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occurred in coming to a vote, than those
whom they described as the minority.
Daniel wished to say to Mills of
Texas that he (Daniel) for one—and
Daniel believed the majority of those
who agreed with him would do so also
—was ready instantly to submit the
question to the majority of the Demo
crate who had been sent to tbe senate,
charged with the respensibility. Was
the senator from Texas ready to go into
a conclave with bis Democratic breth
ern and abide by the result?
Mills sat in his seat immediately in
front of Daniel, and though the latter
paused he made no response.
"I can ask questions of others but I
cannot answer them," said Daniel, and
a wave of applause swept over the gal
Aldrich asked Daniel whether he be
lieved there was any method under tbe
rules by which the majority could reach
a determination on tbe question, in
spite of the tactics of the minority.
Daniel did not think tbe rules pro
vided for such a contingency. It has
been three days since the senator from
Rhode Island had declared that tbe
senate bad never wished to carry out
the wish of the majority. That Daniel
regarded as a full and complete answer,
and proceeded to read an opinion of
James G. Blame, then speaker of the
house, regarding dilatory motions.
Frye said it was the duty of the pre
siding officer under his oath to refuse to
entertain a dilatory motion. If the ma
jority had adopted a proceeding of that
kind long ago, there would have been a
vote on the bill.
"Yes," replied Daniel, "if the re
pealers would stay here and show their
faith by their works, perhaps we might
have bad a vote on this bill."
Rising to a question of privilege,
Voorbeee characterized as a figment of
the imagination the statement pub
' lished this morning that there had been
a meeting of the finance committee, at
which Voorhees was supposed to state,
by authority, that no compromise could
be considered as a factor.
Mills scored Daniel with being guilty
of revolution, when tbe senate for more
than two montbß had been doing noth
ing, while indignation was sweeping
over the whole land. "I do not blame
the minority," said he, "I blame tbe
majority for Sitting still like children
and permitting the government to be
paralyzed. You cannot pass an appro
priation bill or a bill reducing taxation,
nor to help commerce, because tbe
senate has left its rules and abdicated
its power. Tbe issue has entirely
changed, and it is useless to discuss the
wisdom or unwisdom of repeal of the
Sherman law, The one question on
which the American peopie have the
deepest interest today is, Shall the ma
jority or minority of tbe legislative
branch rule? lam asked tauntingly,
will I go into a caucus and will I sign a
paper that will agree to abide by and
carry into execution whatever tbe ma
jority in caucus shall write down. I
say, without any hesitation, No, I have
not reached that point of self-abase
ment that I will come here and register
the will of somebody else."
Mills said there was a lime when he
had talked of compromise, but eince the
chief of the Democratic administration
was charged with infidelity to his party
and there was the beginning of an anti
administration party in tbe senate, he
cut his bridges and burned them be
hind him on the subject of compromise.
He was a Democrat who stood by the
organized administration of his party.
At 5:15 Voorhees moved that tbe Ben
ate take a recess until 10 o'clock tomor
row morning, which was agreed to.
Geary and De Witt Warner Almost Come
Washington, Oct. 18.—The remainder
of the week in the bouse promises to be
exceedingly dull. It bas been decided
to postpone consideration of the bank
ruptcy bill until next week.
Daring the first nfbrning hour today
the bill to reduce and regulate tbe fees
and work of United States district and
circuit courts, and terms made by dis
trict attorneys, marshals and commis
sioners was taken up and passed,
Geary then called up the New Jersey
bridge bill. De Witt Warner of New
York and Geary almost came to blows
in a dispute over tbe amendment to the
bill, after which it was passed.
The house then resumed consideration
of tbe printing bill. Without action on
the bill the house adjourned.
THE GOLD RESERVE.
Its Depletion Continues at the Rate of
Nearly a Million a Day.
Washington, Oct. 18.—The depletion
of the gold reserve in the treasury con
tinues and today it stands at $82,960,073,
a decrease of $10,016,000 since the Ist of
October. Tbe currency balance has in
creased aboat $8,000,000 tbe present
month. Today it is $21,392,000. About
$13,000,000, however, is made up of sub
sidiary silver coin, and from $3,000,000
to $5,000,000 net balance ie being used
daily in connection with replacing cur
rency torn and unfit for circulation.
The working balance at the disposal of
the department iB very email, and resort
is made to the gold to meet the cur
rent obligations. The receipts of the
government for the month up to date
are $15,351,000, and the expenditures
OUR CONSUL AT AMOY.
The Poaitlon Not Filled by a Chinaman
Washington, Oct. 18.—It is stated at
the state department that the report
that a Chinaman is acting as consul of
tbe United States at Amoy, China, is
incorrect. According to dispatches on
file in the department, it appears that
when the consul and vice-consul left
Amoy they requested Dr. Gruenwelt.
the German consular officer at the
place, to act as consul for the United
States. Dr. Gruenwelt having to go to
his own office one day while acting in
this capacity, he left his Chinese inter
preter as deputy in charge of the office
of the American consulate, and from
this it is supposed the impression got
abroad that a Chinaman was acting as
The Nicaragua Canal.
Washington, Oct. IS.—Representative
Doolittle of Washington has introduced
a resolution asking tbe secretary of state
for information regarding the Nicaragua
canal, as to the amount of work done
and tbe approximate amount of money
expended; what steps the government
has taken to protect tbe interests of
American citizens and investors in the
canal, and the Btatus of the Maritime
Canal com puny of Nicaragua.
Indians as Soldiers.
Washington, Oct. 18.—Secretary La
. Mont has received the annual report of
Brig.-GeD. R. Brookes, commanding the
department of tbe Platte. Speaking of
T..i;... ~„ nun.,.) n_'_.
the principal difficulty seems to he that
the Indians do not speak English,
SALISBURY'S SPEEDY STALLION.
Directum Trots a Mils in
£95*1-4 in a Race.
He Did the Last Half in the Fast
Time of 1:00 1-4.
The Becorri Smashed In a Doable 9*>n*e.
Stamboal's Futile Attempt to
Lower Hla Mark—Manager
rar.ua In 3:0)1 3-4.
By the Auorlated rreaa.
Nashvim-k, tl'enn., Oct. 18.—Monroe
Salisbury's 4-ytar-old horse, Directum,
set the stallion mark at 2:05' 4 in tbe
free-for-all trot at Cumberland Park to
day. Hamlin's .Nightingale and Hazel
Wilkes were the other starters, and after
tbe black whirlwind had won two heats
in slow time, the race was waived and
he was driven for a record. The first
quarter was covered in 32 seconds, tbe
half in 1:05, and the last half was
trotted with a runner in 1:00'- 4 . Tois
smashes the stallion 4-year-old re'jord
and the race record for trotters. Di
rectum will probably be sent the latter
part of the week to beat Nancy Hank's
record of 2 :04.
The 2:15 pace was a battle roryal be
tween Atlantic King, Barney and W„ P.
P. T ne Montana bred horse won affer a
terrific drive in the last eigiuh irom
Stamboul made an ineffectual effort
th lower his record.
Manager, Doble's gray piaoer, clipped
a second and also set the marjk for s
George Starr drove his double team
Aubine and Tambia a mile to,'oe.tr 2:21,
in 2:17 V
The 2:23 trotting stake., $2000, nnfin- \
ished from yestevday —Parole won. Cour
ier second, Raven Wilkes third, time,
2:17 3 4 .
The 2:30 trotting stake, $S<MX)-Peveril
won, Dorfmark second, Patent Right
third; time, 2:21k.
The 2:30 pace—Koan WOkea won, Jug
seoond, Tom Sherlev third, lime, 2:10.
Special trot, 2:20 class—Nokomis
wen, French Plate second, Dramatist
third; time, 2:23.
Free-for-all trot—Directum won, Ha
zel Wilkes second, Nightengale third;
time, 2:05' 4 .
The 2:15 pace—W. W. P. won,, Bar
ney second, Atlantic King third; time,
2:oiS 3 4 .
To heat 2:07 1 1 , pacing—Manager, by
Nutwood, went a mile in. 2:00 3 4 .
To beat 2:07' !! , trot'ring—Stamboul,
by Sultan, went a mile m 2:lU>4,
To beat 2:21 for a team record—Au
bine and Tambia went a mile as follows:
The quarter in 35, seconds, the half in
1:10 3 4 , the three-quarteirs bail :44 and
tbe mile in 2:17 :, 4 .
DECLARED A. DRAW.
A Very Tame Fl«;ht by Maher anil Joe
San Francisco, Oct. IS.—Peter Maher
and Joe McAulitfe ga re a very tame ex
hibition of boxing at tbe Grand opera
bouse tonight. They were advertised
to box four rounds for the benefit of the
midwinter fair, and as each slogger had
boasted that he would knock the other
out. an exciting contostwas anticipated.
For three rounds the fighters ambled
slowly about, but in the fourth round
they waked up a bit. The fight was de
clared a draw.
Oakland, Oct. 18., —Today's races re
sulted as follows:
Five and a half furiongs—Lord Dun
brae won, Our Dick: second, Golden State
third ; time, 1:12.
Six furlongs—Bed Rose won, Vanity
second, Joe third; time, 1:18%.
Four and a half furlongs—Hal Fisher
won, Charger second, Randolph third;
I time, 0:50.
De Oro Still in the Lead.
New York, Oct. 18.—There was in
creased attendance in the Madison
Square garden concert ball tonight,
when John Roberts and Alfred Ds Oro
resumed the pyramid pool contest. Both
men were evidently intent on giving no
chance to the other, and the play was
rather tame. At the close of tonight's
play the score stood: Roberts, 425; De
Guthrie, O. T., Oct. 18.—Kvery town
in the territory ie filling up with people
from the Cherokee strip who come in
hungry, cold and without a cent of
money. Every day brings news of the
death of one or more unfortunate set
tlers and Buffering among the improvi
dent people who rushed into the Btrip
with no money and no means of making
Blew Out the Oaa.
Chicago, Oct. 18.—A. W. Steembloch,
his daughter Ida and son William were
suffocated by gaß last night at tbe
Raiser hotel. The dead bodies were
discovered this afternoon. The family
came to the world's fair from Hampton,
la. It ia supposed they blew out tbe
Odd Fellows' Encampment*
San Francisco, Oct. 18. —The second
day's session of the grand encampment
of the I. 0. O. F. developed a spirited
contest between the delegates of San
Francisco, Los Angeles and Santa Rosa
over the place of holding tbe next
meeting. Santa Rosa was selected.
The Big; Fire Saturday
Attracted a large congregation of people
to the scene, but nothing as to numbers
laß to tbe immense throng that will be
jat the grand auction sale at Angeleflo
i Hoightß on Saturday next, when 150
I large family lots will be disposed of.
Remember, there is no reserve or
limit. The lots will be sold. Maps,
catalogues and special free tickets over
Temple-street cable road at Eaeton,
Eldridge & Co.'s., 121 8. Broadway.
A Cut In Wag-en.
Omaha, Neb., Oct. 18.—At the head
quarters of the FacificExpress company
this evening a bulletin was posted an
nouncing a cut of from 8 to ttW per
cent in wages of all employees, effective
Saturday la the Day
When everybody will lay aside all other
business and attend the grand auction
sale of large family lots at Angelefio
Heightß at 2 o'clock p. re. Take tbe
Temple street cars direct to the prop
Remember, there is no reserve or
limit. The lots must be sold. Maps,
catalogues and special free tickets over
Temple street cable road at Easton,
Eldridge & Co.'s, 121 8. Broadway.
LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 19. 1893
CHEROKEE STRIP OPENING.
An Investigation that Will Coma to
Washington, Oct. 18.—Tbe hearing
before the committee on public lands on
the proposition to investigate the open
ing of the Cherokee strip took rather a
sensational tarn today. Commissioner
Lamoreux, with much feeling and earn
estness, said, after reading tbe charge?,
he deemed it the duty of the commis
sion to appear in behalf of these <>l
cierks. The charges were not specific,
but newspaper clippings. No single
man was named; no place or time of oc
currence was specified. It was no light
thing to charge 61 clerks with dishonor
able acts; 65 per cent of them were Re
publicans. Many were in the employ
of the government for years, and were
residents of Washington, with promi
nent places in the community.
Commissioner Lamoreux presented
affidavits from every man in charge of a
booth, and from these showed how im
possible it would be for the officers of
tje government to accept bribes. He
read letters from J. F. Molone and Mr.
King, registrar at Perry, regarding the
matter. In the letters it was said Dis
trict Attorney Speed, Republican, was
stirring up the matter for political
effect, and was being assisted by Stone,
his partner and assistant. Stone is
Lamoreux's immediate predecessor.
Commissioner Lamoreux read a let
ter from A. P. Swineford, late governor
of Alaska, but now inspector-general of
the land office, showing that the charges
were not true, and made for political
effect. Other letters making counter
charges against tbe land openings un
der the Republican administration were
Assistant Attorney-General Hall di
| recta attention mainly to the assertions
of Delegate Flynn in the house and be
fore the committee, that the orders of
the former administration were changed
for the present. He showed that this
The probabilities are that the state
ments made by Commissioner Lamo
reux and General Hall will put an end
tv> me investigation.
Marriage licenses were issued yester
day in the county clerk's office to the
A. Harvie Marrow, aged 27, a native
Prince Edwards Island, and Maggie M.
Gustin, aged 83, a native of Ohio, both
residents of Lob Angeles.
Mussel J. Fuller, aged 26, a resident
of Simi, Ventura county, and Ethel
Seed, aged 22, a resident of Pomona,
both natives of Canada.
Frederic Easton, aged 31, a native of
Canada and a resident ol Keene, Kern
county, and Alma T. Ellis, aged 30, a
native ol California and resident of Los
John Furney, aged 35, a native o
Virginia, and Cora Johnson, aged 23, a
native of Texas, both residents of Los
Diego Elisalda, aged 27, and Crmelita
Contreras, aged 24, both natives of Cal
ifornia and residents of Los Angeles.
Otto L. Dixon, aeed 22. a native o
Indiana, and Rose K. Palmer, aged 22
a native of Tennessee, both residents o
Edwin Stanton, aged 43, a native of
Pennsylvania and resident of Avalon
and Celia Olson, aged 27, a native o
Sweden and resident of Lob Angeles.
Wm. Uuigley, aged 28, a native o
Indiana, and Delia Roach, aged 24, a
native of Pennsylvania, both residents o
How l-'ranicius .ire Wed.
German weddings are conducted on
an entirely different plan from Amer
ican ones. In the first place, an engage
ment is not considered binding until aft
er it has been announced in the papers.
Then the fiances devote a day to driv
ing about among their acquaintances.
Cards are sent to all the out of town
friends of the families. Beth fiances
wear rings on their left hands, and after
marriage ou the right. The bride pro
vides all tho linen, glass and fnrnitnre,
except the appointments for her hus
band's office or study.
The wedding ceremony is a double af
fair, the civil contract taking place in
the registry office early in the morning
and the religious one several hours later
in church. At the early ceremony the
bride wears black, but at the later one
she is adorned with all customary bridal
finery. There arts rarely any brides
maids. The bride and bridegroom enter
tho church together, and the guests all
wear full evening dress. A wedding
breakfast follows the ceremony, but wed
ding cake is an unknown delicacy.—New
Empty Stomachs tho Safer In Battle.
Surgeon General Sternberg of the
army and Dr. A. C. Eernays of St. Louis
had flocked together and were discussing
gunshot wounds in the lower part of the
body. Dr. Bernays greatly interested
Surgeon General Sternberg by a propo
sition he laid down that when a is
shot in the abdomen shortly after eating
a hearty meal the danger is much great
er. "A case of that kind should lie op
erated upon in every instance," said Dr.
Bernays. "If the bowels are empty or
nearly so, tho same wound may be treat
ed without operation."
"Applying that theor)-fo soldiers?" re
marked the surgeon general tentatively.
"I would say they ought to do their
fighting before breakfast," put in the
specialist.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
A Siamese Spectacle.
The king of Siam has a tine idea of
the picturesque. On the night of the
fighting at Bangkok he ordered his chair
of state and shielded by the gigantic
royal umbrella made a midnight inspec
tion of the troops, followed by his body
guard and making an imposing show.
As they marched along barefooted —we
read in the letter of a correspondent at
Bangkok—their footfalls scarce disturb
ed the quietness of the night. One flar
ing pine torch cast its light upon the
figure of tho king and added to the solem
nity of the sceno as its light faded away
into the distance, growing fainter and
fainter as the troop?, silent as death,
passed in long lines.—Loudon Globe.
May Find the Kent Hard to Pay.
A most curious rent audit takes place
yearly on Nov. 11 at Brcitemberg castle,
near Itzehoe. Long ago a Count Rant
zani while hunting nearly sank into a
morass. He was rescued by a peasant,
whom tho con •5 rewarded by the gift of
a boggy piece of land upon the condi
tion that ho be paid a rent of one Danish
penny every year. Tho land, arable now,
goes by the name of "Penny meadow."
As Danish silver pennies are becoming
very scarce, the peasant's descendants
will probably some day find it difficult
to pay tho tribute,—Green Bag.
THE CONGRESS OF BANKERS.
Comptroller Eckels Addresses
Papers Read on a Variety of
A Proposition for a Commission to
Devise a Plan for the Revis
ion of Our Monetary
By the Associated press.
Chicaoo, Oct. 18.—The bankers' con
gress, arranged by the world's fair aux
iliary, opened at the art iustitute this
morning with an address of welcome by
Mayor Harrison, followed by President
Rhawn of the American Bankers' asso
ciation. Reports of officers and other
routine business occupied some time,
after which Hon. J. H. Eckels, comp
troller of the currency, was introduced,
and delivered an address.
George A. Butler of New Haven,
Conn., followed with an able paper en
titled "A practical plan of banking and
George 8. Coe, president of the Amer
ican National Exchange bank of New
York, presented resolutions for creating
a special committee, composed of one
member from each state and one from
the district of Columbia, to ef
fect the organization of a national mon
etary commission, whose aim is to be the
adoption of a sound currency and bank
ing system. Pending the adoption of
the plan by the commission, congress is
asked to hold in abeyance all projects
for tbe amendment of the currency
laws, except the repeal of the Sherman
The resolutions were referred to the
executive council, with a request for
The afternoon proceedings included a
paper from E. H. Thaver of Clinton,
la.; W. C. Crowell of Buffalo and Thos.
B. Patton of New York.
Summer Things Marie Over.
The rattan chairs whoso summer on a
piazza has given them a sunburned,
soiled appearance may be successfully
made over for halls and bedrooms. They
should be painted black and varnished.
Then gorgeous cushions of red brown or
burnt orange should be fastened in. and
they are converted into things of winter
When the hammock's out of door ca
reer is over, it should find an honored
place swung across the corner of a bed
room. It will be quite as inviting and
quite as restful as it was beneath the
trees or on the piazza.
Now the young woman who has been
farsighted enough* to make hay while the
sun shir.rs is bringing homo a piece of
fish net for the adornment of her den.
She will drape it over a door or window
and let it fall on one side, and perhaps
in Its meshes some photographic, re
minders of the summer will bo caught.
—St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
The subject of fringes still agitates the
feminine mind. To part or not to part
is the question of the hour. To women
with low foreheads and smull, regular
features the parting is very becoming,
with its softly Waved fringe pinned hack
on eitherside. But to faces less fair and
youthful the little fall of fringe softens
the outline and Adds to the beauty. For
purely oval faces the waved tresses arc
pinned loosely back, leaving a single
curl, like that of the little girl in the
nursery rhyme, which "hung ia the mid
dle of her forehead,'.' while the daring
beauties may attempt the Anne of Aus
tria style, in which the hair is turned
back from the forehead and twisted into
a coil at tho back, leaving enough hair
on either side to make ringlets a la ls:jtj.
Young and fresh a;id sparkling must be
the face that attempts this sort of coif
fure.—New York Telegram.
After Ciirios and Glory.
Mrs. Clare Brock, wife of Captain
Brock of tho good ship Caleb Curtis, is
going to actil r.way after curiosities in the
South seas Xrom her lioine in San Fran
cisco. Mr=. Brock is the owner of this
vessel, which trades among the South
Sea islands, yet this is the first time that
she has sailed it: it. It is a boat which
does not seem capable of holding more
than three or Tour persons, but does man-
age to accommodate quite a fair sized
crew. Curios and glory are the acquisi
tions Mrs. Brock expects from her voy
age. She hopes to be the first woman
to burst into various silent lands in the
South seas and to come away with trea
sures of coral rihd the like.—San Fran
Women In State Offices.
■ Fourteen women are now employed in
the various offices at the Indiana capitol,
one of them being the confidential clerk
of Governor Matthews. Their initiation
into affairs of state government was re
garded by ome with fear and disfavor,
but they have been conspicuous exam
ples of ability and discretion and have
proved thai they can keep state secrets
as well as any man. To State Auditor
Carr, who paid the first woman a salary
out of his own funds, belongs tho honor
of this innovation.—lndianapolis Organ
Lucy Stor.e is & gentlo faced, mild lit
tie woman, with snov. y hair and rather
sad eyes that can light into fire as she
talks of wi :.:an's wrongs. She said late
ly, in talking to a group of girls: "Yon
in this g.ratio.! can have no conception
of what the pioneers of our claims have
undergone. To thi3 day," and here a
burning red overspread hrrface, "I blush
to remember soma of tho epithets that
have been heaped upon rue. And yet 1
have never done unythiue; of which I am
Lemon juice is the only harmless rem
edy for freckles, but it will requiri.
months of attention to efface these blem
ishes from the skin. Powdered niter
and cornstarch in equal parts, applied
With a linen cloth that has been dipped
in glycerin, is said to be a reliabb cure.
If Women Voted.
If every woman teaching in Kanses
had a vote, the resolutions passed by the
tejiehpry' ;'Qcr.iflr.'nnß TtmnM criHlja +>»»
' "a, _ 1 " — . **** — -——
average legislator with much velocity
and force.—Western School.Journal,
TARIFF AND INCOME TAX.
Th« Ways and Means Committee Consld-
erlng Momentous Problems.
Tho cnmmitteo on ways and means,
having closed its hearings and its doors,
is now discussing the question of raising
the revenue. The large reduction which
it is intended to make in the tariff rates,
and which will cause a large falling off
of revenue before it goes into operation,
renders it necessary to substitute some
method of meeting this deficit. The
Democratic members of the ways and
means are not in complete accord at
present ns to how the revenue required
shall be raised. Several members of the
committee, including McMillin, Turner
and Bryan, are in favor of increasing the
tax on distilled spirits from 00 cents to
$1.25 a gallon. They assume that this
will increase the revenue on this article
from $04,000,000, estimated for the next
fiscal year, to $135,000,000.
They do not look favorably upon the
proposition of David A. Wells, submitted
to Secretary Carlisle, to double tho tax on
tobacco and malt liquors. His plan is
to raise $84,000,000 annually from each
of these items. Tho present tax realizes
$112,000,000 on each article. These Dem
ocratic members hold that these articles
are the poor- man's luxuries and there
fore should be taxed at a minimum rate.
Whisky they claim is not n luxury, and
that the producer can readily stand the
increase without raising the price to the
consumer. In addition, they claim that
it can be collected without any increased
For any additional revenue which may
be required from tho falling off of cus
toms the Democratic members, with one
or two exceptions, regard a graduated
income tax as the most equitable method
of raising revenue which could be *\
plied. The class of tho population who
have incomes upward of $2,000 a year
they claim can well afford to contribute
to the snpport of the government. While
they admit that there are some features
which are inquisitorial and offensive, the
system would readily yield the revenue
required and out of a class of people
who could well afford to pay. This
proposition will have ardent supporters
among Democrats of the committee and
in the house. It will be antagonized by
many of thenortliern and eastern Demo
crats in co-operation with the Repnblir
an minority in the committee and house.
QUITE ENGLISH, YOU KNOW.
A. London Ladles' Club nnd the Cigarette
A certain high class ladies' club is in
danger of disruption over the cigarette
question. A largo minority of the mem
bers smoke, and therefore a smoking
room is provided, but ladies who do not
smoko object to this room and are agi
tating for its abolition.. If they succeed,
the smokers will probably leave the club,
and the secession will be serious. Ac
cording to ono account, a nonsmoking
lady, disliking the atmosphere of the
place, is deterred from entering the
room, and being conscious that it is the
coziest and most gossipy room of the
club is very unwilling to be shut out
from the interesting talk. Her natural
course would bo to take to cigarettes
also and br*»/e the criticisms of home.
But instead of raising the domestic ques
tion she raisea the club question and
wants the smoking room done away with.
The lady smokers, however, are strong
In number.*, and being in possession of a
comfortable privilege do not see why
they should forego it. If the smoke is
disagreeable to the nonsmoker, they say
the nonsmoker can stay out. The Pio
neer, which is one of the most prom
inent of the many ladies' clubs in Lon
don, wishes it understood that the story
does not apply to it. Not more than 20
of its 280 members use the smoking
room. —London Dispatch.
Considering that bicycling in its pres
ent form is onhy four Or five years old,
the popularity it nas obtained is surpris
ing to tho layman. To the crank, how
ever, there is nothing astonishing about
it. The modern bicycle offers a means
of getting over ground that is at once
healthful and economical. The silent
steed needs no outs. A drop of oil now
and then satisfies its appetite. It doesn't
die. It isn't subject to spavin, ringbone
or glanders. It doesn't run away, and
no stable is required to shelter it. Seat
ed on its back, tit*- rider laughs to scorn
the crowded c-ble oars and the elevated
road. His cheeks glow with the ruddy
health engendered by the exercise, and
he would not exchange places witli the
fashionable in the dogcart whom he
leaves far behind on the boulevard. It
is no wonder, then, that all bicyclers are
enthusiasts. They have a right to be.
They enjoy advantages over ordinary
people, and they aro only human in
showing that they possess them.—Chi
Outcome of the Religious Congress.
The outcome of the religious congress
at Chicago is an organization which has
for its object, to use Bacon's words, "the
glory o.f the Creator and the relief of
man's estate." No man can well decline
to promote the former purpose without
avowing himself an atheist, nor the lat
ter without confessing himself to be
something less than hiii 'un. The new
organization is called the Brotherhood
of Christian Unity, and its only article
of association is a statement that tho sub
scribers "desire to servo God and their
fellow men under Ihe inspiration of the
life and teachings of Jesus Christ."
Millions In Petroleum.
Fifty-nine freight steamers are now
employed in transporting petroleum to
foreign countries. The capital in Penn
sylvania wells and lands is estimated at
$87,000,000, and $05,000,000 is invested
in plants for producing the crude petro
leum. This is exclusive of such BSi .:
sories as pipe lines, tank cars, refineries,
do'iks. fleets of vessels, etc., and an esti
mate of $300,000,000 as the total valua
tion of all branches of the industry Id
World's Fair Columbian Edition Illui
This beautiful publication, printed on
the finest book paper, is now on sale by
all the newsdealers and at the Herald
business office. It contains IS pages of
information about Southern California
and over 60 illustrations. As a publica
tion to send to eastern friends it has
never been equalled. Price 16 cents in
ODD HUMAN NATURE.
SAVAGE INSTINCTS STILL COAT ITS
VENEER OF CIVILIZATION.
The World's Fond Remains I'nalferrrl So
Far aa Cruelly (Joes, Except That an Ed
ucated Minority lias Shifted the Scenes
of Action and Classes.
The first of modern historians, Thu
cydides, remarks that his study of events
in Greece will illustrate human nature
"as long as tho nature of man is the
Bame." It is tolerably clear that in his
opinion human nature will always be
the same, and every ono who reflects at
all must often ask himself, Was Thn
cydides right? The great political and
social changes of the world do not
disprove his theory. They only show
a change in men's views of their own
interest—a change in organization.
Again, nothing is more common or
apparently more just than the assertion
that wo must judge the people of the
past by tho current morality and prac
tice of their age. It is added that mor
als and practice have altered and have
improved immensely. The two chief
points insisted on 03- advocates of the
notion that human nature has altered
are tho idea of cruelty and the idea of
honor and good faith in politics. Yet
oven in theso ol . ious matters it is most
difficult to come to a conclusion.
Take tho caso of cruelty: Yon have
Assyrians, Romans, red Indians, massa
cring an! torturing their captives taken
in war. Assyrians, civilized men, and
Pawnees, uncivilized men, are on a level
of abominable wickedness. David of
Israel was as had (he could worse)
according to sacred history. The Roman
treatment of prisoners—"How cold aro
thy bath's, O, Apollo!"—turns us chill
with horror. Tho middle ages show nn
improvement here. Captives in war are
held to ransom and aro treated With
But were tho middle ages less cruel
than Pawnees, Hebrews, Romans or As
syrians? Obviously the mediaeval tor
tures inflicted on political prisoners,
witches and heretics were as nefarious
as any known to ancient or savage con
querors. Nothing is rlmnged hut. tho
victims. Then you find Covenanters
torturing witches, Episcopalians in Eng
land or Scotland torturing Jesuits, wiz
ards or Catholics at large. You find
Covenanters burning naughty little boys
alive; you find William and Mary just
as ready with the "boot" as James II
was. Then the burning of witches
slowly dies out as tho educated class be
But the hangman still flogged men
and women through the streets, and the
pillory endured. As late as Moliere's (ley
it was a holiday to see a criminal put to
thequestion. The cruel ties of the French
revolution prove that the rack might
have gone out, but human nature had
not become milder. Then think of the
horrors of our jails and Australian penal
settlements. Theso abominations and
those of American slavery do not suggest
that man is really of milder mood.
Here, too, came humane reform; the pil
lory, the flogging of negroes, the rack,
the disemboweling of political opponents,
aro all extinct for the moment, but mobs
still occasionally burn a negro criminal
Then consider the records of the So
ciety For tho Protection of Children.
These awful pages prove that liftman na
ture is now richer below the Pawnee or
Assyrian level. The facts about bully
ing at school are unlit to be told. Oneis
reluctantly driven to believe that there
is only a thin veneer of humanity, that
the brute in mankind is what he always
has been. An educated minority has
shifted the scene of cruelty; has removed
some classes of victims, captives in war,
.poor old women, political adversaries,
from the sweep of the Whip, flanioof fire,
from the torture pole and the rack.
So far, well, but it does not follow that
men's heart 3 are altered. Tho gladia
.torial games would Ijo as popular today
as before tho Monk Teletnachus died if
it were not for the s-nsitivo minority
who preach and print and palaver in par
liament. After all, one would liefer see
a Zulu fight a Maori in a circus than
scald or beat or starve a poor little child,
as many do. The Zulu and the Maori
would enjoy the contest; so would '.lie
spectators if only they had the chance.
The gTeat fond of human nature is really
unaltered as far as cruelty goes. We
can only do our infinitesimal best to keep
altering it, as not without hope.
If wo turn to political morality, we
see no great cause for exultation. Take
the case of Marlborough, who is gener
ally held up as the ideal traitor. It may
fairly be argued that he was merely a
man of his age. who now shows worse
than most, because his genius was more
splendid and his opportunities were
greater. He was King James' creature,
his led captain, and he deliberately de
moralized James' army, corresponded
with James' son-in-law perhaps, or prob
ably conspired to hand the King bodily
over to his rival, certainly deserted him
in the night after making profession of
William was not firm on the throne
before Marlborough was intriguing with
James, probably meaning to throw him
over again in the interests of Anne and
of his own advancement, and after Anne
was queen he in trig ued with the Chevalier
de St. George. As ." man. a subject, a
soldier, a state.-man, hi 1 was false to the
core, but quo voiilez vous? He was not
tnoro deeply and not more often stained
in falsehood than Charles 11, James 11,
William of i iranjr«, ( and beside Suther
land beseems a Bayard. But can we
say, in face of the memories of Dundee,
Montrose, Locheil, Wogan—nay, of the
honest troopers who have loft their traitor
leaders with William and returned to
James—that all men wero traitors, that
loyalty was dead?
Clearly we cannot say so. Politicians
were false—and what are politicians to
day? Give them Marlborough's oppor
tunities, aud we shall see whether or not
human naturo lias ultcred.—Andrew
Lang in London Illustrated News.
Cholera at Antwerp.
Washington, Oct. 18.--R. J. Rosesn
cables Surgeon-General Wyman that
there are five eases ol cholera at Ant
werp. This is a new outbreak.
oaauat v Bead.
Paris, Oct. 18. —Gounod, the music
composer, died this morning at 8
BUILDING A DRAMA.
An Interesting Account of Hew She Real
Article Is Constructed.
A real drama ia constructed and not
written. It is built up as a house is
erected by the bricklayer and stonema
son, and the words are <»ly the brUks
and stones and have the same relative
value to the design of the playwright as
these to the designs of the architect. The
architect has tho structure in existence;
and clearly wrought out before the flrtt
stone is laid, and the drama of the true
playwright is in existence before a word
is written. Words there mnst be, jnst
as there must be bricks, but aa the latter
can be carted from the kiln at current
prices in any quantity, so can the former
be brought to the playwright from the
dictionary by any purveyor of sentences
at current prices.
The rarerman who constructs a good
play can hire men by the regiment to
write the lines. But the dialogue, the
epigram, the reparteo, the brilliant
speech such as we find in Congreve and
in Sheridan, is not this an essential?
the reader will ask. Let us not put the
cart before the horse. It is the sitria
tions that prodnce the dialogues. It is
not the dialogues that produce the situa
tions. Given a sitnation that calls for
a smart, brisk, snappy, witty exchange
of words, and the words will come. Wo
see this in real life, and the stage copies
real life. Even in so simple a sitnation
as when a couple of eartmen get their
wheels locked on Broadway on a muddy
day and a policeman comes up to sepa
rate them, you will hear a good deal of
smart though coarse dialogue. Such
dialogue and all dialogue that grows out
of any sitnation (and no dialogue worth
listening to grows out of anything els*)
is interesting in proportion as the situa
tion is interesting.
Without sitnation to call forth an in
terchange of language suitable to the oc
casion, and especially such situation as
of itself interests the audience and causes
each member of it to ask himself what
the characters will say next, a lot of
well dressed people might stand or sit
around on the stage and fire off epigrams
at each other, and the audience would
Dramas, so called, written in perfect
accordance with syntax, witty here and
there and always elegant, pour in upon
the manager and are repeated with the
utmost energy aird dispatch because they
are nothing but sermons or essays in
three or four chapters called acts. Their
authors style them dramas because they
are not dramatic. They divide them
into acts because they involve no action
and subdivide them into scenes because
whero nothing is done nothing can be
seen. I may remark in passing that the
old fashioned shifting of scenes during
an act is now only put into plays by nov
ices who have not studied the modern
stage.—W. H. Crane in North American
How Gravitation Varies.
That changes involving the displace
ment of immense masses are going on
i within the earth is one of the suggested
explanations of some observations re
cently announced in France. It has been
found at tho Pare St. Manr observatory
that tho force of gravitation, or the
weight of bodies, undergoes daily varia
tions. These are rendered sensible by
placing in the earth a tube containing a
column of mercury balanced by the prefe
i suro of hydrogen contained in a closed
I vessel connected with the tube and reg
istering by means of photography the al
terations in the level of the mercury.
After all corrections have been made
for the effect of changes of temperature
it appears that certain sudden variations
in the level of the mercury are only to
bo explained on the theory that they
are due to change in gravitation. These
variations last from 15 minutes to an
hour. They are of course very small,
amounting at a maximum to only one
twentieth of a millimeter, but they may
imply very great displacements of mat
i ter in the interior of the globe.
It has been suggested that similar ex
periments should be conducted in Die
neighborhood of active volcanoes, where
liquefied rock is moving beneath the sur
face, and other disturbances of the strata
of the earth are taking place.
Stach facts as these present to the im
agination a very formidable picture of
! the gigantic commotions that accom-
I pany the slow cooling and contraction of
| the globe, on whose hardened crust wo
' rear our edifices, wondering, when some
jof them are occasionally shaken down
by earthquakes, at tho instability of a
planet that is apparently so solid.—
The Ugliness of Trousers.
Trousers appear to have been intro
duced into Rome at a comparatively late
period and as a part of the military uni
form. They are worn by the Roman
soldiers represented on Trajan's column
as well as by barbarians. Tho Greeks
had never adopted them. With their in
stinctive sense of beauty they hadrecc,:
nized that these are the only garments
that cannot possibly be made graceful.
A sleeve may become a part of the dra
pery of a figure. A trousers leg is more
obstinate ill its ugliness. If tight, it a
bags at the knees on the third Wearing.
Yet this is perhaps Its least objectiona- : '
bio shape. If somewhat loobp, it takes
petty and meaningless folds. Some ori
ental nations have tried to disguise it as
a skirt, but the result is not entirely «at- 1
isfactory. If the trousers do not appear
to give freedom to the leg, they have lost lfJ
their principal merit. Compromise, '~
which is the life of politics, is the death
of art, which should always struggle aft- .
er an ideal. So thought the Greeks when
they entirely renounced for themselves
the barbarous pantaloons.—Scribner's*
The I a: ;.est Domes.
Some of the largest domes in the world
are the Pantheon at Rome, 142 feet di
ameter, 143 high; Bit lis of Caracalla,
Rome, 112 feet diameter, 110 feet high;
St. Sophia, Constantinople. US feet di
ameter. 201 feet high: St. Maria delle
Fure, Florence, 130 feet diameter, 810 in
feet high: St. Peter's. Rome. li!',l feet di
ameter, 380 feet highs St. Paul's, Lon
don. 112 feet. <V-« ' ' "'" f ' M»fr
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