Newspaper Page Text
liniiKni it .-.
9 df rt
. I "it : I if v
iVt' Tarbortf Pre,
BY GEORGE HOWARD,
U published weekly at rwo 1)ll a rs per year
;f .. I ia.idvince-or,Twoloi.rARS anu run
? . ts it theexairationnfil.esubscription year
Advertisements not exceeding a square will l.e
in ,r d i.OvE')'hfirst insertion, and 525
(f for every suceeintr one. Longer ones at
th u rate per square. Court Orders and Judicial
alwrf.semcnts '25 per cent, lusher.
o-rV" riHM?i .y.
Of the President of thti United States, to both
II .ues of the thirty-second Con
gress December, IS 51.
JJIoiC Citr.ni- of fhi Sawte,
an "f thr Hjul' of R prs$entaftvcs :
I cngr itui.ite yu. and our common constit
tevy p:,1-i favorable auspicosun kr which
y a nie't f-r your iirst session. Our country
is -ice with all the world. The agitation
ira-.h,f'T a time, threatened to disturb thefra-
t v i :! ivhtions which make us one people, is
fa., ..uLsiding; anl a yvar of general pr speri-
tv vi I health h;is er-'WiieJ the nation with un-i , , . , . , ,,
, , vt iiii , i In2 V'H 'o I!igland, ami may shoilh
n -a l blessings. Aoue can look back to the:, . . v" . . "
i i ' , i . i. 4l he expected in ZSewYoik 15 v coiim.i.
c i -is which are passed, or forward to the 1
fe pr .sPcet befcre Ui, without feeling a: n,f,al4 e Department of State h-
tbLi .a grut ideation, at the same time that'l.c r-x pressed his grateful :,ek.owlcd
f.e impressed with a grateful sense of our meids for the interpoHtinn of this gov
fr :;nd oldigations to a beiieiicent liovi- ernnient in behalf id hims. and his as-o-
!:; . whose p-dernal care is so manifest in ciates This romi'ry h -s o eo justly re
tii n.nessoi this highly favored land. garded as a sale as lum for thoe uo
The President then gives a detailed st ; te- polit ical events have exiled Iron, the ir
si -;t of the late Cuban expedition, and rc- own hou,es in Kuiop ;aul i' is recom-
fii that meiuletl 10 ongress to cimsider in vyh.it
I-ivmdly relations with all, but entangling
r with none, has long b .n a liiaxiin
Our true mission is not to prop gate
Cu ;:iiions, or imo s? upon other countries
tv r-m of government, by artitiee or force; ;
h . teach by example, an I show by our :-ue-,
f moderation an l justice, the blessings of
1.1 1 .. C i
E." -av jrumeur, an t rue au vantages oi rie m-
& a Onus. Let every people choose for itseif,
, j t 1 ,
a : .axka and alter its p uitical institutions to
.... , n ,
ftr.N own condition and convenience. lut,
v.: i we uvow and m nutain this neutral policy
oiusjlves, we are anxious to see the same for-
h-..r;race on the part of other nations, whose
fi-uH of government are different from our
T'i deep interest which we feel in the spread
11 110 r 11 principles ana the esramisnmeiu ui
tV:-- ; vvernments, and the sympathy with
pr ;,., forbid that we should be indiiTerent
t, . i xch-.nh the ntrnna- arm of a foreign
per is invoked to stille public sentiment and
r r ;s the spirit of freedom in any country.
f:ie Gwernrnents of Great Britain and
Fr.Licf have issued orders to their naval
Mmaiadcrsonthe West India station to pre-
v-iit by force, if necessary, the landing ot a I-
v nru, o
iurer from any nation on tne Ishndot Lu-
4 lum rrcXrsition thisa)j bo-
h :.nhn nti-.i. 'AtT.; of ler Hritonnie
j'styand iheActin: Secretary of State, and
- x v 1-. -4. ' -
u Wjuont note of the-former to the Depart-
ii. . . rt. . l M 1 "it.. 1 J. .
I- oi otate, are lierewiin summueu, logeiu-
e VoMi a copy ot a note ot tbe Acting oecreui
rJ -'t State to the .Minister of the French Re-
Pe, and the reply of the latter on the same
fiicsc papers will acquaint you with
c'u'u:u oi uiis unci iosiiiuo oi inri
ii.n i . u ..i.n., ih iii'ii
s.i i .i . . . . . .
P W,th ,hc apprehensions, which this
eminent COl,,a,,l fail 10 "'
siicn l ii t er tins 1 1 io n , if earned into el- i
feet . ..u.. r
-"igiu ieao io uouses in oei og.oiu.. w. ,
tl. . . . ... i
t!.' 1 ... ! !... I TT '.... W . j
"..oone r.go. o, u,e t.uneo ,
I, ie 'naritime rights of the United States
fou-ided on a firm, secure, and well-
II, 11 ir-l basis; they stand upon the groin d
-N uional Independence and public law,
a,l! will be maintained in all their jusl
a,i( hll extent.
'he principle which this Government
-relol ire solemnlv' announced, it still
rt-s to, and will maintain under all
''nstances and at all hizards Thai
r!U'i)le is, that in every regularly docu
tofited merchant vessel, the crew who
iv,ts-ne it, and those on board of it, will
' ' ,,lftir protection in the ff.g which i
Ver No American ship can be ai-
.w.vu iu ne visitei or ..!rAKn.i r
purpose of ascertaining ihe charaet f
individuals on board nn, t .
lowed any watch b u V
the coast of the United S?,t 1
adjacent thereto " W SCaS
rTlio PnwiiW i
liieliCMdent then gives a particular state.
muit of our cxuting relations with furoi Go-
1 ne I urkish government has exnress-
i s thanks tor the kind reception Rivcn to
the Sultan's aent, Am in Bey, on he oc-
casion of his recent visit to the United
stales Un the 2Sth of Februar v last a
de-p.itch was addressed by the Seorot irv
of State to Mr. Marsh, "the American
Minister at Const nitmople. instructing
hi. ii to ask of the Turkish government
permission tor the llungariaus, then im-'
prisoned within the dominions of ihe '
SuS?ime Porte, to remove to thiscountrv
On the 3d of Matvh l ist both houses Qf
congress passed a resolution request u:
v .-'nit-iii m d i ir 7P imp o ii.ii i
ment ol a public vessel to con ey to this
country Louts Kossuth and his associate
in captivity .
Tin instruction above referred to was
complied with, a,,d the Turkish govi-m
nient having released Governor KYsmjiI;
and hi.- companions Mom prison on th
lOtli oi September last, they embarked
on board of ihe United Stales s'eam-frig
ate Mississippi, winch ;s selected to
can) into effect the resolution ol" Cm
gress . Governoi Kossuth left the Mism
Sln. . (;:m ..,... rr ..... ..-. nf
manner Governor Kosulh and his com
pauions. hrouglit hit her by its authority.
nj )t. fCoeiyed and treated.
LTh- lA:ni then alludes l the R-p-rt of
the .Secretary of ihe Treasury, and says:
jy n.frrrM,ce to the Report of the S c
,..,1:irv ()f lhe rrn:,M,rv. it will
be si er
.... , " . r .1 r
tjl jt tie ajro,, j,. r(ecipts tor the last, hs-
cal year amounted to o2..U-.)l ;
which, with the balance in Ihe I re.isui v
ou the I st .tuiy. 1 jo, ga ve as i.(e avaua
hie means for ihe year, the sum of
91 7.531 30
The total expenditures for the same pc-
"j , w re .S.O0o.s7s tjS
T , - f , ending !
30tti June. lSol.weie $2. 7 '25)!5 of
h.ch there were in specie. S4.!6 9dl
The exports lor the same period weie
$2 1 7.5 I 7.1 20 of which there were of;
domestic products, 1 7S.51G.555; foreign ;
j,00(s re-exported, f,G3.G95; specie,
'''Unat nr nenemher last the nav-
. , c ., i-
ments in cash on account of the public
'nn t iiivy i.t '"v"- .
exrl(si V(1 of iut(.r,st, h;ive amounted j other, shall, in consequence of any law or
to 7.501,156 56; which, however, tn regulation therein, he discharged from
rholes the ., of 3.42.400, os id underlSuch service or labor, but shall be deliver-
,he l2th article of the treaty iih Mexi ;
- - - -- - .
eo, and the further sum of $2 5912 P3 45,
e(1 tbe am
ount of a vards to A -erican
i.. .,;ii iv;
citizens under me iaiu u-aiy i.n
i n:i, ,L.K,Pnf stock was au
' . . , . . f
inori.eu. o n uiv- j---- --- .
tne reasui v
' ' . mi hue i P J n fiuiiiuiumu.v-
. . . .
elusive of the stock authonzed to he is-
i in mii'imi. j
. i ti
iioi to lexas oy oe o i "i .- i.v.... j
u t .560.295 26
M" " ' ; a fllP tho next fiscal year are !
m i .u i urn s.iiunm-
estimated at 51.800,UU, wuieii wo uicjeu uw.n - - :
u.nn in t Iip !
11 UIMUIU ' "KI .
U!, nniniU 1)1)1 ! 11C
. f . , will
i reasurv . on
ive as the probable available means for
. r ifi i c,co 743 97
. c3c 743 97 i
The Rresideut then refers to the
expenditures consequent upon the acquisition .
of territory from Mexico states that the low;
rate of duties on foreign merchandize has fail- .
edto benefit the farming interest, recommends'
r.le,rero from ad valorem to specinc ouues,
Congress to consider tne oesi muue .
T ff thP Dublic debt. Ho then noti-
f paymgoff tbe p f thfl toriOT;
the Report of the becie y
Uils,y3: . .;M,in to.
Iu my last aunuai con-"" j
Hittiitf, 4 iln nitty. i Ci snhr 13 i .
a"'a,Ma,,,-fcMMMJ,'r,M''"- - "
'IIRrC8! ' 'ei,i,'li "e establish -
. . 11 ftrcunnrai li ireau, and Ii
,aKe 1,1,8 occas"' to .uvoke vour
, A,cl,llurc fnay Jv be regarded a,
intc of people. Four
ntihs of our active population are em
nloveJ in ,h. ' . .... ., .
the ranid etwosion f ...,.1
over new terntorv i ...iri,,..,
""-"ber of those endued in that vocation,
J,,s,,c and sound policy, therefore, alike)
re4!,ire he Government should use!
a" rhe ,nenns authorized Dy ihe constitu
t,on ' pfomote the iutetesis and welf.re
,jflhat important class-of our fellow eiti
Z'M,S And yet if is a singular fact that.
xv'l),!sJ 'he maiuifacturinir and commercial
m,er' s' have eiijrajr.Ml the attention ol
( ol,n's,i tJtJnn a 'are portion of every
sess,on ,,r staiuies abound in provi-
sion, ,()r ,heir protection and encourage-
'it, little has yet been done dire tly for
ithe advancement ot agriculture It is
i ti.ii t! .i il.,o i. .
...i.v ii,it mi? K.jiiuj.-ii io our legisiauon
should ho removed; and I sincerely hone
that the present Congress "'ill not close
their labors without a. .'opting efficient
means to supply the omisdons of those
who have picceded them.
An Agricultural IJureau, charged with a being inconsistent with Ihe coostitu
the duty of collect mg and disseminating j lion, as against Ihe constitution itseif;
correct inloimati.in as to the best modes 'and it is not to be disguised that a spirit
of cultivation, and the most effeciual
iieaus ol preserving and restoring t lie fe
tility uf the soil, and of priicuiiog and
distributing eeds and plants and otht r
vegetable product ous, with instruct ions j
in tegard to the soil, climate, and tre;tt-
...... t...'..v.f 1 M lltt, II '.V'UIVI
ml tail to le. m the language oi V ashing
ou. in his List annual message to Con
gress, a "very cheap instrument of im-
oense naa';ouai benifi:. '
ivi x -.-: ;uent ti;en noiici"
?;: Secretary of War f the
i -r -i . -.7 ,.
he x lent ti;en noiJCi" tT.e Hen rt3 of
ri".:reVi'.fv I lii-
T:.vy ail of t'l.) Po,i-nustcr Geucral
-!.'!:: o- -: . ,11.
l . v- i. ' . -i J'.i. v 1 il 'llOi
It is deejlv lo be rerta t5ed that insev-
era! instances offj-ers of the government,
hi atiemptihg to execute the law for the
return of fugitives from labor, have been
i . ... r .-
opee.iv n sisieu. smu t heir eilorts trust ra
t? d am! M'MM'fi! by 1 r- less mobs; thai in
one case such rrsi-tance resulted io the'on
idrvith of in esiioi'ildf i itivoi drid in o!
eis serious inj-n-y rnsiuvl 10 those oilieers
and to individuals who were usojg their
endeavors to sustain the laws Proecu
tiom have heen nistiluteU against the al
l ged offenders, so far as they could be
tdeiuilied, and are still pending I have
regarded d asm duty, m these cases, to
liiive all legal aid in my power to the on
lorceonnt of the iaw. and I shall continue
to do so wherever and whenever their ex-
edition mav be resisted
The act of Ctmgress for the return of
fugitives from bbor, is one tequired and
demanded by the express words of the
Toe constitution declares "that no per-
sun held to service or labor in one State,
...,,!, the laws thereof, esc .mini' into an-
f thR n;irtv to whom sue h
ed upon claim of the. party to whom such
'service or labor may be due I his con
stitutional provision is equally obligatory
ihn Ir.iris anufi. thp pveentive. am in-
dicial denart ments oi he government, and
rv rilizen 0f the United States.
Congress, however, must, from neeessi-
Kbiect. bv orescrib-
v. iiim -j j r ,
. , oil i nrx iipcpsm irv to ascer-
nig the pioeeedings necessity io ascer
.1 . .1... nnvcm in n fiiiriliirn nnit lltn
imn iriiu ine iici si;ii id a iiibtiuivuiiu
in... . i
means to be used for his restoration to the
claimant. This was done by an act pass-
f . ,
Wash nfftoo. which was amenoea oy mat
. . . . r i :
enacted by the last congress, anu n. now
remains for the executive anu juu c.a, ue
inart ments to lake care that these laws b
, . ,. . . .
nartments to laue care mai inese laws ot-
f.ithfullv executed. This injunction of
peremptory and as
binding ag an y other; it slands exactly on
foundaliori as ,hat clause which
r0vifJes for the return of fugitives from
. tice or that which declares that no bill
of attainder or ex post jucto law snan o-
pasj,ed, or that wnicn piuv.uw .o, an
equality of taxation according to the cc.
J he cUuw tIecuriK th ill .M,i-
,hi he.inifo.rn throu!,U.M ihe Oni.-'
States, or tbe immmaat provision thai
. 'ji -
, the trial of all crimes shall he hy jury
! hese several articles and clauses ot the
ronstitution, all restinr on the ?ame au
thority, must stand or fall together.
Some ohjectio'is have been urged against
the details of the act for the reiurn of inj
itives from labor; but it is worthy of re
arirk that the main opposition is aimei
against the constitution itself, and pro-
c .i. .
m-inv of whom doehno ih..r wUh m
lhat constitution overturned Thev avoa
their hostility to any UvV which shall 'ive
full and practical effect to this it qu v
ment ot the constitution Firluoaiely.
she nnmber of these persons is compara
tively small, and is believed to be daily
diminishing, but the issue which thev
present is one which involves the suprem
acy and even the existence of the consti
tution. Cases have heretofore arisen in swhich
individuals have denied the binding an
thority of acts of Congress, and even
States have proposed to nullify nch acts.
ujion the ground that the constitution was
the supreme law of the land, and that'
those acts of Congress were repugn uit to
that instrument; but nulilfiMiion is now
aimed, not so much igainst p irlicuiar laws
exists, aod hss teen actively at work to
rend asunder this Union, which is our
cheristied inheritance from our revotu-j
tionary fathers i
In my lat annual message stated thai:
I considered the series of measures whi'h
, , , .
l.iart m.il ,UIV liv.il il IML I IWU OI.l-.1!VIiI.
in relet ence to the igitation growmii out
.of the territorial and slavery questions, as
a hoal tv t lemerd. in principle and sub-j
stance, of the dangerous and exciting sub-j
i vi.-p " un il lilt y i,iu urn in, iill'1 t u v.umi-
J J !
mended adherence to the Adjust neot es
tahlished by those .enures until iimel
and exjierience should demonstrate the
necessity ot further legislation to guard
against evasion or abuse I was nol in
duced to make this recommendation he-
cause I thought those measures perfect,
for no human legitalion can he perfect.'
1 r r i iY" . . i . . '
. nie Uiuei ences anu jarring opinions can
only be leconeiled by yielding so nething
all sides; and tins result has been
i reachrjrl aftiT an iinc-rv Condi I of mane
monihs, in which one pail oi the country
was ai rayed against another, and violent
convulsion seemed to be imminent
looKing ai me inicresi 01 ine wnoie
country, I leP it to be my duty to seize.
upon this Compromise as the best that!
could he obtained amid conflicting inter-
ests, md to insist upon il as a final settle-1
ment, to be adhered to by all who value
the peace and welfare of the country. A
year has now elapsed since that tecom-
mendation was made. To that recom-
mendation I still adhere; and I congratu
late you and the Country upon the gener
ai acpnesi-.eoce in uikm- me 'sums 01 peace,
1 .1 ... r
which has been exhibited in all parts of j
the republic. And not only is there this:
neneral acquiescence in these measures,!
but the spirit of conciliation, which has,
been manifested in regard lo them in all'
parts ot the country, has removed doubts.
and uncertainties in the minds ot thou
and uncertainties in the minds of the
sands ot goou men concerning the uura-
unity or our popular institutions, ana giv-
i ... ... i
en renewed assurance mat our siDerty ana
our Union may sunsist together for the
benefit of this and ail succeeding genera
tions. MILL ARD FILLMORE,
Washington, December 2, 1851.
of the University Magazine.
The Students of the University of
North Carolina, .having deliberated, in a
body, on the expediency of establishing
literary organ, and being well convinced
of the mental and perhaps moral benefit
which may result there from, have resolv
ed to execute their design. We take this
appropriate means of announcing it to the
public. No legitimate department of
Literature will be excluded from the Mag
azine, and it is presumed that nothing will
ne held objectionable, provided the art i
eles be thoroughly winnowed of the chaff
f improprieties Every effoit will be
oade to interest our readers with origin
dity and enlighten ihem wiih valuable
infoimatioii. We do not, indeed expect
! prulu e a ugh' 'which Ihe worhi will
uO! willingly Lt die," but we are ai Iihe;
m the purpose which h.-s place'! i at
r.dlegj'. and on that account, at least, m.y
p ct encouragement To those a ho
t ske any interest in us personally, and to
those who sympathise to any d'trf' in
the cause which prompts us, w appeal
uncei einoniousl y and with sure tiopf of
success The Magazine will be issued
monthly with the exception of January
: v .
AT a regular meeting of the Dip-Cors
of the Greenville and Haleigh P-nk
Road Coinpany, held at their tdhe m
Greenville on Thursday the 9th dav of
October. 1851, it was
leofieit That Rooks of subscription
be opened by the commissioners fir-! ap
pointed under their Charier, for ihe pur
pose of increasing the capital stock of
said Comparn , and -that the subscribers
P:,V in a sum equal to that called in and
aid hv ,ne original stockholders.
$lfril 1nie. President.
iOoi.D ' 1 OYT, S( c.
150 '"a'-s 500 lbs each. Land piaster
00 i Jar re is do
fr "le by fohn Myers 4' Son.
Wastiiugton, 6 Oct.
lV F ttV!!C; 5'cIgSll5e
,r mo ...hm'i w r
OV n I hit rlKLL for sale, deliver-
I I t i I 1 1
nil tit Inn li Irnit. t vu K h iil in lln .
tip i - it, uau- null! iiir. i II il I li
in Hits i l -ce
A p p I y t
n U Wiiltrd.
asinngton, nth June.
100 H.igs Rio Coffee
50 Lagu.iyra do
Just received and for sale bv
VV. U. Willard.
Washington N.C., 6th June.
2)0 Bh! New York and Baltimore
Flour fresh ground, just received aqd for
sale bv W. H. W iha.il.
Washington N. C.. Gib June
50 Rbls and hlf bbls butter, so 1. and
sugar crackers fresh baked, for safe by
W H W ihard.
Washington. N. C. 6 June
'i5 Riles Cotton Yam, ma lufactu ed
bv 'he Hiount's ! reek Factory. FiveOev
Vilie V C, for sale by W. 11 Willnrd..
Washington N. C , 6th June.
50 liols P R and N O sugar
5 lihds " sugar
for sale by W. II. Willard.
Washington N. C, 6th June.
Fliiur and Pork.
228 Bbls Flour. Fine and superfine,
75 " Mess Pork.
Just received for sale by
W H." WILLARD.
Washington, Dec. 7th.
fiist of fjcttrrs,
Remaining in the PostOffkeat Tarborn the 1.5th
of Nov 151. which if not taken out ! Imp the
1st of Jan next, will he sent to the General
Post Office as dead lettersi
II. .11 IV II
Jenkins Thoman G
oses Jenkins J F
Bryant Mr & Mrs Jenkins J L Miss
Bradley Stephen Lodge William 2
Burnett William Lewald Geo, ge 2
Bullock J K Leggeli Leven
Buihans n Dr Little S R Miss
Ba'ile Wr S Lane Mary E Miss
Bryant Ethehtritlge Montress I) T
Barlow David Moore Eligaha
Cooper Blount Rev Mooring J L
Dwnn L S Morgan Henry
Dicken C L Mason. Moses
Denton Sarah Miss NorfiVet William S
Davis Uebecah Mrs Pender L R Miss
Dupree Redmond Pitt John R
Farmer Isaac B
Hewlett S M 2
Hussey John B
Parker Mary tt Miss
Staton Nancy Miss
Savage John T
i toward Mary Miss Williams John G
Horn J L Williams H Misp
Jenkins J D 2 We-k Silas
5 j S. E MOOllE, P. Mi