Newspaper Page Text
Particulars and Details as to Their
Whereabouts in the Great
Register Rea Submits an Accurate
Statement of the Lands Taken
One Corner of Dakota the Size of
Ohio, or Forty-five Thousand
An Official Paper.
UNITED STATES LAND OFFICE, BISMABOK, D.
T., March 20.—The Bismarck district is one
of the largest in the United States, covering
an area equal to the state of Ohio, or about
45,000 square miles. The Northern Pacific
railroad runs directly through this district,
striking it on the east line of range sixty
seven, eighteen miles west of Jamestown,
and running to the Montana line of the ter
ritory. The railroad's course is almost a bee
line. The land grant of the Northern Pa
cific extends on either side of the road bed
for forty miles, with an indemnity limit of
ten miles in lieu of lands lost in other states
and territories by a former occupation upon
the part of the settler or the government.
This indemnity limit within our district will
undoubtedly be all absorbed by the company
as far as the odd sections are concerned, to
which they are entitled. Within railroad lim
its, as we have heretofore understood them,
there are about
acres of government
land still available to the actual settler. The
great bulk of these lands has not yet been
surveyed but the surveyors are moving for
ward as rapidly as the immigration.
THE GENERAL TOPOGRAPHY
of this belt is undulating and rolling prairie,
until we reach the bad lands on the Little
Missouri, where the remarkable formations
make general farming and extensive agricul
ture impractical. These lands, however, are
available for sheep and cattle ranges and are
already utilized by several hundred ranch
including the herds of the gallant
Frenchman, Marquis de Mores. The settle
ments of this district thus far are limited to
fifty miles on either side of the Northern
Pacific, excepting a few ranches up and down
the Missouri river. Northwest of James
town, in Foster and Wells counties, there are
excellent lands, well seitled, with Oarrington
and Syke3town as their local villages and trad
ing points. This section is reached by the
Jamestown fc Northern railway and has a
great deal of rich land, peculiarly adapted to
wheat raising, yet untaken, and ready for
the spring rush that is confidently expected.
In the vicinity of Windsor on the Northern
Pacific, the government land is nearly all
untaken and subject te pre-emption and
homestead entries. West of Windsor, until
we reach Tappen, the settlement is sparse,
and all the land that is adapted to general
farming, including cattle and sheep, is
practically unimproved and unclaimed. At
Tappen, the seat of the big Troy farm of
6,500 acres, at Dawson and Steele, the county
seat, all in Kidder county, there is a consider
able number of people occupying the lands
immediately in the vicinity of those places.
North of them the settlements extend for
twenty miles and south for ten miles, but
they do not cover all the lands, as the pioneers
pick their claims naturally having the first
choice they take the best. But it is not 1o
be understood from this fact that there are no
good claims remaining untaken within the
limits of these settlements. Kidder county
is full of lakes with a large percentage of its
soil subject to wheat raising and the most
IN BUHLEIGH COUNTY
the settlements ruu up the Missouri river to
McLean county and .down the Missouri to
Emmons, and east along the line of the road
to Steele. Of the country ou the road there
are three ranges, or eighteen miles, east and
west, only thinly settled. All of northeastern
Burleigh is unsurveyed and unoccupied,
lour townships in southeastern Burleigh the
same, therefore right under the shadow of
the capitol there is yet plenty of good gov
ernment land vacant. The Fort Rice reser
vation is settled by the most prosperous com
munity in the district, but uutil the question
of its disoasal is determined, more people
will be slow to go upon it. Furthermore, the
railroad company claim the odd sections,
the government denying the legality of their
claim. In Loan county, south of Kidder,
eleven townships have been surveyed and the
plats placed ou file this week. A starting
point, called Gage City, is located in town
ship 135, range 76, in the neighborhood of
three m- four railroad surveys. A few people
have taken claims there and more are ex
pected this spring. In Emmons county there
are eight townships surveyed and about one
fourth of the land taken in those townships.
Williamsport township, being very fine, is
nearly all entered. There is a settlement on
Beaver creek called Winchester, south of the
central part of the county. In this county,
as in Logan, the lands are nearly
Going north from Bismarck, into McLean
county, we find nearly all the lands in nine
•townships entered—homesteads and pre-emp
tions. Several more townships will be sur
veyed in this county next summer. The out
look for new settlers there is very encourag
ing. Crossing the river to Mercer county we
find the land adjacent to the Missouri river
taken and up the Knife river for a short dis
tance, but the great mass of the public do
main of this county is unclaimed, and much
of it on the Knife is as good as can be found
in Dakota. There is water power on this
river and good lignite coal accessible to the
settler. Morton county, opposite Burleigh
with Mandan as its county seat, there are
possibly in all a dozen townships, more or
less taken up. The best settlements are in
the vicinity of Mandan, New Salem, Sims,
and Glenullin. There is more vacant land in
Morion county than any other county on the
line of the road, and it is by far the largest
in area of the organized counties. The
mines, at which the lignite coal is secured,
are located at Sims, a town where they not
only mine coal, but manufacture brick and
terra cotta trimmings. In Stark county
there are settlements at Richardton, Taylor,
Gladstone and Dickinson. Dickinson is the
county seat. The government lands at these
points are not taken beyond five miles, ex
cept in a few instances. There aee plenty of
lands vacant within ten miles of the road at
any point west of the Missouri river, and at
many stations land can be had at one, two,
three and four miles. The truth is the new
comer can get almost as good claims as if be
had arrived two or three years ago.
in this district are not gathered together in
any particular locality, but are scattered
along the Northern Pacific for two hunired
miles. In Billings county there is a farming
community at Bellfield and a cattle center at
Medora on the Little Missouri river. There
are no lands surveyed north of Fort Steven
son. Immigration this year will be limited
to the counties, through which the Northern
Pacific runs, and McLean, Mercer and Em
mons, on the Missouri river, and Logan,
southeast of Bismarck, on the line of the
^-c-*-. 'v^.^v.'*'^ ''At'".V'^.u v*'?
"SSS^'C """.-t- V- T*,
The inexhaustible beds of lignite coal,
which underlies so much of this locality,
are of untold value to the settler. It
makes excellent fuel, and can be supplied
at a remarkably low cost. This coal is
being largely used in lieu of wood, and
for both heating and cooking purposes
it meets every requirement. The veins
crop out so numerously all over the l^nd
that almost every vicinity can have a
mine of its own, and an inexhaustible
supply of fuel right at its doors. These
immense deposits of lignite stretch far
away on every side, and their value to
the country can never be estimated.
The tales of suffering which emanate
from the brains of chronic grumblers
and find, their way into the eastern press
are the veriest bosh. Our settlers are
living in a condition of comfort that tens
of thousands of the poorer classes in the
east would envy, and they stand ready at
any time to bear cheering and willing tes
timony to the assertion. Their homes
are comfortable, and each settler knows
full well that the broad acres which he
has taken up but wait the touch of the
plow and the magic air of spring and
summer to pour golden wealth into his
grasp. Each one feels as feels the pris
oner after leaving the close confines of
his dreary home and again going forth
into the air. In their eastern homes they
were crowded upon a few acres that
would barely produce a subsistence for
their families, and since they have thrown
off the fetters of confinement and elbowed
their way out of the overcrowded dis
tricis to abroad land of peace and plen
ty, they feel as happy as birds set free
from a cage. They stand in their door
ways and gaze with rapture-kindled eyes
over the broad, outstretching expanse of
arable land which they can call their
own, and no monarch ever gazed over
his peopled empire with a greater feeling
of pride than that which wells up in their
grateful hearts. And when the luns of
summer tinge with golden gleam their
fields of "No. 1 hard," they will sit at
eventide with their happy, contented
families about them, look over the beau
teous picture as the waving grain heaves
to and fro in the balmy air in graceful
undulations and thank God for guiding
them to the land of peace and plenty
the great land of promise the famed
wonderland of the Dacotahs.
This is no imaginative dream nor idle
word picture. It is no overdrawn exag
geration of the pen launched heartlessly
forth to trap the unwary—it is an undis
putable reality backed up by the experi
ence of thousands who are living in
affluence within the confines of our
heaven-favored territory. The verdict of
every settler who has raised a crop of
this wonderful grain which is attracting
the attention of the world, will coincide
with every view of the matter which the
THE BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE, MARCH, 24,1884
NORTH DAKOTA PENITENTIARY AT BISMARCK.
proposed railways from Aberdeen and Ord
way. We have reports of coloniefc and large
parties booked for Emmons, McLean, Mercer
and Morton, also the usual additions to
Stutsman, Kidder, Butleigh, Stark and
There is a bill now pending in congress re
ducing the price of government lands within
the limits of the Northern Pacific grant to
$1.25 per acre. It is believed that this meas
ure will become a law, and in that event we
can safely count upon a large increase of
people. The passage of that law will put us
upon an equal footing with the other land
districts of the territory. It will reduce the
purchase price on 160 acres $200—will de
crease the entry fee on a homestead from
$18 to $14, and will reduce the final payment
on a five year homestead proof from $8 to
$4. It is both a large and a small benefit,
and in the case of the settlers, unconditional
justice. The bill pending in congress abol
ishing the pre-emption law will undoubtedly
pass at this session if reached upon the cal
endar. The timber culture law has already
been repealed by the senate, and if reached
in the house will stand a fair show of follow
ing the old pre-emption act that has stood so
long, but has finally become a useless affair.
With these repeals there will remain only
the homestead law, confining the settler to
160 acres from the government, but not lim
iting him in his right to purchase railroad or
other deeded lands. JTHN A. REA.
An intelligent resident of McLean
county has just returned from a trip all
over the settled country lying north of
us, and informs the TRIBUNE that in his
trip he visited many of the homes of set
tlers. In every instance he found them
comfortably situated for the winter, with
plenty of food and fuel, and all living in
bright anticipation of a glorious future.
Every settler with whom he conversed
was contented, and they all spoke highly
of the country and their future prospects.
The tables at which our informant sat
were bountifully supplied with good,
wholesome, nutritious food, the people
were warmly and comfortably clothed,
and every home bore an air of rural com
fort that was pleasing to the eye.
TRIBUNE has ever flashed from its col
umns. It is tri^e that we want immigra
tion, but the TRIBUNE will never prosti
tute its bright pages by imprinting upon
them false and criminal misrepresenta
tions. "We desire to see our great terri
tory filled up "with prosperous, industri
ous and skilled farmers, and we will use
our best endeavors to bring them here
by publishing the pure truth, undefiled
by the least tinge of falsehood. No ex
aggeration is necessary.. The established
facts are so wonderful in themselves that
they awaken incredulity wherever they
are circulated. At times we are led .to
think it would be prudent to suppress
many things which are known to be
facts, simply because the dwellers in the
FRANK J. MEAD,
FRANK J. MEAD,
MM 1r MM
FIRE INSURANCE AND REAL ESTATB.
FIRE INSURANCE AND REAL ESTATE.
T. SHERWOOD & CO..
BURLEIGH COUNTY COURT HOUSE AT BISMARCK.
peopled east find it difficult to credit the
wonderful stories that reach their listen
ing ears. They sound to them like the
fairy tales of old, and they cannot but
form an analogy while holding them up
in comparison with these books of fabled
A tide of immigration will pour in up
on us in the spring, and those who come
and settle upon our lands and make their
homes here, will, ere th.? frosts of autumn
again turn the emerald grasses to gold,
join heartily and joyfully with the TRIB
UNE in singing in glad poeans their
praises of this great wonderland of the
ONE of the greatest advantages within
the reach of the citiztns of the Missouri
river and western portion of North Dako
ta will be found in the native coal, which
is fouud in unlimited quantities at almost
every point in these regions in bids rang
ing from a few inches to fourteen feet in
The principal mines from which sup
plies are drawn are situated at Sim?, forty
miles west of Bismarck. A mine owned
by O. W. Bennett has recently been
opened only two miles Irorn Bismarck.
Another underlying the biutt on which
Fort A. Lincoln is situated was worked
some years ago, and the mines in the
vicinity of Fort Stevenson have been
worked ever since the establishment of
The coal is a lignite—a newer forma
tion of coal than the bituminous coals—
but as well adap'ed to general use.
It is delivered 1o families at $4.50 per
ton in small lots, or delivered on the
track in Bismarcfe in car load lots at $3
With stoves adapted to its use it gives
much belter satisfaciion and does not cost
half as much as wood, which sells at
from $3.50 to $6 per cord and less than
one-fourth as much as the hard coal,
which sells at $14 per ton.
To burn the ligoite successfully requires
only a stove adapted to its use, eome
knowledge of the coal, and a little com
mon sense. It will make a hotter fire
than wood will last longer, and will heat
a room as quickly.
With a proper stove and a good draft
there is no bad smell, and no more dust
than will be encountered in the use of
It is used very generally in Bismarck
for heating purposes is used to some ex
tent in cook stoves and very largely in
engines by the railroad.
It is found almost unlimited quanti
ties in northwestern Dakota and eastern
Montana, and is within the reach of al
most every settler.
THE largest farm in north Dakota is
the Grandia farm, near Grand Forks,
covering about 50,000 acres, and requiring
the labor of 150 men at seed time and 250
at harvest. The largest cultivated area
under one control is the 28,000 acres
farmed by Oliver Dalrymple, west of
Gems From Morton's Bulletin.
A North Dakota farmer, with an investment
of $2,500, can make more money than the east
ern granger who has $10,COO lodped ii- his farm,
and in addition, have the satisfaction of living
among people that are alive every day in the
Ques.—Why is the cost of farming in the
northwest less than in the east?
Ans.—There are many reasons. 1st. The land
is new and there are no fertilizers to buy. 2d.
There are no fences to build. 3d. There are no
forests to clear or stomps to grub. 4th. The
land is level. 5th. The soil being a black loam,
containing no stones or grit, the wear on the ag
ricultural implements is less.
Wall street shaiks may depress railroad se
curitiep, and Northern Pacific with the others,
bat they caanot depreciate the actual value of
an acre of land owned by this great corporation.
Its land grant alone makes the Northern Pacific
tbe wealthiest corporation in the world. We
mean real, solid wealth. They may frighten the
holders of stock, but they can't injure the pro
ductive qualities of the hundreds of thousands
of fertile acres owned by the Northern Pacific.
In tbe near future the husbandman will tickle
these lands with tbe plowshare and pnt to igno
minious riot these Wall street gamblers.
REAL ESTATE BROKERS.
Raymond's Block, Main Street, BISMARCK, DAKOTA.
Houses and Lots sold at Public or Private Sale. Money carefully invested. Loans
ated. Houses Rented and Rents Collected, Insurance placed with first-class companies.
THE "OLD RELIABLE"
-DIETRICH OMNIBUS LINE.
ESTABLISHED IN 1873.
in connection with Missouri River Transportation Companies to and from Steamboat
Landing, and between Bismarcic and Mandan and other points. Oldest 'bus line in North DaKots*
j£gp°Mr. Dietrich came to Burleigh County in 1869, and is the oldest white settler in BisraaicK
REAVER LUMBER COMPANY,
O N A O S AND—J I
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber and Building Material.
Ore crop? The following, clipping shows
whether Dakota "a one-crop country" or not.
Wheat, of course, is the staple, because it pro
duces great crops, is easily looked after, and is
most profitable with little labor but "Potatoes
yield from 150 to 400 bushels to the acre are
large in size, uniformly sound and mealy.
Onions yield from 400 to 800 bushels to the acre
and are large and firm. Turnips, peas, beeta,
parsnips, carrots, squash, cabbage, cauliflower,
egg- plant, lettuce, radishes, melons, and in faot.
all vegetables common to the northern states
are easily raised, yield heavily, grow to great
size and ate a certain crop. Buckwheat, bops,
flax, timothy, orchard grass, Hungarian, millet,
and native grasses of nutritious character, all
yield bountiful and profitable crops. For cattle,
and sheep raising and dairying, the nutritious
grasses on immense grazing ranges, abundance
of water, ready markets and plentiful supply of
hay, which can be bad for tbe cuiting, furnish
conditions altogether favorable."
Post yourself about the great northwest by
subscribing for the Bismarck IBIBUNE,
RUSSELL & BEARDSLEY, Prop's.
Corner Main and First Streets, Bismarck, D. T.
T. B1GELOW, I. J.
Dental Rooms, Nos. and 2, Dakota Block,
glJSSELL Sc. PARKER,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
Steele, Kidder County, Dakota.
its. Nsi'y tK.it.iv,, I*
-nk ,- -r Wf
TO1HE IKSVftAKCSS BEAL ESTATE.
FRANK J. MEAD,
FRANK J, MEAD,
FRANK J. MEAD,
FRANK J. MEAD,
FIRE INSURANCE AND REAL ESTATB.
FiRE INSURANCE AND REAL ESTATE.
Cor. Seventh and Meigs Streets,
BISMARCK, .... DAKOTA.
rp M. 40SLIW.
Sole Agent for Banner Tobacco Co. SauiB.
Scott. Ben Haxtoi and other fine Spanish Ci
gars at wholesale only.
Salesroom No 3, Slaitery block.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
DEALER IN REAL ESTATE,
Dickinson, Stark Co., Dak.
En route for Northern, Central or Sonthent
Dakota, should buy tickets over the Chicago.
Milwaukee & St. Paul road from Chicago. is
the only line reaching all parts of the Territory,
Magnificent trains, quick time and low fares.
To reach Bismarck, buy tickets via the Cliieag®.
Milwaukee & St, Paul and Northern Pacific.
0HARL.ES H. STASLEY,
ATTORNEY, REAL ESTATE AND LOAN
A large list of Farminsr Lands for sale. Loans
negotiated. Correspondence solicited.
Room 3, Dakota Block, Bismarck, D.T.
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
—VAL. SCHRECK, PROPRIETOB
^ASOX dc. COKOVEK,
BOOKS, STATIONERY, TOBACCO, CIGARS.
Postoffice News Depot, Bismarck, D. T.
JH R. tiOVTHilAYD,
—MILLINERY AND DRESSMAKING*—
And Dealer in Hair Goods.
J^OUIS C. PKTTIT.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Microscopic examinations for latent disea
of the Lungs, Blood and Kidneys.
Office in Dakota Block.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCER
And dealer in
All Kinds of Country Produce.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGISTS,
Main Street, Bismarck.
^ILES A BAUKES,
COUNSELORS AT LAW,
JglSatARCK PLASISG MI L.
STORM SASH, SASH.DOORS AND BLINMw
MOULDINGS, BRACKETS, DRESSED LUM
BER, WINDOW AND DOOR FRAMES.
N N ir
N N I
N N II
JlAlXCE & BASXfiBMAS,
HOUSE, SIGN, CARRIAGE,
AND ORNAMENTAL PAINTERS.
FRESC® PAINTING, PAPER HANGING, GRADF-