Newspaper Page Text
VOL, 4, MO. 812. fe v-Ss"5!."
OCET SKEW WIS
A DOPE HEHD
Mother's Attorney Will Urge
This As Defense to Mur
SHE IKED ON MORPHIK
Attorney Believes She Was in Such
a Condition When She Took Her
Own Life in the Bathtnb at East
Orange, Ji. J.
,! New York, Dec. 24.—Was her own
constant use of the hypodermic
needle the cause of Ocey Snead's
'J death? Col. Robert J. Haire, counsel
for Mrs. Caroline B. Martin, the bath
tub victim's mother, brought this
question tq the fore today as he was
^preparing to appear in court here for
the third hearing on the cases of MrB.
Martin and Mrs. Snead whom the
New York authorities are holding
pending extradition. Col. Haire de
clared that he has evidence to show
that the young woman was what
known as a "dope fiend." "By that I
mean," said the attorney, "'that she
used drugs, chiefly morphine, for
nearly two years before she died. I
have learned this from talking with
her mother about the case. It is
said Mrs. Snead would go for days
and dayB without food, living on
morphine. I am convinced that It
was in this condition that she de
Col. Haire said that this would be
Mrs. Martin's defense against the
charges of murdering her daughter.
Further complications in the maze
of contradictory evidence developed
today with the discovery of additional
documents. The papers were found
by the Brooklyn police .in a Henry
street house once occupied by the
Wardlaws and have imbued the de
tectives with the belief that the en
tire fajnily had made a suicide pact
whichwa* onjy partly fuelled by the
death of Ociqrin«uli Hie "alleged pact
Is said to be revealed by letters sign*
ed by Ocey Snead, her husfoandt Mrs.
Martin^ 6cey's soother and tor.,. Jbwo
auW®, Mr& Hair &ead 4iil 1#M Vir
ginia Wardl&w. Accotnpallyiflicc them
•were several blank forms of power of
attorney all signed by Ooey Snead.
Hie documents have been turned over
to the New Jersey authorities.
SNUBS FOR CHURCHILL
HIS FORMER ASSOCIATES DISLIKES
HIS ATTITUDE) ON THE
London, Dec. 24.—Never before In
the memory of man has there been
as much personal bitterness in Brit
ish politics as has resulted from the
budget and its rejection by the house
of lords. The attacks made on the
character and capacity of the peers
have aroused strong indignation in
the circles of the aristrocracy, and
thlB indigation has been directed
mainly against Winston Churchill.
Chancellor Lloyd-George comes
from the people. The lords and la
dies are content to regard his fierce
onslaughts as evidence of his ignor
ance. The radical peers are either
literary parvenus, like Lord Morley,
with no .connection with Mayfair
drawing rooms and no yearning for
the society of dukes, or elpe they
possess the charm of moderation
which disarms enmity.
Lord Crewe, who introduced the
budget in the house of lords, is Lord
Rosebery's son-in-law, and his
speeches are always honeyed and
polite.. Lord Carrington, the minister
of agriculture and a .personal \friend
of King Edward, is a genial country
gentleman with hom nobody, not even
an angry marquis, can possibly quar
A Vitriolic Poltieal Turncoat.
But Winston Churchill falls into
quite another category. By birth he
belongs to the aristocracy. He is the
grandson of a duke, and the present
Duke of- Marlborough is his first cou
son. He is a political turncoat, hav
ing changed from toryism to radical-,
ism, mainly, -it is suggested,* through
hatred of Joseph Chamberlain, and
his conversion has gained him
Moreover, he is a virulent antagon
ist, and his speeches are vitriolic. No
man in British public life possesses
so fine a gift of denunciation, and
one is less restrained He denounces
his own orfter every lime he nuAutts
the platform, and he is hated with a
complete and bitter hatred.
Winston Churchill's sarcastic ref
erences to Lord Rothschild, the great
international banker, have* been par
ticularly remarkable, and they, are
denounced as evidence, of gross in
gratitude. On the death of Church
ill's father. Lord Randolph Churchill,
his affairs were found to be in con
siderable confusion, and Lord Roth
schild personally undertook to un
ravel the difficulties and tp make the
best possible provision for the sons.
For a Rothschild to accept a task
of this sort Is for success .to be as
sured, and though this Is not general
ly known in England, the .president
of the board of trade owes a great
deal of his career to the kindness ot
It is now threatened that if Wins
ton Churchill should make any fur
ther attack on Lord Rothschild, he
will be publicly reminded of Lord
Randolph's ruin, and this will create
a stir unparalleled in sedate British
To some extent Churchill is savfed
from direct snubs by the charm of
his young wife, but he is rarely asked
to dinner by his relatives and old
friends, and this is a' snub that cuts
an Englishman to the marrow of his
bones. He is a member of the Turf
club, the at^ '-jeratic house where
King Edwa/ ^Aj^Wy played bridge
before his' ''t whenever
he gets there ti^ and
systematically cut by -n
Churchill is not a man to te
driven away, and he still continued
his visits, though even the servants,
the most tory of all classes in the
country, regard him with aversion
and wait on him with evident disin
Churchill attended- the recent army
maneuvers as an officer of the Ox
fordshire Yeomanry. On the last day
the cavalry were all drawn up in ex
tended line and were standing at
ease, the officers being dismounted
and chatting together in groups.
Churchill rode with his orderly from
one end of the line to the other with
out a single man of his brother of
ficers taking the slightest notice of
him, until the brother of a certain
Cider for the Bumpkin.
"Churchill, if you want to look like
a soldier, why don't you get your hair
The Duke of Marlborough is quite
willing to take a hand in the game of
humiliating his brilliant cousin, al
though for years they were close
friends and the duke made Churchill
a handsome allowance.- At dinner a
week or two ago at Blenheim, the but
ler asked him:
"Claret or cider, sir?"
"Thanks," was the reply, "I'll have
Presently the butler came around
"Claret or cider, sir?" he repeated.
"I said I'd have champagne," re
"I am sorry, sir. but his grace has
given no order for champagne."
Churchill called to his cousin at the
other end of the table:
"Sunny, (an abbreviation of Sun
derland, the duke's second title), why
mustn't wo have champagne tonight?"
"Oh," was the retort, "I thought
cider would be more suitable to your
opinions and your friends."
The-gibe was not very brilliant, but
it is being repeated everywhere, and
vastly delights the English governing
class) whose sense of humor has
,n$v«r. been unduly developed. It is,
too, -ipdipative ol-the feeling that the
py4jjent controversy has aroused.
WWhfll's Mother Also Snubbed.
The snubbing Churchill gets is also
being administered to his American
mother, Mrs. George Cornwallls-West.
It is generally assumed that Mrs.
West was largely responsible for her
Son's change of sides. She is known
to be closely attached to him, to
share his present views, and to act
as his encourager and inspirer. She
has boasted also of the lengths to
which he is prepared to go, and of the
part he intends playing in the great
revolution which British society is
beginning to anticipate with tremb
Furthermore, Mrs. Wests' reminis
cences were regarded as eminently
indiscreet, and caused' considerable
irritation in the highest circles. At
the Newmarket races this cumulative
irritation caused the lady to be ob
viously and vigorously cold-shoulder
ed. In this case the snhbB came from
a little group of ladieB who are usual
ly found In the exclusive corner of
Newmarket, known as Cpdogan
square, and among whom Mrs. Leo
pold de Rothschild and Lady Noreen
Bass are conspicuous.
The principal result of all this Is
that Churchill is becoming more and
more attached to the radical Lloyd
George and more and more deter
mined to fight for the full democratic
program. These two men—the one a
small country? lawyer and the other
a member of one of the half dozen
greatest British families—have the
future in their hands. Already Wins
ton Churchill has been christened a
Mirabeau. He may determine to
live up to hiB nickname.
His Condition Is Creating the
Gravest Fears in Court
Paris, Dec. 24—The Gllblas today
prints a private communlcation from
Madrid stating that the condition of
King Alfonso has created the gravest
anxiety in court circles. Anotherop
eration Is imperative,
For some, time disturbing and per
sistent rumorb regarding the health
of the king have been circulated.
The exact nature of his ailment has
been concealed from the public. It
is understood, that this postnasal
parts and Inner ear are aaffected.
One of the symptoms has been a
slight deafness. Last July the king
is skid to have been operated upon
at Biarritz' for the removal of a
growth in t^e pose. A somewhat
similar operatioii bad been performed
a month earlier.*"' *.
WHEN IE FLYER
HIT III DITCH
Four Cars, All Heavily Load
ed With Christinas Trav
elers Were Derailed
WIRES HIE DOWN MID ONLY
GOMMOMION BY PHONE
Spot Is Isolated and It Is Feared That
the Cold Will Cause Much Addition
al Suffering Among the Injured—
Early Reports Exaggerated.
Winnipeg, Dec. 24.—The Canadian
Pacific railway's Toronto express
leaving Winnipeg Wednesday night
was wrecked west of Fort William last
night. Four passenger cars went off
the track. Forty passengers are seri
ously injured. All the wires are down
and the only information received is
over the dispatcher's telephone wire.
The place where the wreck occurred
is an isolated section of the road and
the railway ofiicials in this city fear
that the injured may suffer from the
cold before relief can reach them. The
train was heavily loaded with holiday
travelers, many of them returning to
their former homes in the east to
spend the holidays.
The early reports from the wreck
gave the number of killed as forty, but
it is now believed that there have
been no fatalities.
The four cars' in going over' the
embankment carried away the tele
graph ipoles and wires and all com
munication was broken In conse
quence except by telephone over one
uncertain wire. Six hundred people
IN MO FIRE
Whole Family and Two Board
ers Cremated When Their
Hillsville, Pa., Dec. 24—In afire
here early today, nine persons were
burned to death. The victims, all for
eigners, were a man, his wife and
five children and two boarders.
GRAND FORKS, N. D.
SLAYER $AfFLES ALL
Plot to Kill Still
Vienna, Dec. I 24.—All efforts to
trace the criminal Who recently plot
ted, It is believed, to kill a number
of officers in the general staff of the
army stationed in this city have met
with failure. I
Pills containing prussic acid had
been received by the officers, and let
ters sent with 'them recommended
them highly as a nerve-strengthening
remedy. One of these officers, a
young and promising captain named
Richard Mader, swallowed some of
the pills and fell dead a few minutes
later. Although details of the affair
are vague, what- is known indicates
that the miscreant contemplated
The death of 'this young officer
served as a warning that saved the
lives of all the others who had re
ceived the pills. Capt. Mader, who
was 31 years of age, occupied a post
in the telegraphic section of the war
ministry. He received the fatal mls
sive at his ce through the mail.
A gray envelope contained a tiny
brown cardboard box, holding t\yo
pills wrapped ty pink paper. The let
ter inclosed had boisn printed in a
copy press, and contained the words:
"Discretion! We send you here
with a sample of our nerve-strength
ening remedy, perfected after the ex
perience of many years. It is guar
anteed by the highest medical au
thority as an admirable means for its
purpose, and is declared at the same
time to be absolutely harmless.
Judge for yourself the result -will be
our best advertisement.
"Directions for usei Box to be
carefully opened and, the pills swal
lowed with cold water. The effect is
startling. The pills must be soon
taken, as they are Spoiled by ex
posure to the air .'Awaiting your
further orders, which will be rapidly
and discreetly carried out, we remain,
Charles Francis, 6 District, Vienna."
Laughing, Capt. Mader showed the
letter,and pills to some of his com
rades. who supposed it to be the ad
vertising dodge of: pome chemical
firm. Unfortunately, the same even
ing, while Capt. Mad^r was engaged
In writing to hiB betrothed, an Ameri
can singer at Frankfort, the idea
came to him to shallow the pills,
which he did. with,fatal result.
The investigation into this incident
Is surrounded with difficulty, as it is
not known whether the act was one of
political revenge or antimilitary
crime planned by anarchists for the
wholesale extinction of the best
young unmarried officers of the staff.
It is supposed by some to be the act
of madman, or qt. one filled with
malice «*i accdrifit •:$. failure at last
It 16 specially worthy of notice that
the sender had at his disposal a large
quantity of cyanide of potassium, as
each pill contained one grain, while
one centigram is a fatal dose. In
some circles it is thought that the
sender is an officer, but all efforts to
trace the author of the crime up to
the present have failed.
The Spirit Of The Christmas Tide
C. R. Bares.
Since first o'er Bethlehem were heard the notes of angels singing
Since first went forth the joyful aund of Christmas bells a-ringing
Since Santa Claus first drew his breath and 'round the world went knocking.
To gladden hearts of young and old—a gift for every stocking!
The Christmas spirit's been at work—of all mankind a lover—
Upon no less a job than this: to make the old world over!
The chisel, all the tools he's used, are just tho christian graces—
(How wonderful the power of these in smoothing earth's rough places!)
He's torn away the rotten roof ot old-time superstition,
And In its place a temple reared, where faith may find fruition
In lives transformed and turned from self to doing good to others
In peoples changed from warring hordes to bands of helpful brothers!
The rocky ribs of selfishness, which pillared greed's endeavor.
He's undermined with gospel drills and altruism's lever.
The old ideal of success, the pulling down of rivals.
That one might climb above their heads—It still has some survivals!
But this good spirit, day by day, with love's unceasing labor.
Is making strength, to those ^ot strong, a better kind of neighbor.
No more, as once, the query old, "Am I my brother's keeper?"
Is uttered- with the breath ot scorn, for men are thinking deeper.
The bearing ot another's load the Christmas spirit preaches,
And service as the highest aim it by example teacheB.
By letting In the light of love to brighten up dark places,
He's changed ours from a world of gloom to one of smiling faces.
The serpent, hate, the reptile, lust, from out their dens he's chasing
The vultures that befouled the trees he's by sweet birds replacing.
Ambition's peaks, where glitt'rlng swords were once the chief attraction.
He's glided with that noblor lure, some world-wide benefaction!
The grandest use of wealth, he's taught. Is not self-exaltation,
But lifting to a higher plane the home, the school, the nation.
He's cutting cords of evil ways which downward pulled our planet,
And pointing to that.better life God meant when He began it.
Our world—-Which once its human load bore, sad and aimless, onward.
Without a single lamp of hope or window opened aunward,—
He's guiding to an orbit true, through star-lit empires riven.
And given It a pair of wingis to speed Its flight to heaven!
AY, DECEMBER 24,1909.
N. P. WRECK WAS
AVERTED BY A
Discovered Broken Rail in the
Track While Gathering
FLED SOWN THE TRICK UNO
Engine Stopped Within Five Feet of
tlie Break—Passengers and Train
Crew Lionized the Boy Who Was
Only Twelve Years of Age.
Olympia, Wash., Dec. 24.—Harry
Hunter, a 12-year-old boy, saved a
heavily loaded Northern Pacific
passenger train from a disastrous
wreck today. Hunter and Sam Bur
rows, a boy of \he same age, were
gathering Christmas decorations
along the right of way east of
Olympia when they discovered a
broken rail which left an opening in
the track several feet long. Knowing
a passenger train was to pass soon,
the boys determined to give it warn
ing. Hunter started up the track in
the direction of Tacoma and Burrows
started toward Olympia, both running
at top speed. Hunter had proceeds
only a short distance when he dis
covered the train bearing down upon
him. Seizing his handkerchief he
waved it frantically. The train was
brought to a stop within fiv? feet of
the broken rail. The passengers and
train crew lionized the boy and took
him' aboard the
Adolph Beck, Wrongfully Im
prisoned for a Long Term
London, Dec. U4—Adolph Beck died
in the Middlesex hospital from bron
chitis and pneumonia at the age of
6X. Thus ends a career which attract
ed very considerable attention five
years ago and which led undoubtedly
to a certain number of reforms in our
Adolph Beck was a Norwegian of
education, who traveled about the
world for many years, and notably in
South America where lie was in 1S77.
Subsequently he came to tills country
and endeavored to do business as a
company promoter and concession ven
dor. In pursuit of this he spent much
time in London. In 1S96 on the occa
sion of one of his visits the police ar
rested him on the charge of swindling
women of the town, the alleged
methods being to obtain loans of mon
ey or pewelry, more especially rings,
in exchange for which he gave them
worthless checks on the Union bank.
l'olicc Establish Case
Bailey, classified him as Smith in the|was
prison records after his sentence of
seven years' penal servitude.
Beck had protested his innocence in
court but without avail, and he serv
ed his sentence despite innumerable
appeals to the home secretary, few
of which ever seemed to reach that
lice .again concluded that the criminal
was Beck and rearrested him and he
was actually brought up at. the Old
Bailey and convicted and sent back
after passionate protestations of his
innocence, to enable the judge to con
sider the whole question. At this
very moment when Beck was in jail
a 'man giving the name of William
Thomas was arrested and charged
with committing another of these pre
cisely similar crimes be. too, was
identified by all the women he was al
leged to have victimized. Obviously
it could not have been Beck as he was
in prison the question then arose:
Who was the man?
Solve the Mystery
To a police officer. Inspector Kane,
belongs the credit of ever having solv
ed the mystery at all. Entertaining
the feeling that Beck was innocent
and knowing of the new arrest, he
proceeded to- trace back the career of
William Thomas and by means of
identification marks speedily convinc
ed himself that he was the man who
in 1S77 had suffered the first sentence.
It was then very speedily established
that Smith must, have been the man
who had committed all tlie other
frauds and who had been Adolph
Beck's fatal double, though how any
one could have been deceived by such
a double is a matter of mystery for
the two were not remotely alike and
the warders of Parkhurst prison, who
had had both men through their
hands, laid stress on the fact that
there was very little in common be
tween them. The 1X11106, however,
having started with the conviction of
Beck must be Smith, the theory was
kept up to the end until the error,
no more glaring at the end than at
the start, had to be openly and pub
Under extreme pressure of public
opinion, largely conducted by George
R. Sims, the then home secrteary,
Mr. Akers-Douglas, gave way. Beck
was granted two free pardons and
2,000 pounds consolation which was
afterwards raised to 5,000 pounds.
With this sum he lived on in London,
still employed in concession vending
but there seems to be no doubt that
•he was coming to the end of his
money when death overtook him.
The episode is certainly one of the
most remarkable from the point of
view of police methods. It establish
ed the futility of the police system
of identification, threw light on the
slipshod methods of the police and the
casual system in jails, whereby no
prisoner, even .if provided with new
light on his case, can ever hope to get
it -properly considered. It again dem
onstrated that handwriting experts'
evidence was quite unreliable and it
was one of the most powerful argu
ments possible for the prisoner giv
ing evidence on his own behalf. Had
this been done, Beck would never have
gone to jail at all, for he had a very
clear appreciation of his position, but
being a foreigner and speaking the
language somewhat indifferently, he
was too confused and too bewildered
to bring it before the
The Report of Mount McKin
ley Climb Accompanied by
New York, Dec. 24—The Explorers'
club this afernoon accepted by unani
mous vote the report of its commit-
Mount McKlnley claims, and he wa3
xnalled from membership.
TEN PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Earlier Reports Not Only (Son
firmed But Results Are
He protested his innocence, but the
evidence of identification was thought
to be overwhelming and he was con
victed. The police then came forward
and said that, he was the same man—a
Jew—who, under the name of John
Smith, had been convicted under pre
cisely similar circumstances in 1S77,
and had been sentenced to five years
penal servitude. To the meanest, in
telligence it must, have boon obvious
that the frauds of 1877—when Beck
was in South America—and in 1S90
were committed by the earne person,
as the methods were identical, even to
the use of the same names, such as
Union bank and St. John's Wood. The Bluefields, Nicaragua, Dec. 24—3Phe
police jumped to the conclusion that details of the battle of Rama are now
ESTRADA MAY IH 01 THE
GOVERNMENTS CAPITAL CITY
Believes Such a Course Would Be Un«
opposed—Great Rejoicing Among
the People Over the Victry at-Rama
—Battle on Auspicious Oaj,
complete as has been claimed
by them. After two days of fighting.
the fiercest battle Central America has
ever seen. Gen. Estrada on Tuesday
wiped out Zelaya's army of 3,000
men, but 500 escaping. The killed
and wounded on both sides, as before
gentleman. He came out of jail early jreported, numbered 600 and 1,900 of
in 1900 and he was doing his best to'government troops surrendered after
reestablish himself in public confi- a desperate resistance. Three Hotcil-
dence when the police found that the
John Smith frauds were again being
worked on women under absolutely
the same circumstances as on the two
kiss and four Maxim guns, 2,000 rifles
and a million rounds of ammunition
were included in the booty. General
Estrada professes to believe that his
previous occasions. Obviously the march to Managua will be unopposed,
same man was responsible. The po- Bluefields and the neighboring coun
try are delirious with joy. The. Vic
tory is said to have been won on the
very day scheduled for the inaugura
tion nf Dr. Madriz as president of
Nicaragua in succession of Zelaya.
General Luis Alana is again here.
His troops arrived on the scene of
battle when the victory was In the
balance and turned the tide in favior
of the insurgents. At the request of
United States Consul Moffat, Coxmmwn
der Shipky of the United States cruiser
DesMoines sent, his hosipltal squad
ashore, establishing an independent
hospital where forty of the wounded
are receiving care. Americal medi
cal men have been able to give their
services to all who were in need of
them. Six Americans participated in
the battle, operating the rapid flre
guns. They escaped injury with the
exception of one named Bashford. who
received three bullets in the-leg.
The prisoners include Gen. Mon
zals and Gen. Castrillo. Gen. Vas
quez who was returning to Ra.mii from
Managua when the hostilities began,
did not reach the scene during tlie
fighting. He was a few miles distant
when tho government troops were
routed and it is possible that some
five hundred men escaped with him.
After Zelaya's trenches had been
shelled, they were taken by assault.
In the trenches were several women
who preferred risking their lives in
conflict to starvation In camp. These'
women were armed with rifles and
fought courageously. One of them
was wounded. A large proportion of1
the prisoners were found to be boys'
under 16 years of age They aocept
ed defeat its thought it were very wel
come. Gen. Monzales, the vanquished1
leader of the government troops, to-!
day shares the quarters of Gen. JSs
FROM THE CLUB GUARANTEE BANK
LAW IS INVALID
Double Cross. 1
Washington, Dec. 24.—Consul ^Cal
dera at Managua telegraphed the
state department today that Madriz I
was organizing a cabinet made up of
Liberals and Conservatives, mostly
from Leon, his home city. This is as-1
sumed to mean that Madriz Is mak-
ing an effort to carry water on both
shoulders with the probability that he I
will meet with a catastrophe. Es
tradra, it is believed here, is re-or
ganizing his army with a view,
promptly taking up the march west
ward over the mountains to Managua.
To relieve the starvation of the
captured soldiers of the Zelayan
army at Rama and furnish much
needed aid to the soldiers of both
the Nicaraguan government, forces
and insurgents who were injured in
the battle near Rama, the United
States government today ordered the
cruiser Prairie, now at Colon, to take
on board $5,000 worth of staple sup-'
plies obtained by the funds of the
American Red Cross society. The
cruiser will proceed with all possl-1
ble haste to Bluefields.
A rumor gained currency here to-
day that President Madriz had re
signed. Efforts to trace its source
proved unavailing, although a repre-'
stntative of the Estrada -party In this
city had written word to the same ef-!
feet. They could no vouchsafe any
thing definite nor could other Oen
tral American diplomats.
United States Circuit Court
Held the Kansas Statute to
Topeka, Kas„ Dec. 24.—Judge Jota
C. Pollock today in the United States
'istrict court here decided the Kaa
-as bank guarantee law to b* lkvalM.
-. ••. ..i.••.