Newspaper Page Text
TULSA DAILY WORLD, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1922
DEATH TOLL LONG
Used for Shooting
CAN'T BE MADE SAFEl
Development of Nitroglycerin Business Reveals
Very Romantic Side of the Oil Business in America
powder In A. F. Itnymond n well At
offers of the rtoberui company were spot. Tho Bite had h-
. i - - . ... . . . " ..h .i .in " ll 'nni 4 .
i'uwuur iu-iupHiM u..utr picas uii nrouiers ruuvu uy jiimiuns ui uui- ncuuereu lar and W i. tl 1
tho water and tho fuao went out. Inra. trcea were lopped orf h?l 1V
. William UoU HSalitcil uaymand and "Tho Uoberts patent reissued In i knife and hardly a 1 , 7dlv
v, Ayvra lit ennhnr. who hau ex- June of 1873. nornetuatlnt? the uur- he found nf Vin t . J t lul
Number of Fatalities Ixss
Since Automobllon Wcro
By HAIIVICV 13. IlItODKS.
"Mtrog lycerln DungM-fius'"
Thero In not muoh romance in this
Marlllng warning which may ho et.
served ilally In the flourishing oil
regions, painted in bnhl letter on
tho Mries find rear of nitroglycerin
ram uod for transporting this dead-
ly iiuiil rrom nn iH.seuroly located
factory, or magazine, to oil wells
that nro to ho shot I
Yet nitroglycerin, most dangor
niiri ii nil uiimaniiKf-iihht ot practltal
explosives, had an absorbing ro
mance, even though tho record of Its
use abounds with aongulnary rhnp
torn. Without Ha discovery, It may
ho qullti confidently presumed that
tho world's oil production would
nnvcr have reached the proient level,
for no other explosive In thn com
paratively long list can fill It po a
liar plum In blasting great envnrns
nnd deep crevices lit tho bowels of
mother earth where black sold may
accumulate to 1 pumped tu tho sur
face for inan'a use.
Invented, or rather first mixed by
'a Huropoan chomlst In 1848 for
medicinal purposes, It has produ ed
millions of dollars worth of petro
leum hy entiling or Increasing the
flow form stuhhern Ml wells,
Its value as an exploitive was dis
covered by accident. Hlnca then, Al
though ono of inan'a grenteM wealth
producing servants, It has taken a
frightful loll of human liven O at
worn snuffed out In less than tho
twinkling of an eye.
Definite its crimson history, nltro-
nlyertn'n uo has steadily Increased
to keep pneo with oil dovulopmont,
to which It Is considered Indlspensl
hle. No way has been discovered to
make It safe, Thn subtraction or
nny Ingredient renders It useless and
nny nddltlon to nwiure safety dctrncts
from tho spontaneity a Oil strength
of Itn explosion,
Tho numbor of fatalities cuiisnd
by nttroulycerln has decreased in
recent years, not because of any
change In mothnds of manufacture,
i - 1 1
WLrf .... . ' 1 ' ' k . . 1
pocted Jumen Harry to flro tho
charge with electrklty Jtced de
veloped the Idea and .t . e.itod the
Herd torpedo, which he used In a
num'.er of wellH.
"A hirfee crowd In U(I6 wltneSH''d
th' tnri.cdolng of John C. rord'H
well on the Widow Fleming farm
four m leg louth of TltuivllU.. Klve
pounds of powder In an earthen bot
tle, attached to a string; or gan pipe,
were exploded at 250 feet hy drop
pi ir u red hot Iron thiough tho
pipe. The shock throw tho wntor
out of the hole, threw out thn pipe
wuh uurli force as to knock the
w.iiklng beam and ramson post
down, agitated tho water In Oil
creek, and threw out oil. '
' Tubing was put in. The old horse
wurkud tlie pump until tired, and
the rehUlt encouraged t'ord to buy
nm li:nciy to keep the welt going
"IhW was the flrt successful tor
pedoing of itn oil well.
denMOtrui lnn.l niton nil nrndueera. In t hrn o hntHH t 1X1 so
November of 1S76 suit vtaa brought "Tho next instnn
in the circuit court agalnat Pcteri tho Htiencth nf rtnt.
- man ,
tfchrolbcr of Oil City charged with Hmall parcels, a faiv , J"
infringing tho Roberts' patent. Hob-1 the existence of vip, , n
.V ' ""i': ... , ncruograss. vennngo . i
'Tho case was contested keenly , summer of 1870
for four years, coming up for final. ". tv. nedflcld sPP. .
argument in May of 187U. Hy un- neiin mM,.,'
impeachable witnesses it was proved . niyccrln m tho ,u-hc r - '
that explosives had been used in roturn nntl usn u t.nr i,
water wells and oil wells, aubstun- while picking herri. '
tially in tho manner .Patented by tvtttTman "aw the ", !'"i
Kooeria. years noro me noiacr ... pt to her hbsband. Th
tho patent had been heard of as a ard oil, which n'tr, .
Upper lu j of .ui .'noblle Team nnd wagon UMd for Imullltg
from n?:i,n"narrrVe.on!tC"i''rog.ycr.n before auto,nob..M
well; ton-quart cans of cxplo-Ivo fit were adopted. Old-style tin torpe
snugly In plgeon-hi'led rnmp irt- docs, or contiilncrs. In which glycer.
ments behind ilrlv.T T'tuier rlrliN j Ine Is lowerod lntfl well may be 'n
aro leaky cans or tremeloun bumps
uuo to nan roans or to onstrtletlon
unseen hy the driver. Kxploiilons m
magazlnoN or factories, oefcur when
tho mlxtitre Is allowed to hecomo too
hot or when a dron of nitroglycerin
finds a point of friction in the
but through tho Inflexible observ
ance of added procautlonu by those
who mix, transport or explode It,
Itn only Infjredlents are oidlnnry
glycorln, used unlvorwillv as a skin
lotion, nitric add and atllphtlrlc noid
The fusion of nitric Acid and
glycerin, which really provides the
extiloslvo dualities, would bo Impos
sible without dtilphurlc held which
prevents the nitric acid from coi
Tsuming the glycerin, ad which aft
erward is washed out of .tho mix
turn with water.
Tho mixing process takes place In
a larco metal vat. in which is hUh-
ponded a slowly involving pantile
wheel, uxirnma enre i taiton con
stantly to prevent f Mellon, nil mov
ing parta of tho machinery that
might bo splashed with jtlycorln be
ing washed froquontly with wood ul
cohol which kills tho explosive. A
largo thermometer stnnda Innldo tho
vat, watched closoty by the mixer ho
ho fnny know whn to tnp or re
sume 'pouring nclda Into the glycer
in. Many nion havo lnld with their
lives for falluro'to constantly govern
tho temperature, tho mlxturo having
exploded from chemically generated
Nitroglycerin' strength ta o ter
rific it can hardly bo liiviglned. Two
tiuarta would. ' If caret tilly placed,
reduco tho Woolwortlt building to a
pile of debris. Half a dozen drop,
or even loss, deposited upon an nnvll
tind struck with a sledge hnmmer,
would knock tho holder of tho ham
mer ucroad tho borderland of con
sciousness nnd perhaps kill him out
right. Even ono drop might place
mm In n bospltal
l'hero nro a few freak caseji of
fatalities cuused by thlH explosive.
Not long ago. a small hoy, nrmed
with a now .22 rifle, nhot nl closn
rango Into n harmlesa npponrlng old
can which apparently had been
thrown Into n clump ot r;!!rhruh.
How It got there hue never been re
vealed. It may have been tho rem
nant of a flhonter's cargo ns he re
turned to town after administering
a shot. The boy was Instantly killed,
hl body having boon ttnrocognlzn
In his "Skotchea In Crude Oil."
published In 1898, .Tohn J. Mcl.ourln
relates the story of a I'onnsylvnnlft
hoilMcwIIo who, whllo out picking
lierrleo. discovered a can partially
filled with a substance resembling
lard oil. Her husband, Ignorant of
tho naturn of Its contents, used a
small quantity to Rrmuo Mm. ma
chinery. In n twinkling this houso
wlfo becamo a widow.
With few oxeoptloru., ovory city
In rack at driver's left. "Ccntei
The remains of a nitroglycerin fao
tory aXter an oxploIon which killod
two men. liwor loft Photograph
tBken n few, ggeondw nftor tho y)iot.
showing- den.i epruy i.. oil shooting
oy.. w.B dtirb . . T. jW't right
JuhI bofer a shot of nitroglycerin
waa cxplod.id. Notice tho large
crowd about the drrlck waiting for
the shot to be fired.
tragedy that not only took at least
one llfo but which frequently left n
widow and Kevernl children to mourn
over tho loss of a husband and
W. H. Swartr, assistant to the gen
eral manager of tho Kastern Torpedo
company of , Tulsn, relates novernl
hair-raising experiences thnt havo
bernllen him during 13 yean' experi
ence ns a Hhonter. Other survivors
also can sit for nn enliro ovenlng
aid recount ndventuroa with nitro
glycerin from which they miracu
lously escaped with tholr lives, or
name, ono after nnother their fellow
wuninrH ot onriy iinys wlio were
gun cap, which Is much tho name as
that used on old-fashioned muzzle
loading Hhntguns, Is u small plcco of
When tho shot Is In place tho
shooter drops Into tho holot n small
chunk of Iron. A fow secolids pass
an this weight flle through wpae.
Then n dull thud that is felt rather
than heard by thoso ntandlng near
tho derrick. Another brief period
ot suspense and -with a loud nwHi
cnUiod by tho cxpltutlvo and by re
leased gas n. spraying stre-im of po
troloum shoots upward over the der
rick, blackening Its timbers nnd tho
ground whoru It falls. Oenorally
hurled Into otornlty without u see-1 there Is u heavy nhowor of small oil
omiH warning. soaked reek's that fall near Intrepid
show his politeness and unselfish
news. Ordinarily powder wai first used to
shoot oil wells. Tho discovery was
made by pioneer producers that nn
explosion In tho oil-bearing sand
blew a largo cavern nnd created
numerous fissures In which oil from
surrounding territory could collect
aim iorm a pool
Jredetick Crocker In 1364 Ar
ranged a torpedo to be dropped ll.to
a well and fired by a plsioi cartridge
Inserted In the bottom of tho tin
ahull. About thirty torpedoes weie
exploded from 1860 to l&6o, all nf
thrm in wells filled with water,
which served as tampmg.
"Wil.lam H c il made a can stroi g
enough to resi-t tho pressure of
water, lot It down the (irlawell well
on Cherry Hun In 1363. fniled to dis
charge, it hy electriuy und exploded
It by sliding a hollow weight down
a string to strike a percussion cap.
"Notwithstanding theso fne'ut,
which demonstrated that tho field of
oil and wateV had boon lm .-coned iiy
exploding powder hundreds of feet
under water. In November of 1864
Col. K. A. L, Roberts applied for a
patent for 'a proceso of Increasing
tho productiveness of oil wcl! by
causing an explosion of gunpowder
or its equivalent at or near trio ou
boarlng point, In connection with
superincumbent fluid tahiplng'
"Captain Mills permitted h'm to
test his process ,n the Ladies'- well
near Tltusville, on January 21. Two
torpedoes were exploded and tho
woll flowed oil and parafflno. Wil
liam Uecd and several othors filed
applications for pate its and com
menced proceedings for Interfer
ence. The miita dragged out for two
years, were decided In favor of
Itobcrts nnd he secured the patent
that was to become a grievous
"A company was organized In Now
York to construct torpedoes and car
ry on tho business extensively.
Operators were rather skeptical us
to tho advantage of tho Roberts
method, fearing the missile? would
flintier the rock and destroy the
wells. Tho Woodln well, n dry hoio
on the Blood farm, received two in
jections nnd pumped 80 barrels a
"Hut tho ma-itorly presentation of
facts waa waited on Justice Strong
and McKeniinu. They had sustained
the monopoly in previous suits nnd
apparently would not revorte them-,
elves, no matter how convincing the
reaso.is. Tho flood of light thrown
upon the .situation nt this hearing
had the effect ot neventlng an ex
tension of the patent and reducing
K 11 tb!
fluid Plato resembles
man poured ome of t
sel and sent It to hi- -urod
as a lujrlmr.
"Noticing a heated t
morning Ketterman .,..
tho sunnosed nil r n.
flu. AnHnn In t-n..l . '
rlous explosion cm-u-
engine house Into -partially
work In tho derrick
mui was found shock'i
with one arm torn oft
crushed to Jelly.
"The mystery was n
nours. wben it occurr
" a i
Ivfd t, :
in the United, bor to test the conter's Cf t K
sponsible for; ran. Tutting only cine d- n Z ,
ny other man i anvil ho struck It a henv ' ,!;
the price of tnrprdoep, thus benefit
ing tne oil- region greatly.
"Colonel Roberts died at Tltusville
i'-riday, March 25, 1S81. The last
week of his life he said he had ex
pended a quarter of a million dollars
ror torpedo litigation. lie left a
arge roitune and one of the most
profitable monopolies in the United
States. He was ros
more lawsuits than nny
in this country.
"The first fatality from tho use of
nitroglycerin In the oil n g.ins be
fell William Munson. In tho summer
of 1867, nt Reno. Ho operated on
Cherry Run, owning wells near tho
famous Reed and Wnde. He was one
of the earllcnt producers to use tor
pedoes and manufactured them un
der the Reed patent,
"A small building near the bond of
the Allegheny below Reno served as
rhls workshoii and storehouse. For
monm.i tne new mausiry wer.i niongi leaiicu ever mo ouggy and sprfir.
quietly, It projector prospering as a and had been too much Ji Htd, t'J
i-esuu or ins enterprise, ttnicrmg me, cuncuysiun was awiui I Icru c
building one morning In August, h the woodwork nnd tires wf0 carrIt
was seen no more, now ll occurred. ' minureas oi yarns. Half of
none couia ten, nut it rrlgntrui ex
Swnrtz rocalU one blond. nlimint-
expnrlenco particularly, when a cool
head coupled with speedy footwork
saved him from nn untimely death.
Two hundred iuarts of nltro.
glycerin Were to bo used In tho well,
and this of courso made necessary
tho uso of soveral containers, or tor
pedoes. Ho had lowered the first
ono about half way to tho bottom
whon tho lino In his hand suddenly
became slock, l.'rom exnerlenca he
spectators who aro then eatdly in
duced to move back to a place of
"Watching an oil well shot," Is an
Interesting show for those who never
have witnessed tho unusual specta
cle It produces. i:von though tho
well bo located Jn an obscuro section
reached with difficulty, tho an
nouncement of un Intended Bhot
novor fails to bring a crowd. Oil
companion actively entfaced In drlll-
know what had happened. A gas ' '"g receive frequent cnlls from vlsl
pocket had somehow been released nl iers to tho oil regions who nsk hen
quartor of a mllo below the earth's' nd whero tha next well Is to be
and town in tho oil field regions has j surface with sufficient force to push shot so they may ho on hand.
luisboil strlngont ordinances barring
nitroglycerin wagons from travers
ing their etrcots unless first emptied
of nil contents, Including supposedly
empty cans on whoso walls a tnblo
xpoonful might still cling. Somn
municipalities adopted such drastic
monsuros after costly oxporlonco
with an explosion. Others profited
by their misfortunes and lost no
time In following suit.
Tho llttlo town of Ulshonrt. Okla.,
was barely awake early ono morning
In 1918, when a terrlflo explosion
occurred, shaking brick business
buildings from their foundations
tno torpedo uuward with llel.tntnir I Nitroglycerin fneforlea uan.iilv
"Pcjd. aro located not loss than a mile from
Rvery second cnnnfn1- AhAmlnn. t the nnrnir rtv nr tnw.i Tim .Mn t
Ing the rope with alacrity. Swart a hill Is u preferable location, for It
snouted to tho drll er. thn innl
dressor nnd bystanders to run for
their lives. They had taken only
n fow stops whon tho torpedo shot
out of the hole. Hitting tho top qf
tho derrick SO feet above. It cx-
pio'tcn willt terrific force. Tho fleo
It is not surprising, then, to knowj knocking sleepy-eyed pedestrians to
that tho explosion of 200, quarts or
iiiuiu rM.,in'H in iiiwi'Ltii n .n
blows a smalt crator 'In tho enrth'f
mi r fa co and makes Impossible tho
finding of moro tlian enough frag
ments of the victim's body to fill
an ordinary cigar box.
Contrary to goneral bollef, torpedo
companies, which manufacture and
furnish nitroglycerin for shooting
oil wells, report no shortage of appli
cants for positions as ahootcrs. Sal
aries paid to holders ot these hat
nrdous Jobs are only slightly more
than those paid to nvorago ortlce
Confirmed fatalists about)d In tho
"It It's going to get me, It will, nnd
If It Isn't my tlmo ,lt won't," one
shooter tersely remarked when nskej
whether ho experienced fear when
ever he started to shoot a well.
Torpedo companies were' reluctant
to adopt automobiles for tholr oper
ations nnd discard horses nnd
wagons, although realizing motor
transportation would Increase their
rovonuo by cutting down the tlmo
spent by shooters bn the road. Thoy
nt first feared greater speod would
multiply the danger of explosions,
especially on rough roads such ns
those which abound in tne oil fields.
However, tho number of accidents
has boon Isbs since can were used
than before, principally because the
carrying compartments in which the
cargo Is stored aro healer and bet
ter pndded und loss likely to leak.
The 10-quart wjuare bans fit snugly
Into rubber-booted pigeonholes, and
underneath this rubber are several
alternating layers ot copper, asbestos
nnd zinc. Formerly the compart
ments were lined only with zinc,
which allowed the cans of nitro
glycerin ix lot of room In which to
shake and vibrate, no matter how
close the tit. lu addition, there
was a contact of metal against
metal the can against Its container
to cause an explosion If tho can
pprung n leak. Furthermore, there'
always was a likelihood that the box
like container would develop n hole, 1
that it would allow a few dropa from
a leaky can to reach the springs or
axle nnd another horrible fatality I
would bo added to nitroglycerin's
It Is said that several nitroglycer
in explosions havo resulted from
spontaneous combustion, but no
record or first-hand tale ot such un
Incident is available. Most shooters'
declaro It would be n virtual Impos
sibility for this explosive to go off
from any causa other than friction,
force or tire.
The devastation wrought by n
heavy explosion id complete that
Its exact caujie n'ever carrTTe riseV
talned. However, knowing ihe pecu
liarities of this substance, old-time
P trugfycerln handlers iit'l conjee
tore i r - . j. , o tlv Thej' t
Ui.-t tiiu cau-u f t' ar v xilo;,iUii
In 1860 Henry II. Dennis, who
drilled and etuck the tools In the
first woll at Tldloute, (Po.) procured
three feet of ttfo-lneh copper pipe,
ptugged ono end, filled it .vlth rifle
tho sidewalk, shattering thousands
nf ,'vlndnw panes and'cnulng house
wives nt thojr V.rerikfast duties to
alhggcr against walln or furniture,
Thero wore two casualties. A
scoro of persons were injured. Wal
ter English, a Bhootcr tor the Kast
ern Torpedo company, loft a widow
and two children. Uealilo him on tho
car at the time ot the explosion wns
a driller who worked on the lease
whoro KngHah had started to shoot
a well. A small crater was made In
the tnlddlo of Blghoart'a main street.
Tho firm which omploycd English
spent more than fifty thousand dol
lars settling damage suits that tal
lowed this blast.
(rant Moars left Tlartlosvllle.
Okla., the afternoon of October 15,
1017. ilr vlr17 n triirtb wl.h n ftnfl -
quart loud of nitroglycerin. His' !? pmou, mo meinous used in hnn
bulldog, loto, which also was his ' '!nK Sb'cor'n wero woefully crude,
mascot, sat beside his muster. Five lno ,,so ,of rubber linings for the
miles out of Hartlesville tho car .can-carrying compartments hadn't
struck an 8-lnoh gna lino that had jn thought of. The cans then fit
Just been laid ncrosa tho roud nnd '"""fly In metal containers nnd n
which would havo beon burled an j a Ienk could easily occur. Kqulp
hour later. Kvldontly Moars failed : n,ienl wn? 'Mntlned about onco every
to see It. No trace of the dog was ulx, "tJnl,hB" 11 lasted that long,
over found. .several small frag- This Isn t thn oasa nowadays. The
ments of Meara' body wore picked carrying equlpmont Is fitted with
up by spectatom some of whom con- "vcry known safety device, and a
duotod tholr search n quarter of 'nsjrous lesk Is next to impossible
mile from where the oxnloslon oc-1 1 ?"''!"" ,llp CRr ot pcl driver Is
an explosion occurs thero It Is leis
l.Kely to causo widespread damages.
Tho nitroglycerin car proceeds from
tho company garage to th s factory,
takos on Its cargo, and leaves direct
ly for tho well.
Tho most reckles'i 1nv rldnr nr
Ing men wore stunned but nono was sneeder nutcklv rei-pJns hla anhriotv
Injured. Glancing back, Pw.irtz saw i whenever ho slsl.ti a nitroglycerin
the derrick corner posts part .md car on tho rond ahad ot him. It Is
all toward his wagon which hn.l , easily dlstlnculshLd at a consider.
- ... ...v .....u iiuvuuoo ui nn iirtuimi i pciwucr, iiiserieci a ruse corn una ex-
and wh ch contained moro than five construction ami by the worJj "nltro. piodod the charge in tho presence ot
hundred quarts ot nitroglycerin. glycc.-in dnngorous" 'painted In six men. Tho hole was full of water
Iwo of theso heavy posts landed large letters. Tho Invoferato road oil and bits of rock, which were
simultaneously while the runnorsj hog discards his hoggish propensities' blown Into the air, and the smell of
wero loss than six hundred feet, nnd willingly, evon Insistently gives . oil was so stror.g that people coming
uay. Most of thorn wero knocked . half tho road and then pulls over up tho hollow notlcod it.
to tho grrund forcibly, two or throo a few more feet to make suro he 'The eamo year John P Harper
having beon rendered unconscious has not mls'ed nn opportunity to endenvored to explode fivo nounds of
for several minutes. i . - - . . i
"I beltevs that's the nearest it
ever came to getting mo," Swartz re
marked. Two reasons art assigned by
Swartz for the reduction In nitro
glycerin explosions In rocent years
One Li tho extreme care now ex
orcised In handling thli dangerous
substance, and tho othor Is sobriety
among shooters and magazine em
ployes while thoy are on the Job.
-j.cn or is yearn ago." no ex
a t,,,, , , ! day In Decomber of 1866. During
fltPnnr h-' HI .0XJ?en.M. I867 the demand Increased largely
fight over the method of shooting ami lnanv -uit. fOP lnfrlncoment
was precipltatod when col. Roberts cnleLi infringement
early in the fhootlng game patented ?,r? ? . . , fc
his method of "shooting by tamping." I 'Roberts seemed to haveiho courts
To avoid paying royalty to Roborts on nIa s,do nnd he obtalnetl injunc
many producers In Pennsylvania tlons "fralnst the Reed Torpedo corn
employed "moonlighters," shooters I"1"? "nd Jnnics Dickey tor alleged
who operated at night nt redured Infringements. .Justices Strong nnd
rates. Roborts kept a force of de- McKennan decided against Dickey in
tectlv-M busy to catch such producers i ml- Producers subscribed J30.000
and filed many suits for inft Inge-1 to .brpak down the Roberts' patent
ment anu confidently expected a favorable
Details of this fight are contained ls4ue- J'so Oiler ot Philadelphia
In McLaurln's "Sketches In Crude I mulcted the Reed company In heavy
Oil." an Intlmato but rather prolix damages.
history ot early oil development. Al- 'Robert, substituted n troglycenn
though McLaurln's sympathies ! for gunpowder nnd established u
plainly wcro with the producers and , manufactory of the explosive near
his description of Roberts not nt nil i Tltusville.
ma lurpcuu war oecaine genera.,
determined and uncompromising.
The monopoly charged exorbitant
prices J200 tor h medium shot
nnd ari army of 'moonlighters'
nervy men who put In torpedoes nt
accompanied the ,o of n.lro-g.yc Kffi 7teS"sS.t im"
.. ' ... . nrovements and first used tho go-
Kxplodlng powder In holes drllle,i ; aevll drop-weight in tho Hutler field
In 1876. Tho Roberta crowd hired
a legion of spies to report operators
wno patronized uic nocturnal won
was hurled to the greu-i .v t il
force nf thn cnn.ttua... ' ''
"In August. 1871, Chirlej rh-J
,,, nan county 10 rn '
cast of Tltusvlllo. with a lot
nitroglycerin in n vnh ,.u
one horse. Dy the side cf t-tgh v j
traveled. Thero the char ,A
"Likely some of the llauM h,l
complimentary, his account is nnn.
tho less Interesting.
It readi ns follows, proceded by an
account of tho early history of oil
well explosives, and followed bv sev
eral stories of tho first fatalities that
at tho bottom of water wells had in
creased tho quantity ot fluid or
openod new veins, a:.d tho idea of
trying tho experiment In oil wells shooters. Tho country swarmed with,
suggested Itself to various operators, t these emissaries, You couldn't spit
plosion shivered the building, tore a
nolo In the ground and annihilated
Munron. Tho mangled bits wore
carefully gathered up, put
ainnll box anil sent to his
homo In Now York for Interment.
"Tho sensation produced by the
first fatality had not entirely sub
s.ded when the second victim was
added to a list that has since length
kept In mugnzlnos located In Isolated'
"ned aparlllngly, To Insure compar
ative safety the deadly stuff was
dncVs. In 1367 tho Robert's com-1
The sensation produced by tho
first fatalllty had not entirely sub
'ded when the second victim was j
utiueu to tne list that nas since
lengthened appallingly. To Insure
omparatlve bafety tho deadly stuff
was kept In magazines located In
nolatod places. In 1867 the 'Roberts
-ompany built ono of theso re
ceptacles two miles from Tltusville,
n the side of a hill excavated for
"Thither Patrick Rrophy, who had
harge, went as usual ono morning
n Jul-, 186S, An hour later a ter
rific explosion burst upon the sur
rounding country with Indescribable
violence. Horses and people on the
itreets of Tltusville were thrown
"own, chimneys trembled, windows
dropped Into atoms and for a tlmo
Ihe panic ns fearful.
"Tho thought suggested Itself that
the glycerin magazine had blown up.
At onco thousands started for tho
! wheel landed near tho tor f a larj;
iivu hiiu iw ninny rous tne lor.
I wns stripped of Its branches a
foliage. Part of the face, with
into a' moustache and four teeth aihrr-
formerl was the largest portion of the dr!i.'
recovered. The horse was dlse-j.
Several substitutes for nl'rj.
glycerin navo been introaur J in
oil country, nil of them s'
substances with nltroglyecr'n as y
basic constituent, but wi'h tfia i
tremo hazard In handling parta.
el'mlnnted. Although mar ufact.-.
err and users make ex'rava?-
claims for theso new cxp'.Mvm J
Is noticeable that pioneer terp!
companies have not adopted 'V
Jn preference to tho liquid fir-SBj
contcnumg it cannot do lmp'o
or even equaled because of the sp
tanolty and force of Its explos.
Therein, tno old snootcrs polr
out, lies tne secret ot nitrogiyrcrlr.
superiority In blasting holes halt
mllo below tho earth's furfn. e i
one veteran at the shooting
explained, "it explodes all a' one
while other explosives "are slow-f
on the trigger" and are less f t '
on nccount of the adultcra nn 1
assure safety In handling, He
Joined by many others who e
nhatlcally Insist that nltrozlycer
can't be made .afe and still reta
Its value and efficiency In shooti-
In the streets or near a well nfter
dark without danger of hitting ono
of tho crew.
"Unexampled litigation followed.
About two thousand prosecutions
wero threatened and most, of them
against producers accused ot violat
ing tho law by engaging 'moon
lighters.' Most of the i ldlvldunl
suits wero settled, tho annoyanco ot
trylifg them In Pittsburgh, fees ot
lawyers and enormous costs lndurlng
the operators o mako such terms
ns they could, ny this .means the
Charles Vandell went to his com
pany's magazine near Healdton,
Okla., In January, 1922, to load his
car with enough nltrog'ycerln to
shoot three wells that wero on the
day's program. He never was seen
again. Shortly utter he entered, the
magazine was blown to splinter.
William Llndsey, shooter, was sta
tioned at Mineral Wells, Texas in
1918. Loading his car with 600
quarts ot explosive, he started on a
SO-inlU trip through the oil fields.
Ills cargo exploded on a bridge,
which was changed to a few splin
ters scattered In tho bed of a nhallow
stream. There waa some speculation
as to whether the bridge gave way
under the weight of Llndaey' car
or whether the explosion was prior
to that crush.
Walter 11,11 was driving toward a
wcll'southc.nst of Cleveland. Okla.. in
J. : i nn txio quarts of nliroglvcer.
In. His entire equipment team,
harness and wagon had been pur
chased by hla company only the day
before and Hill was the t rst em
Ploye to use It. The toam of mares
co.t J500. They were blossy black.
Tho cargo exploded. Hits of the
driver's body, the team and the
wagon were found nearly half a
mile away. In the topmost branches
of a tall tree about five hundred
feet down the road wag lodged the
perfectly formed body of a tiny colt
hat would have been born within
Ix weeks to one of the marcs.
lI'inriiviM of i.ther s'l'i i ir le
i milil !., in lu i, (j ) (',,;, j s'
3 t i.. . Kru. ..ii . i j i . a i. , .
rigidly Inspected nftor each trip to
"It hasn't been very long since
overy shooter look two or threo stiff
drinks before they felt qunlltted to
fill an order. They bolstered their
courage with a stimulant, realizing
never countenance If they had been
"Nowadays that situation Is re-
. versed. .No matter how tnu h n
I shooter drinks whllo off duty, he
! goes to work with a ctear brain and
keeps it clear until hi day's work
I Is finished. It may be said that tew
I present day shooters touch liquor.
And torpodo companies am pretty
! careful in selecting their men "
Nitroglycerin Is amber ...lored
'and Is about the consistency of me
dium motor oil. It pours evenly,
without any splash. Tho qumtlty
used In shooting wells varies greatly,
being less now than It formeily was
because of tho Increased pruo
charged by torpedo companies over
that of sevoral years ago.
Inquiries at nfflcan of the com
panies show tho average shot (s lexn
than 100 quarts. The nttiogh ii
contained In fiber buckets ab .ut s x
feet long and rive inches in d ri (
ter Is lowered Into tho well with n
small but strong rope line, on ono
end ot which Is a hook that fits
over tho wire ball on tho torpedo
Whon it has reached the bottom tne
hook Is disengaged by a flip cf tho
rope and another oontalner Is 1. v
ered until It rests on top of the tb'
The last torpedo is fitted v. U a
steel flr.ng pin the d-i it.-' w Mi
a pun ran on tho lnv.-r c-J a-1
ii.attcicu fp, 1'ir.HMi j. k .tu i u
New Years Greetin
May the New Year
Bring You the Fullest
Measure of Health
PLUMBING, HEATING AND SUPPLY CO. '
608 South Cincinnati Opposite High School Cedar or Osage 9S2
FOR A FEW DAYS ONLY
Creditors Demand Money
MUST RAISE QUICK
CASH AT ONCE
Next- Sale Starts at
-1:30 P. M., Tuesday
Buy Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry,
China, Gut Glass and Novelties
AT YOUR OWN PRICE
Beautiful presents j
will be given to the
first 50 women en
tering our store Tues
day at 1 p. m.
Ring and other pres
ents given away free
at end of' each daily
Our Liberal Guarantee Goes With
Col. Herdan and Swift, well known
Tulsa auctioneers, will conduct sale.
211 SOUTH MAIN STREET
Middle of Block Across Street From Main Street