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CHICAGO'S EX-MAYOR REVIEWS
EXPRESSES HIS VIEWS FREELY
Bellovet Democrat^ Will Btoutly Ad.
voeate Municipal Control All
Ov«r Country In the
Eight years as the chief executive of
' the city of Chicago has given to Carter
H. HarrUton an Insight 'into the posst
. bllltlea of success or failure of munici
pal ownership such ng has been given
to but few men. jv ',
That caldron of political boilings
wherein corporations and labor unions
are always struggling for the mas
tery, and where the plain citizen pays
the cost of the fighting for the two,
does not make Its chief executive an
Idealist or a dreamer.
Carter Harrison was neither one nor
the other when he took the oath of of
fice for the first time In 1837. He is not
now. His features are heavy, straight
cut and firm — those of a man who if he
' does have day dreams keeps ■ them
carefully to himself.
Municipal government Is not a
dream with Mr. Harrison, nor is gov
ernment operation of public utilities.
The principles of the former he hag
seen grow luxuriantly under his four
administrations; he has had to com
. bat the machinations and Intrigues of
' private corporations, and he knows
whereof he speaks.
He has talked and fought for pub
lic ownership since the day he under
took hia duties as mayor eight yea.rs
ago, but the subject has lost not a whit
of Its interest to him, and yesterday
while his two children waited impa
tiently for him to accompany them on
a promised walk along the beach at
Redondo he sat down to discuss own
ership by the people.
"Coming, papa?" he was asked
many times, and with "In a- minute"
he would launch off Into another phase
of the subject.
"No: I am not smokiag now," he
said. "I swore off from, the use of to-
bacco twelve weeks ago. I do that
every now and then to convince myself
that I can stop when I wish."
"What do you think of the proposi
tion for Los Angeles to own Its own
lighting system?" he was asked.
Approves Municipal Ownership
"Any municipality decently managed
can handle Its lighting service with
success," he replied.
"What about Its railways, Mr. Har
_ "That is a question which brings In
new phases of public ownership, but
If taken hold of in the right manner
the solution will be as satisfactory as
that of public lighting. In owning the
railways within a city a much larger
number of men come under the direc
tion of its administration than do in
its public lighting. By the control of
these men at elections, the administra
tion in power might be prone to pre
"That is the . sword of Damocles
which hangs over the heads of the
people, should the government attempt
the ownership^ of the railroads, Un
less the vast*tiumber of railroad men
and also those at the head of that de
partment were under rigid civil ser
vice, the politic* 1 dominion of the rul
ing party would be Immense. Those
men who had In hand the railroads of
the country, saying the government
took possession and was operating them,
for the movement to be a success
would have to be not politicians put
in high places because they controlled
votes, . but because they thoroughly
understood their work. With this and
i the army of railroad men under rigid
civil service rules I believe such a
movement would be successful.
Incompetent Officials Appointed
"In some government enterprises
however, we have not had these con
ditions.,. While the rank and file have
been placed "under civil service rules,
their superiors, those upon whom the
real responsibility rests, have been
appointive. The result has been that
men have held office who have . had
no understanding of their duties, but
who have gained their places simply
by the number of votes they were able
to command.. In railroad ownership
the ■ men at the head should not be
placed -there by Influence, but for
knowledge and integrity; let them have
absolute control; require them neither
to give nor to ask favors; the legisla
tive bodies not excepted. I have-as
sumed "that the government is owning
and operating the enterprise. There Is
another kind of ownership; that
where the government owns, but gives
the operating power over to an in
dividual or individuals under contract
for a fixed time." :*. .*' ■•
"Do you think government ownership
is liable to become a tenet of the
Democratic party In the next campaign
and would you favor It as a plank In
the party! platform?" he was asked.
At this question Mr, Harrison lost
. the preoccupation he had shown at the
beginning of the conversation and
started In to handle the. question like a
. nian wearing a pair of white kid gloves
which he was afraid of soiling. .
"Yes, I think It will probably become
an- Important Issue," he said slowly,
t "but I trust th«T Democrats will . not
make it the foremost one. There are
too many- other big things. There is
that of tariff reformi which I consider
Ito < be' most Important. But the Demo
cratic party Is not a one issue party;
CARTER H. HARRISON JOINS FAMILY HERE
It is one of general reform— and good
ness knows there is plenty of room for
The subject was a delicate one for a
man to handle who is not sure whether
or not he has had enough politics, and
Mr. Harrison side-stepped back to the
public lighting question at the earliest
moment. . i
"Coming, papa?" came, in anxious
tones from some one in another room,
but the roar, of the Burf and the sun-
Bhine outsido . were not temptations
enough to draw Mr. Harrison from the
story of his party's right for a muni
cipal electric lighting plant for Chi
"Eight years ago," he continued,
"Chicago had 1100 electric lights . for
which the city furnished the power.
Today It has 6700 and is making ar
rangements. to install 1000 more. This
gives Chicago by far the largest public
lighting system In the world.
Edison Makes Big Profit
"It costs the city $55 a year for each
one of these lights.' When it-buys. the
same service from. the Edison Electric
Light company it pays $103 for it, show
ing the immense profit to them. When
I say each light costs us 555 a year
that includes, interest on money .in
vested, wear and tear of machinery,
etc., and the fact. that our machinery
is in use only one-half the time.
"If the city's charter permitted' it to
sell power to private Individuals so
that the machinery now idle during the
day mlght.be put into action continu
ously the city could light its streets at
a much lower figure than it does. We
are now seeking. to gain 1 this provision
In our charter 'but I : hardly think 'it
will come this year.
"There . has been corruption on the
part of .lighting companies, to, keep
their hands on a, monopoly, but the
lighting question is' only one of 'the
many in whlchcorruptlonis;rampant.
"The contract law and the enfranch
'islng of private corporations to serve
the public i are. the cause, of ninety
nine per cent of the bribing of offi
cials and' the rottenness of municipal
government. 1 ' :...:.... •■'•»' ■ ■•*•'
"Then you believe In a city doing
its own work, Mr. .Harrison?"
"Indeed I do," he 'replied with
emphasis.' "Here; are 1 two examples.
A piece .' of \ work | was , contracted \ for
by Chicago- which was .to cost the
city $350,000. . It was. poorly "done and
when the full settlement was asked for
by the contractors to the 1350,000 was
added a | bill j for , $850,000 . evtras i. «.',
things not epeclfled In the contract. but
sanctioned' by- the •> department- head
under which -the' work: fell. 80. dex
terously , wa a. the. work performed that
they gained judgment in twoflower
LOS ANGELES HERALD.' MONDAY, .. MORNING, APRIL t7, 1905.
courts , for their ( claims. '. The city
gained a reversal of the case after five
years of fighting, by.taklng.it to- the
highest court in the state.
Decreased Previous j Cost
.''Some years ago' Chicago started in
to do : It's own work. -This 'was : what
vas done. in. one. Instance .'A sixteen
foot ' sewer 12,629 : feet ; long was con
structed'at. an average cost of $41 per
foot. 'AThls' was done when contractors
refused |to work for , $43 a foot. When
the ' city - had completed ' the ' work for
Itself, there. were no extras to be add
ed, to' the .original .nstlmatpd cost and
the city had all the' machinery. 'used
and wasiincluded.as a part'of the cost
of- work, .'..' These, are' two examples
showing ( why I" am so much. In favor
of a city', doing its own, work. L '.
;"Akin to the contract system In its
effects ■ and consequences, , is , t he . gen
erally adopted method. of farming out.
public franchises to; groups of favored
individuals regardless of ■ the rights
and- demands of the citizens at large.
Pn you think ■an -Indilvdual owning a
valuable' poSKPHPIon would give it
away for nothing' to another? .'Hardly.
■Yet, .that- is :what'tho ; municipality
does in most cases.
• "In .publlo i utility corporations - the
principal' value is found In the fran
chise Itself. In a majority of Instances
the' franchise Is predicated upon the
monppoly in the use of publlo prop
erty for a specified purpose. The.pub
lln'itself, gives Value' to the franchise.
Take the total amount of bonds a com
pany of this character issues,' subtract
the value of its' tangible property, and
you have the value of. the franchise.
In the larger, number of distances, ; th«
franchise, will .have a. greater -value
by the operation, than "does the tan
"In fact, many of these corporations
serving the public tinder franchises
have the value of their stock depend
ent on the length of time tvhich the
franchises have to run.- The longer
time the better of course. A railway
corporation Is going to get a fran
chise for Just as long a period as Is
possible. There would be little hu
man nature exhibited by its promoters
if It did not."
"Suppose, Mr. Harrison, that the
city in not in a condition to take over
Its railways and must give franchises?
Suppose the railways nre offered fran
chises, for twenty-ono years and they
say they will stop putting down their
rails; what then?" ■'<■':s',
City Should Be Protected
"Twenty-one years is long enough,"
he replied, "and then it, should .have
the provision for the city, if, lt sees fit,
to buy the property after r 'certain
number of years and buy It. for its
tangible. worth; not that and the value
of the franchise which was -Riven the
railway company by the municipality.
"It Is bosh for a company, to > say It
will not build on a twenty-one-yctir
franchise. We had a^slmllar, case In
Chicago. Thn Allen, bill .won passed,
making It possible for , a., city; council
to give a franchise for fifty years.- We
started In to have that law repealed.
We hnd a very hard time of lt,,but ac
complished our. purpose, arid now. fran
chise grants are limited' to twenty
years. The railways during thotlmo
we were fighting for the repeal put tip
the same cry that they would make
no more Improvements, hut the bluff
did not hold good. After the Allen law
was repealed they were very glad to
come to. time."
YOUNG GIRL IS
TWO NEGROES SUSPECTED OF
V-; the crime;
POSSE IN SEARCH^ OF THEM
Lynching Is Feared at Little . Falls,
'Minnesota,' If Perpetrators -of
Brutal Murder -Are .
\ Captured ' '" '
By Associated Press.
, LITTLE FALLS, Minn.. * April 16.—
The dead' body of; Jcanle 'Kintop was
found in tha woods this morning about
four miles from 'this city. ""A*handker
chief , was" tightly . twisted .■• about' her
neck and the ■ head • was, a. mass of
bruises. Two negroes were seen in the
vicinity of. where the. body.; was found
and a search is being .made for. them.
If .caught it 'is feared -a lynching will
- The • girl, who was - about to ■ leave
for ; the. northern part of .the state to
take up a. homestead claim, had been
In -the city* purchasing supplies. < She
left here Monday evening for; Darling,
from which station she was to .walk to
her home, distant about. 'two , miles.
After leaving Darling she was not seen
again until her body, was -found today.
The place. where the. girl's bodyvwas
found bore j evidences ■, of.-- a-, terrlflo
struggle, j Her empty., pocketbookrand
the a parcels ., she was, carrying, were
found In. a ditch n^ar^by.' .Her. watch
was found on tha body. ■•■•- ■-.'..
Charles Nelson, living- near. the scene
of ■ the murder, heard 1 screams on.Mon
day night and saw- two "unknown ne
groes near the spot. * It is suspected
that they ' committed '-the < crime. A
posse is searching the country. | '
EDUCATORS PLAN .MEETING
President Roosevelt, to .Address Edu.
By Anoclatod PreM.
- NEW YORK, -April' 16.—With.Presl
dent Roosevelt as. the ..chief guest and
leading educators from > all sections of
the United States'among the speakers,
the 'next general session ! of the Na
tional Educational j association,' which
will b« held in Aibury.Parkand Ocean
Grove, N. J.. next July, promises. to be
the most notable in the ' association's
history. . . .
The » meetings | will begin Monday,
July ,8, and. continue, five davit. An
elaborate program has been completed.
COMES UP TODAY
COUNCILMEN DETERMINED TO
SOME AUTOISTS OPPOSE IT
Report That Citizens Will Attempt to
Have Limit Reduced Prom Ten
to Seven Miles an
Probably no measure to be considered
by the council at its session today will
be more closely watched by the general
publlo than will the automobile ordi
nance which In to be recommended for
passage by the legislation committee.
The provisions of the ordinance
specify a business district in which It
if. made a misdemeanor to run an
automobile at a rate of Bpeerl greater
than ten miles an hour, and four miles
an hour, across street Intersections.
Outside of this district fifteen miles Is
made the limit, and all over the city
the motorists are required to slow
down to four miles an hour while pass-
Ing within ten feet of street cars which
have stopped to either discharge or
take on passengers.
The ordinance meets with the ap
proval of the more conservative class
of automobllists, according to President
Fleming of the Automobile club, yet
there are some motor enthusiasts who
do not ngrep with Its provisions, and
they have been exerting their influence
with the various councllmen. They
have had little sucess, however, as the
city fathers are determled to pass a
law which shall protect the Los An
Clubmen to Obey Law
The automobile clubmen have as
sured the council that If the proposed
ordinance becomes a law they will do
all In their power to aid in its en
Certain councilmen are expecting a
fight on the floor of the council cham
ber In regard to the limits Imposed by
the ordinance. One citizen appeared
last Monday and spoke for some time
on the subject, arguing that seven
miles' an hour and three miles an hour
across street intersections Is fast
enough. He Intimated that others
would follow his example when the
question came up for final settlement.
Citizens of South Main street desire
that the business limit be extended
cut that street as far as Jefferson.
They claim that motorists tear down
that busy thoroughfare at a speed
which endangers the lives of pedes
trians, and that many school childre-n
attending the Twenty-eighth street
school are in constant danger when
crossing the street going to and from
school. The statement Is made that
mothers are forced to take their little
ones to school and call for them again
in the evening. A like complaint
comes from East Adams street, and the
council will today attempt to remedy
this state of affairs.
AMBASSADOR WHITE IS
RECEIVED BY ITALY'S KING
By Associated Press.
ROME, April 16.— Henry White, the
new American ambassador to Rome,
was received In audience by King Vic
tor Emmanuel today and presented his
letters of credence.
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ll! fill iflfljllllll W. W. ELLIOTT, District Pass'r Agent,
(■■P'VBkJBHEI 222 So. Spring St., Los Angeles.
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I ■ to THE:HERALD