Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXII, NO. 114.
MIGHTY REVOLUTION STRIKES AT THE ROMANOFF DYNASTY
2000 OF RUSSIAN, POPULACE SLAIN WHILE PLEADING FOR AUDIENCE WITH CZAR
Now Eegard Nicholas
as Their Sworn
REVOLT SPREADING ,
ALL OVER MUSCOVY
Workmen Are Marching
on Capital Armed
Special Cabls to Th« Hsralii. | ■ '
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23, 6 a. m.
—Protest became revolt yesterday.
■ .'One hundred and fifty thousand
striking workingmen ' were trans
, formed into rebels, not only against
the czar's government, but against
the czar himself.
• Father Gopon led the revolutionists.
; Troops shot them : down — troops
1 commanded by Grand Duke Vladimir,
;' the. czar's uncle, and admirably dls
. posed »to kill. • '. «
, Never was more cruel slaughter by
I Tartar barbarian than by the czar's
soldiers today. * . . '
■'. Thousands Killed and Wounded
| Eyewitnesses estimate that C2OO men,
1 women and children were killed and
3500 wounded. Of the thousands of
. ' Putlloft workmen whom Father Go
pon . led, 300 were killed and 500 were
"In the square of the winter palace,
'•. co r deadly j was the fire that 100 men
, \yere killed and .only flfty wounded.*' I'
•The procession,' beginning ,' its adr
vance to the palace. found Its progress
' barred almost before it was started,
, and as it attempted to continue it was
• mowed down by volleys.
■ /...Terrible Slaughter of Marchers
' • Twenty thousand working people
'set out from Kolplno, .the manufac
turing village twenty-five miles away.
' At the ■ Moscow arch ori the confines
■of this city they were met with six!
".■volleys. One thousand fell dead and!
\ 1500 were wounded. > ,•, • >'■'■"•
'; F rom Neva river a great crowd
marched to Nevsky gate, where 500
t fell dead and VOO were wounded.
■!■ Basil' island workers lost 200 killed
' and 700 wounded, '■■'•i\
.One, of the most serious develop
ments of the day. was as the strikers
approached the Nicholas bridge.
Infantry Refuses to Fire
.The infantry opposed to them 'laid
down their rifles and refused to flre on
the r . workmen. As the strikers ap
proached from -Vasslllostroff they were
Btopped by a strong force of infantry,
Uhlans and Cossacks. The strike lead
ers appealed to the soldiers not to flre
on their brothers, and the infantry
laid down their arms, but the Uhlans
and • Cossacks, obeying orders, drove
the crowd back -with their swprds,
wounding many. .
■;'\ A military 'band was playing while
this 'conflict was . going on.' .
: At the Narva gate the troops fired
" on , a ' crowd led by Father Gopon and
.; Father Serglus, the priests carrying
<^a cross, an ikon and a portrait of Em
peror: Nicholas. Father. Sergius was
killed and the portrait "of the emperor
.'At the Putiloff works the scenes re
sembled a pharn • battle. There the
workmen facing the troops, when the
order was given to fire, threw them
selves upon their faces, on the ground.
The troops fired on them as tjiey lay
..'". ' Snow Stained With Blood
Wherever the cavalry charged or the
Infantry fired the snow became stained
with long streaks of jblood. With the
mob Infuriated, vowing vengeance, and
t incited by Its leaders, event succeeded
event with such bewildering rapidity
that the public was staggered and
shocked beyond expression, for up to
the very last moment It seemed to
believe that nothing serious was likely
The first trouble began at 11 o'clock,
when the military tried to turn back
some thousands of the Putiloff strikers
at one of the bridges connecting the
great industrial quarter with the cen
tral portions of the city. The same
thing happened almost simultaneously
at other bridges.
■;-! The "constant flow of workmen press
ing forward refused to be denied access
to the comon rendezvous at the palace
! square. The military at first used
koouts, then the Hats of their sabers,
and finally fired.
The front ranks of the demonstrators
fell on their knees and Implored the
Cossacks, to ier them pass, protesting
Los Angeles Herald.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23, 7 a. m.— There are 2300 dead in the streets and 5000 wounded
in the hospitals, and still the worKmen of St. Petersburg, are fighting the soldiers of the czar.
At 7 o'clocK this (Monday) morning worKmen on '■■the Vassiliostroff were burning tele
graph.poles. Firing was proceeding at that place, where 'worKmen have seized the dyna
mite factory. A report reaches here that thirty or forty thousand strifters from Keltinc,
sixteen miles distant, are marchings on the capital arms. '.'., ISff
Demonstration of IWorklngmen In- Fr ont'of.the;WinterPalacea
Populace Maddened by Shedding of Inno
!• v cent Blood Gatheringto Wreak
- Terrible Vengeance • ;
that' they had no hostile • Intention's.
Their pleas, however, were refused,'
and orders were given for the military
to load their, rifles with ball' cartridges.
As the ; mob pressed forward the Cos
sacks fired. ' Then' the public's passion
broke loose like a bursting dam as the
people saw 'the dead and dying being
carried -away In -all directions, j The
snow in the streets and on the: pave
ments was soaked with blood, and cries
■went up for vengeance. ;,i '. ... ' :
A great mass meeting was -held .'at
the headquarters ;of ' the 'workmen's
union,' where speakers •' denounced . : the
military, ■ Inveighed against the; gov
ernment, and 'attacked " the .emperor
himself, while. the S. mob ..■responded:
"Down with the monarchy!" •'♦ • ' ■'■
Meanwhile the situation at the palace
was becoming momentarily more serlr
ous. ■ Tho ' troops reported j that ■ \ they
were unable to control the, vast masses
constantly j surging , forward. , Rein
forcements were sent, and at 2 o'clock
In the afternoon the^ order was , given
to flre ; into the crowd.. Men, women
and children fell with each < volley and
were carried away -In ambulances,
sleighs and carts.
The authorities no longer had a.
workmen questlqn to deal with, but,
Instead, the Indignation and fury of a
mob. ■ All classes were aroused — stu
dents, merchants . and populace allko
were l>flamed. .;,.'•]■: ;'.';.
INFURIATED MOB,. IN
SEARCH OF VENGEANCE, '
KILLS RUSSIAN GENERAL
By Associated Press.
*BT. PETERSBURG, Jan. 22.— This
has been a day of unspeakable horror
in St. Petersburg.' The strikers of yes
terday, goaded to desperation by a day
of violence, fury and bloodshed, are In
a state of open Insurrection against the
government. A condition almost bor
dering on civil war exists In the terror
stricken Russian capital.
The city Is under martial law, with
Prince Yasllchlkoff as commander of
over 60,000 of the emperor's j crack
guards. Troops are blvouaclng in tho
street tonight and at various places on
the Nevsky Prospect, the j main, thor
oughfare of the city.
' On the island of Vasslllostrov and
In the outer sections, infuriated m«n
LOS ANGELES HERALD:
have thrown up barricades which they
are holding. , The empress dowager has
hastily sought safety at Tsarskoe-Selo,
where Emperor. Nicholas II Is living. '
| Minister of the Interior Svlatopolk-
Mirsky presented to his', majesty, last
night the invitation. of the workmen to
appear' at the winter palace this after
noon and receive their petition,'' but the
emperor's advisers already had .taken
a decision to show' a firm and 'resolute
front, and the emperor's answer to 100i
000 workmen trying" to" make their way
to the palace square today 'was a solid
arrriyof troops.who met them with'ri
fle, bayonet and saber. ' '
The priest, Gopon, the. leader and Idol
of the men, , In . his , golden . vestments,
holding aloft, the cross, and' marching
at, the head of thousands "of
through . the ' Narva ' Gate, 'miraculously
escaped' a volley laid lowl half . a
hundred' persons.' The figures of the to
'tal < number killed or wounded here, 'at
the Moscow gate at various bridges and
islands and> at the winter 'palace,' vary.
Populace Cries for Vengeance
' I The best estimate is' 800, ■•although'
there ' are exaggerated figures 'placing
the number as high as 6000. . Many men
were accompanied by their wives and
children and the' latter shared the fate
of* the men. The troops' with the'excep
tion of a single regiment, which is re
ported to have thrown down Its arms,
remained' loyal and obeyed 'orders. But
the blood which crimsoned the snow
has fired the brains and passions of the
strikers and turned women ' as well ' as
men 'into wild beasts/ and the cry of
the infuriated populace Is for ven
The sympathy of the middle 'classes
Is with the workmen. ;•
If leather Gopon, the master, mind of
the movement, aimed at open" revolu
tion he managed the affair like a gen
ius tq break the faith of the people In
the "Little Futher," who' they "were
convinced and who Father Gopon had
taught them to believe would right
their wrongs and redress their griev
Emperor's Prestige Shattered
Oorky, the Russian novelist, ' ex
presses the, opinion that todays. work
will break thu faith of the people 'ln
the emperor. He said this evening:
; "Today inaugurated revolution in
Russia. . The eraoeror'a prtatlg* . will
MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 33, 1905.
troops firing on ;;.;
'. .people, and 3 mobis :
i •,*-- : v ; ''■.- ■; ■'' '■ "■' *>
Special Cablet o 1 The Herald ; J |
ST. ' PETERSBURG, ' JAN. 23, j •
7 a. m;— -St.'_Peterßburg is 'in f« J ',
state^of ; siege, 'arid a J revolution, J |
perhaps- equaling that which con.;. ,
vulsed rjrance in the eighteenth J;
'• century, -' faces the Imperial , ; dy- i •
"nasty.. ■ "-, ' ■ ';"' •,'■.■' : trY '■■ ' rV. 1
•'The troops are v firing on theo
people • and the mob is looting*)
■ property. : Other cities are rising. J[
', of men are prepared
to march on the city today, and | ;
', the' leaders of the'strikers declare
the struggle will be renewed with \ |
■ greater violence.' 1 ' ';■ '/■".''
' 'Grave news has been received J|
from. Fin land, where the employes • i
of all factories are striking, and »',]
1 general 'rising is feared. ' ' |
Eiissiari; general . Slain
'[ • byltlie )Maddened
V Workmen: \
be .irrevocably; shattered by the ghe<l
dlng of innocent blood. He has alien
ated ■ himself f forever from 1 his j people.
Gopon, taught, the workmen to believe
that an appeal'' direct to the 'Little
Father" - would 1 be: heeded. They have
been 'undeceived. ..Gopon Is now, con
vlncd that-peaceful means have failed
and that the only remedy is force. The
tlrst blood has been shed, but more will
follow. : It la now the people against
the oppressor, and ,' the battle; will- be
fought to the • bitter: endt"
I The military authorities had . a firm
grip on every artery in.the city. At
daybreak guard regiments, cavalry and
Infantry • held evejy! bridge across, the
frozen ' Neva, the network of canals
which interlaces the ; city and the gates
leading. to the Industrial section, while
In! the paliice square,' at t}»e storm cen
ter, were massed teragoon ' regiments,
Infantry and Cossacks of the guards.
1 lulled from the bridges and gates,
men, women and children crossed the
frozen river and. canals on the ice by
twos and threes hurrying to the palace
square, where they were sure the em
peror,would be present to hear them.
But the street approaches ,to the
square were cleared by volleys, and
Cossack charges. . Men and women. In.
Movement on; Palace Erom'iVarioiis -Points
Met Witli Volleys by Cossacks
;>■•.' and TJhlaris- :
furiated to frenzy by the loss of. loved
ones, cursed the soldiers while they re
treated.' iftn harangued '■ the crowds, •
telling them • that \ the emperor had
foiled;, them: and that the time ' had
come to act. Menbegan to build, bar
ricades In the Nevsky Prospect I an/1
at other points,, using any- material
that came to. hand and even chopping
down telegraph poles.
j Fighting -.meantime .continued at
yarious places, soldiers volleying, and
charging the mob. .The whole city was
In a state" of panic. Women , were
running through the streets; seeking
lost members 'of ; their, families. •' Sev
eral barricades were carried' by the
troops. ' : ' ' ' '
. Toward 8 o'clock in the evening the
crowds, exhausted, began ., to disperse,
leaving the military in , possession! 'As
they' retreated up the Nevsky Prospect
the ..workmen -put out air the lights. *
The little chapel at the Narva gate
was wrecked.' '.
General Killed by Mob
Every officer wearing the. uniform
of ft the emperor who was found alone
was mobbed.! A general was . killed
qri ; the- Nicholas bridge and' a "dozen
officers were .seized, stripped, of their
epaulets and deprived of their swords.
,It Ja rumored tonight that M. Witte
will be appointed dictator tomorrow,
but the report is not confirmed., The
authorities, while they, seem to realize
the magnitude of the crisis with which
the dynasty and the autocracy are
confronted on account of today's
events, apparently are paralyzed for
An official statement was , promised
at midnlght.'at which hour It was an
nounced that it had been postponed
Intense tndlgnatlon Is bound to be
aroußcd all over Russia. The work
men and revolutionists expect news
from Moscow nnd other big centers,
where the troops are not of the same
class as the guards regiment of St.
A member of* the emperor's house
hold is quoted as saying .today ". that
this, conflict will end the- war' with
Japan, ami that Russia will have . a
constitution or ' Emperor Nicholas will
lose his head. ■ " (
, The Warsaw , and Baltic railroad la
PRICE: DAILY, BY CARRIER, 65 CTS. PER MONTH
reported to have been torn up for a
mile and a half, but the damage Is
said to have been ; repaired.
There are rumors of trouble in Fin
land and dissatisfaction of the troops.
| There, was a! very dramatic scene at
the Narva gate . when Father Gopon,
In golden' vestments, bearing aloft an
ikon - and flanked : by. two clergymen
carrying religious banners, approached
at ■ the ■ head of ■ the procession . of 8000
workmen. j Troops were drawn -up
across, the. entrance. Several times an
officer called ,upon -_the. : procession .to
stop, but Father Gopon did, not. falter.
Then an order, was .'given, to flre, .first
with .blank cartridges. •. Two*- volleys
rang out,', but '■ the j line j still.*! did ■ not
waver. Then, with seeming reluctance,
an i officer ; gaye 1 '- the command Jto ■ load
with , ball, ... and the \ next vvolleyy y was
followed by j shrieks : and cries of . the
wounded. ; • .
Father Gopon Spared by Troops
:As the Cossacks followed up .. the
volley j with i a charge, j the f workmen
fled • before" them, • leaving about 100
dead or wounded. It was evident that
the soldiers deliberately spared Father
One of the clergymen by the side of
Father Gopon was wounded, but the
father esjjaped untouched and hid be
hind a wall until the Cossacks passed
and he was ' then spirited away by
During the evening there were more
foot passengers in the streets than
might have been expected, 1 but nothing
like the gaiety and bustle of an or
dinary Sunday evening. Comment : on
the action of the troops and authori
ties Is very bitter, and sarcastic re
marks are made that | the officers are
braver against the defenseless public
than against'- the Japanese, and that
"ammunition may be scarce In the far
eust, but is too plentiful here."
Returns from only three of the num
erous hospitals give thirty-two dead
and 122 wounded. Many of the wound
ed have been taken to their homes. .'
Broken windows. and embedded bul
lets are found at long distances from
the scene of the firing.
The rioters broke windows In ' the
.palace of Q rand Duke Alexis.' The
workmen tonight .were arming with
every available, weapon for a renewal
CEY FOR AID
r MET BY LEAD
Tfoopers Mow Dowri^
Men, Women and
FATHER GOPON HAS^
Snow on Streets Stained
Crimson After Awful
of the struggle. They "have few -fire- ,
arms, but are improvising trade lm- ;
plements into weapons.. l .' '
Following is the text of a letter ad-]
dressed by Father Gopon to Emperor ,
Nicholas last night: , v ;'
("Sovereign: I fear your ministers'.
iTiave not told you the full 'truth about ;','
the, situation.. ,The whole '; people,':,
trusting to you, have ' resolved 'to i ap- T
pear' at \ the Winter at ', 2 p.", iru'V
ln '■' order ;to Inform you of their ; needs.
■ :"If, vacillating, you ■ do 'riot ', appear ;
before : the people, /the: moral ; bonds^
between you and the people, who trust'; ■
In you, will disappear because lnno- ■%
cent blood will flow' between 1 you and .'■[
the people. ," \ .• , J."*i ■ ■■'
"Appear tomorrow before " your peo- •
pie and receive our address . of devo- '; .
t lon In •a - courageous spirit.'. ' I and ; the .;
representatives of labor and my . brave .'•
workingmen and . comrades - guarantee y
the* lnviolability J'of yblir ■ person." *'■■/■'■',
•', r ■ Revolutionary^Bplrlt: Rife <'i- isr.tf.
'.''With darkness It was:feared the. niobVg
might-; begin Jto-'lpor^ aitd airrt
even*- burn; but beyond the breaking of^'y:
a fe\v, windows In the' Nevsky prospect.--'
arid .the pillaging, of ., fruit shops, little
dlsprder ; was reported.'; • J ' . '.'. \
Most of, the theaters were closed,-but.'.
at the People's Palace^whlch was open, * <
two Liberals attempted / to , harangue 1'
the : ■ audience, ■ proposing that !, the
audience testify to'sympathy with their ■&.
fallen' brothers. ' The ,'. orators were *
promptly " arrested, but : the .'audience : '
walked out. ; .■.*;'. '. ''.'■ . .'., «t}' ',■ >fl
By midnight the sound of ' firing had * •
ceased, • except on Vasslllostrov Island,'. : ..'
where , the -troop's met 'a, renewed
demonstration with several volleys. • ;
• * Workmen Will ' Fight Troops ■ '%
In ' the meantime ' the ■ strike leader's "'• '
assembled and decided to continue ths'7,
struggle with arms.'.' No day .was flxei'";
for the ' next ' ' demonstration.' The s >
Btrlkers" are so excited,- however, that : .
trouble Is expected tomorrow. . ,/]
At a big meeting tonight the follpw- '
lng^message from M. Gorky, the novel
ist, was read:
"Beloved associates: We have no em
peror.-Innocent blood lies between him
and the. people. Now begins the peo- 2 ( c ;
pie's '■ struggle for freedom. ' May It '
(Continued on Page Two.)
THE DAY'S NEWS
Southern California:: Partly
cloudy Monday; light west wind.
Maximum temperature in Los An
geles yesterday, 66 degrees; mini
mum, 48 degrees.
1.2 — Massacre of Russian workmen.
. 3 — Jewels worth $20,000 stolen.
4— Editorial.' i
s— City news.
6 — Classified advertisements.
8— Religious news.
9-Minlng. , \
10 — Southern California news.
Revolution breaks out In Russia, many of
tha populace betas (hot down by Imperial
Workmen In outlying districts of crar'»
domains reported to be rising. Dynamite
factory captured by insurgents. <
M. Kouvler (ucceedß In forming . a sew
Senate will begin hearing of Bwayne Im
peachment charges this week. ■ , .
Trlnolpal work of the house, will be on
th* annual appropriation bills.
Prank Croker dlea from effects of Injurln •
received In automobile accident.
French bark BosauVt has narrow escape.
In Ban Francisco haVbor. .»•• I* 1 -.- "■
Immense cave U discovered In British
Columbia. ■ ' •-.■•■•:.'
Hii'uiurr deorga \V. £31der strikes rock and
■hika In Columbia rlv«r. ' '•■:
Mrs. W. P Biley \r%* robbed ' of ' l!», 00* ■
worth ot dlamouds at Hotel Maryland. Vw
dena. The hsaU bellboy U mider arrest. ■ ;
Fire at Spring and First streets last night
caused a panlo among Hotel Nadeau «u«»U. .
The damage will amount to about IJOOU.
Otto Hei *og. sufterJng anguish over do; .
rnestlo troubllc tookvbiilt • Pint of wood
•Uohol and then opened »v artery. H» dl»d.
**A* party " ot < UglsUtors. ten Innuraber. :
reached Us Angelea yesterday.' They will
invesUitu publJ* ; Jnatltutlon. ot BouUwrsj;,
Callforntt, t , ,