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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 3J2.
A TYPICAL SPANISH BLOCKHOUSE
A QUIET SUNDAY
All Waiting for Spain's Official
Tie Cipler Me Will Cause Belay—List ef In
valided Officers Ordered Home
BT THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL. WIRE
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.—Although as yet without official conflma
tion of the report from Paris that the Spanish government hat decided to
accept the terms laid down by the United States as essential to the
negotiation of a treaty of peace, the officials here are proceeding under
the conviction that the end has come, and are giving attention to the
steps to be taken next. In view of the delay in coming to this con
clusion, the idea was beginning to prevail that the Spanish government
was about to enter a plea in abatement and that the answer would be
again inconclusive. In this case the president was disposed to deal
firmly with the issue, to give notice that our proposals were withdrawn,
and to let it be understood that when Spain again sued for peaoe the
conditions would be more severe than those first laid down. If the
Spanish answer should embody an effort to seoure any material change
in the oonditions it will meet with prompt rejection. Some reference
has been made in the dispatohes of British newspapers to a desire on the
part of the Spanish government to include in the preliminary agreement
a clause exempting it from liability for the Cuban debt. The formal
statement of the points of the United States' note given out from the
White House made no reference to this subject, and it cannot be known
as yet whether or not the full text shows anything more. But presuming
that no reference whatever is made to the Cuban debt, and it is possible the
subject may be regarded as one that should be treated by the peace
commissioners who are to meet later to frame the treaty whioh, of
course, will embody many details that are left untouched in the main
proposition, though cabinet officers have authorized the statement that
no part of the Cuban or Porto Bican debts would be assumed by the
THE CIPHER CAUSES WORK.
Based on the Associated Press reports of the progress being made
at Madrid towards returning the answer of Spain, it was calculated
by the department officials that the formal note could not be delivered
to the president before tomorrow, and that was also the belief of the
French ambassador. From the length of time consumed in its prepara
tion, the note was believed to be long, thus entailing the consumption
of much time in forwarding it first to Paris, re- • ======
ducing it to cipher there, transmitting it over the
cable and then retransmitting it at the French
embassy. In the case of the last note the attaches
of the embassy worked nearly all night to prepare
their communication to the Spanish government,
though the conference with the president closed
before 5 o'clock in the afternoon, with the ambas
sador in possession of the United States' note.
Should the Spanish answer be an unconditional
acceptance of our terms, some negotiations may be
necessary to agree upon the steps to be taken to give
effect to the agreement. So far as can be learned
it has not yet been determined how this shall be
done. There are two ways then. The first is a
. military oapitulation by the captains general of
( Cuba and Porto Bico, whioh will immediately
plaoe the American military or naval commanders
in technical occupation of the islands and enable
them to carry out in their own way and in their own
time the embarkation of the Spanish armies in the
islands. The intention as to whether they shall be
permitted to carry off their arms is not now as
material as it was in the case of the surrender of
General Toral's forces at Santiago, where, occurring
in the midst of the campaign, there was a necessity
for securing the moral effect of compelling the
Spanish soldiers to lay down their arms.
SALVE FOB SPANISH PRIDE.
Spain having succumbed, it might be urged
that the United States might grant a concession on
this point to Spanish pride, without fear of having
the action attributed to fear for the consequences of
a refusal. This would not apply, however, to the
volunteers who might elect to remain in Cuba, as it
would not be prudent to allow so large a body of men
to carry arms without restraint in the days of recon
struction, when delicate and difficult matters of
internal polioy are to be settled and new methods
applied to the government. of the islands. The
•econd method by which the preliminary peace
agreement might be formally effected would he by
a protocol to be signed by a representative of the
president, probably Secretary Day in this case, and
Continued on Page Three
—From a photograph taken near Santiago.
THE REPLY COMING
The dieee Eegeet Keads and Accepts
the America! Terms
Spall Got Little Consolation From tic Explanations
She Asked For—Trying to In?oke
BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE.
MADRID, Aug. 7, 9 a. m.—Until after the meeting of the council, which was set for 10 o'clock this
morning, it will be impossible to know accurately the text of Spain's answer to the American peace terms.
From a well informed source it is learned, however, that while the answer does not discuss the four
bases which the United States makes an essential preliminary to peacce, and which Spain accepts without
reservation, it points out that in order to avoid the definitive negotiations being in any way complicated by
incidents of the war, it is expedient to agree beforehand to a suspension of hostilities.
It is reported that the Duke Almodovar de Rio, the minister of foreign affairs, and Mgr. Merry
Del Val, Spanish ambassador to the Vatican, will be selected to represent Spain in the negotiations.
The newspapers make no comments on the situation, owing to the strictness of the censorship.
CONFERS WITH THE QUEEN.
MADRID, Aug. 7,12:30 p. m.—Senor Sagasta, the premier, has just concluded his conference with the
queen regent. Her majesty approves the general lines of the reply of Spain to America's peace terms,
which Senor Sagasta explained to her.
The reason for postponing the cabinet council until 8 o'clock this evening is that the note is not yet
fully drawn up. The government believes that the United States will accept Spain's answer, which will
certainly reach the White House by Tuesday. As a consequence of the United States accepting the reply,
hostilities will immediately afterwards be suspended.
As the reply to the American terms was only submitted to the queen regent today, all reports of her
approval yesterday of the American demands are necessarily without foundation.
ACCEPT ALL DEMANDS.
MADRID, Aug. 7.—The cabinet council terminated after having completely approved the reply to the
United States, which it is said accepts the American terms.
The reply will be telegraphed to Senor Leon y Castillo, the Spanish ambassador to France, tonight,
so that M. Cambon, the French ambassador at Washington, will receive it tomorrow.
The government is fully oonvinoed that the note will be satisfactory to the Washington gov
ernment and that a suspension of hostilities will be its immediate consequence.
PARIS, Aug. 7.—The Madrid correspondent of the Temps says:
The cabinet counoil this morning discussed the question of assembling the cortes, but no decision
was reached, as the ministers desire to ascertain if the United States considers the approval of parliament
necessary to the definitive signing of peaoe.
BUT LITTLE CONSOLATION.
LONDON, Aug. 7.—The Madrid correspondent of the Times, telegraphing Sunday, says:
Today the best authorities agree that the government has decided to accept the American condi
tions. The American reply to Spain's request for explanation reached Madrid Friday evening. The
text has not been given out, but it is known that it brought little consolation.
President McKinley turned a deaf ear to the suggestion that Porto Rico might be left to Spain and
compensation gotten elsewhere.
Regarding the Philippines, the reply was not altogether satisfactory, but it was of such a nature that
there was no longer any necessity for postponing a decision on the main question. Meantime Senor Sa
gasta's extensive consultations seemed to leave no doubt that the nation wants peace.
As to the context of Spain's reply, the oracles differ. Some say it contains no contentious matter,
accepting simply in principle the four demands of President McKinley's first communication and suggest
ing an immediate suspension of hostilities. On the other hand others affirm that it is prefaced by an account
of the origin of the war, tending to prove that, as Spain was in no sense the aggressor, she ought not to be
expected to pay a war indemnity, either in money or territory.
Though the king, according to the constitution, has the right to declare war and make peace, any
cession of national territory requires the sanction of the cortes; and any minister consenting to such session
without his sanction is liable, according to the penal code, to imprisonment for life. It would be necessary,
therefore, to convoke the cortes some time before the treaty of peace is ratified, but the government has not
yet decided at what stage of the proceedings this necessary formality will be observed. In some well
nOVING WOUNDED FROM THE FRONT AT SANTIAGO, JULY 2
—From Collier* Weekly, Copyrighted, UM.
LOS ANGELES, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 8, 18?8
Continued on Page Three
GEN. WHEELER VIEWS THE FIRING, SANTIAGO
THE ATTACK BEGUN
Report Bat Miles las Bombarded
News From tie Armies in Cuba aid Porto
Rico—Rough Riders Have Started
SPECIAL TO THE HERALD.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8, midnight.—An unofficial report is current
late tonight that the bombardment of San Juan has commenced, and that
a part of General Miles' force has been pushed forward toward the city
on the land side. Officials at the war and navy departments say they
have no dispatches confirming the rnmor.
SHAFTER'S DAILY REPORT.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.—(By the Associated Press). General Shaf
ter's daily report to the war department of the health of his command
at Santiago, as received by Adjutant General Corbin tonight, is as
SANTIAGO, Aug. 7.—Adjutant General of the Army, Washington!
Sanitary report for August 8: Total sick, 3,881; total fever cases, 2,238;
total number of new oases of fever, 431; total number fever cases re»
turned to duty, 477.
Deaths, August 5: Private M, W. Desmond, Co. L, Ninth Massa
chusetts, typhoid fever.
Private Dallas Tannay, Co. X, Thirty-feurth Michigan, malarial
Augusts: PrivateG.P.McLaughlin, Co. B, Ninth Massachusetts,
Private J. A. Lewis, Co. B, Twenty-fifth infantry, malarial fever.
Private A. J. Grills, Co. H, Thirty-fourth Michigan, typhoid fever.
Major J. M. O'Connor, Ninth Massachusetts, malarial fever.
Corporal A. E. Kerr, Co. A, Second infantry, pernicious intermittent
Private Burton Salisbury, Co. B, Twenty-first infantry, chronifl
Private Anthony Mass, Co. A, Seventh infantry, thermic fever.
SHAFTER, Major General.
THE START FOR HOME.
SANTIAGO, Aug. 7, 11:20 a. m.—The First regiment cavalry and tha
First volunteer cavalry "rough riders" will sail today on the trans
ports Miami and Matteawan.
Of the rongh riders, the following remain here, sick: Wm. Tiffany,
troop X; Corporal Edgar A. Schwartz, troop G, and
Privates Wm. B. Holt, troop E, F. G. Whalen, troop A,
and A. Steadman, troop D. They will probably
leave in ten days in care of Dr. Gonzales. Cummings
battery will sail today in the Vigilancia.
4 p. m.—The rongh riders came to town by
rail at 1 o'clock this afternoon. At the station
they fell into line, each company being presented
with a red and white banner bearing the number
of the regiment and the company letter. Colonel
Roosevelt rode at the head of the regiment as it
marched down the alameda skirting the water front
to the) dock where the Miami was moored. All the
men looked fit, but worn out. They presented a
picturesque appearance. Some wore new Khaki
uniforms, while others were attired in heavy bluo
flannel shirts, with their old equipment. All
expressed regret at leaving their companions behind,
but were wili with joy at the prospect of soon
returning home. They take no tents or baggage
with them. The work of embarkation was very
easy and was quickly performed. The men are eager
to return for the Havana campaign in the fall.
Lieutenant Stedberg of the Fourth cavalry and
Lieutenant Rivers of the Third cavalry, members of
General Young's staff, who, since General Young
left) Siboney, sick, have been on General Wood's
staff, have been ordered to report to General Young
at Montauk Point at once, and will leave on tha
_jight Pages |
—From Collier's Weekly, Copyrighted, 1898,
A meeting of officers of the military society at
Santiago was held today at the palace, and the
election of officers took place. General Shafter
was elected president, General Wheeler first vice
president and Major Sharp secretary.
GENERAL WHEELER SAILS.
6:30 p. m.—General Wheeler sails on the
Miami. Seven hundred and fifty men of General
Kent's division, the Sixth infantry and the Thir
teenth infantry, will sail tomorrow by the Yigin
The Alicante, the first Spanish transport,
arrived this afternoon, and General Shafter anyeaU
PRICE FIVE CENTS