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Why Squander Your Money on high
priced newspapers when you can get
all the news all the time in The
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 182.
Relief Asked for Sufferers
MR. HUE'S MM SPEECH
Takes Exception to Cleveland's
Sounded as the Watchwords of the
Silver-ProduciDg M West
Tariff Discussion Follows, With Particular
Attention to Free Wool
The Feature ol the Day's Debate In the
House is tha Speech of Fitzgerald of
riaasachusetts, Who Takea Vp Cudgels
Again it the A. P. A.
Associated Press Special Wire
WASHINGTON, April 9.—The sen
ate chaplain, Dr. Mllburn, referred feel
ingly in his prayer today to the illness
of the senators In Indiana and Alabama
—Voorhees and Morgan.
tlalllnger of New Hampshire read a
letter from the general secretary ol' the
Armenian Relief association. It refer
red to the extreme urgency ot the situ
ation lv Turkey, asking that steps be
taken to stop the moat appalling sacri
fice in the history of the world. Gal-
Unger,while he would not suggest ways
and means to the foreign relations
committee, yet he sincerely hoped some
method would be devised to check the
Mantle of Montana was recognized for
a speech on tlie resolution recommit
ting the tariff bill to the finance commit
tee. It was his maiden speech of a for
mal character, lie said he hesitated as
a young and new member of the senate
to address that body, but the Impreca
tions and misrepresentations enter
tained against the Republicans of the
west moved him. He spoke of the re
cent utterances of President Cleve
land before a missionary gathering de
rogatory to the west as one of the as
saults made of late against the "rot
boroughs and mining camps of the
west," as the metropolitan press desig
nated the silver states. Mantle declared
within a radius of live miles from Car
negie had, New York, where Cleveland
spoke, there was more poverty, ignor
ance, squalor, starvation, crime and
criminals than all the silver states
combined. He gave statistics compar
ing the silver states with five western
Btates, showing the former to be breast
and head over the eastern states In ma
terial and moral standing.
.Mantle said the attacks sprang main
ly from the fact that five Republican
senators from the west voted against
proceeding with the tariff bil at an in
opportune time. The McKinley Uuv was,
said the senator a strictly high protec
tive measure—so high some Republican
senators doubted its expediency and
would, If the Republican party was fully
restored to power, oppose its re-enact
ment. Hut the Dlngley bill was not a
measure designed for protection or reve
nue. It was a political measure framed
without due consideration of the west
ern states. "There are some Republi
cans," exclaimed Mantle, "willing Do
sacrifice the principles of the Republi
can party sn long as the measure af
fords protection to certain interests."
The live Republican senators were de
nounced as "traitors" to their party for
failing to vote for the tariff bill. But
Mr, Mantle denied that the Dlngley bill
was a Rpubllcan measure and he
quoted the statement of Mr. Sherman
that the bill was strictly non-partisan
and was not a Republican measure. If
the Dlngley bill was a revenue meas
ure, as claimed by its friends, then no
manufacturers suffered from its failure,
as it was protection, not revenue, that
was vital to this interest.
In view of these tacts, Mr. Mantle
suggested that the efforts W read him
and his silver associates out of the Re
publican party had better be reconsid
ered by the eastern press antl that these
senators be permitted to remain iv the
The senator declared himself in favor
of protection, but not sectional protec
tion, lt was a principle too great to
be used in behalf of any special inter
est or any monopoly. It must shield
and upbuild the west as well as the
east. While, however, be favored the
protection, he favored true bimetallism,
the coinage of both sold and silver at a
ratio of 16 to L He believed also in a
bimetallism which does not wail for the
action of foreign countries.
Mr. Mantle was congratulated at tho
close of ids speech by the silver senators
from both site's of the chamber.
There was a lively tariff colloquy fol
lowing the Mantle speech)
Mr. Hoar said that the remarks of
Mr. Mantle Implied that eastern manu
facturers were willing to leave western
wool In the lurch alter getting protec
tion for their own manufactures. But,
he declared, eastern senators had voted
here for protection on wind, while the
western states had sent senators here,
from Kansas, Texas and Oregon, who
had voted for tree wool.
This brought Mr. Mills to his feet,
who declared thai against the state
ment, made Hint woo! manufacturers
had suffered from the Wilson tariff
law, he would place the fart that there
was a greater use of wool than over,
every fibre of it was manufactured by
American labor, the people of the
United states had cheaper woolen
goods, the government received more
revenue than ever for wool antl wool
itself bad advanced.
"Let me add the further fact," inter
jected Mr. Hoar, "that wool manufac
turers are still failing; and the govern
ment is still bankrupt."
Mr. Mills rejoined that every particle
ol the wool manufactured was made by
••Then." ho added, "a protective tariff
is b protective humbug."
"Let ma ask the senator from Texas."
inquired Mr .Mitchell. "If there has not
lieen a vast decrease in the mirnber of
Texas sheep since the Wilson law went
"I don t believe it, ' responded Mr.
"But the statistics of the state show
it," insisted Mr. Mitchell.
"The statistics are made by the wool
men, In the delusion that they will be
benefited, said Mr. Mills.
"Are your state officials of Texas
Sheepmen?' pursued Mr. Mitchell.
"The statistics arc from sheepmen."
answered Mr. Mills.
• As he sat down, Mr. Mitchell said:
A Democratic congress favored a
free wool bill and the people discounted
the Democratic party."
"Yes," responded Mr. Mills, "and
somebody discounted the Republican
party in 1592."
After this flurry had subsided, Mr.
Butler Populist, of North Carolina, was
recognized for a speech In support of a
government postal telegraph system.
At the conclusion of Mr. Butler's
speech the Indian appropriation bill
was taken up.
When the proviso in relation to In
dian schools was reached. Mr. Carter,
Republican, of Montana, said the pro
posed change from contract to govern
ment schools was being accomplished so
precipitately that thousands of Indian
children would be left without schools,
lie moved to strike out the provision
that no money tie used for sectarian
schools. This was withdrawn to be
taken up later, when the entire secta
rian school question will be discussed.
The bill was laid aside until tomor
The two Nebraska senators. Messrs.
Allen and Thurston, sought to pass tho
bill for a trnns-Mississippi exposition at
Omaha, but an objection from Mr.
Sherman carried It over until tomorrow,
when it is to be a, special order.
The senate then took up pension cases
on the calendar and passed a large num
ber of them.
At 5:10 p. m. the senate adjourned.
I.N THE HOUSE
Fitzgerald of Massachusetts Takes the A. P.
A. To Task
WASHINGTON. April D.—The house
today, after debating the bil< 'v abolish
compulsory pilotage of sealing' vessels
enga. ■ d in the coastwise trade, de
feated the measure bs' a large major
ity, 57 to 117. The District of Colum
bia bill, which was re-committed early
in March, after a protracted fight
against appropriations for private and
sectarian charitable institutions, was
brought Into the house today with the
speellic appropriations stricken out and
containing in lieu thereof an appropria
tion of a iump sum for Charities, to be
expended under the direction of tile
district commissioners, with the proviso
that no part of the appropriation should
go to institutions under ecclesiastical or
sectarian control. The feature of the
debate was a vigorous attack on the A.
P. A. by Mr. Fitzgerald, Democrat of
"it has been stated," said he. "that
members of the A. I. A. organisation
never made any opposition to the ap
propriation for this institution until the
night before they bombarded the com
mittee room and Insisted upon the ap
propriations for these institutions being
"The animus of this organization,"
he proceeded, "Is well known. Members
of the house have been importuned not
in the interest of justice, of freedom
or of a broad spirit of liberality and
Americanism, to oppose this bill, but
because it appropriated money for
Catholic, institutions. 1 stand upon this
floor, born and bred a Roman Catholic,
and proud of it, and I deny the right of
any secret oath-bound organization to
come before the legal representatives
of the American people and by Its
dark, deep, underhanded methods seek
to deprive ne and the members of the
religion which I profess from the hon
est rights and privileges of American
citizenship. What apology is there
for a Roman Catholic to live in this
country? Is one necessary? Look at
the deeds of bravery and heroism and
statesmanship that have been per
formed by Roman Catholics. I chal
lenge any member of the A. P. A. or
ganization in this house, or any mem
ber in sympathy with It, to name any
sphere in life or any public duty that
has been badly filled or illy performed
by members of the Roman Catholic
church. In the great war of the revo
lution Washington had no stauncher
friends nor firmer supporters than the
Roman Catholic members of his staff;
and when we look at the great navai
struggle which was the pride and glory
of the American people at that time, the
first name that springs to our lips Is
that of an Irishman, a Roman Catholic,
Captain John O'Brien, who achieved
the first great naval victory of the war
off tho coast of Maine. My friends, If
we should have war with Kngland on
account of the Venezuelan matter, or
war with Spain on account of the Cuban
matter, where would the members of
this infamous organization be? Where
would they be found? They would be
found In the same place and under the
same auspices they were found In the
war of the rebellion—taking a trip to
Nova Scotia to put themselves under
the protection of Queen Victoria and
the British Hag."
After some further remarks by Mr.
Wheeler (Dem., Ala.), Mr. Mcßae
(Dem., Ark.) and Mr. Grout (Rep., Ver
mont), the vole was taken on the
amended bill, which was passed on a
rising vote, 134 to 21.
The house non-concurred in the sen
ate amendments to the postorllco appro
priation bill and agreed to a conference,
and Messrs. Loud (of California), Smith
<Rep., IU.) and Kyle (Dem., Miss.) were
The house went into committee of the
whole on the motioti of Mr. Grosvenor
Rep., Ohio) to consider the filled cheese
bili, reported from the commitee on
ways and means. It is expected that
the debate on this measure, which af
fects dairymen all over the country, will
Consume several days.
A resolution wan adopted calling on
Secretary Olney for Information relat
ing to any measures by the government
to secure the liberation of Mrs. May
brick, now confined In an English pris
on under life sentence for poisoning her
WASHINGTON, April 9.—ln the
senate today Senator McMillan gave no
tice that he would make motion to have
the naval appropriation i»ill amended
BO a*; to provide $50,000 for arming and
equipping the naval militia of the va
Representative Van Voorhis of Ohio
has reported to the house from the
hanking and currency committee a bill
to permit the organization of national
banks with a capital of not less than
$20,000 In cities of 4000 inhabitants. Un
der the existing law the minimum capi
ital stock required lor the organisation
of a national bank is $60,000.
The hotise comrntttt n territories
today voted to favorably reporl the New
Mexico statehood lull lo the house and
also decided to defer ac tion on the Ari
SULLIVAN, Ind.. April o.—The first
nf a series of arrests under the United
States statutes relating to metal coins
and tokens and coupons were made by
U. S. Marshal Hawkins at Linton to
day. If they hold good it will affect all
manufacturers, mine owners and mer
chants who are using metal checks or
tokens or coupon books. lt has been
the policy of mine operators to issue to
miners before pay day metal checks
which were made to represent money
value. Merchants also used these
checks, whioh have been a money equiv
alent in all mining districts for .years.
Two companies alone ha ye nca ly $■)».
--000 In tokens and coupons in circulation.
CHICAGO. April 9.—Judgment hy de
fault was entered today In the'superior
court against the Chicago and Sputh Hide
Rapid Transit company for $7,619,350 and
$2,987,172 in faver of the National Trust
LOS ANGELES. FRIDAY MORNING* APRIL 10, 1896-TEN PAGES.
IN THE WORLD OF SPORT
COLD WEATHER AND RED HOT RACING
The Tennessee Derby Won by McLean's
Berlaln, Odd* Which Mode the Owner
Smile—Sanction Granted for Citrus Wheel
men'a Meet on flay 30th
Associated Press special Wire.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 9.—The
afternoon was cold and cheerless to
day at Ingleside, but there were enough
long shots to land to keep the lovers of
the sensational in horse racing at a
The opening event was won by Globe,
a 2(1 to 1 chance, and the next race was
captured by The Judge, who was 50 to
1 In the betting.
The mile handicap was the best race
on the card and was won easily by Sis
ter Mary, who seems to have regained
her form of last season.
Babe Murphy won the six furlongs
event from a fast field.
Two favorites, two third choices and
two outsiders won.
Five and a half furlongs—Globe won,
Carnation second. Imp. Alien third;
Six furlongs--The Judge wort, Hunts
man second. Goldbug third; time. I:l7Vt-
Four furlongs—George Palmer won,
Roselle second, Sister Allelic third;
One mile—Sister Mary won. Sam
Leake second. Imp. Miss Brummel
third; time, I:43'^.
Mile and a sixteenth—Nephew won.
Foremost second, Trlx third; time.
Six furlongs—Babe Murphy won.
Mount McGregor 11. second, Mobnlasca
third; time, 1:16%.
W. 08. Macdonough will start his
famous Ormonde colt, Orestes, in the
second race tomorrow,
Ingleside Race Lotties
The follow ing is the list of entries and
weights for the races to be run at
Ingleside track today, which are posted
at the Los Angeles Turf Club, 212 South
Spring street. Commissions receive 1
on these rapes and full description of
Firs! race. furlongs, selling—CharL's
A., ill: A run. lu<: Oenelta Rd wards, 10,
All Smoke. 106; Robin Hood 2d. 114; Roe
der, 111: Mamie Scott. 106; Marble Hose,
ill: liyman, ill: Ottyana, 107: Don' Caesar,
111: Vordette. 101; lianford. IDS; Red Bl.'l,
lU;Grade S.. 109.
Second rait, half mile, maiden 2-year
olds—Lady Hurst, 98: Mis" Bookman, 1: >
CJratlus, 108: wleland, 101: Hilly Vice, 111;
'Kinelia 8.. 105, Orestes, 108; Catherine the
Great, as; Dial 11 ta, 105; Early Nol.ce, Lo.
Dunboy. 105: 'tortoise, 107.
Third race, seven eighth: rf c trifle, sell
ing—i.ogan, 12i: Service, :.lter J..
94; Cabrlllo, 10.; Olive, 04; i 'ihoo.
Fourth race, one mile. -Schnlt'.
102; lac L., iv.i: -St. Lee. 10 • Murp.l) .
99; Lucretia Borgia, S3: Hey ael Baodfdos,
SN: Joe Terry, iv; Fortuna. 102,
Fifth race, tiiree-quarters of a m'le, soli
ing—Daylight. 02: Meadow Lai X, 100: Bui
Marco. 05: Cl-iidc Mill, SO. cla a Wilson,
03: liasel, S7; perhaps, 02, P inceKS Rose 2d,
87: Veragua. 02.
Sixth race, three-quarter* of a mile, s ■'-
ing—Shield Bearer: 103; Sr R chord, 109
t'alomaeito, 03 Yankee D» odle I'll' K.cu
nlsky, 02; Kam Sin, 08; To-.no, 1 '3: Tonlnc,
The Tennessee Derby
MEMPHIS, Term., April 9.—'The
Tennessee Derby was won by Dr. Mc-
Lean's brown . gelding Berclair. The
day was an Ideal one for racing and
the crowd numbered about 9000. The
Hot Springs stables' pair, Lady Inez
and Ben Eder, were held as strong fa
vorites, the prevailing odds being 4 to 5.
Frontier and McLean's entry, Ber
clair and Rookwood, were next in de
mand at 3% to I. while liberal odds were
offered against Cotton King, Damien
and Gretcheu S, t who composed the
The new starting machine was used
In the first and second events with fair
success, but the owners of the Derby
candidates required Starter Caldwell
to send their horses away with the
flag in the old familiar style. The
start was a good ono. Bercdair Imme
diately jumped to the front, and ridden
In faultless style by Thorpe, remained
there to the end. winning without whip
or spur by a length and a half. The
time, 1:55%, is the Tennessee Derby rec
ord, the best previous record being
that of Fandango, 1:59%.
Six furlongs—George F. Smith won,
David second, Nick third: time, 1:16%.
Half a mile—Scribe won, Clifford Jr.
second, Lear third; time, :51.
Tennessee Derby, guarnateed value
$5000. mile and an eighth—Berclair won.
Lady Inez second, Ben Eder third; time,
llaif a mile —Olean won. Izeyl second,
Marie C. second; time:so%.
Mile —Mopsy won, Sandoval second,
Tancred third; time not taken.
One mile —Helen Mar won, Miss Clark
second, Leonard B. third; time, 1:45.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 9.—The
League of American Wheelmen has Is
sued the following for the benefit of
Pacific coast wheelmen:
Sanctions granted — Healdsburg
Wheelmen, Healdsburg, May 7 and 8;
Citrus Wheelmen. Los .Angeles. May 30;
Citrus Wheelmen, Santa Monica, July 4.
Transferred to the professional class
— ij. Y. Raymond, of Coornado, at his
The national circuit of 189S will he
opened at Oakland in connection with
the Fablola fete. May 1. Following
dates w ill be the Santa Rosa carnival.
May 2. Sao Jose carnival, aMy 0. The
week ending May 16 will be devoted to
Southern California. From there the
circuit will proceed to Denver. Col., for
May 23. The applications for other
elates in California than as above must
ne made Immediately.
Race promoters may obtain the form
of regulation entry blank prescribed by
lite racing board on application to tlie
undersigned or to any representative
of tlie board.
Race promoters are warned that com
pliance with the rule requiring pro
grams to show the description and
value of the prizes for each event and
the residence of each contestant will
he rigidly exacted this season. Fail
ure lo comply therewith will result in
suspension from sanction privileges.
The one mile championship of the
Northern California division will be
contested at the annual division meet,
Petaluma, July 4.
(Signed R. M. "WELCH,
Member National Racing Board and
Chairman Northern California Divi
sion Racing Hoard.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 9.—The Cal
ifornia Baseball league was formally
launched at a meeting tonight. D. R.
McNeill is president of the new league,
A. S. Blake is secretary and F. A. Dun
bar is treasurer. Mr. Blake is the ac
tive spirit of the enterprise and will be-
Vote his time to reviving interest in the
sport here and throughout the state,
an eight-club league being in contem
plation. An attempt will be made to
organize baseball teams In Los Ange
les. San Jose, Stockton, Sacramento
At the meeting at which, the league
was formed, G. A. Johnson of San Jose,
J. P. Stowell of Los Angeles and H.
W. Wilson of this city composed the
committee which selected the officers,
and each announced interest in the
venture and the belief that it will be a
The Olympic Games
ATHENS, April 9.—The Americans
competed in the gymnastic exhibition
on the rings and parallel bars, horse
leaping and team work, which were the
features of the Olympic games today.
On the rings the Greeks won their first
victory, and the native audience went
Wild with enthusiasm.
The keenest interest is manifested ir.
tho foet-raee to be run tomorrow from
Marathon to Athens, Tic"c are twenty
competitors entered for this race,
which is for a cup offered by Michael
Brol ot the Institute of France. The fa
vorites With those who are striving to
lock the winners are Flack, the Austra
lian; Arthur Blake of Boston, and a
Frenchmat named Lermusiux and a
Greek named Taurentls.
Live Bird Shooting
SAN FRANCISCO, April Jl.—There
will be a great flying of feathers at the
shooting grounds in Oakland tomor
row. The occasion will be the opening
of the semi-annual live bird tourna
ment of the State Sportsmen's associa
tion. The tournament will continue Cor
three days and is expected to bring to
gether tie most expert wing shots in
the slat'\ The program for tomorrow
includes four events. The first event
will I .' ut six birds, the second at ten
birds, the third at twelve birds and
the fourth at fifteen birds.
IT KILLED HIM
A Texas fturderer Who Will Never be
HOt'STON. Tex., April At Milli
can, a few minutes after 'Z oclock this
morning. John Brooks shot, and killed
his daughter, Mollie Brooks, seriously
wounded her sweetheart, A. C. Wor
rels, and then commuted suicide.
Wends and Miss Brooks w ere lovers
and had made up their minds to marry
in opposition of the parents of the
young woman. When the north-bound
Central train due here ut ;!;irj a m.,
stopped at the station the young people
made an attempt to get on board and
run away. AVorrols helped Miss Brooks
upon the first step of tho platform, and
just as she got up, be»- father, who
stepped from the other side of ihe car.
lircil upon her. shooting her through the
right breast, the bullet passing through
her hotly. She fell backward in the
arms of her lover with the words: "Oh,
mother, father has killed me." and im
mediately expired As Worrels bent
down to lay her on the platform Brooks
fired upon him under the car, the ball
passing through his neck and making
a serious and probably fatal wound.
After-the shooting Brooks, who has
been employed at the rock quarry of
Green & Olive, went to the quarry and
tried to borrow a pistol, but could not
get one. He then went down to the
powder house, secured a box of dyna
mite, aiul going away about 100 yards,
sat down upon it and applied a match.
A terrific explosion followed, which tore
him to pieces, not enough being gath
ered up to fill a cigar box.
The South Africa Comoany Brought Arms
Into the Transvaal
KIMRERLY, South Africa, April 9.
—Mr. GUrdner "Williams, the American
manager of Debeer's mines, who has
been committed for £rial before the high
court of Pretoria, on the charge of high
treason in conspiring against the gov
ernment of the Transvaal by taking
part, as alleged, in the uprising of the
1 'itlanders at Johannesburg, pleaded
not guilty in the following written
"The arms aud ammunition mention
ed in the evidence as being received
f.iere were consigned to me by the
British South Africa company, with in
structions to store the same to their
account. Instructions were afterward
given to my knowledge by an official
of the British South Africa company,
whose name I prefer not to disclose,
that a. portion of the arms and ammun
ition be forwarded hence.
"I did not take part in these arrange
ments nor was I aware that my name
had been used. I did not take out a li
cense for the arms, as I neither removed
them or caused them to be removed.
The arms and other military supplies
still stored at the Debeers mines, and of
which the government has taken
charge, are thesole property of the
British South Africa company."
It is now stated that in the attack
made by the Matabeles on Capt. Gif
ford's laager, of the hostile natives
THE MINERS' DOOM
No Hope for the Men Imprisoned In the
BUTTE, Mont., April B.—Up to latest
reports the men Imprisoned in the burn
ing Hope mine at Basin ha<l not been
reached or heard from and their friends
are certain now that not one is alive.
All night the entire population of I'asin
worked unceasingly and resorted to
every known method to get air down to
the entombed miners. After the timbers
commenced to fall down, hope of being
ing able to save the men was given up.
Several candles and lanterns were low
ered today, but they would not get low
er than twenty feet before they would
flicker and go out, which was suffi
cient to denote that there was no hope
lor the imprisoned men, The lire un
doubtedly caught in the blacksmith
shop. Jim Dwyer heard tbe fire alarm
and immediately went into the surface I
of the tunnel for forty feet, and on
looking iii> saw the tiie above. He
rapped the danger signal on the pipes |
and received an answer in return from 1
the men, signifying they realized the !
danger they were in. This was the last j
sound heard from them. With the j
amount of debris that has fallen down j
the shaft it will be several days before
the bodies can be recoveedr. The fol
lowing are the names of the men in the
mine: John Buckley, Martin Sullivan,
Hugh McKeown, Patrick Buckley, Har
ney Hall, Will Belden, Ed McArthur.
Hughes is a Democrat
TUCSON. Ariz., April 9.—The Arizona j
Star. ex-Governor Hughes' paper, to
morow morning will make an editorial
announcement of its atittude toward j
the administration of Governor Hughes' !
succesor, Governor Franklin, whose 1
confirmation by the senate occurred
yesterday. The Star will speak in
most eulogistic terms of the new gov
ernor, and declare its firm and earnest
support of Franklin. It will call upon
all Democrats of the terltory to
strengthen the hands of the new ad
ministration aud assist in extending its
usefulness and iv solidifying the party.
Tlie Star announces that its course is
taken on account of faith in Governor
Franklin's integrity and capability. By
reason of cln umstanees attending the
change of admtnstratlon the eDmo
crats of the territory have been wailing
the declaration of the Star with inter
Ensllsh Trade Statistics
LONDON, April 9.—The board of Irade
returns for the first quarter of tlie present
year show thai the Imports amounted 'v
$561,478,710, against $504,189,400 for 1895. The
exports for the first quarter of IS'!«; were
$306,165,215, against $203,801,805 for last year
at the same time.
WICKED IN THE HARBOR
THE BRITISH SHIP BLAIRMORE SUNK IN
SAN FRANCISCO BAY
A New Iron Ship, While Lying at Anchor, is
Struck by a Fierce Squall, Turns Turtle
and (iocs Down With Hali Her Crew-The
Vessel Will Be Floated
Associated Press Special Wire.
SA X FRANCISCO, April fl.—No
stranger disaster ever happened to a
vessel than the accident which befell
the British ship Blairmore at 7 oclock
this morning. While riding at anchor
iii Mission liny, one mile east of the
Union Iron works, the vessel was struck
by a violent squall, which, together
with the swift Hood tide, threw the
craft on her starboard side, capsizing
her completely and sank her in less
than five minutes. Fifteen seamen
struggled in the water. Six were con
lined in the vessel's hold and were prob
ably pinned down by falling dunnage
used to hold the ship's ballast in place.
The imprisoned sextette never reached
the deck, as did their comrades engaged
with them in handling ballast below,
and their bodies are imprisoned in the
steel hull. The Blajrmore's masls He
level with the bay bottom, under seven
fathoms of water and not a sight of the
Sailors' sunken tomb Is visible above
the waves. Here and there on the sur
face of the water near the scene of the
calamity is a piece of drift from the
Wreck, but beyond this vessel and men
were completely swallowed up. The
Unfortunates who lost their lives were;
T. Bud wig, first mate: Henry Clark,
aide seaman; Roland Siegle, appren
tice; G. Renebaum, able seaman; Jl.
Si nst land, watchman; Sam Kerry,
steward. The latter was shipped here
and is a native of Brooklyn, N, Y. The
balance of ihe men aboard were those
seamen usualy held to stand by a vessel
after she discharges cargo and Is a wait
ing cargo. Tin regular foremast hands
were ail discharged on the arrival of
the vessel from Newcastle two months
The squall that caused the" disaster
was the most severe experienced on the
south arm of Ihe bay for years. The
wind was so severe that h number of
ships anchored near the Blairmore sig
naled for tugs to move them up the
The Kiuirmorp with her head toward
the Union Iron Works was keeled over
so far that a paslng tow boat hailed her
and asked Captain Caw, her command
er, If he did not wish tow to the north
end of the bay. Captain Caw did not
think his vessel had braved the perils
of a number of ocean voyages to be
wrecked is. the Hay of San Francisco, so
he refused, saying he word hold on a
little longer. The tug had scarcely
drawn away when the Blairmore gave
a sudden lurch, dipped her yards and
fell prone on ber starboard quarter
The water rushed Into the hold In tor
rents and the men scrambled wildly out
on the open ladder. A boat was sent
from the British ship Yoeman. on.
thousand yards ahead of the Blairmore.
tn three minutes this boat was along
side the upturned vessel and picked up
the men clinging to the Blairnioiv's
s:d< s. Two men who had struck out
for shore were picked up by the British
ship Cromdale. The Yoeraan picked
up seven, including Captain Caw. Cap
tain Caw reported immediately to his
agents and to the British consul. He
said wind was blowing as swiftly as
he had ever seen at sea.
At the time the Blairmore was seer
to keel over, the tug Active, which had
just let go of the Inveresk, was at the
sugar refinery wharf. Captain Mar
shall immediately saw the danger and
headed for the wreck. A little later
several men stood on the side of the
ship and worked with desperate ener
gy to cut a hole in the steel. They
could hear the agonizing cries of the
imprisoned sailors calling for hoi p.
Some at least had escaped the flying
timbers and the weight of the sand.
They were groping in darkness and
shouting, for aid. They could hear the
hummers ringing on the steel but they
could not see the rising tide. Three
lives at least were to be saved if the
steel were cut before the tide raised the
waters to the opening. The title rose
slowly and the resVuers worked with
Stubborn zeal. It was. a contest ecl
dom seen in the harbor of San Fran
cisco, but the rescuers lost. Just as the
merest ribbon of steel remained be
tween the entombed sailors ami life, a
wave rolled over the curving side of the
ship. .Although hope had almost gone,
there was still a chance. A hammer
smashed open the steel plate. The
compressed air burst forth With tre
mendous force. Within piercing hiss of
air and water the shfp sank lower and
the waves rolled over the spot where a
few moments before were heard the
cries for help. Tlie men in the hold
were beyond help.
The manner of sinking the Blairmore
is peculiar, but it is not the first time
that a vessel has "turtled" in this har
bor in the same manner and almost in
the same spot, On May 12, issr». the
British ship Karl of Dalhousle capsized
opposite the rolling mills. She bud no
ballast and the tug Relief had taken
hold to tow her to the Oakland Mats.
When her head was partly turned to
tho northward she heeled over to star
board aud went down. The seventeen
members of her crew were saved.
Tli' 1 American bark Julia Castner was
another veßßel which capsized In this
harbor in a similar manner. She was
moving under pail one morning in the
early 'HOs. when she heeled over and
went down. She subsequently drifted
nut to sea. hut was driven ashore on the
ocean beach south of the Cliff house.
Captain Caw was saved by bis dog
Jack, which went overboard who him.
The anima! was close to the captain
n/hen the ship capsized.
"I beard no voices inside tlie bold,"
said the captain, "and i don't think
anyone else did. ll' anything was
heard it was the noise made by the ar
ticles flying around in the hole, I think
all the men inside were killed almost
"There was no use in cutting the
hole in the side of the vessel. That,
of course, let the air out and caused
her to sink. There was no possibility
of saving any lives. The underwrit
ers will look into that matter of cut
ting the hole and will have something
to say about it. The lllairniore has
never had any unusual tendency to
ward listing. 1 have always found
her a staunch, reliable ship."
Chinese Cheep Labor Troubles the Portuguese
HONOLULU, April 2. per steamer
.Mariposa, via San Francisco. April 9, —
The steamship Helgic arrived from San
Francisco on the 28th nit. The ship's
doctor failed to secure a health certi
ficate, so th" vessel was detained in
quarantine unti the port physician ex
amined the ship. The surgeon of the
Steamer .iff Dr. R. J. Howie, the same
person who rilled the position in Au
gust last, when the cholera was brought
here. A meeting of the board of health
was called and Dr. Howie summoned lo
attend. J. F. Haokfleld, agent for the
Proclaim it from the House Tops 1! 1
This great newspaper costs but 50
cents a month by carrier—ss-00 a
year by mail
Occidental and Oriental Steamship
company, came with him, and after the
board had questioned hlrn President
Smith gave Dr. Bowie a severe repri
On the 20th ult. about GO" Portuguese
marchd to the executive building and
presented a petition to the legislature
praying tot that body to adopt meas
ures to further restrict Chinese and
Japanese immigration into this coun
The Portuguese claim that there is
destitution among their numbers, but
they do not seem anxious to better
their condition. The planters have of
fered 300 men per month for field
work, and although the offer was made
eight days ago not a single Portuguese
has appled for employment. On the
2Xth the Ewa plantation offered $18 a
month, hut without success.
Minister Willis and family will leave
for Kan Francisco on the loth Inst. Con
sul Mills says that the minister will re
turn within three months.
A Puente Storekeeper Shot Down by
Out in the little town of Puente there
was last night enacted a tragedy in
which the principal actors were a store
keeper named Hayes and two masked
robbers. Hayes now lies cold in death,
and, although posses of officers have
been scouring the country all the night,
the murderers are yet at large. T. F.
Hayes runs a general merchandise and
feed store In the town named, and was
at 10 oclock just preparing to close for
the night Of a sudden two men entered
the store, and before Hayes had recov
ered from his surprise had him covered
with the muzzles of revolvers. Both
men were masked and otherwise dis
guised, one wearing a big white som
brero and an oilskin overcoat, while the
second bad a gunnysaek pulled over his
head and shoulders with hoifs for tho
Hayes was commanded to open the
safe, and proceeded to do so. He was
stooping before the combination with a
I,imp in one hand, when there was a sud
den interruption. The stage drove up
in front of the door and two or three
men entered the store. The sight of the
newcomers gave courage to Hayes, and.
the robbers' attention being diverted
for a moment, he placed the lamp on the
Boor and grabbed his revolver, which
was close at hand behind the counter.
Upon this move on Hayes' part being
observed, the men opened fire on hira,
and holding the newcomers at bay with
their guns, backed from the store and
escaped in the darkness.
Assistance was immediately given to
the wounded man, but it was of no
avail, he dying inside of a few moments
! without being able to speak. A tele
phone message was' sent to Sheriff
! Burr In this city, and a posse, heavily
armed, was sent in pursuit of the mur
derous ruffians. Tile coroner was also
notified and will go to the scene of the
THE RIO ARRIVES
Cholera, Smallpox and the Black Plague
Rife in China
SAN FRANCISCO, April 9.—The Pa
cific Mail steamship tUo de Janeiro ar
rived today from China and Japan.
The vessel presented a dilapidated
appearance, nearly all of her cabins
nnd the wood work on the upper deck
having been consumed during the pe
riod of her last trip from this port,
when she ran short of coal.
After having taken on sufficient coal
nt Honolulu to continue her voyage,
the Rio proceeded to Yokohama, where
after an uneventful voyage she arrived
and underwent temporary repairs.
The ship's officers bring but little
news of the epidemic In the Orient.
Hongkong, China, has been declared an
infected port and the steamship line
from there to Vladivostok has sus
At Kobe a general quarantine station
has been established and systematic ef
forts are made to combat the dreaded
Other than the black plague, cholera,
and small-pox in a virulent form have
made their appearance.
In Japan more modern methods are
employed than in China and as a re
sult the death rate is lower in tile king
dom of the Mikado than in the latter
some Surprises' .Sprung, but Huntington is
SAX FRANCISCO, April B.—The an
nual election of officers of the Southern
Pacific company took place today, with
the following result: President, C. P.
Huntington; vice president, Charles P.
Crocker; second vice president, T. H.
Hubbard; third vice president, J. C
Stubbs; treasurer, X". T. Smith: assist
ant treasurer, F. H. lhivis; secretary.
E. C. Wright; assistant, secretaries, C.
F. Krets and J. E. Gates; controller,
William Mahl; assistant itroller, E.
The election of Hubbard to succeed
the late A N. Towne was a surprise, as
it we i supposed Stubbs would be pro
moted to the vacancy and his present
position abolished. The position of sec
retary aad controller, held by the late
G. L. Lansing, is divided, Wright being
appointed secretary and William Mahl.
now second assistant to the president in
New York, made controller.
The Bicvcls Vote
MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 9.—One of
tie- novelties brought out by the elec
tion in this city was the "bicycle vote."
It Is figured that the wheelmen have a
majority of the council and that there Is
no danger or the passage of an ordi
nance that will lay a hardship on rid
ers. At present there is no bicycle or
dinance here, but il is conceded thai:
one will have to be passed before the
riding season opens. In some wards
tlie wheelmen took an active part in
tlie campaign and worked against al
dermen who hod shown a disposition
not to he fair with the men who ride
wheels. In all these cases, it is said,
they were successful and helped to re
tire the objectionable members.
Com in 'j to California
SAX FRANCISCO, April B.—Brigadier
Keppel. commander of the Pacific coast
division of tlie Salvation army, has re
ceived a telegram from Mrs. Emma
Booth Tucker to the effect that she
will arrive in California oh April IS.
Mrs. Booth-Tucker's sudden determin
ation to visit California, is said to be
due to the fact that she desires to
counterbalance any influence that Mr.
Ballington Booth's recent visit to the
Pacific coast may have had.
CITY PRICE, PER SINGLE COPY, 3 CENTS
ON TRANSPORTATION LINES, 3 CENTS
A RUSSO-TURKISH TREATY
Explains the Expulsion of
I IP Mi I CLEAN SWEEP
Protestant and Catholic Mis*
sionaries to Be Removed
TURKEY TO BE RUSSIANIZED
And Priests of the Russian Charcfc
Given Free Swing
Tbe Czsr Hss Obtained a Virtual Pro
tectorate Over Armenia
The Step Belaa Decided Upon, a Pretext Was
bought and Pnund for (letting Rid mt
Protestant and Catholic niaaioasrles and
tbe lied Cross Workers
Ajio-inte ! PreM Snecial Wire.
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 8, via So.
fia, Bulgaria, April 9—lt now appears,
according to a semi-official statement,
that the Turkish government bases Its
action expelling or allowing the expul
sions by the local authorities of Bltlls
of the American missionary, Knapp,
on an understanding reached between,
the porte and the I'nlted States Minis
ter Terrill. It is said that It was agreed
between the government and Terrill
that Knapp should leave Bitlis April X,
and as the missionary took no steps to
depart the local officials politely in
vited him to leave. Knapp has left
Diarbekir for Aleppo, where, unless the
plans of the Turkish government ara
interferred with, he will be "Invited"
to go to Alexandretta to embark upon
a steamer. It is generally believed the
expulsion of Knanp Is the first step
taken by the sultan In the direction of
expelling all Protestant and CatholiO
missionaries and agents of the Ameri
can Red Cross soclot.- from Armenia.
There are several reasons given for
this movement, but the affair may ba
summed up in tbe statement that there
is no doubt that Russia nnd Turkey are
alarmed at the effect of the work of
missionaries in Armenia and elsewhere
and that lt has practically been decided
that they are to be expelled under some
excuse or other In order to make way
for priests of the Russian church. This
is believed to be the basis of the under
standing (or secret treaty) arrived at
between Russia and Turkey when the
lleets of the powers had asembled in the
bay of Salonlca and the question of co
ercing Turkey by a display of naval
strength before Constantinople had
been decided upon.
Russia, it is now aserted, cleverly
took advantage of the desperation of
the Sultan to obtain a virtual protector
ate over Armenia. But such a step
openly taken would, In all probability,
have led to serious trouble. Therefore,
it was decided to begin the Russianiz
ing of Asiatic Turkey by getting rid
of the Protestant and Catholic mis
sionaries, and to substitute priests of
the Russian church. A plausible pre
text, however, had to be found for such
an important move, and it was agreed
that the work of the missionaries
should be pointed to as being of a
disquieting nature and as likely to in
cite the Armenians to rebellion. This
was to be followed by closely watching
the most active of the missionaries and
to prepare the ground-work for charges
against them of encouraging the Ar
menians to revolt against the Sultana
Finally it was decided to begin wltbi
the Rev. Knapp. who has probably been
been the most zealous of all the active
workers in the cause of Christianity in
Asiatic Turkey, and he was eventually
openly charged with inciting the Ar
menians of Bitlis to revolt and was to
have been tried by the local court there
on the charge of high treason.
Now Mr. Knapp is being expelled
from Asiatic Turkey and nobody her.i
doubts that this Is tlie llrst of a series
of such expulsions, which will end iv
driving all of tin' American, British and
French missionaries out of Turkey, at
the instance of Russia and In acord
ance with the latter's policy of begin
ning the Russianizing of Asiatic Tur
KNAPP IS SAFE
WASHINGTON, April 9.—lt can ba
stated on authority that there is no rea
son for apprehension that Missionary
Knapp will not meet with fair treat
ment and eventually be permitted to re
turn to his post at Bitlis after clearing
himself from the charges of conspiracy l
against tlie government. Knapp is be
ing brought to the coast as a result of
agreement between the Turkish gov
ernment nnd Terrill. The minister se
i cured what might lie regarded as %
i valuable concession from the authori
ties in having the trial of the missionary
; taken out of the hands of the Turkish
Early in the course of the Armenian
j troubh>s. Mr. Terrell w as instructed by
tin state department to see to It that
! any American citizen, native or nat
uralised, who was arrested by the
! Turkish government be surrendered to
the United States minister for trial.
■ our government, against the opposition
of the porte, in taking this step, held
' under the treaty of 1830 it had the right
: to exercise extra territorial jurisdiction
I in Turkey where American citizens are
concerned. Mr. Terrell was explicitly
Instructed by Secretary Olney to claim
1 al! rights under the fourth article of
| the treaty and to offer any American
, citizen charged with Insurrection, re
bellion, sedition or like offenses, or in
| the event of such offer being refused,
to demand the release of the accused.
FHENi II IRRITATION
PARIS. April 9.—Considerable Irrita
• tion against Turkey has been caused
!by the report from Constantinople and
; London that the sultan had decided to
expel all Roman Catholic and Protes
! taut missionaries from Asiatic Turkey.
I The newspapers, particularly Figaro,
| have taken up the question as one di
rectly and strongly affecting Christ
ianity and so calling for prompt and
1 effective action.
LONDON. April IL—The newspapers
\ here all give prominence to the reports
of tiie meeting yesterday of tlie Arme
nian relief committee presided over hy
j the Duke ol' Argyll to protest against
I tin' proposed expulsion from Asiatic
Turkey of the Protestant and Roman
Catholic missionaries, at which Mr. C.
E. Showman. M. P., urged a resolution
earnestly requesting the go\crnment
to take immediate steps to obtain the
release of Rev. George Knapp. the
American missionary, formerly of Bit-