
' done or which may be done under aifd i.i
virtue of any authority purporting to bo
law of the State, which is consistent with ii -allegiance
to the United States and with t!u-'
Constitution of tho State. - - ' .
And further declares all the acts and deei'n -of
the Provisional Governor of the Stain
appointed by the President of the Unite I
States, and likewise all the acts of any oiH -ccr
or agent by him appointed or under hia
authority, done or which may be done in pur
suance of the authority conferred on audi
officer or agent, to be valid.
I am, with great respect,
SION H. ROGERS,
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
Trouble at Clarksvillr, Tennessee. .
ClarksvUjLB, Tens., Dec. 28. A row oc
curred here on Christmas day between soriO
duruken negro soldiers and a party of citi ;
zens. A policeman interfered and struck a
negro soldier with his club, which the negre'
resented, using his bayonet ; a crowd gather
cd, and Mick Cumley, formerly a notorioii
guerrilla, drew his revolver and fired tw
shot at the soldiers, who then fired into tlu
crowd. Two white men were seriously
wounded, and one soldier slightly. Majot
Burel, the agent of the Freediuen's Bureau
promptly quelled the -disturbance, sending
the soldiers to the fort, but they soon return
cd in large force, and it threatened to lie n
serious affair, but as Cumley had escaped
out of town, things were soon quieted. All '
is now quiet, and no fears are entertained oi
The First Trial for Illgh Treason.
Tue Knoxville Whig, of December 29th.
says : . ,
" An important trial came off last week in
the Federal Court. J. E. Gamble, of Blount
county, was arraigned and tried for high
treason against the United States, and aftci
five days' trial was acquitted by a jury. He
was an enrolling officer during the days oi
rebel rule, and enrolled the conscripts of his
civil district He was also appointed agent
to collect guns, and performed some acts un
der that agency.
" The defence was that there, was no guil
ty intent It was admitted that he was an
enrolling officer, and that he enrolled the
conscripts of his district, but it was denied
that he did so with the view of aiding the
rebellion. On the other hand, it was insist
ed by his counsel, O. P. Temple, that he was ,
a Union man, that be accepted the office by
the persuasion of Union men, exercised it in
such a way as to favor Union men and pro
tect them,, and that, in fact, he never seized
a single gun, or put a single conscript in the
, rebel army. After the examination of about
thirty witnesses, and lengthy arguments on
behalf of the government by C. W. Hall,
District Attorney of the United States, and
O. P. Temple on behalf of the defendant,,
the jury were charged by Judge Trigg, and
who, after retiring and consulting, returned
a verdict of not guilty.
" This case was novel and important, be
cause it was the first regular trial for treason
against the United States, that had ever ta
ken place in the State, and the first that has
taken place in the United States since the
commencement of the late rebellion, if not'
for the last forty years. It was earnestly in
sisted by the counsel of the defendant, that, .
if he could be convicted, three hundred
known Union men in East Tennessee, who
had held this and similar offices, during the
rebel rule, could likewise- be convicted of
high treason, while the instigators and lead
ers of the rebellion were sheltered and pro
tected by amnesties and pardons. The de
fence was based on the broad ground of not
gcilty in intent an(l npt on technical points.
The defendant refused to. apply for a pardon
because he insisted that he was never guilty
of any crime to be pardoned."
Dead Letter Sale.
The great sale of articles, accumulated
through the year in the Dead Letter office
was commenced on Saturday by Boteler, and
has been continued, with, the liveliest kind
of bidding, ever since.. Over half the im
- mense catalogue is of articles of jewelry,
largely of the "dollar" sort, but with sprink
ling enough of the genuine to induce a live
ly competition. Upwards of three hundred
articles in the collection are packages of
patent medicines, in the shape of pills, pow
ders, onguents, oils, old school and new
school allopathic, homtupathic, Thompso
niun, eclectic, and alt sorts, for the relief of
every malady known to man or woman.
There are over one hundred and fitly gold
(supposed to be) watches on the catalogue,
and no end of silver watches. Also, an in
describable medley of all the varieties of
wares known to the civilization. Amongst
the odd articles thus, passed through Uncle
Sam's mails, finding their way to the DeacV
Letter office, are sets of shoemakers' tools
packages of type, ladies' wigs, bundles, of
clothing, duplicate parts of sewing maehines,
packages of felt hats, iron cogwheels (small,) '
lots of lamp-wicks, dress, elevators, false bo
soms (ladies',) shoulder-straps pieces of a
piano, lamp-burners, hundreds of military
books, &c, &c. The proceeds from the sales
will be deposited subject to the order of th
owners, should any of them ever tarn up.
WasJiington Star. "
' Lieutenant General Early, who was sent
" whirling up the Valley" of the Shenandoah
by Sheridan on one or two occasions, left
Havana a few days ago for thecity of Mexico
where many of his friends have taken up
their abode. He says he "is not an applicant
for pardon, and would not accept a pardon,
from the President of the United States if
gratuitously tendered me without conditions
or restrictions of any kind." . He has nothing ' ,
' to regret, except that his services .in aid " pf
the rebellion wqre not of more avaiL