Newspaper Page Text
SAYS POKER IS
NOT CHANCE GAME
GERMAN JUDGE THINKS IT IS
Asserts That Highest Courts Hay«
Left It an Open Question
Whether Science Prevails
In This Pastime
. BpcnlM Cabls to Th» Herald.
BERLIN, Dee. 81.—A case has Jt»t
been tried at Oldenburg which is In
many aspect* sensational. Herr
. Bchwetanert, editor of the Oldenburg
Realdensbote, has been sent to Jail for
twelve months for writing articles ac-
I cuslng Herr Ruhstrat, minister' of Jus
tice, education and religion in the
grand duchy, of perjury. Some
months ago the Resldenzbote published
' a aeries of articles, In which the min
ister was accused of high play at
games of chance, and various other
revelations were made reflecting on
this ' gentleman.
Herr Ruhstrat brought an action
I against Schwertznert, and, as a witness
in the trial point-blank swore that
• Blnce he became minister he had never
flayed games of chance. The result
of the trial was that Schwetznert was
sentenced to six months' imprisonment.
Before he was called to undergo his
term In Jail, the editor wrote the arti
cles which were tha subject of the
second trial, which has Just concluded.
In these articles Schwertznert said that
' Kuhstrat had sworn to . an § untruth.
: knowing It to be untrue. Tho trial re
> vealed; the existence of an extraordi
nary state of affairs in the little capital.
The minipter, Herr Ruhstrat, when
examined as a witness, adhered to his
statement that in the restaurant where
he and his friends played he, had in
dulged in no games of chance since his
} elevation .to ■. his present post. He
. sometimes | played poker, j among 'other
games, that was. all. Asked if poker
f. was not a game of chance, he said it
■was not, and that courts of Justice had
;;leftMt;an open question. A waiter,
I named Laturnus.' deposed to the heavy
j playing which :went- on with Ruhstrat
!'as one of,' the players. He said that
-the minister was the maddest gambler
I among the company. The gentleman
' often borrowed money from "witness
■and from landlord. Once, when the
.landlord declined to advance any
I money, j Ruhstrat took the key of the
• safe out of the landlord's pocket and
went with him to get money. Another
: witness swore that the company, as a
I rule, j only . left off play at daylight.
The officers who were engaged in play
'went straight from the tables to their
/morning duties In barracks; .
: •..';',' A" waiter named Meyer swore that he
■'also /lent the players money. When
hie , happened to . come ' near the table
'; they used to throw thalers and live
imark pieces at his head. He made it
his business, he said, -to come as often
.as possible in the vicinity of the play
9 crs, as it was an easy 'method of ob-
I taining considerable ; sums of money.
; The players were also In the habit of
brushing silver oft the tables and
leavlng.it for the waiters to pick up
•When the maids came in the morning
to tidy the room the players were still
at work. ' He overheard a young lleu
; tenant say to a friend of his, to whom
- he , had , lost 3000 marks, and who in
sisted on being paid next day, "if that
.; is your last word, you will find me to
-morrow in the river.". •
H As ja I matter of fact, this officer's
'; body was shortly afterwards j taken
'from the river Huute. ' . : •
';■";. It. may be addel that the editor,
„ Herr \ Schwetznert, ; alleges that he is
! very badly . treated in prison. He Is
'/compelled to work |at straw-treating
I for eleven hours daily. | The trial, with
■ all j its accessories, has . cast a terribly
lurid light on the administration • of
in j Oldenburg, and on what is
.going on behind thejgeenes.
■STRANGLE THEIR VICTIMS
Six Hundred .Persona Arrested at
Tunis Suspected of Murder
Special Cable to The Herald.
■ BARIS, Dec. 31.— The French and na
tive police at Tunis have arrested up
wards 'of 600 persons who are sus
pected -of - complicity in the many
strangling cases that have : recently
. The town, has been in a state of
terror for some time past, owing to a
large number of mysterious deaths. In
all cases. the victims have been found
' rThey were of both sexes, but chiefly
young men •■ and women. Within a
fortnight no fewer, than. fourteen vic
tims, one of them being an American,
have been discovered.
As 'money and other., valuables were
left 'on the \ bodies,' robbery could not
have ; been , the ' motive. It is believed
that the crimes are the work of a band
of religious fanatics.
ENGLISH COURT TRIES TO
U-ii DEFINE TERM GENTLEMAN
Judge and Lawyers Learnedly Discuss
• Meaning of Word as Used In
I; *- '■"., Law' Books >
fcipwiuV Cable to The Herald. ,
..'. LOND6N, Deo. 31.— An interesting
(llHcusaion between Judgo Tiudul Atkln
. son and counsel ttu to, what a "gentle*
. man", is, took place at the South 12nd
county ; court , this week on a question
whether a witness should be allowed on
taxation 'costs i under the head of gen
tleiuan or profeuslonal man, or on the
lower scalo'of tradesman.
Miv Cox, solicitor,' who applied for the
higher scale, said . the witness was a
schoolmaster. ' He admitted that many
'schoolmasters were not gentlemen, but
iii the same way professional men were
not 'either. '■"'.',*'
His Honor—Would you wind defluing
to me what you consider to be a gen
Mr. Cox— l take It Blackntone'B defini
tion, 'One who b«arfl a coat of arm*,*
does not apply In modern time*, and I
suggest that tho correct one In that
given by the dictionary, 'One who by
education, occupation or Income holds
a position shore menial eervlc* or
His Honor— Suppose a draper Is mak
ing $10,000 a year, I* he a gentleman?
In society he might he a perfect gentle*
man, but would he be a gentleman In
the meaning of the county court scale
or the high court ncale? A gentleman
of Independent means of £50 a year
would be a gentleman, and yet the
other might have been educated at the
Mr. Cox— lf ha hurt a university de
gree he would bo able to describe him*
self as a' gentleman. Here Is a man of
considerable attainments In educational
matters, the proprietor of a largo
school, an accomplished 'cello player, a
man of refinement and of artistic and
literary attainments. I want to know
whether he Is not a gentleman. Are we
to be reduced to the Irishman's defini
tion of a gentleman: "Be. dad, a chap
that never/ did a ha-porth for himself
nor for anybody else." Because a man
cams his living Is he not to be a gen
tleman? A retired pork butcher or rag
and bone dealer living on money saved
will bo a gentleman.
His Honor— lt Is an Interesting mat
ter, but I think the registrar Is right
In deciding costs on the lower scale.
No schoolmaster must think he Is in
sulted In any way— that he is not a
gentleman In fact. Only he is not a
gentleman in law.
BRITONS SEE KUNZITE
- FOR THE FIRST TIME
American Gem Rouses Admiration by
Its Wonderful and Peculiar
Special Cable to The Herald.
LONDON, Dec. 31.— A, wonderful new
gem, known,, after its discoverer, Pro
fessor Kunz, as kunzlte, Is now, for the
first . timfi In this country, on view at
Quest gallery. : '
'The color of kunzlte Is a peculiar
peach pink, an extraordinary variety
of shades being intermingled in each
specimen. Besides its artistic qualities
the new gem is also of scientific Inter
est on account of its wonderful prop
erty of florescence.
Upon exposure to the action . of
X-rays, or radium bromide, it' becomes
phosphorescent and remains co for a
considerable time after removal. After
exposure to X-rays it will, If placed in
the dark, photograph Itself upon a
A member of the Jewelry firm of
Johnson, Walker & Tolhurst, who are
Introducing the gem, said ' this week
that at present kunzlte Is only found
in San Diego county, California. It is
a variety of the mineral known as spo
dumene,, which occurs as '. semi-trans
parent ash gray crystals. Only very
rarely, is it transparent and suitable for
gem purposes. \.. ..
. If a ton of . the new gems, averaging
five carats, were obtainable they would
cost something like £4,751,040 sterling;
whereas, if a ton of diamonds of aver
age .- quality were , obtainable, - they
would cost about I £190,000,000 sterling.
- Good specimens of kunzlte averaging
five carats can, however, be of tained
for from £B to £7.
WANTS TO SEND PAUPER
BABES TO CANADA FARMS
Philanthropist Also Suggests West
Australia as Good Place to
Special Cable to The Herald.
LONDON, Dec. 31.— The Hon. W. A.
C. James, agent general of "West Aus
tralia,* has written to Mrs. Close of
this city with regard to her scheme
for sending infants under the charge
of the state to Canada to be brought
up there until they are sixteen. * j
Mr. James points out. that the state
of .West Australia would offer, equally
good terms as Canada, and that Mrs.
Close obviously has no reason to pre
fer one part of the empire to another.
He offers to submit the 'matter to the
government of western Australia.
The matter was considered by the
London chamber, of commerce this
week and Mrs. Close Intends .to lay
the scheme at length before the Man
sion house meeting in January. She
estimates that a saving to. the rate of
nearly £600,000 a year would be. ef
fected by removing these pauper
children from their costly establish
ments in England to the cheap and
more wholesome life •of the colonies.
Sir James Crlchton-Browne is c
warm advocate of the scheme.
- WITH SALOON MEN
Zealous Converts of Welch Preacher
Insist on Holding Prayer Meet.
Ings In Bar Rooms
Special Cable to The Herald. v . '/.
LONDON, Dec. 31. — Wherever
Kvan Roberts, the Welch evaugellst,
goes he . leaves in his track bande of
enthusiastic young converts, whose
zeal, however, , sometimes outruns
It is now six weeks, since the revival
ist was at Gorselnon,- but since then
prayer meetings have been held night
ly, and afterwards the . religious en
thusiasts devote their attention to the
local public houses. . Their . aggressive
ness is lead'ug to almost riotous scenes.
At the Uorseluon hotel tho landlord,
Mr. Davies, .offered the converts the
use . of : his oiuh room, but they per-
Hiutud in conducting a service in the
bar. ;They had to be ejected by force.
Miss Davies, one of Mr. Roberts'
singing assistants, declares that at
Caerphilly she "captured" a roan who
hud signed articles to take part in a
prize ' fight,. and that he is now nego
tiating , for ' the cancellation of the
Everything you want you will flnd la tbe
Slmwiaed i«««i • modern . encyclopedia. . <
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY, MORNING, JANUARY t, 1905.
COUNTESS OF WARWICK, WHO ADDRESSED SOCIALISTS
DEFINES A SERIO-COMIC
English Judge Finds Young Woman a
.■. ■ •-. ■■■[ Competent Artiste
SDeclal Cabin to The Herald.. ' ,
LONDON, Dec. 31.--"What Is a serio
comic?" ' asked the judcre at the Cov
entry county court this week during the
nearlng of, an 'action by Miss Dorothy
Wyatt, a music hall artist, against the
Hippodrome company for. £l6 under an
alleged agreement to appear a week In
Coventry and a week in Ipswich.
' The .' assistant stage manager an
swered the question. , "A serio-comic,"
he said, "was a lady who came on tho
stage,, sang serio-comic songs, Jumped
about ■ a bit, ; and J perhaps ' kicked her
legs." . ■ - ; ■-.'■■ . •
The Judge— Kick?"
The Witness — Yes. I
The . Judge— Doesn't she wear . long
dresses? ; "
The Witness — No.
The plaintiff said -that after the sec
ond night of her engagement the man
ager told her she was too refined for
Coventry and offered her £3 for the
week. ,- . ■ \
Mr. - T. Sylvester, : the manager, j said
the plaintiff's turn was "rot;" another
witness said that no doubt the plain
tiff would be Very nice in a sitting room
or parlor; and another that he had
never seen a . worse J artiste.
'The Jury gave the plaintiff a verdict
for £8 for the Coventry : engagement,
finding, that sho was a competent ar
tiste. ', .
MISS MAUD JEFFRIES WEDS
Her. Husband Is Wealthy Ranchman
. '. '. / From Australia ." .
Special Cable to Th« Herald.' •
. LONDON, Dec. 30.— Miss Maud Jeff
ries, the actress who created the part
of Mercla in the "Sign of the Cross,"
and won such world wide fame during
her tour .with Mr. Wilson Barrett, had
The bridegroom is Mr. James Nott
Osborne, (' arid the " wedding— Just an
nounced in the . 13ra— took place: at
Christ church. New Zealand, on Oc
. Mr. Osborne is the son of one of the
richest squatters in New' South Wales.
He first met Miss Jeffries while she
was touring in Australia as leading
lady with ' Mr. Tree's company in' the
'.'Darling of the Gods," "The Eternal
City," and other plays.
HINDUS POISON FAMILY
Missionary Reprimands Servant, Who
Revenges. Himself by Crime
Special Cable to The Herald.
IAJCKNOW, Dec. 31.— The wife and
child ; of Dr. Benjamin, |an American
missionary of Nimar, Central Prov
inces, have been poisoned by "employes
of the mission.'
The victims drank of tea which was
served by the cook, and were seized
with sudden illness. Dr. Benjamin was
away at the time and medical treat
ment was not available. Mrs. Benja
min arid her child died in great agony
from poisoning by arsenic.
The cook, who has been' - arrested,
implicates another employe of the mlß
nion, who had been reprimanded by
the doctor. He had persuaded the
cook to administer the poison out ot
revenge. ... '
DEATH TO USE
OF HOARDED GOLD
Special to The Herald.
PARIS, Dec. 31.— For some days
past an old man. living alone In a
small room ut* the top 'of. one of
the high houses here, had not been
seen by any of his neighbors. . Tito
door of ,-' the room was at > length
broken open, and . there' on the
floor lay the old man,' unconscious.
. Ho t was ■ reduced to ■ a skeleton,
and • evidently at the point of
death' from starvation. Further
investigation revealed hidden un
der the mattress a sum. of 125,000,
of which $2600 was In gold.. ...
•When 'he recovered conscious
ness at the hospital to which he
was carried, the - miser , asserted
with great » energy • that ' he pro- ',
f erred to- die of, hunger rather
than '.to 'touch a penny of. his
FLOODS RUSSIA WITH PAPER
French Paper Says . Universal Slav
Suffrage Is at Hand ..>.'■■'.
Special Oibl* to Ths Herald. >
PARIS, Dec. 31.— M. Jaures announces
in the Humanlte that millions of copies
of the document published under the
title of "The Reform Movement in Rus
sia" are being distributed all over Rus
sia, He is of opinion that this will
doubtless contribute to organize and
accelerate the movement of emancipa
tion. ■ ' ■/-:' ;. ' ',: ( ; .;
Referring to the agreement which has
been arrived at between the. Russian
socialists and liberals to obtain first of
all "the regime of control and of guar
antee founded on the right of. suffrage
for all Russians without distinction of
class," M. Jaures says that this Is
precisely what gives such serious value
to the understanding itself. He adds:
. "It Is . the prelude > and bo . to, speak
the signal of a vast effort in which the
self-conscious energies of Russia are
to co-operate. Let it not be Imagined
that it Is a superficial enterprise .con -
I ceived by. a few refugees in a gloomy
I fervor of discontent." • ''":".
AID O'DONOVAN ROSSA
Irish Raise Funds to Support His Old
Special Cablo to The Herald. '
. DUBLIN, Dec. 31.— 1t Is proposed to
collect a fund In aid of the well-known
Fenian O'Donovari Rossa, who Is now
72 years jof age, and intends to spend
the remainder of his days In Ireland.
The Freeman's Journal warmly com
mends the proposal to its readers. It
soys: ' "In our days, though the strug
gle- for Irish liberty remains as earnest
and resolute as ever,' the methods have
changed.' The great * majority of Irish
Nationalists are ; believers in ■ the • elti
cf cy of constitutional agitation. The
attempt- to rescue Ireland from . Eng
land's grip by physical force they re
gard as at best a glorious' insanity,
but their own moderate views do not
debar them from sympathy and ad
miration for the more robust, if less
effectual, methods of the old days."
RUSSIANS ADMIRE CURZON
Say Indian Government Has Never
' Been in Better Hands
Special Cnblc to The Herald. •■
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 31.—Com
menting on the return of Lord Curzon
to India and on the measures proposed
for promoting closer intercourse with
Persia and Afghanistan and for in
creasing the eflleieney of the Indian
army, the Novoe Vremya says:
-"Although we very - much doubt
whether the fears entertained by Lord
Curzon and Lord Kitchener with re
gard to the northern glacis of India urc
ever likely to be realized, yet it is im
possible not to envy the far- seeing pru
dence displayed by the British govern
ment. It must be admitted: that it i/
long since the government of India was
In the hands of such able, talented and
well-equipped : administrators ■ as Lord
Curzon and Field-Marshal (sic) Kitch
ener." . . - '> . 'V.*.''-;
FREES CONFESSED MURDERER
Italian Court Twice Acquits, Man Who
Special Cabin to Tho I.feruld. ;
ROMS, Dec. Sl.— ln eplte of his con
fession of guilt, . Alberto Olive, was
this week at Bergamo again acquitted
on tho charge of murdering- his wife.
I When tried in June last ho was ac
quitted on the charges of murder and
manslaughter. In ; consequence ' of the
feeling aroused by this ludicrous ex
hibition of Justice, the government was
compelled to quash the verdict.
The Judge ordered a fresh trial, and
Olive was in the meantime confined in
a private asylum because of his strange
behavior. Prof. I-arnbroHo expressed the
opinion this ' week that the - prisoner
was not responsible i for . Ms ; actions,
and a second acquittal followed. The
case emphasizes the incapability of the
Italian law courts.
■ I reduced . my weight SO . pounds, buct
g Inches, waist 6 Inches . and .. hips 9
inches in a abort time by a guaran
teed ' harmless remedy 'without exercise
or ' starving. -'l' will. Ull you ail about
It. Knclose stamp. . Address, Mrs. A.
C. '• Mctfaddeu. San Gabriel. Cal.
THE COUNTESS OF WARWICK
AVOWS HER NEW FAITH
At a Meeting of the Unemployed She
Is Greeted as "Our Comrade,"
and Urges Collective
: . ■ , Ownership
6peelal Cable to The Herald.
LONDON, Dec. 31.— The beautiful
Countess of Warwick has become an
avowed Socialist. Bhe has been elect
ed a member of the Social Democratic
federation, and last night addressed. a
meeting of the unemployed at Btratford
where she was Introduced as "our com
rade." The crowd cheered the coun
tess when she said she appeared ai
the request of her Socialist friends, and
"The country Is passing through
strange times. Chaos reigns in Essex,
as well as In the remainder of England,
It Is terrible to think that large num
bers of. men and women should starve
because they cannot find work. I. am
not afraid to be here because those
who point out the present social evils
are called rebels, and surely, It is
time something should be done to
remedy these evils. Workingmen
must understand the necessity .of or
ganization and backing leaders. I agree
with the chairman's resolution that
under capitalism and the lack of em
ployment the permanent condition. of
large masses of the working classes Is
growing worse, and can only be reme
died by the collective ownership of all
means of production, distribution and
exchange, and by the institution of a
The countess' radical declaration was
uproariously applauded by the crowd
of workingmen, .who dragged her car
riage to the hotel.
IRELAND PROVES TO BE
GOOD TOBACCO GROUND
Recent Experiments Show Good
Crops of Leaf May Be
Special Cable to The Herald.
DUBLIN, Dec. 31.— A new era has
Just opened for Ireland. Not only will
she be a manufacturer of tobacco^ but
she appears likely, after many ex
periments which have not proved al
together successful, to be able to grow
a good leaf of her own. ■.■'■■X':o'\ '':•»]
From the lands of Col. Nugent Ever
ard at Randalstown, County Meath.
twenty acres of tobacco have been
safely harvested and Prof. J. N. Har
per of • Kentucky university, the fa
mous American tobacco expert, j de
scribes it as "a tobacco crop of the
highest quality, quite equal to that
grown in Virginia and Kentucky."
■ Prof. Harper nlao pronounces the
Irish climate, to •be almost, perfectly
suited for tobacco culture. \
Col. Everard has been supported by
the Irish department of agriculture
and his is the' first experiment in pro
ducing a tobacco crop In Ireland on a
commercial and practical scale.
The department of agriculture
agreed to assist anyone who would
experiment with tobacco culture to the
extent of ten acres by bearing the cost
of the "drying and curing plant. Col
Everard agreed to lay down twenty
acres. The best procurable seed was
brought from Virginia and planted
early in the spring and since Septem
ber the process of curing, sorting and
drying has given employment to a
number •of local hands.
The twenty acres have yielded about
14,000 pounds weight of leaf. This is
a remarkable result for what is prac
tically an initial experiment;. It is es
timated, however, that | the average
yield per. acre will be about ' 1000
pounds of ' tobacco. : Dublin manufac
turers and experts have valued , the
samples already grown as high as 7d
and 8d per pound for the best leaves.
: The J government has ; removed the
prohibition against / tobacco culture
and. will undertake to refund to the
grower one-third of the duty levied.
The concession, however, is limited, to
five years and it Is Impossible to ex
pect farmers , to undertake the heavy
Initial cost for this limited period/
PERMITS INNOCENT, PARTY
TO DIVORCE TO MARRY
Says Other Action Puts Premium on
Crime — Disapproves Marriages
Special Cable to Ths Herald.
LONDON, Dec. 31.— The Rev. Henry
A. Mason, vicar of St. Stephens, North
Bow, and rural dean :of Poplar, and
nounces In his parish magazine that he
would ' rather not conduct the service
for "marriages of necessity", or in the
case' of the guilty parties in divorce
cases.: : ■•;.>'•,
"Such persons have no right to claim
or expect the Divine blessing on their
unions,'! . he . writes.
"The proper place for persons who
having done wrong, wish to be legally
united : lv the oOlce of the register,
where the civil ' sanction of the state
can be given without degrading religion
by. crediting It with connivance at sin."
Mr. Mason Has | worked In the ' East
end for twenty-five years. | He is one
of the | few I mcii j who can walk about
his rough district ; in perfect safety
at any hour of day or night.
■ Mr. Mason said ; this week that the
position he had taken up was not only
for tha good of his parish, but also of
"The marriage service is too , beauti
ful, too sacred, to be used at marriages
of ' necessity," ,' ; he said. "It , is * de
grading the word of God to give such
people the blessings of the church. •
"I think the only thing for . these
people to do U to tp to the register's
office and g«t married. By this means
their ehlld will be bof n •In • wedlock
—not holy wedlock, but wedtoefc. ■
"I hate alno very 4e«M«d views on
the subject of divorce. I would not
marry a man or woman If he or she
•*ere the guilty party, 1 ut, on the other
hand, I would marry a man or woman
who was th« successful petitioner In
a divorce case.
"Many clergymen refuse to marry
people who have been divorced, under
any circumstance*, t only refuse to
marry guilty ones. Why should I re
fuse to marry the Innocent? It , Is
putting a premium on wrong-doing if
I do not marry them."
SHOOTS LOST FIANCEE
IN CROWDED THEATER
After Tragedy Former German Officer
Attempts Suicide In Prison by
8r»tlal Cable to The lleralil.
VIENNA, Dec. 81.— Great excitement
has been caused by a murder which
was perpetrated this week at Gratz, the
Btyrlan capital. In a concert hall, which
was occupied at the time by 2000 per
Shortly before the commencement of
the performance an elegantly • dreised
young man entered and took a seat
near two ladles, evidently mother and
daughter, with -whom he endeavored
to enter Into conversation.. They Im
mediately moved to another part of the
hall. The next moment two shots wer»,
heard. A' panic arose among the pub
lic, several ladles fainted and every
one pressed toward the door.
Meanwhile the young man stood mo
tionless inthe center of the hall with a
revolver in his hand, the picture of
despair. A few steps away lay a young
girl motionless on the floor. She was
carried to a wardrobe room, where she
died after a few minutes.
It was ascertained that the unfortu
nate young lady was" Frauleln .Traun
wleser, daughter of a deceased banker.
The assassin was Lieut. Karl Kussl,
who was engaged to her seven years
ago.'. The engagement was broken off,
as debts had forced Lieut. Kussl to
leave his post and go as , a music
teacher to Paris and London.' On his
return. to Austria Kussl endeavored to
resume the connection, which was de
clined, as Frauleln Traunwleser was
engaged to be ' married | Christmas day
to an engineer. '.Kussl. therefore killed
her. After' the act he seemed ' bereft
of his senses.' He made no attempt to
shoot himself and offered no resistance
to arrest. In prison, however, he tried
to commit suicide by opening a vein in
his wrist with his teeth. He was placed
In a strait waistcoat.
METALS CURE MANY DISEASES
Administered In Atoms They Exercise
Wonderful Influence .
Sp«cla) Cable to - The ' Herald.
■ PARIS, . Dec. ' 31.— 'All previously' ac
cepted 8 conclusions as to j the | thera
peutic value of me tala are challenged
by a communication Just made to the
Academy of Medicine by; M. Albert
Robin. He declares that metals.' when
administered to the' human subject .In
doses so minute as to be altoether in
appreciable, exercise an Influence that
is almost magical and quite inexplica
ble by. any theories hitherto known to
The action of the Infinitesimal atoms
Id apparently analogous to that of or
ganic ferments - which, ' as ' Is ■'. well
known, possess some mysterious power
quite irrespective of their' quantity. '
PORTE MUST PUNISH BANDITS
American Legation Demands Prompt
Arrest of Robber Chief
By Associated Frexs.
CONSTANTINOPLE, , Dec. 31.— The
American legation has sent another
note to the porte pointing out that
the brigands who looted a caravan be
longing to the American house of Mc-
Andrews & Forbes ' of ' Smyrna, near
Aleppo, Asiatic Turkey, recently have
not yet been punished.
The note demands that prompt in
structions be sent to the governor of
Zor, tbe district in which the outrage
was committed, r to arrest and punish
the followers of the notorious Kurlish
chief, Ibraham, who looted the cara
SULTAN RECALLS FRENCHMEN
Military Mission Will Resume Duties.
Begs Diplomat to Return
Speoinl Cublo to The Herald.
PARIS, Dec. 31.— According to a dis
patch from Tangier to the Figaro, the
sultan of. Morocco has received M. Guil
lard, the French vice consul at Fez, and
Informed him that the dismissal of tbe
French military mission had been can
celed. At the same time the sultan
urged that the- diplomatic mission of
M. Streno Tailandier (the French mln»
lster to Morocco) start at once for Fez.
SAVES FOUR FROM DEATH
Immigrants Blow Out Gas—House
keeper Detects Odor
By Auoclatea Frew. .
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. : 31.— The
lives of four, men near death from the
fumes of gas were saved today by the
prompt efforts '.' of Mrs. J. F. ■ Ypara
glre. The victims are D. Aguerreberry,
P. Ybargaray, P.'Uodagaray and Jean
They recently arrived from Europe
and blew out the gas last night. when
tbey^ retired. , Mrs. Yparaglre, the land
lady of tha house where they lodged,
detected '■.. the - odor of gas and ■ found
the men unconscious.' They .were taken
to the emergency hospital and are ex
pected to recover.. , ;
Banker Celebrates Golden Wedding
By Auoolnted Pr*w.
. BAN JOSE, Dec. 31.— Banker Edward
Mclaughlin and ' Wife thla morning
celebrated their 'golden wedding -'at
their residence with great splendor ; by
ol«ervluK masJ. Talented vocalists
rendered the ; music, tlto altar decora
tion* were all solid gold and the altar
Plbco v.ai of thu moat costly lace.
SUGAR BEETS IN
EXPERT SAYS IRELAND OUGHT
TO CULTIVATECROP -
It Is Possible to Raise All th« Sweets
Used In Great Britain on
the Farms of tha
Bpeelal Cabl* to The Herald.
LONDON, Deo. v 31.—Englmn<1, which
is the greatest sugar consuming coun-'
try In the world, might profitably pro
duce all that she requires, yet does not
produce an ounce, r
According to Slgmund Stein of LiT*r
pool, the well known sugar expert,
everything favors sugar-beet • growlnc
in this country and. in; lreland. '.The
climate and soil are more irultable than
anywhere on the continent.
The annual consumption of , sugar by
English refiners, confectioners and jam
makers is about 1,700,000 tons, yet they
are entirely dependent on ] f or e lgn mip
plles and are at the mercy of a host of
continental ' gamblers.
Mr. Stein ' has a remedy for; all .this.*
He has propounded a scheme for grow
ing sugar . at home. >." By means ■ of ; the
convention ' sugar producers 'In other
countries , receive bounties or exemp
tions from taxes ' to . the ' extent \of f I
shillings per \ hundredweight. -'
Up to the present there have been no
producers In this country, ; but , If ; dur£
ing the remaining tenure 'of. tbe Bras*
eels convention the English % govern
ment were to guarantee similar treat*
ment to home-pro wn sugar— lf, for in
stance, it were to exempt hot.ie sugar
from a portion : of the ! existing I tax ; of
4s 2d per hundred«iplght— it . would ' be
a sumcient Inducement, says Mr. Stein,
for the establishment of large factories
all over the country. v
In the event of .such a promise from
the government the capital i would; be ;
forthcoming for the factories, and far
mers would co-operate : by growing t theV,
beet at a guaranteed uniform price per
ton. To supply the requirements of this
country :' alone, Vat * least v 400 '1 factories ?:
would . be ' required,' ■ each? costing from ''■ '■;
£80J)00 to £100,000 to establish and '
work, and each employing between 400
arid 800 hands. ■.':, ' . '..
Besides the aggregate number of 200
sugar y. refiners '■■ employed, the confec
tionery and allied trades , would i proba
bly be further developed, : beet growing
would be ■ taken up by farmers and
would : provide-, remunerative V employ
ment for many thousands "of people.* ;>>
Mr. Stein has been experimenting for
fifteen years iin , all parts ' of ' England,
Scotland .. and Ireland,' and ' has ', found
that ' under : ordinary conditions the
plant grows ' better . and ' yields ). better
results than in any part . of . the con
tinent. ' "■..' "■• • '■.;;■
' The Liverpool corporation -. hias^ set :
aside a large plot of land on the sewer-";
age farm at Walton . for/ experimental ?
beet growing, ; arid , the ; yield '; this Vyear?
has ' been ' thirty-one tons ■'■■■ per '.'.• acre, "■■
which is nearly three times the average'
yield on the ' continent,' and ■ the ; pro-^
portion of ; sugar extracted 'was 19 per v
cent, against the average of 18 per cent
on the continent. The Lancashire Far
mers' association .' recently ':■ expressed
its willingness to guarantee 1300 acres }
of land for the production , of roots for
the n.ext five or, ten years for the pur-:^
pose of supporting a sugar : factory .''j^
.'.'lf "we had a guaranty from the gov- '•)
eminent of support similar to that ex
tended to the cotton industry*through'
the royal charter, 1 ' says Mr." Stein, "a !
start. would be' made without delay." V '■:'
Martial Law Prevails
By Associated Press. .
WASHINGTON, : Dec. : 81.— The state
department has been advised by Min
ister Russell ; at Bogota, that : martial'
law, has been declared : in | the depart- ;
mtfnts of Cundlnamarca and Santander.
The I dispatch • states ," that ; this > action I
was rendered necessary by. the activity,"
of the revolutionists In Venezuela.
BIQ rKICB COXTINQ
Klrjcttnt Furniture, Carpeti and DrmpertM la
, a Rush gals
Furniture, carpets and draperies will
suffer a big cut ; in prices this week,
commencing ', Tuesday, , morning. /The
complete' stock of the Los Angeles Fur
niture company, t the very , highest • in
quality ; In Southern California, must
be gotten rid of in a few daya. as the
owner of the building wants tbe prem
ises at once. It is hoped that 'nothing*
will remain of tho'etock to be* packed
and I warehoused at a great cost .while
waiting for the company's new building
on South' Spring street, ', 'which 1 ; can't
be madu ready tor) occupancy [ until
April, Ist. We have, it from thereon*-'
pany that no reservations >. will be
made; everything will be cold at im
mense reductions; : although purchases'
may be made for future delivery with
out storage charges.
Sends Eastern Thief - to ' Prison
By Aanoclated l'ices. ■_".-
STOCKTON, Dec. Sl.— Charles Bey-;
nolds, three weeks from Plttsburg, was
today sentenced ' by « Judge ■• Nutter to
seven years in ; San Quentln ; for .grand
larceny, ;' for theft iof'. a / bicycle. Ho
pleaded guilty. Reynolds was also de
tected in tha theft of a suit of clothes
from ' a , valise ', left at the i Santa Fa
depot. "..■,- '"■',*,"
COOKING WITH ' GAS
Gas has. come down from
$2.50 to 90 cents a 1000, in half .
a short lifetime, and some of ua ;
think it'll tumble to 85 one of