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■ COUNTRY PROPERTY 15 A
> , SAFE IVESTMENT. READ
:<*Urtlß HERALD'S BAROAINS.
SEE SIXTH PAGE
VOL. XXXIX. NO. l*9.
MMi STYLES AM AIM
—-SAND TH El*
20 PER CENT REDUCTION
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February 18, at 10 P.M.
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W. FIRST ST.
LOS ANGELES: FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 17, 1893.
HAWAII TO BE TAKEN IN.
The President Strongly
Text of the Treaty Negotiated
The Queen and Crown Princess to Be
Pensioned for Life.
Sngar Producers Not to Share the Bene
ill h or Bho MoKlnley Bounty at
the Outset—Ratification of
the Treaty Probable.
By the Associated Press. I
Washington, Feb. 16.—The treaty of
annexation concluded between Secretary
of State Foster and the commissioners of
the provisional government of Hawaii,
together with a message from the presi
dent and correspondence on the subject,
transmitted to tho senate yesterday, was
made public today.
The president in his message says the
provisional treaty does not attempt to
deal in detail with the questions growing
out of annexation. Tbe Hawaiian com
missioners have consented to leave to
the future and to the just and benevolent
purposes of the United States the adjust
ment of all such questions.
The president Bays it has been the
policy of the administration not only to
respect but to encourage the continuance
of the independent government of the
Hawaiian islands, aa long as it afforded
a suitable guarantee for the protection
of life and property, and maintained the
stability and strength that gave ade
quate security against the domination
of any other power. The overthrow of
the monarchy was not in any way pro
moted by this governments, but bad its
origin in what eeema to have been a re
actionary and revolutionary policy on
tbe part of Queen Liliuokalani, which
put in serious peril not only the
large and preponderating interests
of the United States in the is
lands, bnt all foreign interests
and indeed the decent administration of
civil affairs and the peace of the islands.
It was quite evident that the monarchy
was effete and the government so weak
and inadequate as to be a prey to de
signing and unscrupulous persons. The
restoration of the queen to the throne is
undesirable, if not impossible, and un
———= nr^i. — " T r —~ <jiii,c«
states will be accompanied by serious
disaster and the disorganization of all
The influence and interests of the
United States in the islands must be in
creased and not diminished. Only two
courses are open; one, tbe establish
ment of a protectorate by ■ the United
Btateß, and tho other, annexation full
and complete. The president thinks
the latter course, which has been
adopted in the treaty, will be highly
promotive of the beet interests of the
Hawaiian people and the only one that
will adequately Becure the interests of
the United Stateß. The interests are
not wholly selfish. It is essential that
none of the other great Dowere secure
these islands. Such possession would
not be consistent with our safety and the
peace of the world. This view of the
situation ia bo apparent and conclusive
that no proteßt has been beard lrom
any government against the proceed
ings looking to annexation.
"Every foreign representative at Hon
olulu promptly acknowledged the pro
visional government, and I think," Bays
the president, "there is a general con
currence in the opinion that the deposed
queen ought not to be restored.
"Prompt action upon the treaty is very
desirable. If it meets the appro"al of
the senate, peace and good order will be
secured in the islands under the exist
ing laws until such time as congress can
provide by legislation a permanent form
of government for tbe islands. Thin
legislation should be, and I do not doubt
will be, not only just to the natives and
all other residents and citizens of the
islands, bnt should be characterized by
great liberality and high regard to the
rights of all the people and all the for
eigners domiciled there."
PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY.
A Synopsis or the Terms Upon Which
Hawaii Seeks Annexation.
Washington, Feb. 16.—The preamble
to tbe Hawaiian treaty declares that the
government of the United States and
the provisional government of Hawaii,
in view of the natural dependence of
those islands upon the United States,
their geographical proximity, the inti
mate part taken by citizens of the
United States in implanting the seed of
Christian civilization, of the long con
tinuance of exclusive reciprocal com
mercial relations whereby mutual in
terests have been developed, of the pre
ponderant and permanent share thus
acquired by the United States in the
productions, industries and trade of said
isle mis, and especially in view of the
desiie expressed by said govern
ment of Hawaii that those
islands shall be incorporated into the
United States as an integral part thereof
and under their sovereignty, in order to
provide for and assure the security and
prosperity of said island, tbe high con
tracting parties have determined to ac
complish by treaty the object so im
portant to their permanent welfare, and
to thia end conferred full power upon
their respective plenipotentiariee, who
have agreed upon a treaty.
In article 1 the government of Hawaii
cedea from the date of the exchange of
ratification to tbe United States abso
lutely all righta of sovereignty of what
soever kind in and over tbe Hawaiian
islands and their dependencies, such
islands henceforth to be an integral part
of tbe territory of the United States.
In the second article tbe Hawaiian
government also transfers to the United
Stateß absolute fee and ownership of all
public, government or crown lands,
public buildings, ports, harbors, fortifi
cations, military or naval equipments,
and all public property of every deaorip-
Hon. The existing laws of the
United States relative to public
lands shall not apply to such lands
in the Hawaiian islands, but congress
shall enact special laws lor their man
agement and disposition, provided that
all revenue from tbe same, except such
part as may be used or occupied for civil,
military or naval purposes of the United
States, or may be assigned to tbe use of
the local government, be used solely for
the benefit, of the inhabitants oi the
Hawaiian islands for educational and
other public purposes.
Article 3 continues, until congress
shall otherwise provide, the existing
government and the Hawaiian laws are
continued subject to the paramount
authority of the United States. The
president shall appoint a commissioner
to reside in the islands, who shall have
power to veto any act of said govern
ment, and such act shall be void unless
approved by the president. Congress
shall within one year from the ratifica
tion of the treaty enact the neceeeary
legislation to extend to the Hawaiian
islands the laws of the United States
respecting duty upon imports, internal
revenue, commerce and navigation, but
until congress shall otherwise provide
the existing commercial relations of the
Hawaiian islands, both with the United
States and foreign countries, shall con
tinue, aa regards commerce with the
rest of the United States and foreign
countries. It is not to be bo construed
as giving the islands power to enter into
any new stipulation or agreement or
have diplomatic intercourse with any
foreign government. The consular rep
resentatives of foreign governments now
in Hawaii should be permitted to con
tinue in the exercise of their functions
until they receive exequaturs from the
government of the United States.
Article 4 prohibits further immigra
tion of Chinese laborers into the Ha
waiian islands, until congress shall oth
erwise provide. Furthermore, Cbineße
persons of the classes now or hereafter
excluded by law from entering the
United States, will not be permitted to
come from the Hawaiian islands to tbe
In article 5 the United States assumes
tbe existing public debt of the Hawaiian
islands, with a proviso that the liabili
ties shall in no case exceed $3,250,000.
Article 6 agrees to pay the late Queen
Liliuokalani an annual pension ot $20,
--000 during life, and to pay to Princess
Kaiuolani the lump aum of $150,000,
provided they in good faith submit to
the authority of the United States gov
ernment and the local government of
The remainder of the treaty deals
with tbe details of tbe ratification, etc.
SECRETARY FOSTER'S LETTER.
The State Department Commends Mln
!■*■■» atnv.na' Action.
Washington, Feb. 16.—1n his letter
to the president, laying the Hawaiian
treaty before him, Secretary of State
Foster recapitulates the history of the
recent events in the islands leading up
to the revolution, the establishment of
the provisional government, tbe appear
ance of the commissioners at Washing
ton, the negotiations resulting in the
preparation of the treaty, and tbe estab
lishment of a protectorate by Minister
Secretary Foster confirms the presi
dent's statement that the revolution
was entirely unexpected so far aa thie
government was concerned. ' "At no
time," he says, "had Stevens been in
structed with regard to hia course in the
event of a revolutionary uprising. The
change was. in fact, abrupt andunlooked
for by the United Stateß minister or the
naval commander." ,
In regard to the protectorate, Foster
says: "Instructionshave been sent tbe
minister commending his action in so
far as it lay within the purview of the
standing instructions to the legation and
the naval commanders of the United
States in Hawaiian waters, and tended
to co-operate with the administration of
affairs by the provisional government,
but disavowing any step in excess of
such instructions whereby the authority
and power of the United States might
appear to have -been asserted to the im
pairment of tbe independent sovereignty
of the Hawaiian government by tbe as
sumption of a formal protectorate."
Foster Bays tbe provisions of the
treaty reserve to congress the determin
ation of all questions affecting the gov
ernment of annexed territory, tbe citi
zenship and elective franchise of the
inhabitants, and all questions relating
to the economical and politial status of
In conclusion he says, pending the
negotiations, he received assurances
from representatives of the leading pow
ers of the world in this city, and from
our ministers abroad, convincing him
that the incorporation of the Hawaiian
islands into the union would be regarded
by these powers with satisfaction or
THE SUGAR BOUNTY.
Hawaiian* Not to Benefit by It Unless
Congress So Decrees.
Wabhington, Feb. 16.—1t will be ob
aerved that under the provisiona of tbe
annexation treaty the augar producers
of Hawaii will not participate in the
bounty provided by the McKinley law
unleaa congress should extend it to the
Accompanying the meesage and the
treaty is the correspondence upon the
subject between tbe two governments,
tables giving full detaila aa to the area
of territory proposed to be annexed, the
public debt, public laws, annual allow
ances to, and revenue of the late royal
household, and statistics as to popula
tion and revenues, commerce and other
economic mattera relating to the islands,
altogether a bulk of several hundred
Anxious to Carry the Ratified Treaty In
Person to the Islands.
Washington, Feb. 10.—The Hawaiian
comniisaionera were joined laat night by
Charles H. Cooke, who came flom Ha
waii as a special messenger bearing im-,
portant dispatches from the provisional
government to the commissioners. The
members of the commission desire to
leave San Ftancisco for Honolulu on the
steamer due to sail March 3d, and hope.
to have copies of the annexation treaty
ratified by the senate to carry with
them. Should their desire be fulfilled
they will take to the islands the first in
formation respecting tbe text oi the doc
An Hawaiian Who Objeots to the Cession
of the Crown Lands.
San Fbancisco, Feb. 16.— F. S. Pratt,
Hawaiian consul-general in tbia city, to
day wired to the president and senate of
the United States a protest against the
ratification of that part of the treaty of
annexation which cedes to tbe United
States government the crown lands of
Hawaii. He represents hia wife, Ke
kaanian, and other direct heirs of Hame
hameha 111, and he claims these crown
lands were set apart by Hamebameha
out of his personal estate' for maintain
ing the state and dignity of the Hawaiian
sovereigns, and now that the sovereign
haa been overthrown, the lands should
revert to the heira of the original donor.
WILL BE RATIFIED.
Only 20 Senators Will Vote Against the
Annexation of Hawaii.
Washington, Feb. 16.—A careful can
vass of the senate appears to indicate
that the Hawaiian treaty will be rati
fied with several voteß more than the
necessary two-thirds to spare. The
limit of the opposition ie put at 20 votes.
The Ex-Queen's Emissaries.
Chicago, Feb. 16.—Paul Neumann, a
plenipotentiary from tbe ex-queen of
Hawaii, passed through this city today
with his colleagues on the way to
Washington, where they will present
their claims to the United States gov
An Insinuation That Harrison Takes
too Maoh for Granted.
London, Feb. 16. —The Daily Chroni-
Bays of the Hawaiian quession :
"Mr. Harrison takes over much for
granted when he declares that the lead
ing powers of' the world acquiesce in the
annexation of Hawaii by the United
The Oaiiy News saya: "If the senate
rejects Harrison's treaty the well-wish
ers of the republic abroad will regard it
as having escaped serious danger. The
Americans have no advantage to gain
which would counterbalance tbe perils
of the republic beyond the seas."
A OOOt, RECEPTION GIVEN HIM AT
Plrat Hia Right to Land Waa Dlapnted,
Then the Hotela Refuted Him
Nsw York, Feb. 16.—Charlie Mitchell,
the English pugilist who arrived thie
morning, was not allowed to land, being
detained at quarantine on the ground
that aa he ia an ex-convict his landing
would be a violation of tbe law.
Mitchell's lawyera applied to the
United States court for a writ of habeaa
corpus, claiming he was merely con
victed of a misdemeanor, not of felony,
and therefore not properly termed a
Mitchell obtained a writ compelling
Colonel- Weber to produce him in court
at 2p. m. today. After hearing the
arguments of Mitchell's counsel, who
argued that he had simply been sen
tenced for assault, and was not a convict
under the federal laws, Judge Andrews
The pugilist waa then aerved with a
enmmoßß in a civil cult brought by John
Norria of Springfield, 0., who claims
$200 for piloting Mitchell through Louis
iana after the .New Orleans fight in 1800.
Corbett's manager, Brady, has depos
ited a $10,000 check for a fight to a finish
between Corbett and Mitchell, next De
cember, before either the Crescent City
or Olympic clubs of New Orleans, or tbe
Coney Island Athletic club. He has
also posted a $2500 forfeit for a match
with Peter Jackson in case Mitchell does
Mitchell and party met Brady in
George Dickinson's office this afternoon
and had a brief conversation, in which
Mitchell promised to cover Corbett's
Mitchell had considerable trouble in
securing hotel accommodation, a num
ber of hotels refusing to receive him
owing to his recent jail experience in
London. Quarters were finally secured,
He says if a match ia made he will go
back to England to train and return
here a week or two before the fight.
In reply to Jackaon's.statement that
be would not fight Corbett if the latter
gave preference to Mitchell, Corbett to
night telegraphed Brady that he would
depoait as much aa $10,000 to fight Jack
son aeven months after fighting Mit
chell. The amount is entirely optional
Jack Frazier Wins a 20-Round Go at
San Diego, Feb. 16. —The Louis opera
bouse was filled this evening with the
sporting fraternity to witness a2O-round
mill between Billy Kaymer of this city
and jack Frazier of Los Angeles. Near
tbe close of the eleventh round Kaymer
suddenly fainted and did not recover
for some minutes after time wbb called.
Tbe referee gave the fight to Frazier. It
was a contest for blood from first to last.
Kaymer had everything his own way up
to the sixth round, repeatedly knocking
his opponent down with vicious blows
directed for most part on the jaw.
Expiated on the Gallows.
Lexington, Mo., Feb. 16.—William
McCoy, a negro, waa hanged for the
murder of hia mistress, Mollie Magruder,
today. He was pronounced dead in 16
Successful men secure fine tailoring
with pleasing fit from ii. A. Getz, 112
West Third etreet.
GRIM PORTENTS OF WAR.
Everything but Fighting in
Progress in Kansas.
Bellicose Preparations on a Big
Scale at Topeka.
The Situation Last Night Described
as an Armed Truce.
Republicans Still Holding; Representa
tive Hall—The Governor Postpones
Hostilities by Proposing;
By the Associated Press.
Topeka, Kan., Feb. 10 —The only
thing needed to make war in Kansas ie
fighting. The conditiona of war are all
present. Opposing bodiea of armed men,
eomething to fight about and a disposi
tion to fight are all evident, but the war
does not open. Bellicose preparations
were carried on briskly by both aides all
day, but the governor, by offering to
compromise the difficulties keeping the
two houses apart, tapered the crisis off
into a very tame armed truce. A propo
sition for a compromise was offered to
to the Republican house. They finally
amended it to euit their own ideas
and returned it to the governor
who announced that he would reply to
morrow, and meantime an armed truce
exists. This ia tbe situation late to
Tbe whole city of Topeka appeared
during the day to be under martial law.
Troopß were marching and counter
marching through the broad avenues of
the city; men wearing yellow badges,
bearing the inscription "Dep. Sheriff,"
were hnrrying to and fro; cannon were
being dragged through the streets. Hun
dreds of civilians arrived during tbe day
from all over tbe etate. Many carried
guns in cases; a few carried them under
their overcoats, but more marched boldly
from tbe station to the hotels with a rifle
or shotgun flung nonchalantly over their
DISLOYALTY OF TnE MILITIA.
The real sensation of the day waa the
disloyalty of the etate troopa to the
Commander-in-chief, the governor. He j
twice ordered Colonel Hughes, the com
mandant of the forces, to attack the
Republican stronghold. The colonel
declined and was relieved. Then the
governor took personal command, and
ordered that no provisions be allowed to
pass tbe lines, but the order was dis
regarded. Then Lieutenant Colonel
Barker of the Third regiment was given
command of tbe troops, but still tbe
governor's orders were disobeyed.
Finally Brigadier General Hettiger ar
rived from Wichita and took command.
He let it be-understood that tbe Repub
licans had nothing to fear from him.
This caused tbe governor great uneasi
ness, and after a council with the Popu
list lenders, a compromise proposition
was offered the Republican house.
THE SHERIFF'S INTERVENTION.
The Republicans hit upon a plan thie
morning to strengthen their position by
bringing to their aid the authority of
the sheriff, backed by a posse. The
sheriff issued a proclamation and by
noon fully 1000 men were sworn in.
Not caring to take the risk of arming
his recruits with firearms, the Bherilf
decided to arm them with clubs. All
Borts of cluba were pressed into use,
from broomsticks to baseball bata. The
sheriff announced that he would make
no move until a fracture Of the peace
actually occurred. He explained that
hewouid regard an attempt to eject the
Republicans (the legally constituted
houße sb he regards it) a disturbance of
tbe peace and would then interfere to
THE POPULISTS' FIGHTING FORCE.
This action by the sheriff, taken in
connection with the attitude assumed
by the militia, deprived the Populietß of
all their fighting support excepting that
offered by three provisional companies
of militia and some 50 assistant ser
geants-at-arms. Meantime Populists
began to arrive and tonight the Populists
are strongly reinforced. The governor
may organize these into provisional
troops who can be depended upon to
obey orders. It is not believed, how
ever, that he will take BUch extraordi
WHAT TODAY MAY BRING FORTH.
The prospects for tomorrow are that
the Populists will decline to accept the
proposition of a compromise as amended
by the Repbulicans. The general feel
ing tonight is one of renewed uneasi
ness, and predictions are freely made
that tomorrow may see the long antici
pated war inaugurated.
PROGRESS OF THE SIEGE.
Republicans Holding the Hall in Undis
TorsKA, Kan., Feb. 16,-8 a. m.—The
Republican bouse is still besieged in
representative hall, and a force of state
militia is still posted around the capitol.
Colonel Hugheß has again refused to
obey the governor'e order to eject the
Republicans, and the only resource the
governor haa besides the regular militia
ia three companies of Populist provis
ional troops. Should the governor or
der them to eject the Republicans they
wou'd doubtless attempt to do so. Colo
nel Warner, who has planned the Re
publican campaign, says of these provis
ional troops : "They are the governor's
pel lambs; we are wolves now, and
would devour them if given an oppor
The outlook at thia hour is belliger
ent. The refusal of Colonel Hughes to
obey the governor's orders haa balked
the Populists' programme. The gover
nor will make no statement of his plans
for the day, but it is believed they in
elude an order to tbe provisional troops
to eject the Republicans from the rep
resentative ball. Should that be done
it will meet armed resiatence.
The Populists had planned to assault
PAIR WEATHER; SLIQHTLY
WARMER; VARIABLE WINDS
FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
the Republican stronghold at 3 o'clock
this morning, hoping to take them by
surprise. Colonel Hughes learned of
the plan and informed tbe Republicans
that they had nothing to fear from him.
A little later he was summoned to the
governor's office, the plan laid before)
him and he was ordered to carry it oat.
He positively refused, declaring he was
there as a peace officer; that the Repub
lican bouse was tbe only legal one and
he would not interfere with it. Tho
governor threatened to relieve him. He
retorted that the regiment would dis
band at the same time.
This piece of insubordination, to
gether with the fact that nearly all the
commanders of the state troops are
Republican, about decided tbe governor
to place no more reliance on tbe militia.
Among tbe arrivals today were about
400 armed Republicans, and 100 armed
There was no Bleep for the imprisoned
Republicans in representative ball.
With the heat cut off they bad to organ
ize pedestrian matches and other exer
cises to keep up the circulation of the
blood. At 4 o'clock half a dozen gaso
line stoves were sent up to them by
ropes, and the members gathered around
them to get what little warmth they
Sergeant-at-Arms Clevinger of the
Republican bouse has arrived here with,
L. C. Gunn, Democrat, under arrest for
contempt for refusing to appear before
the house elections committee. He
seeks to test the legality of the Republi
can organization. He appealed to tbe
supreme court for a writ of habeas cor
pus, and was released on ball till Priday.
He claims that the Republican house la
not a legal body, and on tbe court's de
cision the BtatUß of that house will de
pend. Tbe Republicans hope to stand
off the Populists until a decision ior
NO OVERT ACTS.
The Governor Unable to Execute His
Topeea, Kan., Feb. 16, 9 a. m.—No
overt action baa yet taken place, though
Governor Lewelling still asserts posi
tively that he will drive the Republi
cans from the ball at the point of the
bayonet. The Republicans assert with
equal poBitiveness that they will resist
ejection even to the use of arms. The
sheriff still refuses to take a hand in
the trouble. It is believed the governor
will not dare to make an effort to drive
out the Republicans with the present
force of provisional troops, bnt they may
be reinforced during the day by other
provisional companies to be organized.
Colonel Hughes will probably be relieved
today, in which case all companies on
the ground, which inclnde most of the
state militia, will retire with him.
The city is black and blue today—
black with people come to "see the
fun;" blue with troops. Every train
arriving the past 12 hours brought
troops and Republican and Populist
volunteers, armed with all sorts of
weapons, anxious to take a hand in the
The soldiers surrounded the capitol
and guards are at every entrance to pre
vent any one from entering without a
pass from the governor, countersigned
by the adjutant-general. The members
of the legislature are no better off in
this respect than common folks. Mrs.
Lease managed to get in, bnt Mr. Lease
spent several hours trying to follow
his wife without success.
The Populists have kindled fires in
the Btreets to warm themselves by. Bat
tery A of Wichita, with a Gatling gun
and plenty of ammunition, guards the
main approach to the capitol. Battery
B of Topeka guarda the arsenal.
Business is depressed. Men walk in
groups. A single pedestrian is a rare
eight. The hotel corridors Bwarm with
men from all parts of the state to be on
hand in case of an emergency.
The troops sympathize mostly with
the Republicans, so in spite of the
adjutant-general's order not to allow
food to be taken into the capitol, the
soldiers conveniently fail to see well
filled baskets of provisions hauled up to
representative hall by means of ropes.
The Wichita battery even went so far as
to bring its Gatling on the ground unfit
for use, one very esaential part of its
mechanism having been removed. The
captain of the battery appeared greatly
surprised when his attention was called
to the fact, and called his company up
one by one and questioned them about
it. All denied any knowledge of the
circumstance, and the piece still frowns
impotently at the supposititiousb/ in
THE BELEAGUERED STATESMEN.
FroTialonn and Anna Easily Smuggled
Into Their Stronghold.
Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 16.—The Stat
has the only newspaper man inside the
hall of the house ot representatives at
Topeka. He gives an account of the pro
ceedings on the inside, cent by wire
direct from tbe hall. The membera left
in Equada and got breakfaat this morn*
ing, and returned each with provisions
for the sergeants-at-arms, who could not
leave, aa tbe guarda would not let them
return. At 11 o'clock the sergeants-at
arms appeared in the hail with their
arms full of Winchester rifles, which
they proceeded to stack up in handy
places. Then came a lot of mail car
riers, who cannot be kept out of
the building, carrying a plentiful
supply of provisions. Next a file of 24
men, armed with Winchesters, waa
stationed at the head of tbe stairway, to
prevent any unauthorized people from
coming up, armed or unarmed. Shortly
after noon a company of 30 men, with
flags and rillee, appeared on the main
stairway and announced themselves as
tbe Lawrence guarda, come to assist
their friends, the Republicans. It was
coon discovered, however, that they
were Populists, and they were driven
away at tbe points of bayonets.
At 11 o'clock tbe governor sent a mes
sage saying he would give the membera
just 15 minutes to vacate or he would
drive them out at the point of tbe bayo
net. Tbe message was received with
derißive laughter. The besieged doubled
the guard and waited, but the governor's
forces failed to appear.
At 2 o'clock this afternoon tbe gov
ernor's private secretary appeared and
submitted a proposition in writing from
the governor to withdraw the militia
and not allow the Republicans to be