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LIBERTY; A1TI UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, E'ANDmSEPARABLK'MJAm Wkm,
RALEIGH, N. C, WEDNESDAY AUGUST 11, 1869.
J. B. HEATHSSY & CO.,
, v- ,TC,.r i.orsc-tliie f Lis been sentenced
ITov things will have changed by the
lime lie gets out !
Tf en. Grant has any faults or ever does
Lroiii,', all such slips can henceforth be
asilji accounted for hcissaiJ to read all
he Jew 1 orK papers s
i 'tombstone in the cemetery at Dixon, III.,
,', the suj-gestive inscription, "Gone up."
1 might be the grave of the Democracy,
ia!y then it should read, " Gone down."
The visit of the Superintendent of Public
Works to Wilmington reminds one very
rcibly of that celebrated one when
ri.i! Kimrol France with ten thousand men
fcluelied up a bill and down again."
Character is defined by Ralph Waldo Emerson
stjie "incapability ol being upset.". Excliauye.
Ilien we saw a person yesterday wlio
hidk't have much 'character" for he upset
lumber of feminine astronomers will start
xoirit his city to-morrow lor Kaleigh, to view
bclipse. iv. x. auu.
OJr voung men after this will have their
ed glass in readiness.
ew Berne Time has an article cn-
tU-i " What we Brink." From our obser-
atiin of the manners and habits of its edi
tor i- have no hesitation in avering that
' whit he drinks " is " cold without."
xleontent with dirty streets, New York
lwaut a aire roaa. uurajo x iw,
vi'U hasn't she got it now ? She is in
he Democratic road, and that's the dirtiest
xVVoune centleman of Logunsport, Ind, sned
k tier lur sDoilinsr his mouslaiftche in trying
aclor it, aud laid his damages at $50. Ex-
WL-U he ought to get it He must be a
opI young man as ne s no luur apparent.
Austrian editor has been fined for telling
out Andrew Johnson. Ar. Y. World.
s Not by a long chalk. He was
for telling the truth. Ee said John
'uhe most corrupt scoundrel in Amer-
a and that's just truth.
lj-;e Chicago Post thinks there is no need
rthe d 1 to care whether or no New
Yok fixes Hell gate as he gets all the New
k custom in any case. This would lead
r.clto suppose Chicago to be a partner in
Tie papers are filled with admiration
r tie (heroism of Miss Bokie in saviug the
:"eof a young man. We should like to
isiire her too, but our feelings are checked
cause of two facts first, Miss Bone didn t
vt anybody, and secondly and lastly, there
u any Miss Borie.
Vallandigham's explanation of Rosen
r.is' nomination lor Governor ot Ohio is to
e effect that since the Copperheads the
o tl is his were made to Inke a back seat,
ias but fair the War Democrats should
company them, and so he preferred to take
An Ohio dentist and a chiropodist have bad a
iarrel. They probably fought tootli ana nan.
' iropo Erpublican.
Wk will bet on the " tooth-butcher," for if
ever has a chance to perform an operation
Jpon that corn-doctor he'll be suie to make
oi bold his jaw.
The Life Insurance Agents at Kaleiffh ad-
rtise more liberally than any in the state,
t'll guarantee they make money. -Wil Star.
Of course they do. The business men of
eigh are enterprising men who, wjhen
ide is dull, have the sense to advertise
d make trade. The consequence is that
y make money when other merchants are
mplaining of dull times.
The failure of the Columbia Legislature
ratify the Cushing Darien Cartel treaty is
tributed to the intrigues of the English
d Erench Ministry at Bogota. Instead of
acling an envoy there fully able to cope with
e European diplomats, our Government
ys little or no attention to the subject, and
ws itself to be baffled by the English and
each lobbyists in the Columbia Senate.
Judge Dent, the probable Conservative
publican candidate for Governor ofMis
sippi, has written a letter defining his
'Key in which he says that he is a Nation
; Republican, opposed to the extreme pro-
fWiptive measures of the party, and places
"isef unequivocally upon the Walkew
utform of Virginia, advocating universal
rcntsty and universal suffrage. In all these
"sitions be claims to be in unison with the
The Democrats of Pensylvania are in great
tress. A horrible suspicion presents it-
!fi which, like Bakotjos' irhost. will Dot
hwn. The crv of the Democracy is "down
"! the bloated bondholder." They have
'covered that there are strong grounds to
':HeVG thpir mihfimat trial t.in!la f A ail
u"viuabiriiai i.l.iiviiv.i.ti. a'w
wker is an extremely bloated bond hold-
This will brinz Brick Pomerov down
nuim, and also, if consistent, a large por-
I" of the Pennsylvania Democracy. Thus
""gs are mixed and the anwashed are in
The Execntive-The Superintendent oi
' We regret very much to see the difficulty that
has arisen between Gov. Holden and Col. Harri&
conceruing their separate powers and duties.
Col. Harris claims that by virtue of his office and
the Constitution and laws in relation thereto,
he has control ot -all the public works of the
State, that he has the power to appoint the di
rectors and vote for the atate in all elections of
corporations wherein the Statu is interested.
Gov. Holden holds that this power has always
belonged to him, and that it has not by law
been given to any other officer, thus it will be
seen that the difficulty betweeu them was una
voidable. We regret to see any difficulty arise
between two of the highest officers of the State.
But in this instance we have no scruples in giv
ing it as our opinion, that Col. Harris is in the
right. We believe that the Constitution and
laws of North Carolina clearly give him all the
rights and powers that he is now claiming, and
in this opinion we are confident that we are sus
tained by nine-tenths of the citizens of this scc-(
tion of the State.
The people have great confidene in Col. Harris
as a public servant, aud are anxious that he
should contend for all the rights and powers
given him by the Constitution and laws of the
State, and not surrender them to any one until
he has given them a full and lair test, before the
proper tribunal. We urge him to stand up to
the last, and we are assured that the people will
back him, in all that is right and just Rather
We propose to reply lo the above, and to
show the utter groundlessness of the claim
set up for Col. Harris.
The Star says Col. II arris, "by virtue of
his office and the Constitution and laws,"
claims the right to appoint directors and to
vote-as proxy in all corporations in which
the State is interested, and that Governor
IIoi.den has no such power. What says the
Constitution? The Constitution, article
third, section one, simply provides for a Su
perintendent of Public Works; and the same
article, section thirteen, provides that his
duties shall be prescribed by law. That is
all there is iu the Constitution on the sub
ject. What says the law ? The sections of
the law under which Col. Harris claims
this right are as follows :
"Sec. 97. The Superintendent of Public Works
shall have charge of the State's interest in all
Railroads, Canals and other works of internal
improvement, and also of all public buildings
which are the property ol the Stale."
"Sec. 99. It shall be his duty to vote, either
in person or by proxy, in behalf of 1hc State, at
all elections of directors ol corporations or joint
stock companies, at which the State is entitled
This is the whole ground of the claim.
What docs it amount to ? It is provided
specially in the charters of the different cor
porations that the Governor, or the Gov
ernor and Council of State, shall appoint
these directors and proxies. Leaving out
of view the fact that the charters possess
more dignity and force than a simple law, is
it reasonable to suppose that the Legislature
intended, by the general language of the
97th section, to confer these powers on Col.
Harris ? If so, why did not that body say
so in so many words ? Why was not pro
vision made to obtain the assent of the pri
vate stockholders to this assumed alteration
of the charters ? The truth is, the language
is general, and the powers conferred ate gen
eral. It is not to be presumed that the Leg
islature intended to infringe any charter.
The very title of Superintendent implies
that the officer is a supervisor or overseer,
ne possesses no original power. He is to
"take charge of the State's interest" in
these corporations, and in " all public
buildings which are the property of the
State," that is, he is to look into the affairs
ot these corporations, as he is to look after
the property referred to, and to report to
the General Assembly. If he can appoint
directors of Railroads, then he can appoint
conductors and engineers he can regulate
fares and freights he can take charge of
the money received and give directions as
to its disbursement ; for is he not charged
with the " State's interest " in these works ?
There is no limit to this general power
claimed by CoL Harris. If he can appoint
one officer, he can appoint all the officers
and employees. The State has an "interest"
in the funds the money of the corporations ;
is it pretended that Col. Harris can " have
charge " of that t The Superintendent of
the Insane Asylum, for example, and of the
Deaf and Dumb and Blind, have charge of
the " State's interest " in these institutions,
yet they have no original power; they can
not appoint a single officer or dispose of a
single doliar of the funds.
Again, this power of Col. Harris, as de
fined by the 97th section, is not confined to
the Railroads and Joint Stock Companies,
but it extends to "all public buildings which
are the property of the Slate." Will any
intelligent man assume that the Legislature
intended, in tbeso few lines, to jumble these
powers together that is, to appoint direct
ors and proxies for great corporations in
the very face of their charters, and then to
make the ridiculous descent of giving him
charge of the public buildings? And then
if, under the first clause of the section, he
can appoint directors on the Railroads be
cause he is charged with the "States inter
est," why cannot he. on the samo ground,
appoint the officers ho occupy the public
buildings! Indeed, the whole thing is
ridiculous, and we might well ask parrlon
of our readers for argujpg so plain a ques
tion. But it is sakl Col. Harris has this power
beeause he is a Constitutional officer. He
takes nothing by that, save under the law,
for the Constitution says his duties shall be
prescribed by the Legislature. The "su
preme Executive ' power of the State" ia
vested in the Governor. The Superinten
dent is but a subordinate Executive officer.
Tbe very law under which Col. Harris
claims these powers declares that the Gov
ernor shall ''supervise" him in his duties,
and if he does not do his duty he is to re
port him to the General Assembly.
Section 80, above quoted, provides that
the Superintendent of Public Works shall
represent the State as proxy, " at all elec
tions of directors of corporations or Joint
Stock companies, at which the State is en
titled to vote." Col. Harris has attended
three meetings of stockholders and claimed
this right, without a shadow of foundation
for the claim. The State does not vote for
directors in the corporations referred to
to wit the Atlantic, the North Carolina
Central, or the Wilmington, Charlotte and
Rutherford road. The State appoints, by
and through the Governor, in these corpora
tions, and the stockholders only elect. But
it is different as to the two Roads west of
Salisbury. At their next meetings, accord
ing to their amended charters, the State will
vote with the private stockholders for all
the directors ; and here Col. Harris might
begin legitimately ami lawfully to exercise
this power, but for the fact that the origi
nal and amended charters of these corpora
tions plainly provide that the Governor
shall appoint the proxies.
But we take the ground which.is held by
every respectable lawyer in the S'.ate, that ;
no more act of the General Assembly .can
deprive the Governor, as the " supreme exe
cutive," of the powers conferred on him by
the charters of these corporations to appoint
directors and proxies. The charters consti
tute the supreme law in the case. If this were
not so there would be no safety in chartered
rights, but they would be exposed to every
caprice of legislation. The charters can be
amended only by the consent of the private
stockholders, and until they arc amended
so as to let in Col. Harris to the exercise of
the powers he claims, they are to all intents
and purposes paramount, and the power re
mains with the Governor. Judge Watts
held this when he enjoined Col. Harris,
and forbade him, under penalty, from doing
what he did at Wilmington; and in our
opinion the Supreme Court will so hold
unanimously whenever the case shall be
reached by that tribunal. It is no answer
to say that Judge Logan held to the con
trary when he attempted to enjoin Gov.
Holden at Salisbury, lor in the first place,
Judge Looan is a very ordinary lawyer, and
in the second place, an injunction against
Gov. Holder's directors was not attempted
at Wilmington, though Judge Logan and
Judge Russell were both present. Judge
Logan had no doubt learned what a
ridiculous blunder he had made by his at
tempt to enjoin the Governor at Salisbury.
There is a sort of threat in the above ar
ticle of the Star, that the people will sus
tain Col. Harris in this matter and desert
and censure Gov. Holden. It is our opin
ion that the people of Western Carolina, in
cluding Rutherford and Polk, have as "great
confidence" in the Governor as they have in
his subordinate. The Governor has been
the fast and the tried friend of the West for
moce than twenty years. He has advocated
every scheme and every appropriation for
the licnefit ot the West, i.nd that without
regard to party. He is as true to the West
as he ever was. The result of the action at
Wilmington, which Col. Harris opposed
and endeavored to defeat, will be, under the
auspices aud direction of Gov. Holden, not
only to complete the Wilmington, Charlotte
and Rutherford Koad fiom Wilmington to
Charlotte, and thus put that growing and
important city in direct communication
with the great West, but to extend the Road
rapidly through Rutherford, Henderson and
Transylvania to Asheville. This is a cher
ished object with the Governor, and he
wishes lo see every effort put forth to ac
complish it. Governor Holden has the
power and the will to help the West as well
as the East Col. Harris has shown by his
conduct at Wilmington that he has deserted
the West, and that he has no power to aid
Wilmington Governor Holden.
We are requested by Gov. Holden to
state that those presses and citizens of Wil
mington who assume that he is hostile to
that place, make a great mistake. . There is
no measure for the last twenty years design
ed to benefit and improve Wilmington,
which Gov. Holden has not advocated. Ho
is still ready to be among the formost to aid
in every way in building up that important
city. He cntei tains no prejudice against
any portion of the people of that city, but
on the contrary he wishes all prosperity to
all of them. He differs with many of them
in politics, but this should not. prevent citi
zens of the same State from working togeth
er for the common good. .
There are several citizens in and near Wil
mington whom Gov. Holden, under other
circumstances, would have been glad to ap
point Directors ot the Road. Col. Harris,
with some shrewdness and more malice, ap
pointed some of these on his bogus Board.
It remains to be seen whether this will make
these gentlemen Gov. Holden's enemies.
The Governor had a certain object to ac
complish, and he used the means that, he
knew in advance would accomplish it. This
is well understood, and yet an effort is be
ing made to injure him in Wilmington, Ro
beson, Richmond and Anson, on account of
this. The Governor is a man of decided
preferences and convictions. He never de
serts a friend or gives back before an enemy.
If any who are disappointed are disposed to
assail him for his course in this matter let
them do it openly, like men, and not resort
,to inuendo. The Governor thought Dr.
Sloan would make the best President, and
was entitled to the place. It all turned on
that. He has no unkind feeling towards
others. On some future occasion he may
stand by them as he did by Dr. Sloan.
j oiauuura upon me i-roxy question, t t
. The fact that the Standard goes so far as to M
can upon "Kepuoiicans" to note, witn a view ol
condemnation, the "extraordinary conduct of
Mr. Habkis" at a sectional railroad meeting in
Wilmington, is sufficient to indicate that how- i
ever able and influential that paper may be on i
subjects of a general political character, it can-
not be regnrded as correct or reliable when it ,
seems inclined to-become apartizau organ on -questions
pertaining to railroads. In short we . f
claim the right to say 'tistinctly to the Standard
that we think it commits a very great error
in thus treating any railroad question by coupling
the same with politics. yieie Berne Times.
The Standard will always take such po- ,
sition upon any matter of public interest as '
it may deem proper. In bo doing it will at
all times act according to its ideas of right, .
and will advocate those measures most cal
culated to benefit the State and people.
Those men who take a course which will .
inure to the welfare of the State and people, .
the Standard will support. .Those who,
from selfish motives or from avarice, act
in opposition to the welfare of the people
the Standard will assail, be they who they
may. . ,.- . , , , , ......
The Standard does not intend to become
"a partizan organ" upon any question except ,
upon the maintenance of the principles of i;
the Republican party. In its advocacy of ...
Republican measures the Standard is a
partizan, and a bold and fearless one. . It
has been so decidedly partizan that its,
character as a Republican paper has never
been doubted. In this respect at least wp..,
hope that the partizanship of the Times may
never be questioned.
We do not admit the right claimed by ;
the Times to tell the Standard that it is in
eiror, for the premises, from which it -,de-,
duces its "right" are entirely wrong. We
do not "treat any railroad question by cou
pling it with politics." .We have not discuss-
vd any railroad question, nor do we intend
to. The subject upon which we expressed
our opinion was concerning the illegal as-,
sumption of certain powers by the Shpcrin-.
intendent of Public Works, . Does the Times
deny our right to do this ? Does it deny to
us the same right which it claims for itself! 1
If so, it is indeed modest. . .
The Standard was . slow to take, part
in this matter, hoping' that it would be
settled without. unpleasantness. It clid npi -even
comment upon Col. Harris' course at. .,
the meeting of the stockholders of tjhe At-.
lantic and North Carolina Railroad com
pany.'. Did the Times pursue a equally im-,
partial course ? Itdid not. ;. 1 ,
Even when Col. Harris, in the Salisbury .
meeting, again pursued the same course, the
Standard remained silent, while the Times
was filling the air with lamentations." ' And
before this, when the Times was filled with
editorials advocating consolidation, , the :
Standard alone, of all the papers in the
State, took no part in . the discussion. It
spoke not one word either for or against -;
consolidation. It was unquestionably im-' '
But now the question is not a matter of
railroads. It is a thousand-fold more im
portant question. It is the attempt upon '
the part of a subordinate officer of the State
government to usurp powers which belong '
but to the Executive. It is the manner in
which that illegal claim is sought to be se
cured. It is the course pursued by Co.
Harris a course which can be construed
in but one way as a direct attack upon
Gov. Holden. Upon these issues the Stan-'
dard cannot be silent, aud the attempted
rebuke of the Times is the veriest imperti
nence. And now wc tell the Times that we "know
what interests are at work in the furtherance
of this claim of Col. Harris, and the mo--lives
which are sought to be gained. "The -desires
for the success of Col. Harris' claims
8 not disinterested. - There are many '
things connected with this matter which we
shall not hesitate to expose when the proper '
time comes. It thewriler of the article in ''
the Times knows that his own skirts are
clear, so much the better for him ; but we
doubt if he feels the same confidence in re-;
gard to many of those to the success of
whose plans he has loaned liimself. -
We have before exposed the utter ground- '
lessness of Col. Harris' claims, and need not
now discuss the matter. Suffice it to say, that
we entirely approve of the course and posi- '
tion of Gov. Holden, and, thus approving, ?
shall defend him without regard to the
"claims "or the thoughts of the Times, or
any other paper. The course of Col. . Har-
ris is such as to make it a matter which
demands the notice of Republicans,- and to-'
it we have called their attention. : We
see no reason why tbe Times should fear the :
judgment of Republicans upon a question;
of power between two officials of the Repub
lican government : of : North Carolina,
This reluctance to allow the people to know
the merits of the case will act to the injury
of the Times unless it can give some very
good reason for its singular conduct, : ! "
: ' "YT
The Cttizen and Bound TaWefDempcraticJeaye: ,
"Our Democratic friends of Pennsylvania mnst '
need a flagellation." Thev have taken off their "
coats and stepped up to the whipping post once'
more. Wo hope the Republicans will lay it on
well this time' " ' .
The Citizen can remain quiet for its hopes
will be realized.'; The Democrats, not only
of Pennsylvania, but of the whole countryj
will get fearfully drubbed every time they
have the audacity to attempt to run a can
didate. . 1 . . - ' .
, Mr. F. H, Sterns, of the New: Berne Timet,
paid us a risit yesterday morning. He went to
Kaleigh on the evening train. For Mr.- Pike's :
benefit, we would say confidentially, that Sterns -had
on a fresh boiled shirt, and won't have to
call at the 8tasdard'b office to borrow another.
Ooldsboro Messenger, s; -l .-i ) , , 1. 1
We arc confident that it was our - shirt
that be had on. It will be of no use for
him to try to get another from us s wo
won't lend, ; So he'll have to make a steft ,
.with that one.
v. .. .: , The Reason Why.
It is often asked, says the Wilmington
Post, why i do not the Southern States pro-.
giess like-their Western sisters, and many
reasons are given 'f few coming nearer the
truth than is usual to ' men feaririff lest thev
"give offence, , ( paying no fears of this kind, "
and only actuated by a strong desire to per
form our'wtaole duty as a journalist point
ing the evils that correction may follow we
will proceed to tell the whole truth and in
doing, so, will u notliing extenuate or set
down aught in malice.-'. . : .
Ve of the victorious National Republican
parly are requested to (forget tbe past, and
receive into the arms of the Republic.. men
of all grades and classes, whatever their
offences may have been. -. Especially in this
city of Wilmington are we called upon to
do this thing; v Wc acquiesee and almost
have the vjiudering goats within the Na
tional corml when such exhibitions as we
feel compiled to notice in tbe late Railroad
meeting puts us on our guard and tells us
to be careful lest wolves and not Iambs ob
tain entrance within our party-doors.
"The opsi tion again asks why does Gov.
Holden g'eek for men outside of Wilmington
to occupy places of honor and trust. The
reply comes because leading men like Judge
Person exhibit a Malay spirit of hatred to
everything Republican and American that
we would rather see the Governor select di
rectors from - than Irom a class so biter
ly opposed to everything looking like prog
ress and material growth. The spirit ot the
old managers of the Wilmington and Ruth
erford Railroad bat typifies the spirit of the
leading sham-democratic minds thai for thir
ty years have led this State and section to
ruin. Governor Holden, as a. man of and
from the people, fully comprehends the char
acter of.the onpe ..controlling minds, and
no w in their hours of defeat and despair
will not give them one crumb of comfort.
A - New Branch in the Naval Service.
Like all other at ts, says the Philadelphia
Enquirer, the, art of war is being changed
and improved by the new discoveries made
ini science. ' And it is the duty of every
nation to profit by the suggestions offered .
by scientific men. , Many pf the modern dis
coveries' in. death-dealing implements and
means of defense were put to a practical test
ottring tlie late war for the TJuion. We
originated the now famous Monitor pattern
of iroh-clada, and by their construction and
use Teiclutionized naval tactics and warfare.
The -nations of .Europe were not slow to
avail themselves of the startling experiment
in Hampton Roads in March, 18G2. And no
sooner did the f official intelligence of the
novel and desperate marine duel between
the itonitor and Merrvnae reach England
and France ;in an official shape,, than the
Government dock yards of those countries
were at once changed, and turret-ships and
iron clads were ' hurriedly built to take the
place of the suddenly-obsolete woo len walls.
Torpedoes, it will be remembered, ' played
an important part in our late struggle; they
were employed principally by the Rebels,
and we're so clumsily constructed, and so
awkwardly managed, as to render them
particularly inefficient Had they been as
effective as they were numerous, our navy
Lin the inland waters, and off most of the
blockad"d ports, would have been annihila
ted.' We, too, employed torpedoes, and the
brilliant exploit-of Lieutenant Cushing,
who penetrated the lines of the enemy, ffnd
by means of .a-torpedo destroyed the rebel
rani Albemarle, Will ever be remembered
among the most daring feats of the late war.
With a full appreciation of the importance
of torpedoes in future warlike operations,
the Navy Department is about organizing a
torpedo- corps, to be composed of naval
officers, under the direction of the Bureau of
Ordnance. Stations will be established at
Philadelphia,; Portsmouth, N, H., Boston,
Brooktyn,Norfolk,Pensacola and Mare Island.
After being properly instructed in the con
struction and use of forpedoes, the officers
of tbe new corps will carefully examine all
our principal harbors, inlets and navigable
canals, with a' view of rendering them im
passable to the ships of an enemy,' by means
of torpedoes. They will also be required to
adapt the - torpedo to offensive as well de
fensive purposes. This is a step in the right '
direction. As one of 'the great maritime
powers of the earth, it behooves us to be the
masters ot. every arm in the naval service,
and among the most ..important of these
must now be ranked the torpedo. (
,: . Progress in Japan.,
..The civil war in Japan is apparently
drawing to a close, and by the next mail,
says the Philadelphia Enquirer, wc may re
ceive the intelligence that the Mikado is the
undisputed master ot the' country." Japan
is making rapid strides towards civilization; '
hreecu loading niles are abundant in tne
army ol the government" A hospital lias
been built at Hioga, placed under the care
of an American surgeon, anrt foreigners will
4e received as patients. But more impor
tant than all, many of the Dininios or feudal
Princes liavc ' surrendered their sovereign '
privileges for the common goodl ' This is,'
indeed, progress. As with the end of the
dark ases in Europe, feudalism fell into well
merited' decay.1- So with" its termination in"
Japan, the masses will enjoy personal free-'
dom and immuui'ty from oppression not ac
corded to the masses in Oriental lands.
- The Japanese 'itre naturally a progressive
people, and take to Western civilization"
mucli more readily than the Chinese.; They
assist commerce by building and maintain
ing light-houses and light ships; they mine its pecoliir, ideas and isms to its heart s con
coal and sell it to our" squadrons, and in I t'jnt, but it cannot expect theni to, bind the
cverv war tiractical prove that thev are
ready and willing, "forward now to range, -and
with the great world spin forever dow a
the grooyes of change." '
. The Stasesnanship of Biunark. -1 '
Louis Napoleon was generally conceded i
to be the shrewest, it not the most success
ful ruler in Europe, says the Philadelphia
Inquirer. Until now the world-famous Prus
sian Premier, Bisuark, assumed the direc
tion of affairs in his own country, if not in
Continental Europe. Heoufwitted his great
Frcm-h rival by a boldness of action that
made him unpopular even with Prussians,
and it needed all the glory which he earned
for his native land in the war with Austria
to bring him into favor with his people. :
' Notwithstanding the advantages that
have accrued to Prussia from the persistent
and plucky policy of Bismark, the people
of that now powerful monarchy are by no '
means willing to unequivocally indorse all
the acts of their great Prime Minister. And
again, wiser than Lours Napoleon, the hu
miliator of Austria, deftly evades popular
storm which he lias the foresight to see
arising on the horizon. There is a deficit
in the Budget, and the financial shortcoming
will be severely criticised by the Liberals in
the Chambers. Rather than meet these
attacks, Bismark has temporarily retired,
on account ot his health, which always be
comes precarious at most opportune times.,
Boron Von deu Hetdt, the Minister of
Finance, is left to explain to the Liberal how
the moneys have come to run slrort This
official is very unpopular with the Liberal?,
and the probabilities are that his explana
tions will be adjudged as unsatislactory,
and the Ministry be defeated. But this
will in no wise affect the invalid Bismark,
tor he has caused it to be made known that
he will not be bound by any acts of the
Ministry during his retirement. - After the
war has blown over the recuperated Pre
mier will, of course, be forced to form anew
and more liberal Cabinet True, he sacri
fices his colleagues in the present Ministry,
but he preserves his own commanding posi
tion. This is certainly not generous, but it
proves how much the superior of Louis Na
poleon Bismark really is. The former has
sustained a defeat; has been compelled to a
humiliating surrender from " an absolute
ruler, and also been forced to sacrifice the
Ministers most devoted to him. Bismark
wisely bows his head to the passing storm,
and avoids incurring popular displeasure by
gracefully yielding to the pressure of events
which he can no longer control, thus pre
serving both his strength and popularity,
unlike his French rival, who has rashly and
stubbornly sacrificed both.
Tie Anti-Slavery Standard is bitter against
the Republican party because the revenue
officials are resisted in Georgia,' and because
murders are committed in Texas. It finds
fault with the "inactivity in Washington,"
the ''folly of Republicans of the Conserva
tive school" and with "the dough-face am
nesty crotchet of the Tribune." It thinks
that the South is rapidly falling into the
hands of the rebels. It, however, suggests
no plan of action, and does nothing but
snarl. . . . ,
: . What does the Anti Slarery Standard
wish ? . What would it have? It laments
because the property of the people of the-
South was not confiscated. What would it
gain by that? It mourns because there are
so many young white men who vote this
year, '"and who approach political life with
an intensity of rebel feeling surpassing even
that of thtir fathers." Does it regret that
all the property of the South was not con
fiscated ? ; Does it think that the pursuance
of such a course would have had a tendency
to make the young men of the .South
entertain a warmer affection for . the
crovernmcnt ? Docs it think that such a
course would have rendered them less bitter t
Wc cannot agree in its view and know that
it is wrong. As for lawlessness, life and
property are as safe in the "South as in the
North, More murders are committed in
New York City alone than in the whole of
Texas, and the Georgia disturbance does not
equal the rent riots in New York State.
We do not agree with tbe Anti-Slavery
Standard in many of its views-concerning the
state of the South. We do not agree with
it that "reconstruction consummated. upon.
the basis of the Wilker movement in Vir
ginia " will place the South in a bad posi
tion, and that " thenceforward there will be
practically, as before the war, but one party
in Southern politics." The political condi
tion of the South is not what it formerly
was. Everything is changed," and the war
stands an immovable barrier between the
past and the present. , Those men who be
fore the war were slaves, are now freemen, ,
and would at once resent any attempt to
deprive them of their political rights. No
class of people are more jealous ot infringe
ment upon their rights than are the colored
people. Besides, the power- is in the hands
of the Republican party, and will remain so
for years to come, if it is governed by wis-.
dom and Iilerality.
; The Republican party of the South.w bile it
acknowledges no superior in devotion to iha
"Union and to the principles of the National
Republican party, is opposed to troscr,ip
tive measures. It wishes to ge the pco
pie of the South bound to- thp Government
by love and rcepect, not force.' lit de-.
sires to build up '.he inteiiests' of the South,
and to make Its people prosperous and hap
py, not to, by measures of . proscription and
oppression, injur. k business interests and
embitter the winds of the people, ., t (
ThvAvH-Slavery Standard can advocate
' the-Itcuubhtan nartv. : The day for ultra
and prescriptive measures has gone by, and
moderation should mark the actions of the
dominant party. ' ' '
The Alleged Policy ot the United States
in Regard to Caba. V',.,3
- It is well known that the government bas
a Cuban policy, and tfiat all its actions have
been in accordance" with it The intentions -"-of
the government . have been kept quiet
however, and its policy has not' been dis
closed. JThe New York Sun, however, pro-
icsstcs ui no imiy. acquaimeu wiin u, ana
speaks of it as follows : ; : - - ' ".'' i!11-'1
We elite what jilio longer a" secret when wa"
say that the Administration of President Grant -K-i
has opened negotiations with the present gov-.' ) '
eminent of Spain for the Independence ot Caba v'
Gen. Sickles has already' presented the jubjeet
to the Minister for Foreign Affairs at Madrid,
and two bulk telegrams have been received at
Washington In consequence. The proposition
which General Sickles has" laid before Marshal
Serrano and his associates is as follows :' v '
I. 8nain shall recognize tbe independence of
Cuba under the government ol Cespedes.' "' '"' "
II. Cuba shall pay to Spain an Indemnity lor
the resignation of the rights hitherto exercised
by the mother country.' The amount of this In
demnity to be specified in the treaty. .-'
IIL The indemnity, wbether fixed at one hun
dred millions, titty millions, or twenty -five Mil
lions of dollars, to be in bonds of tbe Cuban'
Government, payable with interest at tbe expira
tion ot a convenient period.
IV. These bonds to be guaranteed by the Uni
V. An armistice to be proclaimed between the !"
pa riots aud the Spanish troop in Cuba, Immedi
ately upon the execution of the treaty. . The ; -.'
Island to be evacuated by the Spanish forces as
soon as the treaty Is ratified by the represent- , j
tives of tliB Cuban people, and the guaranty of
tbe bonds approved by the Congress of the Uni- (
ted States. , , , . ..
VI. If these terms are not at once accepted bv. ; r
the Spanish Government, the United States wiU j r
witliout further delay recognize the indepen- t
dence'Of Cuba. '""'" -
Should the above be indeed the policy of T
the government we think it will meet with i .
general disapprobation. It is a policy which ;;t
will not reflect credit upon its originators, .- .;
nor,'if carried into effect, honor upon the. j,,,
It is thought that Serrano and the Span-
ish government are in favor of the proposi-", 1 "'
tions made by Gen. Sickles." They need
money and are willing to be bought off from '
an undertaking they are fully' awartthejr
are unable to accomplish the subjugation
ofCuba. '... ..a '. -.; ':.;''.,.
But' there are two other parties interested . -
in- tue proposed arrangement tne uupans ,
and the people of the United States. . . . )(
Will the Cubans consent to this bargain t .
Will they consent to pay a? large sum ; of
money to their detested foe; to be allowed -'
an independence' tliey have already pfacti- "i
cally won ?.., Will they agree .to an armistice
with the men who have for months been
murdering Cubans in cold blood and com
mitted, atrocities wholly unparalellcd in the. ,
history of civilized warfare I : Wo think ,
not. The passions of 'the Cubans are.',, too'1'"
fiercely aroused, and their hatred of the
Spaniard is too intense to permit them to
hold any terms with the Spanish govern
ment .. ., . .,. . . , .
This 1 alone would effectually ' spoil the ;
little programme of Secretary, Fish; but;
there is another interested' party yet to
i...-..- - it.-i.' : iJ- 'aL-J :
near iroiu, nuu iimi is int; jeipiu in tuu
United States who are to guarantee the
bonds. ... i
: 1 .- I .-)&; :. -.- ,- .- . -
The people of-the United States have
already guaranteed fully as many bonds 'aiVi'':''
they ran do and stand the consequent taxa-'
tion. Their appetite for bonds has been ' .; ;,J
satisfied, and they have no wish to indulge1' - r"
in any more. Even were the United States ":'::
free from debt, one hundred millions of dol
larsj would bean amount too large for .on l"'7
people to throw away. To do so, when over 1 --
whelmed with debt, would be madness. The ; i .
debt we owe now will be paid if the
government will do nothing to add to the; .....
burden. If it does, repudiation will surely ;.(
To what end the government proposes to be : if
so liberal in aiding the Cubans to buy Cttbai
not explained. It looks, however, as if it is to r-i
be bought for the United States. If so, the., .:;j
idea is foolish in the extreme. If tbe Cubans . ,.,,...
are worthy of independence they, will, gain -
it for themselves. ' If they wish for annex" i
tion to this country they can easily . pay iw. V
We have yet no ground to believe they do. f t -in
We think it evident that but one of tho i u;-'
three interested parties will consent to1 any'1
such arrangement as is described bv the iT
Sun. Hence the project must prove a tail ; ; !
urei We hope it will, .-r. . ;.i . .ii..j hi Usi
r.. I ' ' ' '"-i i ' " fj.-l.'O
;'' Incidents ' L r:,U:in
There were two noteworthy incidents'
says the Wilmington. Star, connected with i -o
the recent election, ot. the President Bd' ''
other officers the Wibuisgton Charlotte .
and Rutlteifocdt Railroad Company. One,-'!'!'
the rc-clect-fen of, Messrs. B. S. Guion and Vi
A. HcBee, two-, old, efficient and popular f-m.
oftireitsof tit Company. : The 'otheri'Hhu' .3 a
SH-jgwct of Dr. Sloan for' President' bj two:' VL i
of the six Directors elect cd by the stock i j -j !
holders. ' Tjhe former showed a spirit of i
liberality on the part at the eVate DirectorsV'' ir
i thp latter, a feeling of confidence in the itw 1 -i t
tcgrity arid capacity of Dr. Sloans '' i i;-.
- j :i ' V; '. . i '- "A -, I! i.:: (;.) it
The Raleigh Sentcrn,eV.-tto8 asked the edits,); i
ol 1ho8fADAW wbettMW- he-iavorvd SenWro ,.,-,
Stokcs,'lor Govern of Teaoewse, toeStAjnoAaD. . -j
II.... .. I! TXT 1. ui 4awm f tHo MaJ.il M A
1 llO . r( iiv bv . wiw v . iiw v.v,avM ww ,
StoVea." That editor is a good ttintir aRer tfc '" .
strong tiA Be knows how to make a fienter-"
bOt TBI Stat! ' 1 " -. '( vl
! True, with ih'e following exceptions' 7 I V'if
1st We declared in favor of S-tsw.'' H. r ;;
i?d.' The question ' was asked ' by the Wf !,tlr
Nortisu: ;l ' "" !"'V'
For a man ! with such a r strong scent, ' -and
the centre piece of a live paper, '
the above is abad mistake. ' Bernard, jour
Sentor jokes ain't worth a cent 'er piece. X-
' - :ru