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MORE, OKLAHOMA, SUNDAY, JUNE 30, 1918.
TWELVE PAGES TODAY
GREA TEST ARMY BUTSET
IN WORLD IS PASSED BY
THE AMERICAN SENA TE
TOTAL OP AI ORE THAN TWELVE
BILLIONS OF DOLLARS FOR WAR
APPROPRIATION BILL CARRIES
TWENTY PERISH AS
VICTIMS AT SIOUX CITY ARE
BURNED ALIVE IN BIG
Washington, June 29. The army appropriation bill
carrying $12,089,000,000 the largest single budget in
world history was passed today by the senate without a
roll call. Much important legislation was added by the
senate, but no change was made in the present army
draft age limits.
After three weeks and without a roll call or a dis
senting voice the huge supply measure a world's record
breaker was sent to conference between the two houses,
with a view to its enactment next Monday, when the ap
propriations are needed.
An amendment by Senator
France of Maryland authorizing
the president to make a census or
survey to classify the national
manpower was adopted without ob
jection, but with an intimation
from Chairman Chamberlain that it
might be stricken in conference.
None of the appropriations for
the army's part in the war for the
financial year beginning July 1 was
reduced by the senate. Instead, it
increased many items, approved
without change the house clause
clothing the president with unlim
ited authority to increase the army
by further draft calls and added
scores of important executive rid
ers. A futile effort was made by sen
ators desirous of specifically or
dering an army increase. An
amendment by Senator McCumber
of North Dakota proposing to "di
rect" the president to enlarge the
army to 5,000,000 enlisted men, as
speedily as men and clothing could
be obtained, was rejected 45 to 19
and an amendment by Senator Fall
of New Mexico, proposing an in
crease of 3,000,000 men, went out
viva voce. Many senators declared
in voting they were only tempo
rarily postponing action in accorl
with the war department's reques
for two or three months' time t
submit the enlarged program.
Among important legislative pro
visions added by the senate to the
bill, many of which the house lead
ers already have agreed to accept
is the following:
Authorizing the president to or
ganize volunteer Slavic and Rus
Proposing the rank of lieutenant
general for Provost Marshal Gen
eral Crowder in recognition of his
selective draft administration.
Providing for training and equip
ping of foreign troops, designed
especially for the so-called "Pan
American" or South American
Amending the draft law to pro
vide quotas based on the number
of men in class one instead of on
Giving effect to the British
American reciprocal draft treaty
and other similar conventions which
may be concluded, and permanently
debarring from American citizen
ship citizens or subjects of neutral
nations who have filed preliminary
citizenship applications and who
claim exemption from the draft.
Authorizing formation of a $100,-
000.000 corporation under the air
Providing distinctive badges or
buttons for men discharged from
and rejected for military service.
Authorizing the president to com
mandeer timber and lumber and
conduct timbering operations, pro
posed lor the aircraft and ship
Providing medals of honor and
distinguished service crosses and
Authorizing officers to buyjheir
uniforms and equipment from the
government at cost.
Providing more medical officers
and promotions for the medical
TO AID RUSSIA
PLANS CONTINUE DESPITE
GERMANY'S SCHEME OF
Washington, June 29. Prepara
tions for extending economic assist
ance to Russia went a head today
undisturbed by reports that' the
Germans contemplated military in
tervention in the country.
Officials declined to comment on
the latest confusing reports of de
velopments in Russia, and it was
apparent they thought there would
be no change in this government's
plans. The extent to which Ger
many may be able to exert military
force on Russia will depend as much
on developments on the western
front as on Teutonic willingness to
assume further control in the Fast.
Inasmuch as they have done their
worst so far, unhampered by their
peace treaties, there is no inclina
tion here to look for any decided
change in the attitude of the Ger
mans. Talk of American military inter
vention in Russia is not welcomed
in official circles.
In preparation for any possible
contingency, a survey of'the situa
tion has been made so that the
United States may not be taken un
awares. The question of tonnage is
believed to have been settled. Suf
ficient ships in the Pacific trade
could be mobilized, along with
u.uisporrs now building there, to
take care of anv initial exn.msinn
The shipping board has divided
transport contracts almost equally
among Atlantic and Pacific yards.
There was no official indication
today that President Wilson would
take the country into his confidence
by an early address to congress,
leading to the conclusion that
plans for helping Russia, aside from
the economic assisstance for which
preparations already are under
way, have not been completed.
Sioux City, Iowa, Tune 29 The
list of dead in the ruins of the Ruff
building, a three-story structure at
Fourth and Douglas streets, this
city, which collapsed at 1:30 o'clock
this afternoon and was burned, was
estimated at from 20 to 30 late this
afternoon. More than twenty are
missing, but may be accounted for
Ten tailors employed by Phil
Landry, who were working in the
rear of the top floor of the Ruff
building, the part of the building
which went down first, and Louis
Soiseth. foreman for the F. X. Ba
bue & Sons, contractors, who were
jacking the building for repairs, died
in the hospital.
When the Ruff building fell the
wall crushed two adjoining struc
tures the Chain grocery and the
Beaumont & Braugner meat market
and buried employes and patrons
in the debris.
Fire broke out in the ruins within
a few minutes and added to the
horror of the scene. Cries of the
imprisoned persons could he heard
above the roar of the flames.
All the lire apparatus in the city
responded, and assisted by hundreds
of volunteers made frantiy efforts
to reach those imprisoned in the
About eighteen clerks were in the
establishment when the explosion
occurred. Fight" of this number are
known to have escaped.
HUN RULERS AND
Paris, June 29. (I lavas acengy)
German prisoners arc virtually
unanimous in confirming the
fear felt of the American armies
by the German high command.
According to the declarations of
officers, this is the principal rea
son for the determination of
Germany to seek at all costs to
impose peace on the allies before
Packers and Millers
Most Rapacious of the
Profiteers, Report Says
MADILL IS SCENE
OF NEGRO LYNCHING
IDENTIFIED AS ASSAILANT
OF WHITE WOMAN WHO
RED CROSS SENDS OUT
APPEAL FOR WORKERS
Carter County Red Cross Chap
ter has on hand a large supply of
jauze for surgical dressings. This
is considered a matter of great im
portance and Ardmore has been es
pecially favored as many chapters
throughout the country have short
of this material. It is now neces
sary that the gauze be made up and
returned to headquarters at the
earliest possible time and for this
purpose surgical dressings rooms
will be open in every war school
building and at IConvention Hall
every afternoon this week from 1 :30
to 5 o'clock. A special call has been
made for live-yard rolls and the
work this week will be concentrated
on this particular surgical dressing.
Every woman in Ardmore is ex
pected to devote a part of her time
this week to this work, eitherat the
school building nearest her hdme or
at Convention Hall.
ALLEGED LAND SHARKS
ARE GIVEN LIBERTY
Madill, Okla., June 29. Loucious
McGill, negro' convict, was lynched
here early today by 500 persons
after he had been identified as the
man who stabbed Mrs. Lawson,
wife of a farmer living 18 miles
southeast of Madill. The woman's
wounds are said to be fatal.
McGill, an hour earlier, had es
caped from the prison farm where
he was chopping wood. He was
identified by Mrs. A. W. Lawson's
daughter, 13 years old.
Mrs. Lawson, while resisting the
negro, was cut on her throat, and
stabbed in the left breast and right
Mrs. Lawson had gone to a spring
some distance from her home when
the negro approached her and de
manded money. When she told
him she had none, he attacked her
with a knife.
McGill, accompanied by Samuel
Fitzhugh and Krvin Keins, also ne
gro convicts, after escaping early
this morning from the prison farm,
separated. Gee Kendrick, superin
tendent of the prison farm, follow
ed with a pack of blood hounds and
captured McGill about two miles
from the scene of the crime. The
posse of citizens who had assem
bled, following the alarm given by
Mrs. Lawson's daughter, came upon
Superintendent Kendhick and by
threats of violence secured posses
sion of McGill.
After he had been positively iden
tified by Mrs. Lawson's daughter, ,i
rope was tied around the negro's
neck, the free end thrown over a
limb and an instant later he was
suspended between the limb and
A score of revolver shots were
fired into the swinginsr body and I
the mob dispersed.
At a late hour the body had ot
been cut down.
McGill was sentenced from Lo
Another escaned negro was cap
tured and returned to the farm.
The third negro is at large.
DRIVER CLAIMS HE
BY POPE FOR PEACE
Rome, June 29. At a midnight
mass for peace and the re-establishment
of justice, charity and frater
nity through the world. Pope Bene
dict raised his voice in prayer in St.
Peter' cathedral this morning. The
pontiff, accompanied by Archbishop
Bonaventure Ceretti, secretary of
the congregation for extraordinary
ecclesiastical affairs, went to the
cathedral at 10 o'clock last night to
panicipate in the ceremonies. There
were about 1,000 persons present.
Fast and West Tex-
Sunday and Monday, generally
Arkansas: Sunday and Monday,
cloudy, scattered thunder showers.
St. Louis, June 29 Dr. F. C
Iliskins of Pine Bluff, Ark., and
Fdward C. Brecker of New Orleans,
arrested here last night on a charge
of fraud in connection with the al
leged sale of government lands in
New Mexico, were released today
after the police decided there was
insufficient evidence to hold them.
The men were arrested on complaint
of Henry Wallis, a baker, who said
he had paid $S00. supposedly for thej
purcnase oi janti. l lie men ex
piaineu tncy were acting only as
agents for locating individuals on
Days of Old When
Knights Were Bold Saw
Nothing Akin to This
London, June 2?. (Via Otta
wa) The feats at arms of
nights of old are rivalled in
modem warfare by the remark
able record of Private Becsley,
of the Rifle brigade, who has
just been awarded the Victoria
When all the officers anj non
commissioned officers had been
killed in an attack. Private
Becsley took command of his
company. Leading the assault
he captured an enemy post single-handed,
killed two Ger
mans at their machine guns,
and then shot dead an officer
who attempted to man the guns.
Three mare officers were
rushed from a dugout. One at
tempted to destroy a map.
Beesley shot him, seized the map
and made prisoner the other
Four more officers came out.
They were disarmed by the in
domitable Reeslcy and sent
back as prisoners.
As the enemy began to re
treat a comrade brought up a
machine gun. Becsley used this
with great effect on the flee
ing Germans. For four hours
under a heavy fire Beesley and
his comrades held their posi
tion. The Germans counter-attacked
and Beesley ' companion was
Beesley kept his Lewis gun
going and held the enemy in
check until long after the post
on his left had been wiped out.
Not until darkness came did
Beesley move back to the orig
inal line. When he did. he
brought along his wounded
companion and the Lewis gun.
Eeesley then mounted the gun
on a parapet and kept it go
ing against the enemy until
things had quieted down.
Washington, June 29. President
Wilson by proclamat ion tmbiv
formally took over the wharves anil
docks of the North German Lloyd
and Hamburg-American Steamship
companies at llohokcn, N. J.
Virginia, Minn.. June 29. Up to
late today five bodies of the 18 min
ers killed by the exposition in the
Sliver mine had been recovered.
Washington. Tune 29 Alm.n ! .
uu snort line railroads were turned
Hack to private management todav
ly the railroad administration a few
hours before coneress tiassed Wis.
lation intended to prevent the relin
quishment of many of them. Be
tween .iuu and 400 of the roads re
linquished had sought to remain tin
ier government management. About
snort lines were retained, as part
me national system.
Washington, June 29. Without
a roll call or dissenting vote, and
with but 20 minutes' discussion, the
senate late today passed and sent
to conference the $5,408,000.00 for
tifications bill, which provides for
enormous increase in ordnance
London. June 29. Rritish aviat
ors in aerial combats on the west
ern front Friday shot down 17 Ger
man airplanes and sent six others
down out of control. Three British
machines are missing as a result of
Washington, June 29. Profiteer
ing on a tremendous scale in prac
tically all of the basic commodities
of life was reported to the senate
today by the federal trade commis
sion, as the result of an exhaustive
"Inordinate greed and barefaced
fraud," as well as "war pressure for
heavy production," the commission
reported as the causes.
Re-appraisements of properties
were made by great concerns, when
it became evident that the govern
ment was about to fix prices on a
basis of return on investment, the
report says, and salaries, allowances
and expenses were in many in
stances padded to show increased
costs of conducting business.
Competition Is Defeated.
1 tic outstanding feature ot its
investigation, the commission re
ported, was the evidence of a ten
dency to increase and maintain
prices against the forces of compe
tition. Of all the big profits disclosed by
the investigation, the report says,
the profits of the meat packers and
those allied with them, and by the
flour millers, stand foremost, despite
the fixing of prices by the govern
ment. Manipulations of the market by
five great packers Armour, Swiit,
Morris, W ilson and Cudahy the
commission asserts, "embrace every
i device that is useful to them with
out regard to law."
The report charges that the five
concerns have monopolistic con
trol of the meat industry and "are
reaching for like domination in oth
During 1915, 1916 and 1917, the
report says, these companies "pock
"The experience with steel, flour
and coal," says the report, referring
to price fixing, "shows that a high
stimulating fixed price, while sta
bilizing an ascending market, pro
duces an economic situation which
is fraught with hardship to the
consuming public and with ultimate
peril to the high cost companies
through increasing power of their
low cost competitors."
Millions on Pine.
Southern pine producers associa
tion, the federal trade commission s
report on profiteering charges, have
been making unnecessary and tin
usually large profits, "running as
high as 121 per cent on the net in
vestment." "Forty-eight southern pine com
panies "producing 2,615,000.000 feet
of lumber in 1917," says the report,
"made an average profit on the net
investment of 17 per cent. This is
unusually large for the industry, as
is indicated by the fact that the av
erage profit in 1916 was only about
5.2 per cent. In 1917, 47 per cent on
the footage of the companies cov
over 20 per cent. The range of
profits was from a small loss to
over 121 per cent on the net investment."
Morris Issues Statement.
New York, June 21'. Morris &
Co. issued the following statement:
"In the statement of the Federal
Trade Commission as to the profits
of Morris & Co., the figures given
are misleading and are absolutely
incorrect. The profits of 263.7 per
cent for the three-year war period
is e vidently figured on a nominal
capital of $3,000,000, and not on the
capital invested, while the pre-war
profit of 8.6 per cent was figured
on the total investment. During
1917, our investment was in excess
of $38,000,000 and our profit was
one-quarter per cent on this invest
ment and not 263.7 per cent as
"The average profit on investment
for the past three years was 10.95
per cent. We know of no business
with so small percentage of profit,
especially when it is considered that
we are handling highly perishable
products and have to reinvest so
much of our profits in the business."
IN SELF DEFENSE
AGED MAN HELD WITHOUT
BAIL TO AWAIT TRIAL IN
THE DISTRICT COURT.
IDENTIFIES THE WEAPON
'I Shot Wylie Williams That's the
Gun I Shot Him With He Said
He Would Shoot Me," Defendant
Declares on Witness Stand.
Statement By Swift.
Chicago, June 29 Swift & Co.
in a statement issued late today, em
phatically denied the profiteering
charges made by the report of Fed
eral Trade Commission investigat
ors and on the other hand, charges
a trick was perpetrated by the is
suance of the report at the time it
was made public.
"Swift & Co. deeply resent the
spiri'i .nd manner in which this re
p. k Jas been issued," said the state-
was issued for release at
n Saturday, a time when of fi-
tiat - -nany ousmesses nave clos
ed their desks for the week and are
usually not on hand to answer sen
sational and unfounded charges. It
tended to throw suspicion about an
essential industry, which it is pub
licly recognized has fulfilled tre
mendous war demands from the be
ginning perhaps better than any
other industry in the country."
ercd was produced at a profit of nient.
Armour Is Angered.
Chicago, June 29. Armour & Co.
today issued a statement referring
to the report of the Federal Trade
Commission, for which Francis J.
Ileney was attorney, as "designed
to impress the headline leaders."
"The charge of monopoly is sim
ply the old cry against a business
because it is big. If a profit of one
quarter of a cent on a pound of
duct which a government audit
shows we make, is profiteering, then
there is no honest business in the
world, for no valuable business in
the world makes a smaller profit
per unit of product," says the statc-
WILSON KILLS OLD
KERENSKY IN PARIS.
Paris, June 29. Alexander Ke
rensky, the former Rusi1Ti provis
ional premier, arrived in Paris from
London today. Shortly after his ar
rival he had a long conference with
M. Maklakoff. the Russian ambas
sador in Paris. .
Vetoes Postoffice Bill Carrying An
Washington, June 29. Further
government use of pneumatic mail
tube systems in six large cities was
blocked todav by a presidential veto
of the postoffice appropriation bill
with a provision directing the post
office department to retain the
tubes until next March pending an
investigation by the
Commerce Commission to deter
mine the advisability of their pur
chase by the government.
When an attempt to pass the bill
over the veto failed in the house
both the house and senate repassed
the measure with the provision ob
jected to eliminated. In his veto
President Wilson supported Post
master General Burleson, who had
made a fight for abandoning the
tube systems as obsolete and use
less because of the growth of the
volume of mail and the develop
ment of the automobile.
Contracts for the operation of
tubes in New York citv, Brooklyn.
Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago and
St. Louis expire Monday.
IN FEDERAL COURT
New York, June 29. After more
than 24 hours deliberation, a jury
in the federal court here today
found the Fmerson Motors Com
pany, Inc., and several corporate
Interstate' am' '"dividual co-defendants guilty
oi using tne mails to defraud.
The defendants found guilty arc
the Fmerson Motors Company, Inc.,
C. R. Berry & Co.. Robert P.
Matches & Co., Nicholas Field Wil
son, Kobert P. Matches. William
Loo mis and Osborne I'.. Chancy.
There were 13 counts in the in
dictment with maximum penalties
ranging from two to five years im
prisonment and an aggregate maxi
mum fine of $22,000. Some of the
defendants found guilty were con
victed on all the counts and the rest
on 12. They will be sentenced
HUN INDICTED ON
CHARGE OF SEDITION
NO MORE PERISHABLE
GOODS BY MAIL
TO U. S. SOLDIERS
More Steel Steamers.
Mobile. Ala.. June 29 T-rl
5.000 ton all-steel steamers at ap
proximately $1,000,000 each have
been awarded to the Mobile Ship
building Company by the shipping
board, it was announced here today.
New Yor, June 29. Because it
is charged he told a negro soldier
that Germany loved the colored
race and would establish them un
der an independent government in
certain of the United States should
the Teutons win the war. Max
Freudenheim. an Austrian, was in
dicted by a federal grand jury here
today for violating the espionage
Freudenheim is also alleged to
have saiJ that the Germans would
cut off the ears and arms and gouge
out the eyes of any American col
ored fighters captured. He has
been arrested. I
Washington, June 29. No more
perishable goods, such as fruit and
foods, will be accepted at postof
fices for mailing to troops because
almost always they cannot be de
livered in edible condition.
BOMBS FOR HUNS.
London, June 29. Fifteen tons
of bombs were dropped by British
naval aircraft on enemy targets
during the period from June 4 to
June 26, the admiralty announced
today. In engagements with hostile
aircraft. thre of these were brought
down. The British lost two of their
"1 shot Wylie Williams. That's
the gun I shot him with. 1 have
had it since last spring.
1 saw him coming through the gate
and asked him about my money.
He said he would not pav me a
d d cent, lie jerked Ins horse
back, threw his hand toward his
pocket and said: i will shoot your
l' d old ignorant head off.'
Then 1 shot him."
That was the testimony of W. C.
Driver, while on the witness stand
in the county court yesterday after
noon in his own behalf, at the pre
liminary hearing of himself and
C .... I ... It-.. . .
.-u.iiiiey iierrmit, ins grandson,
charged jointly with the murder of
Wylie Williams, which occurred
northwest of Springer last Tuesday.
At the conclusion of the hearing,
which consumed the entire after
noon, Judge Thomas Champion held
Driver without bail tn the district
court for trial and took the case of
Stanley Harriott under advisement
A. J. Hardy, county attorney,
James Mathers and Thomas Xor
man appeared for the state, and J.
B. Champion represented the de
fendants. A large number of wit
nesses were examined, most of them
character witnesses, introduced hv
the defense. The defense began it's
case backward, that is introducing
ns cnaracter witnesses first, and this
evidence was admitted over the
strenuous objections of the state,
but the attorney for the defendant
said he would put Driver on the
stand before the hearing was com
pleted. Description of Wound.
Dr. II. A. Iliggins of Springer
was the first witness for the state
and told of examining the body of
Williams and finding a hole in" the
right side of his face three inches up
and down and two and three-quarters
inches across. In the wound
he found powder and pieces of felt
or gun wadding ami slivers of bone
in the brain tissue. Tis evidence
tended to show that the dead man
was in a stooping position when
shot, bearing out the theory of the
state that while he was stooping to
unfasten the gate, the fastening be
ing one and one-half or two feet
from the ground, that Driver, who
was alleged to have been in hiding
behind a big tree, ambushed Wil
liams. On cross-examination he
said Driver bore a good reputation
and that Williams' reputation was
bad. He had heard that Driver was
a moonshiner, but did not hear of it
until after this killing. On re-direct
examination he said he had never
heard of Williams being in a cut
ting or shooting scrape or fighting
Mrs. Williams' Testimony.
Mrs. Bessie Williams, widow of
the slain man, was the next witness.
.She said her husband left honu
j Tuesday morning, about 8 o'clock,
to go to Ardmore. She did not
hear of the killing until two hours
after she heard the shot. The Wil
liams family intended to move from
that neighborhood the next day.
She went to the gate where her
husband was lying in the road and
there was no one there. She saw a
dog about the body. She told how
her husband was dressed and identi
fied his hat, which had been shot
through the brim. She said he wore
no coat. She said he had no weap
ons, that none were about his body
and he did not own a gun. She saw
Mrs. Dyer near the place and spoke
to her, but she crossed the road anJ
did not answer. She was asked if
her husband did not buy cattle from
Driver, give him a cluck tor $1,800,
sell the cattle, then take back the
check and tear it up. She said he
did not do that and that she never
heard him say a word against Driv
er. Driver, she said, had never sued
her husband and that her husband
had cattle, horses, mules and lands;
that he had just bought a farm near
L. R. Sermons, father of Mrs.
Williams, testified to much that she
did, he having gone with her to the
gate. He heard the shot about 5:30
and said it was but a few minutes
before the sun went behind the
mountains when they heard of the
murder, although the house where
they lived was only a short distance
away. When they reached the body
there was no one there, but dogs
were licking the wound and the ants
were crawling over the body. Stan
ley Harriott was the first to tell hia
(Continued on page 3.)