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ABOUT BOOKS AND BOOK-MAKERS
Colonel Dodge's Valuable Work
on Caesar and His Wars.
A Study of the Great Captain, His
Talents and Methods.
Plaything* and Parodies hy Barry Pain.
A i:ii>;:i aph v or the Mother of
Washington — Notes
[by l. behymer ]
Houghton, MtlUin & Co. have been
publishing volumes which are amplifi
cations of the lectures on Alexander,
Hannibal and Ctesar, by Theodore
Ayrault Dodge, brevet lieutenant
colonel, United Stateß army, now on the
retired list. He is also the well known
anthor of The Campaign of Cbancellorß
ville, A Birds-eye View of Our Civil
War, etc, etc. Their laat volume by
this noted author is in tbe Great Cap
tains series, and entitled Cicaar, con
taining a history of the art of war among
the Romans down to the end of the
Roman empire, with a detailed account
of the campaigns of Caiua Julius Creaar.
The work is replete with 258 charts,
maps, plans of battles and tactical man
oeuvres, cuts of armor, weapons and en
gines of warfare. Over a year ago thj
author made complete preparations for
the publication of this volume, but de
layed its puhlication co he could visit
the theater of Cie'ar'a campaigns and his
many battlefields. This visit was al
most a prerequisite to writing intelli
gently on the subject. Farnilartty with
the topography gives a quite different
understanding of the narrative of the
ancient historians. Though Caesar's
Commentaries are among the most ex
act and picturesque of historical writ
ings, it is by patient study alone that
they can be understood otherwise than
superficially; without suitable maps
they cannot be understood at all. From
the days of ingenious but far fetched
Guischard and Turpin de Crisee topo
graphical descriptions and charts have
habitually been copied by one author
from another, to the lot of neither of
whom it has fallen to personally inspect
the terrain, and many errors have been
thus propagated. This is not the situ
ation in this volume, as the au
thor has personally paesed over
all the ground covered by
Caesar's campaigns. He has also been
a close student as w> II as a great ad
mirer of Colonel Staffers works on
Caesar and the works of Napoleon 111
To Napoleon 111 we owe a great debt lor
patronizing and defraying tbe expense
of the systematic excavations and
topographical and military studies
which have culminated in his own and
1 Colonel St< ffel's works on Caisar. To
Colonel Stoffel we are particularly in
debted for one of the moßt splendid
military histories which exists. The
plan of this history of Cajsar, however,
is not one on which any other history
is based, although tbey agree in almost
every matter of detail with the authors
just mentioned. The charts lack some
of the extreme accuracy of the plates of
Napoleon and toffsl, but will be found
to answer every requirement, and their
insertion In the text will aid the average
readar in many respects. The
outline of his history follows the
narrative of the commentaries and
when practicable—extensive quotations
are used, retaining the quaiutness of
their flavor, as claesical names must nt
times be used, the author has not clung
exclusively to the modern equivalents,
but has used both interchangeably. It
is simply a military history of Cseaar,
and doeß not pretend to give the history
of hia era, or a description of his per
sonal career or statesmanship. As most
all hißtories of Rome are lull of errors ;
even the great Mommsen is not free
from them ; tbe author has aimed to fill
the gap and give an exclusive military
work—omitting complicated political
and absorbing social conditions of ihe
country. No noteworthy fact haa been
omitted, and witb the sole exception of
Colonel Stoffel, the author is the only
writer on the subject that has fol
lowed Ceesar entirely around the
Mediterranean basin. The legions
ere admirably compared with
the Greek phalanx and the gradual
building of the Roman legions; their
rise from the simple burgess soldier of
the republic to the veterans of the sec
ond Punic war is an excellent descrip
tion of the various processes in which
the Roman soldier gained the supremacy
which they held for year after year. The
author pays a great tribute' to Sulla,
classing him as one of the ablest gen
erals of his era, and a close follower in
the principles of warfare as taught him
by Marius. Pompey was a captain upon
whom greatness happened to be thrust
by a eeries of circumstances, although
be should not be underrated; still he
earned his great repute on more than
usually Blender grounds, Cupar's early
life was devoted to study aud his early
reputation was made more as an orator
and statesman, and it was not until he
was 42 years of age that he entered upon
that part of his career which haa
made him co great a part of the
world's history. The author de
votes but two chapters to this portion
of Cos -at's life, but in it he crowds many
factß—new to the reading public—which
throwa much light upon the future sue
cess of this wonderful man. In the
chapters devoted to Caisar's campaigna
against the Helvetii, aud againet Ario
vißtus, he Bhows that Ccesar had used
much caution, bred probably of inexpe
rience, and also much boldness aud
skill, although the numberß against him
much exceeded his own, still he had not
been called upon to Bhow the decision
of Alexander in Thrace or Hannibal in
Iberia. In his dealings with the Bel
gian tribes Ca? ; ar had a successful and
glorious campaign, but the authorshows
many Berious but natural mistakes which
he made, of which happily the Gaula
were not able enough to take advantage.
Then follows the awful massacre of the
Germans, the building of the great
bridge across the Rhine, and the con
ceiving of the traveler's instinct over
coming that of the soldier, nnd Ca»ar'e
resolve to invade Britain and the suc
cessful attempt-where, after accomplish
ing nothing except ac a discoverer,
and running a risk of being cut off from
bis base of supplies, he returned to
Gaul. The next few chapter treats of
bis six years in subduing the Gaula and
mentions at length the siege of Ger
govia and Caisar's defeat, of his rally,
the siuge of Alesia, and the battle of
Aleeia, which practically sealed tbe
doom of Gaul; and when we consider
tbe fact that Ctenar entered the Gallic
campaign without experience in war, it
was a marvelous success. The centra]
portion of the book is devoted to a mil
itary description and explanation of
Caesar's army, their method of training,
practice of fighting, their music and
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 21), 1»93.
train and general staff and equipment.
Then comes Camps, Sieges aud Ballis
tics. The latter pari ie given Lo the
civil war, after the breaking up oi the
triumvirate by the death of Crassua in
tbe Parthian campaign and tbe ending
of tha friendship of Collar and Pompey,
who were competing ior the sole con
trol, resulting In a war being forced upon
Cresar. Space is given to tbe eventful
croasinpof th>-Rubicon. Pt mpey's clever
flight, Crcar'a return to Rome, the pur
suit of Pumpey, the clever engineering
of the forcea, thePompeiana' surrender,
in which Pompey not only lost Spain,
but his oldeßt and best legions. Then
follows tbe pursuit of Poinpsy by Cueiar
into Greece and hia galling defeat by
Pompey ; then the skillful planning of
Cui?ar,in which hie long experience and
wonderful generalship waa evidenced
in tbe great bittle of
in which the Pompeiana gave
way at Caspar's third attack, <fc?ar
capturing the entire force and Pompey
flees to Asia Minor, theuce to Egypt,
where he was assassinated. The closing
chapters are devoted to Csaaar following
Pomoey to Alexandria, his fight with
the Egyptians, tbe burning of the Egyp
tian fleet, Seipio'a opposition to him
the eiege of Utica, tbe battle of Thapsuß
and the annihilation of Scipio'a entire
army. The last chapter iB indeed a
tribute to ihe greatest man in antiquity ;
the comparison between the peerless,
Hannibal; the Homeric, Alexander; the
unvauquished Caisar. In thiß chapter
great attention is given to the sum
ming up of Caisar's appearance, his
manner, his realism, his holocausts, his
honors, his projects, his errors, his over
hastiness, bis method, his objectives,
his taction, hie cavalry, his growth, bis
opponents, his discipline, his power of
work and influence over men, and last
of all the fact that the man lacks the
one touch of nature. One can truth
fully Bay a thousand admirable things
about him. Quite apart irom
his greatness—his reosonablenesß,
hia own warm friendships, hiß
generosity, tbe fine qualities of hia
mind, the many noble traits to which all
testify, commend him to our admira
tion, to our regard. And yet there ia to
Cauar, as there ie to Napoleon, an arti
finality which one never can forget.
He wears an armor we cannot penetrate.
We say much to praise him, but tho
epitheta lack an inward meaning. And
co we close tbe book, a wonderful tribute
to a wonderful man ; clear, conciee, ac
curate; well worthy a student's consid
eration and study.
Playthings and Parodies, by Barry
Pain, ia one of the Cassell Publishing
company's newest books. Mr. Pain has
collected in thiß book a large number of
eketches. contributed by him to the dif
(erent English papers; principally
sketches of life in and about London,
bits of verae. imaginative ekits aud what
note, agreeably put together. Notably
among these is The Sincereßt Form of
Flattery, which consists $i excellent
parodies on Kipling, Blaekmore,
W. Pate.- and Tolstoi, a series of clever
studies of Scenes in Loudon and Home
Pets, including Boye, Girlß, Reciters,
Personal Frieuda, Piano Tunerß, Babies,
Curates, etc. The humor of the book
is, on the whole pleasant and original.
Probably the best eatire, and in fact the
best cbapter, ia tbe one devoted
to A Dream of Bad Books, entitled
The Hundred Gates, in which
a reader of light novels falls
asleep and drearnß of a great field aur
rounded by a fence in which is Bituated
a hundred galea ou each of which is
seated a personage; who upon interro
gation by the dreamer, info>ma him
that he or ahe ie a certain stock charac
ter, out of books, only waiting to be
used by come ambition's author. The
dreami-r recogniz-B in turn many famil
iar characters, such aB A Hero, tbeldeal
Man as Imagined by the IdealeesWoman ;
the leading character of English comic
verse whose numo ia Jenkins; the im
possible rustic, scratching his head and
talking that mixture of Devonshire,
Cumberland, and the imagination which
ia the recognized village dialect; the
lady in the riding hr.bit who glances in
disapprobation at you and tella you
tbere iB a kind of stretcher which
prevents the male garment from
becoming bEggy at the fet-locke;
the family lawyer, who was wrinkling
his blow, rubbing hia white hands and
giving his dry and deprecatory cough
alternately. And so the characters
went by each in turn and all admirably
described. The writer's character
sketches are not bo well writkn as the
remainder of the book, although hia
sketches of lower-middle-claea life are at
timee pithy aud grapbic, still they have
a humor about them that is intolerably
dull and which makes the book at times
More than a hundred yearß have
passed since Mary, tbe mother of George
Washington, passed from this life, ''up
held by unfaltering faith in the promises
of the Bible, and by full belief in the
communion of tbe saints." It eeeme
somewhat strange that she should have
waited so long for a biographer, and
were she alive and interested in the
literature of the revolutionury period,
might with propriety ask: "Where do I
come in?" Not only because that with
her rested nearly all the responsibility
and care of tbe education and train
ing of her illus'rioua son, but.
because of her own striking
personality. Nothing seems truer
than that Washington was what hia
mother made him. Lafayette eaid of
her in 1874, "I have Been tho only
Reman matron living at thiß day ;" and
the reverence with which Washington
always regarded his mother had more
in it that mere filial affection. Tbe
adopted boh of the first president wrote
of her 37 yeara atter her death : "Hud
Bhe been of the olden time, Btatuea
would have been erected to her memory
at the capital, and she would have heen
called tbe mother of Romans." It is
therefore right and proper that Maty
Washington, not only na the mother of
George, but as the type of a grand order
of womanhood, in which still lingers the
hope of the world, should be the subject
of a book which contains all that is
known about her, and that the author
should herself be a Virginian,
with a head full of the history
r.nd tradition of her Btate, a hand com
petent to Bet it in proper array, and a
warm heart behind to guide tbe bond
Such a volume Messrß. Houghton, Mif
flin & Co. have in The Story of Maty
Washington, by Marion Harland. It is
a book which ia a valuable contribution
to the history of the environment which
helped to make Washington, its illus
trations serve to assist the mind in real
izing tbe conditions of life in Virginia at
tbe most interesting period of its his
tory. It does not present Mary Wash
ington as a saint, bur as something a
great deal better for earthly purposes—
as an earnest woman, wholly devoted to
ber duty, endlessly conscious of her re
sponsibilities, and alternating between
sublime salf-dependence aud an utter
self effacement fn her compulßorv de
pendence at times upon tbe Highest
Power, upon whom the grandest
natures often have to fall back.
Whoever buys the book will have the
rare pleasure of seeing a strong woman
depicted by one of her own kind, and
wiil aleo assist in the placing of a
memorial shaft over the earthly resting
place of tbe woman who. like women in
general, waited longer than ber eon for
any fitting recognition. The proceeds
of the book go to the Memorial associ
An Exquisite Fool is ono of those ex
excellent anonymouß novels that, form
bo prominent a feature of the Harper
Bros.' Franklin Square Library The
connection between the title and the
plot ie not very apparent, but tbat does
not harm the story in any way. An
Exquisite Fool is one of those novels
that does not admit of a synopsis of the
plot without destroying tbe interest.
Suffice it to say that the volume will
afford a few hours of unalloyed enjoy
ment to the reader whose taste demands
merit of style and handling, as well aa
briskness and interest of plot.
All the above books for sale by the Stoll A
Thayer company, 130 South Spring sireet.
Adzuma, or The Japanese Wife, by
Sir Edwin Arnold, is a play written by
the author during his recent residence
in Tokio and aims at telling in dramatic
form and with faithful adherence to na
tive manner, a popular mediaival Jap
anese story of feminine virtue.
Bernard" of Clairvoix: The Times,
the Man and His Work, by Richard S.
Storrs, ia a book of magnificent interest.
If Dr. Storrs had not been one of tbe
foremost preachers he would have been
one of the noblest historians. As it is,
he has written a volume that from be
ginning to end ia crowded with points of
Bret Harte'a new Btory, entited Susy,
which is virtually a sequel to A Waif of
the Plains, will leave the Houghton,
M fllin prese about tbe 21 st.
W. H. Babcock haa written a new
book entitled The Brides of the Tiger, a
story of the early daya of the colony of
Virginia and of the methods of a apply
ing wives to tbe planters of that com
Juan Valera, the Spanish novelist and
diplomatist, has been refused admission
to the Vatican aa envoy of Spain by Leo
XIII. The pope's action io aaid to be
due to Valera's novel, Pepita Ximenez,
published in America by Appleton in
18(10, the hero of which ie a candidate
for the priesthood, who abandons hia
vows for love of a woman whom his
father wishes to make his stepmother.
Valera's novels have made him a mem
bes of the Spanisb academy, one of the
forty "immortals" of Spain. He was
minister of Spain to the United Stateß
from 188.S until a few monthß ago.
Jerome X Jerome has written a story
with a title taken from a tombstone : In
Memory of John Ingerfield and of Annie
His Wife. It is a love story of Old
Walker Besant'n new serial story, en
titled The Rebel Queen, will be first in
troduced to American readers through
the pageß of Harper's Bazaar.
Chatto & Windus, foreign publishers,
have in preparation anew story by G. A.
Henty, entitled Rujub, the Juggler. It
is a tale cf the Indian mutiny, in three
Laat week in mentioning new books I
alluded to Pierre Loti's Pecheur d'
Islande not as a new bonk, but as being
issued by tbe D. C. Heath company in a
new edition, annotated for use aB a
school text. This is in reply to a criti
cißm stating it was not a new book.
Studies of Religious History, a Pos
thumous volume of fragments by Renan,
has just been published in London.
The first of an illustrated history oi
Norwegian literature, by Heniy Jaeger,
hasjus' been published in Christiania.
Mr. F. Marion Crawford's forthcom
int novel, The Children of the King, ie
a eory of Calabria. The author in
tends to give "A Talk About Calabria,"
witb Borne extracts from hia novel, be
fore the Twentieth Century club of Chi
cago. February 3d
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1 SOLUBLE COATING, '
lHr %\U HEADACHE,!:
% Dizziness, or Swimming In tlto Head, ViUuh j \
\ PAin, and Spasms at tho Stomach, rains In < 1
5 the Hark, Gravel, and llylng Tains in tho ]!
p Itoily, lihoumatisni, etc* v
2 Tako four, fiva or even six of Boocham'B j |
\ Pi IK and In nine ocuw out of fen, th*j/ will q,te (i
g rtlif/intwenti/ miitutw:; for tha pill will f»o dirsct < 1
5 to and remove the cause, the cause being no J ]
5 moro nor less than wind, together with poison- ( i
vons and noxious vapours, and sometimes < 1
5 nnwholesomo food. 1
sOf all druggists. Price 2E cpnta a box. J i
4 Now Toft Dnpot, 868 Cnnal St. < 1
DR. WONG HIM.
Chinese Pbyslcisu and burgeon, has resided at
Lo/ Angeles eighth n (18j years. His reputa
tion as a thorough phyticten has beou iully es
tablished ami appreciated by mauy. His large
practice in sufficient proof of his ability mi;'
hone .i v. The doctor gr* duated in the foremost
colleges, also practiced In the largest hospitals
of Canton, China. The doctor speaks Spanish
Office: 639 Upper Main Btreet.
hundred*'ol testimonials are on file at the
doctor's office which he he.s received (rom his
iiuia*".ous patient* of different nationalities,
which lie has cured of all manner of diseases lo
which the human body Is heir—from the smal -
c t pimpio to the most complicated oi cases.
P. 0. boxoti-t.dtatlon C, Los Angeles, 11-lti 3m
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AND PLANING MILLS.
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WELLINGTON COAL CRESCENT COAL
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WEHDEL EABIW, GEO. W. FRIN'K, , GEO. E ASTON,
President. Vice President. Secretary.
I- ANGLOCAXIFOBNIAN BANK,
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CAPITA!., . - . 3100,000.
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J. H. Biui.y. Cashier and Troas.
Geo. H. Bonebrake, J. H. Braly, H. L. Drew,
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c. M. Wells, John McArihur, U. A. Warner, L. J.
General banking buslne-s snd loans on flrct
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STATEMENT SHOWING THE FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE SECURITY SAVINGS
Sank aud Trust company ol Loa Angeles, Cal., on the morning of the first day of January,
Bond, $ 28,310 00
Furniture and Fixtures nnd Vaults. m - • - • • • • ■ ■ • 5,250 00
fjajih ~...Jp3o oO.} 23
Ca.h in Bank..' 47, 12* 63S 75
Total t $967,689 96
Capital Stock (Paid In) SiaMCM 00
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Net Undivided Profits „.°'li 1 i*
Deposits 8*6,978 82
Total $967,689 96
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Subscribed and sworn to before me this 4th day of January, 1893.
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Main Street Savings Bank and Trust Company,
CAPITAL,, - - $300,000.
120 S. MAIN STREET, I.OS ANGELES, CAL.
The design of this Institution is to affird a safo depository for tho earnings or all persons
who are desirous of placing their money whe-e lt will be free from accident, and at the same
time be earning for them a fair rate of Interest Deposits will be received in sums of from SI to
»snoo. Working men and women should deposit at least if I per week from their wages VMM
will form a nnc eus that will ultimately enable you to purenasoa home or begin business, Chil
dren can purchase s-cent stamps In all parts of tha city aud county It is the best education
you can have in saving and caring for money.
J. B. LANKERSHIM, CHaS, FORM AN, J. V, WACHTEL,
President. Vice President, Cashier.
MONEY TO LOAN ON MORTQAQEQ.
gTATBMtfSNT OF THE CONDITION OF
Main Street Savings Bank and Trust Company
At the close of business December 31,1802.
Cash on hand and due from banks.s 71,911 15
Loans 323,482 28
Real estate 13,877 87
Bonds 63,170 40
Furniture and fixtures 15 0 15
Othor assets 754 70
Capital paid $ 50.000 00
Res-ive fund 6.00U 00
Profit and loss _7 11
Due depositors 418,715 44
Stats of California, 1 „
Couutyot Los Angeles,) „ „ .„ , _ ,
J B. LauLershim and J. V. Wachtel, being
each separately duly sworu, tach for hlmseli,
Eft 'rhat J. B. Lsnkershim is president and J. V.
Watchelis cashier of the Main Htr-et savings
Bank ano Trust Company, the corporation
above mentioned and that tha foregoing state
men', is true to the best of his knowledge and
telgned) J. B. LANKERSHIM, President,
(.-igned) J. V. WACHTEL, Cashier.
bub'cribed and sworn to before me, this 31st
day of December, 1892.
' J. M. WARRALL,
Kotary puMlc In and for the County of Los
Ango es, r-Ute ol California. 1 3 tf
S OUT HEBN CALIFORNIA NATION ALB ANK
loi 3. Spring street, Nadeau blook.
L, N. Breed President
Wm F. Boaoyfhell Vice-President
!. N Flint Cadiier
VV. H. Holllday Assistant Cashier
Capital paid In gold coin $200,000
-urplui and undivided profit] 25,000
Authorized oapiial 600,000
L N. Breed, H T. Nowsll, Wm H. Avery,
-lias Holm n. W H. Hotlid*y, X C. Boiby
shtll, M Hsgan, F- nk Radir, D. Re Ice,
Thos. Hot*. Wildam F Bosbyshell. 7-1 tf
pIRJT NATIONAL BANK OF LOS ANQEL*S3.
OAFITAL STOCK $20 0 000
J M FLLTOTT President
J D BICKMtLL Vice Pr sident
J. 11. oRALY Cashier
tl. !!. -U AFi'i X Assistant Casbler
Dire-tors- J. M Elliott. J. D. Blcinell. 8. H.
Mott, H Mabur . J.D. Hooker, D. McOarrr,
Wm, Q. Kerckhoff. Jul
BANK OF AMERICA,
LO3 ANGELEB COUNTY BANK,
Capital stock paid op $100,000.
JOHN E. PLATER President
ROBT. 8. BAKER Vloe-PresldTOt
GEO. H. BTAWART Cashier
Jotham Bixby, Chas. Forman,
L. T. Oarusey, Lewellyn Bixby,
R. 8. Baker. John E. Hater,
Geo. H. Stewart.
T 08 ANGBLES SAFE DEPOSIT AND TRUST
J_J COMPANY, with
CITIZENS' BANK, 313 Sonth Spring atreet,
Loa Angelea, Cat.,
Will remove to their now and elegant rooms in
stimson Block when completod.
Branch ofllce, Grand Opera House Block,
T. S. 0. LOWE.' President
T. W. BR >THBRTON Vlce-Pr *ldent
A. P. WEST Cashier
Buy aud sell all first-class securities.
STOCKS WANTEU In tho Los Angeles, Pasa
■lena and other gas companies,
First class, well secured Gas, Water and Rail
way bonds lor salo.
fCT-Tlme <oans accepted, best of security
g.ven an 1 liberal interest paid. 14 26 6m
T 08 ANGELES NATIONAL BANK,
ij U. 8. DEPOSITORY
Cor, First and Spring streets.
Capital $500,00 C
George H. Bonebrake President
W. G coehran Vice President
». C Howes Cashier
t, W. toe. Aaet. Cashier
Col H H. Mnrkhnin Perry M Green, Warren
GUlelen, L P. Crawford, C. A, Marriner, Geo.
ti, Bonebrake, W G. Coohran, F. C. Howes.
No Interest Paid nn Deposit?.
Exrhanue for Kale ou all the principal cities
of be United H stes anil Eu-ope.
"■pHE NATIONAL BANK OF CALIFORNIA,
Corner of Sprint and Pecond streets,
LOS ANGhLUS, CAL.
Capital paid np $250,000
J M. C. Marble President
O. H Cnnrenill Vice President
A. Uadtey * Asst. Cashier
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
Dr. W L Graves, ... F C X o»k . O. T John
»o ,W. Hadle . K. N. McDojald, M. H aher
n an, Fred Baton, John Wolfskin, Thos. R.
Bird. 10 31