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3 - -m'
Tarborotisli. Etlgccombe Vomiti ,V. C. 3 ular in, January I k 1851.
ft r i
27c Averooro7 E'rcss,
BY GEORGE HOWARD,
Is published weekly at Two Dollars per year
t aid in advance or, TwoDol la rs and Fiftv
'! irs at the expiration of the subscription year.
Advertisements not exceeding a square will be
. ' rle( at OxeDollar th first insertion, and 25
nts for every succeeding one. Longer ones at
that rate per square. Court Orders and Judicial
'.lyprtisements 25 per cent, higher.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF GOV
Delivered before the two Houses of the
General Asse nbly of North Carolina,
the 1st clay of January, 1851.
Senators and Members of the House of
Impressed with a deep sense or grati
tude to my fellow citizens. I enter upon
the duties of the station to which their
kind partiality has called me, with the
earnest invocation to Almighty God sol
to direct my official conduct as to pro
mnff flip ivnlfirp. the nrosnpritv. nnd thn
, r4, i f i e. . 'pi !
happiness of the people of the State. The'-
, . r i c a f . ir
dalies ot the Executive, at all times dch-
cate aul responsible, are magnified by
the importance of the crisis; and I should
fearful task assigned me
with greatei reluctance, were it not for
the fact that I find myself surrounded by
the Legislative authority of the State,
confided to gentlemen whose wisdom and
patriotism, I doubt not, will be found e
j'Ja! to the emergency.
Tne misguided fanaticism of Abolition
ists at the North threatens the overthrow
ol the Constitution and a dissolution of
the Union. The slavery question is one
of momentous importance to the South
i 3".aies ot the Contedencv, involving
aamcalcu'able amount of property, as
.. .. ... " J
i.eu a, me domestic peace and security
. , . 1 . . 3
01 OUr neon e. In thn fnp.Tint Inn of thr
I I " V IVI UlilllUll 1. Xrf
federal '"onstitution the institution of Sla
very was recognized and provided for in
a manner just md satisfactory to all the
States, Subsequently, this question deep
hT agitated the country, tnd the South
nde concessions to the North and sub
billed to the Missouri compromise, with
1;'C assurance and expectation lhat this
actment of the series of compromise meas
Ures Passed by the present Congress, by
nch the South lost important rights by
;in making concessions to the North.
ao Torth, having availed herself of all
12 vantages under this compromise,
"oca not cease to agitate the . subject; and
' threatens to repeal the only one of
ll; rao:lsures which enured to the benefit
(fte South, accompanied, in many in-
; "pes. by violent threats to disregard the
itution and the laws, and to forcibly
?s;s their execution.
f. We have not been indifferent to the en
lhments tint have been made on our
'Us,yet We have patiently suffered
;!l-ai with the hope they would not be
renewed. We now have just ca ise
'Qr that this hope was illusive. North
lina one of the last States to enter the
. ederacy, yields to none of her sisters
vr u attachment to the Union. She
regard its dissolution as an awful
'ty, which she would avoid at any
jr,ficc consistent wih her rights and
,''r Slf5y. She came into the Union to
vorned by the federal Constitution.
cure herself against tyranny and
, ' ' and so long is the Constitu
r;Jlhfully adhered to and her rights
she will bo among the last of
wiung clement of political strife was to lho cMln i ,in nn1 frpi mvsel'f called unon we have lo encounter in relation to our niitiatory step, it requites a larger nnm- 0fC0UlUry, solely, by the
jeiorever put to rest. Aficr availing tn ... ,tsvoriM (u nnilr merits of i system of Common Schools, I apprehend, ber of the members of the Assembly to call the cures it has uniformly
,erjie!f of all tho a,li7ooiaooQ lot.vnl nn.i . .. . . : i rt hnrniiml ;n il.n.nmln niMiu.nl.n. a C o u v en 1 i on lh m t o nass t he a mv.txu men t recentl v , it has never beei
- -.. many obi?cts ot public improvemcnij" ""l - - m r
,,sr that compromise, -llu- North urged vhich demand the at. o,vie of the St ate ' tion, but in the inadequacy of the fund I he ( onvenlional mode of effecting this any pains been taken to extend
exorbitant demands, which led to the en- ) Mf , s 'tom '7 TnjPr,l Im. land in the imperfect manner in which ihe reform weakens the question, while the high reputation therefore is Pe
the States ffl rfpsnvt tho T7: r . i .
, ui sne
T X- , 1 l etUer mto a U-, the Legislature in its wisdom may here-
vnicn would overthrow the Consti- after provide for, so far as depends unon
e 1T:V1 rlearest!,f tsa 'an. my action as Executive shall be faithfully
acle her with the fetters of oppression, executed. -
To such a Union she owes no allegiance. I In a State like ours, where the popular
Aolemnsenseofpubhc duty impels me! voice directs and govern public affairs,
to .declare that the encroachments of the education is a subject of general and para
orthon the domestic institutions of ' mount importance. It is therefore the
the South, have already proceeded to the policy of the State to foster and improve
farthest allowable point. Entertaining our system of Common Schools, so as to
this opinion, I regard it as due to candor answer the laudable and beneficient pur
that we should make that tact known, that pose for which it is intended. In 1S25,
our brethren at the North maybe fully , an act was passed setting apart certain
informed tint "we know our rights, and ' sources of revenue for Common and con
knowing, dare maintain them." and that venient Schools, and providing for the
.1 they proceed in their aggressions, theV distribution of its proceeds among theseV
must expect to meet the consequences, eral counties in proportion to the free
In view of all the circumstances, I res-' white population in each, whenever in the
pectluliy recommend to the General As- opinion of the Legislature the same had
sembly to provide in the event of a con- sufficiently accumulated. This fund did
tmgency arising to justify itfor taking not sufficiently accumulate to put into op
the necessary steps to maintain the Cm- ration a system of Common Schools, un
slitulion of the United Stales and the I til the State received a considerable sum
rights of this State; that we may co-operate
with such other States as m y deter
mine to stand by a Union governed by
the compromises of the constitution Pur
suing this course, wc shall feel a proud
consciousness of the rectitude of our
cause, and be justified in the estimation of
all impartial minds; and then, if ihc awful
calamity must come which God forbid!
let the consequences fall upon those
whose madness and fol.y have provoked it.
That the rights of the State ma) be res
pected, the Constitution preserved, and
the Union, according to the Constitution,
peipetuated, is my ardent wish; ami the
Legislature and the people of the Slate
j may rely upon my hearty co-operation
in such measures as mav tend to the con
summation of these desirable objects
T . ,, ,
It is well worthy ol consideration
, ,. ...
wnetner our ponce regulations in relation
to plavesand free persons of color are suf
ficient; and also, whether the public inter-
net ilnoc M r f ronmrn lui'llinr fiirwlil i.m n
,,1 . "
ujuru eueciuaiiy rnstire ine appn nensio!)
and conviction of persons who endeavot
to excite slaves to tebrMion or it.surrer
tion,or who kidnap or persuade them to
leave their owners, and more especially
in cases where such oflendcrs flee to oilier
A judicious system of Infernal Im
provements by the ta!e has ever been
regarded as an object of importance wor-j
lh. rf ill r rnndii!ni ntinii :iml iirt i.'in r f tlw
" . . nx . , ,
,, 1 , ... n 1,1 i
could not fail to add to the wealth and
c w i r
convenience of all cl isses of our ci
nnd tithe orosneritv of the Slate. There
are various obiects which claim the con-!
iiloritimi of the I rfishture Feelin" a
deep interest in the prosperity of every tho distribution ot the tund lor that pur
part of the State, and bt Sieving that the pose. This principle of distribution has,
members of the Gene ral Assembly, resi in a commendable spirit of compromise,
ding as they do in the various Counties, ( been. time after time settled by Ihe Legis
.;n u r.,ltw nwn.rn,! in alvo duo on n si i -! h t u c. Is the a 1. 1 1 o 1 1 1 1 of this q' estion
" WVIl.'i-. . 1
pr.tion lo Ihe claims of everv nort on o'
provemcnts a large expenditure of money
is necessarily required, and it is not to be
exnectcd that a Stale can at once emiili
cxjjcuo-u nidi a iciv,
in all the schemes
hemes that arc uesirauIC.
Works of this description should be
, . . 1 rorit to
dertaken with clue caution c
' ' V Vrhp SMte toeomnlete them
the means of the State to complete tnem.
As 1 reneral rule, I think the Legislature
As a general rtiic 1 t.iini
. t, Ink nnthnri7P.s the construction ot works
their practicability anu tne aucquauy ';
ivlnoh authorizes the construction o! works
orintern.1 Ip-ovcnen, ought, -ot -ho
same time, 4o provui
: 1 -,;e ntr ihp
icte lor raising u;
means for their completion
.z. - - . - -
i;,;nn of the
i.i:- n'.'.nn rr llio rnnr
Vreasurv .v!!l justify the State at this'
i icujui v j j
time in embarking in other and new oo ,
t : .n..nivnnto on ft it sn. lO W
ject. o, nop v :r 7: .
extent, is a queuuu v.. ... ' p " i
to the nrudence and wisdom ol the ben-
to the pruuence Iudicious sys-
pm Assembly. Ynile a juuiciousss
- . -.1 4 1
ten. of Internal Improven,n .w
means and resources of the State, is aes.r
at! vet a wild
one, involving the State in a large public
3 3Ulo . -
debt without the prospect or a num.. w.
adequate advantages to the people, is to
All iu..M.i, I . i.i a i T ... T ,,;i5l.1.ii-r, mnln Innc n o-il (tiorofnrn II 15 U JU!I UF dial
be deprecated. Such a system denying the fundamental principle
for a time at least, paralyze the sPirIt y on which all free governments arebas
improvement, and, with it, the prosper! y ouestion embraces no nronosi-
of the Slate. ' The laws in lorce - .
u of lutcrnal Improvement
already provided for, and such others as!
under the deposite act of Cong ess, the
most o? which sum, together with stocks
belonging to the Stale was transferred to,
or invested for, the use of the Liter iry I
Fund. The Slate received this deposite
from the General Government according
lo federal population, and the Assembly
of $3C, which transferred these new ac
quisitions to the Literary Fund, expressly
stipulated that they should be ''subject at
all limes to the direction and control of
the General Assembly." These accu im-
lations have, in the opinion of t lv- Legisla-, ard minors; still they are represented.
Hire, sufficiently increased the fund to jus-J Slaves, although property, are persons,
lily the commencement of a system of , and subject to legislation in that two-fold
Common Schools; and in 1S3Q, an act was ; character.
accordingly passed. The act of IS 10 pro- j Every county in the State is interested
vided that the next annual income of ihe, l the slave question, and the State should
Literary Fund should be divided accord-1 have ui;t one voice, on this important sub
inS lo federal population Since that!.!"1 Experience has but too recently
time our School laws have been frequent- i
ly revised and re-enacted, but every time
retaining the principle of diMiibulion nc-;
cording to federal population. Human in-
genuity can devise no plan for the distri- neacr home to us to array one section
bution of this fund that will not operate he State against another, and to de
mon. favorably to some counties than to s,ro.v the good feeling, the peace and
others Such a result is inseparable from friendship which is so desirable lo culti
thc condition cS' the Stale; and it is be- va!c between the various portions of the
lieved lhat the present mode if tlislribti- tate? Lei us forget that we are parti
tion is, upon the whole, perhaps .as just as " zans, and bury this dangerous element of
Jiiat eo.ild he adopted. i lie diller .:
enee in the amount received by the larger
. number of counties in the States, whether
the distribution he according lo federal or
white population, would be very inconsid-j
erable. Slaves are owned in every part
'of the State, and each county shares alike
in the distribsi'.ion in pronation toils
federal population. Fe!eral population
lis not made the basis ot education, but ol
. . - -
never to censer i ne great inconvenience
whether, instead of continuing this ng'ila-
. jT . ., I l..4,..l i ..-....
i'"", ls lu Ulli;l'u'v
r.u .1... .,u.
HUH 01 nic oiaiu iiiuaL iuu uuiui, lih m-
I . .. . 1 . t 1 .
un-!tention may not oc more properiy uircci
!ed to the enlargement of.the fund and its
:nvesttirent. and to the imnrove-
i ment and better regulation of the Schools
, The qucstion of Equal Suffrage has for
' ,nm,i.,i;Mn rK. sinWnn'
anu 11 is ijciicvcu nun u iuic iiiuiuniy ue
...... : t
tile pUUUlC uuuiaiiu ima uiiailLuuuiiai I
.a,x , nmnnr this f 'o ... . -I I n
'form. The subject embraces the plain
proposition whether the right to vote for
,un Caniln elm 1 1 lift pxtpmfpd In sunn npr-
- - " - - rr-
Houseof rommon,It is not d0llbl.
d fa t h votcrs are TUV competent to
eu oui u . i
exercise the right of Suffrage in choosing
-r.u - rAnAMi aui
Itnfh liranciiea ut mm vi-iihui ajjcmuiy.
nrorfosed to ,d ,pp
Inenoois are retuiaieu. aiiu i sui)mu.,",-h""ui"v' "'""""
unnhllunon terms of equality at the ballot box,
non the ground that if they; enjoyed the
auuseitj.isan unjlist e.
, upQrl their virtue and intelligence.
.n.rnni-hon Uio riahts of the land-
iu. - i
holder, but to extend lo a numerous and
meritorious class of our fellow citizens
one of the dearest rights of American frt ?
men. It is gratifying to know that this
question of extending the right of Suffrage
has not arrayed the landholders against
the non-landholders, for such is the love
of liberty and of equality among our peo
ple, that both cl isses are found actively
co-operating in their efforts to carry out
this questional reform. Efforts have been
made to connect with this question a
change of the basis of representation. I
do not think that either justice or p'tblic
policy demands such a change. The Con
vention of 1835, in a spirit of compromise
and concession, adopted taxation as the
basis for. the Senate and foderal population
as the basis of representation for the Mouse
of Commons. The Abolitionists at the
North wish to destroy the hasis of federal
population upon which vve are represented
in Congress Their course on this sub
ject is v iewed as dangerous and mischiev
ous; and I regard a similar movement in
relation to our representation in the State
Legislature, however well intended, as
fraught with equal mischief and danger
The federal basis consists of three fifths of
the slaves added to the whole number of
free persons. The white basis wool
wholly exclude the computation of slave
in representation. Persons other than vo
ters are properly represented. Although
federal population prevails as a basis, ytt
slaves do not vote, nor do white females
shown us the sad consequences resulting!
"Om the agitation ol the slavery question j
between the different States of the Union.!
Are 1 nese excit mg scenes to be brought
agnation, wiin me oeierminau'm to uinie
our Ernest exertions to promote the hon-
OI 311(1 prosperity of the State. Engraft-
inS tho white basis on Equal Suffiage
' would he an indirect, but a most certain
a,ul t ffeclual mode of defeating the latter
question. 1 his must be obvious lo every
lellecling mind. Lqual SuUragc. connect-
cd with a change of the bais, must fail;
aimmg uy usen, u must pievan. i nis
l .. .t - .... L
ameuumcni to ine uonsinuiion may oe
passed by the present and succeeding
Legislatures, and submitted to the people
r . r . i i, , i
for ratification in Ihc manner provided in
. . . . . ,
the ( constitution, without incurring the
lhe latter is preferable
1I1.IL t i it' C".l-l"?J U Lllia UllilOUIl III
that the success of this measure will be
nrnmnlpf hv hei n ff submitted and Voted
linnn m on inl.ltpl nilOMtion. without hp-
.yi .:-:- 1 , " .
mgconnected with any other Constitu-
me election ot Judges ana ji
lhc ieyce bv the people, and fc
J 1 1
: less than for life, are questions o
. , , 1
The election of Judges and Justices of
...., ...,.:.u 1
: -.. - - .
-,i.i.. ti, .1 1
! AMCUIUI V I 1 1 U I C U I Z Ki I 1 1 CI il III UIJ U II 1 1 II 13
I . . . 1 . . . . . . . . . 1
to the Constitution that have attracted
public attention, to which, I doubt not.
'ou will give that degree of consideration
which their importance demands.
In conclusion, permit me to remark that
the General Assembly may rely upon my
hearty co-operation in such measures as
may tend to the prosperity and happiness
of the people of the State.
irac fen berg Medicine.
JUST RECEIVED, the Graefenbcrg
Sarsaparilla Compound the celebrated
Children's Panacea the EyeLotion the
health Bitters the Fever and. Ague Pills
the Vegetable jPills, and the ftreeu
Mountain Vegetable Ointment.
For sale by , Geo. Howard.
. It is
v : I! if :
'jp HE Stage Fare from Rocky Mount to
Washington is reduced to $5 or,
Prom Rocky Mount to Tarboro Si 50
" " " Sparta N 2 00
" V " Falkland 2 50 -
" . " " Greenville 3 00 r
" ,? Pactolus 4 00
" " " Washingon 5 00 VJ:
" Tarboro' to Sparta 2 00
" " Falkland 1 00 " '
" . " (renvill 2 00 ! t
For seats, &c. apply to H. WiswalJ, .
Washington Goold Hoyt, Greenville I
or to Geo. Howard. Tar&oro9. i;4 !
February 1, 184S.
Th Ui tutu 11 iv
Is admitted by civilized as well as barbaroud
nations to be when fu.l, flowing and perfect, the
greatest ornament, and when imperfect or wanting
the greatest disadvantage to the personal appear
ance f male or female. That Tt i3 a duty to pre
serve and beautify it, all will admit. This article
'"i-'. . been for more than 20 years used extensively.
1; iasthe testimony of many of the most respect
able citizens in this country, who certify to th
f c lhat the
BAL3I OF COLUMBIA
Fir-1, in all cases stops the hair falling out or
restores it in most if fallen, and in all cases if lost
by Sickness; and keeps olTdandrufT and scurf on
intants and adults. Second, perfumes the hair
ind preserves it to old age from turning gray.
Should always be used at toilette. Third, gives
great vigor and rapid growth to the hair, and cau
ses it to curl beautifully. Lastly, prevents all
filth or its corseuencr on children' heads, and
exceeds all other articles for the hair i. quality,
quantity and cheapness. Many articles have been
started on the reputation of this, and are without
merit though tbey have been and -are sold at dou-
ble the prices of this balm.
The truy haired will find the Indian Hair Dy
en,i ..u euttiudi.
To Iht hull and lame -Dr. 11 ewes' nerve and
bone lini nent is the most effec'ti ii cure, for theu-
! rnatism and contracted cords and muscles
For sale by Geo. Howard. -
A certain and speedy Cure for Chronic
Rheumatism, Spasms of the Mus
cles, Ligaments and Back, and
for Sprains, Bruises, and
THK history of this Invaluable rredicine Is re
markable. It has ristn into nrtice, and estab
lished a hiih and just 'eputitinn in the region.
j ,0f country where it has been tried, ulr.nr. from the
surprising and numerous cures it nab euvciea.
; i ne rropneior ur. .amuei luaiey, iiuspuai
j Surgeon, on the Island of Portsmouth, North
'Carolina, has used it with unfailing success, both
in the hospital, and in his private practice about'
1 . .....
twenty years Durint; that period it has been at-
. ' , ,
I ni r I i f I . 11
I i - e,- j s, -
11 Hie 1 j u;i : - ..11 .1 . :
surprising certainty of
effected. Unlit very
advertised, ru r have
its celebrityi Its
The Proprietor encouraged y its
eminent success in cases of Chronic liheuma-
. . . .1 i I . I I
usm, ana y me aavice 01 nis mends, ana ne
.i,:m 1 . ..r
.win auu, ciciuuicu ujr a utrsiif- iu bav u 101 on
:n. ,l. r:.. il
poswoie me uenem. 01 u ,M,,,.,t5,
now taking measures to make ns woruhrful pio-
rerties generally known, All he asks is a fair
trial. It is now oflWed to the a icted in the
Eastern portion r f vorth Carolina. The pro-.
prietcr is perfectly willing to put the rexult of its
success or tailure upon its success or tenure, in
or ,o cu. eoC ?oic
Kiieumausm, or oiner auecuon iur w mtti u.isio
Certificates from hiffhlv respectable sources
j like the following, can .be multiplied to almost
any extent A few are appended.
The following has been politely furnished by
that highly esteemed citizen, Col. Joshua Tayloe,
of Heauf' county, i C, well known as a val
uable member of our State Senate, and present
Collector of the Port of Ocracoke, North Caro
lina: At the reqnestofDr. Samuel Dudley of Ports
mouth North Carolina, I state that sonie years
ago one of my sons had a severe and protracted
attack of Rheumatism, and by using Ida vAnti
Uheutnatic Otl be was relieved.
It gives ne great pleasure also to say that be
sides thif, ase. I have i?aru ofothcfs wbkcheon
viii -re me that thi oil is very vataible incases of
Rheumatism !' VOS'HUk T.iYLUE,
Washington, Nr (?. Jone 2P, 1818- ;
For sale by , : Qeq. Ifqwartf,
ryina out works