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THE SANTA FE CUT.
What the Trainmen Think
of the Matter.
A CONVENTION SUMMONED.
Vice-President C. W. Smith Inter
viewed Regarding the Re
The 10 per cent reduction of pay on
the Santa F"e road is the chief topic of
conversation among railroad men in this
city, and the employees of that company
are quite willing to express their opin
ions on the matter. Duiing a chat with a
California Southern trainsman yesterday
a Herald scribe remarked that the mem
bers of the operating department were
doubtless glad that the power of thei;
organizations exempted them from any
"Do you know," was the reply,"that the
Santa F'e is trying to make a similar re
duction with its trainmen, to the one It
has made in the clerical establishments ?"
"Well, that is so. Nothing has been
done openly as yet, but sufficient hints
have been thrown out to show which
way the wind is blowing. Trainmaker
Beale, of the Needles, sounded one of the
engineers the other day and asked him
if he thought the boys would stand a
temporary cut. He was told that they
would without a doubt object very
strongly, so the matter dropped for the 1
time being. From other hints '
given out, it became evident that a pro- 1
position to reduce the pay of engineers, 1
firemen and switchmen wasin hand.soa 1
meeting was called of representatives of 1
those organizations for Friday afternoon, 1
at San Bernardino. Nothing was done, '
however, as it. was generally understood 1
that the men would not stand the reduc- '
tion unless the company would guarantee 1
to put tiie wages at the old basis in four 1
months' time, and even then it is by no 1
means certain that the proposition would <
be accepted. Firemen are bird to handle 1
when the question of reducing their '
wages comes up. In 1809 General Man- '
ager Towne, of the Southern Pacific, sue- 1
cessfully carried through a 10 per cent. 4
cut and essayed another in 18/7. but the 1
last failed dismally, and ever sinca then
the Southern Pacific has never spoken 1
of shaving salaries, and is looked on in 1
railroad circles as the bulwark of labor
this side of the Missouri river. The '
Southern Pacific is a very exacting com- 1
pany to work for, but it is always 8
on hand with the money and 1
pays the best wages of any rail- p
road in the States. The Santa F"e 1
is probably more popular with its em
ployees, though, for it is very generous 1
in its treatment of them, and it is possi
ble that if the boys thought they could 8
help the company out of a hole by hay- t
ing their wages shaved for four months s
they would consent. Nothing official has 1
been said to us so far on the subject, and
should it be we will call a convention 1
and abide by its decision. It is the im- a
pression that the Sauta Fe can carry the 1
cut into effect among the Kansas train- c
men, but in New Mexico and r
California they are liable to have (
trouble if they attempt it. I 1
understand that the men in the shops s
here had their hours reduced, which of '
course means reduction of pay." 1
WHAT A PENMAN SAID.
One of the members of the clerical es
tablishment in the Phillips Block was
next seen, and be said: "Our principal
grievance here is that the order telling
us of the reduction was not issued until
the 20th of November, but took effect
from the first of the month. That is the
reason why the man quit in the auditor's
office; he demanded his regular pay
for November, and as we understood
the edict, it said that tLose who refused
the cut were at once to resign. I see
that you were informed yesterday by
one of the officials that the majority of
the working staff here gets $75 a month.
He should have said $05, and when you
deduct 10 per cent, from that you can
see how insufficient the salary is,
especially to those of us who are married.
A lot of the boys are making arrange
ments to quit, and as you said yesterday
the company will lose its best men as a
result of the move."
MR. C. W. SMITH INTERVIEWED.
The Herald man then hunted up Mr.
C. W. Smith, First Vice-President of the
road, who has been passing the last week
in Los Angeles, and the following con
Reporter—Can you tell me whether
the ten per cent, reduction in the wages
of the employees of your road is only to
remain in effect four months?
Mr. Smith—l do not know anything
about it. I did not know that the orders
of the reduction had been issued here.
Reporter—They have been given to
the employees in the Treasurer's and
Auditor's departments in the Phillips
Mr. Smith—Then you had better see
them about it. Ido not know anything
at all about the matter. Good day.
Pleasant H»l*o«Jc at Sutro.
An entertainment was given in Sutro,
Nevada, on Thursday, November 22nd,
under the auspices of Mrs. Theodore Su
tro, wife of the President of the Sutro
The children of the public school in
that town are exceedingly mischievous,
and Mrs. Sutro said she believed that if
their minds were always properly em
ployed after school hours that these
scholars would become just as tractable
as the children in any private school,
and that while she was sojourning in
that region she would try itie experi
ment, and give the scholars something
pleasant with which to occupy their
minds, as they would have not much time
to be idle, they could not do much wrong.
After school they were to play games in
the open air, and every evening they
were all invited to the Sutro Mansion,
the residence of Colonel and Mrs. C. C.
Thomas, of Los Angeles, and taught to
sing pretty childish songs (not senti
mental love songs). Those who could
not sing were taught pieces to recite.
The pupils have found that the evenings
passed very pleasantly. Their instructor,
Miss Helen Huff, of Virginia City,
had all of them write the words of
the songs as a writing lesson in school.
She is much pleased with the idea, and
says she only regrets that Mrs. Sutro
cannot remain"through the winter in the
town and teach the school the beautiful
melodies. Miss Huff suggested that an
entertainment be given for the benefit of
the school, but Mrs. Sutro leaves for her
home in New York on Sunday. The
following programme was carried out by
the children at the party given by Mrs.
Song by school, "Love at Home;"
Recitation, "Guilty or Not Guilty,"
Mrs. Mamie Saul; song by school, "The
Water Mill;" trio from the Mikado,
Misses Ange and Mary Richarda and J.
THE LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 25. 1833.
Hancock ; comedy, acted by Miss Carrie
Hancock and Mas'ers William and W.
Savage; song by school, "Touch Not the
Cup;" vocal solo, wiih chorus, "Old
Black Joe," Mr. Richard White;
presentation speech by Miss Mary
K'chnrds i original song by Master Worth
Bancroft, of Los Angeles; evening hymn
by the school.
"Duiing tho evening Mrs. Sutro played
the piano, and her husband added to the
enjoyment by his fine singing. A
bountiful supper was served as a surprise.
OUR MEAT MARKET.
lucrßTNliiit; Interview on tne Sub
ju t of meat and Monopoly.
'• What have you got to say about the
facts elicited by the Senate Committee
with reference to the great Armour meat
and cattle monopoly?" was the query
put by a representative of the Herald
to one of our leading butchers yesterday.
"Well, I have this to say," was the
response. "The Herald is dead right
in its comments this morning. The
Chicago monopoly have raised the price
of meat to consumers and reduced the
price of cattle to stockmen, thus feather
ing their own nest at botn ends. They
have captured all the large cities East,
have a strong foothold in San Francisco,
and intend to make a bold break for the
trade of Los Angeles."
"As they seem to have captured every
(own thoy have gone after," said the
Herald man, "what's to prevent them
from getting away with Los Angeles?"
"There are two very important factors
here. One is the fact that their frozen
meat, when exposed to our dry atmos
phere here, soon commences to drip, be
come flabby and unsaleable. The other
is in the fact that the wholesale
slaughterers and the retail butchers have
a well organized Union which works ad
mirably. The wholesalers go on the
piiucipleof live and let live, and sell
their meats reasonable to the retailers,
who in turn deal it out to the consumers
at a much lower price than the retailers
in the large cities Fiast can sell it. Here
the wholesalers sell a dressed carcass at
the rate of six cents a pound. Where
the monopoly is supreme, the Armour
crowd raise the wholesale price to
10 aud 12 cents a pound. What is the
consequence? In Los Angeles you get
choice steaks for 15, IK and 20 cents a
pound; in New York, Chicago, St. Louis,
etc., the price for prime cuts ranges from
25 to 30 cents a pound." 1
"You say the frozen meats of the com
bine will not keep here: how do you
know this to be a fact?"
"Well, the Armour crowd have already
tried to get into this city. A year ago
they opened a stall in the Mott Market,
and they lost great quantities of meat
th rough dripping and deterioration as
soon as it was exposed to our dry at
"If they make a set effort, will your
Unian hold together?"
"I think it will. They had a man here
a few days ago who Baid they were going
to make a break for this market, and
sounded some of the retail butchers.
But none of them would listen to him.
We have one strong point in the fact
that every retailer has to keep in his
stall veal, mutton and pork. The Ar
mour fellowß don't and can't furnish all
of these small animal meats, and the
retailer must have them to do business.
Consequently, if he takes the monopoly
fore and hind quarters, the Union will
shut down en him, and he can't help
himself. The retailers must buy all their
meats from the wholesalers or they will
"How do the Armour crowd go to work
to capture a town ?"
"Well, they first of all go to the butch
ers and propose to sell them meat at a
lower price than they can buy it for from
the local slaughterers. If they refuse,
then the monopoly starts shops and un
dersells them. They must either close
or come to terms. At first they will sell
fine stall-fed meats for 4 or 4!o cents a
pound; then, when they have driven out
competition, they raise"the price to 10or
12 cents, and furnish just such meat as
"What do you now pay for a carcass?"
"A good carcass will rate at CCO
pounds. That will cost us $3(i. In retail
ing this out we gather in about $50, as
follows: Say 50 pounds prime cuts,
averaging 18 cents per pound, .$9; 100
pounds corned, at 8 cents, $8; 100 pounds
ribs and neck, at 5 cents, $5; 100 pounds
soup bones, at 4 cents, $4; 200 pounds
ordinary meat, at 10 cents, $20; and 50
pounds refuse, waste, etc., say $5. Now
you will see from these figures that the
retail butchers ate furnishing meat at
nothing more than a fair profit. They
pay $;!(> for a beef and they get $51 for it
when cut up and sold. The wholesalers
pay all the way from $15 to $18 for ca tie
on the hoof at the ranges, and when the
cost of transportation, the shrinkage and
the feediug up here before they slaughter
them is considered, neither do they
make more than a fair profit. Now, if
we can keep the butchering business in
the condition it now is, the consumers
will be benefited and the business, which
is a very important employing business,
will continue on a fair basis."
"How many retail dealers are in busi
ness iv this city ?"
"We have eighty-five shops and stalls,
all doing a good, living business. They
employ on an average from three to five
men each. The number of retail shops
seems large for a city like this, but you
must remember that Californians con
sume more meat per capita than the
people of any other State in the Union,
if we except Texas. The fact is we are
great beef-eaters, and on that score any
of us would be qualified to a position in
that celebrated household corpß which
han been the pride of British sovereigns
from the time of William the Con
"Beg your pardon," interjected the
learned pencil-pusher; "you have fallen
into a very common error in calling the
royal household troops of England 'beef
eaters.' It is a corruption of the French
term 'boufotiors,' from which comes the
English word 'buffet,' and means chat
them guards can stand knocks."
"Well, that's it. It's all the same, for
those fellows can stand an ox, or in
other words get away with an ox,
when cooked. So you see that 'beef
eaters' is a very proper name for them."
"The explanation is apt, and I accept
your apology. But do you look seriously
for trouble with the Chicago fellows?"
"Of course, I expect we will have a
fight with the Armour combination, but
the way things look now, I think we will
be able to shut them out. If we cannot
do it, not only we butchers will suffer,
but th* people, who, after all is said, are
the most interested in keeping them out,
will have to pay from twenty to thirty
per cent, more for their meats than they
are now taxed. And all that money, in
stead of circulating here, will go to swell
the canges'ed coffers of the Chicago
"Are there any slaughter houses in
this city outside the Union?"
" Yes, there are two or three firms on
the outside, such as the man who had
the deat!-lior;e contract with the city and
fed hogs upon their carcasses. But they
oily supply beef and pork to the Chinese
and to large contractors, who are work
ing men upon the roads."
"You say one of these men fed hogs 'o
dead horses, but what does he feed them
on now ?"
t "Well, both he and the others take all
i the swill from the hotels and restaurant -
i and use it for pork feed."
"How about the beef?"
1 "They buy the poorest kind of cattle
> from anybody that offers them cheap,
i This meat goes to the contractors and
. they serve it up to their men."
"Is there not danger that they will get
diseased meat in this way?"
"Well, I should say so. That is one of
' the strongest reasons there is why we
should have an inspector of meats.
1 Although there is no danger that the
i butchers in the Union will deal in tainted
; meats, because the wholesalers are very
careful men and experienced in
their business; yet the retail
butchers would favor the appoint
ment of an inspector so that
meats that are not wholesome should be
condemned, no matter how or for whose
consumption they are sold."
"I find you a very intelligent gentle
man to interview, and am glad I ran
across you. Thanks, and bonjour."
The Bookkeeper of the Porter Land
and Water Co.
It is reported that Thomas A. Gaskins,
the bookkeeper of the Porter Land and
Water Co., has absented himself from
this city, and that his whereabouts are
unknown. It is stated that before
he left he forged three checks
of $100 each on the company,
which checks were cashed by William
Bell, A. Lindenfeld and Mr. Knoblock,
of the Post saloon. Mr. Gaskin's ac
counts with the company are said to be
correct and his friends think his disap
pearance rather strunge. Gaßkius came
to Los Angeles with General
Miles from Whipple Barracks, Ari
zona, when the Army headquar
ters were moved to this city. He was
a clerk in the Adjutant-General's t flice,
and for some reason was discharged in
the spring of 1887, He leaves behind
him a wife and baby boy. His friends
hope that the whole affair will prove a
For City Attorney.
Editors HkrALD—The importance of
a faithful and intelligent discharge of the
duties of the office of City Attorney to
the future growth and prosperity of Los
Angeles needs no discussion. Both the
leading political parties admit the neces
sity of eliciting an efficient man to this
position. It is an office having no
political significance or bearing what
ever, and its ii cumbent should be elect
ed without reference to his political affil
iations. An honorable and courageous
man, a capable and experienced lawyer,
is the s.rt of timber out of which to
make a good City Attorney. Such Qual
ifications are not so difficult of attain
ment if we look for them in the right
direction. There are several lawyers
at the Los Angeles bar having
these virtues in admitted promi
nence. Among these is Hon. E. C.
Bower. No better selection could be
made for the office in question. He is
an able, a clear-headed and acute lawyer
of many years practice and a man who
in office would be guided solely
by a sense of duty from
which no influence adverse to
his constituents interests could swerve
him in the least. He is, besides, an
affable, genial gentleman, and one who
would wear well in office. If both the
parties—Republican and Democratic—
deßire to put. the City Attorneyship above
all improper influences, and make it an
efficient auxiliary to the city's welfare,
they will unite in electing E. C. Bower
to the office. Lawyer.
A very pleasant wedding took place
yesterday at Long Beach. The contract
ing warties were Miss Francis Wakelee
and Mr. Will P. Sweeney, both well
known in this city. Mr. Sweeney is the
surveyor cf Wilmington and Long Beach
and the constructing engineer of
the Salt Lake and Utah Rail
road Company. The young couple were
uuited in marriage by Rev. Mr. Webster
and were attended by Miss Alice Hussey,
Miss Maude Hea'.ey, Miss Louise Wake
lee and Messrs. A. Lincoln Lovett. R. L.
McKnight and Fred Cowley. Miss Bere
man and Miss Webster, of this city, fur
nished the music, and Miss Blanch
Healey's artistic fingers arranged the
handsome decorations. Among the Lob
Angeles people who attended were Mrs.H.
P. Peebles, Miss Catherine Peebles, Miss
Bereman, Col. Ed. Sheerin, C. W. Tick
ler and Fred. Cowley.
After the ceremony the young couple
came to this city, where they were
wished life long happiness by their
Tlie well-known and popular Pacific
Furniture Company at Nos. 220, 228 and
2:io South Main street, having decided to
close out the business, will begin Mon
day morning disposing of their entire
stock of furniture. No such opportunity
to purchasers of fine and medium goods
has ever before been offered. Sweeping
reductions on every article of goods at
loss than manufacturer's prices. Must
be closed out within thirty days.
No old, poor goods, but the newest and
the choicest in the market. This is a
bona fide sale and unprecedented bar
gains will be offered, regardless of cost.
Excursion to Burbank.
Two excursion trains will run to Bur
bank, Gal., Tuesday, November 27,
1888, on the occasion of the formal open
ing of Bryant's S uthern California Fur
niture and Mantel Company's factory.
Trams will leave the station at the
Sisters' Hospital at 10 and 10:30 a. m.
Fares for the round trip 25 cents. This
is the largest furniture factory on the
Pacific Coast, and is purely a Southern
'California industry. A visit to it will
prove interesting and instructive.
At the creditors' meeting of the bank
rupt crockery and lamp house of 120
South Spring street, no compromise
could be effected, and the assignee, Jfi.
Frankel, was authorized to close out the
stock at once.
The housekeeper's delight. Spcrry's Family
Flour. Price, yi.BO per sack. __
Sold by Druggists and Dealers Ewjuhere.
THE CHARLES A. VOQELER CO., BllUmore, tU.
J. T. BHEWAKD, 13 AND IS NORTH SPRnu STREET.
A. Sensation in Values
That must redound to our glory and immeasurably to the interests of buyers.
In the midst of rush and bustle incident to
We will not overlook the requirements for home and personal comforts, but add another
to our many truly remarkable sales. This time in our Woolen Department.
Flannels, Blankets and Comfortables!
25 pieces 27-inch Checked Shirting Flannels • . . Sale Price, Monday, I£>C.
20 pieces 27-inch Checked Shirting Flannels, Extra Heavy, Sale Price, Monday, J3£sc.
1 case 27-inch Colored Shaker Flannels, in Gray, Blue
Gray and Pink. . . . . .Sale Price, Monday, 15 c.
1 case 27-inch Colored Shaker Flannel, in Gray, Blue Gray
and Pink ...... Sale Price, Monday, QOc.
1 case 27-inch Colored Shaker Flannel, in Gray, Blue Gray
and Pink ...... Sale Price, Monday, Q£>c.
10 pieces Striped Skirting Flannels . . . Sale Price, Monday, QBc.
In connection with the above, we will quote special prices, "for Monday only," on
our inimitable and controlled designs in
FRENCH JsJXT> GERMAN
Fancy Wool Flannels.
No such assortment elsewhere—So the Ladies say.
BLANKET AND COMFORTABLE DEPARTMENT!
Values that are perfect "Screamers," for
MONDAY NEXT, THE 26TH.
100 pairs 11-4 White Wool Blankets . . Screaming Price, $1.95 Per Pair.
75 pairs 11-4 White All-Wool Blankets, very heavy,
extra siz? ..... Screaming Price, $4.95 Per Pair.
50 pairs 10-4 Silver Grey Wool Blankets . . Screaming Price, $1.95 Per Pair.
50 pairs 11-4 All-Wool Mottled Blankets, full size
and very heavy .... Screaming Price, §5.45 Per Pair.
75 pairs 11 -4 Fine, Soft, Scarlet Wool Blankets,
Strictly All-Wool .... Screaming Price, $5.95 Per Pair.
50 pairs 10-4 Scarlet Wool Blankets, best value ever
offered ..... Screaming Price, $5.25 Per Pair.
Our best grades in Blankets we guarantee All Pure Wool Warp
100 bales full size Bed Comfortables, best cotton
filling and quilting .... Screaming Price, $1.00.
5 cases finest Sateen Comfortables, extra size, down
filling and elegantly quilted . . . Screaming Price, $2.35.
ANOTHER "FURORE" IN OUR
WE WILL REPEAT, TO-MORROW
MONDAY, THE 26TH INST.,
Our Great Sale of Last Monday!
Another Sample Lot of Ladies', Misses' and Children's Untrimmed
HATS and BONNETS
Just received by express from one of the largest importers in this country.
PRICES W ILL SURPRISE YOU!
Virtually One-Half Actual Values!
A SALE OF THE MOST ENGROSSING NATURE.
No two hats alike, no two bonnets alike, and no such values in this city.
If we tell the truth we must necessarily be egotistical—
WE ARE THE
Leading Millinery Emporium of Southern California!