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SCANDAL IN FRANCE.
IT IS, AS USUAL, CF A POLITICAL
fi. Review of th? Revolutions and Con
tests of a Centaury—From tho Downfall
•f the Cetirb.-vis Until Now There 11 us
Been Much A^ttution.
If the preset:! scandals in Franco shall
lead to a revolution it will be the tenth
that the country has hud in a littlo moro
than 100 years. During that time but
... two rulers of Franco have been per
mitted to serve out their terms, and tho
average duration of rulers in office has
Tooen less than eight years. During the
same period France has had half a
Score of constitutions, to say nothing of
tarportant modifications to constitutions
that were not altogether destroyed. In
the same eventful century there were
( v .hl<4f « dwell periods of anarchy, and at
•very change of rulers there hat, b en ap-
prehension of anarchy or despotism.
The first and gn at French revolution,
which brought about tho downfall of
,y nt(be ancient monarchy and the ruin of
church and state as they had existed, be
gun in 17SU. add the tirst, French repub-'
Be was proclaimed Sept. 22. 1792. It
was during thih epoch that Mirabeau
smd Robespierre gained their fame. Bo
fore the republic w;:s a year old a new
constitution was made, and this was re
placed by another two years later. Tno
republic was practically destroyed in
~ 1799, when Napoleon Bonaparte became
first copsiil. and coiiiitleiely so in 1804,
' when he became emperor. There had
been tso »ay.- constitutions meanwhile.
• rRESirmNT cabnot.
The empire fell in 1814, and Louis
XVIII. tha Bourbon, v.-as placed upon
the throno as king; of France. Ne.Tt year,
however, ho was driven out hy Napo
leon's return from Elba, and for 100 days
tho empire was revived. With thobattlo
~ of Waterloo tho empire again collapsed,
and Lorrfct XVIII was restored. Louis
died while still on tho throne, but his
successor. Cliarle3 X, was forced to ub-
W 9 "dicato in 1630. Louis Philippe, hi 3 suc
cessor, who had been :v school teacher in
tbe United States and a wanderer over
Europe, sjjdjFcrsd tho wuxe fr.to in 1S4 U ,
. anil the second republic was proclaimed.
Between the empire and tbe second re
■ public there had been several censtitu
Louis Bonaparte, nephew of the great
was elecj.od president of the
ntmil republic by a large majority. Ho came
In under a brand new constitution, and
_, j three years later ho swept it away by
me sudden movement known to history
is the coup d'etat. He established in its
itead a constitution that gave him really
• Imperial powers, and next year he sub
tnitted to tho French people the question
whether he should be elected emperor.
The vote was 7,824,120 yeas to 268,149
nays, and the second empire was formally
Tbe second empire lasted eighteen
years. It ended Sept. 2, 1870, when the
emperor with a French army of 80,000
men surrendered ti the king of Prussia,
. . and on Sept. 4, 1870, tho third republic
was proclaimed. Thiers was tho first
presidont of tho third republic. Ho was
forced to resign before he bad served
two years. His successor was Mar 1
MacMahon, the only conspicuous officer
of the French army to eomo with credit
through the war with Prussia. Thiers
had been a genuine republican, but Mac-
Mahon waa merely a soldier much and r
aristocratic and imperial influence! It
waa decided that tho term of the prest
lm^T dent should be for seven years. This
was incorporate!! in tho now constitn
•JjPJJ ..tion of 187. r >! MacMahon, however, di 1
tso-.m « not serve out hi:< term, and he was snc
'"' : Asced&l in 1879 by Jules Gravy: Tlie
latter waa forced to resign in 1887 by
,s»i»»<r*asKm of v scandal involving his son-in
« an '" 3 EUC cessor waa M. Sadi Cor
sJJ'!/' not. the present president,
ooy.o Although the French constitution, like
. ihe Cnglish. makes special provision for
pel -'the fY.il of the ministry whbn they lose
the support of the lower house, and thus
Boe!;s to main cure of tho president's being
" left undisturbed by popular movements,
(Jrovy. who served through tho iirat
, ..term, is the o:ilj- president of France to
> ' accomplish such a feat, and ho fell early
In Lis Second tl nn.
I - 12. N. VAU.Aj:Dion.\M.
, t Gnu/.,
At tbe dm if stare, a valuable package,
worth its weight, in (told. My hair has
'trpped fali inur and atl daDdrufT has dis
appeared since I found skookum root hair
crows*. Ask vonr rftnggistjbont it.
Our Roma Brew.
Muter A Zobelein'n Latter, fresh from tho
.1,1 brewery, on drsneut in all the principal sa
ienw., n'-M-r-od T>*"mr»tly in bottles nr tror«,
t'* - ! r SV>" 1 li ■ ,
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 22, 1893.
PETS OF A WEALTHY WIDOW.
She Has Two Hundred Cats and Many
Mr*. Robert Johnson has 200 cats, and
iaijh of them h*i a pedigree that extends
back over many generations.
As Mra. Johnson has several millions of
dollars r.r.rl is a Widow, her patrician cats
live bl n style befitting their long pedigrees.
They live nt Boena Vista, Mrs. Johnson's
country mansion t.ear Sonoma, Cal., and it
takes three servants to care for the pussies,
Brerf one of these cats is a real Angora,
j end the most exacting part of the duties of
the three Japanese who look after them,
1 snys the San Francisco Kxaminer, is to see
| that no w audertng uighthawk of a common
• WHKRK TITF CATS I.IVE.
fence haunting, slumber disturbing Tom or
Ti'.b'u shall gain entrance to this feline
ptMdne. There are fences high and tight
to keep these out mid lo restrain any va
grant tendencies that may have descended
to any of these petted beauties from some
outcast ancestor, for, as with most people
of gentle hlood, somewhere tho fair line of
ancestry runs into marauders, product* per
haps of the wild time in which they lived.
There ore about 3,000 acres in the grounds
about, UueOa Vista, and tho residence stands
in the center of ten acre* of flowerpot* and
lawns: The house is H ached hy a winding
avenue shaded with ornamental trees and
is seen io Stand on the crest of a sloping
knoll. Seen front the veranda the beds of
flowers and velvety lawns vie with Golden
(Jut* pari; on a small scale. Here and there
arc built shot-,, flights of stairs leading down
to tiny lakes, on which snowy swans and
ducks disport themselves in common ten
ancy with myriads of fancy fish. Rustic
...... (OS span many little brooks, and invit
ing seat* abound beneath sturdy oaks and
towering eucaoypw. There is also a pond
of warm miunul Water, fringed with a
thicket of bamboo, and the fragrance from
i lemon and orange trees abounds.
Such arc the surroundings in which these
beautiful cats live in luxury.
Besides the cats Mrs. Johnson has a lot
of o'her pi ts. Them aro parrots from all
over the world. Cockatoos and paroquets
perch on Enge stands or fly about the avi
ary with mad glee until the place is a feath
ered pandemonium. Then in another huge
cage area large number of canary birds, who
sing to each other al] the while. Outside the
mansion :■ • c a let of kennels in which dwell
some very v. ell known prize winners among
tho dogs. These dogs tire smooth or woolly,
large or tiny, aud have two keepers in
charge of litem.
Then (here are a. lot of .Japanese donkeys
ard some splendid specimens of Holatein
cr.'llc and ,lcrsc.v»ows with soft eyes. A
hundred horses and mares of Electioneer
stock complete Mra. Johnson's menagerie.
It i.s with the parrot tribe that the An
gora cats maintain continual warfare.
Nothing pleases a white Angora kitten co
much :is to jump wildly iuto the air to
clutch t be long tail of the great white cock
atoo Samson. If the mother of tbisnuda
cn l.ittcn is not in the room nt the mo
ment,.Uio cbanoea are that the kitten will
be severely punished by the sharp claws
and huge beak of the furious cockatoo.
However, should It 1 .appen thi* the kitten
has good backinj;, there is a cat and parrot
circus for the next three minutes, which
Rlways ends iv a spoiled cockatoo.
The common green parrot, however, ts
generally quicker than its lofty sister with
onions on its head aud understands the
noble art of self defense much better. One
green parrtit has been known to wring*
kit:, tt's neck before thu sound of its cries
could reach the mother Tabby, and when
the mother Tabby arrived to find her off
spring dead an encounter ensued which was
Bercc a::d long nnd ended in the Tabby
beating a speedy retreat in order to save the
lives ( E the East of her offspring. The green
parrot Bated, with a great deal of strategy,
for when the ether three kittens tried to
come to their mother's rescue the parrot
scattered them and kept the mother busy
; cnueii'. ( rin;c to save the lives of her chil
j drcn, for the green bird kept flying from
I one to the other with terrifying shrieks and
I fierce, tweaks until Iho whole force was
; touted. As a punishment the murderous
bird wae sent to San Francisco and sold to
n deep sea! captain, who has since taught it
I to s-.vcnr and also to drink Jamaica rum,
which must be a source of great humilia
tion to it if remorse, regret nnd memory
lire amoftg the attributes of a parrot who
was reared amid such tented surroundings.
A Ferocious Snider.
In f.a Plata there is a fierce and large
Spider called "the wolf." A traveler writ
ing about it says: "It is of extraordinary
cize, light gray hi color, with a black ring
around its middle. It is active and swift
and irritable to such a degree that one can
scarcely help thinking that in this instance
nature has overshot her mark. When a
person passes near one—say withiu three or
four yards of its lurking place—it starts up ■
and gives chase and will often follow for a
distance of thirty and forty yards. I came
once very nearly being bitten by one of
these savage creatures. Riding at on easy
trot Over t he dry grass. I suddenly observed
a spider purst.ing me, leaping swiftly along
and keeping t.p with my beast. 1 aimed a
blow with my whip, and the point of my
lash struck the ground close to it, when it
instuntly leaped upon and ran up the lash,
and was actual*} Within three or four
inches of my hand when I flung the whip
Slurried hy a Woman.
A female footpad is operating in Cincin
nati. She is desperate aud hold and has a
male accomplice. The other evening at 8
o'clock Isaac J. Loeb was walking in the
west end at Eighth nnd Mound, when a
woman who had been vralklng in front ol
hitp suddenly turned, ami seizing him by
the wrist dealt him a vicious blow with
her list end then gave a quick signal, which
was responded to by a man who emerged
lrom an alley. Tho man also struck Loeb,
sod they were nbou' ry rob hint when he
cried for help and several pedestrians came
up. The man and woman lied and escaped.
A Double I'hcasunt.
When a resident of BeHefonte, Or.,
picked up a pheasant he hud shot in the
mountains near his homo he wns surprised
to find that tho bird was constructed ou
the plan of tho Siamese twins. Both
j 1:' .Is, he asserted, were perfectly developed,
| and the connecting link was half an inch
| long and a quarter of an inch thick and
j joined them iv front of ihn wings.
Good to Send East.
The 24-pnge New Year's Herald is
the best paper to send to y ir eastern
friends. A full description of every
county in Southern California iB given.
Also statistics of ciimate, cost of land,
products, etc. Price, 5 cents per copy
in wrappers. For pale by news dealers
CHANGES IN WORDS.
STRANGE DEPARTURES MADE FROM
Many Words Which Today Mean Almost
the Opposite of That Which They Stood
for Many Tears Ago—Here Are a Few
Examples of Changes of Meaning.
The word Bible furnishes a striking
instance of a -word's rise from very low
to high estate. To the bulk of English
speaking folk it now means the Book of
Books. In Chaucer's day it meant any
hook whatever, or scroll. Tracing the
word Bible straight home we find it
but another name for the papyrus reed
of Egypt. Cancellarius is another word
which has risen from humble origin to
high rank. Under the early Roman em
perors it meant simply doorkeeper, by
which token Gibbon speaks of the
wrath of the people of Rome when the
worthless Emperor Carinus set his low
born cancellarius to rule over them.
And nowadays the lord high chancellor
of England—though shorn of some of
the influence he wielded in the days of
Thurlow and Eldon—ranks rather high
er than a mere doorkeeper. Consul is a
word which retains scarce a shred of
its olden grandeur. During their year
of ofTice Rome's consuls twain ranked
above kings, and Cicero's pride in hav
ing filled this lofty post seems likely to
• live forever in that luckless jingle of
O fortn natum natum. me eonsule Koumml
But now nearly every fourth rate town
on the face of the globe can boast half a
dozen consuls. The Courteney motto
'Quid feci? Übi lapsus!" might fit not
only this poor, degraded word, but the
name of Cicero himself, which, under
the thin disguise of cicerone, now decks
every gabbling guide who hashes names,
dates and the queen's English, or what
ever may chance to be his mother tongue.
Patricius, in its English shape, patrician
—unmangled—still keeps some of its old
dignity. ,But, to quote Gibbon, "the
meanest subjects of tho Roman empire
assumed the illustrious title Patricius.
which, by the conversion of Ireland, lias
been communicated to a whole nation."
Gibbon—who sometimes fails to make
his meaning clear—here means that ire
land's missionary, Succathus by name,
received the title Patricius, whence St
Patrick, whence Pat.
See how villanus has sunk. At tho
outset it meant the worthy hind who
tilled the broad acres surrounding a
Roman squire's country seat. (For villa
—another word which has gone down in
the world —originally indicated, not a
snug suburban dwelling, but demesne
as well as mansion.) In the Middle
Ages, however, villanus, or villein, came
to mean a downtrodden tiller of tho
soil, who could scarcely call his soul
his own, and whoso gross ill treatment
bore its fruit—gross ill conduct. Hence
the rank ill odor in which the once
harmless word villain now lies steeped.
Note, too, how sophist bas sunk. At
its birth sophites—from sophia, wisdom
—meant a wise man. Had it acquired a
taint even when Pythagoras eschewed it
as too arrogant? Or was it sheer mod
esty that led him to coin for hithself the
unpretending word philosophos, lover of
wisdom? Anyhow, sophist has sunk so
low that it now denotes one skilled in
the base art of making the worse appear
the better reason. Hypocrite has shared
tho fate of sophist. Originally the sole
and entirely honorable sense of npok
reies wns actor on the stage—not, as
now, an actor off it, a sly sinner feign
ing hiniGelf virtuous. Our word actor—
and still more actress —has acquired a
kindred taint, not from any fault in
those who use the art behind the foot
lights, but from the frailty of those who
abuse it by playing a part on life's stage,
instead of showing themselves manfully
in their true colors.
Cunning has sunk so low that it cau
scarce sink lower. It now means 'cute,
and 'cute bears a perilous resemblance
to sharper—which we might define as
"one who would deem it an insult to be
told that he had missed a chance of
duping v flat." Yet knowing—now al
most a synonym for sharper, and com
monly linked very significantly with
card —"He's a knowing card"—original
ly meant kenning, or crafty in that hon
orable sense of craft which still lives in
craftsman and handicraft. Nay, at root
cunning and kenning are one and the
same word, of which king itself is but a
For our English forefathers —let them
be English, not Anglo-Saxon, if only as
a tribute to the memory of the great
historian so lately lost to us, who spent
half a lifetime in trying to teach us that
Englishmen are Englishmen, and always
have been since first they set foot on
British soil—our English forefathers,
then, chose for their ruler the most oun
ning man they could find. And tbe
word king lives on unsullied, as if to
point the disgrace of its old yoke mate.
The disgrace, however, is of recent date.
Could words speak, idiot—which is but
Greek docked of its last syllable—might
cry with poor Ophelia, "We know what
we are; we know not what we may be."
It meant a man not clothed with public
functions: it means a man unfit for any
In the "spacious days of great Eliza
beth," noise signified a band of musio.
At least Shakespeare uses the word in
that sense. But this pleasing sense it
has wholly shed, although, by the bye,
the epithet "pleasing" would hardly
have passed muster with the late
Alexander Dumas, who once defined
music as "the costiliest of noises."
Conceited—like Humpty Dumpty—baa
had a great fall; and clerk a slight one.
We can hardly refrain from smiling
when Chaucer dubs the great blind
Mieonides "that conceited clerk Hom
ere"—although we can not for a mo
ment conceive him with a quill behind
his ear and an eyeglass in his sightless
eye; and we very well know that
Chaucer meant to give him his due ns
an "imaginative scholar." — National
Uood to Send East.
The 24-page New Year's Herald ia
the best paper to send to your eastern
friends. A full description of every
county in Southern California is given,
Also statistics of climate, cost of land,
products, etc. Price, 5 cents per copy
in wrappers. For sale by news dealers
nrtf're fTrn \ i n rfn Q.
Vegetable / \i\ EeHcato
Compound, /jj flSjwßUßtt %\ Fabric.
Dandruff. ! M ffiSSffl/ilil 9 I Nature's
Stops (Trade Mark Registered.) All
Itching 1 ¥ A T T-» Humors.
ir 6BOWEB 3
Sold by Druggists, $1; six. (5. Worth fB * bottle
MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE
-Skookum Root Hair Grower Go.
£tp~Vor sale at all first-olsss cigar stores. -<BM
King's Royal Germetuer
Is a positive cure lor
Catarrh, RLcumatism. Neuralgia, Asthma,
Bowel, Liver, Kidney and Bladder Diseases,
General lability and all Germ Diseases.
AS PLEASANT AS LEMONADE.
PRIOE, $1 PER BOTTLE
KING'S ROYAL GERMETUER COMPANY
For coughs, coids,
and all lung
Crescent Malt Whiskey
It is pure and health
ful. Sold Only
by all druggists.
Now open for the fall and winter season.
Appointments and service
Rates, $3 per Day and Upward
CAMIT.KI.I. T. HEDGE, Prop.
CAESAR & CO.,
UNDERTAKERS fiND EMBALMERS
OPXN DAY AND NIGHT,
536 South Sprlns; St., Loa Angeles.
Tho Standard-Bred Stallion,
17,040, KftOa Record, 2:2:1,
Will stand for public service the season of
1903 at our farm, Los Nletos. Cal.
Teims: $30 cash, or approved note, at time
of service. All mures bred by tbe season, with
usual return privilege. All mares at owner's
r sk, as we will not be responsible for accidents
or escapes. Good pasturage, or led hay If de
sired, at seasonable term*.
d-w 1-1 2m BANCHHZ 8808., Owners.
American Steam Dye Works
CLEANING, DYEING, SCOURING
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
Ladles' and gents' garments cloaend, dyed
and renovated in superior style at short notice.
Blank. ts, curtains and merchants' goods.
Ostrich plumes oleaned, dyed and curled.
Tailoring establishment in eonnecton for all
kinds of repairing and altering.
Orders by small promptly attended to.
Office and wonts. 615 West Sixth street.
Store, 210;-4 South Spring tstreet. Tel. 1016.
LOS ANGELLS, cal.
» The Great Mexican Remedy.
\. Gives health and strength to
TfWfiE Mji*»K tho Sexual Organs.
Doc ot 323 Market street, fan Francisco.
Druggist & Chemist,
222 N, Main St, Los Angeles.
Prescriptions carefully rwipoondc 1 ot
Hlgnt, irl9 ' tf
for Infanta and Children.
"Caatorlnlssowcßadaptedtochildrenthat B Cantoris cures Colic, Constipation,
known to me." H. A. Anemia, M. D., I gestion.
tUt 80. Oxford Bt., Brooklyn, N. T. I Without injurious medication.
"Tho use of ' Costoria' Is «o universal and "For several years I have recommended
Ua merits so wed known that It seems a work your ' Castona,' and shall always continue to
of supererogation to endorse it. Few are the do so as it has Invariably produced beneficial
Intelligent families who do not keep Castona results,"
within easy reach." Edwin F. Pahdkb. M. D.
Carlo. "Tie Winthrop," IMth Street and 7th Aye,
Late Pastor Bloomlugdalo Reformed Church. New York City.
Tbs Cemtaur Company, 77 Murray Street, Niw Tors.
The J ones Lock Wire Fence
. 1 1
Cheap, StroDg and Durable. Quickly and Easily Bit
For Either Ranch, Farm or Lawn it Has no Equal,
Turns chickens and rabbits, and all kinds of stock. Applicable to bnrb as well si
smooth wire, and when applied to old aud slack barb wire fences makes tb«oi strong, riitld snd
much better than when new, at a slight cost. Invesii. uto this system before feniiu* with any
other. Hundreds of miles now in use in Souihe n California an 1 Arizona, and all pronounce 11
perfection. For lawns aud yards it ls simple, pcrfcct.st one-fun. h the cost of suy other sys
tern. Made of white metal aud Bessemer steel. Needs no painting er repairing, and when
properly put upwill las a lifetime. Can be built open or close, aa desired. Kslimates suae,
and price list furuished ou application. , m
Samp'e of fence BO feet between posts, also farm (rate, on e*hibitten opposite new nostofflca,
South Main street, ios Angeles. Farm rights, machines and supplies for using and . •attracting
this fence for sale at a very low price by „' ■ v' *a a.
J. Q. AVARS,
Owner of Patent for Southern California and ATizoni., and General agtut for Pacific Coast . n
Western States. Office in rurnilure Store, next to New Postofflce, »" w oh>
424 SOUTH MAIN ST., LOS ANGELES. r AL.
A New and Valuable Forage Plant. I
To every mail subscriber of tbe DAILY and WEEKLY HER ALD during 1893,
who pays in advance, a package of seed of the new forage plant, Jerusalem com,
will be sent if requested. This plant, an illustration of which appears above, can
be cut from eight to ten times a year. It is far superior to alfalfa, aud evon a space
of ground of 50x150 feet will grow enough to support a cow. This corn plant
needs np irrigation if planted from February to May, and is positively the best
fodder known is tbe United States. Further information will be given concerning
thia valuable premium, but every mail subscriber, both new and old, can take ad
vantage of this liberal oiler. Certificates from farmers, both in Europe and the
United Statea, are on file in the Herald office, showing tbat extensive experiments
have proved the great value of thiß cereal. For cows, horseß, hogs and chickens,
Jerusalem corn bas proved a most pronounced oucceßS, and the farmer who plants
it will lincl the producing capacity of his pasture almost doubled. .Now is tbe time
to subscribe or renew your subscriptions. The following are the rates:
if J J TERMS BT MAIL, INCLUDING POSTAGE.
DAIIW HERALD, one year *8 00
DAILT HERALD, six months 4 25
DAILY HERALD, three months 2 25
DaILT HERA D, one month • HO
WEEKLY HKRALD, one yar 150
WKEKLY HKRALD, six months 1 00
WEEKLY HEK.ALD, thrse months 60
ILLUSTRATED HERALD, per c>py 20
PAT! FARM FOR SALE!
Containing 62 acres of land, all in high state of cultivation; cottage
house, bard-finished, of seven rooms, bath and kitchen, together with
small cottage of three rooms for laborers; about four acres in bearing
Washington Navels; 5 acres Engllnli Walnuts; 5 Roreß Winter Ap
ples ; two artesian wells; about 3000 feet service pipe and hydrants.
First-class corn, alfalfa and orange land; ail fenced and cross-fenced.
Apply at onoe to
gao.t, 114 aye , Los Angeles, Cal.
Ojri !\t O signs!" signs i
I | 1%, Nte. MR. WM. MKBGF.U,, late Of Omaha, Neb.,
Q n -w- I \k XV ia now located with
OmUlO G. STROKE, ~™
For rapid work, low prices and modern styles, a share of your patronage ls solicited,
r Card Signs. Muslin Htvns. Wire "irr.a. Hr«»« Pir-nt p;„n« cl every n<.«crwt..n.
PfiltlfrAl ".rMi'-ti" hi it'!( in-itti ,i r> nI I. r»l,,