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The herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, July 30, 1893, Image 9

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PART 11-PAGES 9 TO 16.
OUT ON THE RANCHES
. - - V 'T
Moreno Indicator: The home secre
tary of the Liverside Trust company,
limited, Mr. J. Nowmarch, visited Mo
reno last Thursday for the purpose of
noting what progress has been made in
the valley since last November, the date
of his last visit. The Riverside Trust
company, an English corporation, owns
about 7000 acres of land at Arlington
Heights, Riverside, considerably over
2000 acres of which is planned to oranges
and lemons. Mr. Newmarch came out
from England to assume the local man
agement, temporarily, pending the ap
pointment of a new manager to fill the
vacancy caused by the resignation of
Matthew Gage. He bas made a very
thorough study of horticulture during
bis residence in Riverside, preparatoty
to making a report to the company on
bis return home. During a drive over
the valley Mr. Newmarch said: "I
notice that in many of the orange
groves we have seen, the suckers are
allowed to grow. The owners of these
groves are evidently following a
theory held by a few, namely, that the
euckers should be allowed to grow the
first year. They claim that the re
moval of suckers breaks the bark and
retards the growth of the tree. This
theory haa long ago been exploded in
Riverside by practical faaoeriment.
Every effort should be made to produce
as large a top as possible the first year.
The euckers simply Cako that much
growth frpm tbe top, for all the vitality
that goes into them ie wasted. They
ahould be carefully pulled off as coon as
they appear, thus making it impossible
t> tear the bark of the tree. If they
aye 1 been allowed to grow through neg
lect or press of other work, they ebonld
be removed with a sharp knife about a
qnarter of an inch from the tree, in
order to prevent tearing the bark."
Mr. Wood corroborated Mr. New
march's opinion, and added a very im
portant point. "Permitting the suckers
to growf" he said, "does more harm
than one would suppose possible. It
not only vitality from tbe top,
but also has a tendency to tighten the
bark on tbe tree just above tbe suckers.
For luck of a better word I should say
it makes the tree hide-bound. The Bap
firet has to feed the suckers, and that
which would naturally go to the top is
stopped by the tree being hide-bound,
and aniens the young trees are very
hardy and tbe soil fertile, it ia almost
sure to result iv killing the top."
Mr. Wood wae one ef the earliest set
tlers in Riverside, and planted some of
the first trees set ont in that city. His
experience in horticulture, therefore,
extends over a period of 15 or 20 years,
giving him the benefit of all the ex
periments that have been made in
orange culture.
Nothing surprised Mr. Newmarch
more than the rapidity with which
everything grows in the valley. The
graceful Australian fern tree in D. C.
Ross's front yard is about 20 feet high,
and Mr. Ross stated that he planted the
seed only 17 months ago. The orna
mental and fruit trees also Bhow most
extraordinary growth. The yield
of the blackberry and straw
berry vines on Mr. Ross's and Mr.
Wood's places seemed to him almost
incomprehensible, and he was very
much pleased with tbe ptogresß made
by the, trees on the ranches of A. J.
Condee, Leonard & Freefield, tbe A. V.
L. company, the A. O. & F. com
pany and Joe Wix'e deciduous treeß.
Many other ranches were passed
en route, many of which elicited
favorable comtnentß. After leaving Dr.
France's, "El Rancho Caia Blanca,"
Mr. Newmark eaid: "The people of this
valley are certainly hard-workers. It
seems incredible that the doctor's ranch
was a barley field only thirteen weeks
ago. Now be not only has a fine lemon
ranch, but baa even found time to set
out ornamental trees and flowers. The
energy displayed by Mr. Ross is also re
markable. Whiie caring for 110 acres of
orchard it does not seem possible that
be could find time to plant berries and
alfalfa and ornament his grounds be
sides. lam most favorably impressed
with the tidiness with which the ranches
are kept. It shows that you have intel
ligent farmers. One of my objects in
visiting thia section is to 'find a locality
where there is cheap land that I can
recommend to applicants who find our
lands at Arlington too expensive. A
large number of these applicants ask
where to look for cheaper lands that are
well watered. I now feel satisfied that
[ shall make no mistakein sending them
to tbe Moreno-Alessandro district."
The Best Diet for Chickens.
There are scores of breeders who abow
great anxiety about the growth of their
broods, and stuff them with improper
food till indigestion and leg weakness
comes on before they are matured. The
chicken will bear frequent feeding—ln
fact every two hours in the day, if the
lood is varied to coarse and fine—and
will assimilate all it consumes; but
when it is subjected to injudicious feed
ing, there is no balancement of organ
ism, or in other words, the food may be
if a nature to develop one part of the
!ratne at the expense of the other. Thus
Is seen the necessity of variety for the
(rowing chicken, and Buch as will build
up a solid and harmonious whole.
In order to eeenre rapid growth in the
ponng chickens, it is the common expe
rience of all eucceesful breeders to feed
•very two or three hours until the birds
ire six are eight weeks old, and at longer
intervals as they grow older and able to
urovide their own choice of food. They
lo not feed them on an excessive diet of
corn or cornmeal. as they have learned
that it ia poor feed for chickens and de
acient in mineral and other elements of
none and featbere. Oatmeal or ground
tats, barley-meal, cornmeal and mid
llings, with scraps of meat, and milk if
tis handy, for soft messes. These are
jombined in variable proportions, or
two or three kinds together, in oich
mess is preferable to feeding on kind at
a time, though each meal may be varied.
It aids digestion to have ono or more
kinds of food undergoing process nt the
same time, as they stimulate the diges
tive organs; and nutrition is more com
plete by the addition of several constit
uents together, each aiding to build up
a harmonious whole.
The necessity of feeding often is ap
parent. Tbe young chicks cannot con
aume>enough feed at one time to last
them half a day. The crops are small,
and there Is a constant drain on the sys
tem to eupply nourishment and growth
for bones, feathers and even facial ap
pendages. They are like babes and
children, that must be nursed and fed
every few hours. It is a mistake to
underfeed growing chickens; they re
auire more varied and nutritious food
uring growth than when fully matured,
as their condition is different. The food
should be of the best, but cot neces
sarily strong or concsntrated. Coarse
or bulky food has its own value, and
when fed with solid feed it gives to it
the needed elements of nutrition with
out being too heavy or too binding to
bowels. Borne breeders feed chooped
meat to tbeir chickens daily, and many
feed too much animal feed irom the
shell upward. Thie practice has its at
tending evils. .A little fresh meat two
or three times a week, in the absence of
insect food, is all right, but if fed too
freely to tbe tender chick it often causes
diarrhoea, weakness of limbs and skin
eruptions. In addition to grain and
vegetables, it makes a complete ration;
but iv Bummer, and when the birds
have plenty of grass, worms, bugs and in
sects of different kinds, there is no need
of flesh.—[Ohio Poultry Journal.
About Drying Fruit.
The Santa Clara county fruit exchange
issued a bulletin July 19th which con
tains many hints about drying fruit that
Bessn to be very sensible aud worthy of
adoption by all dryers. Here are a few :
All fruit should be ripe but firm. Unripe
frnit is no better dried than fresh, and is
at once detected in the pile. Over-ripe
'mit will run out over the tray and be
come what are called "slabs." This
fruit is usually good but not pretty. It
sella fairly well by Itself, but if left min
gled with other fruit lowers the grade of
the whole. "Slabs" should be picked
ont when the fruit is taken from the
tray and be kept by itself. All other
black or dark frnit ahould also be picked
from the trays and kept by itself. If
this is not done the whole will go as
dark fruit. Ail pitted fruit must be cut
with a sharp knife clear around. Care
less pitters will cut it nearly around and
break the rest, often leaving the two
pieces joined by the skin. Those who
do or permit this should understand
that it will lover the grade of tbeir fruit.
When the fruit is about three-fourths
dried it ii well to stack the trays and
allow the fruit to cure. It dries more
slowly and so requires more trays, but
makes better and heavier fruit. Thia
should be done whenever the smallest
pieces are nearly dry, otherwise the
smaller frnit will become "chips." The
trays should be stacked with one epd
projecting about six inches over the one
below it, to allow circulation of air.
A Florida Orange Tree Wash.
In a communication to the Myers
(Florida) Press, Mr. T. T. Eyre thus dis
courses of the kind of a citrus tree wash
be haa:
I found that turpentine would mix
with soap \p thoroughness, and that coal
oil Wonld mix with turpentine to per
fection. I ehave three 5-cent oars of
common soap and boil it in a gallon of
rain water, iv a two-gallon kettle.
When the eoap was dissolved I took
it away from the stove, and while hot
stirred in one quart of spirits of turpon
tine ;%i per gallon); agitation cut it up
into a white cream, poured it into a
large bucket of five gallons and added
three quarts of coal bil (25 cents a gal
lon), and by stirring well made a white,
thick emulsion homogeneous through
out, adding water to make srx gallons
in all. The turpentine keeps the oi),
water and soap better and longer mixed
with less stirring afterwards.
It certainly is the beet insecticide I
have ever tried, and strong as it is I
have never lost a leaf. It is too expens
ive for spraying, made thjis for the
brush, and would, have to be diluted.
A SPOILED ELOPEMENT.
A Lively Little Episode at Santa Bar
bara,
Santa Barbara Herald: On Wednes
nesday afternoon of last week a nice
appearing middle-aged lady called at
Wilson's livery stable and hired a rig
"for a few hours to go to Montecito."
The hours flew by, the night came and
departed, but the lady and rig returned
not. The liveryman telephoned in all
directions, and a. reply soon arrived
from Santa Ynez that an outfit answer
ing the description had reached that
point, with the addition of a middle
aged gentleman wearing blue glasses.
The parties were held there nntil
officers Kelton and Tryce went after
them. When the captives were re
turned here tbe lady proved to be the
one wanted, also to be Mrs. Kit tie King
of the Western hotel, this city, while
tbe blue-glassed gentleman was recog
nized as a late boarder at the same
house. The affair was an elopement
planned by the man and mostly ex
ecuted by the woman. They were both
tried before Justice Crane on Monday
for stealing the rig, but as no such in
tention could be proven against them,
both were acquitted. Tbe mam's name
is J. S. Thomas, and the woman, who ia
the wife of a cub contractor, was a
dming-room girl at the Western.
World* Fair Columbian KUltion Illus
trated Herald.
Thie beautiful publication printed on
tbe finest book paper, ia now on sale by
all the news dealers and at the Herald
business office. It contains 48 pages of
information about Southern California
and over 50 illustrations. As a publica
tion to send to eastern friends it has
never been equalled. Price 15 cents in
wrappers.
Creosozone, trie great lmect exterminator,
and Flood* roup care, for sale by Bd. Caw
slou, 121 South Broadway.
THE HERALD.
LOS ANGELES: SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 30, 1893.
SCENES AT THE GREAT DISPLAY
Some Features of the World's
Exhibit at Chicago.
The Opening at Last of the Big
Agricultural Building/.
Tha Sad Fata or a Charming Chsoolate
V«nn«—California's ARrkmlttiral Dli
play Nut Worth Mentioning.
Bom* Good Thing* to Bat.
Chicago, July 24.—While I am not a
farmer, produce merchant, pork packer
or brewer the agricultural building has
claimed a great deal of my attention.
And while the building Itself ia remark
ably striking in ite architectural style of
the elasaic renaissance, it ia the acres of
interior and not the impressive exterior
that interest the visitor now. In tbe
early spring, before the exhibits were
installed and every insignificant en
trance and magnificent portal was de
faced with a board inscribed with the
interesting information, "No Admit
tance," and a Columbian guard sta
tioned at every turn to phonograph
"keep ont!" then it was that the ad
miring erowda commented npon giddy
golden Diana, the mammoth Corinthian
pillare which seemed to rise hundreds of
feet but which, according to "blue
print," were only 50 feet though five in
diameter, the beautiful 130-foot dome
capping tbe rotnnda that stretches a
hundred feet from wall to wall, the
splendid statuary, the four seasons, the
Horoscope, Abundance, Ceres and the
many, many others that grace every
ledge, dome, portal and pavilion.
But now that tbe doors are thrown
wide open to the world o»ery one who
enters can find something to his particu
lar fancy, for here one ia impressed for
tbe that time that almost everything
cornea under the head of agriculture
after all. The building is 800x500 feet
and with the annex and galleries the ex
hibit epace must be some 15 or 20 acres.
Of the states, lowa has reared by far
fhe most artistic booth, while Penn
sylvania, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin
and Ontario (Canada) make exceedingly
fine displays. California is not worth
mentioning, as there are but few others
as poor. One might almost take it for
some sort of cheap (imitation of) marble
mausoleum, and the jars containing
specimens of soil as nrns with the cre
mated ashen of some fortunate persons
who did not live to see California oat
shone by a satellite as an agricultural
etate. Why, even Maine or Arizona
might "scare op" a few peeks of grain,
beans and wisps of wheat—bat, bah tit
is unworthy of mention in any way.
"Ton nor I nor nobody knows, how
oats, peas, beans and barley grows," yet
such exquisite mosaics as can be pro
duced by kernels of variegated corn;
ropes and festoons, pillars and arches,
pediments, cornices, minarets, walls,
ceilings, tilings and ornamentations as
can be constructed ont. of corn and
cereals in every form, and all the small
seeds and beans, that one cannot help
but wonder who furnished The brattie
for snch wonderful achievements as are
manifested in this direction.
Photographs of these pnvilione make
really very pretty pictures, and many
visitors wonld gladly buy them if they
could be procured.
There are statues of graios and grasses
as we'll as statues of lard, Btatues of
Boap, statues of butterine, statues of
salt, statue) of jelly, statues of choco
late, statnea of pickles, statues of crack
ers, statues of sugar, statues of candle
tallow and statues of macaroni stuffs,
with everything under tbe mo, and
even that renowned luminary itseli
modeled from something that one hears
is n'n agricultural product.
A Venus di Mile, one of the chocolate
figures, being a summer girl and "just
too sweet for anything," succumbed to
the July heat, fell from ber pedestal and
was broken in several pieces. Her clas
sic nose was flattened, ber fashionably
parted hair mussed out of all respecta
bility, Ber beautiful lips became Afri
canized, she broke ber neck, ber ankles
parted from her feet; but, O, young
ladies, take warning, she did not break
at fhe waist. Through wearing no stays
she stayed together. One always felt
sorry for her to have gone down through,
the ages with no arras, but to see her
lying there more helpless than ever was
al'moot pitiable. No doubt though many
a small boy would gladly have turned
canttibalanddevoured tho remains. This
same firm hes on exhibition five statues,
each weighing between 1000 and 2000
pounds—think of 1500 pounds of solid
chocolate ! One is a perfect reproduc
tion of the silver statue of Columbus by
Bartboidi, which is in the Gotham die
play in the manufacturers' buiidtng.
In the annex are the farming tools,
implement? and machinery, and such
an array of mowers, reapers, harrows,
harvesters and every other ancient and
modern appliance for tbe tilling and cul
tivating of land waa never seen before,
and it is here that the genuine "hay
seeds" hold continuous session and form
a uniqne exhibit in themselves.
At all former expositions and world'e
fairs the exhibitors have freely distrib
uted small packages a ail samples of
their various wares as substantial ad
vertisements to be taken home and in
vestigated at leisure. Here another
method is employed which in some
cases is more satisfactory, while in
othere a decided nuisance. It Was in
Paris, first, I believes that in the Ali
mentary pavilion, tests were given on
the Bpot of the tempting, appetizing and
toothsome articles on exhibition. Here
the system ia carried out on a very much
enlarged scale, as one used to a boarding
house diet can make a more fban satis
factory meal by systematically starting
out to sample everything. From bouil
lon to tbe final cordial the menu is com
plete. Various firms putting np canned,
condensed and evaporated soups serve a
spoonful to all comers; then at another
place one can set delicious breakfast
oats with cream and sugar, served by
demure and pretty Quaker maids; sliv
ers of pressed, smoked, salted and
canned meats are banded out at other
places; delicate biecnit, cake aud bread
made with various yeasts, baking pow
ders and self-rising flours; pickles,
chow-chows, sauces and condiments:
savory preserved game and potted
meats; somebody's butterine on some
one else's crackere; table jellies, blanc
mange and plum pudding prepared with
out labor, and an almost endless assort
ment of table substantiate and dainties.
Then of the liquids you can sample, if
your digestive organs still permit, milk
and cream either dried or in cans, evap- f
orated or condensed; new brands of teas
and compressed coffees, nectareou9
chocolate end cocoa, beef extracts, ma-
Ele syrup, root beer and mineral waters,
tft "the white ribbiners must Stop at
the malt beverages, whisky, rum, cider,
bitters, cordials and liqiienre, even if
the attendant does smile, wink and
beckon.
Some of the displays are exceedingly
attractive and beautiful, the confections,
candied and crystallized fruits and blos
soms, sugar-plum orchards and Bweet
meat gardens, pyramids of cube and loaf
sugar, chocolate images, intricate de
signs in cracxere, stamped butterine,
mounds of tinseled chewing gums, and
even the arranging and piling of jars,
cans and boxes must have required
much skill and high conception of
artistic symmetry, as much ingenuity, if
not genius,, has been displayed in their
manipulation.
There are pate de foi gras and truffles
and capers and anchovies enough to
drive an epicure wild and tantalize the
gourmet; mammoth pumpkins, squashes
and potatoes, beets and turnips from
lota of other places besides what Califor
nia might have sent; tobacco iv the
leaf, prepared for ahewing, cigars, cigar
ettes and snuff for the men to look at;
eplces and all the aromatic herbs that
come in ao "handy" just before Thanks
giving and tbe holidays; silk
worms and cocoons and tons npon tons
of snowy cotton on tbe atock and in
bales. Australia has sent to this build
ing great varieties of woole and fleeces.
Cape of Good Hope shows tusks of ivory,
ostrich eggs and feathers. Canada,
- amongst other things, bas what at first
was thought would be the great attrac
tion of the building, tbe eleven-ton
cheese. The Canadian people claim
that this is the only thing that will
bring about annexation, for the Ameri
can people are nothing if not desirous of
possessing the largest of everything.
The great packing bouses of Chicago
and tbe west have hams, bacon, salt
pork, lard and bolognas, one company
showing a glass refrigerator car packed
for shipping, and the sight of such
piime beef, quartered lamb and south
down mutton would drive a vegetarian
to snloide. Here also is the strange
spectacle of a porker crowned aa king !
Table delicacies and fertilizers, linseed
oh and honey, insect destroyers and
powdered arrow-root, axle grease and
preparations for cleaning gloves and rare
fabrics, sugar and soils, candy and castor
oil, pickets and syrups, vinegar and
molaeses—one wanders about in a con
fused state of mind, and finally comes to
the conclnsion that man, being but dust,
most aIBO be an agricultural production !
G. T.
SMITH AND DIXON MEET.
The Lads Will Vrobabljr Sign Today to
Fight »t Roby.
New York San, July 24: Solly Smith,
tbe California feather weight, accom
panied by his brother Seward and Ztck
Abrams, his backer, have arrived in
town. The trio are stopping at the
Hoffman House. A Run reportor had a
talk with Smith yesterday. This is his
first visit east. Smith stands about 5
feet, 4 inches tall, and fights at 118
pounds. He haa a pleasing but determ
ined countenance, ia of the etockily
built order, and seems to be possessed
of a remarkably tana reach.
Yesterday Smith, bis backer and
brother, went to Coney Island and
called on George Dixon. Smith and
Dixon sized each other up pretty crit
ically. Smith does not do much ta>
i-ig. He leaves that to hia backer. The
latter a&id:
"Smith has traveled 3000 miles to
fight George Dixon, and from present
indications I think we will be fortunate
in having our ambition realized. We
are willing to accede to anything. We
will leave it to Dixon to name the battle
ground, so anxious are we to fight. I'm
sure that Smitb can whip Dixon."
About this time D:xon's manager
came along, and, after shaking bands
with Abrams, eaid: "We have agreed
to meet Smith at Roby. I refused to
sign articles which were submitted to
me the other day because the purse,
$8000, did not suit me ; then I didn't
like the Idea of $1000 going to the loser.
I wanted $9000 to fight, and the club
there bas decided to give that amount. I
will sign right now if you will agree to
fight on September 25tb instead of Sep
tember IStn, as the articles call for, and
also consent to the loser receiving only
$500."
"That's satisfactory, go ahead," re
plied Abrams. O'Rourke, however,
further stipulated (hart "the club must
post $2000 to insnrd'ua that there won't
be any interference. I will wire O'Mal
ley to that effect.'*
This proposition seemed to suit Smith's
backer, and* it was agreed to inform the
Colombian club how matters stood to
day. Being Sunday the signing also
was deferred until today.
Abrams was asked whether he would
give Johnny Griffin another chance.
He replied that Griffin was matched,
and that he was after bigger game just
now. He further said that he would
wager from $1000 to $10,000 that Smith
can whip tbe colored lad. Smith thinks
Johnny Van Heest can whip Griffin,
and says the former is the best man he
ever met. The California lad's brother,
Seward, wants to fight ffug'hy Napier.
Abrams will back him for $500.
Last Friday night Abrams had an ex
perience with the light-fingered gentry
of this city. In company with Smith
and the latter's b/bther he visited one
of the roof gardens. During one of the
scenes the lights were turned dswn.
After the play Abrams discovered that
hie diamond stud, which he valued at
$1000, was missing.
Marriage LUconaei.
Marriage licenses wete issued yester
day from the county clerk's office to the
following persons;
Patrick Mcllenry Perkins, aged 46, a
native of Scotland, and Esther Smitb,
aged 40, a native of Canada, both resi
dents of Bonita,
W. H. Heidt, aged 23, a native of
lowa, and Elizabeth Caater, aged 18, a
native of Illinois, both residents of
Los Angeles.
Harry Eastwood, aged 24, a native of
Minnesota, and Gertie A. Harper, aged
21, a native of Canada, both residents
of Fresno.
Kate O. Sharp, aged 33, and Lillian
Hall, aged 20, both natives of Illinois,
and residents of Pasadena.
The Ladies.
The pleasant effect and perfect safety
with which ladles may use the Califor
nia iiquid laxative Syrup of Figs, under
all conditions, makes it their favorite
remedy. To get tbe true and genuine
article, look for the name of the Cali
fornia Fig Syrup company, printed near
the bottom of the package.
IT IS NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS.
Formal Opening Yesterday of
La Giiande Station.
The Santa Fee Now Has a Magnifi
cent Terminal Depot.
The Oooasion Made a Fiesta—Senator
Whits. General Manager K. H.
Wade, Sen. Murray and Others
Made Apropos Addressee.
Yesterday was a day which will al
ways be remembered by the Angelefios.
It was tbe day on which the magnificent
new depot of the Southern California
division of tbe Santa Fe system, La
Grande station, was dedicated to tbe
people of this city and their friends and
tie ghbors throughout Southern Califor
nia. It marked an important event in
tbe railway progress of this section of
the world, and one which has made this
city tba connecting center of the taane
poitation linen which in tbe future will
extend In every direction. Its architec
ture has been modeled after lines whose
beauty and symetry express the taste of
onr southern clime, and its towers and
Macrlsh home rise as ft fitting accompani
ment to the waving branches of the
palm and tbe delicate spraja of the
pepper tree.
Inside, the moat recently known ap
pliances have been introduced, and that
has bean done in tbe molt artistic way.
Comfort, utility and enjoyment are to
be found by those who enter its portals
and wait the arrival of the trains which
are ready to whirl them wheresoever
they desire to go.
The dedication yesterday of thia su
perb building ia an evidence of the
growth of traffic on the lines of this en
terprising and popular road, and it
makes an appropriate centering point
for the 52 trains a day each way which
roll over it
The dedication exercises too> place in
the open waiting room to the south of
tbe depot proper. The waiting room
waa tastefully decorated with palms and
Cyprus branches and wreathed with the
signal flags of the great five-masted
schooner Governor Ames, now lying at
Redondo.
At the aonthern end a platform had
been erected, from which the Douglas
military band discoursed sweet music.
At the other end waa the speakers'
stand which was profusely decorated
with greens and cut flowers and draped
with a huge American flag.
At an early hour yesterday morning
people began to congregate at the depot
and tbeir number steadily increased un
til at 10 o'clock between 4000 and 5000
people were occupying the benches pro
vided or strolling around listening to the
strains of the band.
The following gentlemen occupied the
mi ii nnm ■Am ■ .Jul aasg '
speakers' platform. General Manager
K. H. Wade, Senator S. M. White, Gen.
Mathews, Gov, Eli H. Murray of San
Diego, Mr. Dan McFarland, Colonel
Howell, preeident of tbe board of trade,
Key. W. H. Knightea, Mr. T. D. Stim
son, ex-Mayor H. T. Hazard, City At
torney McFarland, Assistant City Attor
ney Dun, Professor Cuyaa and Professor
Lowe.
A short time after 10 o'clock the in
spiring strains of Columbia came from
the band and announced that the
dedicatory ceremonies had commenced.
General Manager K. H. Wade was tfhe
first speaker, and as he came to the
front of the platform was warmly wel
comed.
SHe said: Ypu have been invited to as
sist in formally opening this new build
ing; to launch thfs creation on the sea
of destiny, and give it a name which
shall identify the location and event in
'the future. There will be other less
important depots on our line through
the city, but this will always be the
principal one; therefore we trust the
name selected—La Grande station —may
meet the full approval of all as appro
priate and significant.
As a matter of history, look backward
anly 12 short years at our neighboring
seaport, where centuries ago Cabrlllo
found rest and safety for himself and
his fleet; where climatic influence has
been tbe incentive to poetry and song,
and wheie the great city of San Diego
has been firmly planted, and see that
band of determined citizens who organ
ized tbe Southern California Railway
company and began to build the iron
PART II—PAGES 9 TO 16.
trail which waa Boon followed over
mountain and valley by the locomotive
in its great work of cultivation end de
velopment. One year later, in 1882, the
work waa completed and trains were
running to Ran Bernardino. In 1885 a
transcontinental line was opened by
completing tbe road to a connection
with the Atlantic, and Pacific railroad at
Barstow. In 1888 under Santa Fe man
agement lines were completed to Loa
Angeles from Oceanside and San Ber
nardino, plans were perfected and the
work commenced of putting up suit
able station buildings, but bnsi
ness and financial conditions were
not favorable for their completion.
Jn the me.tntimd ou/ patrons and
friends, patient and considerate, have
made the little house aiound the corner
answer its temporary mission—a station
in name only—for five long years, so we
all may feel in this new building mutual
pride and congratulation. Our great
statu has furnished all tbe material used
in its construction, and our resident
artisans have performed all the labor.
Events stand boldly out like milestones
along our pathway through life, some
fraught with pleasure; some emblems
of pain. We trust aome pleasant mem
ories may come to us all in tbe great
!_A Q RAN DE STATION.
future resulting from tbe creation of
thia building and these exerciaes today.
I wish to publicly thank our chief en
gineer, Mr. F. T. Porris, hie assistants,
and the various contractors for the per
sonal fidelity and conscientious earnest
ness with which they have carried Jrhia
woj-k to completion. We have tried to
produce something typical of the c«na
try, a station which should be both con
venient and attractive. I believe it to
be a monument of mutual confidence
between the public and the corporation ;
an indication of present prosperity and
faith in prospective growth; another
stride in the common development of
oar Southern California territory. All
the cities on our line will receive their i
full share of benefit, for no improve
ment can be made in any one locality
without directly or indirectly help
ing all.
We thank yen ail very heartily for
coming to our "house warming,' and
for your kind and liberal patronage of
our syetem ; this building could never
have been created except for it, and I
trust the pleasant relations heretofore
existing between ua may be warranted
and continue in the future.
At the close of Manager Wade's
speech, some one in the crowd called for
three cheerßand they were given with a
vim which thoroughly expressed the
sentiment which all held towards him
and the railroad he represents.
When the cheering eaaaed General
Manager Wade introduced Rev. W. H
Knighten. He aaid:
"Thia ia a difficult place to Bpeak
Never before aa a minister have I been
at the dedication of a railroad depot. I
feel, however, that I am among trienda
and lam glad to participate in it. The
railway ia the great friend and civilizer
of human progress. You all remember
the little stir in the ten kettle and
ita migbt7 reanlta. I believe God
PLAN OF THE GROUNDS.
awakened the human race by the move
ment of that lid aa much aa he did by
tbe discovery of printing and the ap
plied uses of electricity."
Mr. Knigbten spoke of the different
stagea of improvement the locomotive
haa gone through, from the aix-mile-an
hour travel of Steveneon'a engine to the
1)2)4 miles which haa just been covered
on aa eaetern road.
"Ia 1887 the total of the world's rail
roads wae 292,747 miles, and over half of
those miles lay in North America. The
moat debased and savage countries have
the fewest miles of railroad, while the
moat civilized have the most.
"Remember that|thie great assemblage
here tbdav haa been brought together
by the railroada. They open np lande
to cultivation and carry tbe productiona
of the soil to market. I congratulate
Mr. Wade on the ancceaa which haa met
Mb enterprising efforts, and we will aay
that we will be loyal to yon aa you have
been loyal to the interests of Southern
California, and tbe feet of the wise, the
great and the good will gather here
through the centuries."
The band then rendered an overture
from Martha, and tbe Spanißh waltz
Andalusia, after which Senator Stephen
A. White waa introduced by Manager
Wade and aaid:
" When I wae requested to attend
theee dedication aervicea I felt at first
that it would be imposaible for me to do
so, as I leave Loa Augelea this afternoon.
However, I did not feel like permitting
this occasion go by without eaying a
word Of congratulation to the gentlemen
who have carried ont tbe beautiful de
sign of this building and have produced
the means of bringing bo many comforts
to the people of this city. I always knew
that Manager Wade was a good railroad
man, bnt never before did I know he
was an orator, and now we'll have him
ont on the stamp with us some of'these
days. There is another thing I want to
call your attention to. When we see a
gentleman belonging to a religious per
suasion coming to congratulate a rail
road man, we are certain that there are
good) times coming.
"We have all dipcovered in onr rela
tions with' Mr. Wade his worth as a gen
tleman and a railroad manager, and we
have also discovered the way in which
he carries out his plans, and that he
does so without discrimination.
"For thiß great commercial enterprise
there is but one future, and that one of
unalloyed success.
"When we hail with satisfaction the
opening of this magnificent depot, we
ieel we aro extending* congratulations
not only to him but also to the railroad
he represents.
"Los Angeles has been singularly for*
tnnate in her railroad facilities, antf
while she wishes that all might be simi
larly situated, she cannot help but feet
proud that she haa been selected aa the
[ princ pie center of this network of rails
which covers Southern California.
"I do not, however, believe that this
building, great and spacious as it is,
will be largo enonghto carry on the bus-
Dees which one day will flock to it from
all parts of our aouthern country.
'•The day will come when we will
once more called together to again ceu
brate the dedication of another greater
building, which will still signalize the
prosperity of the city and the railroad.
"In parting, I desire to congratulate
you all on the spectacle before you ou
this occasion."
Once more the sweat strains of the
band quivered through the ai.r, and
then Governor Ell H. Murray of San
Diego waa introdncsd. Ha aaid, in sub-
Btancs:
After listenipg to the epeech of a gen
erai manager of a great railway system
and one by a missionary and minister of
a great religious denomination, and th«
, one just closed by a senator of th'{
[.great commonwealth, I may well a»k v
myself what there is left for me to say.
These have given me tbo more pleas
i ure to stand today in this great gateway
of travel, and with neighbors and
friends to join in the ceremonies which
dedicate this thing of beauty and worth
to the demands of commerce. The
financial storms which sweep over the
laud may hurl into bankruptcy the men
who trade and travel; but long after
they and we shall have passed out from
the open highways of life this, building,
which unites the old with the new, will
stand and serve the purposes for which
it haa been conatructed. My remarks
snail be brief, because my experience
and observation satisfies me that many
otherwise great epeechea, like many
great railroad enterprises, fail for the
want of terminal facilities. The Santa
Fe has many terminal facilities, and I
shall endeavor to commend myself to
this occasion and to yon by demonstrat
ing that in thia respect at least I am aa
great aa thia great tranecontinental rail
road.
The Bkill that planned and the labo
that completed thia triumph of busmen
and architectural taste and beauty apeak
for themeelvea. No worda which I may
speak can better tell or rival them Uj
usefulness or beauty.
Aa a citizen of your neighbor in the
aouth I congratulate this magic and
wonderful city upon thefpoaseaeion of it,
and the railroad in presenting to Lor,
Angeles thia precious gem of her great!
prosperity.
I congratulate General Manager Wadt
on the wealth that he haa added and
Mr. Ferris on the beauty that he baa
contributed to this growing metropolis
of the aouth.
The reputation of Mr. Wade beare me
ont in the assertion that hia handa are
busy onea and are never put into the
pockets of others, and it is worthy of the
acceptation'of all men—"An honeatjman
ia the noblest work of God."
Hoping that the storm clouds of finan
cial distrust that were driven from your
streets and institutions a few days since
may soon be lilted from every part of
this great country of ours a..J that proa»
perity and contentment may quickly
come to all the people everywhere, I can
on ly add that lam proud of thia rail
road and of this fair city which reflects
credit upon this great etate of which we
are a peerless part and are gratified to
have Been and heard and to know what
I have seen andheardtbis "Bannerday."
Prof. Cuyaa waa then presented and

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