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The weekly North-Carolina standard. (Raleigh, N.C.) 186?-1869, August 18, 1869, Image 4

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To-Bay andl T-Ktenrow.
High hopes that barn like stars sublime,
Go down the heavens ot Freedom,
And true hearts perish in the time ,-.
We bitterliest need them;
But never sit we down and say,
There's nothing left but sorrow,"
We walk the wilderness to-day,
The Promised Land to-morrow.
Onr birds of song are silent now,
There are no flowers blooming,
But life beats in the irozen bough.
And Freedom'6 spring is coming;
And Freedom's tide comes up alway,
Though we may stand In sorrow;
And our good bark, aground to-day,
Stall float again to-morrow.
Though hearts brood o'er the past, our eyes
With smiling futures glisten j
Lo ! now the dawn bursts up the skies,
Lean out your souls and listen !
The world rolls Freedom's radiant way,
And ripens with our sorrow;
And 'tis the martyrdom to-day
Brings victory to-morrow.
Through all the long, dark night of years
The people's cry ascended;
And earth was wet with blood and tears
Ere their meek sufferance ended.
The few shall not forever sway,
The many toil in sorrow,
The bars of hell are strong to-day;
But Christ shall rise to-morrow.
O youths, flame earnest, still aspire,
With energies immortal;
To many a haven of desire
Tour yearning opes a portal;
And though age wearies bv the way,
And hearts break in the furrow,
We'll sow the golden grain to-day,
The harvest comes to-morrow.
The early dissolution ot tie English Par
liament in 184 , by releasing'me from my
editorial labors, enabled me to accept the
invitation of our Italian special correspond
ent to visit Milan. I know nothing of my
invitor beyond the circumstances, first of
bis having been warmly recommended by
parties high in the world of continental pol
itics, and next of his sustaining this recom
mendation by a serious of vigorous articles
full of early information relative to Italian
movements the revolution was then in pro
gressfull of unreserved denunciations
against Austrian and priestly domination,
and equally full of hopeful anticipations of
what the appeared to most British politicians
to be a mere geographical expression, the
"unification ot Italy."
The character tf his contributions fiery,
martial, uncompromising- led me to ideal
ize the contributor as of Titanic proportions.
My astonishment was genuine when I saw
that he was a man of puny proportions,
with nothing in his externals to lead you to
suppose that his veins were filled with aught
but the milk of human kindness I take it
for granted there is such a liquid except
a pair of dark eyes that occasionally glitter
ed like a rattlesnake's.
A week passed quite pleasantly. My host
though known to me as Dr. Doria, in reality
was one of the old Milanese nobility; the
palazo Di , in the Corso, was his an
cestral mansion, let out for economical rea
sons to the Austrian General who comman
ded at Milan. Dr. Doria, to use an inele
gant but; expressive phrase, was "back and
edge" Italian. Filled with unconcealed as
pirations for his country's speedy emancipa
tion from a foreign yoke, and working stren
uously with his pen to that end, he was a
marksman, more especially on account of
his high connections, which, although de
nuded of their once splendid patrimony and
power, still carried a certain sway.
My week having ended I prepared to take
leave of my friend, and I invited him to a
farewell dinner at his favorate cafe named
Marengo. The dinner was good, the wine
excellent, and my friend, who spoke Eng
lish wonderfully well, opened his heart un
reservedly, as there was little chance of the
conversation being understood, even should
a spy be lurking within earshot.
After this we went to the magnificent
theatre La Seal a. It was more than com
monly crowded in consequence of a new
candidate for the position of prima donna.
My friend's box was on the second tier; we
made our way to the stone staircase with
some difficulty; here our farther progress
was impeded by the narrow passage being
filled with people, looking for accommoda
tion, and in particular by an officer in the
Austrian uniform, whom I immediately re
cognized as an officer, a great duelist, against
whom my friend entertained rather un
friendly views. In order to pass it was nec
essary for my friend to touch the officer's
elbow, which he did with perfect politeness, 1
and, Pardon, monsieur, the Italians and
Austrians of the better class usually spoke
French, the only response to which was by
the officer squaring his huge frame still more
uncommodatingly. My friend made a sec
ond effort, this time atfemping with gentle
force to push himself between the officer
and the ballustrade. The officer looked
round superciliously, and pressed his arm
ao rudely against my friend as to thrust him
to the walL My friend, for a man just vowed
forever to peace, looking strangely warlike,
made a sudden effort, bent down the offi
cer's arm, and passed him rapidly, in doing
which ha trod, I fear intentionally, on the
officer's feet, a compliment which was return
ed by a vigorous kick from the officer's
heavy military boots.
The pain and public indignity drew from
my friend a sharp wolfish snarl; indeed for the
moment he resembled nothing so rhuch as a
wolf, with his lips drawn tightly back, and
bis gleaming teeth exposed ; then springing
at his assailant, he clutched his ample whis
kers with one hand, and with the other buf
feted him on the face repeatedly. The at
tack was executed with such rapidity that
the officer had no time to take measures for
the defence of his person; but when the
blows rained on his face, and the blood
flowed, he became perfectly mad with rage.
Stamping furiously, with a deep oath, he
seized my friend in his sinewy arms, and
holding him as easily as a cat would hold
a mouse, he backed down the passage until
he came to the open, when, lifting him high
in the air, he prepared to dash him on the
marble floor beneath ; a fall that must have
resulted in frightful mutilation or instant
death. But his purpose was frustrated by
the spectators, myself among the number,
throwing themselves on him, and, after a
fierce struggle, rescued the little doctorfrom
his grip. The guard, attracted by the tur
moil, made their appearance, and for the
present further hostilities were impossible.
I lost sight of my friend for a few minutes ;
he then rejoined me, and having lamented
the unlucky encounter that had unexpect
ly marred our entertainment, proffered me
bis pass, which I declined, and then solic
ited me to return to the cafe and wait for
mm. I acceded to his request, and having
ordered a claret cup well iced, sat for some
time meditating on the probable issue of
this event
My friend at last came into the cafe, and
addressing me said : "I must beg of you a
';.,' lavor to prolong your stay in
Milan f.r a week. You have Been me kick
ed, looking like a demon, " yes, kicked by
the hoot of a German pig. You must wit
ness the mode in which I shall cancel the
I think you have already pretty weU
alanced matters," I replied. if the Aus
lan used his foot, you repaid the obliga-
his handsome fane
".The stain of a kick is only effaced with
blood. Evcrvthms is arransed lor a meet
ing next week. It can!ttakc place earlier as
the Austrian is still under arrest for his last
duel. To-night I must see my old fencing
master, Di Pratt ; will you come ? "
f i consented and accompanied my friend
to the back of the Duomo, .where the salle
eParm of the famous professor was situated,
once crowded with students, but latterly de
serted for the rooms of a rival protesssor,
De Liancourt, teacher of the Austrian om
er. tlm fire-eater of Milan. -
The room was hung round with foils,
breastplates, masks, and all the usual furni
tnrnnsa ulace where assaul'8 both with
charin nnrf hlunts were customary.
The professor was a tall, erey-whiskered
man of martail aspect, with arms bared to
the elbow. disDlavins a mass of muscles
sfieminfrlv as toueh as catgut.-
" You are too late, count," said he, looking
t. mv friend. " Plav has been over this
"It is not plav ; it is something serious I
come to you about.' This way old friend,
and let me exnlam."
. They retired to a distant part of the room
and mv friend, in a few words stated what
had occurred. .
. The professor's face wore a look of con
rern. . '- .......
The Austrian will insist on a duel d'aut
ranee. I fear."
" My unalterable determination is that it
shall be so. I have a week to get up in my
fencing ; will you take me in hand f V
" Whv come to me ? Your challenger has
already killed two of my best pupils, and
brought discredit on my school, .. . You
should rather seek instruction from my rival,
De Liancourt, his teacher." ,
" I prefer to come to you."
" I will teach no more pupils who throw
away their ' lives by disregarding my
counsels." '
" I promise, on my lioner, to obey them
implicitly." .
" Come then, you will have to fight, with
broadswords. Put on mask and breastplate,
and let me see what you can de."
Master and pupil being properly attired,
commenced to play.
Mv friend exhibited an amount ol aginty
and skill I was unprepared for. The mas
ter watch his plav closely, contenting him
self with parrying blows and thrusts deliv
ered with much spirit and artistic skul
The bout was over. -
" Well, professor, does your old pupil dis
grace you?"
"lour nlav has some pretty things iortue
fencing-school; they must all be discarded.
with such an opponent as the Austrian. At
tend. First discharge from your eyes all
that passion which enables an adversary to
master your intentions; next take to this
guard and keep to it."
The professor threw mmseii into an atti
tude once a favorite among Scottish gentle
men of the sword, but cow neglected by
fencers of the modern school. I believe it
is termed the hanging guard.
My friend imitated the professor.
"Not en quarte, but .en sccondc, your
sword hand higher than your head, with
sloping point ; your left brought in front,
ready to parry. Good! you have now the
surest guard you can use ; you make a
strong cross on your opponent's sword, and
your parade is more certain. You have a
week ? . Well, I shall exercise you only in
this guard, and the parades that flow from
" Am I not to assault ?"
"But once; on it will depend the issue of
the fight. I will teach you the mode the
last tiling. See your adversary is practised
and skillful; but he knows only what he
has been taught by his master. One or two
tricks of science he especially relies upon.
I know how to counteract them, and had
my pupils, when challenged, attended to
my instructions, they" might have been alive
now to credit their instructor."
"You shall never have to make complaint
of me."
"Bear in mind, your opponent has great
bodily strength, and is cunnning of fence ;
but foiled in bis favorite passes, he loses
temper; in that lies your safety. Having
played ont his tricks, he takes to his last
and usually fatal move. By sheer strength
of wrist, he presses his opponent's sword
firmly aside, so as to make an open, then by
a feint and turn of the wrist he delivers a
thrust which, if it goes home, all is over.
You must wait patiently for this : when the
thrust is given, parry with your lefr, and
then see la risposte thus delivering the
stab, not upwards, for in that case the bones
and muscles of the chest may weaken it, but
downwards, where the point will only meet
with the softer parts. It is the play from
the risposte that your life depends."
I have, I fear, imperfectly stated the par
ticulars of the lesson,, and the technical
terms made use of, my experience in fencing
being confined to a turn or two with blunts
at Angelo's room. Of course, as this was to
be a duel in downright earnest, my atten
tion was more than commonly riveted to
all that occurred.
"And now for your weapon," said the
professor opening a closet and producing
a sword. "I have the measure of the
Austrian's sword, thi3 one is the exact
The sword at a cursory glance looked an
unpromising weapon with which to defend
a man's life. My lriend evidently thought
so, for he examined it with a dismayed
look." . ,
"Why," said he, "it's hardly more than a
lark-spit; the Austrian uses a Konigsberg
blade, double the width and weight of this
"I know it, but this toy, as you term it,"
surveying the weapon fondly from heel to
point, "has qualities that in proper hands
will prove more than a match for the best
sword ever forged in Germany. It is a real
Seville blade nothing better in the world.
" See," placing it lengthwise on his finger,
how admirably it is balanced ; notice the
hilt, close barred and crossed no fear of
wounds on the sword-hand ; then its temp
er," severing a large nail on which breast
plates were hung. " Look again," pressing
the point against the wall until it met the
hilt, when, releasing the weapon, the blade
instantly returned to its normal condition.
" And this last," striking the blade flat on
an iron anvil with all the force, " there, that
alone is a test which I defy even the famed
Konigsberg sword to undergo. Enough for
this night. Come early to-morrow for your
lesson." 1
When we quitted the professor the doctor
obtained a promise from me that I
would not leave Milan until the result of the
duel was determined, and that I would ac
company him to the field.
; I saw little of my friend except in the
evening he was engaged elsewhere I did
not ask in what direction. I surmised cor
rectly, he was with his fencing-master. He
never alluded to the approaching duel his
conversation was tranquil and on general
topics ; the affray, at the theatre had, how
ever, been bruited about the city every one
knew the duel was to come off, but no one
precisely when or where.
We were about to part one night when
he said quietly, "To-morrow morning at
five o'clock two carriages will be at the
ramparts, one for myself and second, the
other, for the surgeon and my master Di
Pratti. You will pass muster as surgeon.
Let me entreat you to make no objection;
the details have already been finally ar
ranged. My opponent is provided in a sini
lar way ; he and his second in one carriage,'
De Liancourt, his teacher, and a real surgeon
in the other. Be punctual"
tion amply by spoilin
with vnnr fist."
At five o'clock tfound niysolf in the car
riage with Professor Di Prati, ;.(
The place' of combat ' was to be near
Monga just beyond the Milan territory
there were reasons for this, which need not
be particularized. r "
The morning was cold and cheerless' and
when we alighted, which was in about two
hours, the day had not brightened.. All par
ties got out of the carriages ; the foes salu
ted each other briefly. I noticed the mur
derous look in tho Austrian's eyes, and I
gave up my friend for lost. Without a word
being spoken we walked on until we came
to an open space, smooth but slippery with
the morning dew. This was the spot se
lected by the two seconds, who, apparently,
quite accustomed to such scenes, went about
their duties in a steady ,busincss-like manner.
Professor di Prati, who had brought his
sword with him, as he handed it to my
friend, whispered, "Remember when I drop
my handkerchief La risposte.'", . . . ;
The Austrian officer disencumbered him
self of his cloak, and divested himself of all
his upper clothing, leaving his bust "uncov
ered. I never saw so fine a form. Perfectly
proportioned on the largest scale; he stood
upwards of six feet high; chest, arms and
back billowy with muscle, skin as white as
that of the fairest lady. "' ' '.'
; My friend, seeing the fighting costume
adopted by the officer, threw off his black
silk vest as if resolving that he would not
even have a questionable advantage. In size
he looked a mere dwarf to his athletic op
ponent; long wiry arms, chest narrow, skin
almost as dark as a mulatto's and with a'
a greyish tinge, either the effect of cold or
fear, that to my eyes, appeared the forerun
ner of doom.
The seconds having laid down the swords
with hilts to. each combatant, retired and
gave the signal.
The duelists picked up . the swords, my ,
friend at oncetbetaking himself to the new
guard. . ; -
The officer for a moment looked with an ;
air of surprise at the attitude, but only for
a moment. AVith a grim smile, in which. ;
something of contempt was mixed, he
made his advance, and crossed swords with
a clash. My friend had profited in his les
son ; his face was impassive, his eyes tran
quil, his guard as firm as a rock. , The offi
cer made a feint which was disregarded a
thrust which was parried with the left. A
second feint and a second thrust were foiled
in the same way. Another feint, conver
ted into a real attack, was adroitly baf
fled. The officer's color rose the eyes of
the two professors were on him his repu
tation and that of his teacher were at
stake. He changed his tactic3 ; disengaging
suddenly ho raised his sword and dis
charged a blow at the head, with seeming
ly irrisitible force. My little friend could
only avert the assault by receiving the
sword on the . forte of his weapon and
dropping as low as possible; so far was
the parry successful, but the downward
blow, which, in realitv, was only the atant
courier being followed by a thrust under
guard, was only parried by the rapid use of
the left hand, this time not without mischief.
for blood was seen to flow from tho hand
called into requisition. The officer in mak
ing this last thrust, owing to the slippery
ground, had given an opening, winch mv
my friend, in spite of the previous cautions of
his instructor, prepared to take advantage of.
The circumstance was noticed by Di Prati,
who frowced ominously, and muttered, be
neath his breath, "If he break guard, he is
lost hah ! bravo ! bravo ! " The words of
approval were drawn from him by noticing
what had happened. The last thrust, I have
said, brought the officer just barely within
range. By a dexterous movement of the
wrist the point of my friend's sword was
drawn swiftly across the omccr s chest. The
temper here clearly proved, for the touch,
light as it appeared.laid open flesh and mus
cle to the bone from the left shoulder sheer
across the bust, causing a delugo of blood
to follow.
The officer, finding himself severely
wounded, became crimson with rage. Curb
ing his passion, he prepared to execute the
favorite maneuyre, which hitherto had prov
ed fatal to his opponents. He advanced on
my friend, and making a strong cross of his
sword, put forth his wonderful strength of
My attention was called off for a moment
to Dr. Prati, who drew out his handker
chief, held it for a moment, and dropped
Not a moment too soon. The officer had
made his open and delivered a swift thrust
full at the body of my friend, who, having
seen the hanukerchiet drop brought; his
left hand again into play. . This time two
fingers fell to the ground. The next instant
a terrific yell assured me ; that something
fatal occured. La risposte had been given ;
my friend's sword was buried deeply in tho
lower part of the officer's body. The officer,
instinctively feeling the wound Was mortal,
seized the sword with ono hand, and short
ening his own, made a desperate lunge, only
to be warded oil by my friend quitting hold
of bis sword and leaping back out of dis
tance. 1 he force ot the thrust carried the
officer forward ; he fell prone, forcing his
opponent's sword into his body up to the
very hilt.
The omccr cast one look of mingled rage
aDd hate at my friend, the last look on
earth, and as he turned convulsively on his
back, his eyes closed .'n death.
Well Diggers tap a vein of Hot Water.
A strange geological phenomenon recently
caused some excitement at Murat, in France
a village situated between the valley of
Mount Dore and that of St. James. A civil
engineer had caused a rectangular well to be
sunk to a depth of 53 metres, through a
stratum of hard tufa, which covers the pri
mitive formation in that district.' At this
depth, which is insignificant compared to
the shaft of a mine, the heat, nevertheless,
became so intense that the workmen bad to
be relieved at short intervals. Their wood
en shoes soon got intolerably warm, and
they could not lie down to rest themselves
on the hot ground.
On the other hand the appearance ol the '
tufa denoted that the well had nearly reach
ed the granite. The engineer, on leaving
the spot for a while, had recommended his
men to be very careful during his absence.
J and to content themselves with removing the
fj rubble without going further down. One of
them, however, in throwing the last snovel
( ful into the skip, took it into his head to re
i move with his pickaxe a piece of tufa about
thirty inches in circumference; but no soon-
er had he done this than he saw the bottom
of the hole he had made swell up. . . , ,
The men in a fright jumped iuto the cage
and called to be pulled up ; but they had
barely got to the height of a dozen metres
when a thick column of hot water, preceded
by a violent report, rose up in the air, pro
jecting huge stones upwards. The water in '
falling scalded the men grievously. The
jet diminished and the well filled rapidly,,
the poor fellows succeeding, however, in
getting out in time. In the course of ten
hours the well got quite full, and from that
time a rivulet of thermal water has been '
flowing from the spot in the Dordogne: 1
The liqui 1 on arriving there still retains a
temperature of forty - degrees centigrade..
Upon analysis it has been found to contain
upwards of twenty milligrammes (nearly
half a grain) of arseniate of potash per litre,
a proportion unheard of before. The Min-
ister of Public Works has sent a commis-'
sion of engineers to the spot for . further in
vestigation. ; A wild man has been seennnear:. Edin
burgh, Indiana, with a gun twenty-eight
feet long.
-v ;, ;.:y. :
: Reducing Bones to Powdek. Prof. S.
W. JohDSon, of the Yale Analytical Labo
ratory, has given the following method of
reducing bones to powder, first communi
cated to the public by Mr. Pusey, an English
agricultural chemist :
The process depends upon the fact that
bones consist,- to the amount of one-third
their weight, of cartilage or animal matter;
which, under the influence of warmth and
moisture, . readily decomposes (ferments or
decays) and and loses its texture, so that the
bones fall to dust.
. From the closeness and solidity of the
bony structure, decay is excited and main
tained with some difficulty. A single bone
or a heap of bones never decays alone, but
dry and harden on exposure. If, however,
bones in quantity bo brought into close con
tact with some easily fermentable, moist sub
stance, but little time elapses before a rapid
decay sets in.
So', too, if fresh crushed bones are mixed
with sand soil, or any powdery matter that
fills up the spaces between the fragments of
the bone and makes the heat compact, and
then are moisted with puro water, the same
result takes place in warm weather, though
more slowly.
The practical process may be as follows :
The bones, if whole, should be broken up as
far as convenient by a single sledge hammer
and made into alternate layers of sand,
loam, saw-dust, leached ashes, or swamp
muck, using just enough of any one of
these materials to fill compactly the cavities
among the bones, but hardly more. Begin
with a thick layer of earth or muck, and as
the . pile is raised, pour on stale urine or
dung-heap liquor enough to moisten the
whole mass thoroughly, and finally cover a
loot thick with soil or muck.
:In warm weather tho decomposition goes
on at once, and in from two to six or more
weeks the bones will have entirely or nearly
If the. fermentation should spend itself
without reducing the bones sufficiently, the
heap may be overhauled and built up again,
moistening with liquid manure and covering
as before.
By thrustiDg a pole or bar into the heRp,
the progress ot decomposition may De traced
from tho heat and odor evolved.
Should the heap become heated to the
surface so that the amonia escapes, as may
be judged by tho smell, it may be covered
still more thickly with earth or muck.
The larger the heap the finer the bones,
and the more stale urine or dung liquor they
have been made to alisoib, the more rapid
and complete will be the disintegration.
In these heaps, horse dung or other ma
nure may replace the ashes, etc., but earth
or muck should be used to cover the heap.
This bone compost contains the phos
phates of lime in a finely divided state, and
the nitrogen of the cartilage which has
mostly passed into ammonia or nitrates, is
retained perfectly by tho absorbent earth or
When carefully prepared this manure is
adapted to be delivered from a drill machine
with seeds, and, according to English
farmers, fully replaces in nearly every case
the superphosphate made by help of oil of
Clover. This clover is remarkable in the
first place for its growth in rich soils, often
attaining the mammoth height of six of sev
en feet. I have measured stalks in my field
seven feet long, but the average would pro
bably be about three feet. The stems are
larger than other varieties, and for this rea
son would be objected to by those who raise
clever for hay. I have, however, mowed a
quantity of it for hay, and my stock relish
it and tat it readily.
its special value is in the quantity of foliage
it aiibrds, rendering it, for this purpose, su
perior to all other grasses. It is rather later
starting in the spring than the common clo
ver, and requires a longer time to mature;
consequently but one crop can be made in a
season whether a forage or as a seed crop.
it should bo cut about the time Timothy
ripens therefore the two should be sown
together for hay. If for seed, and it yields
abundanlly, it should be pastured until the
first of June, to avoid the grcpt bulk of foli
age which it would produce if permitted to
grow from early spring. After the hay or
8ted is removed a new growth springs up,
which affords excellent late pasture.
It is hardy, stands drought better than
the other varieties of clover, and will flourish
vigorously on light, loomy soils ; indeed it
has never failed to produce a more luxu
riant crop on any soil on which I have yet
tried it.
it possesses over the common red clover is
that it does not interfere with corn tillage
and wheat harvest. It will stand very well
until the grain is cut, and the seed will not
mature before" the middle or latter part of
August. Thus yon see that the- soil is tho
roughly protected by a close and heavy mat
of rich vegetable matter, from the scorching
rays of the July nud August suns. It ap
pears to be well adapted to our soil and cli
mate. ' Even on soils that will not pay for
cropping, I have seen heavy swaths of hay
cut. ,
I purchased a farm in 18G6, which had
been almost exhausted by constant cropping,
on which I sowed the usual quantity of
seed per acre. The clover took readily. I
applied a half bushel of plaster to the acre,
and waited anxiously for the result, not
without apprehension that my labor and
my money had gone for naught. But with
the gentle showers and genial warmth of
Spring appeared the tender leaves of tho
young (lover. Rapidly it grew up like
some "mammoth" weed, and soon the once
barren hills "blossomed like the rose," and I
was compensated a hundred fold for all the
money and labor I had expended.
Southern Farmer. Bolivar Leech.
Management op Sandy Soils. My new
ly bought farm is high and dry, quite level,
and sandy soil. This sandy, soil is about
six inches deep on a white sand, mixed,
more or less, with red sand. Under this .
white sand is a stiff red elay. I now have "
my first crop growing on it, and suppose it
will yield some five and a half or six bush
els of" shelled corn to the acre. Will tho
above land bring red clover to profit ? If
so, what quantitty of seed must be sown to
the acre, and at what tima should it be
sown ? and with what kind of grain ?
Within less than a half mile there is any
quantity of creek mud. I have gathered a
small quantity of this mud, placed it in a
glass jar with water, well shaken; after it
settled, I found about one quarter of the
settlings to be a very fine white sand, the
remainder pure vegetable matter.
Now, can I not turn this mud to profit ?
Some say it will ruin my land. I cannot
tell. I am, however, inclined to differ with
Early in the fall I intend to haul this mud
to the fields, have my pens ready, put a
heavy layer of mud, then a layer of straw,
theii a layer of lime, alternately, until the
pen is complete. . Guano is very high. Tho
above, I think, isniy only chance; but with
mo the question is, Will it do? Will any
-roan give me a better plan ? or, if this plan
will do, let me know it Seeker..
Apply the muck or mud to the soil, seed
with a peck or more of red clover in the
spring, and the following spring, after it is
in head, plow it under. In this way you can
renovate your Jand. The muck is tho very
best application you can make. Moore' g
Rural New Yorker.
Paintings of Chamber? gauze on silks are
popular. . . , . , ., , v;
Colored-Bilks, -imported, have white or- i
gandy frills and plaitings. . ".
Some pretty white goat's hair dresses are
trimmed -with the . narrowest coral-colored ;
braid. .
A buff silk, a lavender, and a light brown
thus trimmed were among the novelties in a
trousseau recently arrived. ' .
Some of the freshest white dresses have
been flounced with narrow ruffles to the
wnist the ruffles being placed apart, and the
spaces filled with rows of the narrowest
black velvet.
White suits are much m vogue. They
were worn to some extent last year, but did
not obtain much favor until this season, and
doubtless they will remain fashionable while
the walking dress retains its present length.
We have a return to the styles of long
ago in ruffles, quillings and plaitings of
grenadine and hernani upon silk.
The panier is by no means obsolete, and
from all reports is believed to prevail more
obstinately at the sea shore than at the
mountain resorts. In somo white and coral
colored foulard suits it has asserted itself
with determination. In general, however,
it is due to an arrangement of drapery and
not to actual construction. The effect re
mains a la panier.
Some new crochet trimmings, and the
old fashioned gimps have been seen upon
dresses imported for a wedding outfit.
Fringes, too, are used upon such dresses,
headed by guipure in -citings or open-worked
passementeries. :
We have at this late day still another
material imported among tho ready-made
suits to order, called Panama .fibre, some
what resembling yellow Holland linen, and
better. These goods, trimmed with blue,
coral color, or a decided maize, are among
the latest goods exhibited ; but being late,
they will do for another summer. . .
Some of the India muslins have the ruf
fles doubly bound with narrowest black vel
vet, which, as a trimming, bids fair to return
to us in the fall with all its old popularity.
Foulard silks are in greatest demand.
The twilled ones make excellent dresses for
children, and will wash as well as piques or
The Algerian foulards make very pretty
dresses, with a plain high dress of gaily
striped Algerian, and a blue or onecru tunic
dress, with low bodice worn over it.
Printed foulards look well while they are
new, but they soon degenerate, and are apt
at first to lose their color.
Unbleached foulard makes the most stylish
of dresses, with a loosely fitting Pompadour
basmie. trimmed with a ouilted ribbon of a
shade a trifle darker than the material.
Lace shawls were never more necessary as
an article of a lady's wardrobe. Except for
elderly ladies, however, they are not worn
au naturel, but arc arranged for a waistband
and sash, looped upon tho shoulders and
otherwise so disguised that they arc scarcely
recognizable as the well known point. There
is another process of fitting at the shoulders
and taking in at the back so as to contrive
a fall over the arm, somewhat resembling a
sleeve. ' , ' ,
Phimtillv ftnrl T.nnifL Tnoft shawls are so ar
ranged, with a cliar.ce of the surrender being
n finnl nnr TTnndsomfi thread shawls ladies
are reluctant to loop in this way, as they
t 1! t I. .1 J A
are sure to oe uisaoiea anu torn.
A dress garment in Lama lace, now proper
to be called "dentelle des Indes," is the Vic
toria, a sort of fichu with a double plait
down the back, and square lappets, ending
in a knot and bow at the back.
Sashes continue to be of the most brilliant
shades, flame color and the brightest maize
ribbon being very fashionable, with white
muslin or black grenadine dresses. They
are broader and shorter than ever, the loops
being nearly as long as the ends.
Fanchons of Italian straw are trimmed
with narrow black velvet and ruches of
black lace, with a cluster of Marguerites or
poppies and wheat.
The bridal tiavelling hat in this age of
good taste is plainer than any other. We
remember when the Dunstable bonnet, trim
med with white ribbon, marked the jour
neying bride as plainly as if she had worn
her marriage certificate pinned on her
Among other pretty round hats intended
for the season a Bergere of white chip is
trimmed with pink roses and black lace,
and a rice straw, with a long scarf ot maize
gauze, fastened with a brilliant
Feathers and flowers may be seen upon
the same hat this season, and ladies who
call themselves ladies of taste wear them.
Among the travelling dresses in linen we
have had the Sanish, the Chinese, and the
hitiste, a three ply goods, not very cool, but
durable. . -
A round hat of Italian straw, trimmed
very plainly, or a Donna Maria, which has a
gauze veil wrapped about the crowp, is the
popular hat for travelling.
Northern and European Settlers,
Improved Farms, Timber and Mineral
Lands, nouses, Mines, Water
Powers, &c.
: AlSO Of
Cotton, Tobacco, and Naval Stores,
On consignment, and advances made on same.
For Improved Agricultural Implements, Fertil
izers, Machinery, &c.
Mortgage or otlier Securities.
Those having Lands or Farms for sale, will
find it to their interest to communicate with this
Company. ' -
K A L E I G II, N. C.
Geo. Little, Prett. R. W. Best, See. & Treat.
Directors at IUleigh :
. Hon. R. W. Best, late Sec. of State
Col. Geo. Little, " U. 8. Marshal
' Geo. W. Swepson, Raleigh Nutiona. Bank.
R. Kingsland, late of New York City.
Directors at New York
A. J. Bleecker, Agent at new York and Bos
ton, 77 Cedar Street, New York City,
may 3 . : i . i 4(H d&w3m
the Gallon, Barrel or Hogshead, at lowest
market price, by
1une 1 tf DOUGLAS BELL.
The Leading Company In North CaroUn is
T of Hartford;":
.... -ASSETg :'
& 13,000,000.00.
"divisible surplus . : ;
All the Surplus of the Company
Divided among the Assured.
Dividends declared and
paid annually on the
Contribution Plan.
ALL POLICIES (after two fuU payments)
No Restrictions as" to Resi
dence and Travel in the
United States.
Rates Lower than any otlier
Company that pays Divi
dends to Policy-holders.
It issues all the various forms of Life
aud Endowment Policies, .- ,
Its ratio of expense to income is extremely
low. This may be seen by reference to the Offi
cial Reports for 18C3. For example:
Expense on the SI 00 Received.
Knickerbocker, - .- $16.54
Equitable, - - . 17.44
North America, - - 21.16
Brooklyn, - - - - 21.09
Universal, - - - . 27.24
John Hancock, . ..... .18.27
The National, . . ... 63.48
THE ETNA, - . . 13.41
It has an
Important New Feature
that has been copy-righted. According to this
plaD, the rates are
Much Lower
than In any other Company in the world.
Its ratio ol Mortality is low. Its Kates are
very low. Its Expenses are very low. Its divi
dends are large. . .
It insured more lives in the City of New York
in 1SCS, than any other Company except one. It
issued more Policies in the United States than
any other save one. It insured more lives in
Canada than any other Company, British or
America. .. i
See what the . ; - ; ,,
Highest Insurance Authority ,
in this country says. In the Jane nnmber of the
Insurance Times of New York, tho following
opinion was expressed :
"If there is any great benefit in mutual asso
ciation, any great advantage to be derived from
scientilic organization and a chartered source,
tending to mitigate the sufferings, lessen the
Erivations, and add to the peace, security, and
appiness of humanity, we are prepared to show
that these blessings flow in all their fullness and
purity from this excellent, powerful, and flour
ishing company, the iEtna Life of Hartford."
"No institution has brought more prompt,
lull, and grateful relief to the hearths of the be
reaved aud desolate, and none hag been more
uniformly distinguished for the enterprise, wis
dom, and equitable liberality with which it has
fulfilled the purposes ot Us formation."
" Its success has been almost unbounded and
beyond all precedent. Eight years ago, in 1861,
it issued only 589 policies, received an income of
seventy-eight thousand dollars, and possessed
net assets summing up to something over two
hundred and eighty-one thousand dollars; but
last year, 18GS, it granted 13,337 new policies,
more than any other company, except the Mu
tual Life ; received an income exceeding six mil
lion dollars, and had amassed solid, securely and
profitably invested net assets amounting to over
Ten Million Throe Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars. And this wonderful ratio of growth has
been sustained in 1869."
AND ;,;
Virginia South of the James.
OFFICE : Raleigh, N. C.
W. H. McKeb, Medical Examiner.
Jnly 5 4663m
In the matter of J. Q. A. LEACH, Bankrupt.
estate of J. Q. A. Leach, Bankrupt, I will
sell at public auction, at the Court House door
in the City of Raleigh, State of North Carolina,
on Thursday, the 14th day of October next, all
the right, title, and interest of the said Bankrupt
in a certain valuable tract of land, situate in the
County of Falls, and State of Texas, lying on the
east bank of the Brazos River, and containing
six hundred and forty acres.
This is the richest and the most productive
land on the " Brazos Bottoms," is welllmproved,
and a most desirable investment. The attention
of Capitalists is most earnestly called to this sale.
For further information, apply to John W
Hanks, Esq., Martin, Texas.
Terms cash. . - , ,
. HENRY A. LONDON, Jk., Assignee.' V"
P O Pittsboro, N. C.
"glO -483-ilawtd
Rates Df'SubscrlptW7
TEBMS CTsATn Advance '
a:)..'-' . I :.--;i:""""7 -3 00 '
. Weekly paper, year-, j. ;.,
; " , 6 months,.i.
i w i;
!3 00 ii;
" ?i -""j oi nve or more sni
scribers, one copy, gratis, willbe furnished '
- A cross jx) mark on the paper mdicates:the As
piration of the subscription. -.uf ,
Rates of-A&vertisine
square.1'10-08"9''' 0,2e-illchiBce to constitute,
One square brie Insertion., i'.1.'.'..'.1;1
Each subsequent insertioriiyvt...Vy;""';'
Court advertisements ' Wftl be eliV'
cent higher than the regular rates. - .
Spbciai, Notices charged 60 percent. hH,
than ordinary advertisements,. , "'ti'w
For advertisements' inserted irregnlariv 25 :
cent, higher than usual rates will be charged. PW
' No paper in the South has advertisin
superior t9 the Sticsdabv.., , .. . , "wi.
Letters must be addressed to .' '.
' "'' ' J J. NE ATHERY & co; :i
::-iiO!sii.BYO T.I ,:. . . . -f
Korlli Carolina ' Real ' 'an! 'Personal : Estate " A,
... :. . ) -y, ;: i. r.'-.r-i .v v . .:;
' GAPIlAL.A,STfiCE.Amm, txi
Subscribed and taken, by responsible penm!
and chartered by special act of the Legist
of North Carolina Joph G. Hest fifkalei
President ;..Joseph Dixon, of It. C, VicerSS.
dent; Robert G. Lewis, of Raleigbros'urw
John Skinner,: Secretary.'! Gov. Worth's mZ
niiicent residence iu the. .city, of RiiU-igh, alonir
with 2,000 other valuable' prizes, vajui d at $140 .
604, will be drawn loron theregirir fjlan of tl
Havanna Lottery, on the 28th day ol Au'-uit
1809. 73,317 chances at S3 each. ' Tickets
to any address in the United Statenpon receipt
of S3 and postage. For further particulars ad-'
dross " . ' , JOHN SKINNER, Secretary.
P. S. we refer- to any banker, merchant, or
gentleman in North Carolina, aug lO-d&wlm ,
1 i ; 1 . ii i. .
ji;::: . O.OMPOUHDa -,:.' 'li y:K V
Cure Chills and Fever, 'Dyspepsia, Indigestion.'
Colic, Sick Stomach, Bronchitis. Asthma,
Neuralgia; Rheumatism; Ac." -' '
-A sure, sa(c, and reliable preventive annVcnn'i
for all Malarial diseases, and of. diseases requir
ing a general tonic impression. "
Prepared only by Dr.i N.. A. H. G0DD2S, and
for sole everywhere.
... JA3IE3 T.WIGGINS,' "
(Successor to J. H. Baker & Co. Proprietary i
Agent and Wholesale dealer in Patent Medicines,
Norfolk, Virginia. - - ' r-'jyl wly-
!n'.i.'j ori: '.'
J ; , 8i DIXOX,
.1,1 1 l . .
- r'.S. DIXON ScCO ,
Iron-Founders, . Mill-Wrights and Machinist, '
Snow Camp IP. Alamance Co., N,C.
-. : Are Manufacturing i -i ' i " i : :t
Improved Hbrsc-Powers and Threshers, Straw-'
Cutters, Corh-SheUere, Cane Mills, Saw and -Grist
Mill Irons' pf, every. Description, , ; .
Shafting, Pulleys, Gearing,. &c. ., .
Also, are Manufacturing an ' ,' "" .
Improved Turbiaa1 "Wateif Wheel, ;
Which at no distant day, It .Js- believed will su-'
percede the Overshot-Wheel in most eituatioi.s,
where economyr' ditra&iIityJ and -efficiency are'
properly considered. . ' ,7 v, . .,. ,1
EST Mill owners and others who uso water for
the propulsion of machinery, are particuIarlT '
requested to give this Wheel an examination be
fore sending their money North lor pne not so
good. 1 . t .: .i'mtii-ih t;i : ot l-Vi".
This Company is an .association ot- ,Practieal
Mechanics, who have' been engaged in ibis per-,
ticular inslnessj for more than TWfljrrT-FrFS '
teaks, and are qualified fromJong training, and
practical experience, to make thorough work of
aDy job entrusted to; their .cared together with '
the LOW PRICES at,whicWork has been put
under tho ready-pay 'system: lately inau'TirateJ
in this country, .wilt make it to the-interest ci
those wanting any tuing.in. our line to give us a ,
call. - aug 11 w4w
AT THCWAfnv'n '.
rpHE next Annual Course 'of 'Lectures' will
jl commence on tne Vitus r MONDAY in Oc
tober, 1869, and continue until the . 1st. of March
following. The organization pf the school is now ,
more complete than at any former period, with
ample means for the illustration ol the lectures .
In thft RftVPMl jlpnorfmpTita'- CT.TKTn A T TV
8TRUCTI0N at theCollege infirmary, Howard's
Fees : Matriculation, $5 ; full course of lec
tures, $120; demQustratorflanatQmy,$10: gmd.
uation, $30. , ... . .. . ; ,;,., . : .
Board, $30 to $30 er month.' Tor a copy of
the annual, announcement,-- -con Wining full par- '
ticulars, address t u :L; S- JOYNE&, M, D., -' '
i aug 7 w6w; .,uh ,iW j. Dean of Jhe Faculty, .....
It is authentically stated that one-fifth of the
inhabitants of this country and Europe die of Cou
sumption. No disease has been more thoroughly
studied, and its nature less understood ; there is
no disease upon which exists a greater diveisity
of opinion and no disease which has more com
pletely baffled all. medical skill -and, remedial
agencies. ''
Some of the prominent symptoms are Cosebi 1
Expectoration,. .Shortness, of Breath. Irritation
about the LnngB and' Chest, darting, Pains in the
5idC3 and Back, Emaciation, and general negative
condition of tho whole system. , r... ... '
. Persons suffering with this dread disease, or !
any of its concomitants, should lose no, time ia "
possessing themselves' of the, proper Remedy, i
order that- they may stay its' ravages, and' b? re ;
stored to health. , Tle- ; ... .-',,,.?., , " -v
i :i REV.;'E.'ILSON'S. :
' Preparca'PrescriptfonfortheCnre of
CnstLmption,v?A s th m a, Bronchitis
Roughs, Colds,
' 7 .. ',.'',','.''';' ' AND
by the use of which hie' was "restored io health it
few weeks, after baring suffered several yfrt '
with a severe lung al&ction and .that dread
ease, Consumption, lias now been id use ovcrW .
years with the most marked success 1 : "
This Remedy is prepared . from the oripnjj
Recipe chemically pure, by the Rev. EDWARD
A. WILSON, 165 Southed Street, Williamsburg,' '
KingsCo., New York. ,
A Pamphlet containing the original PrcscriP
tlon with full and explicit directions for prepara
tion and use, together with a short history of ki
case with symptoms, experience and cure, can ue
obtained (free of charge) of Mr. Wilson, as above
or by callingon or addressing ,' ' " '
J' l Druggists,' Balefgh.N.C.,,,
Dec. 15, 186 V5s vii; T j.s au 570 wly." "
.Fkom 4 to 350 Horse Pf?J
1 tri1nttn'r Mtn'ontallRlt!?!
Corliss- Cut-off ' En?Wf.
Slida. Vlvrf Stationary En
. gines, Portable Engines,'''
Also,. Circular, Muluyjuw,;
Trnng i?awiiiiiis, ou' ,t
Mills, Shafting, PeW
&c, Lath and Shintfe k'M
Wheat and Com Mills, W' )
M cular Baws, 1 Belling, :
.Send for. descriptive Cirerr
Mr and Price Lte':v " ''
Utica, New York-
Feb 13 337-dAwOm
.1 - m

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