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, v M Liberty and r Union, now; and forever, ", 'one and. inseparable."-Daniel Webstek.
EALEIGH, 0.,' WEDNESDAY, JAMABT 10, 1866. .
y,i't' "v. , ... '
tit fchlt ilMiari.
JOS. 8. CANNON. t J OS. WM. DOLDEN.
CAJWOX & nOLDEN, -
. Editor of tlie Standard, Printer to Vie Convention,
and authorized piMuhen of the Jmw of
' United State.
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- war, and whose time of subscription had not ex
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piration of the subscription.
- The type upon which the Standard, is now
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Each subsequent insertion, SO
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large advertisers. . .
IST, Take Notice ! On and after the 1st day of
January next, no Court advertisement will be in
serted in the Standard, unless the cash accompany
it or unless there be a special understanding to
the contrary. Six weeks' insertion in Daily, for
Court advertisements not exceeding 3 squares,
$0 each, In advance. 8ix weeks in Weekly, $10
' Special Notices charged 50 per cent, higher
than ordinary advertisements.
For advertisements inserted irregularly, 25 per
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superior to the Standard. . .
Letters must be addressed to
Jos. S. Cahnon,
Jos. W. Holden.
) CANNON & HOLDEN,
f . Raleigh, N. C.
rpRIJflTY COLLEGE, N. C.
The next session will commence on the 11th
of January, and close on the second Thursday in
June. The College haa been reorganized, refur
nished, and is every way placed in a proper condi
tion. A t present, board will be $15.00 per month
in currency ; tuition and other expenses to be
paid in advance. A daily hack will ran from the
College to High Point on the N. C. Railroad.
For further information, address the undersigned.
dec 30 wlm B. CRAVEN, Pres't
TAXE OF NORTH-CAROLINA,
Court of Pleas and Quabteb Sessions, No
vember Term, 1805.
Edward Wood, Henry J. Furrcll, C W. Hollo
well, Executors, t the next of kin, heirs at law,
and Distributees of Jas. C. Johnston, dee'd..
Issue devUavit rrf won. ,
Whereas, it appears that Dr. Edward Warren
and wife Bettie Cotton, are residents of another
State, it is ordered that publication be made in
the Raleigh Standard for six weeks, for them to
appear at the next term of this Court, to be held
at the Court House, in Edenton, on the first Mon
day in February next, then and there to plead,
answer, or demur, or judgment pro eotifetso will
be taken as to them.
Witness, Wm. R. Skinner, Clerk of said Court
at office iii Edenton, the 1st Mitnday in Novem
ber, A. D., 1845, aud 90th yearST American Inde
pendence. dec 21-w0w WM. B. SKINNER, Clk.
YOUNG'S Great Physiological Work, of every
one his own Doctor being a Private Instructor
for Married Persons or those about to marry, both
Male and Female, in everything concerning the
physiology and relations of onr Sexual System,
and the Production or Prevention of Offspring,
incinding all the new discoveries never before
given in the fcuelieu inmruaee. bv Wat. iOUWU.
Al. D. This is really a valuable and interesting
worK. it is written in plain laniruace lor the gen
eral reader, and is illustrated witu upwards of one
nunurea engravings. All young marrtea people,
or those contemplating marriage, and having the
least impediment to married lite, should read tl
book. It discloses secrets that every one should
be acquainted with. Still, it is a book that must
be locked up, and not lie about the house. It will
be sent to any one on the receipt of Fifty Cents.
Address Dr. Wm. YOUNG, No. 416 Sprnce Street,
above Fourth, Philadelphia. sep 23-135wCm8
TATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA,
" Court op Pleas ani Quabteb Sessioks, No-
ti-iiiiiui xcriii, J. if. xouu.
Griffin Brinkley, et ah 1
v .1 Petition for division oi
Frederick Lindon and . Land.
wife Mary Ann. I
Tn ttm " I I 1A Al . 1 T - It
I the Uourt that Frederick Lindon and wife Mary
Ann, parties in this case, are non-residents of this
State, it is ordered by the Court that vublication
)he made for said parties, for six weeks in the North
Carolina Standard, that they appear at the next
term of this Court to be held at the Court House
In Hertford, on the second Monday in February
A. D. 1866, and then and there plead, answer, or
-demur to said petition, otherwise the case will be
tried exparte as to them.
dec 11 w6w JOS. R. WOOD, Clerk.
1 CTATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA.
n - , PITT COUNTY. -
Coubt op Pleas asb Quabteb Sessions, No-
vcraoer term, Into.
Felitia L. Moore, by her Guardian, John L.
ri-siniu, v Heirs at Law of James A. Moore, de
ceased. It aDoearincr to' the satisfaction of thin Cnnrt
that Henry Moore resides beyond the limits of
xnie siaie, n is oraerea oy tne uonrt tnat adver
tisement be made for six weeks in the North
Carolina Standard, notifying the defendant of the
ming oi tms pennon, to ai
ling of this petition, to appear and answer 4c,
r judgment procortfesn will be granted against
lm, 4c... - ' '
dec 15 w6w E. A. DANCY, C. C. C,
Stolen from the subscriber's stable on the nicht
of the 20th inst.; nine miles west from Raleigh,
on Haywood road, a BLACK HORSE, four years
old, right hipsbodden, block mane and tail, shod
before like mule's shoes, holds bis head well up.
The above reward will be paid for his appre
hension and delivery to me. -
. CHARLES FRANKLIN,.
dec 80 w4tpd : . ., , . ' Wake County.
SCHOOL FOR BOYS.
' Rev. Db. LACY, Principal.
The exercises of this School will be resumed at
-the School-Rooms, North of tbo Institution for
the Deaf and Dumb, on the first Thursday in Jan
Every effort will be made to give boys thor
ough preparation for College or for business, and
to seenre pronciency in each department of study.
Terms made known upon application to the
Principal. Payment, half n advance. Session,
Tcuij-one weeits. aec i sawowpav
We published in ourJast, without com
ment, the Address of Gov.' Worth to the
people of the State. We were not disposed
to manifest the appearance even of a purpose
to embarrass Gov. Worth in the outset
of his administration, and we were, there-
fore, willing that our readers should peruse
this document by itself, and form their own '
opinions in relation to it ; but the " truth of
history " and a proper estimate of the real
condition of things, require that weishould
notice some points in this Address.
. . Gov. Worth warmly : congratulates our
people on " the restoration of civil govern-:
nient " in this State. We are as anxious as
Gov. Worth can be: to get rid of military
rule, but we do not perceive that his installa
tion fcas effected that result We still have
martial law. The habett eorput is still sus--'
pended. The Freedmun's Bureau is still in
existence, controlling both whites and blacks
in essential particulars so far as society and -industrial
pursuits are concerned. The State
has not yet been restored to its constitution
al relations to the Federal Government, nor
will it be till, our members of Congress are "
admitted. Is it true, then, that civil govern-'
ment has been restored ? Why, the Gov-"
ernor himself admits in his Address, "that;
the powers of all office appointed under '
the authority of the Provisional Government,
ceased with the discontinuance of that gov-
eminent" That government ceased on !
TLnrsday last With the exception, there
fore, of the Governor himself, and the Su-
' preme and Superior Court Judges, who may ,
be qualified by the Governor, we hate no qffl-!
cert of a cieil eharaeter in the State. And if
this be so, it follows inevitably that we can
have no civil law even of a character subor
dinated to martial law. The Governor ad
mits that there are no clerks and sheriffs, ex
cept in rare cases in which these officers, re
cently elected, have been qualified: for the
provisional Justices have ceased to be, and
no Courts can he held to take the bonds
pT clerk and sheriffs until new Justices shall
have been appointed. Nevertheless, says the
Governor, "as no Justices of the Peace were
appointed by the General Assembly it may
happen in some of the Counties that the
next term" of the County Courts cannot le
gally be held, but where such Courts shall
be held or other acts shall be done by. such
provisional officers, their acts will probably
be validated .by an act of the General As
sembly." First, says the Governor, "all ofii
cers appointed under the authority of the
provisional government" have ceased; sec
ondly, if some of these officers, who are not
really officers, should " happen " to transact
business, he thinks their acts will " probably
be validated" by the General Assembly 1
What is this but hap-hazard or anarchy ?
If these officers have ceased to be, as the
Governor declares they have, they have no 1
more right than other private citizens have
to transact business. If the Governor had
desired it or had been disposed to .submit to
it it would have been easy for him or for
Gov. Holden to have obtained an order from
the President continuing all the provisional
officers in their functions until the meeting
of the Legislature; but it is well understood
that Gov. Worth and the bulk of those who
elected him, have no fancy for provisional
governments, and are disposed to be depen
dent to as slight-an extent as possible on the
government at Washington for advice and
Buflet us suppose that "one of1 the County
Courts, composed of officers who Lave ceased
to exist should grunt letters of administra
tion, or make partition of real estate, or con
tract debts for County purposes ; and suppose
the General Assembly should not approve
these acts, what then ? The Governor says
the Assembly will uprdbaUyn do it, but sup
pose it should not Suppose, for example,
the Court, composed of officers who really
are not officers, should order a man to be
whipped, and the Assembly should not ap-
approve the act, what then ? Why, the man
would have the consolation that he had been
punished once illegally, and would have to
submit to his trial a second time, to be pun-
.ished legally in case of conviction. This re
minds us of the big man and the little
Frenchman who were about to fight a duel.
The large man complained that the contest
for life was unequal, for that he was twice
the size of t"e Frenchman, and exposed a
double mark to his pistol ; but the reply of
the Frenchman was, " Be Gar, that, make no
diffaranee. Mark my size on your body and
fire, and if I hit outside the mark, the shot
no count." Just so with the whipping. . The
illegal whipping " no .count," and the man
must be'whipped a second time.- ,.
In concluding lug address Governor Worth
"We did not go voluntarily into the late calam
' This is true. He also says : ;
' " The action of coterminous States forced us to
taKe smcs in me sirue," . , . , ....
: This is also true. But, he adds,-
" Having taken our position, we acted Kith good
f "IT . ' J V , . . '
jautt w our oswckmcs, mm uurc uurseives gallantly
, w e not oniy aamit, out we ciaim mat we
bore ourselves gallantly in the fight." North-
Carolinians always fight gallantly, whether
right or wrong. A braver or a more self-
sacrificing body of men never trod the earth
than the North-Carolina soldiers in the late
rebellion. But this is not the point ' Here
it is, and jurt keri the dividing line between
the true Union men and tit tecetsiomsU of this
State. ': Gov. Worth says, 'we acted in good
faith to. bur associates." That endorses
Davis and the whole business of the rebellion,
from first to last Forced as we were into
the war, it was the earnest wish, at all times, ;
of every true Union man in the 8tate to get
out of it as soon as possible -on' fair terms.
It warclearly perceived, more than two years '
(ago, that a continuance of the war could end
only in the emancipation of the slaves and
the subjugntionr of the country. Gov. Worth
foresaw and feared this result The true
Union men of the State began, therefore, in
1863, to agitate for peace on the best' terms
they could get; and they were willing to re
construct the government on the basis of the
Constitution, and thus obtain peace. The
Confederate government so-called, had. be
come a despotism from the moment of the
passage of the conscript law. It was tramp
ling on the States, and was threatening to
coerce them if they should dare even to call
Conventions to consider the condition of the
people and to act for them. ."Good faith,"
of which Gov. Worth speaks, had been
thrown to the dogs by Davis and his set
Eviry true man in this State, Mr. Worth in
cluded, (for he was true then,) panted for
liberty and peace for release from the hor
rible despotism which Dad settled upon us
in one muss of darkness. There was no hope
for success no hope even for the dream of
independence. The true Union men of th js
State clamored for peace. They held meet
ings with this view. They demanded a
State Convention. They had fathers, and
sons, and brothers in the war, and they cried
out against the further effusion of blood.
But Mr. Davis said "No ! 'Good faith ' re
quires that you should fight it out You
shall fight it out My neck depends upon
the result. If you flinch, North-Carolina, I
will pour my veteran troops into your bosom
and will desolate and trample you from the
sea to the mountains. ' Good faith ' gentle
men ' good faith.' You embarked with
me in this boat against your will, and I in
tend to hold you to it to the last ' I know my
Constitution sanctions the right of secession,
but if you attempt to secede I will subjugate
you." Thus spoke Davis, and our State authori
ties said, Amen 1 And so the peace men the
true Union men were crushed, and the work
of death went on. And now Gov. Worth
can it be possible ? Gov. Worth, the ultra
Randolph Unionist, endorses this work of
death, and declares that " good faith" re
quired us to stand by Davis to the last I This
puts him, we repeat, on the same platform
with Davis and Benjamin. The disloyal in
certain Counties, which gave him such large
votes, will rejoice to hear it ; but every true
Union man will hang his head with sorrow
when he learns," from Gov. Worth himself,
that he approves that fatal policy which re
fused to listen to the voice of peace, and
which mould hate the Rnarchy, the desola
tion, thewoe and the ruin whic have been
visited upon our unhappy country.
The Governor says there is not one disloyal
person in North-Carolina. We wish we could
believe this. . We fear there are thousands in
the State, all of whom voted for Governor
Worth, who do not love the federal govern
ment who never will love it, and who
would rejoice at any calamity that might be
fall it ' But they submit as the Devil sub
mitted after he was hurled over the walls of
Heaven. Every one is worthy of the confi
dence of the President says the Governor ;
and yet at the moment he wrote this he knew
there was an Editor in this City the second
one arrested for a similar offence to be tried
for uttering disloyal and seditious language.
The following extract from the first proc
lamation of Gov. nolden, of date June 12th,
1865, will refresh the minds of our readers
with the sentiments of a true and devoted
Union man. . These sentiments were received
at the time as sound. Not a whisper was
uttered against them. There wjis nothing
said then about "good faith" to Jefferson'
Davis, but the people of the State were con
gratulated on the fact that they had just
been delivered from " one of the most cor
rupt and rigorous despotisms that ever ex
isted in the world." Gov. Ilolclen said :
"And now, as Provisional Governor of the
State, I invito the loyal people thereof to resume
with elieerfulnes sand with confidence in the fu
ture, their accustomed pursuits aud I invite
those who have been driven from the State by
despotic power, to return ; assuring all loyal cit
izens of the State that they will be protected in
their persons and property, and encouraged in
their exertions to improve their condition. I al
so exhort them not to cease to take an interest in
public uuiiirs, but to unite with me in th: pur
pose to reconstruct tue suie government tiirongn
the aid of loyal citizens ; and to be vigilant and
active in discouratriuiT disloyal sentiments, and
in ensuring the election of known friends of the
Federal uovernmeni to every omee. iour-;x-periencc.
fellow-citizens, during the rebellion,
shonld attach von bv the strongest ties to the
government of the United States. Yon have just
been delivered by the armies of the Union rroni
one of the most corrupt and rigorons despotisms
that ever existed lu the world. Many of you
have been forced, for opinion's sake, and because
of your love for the flag of your lathers, to fly
from the land of vonr birth or of your adoption.
and seek a refuge among strangers, to escape the
hand of arbitrary power. Many of you have been
torn from your homes, or hunted down like wild
beasts In the forest, and forced Into the rebel ar
mies as conscripts, to flirht for the continned en
slavement of the colored race, and also for a Btate
ot slavery lor yourselves and your cnuaren.
Some of yon have been subjected to imprison
ment and tortures on account of vonr opinions:
and all of you have been deprived for years, opto
a recent periodfof freedom of speech and of the
press, and of every essential guarantee of liberty
and of protection to person and property, which
is contained in the Constitution of the United
States. Von are once more free citizens of the
United States. By your sufferings in the past
and by yonrjiopes for the future, I adjure yon to
eroard well- vour freedom. Remember that all
yon have, and all yon can hope to be, and all of
oou that Is in reserve tor your children, are in
issolubly bound np with the American Union,
The " nnity of government which constitutes us
one people." should be more dear to us than
ever, on account of the sufferings through which
we nave passed, in the language ol washing
ros, "it of Infinite moment that von should
properly estimate the immense value of your na
tional union to your collective and Individual
happiness: that vo should cherish a cordi J. ha
bitual aud immovable attachment to it ; accus
toming yourselves to think and to speak of it as
the palladium of your political safety and pros
perity ; watching lor its preservation with jealous
anxiety ; discountenancing whatever may sug
gest even a suspicion that it can in any event be
abandoned ; and indignantly frowning upon the
first dawning of every attempt to alienate one
portion if our country from the rest or to enfee
ble the sacred ties which now link together the
various pans." - l - -. -
And now read the following from Gov.
Worth, and contrast it with the above; .
" We did not go voluntarily into the lte ca
lamitous rebellion. The action of coterailnout
States forced us to take sides in the strife. We
elected to go with our section, and bavine taken
our position, wi acted with good jtaith to oub
associates, and bore ourselves gallantly in the
" We suppose the Standard really believes that
If Gov. Holden had been elected without opposi
tion,' and nine such members of Congress as Mr.
Pool, that the State would have been in the Union
by the 1st of February next" Seniind.. ....
Certainly we do. North-Carolina was the
most forward of all the States in the work of
restoration until opposition to Gov. Holden
was announced. This opposition led to a
totally new condition of things in the State.
The ultra war men who were thought to have
been subdued, and who, with some exceptions
appeared to be the most loyal and submissive
of all our people, at once rallied, and the re
sult was the election of a majority of mem
bers to Congress who are entirely unaccepta
ble to the Congress and the Northern people.
This, of itself, to say nothing of the defeat
of Gov. Holden, which the President has de
clared to be so damaging to the early restor
ation of the State, would have rendered our
chances for admission doubtful. - '
The Sentinel wants to know why it is that
Mr.' Pool is more acceptable than others, and
asks if he has not been as thorough a " rebel''
as others. We answer this as follows, not
for Mr. Pool but for ourselves:
1st Mr, Pool is more acceptable than oth
ers, because, under all circumstances, he
doubted the success of the rebellion, and
kept constantly burning in his heart the good
old Union fires. .
2d. Mr. Pool resisted at all times, like a
man and an American citizen, the despotic
administration of Mr. Davis, and labored to
preserve liberty to our people, and to obtain
peace by a cessation of hostilities, by nego
tiations, and, if deemed best, by a reconstruc
tion of the Union. -
8L Mr. Pool earnestly advised a Conven
tion of our people more than twelve months
agoj'forthe purpose of making terms with
the federal government But his advice was
disregarded, and the result is, slavery has
been abolished, and North-Carolina has been
subjugated and ruined. '
These are some of the reasons why Mr.
Pool is more acceptable than others, and
more patriotic than others who might be
named. He loved North-Carolina more than
he did Jefferson Davis and the cotton States,
and we honor him for it He did not be
lieve, as Gov. Worth and the Sentinel do, in
" keeping faith" with men who themselves
had broken all faith, and who woulS have
done to death the last poor wliite man in
North-Carolina to carry out their wicked
"We have the best reasons for believing that
Mr. Pool occupies an enviable position in the
eyes of the great body of Northern members
of 'Congress; and whatever the House may
do, we entertain the hope that he will soon
be admitted to his seat in the Senate.
The New York Herald thinks Mr. Davis
ought not to be punished for his treason, but
should be " set at large on high grounds."
It argues that it is wrong to puuish a man
who was merely the leader of eight millions
of people" who believed they were oppress
ed." The Jlerald was never more mistaken
in its life if it supposes that any considerable
portion of the Southern people "believed
they were oppressed." The rebellion was the
work of wicked and designing politicians, j
Qn the day it commenced in the State of
South-Caroiina, the Southern people, includ
ing their slaves, were the freest and happiest
prople on earth 1 What are they now I No,
the people had but little to do in inaugurat
ing the rebellion. There was not a State that
attempted to secede, whose people would not
have voted, if they had had a fair chance,
against secession. But the rebellion began
in despotism, and continued in despotism ;
aid now that it is over, the same despots and
their allies in the insurgent States would still
ride, control, aud oppress the people, if they
could. ' They kUI do it again, and do it per
manently, unless the people are unusually
vigilant. . - ; .
The New York Herald should at least es
tablish a branch of its office in Seeegsia.
- A Good Sign. '
: ; We have been informed that the freedmen
are now beginning to contract for the next
year, with unexpected willingness, in many
parts of the State. We trust that this feel
ing may grow, and that at last ihe develop
ment of the free labor system has begun in
earnest Let every thing be done that is hu
mane and just, to encourage the freedmen to
work. Let liberality, honesty and kindness
be continually exercised towards them?
With every inducement thus gijen them to
labor, and want pressing close at their heels
should they refuse, who can doubt but that
the great majority of them will soon resume
their old occupations f Of course the free
labor system will not be entirely satisfactory
at first but .we trust that experience and
wisdom will render it more and more per
fect hereafter. " ;
. ' ' "A Gem."
. Cut this out and paste it in your scrap book;
or better commit its simple words to memory
and take its sweet lesson to heart. We do
not know its author, but it is true poetry.
We clipped it from an exchange, floating
about over the country like a beautiful leaf,
blown Mther and thither by the winds :
:." It is not much the world can give '
- With all H& subtle art, -'
: And gold alone is not the thing .. -
i To satisfy the heart;' . . ,
i But oh, if those who cluster round
- - The altar and the hearth, i - . -Have
gentle words and roving Ways, ...y '
' How beautiful is earth 1" ' "- ;
; Seaton Gales, Esq.,. has entered upon the
discharge of his duties as Associate Editor of
the Sehtinel ; Mr. Gales is well known as a
writer of experience and ability.. ; He defines
his political utatiti thus : "the unfonn course
of the Sentinel, since its establishment, meets
my warm approval and indicates my political
, Death of Hon. Henrr Winter Davis.
Henry Winter Davis, of Maryland, says the
Richmond Republic, died in Baltimore on
Sunday afternoon after a brief illness. He
was born at Annapolis, January, 1817, and
was consequently in his forty-ninth .year.-?-He
was graduated at the University of Vir
ginia, and soon after established a reputation
for eloquence and skill in debate which few
men have ever attained at so early an age.'
Mr. Davis was a Representative from Mary
land in the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth and
Thirty-sixth Congress, serving with ability
and destinction on the important Committee
of Ways and Means. During the Thirty
eighth Congress he served as Chairman of the
Committee on Foreign Affairs. . Mr. Davis'
career as a member of Congress was both able
and brilliant In politics he was a Whig,
but soon after the organization of the Repub
lican party he identified himself with it, and
was one of its most influential leaders in
Maryland. He was the only member from
the Southern States who, in 1858, voted for
Hon. William Pennington, of New Jersey,
for Speaker of the House of Representatives.
In 1802 Mr. Davis became the author of a
book entitled. "The War of Ormuzd and
Ahrinam," which attained a large circulation.
Mr. -Davis' funeral took place in Baltimore
from his lute residence on the 1st day of Jan
Onr friend W. 1L Jones, Esq , of this city is
one of the few perrons In the State, whose office
was not vacated by the ordinance of the Conven
tion. He was an appointee under the old govern
' ment, and did not take the oath in the confeder
acy. He is, therefore, prepared to administer the
oath and issue sealed papers according to law, as
a Notary Public. Sentinel.
Strange times, indeed, when it is a matter
for congratulation and. profit that ultra war
men' did not take' the oath to " the Confed
eracy." . '
But is it true that Mr. Jones is still ft No
tary Public ? The question as to the correct
c instruction of the Ordinance referred to,
was before the State Senate nt its late session,
but was not decided.
We have nothing to say against Mr.
Jones, personally, or as an officer. , He is a
clever gentleman, though he believed in
" lighting it out? If he had been told, dur
ing the rebellion, that he had not taken the
oath, and that some advantage in the future
would result from this omission, when the
Union would be restored, we believe he would
have repelled it as an insult.
A New Literary Enterprise.
The pressure upon our columns yesterday
prevented us from noticing to the extent that
we desired the new literary enterprise of our
gifted friend, the Pott, Theo. H. HilL
'Mr. mil proposes to publish at an early
day a book of North-Carolina poetry, which
will contain the best selections from the pens
f our native authors, both living and dead.
He brings to the task a cultivated mind, a
refined taste, and, we believe, all the other
accomplishments necessary to render the
work critically correct in reading and typo
graphy. - . ,
There are many beautiful poems, by North
Carolinians, yet unknown, which merit a
more enduring record than the u poet's cor
ner" in our daily publications. - Mr. Hill
intends to bring these to light' Wo are au
thorized to say that he solicits correspon
dence and information from the literati of
the State. , '
We sincerely trust that Mr. Hill may suc
ceed. Being an author of no unenviable
reputation, his friends must feel an interest
in any literary undertaking which he has in
view, and especially in this one which so
stronalv appeals in this respect to our
State pride. A selection of the rarest and
best North-Carolina poems will be indeed an
ornament to our libraries.
Destitute Freedmen. -
Col. O. Browii, Commissioner of theFreed-
man's Bureau, in Virginia, has issued a cir
cular stating that the fact having come to
his knowledge that it is contemplated by
many citizens of that state to turn off infirm
and helpless freedmen in the beginning of
this year, in wliich he says that the late owners
will be required to provide for their former
slaves, who arc helpless and dependent on them
for subsistence until the overseers of the poor
of the counties to which they belong shall
have made arrangements for their care and
Gen. Howard approved CoL Brown's cir
cular by letter, in which he says :
" Any citizen who attempts to turn out of doors
the helpless and infirm will be immediately re
ported by name, tttat his case may be laid before
the President for bis action. Provisions will be
made bv the State or bv the General Government
'to meet cases of extreme want but until such
nrovision shall be made your orebr will be carried
- The Revenue.
We have been politely furnished byJov.
Worth with the following correspondence,
; from which it will be seen that the rumor
that the President hod given orders that cer
tain taxes levied by the Convention should
not be collected, is unfounded : , .
' FBOM GOV. WOltTH. , "
' '- v Statu or Nobth Carolina, '
, ' Executive Office,
- ' Raleigh; N.C., Jan. 2, 1808.
To Hi Excellency, Andbew Jokxson,
i.,-. - - President United State:
8ra:- It is represented throuirh the newspapers
that yon have ordered the sheriffs of this State to
abstain from executing some of the ordinances of
our Convention for raising Revenue. Gov. Hol
der informs mc he has received no 'instructions
upon the subject - ;: v ,'" ' ' -I
would be glad to have a copy of any orders
you may have made on the subject. ' - .
, . JONATHAN WORTH, ' .
:' -; -. Governor of N. C. -
FROM PRESIDENT JOHNSON.
' , s ' : Washington Jan. 2, 186.
To Governor Worth : Your telegratrj of the
2nd, received. No orders in reference to the sher,
Itts of Nortii-Carolina have been is".ue j by me. .
, ' ANDREW JaHNa'QJt, .
' . .' r- President U. 8.
The Mobile Advert iter n'jnunates-General
Grant for the next Presifjey. -
The season i3 at hand for preparing for i
another crop. ' A good farmer is all the time
preparing for the,next crop, but we use the
expression in its restricted sense. Heretofore
many of our farmers have relied upon slave
labor, but that has ceased. The dependence
hereafter must be on white muscle, and on
such lnl or as the freed blacks 'may perform.
In regard to the latter we are not as despon
dent as some, .' or perhaps as sanguine as ,
others. 'We lielieve that the freed people
will, as a general rule, work tolerably well ;
in some instances they will work very well ;
but there is no ground for hoping that their
labor wiU, be in any respect' as profitable as
heretofore. " The African race is not a self
reliant or an enterprising race. It has the
physical strength, and it has the intelligence
to execute work, but it ' is not successful
in planning, and it is greatly wanting" in
forecast. Without some fixed lawljinding
the freed people to work, and also binding
the employer to pay, we feur that neither
race will prosper together. We would sug
gest no law which would not be general in
its character, for the negro is now free, and
a white person is as much bound to labor as
a black one ; but the law of contracts must
be materially altered to suit our new condi
tion. It should be much more stringent and
should be just to the employer nnd the em
ployed. We want no idlers among us. A
person who has no means of subsistence and
who will not work of his own accord, should
be made to work. The law will not protect
the industrious and the worthy, unless this
is done. ' '
We loam that large quantities of corn are
being distilled into whiskey by both white
persons and negroes. The latter, in many
localities, are furnishing corn to wliite men
for this business, and in not a few instances
it is stated the corn thus furnished is stolen.
We do not know what will arrest this evil.
But if what appears now to be a surplus c-f
corn shonld be distilled into whiskey, and
drank at home, for none pf it, we take it
will be exported ; and if a large share of the
laljpr of the State should be directed to cot
ton, tobacco, and turpentine, it is more than
probable that next year will be as scarce a
one as this in the articles, of meat and bread-
stuffs." It is true, by pursuing this course,
our Cvrmers will have more ready money ; but
what will that avail them if they should have
to pay it out for those necessaries wliich they
tui''Ut have raised on their own farms?
Acraim our people are greatly deficient in
cattle, horses aud mules.- It is of the first im
portance that such stock should be improved
where it is already owned, and that those
who have but little or none should procure
stock and improve it. It is idle tosay a farm
is a good one, and that the owner is success
ful in his business, when his cattle, horses or
mules are of indifferent breed and poor.
We doubt the propriety, therefore, of giv
ing extraordinary attention during the ensu
ing year to cotton, tobacco, and turpentine.
This may be safely done in 1867, but onr
people as a general thing are too poor to do
it now. Specie, with empty cribs and barns,
and with poor stock and the land compara
tively unimproved, will not remain long with
its possessor. It will have to be paid out for
necessaries, and if sent abroad out of the State
for meat, or flour, or clothing, the State will,
of course, lose every dollar of it.
We feel sure of one thing, however, and
that is, although our white laboring popula
tion has diminished, and though there is a
sad deStiency in agricultural implements and
horses, osen, and mules, yet the white men
of the State who are engaged in farming will
make more during the ensuing year if the
seasons are propitious, than they have tea le
dtrring any former year. They will work
with a will, aud "their name is legion."
Many of them, to our knowledge, who owned
slaves, are glad that they have been relieved
of the trouble, anxiety, and expense which
their slaves occasioned them; and though
the loss of. the value of those formerly theii
slaves is seriously felt by them, yet they
gard this is as temporary, and expect to
prosper more in the future than ever. They
can hire the freedman, pay him his wages,
realize the profits from his kbor, and that
ends the connection between the former
owner and the former slave. There is more
clear money to be realized from the blacks
under the present system, than there was
when slavery existed. Wo speak simply of
results, with no purpose to underrate or pre
judice the colored people. '
If the next crop should be a good one, it
will go for to encourage -our people and to
stimulate industry and ' improvement.
Surely, surely there is a wjde field for the
farmer, and great want of the latter. - But let
us not despond. Ten years hence we shall be
a new people. - .
( Consecration of a Bishop. " -
The consecration of Rev. George Maxwell
Randall, D. D., Rector of the Church of tho
Messiah in Boston, the newly elected Mis
sionary Bishop of Colorada and the parte
adjacent took place in Trinity Church, in
Smumer street, Boston, on th 28th ult-
Right Rev. John Henry Hopkins, Bishop of
the Diocese of Vermont, and presidin
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church
in the United States, acted as consecrator.'-T-The
consecration service was exceedingly in
teresting and impressive, and attended by a
great cousriegation, fle. aisles and galleries of
the church being crowded. . ; r-w
;' ConncM of State. .'
- , This body met in this City ."Wednesday,
present, Calvin J. Cowlcs of Wilkes; H. A.:
Leinly of Forsythe, William A, Wright of
New Hanover, and. William Eaton, Jr., of
Warren. ' '; ' ""
We learn that, in accordance with a recom
mendation of the Governor, the Legislature
was convened, to meet on' the"" 18th of this
month. - ' ; . ' .-
Gideon J. Pillow and the Free
. .. System.
It will be recollected that Qen'. Pillow an- '
nounccdlast fall his determination to give
the freedmen a . fair trial on .his plantation.
He then said that he would put his farms ill
good irder for the accommodation of several
hundred freedmen, whom he intended to of
fer liberal wages, and expected to wort-
He has recently written a letter to Gen. How
ard, stating how he progrescs. The following
is the letter:
Nashville,Tenn., Dec. 22, 1865.
"Major General 0. O.'Moieard, Commimoner:
It affords me pleasure to inform yon that I have
been successful beyond mv- most sanirulne expec
tations in engaging labor for all my plantations in
Arkansas and Tennessee. I have already engaged
abont four hundred freedmen, and have full con
fidence in making a success of the work. I have '
given in all cases to the freedmen a part of the
crop of cotton, and I allow him land for the cul
tivation of vegetables and corn for his own use.
without charge therefor. I would have engaged
one thousand laborers if I had needed that num
ber. My brother, who adopted my plan of work,
succeeded in engaging laborers for three places
he is working. 1 nave pnt one large plantation
under white laborers from the North, npon pre
cisely the same terms I engaged freedmen. I fv.
anxious to try the system of white labor of that
character for the plantation. Knowing the inter
est you feel in the success of tlie system of the
fned men, and feciim; grateful foryour kindness to
m", I feel it to be a duly to rommunicatu the re
sult of my work, thus tar. With assurance of my
personal rcsrard and rtspect
I am, Gem ml, very respectfnllv.
GIDEON J. PliLOW." .
Are the Fenians preparing for War f
The Washington Star of the 80th says:
" About a week since County officer Oyo
went to the store of Win. Smith, auctioneer,,
on the avenue, to serve a writ issued by Jus- '
tice Giberson, when the latter forcibly eject .
cd the ofiicer, for which he was, arrested by
Roundsman Kellcyfor an assault and bat
tery, and held to bail. -Roundsman Kelly
found about 20 muskets, 9 carbines and ft
sword in the store, and took possession ol
the'm until Smith could prove how he camo .
by them, and had them removed to the sta
tion. Smith says that he purchased the lot
in New York, and that he had sold them to
the Fenians, and now asks the' Superinten .
deni to give him an order for them that he .
may deliver them to the purchasers. From
this it would appear that some at least of
the Fenians are preparing for war.
. Postage. Stamps.
The Toronto correspondent of the N. Y.
Herald, says : '
" An Agent of our Post-office Department
and the United States' Consul at Toronto,
Canada, have recently found in a barrel in
the custom house in that city ten thousand
dollars worth of United States three cent
postage stamps, the consignment of which was
to a house of rebel agents in Liverpool. Our
Government received information in August !
last that it was supposed the stamps wero
captured by the pirate Florida. . An injunc
tion upon the slumps has been gotten out,
and it is expected the question of their pro
prietorship will be shortly argued before a
Queer Doings in Mississippi. -
"The problem of social equality between the
races is working itself out ;" but in lower Mis
sissippi it has assumed a queer aspec t. The '
Holme8ville, Miss., Independent, of the 2nd,''
contains the following pertinent order from '.
Col. Oscar J. E. Stuart, of the Mississippi
Militia, which explains itself:
1 "Summit, Miss., Nov. 26, 1885.
General Order No. t In obedience to an '
order of His Excellency, tho Governor of Missis-
sippi, I have this day assumed command of all
the militia in this section of the Btate with head
quarters at this p uce. And whereas, it has been
reported to mc that there arc various individuals
not belonging to any military organization, either '
State or Federal, who arc engaged hi shooting at,
and sometimes killing, thut freedmen on private,
account; and, whereas, there are other white
men reported as the attendants of, and partlcl- '
pints in, the negro balls, who, after placing them
selves on a social equality with the people of col- :
or, raise quarrels with the freedmen, upon ques
tions of social superiority already voluntarily ,
waived and reliuguished by them, in favor of the
negro, by which the peace of the country is bro-
ken, and the law disregarded. I therefore order
the arrest of all such offenders, by the officer!
and soldiers under my command, and that they .
be taken before some civil ofliccr having power to
commit to the county jail, for the purpose of '
awaiting the action of the Grand Jury. - '
Men must quit blacking themselves, and do ev- :
erything legally. OSCAR J. E. STUART,
Q. M. G. and CoL Commanding Militia."
, Bishop Potter, of New York, in a sermon -'
delivered last week, was very severe on oper- '
tic singing in the Episcopal Churches of '
New Yqrk city. The whole thing, be said, "
had become a scandal; it was time to speak
out about it, and it was time it was suppress
ed. The Prayer Book contained an abun- .
. dance of beautiful and impressive hymns,
suited to every stage of life, 'and these, he.
said, should be used. .
Virginia Land Tax. '
Gov. Picrpoint left Richmond on Thursday
for Washington city for the purpose of mak
ing an arrangement with the Secretary of
the Treasury whereby the Legislature of
Virginia may assume the payment of the ..
taxes on land due to the General Govern-.
. ment by the people of that State. -' , . ;
Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, who has been
appointed minister to Mexico, tice Gen. Lo
gan resigned, is a staunch supporter of Pres
ident Johnson's policy, in .which he differs.
. from a large portion of thd Ohio delegation.
The Fayctteville Seu-i, whose editor has.
given bail to answer for seditious language
against the government, is .delighted with
Gov.' Worth, and indulges in -characteristic?
flings at Got, Holden.' the Standard and Pro
greet Governor. Worth, is welcome to such
friends. ' 4 '"'.'''' '
;r ' ' ' ' - .'.- Who's Utt. ' .'; ' ' 'V ' ''
We clip the follow ing - from 'an exchange
r . The Columbus (Goonrfa.) San says: AU of our
citizens who take the oath of allegianc are re
quired to state their politico) opinions in I860. '
' On the books in tfae commandant's oOlce the ;
. Union signers largely predominate. Captain,
Goble, to the story ruua, was looking over too
. list, when he would sc for a whole pajre the
names of "secessionists as scarce almost at hen's
ctta. " Itv God !" escUiuiCil he, after reading
K-iiile, .''U these f;w ' seceah' caused ns all this
ouula for tho past four years, what couldn't
1 A a if ..II llnd lTninn in in huii InfnMft
they bare done If all these Union men had Joined,
.. - .. ... . - 1. . 1 u
them." w e gye tue swrjj no Hp.f